Newspaper Page Text
A scmber of German merchants do tig business in New York have united to raise fifty thousand dollars to de fray the expenses of the reception of the German crown prince in that city, and his subsequent escort to Philadelphia on his visit to the centennial exhibition. Vice-Pre.sidfjit Wilsox was taken suddenly ill in Washington last week and his life was despaired of. He rallied however, and in an hour or two was con sidered out of danger. The latent ac counts represent his condition as quite low, but still with no alarming symp toms. Little children are sold and exported from Italy now under a new dodge. In stead of taking them away singly, the speculators buy up a whol family at once, including father, mother, uncles and aunts, and start the lot for foreign parts. Th law can't gainsay the will of father and mother, and so the little ones are smuggled out to tussel with the wovld. The Masculine Maud Mullers of Eu rope have raked up two more little plan, ets that were spilt along the zodiac. This asteroid business is getting to lie a nuis ance. . What's the use of finding a celes tial b.tdy of the size of a No. 10 shot? And if they must lie found, why not let them le found by our own Watson, the only original Jacob? (iraphic. In the lull of political agitation the French government is pushing with con siderable vigor the new army scheme ; and the necessary preparations axe forth with to be made for the formation of the territorial army. This force will consist f l,2oo,000 men, all liorn lietween 1835 and 18 10. The infantry regiments, of which there will be 150, are to le first enrolled. These figures look very for midable, but, as a matter of fact, the army will, for some time to come, exist prin cipally on pajier. A CURIOis freak of nature can be seen near Eureka, Cal. It is in the shape of a tree seventy-five feet high, one portion of which is pine and the other fir. The body, from the ground to a distance of thirty feet, is pine, and then for a dis tance of twenty-five feet it is fir. The remaining twentv-five feet, like the lower jHirtion, is pine. The fir portion of the tree is in a flourishing condition, the foliage. on that part being so dense that the leaves are rather scarce. It is a rare curiosity, and attracts the attention of everybody who jwsses it. Tuk present Pacific railroad, and es ecially the California end of it, which is commencing a southern line of its own from that, side, is opposing, though not with great openness, the Texas Pacific railroad project. According to the Springfield Republican, Gould, head of Union Pacific, and Huntington, man ager on this side of the Central Pacific, arc sending secret emissaries over the .south, cultivating dissensions in the southern mind on this question, and try ing to prevent the southern congressmen leing a unit in favor of the Scott bounty bill, when they get to Washing ton this winter. The news that the Khedive has Starched an army into Abysinia accounts for the anxiety he has displayed to se cure the services of as many Americans as possible to command his troops, and also for the late sudden recall ef all ab sentees on furlough. The Khedive has n desire to possess all the country drained by the Nile, and at present seems to have a fair chance to realize his wish. No doubt his men will have sharp fighting in the mountains of Abysinia, but there is no reason why they should not be aa successful as was the British army a few years ago; and if the American, French, and English officers in command do their duty, no doubt ere long the Egyptian flag will float over the walls of Magdala. Tin-: Paris Universe states that the Pope's household consists of 537 per sons, the chief of whom are Cardinal An tonelli, the major-domo, the master of thamWr, the grand almoner, the secre tary, the steward, the governor, Gen. Kanzler, and 5 chanilterlains. There are 2o jH-rsons employed in the secretary's 'Hire, 15 in the administration of the pnlace Jtnd 8 in the secret printing house. The l'oe has 1 groom of the chamber and 6 body servants. The Apostolic Chamber is composed of a president, 23 couriers, 3 servants and 3 orderlies. Car d'mcl Antonelli and Gen. Kanzler have a suite of 43 persons, while the Swiss Guard and Pontifieial gendarmerie num ber 200. ' Commissioner Bcrdet, of the gen eral land office, will in his forthcoming rcp-rt strongly recommend that all tim ber lands owned by the government be appraised and thrown open to purchase at not less than their appraised value. He is of opinion that unless they are thus placed under private guardianship, the fine forests of the country will soon b:; wastefully exhausted by lumber com panies and speculators who arc now stripping the land of its timber under cover of claiming preemption. or without ::ny pretense of compliance of law, while the government receives no revenue from its property, and the country sus tains almost irreparable damage from denuding large areas of its water sheds. He will also condemn the practice of ex tending subsidi vision survey over, im mense Ixslies of worthless land west of huner mUIi meridian, and suggests that only such tracts le minutely surveyed as have any attractions for settlers. Tim: New York Herald publishes a tel egraphic synopsis of the letters received in London from Stanley. He says that Livingstone was wrong in reporting that the Victoria Nyanza consisted of five lakes. Speke correctly states that Vic toria Nyanza is one lake, but Speke's two islands are jieninsulas. The river Thi meey is the principal feeder of the lake, and the extremest source of the Nile yet discovered. Stanley had several con flict with slave dealers on the lake. On one occasion he was attacked by one hun dred natives, armed with sjiears, in thir teen canoes, who were repulsed after a severe fight. Three natives were killed. He arrived at the Utesia hunting camp at Msyura, April 13, when the king di rected extraordinary displays and festivi ties. One feature was a naval review on the lake of eighty-four canoes, manned by 2,5(MM) men. On the second day in addi tion to the naval maneuvers, there were races, in which eighty-four canoes, were engaged, each propelled by thirty oars men ; the king leading the fleet person ally in the presence of a great crowd of lookers-on, including three hundred wives of the king. On the third day there was biidshooting and target prac tice, by three thousand troops, and on the fourth day they returned to Mtesa's capital. This king lias two million sub jects; is a Musselman; has great intelli gence, and lus dominion affords the 1est augury ft r the. possiblto civilization of Africa, By HORSLET & CO. INTERNAL REVENUE. ReMrt that will have Enperlal lateral far Mrrkuli a4 Bnlm nn-Sinn-! tile ( .inmiMl.wr EeoaaatlM I aat may be Eaforeeti. . The commissioner of internal revenue has completed his report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1875. The docu ment is very voluminous. The commis sioner says that as grievous aa are our burdens, laid upon such of our popula tion 42,000,000 or more as consume the articles taxed by our revenue laws, the English public, nearly three to our one, pay a fourth more than our people pay. Under their excise laws during the year ending March 31, 1875, their taxes measured as gold in the United States, amounted to $183,962,756, against $110,545,154 paid in currency by the people of this country during the fiscal year ending June 30,1875. The report shows that the actual amount of receipts into the treasury from all sources from and after June 30, 1801 to June 30, 1874, inclusive of bonds and treasury notes, was as follows : Customs, 1,973,103.67; internal revenue, $1,956,323,725 ; direct taxes, $ 1,482,098; public land, $22,151, 958; miscellaneous, $230,084,882; ' pre miums on loans and sales of gold coin, $192,557,117 ; total, f 4,395i33,34L,Thei collections for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1874, were $102,644,740; for the year ending June 30, 1875, $110,545,154. The increase during the last fiscal year is owing in part to the increase of duties laid by the act of March 3, 1875, upm distilled spirits, manufactured tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, etc., and in part to taxes collectsd under the laws repealed. Extraordinary efforts having been put forth to collect the delinquent taxes due from banks snd bankers, railroad and other corporations, and taxes due on in comes, legacies, etc. A statement is given showing the receipts tinder the act of March 