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The herald and mail. [volume] (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, February 05, 1875, Image 4

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nrnniRDS.
A rdr.inJ pinrd in !vr case.
Her n mte mre refill 1n the Ti,:lr- tree.
And ratio! from Lis a ry aTioiora;-r-:
CVrr.e Tip to mis corn rm to tre !"
Xbi rir, rr.l 1 frri.'R onr f ast .lull trace ;
Thf nr-fts re many, our wiprs a: e Cit,
An1 m'.l the vn-W Is ru.", a I Uce
For tm toVing in, hhJ love in, Seoi !
Tin1 'i'ver wires w tc erne! anil i-tr;iiK ;
No hoart wa trreier, to pt t !if r fro.
Unw crrt'd sfce answer hor inte'is sweet sen?,
" Corr.o i p to n-.e, mat tip to me I"
Tfco iih rmrry wiih fori; lirrls fmll,
On trunnions branches ovrr-;,ea-1 ;
But heard no more is the rcdbirl's call
For ere Las vanished and one i dead.
SirJ.-U.
IIO'.Y A IU'KKLAR 1V0KKS.
Ilia Tcol nixl l?l OIst aclt How to
AinH I-Ilm.
Tho Sin Francisco Call thns treats of
a Bubject which Lr.s a degree of inter
est in thefe brad times, when thieves
have bo multiplied :
Nearly every day vre tike up onr
morning paper now, vre rea l of pome
unfortunate havirg bren btirgkrizoil.
Crime is a disease, ami, like ninny other
diseases, appears to be epidemical. To
any one acquainted Trith the skill and
andacityof the class rf men who take
to house-breaking for a livirg, it ia a
mattir of airrr're, not "that fo many
burglaries are committed, bnt so many
more are not attempted. In onr cut
districts tho honses seem to be actually
built with the intention of aiding to
tin utmost the efforts of any person de
sirous of effecting an entrance. Ve
randas, that serve no earthly use, run
along the front of hundreds of our
houses, and it is quite easy, having
gained the veranda, to lift np a window
Bash and thus ( fleet an entrance. The
locks on the majority of t'.ioso doers are
of the poorest description, and offer
little or no resists nee to the burglar.
Many people, when they lock their door
at nicht. havo a habit of leaving the
key in tho lock, unler the icprension
that it will prevent any imisou using n
pick or t-ktleton key to open the door,
and so it will. But in this cape the
thief lists neither of these instruments,
He introduces iLto the key hole a very
strong, though lifht, forceps, and rseiz
irg the extr. rnity of the key, opens the
door with a single turn cf l is wrist.
Then, if yon h ave a key in tho lock,
let it be one that d-ics not open the
door.
the r.rnr.LAr. s Toons.
There is but little difference In tvreen
tho tiro's of a first-clans burglar and
those of an honest locksmith, for the
latter is often called rpon to pick locks
and to open s.-.fen when keys are lobt
and t'.me is pressing. There are some
instruments, of course, such ns a dark
lantern r.nd a revolver pistol not re
quired by the honest trudiemnn in hi.;
business, that are nli important
to the pr.ifeHsior.ul bvr.lar. A firs'
class outfit comprises a durfc-Lnitern,
silent-matches, was-t-iptT, revolver, a
large pruning knife, usefr.l for cutting
ont-door pant-Is ; a pallctle -knife, thin
and pliant, tor opening windows (by in
sertion between the tashcF, so as to
push back the epiii g-fastening), a
jimmv or small crowbar about a foot in
length, and splayed or crow-footed af
ore end ; skeleton keys with wards at
each end, cilUd " double-enders ;"
wires to lift lock tursbh rr?, r.nd a center
bit. This is a complete set cf ordinary
tco'.s, and maybe carried v; itli ease in a
small carpet Imp-. Hall-door locks are
large, massive, and usually tr.ke a very
large and apparently complex-warded
key ; but the burglar is wtll aware that
many of these wards are superlltious.
If he wants to make a key for such a
leck he cuts out a blank key in tin, one
side of which ho covers with vit.x.
Wards being simple obstruction Used
in the locks, he has only to carefully
insert the blcnk and turn it gect?y to
receive an impression cf then out cl
them on the wnx. Frcm this impression
a key is ea-iiy forced out of strong iron
wire. Of com bp, it is much simpler
than the original. Sometimes tic ore
aro opened with the pick-lock, which
acts by working outside tho. wards,
reat-hiug IV bolt that way ; but it re
quires more dexterity thin tho other,
and is successful nly i.-i tho h.mdb o.r
tho practical thief.
s.ur.s.
The success of the bnrg'ar when p
erafiiig on warded locks, c.used th-m
at length la be dwcanlfil from luoks
and mouey-heiMreH, in ravor of the lever
or tumbler lock, and the thief's fckele
ton keys fonnd themselves bent onto
effect in endeavoring to open them.
Ha the locksmith had to bo eircum
vcntel by fresh means, and the jiek-in-thc-box
was iuvtr.ted. lis object
was to break the lc:l ell er to rc-nd the
care so that the bolts miht be drawn,
back. This wa.i acsoiuplished by in
serting a T shaped bedt of iron in tht
lack, and then by means of the jdck (an
adaptation of tho principle . f tho lever
and screw), rcndi'.g open the lock.
This pi ten wan prevented by introduc
ing very smuil keys, rr;I pl.eing the
tnmbhrs, etc., cho'.o the key-hoh.
Having ben tb-feated a for lens while ct
the etifevlock, tlte-y r.i. longih tli'covertd
anew ph-u. vhioh to attach the
hlnnt s, pressing them i ff by lucarn e !
powtifai lover?. In this ra..n::er the
fufo of it !arg- firm in London w.'.e
j eiv. d, and an immenfe aroornt .f va!
mibh'S f tcl- -!i. The t'r.u brutifht 1:11
a?tion sg -inst U o sufo makevj who hsid
s .1.1 ti.- m the sfo ,;s ti.itf Toef, !o t: -cover
damiifc-s ; and f;r t::;; dtf. t-sr,
the burglar, who lad teea capt;irci
and smteii!'.-'!, wat phiefd on th. st.ir.d,
and deposed that thero v.at r- saf;
made that cot.M r.si.-t ru f.t;r.ck pro.p
erly mada on its hicget. ATier this
trial tho safe-m-tkers cvunti r -sn.td: their
hinges, and at the prefect time- wo mi
safely sty that tho tici has l!io v,erst
of the lutilo.
tils. r "rn .TTTrr.
Afte-r the lock has I ee; eve room? tV
bnrglar i-.r.s oftor. to ririoie ;h'-r b'dts.
To do this it is sometimes neevs:Ty tt
cut out one of tho panels. Ti is uiC 1 to
19 tfTected by news of
Nov, an intnjTvv. nt. c.dh d a p
:roi e'.tt
tcr is used. A tr -
-it w nil a g.m
let point is ihnrtt- isda tho centra i f .h'
panel. Thtoigh th'u t!ca tlids a
cross-bar, carrying at one tx'rexaity u
rdia: c.i'ting teol, which cvi b.. nd
ju.ded to move at avy ve j -ir.d i.-.li:v..
At the head of t?-e s.'.o:a ii a doable
r-rmed lever, which works the whe
machine
tr-r;.ent will mako r.
J:t le in a few miuutv b
alnut the barghu's crmer tl," bo ly of a
fimall boy, a.d tho door iu qnieli.y nn
fahtcnol. The only safe-r..uds aro to
have the doe-r lined with sheet. iron cr
ttuddod with m--.it:- irregularly deposed,
now the Jon is rrr vr.
Evtrbudy knows th.i: the thief sel
dom, if ever, breid;s into a home 0:1 al!
the? particulars cycernirg which ho i-.
not well pe.sted. Ho Ino-vs how many
people live ia the house, and tho rooms
they sh-. i in, and the hours they re tire
to re.-i. Women r.nd chth'rcn watili
during i'u-1 oe.y, prvl this watch will b?
tept up far diva and 1 ighti nniilr.1
neceesary inform tion has beenobtaint d.
The barglar., who generally go in
threes, select tho time when the police
o facer Las just passed on his weary
round, to commence operations. If you
hive a watch-dog, it is drng-jed ; if you
Lava a corrupt ecrvant, he Las been,
perhaps, bribed. A mold has been taken
of year house-key ; a panel is removed
or perhaps entrance is effected through
lie windows opening on your veranda.
The burglar, who has pulled on thick
stcckirga o-er hia boots, moves rapidly
anl without toise. Tlate and money
are his two great desires, but he will
take almoft e.nj thing rather than go
em )ty-l aEded. So cleverly managed
is the whole sfi.iir, that the polico offi
cer may pas3 by a doer cut of which a
p.va.'l La been replaced with a sheet of
painted or gr&ioed peper provided for
that purpose. O a! side a comrade is on
guard, auel the burglars ara carc-fal not
to leave tho hou?a until the signal that
the const is clear. Immediately on
reaching their quarters the thievea
change their clothes ; the next thing fo
do is to get rid tf the plunder, than
which nothing is easier if it be plate.
Jewels are also readily disposed of, but
not so profitably for the robbers.
With all that has been said, there is
bat little danger where proper pre
cau'. ions ure taken. It is a curious fact
that theEe raen who inform themselves
eo carefully as to vthat and where they
can steal, venture little willingly, and
they aro cartful to learn whether your
bars alone protect your house property.
