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The herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, November 13, 1874, Image 1

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TTpon the pot where oft in youth IT stood, I rUnd
once more.
And on thai liwiM nf Ion mro I rase.
While mem Tr rurbea backward o'er the lapse of
ears mreeecore,
EecaUin cherished Joy of boyhood days.
The (rrass upon the hill grows jtwt as fresh and
jrreen as wueu,
A blithe and happy yonth, I wandered free ;
The little brook still murmurs on i? way within
the fflen
It seems to sing a requiem to me.
The cooltn summer winds are softly sighing thro'
the trees.
An A wWh raw l.u-Va nf .
J " . - nuiMunnKWUj P7,
While from the diRtant clover fields, borne to me
' a tin umf
I swot the iwrfume of the new-mown hay.
My feet now press the hallowed spot where once my
birthplsce stood
An old log-honse-eince moldered to decay.
And looking, from my aged eyes nnbidden start a
Of tears, to know that it his passed away.
Within this little grove, beneath an old and gnarled
oak tree.
Remains the seat I hewed from solid stone.
And sitting here in sadness, where I often romped
in glee, 9 -
I realise that I am all alone !
Tee, all alone 1 the onward march of time the
fleeting hours
Have taken youthful friends away fiom me;
To some the path of life was ever strewn with
sweteet flowers.
To some tu clouded o'er with misery.
There, to my my right, I see a monnd with mosses
growing o'er.
And once again my eyes are filled with tears.
For there liee one I hojw to meet npon the un
known shore
One whom I fondly loved in former years.
We did not love as children love ; 'twa an nndying
That fiercely burned within each yonthf al breaxt;
And when sue drooped my heart was sad; but
when death's angel came.
It seemed as though my soul would ne'er find
The weepiDg-willow bends with mournful mien
above her tomb,
And seems to weep in laiison with me ;
The rare exotics planted there yield forth a sweet
And birds pour out their plaintive melody.
Irete, loved one, we soon shall meet, far, far above
the skies.
To there renew the vows we made in life ;
E'rm now my svtrit from this mould of clay to
heaven flies.
To join you in the world e'er free from strife.
Scenes of my yonth, farewell ! on thee I never more
may gaz-
I'.ut while my fxeble footsteps totter on.
Kiiii'.nmy memory will be fresh reniembrauce to
the ilnys
Of joy and sorrow now forever gone. -
r .
man, as wen me letierea as tne un
lettered, is attracted by mystery. While
the educated one ridicules the extrava
gance- and the unchecked . wildness of
tho ignorant brother in his persistent
haso after phantoms, he must confess
that the same ghost is playing wanton
wuti ins own senses.
I have often been induced to investi
pate delusions, althongh convinced that
I was hunting a shadow, if not a silly
cheat. To dissipate all ideas in one's
mind of goblins, haunted houses, and
weird noises has required more philos
ophy than has yet been accepted. And
so we must admit that if there is not
cleverness in a myRtery there ia that in
it which fascinates in spite of a better
judgment, and carris the oi jyolloi be
yond the control of reason, while they
listen with eager ears and excited
Tarrying at a friend's house, I was in
formed that there was an unoccupied
dwelling in the neighborhood fre
quented by unseen spirits. It inter
ested me, and I shortly discovered that
his sister was anxious and even willing
to visit it. I offered myself as an es
cort and protector, and was accepted.
The building was called the Redwood
mansion, formerly the property of an
old, aristoorutic family of the district.
The last inmates were too elderly ladies,
sisters of the Redwood lineage. For
years they had utterly refused commu
nication with the world, and were char
itably rated as eccentric. Their wants
were supplied by a slave of the butcher,
who passed, at regular hours, all the
necessaries of life through the gate of
the yard, and at each time found the
money and other orders. They had
been allowed their unsocial whims
through the indulgence of a kind com
munity and the csjvrit de cor;) of the
Redwoods nntil dread circumstances
broke the living chain. The rfector of
the parish, while passing one morning,
was attracted by moans from the som
Iier house, and forcing an entrance
found the eldest sister in dying agonies
and the other hurriedly racing the
apartment in a state of frenzy. The
reanlt was death to the one and the re
moval of the survivor by distant rela
tives. Such was the history given to me by
Miss E. She added : I have such a
strange desire to visit this mansion,
however foolish it may be."
The dwelling was large, and in its
glory must have been as famous for its
grandeur as it was popular for its en
tertainments when Col. Redwood with
his princely welcome was its courteous
lord. Now the walls were cracked, the
chimneys fallen, the windows broken,
tind its npect desolate. I detected the
slightest tremor in the arm of my com
panion as we pnshed into its silence.
The mold of neglect, the bat. the sni
der in her magnificent festoons,-tattered
window-hangings, and general decay
surrounded us. We could almost im
agine the gibber iug of uneasy spirits at
our bold intrusion as we passed from
room to room. Yet tho stillness of a
oharuel house only prevailed.
"I have heard," whispered MisE,
"that there is an old desk, or cabinet,
which has never been removed. It
would bo so novel and romantic to find
it and search for relics, perhaps treas
ure." R'it r.o room contained it.
" The attic !" she exclaimed. "Dare
yon go up and explore ?"
If yon do not wish to accompany
me and have the courage to remain
alone," was tho reply.
" Oh, then, co ! Bat " her voice
trembled. "Yes! go qniekfy and talk
to me constantly. I will not go up, but
I must know about it."
I ascen 1 d the creaking flight and bul
inform I Miss E. that I was busy at the
discovered drawers, when a scream from
Ik'Iow startled me into nervousness.
It was from Miss E., and instantly I was
at her side.
" I have had such a fright !" she said,
while tho soft rose-like line which
danced in her cheeks gave way to ex
treme pallor.
"An appa "
"Hush!" she whispered, with a
finger to her mouth. I know I ara
foolish, but I distinctly heard there !
Did you not hear that ? there !"
It whs even so ! I heard footsteps.
" Keep your courage," I replied.
The noise of steps grew more distinct,
and a fair head fell heavily upon my
Sometimes it happens that a bright,
oonrageous idea takes the place of wan
ing hope and fearful uncertainty, acting
as a pendulum to the giddy brain and
the shattered nerve. Such relief came
to my rescue, rendered as I was, horn
de combat, and Miss E. to support.
Angry as I was, from the force of cir
cumstances, I laughed ! Looking up
wildly, then inquisitively, Miss E.
sprang from me, exclaiming : " What
is it tlien? I was frightened, ard you
are crnel to make light of it !"
A dilemma I certainly was in. Ap
pearances were against me, but my
heart was not hard. I had laughed
from thorough exasperation, for I was
helpless. Could I have floated away
with my charge I could then return and
defy all the imps and goblins ever exor
cised, and topple the wretched, moldy,
ghostly old shell into utter ruins. It
was at this crisis that a large, woolly
head, with protruding eyes, a display of
ivory, and a breadth of lip, appeared at
the door.
" You black seonndred !" I yelled,
do von know how you have frightened
Miss E.?"
"Gorry, massa ! I'se right sorry."
"Never mind, Sam," interrupted
Miss E., "my wits have returned. I
am so glad it is yon." It was her favor
ito servant.
Wo were to hasten back to accom
pany a party to Anemone Yale, a beau
tiful spot beyond the town limits. I
was not sorry neither did Miss E. re
gret tho chauge, nor the assurance
that the goblins of the Redwood man
sion were, not now likely t molest us.
" Hut did you find anything ?"' sho
eagerly asked, " Wait and see ! " was
my answer,
The breeze was fresh in Anemone
Vale, lovely in its carpet of the soft
flower which gave it its name.
