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THZ CADrS 8TBATAGEM.
BT JOHS a. KAXE. I. I?0"" ldt)w' cottage chaneta to stand Hard by the Calir palaoo ; and he eonght For his own na fo hnv hr hit tit lanri - . Bat all in Tain the land conid not be bonght I n. It wa my hniiband' horn?," the woman raid : ' Who, dytnd, left it to hie loving wife ; Here will I dwell, in honor of th dead : Xor part with it until I part with life ! ". irr. That thai the dame withstood him to hit face; And built a grand parilion in It place. it. Straight to the Cadi then the woman (roe. And aoks for jnstire at hi Emor'i hand ; Ia m awhile," the Cadi fni J, and rose ; Allah ia great, and hear your Just demand ! v. Then, with an empty mcV he took his wayj To the pavilion ; where he chanced to meet The Calif at the door. " Great Sire, I pray A little of the earth bcDeath your feet, vi. M Enonu to ftll," the Cadi nald, this sack." - Tin (ranted," caid the Calif, langhln loud '' pleae to pnt the load upon my back, Moat potent prince," and reverently bowed vil. MXaT."aid the'Calif, " I should anrely faa Should I eaeay to lift a load so great ; For anch a task my etrenKth woitld not avail ; A porter would be crushed beneath the weight! vn. Prince of Bolievere," aaid the 0 tdl, then ; " If thin be even an, ho wilt thou fare In the irreat dav of final 1nd?mriit. wlirn The weight of all this land thou hurt to bear 7 " The Calif, atrlcken with remome,VxcIimed, " Allah 1 Allah 1 Be his name adored ! For wit and wisdom thou art j.ietly famed ; Thia day ahall aee the idov-'s land restored. 'And for the wroD I did the woraan'a land, Ii tearing down her house, I thns alone; Th'.f fine pavilion in it place shall utand ; Bor with the aoil the building M her own." THE SEVEN SLEEPEES. For mora than a thonBand years the legend of the Seven Sleepers has been told in pions song and story. Who were those Seven Sleepers? Is it only a monkish legend, an invention of the "dark ages ?" or is the story true? or has it at least an historical basis ? It was in the year of onr Lord 250 mat upcins, the most jnhnman of all the Roman empt rors, in his persecution or the Christiana, in making a tonr tirongh his provinces, arrived at Ephe- sn in Asia Minor. Christianity had already obtained a foothold there, al though the great majority of the people bmii aa tiered to the heathen religion. Upon his arrival, the emperor ordered a sacrificial festival to be held in honor of Jnpiter, Apollo and Diana. In this festival, every one was commanded to take part nnder the penalty of incurring iud iujjji-riai uiBpicusnre m case oi re fusal. Among the Christians of the city were seven youths, descendents of noble families. Their names were Max iminian, Dionysius. Joannes, Sorspio ana uonstantine. These determined to die rather than obey the mandate. As Boon as Decius heard of their determin ation, be commanded themtobebronpht before him. "Go," said he, " and pro cure incense that you may offer to the highest powers." " The highest power," they replied, "has his throne in the heavens, and is the living and Almighty God, who hath created heaven anil earth. Him we wor.-hip, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and we can never again bow down to dumb idols that are noth ing." With terrible glance the emperor measures the youthful confessors. Then suddenly changing his manner, he en deavors to win them by his promises and his arguments. For he knew well that martyrdom would pour oil on the flames he was trying to qu neb. Failing to obtain his object by threats and by promises, he tell3 them that he will graciously accord them time to consider their resolution until he should again return to Ephesus. and informs them of the terrible consequences if they should still continue their stubborn resistance. With a calm courage the young men departed from the presence of the em peror. By the citizens of Ephesus they were proscribed ; by many, however, secretly admired. Determined not to renounce their faith, they, however, de cided to avoid the monster as much as possible. With this object, they betook themselves to a range of mountains in the neighborhood of Ephesus. There they discovered a cave, the entrance of which was concealed by thick foliage. In this cave they hid themselves, and one of their number, Malchus, the oie least known in the city, was appointed to supply them with food. The day of the emperor's remru ar rived. One of his first questions was concerning " the stubborn youths." M They have escaped," was the reply. But their concealment had been dis covered. Spies had followed them, and purchased the emperor's favor by re vealing the place of concealment. Decius, knowing well that he could not hope to change the purpose of the youth5", gave command to close the mouth of the cave by u wall, and thus inclose them in a living tomb. No Bomersaid than done. There was one man, however, who, though still a heathen, had heard the gospel and was not far from the kingdom of God. Desiring that future genera tions might know whose bones rested there, he took a roll of parchment and writing on it the names of the youths, and an aocount of their courageous bearing, inclosed it in an iron casket, and, unobserved by the workmen, slip pod it, into the cave and then quietly withdrew. Many a scoffing "good night" was o tiled after them by the brutal pop -ltoe that evening in the street of Ephe sus. Many a tender " good night" diii the chnstians'send after them in their prayers. And he who preserved David in the cave of Adullam, and rescued Daniel fj m the den of lions, heard their prayer. The light of day had for them faded away. But they remember, " lie giveth his beloved sleep." They lay tli mselves down and slept. Soft is their .lumber an-1 no danger is nigh. It is as though holy augels had en camped round abont them. We will leave them to their sleep and write over them on the dark rock the words of David : " How excellent is thy loving kindness, O God ! therefore the chl dren of men put their trust under the sh.idow of thy wings." Time passes on s ?ift wings. Genera tion enrue, and go like phantom spirits. Abont 187 years later we are again in Ephesus. But how changed is the scene! Dcius, the tyrant, is molder ing in the grae. The world is com pletely changed. A wealthy land own er desires to make some improvements on his estate. In searching for suitable building material, he finds an old wall with large square stones. The blocks are easily removed and the mouth of a cave is revealed. It is the cave of the Seven Sleepers, whose historv has long since passed into oblivion. The rajs of light entering for the first time after so many years awakened the youths. They thankef Gd that deliverance liad come so soeai. For they supposed but a sin gle niRht had passed since they were immured. Malchus was ag tin sent to the city for bread. But the way seemed very strangd to him. And what was his as tonishment to find over the very gates of the city a glittering cross. ' . the city itself he can scarcely trust his senses. The images of the gods were removed. In the place of the heathen temple he notices buildings with proud domes and glittering crosses. And in the forum ho hears the witnesses swear by the omnipotent God, yes, even by the name of Christ, instead of Diana and A;ollo. He thinks it is a dream. Accost iDg a man on the street, he asks him the name of the city. " The name of tbe city is Ephesus," was the reply. " Can it be that this is Ephesus, where but a few days ago we were proscribed by tbe imperial edict," was the thought of 5Ii!ebus. But mindful of his errand he enters a baker's shop and offers in payment for the bread a silver coin. The buker took the coin and carefnlly examined it. " This ia a very ancient coin," said he; " why, it boars the im age of Decius. Where did you obtain it?" "Where is Decius?" was the reply of Malchus. " Has he left the city, and if bo, when? " The baker and the crowd that had meantime gathered, looked at Malchus aud seemed to re gard him as one who had lost his rea ton. Oue of thorn demanded to know here iu had tlihovered the hidden treasure. Finally Malchus was taken fcefore the bibhop of the city. r By HOESLEY BEOS. & The bishop was a reverend and dig nified man. In a kind manner he asked Malchns who he was and whence he came. Malchus replied that he was oiio oi me seven