Keep a goad dog inside your honsi and
a revolver at ycur hand, anel you'll have
bat little trouble from burglars ; and if
they do corce, never bring down a light
when you go to see what is the matter.
Young Stick to It.
There is a deal of regret expressed in
speeches, letters to agricultural papers,
and in editorials by kind-hearted, well
iiatentioned cdiixrs, that the boys are
leaving tho farms. Xo doubt many
young men have reatizad the fact that
farm life is no harder than city life.
Many have been wise encur-h to return
to the farm after testing tho realities of
life in a city. Bnt the boys who leave
the firm for the ci'y or villages fellow
the example.? t-f elder men. Th num
ber of well-to-do farmers who have re
alized beautiful homes, reached middle
age and h?.vo told their farms, bought
vuiage or city lota and settled on them
with a view of "taking thing3 easier,"
is not a Fmall one. These men do so
with the same or similar motives with
which young men leave tho farms, and
they rre as often disappointed in the
results.
Wo know farmers, both young wnd
old, who have abandoned profitable and
beautiful farm homesteads, removed to
tho village, invested their capital in
trade, got rretty thoroughly ' cleaned
oat" in a business in which they hael no
practical experience, and have bought
baek their homesteads at an advanced
price, running in debt to get pesressian
of them, and working hard said con
tentedly to pay again for what they
once posse-t-sed. Some of theeS men
have said to ns within tho last two
months, " a farmer is a fool who sells
his f.irni thinking to have an easier and
happier time in a village or city." The
eTct t.f such reaction in the caso of
these examples upon those who stick to
the fnrni is exceedingly wholesome. It
rendeisthem content. They have not
waved their substance in "putting up
stakes" tnd re-moving from " the old
landmarks." They have been steadily
accumulating as farmers and gathering
about their homesteads all the modern
appliances for the conservation of com
fjrt and content. Tho farmer who
" sticks fo it" is sure to win what city
inide money readily purchases inde
pendence, hr.ppinos", and a sense of se
curity whh is the result of well-eloing.
I2i'.rtd 2'cw Yur7: r.
Vt ill W hisky Fretze?
It was ht ly stated as an example of
iater.fe cold that in Montana, on the
night of the 13th instant, tho mercury
in the therraoan.ters all froze small
quantities cf mereuiy ia vials became
congealed, and proof whisky placed out
of eleors froze solid in half an hoar.
Th:.3 last item is the only one which
Las elicited nu expression cf incred
ulity. Tho proof whisky that froze
iii ladf an hour is regarded by a con
temporary as beyond belief. The freez
icg of the mercury happens at thirty or
forty degrees below zero, but absolute
alcohol, ii is declared, has never been
frozen, though Prof. Farraday found it
lockeel a little turbid wheu subjected to
a temperature (artificial) of ICO degrees
Velow zero. High wines contain 7o
per cent of sdeohol. Proof spirits of
government standard f.ro placed at 50
p v con, alcohol, end a? the Nowaih
(S. J.) Advertiser remarks, the alcohol
this Montana whisky contained would
have separated from the? wuter in the
progress of freczirg like the "core" in
a fre-ztn barrel of cider. If it actually
frcz? solid it was a harmless variety cf
w'-isky. Ia the severest cold of the
Arc tit; explorations proof spirit never
u-o?. though there v.as a burlesque
about the men in Parry's exj edif ions
chopping tho brandy oi;t of the cask
with r.n ax. The probable explanation
of tho Marfan phenomenon i3 that the
spirits were ?vt aside in an open vesse',
wi-ca tho whisky evaporated rapidly
a k! kit the compoaeut water frozen.
Cold Paris in llio Winter Time.
Tie Tar 'sin ns da not know how to
rr. y snow. Snow-bell parties end
sledding are unknown, and young and
..hi go v.oji!!y about tho streets half
bi'Lt end heavily, n.3 if just ready to
ivo way beneath tho burden cf this
great r.fi!icticn. There rre many rea
so:.s for this dread of t.ncw, but the
..Mile f ia probably economy. Fuel is
,--o;!(,e ind dear. A majority of the
pro; ! do not buy thick woolen clothing
for the few cold days that wc have dur
'v.j ti e winter, and within tlsry crouch
ai.-ti.dly b fore tho little &ratc3 in
ivhi -h one cr two Fuia'I spiecos of wod
arc bare ly k"pt alight, and throw out
rio 1 r;d. The contrast between the
r. u-iog fires e njoyed by onr c:mmon
hd.-r rs and those kept up by tho weli-to-do
bourgeois of Paiia is very striking.
Iv on the larger ebateaus are miserably
v.varv-1, and it is a U-ipele.-s task trying
to take tho chill off your room with the
Utile f i--'s given vol; for the pvrposo
II. o poor cannot think of huviigthe
luxury of a fire, and the little handful
.f charcoal or hra!; used to prepare
the et if., or tho pot an :, is itnme
eliatc'y extinguished wlieu tho meat is
prepare cl. Hero cold weather entails a
vast a'i-'or.r.t of misery, autl snowy elajs
i.ro regard-. d as nllhctlona which must
bo beri e, but whicu cannot fail to have
a depiet sir.g it ilaeueo upon tho mind.
Thr heavy grades cf leather ma1o in
this country are so lar Bnpcrior in rpaal
itv to thoro raatiufacttuml iu Ki trope,
ihat nn efi' irl. is about being made to
ii.treidiioo them in Go many, in winch
country our leather can ba delivered
below the cost of tliat made ia Europe.
FAltM AND PLANTATION TOPICS.
From the Bural Carolinian.
DEIED PLANTS AKD THE IB TEACHTNGS.
AJfrienel who had devoted much atten
tion to vegetable physiology, especially
in its relation to agriculture, lately
fchowed ns two interesting specimens of
dried plsnts. One was the common
oat, which the botanists c'ass among
the Oraminccc, or grasses, and the other
vetch, a leguminous plant, allied to the
garden pea, th9 bean, the lupines, and
the cloveis. The plants had been grown
in flower pots, from which the ball of
earth had been taken and carefully
washed away frcm the roots, leaving
them unbroken ard entire. The oat
plant, or, rather, clump of plants, pre
sented a mass of roots which would be
likely to astonish the nnobseiving farm
er and open his eyes to the necessity
cf giving his crop breadth and depth of
soil, as well as something to feed upon.
The bulk and weight of the roots was,
we think, two to one at least as com
pared with tho parts growing above
ground. In the vetch, on the contrary,
the proportion was reversed the roots
making not more than one-third cf the
ent ro bulk. Now tha vetch, like the
clovers, is found to be exceedingly rich
in nitrogen, and therefore very valuable
as a green soiling crop. When plowed
under, it enriches the soil by snpplying
'he required nitrogenous plant food.
Where and how this and similar plants
get tho vast amount cf nitrogen, which
they siore up to enrich the soil, is, per
haps, an open question. It was former
ly believed that plants like vetch, gar
den peas, buckwheat, etc., whose roots
are comparatively small and of limited
extension, absorb ammonia directly
from the atmosphere through their
leaves. Late experiments seem to show
conclusively that this is not the case.
They get it through the roots exclusive
ly, but it still appears certain that it
mc3t be the atmosphere that supplies
it. Tt is (iu its elements) in the air, the
rains and the dew which permeate the
soil, and in that laboratory of nature,
and decomposed and made available in
the form of ammonia. These facts, thus
briefly and imperfectly stated, teach
several lessons of immense practical
value to tb.3 farmer. 1. That different
classes of plants have different modes of
feeding, as distinctly shown by their
roots. 2. That certain leguminous
plants, and probably all of them, in a
greater or less degree, are great pur
veyors of nitrogenous plant food, and
should therefore be made use of as
green soiling crops to enrich the land
for the grains and the fibre bearing
plants, tho lime and other ash elements
being cheaply obtainable to complement
them. 3. That in view of the fact that
the fertilizing elements which ere elab
crated in tho soil come so largely from
tho atmosphere, it is cf the utmost im
portance that the land bo well broken
up and iho soil kept loose and porous
by judicious and frequent cultivation,
so that air and moisture can freely pene
trate it.
IMPROVEMENT OF CLAYEY SOIL.1?.
Ono of the principal defects of clayey
soils, especially where thpy rest upen a
subsoil cf the same nature, ia tho ex
cess cf water which i3 held in them.
The only effectual way in a majority of
cases to get rid of this is by thorough
underdrawing. Thi3 draws eff by im
perceptible degrees all the excess of
water and opens the soil to the free ad
mission of the air, which in iis passage
through it imparts warmth and such
fertilizing gaes aa it may contain.
Open drains or ditches, though less
effectual, are useful. In some ca?es
water furrows, terminating in some
ravine or ditch, Fervo a good pupose,
Lime is exceedingly useful as an ameli
orator of clayey soils, inducing chemi
cal combinations, the mechanical eifoc
of which is to break up tho too great
tenacity of the clay, while it adds, at
the scree time, an element of fertility
which may perhaps be wanting, Ovp-
sum, or pdaster of Paris, has the same
effect in a still more powerful degree.
Ashes, coarse vegetable manures, straw,
leaves, chips, etc., aro also very useful,
ad ling new materials to the soil, and
tending to separate its particles and de
stroy their strong cohesion. Clayey
iand3 must never be plowed when wet.
