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A KOCTtRSE OF CHOPIM.
Wind, and the tound of aea, Heard In the uiht from fr, Spending itself on sn unknown abore, Feeling its wy o'er an nnseen floor, Ijgfited by moon nor star ; Telling a U!e to the Ust'niiiR ear Of wound ov-ne tht Hie rolling year Hath broau. -ft Jie human heart; Telling ot passion and Innermost pain, Sinking and awoooia?, and growing again As the wind and the wave take part ; Lifting a voice to the voiceless skieo. Fans of eorrow that pass iuto sighs, Born of a fecret despair ; F.uttering back on the clear tide of ton, Oathrrinx in force til! the melody's grown, fiiroDg to inte-prot the accents unknown, Haaatiug the dark fields cf air ; Ppeakmg the longing? of life, the full soul's Hidden dftirw in music that rolls, Wave-like, in frarch of a shore : Hdie cf harmony, floating around, Widen in circles of lessening sound. Die in the distance, till silence is found, And earth redemands us once more. All the Year Round. BEYO.SD A DOUIiT. rul Wayne was a bachelor of forty five. Not one of the wayward, noma dic yrt, bnt who occupied a eplendid house and took excellent care of an orphan who called Lira. Uncle Paul. He was blest with the best heart in the world, and posseesod so many of the requisites of a good husband and father that it was a matter of great surprise J. among hia friends that he remained sin le. Those who knew Lini best rightly raoed his single blessedness to hia own iiiult, a most wonderful obduracy and unwillingness to give tip an impression once fully entertained. This character istic injared him in hia business affairs too, but those with whom he had bnsi ness differences attributed is to what. for a better term, they called eccen tricity. x aui w ajne had bis love passages m his earlier manhood, but they came to nothing bnt disappointment, because of this obdurant and unalterable determin ation to abide by his first impressions, whether these agreed with subsequent facta or not ; indeed, whether it suited the other party ef the love affair or not " - i i i i . ... iouuK gins iso not generally line a lover who is not the least bit pliable. While their natures demand strong, manly love, for something that shields, there is intermingled with it all a touch of the conquering spirit to be recog nized. Paul Wayne a lordly way of wooing, away which to his lady friends seemed to say, wait until I am ready and I have only to name the day, brought hirn at least one ridiculous jilt, but to it all he only said, as he put the girl oui of Lis memory, "She will regret it, beyond a doubt." Mary Dale did regret it ; for she mar ried a man who broke hor heart by brutal treatment, and deserted her while the lay helplessly sick with a girl-baby on her bosom. The g:rl buby was givea to Paul Wayne with the last brea!h rf the dying mother, and it was baby M try Dale who, at seventeen, called him Uncle Paul. "Mary, Philip listings is a bad man. I know it beyond a doubt. I am not deceived." " How do you know it, Uncle Paul ?' "Well, how do you know anything? Why, there aro many ways and reasons for knowing and thinking so ; one is well, it don't m-.Uter. I know it beyond a doubt." He knew it, and that was enough for him. And Mary kue v him well enough to end such an argument at once. It was jnst'the proper moment, too, for Philip Hastings, the "bad man," was an nounced. While we leave the lovers togetl er enjoying a brief morning call, we will go out with Paul Wayne, and down town. "Bid man, beyond a doubt. Bsl company. IIo it, always with that man Quigley ; what in the world brought that man, that wretched Qiigley, back, when we all thought him dead and buried years ago." Aud Uncle Tanl thrust his caiu against the pavemen with a nervous impetuous motion, and looked up to seo Quigley. They passed, Paul Wayne looking straight ahead down tho street, the other casting quick glances at tho s'eru faco of the ivu-hr'or, hoping for u lock of recognition, then stopping to look at tho retreating figure, ai if to be cer tain that it was tho mau. A few yards separated them, and then Paul could not resist tho curiosity to look back aiM ireir eyes met. It was awkward, but ouly fjr an instant, the bachelor turning quickly and proceeding on hia way. "If I could only ta'k to him a mo meat. B it tho poor get but few word:', and these u'.t kiulty ones; I will lit him alone," and the man Q-.igley tr- a l. d his way among the throng of men bearing Strang.; fuces. ITe had been gone for years, and a new generation had sprung up. Iw gave him a look betokeniug recognition. Now aud then a man with whitened hair uud bowed form wonld half stop, gaze at him an instant Tsith a carious, inquisitive look, as if trying to rt call something of the past, then pass on. Farther away from the bustle of tLe business streets the Strang r paused in his walk, and said again, aloud to himself, "If I could only talk to him a moment." Tho l.slf pitocus ton fell upon tho ear of two liglit-havted girl.-, who were passing, and a shade of melancholy passed over the face of the younger as both turned to look at the speaker, and we recog nize our UiVle Paul a Mary. Not a superbly handsome girl with oriental eyes and the soft, sensuous languor of the farnt d eat, bnt a good, healthy, pretty girl, something to love fondly, e m.-thiiv tangible to stand tho wear aud t.nr of life, something worthy of man's striving tffirts. That evening there ras pu icy party at Uncle Faiil's. Mary had been amusing Lim in the earlit-r hours with "old fashioned songs," as Tanl called them and the two were in the midst of thee pleasures when Philip Hastings was nn nouuetd. Uncle Faul could not escape. He ha l nowhere to go but to lied, and it was too early for that. Young ladies need not be told how really disagreeable the position when a young gentleman is present who loves her, while an elder member of the family is immovably anchored in the room, and who in turn heartily dislikes, or thinks he does, the young man as a "bad man." She was afraid of nn explosion as she nervonely undertook the task of directing the con versation. S"ie endeavored to steer clear of the qnieksands, but in trying to draw Uncle Paul into a conversation she precipitated just what she was so anxious to avoid. Uncle Paul hud sat quite Btill for awhile, in a bulf-drowsy, brown study, but Lo awakened suddenly when Mary said, "Saisie and I met such a strange nn JLJ 11 A 1 MA By HORSLEY BEOS. & FIGUERS. COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JANUAHY 29, 1S75. VOL. XX. NO. 29. looking, unhappy old old man to-day." man beyond "A what that donbt a bud man.' "Why, Undo Paul, have you waked at last?" asked Mary. "I'm glad something cau fix your attention." Paul