' r 'i
l. la V,
n. Ii. t
BY HENRT W. LOSOFn.LOT.
littlp fpot, that such lung Tears
-Mil"! wanliron thrnuch liuf.es snal frs;
Must arhifttitl bit! ha-iii-.iUi vour load :
I. li.-arpr t the iruyiiide ti n.
M'liem toil ahull rfiw and rest tnvln,
Am weary, tliiukhig ul your road.
. Utile hands, that weak or Rtrring,
Have .till to wrre or rule so lonit.
Have si 111 so lunir to irive or ask ;
T. whoso niii.h with li..k and pen
Have toil.-il ainonv mjr f.'llajw-innii.
Am wry, thiukJng of your task.
. little heaHa, that throh and lient
V uh much impatient, f.-Torish hrat,
Niii h htnithw and strong desires;
Mute, that so .,nR has (-lowed and biinia'd,
iih passions into ah turnil,
covers and coucuUs IU (ires.
. little souls, so pure and whlto.
As rrysialliiiu ray of lik'ht
IHrivt from Ihtiv'. o, their wuirep dlrlne;
!! fnicted th n.iiu'l the mist of Tiiim,
IJow rati niv s.-l( ine sun appears;
How lurid lookt thin huh i.t mine.
If the love that you a-k for I t.n".T you here,
':ni I . minis,, to follow you without faur?
N ill yon taktMtiy hands in your own, dear,
And ket' them soil and warm ?
Will you tcaih me lo trust earli word you say?
Will y.m k(s-p my fit-i so ihey never can stniy ?
Will vou ! my i:uide in II tie right way,
My refuse iu every storm ?
Than I'll lovingly follow wherever you puide,
'I'hoiiL'h our wav'may lie through a desert wide
.ll IhnMiirh I he journey, safe lav your siile, '
"ton shall lead ine everywhere.
Il is sweeter to walk l.y faith than siht.
If only yon f.-a-l you an' tfoiu:; ariuhl.
May I trust you alwavs to find the light
IT K1XIAB FA WCETT.
The lake lies will the sheen on it
f day's hint look serene on It ;
And round its rim. in the gloaming din, the. shades
of the low hills lean on it.
No slightest sound tin: chariuiiiu quiet mars;
The hollow heaven is yearning for it.s tars!
"With slraii'.-e, half-proud huniililv,
"Wi,h simiiuiioiis tra!iiiillilr,
J lou an loutiu-oi- swu l, "at my flattensl felt, ill
slatuestjlte ilutiloiiilily ;
A'.'ainst thy Jhs .m's chaste suierh resw
"ttie 1 e:vy, hloo-l-nsl, v lvet- lallisl rose.
Thine affluent hair so hillow-li ke.
Tin' U-udsof thy form so wi!low-like,
'J hy faiv s. ( l. ar frnn, t!, r,, ra. het'iire fol.hsl un
di r its pale cles k pillow-like;
The unrlppl.d lake, the :.!..m, the culm all dower
Mnuory with one imperishahlu hour:
lok how the pine- las mi towerwise;
"'-'Milli; the laatf-cihla. IsiW.THise;
Ih.'.siars v.ait still, , re tha v llo. fc p) fill the heav
enly ma adows flowerwise!
J'"') " -sper iii the alarkeiiiinj west hiinis now,
J.ike .son,,- (irand diamond (Ju s,,i:ie s-.vait ajueeu's
Ah. I,.ve' will, therl' halaT ralKn so,
V 111, the llliillle,' sutiscl paling v,a,
I wa.lli'l always la-. ,,n t. li,,tlolll hlCRst of the
i.lka . toleVaT Sliiill so,
A'"l I s I al lail 'Ui'i.ils r. .a,.,..'.. .. 1 I
I'.'.e lightly sw.,), ti. luiaj-striuj. of mjsi'iiil!
J'ls l .S-, if skies M. '.'ilindlTfulI,
J t --.lia-s f II,,,, . p,,.r,-,, .
An I only su,-,. of ,he spla.,,,1 ,r ,,',lrl, , ,.
l.-sa v.-a. a,l w.,nJ-.:-ful.
My .. would s,K.r !,.., . l Ume, , soar
1 oe uplrapim! lark throu.U dawn's whita crridors
Ol ir Fi'UlH L I.'JlSIl (;IHL.
HY MKS. I".. V. m.AKf'.
'Ili.it ;ls,,tir K;itlilci ii O'Mi.rrill. She
:is;i " rest I jewel," ;i Imu'kt tj;ers have
h ; sti-.i-l v, t (lieieiit, an i xivllent eix.k, a
neat eliainlK'riiiai.l, a killful seanistr.
(:st .in til), f rti!f.finvetiti..n aii'l ijuiek of
wit as ..my a oeiiunie 1 liln riiiaa can lie.
Ji.im.U,!,,,.. t.); ii,. i;!y-fiuo-,.rt.,I) tajier-
Waite,l ni;:i.!, but a raalllhl, r.isy,
j"!l.v lass, with arms ,,f o,l s;Zl. .t r7 1
jTmi.1 r..i.i!i.,ii. a waist ample jrirth,
Itei-ht five fe, t t. . an.l o-1MH( snuiiil,
lioarty Irish strenolli in every joint ami
"e h.i-I liatl her a year ami a half, ami
Mike l.'iislu r, our oar-lener, four months
when the hot summer lays hurst uixm us
utt.f the warm May .sunshine, ami woke
in our hearts the annual vision of temt.t
in' salt waves ami eool roeky caverns at
Ixye Iltyeh. I think they .started with
less than the usual tirej.aration that year;
;it any rate, I forjr. t now the ineident that
ts'iit them ofT s., sml la nlv at the last. I
mean lather, mother, .John ami little Ada.
The dressmaker, distracted with work,
had not finished two dresses that I con
sidered not essential to niv .summer
"make-up" at 1a ye I "eat li. ami "l remained
to lie mi re she aeeomplishe.l them by a
j-'iven time. There were, then, onlv tiiv
sell, Kathleen ami .Alike Kusher in the
Now wo were rich enouoh, but lived in
simple ease and com fort in a lovelv, rreat,
rambliii.. pleasant house in the suburlts
anmr little for outsi.leshow, but rather
takinr rambline; trijis all over the coun
try, whenever the lit took us, into what
ever quiet nook or bustling citv suited
licst. And, for my, part, 1 much prefer
money sx'iit in this way.
Hut in our tiiet, unprctcndiii;r homo
were quantities of nl.l familv jewels and
heavy family plate; ami the'liuire diniiiir
roont siife hel.l lu sides. at certain times,
la rjre sums of money. Such a sum had
It-en there on the. lay of the familv exodus;
but at my urgent entreaty father" removed
it to the hankcr'.s in town as thev passed
It's bail enouoh. father, to have all
that plate, wit limit t wo or three thousand
dollars to tempt burglars," said I, " and I
here alone with Kathleen."
'Towanliv, A-riics?" said niv father,
lau-himr. " Vou fa.rirot Mike.""
" Yes, ami what mortal use could Mike
o t. in.-, in the event of a hurjrlar break
iiiir in ? When he's a mileolf in the upor
Morv. ami sleej.s soumler than the sst'Ven
" U t il. have hini down in the little
turner room, then, an.l take Kathleen in
I he next chandler. Or shall I send vou a
special jMiliecnian ?"
"I wish ymi would. Mr. Stairs. fa,r
iiistanee. Do h ive him patrol round the
house every niht. He's smart and quick,
ami he li lie a real comCirt. Do father."
"Well. ujN.ii mv word.'" said Cither,
l.ine-hinir a.-iin; "to think mv brave
A-iies should turn such a coward." Whv
hil'I. it's thi. kly settled all armmd, and
any cry would wake up s-.melK.aiv. I'll
stay myself if y.nfro s.i timid."
"No you won't. I won't have vou.
Moihcr will need you t,, l.Mik out for
crythin- .John's ;t ham m-searum if
be Is eighteen. ( nly. 1 wish vou'.l send
Mr. St ioo"
"Well, anyway, l il come back Satur
day iiirht. The directors' niaet iiilt; is
Monday; ami Wednesday you can pt
d.iwn wiili me. I suppose "your dresses
will lie ready by then."
I hey went. Hut Mr. Stairirs did not
I he first nidit passed otl" easily enoiiirh.
Mike slept down-stairs, ami Kathleen in
the roaain next to mine.
I he second inlit I fancied a queer
t i-te in my eh.M-olate at stipjier, and 1
t ill Kaihleen to t urn it out ami huv some
new next .lav. And 1 took a lontr diauoht
Kaihleen lot.ke.l at me intently as I
told In r, and lmpeal her eyes slowlv
lism the cup. I remeiiiN red it after
war.I, but it pas-ed with no thought at
When I went to lt'd I lay for a loiij;
time restless, then sank away to sleep or
partly. I think it wasiicartwelve o'clock
w hen a hand on my mouth and a w hisper
at my car aroused me.
