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BOJty .V TBE PUhlLE.
BT D. It. JOaDAS. Boyml flowers nith the heart of Rold, And robe of the ngtl TyiiMJ hue, What Is the happy thong ht yon hold Deep in yov.r chalk- of cmiil dew 7 ' What it the apll that twiniw heart's eaae To tbc aonl bereft, and the spirit sadT What la tb senimoaa, unbtil breath, That ootues lik a dream of all thinjri glad? IV-wer of the heart, t tnrn to yon Away from the rrwa,nd mignonette, Away frwo the dainty hex.,troi. And tl e creamy tubaroe WTOter yet ; I hold yim close to my brtt(vniKbt, Longing to feel the myattc ipeu That onlr whliT1 o' happy l, rrom ihe fragiaut depth ol y Uny u. J5l"ateJ are they who arr poor il-heart," Willi none of liTc.B polili-n cup tr bill?, Howirareit of all that niade life iwf t Have only the memory of life"Sn; Ji wear this beautiful flower of bnught B..rn in the purple of ltf delist, Out of iu crncih' e aweet and rare, Heart's eaae came to my aoul toiight. HERALD AND MAIL. THE USE OF SARCOIIv. The indulgence in narcotics some thing to dull, stupefy, and scoVe the nervous system is a predominai fcn. man -weakness. Natnro has beet-an-saeked for narcotics. Tobacco, opm, letel-nut, Indian hemp, even Bne kinds of fncg., are employed for .a desired object. When tobacco was flf iutrodnced into Europe, "80 rtearlv everywhere, looked "Pn .libka bv the minorities. Cue effor that were made to nuppress it amounta r notlrno- less th.-n persecution, an ally believed their want ol 6ncccss furnishes a eerionithis form of vice can be By HORSLLY & CO. ASI DOlJtUS. Thb Japanese -whittle false teeth out of solid ivorj. Nattbalibts Bay that a single bwaI low will devour an thousand flies in a day. "Prrnsa pull-back necktie onto him." is what the Missouri lyncher now call it. A T.nrT. AnntAinnnrirr raid one of its columns, "After Thoughts." T That'B what : COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1875. VOL. XXI. NO. ). V the state of large townsjn Lancashire ; and since that tin e the rv is every rea son to believe that the eVihas largely augmented. The increase k the quan tities of the raw material, imported wou!d alone be sufficient to lender this probable for, while in lSo the im portation amounted to 111,000 founds, it had grown to 356,000 ponndsV 1872! No doubt a large portion of this" enor mous quantity is employed in thaman uf act are of morphia or other alk lipid 3 and is either exported or employffor legitimate medicinal purpose ; bnt is difficult to account for an increase twenty years of 203 per cent., except n the supposition that the drug is mote largely U6ed as a narcotic than is geneii lhe facility with winchl concealed ren- illnstrationof aheuselcesn?es of legisla-ters direct evidence on the subj tive interference with the individual Bjfficult to obtain; but euch evidence A 3 a.. 6 to r I. ocrUimatA freedom of action.- Iteerves also to illustrate in some measure the strong hold whiub, the taste for narcotics obtains over the mind, especially as .tobacco is ono of the mildest narcotics "in us s. Among ourselves, not to men , tion H'.v Saz-iCH' vell-knowa "C--vn-terblupt," many petty restr.ctione ere 'aid on the tale of tobacco during that ft monarch's reign, and the import duty n was raised from twopence to six shu w. l;r . .-.1 lnnfm"." a pound. In Eng- in - --r-- ' . - land end elsewr.ere, reroonFixuuuo tu .,- rn m. :u i.r.aiM. a were cin v uuihuu'k- 3 u ,,i l.acco ms.de its way steadily into favor, r PV ' t. II a t o, lej' ;in K ,' i iea j Oil. ' . tr te ica in thi fiv nai iau ich iin; Ir nd! of tee iex be wi ntl HE he t1 ne' ,00 Wh (on inp tin lit Thi ma ;e -d ioi int e 3 ti 8 e -fei tai "cw IT iSl h. itc oil lej eh mi ap apt lol L U! ri ro he Vn nd vh 1 ce ret an els e in fr t d. 0 tl ' I t I t i i 1 i 1 ih. nd in believed to be now in nso among ' not less thari 800,000,003 of the human .hi Mersuros of a severe natnre Lave been fii-.ina to check tue use Ma Of T ;T.r oA havn bren finite as ncsno- 'fl ceesfu!. However apathetic the Chinese "1 may be in rfspect to most tmngs, niej i' wili not submit to the withdrawal of 11 V their favorite narcotic. But in case of i.'il . dangerous a poison, some restne 1:iy tions are as much needed as they are on the tale of spirituous liquors among l. ol. t.nrrelves : for the CfTjCts lo I. It mill ) of habitnal . i i l 1.(it- Hi rK excess are noi ie8suei.uiuic f imbitnal drunkenness. ui iuj i-Hi irisooers confined in the house of cor- tlr.rtv-five were M l-M 1 V 1 1 V ' LI I U l"t"' ' . IOI1IHI IU una , ; . who bad been in reouipi. u month as wages. ls'1 seventeen. r-ifliteen fchillinpfs a r. .t r..,tTT-f.mr Rbillinrrs for opxuin, "Vj;. t),e difTerenco being obtained by theft. ... 'V. i.' - eon;tai-v noint. nf view, the re- Milts are tonally sad. The confirmed Nr"1 . ;m.o.tr, in thn rait seldom lives ' i r t eyond the age of forty, and may be recognized at a glance by his trembling M""! iQ o.l nrvl snine. his sunken, V.m'i.- i qt-.I eallriw. withered fea- s" V0a T1-a mnsclep. too. of his neck rffm hpmma contracted i in. Hint iiuo "'-v -Yet incurring even this penalty -will i,i l.im t indiilze his vice only for . . Vr. " " ;7 ' i n 1 1, f tim. Unlike the "It ITlimu . 7 , 3. t t.w, cnmimKnt Which We Cl r u,,tit of hnnper. and wnicu nature herself renews periodically, tne can be procured tends to prove that above supposition is correct. We o rnnpntlT tippn infnrmprt Iiw th aical attendant to the workhouse in vit our larger cities, that a week OBMr . . . UOUBC,nja t'-f I,-, l,oa l,,,, 11U AAVJ AA II UUiUll, when fc.Tingfrom the depression eon sequent 4oir ,5 abstinence. even go.n 0 ti1(,ir j,nees to bn- tha 1 1 .4 . - e n tuDgter to them an opiate. "fc.t""' ." tt Bason, w believe that opiMuinj atiaiulant with many underlet n)rworied artifln laborer4 ,m inquiries ma3e bv F tT5 j clurf5ymen, ana orh ero, ti"lu ppenr to be especiallv --"g.iuiniurai aismcts. la the fenfstriefs of Xincolnshire, a -...oui i,:ia!i opium acts as yiw against tlie effects of a aamp ci many of the inhabitants nave may become addicted to its use. Anott form of. mm evil among the lower classes 1 found in the practice of adonmis soothing mixtures to young o tor the purpose of k-sep-mg thet. in one instance, a moiuer,) rier child was unwell, naa lccq to place a rwo nf cruae onta mouth t" suck, the aea.n oiicl being naturally the consequci though cases of such gross an.ie ignorance as this are no doubl iB certain that the ad- mmisjraoothing sirups and cor tiiais is ioniy resorted to. In large mring towns, where momers employed in factories during their infants are fre quently l the time in the care ol nurse hese Tr0men Rpl.irim feel any 10n in administering au tpi-H wno is troublesome. It canno widelv known how greatly sv.tice tends not only 10 vuo 01 infant mortali ty, but aVerraauput injnry Gf iuo tuuo.y muucing convul sions andar nerTOUS diseases. upinmf if8 forms enter8 under Pizarro, they found the natives chewing the dried loaves, in exactly the me way in which they have continued to chew them down to the present day. Efforts were indeed made, soon after the subjugation of the country, to put a step to the practice, for the plant had actod an important part in the Peruvian religious ceremonies, and its use was looked upon by the conquerors as an obstacle to the spread of Christianity. Nevertheless, the Indians persevered in spite or every prohibition and severity. Before lorg, too, the owners ot mines and plantations discovered that it was to their interest to connive at the habit, as, with its aid, their laborers were able to perform more work on a given auan- tity of food than they could do without it. It has thus gradually become the universal custom to allow from fifteen X thirty minutes, three or four times a y, for the purpose of chewing. At tttse times the first object of the In di is to make himself as comfortable as Jossible, for the coca fails to produce its CTects unless the chewer be perfectly qni.eent. He stretches himself at full longa in the shade, on a couch of dry leave or eoft turf, and, rolling a few of the oca leaves into a ball, convevs them into lis mouth ; adding immediately, to brinpont the fall flavor, a small quan tity f unslacked lime, or of the alkaline ashes of certain plants. When thus