youtns who had re cently been immured in the grotto at the command of the Emperor Decius, but that the Lord their God had again piveu mem ngnt and freedom. " The Emperor Decins? It is nearly 200 T-aio niuce jecisus sat npon the throne. Manv emnrnra 1iot a f - - v avxUVU DUlt bUCU Theodosius now reigns by the grace of wu. ueainenaom has long since fallen. Trie Tious. Bat tell me, where are your six oomparuonB f how us the cave." rrt i. t . ii . . . Anus spose me bishop. And Mal chus led him to the cave, followed by an immenSA OniKVinrM nf liriafiana In the cave they found the iron casket with the parchment roll, containing a full account of thnir ViiatYirw TV tarn centuries me youths had slept, and unw iney awojte to see a regenerated world. i . V ' HU I W Annnt rvf 4lA 1 1 X mi t vuu iuo uittuer to J. ueixiosius ai ConstArit.innrtlA Tha atviva-sm IiimooU turvxv'4. llluuvn hastened to Ephesus to behold the wn -9 Y" A 11 11 A A wuuucr. jut mo yoTuuB, ooeaienc to ATI ITITiPr VniV in tliA cam a Trn p fhaf - ' y uv i niinr aa v a a iiutin Malchus returned, had again laid down ana me ijora iook their souls to heaven. France Arming. Orders are said to have been friven to proceed immediately with the manufac ture of the new musket, model 1874 (system Gras). Those weapons will only be constructed in" the workshops of the state; private firms will not be called npon to assist. The calculation is that in about a year a million of them will be made. Then only will the new arm be placed in the hands of tht soldiers of the active army, and the men of the reserve and the territorial arm will be drilled in the management of the musket. The chassepots will be withdrawn, and they will be altered to the new pattern. France has at present 1,800.000 of them. One year will be necessarv for that transfotmation : so that by adding 200,000 new ones to be constructed in the interval the minister of war counts upon possessing, at the end of 187G, 2,000,000 muskets (model Gras), with a store of 250 metal cart ridges per weapon. The manufacture will afterward be continued on a normal scale and in proportion to the resources of the ordinary budget of war. 1 he news concerning the artillery is no less satisfactory. France will have, at the end of the year 1875, 494 batte ries of six cannon each, of calibres 5 and 7, with iron carriages, the pieces in bronze, breech-loading, on the lleffye system. The results of them are ex cellent, and events mav be awaited without apprehension. But from the beginning of next year the construction of bronze cannon will be abandoned, and those in stetl on the Lahifolle sys- em will be adopted. That metal is ob tained at lie Creu- ot, and the composi tion and make of it leave nothiner to be de3ired. An Eccentric Star. The most singular fact connected with the proper motions of the stars is that one or two stars are flying through space with such enormous rapidity that the combined attraction of all the stars visible with the telescope could never top them. I his seems to be especially tho case with a small star, invisible to the naked eye, designated in astronomi cal literature as " Groombridge, 1830," from the name of the astronomer who first recorded its position. The rate of motion of this star is about seven sec onds per year the greatest known. It was hence concluded that it must be very near ns, and a number of astrono mers have songht to determine its par allax, but have found it to be only abont a tenth of a second. Its apparent mo- ion in a year being seventy times its parallax, it moves at least seventy times the distance from the earth to the sun in a year, or eighteen millions of miles every day, and more than two hundred miles every second. From what we know of the distribution, "masses, and number of the stars, it seems probable that the attraction of all the bodies in the universe can never stop this head long speed, nor bring this star into any orbit, and that consequently it will pass through our universe, and leave it en tirely in its passage through infinite space. If we had accurate observations of the star's position three or four thousand years ago, we could speak with more certainty of its destiny. We may expect that our posterity of a few thousand years hence will, by the aid of the observations and tables we shall ransmit to them, be able to come to a definite conclusion respecting the age and tho structure of the universe. Irof. Simon Newcomb, in Ilarju'r's. now Destruction of the Forest Growth Affects a Country. The Khanate of Bokharal affords a signal illustration of the damage done by denuding a country of its trees. Thirty years ago the Khanate was one of the most fertile provinces of Central Asia, and, well-woaded and watered, was regarded as an earthly paradise. Five years thereafter a mania far forest clearing broke ont among the inhabi tants, and continued to rage as long as there remained timber to vent itself. What trees were spared by rulers and people were utterly consumed during a civil war. The consequence of this ruthless destruction of the forest growth is now painfnlly manifest in the im mense dry and arid wasies. The water courses have become empty channels and the system of canals constructed for artificial irrigation and sup lied from the living streams has bi en ren dered useless. The sands of the des ert, no longer restrained by forest bar riers, aro gradnally advancing and drifting over the land. They will con tinue their noiseless invasion until the whole Khanate will become a dreary desert, as barren aa the wilderness sep arating it from Khiva. It is not sup posed that the Khan has sufficient en ergy or the means at his command to arrest the desolation that now threatens to spread over his territories. The exam ple is one to stimulate enlightened gov ernments te avoid a similar catastrophe by preserving a due proportion of for est land ia their domains, and by res toring those which have been improvi dently laid bare. A New Shell. An ingenious projectile, invented by a Bussian officer, is now claiming the attention of military scientists. The sczaroch, as it is called, is an elongated shell, the head of which is completely spherical ; a round shell upon the end of an iron cylinder. The two parts are UDited by a comparatively slight thick ness of metal. When fired, the sczar och leaves the gun like an ordinary shell, but when it bursts the cylindrical part alone flies to pieces, while the sperical head continues its flight intact, and may ricochet for hundreds ef yards further. The advantage oLsnch a shell against artillery, for example, is very great. After bursting and scattering its fragments amorg the guns of the enemy, the head goes on to plnnge into the infantry still further back. It is to be used in Russia, however, only for cannon of moderate size. Of tht four marshals now on the French army list, one came from the Polytechnic school, two from the School of St. Cyr, and one rose from the lacks. Of the thrfcs huudred and fourteen gen erals low in active service, eighteen gen erals of division and thirty two briga diers Lure risen from the ranks. al FIGUEES. " ONE SHELL LEFT." A Confederate Stoiy, with Its Close at Cold Harbor. At a recent political gathering in Tns- cumoia, Aia.