" Hush, miss, dear! not a word not a
"Oh, Kathleen! is it you? "What's the
" Iaet ine into the 1ml wid vo, miss,
dear, f-.r the Live ofllivtii.au'" I'll tell
ye. tjuick, now."
She pushed me alomr :md slipjx d tinder
the el, it lies t!ie e.lire of the bel. Then,
with h.j hands still on m y nsmi ih to si i;!e
any untimely ejaculation, she put her lips
to my ear. "Miss Atrnos, wo'd ye Ik lave
it '.' I nit Mike lJiisher'sa cowardly, wicked
ihafe; an' it's myself a hur-r-d him a bit
.i.lm wiiistlln' under his breath out of the
w in.! v, a,,.l whin the clock's on twelve
lie 11 ,.pen the alure to a lait uv thaves an'
cut-throats an" w hat not, an we'll Ih' rol
raibU al, an' like ena.uoh niiir.lere.l. An'
it's near the time, sure barrin' a quarter
n v a hour."
I can truly say I never lie fore came
i ..id awake in so quick a time. I turned
wly colli from head to faiot. When
er comes in the daytime we have the
"t of liL'ht and th- us.' of our eyes;
he nioht, when evcrv ipxik and
Bv HORSLET & CO.
corner is black, and familiar objects take
strange shapes and shadows, and there is
a prim silence over the house, that may
lie broken at any time by stealthy steps
or nistol shots, and you lie in your bed
ami feel danper drawing steadily nearer
nearer ugh ! I won't think of it. I
feci that same chill now as I write.
" What'll we do, miss ? For it's a tear
in' shame, an' they'll git all the nice
silver an' things, an' that wretch uv a
thafe, Mike Rusher ! We'll have to be
The thought of making a defense of her
master's property the brave girl ! How
she put ine to shame, lying shivering
there, only considering how I might get
safely out of the house ta the nearest
neigidxir's. "With a desperate resolution
I sat up.
" ( )n with some clothes," I said to Kath
hen. " Jist yer dark wrapper oer ycr night
gown, miss, dear! Jierc is it?' said
she, snatching it from the chair that I in
dicatedand thrustingin my arms. " Now
give- mo, yer long water-proof to hide me
white clothes ; an' now some slitttiers in
yer hand, miss ; no, not on yer feet yit.
narK, now ! We listened ; the door was
ajar. Kathleen, not a moment idle, thrust
i pillow into mv place and arranged the
bed-clothes to stimulate a human form in
the dim light. All this took place in
aliout three minutes. No sound from the
hall. Kathleen seized mv arm.
"Miss, dear, I'm goin' to thrv to tret
out the library windy into the lihtci", an'
run l.r tlie station. 1 here sniostlv a lot
of eiiiee there; it's quite a ways, but
L 11 go like . tlecr. 1 could go quicker n
vou, but if ve'd rather ve can thrv it.
Hut siv, quick. You must stav bv'the
library windy to see that we git in all
" I'll stav," said I, promptlv. Hut oh !
wkat a sinking of the heart! To be left
alone at midnight in a house tenanted bv
bandars, where my life would pay the
forfeit of discovery.
"C'onie down quick, thin," said Kath- j
een : it we 11 onlv jrit down lie lore
Miko comes along, tin he'll not be far oft'
We started. The padded stairs an.l
Axniinster carpets gave no sound of our
bare feet. Hut oli! the tlread of meeting
Mike Itusher in the tlark ! for he was
probably then patrolling the house. We
got as far as the big closet under the
stairs, in the lower hall, when we heard
the click of the night-clock, and, turning,
saw dimly outlined against the upper
glass of the door Mike Kusher's low
crowned hat and burly shoulders. We
had barely missed of him in the dark.
Instinctively we knew what he waopen
into the door for. Kathleen's fingers
clutched my wrist there was a black ami
blue sit there for a week after we stoic
softly along the room to the ojH'ii sitting
room .1. Mir. hurried across into the library,
carefully closing the door of communica
tion after us. The window-sash slid easily,
and Kathleen perched an instant on the
sill while she whispered: " Keep dark,
now, miss, dear, an' if they're like to find
ye afore I come, cut an' run for ycr life.
Then she dropped to the ground in
spite of herself, making a rustling in the
lilacs slippt-d across the walk on to the
soft grass in the shrubliery, and was gone.
Not a moment too soon.
As I crouched close to the sill, liehind a
big lounging-chair, I heard a second
rustle of the lilacs, and a low remark,
seemingly not more than two feet from
" I heard 'em crackle, anyway. But
there's nolxxly here."
There were two of them. If they had
glanced at the window, which I had par
tially closed lest it should attract atten
tion, I should have lieen lost. lUit they
went away, and I closed it entirely.
Then, as my eyes liecame more accus
tomed to the dark. I saw rather than
heard the library door ojien; heard Mike
Kusher's smothered whisper; " What ycr
liout, Kufe ? Nothin' but liooks in thar."
"Ycr sure? No nice clo's, nor secret
drawer, nor nothin'?" was the answer in
a louder key.
"No, nothin'. In the dinin' room in
the safe. Come 'or long; ye c'n go up
stairs ef ye wanter, arterwards. Yaly'ble
stuff up thar."
They left the dooroponand retired. I
heard the clink of silver, and caught the
gleam of light front the dinning-room.
They had got the safe tqien. How many
minutes then went by I cannot tell. Ail
at onco, with scarce a footfall to tell of
his proximity, Mike liusher stood almost
over me and tried the window. It .slid
"The divil!" said he. "Rut maylie
miss left it onfastened. Julie's mighty
careless. An' ye heard the bushes rattle? '
"Yes," said another voice, near by.
The cold perspiration stood all over me,
and I held my breath.
Just then an outburst of profanity from
the hall, with a sudden confusion, and his
own name uttered in uncomplimentary
terms, caused the redoubtable Mike and
his companion to depart lor the scene of
conflict with some alacrity. I could lear
it no longer. I raised the window, all in
a tremor, to leap from it and take to my
heels, when lo! a sudden crowd of figures
darkened it, a man sprung rapidly
through another and another the room
was filled with them ; they carried clubs
and revolvers, and there was a gleam of
stars and gilt buttons. One of them
caught sight of me as I shrunk half faint
ing U'liind the big chair. " Oh, here she
is! I thank the liord you're safe, miss."
lie held ine up, for I could hardly stand,
and Kathleen, laughingand crying, threw
her arms around me. Thrice came a
sudden shrill w histle, and from all sides
the policemen rushed totheattaek. There
was no retreat the house was surrounded
by alert detectives. All of the gang
three in munlier were captured.
After the sharp skirmish was over, the
captives hand-culled ami placed har lr
iHiiihut, and the wounds lniund up, Mike
Rusher for the first time caught sight of
Kathleen and me.
" IIoulv mithcr o' Moses! -ye thafe uv
a gur-r-1 thin! was it you as wint trais
pasin' off to the station an' brought this
drove down on us? Whin I seed ye
dhrink the entice wid mo own eyes, tin'
looked at ye slapin' in ycr lied not five
" Thafe of a gur-r-1 yersilf, Mike Rush
er!" quoth Kathleen, facing him with
armsakiinlio. " I did all that, an' I didn't
dhrink yer colli e, but toured it down me
buz.uin, an' it's wet as a tlrowiuled rat I
was, sure, an' ye looke.l at me piller wid
the night-cap on in me bed, bail luck to
ye! Tak a woman after this to desavea
woman, will ye? an' none uv yer blund
With which fiat on the woman question
our Kathleen retired on her laurels.
WwmvK-b t (.'. .) Patriot,
THE REAl'CHAMP TRAGEDY.
The Nlory of" n. uf lilts nwt Famous
Jlnrdrn nrr l"er.-lt- !! In Amiarrltnt.
tin. innalt Couiu.rnliJ.
Wandering among the graves in the
cemetery at Frankfort, a correspondent
(f the Cincinnati Commercial found a
tlark, gray monument loaring the name
of Silomon 1. Sharp. The inscription
states that ho " was assassinated while
extending the hand of hospitality, on the
morving of Nov. 7, 1S2", in the thirty
oiirthth year of his age," with the text
added: "" What thou knowest not now,
thou shah know hereafter."