engaged, the apathy he displays lo ev erytLine around him is something mar velous. No entreaty on the part of his employer will induce him to move. and. if he be a confirmed coanero. he is in different even to drenchiuer rain or the roar of wild animal 1 in the neighboring thicket. In what irav the bleasures of the coca-leaf manife t themselves is not known, bnt they must evidently be of a very seducing kind, thus to render men insensible to personal danger. Notwithstanding the wide prevalence of the use of narcotics, little or nothing is known of the wav in which thmr ainerent eflects are produced cn the system; and the problem is complicated by the number of active substances that enter into their composition. Ooinm. besides other mere ordinary ineredients. contains no fewer than eleven peculiar organic compounds, all of which are believed to share in producing its usual effects. It has, however, been noticDd that may symptoms of narcotism bear a close resemblance to those of insanity. The wild laughter of a man under the influence of the deadly nightshade can not be distinguished from that of a maniac, and the false impressions as to the size of objects, caused by the Indian hemp and the Siberian fungus, are a permanent feature in the malady of many lunatics. It has been by Dr. Carpenter that much lic-ht iuigm oe turown on tne connection be tween the mind and the body by study ing the phenomena of drunkenness, and it seems probable that those of nar- cotism in dmerent parts amounted to 6,300,000 pound? ; Spam, about 310,000 pounds ; Greece, less than 30,000 pounds ; the Turkish em pire. 1,180,000 pounds ; Georgia and Persia together, 880,000 pounds : India ffrom Calcutta). 935,01)0 pounds; Japan, 60m thing over 1J00, 000 pounds. TUE HAS FROM rULAKI !'i,r.. girous M.i'ri h. quantity 11 tae opium. V.";'..y ttus for a 1il?10 .rit-ii.i mr.jns also fail ; lv i'V'iltnr the miserable Ik wlii positive vice. The wastefulness of money which it causes, without a com pensatory advantage, is alone deplor able. Chamber's Journal. THE FASHIONS. Of the worlil ' - Till I II 1 (1 1 1 V 1 ' ' . . - - L 1 n.a Cl Tl 111 - I .... -.. " "M ;t nf the obinm eater gradually "'"""rr1" nervous diseases, might be made to yield equally rich i uni w.jvjmi. ---- . - v.nVif. I ijiuuuif ita fnrma mtm .nU rt - i " 11 1 diminishes as h;s sjbtem uccomuaU..- , iv irL ;: " , uu" luluK may a quite """ nuted to the drng. From time to time :"B ;;nJ . U1 u.7 Vl ceriaiD- ne use or tobacco has become . ii .iiiir 11 nih be t patent medicines eo freely ror domesti use in the preseifor th8 reason tn6 greatest cj0(1 in having re course to Taken, berhars. in tho firsr0 anevjato te tor ments ci toothache, what prove3 o y BoOQ becomes a source cion, which the wretchedo, on abstinence renders 1. difficult to lav aside. At be said of nar cotics, sue. of FOtaFSium amj nyi-rano qnently resorted to a 'peblessnesa : the system quig habituated to their use, an th 1 linquished cost of mnch suflering. iast mentioned nf these ICU una , - . 1 ,a . 1 - t iiin nnnnritv uru IIHH III Il UlllMU lutli:"-" ... ir t 4i. ut of ionrtii no increase win - man:, uui j . . . f, .riimh ..v1 rfr.'ot. Under these cir 111:. I rlu"m" . - .s,...., h cumstnnces ho lias recourse 10 u u- cxTcdient : ho mixes a biu . 1 1 : .. I n.,tll tf corrosive buouiuui tne influence ot wmcu renewed. I hen these when the victim must condition to wliicn Win n - : j,i t;i 11.nhn.blv. sooner or Will ' ' UO 13 " ""'"I' ' 1L. !.V.rc U r, he Bints into the grave On the ,iy. to fxr:t,,v,ie teuiptrament of tho Malays ii.nm , v ' 1 ,-incr. cf opium nna jaiiiu., - ---5 . ' ' i n-uea a state ol iranuc iury u-b and iiii """ in ii'imi , . 4 1 nno j Moil, - - - r . ba8been ' . iiainM. in mu in-m.wu. other . 1. ....... ,,1 11 o m 11 PK 1U O L lit I MisHi ,Rlie;1 ..r"s"55wtttaokme with 1 1, Insiiiot 1,1s crease or ua.rr c... j - - . i:.k. i. e ta po that it becomes necessary to l,,vie L .7,, with ns little com- .111.1 tat tnmction as we do a mad dog. m V'l'yaJ .iium is rot allowed to hi sold ( ,lriVr i ' n ndalieraied ft rm, the of In Java, xcept these beins thus in some 'itnina nvpp thfl mind a pov . oomr(ftr(.(1 11 ..r . . - - i3 iuik moreover, lia bie m ih novr chlorRU&m, as ulti- Tuoii:iV ,.vil consequenfi's fci'mi'W wrtpm are cotcernf d, it is aimoft eu- i:istwo- ' , .. ,, ,.r ;,i;ff,rei!ce in wliac iirei ""- - , ,rL..i, -Cd. v iiem" Hiiitl.r bo .. .i .. . I. , At -a tip. i.mUlni . ,J . a. nf mils, in the ..In. fi heated vapor, it spntdiiy -xerts 1 i ta 1 ori,ici.ns and almcsS irrcsw Jt.: 1 S flL over the mind; oo that Iliriu -'- - 1 A Tris the iron m?11 neeuea iu ic ,c ' 1 . . . . : 1 1 ; inm or.ee tne lisviti v.n'u , . 1 Pint-J. 11 oenn't1'.: intellectual and cuui V brcoree enslaved wai tho cases 01 toie- whose highiy- I iri'Kili'n, ,.l ih.-i'o . -inli lul scut Inm luniiil l jiii-miis f IS ll.iss holUi Muni. n.-irai' V'.- n.r vi r llitnd flTtH. -It I a sllil ll.l I li-s. rii t- si.lfol It Insl w.i k. - l-nl.t .! I:ixl Klllll. lr. Jo tin iincni sunt. . W.J.I Mib-K ni-xl Mllil tlW 'I'liert' 5-llll'l:l.V. flli'i'tm I iir". - Tin- K. Kali k.'hs1 : ninny tl.niH lo tl We an HS IM-.MI C Willi !!" . r. urn! I j-l .t'lK-.! Ill ii lii. li 1 1 a" thi. liandr inui liny tl. .lHlllt Ml. l'l . . u M liiiiiii' v tf,,vtliiit 1 ,l..r, we ' I W. It, 1 lal ll'H' mini. Ill' ii Norlli t iii.ml.'W. a flH'V HM 01..1 M.-tl.l . M i4.l l 111 .usti iH, lia All""-' " n, !M.1.T lil-lilv :tt ,-.iiit'l.'rb Atlit'"!,'n,p (or v.'i.rH, it N.il Hi I han Us for 4 11 !-. lit .I Mi. l'l ...iat l l.ii- , U4t Inui1 V lo I hi M iU vourown tri.iul"- .- llilr pnrlot tlit'l tlu- fiiiiurtffi ami vomers Mu Hliirli: IJll'.'lll o IMIU ll l.'il .. til." "ill" tins ll"" m nilopl titie. - l-.lKlltOI t.-riiiliit-'d U jirt.lt- rate Irullt'd wtJiiA-U now -MU-r i :.ilc inr-. 111'" lVssii" ll ni ty little Mi .. uloii in l.nt W HHttu-il Mill! J. J. WIlNI 1I t 1 li.e art u li t he n :irlies lliecliiH.e,i liiucli flie In- iioimlit i afterwanlac nnit then tl lirnnu t.eon fairly nrq even tho mo:t Tnted minds rr.a ....U illnttrated iu o.i.l V). Oiiinctv. .ic,.ri,tinns cf their experi- l csareVaiA to haebeen productive of auucl. evil among the educated classes of this country. These descriptions Sn t "ft, howt ver, Iw regarded as safe , riU ria of the usual ix-flu-nce of opium ou the colder temperament of the nor h 1. Aproriline to ui. son. it sell' 4 flVrt on iii. in the removal - 1 tinia rpnderine giM.m.n, u. ... "vrBl,lo com 4 ion Auit thePe small advantage in trin aw pnrcl ased by a period of fcub Snu."" pain ard d predion the misery Eo i..,o;.i,. n.-tins as a narcotic, no.-Messrs a '1 cvcinni mately bccito wreck iurmuH . narcotics cf .if. t " "zed races, ve bud a ppt-K. cmpiojed liy the natives t a(ld e a, joining Pyojia. It grows pic-iii"-j -jtchatka, and is there gen d fcr nse in eeverai j;tants ei;her gather .est months, and ni-H"vrin the open air. or leav and drj in tho grc poS)Ses8es Wronger na r Smal 8 zed Fl'Hwith ict excreacer-cea ore1 a also consult b,e fc, ftu the emooth f etimes u is eaten in ui r j8 takcn .rrVleherry; IOW IS Win,", . fnrm ,f - pill, and a si toadetool Christi- t"dm produces a more striking tho AngloSixon consHtution terpor ami mu- opium- These ol ordinary itj r 1 .. still in . ' jisibillty, of tho r. stoTi.tivo. aetin remarkable power as a rentlv checking "J " .' T 4t the natural waste of nervous energy it as nabb s the system to support fatigue, of biveath whien u vitably have sunk. lMi'.catu wmcn iu H l'orillis ii-jo"" muoit u wi -t of a lvn.ivnva otiii 11 iraLOU,i. " Vndir who T nrn"aimost incredible distances; furnished with nothing more fhau a bag of rice, a little opium ar,d a ;ot to draw water from the well?, r.ie r.,' . L,ri,r, also use it to sustain 1 1 v them, when comptueu i Rame plant that-V"3 and d .ytn crossing the arid deserts oi Xof itsv. ' C.-ntral Asia ; and in some parts of the indigeh 't it is administered as a restoratne P i.le. cv.-n to bones. . ant itself to to It is difficult to come to . any d efi- adapt ..,rtinairiii as to wucthtr tne Tfarth race as a in cons-e- ceneral be- llll" I 111114 t v'hvs:fal character of eastern i.arctitio has deteriorated Vn .l.inbt the I T' Ul ...t " ,i.irtA indnleence 1(-t IS lliai n.l it. U must necessarily oe lpjunuu, -'v to point to the enervated character .Mhe -Krksand other Oriental races trie xu . habit. ltlt among puysi.'b'""- - 't th Tne .