(T.OVElt AS AN ACCXUrXATOIt OFKITUOOEN.
We find it stated that Dr. Voelcker,
by a series of the most exhaustive an
alyses cf soils and of plants, has discov
ered and established tho fact that an
immense amount of nitrogenous food
a?curaulates in tht) eoil during the
growth of clover, especially iu the sur
face soil ; amounting, including that in
tho clover roots and tops, to three and
a half tons of nitrogen per acre; equal
to four tons and a third of ammonia,
If this bo a fact, tho wonderful effects
of clover, vetch, and similar plants on
the soil ceaso to be mysterious, and the
farmer need no longer buy ammonia in
uis commercial fertilize!?, but only add
to tho soil the lime and other ash e!
ment3 required, which can be cheaply
tarnished m available forms.
CHEATED THE BUOMCS SECAMSUS SWIN
DLE.
Sometime ago a specimen of wheat,
in which there were a few grains of
chess, or cheat, was presented to tho
Fiiilade-phin Academy of Natural
Scier.ee?. It peemed at first as if the
scientists wero to bo confourded and
nature made to contradict herself. The
specimen laid before the learned men of
the academy was a head of wheat, to
which email branches cf chess were
united, and apparently in a very natural
manner. Tho specimen waa finally re
ferred to the " micro-copical section,"
who report that the thing was a trick.
The chess was nearly inserted into the
wheat stalk, and held thero by a sub
stance " which tho committee believe
to be giim tragncmf h."
WINTER PLANTING IN TEE SOUTH".
In ordinary seasons, onr winters in
tho lower couth, cr South Atlantic and
Gulf Coast regions, are t o mild that the
hardier vegetables grow finely, and ro
ma!;i uninjured during tho coldest
months December and January but,
occasionally, severer freezes occur, and
the gardener must be content to take
some risks, even in the caso of the
hardiest tpecies. This, in tho limited
operations cf the family garden, he can
well tifford to do, for failure costs mere
ly a littlo not unpleasant labor and a
few sseds, and success rewards him
with cn early and execltei-.t crop. An
ox : -liontcwutrivaaco f r securing plants
ia rows against frost consists in two
boards, a foot wide, nailed te getiier at
the edges iu the form of a three-eor-n
red trough, made of light thin
bonrd3 ; these aro easily handled, and
a few such protectors will bo found very
useful. It is better that tho ends
should ba closed, though the mere shel
ter of the lateral pieces will Ijo enfiielent
iu case of light frotts. In planting
seeds of any kind at this seasou of tho
year, it is ln?st that tho rows should be
slightly tkvatv-d above tho gc-neral sur
faee, ai d the covering bo light. A good
fay ia to saw tn t ho rnrface, and then
scatter sift c-ver them a littlo vegeta
ble mold tr light soil.
CAUSATIOX OF INSANITY.
A Physician Who Does Rot Believe in
"tmo; tonal Insanity.'
The New York Tribune publishes a
lecture delivered by Dr. Gray in Belle
vue Medical College, New Yorfr, of
which the following is an extract : The
lecturer referred to the long list of ex
citing causes, and said that, whatever
they might be, they finally inducted
insanity through discorded conditions
of the brain. Ho deprecated an at
tempt at dividing them into moral and
physical causes. If one moral cause
was competent to induce insanity by
giving rise in the mind to exciting or
depressing ideas, then any cause may
do it, and there will be no limit. All
the circumstances of human life could
be enumerated under causation. The
speaker referred to causes found in
books and reports of asylums, as often
of the most frivolous and inconsequen
tial character. He spoke of the fact
that all the so-called moral causes
the exercise of normal human pas
sions and emotions arising in the
circumstances of social life. He
said the rage of jealousy and the
passionate grief of disappointed love
were only the intense expressions
of natural feelings, and that the trage
dies growing out of them only Tent to
show what humaniny might be and yet
not be mad. Insanity was not simply
a disturbed reason, but a profound
disease of tho brain ; not a burst of
passion, but a loss of identity of rela
tion of persons and thing's ; not a mys
terious intangible something, but a dis
ease which writes itself over the whole
physical man, and which, if not arrested,
advances steadily in his deterioration
to death. He maintained that the doc
trine of causation carried with it the
treatment that as some maintained, if
iasanity was a diseased mind without
diseased brain, the wholo question
might be relegated to priests and un
professional men. Only as a disease
was it brought within the scope and
duties of tho medical profession. Being
a disease it was of the greatest import
ance that the law of causation 6hould
bo well appreciated, that the patient
bo put under medical care at the earliest
possible moment. Dr. Gray presented
the following conclusions on this point:
1. Whatever causes operate to pro
duce insanity, they only do so through
their final interferenca with the physi
cal conditions of the brain through
physiological laws.
2. So-called moral causes are incom
potent in themselves to induce insan
ity, except through tha physical failuie
which ensuo from loss of sleep, lack of
nutrition, undue strain and consequent
less of rest and nutrition of the brain
and nervous s stem.
3. All these adverse conditions a?so
ciated cannot prodece insanity except
with the final agency of physical lesion.
For Love of an ianpr?s.
Lucy H. Hooper writes to tho Phila
delphia Press from Paris: "I have
heard lately the following melancholy
and romantic little story relative to a
royal lady whose personal charms and
sweet and graceful manners have ren
dered her as unconsciously dangerous
to her masculines adherents cs ever
Mary Stuart was of yoro. It appears
that during tho latter years of tho em
pire the attention of tho empress, who
ever has been distinguished aa an intel
ligent and munificent patroness of art,
was called to the works of a rising
young painter a Spaniard or an Italian
by birth who had just completed his
studies and had achieved admission to
the salon. She was pleased with his
pictures, purchased several of them,
and gave him a cominissiou for two or
three others. Finally, at his earnest
solicitation, she consented to sit to him
for her portrait, which proved to be a
striking likeness and a most admirable
work of art. From that timo forward
the young painter haunted assiduously
every public place where ho could ob
tain a glimpse cf his fair and royal
patroness. When she went to the
the .tre or opera he invariably occupied
an orchestra strll in front of the impe
rial box, and when she drove out he
sought to cress her path in order to ob
tain from her one of those graceful
bows and one of those sweet, melan
choly smiles which she alwa; s bestowed
with such courtesy upon fhoso who
saluted her. At last came the war and
Sedan and the republic, and park and
theatre and opera-box kcew that fuir
face no more. Deprived of even those
passing glimpses of the imperial lady,
the young artist becamj morose,
gloomy, and misanthropical ; ho shut
himself up in tho solitude of his
studio, and employed himself chiefly
in reproducing his portrait cf tho em
press a wotk which met with ready
salo among the friends of ioiperialism
in Tdria from its intrinsic merit no less
than the fidelity of its likeness. The
other day he was found lying dead in
his studio, with a pistol shot through
the head, and. with the discharged pis
tol still clutched in his lifeless hand."
What the Miah's Visit to England Has
Done.
Tho Cologne Gizetto states that the
shah's visit to Europe has occasioned
many alterations in the external appear
ance of the upper anel middle classes in
Persia. Shoes aro worn, the baggy
trousers are reduced, the chin is shaven
an innovation obnoxious to tho ortho
dox Mohimmedau the cap is not so
high, and tho whole dress is a mixture
of Armenian and European fashions.
Put chairs aie not adopted ; they arc
used only for European visitors, while
the natives fold their legs on the cushion
or foot-stool. In religious matters the
old fanaticism is less frequently dis
played, and tho missionaries enjoy great
liberty. Tee numerous Armenian Chris
tians are conscious of the protection of
the B isaian ambassador, and their in
fluence is materially inei eased by many
of tho foreigu residents marrying their
daughters, as European wives often go
to Earope, and are a burden rather than
a comfort to their husbands, while tho
Armenian women are not inferior iu
Ioek3 to their Eaglish Bisters, The
old abuses in the government still exist
Tho army is a real plague spot.
Iron Furnaces in Alalmnaand Georgia.
Tho following is a list c f tho furnaces
on the lino of tho S;lma, Homo and
Dalton railroad :
Kami-. tnc.vrios. TIN.
Eii! "0 Valley it 'inp, (a ! OH
.K:j -l-.tna, fit 12 ' B
"Sinui.'wa!1 Sior.owall. A'.l H II 1!
TKMITIiKh TtTUTTISe:i, Alii 'S'i tf I!
ilmk Kim Griffith, A! 10. ...III!
Woocnl'cii Ai!', istol), Ala 11 HI!
Shelby N i. 1 t'ohiuaiana, Ala 14 II ii
S iclr.y Ni. '2 Or-Iurul.'i.'.L.i. A'a I'l II I:
r.riartit'U KriHrfiPlci, At 0 . ... 1 1 ii
A'abama bilt Crwk. Ala ..20 II II
C.ruwi 10 ' 1!
1'oucil Mountain - "J C U
The two last aro on tho Coosa river,
below lijme, G.i.
The above furnaeos are all chireaal
those m irked with a () are out of blast.
There is at tho present (hue stacked up
at these furnaces, ready fi-r shipment,
nearly 1,000 tons cf iron, which in the
i?greeate is worth nearlv half a million
dollars. The sale and improvement of
this iron would be a considerable item
of freight to our railroads, and the
return of that amount of money would
cause many a smile to radiate over
faces that are new gloomy and despond
ent. Chattanooga Commercial.