did not look as though he cared to listen, aa Mary went on. " So old and feeble, and yet something telling of better and happier days ; in bis faoe curves worn deep by patient sorrow. Just aa we passed he was saying : If I could only talk to him a minute, aa if some old friend had refused him sym pathy. Who could it have been, I wonder? I pitied him." Uncle Paul fidgeted, but said nothing, though Le felt the thrnst so uninten tionally given, while Philip Hastings seemed happy and yet uneasy at the turn things had taken, bo different from what Le Lad desired. The two talked of the etrange old man, while Uncle Paul grew uneasy at every word, until finally he rose upon hia feet and began pacing the floor in an agitated way that he could not conceal. " Mary watched her uncle for a few momentg, surprised, and wondering what there was in the talk about a strange old man to agitate her dear old uncle, Philip said to her : " Miss Wayne, the old man of whom we have been '.talking ia one entirely worthy of your sweet sympathy, and, in a word, is my best friend." Uncle Paul haulted suddenly, utterly dumfounded at the declaration. He raised both hands, bs if the affrontery cf the avowal had filled him with sur prise and indignation too deep for ex pression. "Tell me, PhHip Hastings, that at least you do not know ,thia old man's history." A thousand frightful questions sug gested themselves to the mind of Mary. She leaned forward to catch Philip's denial, a denial which she hoped he would make, and Bhe shared Paul Wayne's horror when Phillip said : " Every line and page cf it, sir." " Why, sir, he's the wickedest man alive, and if jou well, if he ia your friend, if there ia any community of thought with him, why well, I'm right, beyond a donbt. Bat there can not be. He has given you his version, and when I tell you r.ll, you will cut him off." "He "has told me all, and I have found that he haa told me the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. When men assume a character it is not a bad one. The old man Quig ley has made a clean breast of it all. ne arrested me in my downward career, and I cannot, would not cast him off." There was something in hia speech, so earnest, so msi-ly, that Mary was proud of her lover for having uttered it, end even the lines in Uncle Paul's faco were softened, and he was almost ready to acknowledge that he might be wrong, when Philip resumed his story : " I rpent last win!er at New Orleans, as you Enow. Une night 1 visited a gaming table and was induced to play. I lost heavily, and, becoming desper ate, I was about to risk my pur.se and its contents upon a single throw, when a servant stumbled against me and we fell. As I stopped to aid him he whispered : ' I did it purpor c-ly. Play no more. Meet me outside the door." I withdrew from the game and met Lim, and lie said : Tour antagon ist there,' pointing inward, was cheating yon ; I saw it all. Don't go back. I was ruined there ; I used to play with thousands, and now I sweep the floors.' Why do you stay there ?' I asked. 'I must eat and drink, and who will take me with a character from there as mv last place ?' " Mary felt relieved, raid her uncle rani said, " The servant was Q'llgley ; but he doubtless did not tell you thet all those thousands ho stole from his deserted wife, or gained on forged papers." "No, sir, not then. But I took him aa my servant aud then he told me that He . I haj 1I0W OLD JIM DIUYTOX "SWOKE OFF." He came np town last night to drink the old year out and the new year in There are men who can remember when he had a cottage of his own ; when he was well dressed, and had a frank, Lon est lace; when ma children went to Sunday-school and his wife was well clothed and carried a happy face, Old Jim found himself going down hill and almost in a year he had changed from a hard-working, respectable man to a ragged, lazy sot, and no effort on the part of those who loved him could stop his descent. His Lome went, his fortune went, good clothes and happy faces disappeared, end wretchedness and poverty moved into the old tene ment house on Beaubien street with Lim. Do you remember when his child was run over and killed? Old Jim was dead drunk while the body lay in the house. Were you ever at tho central station court when ho was sent up for drunkenness or for beating hi3 wife ? Have yoa never seen him sleeping his drunken sleep in tho alley ? Haven't you heard the people speak of "Old Jim Drayton ? " A red, wicked f ce. having not one soft line in it red eyes, looking stupidly and vacantly at yon- battered hat, ragged clothes vou surely must have met him at sometime, Old Jim meant to have a big drunk. lhat was a good way to wind the eld year up. He had been drunk thanks giving Ho had staggered home drunk Chrismas night, ar.d when Lis boys were heard wishing that Santa Claua had not pa?sed them by, the father became angered and beat them. The bar-keeper knew him as ho entered the saloon and called for drinks. He had called there dozens of times before and iiis face was fami'iar as the sight which ho of the big decanter from I could not trust, him, and why. told me what you have just state, did trust him and I havo never occasion to regret my choice." Uncle Paul paced the floor for a mo ment, muttering, "It will come our, beyond a doubt ; I Lad better tell it all," theu went over to Mary aud caught hen' to his heart as if he would shield her with his life, and looking at Philip, said : " Yon believe in thi3 man's reformation this man Quigley. Oue more test and that will settle it beyond a doubt. Would yon marry his daugh ter ? " "If I were not engaged and" he stopped. Surprise waa flushing Mary's face when Uncle Taul answered the ques tioning face before him. " There she is yes, my ward, my more than child, is Quigley's daughter, given me by his da sorted wife, and Mary's yiug :.ther. Prove your sincerity in this man." Philip took the poor amazed girl in his arms and saved her from failing. Uncle Tanl hopped about the room as one possessed, dashing a tear from Lis eye and exclaiming, " It's all right now, beyond a ilonbt." Qaigley, by the aid of a gift left him by a dying relative, was enabled to pay thoso ho had wronged in purse, and with a lovely danghter to caress and comfort his old age hi3 was a happy end. We shonld never distrust the ability of any man for reformation, and no one's repentance should bo de spised. Catt. C. W. Howell, of tho United States engineers, has had over five years experience in dredging the mouths of the Mississippi. This from Lim on the subject is interesting : " It is a well known fact that a multitude of plans have been tuipgesied for the im provement of the mouth of the Missis sipni, and that at each