-orrectlv represents the trutu. x with tne east, m'B"" "V t-i. T7tiell Biticn to it ; for example, Dr. Eatweu, formerly of the East India Company a leSS. has affirmed that, as regards hV creat mass of the Chinese, no inU lLSanf the opium they consume can be noticed, the people being gener i mn-cular and well-formed race. any V" Himilar testi Sony iuSct Ulhe Chinese, and Dr raony iu ". . native8 0f l rn u the other Kcindennu - ;8 o 4 " :,V;v Twnulation of opinion in. ' - ; of 41. ..4 . . I .1 Tl 1 1 wiiuill i' - ' - 11111V iriu.. 41-- , UDI uim evident that A New York fashion writer sav : In lingerie alone American tastes become more and more luxurious. Underpar- ments are made of fiae Foulard and Tusseh silk, profusely trimmed with Valenciennes lace, the colors of delicate pale bine, lavender, rose color, and ecru. lmportatioES of this clnss of made up toilet articles can scarcely fill the orders pouring in constantly, and the materials are also made to order here by fashion able modistes. Fashion, sighing for noveitv. concen trates her energies and love for extrava gance now on stockings and garters. Stockings are certainly exnuisita in fineness and beauty of design. In Lisle thread they are as fiimy und delicate as a cobweb in lace and silk clock-work. J'ut silk stockings just now command more attention ; they come in such tints as pale cream-color, varying to shades of lemon, orange, scarlet, and buff, again in blue, pink, purple, mauve, and sea-green. The designs embroidered npou them as copies of nature are really works of art. The instep of one style is worked with twin red cheiries and round the leg a spiral of pale cherry blossoms is exquisitely embroidered; another is dotted with moss rose buds in garlands; black currants with tiny green twigs, strawberries and red currants all find place in their natural colors upon these blockings, for which an enormous price is asked, and, so great is the competi tion, readily given. In the days of James I. garters were broad, with gold fringes and point Jaee ends, and these are now fashionable. Gart9rs are very elaborate and in orna mentation, and range in price from $5 to $30 a pair. Some of the most ele gant stockings have the top trimmed with' point lace or Valenciennes ruffles ; between these is clasped the garter. Garter buckles are made of gold or ox ydized gilt or silver set with precious stones, sometimes in monogram or in itial ; and in the way of souvenirs and betting gifts a pair of beautiful garters is purchased with the same considera tion that is expended on a pair of brace lets. Many of the most delicate in style are of white gros grain, trimmed with large rosettes and point applique; others are ornamented with fine rosetttes of lace and orange blossoms; garter buckles can be purchased in pairs and attached to a variety of garters at pleasure. The new boot in Paris, which ladies are now looking forward to with eager ness, is the Pompeiian. It is of black velvet and very high ; the legging in front 11 Venitian cut work, embroid ered with a tiny silk cord. The pink, red, or scarlet Pompeiian silk stocking is thus seen through the open clover of diamond-shaped pattern. Plain stock ings of decided high colors are all clocked on the edges of the feet and around the ankles in white silk, cr some strongly contrasting color. In this harlequin fashion brown stock ings are clocked with bright blue, black, gold color, aid purple. Ribbed stock ings are never clocked. Pnre white and unbleached Lisle thread stockings sell at from 60 cents to SI a pair ; lace-work and silk-clocked they cost from 75 cents to $1.50 a pair, and advance in price ac cording to the amount of work upon them. Plain colored Jjisie thread ho siery average in price irom bo cents to 62.50. - Striped stockings are being con demned for an irritation, caused by the aniline dves. sometimes ending in seri ous evils, and so if one can not buy the costly silk and embroidered stockings, there is nothing so pretty and modest mired with butte as the pure whiteness of L'sle thread Birnn. WhlCU 19 ca auu uuo iuiuiih8u- -. , Q ar extrtrUJi; 4 teitl tiiou aui.i p,.iii ccuo 441444 It u ". . , Cn 4 i ; . tv, -u;t;K .-;: at,Pn IU COUH CLOU HI . ll i I , U44C -D4444D44 41X14 bttblUU J and other sfrom SI to $1.25, and excellent fine the narcotio may 1 American bleached and unbleached, in it affords is much close imitation, from $4 to $9 a dozen. Tt has been deecr an intense feelin The Silk Markets of the World. attends all the opi The sun shines . i.U. o thUS laivrt. 4- cotic euccio wnr a very often end in Whatever ma ment ol the ngeHith unusual whQ ig lend .i iu. 3 be 3n. quenttroubWb ism, too the thQ size oi oi,Jc0tr0vel ti.ot a. man "uJe i. BY 1. mo8s a 8ira?v U1i" rrsiB foot as tnougu w. , truuk a tree. mi . i'.l..inr j w fiMiuua are cannou ' inch tl.nrrl. it IS UBtV fcu i'a ; Asia, auu itiv.. more properly ana iuu ",n a i noail conuiieu p Af- the native race? " yal va Hn8ia. its resinous Llll m a rPHluuuo . U44 " , .. . ln hftsap: and in.'- intJ Bnf : t n .i.it in tropical!1 temperate. Ind,n iB almost devoKJi sesses a strong 9" . 4 nl QlA r u jXnow ii i" 44. r mained long in " i... li4 flriAil t. or eaten, its effe1 powerfuh In flowers are gener nine not larger tt nn-pipe is suffieiei the Arabs and Syi is to boil the leav. 4 .1 ." X- u4 4 1.1.' .1 3 on Accuruixif iu u xe-fniiii, jubi j'uuiiBLiea fy the syndicate oi tne juyons union of i- im ui.ri nse of opiates, passes ihrougn ? Merchants, the silk crop of Europe coining exnnoi ""444 ...- - - . movement 01 iu '-. OQ rnnni, 0 n, . it not eonstauiijr f.y were migration the question I3ut rtst vear was, in round numbers, 9.050, Tt is however, evident that the QO pounds, making upwards of twenty "an Snly be satisfactorily million pounds of raw silk answered by knowing the real heen hnown to oaiiaDie ior xxiiropeau uBumpwuii. uua" . J . . 4 omiirff tne "tt" . . . in inn. hi inn nilail in tlm rAnnrt urn hich opium eating i'rcx. , ondition 01 mo nt w..u...w .uv, - ations. and oa i . v,;,tv rnncfl (with her dependencies. catalepsey, .u -jr'"- Snnin Clrm ho force 01 Kr4vi,''v' 't-t r i Conscious pauer Tnrkish empire, Georgia, Persia, nnconsciouo y t a eh,D. Th .n.i hatever posuiw'. i". bo ob- .lifTreiit Extern populations. iiai.l statistics can inift iij 4 ..v- . 1 lauuu. . ., 4 t ,ic,nitB m- simnar x - respect to tne Dm. i'i """j There is a formation in jvinguuixx. cn lrnff aco as The first and Bilk used in Fxurope. (Jhina ex- in ;iVf th At last together eupplv four-fifths of nM use " " . . -a . 1 " I ai lb n a a1 a drawn to the - ade into tiquitj. 1814. by.an inquiry u tVnen WltOU, VXXXCXXJ HUIU . mauguit ujtimud ,000,000 pounds. The crop of Italy Bit Bewildering -duties in the French Qumtriile at Lang Branch. A practical humorist from Pulaski has been dointr Lone Branch. lie gs off a good burlesque, but the fashion able todies don't seem to kow it. They think he is a greeney. Vlio is he ? We clip from Olive Logan's Long .Branch letter to the Chicago limes, written July 28 : Moltenbauer was slashing away at Girone Girona quadrilles, and six peo ple had straggled upon the vaf t floor and were looking disconsolately around for another couple to complete the set. They were about to give it up in despair and return to their seats when a middle aged man who had ai rived that day, and who somebody said cam from Pulaski, Tenn., stalked into the parlor with aa elderly woman a hold of his arm. He made a bee-line for the fourth place in the quadrille, the tix people looked more satisfied; and held their ground, and themusic grew triumphantly louder. THE MAN FBOM PDLA5.KI. tie was a middle-aged man, tins man from Pulaski, and tall, and Elim, and long-legged, and if there was a Jiving personification of the pictorial news paper idea of Brother -Jonathan, it was he. His trowsers were full short. and a pair of trowser-straps were plainly difcarnable on either side of his boots; a long-tailed coat and a very high stand ing collar, a figured satin vest and an undue preponderance of plaid silk in a huge necktie, were the other most striking articles of his attire. No one knew where his compauion