Second Best are Yery Good.
A great many stock breeders go on
raising very inferior animals year after
year, because they have not the means
to purchase fancy animals at fancy prices
to breed frcm. They have not the
means to purchase $10,000 heifers or
$30,003 bulls ; and so they buy nothing
and keep on using animals for breeding
purposes that cause their stock to dete
riorate rather than improve. There is
no necessity, in raising cattle, ' for run
ning to either extreme. If a farmer
cannot have the best stock, there is no
good reason why he should havo only
the poorest. In many respects a sort
of middle course is the best and the
safest ono.
If a man wishes to make money as a
breeder of fancy stock, and has the
means to do it, there is no doubt about
the way ho should proceed. He should
purchase tho best animals to be had,
whether in this country, Canada, or Eu
rope. In this way he will produce finer
animals than have ever been produced,
and there seems to be no limit to tho
prices that stock fanciers will pay for
superior animals. Tho breeding of
short-horns, especially, has become a
sort of elegant pursuit, and men of
means have adopted it, not only as a
way of making money, but of gratify
ing their taste. In England, thort
horn breeders from a class midway be
tween those whoso tastes lead them to
study literature, art and science, and
those 'Klio give themselves up to pleas
ure. If, on the other band, a farmer wishes
to improve his stock with a view of get
ting more milk from his cows anel more
and better beef from his steers, it is not
necessary to purchase animals that com
mand the price stock fanciers are willing
to pay for them. They can accomplish
the ends they desire in a much cheaper
way. In truth, the progeny of a $10,000
bull will be too valuable to use for giv
ing milk or making beef for the butcher.
The bull is too valuable to use on any
thing but thorough-bred anicrals, and
for this purpose alone he should bo
kept
Farmers can always obtain very gocd
bull3 for the purpose cf improving their
stock at very reasonable prices. Some
times they can obtain them at an almost
nominal price. This is the case when
professional breeders have an anim-i!
that has some slight defect, which
would disqualify it in the eyes of thos
looking for the best. Professional
oreecters, wlicse establishments are
ited by buyers, do not care to keep
such animals in their herds, and are
often glad to dispose of them at almost
any price. The slight defect might dis'
appear in the next generation, and it
may not bo of a nature to injure the
form of an animal either for giving milk
or for making superior beef.
During the past few years, color has
had much to do in determining the
valne of fine stock. Fashion, which is
but another name fcr folly, demanded
that a short horn should be rod iu
order to bring the highest price. Boan
or spotted short-horns were worth much
less to sell to professional breeders,
while white animals of pure blood, fine
pedigiee, and faultless shape could not
be sold at all to breeders. In truth,
the breeders and owners "cf these white
cittle did r.ot want them on their es
tates, for the reason that they gave the
impression that their stock of fashion
able color were likely to produce ani
mals whose color was not fashionable.
They wanted herds of uniform red
color, or at last no further departure
from red than i3 roan.
Now white cow.! will giva as ranch
milk as roan ones ; and white stfers will
bring as much as red ones will. They
are as likely to bo good breeders, anel
possibly after a few years whito may be
the fashionable color for short horns,
Indeed, tho pre judieo against whito as
a color for short horns is fast disap
pearing, end those who bought white
animals a few years Rgo and fed them
properly aro now receiving large div
idends ou small investments. Some of
them have very fair herds cf pure
bloods, and lare numbers of cattle iu
which short-horn blood predominates
We have mentioned these as a few of
the ways by which farmers of smali
means may, by a little tact ami a small
expenditure cf money, improve their
stock. By changing the bull every
second or third year all tho evils of in
and in breeding may be avoided, and
his change may often be made within
the circuit of a few miles without the
expenditure of any money. If one
farmer has not a sm'li?ient number of
cows to jastify hirn in buying a blooded
bull, then several farmers iu the same
neighborhood should unite in tho c
terpiise.
The Brain.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, writing in
tho Atlantic, upon the brain, says :
"No sound .Tcrkiiig brain, without
enough good blood to build it, repair
it, and furnish the materials for those
molecular charges which are tho condi
tions essential to all nervous actions,
intellectual and volitional, as well as
those of lower grade. No good blood
without a proper amount of proper food
and air to furnish materials, and healthy
organs to reduce a sufficient quantity of
these materials to a state fit to enter the
circulation. No healthy organs, strictly
speaking, except from healthy parents,
and developed and maintain A by
proper stimuli, nourishment, and use.
No healthy parents no help for it. We
are, of course, applying the term
healthy to the brain, as signifying much
moro than freedom from disease. A
healthy brai i should show, by the out
ward eigns cf clear, easily-working in
telligence, well-balanced faculties, and
commanrling will, that its several
crgttES, if such thero be, or its several
modes of action, if it works as a whole,
are properly developed and adjusted by
themselves ami ia relation to each other.
"If we could only bespeak a brain
for ono of tha freshman class cf IS00
as we lay out for sn unborn colt to run
for a enp in two or three years ! But we
havo to tako the brains as ti.ey come,
and tho range of difference is so enormous-,
that one is tempted to my there
is no such thiLg in iho abstract as a
good education. Havo we not seen
young men who had been for tbree
years rained on with professional teach
ings of all kinds, upon whom the
auxioms of science had bo::n dropping
long enough to wear hollows in a
atone, and who havo coeae out of 11 e
showers of instruction with intellects as
dry of knowledge as if Mr. .Mackintosh
Lad furnished each of their brains with
su impermeable rtura mater ?''
USEFUL KNOWLEDGE.
Cabbage Worm. After trying vari
ous remedies, we have found boiling
hot water from a watering pot, the
simplest, easiest, and most effectual
mode of destroying the cabbage worm.
If applied quickly and not too long on
the leaves, it produces no injury. It is
easy repeated as occasion requires.
Family Glue. We make our glue
in the following way ; Crack up the
glue and put it in a bottle ; add to it
common whisky ; shako up, coik tight,
and in three or four days it can be used.
It requires no beating, will keep for
almost any time, and is at all times
ready to use except in the coldest
of weather, when it will require warm
ing. It must be kept tight, so that the
whisky will riot evaporate. The usual
corks or stoppers shcrald not be used.
It will become clogged. A tin stopper,
covering the bottle but fitting as closely
as possible, must be used.
The United States of America pro
duce annnally about 275,000,000 bushels
of wheat, or about G bnshels per cap
ita. Of this amount they consume
over 230,000,000 bushels, or about 5J
bushels per capita; and have about 42,
000,000 surplus left for sa'e, The
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland produces annually about 95,
000,000 bushels of wheat, and consumes
190,000,000 bushels, or about Z bush
els per capita. It has therefore a de
ficit to purchase, amounting to as much,
of wheat, as all it proeluces, or 95,000,
000 bushels. Thus, England has two
bnshels of wheat to buy where we have
ono to sell.
Stair Carpets. To prevent the pile
from separating at tho edge of the stair
and wearing off, pads are used ; these
are made of a low grade of cotton, cov
ered with the cheapest muslin. A quilt
or comfort that has seen service will
answer the purpose of stair pads. In
additien to increasing the lease of use
fulness cf the carpet, the pads prevent
noisy clattering of feet, and, in case
the baby should fall downstairs, the
injury received would be materially
lessened. When first laid down the
carpet shculd bo several inches longer
than needed, that it may bo disposed
of after each shaking so that a fresh
place may come to all the edges. A
wisp or small dusting broom is tho best
for sweeping stair carpets. After thor
ough sweeping a wet cloth may be used
to good advantage in removing all dust.
A m:VAIlOS DEATH.
The Speech ot a Jtlan on the ' Tolil In
Aevida, -
An astonishing display of bravado on
the scaffald was made at Carson, Neva
da, by John Murphy, on the 29.h ult.
To watm his feet before he left his cell
he danced a lively jig cn tho iron floor,
and said : " Don't forget, I am not a
Tom Paine man ; I believe in God and
spiritualism." Arriving at the scaffold,
Murphy monuted the stand, and eeatirg
himself with his legs crossed, waited
calmly. The sheriff read the lengthy
death warrant, the condemned man
smiling the while, and at the utterancs
of the words, " Dead, dead, dead !"
gave a hollow laugh. Daring the read
ing of the warrant Murphy walked
across the scaffold for a drink of water,
and, the officer pausing, he said: "Go
on, sheriff, I hear you." Murphy had
asked for an hour to speak, and by his
preparations it was evident that he in
tended to occupy all the time allotted
to him. He proceeded to say that he
had killed his adversary in self-defense,
and accused one cf his lawyers of fatal
ineomreteney. 113 then entered on a
loDg protest against capital punishment.
After reading extracts from the works
of Judge Edmunds, he asked foi a chew
of tobacco, and repeated a poem of
great length in the Scotch dialect, said
to have been dictated by tha spirit of
Bcbert Barns to Lizzie Dolan, spit it
ualistic lecturer. Murphy walked un
easily to and fro upon the scaffold dur
ing tha delivery of the speech, and
pointing to tho motley crowd cf men,
women, hoodlums, Indians and China
men congregated on tho hillside to wit
ness the execution, s sid. " Well, they
havo come to see mo cff." Kneeling, he
rea 1 a prayer from lr's book, and rising,
said to the sheriff, "I am ready."