Col. Sharp was, in his day, one of the
foremost men of Koiiturky. During the
administration of James Madison he had
served two terms in congress, at which
time he was the room-mate and intimate
JOHN V. CAI.HOfX,
who is said to have declared that ."sharp
was " the oldest man of his ago that had
ever crossed the mountains." Ho had
previously lieen several times elected to
the Kentucky legislature, ami under
(iov, Adair was uttornev-trencral of the 1
state. At the time of his death he had
settled in Frankfort as a very successful
lawyer, but had recently boon again
elected to the legislature ns the cham
pion of the " relief party." The " relief"
and "anti-relief" controversy, of which
I shall not attempt to sketch a history,
had been for some time agitating the
state, and the fact that Col. Sharp was
regarded as a chief exponent of the relief
movement, and .that the session of the
legislature Was to begin on the day fol
lowing his assassination, lent a peculiar
emphasis to the excitement that followed.
The story of hi death, with its cause
and its cotiHeriuciice, I have learned
from several cotemporary personal
sources. Rut first let me say, fronting
the capitol square in Frankfort, on its
northern side, and only a few steps east
ward from the Frankfort and Ijouisville
railway, is a largo, dark, red-colored
brick mansion, three stories in height,
extending far back, with ample accom
modations for the slave help of "the
good old times."
This house is jx'rhaps sixty years old,
and was the home of Col. So"lomon P.
Sharp in 1825. A few years previous,
Sharp had met a young hidy named Ann
Eliza Cook, an.l
HE HAD PEDUC'EP HER.
.She was a young lady of good family, of
fair cultivation, with some literarv tal
ent. He met her at a party, I Ulieve,
and it was tinder the excitement of the
dance and the wine jierhaps, that Miss
C'Kik yielded herself to him. After her
disgrace became known she had secluded
herself at home, but it seems that a
young lawyer named Jeroboam O. Reau
champ, also of respectable family, hap-iK-ned
to see her and, falling in love with
her, succeeded in obtaining her promise
to lieeome his wife on condition exacted
ly her he should kill Colonel Sharp.
This promise was made the marriage
took place. .Some time a year or two
perhaps passed, ami Sharp still re
mained alive. Perhaps the trouble
would "nave passed and lieen forgotten,
had not the seduction been mentioned as
against Sharp's character during the
warm jiolitical campaign in which he
was elected to the legislature. On this
charge being brought against him, Col.
Sharp treated it slightly and stated in
public, it is said, that a certificate was in
evidence that this child lxirn of Miss
HAD A BLACK FACE.
This added insult to the original injury,
and the secret writing of Reaiichanip's
promise came out distinctly at his
breath. The !-Minday evening fiefore the
general assembly met, Rcauchamp (who
lived in another part of the state) en
tered Frankfort, and, finding the hotels
full put up at the private house of a
gentleman named Scott, two or three
squares south of Sharp's residence. Late
at night he went around to the house in
which Sharp resided the large, old
brick which I have mentioned and. go
ing to a side door (though others say it
was to the front door), he knocked.
Sharp w as aw akened, and asked who was
there. Rcauchamp answered by giving
the name of one familiar to Sharp in
another part of the state, where the hitter
formerly lived but changing the second
initial of this jktsoh's name, saying
"John A. Covington," ami requesting
to see him at once on important business.
"I know John W. Covington," said
Sharp, doliliorately (oning the door and
advancing into the open air and dark
ness. Rcauchamp at once lifted a mask which
he wore, saying :
"Don't you know me, colonel?"
" My (bid! it's R ," exclaimed Sharp,
but did not succeed in pronouncing his
enemy's name before the latter struck
him with his left hand and
ST AT, BED HIM TO THE HEART
with the right. Col. Sharp was found
dead on his doorstep. Rcauchamp re
turned to his lodging and left tow n earlv
in the morning, without being suspected,
I lxdieve. It is related that on approach
ing his home he conveyed to his wife the
intelligence of the deed accomplished by
waving his handkerchief aloft in the dis
tance. The death of Col. Sharp produced a
profound sensation in Frankfort and
throughout the state. The legislature
offered ,000 for the detection and ap
prehension of the murderer. There was
a disposition to make jiolitical capital
out of the all'air, too, I am told, and to
make believe the assassination to have
lieen in the interest of the anti-relief
jiarty. One of the Frankfort editors of
the time was darkly charged with acces
sory knowledge and some were not in
disjKised, I liolicve, to have him arrested.
It was through" this editor, I have ltoen
told I think the name was Darby that
Reauehamji was finally jiointed out and
arrested, Sharp's famiiy, it is said, show
ing an indisjxisition to touch him and
thus make hoiolcsly juiblic the cause of
his act. Rut Rcauchamp was finally
brought to trial, and
SENTENCED TO HE HUNC
During the interval lietweon the sen
tence ami its execution, great efforts
were made in his liehalf, delegations of
ladies dressed in mournim: even going to
the governor, and a son of the governor,
Isaac R. Desha, was imprisoned at the
time, convicted of a highway robin-ry
near Maysville. It was jiresumed young
Desha would lie pardoned as ho after
ward was ami it was urged that the
governor might do a gracious thing,
lightening the selfish act of clemency by
pardoning Rcauchamp and his son to
gether. l!ut he was inflexible. Political
revenge, perhaps, it is said, had to lie
The day of execution came. A short
time ln-fore t-ho hour designated, roquet
was made by Rcauchamp that his wife
might Ik- jicrmitted to remain with him
alone in his cell (it seems they were ten
derly engaged to each other), for the
puqiose of their last leave-taking, and
this jirivilege was granted. After a
while, as the time fixed for execution
was at hand, the oflicers entered the
prison cell and found the wife dying with
the wound of a jienknife in her breast,
and the husband himself also fatally
stabbed. They had
DETERMINED TO ELI DE THE LAW,
ami die together. Rut as the time for
the execution hail come, Reauchamp was
taki-n in his dying condition out Ukiii
the scaffold and hung. The Inidies of
the husband and wife were removed to
their home and buried together. Sub
sequently this tragic romance of real life
was made the basis of a novel which w as
largely lmught ujt, it is said, by Sharji's
friends. Later, almut eighteen years
ago, a drama was written W John Sa
vage, the Irish jKiet, founded on the Rcau
champ history, ami was on the jxiint of
being produced at Louisville.
"1 was at the Louisville theatre that
night, I remember," a lady in Kentucky
told mo; "it was in lSoS. The theatre
was vcrv full. I fonrot the name of the
play, but it was understood that its inci-
dents weie taken from the Rcauchamp
tragedy, :,n I Avona Jones was to have
the principal part.
I'he curtain was about to rise; ?very
Ixidy was in exjiectation, when is was an
nounced that a change of the jirogramme
had K'en determined ujxm, ami the
' Bride of Lamniermoor,' I U-lieve some
thing, at least, from tine of Walter Scott's
novels was jilaycd instead. Governor
Morehead. it was understood, hail come
down on the evening train from Frank
fort, just in time to prevent the play,
otlering a large sum of money on liehalf
of the Sharp family to have it withdrawn
ami not jiroaluced in Kentucky. There
was groat excitement; many insisting on
leaving the theatre and having their
admission money refunded, I rememlier."
Rkmkdy I'kiR Cortiiis. The Ixmdon
Iincet says: "Anodynes, narcotics,
cough mixtures, and lozenges are jiracti
ca'lv of no good, and but too often in-
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY,
crease the debility and hasten the fatal
end. The liest method of easing a cough
is to resist it with all the force of will
possible, until the accumulation of
phlegm becomes greater, then there is
something to cough against, and it comes
up very much easier, and with half the
coughing. A great deal of hacking and
hemming and coughing in invalids is
purely nervous, or from the force of
habit, as is shown by the frequency
when thinking about it. and the compar
ative rarity when the person is so much
engaged that there is no time to think
about it, and the attention is compelled
in another direction."
The Earliest Modern Newspapers.
It seems that to Italy the world is
indebted for the origin or the newspaper.
Centuries before the Christian era, or, to
give the precise date according to the
best authorities, 691 R. C, a daily jour-
nai caneu ine Acia uiurna was puDiisneu
at Rome. It was not in the form of the
printed paper sheet that is nowadays
lelt at every intelligent man s door in
the early morning; nor was it issued in
cojiious editions and circulated among
the subseril)ers tor a stiimlated consider
ation. The Acta Diurna was a public
enterjmse, supjxirted by government,
and the few copied struck off in Latin
script upon white wooden tablets were
hung at conspicuous jxiints in the streets
and the. frequented places or the city, and
gave to the curious passer-by the latest
intelligence of current event. With the
downfall of the western emjiirc journal
ism jK-rished-, and for upward of a thou
sand dreary years was one of the lost and
Ry Italian genius it was finally revived
again, and enice was the scene of its
second birth. There are now in the
Maglialiechia library of Florence thirty
volumes of the oldest modern newspaper
ot winch we have any knowledge. Jt
was entitled Gazetta, as some sav, from
the word Gazzera, signifying magpie or
chatterer, and, according to others, from
the name of the small coin for which the
jiajx-r was sold. It was published at
Venice once a month by order of the
government, and continued to be written
in scrijit, even after jmnting had lieen
invented. The last number is dated in
the sixteenth century. The earliest
French journal, the Gazette de France,
a newsjmper still in existence, we believe,
was edited by Renaudot, a physician in
Paris. It ajipeared as a weekly, the in
itial number being issued in April, 16.'il.