-, uen. uullen A. Battle re lated the following touching story in the uourse oi ma speecn : During the winter of 1863-4 it waa mv fortune to be president of one of the courts-martial of the army of northern Virginia. One bleak December morn ing, while the snow covered the ground auu me winas uowied around our camp, I left my bivouac fire to attend the ses sion of the court. Winding for miles along uncertain paths, I at length ar rived at the court -ground at Round Oak church. Day after day it had been our amy to try the gallant soldiers of that army, charged with violations of mili tary law ; but never had I on any pre vious occasion been greeted by such anxious spectators as on that morning awaicea tne opening of the court. Case after case was disposed of, and at length rue case or ihe confederate states vs. Edward Cooper," was called charge. desertion. A low murmnr rose sponta neously from the battle-scarred ppecta tors, as a young artillery-man rose from the piisoner's bench, and, in response to me question, " uuiity or not guilty ? answered, JNot guilty." The judge advocate was proceeding to open tne prosecution, when the court, observing that the prisoner was unat tended by counsel. Interposed and in quired of the accused, "Who is your oounsel?" He replied "I have no counsel." Supposing that it was his purpose to represent himself before the court, the judge advocate was instructed to proceed. Every charge was sus tained. The prisoner was then told to introduce his witnesses. He replied, T Iiava Tin vitnpRfipn M Aafrniariir. of the calmness with which ho seemed to be submitting to what he regarded as inevitable fate, I said to him, "Have yen no defense ? Is it possib'e that you abandoned your comrades and deserted your colors in the presence of the enemy without any reason?" He re plied, " lhere was a reason ; but it will not avail me before a military court." I said : " Perhaps you are mistaken : you are charged with the highest crime known to military law, and it is your duty to make known the causes that in fluenced your actions." For the first time his manly form trembled, and his blue eyes swam in tears. Approaching the president of the court he presented a letter, saying as he did so, " There, general, is what did it." I opened the letter, and in a moment my eyes filled with tears. It was passed from one to another of the court until all had seen it, and those stern warriors who had passed with Stonewall Jackson through a hundred battles wept like little chil dren. Soon as I sufficiently recovered my self-possession, I read th? letter as the defense of the prisoner. It was in these words : Mr Bear Edwaud I have always been proud of you, and since your connection with the Confederate army I Lave been prouder of you man ever Derore. l wotua not have you do anything wrong for the world ; but before God, Edward, unless you come home we must die ! Last night I was aroused by little Ed die's crjing. I called and said : " What's the matter, Eddie ?" and he said : " Oh, mamma, I'm so huugry!" And Lucy, Edward, your darling Lncy, she never complains, but she is growing thinner and thinner every day. And before God, Edward, unless vou come home we must die. YOUR MAHY. Turning to the prisoner, I asked : " What did you do when you received this letter?" He replied : "I made ap plication for a furlough, and it was re jected ; again I made application, and it was rejected ; a third time I made ap plication, and it was rejected, and that night, as I wandered backward and for ward in the camp, thinking of my home, with the mild eyes of Lucy looking up to me, and the burning words of Mary sinking into my brain, I was no longer the Confederate soldier, but I was the father of Lucy and the husband of Mary, and I would have passed those lines if every gun in the battery had fired upon me. I went to my home. Mary ran out to meet me, her angel arms embraced me, and she whispered, j Oh ! Edward, I am so happy ! I am. so glad you got your furlough 1' She must have felt me shudder, for she turned pale as death, and, catching ber breath at every word, she said, ' Have you come without your furlough ? O 1 Ed ward, Edward, go back ! go back ! Let me and my children go down together to the grave, but O, for heaven's sake, save the honor of our name !' And here I am, gentlemen, not brought here by military power, but in obedience to the command of Mary, to abide the sen- i tenoe of your court." Every officer of that court-martial felt the force of the prisoner's words. Before them stood, in beatific vision, the eloquent pleader for a husbaud's find a father's wrongs ; but they had been trained by their great leader Robert E. Lee, to tread the path of duty, though the lightning's flash scorched the ground beneath their feet, i and each in his turn pronounced the verdict guilty. Fortunately for hu manity, fortunately for the Confedera cy, the proceedings of the court were reviewed by the commanding general, and upon the record was written : Headquarters, A. F. V. The finding of the court is approved. The prisoner is pardoned and will report to his company. B. E. LEE, General. During the second battle of Cold Harbor, when shot and shell were fall ing " like torrents from the mountain cloud," my attention was directed to the fact that one of our batteries was being silenced by the concentrated fire of the enemy. When I reached the battery every gun but one had been dismantled, and by it stood a solitary Confederate soldier, with the blood streaming from his side. As he recognized me he ele vated his voice above the roar of battle and said, " General, I have one shell left. Tell me, bav I saved the honor of Mary and Lucy ?"' I raised my hat. Once more a Confederate shell went crashing through the ranks of the ene my, and the hero sank by his gun to rise no more. Chinese Students. Two Chinese students were admitted Tuesday to the Yale college scientific department. They passed the examin ation most credibly, and gave promise of superior scholarship. There are now sixty Chinese students supported by their government in Connecticut and Massachusetts. Thirty came two years ago, thirty arrived a year since, and thirty more are expected in abont a fortnight So far their deportment has been excellent and their progress quite remarkable. The students are placed at first in families, two in a place, where their first aim is the mastery of our lan guage. They are all nnder strict super vision, and spend each from two to four weeks a year at the "headquar ters" of the Chinese educational com mission in Hartfor where they are carefully examined as to their habits and progress. Scattered in some twen ty or thirty different towns, these boys have everywhere been favorites. The kindness with which they have been treated has been gratifying to the com mission here and to the Chinese govern ment at home. Boston Traveler. rope Pius IX. has lately received from Santa Cruz, Cal., through Cardi nal Franchi, prefect of the Propaganda, the photograph of an Indian still living, who has reached the age of 122 years. Beneath the picture are these words, written in Spanish by th old man him self : "L Jgstiniano Boxas, 122 years old, wish the most holy pope long years of liftf." Tbe parieh legibter of Santa Crnz shows that Roxas was baptized March 4, 1792, being at that time about HERALD COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, frty years of age. He has always led an exemplary life, still walks to mass op Sundays with no help but that of his staff, and asks the blessings of the pope, whom he calls the " Capitan de lo8 padres. A Splendid Description. On a certain occasion one Paul Den ton, a Methodist preacher in Texas, ad vertised a barbecue, with better liquor than ia usually furnished. When the people assembled, a desperado in the crowd cried out : " Mr. Faul Lenton, jou reverence has lied. You promised not only a good barbecue, but better liquor. Where s the liquor? "There!" answered the missionary. in tones of thunder, and pointing his long, bony finger at the matchless double spring, gushing up in two long columns with a sound like a shout of joy from the bosom of the earth. "There !'' he repeated, with a look terrible as light ning, while his enemy actually trembled at his feet ; " there is the liquor which God the eternal brews for all his chil dren. Not in the simmering still, over smoky hres choked with poisonous eaS' es, and surrounded with the stench of sickening odors and corruption, doth your Father in heaven prepare the pre cious essence of life pure cold water. But in the glade and grassy dell, where the deer wanders and the child loves to play, there God brews it ; and down, away down in the deepest valleys, where the fountain murmurs and the rills sing ; and nigh up on the mountain tops, where the naked granite glitters like gold in the sun, where the storm clouds brood and the thunder-storms crash ; and out on the wild, wild sea, where the hurricane howls musio and the big waves roar in chorus, sweeping the march of God there He brews it the beverage of life, health-civine water. And everywhere it ia a thing of beauty, gleaming in the dew-drop, singing in the summer rain, shining in the ice gem, till they seem turned to living jewels ; spreading a golden veil over the setting sun, or a white gauze around the midnight moon ; sporting in the cataract; sleeping in glacier; dancing in the hail shower ; folding its bright curtains softly around the wintry world, and weaving