He stood up under tha fatal noose,
and held up his clenched fists as if in
defiance. The sheriff approached and
pinioned his arms. During the opera
tion Murphy remarked: "I'd like to
give those judges a little rub, by
Seeing a friend in tho crowd, he
sacg oat, "Hello, Sweeny!" and then
has eye o night that of a reporter, and
he said, " You are a reporter?" " Yes,
Murphy," answered tho reporter.
"Well, just tell them that you've seen
mo in a tight place." The sheriff was
then adjusting the fatal noose. Those
were his last words.
Jewel robberies.
Mr. Jehan Valter, a French journal
ist, relates, apropos of tho robbery cf
the Du.iley diamonds, several anecdotes
about jewel robberies, no tells how a
speculator presentee! a report to the
directory making out that the celebrated
church oi Lorette contained 10,000,000
worth in diamond, etc. B.irras and
C irnot informed Bonaparto of the fact,
bnt tho 3 oung general refused to march
on tho place because he would have to
expose a corps of ten thousand, and
would probably find nothing when he
got there. In time he did manage to
seize on tho church, and found that all
the diamonds had been replaced by
rd.iss. M. Valter also tells how tho
mother of the late French emperor,
the Q:teen nortense, when she was leav
ing Franco after the invasion by the
allies, was stopped on tho high road by
tho Marquis do Maubrenil, who searched
her carriage and took away 20,000
worth of diamonds, which have never
sir.ee b?en heard of. This stc-y is all
tho moro remarkable as there was a
great fuss made about this Marquis de
Maubrenil toward the close of tho
second empire. He hael a lawsuit with
his wife, anel aa an outcry was raised
against the marquis continuing a mem
ber of tho legion of honor. It then
came out that he was one of tho royal
ists who had aided the Prussians to pull
down the statne of Napoleon from the
top of the column of Vendome, and
that while engaged in this act ha had
tied an order of the legion of honor to
the tail of his horse, and dragged it ia
tho mud. Yet toward the end of the
reign of the Third Napoleon he woro
the red ribbon una was in receipt of a
government pension.
Weather Signs.
A French naturalist Las recently
grouped, for public convenience, a num
ber of his observations npon animals,
showing that many members of the
brne creation may bo useful aa living
barometers. Bain or wind, ho says,
may bo expected when tho spidets
shorten iho last thread by which their
wel'3 aro suspended ; fair weather when
they lengtheu them ; and the daration
of either by the degree of contraction
or expansion observable. When swal
lows sweep near the ground, tittering
plaintive cries, rain is at band ; when
they mount up, fly from sido to side,
and play together, fine weather will fol
low. When a single magpie leaves its
nest in the spring it is a sign of rain, but
the reverse is the case when two parent
birds leave it in company. Bain is
near when the peacocks utter frequent
cries, when parrots chatter more than
usual, and when geese are uneasy.
It may not be possible to procure
sand enough for mixing with large
quantities of roots intended as food for
stock. The next best thing to be done
is to keep them secure from frost, light
and air, and to prevent heating and fer
mentation by the use of air flues. Car
rots, rutabagas, beets and mangolds
should be Btored before they are dam
aged by frost, as they never keep well
after being frozen. Western Rural.
Poetet is spoiled by the addition of
a single word. A young lady, after
listening to her lover's description cf
the setting 6ud, exclaimed : " Oh,
Alphonse ! Alphonee f what a soul you
have for art 1 You were meant for a
great painter !" Her father, unexpect
edly close behind, r.dded, " and glazier."
Will Wonders Never Cease? When
Dr. Walker ptoclaimed that he had pro
duced from the medicinal herbs of Cali
fornia an elixir that would regenerate
the sinking system and enre every form
of disease not organic, the incredulous
shook their heads. Yet his Vinegar
Bitters is now tho standarel restorative
of the western world. Under the oper
ation of the new remedy, dyspeptics re
gain their health ; tie bilious and con
stipated arc relieved of every distress
ing symptom ; the consumptive and re
mittent levers ate broken; the heredi
tary taint cf scrofula is eradicated !
Skepticism is routed, and this von ler
ful preparation is to-day the most pop
ular tonic, alterative, and blood depnr
ent ever advertised in America. We
don't sell mm under the guise of medi
cine. We advertise and sell a pure
medicine which will stand analysis by
any chemist in tho canntrv.
No r.sE of any longer taking the large,
repnMve, priphipr. drantio and tiaueoiis nil!,
composed of cnulo a:nl bulky ingredients, and
put u in cheap wood or pai-te-bc ard boxen,
when we can. hv a careful application of chem
ical science, extract all the cathartic and otlir
medicinal properliOH from the niont valuable
roots and herb, and concentrate them into a
minute Grannie, scarcely larger than s'min
tard BteJ, that can bo readily swallowed by
those of the motjt soimilive htouiacbe-t and
fastidious taetei. Etch of lr. Pierce's riean
ant Furgativo Pellet repreHcn's. in a mont
concentrated form, as much catliaitic power
as ia embodied in any cf tho large pills found
for Falo in the urns t-tores. 1'iom their won
derful cithartic power, in proportion to iheir
Bizo, people who hao not trio 1 them are apt
to tjiippo.-e that they aro harHh or dra-aic in
effect, but Biuh is not at all tho cae, the dif
ferent active medicinal principles of which
they are composed beinc; so harmonized, ono
ly the others, as to produce a mo-t woarchinR
and thorough, yet pently and kindly operating
cathartic. The l'ellots'are told by dealers iu
medicines.
An Kx-C'onlf lcine Iu Lurk.
J. C. I'orlean, residing at Happy Jack. Lou
isiana, who pave an arm to the "Lost Cause."
won a 63.000 piece of property in Col. J. E.
Foster's Oct. Distribution at Houston. Texas.
Lonisiuiiana aro investing largely in the Sec
ond Distribution, which takes place March 3d.
An Irishman called at a drug store to
get ft bottlo of Johnson's Anodyne I.inimei't
for tho liheumttiem ; the druggist asked him
in what part of the body it troubled him most,
"Be mo soul," said he. "I have it in ivory
uom ana corner er me.
For loss of cud, horn all, red water
in cows, loss of appetite, rot, or murrain m
cheep; thick wind, broken wind, and roaring,
and for all obstructions of th) ludners m
liorsos use Sheridan's Cavalrv Condition Tow-
ders.
Go to Eiverside Water Cnro. Hamilton, IU.
Dr. TiiII'.h Fx pceioran t is tli most vain
able L'iiiH Halt-am ever llereil lo MiM'jTrrs fron?
I'ulmouary disease?. It is plejaut to take.
vfc;i;taki,e piliojiauy hai.-
N1M! Most approved. ri'liabieatifi well-known rem
edy for Conrih, Colds & Consumption. (, t the o -nine.
Price $1;hiu&11 5-JV. Cutlkr Uiioa.& (.!., 11ohoij
A den's. Chan t'hanir s l!s at sUlit. NVrps-iry an
-on p. tiO( ds fr. o 'iiii i Iuiuk M t u .il'istoii.
C-J iLiiRhi) Sfi.nr "Rt-Of l;ttf w-r rat ret Bounty
by wruini; t. C. K A I'-.NOL D. t'n;ri mint i, ).
VM-I'KN I'K( I! KKI.1KHT. Ssfrly hymtfl.ft
. :irrular irce. L. 1. Ammh:, art ha;. Mo.
$75
A M'K.r-'K. Airrnt va::teri every wIhtp. For
OUIliLiC. I'iil iCll & WALivi.lt, i;ii to Ohio.
SOfi per day at home. Terrm fre-. AOOre
vl" H Uin.sn.VMiN fc t'o.. Portland. Mali'
$200
tnon'h to iijfiit-i cv rywherp. A1dro t
KlTKLs .on ,M y (i lo., l:uelianuiif M icli.
V OK NTs WA TKI Men and women f-i a
wi'i'H orfI"-ri forl't'iiod. Tin MM-ret free. Writi
&t once to CO WE N A CO., Mil street, New York
S
OilKTIIIMI FOIl YMU. Sent! ntKiii ai.tf
pel u. f r'e i aw AU'in -s
JIUKST ct CO., 75 Na snti s;ree IS'ew York.
C Daily to A eenH. K" no-x ar'icles anil tht
t. f nest family I'.iper in mriea. wan i
Jocnronios, tree. Am MT Co.'tfHi Kruaiway, N.
O 4) r"C PKK OA V commission or S'JU a wek
imdfj fwtiary, aim expenses.
Weofter it and wtl
pay ii. Apply now.
(i.W chhrd:( o, Marlon.o
(
Onboxof Cary' ToJ"rtt Cnk Towdrr
wHlmake-apintof HKF f M.A U lN4i in mniutM.
f l.Urvrdi., tl.libj mail. IU U.O. Cur, Zunvillr.U.
)
Omsnnf En;p'tnjntrnt At lionio, mal or female
w. weeK w ri an td. ocapital ru'i red. Pnr
ti.'Milars and val'.i ib.e srn;p!es - ent ir.'e. Adl'"is
with fit re nrn siamp, i '. liirsy, Wiliiani-burKh.N. V
GUNS.