It was patronized by the king, Louis
XIII., and contained at least one article
jK-nned by the royal hand. It also en
joyed the sujiport of Cardinal Richelieu.
The British museum preserves some
cojiies of a newspaper called the English
Mercuric, and jirofessing to have breu
jirinted under the authority of Queen
Elizalieth in 1,588. The title of one of
the numbers reads thus: "The English
Mereurie, published by authoritie, for
the jirevention of false rejxrts, imprinted
by Christopher Rarlur, her highnesu's
jirinter, No. fid." In it is an account of
the Spanish Armada, under th, heading:
" A journall of what jassed since the
21st of this month, between her majes
tic' fleet an.l that of Siayne, transmit
ted by the Lord Ilighe Admiral to the
Ijordes of Council.' Rut the papers
were not published at the date and in
the circumstances jiretended. They have
lieen jiroved to lie clever forgeries execu
ted aliout 17CG. In 1622, during the
reign of James I., a paper apjieared un
der the title of the London eekly Cour
ani. In 1643, in the time ofthe civil
war, a variety of publications claiming
unworthily the office and the name of
newspajKT wore produced, but, in fact,
the first genuine news journal published
in England was established by Sir Roger
L' Est range, in lfiG,r. It bore the name
of the Public Intelligencer, and survived
until the London Gazette was trans
ferred from Oxford to London, in Feb
The first regular newspajxr produced
in the United States was the Boston
News-IjOtter, which ajqx-ared Ajiril 24, '
1704. In .Sqttember, 1698, an enter
jirising jirinter in Boston had undertaken
to start a new.'jiajier, but the first edition
w:ts suppressed by the authorities, and
only one copy is now known to exist.
Full Planting in the Flower Garden.
If the southern flower gardener desires
a good show of bloom next spring, he
must plant during the present month or
the next, according to the state of the
weather and the condition of the soil,
many seeds which the catalogues of the
seedsmen will direct him to sow in the
sjiring. Most of the perennials and bien
nials, as well as some of the annuals, are
of this class. A few of the most desir
able are snapdragon, Antirrinum,) Col
umbine, (ArjniliyUi,) Sweet Alyssum,
Candytuft", Caliopsis, Catchfly, Clarkia,
Nemophilla, Petunia, Iarkspur, Erysi
mum, Pink, Mourning Bride, (Scabiwa,)
Stock, Holyhock, Sweet Pea, Mignonette,
(in jmts for winter blooming,) Gaillardia
and Pansy. We may sow also, in pots of
prejiarcd soil, Calceolaria, Cineraria,
Mimulus, and Chinese Primrose, for win
ter blooming house jilants. The seed
should be sown in Sx-jitemlier, in jxits
jirepared in the following manner: the
jHit to lie half filled with drainage, over
that, the rough sifting of the mold, and
the surface covered with soil as fine as
possible, half of which should Ix? com
jHtsed of river sand. When prejiared
thus, it should lie watered with a fine
rose, immediately after which sow the
seed carefully, without any covering of
soil. The jKits should then lie placed
under a close frame or hand-glass, in a
shady jmrt of the garden, no artificial
heat lx'ing required. When the plants
have made sufficient growth say an inch
they must tie transplanted into small
fKits filled with similar soil and kept its
icfore; and they must afterwards be
several times re-potted, as their growth
may require more room. Eural Caro
linian. How to Milk a Cow and How not to Milk.
Five jxr cent., and, perhaps, ten, can
be added to the amount of milk obtained
from the cows of this country, if the fol
lowing excellent rules, which we find
credited to that most voluminous and
often-quoted authority " An Exchange,"
were universally followed :
1. Never hurry cows, in driving to and
from the jiasture.
2. Milk as nearly at equal intervals as
jxissihle. Half-past five in the morning
and six at night are very good hours.
8. Be esjxH-ially tender to the cow at
4. When seated, draw the milk as
rapidly as jxissible, being certain always
to jret all.
Never talk or think of anything lie-
side what you are doing, when milking,
6. Offer some caress and always a
sixithing word when vou approach a cow
( and when you leave her. The better she
loves you, the more free and complete
will lie her abandon, as you sit at her
We ajqx-nd the not uncommon jirac
tiee. 1. Ix-t some loy turn the cows away
and get him who is fond of throwing
stones and switching the hind ones every
chance he gets.
2. Milk early in the morning and late
at night, dividing the day into two jKir
tions, one of fifteen hours and the other
3. Whack the cow on the back with
the sttMil, or sjx-ak sharjilv to her if she
d.x's not " so," or " hoist'
4. Milk slowly or carelessly, and stop
at the first slacking of the fluid.
o. Talk and laugh, and perhajis squirt
milk at companion milkers, when seated
at the cow.
ti. Keep the animal in a tremble all
the time you are milking, and w hen done
give her a vigorous kio-k.
HIS HOXOK AND -BIJAII.
An Hour at the IX-trolt Central Station
From the Detroit Free Press.
Bijah skulked into the corridor and
returned with a melancholy man, whose
shirt-collar hung by the last button, and
who had evidently been rolled over and
over in the road by the boas elephant of
the last circus.
" Your cognomen is ?" inquired his
" Shoseph," replied the prisoner.
"And you work at?"
" On a Sherman baper," was the reply.
"Ah! yes. You are one of those af
terntxm journalists who take items from
the morning pajx-rs, change a name or
two, and gobble them as original !"
" I dranslates," replied the prisoner,
in solemn tones.
" I understand. I've seen your trans
lations frequently, and they are well
done. Anybody who hadn't read the
other jajx;rs would think: you had a hun
dred tons of brain under vour hat."
" I can't help dot if J, didn't want to."
""Well, I'm only giving you my indi
vidual opinion. If I were you I'd write
my own items or sit on a lxx and w hit
tle bar soap. It's a fact that you were
drunk last night, and what have you to
say aliout it?"
The prisoner wijxd his nose in an ap
pealing manner, and his honor continued :
" It's the first time, and I'll let you
go, but if you appear here again I'll
translate you and transjxirt you, tx.
You are big enough to know how to be
" Whoop!" exclaimed a Toledo sailor
a he was brought out.
"Yes, 'hooped' for sixty days," re
plied the court, and Bijah went in for
Henry Gibson came out with wild eye
and nervous stej, and as soon as he could
secure a view of his honor's good na
tured face ho feelingly remarked :
" I jirotest I solemnly protest !"
" Don't take on that way, Mr. Gibson,"
soothingly replied the court.
" I will, sir I will take on ! I pro
" Do vou protest a draft, Mr. 'Gib
"No, sir; I protest against the out
" Didn't you have sheets on your bed, i has calculated the total exjienseof mend
Mr. Gibson, and didn't they give you ; ing those stockings after the first thor
milk toast for breakfast?" ! ough overhauling, as expressed in cotton,
" 1 tell you I protest ! exclaimed the
" Well, I would, too, if I'd been found
drunk with my lxidy jammed in between
a sugar hogshead and a barrel of kero
sene. There's lots of law in this coun
try, Mr. Gibson, but there's no law to
prevent you protesting from this time
"Sir! I want justice! said the jiris
onor; " I demand justice !"
" That's a different thing, Mr. Gibson,
and I'm hajqiy to say that I can accom
modate you. I find you guilty, and I
sentence you to the house of correction
for thirty davs !"
" I pro !"
But Bijah juilled him in out of the
soft, sad sunlight which streamed into
W ANTED THOMAS.
She was a little bit of a woman with a
big straw hat on, and she suddenly
squeaked out :
Oh! sir! I want to see I nomas,
" Well, look around vou, and if you
see him it will be all right."
Oh I sir, lie isn t bore, sir, she .said,
after glancing around.
v nai i nomas is it ; - inquired the
"Oh! I dunno!"
" Is it Thomas Jefferson ?"
" Deed, sir, but I can't tell !"
"Or Thomas Jones Brown, Smith,
Perkins, Do Laney, St. Clair or Wither-
None o them, sir it s 1 homas.
Well, your Thomas is far, far awav,
it seems, and now let's proceed to ask
and answer other questions. Let me in
quire if there is the remotest suspicion
in your mind that you were intoxicated
last evening ?"
" Oh! I can't go on till I see Thomas!"
" And Thomas, oh! where is he?"
" That's what I dunno."
" Well, I can't keep this case oix-n all
summer to jdeasc Thomas, John or Joe.
iou will have to plead.
" I plead for Thomas," she answered.
" Guiltv, or not guiltv ?"
" Oh! sir, call for Thomas, sir!"