" There is a taste of mustinees about
" L 1 1 , 111 .
it, miu uu anuieut aook, remarked my
friend, as he unrolled a manuscript I
banded him.
" Well, there might be," replied Ms
sister. " It Is snatched from the haunts
of goblins but let us hear it !"
A piece of paper fluttered to the
ground, as the pages were unrolled. It
read :
- "November 10, 1870. Will this sheet
ever mold? It is pleasant to hone
that it may be read when the writer is
incorporated with mold. Read my
story and learn to guard the heart and
control tne passions. li. a.
beating ourselves on a bank of wild
flowers the manuscript was begun.
An eye lor an eye. A tooth for a
tooth Holy. I am an invalid, waiting
for life s thread to snap. The present
is a mixture of hone, memory, the fu
ture, ana reality. Mope results in dis
appointment ; memory in dissatisfac
tion ; the future is vague, while reality
is fruition. Imagination is false, for it
garnishes barren hills with verdure
transforms a face of ugliness to one of
beauty; makes a miserly relative a gen
erous donor; pictures yourself more
perfect than the whispers of conscience,
and causes the hopeful heart sadness.
I will not deal with it. What I write is
reality. It is hard to bid adieu to the
old gables and the arched gateway, in
doubt that one may see them again, not
from age, not from the necessity of a
long absence, but from the certainty
that you are chased by disease at which
Ehysicians shake their heads but mutter
"I had been upon the road several
days before anything of interest aroused
me from my depression. Passing a
dwelling, whose neat appearance attract
ed my attention, tho notes of a pecu
liarly plaintive song attracted me. I
first reined my horse and then, dis
mounting, I followed a winding walk,
adorned on either side with simple
flowers, to the open door. I had been
noticed and was met by a young man
who cordially bade me enter.
" ' We were singing a song I learned
at sea, of which my sister is quite fond,
but we shall be glad for an interrup
tion.' It was the introduction of an im
portant sequence, and the story which
" Frank Lavender, the father of my
host, and narrator, became, in the 'early
years of his marriage, entangled in
wild dissipation with a neighbor's son,
Dick Perry. Their recklessness in
creased until the murder of a wealthy
planter in the township made their
flight necessary, and neither had ever
returned. The exertions of justice
proved futile, and with the lapse of
years the supposition gathered strength
that by some other means retribution
had come upon the fugitives."
My friend, who had been reading the
manuscript, exclaimed : " I well re
member, my grandfather once related
this very tile to me. His description
of Lavender was that of a very hand
some man, of fine Ggure and of a pre
possessing air. I cannot recall the de
tails, but the son and daughter here
spoken of were very fortunate in inher
iting a large estate quite strangely.
My old sire made a moral, and, while
upon ins knee and staring into his
wrinkles, I was warned from evil com
pany and the haunts of the enemy."
The manuscript was resumed :
" There is no silver in my locks and
never will be. The-worm naa his mort
gage upon them and he is already after
a foreclosure. Recorded pharmaco
poeia" has not sufficient knowledge to
deter the grim bearer of the hour
glass. He knows it, and so do L For
months I have been absent from . the,
gables. I have retured, patched up
merely. Quid faciendum t"
At this point the manuscript had evi
dently been laid away, for the remain
der was traced in a different ink and by
a feebler hand. It opens again with
the same quaint repinings.
" Life has queer findmgs. The one
who interests you to-day is gone to
morrow and forever, while the partner
of an old life-game turns up suddenly
to confront you with tedious memories
oftener than with agreeable recollec
tions. Earnest yearnings are rarely re
alized, but. they have been once with
me. The candor of my host, Lavender,
and his sad experience created an in
terest and a sympathy which was, years
later, revived intensely. . I was again
compelled to seek the rortb, and had
fixed a temporary abode in one of the
pleasant villages of an eastern state.
Among the few acquintances I formed
was that of an eminent judge, who was
at that time presiding at the trial of a
wretch committed for arson and mur
der, lie was particularly noticeable,
commanding in person a deep, rich
voice, a fine dark eye, and hair sprinkled
with silver. lie lived in elegant style,
as I can attest, at his place called Man
grove Hall, without a wife, and child
less. His card read, Poinset Telfair.
" At the breakfast table, the last day
of the exciting trail, I was agreeably
surprised to recognize my old friend
Lavender, ne had jnst arrived, in
quest of a tarrying-place for the s ason.
Circumstances at once determined him
to remain with me. The pending case
at the court-house, in which I had be
come ranch interested, was the topic of
discourse, and Lavender was induced
to be present with mo at its conclusion.
"As we seated ourselves among the
eager spectators, Judge Telfair passed
in with elastic step, an air of calm dig
nity,, admirable in ripe manhood,
Lavender whispered enthusiastically
What a lord !'
" The case was given to the jurors
and they had returned, giving as their
verdict murder in the first degree!
" The prisoner will stand ! " said the
judge. It is a solemn charge, the
sentence of death ! None should
receive it but the atrociously guilty.
Just and righteous laws have been en
acted to prevent convicted felons even
from inequitable decisions. The bene
fit of these laws has been your claim
and privilege. Weary days have been
consumed in this unwelcome duty of
finding you beyond the mercy of man,
and now it is incumbent upon me to
mnke this finding fearfully exacting.
Before I pronounce the dread sentence,
let me urge your most serious attention
to the awful fate that awaits you, and
for what crime ? In the dead of night,
when innocence sleeps and none but the
plotter of evil seeks work, you entered
a harmless household and sent an un
suspecting soul swiftly to the judg
ment, applying the torch to cover the
horrid deed. You are soon to stand
before an offended Deity, with stains
of blood so deep that none but Al
mighty God can wash them out. Let
your time be improved in reconciliation
with that Being you have so desper
ately mocked I '
" An awful stillness shut down upon
that crowded room. Yet upon the face
of the prisoner was a villainous sneer,
and struggling in his eyes were the
blackest passions I ever saw flashed
upon man. His teeth were firmly set
and his hands gripped the rails so
that his very nails were dark with his
base blood.
" But the sentemse !
" 'Yon, Thillip Wing, will be taken
to t he prison, and on Friday, the seventh
day of September, between the hours
of eight and twelve, will be hung by
the neck until you are dead, and may
God have mercy on your soul !'
" 'And may He condemn yours !'
screamed the wretch, pointing his lin
ger directly at tho judge. Ay, yours,
Frank Lavender ! Do you remember
Dick Perry, now. Ha ! ha ! a murderer
for a judge 1'
" Through the athletic frame of the
judge a violent tremor was discernible,
Falling heavily over in his velvet chair,
his arm hung hstlely, and his face
grew black, At last !' he erasped.
while a purple stream gushed from nos
tril ana moutn.
" ' Gone first 1' again yelled the priS'
oner, still standing with outstretched
hand and a demon's grin upon his livid
teatures. And dead first. Ha ! ha !
"Beside the dead judge there was
anotner carried irom tnat room insensi
ble. It 'was the son, the inheritor of
the judge's wealth and of Mangrove
Hall !"