session of con gress several of these have been pressed on the attention of that body. 1 have officially reported on a number of them, an 1 over forty havo been brought to my attention. The parties originating and presenting these plans represent all the various grade-s of inventive genius to be foimd in this country, fiom tal ented engineer to the man who ought to be in a lunatic asylum, from the man who knows something about the mouth of the Mississippi to the man who knows nothing." "Yes, Hike those short days," said Old Trupenny, the other morning, join ing in tho discussion; "the interest counts np so fast. Why, when I come into my placo mornings, and get ont my securities, I cm fairly hear them draw interest, right through the side of the box !" poured his drink. " Wait a minute," said tho bar keeper, who was wiping off the counter; and Old Jim was in the shadow, and they riid not know who it was. And as they drank their beer they spoke of the dying yer.r, and of their resolves to break off some of their bad habits, end finally one of them said : " Some one was saying that Old Jim Drayton had cut his thr at ! " " It's good news, if true," said the other. " No one will miss the old sot not even his family. His wife and children aro in rags, his home hasn't a comfort, and if he'd enly die folks would feel like helping them. He's the lowest drunkard in Detroit I" "Y?3, Iv'e often wondered why he didn't jump into the river," rejoined the other. "If I ever get ns low and ragged end mean as Old Jim Drayton, I'll shoot myse lf ! " 0!d J:ra heard every word. If Le had had a ghi&s of whisky down he'd have leaped up and cursed them, but he was eobei aa sober as he had ever been for ten years, aud he made no move. Was he low and mean ? Did everybody feel that way toward him ? Did everybody notieo his poor old houte, his ragged children, his reel face und watery eyes? Did men speak to each other of Lis deg radation, his neglect of his family would Lis death bo good news to the public ? " Do yon want whisky or gin ?" asked tho bar tender ; but old Jim (lid not hear him. He ha.l leaned back against tho w&ll, pulled Lin Lat over his eyes and was thinking. Drink had robbed Lim cf his honest look, his frank tone, and his strength and skill, but it had not robbed him of his memory. He could j o bnck over the decide and remember his pleas n home, his happy family and lu3 or, n honest, independent feeling, 'ihame came with ruemorj-. He hid not got so low but words could strike him. Two or three other men came in, (in J while they were drinking one of them asked : "Isn't that Old Jim Drayton over there in the corner?" "Yes, that's the old sot," answered another. " Wonder if he isn't going to swear off ha ! ha ! ha I" responded tho third 1 The words stung old Jim again. They called up something of his old spirit, and he sprang out of Lis chair and ex claimed : " Yes, I am going to swear off !" " You swear off you ha ! ha ! ha !" langhcd the men. " But I will ! I know that I'm a drunkard, and that I'm ragged and law, I ut I can reform !" "That's good!" they all laughed; "biggest thing out ! Old .Tim Drayton swearing off ha! La! ha !" " I will with God's help, I will !" he whispered a3 they were aroused from their wretched beds. " No no he's sober he's going to be good again !" she sobbed. At midnight tno voice of prayer, broken by sobs, was heard in the old hovel, and Old Jim Draytcn, knc-eiZngat Lis chair, said : " Mary children may heaven me to be a better man !" So may it. Detroit Free Press. help rep: plied, striking the bar with hia fist. Their shouts of laughter followed him as he went out, but they strength ened hia sudden resolution. H walked directly Lome. He ' stopped for a mo ment at the gato and wondered why he had never before noticed how gloomy and wretched and lonesome the old hotel looked. It was a fit home for a drunkard and a wife-beater. He opened tho gate, paused, then turned end went to the grocery ou the corner, and with tho money he meant to get drunk on he purchased a few little toys for the chil dren and returned and entered his des olate house. He stood in the door for an instant and looked around at the bare and battered walls, the bare floors, the wretchedness and poverty. His wife crept away, fearing his drunken wrath. Ho knew what movefi her, aud it cut Lim like a knife. " Mary, come here !" he said, as he closed the door and held out his hand ; " I am not drunk to-night !" She slowly approached him, wonder ing if drink had not crazed him. "Mary!" he said, as ho clasped her hand, " I haven't drank a drop to night !" " Oh, James !" she sobbed, breaking right elown ia an instant. "They call mo Old Jim Drayton; say I'm a sot; wonder why I didn't die; say I can't reform ;" he went on ; " but I'm going to 6tep drinking I have stopped ! " She put her arms around his neck, but could not speak. " From to-night, as long cs I live, I'll be James Drayton again sober steady a kind husband ar.d a good father ! On and wake up ti e children, JJnrr, ar.d let us ail pray together!" "Is father going to kill us?" they OMY A POOR WOS'UJI. . ' An Humble Missionary Thimble-rigging tor flie J'oor Heat lien. On the tram, the otuer day, a very solemn-looking man. dressed in black and carrying a hat-box, came along and dropped into my seat. " It is a fine day," I remarked, desir insr to be friendly. "It is a fine day, but young man, how is it with your soul?" he replied, rolling no his eyes and looking still more sol emn. I asked him what he meant, and ho answered : " Where would yon po to if you died? How does your record stand in heaven?" I told him that I was jogging along peacefully-like, paying my debts, saving a little money, and dropping something into the contribution box as it passed. " That won't elo ah," he said, as he folded his arms and closed hia eyes, "you're a sinner, ah, a baneful sinner. There id no mansion laid up for you in the land beyond the skies ah. Do ycu ever prav ah ?" ' Once in a groat while," I told him. " The devil is in your heart ah," he went on. "You pray not, neither do you sing. .Luke a nowc-r you snail be cut down, and the stem rshail wither end decay, and be seen no more among the fields." " What would you advise me to do ?' I asked, feeling a little weak. "I am but a paor worm myself," he answered meekly "like unto a puny insect." 'A cockroach, for instance," I put in, as he paused. "Only a poor etiuggling -or'um," he went on, never minding me, "yet I am trying to do my appointed work. Av.