" Madame Bliss, I can't have anv more
f.xiling around. I do not know this
Thomas. I do not know his abiding
ice. He may be a wild Arab, a howl
ing Turk, a bearded Russian or an Amer
ican with his hair parted in the centre for
aught I know. We must dispose of this
"Thomas! oh! my Thomas!" she
called as she faced the audience.
He answereth not, Mrs. Bliss, and
now I desire to know whv vou kicked
down the line fence lx-twecn you ami
your netghlior, and threw slops at her?"
Oil! sir, it lhonia.H was only here!
I wish he was I'd send him up with
you. 1 make your sentence sixty days,
and if you ever find Thomas please send
me his jihotograjih."
Bijah adjourned the court, tenderly
placed the prisoners in the buggy, and
the boys came out of the alloy and sang :
shp's a weeping fair her Thdinn,
Anal Ttin, oh! where is he?
If he was any sort of fellaT
Jle'd come and sailace she.
The Traflic in Italian Children.
The Faris corresjiondent of the London
Times, sjx?aking of the abominable traflic
in Italian children, says:
Attention has often been drawn in the
Times to the lamentable practice of bog
ging exercised by children trained in the
trade. This question has been re-opened
by a circular addressed by the " Societe
Italienne de Rienfaisance" of Paris to
corresponding institutionsthroughout the
world. The following facts will, I think,
convince every one that the sujijiression
of this social jxst would be a really jihil
anthropic work in southern Italy. In a
naturally very rich province of the Ra
silieata the greater jiortion of the inhal)
itants make a regular trade "of organ
grinding and Ix-gging, an.l thence come
those bands of children who have made
their country notorious throughout Eu
rojie and even America. Five or six
communes are esjx'cially distinguished
for their immigrant namely, Marsieo
vetese, Cojdeto, Laurenzano", Calvello,
Pieeinisco and Yiggiano. This immi
gration, which was facilitated by the
former Neapolitan government, doubt
less with the object of getting rid of a
turbulent jmpulation, still continues with
the same activity. The custom of beg
ging from town to town by means of
children has given rise to a traffic which
is openly practiced in and even tolerated
by the authorities of every country.
Every year several hundreds of children
of every age and sex leave their homes
under the guidance oi individuals wiio
call themselves their parents, or padrone?.
In reality these men are nothing but slave I her. But she was an apt scholar, ami
masters; the children are let, sold, or j when her royal betrothed came to claim
confided to them by virtue of contracts ! her hand she was nicely Anglicized, ami
signed bv two parties, who consider them I could manage a long dress quite grace
so binding that they sometimes call for 1 fully. The course of this case of true
the assistance of consuls abroad to en- I love at first sight ran ever so smoothly,
force their conditions. j and they were married. The jirince ttxik
Thcse agreements generally hand over I his child-wife to London, Ixiught a grand
the children for a fixed jx rio'd at so much jialace, endowed her w ith all the mag
a vear or for a sum to lx' jiaid Ix fore- j nificent jewels he had inherited from his
hand. These bands of children lx-gin bv ; family, and gave her unlimited credit at
lagging all through Italy. Following j the most fashionable milliners. And they
the Corniche road they come to Nice and are still living in England as haiqiy as
Marseilles. Vcrv few come into France ! hapjiv can be. The jirince send ten
by sea, as at Marseilles the disembark- thousand dollar every year to the mis
aiionof lx-ggars is guarded against. When ! sionarv school where he first saw his
they have no jia.ssjxirts they cross the 1 wife, who had jirovon worthy.of diim. It
A bis bv Hrianeon. On the front ior thn ,i very nrettv storv, ami all little girls
children are often re-sold to jx-rsons living !
in Paris or other large cities, and their
conductors after delivering "P their hu- !
SEPTEMBER 24, 1S75.
man merchandise return to the Rasili
cata in search of others. In Paris the
children are huddled pell-mell, boyn and
firls, into lodgings near the Place Mau
ert and the Pantheon. When they are
out begging their masters often follow
them to watch their receipts, but most
generally the eldest child takes jxsses
sion of the money, the padrone prefer
ring to sjx;nd his time in low taverns.
The smallest children are considered the
best workers, and are most in demand,
because they excite most compassion
from the jmblic. Begging lasts from
niorning till night, the" children obtain
ing their food from the charity of others.
In the evening they return to" their lodg
ings to give up the jiroceeds of the day,
but if the receipts are bad they often beg
late into the night to avoid ill treatment.
Some of them are sent into the suburbs,
more especially on fete days in the sum
mer. Ihey wait outside the stations for
the trains, singing a barbarous mixture
of patriotic and obscene songs. When
one of them is arrested he is provisionally
detained, and notice is given to the Ital
ian consul. The padrone, however, gen
erally arrives first, asserts his claim, and
the child is nearly always given up to
him. A Neapolitan physician states that
of one hundred children of both sexes
who leave their country only twenty re
turn, thirty establish themselves abroad,
and fifty fall victims to illness, jirivation
and cruel treatment. Fifty is, indeed, a
Mistake IVuilr Make In a MlHtllrrsvtarrf
IioiKKsity for Silting.
Scriliiiers'i. Monthly for August.
We know a very industrious and ami
able little housewife out west who has a
taste for darning stockings. She can juit
as neat a jiatch ujion a stocking as ever
you saw, the threads of cotton as regular
as fish-netting, and as straight as an "only
direct railway route ;" and the whole so
smoothly done that you hardly know
which is the original and which the darn.
Indeed, her jovial neighlxir who lives just
across the alley says those darns never
wear out. She says that Mrs. Hamilton's
stockings are like the human system
the material is renewed every seven years.
And the neighlxir, being in good circum-
j stances, and having nothing else to do,
needles, and candles, and finds that it
would have kejit Mrs. Hamilton's family
in the best balbrigans or British hose, in
stead of the inferior quality which she
had Ixiught for their cheapness. In this
j estimate no account was taken of the
: time employed in the mending. Mrs.
Hamilton has said that her labor w as her
capital, and it hardly seemed fair to count
that in. Our informant says, however,
that her Joe heard Clint Hamilton say
the other day that, somehow, that last
batch of doughnuts wouldn't go down.
We know another worthy and well
meaning young woman in New York,
whose limited salary as private tutor has
fur several years supported a chivalrous
oltl soldier of the last two wars, whom
the last one left impoverished and unpen
sioncd in Alabama. It was her custom
heaven knows she thought it herduty
to walk up to her work, twenty blocks,
through the slush and snow of last win
ter, in order to stive the fares by the
street ears. She would, jx-rhajis, have
reasoned, Ix-tween coughs, that health
Peojile whose resources' are small fre
quently make the mistake of sujqiosing
that what is of immediate and market
able value is of more importance than
health or education, and they ltegin a
course of economy by cutting away their
pleasures; money spout in recreation
comes to be regarded as a dead waste.
While a Thomas conceit or a day up the
Hudson would let in enough music or
sunshine to drive away the whimsoys
and the doctor for a month to come, this
mistaken notion of economy cuts off the
only way of escajie from the grindstone
and" jiill box. The first necessity of a
business man is diversion; and, so long as
it does not lieeome laborious, the more
absorbing bis diversion, the better. Be
tween the utility of the lx-autiful and
the beautiful of the useful there is no
room to institute a comparison.
In some jeople economy takes the form
of investment for income. These are the
sujijKirt of the mock-auction shop and
the second-hand litxik-store. Mrs. Toodles,
with her door-jdate, has a congener in
the seedy young bibliophile who thinks
he has found a bargain in the "annual
rejiort of the deaf and dumb insane asy
lum f'or blind inebriates," or the " 1 listm y
of the Christian missions among the bare
Other jx-ojile cling to an old garment
as to an old friend ; and after it has lie
come as shiny as a suit of medieval arm
or, rebind and patch, and clean it an ex-jx-nse
greatly disjiroportionate to its
worth. This is only another and a
longer road to prodigality.
After all, the ji'-inciple of economy is
not so much self-sacrifice as discretion,
and a little bit of go.nl sense will often
evade the necessity of heroism.
Cajituring a Prince.
Once uixm a time a little Egyptian
girl attended a missionary school on the
Isthmus of Suez. This little girl always
learned her lessons well, and on exhibi
tion days was always jxiinted out as the
brightest scholar of all her comrades.
One day an Indian jirince came that
way. He was returning to his native
land with the corpse of his mother, who
had died in England, where her son had
been sjx'nding his youth acquiring a
knowledge of English life, literature, and
customs. His name was Maharajah Du-4
leeji Singh, and he was very, very rich.