Shadows were creeping" down Anem
one vale as my friend hnished the man
"I have no doubt R. S. is the uncle
of the weird sisters of the Redwood
mansion," he added. There is a dilap
ldited headstone in St. John's church
yard bearing Ithis inscription : "Rich
ard Stepley, obit October 10, 1791,
wnne recruiting His health at St. Thorn
as, West Indies, tetat thirty-eight
Wages in Europe and the United
So far, during the present year, the
statistics show that emigration to this
country has fallen off nearly 40 per
cent, as compared with, previous years,
and, indeed, a large number of emi
grants have actually returned home, be
ing nnablo to nnd employment. Thu
oeing tne case, and as a reduction in
the price of labor is now being dis
cussed, the following tables, collected
by the National Bureau of Statistics,
and by the Massachusetts Labor Bureau,
have an important bearing on the ques
tion :
If we take an ordinary farm laborer
in Massachusetts, we find that his weekly
wages are S5, with board which is un
doubtedly equivalent to 10. The
highest wages in England, paid in Lin
colnshire, are 8.17, without board ; in
Kent, 6. 81; in Devonshire and Corn
wall, 4.08 ; in Ireland, 4.91, without
board ; in France the highest weekly
wages are 2.9G, with board ; in Prus
sia, S2.85; in Denmark, $1.43; inltalv,
3.89 all with board.
If we now take the trades, the differ
ence is even more remarkable. We find
that a blacksmith in Massachusetts re
ceives 18.50 per week ; in England,
7.90; in Scotland, 7.62 ; in Germany,
6.75; in Prussia, 7.29; iu France,
6.01. In the book-binding business
the wages ara eqaully remarkable in
Massachusetts, as compared with Eng
land. A first-class finisher gets 26 in
Massachusetts, and 10. S9 cents in Eng
land; a forwarder earns 18 here, against
9.80 in the old country ; a female folder
is paid 9 in Massachusetts, and 3.81 m
Eagland. Again, in the great trade of
Massachusetts in boots and shoes, a
first-clasg upper cutter will earn 18,
while the European is paid 7.08 ; the
female machine hand is paid 10, and
2.70 in Scotland ; and a mender of
shoes earns 15 here, against 9 53 in
Pn gland, 6.75 in Germany, $4.38 in
Prussia, and 3.38 in Italy.
Onr most expensive trades here are
the building trades, and in them we see
the enormous difference of wages be
tween the two continents. A first-class
moulder of bricks earns 20.75, with
board, in Massachusetts, and 5.94, with
board, in England. A mason is worth
24 here against 10.17 in England,
9.53 in Seotland, 4.50 in Prussia, and
S3.21 in Italy. A brick-layer is paid
24 here against 10.17 in England, and
5.97 in Germany. A plasterer com
mands 24 in America, while his wages
in Enrope vary from SC. 08 in Italy to
17.10 in Prussia. A carpenter earns
17 in Massachusetts, while in England
he would earn 8.17, in Scotland 7.62,
in Germany 9.25, and iu Switzerland j
8.10. Plumbers earn the comparative
ly low wages in Massachusetts of gl(J;
in England they are paid 9.78; in Ger
many, 4.80. In the business of slating
houses the wages here are 18, to about
8 in Europe ; in painting they are 17,
to about 10 in England, and about 12
in Germany.
Considering the unexampled good
harvest, both at home and abroad, and
the consequent decrease in the price of
food of all kinds, it would seem from
the above figures that wages in this
country are disproportionately high,
and that the tendency will bo to lower
Rnskin on Rail-way Traveling.
Of modern machinery for locomotion,
my readers, I 'suppose, thought me writ
ing in ill-temper when I said in one of
the letters on the childhood of Scott,
" infernal means of locomotion I" In
deed, I am always compelled to write,
as always compelled to live, in ill-temper.
But I never set down a single
word but with the serenest purpose. I
meant "infernal" in the most perfect
sense the word will bear. For instance,
the town of Ulverstone is 12 miles from
me, by four miles of mountain road be
side Coniston lake, three through a pas
toral valley, five by the sea-side. A
healthier or lovelier walk would be dif
ficult to find. In old times, if a Conis
ton peasant had any business at Ulver
stone, he walked co Ulverstone, spent
nothing but shoe-leather on the road,
drank at the streams, and if he spent a
couple of batz when he 'got to Ulver
stone, " it was the end of the world."
But now, he would never think of doing
such a thing ! He first walks three
miles in a contrary direction, to a rail
road station ; an ' then travels by rail
road 24 miles to Ulverstone, paying two
shillings fare. Dnrirg the twenty-four
miles transit he ia idle, dusty, stupid ;
and either more hot or cold than is
pleasant to him. In either case he
drinks beer at two or three of the sta
tions, passes his time, between them,
with anybody he can find, in talking
without having anything to talk of ;
and such talk always becomes vicious.
He arrives at Ulverstone, jaded, half
drunk, and otherwise demoralized, and
three shillings, at least, poorer than in
the morning. Of that sum, a shilling
has gone for beer, threepence to a rail
way share-holder, three pence in coals,
and eighteenpence has been spent iu
employing strong men in the rile me
chanical work of making and driving a
machine, instead of his own legs, to
carry the drunken lout. The results,
absolute loss and demoralization to the
poor, on all sides, and iniquitous gain to
the rich. Fancy, if yau saw the rail
way officials actually employed in car
rying the countrymen bodily on their
backs to Ulverstone, what you would
think of the business ! And because
they waste ever so much iron und fuel
besides to do it, you think it a profita
ble one !
The Shepherd's Crook.
You have seen pictures of shepherds
with the proverbial crook in their hands.
I didn't think a party could be a shep
herd without this crook any more than
a man could be a leader of an orchestra
w thout a pair of pants. I was glad
that the first man whom I saw tending
sheep carried one of these crooks. I
didn't know what a crook was for, bnt
always believed it was a badsre of the
occupation, whose origin I could not
fathom, handed down from century to
century since the time when sheep were
invented. Imagine my genuine disgust
when I 6aw this shepherd use the sacred
crook to capture the straying animals
by catching hold of one of their hind
legs and tripping them up. The awful
truth came upon m like a flash, aud I
sat down heavily, a broken-hearted man.
I had thought it a beautiful emblem,
and it proves to be a hind leg snatcher.
Thus floated the wind from another
sweet vision of yonth. I must have
more salary, or I will sink into an early
grave, I leki.Danbury iTe,
They Compare trltia
tbe Greek
Canon Kingsley's book on "Health
and Education" is out. Its views and
statements bear mainly on the training
( f girls, and are likely to be read 'with
interest. Mr. Kingsley acknowledges
that there is in England what he calls a
period of exhaustion a falling-off in
health and vigor, for whioh he seeks the
causes. He finds them-first in the wars
which raged from 1739 till 1815, and
which carried off " the stoutest, ablest,
healthiest young men, each of whom
represented, alas ! a maiden left unmar
ried at home, or married, in default, to
a less able man. The strongest went
to the war ; each who fell left a weak
lier man to continue the race ; while of
those who did not fall, too many re
turned with tainted and weakened con
stitutions to injure, it may be, genera
tions yet unborn." The second and
third causes of the evil are the unwhole
some lives that people live, in bad air,
with insufficient exercise ; and the pro
gress of civilization and soience which
keeps alive the class that used to die
keeps them alive in their weakness
"preserves them to produce in-time a
still less powerful progeny."
Mr. Kingsley believes that not among
invalids only but m a great majority of
cases in all classes, the children are not
equal to their parents ; and that this do
grading process goes on most surely and
most rapidly in the large towns, and in
proportion to the antiquity of these
towns, and the time during which the de
grading influences have been at work.