-ay ever tho sea, in Afri.j;, mi;lions are living in ignorauco and vice, know- ig nothing of heaven, having no good in their hearts, living like the beast of the SJd. Jn my poor humble way, I am trying to save a few benighteel heath ens, trvinjr to redeem p. few souls." " In what particular way? " I inquired. " Partly by my prayers, and partly by collecting money and buying Bibles o ship them, that they may have the word of life." There was a pause for a moment, and then he laid his hand on my arm and continued " Young man, the Lord loveth a cheerful giver ! Out of your abund ance contribute something for the cause f the benighted. Even though yon ro not a good Christian, your good act will oe put to your credit m that laud wnere all is joy and bliss." I risked him if ho could change a 20 ill and give me back 19.95, and he urntd away and seemed weary. W3 roele on in silence for about a mile, una tiieii ho took a string flora his pocket, laid it on his knee in a v. uy to niiike t u separate) loops in it, imd then ha said : "Young man, thou art a sinner, end thou will not freely contribute to the cause of the benighted." " Which the Earns is true," I mur mured. " On the part of the heathen and my cause, I desire to bet iuee live to three that thou cnust not put thy finger in tho loop that will catch," he said, smil ing sweetly. "It's the old string game seen it forty times," I answered. " Solely on account of the benighted heaihen do I wish to bet live to three that then canst not locate tha joker," ho went on, producing three "thimbles and a pea. " Piaycd it in tho army for four years," I replied, turning away v itli a mournful heart. " Then you are willing that the heathen shall struggle on like the beasts of the field and birds of the air," he asked, putting up Lis thimble. " Yes, truly," I answered. " 'Tis sad that one so young should be so sinful," he murmured, and went to the other end of the car, and suc ceeded in fleecing an old man out of 34 and a watch on the check game for the causo of the heat lieu in Africa, Hotel Improvements. Tho San Francisco Post writes of the new Palace betel in that city: "The Palaco will be unquestionably a hotel born of new ideap. No modern im provement will be ignored iu its con struction or equipment. The latest novelty adopic-d is the. intrcduetion of an automatic fire alarm apparatus in every room in the building. The in stant the temperature of tho room reaches above a certaiu degree the ap- para'us will be affected and will trans mit wrd to the fire indicator in the e ffi v, so that there can be no delay in suppressing the blaze. Three watch men will be required to constantly patrol tho building, visiting seventy- one anicrent stations ana waitung two and throe-quarter miles in their rounds. At each station will be located an elec trical apparatus which will register the time the watchman visited it. These will thus act as tell-tales on the watch- . - l.i - I . -ti man, snowing wneicer ne is aiienaing to his b .siness er not. A large elec trical clock is to be placed in the main office. Dials in electrical communica tion with this clock will be distributed to the number of 116 throughout the building. There will be a dial record ing the time at the end cf every passago- iy. An electrical lighting apparatus will also be among the features of the interior. This will be ou the same sya- t;?ni as that in use in the California theatre. Only the chandeliers in the dining-rooms and the lamps in the cor ridors will be lighted by the electric spark. Eight hundred and twenty burners in all will be lighted in this way." Oowmon sense is an element in which many persons are sadly wanting. Com mon fensi h.iplicH sound perception, correct reason, mental capacity, aud good understanding. SCUPPERXOXG GRAPES AND WISE. Views ot Colonel martin, of Gadsden. Sib Agreeably to the request of the fruit growers' association, I herewith forward you my views on the cultivation of the Sauppernong and manufacture of wine. Seili AND LOCATION. I prefer a light sandy loam not too rich with clay subsoil. Our high pine ridges, with good natural drainage, is as good as is required. A southern ex posure or side Lill ia not necessary. My vineyards are on the highest point in the state, being three hundred and fifty feet above the lsvel of th sea ; and I find the grapes larger, ripeirearlier, and make a better wine than nay I have seen elsewhere. PLANTING AND CCLTTV ATING. The land shonld be clearr I of all trees and the grass and trash bnn. tsd off before any vines are planted. I planted my vines tlnrty-nve leet apart eacn way. bnt I am now satisfied that the better way is to plant forty feet apart, and then plant another row between, breaking joints that is, not in line with the others, but half between. By this means double the amount of grapes are had on the same ground. When the vines begin to look, this last row should be cut out: giving all the space to the ones first planted. Assuming that a wire arbor ia to be used, the posts Ehould be set up before the vines are planted, aa in digging the holes for them when the arbor is being put up the roots are liable to be in. ured. Having set the posts in their places, about two feet in the ground and seven above, the vines should be planted on the south side of tho posta as fed lows : Dig a hole about four feet square and two feet deep, throwing the surface soil on one side anei the bottom soil on the other ; and then fill utj the hole about one foot with good surface soil on top of this put six inches of good compost (I used swamp muck, bones, well rotted eak leaves and oak ashes); on top of this put a cquple of inches of rich surface soil ; then plant the vine, leaving the surface over it a little lower than the surrounding gionnd. If a wooden arbor is to be used, the posts need not be set up until tha vines are ready to arbor, but a stake is set close to the vine, so aa to have seure thing to train it to. When it ia at equal distances from the vines, aud on those put the rails or sla's. As the vine grows add more posts and extend the arbor. I use wire for my arbor, believing it to be better and cheaper in the end better because it requires less posts, gives more room in gathering the grapes, allows a much better circulation of air through the vines, does not collect so much dead ieave3 and trash, and the grapes more uniformly ; cheaper, because when onca done it is done for a life-time. The fir3t two years the object ia to grow as much wood as possible, hence the vines should be manured generously with well-rotted manure, forked in about the roots and oui from them a foot or two. After this I do not consider . it necessary to manure it so heavily, but sufficient to keep the vine in a healthy, growing condition. Itone dnst, oak ashes, cr anything that will famish pot ash, is the best. The ground between the vines can be cultivated in other crops until it is shaded by the vines. I could not, how