In fact, he was so rich, such a gentle
man, and so elegant in his social be
havior that there w ere many of the great
ladies of the court who would have
deemed it an honor to have obtained his
hand in marriage. Well, as we were
saying, the prince came to the isthmus,
avd lieing detained there a few days
waiting for a vessel, he strolled about the
village, seeking to divert his mind from
brooding upon the sorrow that had so
recently In-fallen him. Attracted by a
chance view of the interior of the mission
school, it occurred to him to enter. Hav
ing introduced himself to the teacher by
one of his names that did not indicate
what a dignitary he was, a little extem
IX) re exhibition of the attainment; of the
jiujiils was resolved ujxtn. Of course the
pet of the school was called ujion to
repeat a jiiece of poetry. This she did
so prettily that the jirince was charmed.
The next" day he came again, and asked
the child, who was scarcely thirteen
years old, to sjx-ak the piece once more.
She did so, and the son of the sun fell
desjierately in love with her. When
schtxd was dismissed he told the teacher
what a nobleman ho was, ami jmijxised
to marrv the little girl on his return
from India, which would be in just six
weeks from that date. In that interval
the future jirincess was put through a
! course of instruction that almost dazed
who go "to school can find a moral in it. j
They should always know their lessons j
thoroughly, and have a piece of poetry i
committed to memory, so that they may
be ready to captivate" the first disguised
grand duke that wanders unaware into
An ntarraMttinv 41trs?ss frain lh Ei-t hlrf.
4in Varloua ! ut ol" aiunul Inlrr-
Mt tOIMil4ti I Hn.
Jefferson Davis delivered an address at
the Agricultural fair, at Desoto, Miv
souri on the 8th inst., according to the
programme. There was a great crow d
present from Jefferson and the adjoining
counties, and quite-a numlx-rof the most
prominent citir.ens of all jiolitical senti
ments. Mr. Davis was well received, but no
notable demonstration was made on the
omission. He ojx'ned his sx-ech by ex
jiresssing much jileasure in meeting the
jx-ojile of a section of country with
which he was well acquainted many
years ago, and felt rejoiced at its growth
and jirosjierity. 8
He came, he said, not to discuss these
questions which vex the mind and dis
turb the harmony which prevail among
the jx-ojile. Jt there are any whostillen-
tertain feelings of malice, or cherish bit
terness on account ofcAhe past, let us
withdraw from such. He declared what
ever might be the machinations of jxili
ticians, whatever the views of jxilieyand
designs of State craft might desire to
consummate in regard to the future, the
peojile of the great Mississipjii valley are
one, and must always remain one jhojiIo
in interest, in destiny and in social forms
and material jirogress. Nom.ruan, no
course of jKilicy, no deep desiis of am
bitious men could ever dissever them.
In all the future they would surely stand
together. The great river ImiuikI them
together bv ties stronger than anv lKili-
tics could ever present, and they must
Ho then spoke at considerable length
upon the vast agricultural resources of
the country, and the future development
ot the commerce ol the -Mississippi val
ley, and its great advantages and iinjiort
ynee to the nation, ami predicted the
time would soon come, when fleets
of iron barges would float down the
mighty Mississippi, bearing a commerce
greater than that of the whole world,
lie advocate. 1 the building of a univer
sity which would serve to confer highest
education ujxin the young men of Viie
valley. The great jxipulation which
must soon swarm this region, will lead
according to the status which they main
tain in mental culture. He urged the
necessity of direct trade with Eunqw-,
and asserted specie resumption was im
practicable until our expirts exceed our
inixrts. He d'-clared congress had no
authority to declare that specie jiayinents
should resume at a certain day, and that
in the jiresent condition of the country
more currency is needed.
The speech was frequently applauded
and seemed at least fo give satisfaction
to all his hearers. '
Xapolponio Intrigues in France.
The Empress Eugenie ami her son are
receiving a small and select jiarty at
their castle of Art -nenlierg, where they
are jiassing the holidays. The party
comjirises several journalists, ami the
Empress is doing all she can to win
back her way in jxijuilarity.
It is now jirctty generally understood
that the Najxileons took away w ith them
in one shape or another alxnit ?XO,h(Ml,
000, and that they have since sjx'iit a
greater jiart of this money in ixditieHl
intrigues for their restoration. Thev
have maintained, and are jirobably still
maintaining, wholly or in jiart, alxnit
forty newspapers m Franco and other
countries; hut their funds have lately
been running short, and they .ire now
trying to do whatsoever is to lx- done bv
condescension instead of hard cash.
Paul do Cassagnac, the champion of the
fallen Empire, is also particularly court
ed Ixilh for his jien ami his sword. Rut
the exorcist' of the latter has lx-en re
cently circumscribed, Ix-cause two journ
nlistsattached to the editorial department
of the Kcpuhlique Francaise, M. Gani
bctta's jiajx-r, jiass all tlAir days in jirac
tising fencing, for the avowed jiurxise
of taking M. Paul's life. A few of the
older adherents of the Najxileons gath
ered around the widowed Empress and
her son on the l")th inst., and the young
Prince addressed them with considerable
tact and jiolitical ability. He said :
"Should the French people some day re
call me to jiower I will lbree all honest
men to rally round tin; Empire by eras
ing from the French language the words
'exile' and ' jtroscriptioii.' If it could
only be known what lessons I have
learned from the past, what resolutions
I have drawn from exjK-rienee of the
events which jiasscd under my own eyes,
it would lie seen how well I understand
that I must only look backward for ex
ample and teaching, but not f.ir objects
of vengeance and bitterness. A great
jieople is not eo be governed by hatred
and revenge." These are brave words,
full of fair promise, ami it is only to lx
botx-.l that the Prince will act up to his
jirinciples should he ever have a chance
of doing so.
John Blight's Sarcasms.
John Bright has long lx-en regarded as
one of the most eloquent sjx-akers in the
English house of commons. Rut it is not
so well known that his power of sarcasm
is almost unrivaled. hen provoked by
the taunts of opixisition to use this weap
on, which he does but seldom, his retorts
are overwhelming, (uite recently he
replied to some of the torv jiartv, who
had been finding fault with measures of
Mr. Gladstone. He said: J hose gen
tlemen must find fault; it is their nature;
if they had been in the wilderness they
would have comjilained of the Ten Com
mandments as a harrassing jiiece of leg
islation." Rut hi sharjiest sarcasms
have lx-en against members of the nobil
ity. When boasts had lx-en math: of the
antiquity of a jiromiucnt family, that
their ancestors came over with the con
queror, his reply was jirompt, " I never
heard that they did anything else." A
noble lord once said, on occasion of Mr.
Rright's sickness, that Providence was
punishing him for a mis-use of talent bv
al' .' ' .' 1' .t. 1 :.. '11...
lnnicimg a disease oi ine mam. i na
sarcasm of the rejoinder was terrific when
Mr. Rright resumed his seat, "It may
bo so; but, in any case, it will be some
consolation to the friends of the noble
lord to know that the disease is one
which even Providence could not inflict
Jrixiixo Houses. The purchasers of
horses for the French army always en
deavor to obtain a first look at the ani
mal when he is tranquil and in the sta
ble, noting if the animal supports itself
equally well on all il legs, and if one
seems to yield, to especially examine it
Attention is then directed to the large
ness of the jiupil of the eye, which ought
to lx more exjxised to full light. After
the animal has lx-en led out of the stable
the eye ought to lx- again examined ; ob
serve" has t lie jmpil contracted if not,
the sight is feeble. Others, to test the
jxiwer of vision, feign to strike the fore
head with the hand. If the hollow over
the eyes lx- profound ami temples gray,
oltl age i to lx- concluded. Wounds
alxnit the temples suggest attack of
staggers, anil when the end of the nose
jiresent circular scars, it may lx con
cluded that the horse ha lx-en twitched
with a cord to insure his quietness while
lx-ing shod, or having to submit to severe
jiainful ojx-rations. Jiurmd of Agricul
ture. Ix a recent scandal case in Smith
county, Kansas, a lady witness declined
to answer a question, and the attorney
demanded her reason. " Because it i
not fit to t-.ll decent jx-ojilo." " , well," J
said the lawyer, "just walk tiji here and i
whisper it to the judge," I
VOL. XXI. NO. 11.
The Scotch Way of Managing- Pigs.
Two men are employed constantly in
cleaning the jx-ns, and the manure made
is of great value. Barley straw is
Ixiught for lx-dding. Fresh straw is laid
down after the xn is cleaned, mid this is
found to induce n desire in the ilgx to
rest and sleep. They r.re no more dis-turlx-d,
except to lx fed, for twenty-four
hours. Every seventh sty is kept for the
sole use of the young sickling pigs.
This is furnished with feed-trough, in
which feed is constantly kept. Passages
are made from each jx-n to this for the
little jigs, which jias ami repass contin
ually, always finding their own quarter
unfailingly after outing what thev desire.