the many-colored iris, the seraph's zone of the air, whose warp is in the rain-drops of the earth, and whose woof is in the sunbeams of heaven, all checkered over with the celestial flow-. era of the mystic hand of refraction that blessed life-water. No poison bub bles on itsbrink ; its foam brings not madness and murder; no blood stains its liquid glass ; pale widows and starv ing children weep not burning tears in its depths! Speak out, my fiiends would you exchange it for the demon s drink, alcohol ?" A shout like the roar of the tempest an!wered "No!" Save the Leaves. "Leaves have their time to fall," but they are only a nuisance if left in the yards and on the sidewalks ; but when gathered dry, and stored in the barn or shed, they add greatly to the manure pile in the spring. A litter of leaves in the horse stalls is more desira ble than one of straw, for it can be re newed without the necessity of cleaning out the stall more than twice or thrice a week. Besides, the leaves absorb tbe ammonia more rapidly than straw, and can be more thoroughly worked over and trodden into it ; and they also make the manure of much more value, for flower gardens, as they are particularly rioh in phosphoric acid, which is, next to ammonia, the most highly treasured constituent of plant growth. Apply a bed of leaves plentifully around the roots of your vines, shrubs, roses and all flowering trees, fhen throw a shovel of manure over them, and next spring will show how beneficial is their effect. Aside from the practical use of leaves, due regard to appearance should prompt us to rather tbem up from our door-yards and lawns, and put them in some place where they will not lie around loosely. Dame nature ought to have an attic in which to put away ber cast-off clothing, and not let the au tumn winds scatter them broadcast; but she prefers that we should do her household cleaning for her, and so we should attend to it directly and reap the enehts of our labors in another sense. Pile them in one corner of the yard, if there is no cow or horse to use them. Cover them with a layer of earth and turn all the house slops npon them; and, another spring, you will have a good supply of fertilizing material for your flower garden. Robber Ants. The American Naturalist publishes the following inte: eating anecdote of "robber-ants, communicated m a let ter to the Smithsonian institution, aud publifehed by permission of Prof. Hen ry : " Once upon a time there dwelt in my yard a flourishing colony of the very smallest species of black ant. The ser vants about my cook-house had spilled a quantity of syrup, which ran through the floor. The little ants had found it, and seemingly the entire population - ere out and busy packing it away to their home. The microscope showed that they carried the syrup in their ab domen. Bat, before they had secured all the syrup, I observed that there was great excitement along their road. The larger, black, erratic ants had discovered them while carrying home the syrup, and were taking it away from them. It was really painful to observe the ruth less manner in which they slaughtered and robbed ihe helpless little ants of their distended sacks of sweetness. They grabbed up the heavily-burdened little fellows, doubled them, and, biting bpen the abdomen, drew out the full sack and seemed to swallow it ; then, casting the larcerated carcass aside, they furiously sprang npon another of the panic-stricken crowd, and repeated the horrid operation. Millions of these heartless butchers were at work ; and soon, on account of their wealth, that populous city was exterminated." Drinking and Drunkenness. Ex Mayor Joseph Medill writes to the Chicago Tribune from Germany as follows : "Drunkeness is so rare and infrequent that it may be said not to exist. I have traveled thousands of miles through Germany in various di rections, visiting nearly all the chief cities, aud have made diligent inquiry of American consuls and other well-informed persons, and received but one answer everywhere, viz.: 'No drunk enness among the Germans ; public sentiment would not tolerate it; the habits of the country are all against it.' The reason of this freedom from inebri ation is the total absence of whisky and the substitution of the milder beer. Whisky is the 'hog' that possesses the spirit of tho raging devil, and the culti vation of whose intimate acquaintance makes 'fo many beasts and loafers of men in the United States." A London girl, who advertised re cently for a husband, requested her host of correspondents to be present in te pit at the Drury Lane theater, on the following evening, dressed in a blue coat, white pantaloons, and scarlet coat, and immediately on the conclusion of the first act to stand upon the benches, flourish a white hanflkerchief in one hand, and apply a glass to the right eye with the other. When the curtain fell, fifty men, from giddy youth to giddier old age, stood up in the prescribed uni form, pud began the eye y ass ai d hand kerchief performfince, amid convulsions of laughter from a large portion of the spectators, who were in the secret. NOWADAYS AND LONG AGO. Interesting Facta Revealing the Con' tinntty ot the Human Race. . . M. D. Conway's London Letter. The chief interest, perhaps, of this international oriental congress to its lay attendants has been the continual start ing up of facts which reveal the conti nuity of the human race. We are con stantly brought to examine old tales. coins, proverbs, words belonging to the distant eastern lands, only to be im pressed with a sense of familiarity un derlying their strangeness. It is as if all the intermediate parts of a bridge had been swept away by a flood, but whose remaining fragment on the hither shore so resembles in character the lin gering buttress on the farther one that we feel sure they originally belonged to one structure built by one race. For example, one morning there were three members of the congress absorbed in examining a small tray of old coins in the British museum. These three were strangers to each other; they were of widely discrepant creeds one a Jewish Rabbi, another a Roman Catholic, the third a radical and heretic. So wide apart as they were in belief fcre the na tions of the earth ; yet the three had separated they had together spelled ont on the coins the infallible vestiges of the primeval unity of mankind. Among these vestiges none was more notable than those on the columned coins, of which your American dollar mark, with its hl:et bound "Pillars of Hercules," is tbe survival. The most ancient legend of the Pillars of Her cules states that, on setting out upon his wonderful voyage in a small jar, he was bitten by a serpent ; an oracle told him that if he sailed westward he would airive at a certain point and find a par ticular tree, which tree would heal the wounds made by the serpent. So it happened, and as a memorial of tme in cident and the cure, Hercules set up at the point where it occurred anciently Gades. now Cadiz the two pillars. Some have suggested that the S which twines around the pillars in the Spanish-American dollar-mark is meant for a serpent ; but this is only speculation. The oldest European columned coin shown at the British museum only about the time of Charles L shows a separate twining S around each pillar, shaped like a fillet, and a 'crown over each column. We have only changed it by removing the two crowns, and mak ing one fillet answer for both columns. But when we look to the earliest Phem- cian coins we find some of them having only one column, and it has been sug gested that the double column might have only indicated tha tbe coin was double in value the single column coin. But this theory disappears when we look to the still earlier coins, where we find the device to be two pillars, sup porting an arch, plainly denoting the doorway of a temple, as mere are really no pillars of Hercules, there can be little doubt that by them was meant only the door posts of his ancient tem ple; and these, represented on an an cient coinage, have survived in the col umned coins oi Italy and opain, ana been carried from the latter country to be the primitive and the present sign of the farthest west. Other ancient coins equally revealed the origin of those familar to us. One belonging to the first Jewish revolt struck off as the coppers of the Ameri can