The firgt step toward the cure of the
increasing evil is, he thinks, to establish
public schools of health, where every girl,
boy, woman and man shall be taught
physiological laws, how to take care of
himself and guard against the dangers
which press upon him ; and, where, too,
a knowledge of drainage, of the value
of pnre water and air, shall be given to
all young men and women. In these
schools the sexes shall be separated and
the girls tauglrt by a thoroughly edu
cated and practical woman, the boys by
a man. He maintains, too. and thinks
he finds his proof in the history of
Rome, Alexandria, Byzantium and
Paris, that the mental work done by
clever people without health is not good
or trustworthy work. The type of
brain that belongs to a week, scrofu
lous, stunted body " may be very active.
very quick at catching at new and grand
ideas ; but it will be irritable, spas
modic, hysterical. It will be apt to
mistake capacity of talk for capacity of
action, excitement for earnestness, viru
le.nco for force, and, too often, cruelty
for jn8'iice."
With reference to the health and hard
iness of our ancestors, Mr. Ivicgsley
reiterates that only the strong and ac
tive lived. .Population increased very
slowly in the olden time ; and the de
vastation by epidemics was terrible.
The average of human life in England
has increased 25 per cent, since the
reign of George I., owing to the more
rational and cleanly habits of life. So
it seems that life is saved by civilization
and science, but saved in a miserable
condition ; and now the study of polit
ical economists and philanthropists is
to improve that condition. Besides tire
plan of health schools, Mr. Kingsley
proposes some improvements in the
English methods of teaching children.
He says they are kept too still and too
silent ; they need to move about a great
deal, to shout, sing and laugh loud,
and every teacher who enforces silence
commits an offense against reason, as
well as against her or his pupils. Of
course there is vehement denunciation
of the usual dress of women, and of the
drunkenness of both sexes, which they
owe to " this present barbarism and an
archy of covetousness, miscalled mo
dern civilization." Ball-playing is es
pecially recommended for girls, and the
account of the game as played by Greek
girls, with the accompaniment of song,
sounds like the report of a modern kin
dergarten. Sea-bathing does not meet
with like approval, and the picture
given of it is not attractive. In com
paring the modern English girl, whom
he calls Nausicaa, with his favorite
Greek maiden, Mr. Kingsley says :
"She goes to the sea-side, not to
wash the clothes in fresh-water, but her
self in salt the very salt-water, laden
with decaying organisms, from which
though not polluted farther by a dozen
sewers,) Ulyses had to cleanse himself,
anointing, too, with oil, ere he was fit
to appear in the company of Nausicarf
of Greece. She dirties herself with
dirty salt-water, and probably chills
and tires herself by walking thither aud
back, and staying in too long, and then
flaunts on the pier bedizened in gar
ments which for monstrosity of form
and disharmony of colors would have
set that Greek Nausicaa's teeth on edge,
or those of any average Hindoo woman
now. It is not the old for whom wise
men are sad, but for you. Where is
your vitality, your enjoymeat of super
fluous life and power? Why can you
not even dance and sing, till now and
then, at night, perhaps, when you ought
to be safe in bed ? Poor Nausicaa old,
some men think before you h .ve ever
been young."
The reader must remember that all
this is written, not by a critic and sati
rist of the follies of American girls, but
by an English clergyman about the
girls of England, who are held up in
other countries as models of simplicity,
freshness, good sense and health. Mr.
Kingsley gives at length his reasonsfor
advising out-of-door games, and a train
ing in natural science for young women;
and he seems to think, if his advice is
largely followed, that at least one chris
tian nation may approach his idolized
Greeks, in the strength, beauty, grace,
courage, intellect, purity and charac
ter, which make that pagan people the
greatest and best the world has ever
seen ; for if we read Mr. Kingsley
rightly, the ancient Greeks are the high
est type of humanity, and christian na
tions have been drifting farther and far
ther from this type into weakness and
The Results
of Being
Run Over in
Lucy Hooper writes from Paris to the
Philadelphia Press : " I have spoken
before of the odd law they have here,
by which a person, on being run over
Thile crossing the street, is obliged, if
not killed, to pay a fine for obstructing
the public highway ; and a very pecu
liar and oppressive instance of its en
forcement came to my knowledge the
other day. A little child, the offspring
of a poor couple residing in one of the
minor streets running out of the avenue
Josephine, while playing in the middle
of the street, was knocked down and
run over by a passing carriage, and in
stently killed. The bereaved parents,
in addition to their soi row for the loss
of their child, were condemned to pay a
fine of 100 francs, for not having kept
the child out of the street. It is a
marvel to me that somebody is not killed
every hour in the day in Paris, so nu
merous are the vehicles, so reckless are
the drivers, and so furious the pace at
which the horses are driven. There is
no law against fast driving here, and
pedestrians have no rights which chari
oteers are bound to respect. Down
they will charge point-blank at the
promenader who may be crossing the
street, Bhrieking Gare !' or 'Hay !' but
never turning a hand's-breadth either to
the right or to the left to avoid going
straight over him. The omnibus-drivers
are as bad as the rest, and not long
Rgo a lady was run over by a crowded
omnibus oa the Rne du Faubourg St.
Honore, and so badly crushed that she
died in a few hours. I presume her
heirs had to pay a fine to the city for the
crime of causing the detention of
publio vehicle, as well as the obstruc
tion of the highway."
Easy Times of the Mdoc Prisoners
in Kansas.
A lady correspondent of the Louis
ville Courier-Journal, who paid a visit
to the Modocs in Kansas, writes :
Lizzie, Capt. Jacks widow, had
quite a nice little tent, and she did not
look more disconsolate than some "pale
face" widows of a year's standing. She
had washed the1 paint off her face. Do
vou know their way of wearing mourn
ing is to paint their face black ? They
paint the entire face, or one-half, or the
cheeks, or the tip of the nose, according
as they feel more or less inconsolable.
Schonchin'8 widow, Mr. Jones said, had
never washed the paint off her face
we saw her, and she was by no means
prepossessing in" appearance. Every
now and then Lizzie will daub her whole
face up with black paint and keep it on
for weeks. She was rather pretty for
an Indian, and very young looking. iShe
is Mis. Jack No. 2. Mr. Jack N. 1 is
old and ugly, and sh takes care of Miss
Jack (who is about eihfeor ten and her
own child). She kud Lizzie are quite
friendly; they "accept the situation.
We saw Steamboat Frank's mother!
She is a hundred, the agent! said ; bat
Frank said, " She strong, much good for
work ; and, indeed, she did trot up and
down the hill, carrying a bucket of
water io each hand, as lively as any one
of them.
After a while we all went up to the
Modoc camp and played " Inquisitive
Jack" generally. Mrs. Y. and I went
over to Lizzie's tent. Mrs. Y. had
promised to buy a basket of her. We
asked some of them where it was, and
Scar-faced Charley volunteered to guide
us. He is well named, from a sear on
his cheek that looks like the stroke of a
hatchet on his cheek-bone. There were
three women in Lizzie's tent, and Mrs,
Y. and I underwent a most minute scru
tiny as to our dress. They decided in
favor of her shoes on account of the
buttons. She had on a scarlet shawl
with black, green and gold etripes in
it, and I wore my Roman soarf. They
inspected both, and finally Lizzie patted
Mrs. Y.'s saying: "Nice, nice," and
then mine, pronouncing it "much nice,
nice," and then " the three black crows"
nodded their heads in assent, as gravely
as a judge. Th y were immensely
amused at my cropped head, and made
lots of fun of it, all through the camp.
They had a general shooting of nickels
up here. At last a gentleman offered a
pound of tobacco to the best long shot,
but Miss L. and I did not see the result
of this match, as Bogus Charley and
Shacknasty Jim wanted us to play cro
quet with them. (A year ago it would
have sounded singular to speak of playing
croquet with the Modocs, wouldn't it ?)