ever, reco-mmend corn or cats, bnt sweet potatoes, cotton, straw berries, mulberry, turnips, etc., always being careful not to injure tho roots of the vines. Thus the ground is kept clean and sufficiently manured for tho vines as they extend. THE YIELD. From the best information I have re ceived, and from my own experience, a vine three years eld that has been care fully cultivated and manured will yield three pecks of grapes. Tines planteel forty feet apart will cover tho whole ground in ten years. An acre of vines iu lull bearing will yieM between bU'J and 7C0 bushels of grapes. A bushel of ripe Scuppernong grapes will yield at least three gaiions of must or juice. I have made at the rate of 2,000 gal Ions of must or juice to the acre on vines fully grown, or, rather, vines twenty years old. I do not believe any one knowa when the Scuppernong is fully grown. If it is properly manured or arbored, there is no knowing how far it will spreael. GATHEKING THE GKAPES. I think tne better way is to put a frame on a wagon body. On this frame fasten a cloth with a hole sav a foot in diameter in the cr-ntre of it ; drive under the arbor, tvhake the vines with a forked stick, and let the grapes roll through the aperture in the cloth into the wagon bedy. When sufficient is gathered for a load, drive to tho press; have a sbuto, tay two feet wide and twenty feet long ; place one end at or on the gate of the wagon, and the other in a barrel on the grounel ; throw in the grape-8 at the top end, they wiil roll down into the barrel ; the leaves and trash will remain in the f-hute ; brush them out and throw in more grapes. Iu this way three hands and a two horse team can gather an immense amount of grapes in a day. Care should be taken to throw away the hard, green and unripe grapes, and not to get too heavy a body of grapes iu the wagon at one time, or they will get crushed, and thus lose a large amount of juice. MAKING THE WINE. Aa "in making hare eoup, it is neces sary to first catch the hare," so in mak ing wine, it is necessary first to get your grapes. Assuming that you have done this, let ns proceed to make the wine. And here I wish to mention that it is of the utmost importance that every vessel connected with the making of wine should be perfectly clean and sweet. There should be a full supply of water, so that the tubs, barrels, eto., can be rinsed as often as is necessary. The barrels or casks in which the grapes are to be fermented should be all ready on the stands, a sufficient height from the floor to permit a barrel lying on its side to set under it. Set the mill on the top of tho barrel in which the grapes ere to be fermented, and grind away until the barrel is full, then move the mill to tho next barrel, and so on to the end. The length of time the must is left to ferment on the Lulls depends on the state of the atmosphere. In snch weather as we have here in the latter part of S- ptember aud beginning of October, when the thermometer is, dur ing the day, about eighty degrees Fah renheit, twenty-four Lours is about the right time. Tho must will then Lave received a sufficient amount of coloring matter, boquet and tannin. When it is ready to be drawn off, pull out the peg at the bottom of the barrel and let the must run off, but when quiok work is required it will not pay to wait. As soon a3 the must ceases to run freely, it is best to stop it and put the hulls in the press, where the balance can be pressed out immediately. When the season haa been dry there is more saccharine matter in the grapes than when the season has been moist or rainy, hence the must requires more sugar some seasons than others. My way of doing ia to raise the must to ninety degrees on Oschles scale ; this gives a wine sufficiently sweet to please the average consumer. . Having added the sugar, pat the mast in the barrels or caska in which it is to ferment straining it through two or three thick nesses oi mosquito net ; place tnem in the cellar, put one end of a syphon in the bung, closely sealed, the other end in a vessel of water, so that the gas can escape without permitting the air to get to the must. As soon as the gas ceases to cause the water to bubble freely, taka out the syphon and close the barrel, having first filled the barrel to within about three inches of the bung. The bung should not be left quite on top, but a little to one side so that the wine wiil be against it, thup. THE WROXU TRAP. preventing any evaporation. The sooner the barrel is closed, without dan ger ef its bursting, the better. If the barrel exhibits signB of bursting bore gimlet hole near the bung. Let the gaB blow off and close the hole immediately. About the first of January draw t ff the wine into clean, sweet barrels, and let stand until the July following, then draw it off again. It should now be ready for market. Care should be taken, when putting the barrels on the stand, to have the end in which the faucet is put lower than the other, so as to draw off all the wine without disturbing the lees. When all the clear wine has been drawn off the muddy wire and lees should be put in one or more barrels and allowed to settle until clear, when the clear wine is again drawn on. Uood authorities state that a fine brandy can be distilled from the lees ; but I have no experi ence in tho matter. CONCLUSION. From personal observation I am sat isfioel that the Scuppernong ripens two weeks earlier here than in North Caro lina said to be its home. Our grapes are fuller, and I think, sweeter. As a wine grape, I would not recommend any of the black Scuppernong I think the wine insipid and not marketable, Parties in North Carolina tell me that they find it difficult to get a market for it. I had grave doubts when commencing to make wine of being able to find a sale for it. but my experience has encouraged me, and now I have no fears ou the subject. I have no wine on hand older than the vintage of 1873. I havo not advertised it or made extraordinary efforts to bring it into notoriety, yet I find ready sale for it pt 2.25 per gallon. Florida Agriculturist. Female Barbers in Cincinnati. A report came into our office last night that there will soon be opened in the old church, south side of Sixth street, between Walnut and Vine, a new bar ber shop. Now, the simple establish ment of a new barber shop among us is no astounding item of neap, but this particular barber shop (to be) on Sixth street will not be sn ordinary one, from the fact that lovely girls will wield the razor and " run the machine." Enmcr says these girls have been espeically trained for their responsible positions, and that they manipulate the razor with all the abandon of ve terans. The Plica for a " sonare shave" at that