insurrection against England might have been was the modification of a vet earlier coin, and though itself over eighteen hundred years old, had on one copper surface a wreath of leaves bound at tho bottom with a fillet, and on the other a head that may have been that of the newest republican president. A most curious instance of persistence was revealed by comparison of a fine collec tion of ancient Hindoo, German and English coins. They were all radically the same, but the Hindoo devices were blunderingly imitated on the old Ger man coins, and these again blunderingly imitated by the English. Taking the old English coins alone one can hardly make head or tail of them ; putting be side them the old German some meaning is shed on them ; but when the Hindoo coins are brought forward the signifi cance of each figure is revealed, and the inartistic conventional picture on the western money turns out to have grad ually deteriorated from the neat artistic horse, ohariot, or tree which graced the money used by our ancestors on the banks of the Ganges far away in the dawn of the commercial life of man kind. The continuity of our race which has been so often illustrated by the disoov eiy of the identity of our fairy tales with the legends and miracles told about great Oriental deities, is thus found to be confirmed wherever anything eastern is investigated. We are using the same coins and words and ceremonies. Of course all this has a momentous bearing upon the authority claimed for some of the solemn institutions around ns. We had an illustration of thia a day or two ago. The learned Prof. Stenzier, of Breslan, read a paper on the ancient Hindoo idea oi expiation. Haying gath ered out of the ancient Indian books what were held to be the cardinal sins many ages before the Christian era, and tbe penances by which they were atoned for or expiated, he showed by quotations from established Catholio authorities that the church named still the cardinal sins and provided similar penances and means for restoring the guilty to divine power. There could be no qnestion about the facts ; the citations were made from Indian sacred books of unquestion able antiquity and compared with ex tracts from ecclesiastical books of un questionable authority in the Catholio church. English Poppies. Bailey, of tho Danbury News writes : The chief weeds with which the Eng lish farmer has to contend are thistles and poppies. There is nothing remarka ble about thistles unless you are bare footed, but the idea of a poppy being a weed is striking enough. You know how choice we are of them in our gar dens at home, and what an addition to a plot are a half-dozen of these bril liantly flowering plant -. Try.then.to con jure np thousands of them in one enclos ure. Thev are called "red weed" in Eng land. Tney flourish principally in the grain fields, where their deep red con trasts magnificently with the dark green of the wheat and barley and oats. I have seen fields so abounding with poppies that they looked as though they were spotted with blood. I have Been great beds of them springing from newly turned earth along the railway, and their beauty I never saw equaled in nature. Surely Solomon in all his glory was not ar rayed like unto these nor smelt like them, I hope. Rearing their scarlet heads among the dark green grain they present a picture that must touch every heart although differently. I have seen two men stand at a fence on opposite sides of a field, and gaze for a half hour at the wonder ful blending of color. The one was speechless, his eyes glistening with the most exquisite delight. He was a tour ist. The other was speechless also. But his eyes did not glisten. He was tho owner of the field. A friend assured Mark Twain that it was policy to feed a cold and starve a fever. He says : " I had both. So I thought it best to fill myself up for the cold, and let the fever starve awhile. In a case of this kind I seldom do things by halves I ate pretty heartily. I conferred my custom npon a stranger, who had just opened his restaurant on Cortland street, near the hotel, that morning, paying so much for a full meal, He waited near mtf in respectful OCTOBER 30, 1874. silence until I had finished feeding my cold, when he inquired if the people about New York were much afflicted with colds. I toll him I thought they were. He then went out and took in his sign." "Wise Francis Joseph. The London correspondent of the Boston Post writes: "While the em- firess of Austria is enjoying one of Eng and's pleasanter resorts, celebi ating her daughter's birthday, presenting silver, vases to chimpion racers, and taking a keen interest in the organization of a stag hunt, her imperial spouse has also been absent from his gay capital on a somewhat different errandC. Amid the ceneral stagnation of affairs in Europe, the visit of the Emperor Francis Joseph to Prague has a romantic as well as a political interest. It is always pleasant to hear of the Austrian sovereign, who is in many respects the most to be re spected and liked crowned head in Europe. His career has been so replete with misfortune, his crown has sat so uneasily on his head from tbe time of accession when a beardless youth al-; most till now, his character is so amia ble, his mind so intelligent, his ideas so reasonable and liberal, hia bearing so gracious and engaging, that, personally, no man is more popular, either with his brother sovereigns or with the peo ple at large. He has shown himself, it seems to me, the very wisest of all reigning sovereigns. Think of it ; he was born and nourished a Hapsburg, the pet and hope of a family as much prouder than the Bourbons as the Bour bons are prouder than the Orleanses. Divine right and imperialism he may be said to have ubsorbed with his mother's milk. He was taught that there was no blood so entirely royal as his. With such a birth and bringing np, he waa suddenly thrust upon one of the great est thrones in Europe when he was yet in his teens, and from that moment he was beset by flatterers and courtiers, by priests and diplomats. His haughty mother, the Arch-duchess Sophia, held over him a stern influence, which was all used to confirm him as a despot and as a blind defender of the pope. There seemed to be no crevice by which any liberal idea could reach him. Misfor tune, however, undid his early educa tion and humbled bis Hapsburg pride. It is to his praise that he was tanght by the calamities which overtook him. He was able to learn a lesson which the Bourbons never learned ; the Bourbons are all exiles, and Francis Joseph still sits on the throne of Rudolph and Ma ria Theresa. He has shown the very rare wisdom to yield to the inevitable, to frankly accept liberal principles, to refuse to ruin himself by crusading for the pope, and to exchange an absolute crown, descended to him through cen turies, for that of a constitutional mon arch ruling over a constitutional state. Austria is now as free as Prussia or France, and this is more due to Francis Joseph, who called Count von Beast from Saxony to take the helm in Aus tria at the critical moment, though Yon Benst was not only a liberal but a prot- estant and a foreigner." Extent of the Universe. Since the beginning of this century our idea of the universe has undergone a complete metamorphosis, though but tew persons appear to recognize this fact. Less than a century ago the sa vants who admitted the earth s motion (some still reject it) idctured to them selves the system of the universe as being bounded by the frontier of Sat urn's orbit, at a distance from the cen tral sun equal to 109,000 times the di ameter of the earth, orlabout 860,000,000 miles. Tbe stars were fixed, spherical ly distributed, at a distance but a little greater than that of Saturn. Beyond this limit a vacant space was supposed to surround the universe. The discov ery of Uranus, in 1785, did away at once with this belt, consisting of Sat urn's orbit, and the frontier of solar domination was pushed out to a dis tance of 1,900,000,000 miles from the center of the system, that is to say, be yond the space which was vaguely sup posed to be occupied by the etars. The discovery of Neptune, in 1846, again re moved these limits to a distance that would have appalled our fathers, the or bit described by this planet being 2,862,000,000 miles from the sun. But the attractive force