came from. It was enough, perhaps more than enough, that she was there. She wore a rusty alapaca gown without a particle of trimming, and a w! ite handkerchief laid around her throat and fastened with a hair pin. When I say a hair pin I mean not a pin for the hair, but one of those touching and very ugly memento-mori broches, made cf the locks of tho dear departed. The minute the man from Palaski reached his place in the quadrille, he clapped his hands violently together and the lady gave a little cough. They were a side couple; and after perform ing very low obeisances to right and left of them, they waited patiently till the others went through the op' nmg paces. Then they began. The men from Pulaski grasped his partner's hand, and with a step like a cradle under full rock he waltzed himself over to the other side : landed there, he faced the old girl, and, the mupia favoring the move ment, he executed the heel-and-toe step which the nigger minstrels use for the polka. This served him nicely to place again and then ho got ready for the next movement. Ladies chain !" he cried out, all in a teeter, and seizing the extended hand ox hia vis-a-vis he gave the astonished young lady (a well known belle) such a whirl that her very boot-tops were dis closed, all tied back as she was. To finish the figure there yet remained the "set to partners" and v, hat he himself called out "dosey doe." His set to partners was a very vigorous break down and in the srdor of the dosey doe he came into collision with the back of the woman in alapaca with such an unexpected bump that she ejaculated "My!" The music now ceased for a minute and the man from Piilaski reposed. Little groups had gathered around the windows to look at him, for tho word had gone from mouth to mouth that there was a man in the parlor who was doing SOME TALL DAXCINO. Then the music was resumed, and "forward four," and "hands over the lady 1" was followed by "gentlemea forward?" This, of course, yon know, is nothing more nor less than tho tavalicr scul of the French quadrille, and on it the Parisan can-canist lavishes his ex tremest execution; and for it, too, the man from Palaski had seemingly been reserving all his energiep. Gathering his coat-tails under his arms he started forward with a hop, skip and jump, and having arrived in front of the three who stood opposite, he began, so to speak, to-dance them down. He swnng on one leg then on the other; skipped back ward and cut the pigeon-win;; three times, he lifted his right leg and hopped on his left; finally he whirled around till everybody but himself was dizzy, and then seizing his partner by both hands he annihilated space with her np and down the whole length of the floor. He was off now for good. The music waxed fast and furious and the man from Pulaski was aroused. Sweat poured down his forehead, and his bosom heaved ; no matter, this was his moment and he improved it. One by one the other quadrillists dropped away ; with awe depicted on their countenances, they stood and looked at the man from Palaski. The musicians, who could hardly draw their bows, or tcot their horns for laughter, entered into the spirit of the thing, and, although the quadrille was finished continued to play for the advantage of the lone dancer from Tennessee. One familiar melody after another floated on the evening air ; the favorite morceanx of the "Grand Duchess," "La Peri chole," and "Barbe Bleue," the "Mon- nie Musk" and "No One to Love;" "Way JJown upon the owanee ltiver and "Champagne Charley," and finally the band struck up Dixie. This seemed to attract the Pulaskian's attention. He ceased dancing ; looked about him as if somewhat surprised to find the dance was over so soon ; and strolled out on the piazza quietly humming to him self, Ob. I wish I was iu Dixie, Away, away. In Dixio"a laud I'll take my stand, To live or die in Dixie. have the fullest benefit of their sojourn by the eea. Pnngalows can be worked and kept clean with a very small amount of labor, as many contrivances ti dimin ish servants' work have been introduced. To keep out the damp, to which houses by the seaside are liable, two thin walls are built, with a space of about three inohes between them, tu the center of this space a close screen of slate is fitted, and all the moisture blown through the outer wall is stopped by this ecreen, and trickles down to the bottom. The inner wall "consequently remains quite dry, fcr the moisture does not blow through the slate, and the bungalow is habitable whatever the weather. USEFUL KNOWLEDGE. Inseparable said he was glad this in cident happened, becaus9 it shows conclusively that if dancing is a survi val it will probably survive as lorg as the man irom l'uiasKi is a survivor. Sound Common Sense. If you are well, let yourself alone, One of the great errors of the age is, we medicate the body too much. More persons are destroyed by eating too much than by drinking too much. Gluttony kills rr or thin drunkenness in civilized soci ety. The gymnasium is a wood yard, a clearing or a cornfield. A hearty laugh is known, the world over, to be a health promoter ; it elevates the spirits, enlivens the circulation, and is marvel ously contagious in a good sense. Bodily activity and bodily health are inseparable. If the bowels are loose, lio down in bed, remain there, and eat nothing until you are well. The three best medicines in the world are warmth abstinence and repose. Bungalows fob Summer Houses. An attempt has been made to introdue into this country the kind of dwelling house known in India as a bungalow. For summer residence by the seaside it offers advantages in which tne ordinary dwelling house is deficient; it is simple in shape, is usually not morethan ono story high, and is covered by a simple low-pitched roof, which may be pro longed to form a veranda. What this protection the inmates may pass most of their time in the open air, and thns , The Duty of Life. He who has a low and unworthy idea of his nature will act unworthily ; while he who feels how great is the life of a being made in the image of God will not readily blot and blur that image. If any one be told that he cannot choose the right and love the true, and live oat the pure, he will feel that n it be bo. to try is hopeless work. But we are verv sure that it is not bo. else how could there dwell within us sorrow and nnquiet after doing wrong, if we do not feel that we can do, and ouq-ht to do, the right ? If such chilling unfaith in themselves and in their kind had been in the heart of the saintly men whose lives have blest the world ; who, like salt, have kept the mass from decay ; how, think you, could they have dared and done ? They had faith in man as the fruit of faith in the God who made him ; they felt that the life of man is not what it will one day become, and this it was that fired them to earnest effort in the service and ealvation of. their fel lows, and to help on the time when earth shall be the paradise it never has been yet; Who rowing hard against the 6tream, Saw distant gates of Eden gleam. And did not dream it was a dream. It is the faith of such men, some cf whose lives have been looked at in this book, that you and I must share. Life is full of duty, and to do well the work that lies close at hand is to fulfil the purpoee for which we were Bent here. xne weakest and youngest amongst us is a power for good as well as for evil. and it should be our aim to do our part on tne side 01 ever-increasing human goodness against ever-lessening human badness. There is but one life, if life it may be called, which seems to me to be God-forsaken ; it is the life that is idle or soifish. Those few words express more than one might think, but their meaning has been set to sweeter music than I can command by Leigh Hunt in the stoty of Abou Ben Adhem, with which I close this book About Ben Adhem may his tribe increase ! Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace. And saw amid the moonlight in bia room, Making it rich and like a lily bloom. An antel writing in a book of goid ; Exceeding peace had made Ben Adhem bold, And to the vision in the room he said, bat writes t thou i Ihe vision raised its head. And with a voice made of all sweet accord, Replied, "The names of them that love the iiord. ' And is mine one ? " said Abou. " Nay, not eo" Iteplied the angel. Abou spoke more low, But choerly etil!, and said, "I pray thee. then. Write me as one who loves his fellow-men' The angel wrote and vanished. The next niht - . -' "-, He came again with; &&$sg!aeKkxXv&&- Ea showed the- names io loved God had blest. And lo! Ben Adhem's name led all tho reet, The Childhood of Jielirions. The History of GIasp, Taken in connection with the class exhibited in Japan, and said to be over one thousand years old, an article by - r t ti n . a -w-. . -4 iu, ae xovuie in me jconomiste Fran oaise may be read with interest. That gentleman says that France long re mained indebted to Italian art ih the matter of glass, although in the sixth century drinking glasses were manu factured at Paris and Quiquengrogne. But in 1312 we find a Dauphin paying for a little glass service for his daugh ter Diana the price of an ox. Some of the most curious windows in the Gothic cathedrals date from the thir teenth, twelfth, and even eleventh cen turies, but it was only under Louis XIV. that France appropriated the secret of those exquisite productions Venice sold her for their weight in gold. There are now in France 175 glass manufactories, without counting seven manuiactories of looking-glasses Every year on an average 125,000,000 Domes are made, and 5U.000.000 of these, filled with good wine, find their way abroad, together with about 20, uuu.uuv empty Dottles. orty years t ago iuu Dottles cost about 30 francs now they cost half that price. Accord mg to M. de Foville, the invention of glass deserves to rank with printing and steam as an agent of civilization and refinement, for it rendered indoor life possible. There are proofs, he eajs, that glass existed in the earlv days yii 4: i 1 .. - ot vjiinsiianity, out it was an excep Uonal luxury which did not survive the Koman empire. The window-pane re appeared at a latter period in the churches under the form of small lozenges of equivocal transparencv. At the cnstie of duke of Northumberland, m lObt, say tne writer, there were few glass windows, which nse to be put in wnen nis grace was at nome ; and not a century ago mere existed in France a corporation of " Chassissiero." whose profession was to put in the win dows of oiled paper. It was "only in 1710 that glass panes in wooden frames were used. How Teeth are Spoilt. Extra fine flour is nearly destitute of phosphate of lime, and will not make teeth ; oatmeal is much richer in bone material. The London Medical Record says : "It has long been noted in this country that in those districts where the use of oatmeal in place of wheat flour prevails, we find children and adults with the best developed teeth and jaws ; and bo well recognized is the influence of oatmeal upon the teeth that many practitioners order its nse as an article of daily diet for children in cases where dentition is likely to be either retarded or imperfect. Defective teeth are more common than defective bones ; but both complaints are un fortunately too well known where fash ion and civilization deprive children and adults of the very thing nature demands to form and preserve through life sound teeth, and soundness in all other organs. Very fine family flour, corn starch, rice, tapioca, arrow root. sugar in all its forms, with cream, but ter, and lard living on the fat of the land operates to make dentistry a lu crative profession, and fill the mouths of thousands with masticators formed of porcelain or metal. Men and women have bo changed constitutionally that a decayed tooth, inflamed in nerve, and full of pain, represents the most ad vanced humanity. The remedy is plain enough, but how many will go baok to oat meal cakes and brown bread for the sake of health, comfort, and long life? The little thirteen year-old girl who was recently sentenced by an English magistrate to fourteen days in prison and four years in the reformatory for plucking a geranium has been released by the home secretary. The magistrate has not been removed, however, or even reprimanded. We must row with the oars we have : and aa we can not order the wind we are obliged to sail with the wind that God gives. Pains about the lungs and heart, off and on for weeks and months, generally indicate the absence of seriously critical diseases. As men have lived in perfect health without alcohol, the use of alcohol can not add to that health, because a man cannot be better than well. Manx persons bring on life-long dys pepsia by the mere habit of drinking several glasses of cold water at their meals. An equal amount of hot drink would be greatly more advantageous, but half a pint of any fluid at a single meal is abundant for all healthful pur poses. Let parents who would avoid an old age of agony in connection with harsh ness, injustice, and even cruelty to their children, remember never to punish or even threaten a child under the influ ence of a passionate state of the mind, because the morrow may bring death, and no compensation can ever be made. Wheneveb seeds are gathered, they should be labeled and dated. If prop erly gathered and preserved, beans will retain their vitality for two years; beats, seven ; cabbage, four : carrot, two : sweet corn, two ; cucumber, ten ; onion, one parsnip, one ; peas, two; radish, three ; squash, ten ; tomato, seven ; turnip, four. Many persons precipitate themselves into the grave by attempting to bravado an ailment to be up and about in defi ance of it. 11 anything at an is the matter with a man which is really dis quieting, he should at least have as much sense as a pig, and go and lie down. Pigs are not such fools as to move about m pam. 'o Gkow Water Lilies. It is said that water Jilies may be raised about one's house by the following method : Sink in the ground the half of an old cask, and cover the bottom with peat and soft mud, and then fill with water. Dig the lily roots early in spring, and place them in the earth at the bottom of the tub. A gentleman who has tried the experiment has a .number of lilies in bloom. If a child wakes up in the morning and calls for a drink of water the first thing, such child is perfectly certain to be sick before noon. The course to bp pursued is to keep him in bed, and, by warm drinks, promote perspiration, eat ing nothing whatever until the after noon, when he may amuse himself by nibbling at some cold, dry bread, and the next day he will be about again. Otherwise, a breakfast will be eaten, fever comes on, vomiting, and several days' illness. Avoid Mabble-top Tables. Accord ing to the Herald of Health marble-top tables are to ba avoided. It says : "They are cold, and rapidly absorb the heat and vitality of the body, robbing it of its life. We have heard of one in valid whom the doctor could not cure, until the day he noticed she used a marble stand, and suspected it had something to do with her ill health. So he forbade her to use it. Soon she was well. We know healthy people who feel the twinges of pain in the shoulders by sitting near one. They are handsome, but unhealthy for all that. Meat Biscuits. Meat biscuit, so- called, which is made in Texas and much used in the American navy, is made of boiled beef, free from grease, the liquor oi which is evaporated to the consistency of sirup, and then mixed with wheat and flour in such proportions as to form a solid paste. This paste is then spread out by a rolling-pin, pierced with holes, cut into the shape of sea biscuit, and then baked and properly dried. The process of boiling and maceration is carried so far that the liquid or broth contains the en tire nutriments. Two pourda of this eirup contains the nutriment of about eleven pounds of meat. All the tin plates used in America are made in England, and the importa tion of them is largely controlled by a single firm in New York, which has amassed a colossal fortune in the trade. Up to this time, the cost of making suitable iron sh' ets for tinning has been bo great tliat t ur manufacturers could not compete with the tin plate makers abroad. A firm in Pittsbnrg has lately perfected a process by which, notwith standing the differences in the price of labor, it can compete with English mak ers both in price a d quality. It i3 with real pleasure