111 At t o . 1" l .N
jili rvlr.ei St Iannis, Mo
P3 TH K A ltTot 'Krrret or (y tilif r Wiiiliu'.,hT3
C-uj him! n i o 1 P'-tl r wic yer lor ti t"ty eoril
CCj '!'in-si " VhNTI LA'JO!'." Jilt-niiim C"3
Pjlh ton. We t Virini. aiuple cepies lie.-. CT"3
catarrh mm,
Piml utamp for
i tin liiiormn-
i . etf. fo
MIAMI -COL.H1V. JL
4 OVKRTiSKItM Serd cts. to Oko. P. 1'ow
Z kli. A ( 0..41 rark K"w. N. V ., for their v
1hitot 1 OO j'rtf.T, coniH'ninff lists of H.uhj newt
ie.i'irs, artn est; mat n fr w n.c 4t oi m ri
AGENTS WANTED S,
-ejni lor Sj er men pa," h aiI onr ejcira terms fo
Ohio, or M em pli !.-., Tei; n
$250
A KUXril.-AK'-nh u-a!itM evTy
w liPTe 1IU.-.I rH--s li nori'.tiip i 11 .1 Hrst
Clx-. Pliri-'-iilnrs scut trt-.. jvHreH
wosl il A St. lout-.. Mo.
rsV IS phji'T 1 1 printed witli iiik uriusli-it i;
1 lrn :ei Hl-U J 'Im '! Co.. Vtl So. 1'ifl fo.,
I'l:1!aleliliia a- i O'.i .n:l- sir." t Nv York 1'T
mile i'l 1 i :uhl 2"i m ci.ni hy si it TH r.HN N'KWs
!. l'KU U.VIu.N. liviiie Tenn.
ItlFf.l.S. SHOT-M'XS. PISTOr.SxrKEVOI.Vr.ES,
K J"
Af Tiwn'i tTrvV'rul- Sefirl dtniin
I'll ( nlf I" CM. A'l.ir.-M urcus
nd Piftt-vi tVoika, I A I K JtHiJII, PA..
COTTOX! COTTON!
r II M K earliest arnl nittst 1'roliiti- ('niinii in thr
1 win Mak-s from in : hale5 pir here. fo;r
week prlier i ruin ;xn v ut her ot ton Semi fo.- rir
r:i!am. Aliress W. il. LIoJAULY, l arro lion
Carroll ro'inty, ! isb.
SENT FREE
A Hook expoBin the mysteries of WIT T Ptn
tml low sur mm may op-rate sue- II null uli
dcssl illy w ill a i npi al ol .riO or $ IOIIO. o n
nVip in-trtl' Pons -'i:1 illu-ti Atiolis lo ..l,v a.l.lres.1
TlMliltlDeil'.&tK. I'.ANKKKSailO HltoK f.KH,
i VV.. Il uri et. jvew oru.
SONGS OF JOY !
A -KV.W (1)1,1 K'TICV fP
HYMNS Is' I ) TUNK8
1 i".n.y adapt i'! lor rrayvr aiel Camp M.'eiini'H,
Chr'Rtirtii Ass.M-ia' ions a'i'l Family Worship. Ity
.1. J!. Tkn s icy. lloarils. :ii'cnl : Klejthe lolh
:ii eenlK. Soiil no; pV.I on rc.-oipt rr t!.. i rv,.
I.KK & I1KI'AHU, lintton.
TlltC IiKHT in the Wot M.
Ii li i I ii i v.'rsnl -. tlisr'ai: ion.
VKI.VDKHKn, Kiiiiioinjr.
niloM. roor.. 're id lo iioi . t-ionr
S.WKS HUiS,&,V.
On, v cur's aviu' .vii l lo v a row
XO MOKK MM'H I'.Uh.Ml.
V. t-Ufr MiO'IT. . a i 1 -r lictirr.
KVC ltV ltlll I'mUrs It.
Tll l-ol'l-s Hlei.ll 1" lover. I . it.
SKI. I. S like llirri AUKS
i-t! --fllil ut ..no.- I;T .Ml. I.li-r l(i
':. V. (iltAM, v. fit.,
170 11 italic hi.. Aev 1 ork.
tl KLVV BC6.K SLL I ALL
fflfi liyMf. St. il:.
u v.: tr t f Salt I,kM it, f'.rtfi
. . ) n M'HMi'.n lli-li PiiiPt. It U.t
. n fi.r" MiuinniiU'in" u-iil'--
n tt." hnrtt, 1'tire mill it
vt 1" - k f'iit, mill tmtlU -nil etlu n
M :it!t'Tn phv " '.'. wj"t i.
;nt- if. W't wntit ..' -mtn-r tni-.tr
1 i:,tI Outfit. Vrrv to n'l wrrn Wiil
.U (nil J nrticilnrn, ut tvr.
:il.is,i;iii; t j., CINCINN onto.
tiu .MV
s-.-l v.
C-iiivrus. I
!:.:-: j.-'n:
Iw.vn C:;y i
a:.
C OUKfcSlMKXUKM'K ISM I b I
WilhperNors (i('rf:i;; lo v Xih iik' 'on' h ru
We t-oi J, all !.. h prefiauil ei )(:;,. i 'li i'l'in'm
proi tiK-i fr I'lVt.sloifi IM M I mi. pr peny, nii'i
111! I ililir ri'Sl! M'il HH l" Vil'H KM It I 1 1 1 1 1 I ' I ' t M
i lieOlS K-.H it r. 1 I KH V II I N' V t 'llSi I-
lr-i- hiv r-taiie. u .r-.srnle nil it a - t !n p r'at-i -1
'ig ro title' ! por.it n tj ete. il. ii. Wa i !!- i.f-,
T !i vi"t i n tj A (Mt, ol " Pi tie m r-e t, f-t. Lou h, M o.
Iili's ii mi v kind I' t . I .oil pri.i-en v. r. i ';.nn-
115'
Table Knives and Forks of ALL KINDS
AMI OlUulftAXlA i-XCXCMSfc MAKU14 V
ml
And eTdnsive maker of the "Pulent lT-ry or Ollu'-lrl KnIO. Tlio mil DiirnMt W hit
lla mile union 1 ti Ir!inoT n never eel loose, are not Ri7....ea njr liol wairr. Aireli lor
Dm - Trade Maik." llKHIUhN I't'TLKKI lll ft on me i.ia'le. Wrrnil ""' ",a
liy all dealera in Cutlery, auO by Ifce MKKIUKN I'L'TLKIt V CO., I'.i e liaiiiltera ilreet, .V-w t ir.
Waukesha Water
MINERAL ROCK SPRING,
CnnM Dropsy. PyMpopila, IMahUB, t'f nntlpalhin,
t J ravel. Jaiiiid-rV, Biiniifn, IdwaM mmftilr.,
Fever Par. h, Femlflf Wrnkne,iD all 1 1 lortiift,
all iipases of the Khlneys at d Itver.
Pric k fhirrelH, (1-; hair do 7; rai a Jnir. deml
Johns and bjtt e-, h cm per gallon ; par k g- ex
tra. Money must Heminpiuiy the on er. Hend
Rtamp lor our hook of pKtt, giving description
of the above diatev
c. c. olin & CO.,
Waukesha. Win.
$5
TO 920 PFTl P4Y wwHmadbf
..... U'.. Hul. K..a,.
riils allow thetyuntry to sell our Fin
rUd Knirrvin(fii, Chmnioa. t 'rayon Irir
trurH. IiItiminlHiri-. i'tii-t"rrih1rf7.. ta
We now publish Ui liMtMtafitortment nvtr phwrd h('r
the puhhc, and our pri Are niArLtnl ilxwit no low mm Ui
dnfj all ronii,M'tltlTi, TtiM who c&imot tjtie the hml-nt-aa
thir ti"le tlntA, or ffo far away fmra Imnm, can add
a banil-teime lit tin mm t ititir Income hy worklug (or aa
In their own local ttiii during t lir tMre tfrnn.
We have matiy old awnta at work (or un who have
made oaDTawinitr for Umkii, pnini. eto.. tbir huaHttMe
for years, and they all reHrt tUat they ran rotvke mucb
more money at work for ua than at anythum Jm. Our
pricHe are ao low tlit all cn affi-rd to ptirt.hae, and
therefore Ilia plottirea at 11 at ultf ht at a I mow t every Ixxtae.
Kew b"piDer do aa well a acenta wtio have hut lar-ra
xpotienre. for oar tauUful inhjecU and low pric mm
apprrcUtea hy alL To make liirne aalna ereryw here, all
an mttaut ha U do tt toatiow the pl turt fnra bonae to
boaite. IKwi't leKik. for work elaowht-re until you have
anen what irreat Induot-'raenla we o0r you Ut make
money. W have Dot taoe to eiplaln all hnre, but amid
OS your adtlrmw and we will amid dill particular-, frwe,
by matL lont delny if you want pmlitmhLe work for y'r
leisure hours, or for your whole time. Now la the favor
able time to engage In this biialne. Our ph'turae are
tho liuntt and nioiit plAaatria to thta conn try. and are io
d rsed hy ail th l)&4lius papira. 1ncluellii the Snw York
BraiL Tliee who cannot art the huiurMwa tliir mi tire
attention, can workup their own localities and make a
bandnome aura tdthont ever boing away from ticme owe
nhdit. Iet all who wantplAaaant. profile tle employmeDtk
witiiout rlnklna capit-al, amd ua tiietr addreeaee at onoa,
and larn all about the buameaa for tiMUidv, I'leaae
ftate what paper you saw this adverUaecueut lo.