3, 1875, up to and inclusive of June 30, 1875, from the different articles subject to increased tax, showing the total tax returned to be $3,203,818 ; tax returned upon distilled spirits, $1,779, 998 ; and the commissioner says, regard ing it, that it will doubtless be a matter of surprise that the increased amount realized from distilled spirits during that p2riod (March 3, 1875, to June 30, 1875), was so small. The explanation, however, is found in the fact that it became gen erally known through the proceedings in congress that an increase in the rate of tax would probably be made, and dis tillers, in order to realize the benefit of the increase, withdrew from the bDnded warehouses, upon payment of the tax at 70 cents per gallon, 543,021 gallons in the month of January, 1874, and an enormous quantity 11,504,300 gallons in February following, leaving still in the bonded warehouses over a million gallons of spirits on March 3, 1875, the day when the increase of the tax from 70 to 90 cents per gallon was made by con gress. By law these spirits were allowed, after lond was given, to remain in the distillery warehouses one year before withdrawal, and these spirits have been, and still continue to be placed on the market, subject only to the former tax of 70 cents per gallon. The net amount received from all sources of internal revenue during the last fiscal year in the several states are given as follows : Alabama, one hundred and eleven thousand eight hundred and sixteen dollars; Arizona, ten thousand two hundred and sixty-three dollars; Arkansas, two hundred and seventy-one thousand eight hundred and twenty three dollars ; California, two millions nine hundred and eighty-three thousand five hundred and ninety-five dollars; Colorado, seventy thousand five hundred and thirty-one dollars ; Connecticut, six hundred and twenty-two thousand two hundred and twenty-fivedollars ; Dakota, ten thousand and forty dollars; Delaware, three hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and thirty-one dollars ; District of Columbia, one hundred and eleven thousand and twenty-seven dollars; Flor ida, eighteen thousand four hundred and fifty-seven dollars; Georgia, three hund red and eighty-seven thousand one hund red and fifty-four dollars; Idaho, nine teen thousand one hundred and sixteen dollars; Illinois, one million seven hund red and twenty-seven thousand one hundred and sixty-eight dollars; Indiana, four millions six hundred and fifty thou sand eight hundred and eighty-three dollars; Iowa, one million and forty thousand and sixty-four dollars; Kansas, one hundred and "thirty-three thousand five hundred and thirty-five dollars; Kentucky, nine millions twenty-two thousand six hundred and thirty-six dollars; Louisiana, five hundred and eighty-three thousand one hundred and fifty-one dollars; Maine, one hundred and seven thousand two hundred andsix-ty-one dollars; Maryland, two millions seven hundred and fifty-five thousand four hundred and fifty-five dollars ; Mas sachusetts, two millions six hundred and seventy thousand four hundred and ninety-one dollars; Michigan, one million nine hundred and thirty thousand five hundred and six dollars; Minnesota, two hundred and twenty-eight thousand three hundred and sixty-two dollars ; Missis sippi, nine thousand six hundred and eighty-five dollars; Missouri, four mil lions "five hundred and ninety-one thou sand eight hundred and fifty-six ; Mon tana, twenty-three thousand six hundred and sixty-ix dollars; Nebraska, two hundred and ninety-two thousand four hundred and seventy-two dollars; Ne vada, fifty-three thousand one hundred and forty-seven dollars; New Hampshire, two hundred and ninety-eight thousand eight hundred and twelve dollars ; New Jersey, two millions three hundred and sixty-twj thousand lour nunarea ana seventy-eight dollars; New Mexico, twenty-one thousand nine hundred and sixty-five dollars ; New York, fifteen millions two hundred thousand eight hundred pnd ninety-eight dollars; North Carolina, one million six hundred and twentv-nine thousand nine hundred and ninety-four dollars ; Ohio, fourteen mil lions "six hundred and fifty-six thousand two hundred and ninety-five dollars; Or egon, forty-seven thousand nine hundred and thirty-nine dollars; Pennsylvania, six millions one hundred and forty-nine thousand nine hundred and fifty-four dollars; Rhode Island, two hundred and thirty-one thousand seven hundred and sixty seven dollars; South Carolina, one hundred and twenty thousand eight hundred and eighteen dollars ; Tennessee, eight hundred and fifty-eight thousand nine hundred and ten dollars; Texa."", two hundred and fifty seven thousand lour hundred and forty-eight dollars ; Utah, thirty-one thousand live hundred and forty-five dollars ; Vermont, fifty-eight thousand two hundred and fifty-one dol lars; Virginia, seven millions six hund red and fifty-nine thousand six hundred and thirty-nine dollars ; Washington Ter ritory, twenty-one thousand one hundred and forty-six dollars ; West Virginia, five hundred and eight thousand six hundred and eighty-fur dollars ; Wisconsin, two millions six hundred and seventy thou sand six hundred and eighty-six dollars; Wyoming, eleven thousand nine hundred and forty-two dollars. The number of distilleries registered during the year was 47,380, and number operated 4,680. ( )f the number ojterated 6"S were grain distilleries, 7 molasses distilleries, and. 3,954 fruit distilleries. The commisssioncr says public attention has been often called within the past few months to the extensive frauds commit ted in certain localities upon the revenue by distillers and rectifiers of distilled spirits. He gives an account, first, of t lie checks, guards, and protections against frauds established by law; second, of the manner in which the whisky frauds, lately exposed, were peqiet rated upon the government ; third, the extent ot the frauds; fourth, the c hecks recent ly established to prevent the occurrence of the same : fifth, suggests the legis- union wnicn, in rns opinion, is necessary to insure a full collection of taxes upon distilled spirits. The commissioner says with regard to the additional legislation required to en force the honest collection of tax on dis tilled spirits : " I give it as my opinion tnat the only law necessary is one that shall make he requirements stringent, and the penalties for defrauding the government as severe in .the case of rec tifiers as they now are in the case of the distiller. The rectifier should be required to give a bond in an amount equal to the tax represented by all the spirits he can possibly rectify each month. The house and tract of land upon which the estab lishment is located should be forfeited to the United States in case of fraud. He should not be allowed to handle any spirits at his rectifying house, except those he purchases for rectification and sells under the rectifier's stamps. Under the present system of detecting frauds, at least thirty days must elapse before the discovery could be made and the guilt fixed. As the apparatus in a rectifying house is capable of rectifying a quantity of spirits upon which the. tax would amount to one hundred thousand dollars per month,, and. may not be worth more than ten thousand dollars, it will readily b3 seen that under the present law, which only forfeits the apparatus and spirits owned by him at the time of the seizure, a rectifier may aid in defrauding the gov ernment out of one hundred thousand dollars, by a forfeiture merely of ten thousand dollars. By absconding to a foreign country, he afco escapes criminal punishment. I have also to suggest that the 'law now in force in regard to the re tui ns to be made by rectifiers is so in definite that some legislation is needed to enforce the regulations of the com missioner. I also think it would be better if rectifiers, distillers and whole sale liquor dealers were required to make transcripts of their books monthly in stead of this labor being performed by local officers as it is at present. It would also relieve the officials of an immense amount of labor, and would accomplish the more important result of preventing the destruction of books by the parties about to be detected in fraud. There would then be a sworn copy in this office, that would always be admissible evidence in the courts against the guilty parties. I am firmly of opinion that a large tax upon distilled spirits can b3 collected with but small loss. This opinion is based upon the fact that every storekeeper, gauger