that we note this addition to American manufactures, as it will bo the means of distributing among onr workmen a very large sum that now goes abroad. roots; no care is taken to prevent in juring the sap-wood. The cuU are eliptical in'ehape ; the milk is received in holes in the ground or in leaves doubled np to form a funnel. A tree tapped in August will yield 50 ounces of milk, giving 15 ounces of pure caout chouc. The milk is tcanty during the cool season, October to March. The india-rubber is sometimes prepared by stirring the milk in boiling water, when the caoutchouc coagulates. It is shipped in baskets made of split rattan, weighing ebout 3 cwt. each. It is as a rule badly prepared, and mixed with sticks and dirt. Mr. Collins, in his re port upon this article, gives the import of East Indian caoutchouc into London as 1,347 tons from June, 1871, to June, 1872. It is obvious that there is vast room for improvement in the collection of the juice and the treatment of the trees, as well aa in the manufacture of the material and iu organizing the method of production. can hope to. The animal scejiis to be a modification of the chipmunk ; in tho language of Dr. Doues, "If we take a chipmunk and crop its ears down clos-, cut off about a third of its tail, give it a blunter muzzle, and nuke a little al teration in ita fore feit. eo that it could dig Detter, we have a pretty good prai- 1144 ITlMilia. I'll. 1 1 1 I . &v,,.44C4. j. no units iuey uiiT are 1 its readers are aftor in vau Twentt little children crowd aronnJ and call Queen Victoria " grandma. " Diligence commands success." Bat success doesn't always obey. It must be unpleasant for a stuttering man in Berlin to hail a stroet car, bo-cau-e there they call a tret-car a pfer- destrassenelsebahnwagcn, for short. rie Prod action of India Rubber. A writer in the Journal of the Soci ety of Arts says that the finest caout chouc of commerce is not the produce of any species indigenious to India, but is produced by the Hevea Brazil- iensis. Attempts are eeing maue to procure and introduce this species. The caoutchouc of India is produced from the rieus elaslica, which grows naturally m northeast Bengal, in Chit- taeone. an J in Cachar, from which dis trict a good deal is said to come. It may be seen in parts of Sikkim, where in the moist but rocky side valleys of the torrents that feed the Teesta and the Mahanadi the huge stems stretch down straight to the gronnd or twine in fan tastic groupings of contorted roots, These have originally started from a young plant, long ago produced from seed deposited in the topmost fork of some tall icrminalia or toon tree, which has in the course of years been smoth ered by the giant growth. In natnre the Ficus elastiea is always found towering above other trees, from the circumstance of its epiphytic origin. When once it has got its firm hold it sends down aerial roots that become stems, and thus a single tree will form a grove covering half an acre in extent. The chief habitat for rubber is in the moist lower hill forests of Assam and in the moist forests of Burma beyond British territory. It is well known that the rainfall of Burma steadily dimin ishes towards the north, till at last it ceases about the region of Paghan in the Irrawaddy ; but thence again, in fluenced by the mountain masses to the north, it again increases : it is . in the moist forest of the northern rainy zone that the Ficus elastiea occurs. It has recently been reported that a climbing species of WMvghbeia, yielding caout chouc, has been found in forests in Burma. In Assam the Ficwt elastiea is found in both the forests of the Him alayas and iu the low valley of the Naga hills. The Indian caoutchouc has hitherto been collected by persons buy ing the right not only to collect it, but claiming also to monopolize the pur chase of that brought from foreign ter ritory, and this has given rise to many disputes. The greater number of trees are in the territory of some independent hill tribes, who bring the India rubber in and sell it. At present the collection in British territory has been stopped, partly owing to complications arising out of the monopoly, but partly because of the enormous waste and the injury inflicted by overlapping the trees and working them at the wrong season. It is to be hoped that this fine source of revenue will not long remain in abeyance but that the management of the whole work may be intrusted to the forest department. The yield in Assam amounted in 1873 to 11,000 maunds and in Sikkim to 700 maunds. The trees do not form pnre forests, but are scattered one here and one there, the best forests containing hardly twenty trees to a square mile. They are cut all over with knives, both on the stem and on. Lead us Not into Temptation, The Rev. Julian Young's journal con tains the subjoined good story of a po lemical parishioner : In one of my ministerial rounds at Fairlight, in Sussex, I visited Dame Pankhurst quite a character in her way ; bluff, blunt, and shrewd, and close on the verge of eighty. She was seated at her tea-table, and, with knitted brows and a puzzled expression of face, was poring over her baize-covered Bible. As soon as I entered she took off her spectacles, wiped them with her checked apron, and deposited them on the chair Dy ner Bide, and thus accosted me : " Muster Young, 'tis very handy your coming in just now, for I be sadly put about ; and I ain't, to say, easy in my mind at summut as I 'vo been a reading in this here book. I've stumbled, I think, on one of the things, as Peter says 'is hard to be understood. '" She then pointed to the first chapter of St James, and desired me to read aloud for her the second verse, which had bo discon certed her : " Count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations." When I had complied with her request, ehe stuck her arms akimbo, and, shaking her head skeptically and defiantly, asked mo " what I thought o' that ? If there be meaning in them words, they mean as we are to be glad to fall into tempta tions ! Perhaps there's summut more in the meaning of that word tempta tion ' than I know on. Anyhow I can't make head nor tail on't." She then hung down her hi ail and repeated to herself, in tones of dissatisfaction, al most of indignation, the words, " tempt-a-tions 1 tempt a-tions ! tempt-a-tions. indeed I What be um, I'd like to know? ' I told her that the word had two mean ings one signifying " to all n re or en tice ;" the other, "to try;" and that in the passage to which she had directed my attention the word "temptation " meant "trial." That St. James, in writing those words, was exhorting Christians " to be patient under trial;" and that though God could not directly tempt his servants, yet that sometimes, as in the cases of Job and St. Paul, he per mitted them to be tempted, that by the confirmation of their faith they might win the greater glory, and therefore have the greater cause for joy. In con firmation of my assertion, that God could not himself directly tempt, how ever he might be said to do so indirectly, I pointed her notice to the thirteenth verse cf the same chapter, on which she fairly exploded. "What d'ye mean? My mother taaght me to pray to God, 4 Lead us not into temptation,' from the Lord's praver. The Master himself tells us, Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation ;' and this Lere St. James, au excellent good man, I sup pose, tells us that we're to be uncom mon glad if we fall into temptations. Why are we to be warned against tempt ations, if, when they come, they are to make us happy ? And then, again, as to what you ve been saying out o your own head 1 mean that God can t tempt if he can't tempt, what's the use of praying to him not to tempt us ?"' small, but many ot them, like the bur rows of the badgers, foxes, and nrmrin wolves, will admit a horse's hoof. In some regions bo numerons ara tbrae holes that it is impossible to gallop a hundred yards except at the risk of life or limb. It is tot easy to determine what pir ticular kind of ground the gophers most affect. " Passing over a htorile. cactus-ridden, alkali laden waste," says Dr. Coues, "there would be bo many that I would say, Hits suits them best;' in camp that very night, in fome low grassy spat