of the sun ex tends farther still. Beyond the orbit of Uranus, beyond the dark route slowly traversed by Neptune, the frigid wastes of space are traveled over by the comets in their erratic courses, ui these some, being controlled by the sun, do not leap from system to system, but move in closed curves, though at distances far greater than those of Uranus and Nep tune. Thus Haliey s comet recedes to a distance of over 3,200,000,000 miles from the sun ; the comet of 1811, 36,- 000 000,000. and that of 1680, 75,000, 000,000. The period of the last-named comet is 8,800 years. Popular Science Monthly. " Help " in Western Virginia. Donn Piatt, writing about the Virginia mountaineer, says: It is impossible to get house servants from among the na tives for love or money. A charming little lady here, Mrs. Morgan, sister-in-law to the famous Ji hn Morgan, gave us a very amusing account of her trials in this direction. Her first experience was with a tall, angular mountain maid. One morning she announced a visitor to Mrs. Morgan. " Who is he, Malvina T "Lord only knows, I don't; he's a total stranger to me. " Is he a gentleman i "Well, he ain't a niggah." " Did he not give you his name ?" " Not much. But I didn't ask him." " But he srave you his card ?" "You mean that bit of papah with the printin' on it ?" " Of course ; what did yon do with it?" " Why, I jest put it whar I seed the others, on the pahlow table." " How vexations ! And what did you say to him ?" " I told him to hitch on to the door knob till I seed yon." Cortez Chapel. Says a writer at Key West, Florida : On Couzmel island are yet to be seen the walls of the first church ever built on the continent of North America, Cortez, before the conquest of Mexico say about three hundred years ago built his first place of worship on this beautiful island. The foundation and walls are yet partially preserved ; each side has an elevation of some ten feet. Tho altar is covered with an almost im penetrable growth of chaparral, and all about and even inside these ruins are ancient and modern tombs, where pa triarchs rest. The wild flowers bloom over them in great profusion, and the birds carol sweet songs morning and evening. A paved walk extends several hundred yards westward, but it is now almost buried from sight in the sod. Excavations are seen, where searchers for hidden treasures have delved. There is a fine field there for the curi ou3 to explore. But the natives of the locality allow it to rest so quietly that the dense shrubberies almost cover it. A Pennsylvania man ate forty quatts of peanuts at one shelling, and then, in the beautiful language of Tyndall, " faded like a streak of morning cloud, into the infinite azure of the p st." His friends, possessed of that touching delicacy and thoughtfolness which al ways characterized the bestowal of mor tuary honors in Pennsylvania, buried the 9heUs with him. EDITING A PAPER. The "Positive ! lit the Local De partment. I don't suppose that another man ever lived like that Ohio editor who lifted me out of the back end of an omnibus one night, led me up five pairs of stairs and undertook to tell me how 1 was to assist in running the local department of the paper. You see, said he, jab- binsr at a cockroach with the shears. " vou want to be positive in what you say ; folks here won't believe any of yenr suppose so a and allegations, bay what you say m words that can t be dis puted ; or, if they are disputed, send the fellow into the other room and I'll fix him." He was a great man for fun ; he' never laughed himself, but he had a high appreciation for humor. He was always wanting me to get off something sharp on some one, no matter who, and he ran me so much 1 had to quit. For instance he came down one morning and said : " Now, Charles, get off a hit on Julius Caesar." "Why. sir, the old man died years ago." " No matter, no matter," he went on, "get off some thing or I'll discharge you." As $75 a year was an object to. me then, I handed in a prettj big item, "lhats good, that's positive," he replied, and in it went. The paper hadn't been out an hour before a dozen were crowding in after an explanation. "Is your name Caspar ?" asked the old man of each in turn. " No." "Well, then, who's ruu ning this Ctesar business ? Ain't I here to disseminate knowledge? Don't I do her?" And he finally threw another sheet on the "points." "Now, Charles," said he again, "get off a lick on George Washington something under a lively bead-line." "But he's been written up," I replied. "No matter get off something, or here's my note of hand for the balance due you;" As his note of hand was rather a good thing to keep, I dug out a severe thing under the head of " Bru tal Outrage." There was a Washing tonian society in town, and half its members were rushing np ttairs before the edition was half off. " Base wretch," shouted the president. " Ca 'nmniator of genius." squeaked the old maid secretary. " Vile rascal," hissed a young man, with his hair behind his m "Gentlemen and old maid," be-1 gan the editor, as he rolled np his sleeves, "why am I here? If any of you know more about George Wash ington than 1 do, why just take aud run this office." And they had to go taway with their minds in an unsettled state. Another time, when he had run over a whole volume of ancient history with out finding one to hit, says he, " Get off something on me." That's jnst what I wanted, and I wrote: "We want wood on subscription to this pa per. Some of our subscribers prom ised to pay for their paper in wood more than ten years ago, aud it's about time they brought it in. We want wood wood wood." It mas in July, an( there were thirteen loads of wood in front of the office before noon. They got there about the same time, and thirteen farmers came up in a body. "Gentlemen," said the old man, after they had stated their errand, " wood is wood ; 'wood is a noun ; ' is ' is a verb, and wood ' is a noun again. The ob jective case governs the requirements of the adverb, which is the posses sive of thirteen loads, according to chapter seventy-one, rule three." And every time thy went to say any thing about wood he got that off at them, until they all went down in a body threatening to vampire him at the first opportunity. The last thing I have any recollection of was "getting off something" on the mayor of the town. He went by old Sykes one evening without nodding, and I had no soqner entered the office than I heard, "Go for Muggs; give it to him hot ; yank him all to pieces, and leave his shattered remains hanging to the steeple of the court-house." " But he," I began, when Svkes came close up to him, breathing hard, and says he, "Young man, go for Muggs. I hate to part with you, but Smith offers to fill your sitnation for a dollar less " So I sat down to do up Muggs. Sykes was going away, and he left me to my judg ment. I wrote an article that I thought would please the old man for positiv ness, and it went nnder a triple heading. I was just locking up the paste pot in the burglar-proof safe to keep it from the rats, when I heard a yelling on the street?, and the office door came in on me. I saw stars, comets, spots on the sun, new moons, and " came to" in the next town, when I sent the following dispatch to the old man : " If yon can pay your board bill stay where yon are. The press is ruined. The long primer is in Hardy's horse-pond. The mailing table, the bank, and the new job rack went over the dam last evening. Things ain't as they was. We made a big hit on Muggs, and he retaliated powerfully. I have hired out t J a quiet old farmer here, and I think I shan't pursue the 'get-off business any further." In about two months I got a reply. Here is all that was said: "Young man, al ways be positive in your assertions." Detroit Free Press. The Human Body Compared to a Machine. In the promotion of health and lon gevity, too much stress cannot bo at tached to the importance of preserving this harmony or balance of organiza tion. Id Borne respects, the human body may be compared to a perfect machine, made up of many complicated parts. How different the working or running of such a machine from that of one imperfectly constructed and un equally balanced in ail its parts ! The ona,seldom needs repairs, the other fre quently. The one will last as it were for an age ; the other becomes almost useless in a short