and em ploye who is connected with a distillery where fraud is perpetrated, becomes a pensioner upon the distiller. If, there fore, the distillers be kept under such a strict surveillance, that the amount of money gained by fraud is not sufficient to pay a large corps of officers and workmen in necoessary collusion with them to con summate fraud, they will, as a matter of policy, be honest. As an indication of the extent of the frauds above described, I have the honor to report that docu mentary evidence is in possession of this office which has warranted the seizure of twenty-four distilleries and thirty-seven rectifying houses, and implicating over fifty (United States gaugers and store keepers. This evidence shows the issue, between July 1, 1874, and May 1, 1875, of fraudulent spirits by the duplication of 20,000 packages containing probably 1,200,000 proof gallons, and by the aid of false guaging, to an additional amount of 1,000,000 proof gallons. This, of course, is but a xrtion of fraud actually com mitted, but in itself indicates the loss of tax to the government, in ten months, to an amount not less than one million six hundred and fisty thousand dollars." Receipts from all sources relating to fer mented liquors for the fiscal year, nine million one hundred and forty-four thou sand and four dollars, and decrease, one hundred and sixty thousand six hundred and seventy-five dollars, as compared with 1874. Number of brewers manu facturing fermented liquors, 2784. The commissioner expresses full confidence of the stamp system foi the collection of revenue. The number of cases compro mised during the year is 744; amount received by compromise, one hundred and fifty-six thousand seven hundred and fifty-six dollars. A recommendation is made that de-1 serving gaugers receive seven dollars per day, and that in some instances the of fices of gauger and storekeeper be con solidated, by which one hundred thou sand dollars, would be saved in expenses. Total receipts for tobacco, thirty-seven million three hundred and three thou sand four hundred and sixty-one dollars, an increase over 1874 of four million sixty thousand five hundred and eighty six dollars, and an increase over any pre vious fiscal year of two million nine hun dred seventeen thousand and one hundred and fifty-eight dollars. Total amount of tax collected on tobacco and snuff from September 1, 1862, to June 30, 1875, two hundred and twenty-five millions three hundred and fifty-six thousand two hundred and nineteen dol lars ; total collections on cigars, cheroots and cigarettes same time, sixty-eight millions two hundred and thirty-three thousand two hundred and six. It is expected that during the current yerr the assessment of taxes on tobacco will be largely increased. The whole amount of taxes assessed during the year is eight millions two hundred and thirty thou sand and three dollars, and increase over the previous year of three millions four hundred and" forty-four thousand three hundred and thirty-five dollars. The quantity of distilled spirits in ware houses July 1,1874, is 17,755,969 gal lons; distilled spirits produced during the vear, 60, 930,425 gallons ; total, 78, 680,394 gallons. Total withdrawn, 65, 319,141 gallons, leaving in bond June 30, T875, 13,307,253 gallons. JThe spirits re moved from warehouses lor export for the vear ending June 30, 1874, reached 4,060, 108 gallons, while only 587,413 gallons was thus removed during the last fiscal year. The quantity of tobacco re move for exportation in bond, with out paying taxes, amounted to nine mil lions one hundred seventy-nine thousand three hundred and fifteen dollars, a de crease of one million six hundred and twenty-one thousands six hundred and eleven dollars. The commissioner says the force of revenue agents is inadequate, and recommends the passage of a law authorizing fifteen more agents. He thinks a further consolidation of the collection districts can be made without affecting the revenue, and that the plan of gauging wholesale liquor dealers' packages by United States gaugers can be dispensed with, and a simple sys tem of checks by stamps substituted, which will prevent an over issue. He recommends making a violation of the law relating to friction matches a crim inal offense, punishable by fine and im prisonment. He also desires that internal revenue agents be empowered to demand and obtain the inspection of the books and papers of distillers, rectifiers, brew ers, wholesale liquor dealers, and manu facturers of tobacco, snuff, and cigars. The commissioner estimates the collec tions for the present fiscal year from all sources of internal revenue at one hun dred and twenty-two million dollars. A fifth-ward widow moved into her new house the other day, and her first six callers were lightening-rod agents. She bluffed them off one by one, but when the seventh came he said : ' I don't claim that a rod will protect the house, but I do say that it I was looking for a second'wife I'd never marry a wid ow who didn't have a lightning-rod on her house. And that's the way all rich men think." " You may put up two of 'em! "'she promptly replied, "and be sure they are conspicuous, too! " JJe truit Free Press, OJ0jJLWi&. COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, SATI0NAL EXPENSES. i lean la the Cmt f the Diplomatic Ser Tiee-Nta flat Ira of the Internal Kevenae service. The report of Mr. Ela, fifth" audi tor f the treasury, upon the business of his office for the last year, has been sent to the secretary of the treasury. It shows the cost and certain other figures of the diplomatic and internal revenue service of the government, and of certain im portant work to the state department and patent office to have Iteen as follows: The Diplomatic Service, For foreign ministers, $330,343; for consuls, $541,- 303; for clerk hire ot consuls, ?i'b,77; fees collected by consuls, $097,988; excess of fees above consular expenses, $148,816.; cost of relieving distressed seamen in for eign ports, $44,4H0 ; paid for passage of seamen home, $9,304; received by con suls for extra wages of seamen discharged abroad, $47,174; number of seamen sent home, 816; paid out to representatives of sailors and citizens who died abroad, $21,358. lhe Internal Kevenue, the cost of cot- lectors, who were paid by salary and commissions, was $202,574 ty special al-4 lowance, $o77,(97; expenses of collector b offices, $1,485,719 ; the amount collected by then, $102,995,202; total cost of col lectors, $2,185,402. The expenses of storekeepers was $751,020; expense of distillery surveyors' salaries, $0,207 ; the same, expenses, $8,938 ; gaugers' fees, $895,350; guagers' traveling expenses, $64,387. The cost of supervisors of in ternal revenue wa, salary, $29,999 ; for expenses, $04,590, and" for clerk hire, $37,114; total of supervisors' expenses, $137,752. The cost of internal revenue agents wts, for salary, $53,652 ; for ex penses, $31,209. lhe amount ot spirit stamps sent to collectors for the year was $02,793,538; of tobacco, snuff and cigar stamps, $30, 079,885; of beer stamps, 9,403, 190; of special stamps, $10,403,440; adhesive stamps to agents, $3,014,089; of stamped loil wrappers tor tobacco, $492,382. lhere was paid during the year for engraving and printing stamp paper, $014,400. lhe expenses ot the patent ofhee tor photo-lithographing were $400,009; for plates for Official Gazette, $30,043 ; for copies of drawings, $39,997 ; for tracings of drawings, $34,990. The expenses of preserving the collections of the survey ing and exploring expoditions was $30, 000. The contingent expenses of the postoffice department were $00,100; the contingent expenses of the patent office, $79,772. Among the miscellaneous expenditures of the State department were : Publish ing laws in newspapers and pamphlets. $49,686 ; editing revised and annual stat utes, $19,140 ; purchase of official st age stamps, $1818; survey of the British boundary, $83,800 ; salary and expenses of the Spanish claims commission, $0,008 ; salary and expenses of the Mexican claims commission, $13,919 ; salary and expenses of the court of Alabama claims, $83,936; awards to British claimants, $1,929,819; expenses of his Hawaiian majesty, $19,91 i ; rent ol prisons for American convicts in Japan, China, Siam, Turkey, etc., $16,485; for purchase and restoration to the family of General La fayette of the watch presented to him by Washington, $241. THE LOST WACO. Bio Tidings from the Miaaln t'rew and Famensera. The mate of the ship