near water, there they would be plentiful a ever." If the animals have any preference, it is a choice of the lighter and more easily worked soils; and they seem to haunt especially the slight knolls of the prairie a few feet above the general level. One gopher to the holo is the universal rule, nor has the author ever seen any signs of a burrow being occupied by a pair. The female brings foith in Jnne, but the young are never eeen ontside of tho bu-row till July, when they are about two thirds grown. Tho number of young produced at a birth is supposed to be about eight. Dr. Coues is of tho opinion that the gopher is torpid during most of the winter. The animal boat da up food, it is true, but not in sufficient quantity to saftica for so active a creatnre during an entire winter. The author has often watched.them, where the graes was tal ler than usual, gathering their store. They rise straight up on their haunches, seize the grass-top, and bite it off ; then settling down with a peculiar jerk, they Bit with erched back, and stow away the provender in their pouchep, with the aid of their fore paws. Their cheek pouches, both together, would hardly hold a heaping tett'poonful. Though properly a vegetarian, the go pher derives no small share of his sum mer food from carcasses of Buff.ilo. Keiiort or I lie Memphis Co'.ton Exchange. A Jiegro Prayer. The following grotesque, yet solemn prayer is a verbatim report taken in the winter of 1862 3, at a Methodist meeting held by plantation negroes in a settle' ment near camp : " O Lord God of dis glorious uni verse, wilt dou look down in the omni presences of dy eye upon dese, dy col 'ard children, bowed upon de knuoklep bone dis night, lake a solemn pco- upon us, and let a heap o' light in. Dou knowest what dese poor darkies need, Dere be Sam, dere be Jerry, and dere be Pompey. IDey are in dere sins, dat's what I reckon. Help dem to git np and git from de wilderness of sin and come into de clearing of ealvation. Take a solemn peep also upon de darkies in de other cabin, who fiddle and whirl npon de bombastic toe, while dy servant ful minates words to dee. May dey n.se above the anthratory things of dis world and fly like Massa Lrnkume balloon, heavenward. (Professor Lowe's balloon was anchored near by). Ruler of all humans on dis earth, wjlt dou bress de generals in de field dis night, if it be circumspection in dy eye. Bress de colonels in de field dis night, if it be circumspection in dy discreet eye, and also bress de Union soldiers, who carry de musket and chew de cartridge, fight ing for de Union and de stars and stripes. Dey fight in a scientific cause, and be de bestest ob men ; but, good Lord, may dey swear iess and prey more. And finally, bress dy humble servant now supplicating dee in behalf of dese benighted darkies. It behooves dee to dig deep and sound in de very bottom of his heart. May dere be nary bhmmage between myself and my Ha vior. In de language of de mighty Washington, dis world is all a fleetin' show. To day we are alive and hoppin' around like grasshoppers ; to morrow de sickle of death cuts us down and spreads us out like grass in baytiine, On every 6ide, dou knowest, O Lord, is do evidence of de dislocation and de struction of de human family. Dere be fighting among one anoder, and natural disease. Bat we die to live again, either as saints or evil spirits. Dere be dis cussions on doctrines, Elecshion, Be fore ordination, Perfection, and sich like, confuse de intellects of both black men and white. But dou knowest, good Lord, dat dese are vain allusiona, split in' and dividin dy creatures into sexes without mercy Many dere will be with slick counteganceB, white col lars, and fine clothes, who will find de gates Bhut against them, while de blind old woman, hobbling on crntohes, she go straight in, Amen." Educational Monthly. The Prairie boplier. Amont? the burrowing specie3b- long- iDg to the squirrel family, the prair e gopher (&permophilu8 Richardnoni) holds prominent rann. inougu one 01 tbe most abundant animils in our coun try, infesting hundreds of thousands of isqnare miles of territory, almost to the exclusion of other mammalian forms the prairie gopher has but lately re ceived the honor of an adequate de-crip-tion. This service has been rendered by Dr. Elliott Doues m the page3 of the American Naturalist. Ihe habitat ef the prairie gopher appears to extend from the Red river of the North t the Rocky Mountains, and from latitude 38 de g. to 55 deg. bo numerous are they in Dakota and Montana that according to Dr. Coues, should certain portions of these territories ever be settled, the little gophers will contend with tbe husbandman for ih ' - Tho Cotton Exchange crop report for Angii9t gives the following summary of crops in the Memphis district, com) oied of west Tennessee, north Missicsippi and Arkansas fron one hundred and sixty responses. North Alabama, though not in this district, is also included. The committee say : Notwithstanding ex cessive wet and cold weather that has prevailed since our report of Juno 0'h, general crop prospects, as indicated by this report, are of the most gratifying character. The probabilities are that a larger or better corn crop was never male in this region of tho country. Abundant crops of wheat, oats, millet and, in most of this region, good crops of small grasses have been made, and all harvested and protected save corn. The latter has in all instances matured, and only awaits the convenience of planters to harvest. One hundred and twelve report excessive rain, fit balance of the time cloudy, 00 generally cold, 61 cold nights, 2 very dry, 4G favorable weather. One hnnilred and thirty re poit the cotton plant fruiting well, :i0 not well ; 103 report the plant retaining fruit, 57 shedding seriously. One hun dred and fifty-four report crops well cultivated, G not. Ono hundred and thirty-five report better crops than in 1874, 24 equal, 1 not bo good. Edi mated average 28 per cent, better. Twenty-one report bottom growth only good, C7 bottom and middle growth good, 80 report top crop very ligLt and making too much weed, 21 report bot tom growth rotting seriously, 7 serious development of rust, 74 report perfect crops. 8 report picking commenced, all report it will not become general until Sept 13. Much speculative ap prehension is expressed in regard to tho present critical condition of the cotton crop, which is generally claimed to be two or three weeks later than usual. Its luxuriant growth will re- 3 aire an exceeding late frost, and unless ry, warm weather succeeds, there is great danger of bottom growth rotting in lowlands, where tho growth is already eo dense as to exclude the sun aud air. In regard to the damage by overflow, we have been unable to arrive at any definite information. In most cases onr carrospondents in tho oveilliiwed dis trict have been so overwhelmed with their own losses that they were unpre pared, and Borne unwilling to make definite responses. That very great damage on plantations sntjpct to the influences of the flood by the Mississippi river has occurred, will not admit of a doubt. When the back-water, in con nection with damage by tipet acd stand ing rain water is considered, we are con strained to believe, from such informa tion as we have, that tho damage within that portion of the cotton region slotted to this exchange, will not fall short of sixty thousand bales. 127 report superior corn crop', 31 good, 1 inferior, from drouth. Mnch damage has occurred iu the river dis tricts by overflow and much 111 the interior by wind storms. Estimated damage not given. 107 report no damage to wheat crops by exposure. 18 report average damage to them of 8 per cent.; the average yield per acre 12.5 bushels. 128 report good crops of oats raised, 11 inferior, 20 none raised. 130 report crops well saved, 10 not, with average loss to them of 10 per cent. 138 report good crops of millet, 74 small, experimental ; 117 report well saved, 24 partially damaged by weather; 19 report none raitej. 128 report laborer working well, 25 moderately well, 0 not well. The de preciation in morals of laborers mostly occurs in Aiississippi cause, political influences. Aggregate for noith Alabama, 20 re sponses. 