The grounds were in the agency yard,
just by the camp, and Mr. Jones es
corted us up, and introduced ns to his
wife and mother. Miss -and Jim
played together against Charley and me,
and we had a funny game. The Indians
are splendid on long shots, and played
remarkably well, too.
lou would have laughed to see Mrs.
Young and Bogus Charley's wife com
paring babies. Mrs. Young's baby was
five months old and the squaw s six, but
the Indian baby was nearly twice the
size of the other ; it was the lattest
child I ever saw, and had the " cutest"
little hands and feet. Charley seemed
very proud of it, and quite fond of his
wife and children ; says "his wife can
cook much nice ;" then, pointing round
his tent, said : " See, my wife have
things nice, put out of way, see in box,
not on ground." Hooka Jim asked me
if I could read, (They all give R the
sound of L.) When I asked him if he
could, he said " little," and I opened
the book at the second chapter of
Mathew, and he read nearly a page very
correctly indeed. I did not think he
miscalled a sing word ; but he read
slowly, like a- little child. I
How Little it Costs to Take an Ocean
A remarkable instance of the extent
to which competition may be carried
may be found in the wonderfully re
duced rates of transatlantic passage at
the present times. A steerage passage
to Europe may be obtained as low as
10, while the average prices are from
12 to 125 dollars. During the past
summer many Irish and English emi
grants have gone back to their native
land to visit friends and relatives, and
they are now beginning to return 700
having arrived at Castle Garden one
day last month. The cheapners of the
fare renders the European trip really
little more than a pleasure excursion.
The food consists of boiled beef and
pork, salt fish, hot bread, crackers, rice
and barley soup, potatoes, hard ship's
biscuit, porridfre, molasses, and a poor
grade of coffee. The passengers have to
provide their own plates and table cut
lery. They also provide their own beds
and blankets. A "kit" consists of a
set of tin diehes, and a straw bed can be
bought of venders on the wharfs for
from 2.50 to 3. These, especially the
beds, are usually thrown away at the
end of the voyage. Water has to be
obtained on deck, and it is generally
much less plentiful than food. There
are generally a number of musical in
struments and many musicians. On
the voyage they amuse themselves with
music, songs and dancing. Every day
those who are able to do so are required
to go on deck to get the fresh air.
Now, that this era of cheap fares to
Europe has been inaugurated in one
portion of the ship, it is morally cer
tain that, sooner or later, it must come in
the other. To be sure it does not cost
so much to carry steerage as it does to
carry cabin passengers ; but, With con
tinually increasing competition, it is
very certain that reduction must come
in the higher class of fares, and the
profits of steamship companies be great
ly cut down. The man who, twenty
ago, would have spoken of going to
Europe for 10 would have been hooted
at. That has come to pass, and it can
not be long, with the fierce rivalry now
waging, that even greater wonders may
be looked for.
A Romance of Two Continents.
Fifty years ag a young English offi
cer named Hendricks was traveling with
his sister in Italy where he met, wooed,
won and ran off with the charming
daughter of a rich and proud nobleman.
Even as the father of Desdemona dis
owned her, so the Italian count swore
never again to acknowledge his recreant
daughter. Nothing disturbed thereat,
she accompanied her husband to the
British dominions in North America,
thence to New York, where, after giving
birth to a daughter, she died. Hen
dricks, having thus lost his wife, gave
himself up to dissipation, but was bo
mindful of his motherless infant as to
marry a German woman who had taken
a fancy to the child. The girl grew to
maidenhood, receiving little education,
for the family was poor, and when still
young was married at Yinoennes, In
diana, to an Ohio river mate named
Hiram Titus. They lived happily
enough until Titus died, when she re
moved to Louisville, where she led if
not a dissolute still not a virtuous life.
Now the count, her grandfather, has
yielded to Heaven his vital trust, and as
sole lineal heir she has gone to Italy to
claim his title and wealth. The fortune
which thus falls to her is variously esti
mated at from 200,000 to 800,000.
" Is that nankeen?" asked the great
Mencius as he carelessly examined the
robe that enfolded the bosom of the
fair Yau Sing. " No," replied the mas
ter calmly, "that's Pekin."
NOVEMBER 13, 1874.
An Kngllth Girl'a All-absorbing Passion
and. Untimely End.
A very strange story was told me the
other day, , In a town not far from
London there lived a young lady who
watf handsome, tolerably wealthy, and
more than usually well educated. Her
father was an invalid ; her mother was
an insipid, cold and heartless woman,
Two years ago a physician of London
was called to attend the father ; in this
way the young lady saw him. He paid
no attention to her his mind was en
grossed with his professional duties.
A few weeks ago this doctor, after pay
ing a visit to his patient, was somewhat
surprised by being aked by the young
lady to give her the favor of a private
interview. She took him into a draw
ing room and led him to the further
end of the apartment. "Doctor." said
she, " I suppose that gentlemen of your
profession are accustomed to receive
strange confidences. I have a confession
to make to you." He supposed that
the impending confession had some
thing to do with the state of her own
health, or with that of her rather, and
he begged, her to proceed. " Yon will.
however, be scarcely prepared for what
1 am about to say, she continued.
" .But l wish yon to near it. it is now
just twe years since I first saw you.
You have scarcely exchanged a word
with me, but I have learned much
about you. I am not miataken in be
lieving that you are unmarried."
"No, he said, "lam not married.
"And your affections are not en
gaged ? "
" lou scaroely have the right to ask
that," said he.
"Well, then," she replied, "I will
not ask it, but I must make to you my
confession. I love you with all my
heart. I wish you to marry me. I
loved you from the first moment I saw
you. I said to myself, I will wait for
two years if he then speaks to me I
will know what to say. You have not
spoken ; and now I speak. I say I love
you with all my heart ; you are neces
sary for me ; will you marry me ? "
The doctor, who although not a very
young man, was twice the age of tho
young lady, recovering a little from his
surprise, tried to turn the matter off as
a joke ; but the young lady was very se
rious. No," said she, " I am in very sober
earnest. I know all that you may say
or think as to the indelicacy of my pro
posal, but I cannot help it. I ask you
ouce more, can you love me, and will
you marry me ? "
" In sober earnest, then, he replied,
" I cannot marry you ! "
" Then 1 shall die, said she, very
calmly and left the room.
The doctor had heard people say be
fore this that they should die, and he
left the house without attaching much
importance to the prophecy, although
wondering greatly at the other portion
of this interview.
A few davs after'the vounc ladv was
found dead in her bed. Two letters
laid upon her dressing-table. One was
addressed to her family solicitor. It re
called to his mind a promise he had
made her. She had gone to see him,
and had asked him to make out for her
a paper transferring the whole of her
property to a person whose name she
would not then give him. He was to
prepare the necessary paper and send it
to her to fill up the blanks and to sign.
She had done this, and she now inclosed
the papers, filled up and signed. Every
penny of her property was given to the
dootor, and the solicitor was instructed
to make the tranfer to him, Jto ask no
questions and to take no receipt. The
other letter was to the doctor. "I
told you I should die," said she, " and
when you receive this I shall be
dead. For ten days I have taken
no food nor no drink ; but that does not
kill me, and now I have taken poison.
I have no reproach to make to you, but
could not live without your love.
When I am dead, look at my heart.
You will see your name there. I have
two requests to make of you. Go to
my solicitor and take what he has for
you, and then go off on a holiday to
Italy lor a few months. The other re
quest is that you never ask where I am
buried, and never come to my grave."
There was a post mortem examina
tion made of the young lady's body.