Caledonia, which was lying immediately astern of the Waco, states that he was on the deck of the Caledonia, when he heard an explo sion. Looking in the direction of the Waco, he saw she was enveloped in flames. I About half an hour later he heard cries for assistance, and a few minutes later saw two persons afloat on a fender or piece of wood, lhe mate made prepara tions lor sending assistance by sotting out the life lines and life buoys. The sea was running so high at the time that t was impossible to launch a boat. Alter hearing the explosion he watched the steamer closely, and states that after the first tew minutes the hre lost its herce character. All agree as to seeing five or six persons in the water, and in also hearing frequent explosions on the Waco, which was no doubt the cases of oil. All officers and experienced seamen are of the opinion that it was impossible for a boat to have been launched from the Waco on account of the rapid spread of the fire and the terrible sea that was running. There is nothing later from the west. Capt. Sawyer, agent of the line, is out since yesterday morning with a good crew. They will remain outside as long as there is any hope of saving one of the passengers of the crew of the Waco. (liastly Lodgings. Writing from an Alpine village a cor respondent says : " On either side of the churchyard gate was a queer little house; one of them contained, as I saw on look ing through the grated door, a coffin cov ered with a white linen pall trimmed with very dirty crochet edging, and con taining a wooden figure of Christ, while all around were arranged figures of Mary and the eleven apostles, carved in wood that was almost black with age. The figures were kneeling and were about three feet and a half high. When I first saw the things I thought they were mum mies of some sorff, and was quite relieved to find them only wood. Thinking it not a very- cheerful or edifying spectacle; the faces were hideous, and the one in the coffin, with its black face and grir.f ning white teeth, perfectly ghastly I walked over to the other house, which was no improvement on the first;on either side, piled neatly up like firewood, were bones of every sort; skulls, arms, legs; it being the custom until some years ago to leave bodies in the earth only so many years; then the bones were dug up, la belled with the name, the dates of birth and death, and deposited in the bone house, making room for other burials in the churchyard." Bottled Light. Countless accidents, as every one knows, arise from the use of matches. To obtain light without cm ploying them, and so without the danger of settings on lire, an ingenious contri vance is now used by the watchmen of Paris in all magazines where explosive or inflammable materials are kept. Any one may easily make trial of it. Take an oblong phial of the whitest and clear est glass, and put into it a piece of phos phorus about the size of a pea. Pour some olive oil, heated to the boiling point, upon the phosphorus : fill the phial afwut one-third lull and then cork it tightly. To use this novel light, remove the cork, allow the air to enter the phial, and then recork it. The empty space in the phial will become luminous, and the light ob tained be equal to that of a lamp. When the light growj dim, its power can be increased by taking out the cork, and allowing a fresh supply of air to enter the phial. In winter it is sometimes necessary to heat the phial Ik? t ween the hands in order to increase the fluidity of the oil. The apparatus, thus prepared, may be used for six months. Always be courteous. The maxim was uppermost in the mind of the lady, who, wishing to say a lively thing, ex claimed : " What a "lovely boy ! Just the image of his father!" kneeling in simu lated enthusiasm beside the cradle where she supposed the babe was sleeping, when, to her confusion, the eat sprang from the cot and cut short her eulogium. The reason why a dog always turns around three times when he gets up after a nap has not yet been discovereo. nor has the reason leen ascertain d why a young lady is more afraid of a mouse than is a married woman. Here are hints for debating societies. TP II A II. SATAN 1ST NEABCH OF A SECOXD WIFE. BY HIS FIUST MOTHER-IX-LAW. His Maiestr, Satan, one morning awoke, And founl that his wife was dead ; He aaid to himself, " This is really no joke, My household requires a head j The defunct, here below, was a marvel of worth ; I must seek her successor, above, ou the earth. " She must lie witty and nimble of tongu, . .' Shrewd as the shrewdest of men, A lieautr, of course--with me that means young, Somewhere between twemy and ten x For i would be loved for myself alone, And not lor my dark Satanic throne! " But far more important than beauty or youth, Tlmugh of course want those as well. Are the virtues of innocence, candor and truth ; For thotibjieoiilc sjieak evil of Hell, There are duties attached to its leading nositfnn. And the wiie of its l'rinee must defy all sus picioa. ; ; . . So (he Devil get forth on his conjugal quest Of a queen for the realms below, But he found that lie lost his natural rest, And his progress was terribly slow ; For the woman he wanted was hard to find, And the cares of his kingdom weighed on his mind. The daughters of England were Jovely, he saw, A nation of fair-haired queens ; But those rosy lips could lay down the law, And they lived beyond his means. no ne quintiy wanuereu over to f ranee, y jn imaii ititj x urisiuna teu uiu a uance. lie rrjmf Jttionght fot a while Te hatf found . The actual thinz ihat he wanted. . But before he had gone half the Faubourg around, The devil bepan to lie daunted. . " Tin ye ladies are quite beyond me, that is plain," He said to hiuisell and he 1U lor tpain. But there, though the women were pretty and kind, Once more he was disapnointed. They had hearts to be sure, Iwit he wanted a mind ; And their hair was too much anointed. So aiain His Majesty sallied forth Ana tms time ne thought he would visit tne norm- But why should I tell of his lengthening work And of all the countries he tried ? Till he suddenly thought one fine day of New York And instantly thitherward hied. But, quirk as he was, the women were ready, neir ueaus were clear ana ineir nearis were sieauy. They took one look, and they hioked him through, And they saw what he wanted at once ; So innocence teamed from their oros of blue And candor was oueen for the nonce : Oh 1 you should have iieen how their eyelids fell w niie tney timidly asEed lor the news Irom Hell ! The Devil was flattered and flurried and pleased. nai. grace, wnai rennement, wnat sense : How quickly his notions, half-hinted, were seized, And nothing he said gave offense ! He thought he had seen half these beauties liefore. The belter he knew them he liked them the more. But time was pressing, he could not wait, Though he scarcely knew how to choose, So he ottered his crown and his royal state, Himself and his dead wife's shoes To a damsel whose candor and virtues intact Were all that the Devil himself could exact. She accepted his offer, and did not repent When the day of her wedding drew nigh. For you know that to Hell there's an easy descent And her friends would drop in by and by, While the devil declared himself more and more blest As the innocent creature he tenderly pressed. But when she was married anu salely installed As Queen in the regions of shade It is said t hat the Devil was somewhat appalled At the bargain he found he had made. And remarked, " Twould have been, on the whole, quite as well Had I tarried at home and married in Hell !" THE FATE OF THE PACIFIC. HI jiO-iM'n t or Ihp lnartrmfter or i hr rannr-How sue him MMut (e or Her 1'aMMe-fiirerN. A dispatch from Neah Bay, Washing ton territory, gives the statement of Neal O'llaley, quartermaster of the Pacific, rescued by the revenue cutter Oliver Wolcott on the morning of the seventh instant, to the following effect : About two hundred and fifty people were on board ; I went below at eight o'clock in the evening: everything was all right, and the lights in place , when the shock occurred I ran on deck ; everything was in contusion, the passengers crowding on the hurricane deck ; the ship fell off into the trough of the sea ; saw a large vessel tinder sail, which they said struck the hip; saw her green lights distinctly; the passengers crowded into the boats against commands of the officers; I and the chief engineer got the port boat into the water; got fifteen women and six men in, when