The exorcise i found to be healthful and
The pig are weaned when ten week
old, aiifl are then led with a mixture of
one thousand pounds of bran, six hun
dred jxiun.ls ot barlrynieiil, fifty jxnind
of linseed, with one hundred jxHind of
artificial mixed f.xxl known as "cull's
f.xxl," tha character of which i not
stated. This is cooked, and fed cold five
times a day for three weeks, when they
are jmt on regular rations three times a
day with older pigs. Older jiigs receive
a mixture of two hundred jeoiind corn
meal, one thousand jhiuii.1 of ground
barley, one thousand jNiunds ground
jx-as, two thousand jkiuihI malt dust,
and on alternate days jxitatix-s and tur
nijis, and jiarnips. l atteiiing jiig are
finished on niorning and evening meal
of a mixture of live hundred xnind
each of corn meal, bran and pea-meal,
stud two thousand Kiumls of barley meal.
A midday meal of barley meal and
jxitatix's i given n a change, which
stimulates the apix'tite and aids diges
tion. Every pig ha salt on alternate
days, an.l coal ashes to chew once a week.
The biars are kept in separate ix-n.
In rotation the sow are turned intai
them from ami after Sejiteinlx r. The
sows at this time are red u ceil in flesh.
When ready to farrow they are turned
into jiens surrounded with a ix lich ten
inches above the ll.xir to protect the ig
from lx'ing overlaid and crushed by the
sows. After farrowing, clean fresh lx-dding
is given, and a warm drink of out
meal ami bran gruel. January and Feb
ruary jiigsare made to weigh liid jmund
dead weight by Deceinlier. When
twelve week old the voting jiigs are
ringed and turned eaefi day into a
meadow when the weather is line. No
food is given for twelve hour lx lbre kill
ing, and the carcass is singed in a "gas
jacket," instead of scalded, to remove
the hair. The bacon is iinjirovcd in ap
pcarance by thi process.
The Art of Dressing.
Women, say the Saturday Review,
should either adopt a uniform a men
have done, or else dress making should
lie elevated into a jMisijion of a tine art,
and treated as such. It hould lx- un
dertaken by jieople of culture ami re
finement in the same way that cookery
ha been. There ought to lx- a school of
art dressmaking. Perhaps a royal
jirincess would jiatroiiio it. Certainly,
jxirtrait painter would lx only ttxi glad
to know of a place at w hich their sitter
could lx' lx-coniiiigly got tin. It i mel
ancholy to see the bad millinery which i
ixrpetuate.1 in pictures, ami which will
lx1 an eye-sore to future generations.
The walis of the Royal Academy are
every year hung with jxirtrait. which
ltxik like enlarged copies from lx- l 'ollet
or The (jtu-eu newspaper. Indies can
never see ugliness in a dres so long a it
is made m the height ot the reigning
fashion. They have their xirt rait taken,
if jxissible, in "the last new thing," ami
then, when another styl ai-jx-ar",
wonder they could ever have made
such fright of themselves. If there
were some recognized rule alxnit dress
ing, as there are alxnit almost every
other kind of decoration, in time they
would be followed, to the gnat relief of
jx'ojilo of taste, ami tothe comfort of x'o
plew ith notaste at all. There arcalwav
a largo iiuiiiIxt of jx-ople who siy they
have got no work to do. Hero is an
oix'tiing for them. Their first step might
to lx' to petition her majesty not to in
sist uixm ladies w ho are delicate or spare
in figure wearing low dresses at morning
drawing-nxmis. Their second one might
to lx to abolish the use of the word
"fashionable" in its jiresent sense, ;m J
to substitute for it the word Imcoiii-
ing," which would indicate Ixith rcoiio
my whore it is necessary and magnill
ccuce where it is suitable.
irapes in Our (.anion this Season.
Drought and intense heat, just j.n
viotis to ami during the jM-rio.1 ol iix-n-ing,
did some damage, but the crop, a a
whole, was satisfactory. Hartford Pro
lific never lx'lics its name, but Ix-ars
itbumlantlv an-4 ri ih-ms well. It i by no
means a gnqx- of high quality, but com
ing earlv i not apt to lx- slighted. It is
an excellent market grajx', it only fault,
in that capacity, lx-ing a liability, when
fully rix-, to tlroji easily from the branch-
.. J'eikms, a white gnqx', rqx'iis aixnu
the same time, ami has the samr fault
of droiining from the bunches, but for
homo Use thi i not a great drawback.
It isal-cttor grajie than the Hartford,
(to our taste) though. somewhat foxy;
but, ho far, in our short experience with
it, has jiroved only a moderate ln-arer.
Concord always prove trustworthy in
the wav of production, ami always sell
well. Our Delaware vine are in an un
favorable Jilaeo, much shaded by tree,
which have grown si nee they were jilanted,
ami are not doing well, in const qu.-nco.
Walter is a most dclieiou grax-, ami ha
never disajixiinted us as to crop, but the
vine are not thrifty, at jiresent. We
have not yet examined tli" nxits, but
su) x'ct t he 7 "" '", (grax w(xnl louse.)
Scnasqua Ixire thi s-ason for the first
time, (exccjit, jxrhaps, one or two
bunches last year,) and liro magnifi
cently. It is a hybrid lx-twecn the Con
cord and the Black Prince, (foreign) ami
resembles the former in foliage, while
the fruit is like the fleshy foreign vari
eties. The lxTries are alxnit the size of
the Hartford, black, solid Hched, and
of a lively, refreshing vinous flavor;
bunches large and very comjiact, vine
vigorous and free from disease. We may
safely set down the S-nasqua a prom
ising", but it, of. course, need a longer
trial to fully establish it merits. I'eler
Wylie still" holds it own, and, iu our
estimation, stands at the head of the li-t
of table grajx's for home ue. If it ha an
equal, we have not found it. The vine
is jierfectly healthy, so far, ami very jiro
dtiotive. "NY have several others of Dr.
N'ylic' hybrids (unnamed) in Ixaring,
all of which are of sujx-rior quality.
Pj'.Ot.ItKHS OK Fl.YINo MA( IIIM ItY.
A new steering balloon, by Smitb-r, i
being exhibited, susix-nded in the middle
of the Alcazar in Pari. I ho measure
ment is onlv 0,000 cubic feet, but the
balloon is so'light that, when filled w ith
pure hydrogen, it must float. A con
siderable sum of mom v ha lx-en in
vested in it, and great ability ha lx-en
displayed in the construction. Although
1 . , . ... .... i
mi jiracticalile result in ox n air may ix'
hoped for, it i a wonderful jiiece of
clockwork. In connection with tin
subject, it i stated that, for several
months past a firm of engineer have
lx-t n exix riincnting jirivatelv at the
Crystal j-ahtoe with an aerial steamer of
a novel ami promising character, weigh
ing ltiO jxiiimls. Exix-rimentsarestalcil
to have jiroved the capability of two
vertical screw, each twelve feet diameter,
to raise a weight of l-'o tiunds; the
steam-engine, w ith water and fuel, fonn
i nr part of the weight so raised to the
extent of SO jxiund. The jxiwer exerted
bv it is equal to two and a halt horse.
1 he commun
by a vert lea
The communication of motion i given
id axii emanating lrom the
MopkiiV Atheism. Cardinal Man
ning, in jirenching at Liverjxxil recently,
said the ancient world wa x netrMt..t
through and through with a Ixlief iit
the divine existence ; but the world at
thi day h:nl atheism in it, a mnii-t-T
which tin ancient world hardly knew I y
name. The jiresent wn a time in whit jr
there wa an organized, delilxTate, nrnl
jxTsistetit conspiracy to destroy tlJ
Christian civilization of the world, wl.i. It
had hitherto Ix-cii it dignity and in
protection, ami the special aim wa tl tf
separation of the Chri-liaii faith fro: i
the public older of the world, lVoni tl t
legislation of state, from the authority
of the civil jmwer, from the culture f
a higher class, ami from st hixil for thJ
Oi k Goi.p and ."ii.vkii Chop. Thi
gold ainl silver product of the Tnio l
State in 1S7J wa T.'.Don.tMMi. of thi
Ciilifortiet furnished .'M.ltiin.tiixi; N. .
vada $:.', -IVJ.imhi; tali f.'i.'.H mi.ihmi ; C.-f
oratltt ..I!'1.hm: Montana ..!, J:.',i'k
ami Idaho $1.mm),ihxi. 'o cxiiit
nearly the whole of thi product nbroa I
to jiiiy for what wo iuiirtc!. NY oiu.
time Hatter (Uir-clvc that our gold an t
silver mine are an imjHirtnut o,,r,.,. if
wealth, but if we comiiire their jit-1 I
with that of some other product-i," tit
mistake will lx- detected. Our c .,
crop i worth four times n mm i
a our gold mid hiker crop; n:f
wheat crop live time it unit I ;
cotton Top more than throe 1 i t 4
a much, ami our hay crq t.:
time a much. California i all d i!