establishment will be " a quartah of a dollah, if youpleathe thir." Of course, that's a big price you know now, but when a man wants a rare article he must expect to pay for it. Just remember that these barberous damsels are fair in licks if they are unfair in price. They won't chew tobacco nor cat onions ; neither will they have two-inch finger nails Etuffed with the soils of seven counties. Moreover, they will chuck you under the chin with their soft chubby hands, if you are a real nice boy. Wo feel sorrv for the men barbera of the city. They will lose custom as sure as that female - church - shaving - sfaop opens. Of course married men will slip around to that shop sometimes, and then there will be trouble in Gotham. We havo detailed a spfcial reporter to work up all the domestic broils and secret associations and sad suicides which will surely emanate from that new institution that sharp-shooting, shoulder-shifting, shampooing, shing ling, fhearir g and shaving shop. Cin cinnati Enquirer. A Dark" Seance. The St. Louis Republican says : " It was a rather queer eight to see a dog brin. ing a man's hand into the house, their own dog and their own Louse too. They were colored people, Jack and Harriet Miller, and they lived in the fear of ghosts and hobgoblins. Of course, they were much frightened. The hand was black and it looked like the hand of fate. The dog lay down in tLe comer by the fire and commenced gnaw ing. Jack picked up the ugly thing and threw it out into the gutter or tried to but the hand just floated away and up until it seemed to join a body suspended in the air, and then the thumb sought the nose, and the fingers commenced gyrating, indicating that all was well np there, and then the form disappeared and left the darkies m a state of profuse perspiration. That is the way that some spirit of darkness materialized itself for Jack and Harriet Miller, and crowds have since visited their house and seen them, and the dog, and the window, and the gutter, but never a squint of any wonder as big as a man's hand." The man only is truly educated who haa been so trained in hia youth that his body ia the ready servant of hia will, and performs with ease and pleas ure all the work that, as a mechanism, it is capable of doing. In the vicinity of Drury Lane theater stands a hostlery which boasta the curious sign of the " City cf Lushing ton." The bouse ia a great reaort for actors and for tLose genial owners of open hearts and straitened pockets who glory in belonging to the order of Antediluvian Buffaloes. The chief room of the inn is the meeting-room of the Buffaloes. It is divided into " wards," so-called, and these divis ions Lave luoubrious titles Poverty ward, Insanity ward, and Suicde ward A moral underlies this labelling of the evils which follow the abuse of good liquor.' One evening in October two comedians mot under the shadow of Insanity ward at the "City of Lushington." They were artists of a very humble stamp pantomimists who picked np a liying,.ia strolling (fashion during the summer, and whose harvest time was Christmas, and the weeks of January and February, One was a liarlequin yclept Smithers, but preferring to be called in the bills Signor Tonmto. The other postured as clown ; his name waa Pudaon, and Le too had a noii de theater, calling Lim self Little Puddikins. To the lattt-r personages, smoking in gloomy solitude for the usually well filled," room of the " City of Lushing ton" was that night empty entered Mr. Smithers. The old colleagues greeted each other warmly, for they naa snarea in me iroiics oi many a harlequinade. ' And Low Las .luck gone with you ?" asked Tgdson, after some talk togetLer, "fairly for the time oi year, an swered the harlequin. "I have taken a ballot troupe on a tour through the second-rate towns, and done pretty well." " I Lave been lucky and unlucky by shifts and starts doing a bit here anil there at the circuses, and taking a turn now and then at the music-halls. That pays best of all. I have a good mind to cut a pantomime and go in for that entirelv." Not just yet, any -way. Y'ou are engaged for the Forum, aren't you ?" asked the harleauin. "Not yet, but I expect, to be," replied the clown. "I am, and so is my little woman." " Confound it !" ejaculjted Pndson; " I hoped to get Mary in there." But Lora has got it. She's to bo columbine." " Is that your girl ?" " That's mine, Lora witL an o, not your common au. "Oh," said the clown, reflectively, "Hightalian, I suppose?" She passes for a Hightalian, bnt she's English. She's billed as Lora Lorini." The two friends shook Lands and parted as the " City of Lushington" began to receive au incursion of its usual frequenters. n. pcdson's sroay. I am lying here on this bed helpless. I shall not die yet, the doctor says; the bones are setting, aud in a few weeks may be about again; bat 1 shall never be fit for the clown's busvness any more. Thia misery and suffering I bronght upon myself ; it haa been 'he result of my own wicked animosity the conse quence A a jealousy whirh urged mo nto crime. I w;il tell yoa how it came about. I joined the Forum corapany this laet winter when Smithers and I engaged for the pantomime. To my surprise, 1 found that the girl to whom I had been paying addresses Mury Morris by name was engaged for columbine. I had understood from Smithers that some sweetheart of his named Lora Lorini waa going to take that part. The sight of Mary was sn unexpected pleasure, and going up to Ler I Baid : Mary, my dear, this is good luck ; but I thought the columbine was to b;) Lora Lorini." So she is," she answ ered. What, then, are yoa to be ? Harle- m 4i a a n( qum, or some nonsense oi mat son r " No columbine.' I stared at her, utterly ignorant of her meaning. " Don't you know, " she went on, " that my professional name ia Lora Lorini?" I was staggered. ' " But, Smithers," I cried" Smithers claims Lora as his girl ? Surely, Mary, you have not been playing both of ua false ?" "His girl, indeed ! Neither LiB nor yours, if it comes to that, unless you keep a civil tongue in your head. Can't a girl have more thau one admirer, I should like to know ?" She may have a dozen admirers, but ehe cannot have more than one pligutud lover, if she haa any sense of decency." Mary turned on her heel and flounced off. I noticed during the rehearsals how she devoted herself exclusively to Smithers, while I got never a word. There came a bitter, gnawing pain at my heart at being treated so a Lunger to be revenged on Lim and her. Many a time I Lad it in my mind to stick my clasp-knife into Lis throat ; but the at tempt was too risky : it might Lave failed, and I should infallibly get ar restid for it. I brooded over a subtler revenge ; but first I