she was swamped by the ship ; saw none afterward; supported myself by float ing on a skylight about fifteen minutes; I then cot on a portion of the hurricane deck with some eight others ; on looking lor the steamer we lound she had disap peared, leaving a floating mass of human beings; the screams for help were fearful, but soon ceased, and we were alone ; on the raft there was the captain, second mate, second cook, and four passengers, including a young lady ; at one o'clock next morning, the fifth, the gale blew from the southeast, the sea making clean breaches over the raft, when we lashed ourselves; about four o'clock the sea washed overboard the captain, second mate, the lady and another passenger; about nine o'clock the second cook died; it cleared up about four o'clock in the afternoon; saw land fifteen miles distant, and a piece of wreck with two or more on it; about five o'clock another died; on the morning of the sixth another died, leaving me alone; about four o clock in the afternoon a large empty box floated near me, which I got on the raft for shelter; slept sound at night for several hours; on the morning of the seventh saw land on both sides; it continued calm all day and night, and at three o'clock in the morning was rescued by a cutter. A later report from Neah credits O'lla ley with the statement that the second mate told him on the raft that the chief mate with eight of the crew in a boat got clear of the ship. The Wolcott has gone cruising along the coast of Vancou ver Island. lhe uussie lellair went south. The Wolcott took Indians and canoes to search the shore for any that may have landed, as the current has b.fen strong front the westward, carrying the bodies recovered far up the straits. It is believed that the two saved are all that will be found alive except those in the ltoat with the mate, in case they made the shore. Evidently but little of the stern broke up, except the hurricane deck. Nothing ias yet been seen of the ship which struck the Pacific. Several vessels from the outside have been spoken of, none of which had seen her. O'Haley says the captain was the last mau to i ii. . j a . : . , i. r i . : .. leave tne snip, uiikiicm uoiu xouit Townsend, reports the return of the rev enue steamer Wolcott from a cruise after the survivors of the Pacific. After find ing O'Haley, quartermaster, the cutter steamed for Neah bay, near Wadden island, and picked up the body ol an under-steward of the Pacific. On reach ing Neah bay, Lieutentant Howard, in command of the Wolcott, sent the In dians in canoes, who searched the coast for twenty miles south of Cape 1 lattery, but returned, after two days, unsuccess ful. There was a heavy gale all day I ties- day, and Wednesday the Wolcott sailed for Barclay sound, Vancouver island, thirty-five miles irom cape flattery, and communicated with the Indians along Vancouver shore; nothing of impor tance was ascertained. Steaming up Barclay sound the first Indian village hailed, a canoe came off containing a white man, who came aboard and intro duced himself as the first mate of the ship Orpheus; he stated she had been run into the Thursday previous by a steamer; was wrecked on an island near by; the captain and crew had got ashore safely, and were encamped further up ; proceed- lmr in the direction indicated, another canoe approached, in which was Captain Sawyer, of the Orpheus; he gave an ac count of the disaster Thursday evening; he was approaching the cape, by his reck oning alxiut twenty miles off; fresh southeast wind and steering about north east ; the man at the wheel first saw the steamer's headlight off the bow ; imme diately after, straight a head, could see neither of her side-lights; could not m ike out which direction she was com ing; put his helm astarboard ; the light came nearer ; he continued starboard his liclm until his vessel turned around, with the sails flat attack ; the steamer by this time had got very near him; he blew his whistle in less than half a min ute; after her Ihw struck his ship a glancing blow just abaft the foreehains, crashing in the rail and breaking the planking down to near the copper, she AN NOVEMBER 2G, 1875. surged alonside her, carrying , away ! all the starboard braces and rigging on that side, and also the foretop mast. , Sawyer states that he hailed the steamer as she surged past, and canea to them to lay by him and send a boat, as he then sunDosed his shin to be in a sinking con dition, but no one answered him, neither did he-see anyone on her decK. fcne drifted or steamed away ; he was not ce tain which ; he afterward saw a dash of light, which he took for a signal;, he thought they had heard his hail and would lay by him ; he saw her no more ; his ship at titat time demanded all his attention ; he lay the remainder ot that night and nearly all day Friday reparing the rigging ; that forenoon he got under way and made all sail for land ; soon af ter dark he made a light ; he took it for Cape Flattery, and knowing there was a light on the coast further north; he al lowed five miles clearance for Duncan rock, and considered himself safe for en tering Straits Fuca, when, at about five o'clock Saturday morning his ship scraped a reef and immediately after struck her bow on a rock, stuck fast and filled. The light he mistook for Flattery was the Cape Beal enterance" of Barclay sound, thirty miles north of the former. The ship will be a total loss. Sawyer got all the valuables, etc., that he could eut f her and encamped on shore with his wile and crew in tents made of sails. He had hired a canoe of the Indians and .started the mate to Victoria for help. The weather was so bad that the Indians would not venture on the voyage, and so they were found. When the Wolcott arrived Lieuteuant Harwood took them aboard his vessel, with the most valuable portion of the goods saved, leaving the first mate of the Orpheus in charge- of the wreck until the owners could be con sulted. All were landed safely at Port Townsend Friday. Nothing was heard or seen in Barclay sound of anything re garding the Pacific. Captain Harwood and Pilot Peter Thompson went to the wreck ot the Orpheus and examined it. They say the ship was undoubtely struck by the steamer just abaft the further rigging. The Orpheus registered one thousand and sixty-seven tons, and was owned by C. T. Taylor & Co., of this city. At the time of the collision with the facthc she was in ballast on her way to Departure bay for a cargo of coal, having sailed from here no the ninth in stant. There is no hopes of Tescueing any more of those on the Pacific. There has been a heavy weather most of the time since the wreck, and after the search. No hopes are entertained of fur ther discoveries. Statement of a Survivor of the Toronto. The brig Centaur arrived from Grey- town. On the second of October she picked up a Spanish negro in a lxtat be- ioneing to the bark loronto, ol Ulasgow, wrecked near Navaza, but when and un der what circumstances could not lie learned from the negro. The crew aban doned the bark in the same boat and all perished, except the negro; he was in sensible when found. A reporter has had a talk with the res cued seaman, from which it appears that soon after leaving Navaza a furious storm arose, and at eleven o'clock at night the foremast broke off close to the deck. 1 hey cutaway the mast, and, an hour after, the mainmast gave way, leaving only tne mizzen mast. The tempest was very violent, yet the captain was below sleej ing, and the first mate was lying on deck disabled by a nail in the foot. Land was then discovered and the captain was called, under whose orders all hands took to the longboat. It was, however, im mediately filled with water, and seven of the men were washed into the sea. Some of them clung to the oars but were soon washed away, and the violence oi ine waves speedily carried the boat out to sea with no provisions. For days they drifted without foot!, but secured a little water from occasional rams, r rom JUax imo's account it seems clear that the men lost their reason. He describes them as walking about, looking at the sea and sky. Some leajMid into the sea; some lay on their backs, with their parched mouths open, and so died. Others lay against the boat's side and droojted until they died, speaking not a word to their com panions. One by one they an wcni, throwing themselves, or being thrown, into the sea. At length he alone was left. He ate seaweed to sustain life. He caught a sea-bird occasionally, and some times