On her breast, over her heart, deeply
imprinted in the flesh, were the initials
of the doctor's name. The characters
seemed to have been made there two or
three years before. They were proba
bly imprint .d by her own hand on the
day when she first saw him. London
Peck's Rules and Regulations.
Upon entering this office you are par
ticularly requested not to use the door
mat, as we wish to accumulate soil in
side for a potato crop.
Please leave the door wme open, or,
should you forget yourself and close it,
slam it like thunder. (Winter arrange
ment.) If the proprietor is engaged in con
versation and it is your turn next,
please lean your chair against the wall
and whistle " Mulligan Guards ;" if you
can't whistle, sing.
Never neglect an opportunity to im
prove your mind. If we are temporari
ly absent sit on the desk, pick your
teeth with the gold pen and read the
letters. More may be found in tho
right hand drawer.
Smoking is particularly agreeable. If
you are out of poor cigars we will lend
yon a pipe.
If yon see any spittoons' please' ex
pectorate on the floor, as the former are
only for ornament.
Oar office hours for listening to so
licitors of church subscriptions are from
eleven to one, for book agents one to
three, advertising men all day. We
attend to our own business at night.
We need about 1,000,000 more of
life insurance. If you are acquainted
with any agent please send him in ; he
hasn't been here since yesterday.
Don't hesitate to ask for a loan, the
larger the better ; bnt talk alxrat some
thing else half an hour beforehand
time isn't worth, a cent a year to us.
Persons haying no especial business
with us will please call as often as their
health will permit, or send a doctor's cer
tificate in case of absence.
Parties leaving date calendars will
oblige ns by placing them for the pres
ent in the basket under the desk, or un
til we can get a room with more com
modious walls.
But collectors will hang statements
on the file and call on Saturday at four
a. m.
This store closes at three p. m. on
Saturdays. &(. Louis Republican.
Dry, Indeed!
AnhoneBt old farmer from the country
gave his recollections of the hot spell
as follows : "It was so dry we couldn't
spare water to put in our whisky. The
grass was so dry that every time the
wind blew it flew around like so much
ashes. There wasn't a tear shed at a
funeral for a month. The sun dried up
all the cattle, and burned off the hair
till they looked like Mexican dogs, and
the sheep all looked like poodle pup
pies, they shrank up so. We had to
soak all our hogs to make them hold
swill, and if any cattle were killed in
the morning they'd be dried beef at
dark. The woods dried up so that the
farmers chopped seasoned timber all
through August, and there ain't a
match through all the country in fact,
no wedding since tho widow Glenn
married old Baker three months ago.
What few grasshoppers are leit are all
skin and legs, and I didn't hear a tea
kettle sing for six weeks. We eat our
potatoes baked, they being all ready,
and we couldn't spare water to boil 'em
All around the red-headed girls were
afraid to stir out of the house in day
light. Why, we had to haul water all
summer to keep the ferry running, and
say, it a,getting dry ; let s take suthin .
Guizot's Confession of Faith. ;
No one will be surprised to learn that
M. Guizot, when drawing up his last
instructions to his family, wished to pre
face them by a declaration of his Chris
tian faith. The first page of his will
ran thus :
" I die in the bosom of the Reformed
Christian church of France, in which
was born and in which I congratulate
myself on bavins' been born. In re
maining always connected with her
exercised the liberty of conscience which
she allows her members in their reia
tions with God, and which she herself
invoked in establishing herself. X ex
amined. I doubted. I believed that the
strength of the human mind was sufii
cient to solve the problem presented
by the universe and man, and that the
strength of the human will was sufficient
to regulate 'man's life according to its
law and to its moral end. After haying
long lived, acted and reflected, 1 re
mained and still remain convinced that
the universe and man are neither of
them sufficient to explain and regulate
themselves naturally by the mere force
of fixed laws which preside over them
and of the human wills which are
brought into play. It is my profound
belief that Uod, who created the uni
verse and man, governs and preserves
or modifies them, whether by those gen
eral laws which we call natural laws,
whether by special acts which we oil
supernatural, emanating, like the gen
eral laws, from ms perfect and free wis
dom and from His infinite power, which
He had enabled us to recognize in their
effects and forbids us from being ac
quainted with in their essence and de
sign. I thus returned to the conviction
in which I was cradlod, always firmly
attached to the person and liberty which
I have received from God, and which
are my honor as well as my right on
the earth, but again feeling myself a
child in God's hands, and sincerely re
signed to so large a share of ignorance
and weakness. I believe in God and
adore Him, without attempting to com
prehend Him. I see him present and
acting not only in the permanent gov
em men t of the universe and in the in
nermost life of men's souls, but in the
history of human societies, especially
in the old and new testaments monu
ments of the divine revelation and ac
tion by the mediation and sacrifice of
our Lord Jesus Christ, for the salvation
of the human race. I bow before the
mysteries of "the bible and the gospel,
and I hold aloof from scientific discus
sion and solutions, oy wnica men nave
attempted to explain them. I trust that
God permits me to call myself a Chris
tian, and I am convinced that in the
light which I am about to enter, we
shall fully discern the purely human
origin and vanity of most of our dissen
sions here below on divine things."
Where Marbles Come From.
Not far from Sslzburg, in Austria,
is a great mountain, which consists of
nothing but marble. The stone masons
cut out blocks and columns, take them
to the city and build palaces and fine
houses of them. But what becomes of
the little pieces that are broken off, and
which are so small that the great people
cannot use them? These are for the
children. Out of them are made play
ing marbles. How this is done let me-
tell yon.
From this same marble mountain
several brooks flow down into tho val
ley below. Their waters rush swiftly
down from one shelf of rock to another,
and from countless little waterfalls.
By the side of those little falls numer
ous small mills have been placed. In
each of these the water drives a little
flying-wheel. Underneath the barrel of
the wheel is a ' round grinding-stoue.
This mi lstone turns in a stone trough,
into which fresh water is continually
splashing. The larger bits of marble
are broken with a hammer into rough,
angular pieces, about as large as wal
nuts. No child would care to play with
these stones ; they are sharp cornered,
iagged. and gray and dusty besides.
They are thrown into the stone mill
trough with water, and the millstone
begins to turn." Now the angular stones
have a long, merry dance ; they hop,
and trip, and stumble over one another,
and whirl round, and round, and round
in a circle ; they crash, and beat, and
grate upon each other all day and all
night long. At last they become so
small that the millstone in the trough
takes no more hold of them, and the
little mill stands still. The millstone
is lifted there they lie, a hundred or
more, all together, and one just as pret
ty as another. They are perfectly
round ; all corners and roughness are
gone. The marbles now only need pol
ishing. An Original Rembrandt.
A letter from Richmond, Va., says :
Art circles here are in quite a little
flutter over what is believed to be an
original work of Rembrandt, discovered
by one of our artists in a picture brought
to him to be cleaned and varnished.
After the accumulation of the dust of
years had been removed, this picture
was found to be a color-sketch of Rem
brandt's famous group of Ahasuerus
and Esth' r, bearing his signature and
the date of 1639. Judging from the
characteristics of the sketch, all our
artists and connoisseurs agree that it
must have been done by the master
hand of Rembrandt himself, as a study
for his finished work. The owner of
this was himself unconscious of its true
character and value, and the history of
how ;it came into his hands has not
been'made known. It is said that this
color-sketch would fetch a pretty round
sum in England or anywhere in Europe.
"Saratoga" at a Discount.