took Mary aside. "I want to speak to you," I said. "I don't want to speak to you," ehe saucily answered. "No follies this is a weighty mat ter," I retorted sternly. " "-listen ana bo careful." " Go on." " I ask you if you love George Smith- era better than you do me ?" " Lor', Tom, how do I know ?" "You must know the state of your own feelings." Well, he's not so cross as you, and he's a beautiful dancer, and ties so gracefully made and, in fact, I do like Lim." Better than me ?" You'see, my poor Tom, he has many advantages over you. " Go," I replied grinding my teeth, " these advantages sh'all be short-lived." And this time it was I who turned on my heel and left Ler. This was on the 27th of December, the jecond night of the pantomime. At the fall of tha curtain I sought out Smithers, and said, "See here, G orge, I've thought of a bit of business in that scene befure tho barber's t'hop. I get hold of your wand ; you stand there so now do the shivery-shaky business while I tickle you up with it. Now you regain it force me back and I fall into a huge pot of bear's grease." Smithers agreed. What deep design underlay thia foolirg ? Y'ou will see. The next night, jast before the soene was to be enacted which we Lad planned, I stole down under the stage, and nn Doitea a trap on the spot where 1 in tended Smithers should stand. Iu the midst of his Larlequin play, I resolved to push him ou this pitfall that Le might precipitate himself down, and break his limb or his neck. Cautiously I stole back again, and our interlude commenced. After allowing him to quiver and wr ggle ia Lis spangles while I shook the baton over him, I plaoed my Laud on Lis chest, and pushed him oa to the snare. He did not fall I To my amazement the tr held. . Unsuspectingly Smithers then repos sessed himself of the wand, and pushed me back. With a sadden grasp and cry, 1 felt myself plunging down iu the dark, striking my elbows and chin on the edge of the open trap. l lay there under the stage with a broken leg and fractured ribs. I had unbolted the wrong trap, and fallen into my own snare. The audience, as I heard afterwards, clapped and laughed, ascribing my disappearance to a con cocted part of the business. Au apology had to be made. Luckily for the man ager, a fellow happened to be in the company who was accustomed to .go clowning in an amateur sort of way, and he volunteered to finish the harle quinade, taking my place. Alter a very short delay, filled up with dancing, Le was ready for Lis business. They took me to the hospital, and here I Lave lain for weeks and weeks. What my feelings Lave been in the long night-watches I can never describe. The remorse, the consciousness Low well I Lave deserved the doom I in tended for another, the bitter repent ance when George Smithers came to my bedside full of kindly solicitude, aud I durst not confess then, though I will confess, please God, when I have re gained my strength he shall know all. But all this alternation of sorrow, re gret, aud Bel f-reproach, of desperate eloubt, and wild prayers for forgiveness, is only known to heaven and mr. It haa been a bitter passage, but it has done me good. I am calmer now. If I get better I shall give up all thoughts of Mary, and resign her to one who never assailed a fellow-creature's life. ni. Tom Pudson, however, did not give up Mary first, because Mr dcliaoJ to be given up ; and, sei ndly, beoau e Mr. Gaorgo Smithers, alias Signor To mato, gave her up first. The harlequin was a gay spark, who soon tired of a fancy, and a rew faca drove Mary out of hia heart. Sj Mary returned to a more constant attachment, aud Tom married her, made a clean breast of it to George, and reoeived his pardon. They are now doing pretty well ; for thonh Pndson's career as clown is spoiled, ho haa taken to singing with his wife iu the music halls, and pros pers comfortably. The Two Rfpnbllcs. Among the manv important enter prises now tending to the crowth aud commercial prosperity of the United States, the projected line of railway connecting us with the republic of Mex ico can be looked upon as one of the most timely and desirable. In a com. mereial point of view alone this road will be of very great benefit. The pro posed line of road will reonire the bnilding of only 1,105 miles of railway in all to unite the railway Bystems of the United States and Mexico. The construction cf three intermediate sec tiona of 285 miles from Rockdale to the Rio Grande, of COO miles from the Rio Grande to Leon, and 270 miles from the city of Mexico to Leon, and a lino of railway communication from New York to th capital of Mexico ia secured The Mexican congress haa alri ady ap proved a contract with a mixed Mexican and English company that will secure the prompt construction of the road from the city of Mexico to Leon. A contract has also been concluded be tween the Mexican goveromt nt and the International railroad company of Texas for the construction of a road from Leon to the Rio Grade, there to oonneot with the International railroad of Texas, and thus with the entire railroad system of the United States. By means of this road communication will be estab lished between all the principal centers of population and production of the United Spates and Meiioo. Two nations until by common iiiteresfs will by this road be afforded means cf making an interchange of a mutually profitable commerce and strengthening those ties of commercial intercourse that will in sure peace and quiet to the long dis tracted condition of things on the Texas border. Fiom Louisville to the Rio Grande, at the point where the proposed conjunction of the United States and Mexican line of railways is to take place, the distance ia but 1211 miles, and the completion of thia road places ua within but a few Lours travel of the many rich pro Juots of the tropics. Courier Journal. Seven Churches in One. Charles Warren Stoddard, writing from Balogna, Italy, says : San Ste fano ia in reality seven churches in one. Thee seven churches are so dependent upon one another that if you were to take away any one of the same I believe the otber six would fall to pieces. They are aa closely knit as a honeycomb. You go up stairs and down stairs and pass from one cbnroh into another with such Buddenness that it is thoroughly confusing. Then the doors that open ont of them lead into different streets. There are small conrts thrown in amongst them for breathiDg places, and there are altars aud shrines in the courts ; there are frescoes, mosaics, and moral paintings and sarcophagi, contain ing the bones of saints ; there are an cient pillars with antique ionio capitals, and venerable altars with quaint, rude sculptun s of winged beasts as sacri fices. There is the