fish. hen found he was drilttng along helplessly, reclining against the side of the boat, his neaa arooping over his bosom. He could not speak or move. The boat of the Toronto, on board the Centaur, shows where it has been scraped by the men for the purpose of eating the dirt that clung to the sides. CONTENTS OF A FLOATIX" llOTTLK. A Ktiecial disnatch from Ixntdon says that a telegram from llochelle, dated November 11th, states that a bottle con taining the following message had been nicked tin: "November 8th, off the coast of Niewdiep. The crew of the British ship Liennie, Captain tiatneia, from Antwerp to New York, mutinied October 31st. and killed the master, mate and boatswain." A telegram from Ko- chelle. dated November 10th, says a gov ernment steamer discovered the British ship Lennie off Yarmouth, with a boy and five men on board, a few of whom arc supposed to be accomplices in the mutiny. Six of the crew are Greeks and escaped from the ship the evening previous. The steamer Waco, burned in Gal veston harbor, had on board three hund red cases of petroleum. The vessel had no right to carry this oil, lieing without the necessary certificate, and her owners will be prosecuted. Ileal Estate Going Begging. If real estate is difficult lo sell in New York, except at a heavy concession from prices ruling during and immediately after the war, the fact but reflects the feeling in that important interest through out the country. It is by no means pe culiar to New York. Even at Chicago, which seems t le superior to the mis fortunes which are commou to the rest of mankind, the situation is substantially the same as it is here. At any rate, the Tribune of that city says: " If a man is very anxious to sell a piece of property he can't and he might as well quit trying. If he offers it at half price the man to whom the offer is made at once imagines that all real es tate owners are in the same fix, and that in a little while more than half the prop erty in the city will be pressed upon the market at the" same price. But on the other hand, if a man wants to buy, and ltegins negotiations for that purose, the property owner too often imagines that the long-expected 'revival' is at hand, and refuses to sell for anything less than the prices of two years ago. We hear of occasional cases from time to time in which property is sold for actual use at about the prices of two or three years ago as, for instance, a lot on Michigan avenue, south of Thirty-second street, sold during the past week at 2o0 per front foot, cash, to a gentleman who wants it to build on for his own; occupation. But cases of this kind are not very fre quent. The majority of the sales are made at prices 2-3 per cent). lelow those of two years ago, and we have even heard of a numlter of instances in the past month in which projerty has Ken vol untarily abandoned to the mortgages." Xew ' York Jluddin. A Paris writer is wondering what becomes of all the lost children in Paris. He says: " The newspapers record their disappearance almost daily. Two quar ters ought to 1e well looked after, csjkj eially as their operations are now very active the sausage-making machines and the schools of medicine." i ASTKOXOMICAL PREDICTIONS. Phenomena B ObaerrHI la tae Uarina: the Heit Twety-flv Ycara Kow to the txt Ctsmtmry. To the amateur astronomer, writes Frofessor Ktrkwc-od, a brief enumeration ot the principal phenomena to occur in the near future will not be without in terest. The following list includes the eclipses of the sun and moon, the tran sits of Mercury and Venus; occulationa of fixed stare by the moon, the return of periodic comets, the probable dates of meteoric showers, and the epochs of maxima and minima or solar spots, irom the present time till the close of the nineteenth century : 1875. On the morning of November 23. Soica Virginia, a well-known star of the first magnitude, will Ite occulted oy the moon. The immersion behind the moon's bright limb will occur about 1:60 o'clock, or a few minutes after the mown shall have risen. The occultation will continue about one hour and twelve minutes. 1876. Three occultations of the Plei- adese will take place in the last three months of the year, vii., on October b, November 30, and December 28. The phenomena may be well observed with a small telescope. ' i ' ' 1877. D'Arrest's comet will return to perihelion in January of this year. A total eclipse of the moon, invisible in this country, will take place on the 27th of February. Another will occur on the 23d of August, partly visible in ine eastern states. 1878. This wiil be the next year of sun-spot minima. On May 6, Mercury will pass over the sun's disk, the transit occupying 7h. 47m. This, with a single exception, is the largest duration of a transit on record, un tne 20m 01 uuiy there will be an eclipse of the sun, total in Colorado and also in the island of Cuba. No other opportunity of witness ing a total eclipse in our own country will occur till after the close of the pres ent century. Lncke s comet and the second comet of 1867, will both return to perihelion in August. 1879. Brorsen's comet of short iteriod will pass its perihelion about the last of June. 1880. Winneckrs comet (period 5h. 7m.) will retun about midsummer. The moon will be totally eclipsed on December lb; invisible in the united States. 1X81. A transit on Mercu. -von May 7. Fave's comet may be looked for in Jan uary, and Encke's in November. 1882. The sun will be totally eclipsed May 17; the phenomenon being visible in Egypt and Persia The great astro nomical event of the year will be the transit of Venus on the 6th of Novem ber, which will be visible in the United States. 1 1883. A maximum of sun sttots is to be expected this year. The comet of 181z, whose period was estimatea at u years and 8 months may be expected some time during the year. The comet of D'Arrest may also be looked for in June or July. 1884. The second comet ot xww win pass its perihelion in April. A consider able display of the meteors of April 20 may be expected witn some prooaoiiuy. The period of this cluster is supposed to be attout twenty-seven years. A total eclipse of the moon will occur on the 4th of October. 1885. The comet of Brorsen will be nearest the sun in January; those of Encke and Tuttle in March. 1886. Winnecke's comet will return in February. The sun will be totally eclipsed August 20. Visible in Grenada and on the Atlantic. That part of the stream of November meteors which pro duced the showers of 1787 and 1820 may be expected to return between 18ho and 1888. 1887. Total eclipse of tho sun, August 1!). Visible in Asia and eastern Europe. The comet of 1815, according to Bessel's calculations, will be in perihelion in Feb ruary. 1888. The moon will be totally eciipseu January 28. Encke's and Faye's comets will return about midsummer. 1889. D'Arrest's comet will return in November, and the second comet of 1867 n December. A minimum ot sun-spots is expected. 1890. lirorsen's comet win ue nearest the sun in August. 1891. A return of Winnecke's comet in Septemlter, and of Encke's in October. A transit of Mercury, May 9. 1892. A display of meteors tteriven from Biela's comet may be expected about November 24. 1S94. A sun-sttot maximum. A tran sit of Mercury, November 10. 1895. Encke s comet will become visi ble in January; the second of 1867, in August ; and Faye's in Deeember. The moon will be totally eclipsed on the night of March 25. 1890. l'erihelion passage 01 trorson s comot in February, and of D'Arrest's in March. A total eclipse of the sun will occur on the morning of August 19. Visible in Lapland and high northern latitudes. 1897. Winnecke's comet will be due in PriI- 1898. Encke's comet will return in May, and Tuttle's in October. The moon will be totally eclipsed on the night of Iiecember 27. 1899. The maximum display of Leon- dis, or November meteors, may Ite ex pected this year on the morning ot the 15th of the month. Considerable show ers, however, will probably Ite witnessed each year from 1897 to 1901. Temple's comet, which is connected wttii these meteors, ami which preceded them in lon, will probably pass its perinciion iu March. 