time. It is so in ref erence to the human system. When ever a certain organ or class of organs becomes relatively too large or too small, causing a want of balance or har mony in their action, there must be in the very nature of the case far greater liability to disease. Accordingly, it is in persons possessing this imperfect, ill balanced organization that we find not only the greatest amount of sickness, but that which is most obstinate and fatal. How oftea it happens that some s ight derangement or trifling weakness operates as the entering wedge to the most serious diseases 1 It is the weak spot caused by inheritance, or developed by exposure, where disease finds its germ or ptarting-point, though all other parts of the system are in a perfectly sound condition ; and not unfrequently life is terminated by a single organ, or even some part of it, giving ont, when all the other organs might have per formed their healthy functions for many years. Growth in Man. Observations regarding the rate of growth in man have determined the following interesting facts : The most rapid growth takes place immediately after birth, the growth of an infant dur ing the first year of its existence being about eight inches. The ratio of in crease gradually decreases until the age of three years is reached, at whicli time the size attained is half that which it is to become when full grown. After five years the succeeding increase is very regular till the sixteenth year, bing at the rate for the average man of two inches a year. Beyond sixteen, the growth is feeble, being for the following two years about six-tenths of au inch a year ; while from eighteen to twenty ihe increase in height is seldom over one inch. At tho age of twenty-five the growth ceaserf, save ux a few exceptional VOL. XX. NO. 1G. cases. It has furthermore been ob served that, in the same race, the mean size is a little larger in cities than in the country, a fact that will be received with doubt by many who have coma to re gard the rufltio as the true model man Remarkable Exhibition of Mind.Read The exhibition of "mind-reading by J. R. Brown at New Haven, the other day, in the presence of ex-lresi-dent Woolsey of Yale college and sever al professors, was a striking illustration of the mysterious connection of mind with mind by means of physical contact. The first experiment was as follows : Prof. Brewer passed from the philoso phieal leetnre-room, where the company were assembled, through a hall in aa other room, out of which opened five doors and two stairways, and, having placed a pocket tape measure on a the odolite, he returned to the lecture-room another way. Mr. Brown, being blind folded, took Mr. Brewer's left hand in his own right hand, and having momen tarily placed his other hand on Mr. Brewers forehead and" brought Mr. Brewer's hand to his own forehead, ap parent to establish mental connection. he started off, loading Mr. Brewer to the tape measure without the slightest hesitation as to which room to enter or what object to seek, though nobody but Mr. Brewer knew whore or what that object was. Dr. Woolsey then hid a coin under a pile of books, Mr. Brown having withdrawn from the room, and the mind-reader, having established connection with Woolsey, went, blind folded, to the vicinity of the coin, after trying one or two other places, but could not put his hand on the exact ppot. He, however, took Pro'. Whitney for his companion and immediately found the coin. A pencil-cage was passed through the hands of three or four persons, and as each one received it he left the room, but the last one concealed it and then took a seat. The others having returned to the room, and Brown having been recalled, lie went to each of the persons who had bad the pencil-case and fina'ly to the pencil-case itself. An alphabet was written on a blackboard and then the word " hone" was written on a slip of paper by Prof. Marsh and passed to another person, and Mr. Brown, takine Prof. Marsh's hand, pointed to the letters on the board that spell the word hone. In several of these cases Mr. Brown hesitated some wh t, but in some of them, at least, the person whose hand he held failed to conform to the necessary condition of keeping him mind intently on the ob ject to be sought. There is consider able difference in tho persons with whom he nay operate. The celerity with which the performer, though blind folded, moved about among the furni ture was surprising. After some of the experiments he seemed considerably exhausted. Florida's Oldest Inhabitant. Sailing back, we were treated to the sight of an alligator fifteen feet long, Bunning himself on a hummock of yel low grass. The wrinkle underneath his lower jw gave him a good humored look, and he seemed actually to smile as the bullets hissed around him. The alligator is by no means a trifling ene my ; and the Floridian tells strange stories of the creature's strength, fleet ness, and strategy. An alligator hnater in Jacksonville gave me an idea of these characteristics, somewhat after the fol -lowing fashion : "The 'gaiter, sir,'is"ez"qnick ez light nin, and ez nasty. lie kin outswim a deer, and he hez dun it, too ; he swims more 'n two-thirds out o water, and when he ketches you, sir, he jest wab hies yon right over 'n over, a hundred times, or mo', sir, ez quick ez the wind; and you 're dead in ao time, sir. When a dog sees one he alius begins to yelp, sir, for a 'gaiter is mighty fond of a dog and a nigger, sir. Noborly can't tell how old them old fellows is, sir; I reck on nigh on to a hundred years, them biggest ones. Thar 's some old devils in them lagoons you see off tbe St. John's ; they lie thar very quiet, but it would be a good tusslo if one of you was out thar in a small boat, sir. They won't always fight ; sometimes they run away very mock ; the best way to kill 'em is to put a ball in the eye, sir; thar's no use in wasting shot on a 'gaiter's hide. When the boys wants tport, sir, they git a long green pole, and bharpen it ; 'n then they find a 'gaiter's hole in the marsh, aud pnt the pole down it, theu the 'gaiter he snaps at it, 'n hangs on to it, 'n the boys got together, n pull him out, 'n put a rope arcun' his neck, and Bet him to fightin' with another 'gaiter. O Lord ! reckon 't would make yo' bar curl to seo the tails fly." S'rribncr's. Wheel Velocities. The only limit to the number of revo lutions which a wheel may be mado to make in a given time is the tensil strength of the material of which the wheel is made, and its consequent power to re sist the centrifugal forces which tend to render it asunder. Savart, in his ex periments on sound, made wheels to re volve from one thousand to two thou sand times per minute ; bnt this has been surpassed by Foucalt, who invented an apparatus for measuring the velocity of light, to which a small wheel with a mirror attached, which might have been made to r volve six hundred, eight hun dred, and one thousand limes per sec ond, or sixty thou and times per min ute. At these velocities the ordinary amalgam was completely stripped from the glass to which it was attached, and it was found necessary to use mirrors either of glass coated with pure silver or made entirely of metal. These are the most rapid revolutions thus far ob tained, probably, bnt there is not the slightest reas n why even this should not be surpassed. It is evident that for such great velocities cog wheels are out of the question. Only bands or stringa can be used. The World Without Sunday. Think how the abstraction of Sunday would enslave tho working classes, with whom we are identified. Think of lalor thus going on in one monotonous end eternal rack, fingers forever straining, the brow forever drooping, and the loins forever aching, the restless mind for ever scheming. Think of the beauty it would efface, the merry-heartedness it would extinguish, the giant strength it would tame, the resources of nature it would crush, the sickness it would bring, of the projects it would wreck, the groans it would extort, the lives it would immolate, and the cheerless graves it wonld prematurely dig. See them toiling and fretting, and grinding and hewing, and weaving and spinning, sowing and gathering, mowing and reaping, raising and building, digging and planting, and striving and strug gling, in the garden and in the field, in the granary and in the