tomb of St. Petro nius, in imitation of tLe holy sepulchre at Jerusalem. A guide led me through this seven-fold church; probably I could nevr have found my way ont alone or have seen half the wonders of tho iute rior without LiB help. i SAYISOS ASU DOINGS. Th Soientiflo Amerioan Las fonnd a woman eighty-three years of age who attributes her long life to abstinence from bathing. A good little girl writes to the New York Tribune: "Papa haa given us three oenta a doy for rot sacking our thumbs. We iend one dollar for a child in Kansas.'' A oROWx-tT young ldy of Minnesota, who ought to Lave entertained a Lipher sense of filial duty, has bad tho author of her being arrested and fined twelve dollars snd a half for spanking Ler. A Canadian murderer wanted them to put off the day of execution, owin? to his being afflicted with the toothache; but the sheriff said he'd got U go to mill next day and Le couldn't accommo date the prisonor. Among tho nnnilcrlepH contradictions in our natnre, hardly any is more glar ing than this, bet ween our s: nsitive- ness to the slightest disgrace which we fancy cast upon us from without, and our callousness to tho grossest which we bring down on ourselves. In truth, they who are the most seue itive to the A it . one are of the; most canons io m other. Onk who Las tried it says that a cup of coffee is a sure barometrr, if you allow the sugar to settle at tho bottom of the win. and watch tho br. Utiles . arise without disturbing the coffve? Ik the bubbles collect in the middle, the weather will be fine ; if they adhere to the cup, forming a ring, it will be rainy; and u tho punnies wpnrmo without assuming any fixed joiitior, changeable weather may be expected. Somebody gives in substance the fol lowing idea in regard to the proper way of treating the hecrets of other people which aeoi leutally como into our posses sion : Jl you see a persou orop in the street, and yon pick it tip, of oonrse yon return it to Lim ; or it you could not give it back at once, yon would keep it safely until you oonbl do so. That is just wnat you kiumuu with secrets wheu people drop them aooideutally, and yon pnk tliem up. Y'ou Lave no more business to use theru than you would Lave to use money which you obtained in the eamo way. DritiNO the year 187-1 mors than fifi,- 000 steerage passengers left this country for Europe. Many of them, no doubt, took advantage of exceptionally low already returned, or will do so. More, however, are believed to Lave been driven aay permanently by tho bard times. The New York couimuaioner of emipratiou be lie vi s that alxjtit ll.iKio, or two-thirds of the nholo number, iu tend to be permanent absentees. The revival of business will bring many of them back, and tens of thousand of new comers with them. The Sandwich islauda are twelve in number, comprising in all a little over 0,000 square miles about tlie size or Connecticut aud Rhode islaud. Two thirds of this area belougs to the island of Hawaii, although Oahn is lietter known generally for its containing Hon olulu, the capital city, which has nUmt 10,000 inhabitants. Tho population of the whole group in 1R2 was &ti,r.t(. it appears by the lat ceusus of the in habitants that there were 40,01 1 persons of the pure nntive race, 2.4SB cf mixed origin, 1,938 Chinese, 8:) American, 019 English, and the remainder hailed from other European countries. The twentieth degree of north latitude runs through tho gronp, eo that they are in the same latitude as Cuba, The pretty little maid of honor whom the Grand Duke Alexis married all un beknownst to the old folks appears to be as spunky as she is beautiful. Alexia, it will be remembered, v. art sent to America that he might forget her, but while that plan cured the grand duke, it didn't appease! his bride, who was hent outofth' empire by special train. She went to Geneva, awl recently it nptHarrt that Count Shonvaloff was sent to treat with Ler. It was projKwed that hho should renounce all claim to the Land of Alexia, should change her name and disappear. In return for thia service she would receive one iuilii'n roubles down and an annuity of M venty livei thousand roubles, which would le con tinned to her child in casu the lntter survived Ler; but Mrs. Alexis wouldn't do it. She loved Alexis too wii-li for that, and so matters stand at preK iit. Training a A correspondent and Farm telle bow cavalry horse to tomed to "lope," Home t( Trot. of the Tnrr, l iiM Lo trained uu old trot. He as accus al! 1 eoul 1 not be made to understand whbt was required of Lim, nntil a space of some 400 jards was measured off in a field, and Lo was ridden across this. Wherever he broko ho was scolded, at one turned about . . . i i r . . . . kturtinfr ana again hiurte.i iu n point. If Le trotted aor. without breaking Le was petted, fed Iami tf sngar, apples, or some ether pleasant food. In this way Le s on le irne.i wiihi was wanted, aud made every i ffut to trot this distance in the aLoriest nine, becoming a Loire of uiiusumI speed. A somewhat similar pbiu wi-.s some years since set forth iu a circular and sold at one dollar. We refer to this now, not so much because of the desirability of Knowing how to teach a horse to trot, aa because the lesson taught can bo applied in very many wajs. Teaching any domestio animal what is exi cce,i oi tnem is ono of tLe greatest importance. If an ani imal knows that a specifio duty ia reqnired, to bo f -How. d by rest or reward, it will much mum rea.iuy no what is expected, than if it has no definite conception of wh t ia before it. Woman's Dress. Never, perhaps," writes a Taris cor respondent, " ha woman looked more lovely than at the present moment, when not a puff is seen (in Lien life) to dis guise the exquisite symmetry of womau's natural abat. Those long plain skirts are wondronsly becoming, fitting tightly round the body as they do, and falling straight down, displaying the Lips in all tLeir beauty ; and then falling in a long, narrow train at the back. It is tLe poetry of dress the dress snDg by poets and chiseled by the sculptor' hand. It is tho dress of Olympian god desses not as you sew them ia bur- esque, but as painters Lave shown them to us. Heavy materials are still made with th large quarduple plait at the back, whilst light materials are partly covered with flounces, whilst the skirt s tied well back by a scarf, which sur rounds the body like the scarf of the Maid of Athens. MoyeH-ae bodiea are still worn, only they are loi ger than they were last year ; they now reach half way down to the knees. They are worn equally with hipu and low bodies, and for the strtet an well as for the drawing-room. It I Ley eontiune to increase in length, on km ill soon be all body and noBkirt.,,