1900. A total eclipse of the sun will be visible in Virginia May 27th. The first comet of 1868, whose period is thirty three years and seven months, will return in the summer of 1900. The solar-spot minimum will occur in the last year oi the century. The foregoing list makes no claim to completeness. None but total eclipses have been pointed out, and even some of these may jerhaps have been overlooked. The most imtortant celestial phenomena, however, and esjKcially such as may Ite oltscrved in our own country, have been briefly designated. Woman in Business. The pretended incapacity of women for business, says an exchange, lias no foundation in nature; and is no justifica tion of the secrecy with which husbands commonly keep from their wives what they are pleased to call thf ir own affairs. In many foreign countries the woman Itears as active a part in the conduct of trade as man, and they are not seldom directly associated together as partners in business. It is a common thing in England and on the continent of Europe for the wife to succeed to the share and management of her husband's business at his death. This is often an arrange ment very beneficial, and even essential to the full security of the estate and the ltest interests of the heirs. What con fusion and lossofteu occur in this country in consequence of sudded death and the hastv settlement that ensues, but which might be prevented were the wife fa miliar with the management of her late husband's affairs, and thus enabled to conduct them, or bring them at least, to a prosperous termination. While men insist upon believing that dry goods, pig iron, and other small ware are entirely too abstruse for the comprehension of women, and will not apply their own great understandings to the enlighten ment of their wives' little ones, they must resign themselves to a failure, in a great degree, of the highest hopes of aspiring trade. . . An unreserved communication of his VOL. XXL NO. 20. business affairs to his wife will often se cure for the husband the counsel he re quires, and certainly relieve him from the anxieties which oppress an undivided responsibility. It would serve, also, to check much of that reckless expenditure which is supposed to bo characteristic of the wives aud daughters of our people of business, by not only showing the exact means of the head of a family, and how far prudence will justify exienditure, but by creating a common interest in the methods taken and ends projtosed by him for building up a fortune, and thus dis posing all to co-operate with his manage ment and economy. POSTAL AFFAIRS. T What MaraMI kaa Jrvi Bfatlaa'a t'orr ., ttrm ta Bf.iiiiir Mr. E. W. Barber, the third assistant postmaster -general, has completed his annual report. It contains many facts of interest. The number of oflicial letters received in that bureau in the hist fiscal year was 685,000. These were opened, classified, indexed and . distributed by four clerks. The figures sKow that the postal cards were very popular during the vear. There were issued 107.616.(X0 of them, of the value of $1,076,160. In the month of October last there wet issued of the new cards 20,238,000, which is one-fifth of the entire amount sold during the fiscal year. The estimate of the number necessary for the next fiscal year is 154,907,000. I he amount or pub lic ordinary jxtstal stants issued to iron masters during the fiscal vear was 682,- 340,000, of a value of $1 8,271 ,479. The value of postage and eriodical stanis was 815,902, the numberof official stamps issued to the executive departments was 18,495,000, of a value of $3f,970. The total number of stamps of all kinds issued was 973,275,025, of a value of f 25,476, 511. The increase in tho number of ordinary stamps i.-f aliout ten yor cent. The increase, including official stants, is about seven iter cent. J he tiostage stamps sent through the mails by regis tered pouches to postmasters numbered 359,452. Of this entire amount there were lost only ten packages, of nn aggre gate value of $250. The statistics of the dead letter service are of quite romantic interest, lhe number of dead letters handled during the vear was about 4,500,000. Of these, 31,799 contained money aggregating $61,000; 14,225 let ters contained oralis, note into inm 01 exchange of the value $2,997,847 ; 135, 027 letters contained samples of mer chandise, postagc-Htamp", and miscella neous articles ; 3,740,000 contained noth ing of value. There were mailed to for eign countries from the United States, 12,000,000 letters, ui these, iuo,s.were returned undelivered. The number of letters received from foreign countries was 11,800,000 of which 219,100 were returned undelivered. These figures show the advantage which this country will derive from the new jtostal treaty ol Berne. That treaty provides that each country shall retain the ostage on all letters mailed in its own territory, and that no account shall be kept between countries. Ine excess of letters mailed from this country over the number re ceived from foreign countries is nearly 1,000,000. The net gain to the United States from the treaty, therefore, pre suming all letters to ne only single weight, is five cents on l,OOU,uoo letters, or $50,000. The result of the operations of the new law, which requires prepay ment of newspaper ttostage, presents a curious paradox. While the aggregate receipts irom tins source have not been as large as they were under the old system, the net gain to the rrovcrninent is greater. The ixtst- offtce department estimated that the new law would yield $1,500,000 annually. This estimate was I wised upon the returns from fifty-five leading ofliccs lor a uniform iteriod; but the iostmasters either erred or did not make truthful returns. Be- ceipts front this source are less than $1, 000,000. The government makes a gain however, from the fact that this sum is mainly collected in advance, at a few offices where no commission is allowed upon the sums collected. The amount received under the new system is nearly $800,000, about the sum received under the old system in 1873. Of the entire amount collected, commissions were iaid upon only altout $100,000. JSewspaper prepayment stamps have Wen supplied to 34K) offices, the total numlerof places in the United States where daily news papers are published. The increase in the number of registered pouches during the year was fifteen per cent. The sys tem of registered through-pouches works satisfactorily. They have been used upon all the principal routes. I'ost mas ters generally testify to their usefulness. The special rates from France on and after January 1st, at which date France joins the jtostal union, there win ie icvieo and collected in France the loiiowing general union rates of jtostagej For pre paid letters, centimes cr i.t grammes; or unpaid letters, 00 centimes er 1.) grammes; for postal cards, 15 centimes Iter 150 gtamnies; lor printed matter ana samples, 0 centimes per 5U grammes. In addition, the French government will i moose a special charge, a "sea iwmtage," of 10 centimes jier 15 grammes, for let ters: 5 centimes perl. j grammes, lor postal cards, and 8 centimes per 50 grammes for other matter, thus making the single rate of postage on prepaid letters to the United States 40 centimes, or 8 cents. The charge in this country on letters lor r ranee ami all other parts of. Euroe will remain at 5 cents only. The charge of sea jxmtago is made under a paragraph in the Berne treat v. which was inserted itecause so .nc of the delegates feared that sea trans portation could not be obtained at tne low treneral rate fixed by the treaty. This apprehension has proved groundless, all the ocean steamship lines having ac cepted the general union rates, and France is the only country that takes advantage of the precautionary clause. This action of France is much regretted, as it will cause a great deal of complaint on the part of residents of France. It should also lie noted by persons who write letters to France that, under the newly established rates, an unpaid letter from the United States will lie charged in France with a postage of seventy cen times, or about 14 cents. The postoffice department has just con cluded arrangements for the arrival of New York mails in this city in time for their distribution by one o clock in the afternoon. They are now received alsitit three o'clock, and communications or letters do not reach the detriments until after business hours. Colonel Scott has always been prompt to further fast mail projects of the department lietweeu New York and Philadelphia, and be tween Baltimore and Washington, and Mr. Hincklev, the president of the Phil adelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore radroad company, has given a ready sup port to the new arrangement, which will go into effect ltetween the twentieth and the twenty-fifth