barn, in the fac tory and in the mill, in the warehouse and in the shop, in the mountain and in the ditch, on the roadside and in the country, out at sea and on shore, in the day of brightness and of gloom I What a picture this world would present if we hod no Sabbath ! Tbe great gun which has for several months been making at the South Bos ton iron works is approaching comple tion. It has been turned and is ready now for the steel lining, which was cast in England, as no foundry in this coun try would undertake it. The peculiari ties of this monster experimental gun are its size, a new breech-loading ar rangement and the steel lining for the bore. FACTS AND FANCIES. " The Old Cussea" ia the name of a club in La Crosse, and the wives of membors believe that the came is a good ut. "The honeymoon is all well enough," aid a prudent bell, "but what I want to see beyond that ia the promise of a fine harvest-moon." ' A carried girl of thirteen years, seeking a divorce on tho ground that she in too yonng, is one of the latest so cial development of Indianaiwlis. It dosen't look well, to sy the least, for a Kansas church member to draw out hia revolver in order to it ft nnl hiis two eents for the contribution box. As a whlta garment appears worse when a little soiled than does a colored top, to does a smalWartlt in a good man attract more attention tkan a great offence in a bad man. A Kansas paper wants to know wtm Noah's father and mother were, and why it was that they haven't rfocived any high honors. There's always sun- thin alwajs sunthm. A saloon-keeper in Jefferonville, Ind.. h sued Mrs. M. A. Johnson, editor of th Agitator, a tempemnoe paper, for calling his saloon a " murder mill." Damages are laic at $2,000. Somcbod y ( perhar s S pure eon ) says : "That smoker has reached ihe Bctue of skill in tho cloud compelling line who can blow three conoentrio rings and spit through the inner circle without causing a line to waver." A fonr-vear-old went to a black smith's to see his father's horse shod, and watched closely the work of shoeing until the blacksmith ommenoed paring the horse's hoofs, when, thinking thia was wrong, he said earnestly, " Mv pa don't want this horse made any smaller. " -A pine is now lieing laid for the conveyance of petroleum from the oil- wells or M'UerHtown, l'o., to inn isiii more and Ohio railroad, a dmtance of fortv miles. The piie is three inches in diameter, and its capacity 4,000 bar rels per day. At Lhe sale of the Oaddesby short horns on Mr. Cheney's place, near I'i- cester, in England, tlio other day, the cows and heifers averaged V0 ench, tho highest averngo ever recorded. Kir Cortis Lampson paid 1.X73 guineas for the heifor Duchess of Gloucester, anil the Duchess of Ardrie sold for 1,700 guineas. A professional man not far from State street. Boston, returning to his oflioe one day, after a sulmtautial lunch. said complacently to his asmstafii : Mr. Pitkin, the world iook unier- ently to a man whf n he hat three inches of mm in him." "Yes," replied the junior, withent a moment's hesitation. 'and ho looks dillerent to ino woria. An MnmiUi.liaJ WimntiM Ckt AlcT- ander Dumas, the father, is known to ... A 3 Mw .lini-llv l-wi rritwn tn tint tTAIW HUH lunj PbUI 1.1 t r."'" public. It has a peculiar history. Du mas, tboueh he received a gicat deal of money, never retained much. And ho wished late m life to provide ior n.;.i l.ii.l an ill.xritimntrt danfthter. who was likely to b left penniless iu case of his death. Ife wrote this ro m an tiiernfnre. for her fortune, and certainly she is well provided for. Ice signals are now used npou mo Atlantic, by means of which a passing ship can indicate to another the pre sence and position of ice. The ensign indicates berg ice, the Union Jack field ice, and at night lights are used. Thco flags correspond with an ice chart, di vided into degrees of longitude and latiin.lc- Tee is the UHli uriwu va ...... . greatest danger to be dreaded on the Atlantic Huch a precaution an tuis cannot fail to bo of great advantage. Tt i vnnnrto,! that the inhabitant of Turin are much troubled with appre hensions that the Mont Cenis tunnel will fall in. The French and Italian nomliitK r( Hi commission of cwri- neers appointed to report npon tho cracks, which have peen viiui ior nu years, have stated that the tunnel solid throughout, end is conducted on sound principles, bnt that tho flusnrc seem to be attributable to the too great pressure of the mountain masses above. .A farmer took his wife to a grand concert and after listening with arr""'' enjoyment, the pair became suddenly interested in one of the grand choruses, "All we, like sheep, have gone astray." First, a sharp soprano voice ciclaimed : Ail 7 liltA nlieen " Next, a dcp voico uttered, in the most earnest tono : All we, like sheep" men an uie ingers at once asserted : au wn, like sheep" "Well, I don't," ci claimed old Ruxticns to his partner. "I like beef and bacon, but I can't bear sheep meat 1" A writer in the St. Paul Pres- tells .Un nf TTnrnce Greelev. Horace a nil n tn a brother editor in New York whoe writing waa equally illegi- . - - . ma A a? ll.. ble with his own. I no recipient, oi wm note not ling able to read it, sent it back by the same mei-nenger to Mr. Greeley for elucidation. Supposing it to be the answer to his own not, Mr. Greeley looked over it but likewise waa ... i . -1 i . ii . i . unable to read it, ani ani to m" iv ; Go. take it back. Whni noes me u u fool mean?" "Yes, said tho boy. that is just what ho says.' It's funny, says Grace Greenwood, aa lm ffw women who CO to Colo rado know how to dress for such rough expeditions. She baa seen more than one dainty dame set forth for the can- ons clad in aux, wiui law aim u.- monds. She notioed the other day, in a party starting for Pike's Peak, a pret ty yonng girl, most ooqnettiMhly attired, and carrying in her soft-gloved hand the last new novel. Hnch flimy pre parations and slight provisions for as- ti 1 1 1 ii r? t hat avfnl trail and daring the winds and tempests of the dreary sum mit makes one Bail. A Detroit gentleman who purchased Ik-.t tit ranches at the Central market. the other day, looked around for a boy ho would carry them home, ami pre- ant.lv hn fonnil a racced tau penum vu bench eating the last remuan. of a pear. The man asked him if he wouldn't like to earn ten cents by carrying the box 10 such a numWr and street, aud the loy promptly replied that he wouldn't. "Why?" queried the man. "Why?" echoed the boy. "leeiiuse dad died the other day and now I'm head of the family, and bow'd I looklnggin' peaches around 1" Dally Death. Tim .tn rot inn fif lifn in anv of its par ticulars is but short : they die and tin ir places are occupied by others, and so continues a substitution which ODly ends in death. After every meal an amazing number of white corpuscles are added to the blood ; break fnt dou bles their proportion to the colored oor- puscles in half an hour; supper in creases their prororwon vuree uui, and dinner makes it four times as great They come from buc.1i solid glands as tha anlAAn Tn the blood eoinff to this organ, their proportion is one to two thousand two nnnared ana wny -, iu that returning from the spleen it is as one to s;xty. Terhaps the most Btnpen dous miracle of organization is the steady maintenance of bnt slightly vari able characters in the living and moving blood, which is every momens unuerjri ing changes of different kinds as it cir culates through each tissue and organ in the body. Cost of the German-Franco War. Tbe war of 1870 'coat France 371.- 000,000, to which ir3.(X0,000 may be added as the value of the otdei tern Inn Of eonrne tho cost to tho North German Confederation was much less. as their troops operated in the enemy a country and the commissariat was much m . -..at -. 1 better managea loan wiin me r rrocu. The cost to Germany haa been offloial ly stated as 47,000.000, but when peace was concluded the treasury was empty, and bad it not been f :r the 1 rench in demnity a new loan would have Ihii necessary. The 0.000,000 of tho Ger man war chest and the 58,000,0)0 of the war loan must, therefore, have been exhausted. Compared with other mod ern wars, the cost ot the 1 ranco-uerraan War, on the vumv, wm mum-ran, nuia- much a private compensation is in cluded seven millions on the Oerman and twenty-four millions on the Franco side.