The recent consultations of railroad
magnates has resulted in a war on that
class of trunks which look like kennels
for Newfoundland dogs. Iu other
words, a "Saratoga" trunk must lje
filled with nothing much more weighty
than gas if it escapes assessment. It
has been ordered that on and after the
first of November all baggage over
one hundred pounds in weight must be
paid for at the rate of fifteen per cent,
of first-class passenger fare for the dis
tance traveled. In short, the railroad
companies do not propose to do a gene
ral moving business without some slight
compensation. It has become fashion
able for persons to leave but very little
at home when they travel ; but, under
the new rule, there will probably be a
change in the fashion so far as huge
piles of baggage npon a single ticket is
Ten Points of a Good Wife.
Robert Bump, tho Scottibh poet,
speaking of tho qualities of a good
wife, divided them into ten parts. Four
parts he gave to "good temper," two to
"good sense," one "wit," one to
" beauty," (such as sweet face, eloquent
eyes, a fine person, a graceful carriage),
and the remaining two parts he divided
among other qualities belonging to or
attending on a good wife, such as for
tune, connection, education or accom
plishments, family, and so on ; but, he
said, "Divide those two parts as yon
please, remember that all these minor
proportions must be expressed by frac
tions, for there is not any one of them
that is entitled to the dignity of an integer."
Waltzlnir Thronch the Cars at Truckrs
We are'gliding through the canyon of
the Truckee nver. at night, nine out oi
ten of the passengers are dozing, when
suddenly the dcor opens, and in with
the cold night comes the queerest spe
cimen of hr.manity I ever saw. One
side of the slouohed hat is pinned up,
and by the lamplight discloses a face
that is young and not unhandsome, a
pair of honest blue eyes, and a good
forehead. The beard is unshorn, how
ever, the hair unkempt, and every linea
ment of the countenance betrays unmis
takable verdancy. It requires no par
ticular knowledge of character to
decide that the fellow is a green Mis
souri an, fresh from the primitive pre
cincts of Pike county. One. leg of the
corduroy pants is stuffed into the top of
an old cowhide boot. These, and the
woolen shirt, and tho dilapidated vest
and coat, render his costume decidodly
seedy. As if totally oblivious fof the
situation and surroundings, he begins
humming in a low musical voice
"Away down south in Dixie,
Away, away."
Keeping time to his weird song, he
waltzes with a light, shuffling step the
entire length of the car, and in a twink-
ling has disappeared. He has molested
no one, noticed no one, and yet every-
lodyis awake and talking about this
strange personage, lie has not awak
ened them by his humming song or
shuffling danoo, so much as by his
strange, indescribable tone, manner and
conduct. The boy on the front seat is
convulsed with laughter, the young miss
across the aisle giggles with glee, broad
smiles overspread the faces of men and
matrons, and the more serious mutter,
"Poor fellow, he is crazy. I hey are
unconscious of the person at whom they
have been looking as of the scenery
through which they have been gliding,
Ah I that good wife would scarcely have
awakened her drowsy husband to " look
at that fellow" had she imagined for an
instant that it was "the terrible Slim
Jim," chiefest of the monte sharps. In
a little time he returns, and with the
same abstracted air proceeds to walk
through the car. Impelled by curios
ity, several of ns follow him into the
smoking-car. He is snrrounded by a
group of laughing fellows, who are lis
tening to his story. At Truckee, he
said, a lady had stepped up to the ticket-
office to! buy her ticket, and found
that her purse was missing. She had
asked him for 40, and had promised
to pay him when she got aboard the
train, ne let her have the money, and
now had gone " clean through" the cars
without finding her. He told the story
in such a droll manner that everybody
laughed, even while they pitied tho poor
fellow's loss. He seemed to care but
little, however, for he drew from his
pocket a large leather bag, fully 18
inches in length, that was half full of
shining gold pieces. He told how he
had been swindled out of some of his
money by the fellows called " monte
sharps," and proceeded to illnstrate the
manner in which they had fooled him.
Believing that he had thoroughly
learned the game from the rascals, ho
offered to bet that no one could tell the
ace of diamonds, and in less than five
minutes he had lost 400 to well dressed
gentlemen who stood around. His
hands moved so awkardly that a child
could pick out the right card.
No man ever saw S1S,00 placed con
veniently within bis grasp who was not
tempted to covet tho lucre. So it was
with the black-visaged man who sprang
eagerly from his seat as soon as the
greenhorn began losing his money. Of
all tho men in the car this man was the
most perfect villian, if God's handwrit
ing in his countenance was not wholly
unintelligible. Carried away with the
one idea of straling the Missonrian's
money, this fellow plai.ked down his
cash, his watch, his gold chain, and
lost ! All this occupied not over ten
minutes, iuclmling tho waltz, the game,
and the winning. Just as tho fellow
turned tho wrong card, a low whistle
from the further end of the car an
nounced the coniiug of the conductor.
Qaicker that " scat" the cards disap
peared,, the cappers and all Lands
dropped into their seats, Slim Jim drew
his hat down over his eyes, and the vic
tim, after glaring fiercely around for
a moment, settled back into his seat in
moody silence. The conductor entered
and passed slowly throngh the car, but
not a single hint did he obtain of the
fact that a game had been going on.
Hardly had he left the car before the
villainous-looking victim demanded an
other chance to bet. From another
pocket he had drawn 20, his last cent,
and eagerly asked for a " sight." Cool
ly disregarding his importunities, Slim
Jim said, "No, sir; I don't want to
break you." Iu another minute he had
disappeared through the door, dancing
and humming, "Away, away." Sacra'
menfo Record letter.
The Scientific American says : Suniao
is largely used in tanning the finer kinds
of leather, especially in the manufac
ture of tho hard grained morocco and
similar goods. It is also employed as
the baso of many colors in calico and
delaine printing. Probably tho con
sumption of this article throughout the
country for all purposes aggregates
more than 20,000 tons, of which about
two-thirds are imported from Sicily,
not because just as good sumac cannot
be grown in this country, but because,
until a few years ago, our people did
not know its value, or in what way to
prepare it for the market.
The sumacs of Virginia, Maryland
and Tennessee in particular are said to
be the best in the world, and even their
worst varieties have been officially pro
nounced by experts to be better than
any imported from Sicily. Almost eveiy
farmer has a clump of these bushes.
They are called by some "shoemake,"
and by others, "red shoemake." Prob
ably many farmers have tried to kill
them by cutting down. If they have,
they know how difficult a task it is. It
grows like asparagus, all the better for
being cut ; and when onoe started upon
a lot and cut close once a year, it is as
easy to cut ai fodder.
Tho only trouble is in curing it prop
erly. This must be done with all the
care that is given to tDbacco or hops.
Expo nre, after cutting, to a heavy dew
injures it, and a rainstorm detracts ma
terially from its alue. It is cut when
in full leaf, and when properly dried is
ground, leaves and stalks together. An
acre in full bearing will produce not
less than three tons, and when fit for
market it is worth from $80 to 100 per
ton. The "manufacturers,'' as the
curers are called, pay about one cent a
pound for it in a green state. A sumac
mill costs about SJ.OO'J.
Cheap Lightning- Rod.
An extraordinary account has ap
peared in a French agricultural jour
nal, to the effect that straw forms ad
mirable lightning conductors. It has
been observed that straw had the prop
erty of discharging Leyden jars with
out spark or explosion, and some one
in the neighborhood of larbes had tbe
idea of constructing straw lightning
conductors, whioh were formed by fas
tening a wisp or rope of straw to a deal
stick by meansjof brass wire, and cap
ping the conductor with a copper point.