Addreas
GEOUOi; HTINSON Ac CO., Art PablUben,
Fur t land jliaUDr
B 1 B B D
OKI I'M A NT I DOT K - -IUso.vere.1 l.y a nirTerer
Hiiiolreds onre.l tlie !an ear o min elllt
stamp to 11 ilrt. V. M. HiJwoK.lt. ljivaiport. 1ml
CLAIRVOYANCE,
The sp ritual Myn prr, the Medium. Hrret. Mp
(liuni itiip, Mater'iallattou, tauicht lu f'ff ho.ks. hy
th- w riil fanie l s.r. lr I' H. Haiiduipli. 1 rire
l',u' bn!U work.. 7i eents. Address.
K. COK-ON, Fuoilsr er, Toledo, Ohio.
TIN WIRE RINGS.
.Will liol Kn-t nr make I he
',m JlU('. Kri'.
s v jk.iruwnrr uuBlem Hr 11 Itlom.
llmi'tr. 1.0O: I'm Hu..p, r
ix.c v.opper..l llmtoi,
.'Hle.s I tiugH, 1 .jr,: hy nia,l
Tn.rttpiiio. Cireulam l,;o.
II. H - II IU A t u. lcciur.Ill.
VUt) wish a Tiiouoruil preparation fr
IjUsIiiobs, wi 11 find superior ail vantages at
Moore's Southern Business UNIVERSITY, A: la it a, Ga.
The latffBt and Itent rrnctieml ntiMnma Hrbofd
in the South, jitr Htudcnts can enter at any time.
4s-Sond for catalogue to B. F. MOORE, PfCa't
t lie A me i-lra u ,r vpaprr I nlon nnn hers
3Ter 1 ,''" papa rs, aeparatt-d in to Hcvrn an hd i via
ir. tib. Foraepirato liat aud vi.mtt t alert i
address ii. I'. BANBuKN 1H iicuruo Bu. CUicatfo
'his t.iw Ti u 'W Is worn
w Hi! porffi-t v mti r
i U;ht ard day. Adant
its.'il' to every mo tun
of the hfM'y, retulliltii;
Knpture ii' ili r Hi
I n -? t e erri e fr ,
VtTf-vt f ; 1 1 1 until rr
I taneotly ruled. Sold
Elastic Tniss Co.
i;s:t llroaitnav. IVfiv link I'll)-.
. t l.y mull i hi! . i s !,.) lor eir. -u. ai aii.l i.e riire.l
,m, THE GREAT SOUTH.
N f, K S M ii A 7. 1 N K fr 1 -71.
M0 IV tea, ami CO it I Lld'vrR ATMI,1
I he MiO-t itnuJi!fi fUi work ver p ilil h tied in t lio
oo; n ry. Jn-I t tie th 1 ok f r mml hei n aei! ts Kvei
NO'iiliiin mat) will m ish t A imi fold in i ontof to
a i:h kI.'vh or alore tf do .rnl tie peioln) Sie I
Kiiravinif Horn .lulht's reinm-ned t)tl I'ai tlin
' nl ii id ' Lib' I M i-ei in if of ( eu m , c it .! i- k -oui '
S-mlf.T dr.iiar to AMKitl' AN l'1'M..I-JI
IX! CO., llr Kai flolph hlri'., ( Iiii hi;'!. Ill
TEXAS LAiMD
BistrWici!, $175,000 Wcrll
And $2 5.0 00 'n fo!d. nt HmiMoti. Tt-ira -, Mun i.
;i ; e oio se.l hy tin' ity 'ounril, A himhh voininl
f. irouiur. T.'j.i Map- a d .i!n p!i lt.s M-nt fre
d-lrfsi.f. K KdsT" K. 1 1 on ''on. T nt ru r.n
lurfitm wtth t'-r TjoAon. H'tyfif A" J.'t kirtt tit
any oi- r xhnt art n' rfni..
WATKKS' MOW SCALE I'M MIS
t''i'' lel itiadrt r f ffnrri lilrf fi ol tt
tint f Itiir titf !. ow'r'tit pti re -m-f fi r-i
iV A I liiiS' l r It I'd OlCU 1 4
am-; ' Vrii-f lhl ti Ioiik") ht aiit)t they 'f t
iaf)iii pe It tun. 7'fi nnrr r I o o i fl r
tiiU ff ll'f llitfMMii i-lre. I'ltli
K l it K l KliV I.IIW r-"- ihhIi ltrliu (III
loitlli- IM on I ti I v I iilliirnie ifrvnl(
on I'lnnoK. at 1 U '" $ M ortoiiiK, 1 1 t
irrid) liniitl I Mni'ir .1 fo SI,
mnirthlv nltrr Ard leMlt. AJe.
AM I). A lttei-4l iiivinmif tt T'-ftt t
.lni-'v.'o-f. fiKlAn rrrr'n, l.o it , t tr. etrrHf
HI liicrliieof f tliO flitile. Illliitiatet
Hlelu-seoea Inilt-rl IIOKA' K i A I r II
&, ls ISroaitway, Jr v a ork H"i i-x
' standard American Billiard TaWcs.
NKW WK.SIC'H.
Pittrnlfd Jiuir 6, 171, r.ml Dm'inhrr 25, h7l
H. V7. COLLENDER,
Ilidiin V CJolIondor,
No. 7M Br.in lWHr, : York ; 1. I), tin I . 17.
CIci'lis. BrI'r. rn. . ftn'1 -vcrvihlic S) rmlnlii
to liil iHpli hi luttpNl prii ei. Jl!;itir..lr.i utmli'ifi.
s-iH by muii.
3J:
IK
PUEE COD LIVEE
OIL AND LIME.
VIIIora t od l.ivf r Oil and I.I me. e taons
who Jiav- hri'n aV "i i,i ver un in oe pienreii
to ha' n thai Itr. Wdhor f-aa an r' dcd. frm dirt c-
lienn of M'veral pi ot s lortal K''t,tl'iueii, In com
bining the pore (; nd Inn" In Mirh a manner that
it I t p. oh ii!t lo th" last" and Km lle;t in Inn
c.!iip!Ain n ar- tr i y wonili-nui. ory itif.ny m i
moiis wliie -a e. wiie pronoi:nred hrtpeleHH a-.(
a h hc-d t:-k ti the i:-ar )( for a loin: limt- wnti
out niark'P 1 eifwi, l ave Icon entirely rured
uhuX t In -i priiprat'oii. Itf mire and i;t t tie ki nu
in. Ma ii ra'- urc I only ly A. It. Wi i- !'.
t IjojitU!, hoiilon. -Sold hy all druKKiti.
BR. WHITTIEIi
Vo. 617 St. Ch.ar!e3 Street, SU Lozls, Via.
intinarn to trfat aU mm nf nirI- in inr lr'
ii i iiriiic", (.) ii m ut r M ' fo,h r-iulia fn-i
ii. li-T.-iioa or ifij rii-i. ti- , mik rpml!,i'"i eiie-'-'
Or. -.' t"-tit)li tnirti m ttmrUT"! hr th.' Mitf -a-
'il, !. fuuu.l. 1 mil ht l0 i-Hf -OilnhM M -
a r. r.-T!iri mi t niil,Jn r. .tt t. HOi ir-t-oU
v.-ral DH'tl'Ai r..M-- , i1 r.'.v-nr r I p- if
loftR r.i fiif.. i..f,. !,r. in lu l " i I" h uo jwrMt
.-. mt'ti.'ff Mini an -tn ,1 hi x,l th- ,, .m.a
Br- l.iu tr mi- I i o i ol ' j-r .-vert H
! 1. 1 r whi 'ii'- "r J f"H tli" t o ir.
r. r vt '" ' i4 t.iM"4 t) .i, I a;. tr
low. fipsr , i fM!l .. Ufb-b I, ft. ! .
t(3AL?FAGS guide,
I K;- i ; . "I .r ! ro-tl ifl'.uM l f I t -t tr.
It ' -r liauti r-nitfi.tj tiln. turn1
,. u . "i ' "I H i' IN 1 1 oi I 1 1 1 I " " rr an.
!. - e. - ' yft , (he i- - ii...f lr W
tf t-l th-mn-hi it-m :
U K-.i' t ' '" : " ' H ile-l. f.-l r"t 1 t le .
P I (IOIA"i V, or rrtul i t niB
M . , . i.U.i im.) I- o, O- .mIi.h' " 1 "
1 . , , , , , f ,( , . IU , till I ., tit- I 1I I I V. I II lUII I I i
i. ., i .. I,. .!. " . . . ..f tf, ti.. i mi y i ! '! ,
,:,,.:! ! . ..r ir , - f I ' A I .'"', ! ' A
t, ., i ;.. . v. a ' i -. I . H i i.l I m a o , i-iit I'liiu.uipii..
fcL T ROSS.
MA .
Dr. 4. WalkorN Calii'oniiii ln.