Guillen State, but ith all it c.'l l a" I
silver product it would U a jxir-tu.i
but for its w heat crop. Cnliornia' -rieultiire
is a much more prolific want.
of wealth than it inim-. ,f I Ami .'
Ilr.U.TlT of F. i:ii !:-.-- The M a---chlisett
Board of Health is out i. itli i'
fourth annua! rcrt, in which i to I
found an inteit Ming i:i r on the li.:.
go it y of the fariut r' hli-. It s.i. - llt
evidence colli t teil from country ph
cuii throughout the state for the i.i .
tweiity-ciidit Mars, shun- that the in.
age length of the liii- of a farmer in tl: i .
state, i .V ainl a Imirtli t.ii. llo- it
milt h longer than that of any iil'm i i ' i
of citizens. The i l.t-s most n. ul."
approai h'uig farm, rs, i , on t r im
clianics, live only '! ami a hall ycai ml
The almost unanimous n lief of t ';.i-
jihysiciaii and the compiler of the j'-qs f
is, that farm.' miv'ht lite much ! m-.i r
than they do. by ctrciing more cure i i
choosing, cooking and cal ing their l"i!
iu avoiding ovcnteik ami t xpo-uiv 1
change of weather, and the uo offn:t
drinking water. 'I heir (i m 1 ca,n-;-t .,
much of h t k, pies sah ratu bn ad ami
cake. The cookery is bail, ami tit.. 1
are eaten too quit Uy for L'"od digestion,
when work huriii. More cl'i tal f
and fruit should l- t al- n. ami mote o
taken. More ( h anlint s as ree.ii I- on!.
houses, and more care in atoid h.-nii''
ccs,s-mmis, sink, etc.. iiiar.r to a w -';
than thirty feet at ;-.-Hmul A-
N'oinen on li'tncnnm-nt Vessels,
The Tinted State Army and Na
Gazette ivcciilly jirinted a letter ptnla-i-ing
againt the p,-.-K t ice iu vogue w : ,
American naval ollicer of taking tin i
wive ami daughter on hoard ship l o
lling cruises. The Loudon Army an I
Navy Gazette reprint the lot tor, pi .
faced a follows; " It wa a w'seiirran -incut
of our Ibrcfath.-is o j.rohi'iit :.nv
commanding olliet r of a -lajjuif , ur I i
embark hi wile, .r, imh , -.1, any waiir-oi,
without having preioiisy obtaining I !
sanction of the admiralty. The r. a-mM
were obvioii. The rule i- pretty st i id l'
enforced in our ow I service, but a- I lei
letter which we ir-x it In low will -'en-.,
the practice of shipping Niuli'i. wife ami
daiiL'hti r is lieeoiitiiig recognized in ilt.t
I'liiled Mates navy. Mir attention bit
been called to the subject by a ill"' in
guished naval ollicer, ami we learn tb iU
it is a vcrv great source of annoy ami' t-i
the majority of Ann titan naval olln-ei .
The Franklin ami the Congress ot tlt t
European squadron are ' lull of worn, n.'
ami it is sail that the captain ha liiiiil
daughter on Ixiard the latter. Iu In I,
thing arc Very bad with them, jmitr f -lows,
if they are not marr ing ne n. I
A inerican aul horit it s are js-a uliai ly -sitiw-in
all ma't r eotim i -led w ilh il t
navy ; ami all lion di i: is iii.irl' il h 1
they are not n i l ' thin tinned ' w
the shaft of native ciiiii i in are i-b
at them, it i admit It d tbat tin v do
show n very Iki. In.nt when they
assailed from iibin.itl. ami it i tie r
not only possible, but probable, thai I
w ill call tlicalteiilioti ol
I lie coliillilill
of the ( 'oiigr.s ami I he 'i a nk I in lol
danger thev run of hating their l
transformed into something approai ! .
emigrant vo x-N, ami tHaint out to tl .
how much th. y would sutler if a ..
jiarisoti were iu-t it UP d Ixtwiiu lit I
ami any of tlie '( rack' nn n of w ar. i m -tmsing
v ice adinitail ami lion. .Mr .Ian. i
I ruiiimoml' squat I ron in the Medio 1 1 -lican,
except in the It auly of the ma.
combataiits on Imao!."
t'.llif..rnl:l l-tl. r In t 1,1. Tlnl '.
The s!t k of the 'olisolial it.-d Vir; Y'l
con-ist of o,ooo sli-na s, par ..lift
$100 cadi. It w IN f..r to :: ,i
share, ami pav more li idt-ndx eae'i m r
than the original par value a. I' lln- -lin. -..
Of these I loud, Mat k iv, ami O'lin
ow n til'.ooo. 'I he California mine I
.1111,01 mi shares at il'o p. r vabw, m
selling at from ?i!o to ?7o. The Iii
OW II l!'.'",iMMI of tin -e shaft -, II Well a
majority of the R-t V l!.-1 In I, ion! !
Ouirv, Savage, ll.de V .Nor. ro-, lint.
ami let id. ntal.
Tin re were shipped from t ho ni -
lilted Virginia alioiii .o.io Ihii. of r..! I
and silver, iiucparatcl, or iiUiiit .7. '
Oihi, previoii to thiyiar. 'I ho fbliov .
ing, w 1 1 if li I copit d f rmn t he biik o : !
company, veiilied by bill-, receipt-, id ,
show s t ho amount ol'bu-iin -s sine.- 1 1
Ix ginniiig of thi-vear: During .laii' a. f
there were hi'K') f' I , I in i,i ,'.'7 ; lYbrti -i . ,
.l,H,"-n ; March, . 1 .77."i7 1 ; A pi ',
?'l,.10'.l,l,.-,7; May, if I ,.1'JI . I 77, find .Iii. ,
l,'")0:!,Kt'(. lrom ?l.oixi.ooti to.4."
000,001) a year, di If t iki u out of a s-e :
mine, i something worthy of reui.uk.
At the end of every month the hen
and the mills "clean tip;" that i-, lie '
take their machinery to pieces, lake n
the lloor, etc., ami collect all the ; .- I
ami silver that may be in ere v ic , -..m ,
or adhering to any portion of tin- in I' .
N Ih-ii tin y lx gin to wmk again it I
some time for t In- a in a I .-a mat ing pan
till up ami lx-gin to prodim. " A (
the richness of the minis," i-outurn
this old miner and mine i.x r.-itnr, " ll.
can be no doubt. Do mhi xiippo c l
gentlemen (meaning Ma. kay, I Intnl. ai
others) would l'-t et rylHi.lv go d o I
into the mine, if there was a doiii'l ala i.
it? Resides, look almllt lull," Jt Inn v
lx eolifiK-cd that, to nil iipxiiraie, ,
there wa hmiinllc- .ro- rity. I$ai f
gold ami silver, worth limn :'.,0io I i
j? 1,1X10 eat h, were -tacked up by liiin-li tl
in the room and hull-, wagon- v.. tj
lx'ing loaded with them, ami they w t)
throw n about a if they . re so m e, t
pigs of iron. In one room half a u - t
men working over it many furice . ,
melting the silver and mold. tig il in'
bar very hot work. Iu the inim-.tl" t
by O") men were eniplovi d night and I. ,
w ith no Sunday plav-spi -II. I'.ie i.i ,
hoisting works, mat bine shoo-, i Irto ,
railroad, saw mills, ami building i
enough for the world' fair were mi t i f
hand, in value reaching into the null' .
The machinery in one mill t-o-t at qu o , r
of it million of dollar-, and mie I'krin t
the Savage mine eo-t . I l'O.imxi, In t',
Consolidated Virginia mine alone, l.o h .
000 feet of lumlrarc u- d every ni.e, i
for bulk head, and-. o,oo ) ,,i.l - . t
wood nr.- burned in one M ar iu tin-
nil in ill-ami mim s 1 loiigiiig t-i M o ! ,
I'air.V Co. 'I In-V hae between t! t
thoil-atid ami lour thoii-aml un n . ' -ployed
at an iivirigo price of fmirill. li
jx-r oav. i lie pay-roil ol one in.u ,
which I saw mv-.ll. for the month 't
.Iuiio, amounteil to al.ut 7o,ooo. !-o
firm Juiy flo.lMXl u quarter, or two bin
dred thousand dolho-a tear.a tax i
the proalua tioii of bullion for one lien .
The di-cmitit mil pre tin rgt mi bu -lion
to San l"ranci-. .i cost ti e tmiipan t
alxnit jisnioo a mouth. The a iv .1, .
partinciit, iq ikeii of iiUixe, i able ti
melt, bar, iis-iv, ami st imp ixi,o )
lay iu gold and siKt r bar in comb'u. -tii
ill the gold lx-ing aUut ! jwr -. i .
The weight of the haix i lr nn '.'0 1 1
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