instants. An apparatus for washing smoke, 1 and thus depriving it of its character of a nuisance, is in ojieration at a factory at Menilmontant, Pari. A fine shower of water, traveling iu the direction of the smoke, and at five times its velocity, is projected into the chimney, where it mixes with the smoke, taking up the sol uable gases and precipitating the im purities carried up with the smoke by the draught. The foul water is dis charged into a cistern, where it is col lected, and a fine black paint is got from it. A purchaser of a riverside property asked the real estate agent if the river did not overflow its banks. " Well," said he, "it i-n't one of thise sickly streams that are alwavscoitCned to their beds." FACTS AM FANCIES. -California!! miy they can tell an Eastern man as su as be makes a pur chaw. If there's two cents cliunge com ing to him he wants it. There never wat but on woman who didn't believe that her husltnnd would take a second wife if she died, and that woman got killed 011 the cars. Another " brilliant wedding." Tit young man with a flower on his coat io to marry the young woman with tho habit of saying " The iaV-yah." A Pcnnsylvanian named Wingrrtetit his too off because of an aching corn, nd then hung himself because of the aching of the amputated toe. ratti has so inanr diamonds that it takes one man constantly to watch them, either at home or abroad, and double care is taken while traveling. The price of squaws has declined on he approach of winter. One can now be purchased for seven dollars in cxMi end a pound of powder. The New York Herald w ill have its Stanley letter about once in so often even if some one In the ulhoe has to consult a map of Africa aud write it. Politics is the same alt over. The man wlio runs lor constable, is just as soundly abused by the papers as the msu who runs for congress. "What does 'Good Friday mean?" asked one schoolltoy of another. ," You had better go homo and read your FxdV inson Crusoe," was the w ithenug reply. A lawsuit betwecu Chicago minstrel managers, shows thst tho foremost per formers arc paid irom IUM tofi.JU a week, besides traveling expenses. An Omaha man is in St. Louis with a steam chicken-hatcher. Three weeks are required to bring out the chickens, and it takes a gallon and a half of coal oil to produce 150 of the little orphans. The large "roan in the bla'k hat who goes into office and aks for,' fejiril and slip of jmijst to write a few word", .i1'v! then harries off the pencil he will never go to lies ven. Sergeant Bates is alone and penniless in a Canadian city, and Canadians never give anylxsly anything. The whirligig is alstut to get in its work. The Princess Frederic, daughter of the ex-King of Hanover, is said to lt without doubt the most lieatitiful prin cess iu F.urop Hie is the devoted coin paniou of her blind father. A I hitch assessor says it innmitivcly a musing how cheap pnqicrty U-conien si he pusses 11 p or down street. It falU seventy per cent, whenever he ciders 11 house. If your horses have the epizoot, di solve a "tcaspoonful of crystal rhloratt of jsjtafh in a bucket of water, this amount making a morning dose for four hornet. The lU-v. Henry Morton's nernion on " Seventeen Itensons Why Men Don't Go to Church " is likened by w ise jeople to that famous song w ith 499 verses. Tl o first reason why men don't go lo chunh is liecause they don't want to, and tho seventeenth reason is the mine. Various American artits who have Iteen living and working abroad during the past ten years have returned home, convinced that American cities afford lietter market for their work than all Eurojie. TllK enielettt joke tlmt Imppeiietl (Ida yetir VV nN t lint of the clircky jii.en!frr Who passed s euunterli il NhiiipUxtiM-r (tn hii innoeeiit hor-.e-ear eimdiieti'i r, And then liiprd out of (In er Ht the renr Ami rm ml die cornrr nulUed oil mi hi mr. The St. Iiouis Times revives dear old memories by remarking: "There ar" young men w ho cannot hold a skein of yarn for their mothers without wincing, but will hold otic hundred and twenty five pounds of a neighlioring family for the Is-st part of the night with a patience and docility that are certainly phe nomenal. " Th late eccentric Marquis of Water ford offered a railroad coiniKiny 5,000 if they would allow him to w itnes tho exciting scctaclc of two engines dashing into one another at full Bjs-cd from ot jstsite directions 011 the same line; but tlie company could not see the matter in a Hjxirting light, and tho offer was res pectfully declined. Edwin BKith has discovered some thing new during his confinement from his broken arm which he will Introdueo into his next iiiisrsonat 1011 of "Hamlet." It is flint in Hamlet's time 110 such thing hs velvet was known, and Hamlet's dress on IWhiIIi hereafter will 1 stripped of velvet. An old ship with a history is to b t raised from the Sacramento river, wlic.-n she has lain for some fifty years. This h the bark Glols', 293 Urns, thst suiled on a whaling cruise from Nantucket to tho Pacific in Dcccmlier, IH22. Her crew mutinied and murdered dipt. Worth and his officers in 121, then fled to the Mul grave Islands, but the vessel was recov ered and the mutim-crs taken back to Nantucket and hanged. A young gentleman lately attended the circus for the first time, and on the Sunday following w as taken by his grand mother to church. He gazed around in some wonderment for a few moments. When tho organist Ixgan to play h turned to his grandmother and ssid: "Grandma, will them be a circus, no I can see a lionf ' " Why, no, Eddie, this is church." "Well," replied the littlo fellow, " it's circus music, anyway." A voting fellow entered a (hurt hand tsk his seat, keeping his hat on. An elder noticing it requested him to take it off. His request not Is ing complied with he Hitoke to the young man a second time, and seeing he still hesitated, the elder gently littcd the hat tiff, when, to his chagrin, tint roll-d a quart of ht kory nuts, making more noise than was con sistent with decorum. "Man," quietly Kaid the youth, "see what you havo done." There are some peculiar fact con cerning the distribution of the nightin gale in Eitros. It is found as far north as Sweden and as far west as Spain slid Portugal, and yet it never visits Scot land, Ireland or Wales. From tho bound aries limiting its habitat in England, it Hcar that the bird is restricted to tho portions of tho country which are covered with secondary or tertiary geol.gienl formations. I fence it mny lie inferred that the insects 011 which it lives do not. obtain means of sulmisU-rico where th primary soil prevails. TIIK "STONEWALL" UKKUDK. Haarrar" Arraaat mf la Aaut OrtB-laaMHl. Ill a letter to the New Orleans Pic;t yune, Genera! Beauregard says: During the hnttluof Msiihssmm, m1mjU II oeliM-k, A. M., when that gallant Ajo4 meritorious olliccr, Brigadier General Barnard E. lec, wss endeavoring to r.dljF his troops in the small valley in the n it of the Kohinsoti house, he noticed Jail, son's brigade, which had just arrived an I taken Msition a little in the rear of him, in a cosc of una 1 1 pines bordering 01 the edge of the plateau, w here whshIxm t to he fought the first great battle of tl. 1 war. lh-c, finding that his appeals wei 1 unheeded by his brave but disorganiz-ed troojw, then said lo them: "llally, nier, rally! See Jackson's brigade standiir; there like a stone wall." These wonli gave the spis llal'nin to tho brigade, mi ( thence to its heroic commander. The other iucident occurred at. the l livery of the confederate battle-flng t 1 my forces at Ccntreville in the autunvi of 1861. Many of these flap had been made from ladies' red silk dresses, som j of which were much faded, but nevci theless highly appreciated by our troop . The brigade had Is-en drawn upincoU umns of regiments on the plateau I Ccntreville, around a small t'levntior, where were stacked nil the flags for dis tribution. The Colonels of regiment 1 inarched to the front and formed a lint near the color. After addressing a h remarks to these officers, I handed ; t tme in succession a flag. When 1 t am 1 to Col. Withers, he remarked : "General, it is nearly white, and may Uj miak it for a flag of truce." I aPM cred ut once : " Then, sir, dve it in the blood of our enemies," which he promised, laughing! , to do. But he had occrxion to dve it. 1- 1. 11..... 1 f 1 more than once in uis own gHiniiii. uioon, it 1 id linally he was mi desperately wound ed thst he had to 1 put oil post duty toward the end of the war.