"CTiir Ililll'I'H iiro a pnn ly Vi v'ctal.la
iinii;ir;itii!i, :n:nIo diici'v Im'M t iio na
tif lifi Un iiuuul on tin- Ji'wi r i .'litres ij
tin Sirrni N'i'Vii.I i I;ii;i nf CiIifiT
.li;l, the l;uij:i 'li :l ! l t i H ' which
in ctr;i tml l!i.!cl!iMii v. ill mi! llin ti.i
if Alcohol. Tin' lion i iilnnxt
.laily iisKcil, "Wh.it i the cm . of tha
!in';ll'.'l!lcle.l nili'i'i-.-t 4 t' 'im:i;!1 I5tT
t CKsf Oar ,!iisM r i-, th.it thev ivmova
tin care of i!l. ' ;r e. aiui the 'a!'int TP-coc-s
his health. Tin aie tlii'irrout
hlooil juirii'cr ai'.l a l::e i!i-r pi incijilo,
a pel ted i;'iin at'.r ainl l:i i oratur
of tho Kys'.ti'iii Never In l.n. ill tlui
li.ti.ry nf the tm!l Ii m ;i im 1 1 i v.iA l.eon
I'uinli.ill'iiti'.l i.i e Uj! ti e I. " ilkiililn
1 11. ill I ir.-i lit' V IN H. I! I 'I I'll II" i'l I II!:' tln
ii'k of ei ry ili-e.i e In in i - I I". Tlii'jT
ire a pnlle l'in'tl..- vi-ila- .1 Tuiue,
ri'liex inir t ;i o :i or l.il! cini' lii.ti 'l
iliu l.ivi r uinl i.-i ei.il i.i lhlioiii
I li.M'llMi'S.
'flu' propi'H ies f I i:. W ai tent's
I'lKtilAK I'll I rU an Ajierelit. I i,i; linretie,
t'linniiuilive. N ut rit i..UM. I..tv ilive. Inuretiii,
Se.l.ilive, lutiiiter liril.i il, .i...nli. , AlUT
tive. Hint . nfi-l-'kiiiu..
(iratiTul TliousaiHls proel thu Vih.
KC.au Umti:j:s the ni".-t won.!. ; I'ul In.
vifrorittit thut t-vir m.t.iiar.l tl..i hinkiiif
Ft0111.
No Person can lako 11m'si IWIIorf
according to direct ion .:, and remain long
unwell, jirovided their holier are not do
Btroycd by mineral poison or otlici
means, ami vital organs, wasted beyond
repair.
Union. I'eniitlent ami Inlcp
IllillOIlt Fovrrs, vhidi nro k prera-
lent in tho v.il'-ns of our peat t iven
tliroilghout tho I'liitcd States, esperi;illv
thosoof tho Mississippi. o!ii, Missouri,
Illinois, Tennessee, Ciiiid'eiland. Arkan
pas, lted, Colorado, MnuoM, Hin Ur.mdo,
l'earl, Alabama, Mobile, Savannah, lUt
anoke, James, and many others, with
their vast tributaries, throughout our
ontii'o cotiutry during tho Sunniier anJ
Autumn, and remarhably hd dm innsea
8oii3 of unusual lieat and dryness, are
invariably accompanied by extensive de
ransetitcnts of tho stomach and liver,
andotherabdoinin.il viscera. In thOir
treatnu'nt, a purgative, cxertimr a Iow
erfal intluetico upon theso vatiou or
gans, i.i essentially necessary. There
is no cathartic for tho purpose, erpial to
l)n. J. Walkkk'.h ViNKii.xt: IWitkiui,
as they will Fpeiilily remove tho dark
colored viscid matter with which the
bowels nro loaded, at tho fsamo tuie
Btinuilatin tho secretions ( f tho liver,
and Renerally restoring tho health
funetions of tho digestive oruans.
Fortify tin' lody airainst ilisonsc
by jnirifyintr all its thiid.swith Vixnuu
ifi i ri:t:s. No cpidetnio can t.iko bold
tifaKsteni thus fore-armed.
Dyspopsla or Indiesl ion, IIenl
aehe, I'ain in the shoulders, Couh
Tightness of tho Chert, lii:ess, Sour
Kructations of tho Sloinaeh, Ihul TartO
in tho Mouth, r.i'.inui Attache, l'alpltar
tation of tho Heart, lnll.uiiiiiaii.nl of the
Iams, I'ain in tho reyioti of tho KK1
neys, and a hundred other painful pymp
toms, aro tho c!h prill.-.;! of 1 spcyw
Ono bottle will pmvo a better .'a. irarUiO
of its mcfit.s than a len-thy advertiso
tnent. Scrofula, or linirs llul. Wh'To
'Swelliniis, I Ii er , layMjn l.i, S eile.l N k k.
(iiiilre, MT(iiiIein lull. hiiiii.iM. ns. Indolent
Iiill.niiin.'iiiuii :, AI.-iemi.il A (! I inn, Old
Sores, la iiiilinns of lln M.in, JSorn lives, I'tO.
Intlie e, m in nil nllu r cmi ti!uti..iil Inn
eases, A'.i.k lac's Vivi'iu Iiini.im havo
kIiiiwii tln ir pretit .inalivo i'imii ia tha
mo t olrlinufi) u 1 1 1 iiihai 'till ile i -es.
For Inflammatory anil Cltronlc
JMtctimatiMii, emit, ihLou'. Iteniit
tent and Intermittent I'evers, I iseaKciol
tl.o J;l 1, bivir, Ki.lnevH nml bluliter,
tl.p n r.itti ri ,:iv Ho eij'iiil. Sin ll l)in:aoH
lire 4 :111 i-.l ly ili.iti'.l iliiMi.l.
.Meclianical IHsraso. ivrsnn on
fraed in Paints and Minerals, Bucb aa
I'lilliibers, Tyi.'i'-M t'i iM, t ; I I heaters nrid
Miners, ru they aiUi'iun ia hie, mi mbjee
to Jiuralv: of t!m IhiueW. Til g'l.ird
nj-'aaist tlii-. tn'.o n ihi-n ,.f W'a'm u'b Via
l.i I A H KlTTl'wS lie -.1 - inl lill !y .
ForSK'in Pivascs, F.nipiion,Tct-
ter, Siilt-J.'lieian, llli.tc In , Sjii 1 1. riitij)lev,
l'listulcs, It.iils ('allium ! , b'in irw.vn.fi,
Senld lieail, Son Kyi ', layMj'i l.K, I'j.h,
SeiuTs, ln-eoli. rati. iiw of the .-km. llnri.orf
ami HN-asr of th" SKin of w Ik. fever nimo
nr nature, aro literally ilni n i niel rmrn'A
ent of tlie f Vftem ia a : bolt tain) hy tho U..0
of the-o Palters.
Fin, Tape, it ml oilier Von:i,
till killlt ia the M'rtelll of Ml 1 1 1 It 1 1 ' t 111 .IlKill.lrt,
uru rlleetnally ih'f trnyeil iin.l rennA piL 't
M'stl'lll of llieilirilie, im VM'Miil'ii(!es, 110 Ml
tiielniinities will lieu the f-jX.Mii Inmi worms
hko theso Hitter.
For I'Ymafc ('ontl;tinf, in young
or oltl, marrie d or Mii.'le, nt the i! iw 11 of w
lilillihoml. or tho turn of hie, Ilie O Ionic
liitter di!ay hi l--i.I.-.l nu iiifiwuc Uist
iiiiiriive!iieiit ii (ipmii jiiti i'l'til.1".
Cleansollio Vitiafi'il KImh1 when
ever yo'i l;!ul its imptu it Imr tini; thrnnnh
tho t-k in in rimples, Krnjitioiis, or SnrJt
cleaiiMi it nl.en yon fail it oh trnetiHl ana
Fhictri ll in thn veins; I h .ni-n it when it U
f.iul i your lei liiiL's w ill tell on w hi ii. Keij
tlm hloi.'l pure, aiel tho heaftli of tho Hjvteiri
will lnlliiw.
it. ii. Mt novw.it ro.,
IrniB;it "telle'ii. Aeli.. S i:i Ir inn .Calif mi
autl e.,i. !' V .,." ii, -T. .n mi. I I liinli..'i sr N If.
Hoi'i ,:i Hi nui! l-i. iml 1) ltr ,
Habit Cured
A c-rlalft ftll.l Nlirr ruri.. lOetnt lin-,lllrrlil'hi',
ftll'l Hi ll.'lllll. All HMll.l',1.1 tllllt Nt.lll.U p.lH'lr Oil IU
null Hu nt. tv'Uil for In fjiiiiri. i ly luni.',.liin ill
Cftr yt-t trtlhlnrj). r.ilil ill hi liff I . 1 1 1 ii. ill. . ef lilllitlrfU
lli:il h iv li;. ii .riiiiiiii'iiOir cii.'l. 1 i' I I in In Imvrt
(IIm-.ivi re I anil ir...1iiri' I llin in r. 'inula a I, AMI
O.NLr M'HK ll'll FOR (.I'll W KATIMt.
Ilt. H. It. COM.I :, .n fori. Iml.
D.M. OOLKV, Sole A g I. Situ I hrrn Mulrt,
A I iMnlii, tim.
II Mil PI (Jlil-t t lliHiin. N'l
I'nl.ilrlly. l.rie. iri.MlerHln.
WH B ! Mlt.il. I.'il Hll' . .'-. I '.'M rilN-t .wM
.4lHJlllrriiu.. AU Ir."Ir.F.l;. M irli.V,iliic.MIi !i.
f O f nml vt r.'-CH n
Hi h to in- mn. A.MruM
A. L. MOl'l'Al.ll, Jim. .Wile, Mult
i0KPHtr.E HABIT .i-rii?
ui. .1 I , Oi . I k i. nl
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