It is asserted that the experiment has
been tried on a large scale around
Tarbes, 18 oommnnes having been pro
vided with Buch straw conductors, only
one being erected for avery 70 arpeuts,
or 700 acres, and that the whole neigh
borhood has thus been preserved from
the effects, not only of lightning, but of
hail also.
A dirge by the band is rather pleas
ant at a funeral that is to say, u tha
uneral is that of some other follow.
A western paper announces th
death of a lady celebrated for the "pur
ity of her character and complexion."
"Go to grans is swearing when
used in New Hampshire, At least they
are chnrchirg a deacon down there for
using the e rpression.
rrt.:.t ty -r tttnnannil To wan s oVOf
ten years of age can neither read nor
writ and the rest of the population
read and write to little purpoee.
-A Russian proverb says : "Before
going to war, pray once; ueior
to sea, pray twice ; Lcfore getting mar
ried, pray three times."
A ladv correcBondent of a western
journal thinks there ought to bo a stat
ute of limitation against the reappear
ance of long-lost husbands.
II you are going to Montana put a
few apples in your coat-tail pocxei.
They will sell for forty cents apiece
when you get there.
The explosive force of the "nro
damp," which is the causo of no many
accidents in coal mines, has born ca''n-
lated to be equal to more man J,uw
pounds to the inch.
A Belgian has started an egg larra
near Marietta, Oa. He has eight hun
dred hens and fifty cocks. ne n"
iness now yields 27,000 eggs and 2,120
chickens per annum.
In October the affect ionate nnsoana
. . .1.. nt 41.A
weeps to see his who snip iu
house florishing a duster, and to hear
her shriek, in accents wild, " Kill him
There's another moth miller I"
A ntronir-armed American tooth-ex
tractor has just opened his tool chest
ia Rome, Persons who have seen him
go throngh the motions think that he is
destired to make "Rome howl."
Now is the proper season of the
I -ear to got up donations f
jHtr anj carry him a fe
for your min-
w pounds of
dried apples, a bushel oriHitatoes and
throe yards of cotton, and darango his
house'totho extent of fifty dollars.
A census completed bv the local
authorities in Minnenota, gives im-,huu
as the present population of the state,
and rates the taxable valne of all prop
erty within its borders at f217,0OO,0O0
an avorageof a fraction over c.j i
each inhabitant.
No man can spin around on the re
volving seat of a three-legged stool so
proudly, and at tho sai c time carry a
pen full of ink in such close proximity
to his eye without blinking, as the
newly-appointed secretary of a life in
surance company.
"Do you know why you are liko
the third term?" and Susnn Jane to
lmr brother, who lingered to talk with
after the old folks had
retired. "No, I don't." "Well
plied his sacharine sifter, "it s bt
niioi liia Kfteharine sister, "it s uccauso
you'ro one too many.
It is stated that an exeepnonauy
large gronp of spot8 18 now visible on
the snrfsoe of the sun. They may bo
perceived with smoked glass without
the aid of a teloieope. According w
W. F. Denning, of Bristol, England,
the spots cover an area of nearly 78,000
The wife !of Uddcrzook, tho con
demned ronrderer, refused to visit her
husband, but will in a few days quit
Baltimore, and, with her children, jonr-
to California, wiiere sue luienu
Ul.. l.n
opening a Doaruiii-noumi. ,iU ......
not seen tho wretched man for several
A teneher. nnestionine little IKys
about the graduation in the scale of
ing, asked: "What comes next to man?"
a little shaver, who was evi
dently smarting nn ler a sense pre
vious defeat, immediately di tancod all
competitor by promptly shouting "His
shirt, ma'am 1"
A Pittsburgh preacher has bwn re
quested to repeat his sermon, and "say
it slow." Iu one of his sentences ho re
marks: "Tho marvelous muinuiuoun-
nesB of the minntin of tho corroborating
circumstances are the insurmountable
difficulties which unmistakably prevent
the skeptic from discovering trntu."
We turn to the right on the street.
rather than to the left, as is the English
rule. Our custom loaves tho two dri
vers on the outside, where they cannot
well see whether their vehicles will col
lide or not, whereaH under the English
rule the two drivers come together on
the inside so they can sec tho danger of
a collision.
A Richmond tobr.coo house lately
had returned to them by their agents in
Eugland two hogsheads of tobacco,
which was pronounced by tho govern
ment analyzers as leing too sweet for
consumption under tho law governing
the manufacture and sale of tobacco in
that country, it containing, according
to analysis, 121 I,er cont- of B,IKar
A cyaio shrewdly remarks that
wealthy clergymen do not, to any great
extent, go forth to bear thn tidings of
salvation to tho heathen. 1 Vrhaps thero
is a certain wiHo economy regulating
this thing, based upon tho reflection
that a tender, caj)on-linel, daintily nur
tured lalwrer in the vineyard is a temp
tation to the anthropophagous aavago
that a ixr, hog-and houey-fed clergy
man is in less danger of offering.
The average value of the trade le-
tween Taris and the United States is
said to be somewhere near 875,000,000
per annum. This estimate, however,
includes the sums expended by Ainer
ican visitors in Paris. A large part of
this is for finery and fancy goods
jewelry, hats, gloves, buttons, ribbons,
etc., etc. Silks alone figured to the
.n,nnnt nf 1 000.000 in the last annual
offloial report of the American aonsnl-
J. lie cityoi nrw inn, ivnnti i"
as its municipal debt is oonoerneu, is
worthy to take rank with the very first
cities in the world. Tho statement of
the comptroller, just published, shows
that on the 30th of September the debt
amounted to 153,726,K2, which is an
increase of alwnt 22,500.000 since tho
beginning of the year. 1 here are, how
ever, to the credit of tho sinking fund,
securities valued at 26.829,732. leaving
the net debt on Septemlnjr 30, at ?12l,
WOO. u.
An old Homier in mc.uj
wife a silk dress. Ilia wif died and
was buried in the dress. Some weeks
after tho old Boldier saw this dress on a
woman in the country, and, making id
qniry, was told that she had purchased
it from the Capuchin monks, who had.
the custody of the village oimetery.
He reported the case to me ioiioe, wu
investigated and made the discovery
that a regular trade was carried on in
effects taken from dead bodies. Ibere
was even a trade in hair.
A annaw sat down on the curb in
front of the nost-office in Austin, Nev.,
and, unrellinga bundle of calico, com
menced the manufacture of a dress. In
less than an hour the dress was finished;
and putting it on over her old clothes
the squaw pulled out a pin here, a peg
there, and untiod a string in another
place, made one step and, presto I tho
old clothes lay in the gutter. Gather
ing up the rags just sued, tne nooia
daughter of the forest cast one look of
triumph on the spectators and skipped
gracefully off in the direction of the In
dian camp. A prominent citizen wn
was an interested witness of the trans
action, mildly remarked that he would
give $30 if Mrs. P. C. could shed herself
like that.
A Child' Will.
Men often speak of breaking the will
of a child ; but it seems to me that they
better break the neck. The will need
regulation, not destroying. I Bhonld an
soon break the leg of a horse in training
him, as a child's will. I would disci
pline and develop it into harmonious
proportions. I never yet heard of a will
in itself too strong, moro than an arm
too mighty, or a mind too compre
hensive in its grasp, and too power
ful in its hold. The instruction
of children should be such as an
imate, inspire, strain, bnt not to hew,
cut and carve ; for I would always treat
a child as a lire tree, whioh was to bo
helped to grow, never as dry, dead tim
ber to be carved into this or that shape,
and to have certain moldings groavea
upon it. A live tree, and not dead tim
ber is every little child.

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