17 report excessive rams, balance of the time cloudy, 5 generally cold, 9 cold nights, 3 favorable weatber. 17 report fruiting well, 3 not; 13 retain ing fruit, 5 shedding oeriously. All report crops well cultivated and better than ih 1874, by an average of 32 per cent. One bottom crop only good, 11 bottom and middle crops good, 12 top crops making too much weed. All re port no picking will commence bt fore the average of September. 148 all re port condition of crop same as Memphis district as regards early frost, rio loss sustained by overflow. Sixteen report superior corn crops, four good ; no damage reported. Eighteen report wheat crops saved without weather damage, two report damage of 15 per cent ; average yield per aore 10 bui-hels. Fourteen report good, nineteen rtpoit well saved, ono not ; nineteen rejiort good millet and grass crops growD, one none, sixteen well saved, three damaged; average 24 per cent. Sixteen ie,ort laborers working well, three moderately, one not well. Tub hott of men That e'er wore earth alxmt Kim wait a mifforor; A no't, rmiek, patient, bumble, tranuil apint. The lirnt true gmt Ionian that ever breathed. Thomat I t I kart Jknnt Lisd dresses her hair in th sam i stle pr?cinely as wlmu sho wan iu America twenty-five years ago. She has two daughters, one eighteen and the other twenty. A RTALWAnT Tndian is often "ren altont the htreets of Virginia City, dresHed in calico, like, a "quaw. He is compelled by the Piute to wear women's clothes for cowardice shown iu battlo sever years since. Epmono About is afraid that if they let the pea into the desert of Sahara anil keep it there Enrop will lom tho " warm equatorial winds" and beeomo an Arctio wilderness. A midple-aoep woman fdl as sho was descending a pair of tairs 011 Ful ton street, and the first mn to help her reach her feet was a banker who hap pened to bo passing. Tub Prince cf Wales takes twelvn Fair of boxing ploves with him on his ndic trip, aud it is apparent that he means to command repect or knock his foreign subjects over the ripe. "Did vou fall, madam ?" he inquired, as he seized her arm. . "Fall I Of course IMl, yon fool you I You don't stipiioRe I'd sit down hero to rest, do jon?" aho "napped. He didn't say. At the Iiouvre Hotel thero is a Mr Walker. Mr. Walker hud a dog. His dojr has lost a running match. Anil this iB how Mr. Walker litis to pay his wager. He is, during one w hole mouth, to run into the srms of the first man ho meets at the corner ef the line iin Yalois after 9 o'clock, and to Bay : " My dear brother, at lait wo meet after twenty years." Thn he is to apologize, Mr. Walker has thus embraced fourteen Frenchman ! Ujh I J'arii Figaro. Thomas Baii.ky Aumih ii wnnts nearly veryhody to be weak-minded, so that a few women can bo glittering aetrettsrs, and a few men potts like himself. Thomas Bailey thus ejprccses his (?) idea in the Atlantic : IUi'hfel Ilintori. Wo Hhall latt of di-alli Ere we h.i apiiita I1L0 thimo. In mm a:;o dwell Not many mi h : a opiitiiry itny Ml Ita hundred I.i-h.Im t cfuio it braid a n atli For two ho nncpiily forclioadit. If it Uk Form to phape a diamond, ftraiu on grain, K'.im to rrrntalli.e iu lire ami liiw liy wliat slow proi'inmoa mimt Nature n.akn Her Kliakupearcit and her 1 ant" ( ltat tlie gain If olio Kpoiln tliiinHantln ly nmViiif; (mo or to! liarciii Moreno. Ih tula of tho assassination of the president of Ecuador show that the crime was one of unusual cowardice and atrocity, even for Spanish America, which is saying a great deal, honor Moreno was a strong Ultraiuontatio, and had exercised a powerfnl inflnenco iu the politico-religious affairs of Ecua dor. Under his manipulation, indeed, the republic had practically become a theocracy. Ecuador was the one only country in ail the world that formally protested against the Italian seizure of Rsme in 1870 Gnrcia's death at the hands of a party of asiapsins is natur ally supposed to bo the first outburst of a long-suppressed hostility to tho policy of the dominant party in the ptate. Theie are, however, rumors of a revo lution Blumlipring under tho dead calm that followed tho death of Moreno. Revolutions are so common in South America, that we should consider otio inevitable at this juncture. J'.nt, at last accounts, the constitutional presi dent ad interim, who is the governor of the province of Guayaquil, had lx en unmolested in the offieo to which ho sncceeded. Is a Car With a liuv.u. A recent incident ou the Ogdemibnrg road i thus dofecribetd by th St. Adams ( Vt ) Mes senger of the 7th insl : " A cage of tigers, which was on its way to a me nagerie now exhibit ing south of hero, was placed in one end of the cur, and a zebra was tied iu tho other cud. The watchman lay down ou a box and fell asleep ; when he awoke ho discovered that one of the tigeis had beut the iron bars of the cage, forced its way out, and was crouching iu the opposite corner. The regular koejHir of the animals was in the sleeping car at the rear nd of tho train, and there was no chance tu com municate with him or with any one out. Bide. The poor watchman was fright ened into motionless silence', aud in that, awful suspense he made tho long aud weary journey to St. Albans. Aftr tho train cime to a halt hern, one of the train men, in passing tho car, saw a large, cat-like 11 oho tlirunt out of an opening, and not knowing t:;nt any one's hfo was endangered in tlm car, but fear ing lest tho animal 1 hould om'apn, rau to Ihe sleeping car and aronsod tho keeper, who soon appeared, raw-hide in haul, and lathed the beast bark into his den, to the immeasurable r lief t the poor fellow who had been curled up for hours. Tnrc Floral Marvels. The norti cuitiiraliBt gives an account of two novelties among flowers, which it in alrnont tempted to treat as fables until their verity is establishes! by person! inspection. The following in tbo de scription of them: "One is a black lily in Santa Clara, Cal., with threw large blossoms, each one beirg nirjia inches long, and perfectly black ontaidn of tho green petals. The other is to Ix? seen at Constantinople, and h scribed by an eye witness as belonging to tlm narcissus genus of bulbs, Tho flower represents a perfect humming bird. Tl e breast of a perfect emerald green, is a complete copy of this bird, and Una throat, head, beak and pyes are a perfect imitation. The hinder part of the liody and the two outstretched wins are of a bright rose color one might a linos, say flesh colored. Theso wondron 1 bulbs should havo been Bent lo the Vi enna exhibition. They will be in abun dance by the time of our centennial celebration in 170. And yet they ca 1 hnrdly be greater curionities tlian thi strange and mysterious 'Hanctu Hpiritu' flower from South America, with its life like representation of doves." Crocp can be cured in one minute, and the remedy is simply alum and sugar. The way to accomplish the deed is to take a knife or grater and shave off, in small particles, about a teaspoon ful of alum ; then mix with about twice its quantity of sugar to make it palata ble, and administer it as quickly as pos sible. Almost instantaneous relief will follow. " The river Rhine, it is well known, washes the citv nf -i- " Mineral RusorRrKs or Ghuknlanp, When the Swedish j'olar cxpMittO'i was on its way to the north in 1870, the ex plorers discovered at Ovifak, on tba south shore of Disko Inland, larf znasres cf native iron, of various sized, up to twenty tons, lying in a snisll space among bowlders of granite acd gneiss. Specimens were brought home and distributed among the mineral 1-git-ts of Europe, and the renlt of the:r analyses and investigations is, thnt opinions are divided as to whe ther thoie blocks of iron caino from the hkyor the earth. Somo argue that they fell ; o' hers, that thry woie ui Ik-hvihI fro m lelow. It is somowuit, romHrkble th it in the milder clinmte of I! iropo lh specimens sweat a yellowish brow 0 liquid, oonsisting chielly of a salt nf iron. One cftoct of the scientific ili cussion above adverted to may be Ui direct more attention to Greenland, a country worth attention, for its min eral rosouroos, including lignite and graphite, are abundant. It is stated that tho harvest prosper Uj aro brightening iu England, aud then seems to be no danger that John Bull Bhall be put on !.