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TO-DAY . n TO-MORROW.
BY GECALD MASSEY. Hii;h hopes that lmrmxl like slars -uldiuie, io down i' the Heavens of Freedom ; Ami true beans perish in the time We iiitterliest need 'ein ! Kut never nit down and ray Tliere'g nothing left but eorroa-. We walk tbe Wilderness to-day. The 1'roiuised Iand to-iuotrow. Our birds ui aonir. are silent now. There aw.no Bowers lloomiiig; Yet life is in the frozen IhmikIi, A nd rrwrtlonTs ."Miring is coininn ! And Kreefcui's Time ronies up aiway, . Tho' we mar stand in sorrow ; And our uuod Hark, at round To-day, Miall float i;iin To-iiiorroar. Thro all the Ions, dark nitflil ol years. The iieople's cry aendeth, And I-jirtlris wet with blood and tears, And our me k aiiffrance endetb ! The l ew shall not forcer sway, The Many moil in sorrow. The Power ol Hell are strong To-day, But l"liret shall rise To-morrow. Tho" hearts brood o'er the fast, our eyes With suitliiiK Kiiture glisten ! Tor lo! our day bunds up the skio; I.ean out our souls and listen ! The world rolls Freedom's radiant way. And ri)ens with her sorrow ; Keep heart, who lars the Cross To-day Miall wear the Crown To-morrow. i, Youth, name-earnest, still aspire, With energies immortal ! And, tho' Ae wearies by the way, And hearts break in the furrow, We'll sow tbe golden grain To-day, The HarTest comes To-morrow." Build up heroic lives, and all lie like a slicalhen snlier, tteidv to flash out at God's call, . ( hivalrv. f Ijls.r! Triumph and Toil are twin, and aye Joy suns the cloud of sorrow ; And 'tis the inartTrdoin To-day JiniiC- vktorr To-morrow. ax ArTmx.woxu. ih. the c hanges will follow the rears as thev an. And shadows must mingle with sunlight, we kuow ; 'I" 1 . H . . L. 'if .i . . ' ..- -r ((.tiir-r win wiiner at lasr, 'J he souks we are mmrirn; lie lost in the past ; home links must be broken in life's golden chair. And lad I that rani sweetlv may not riiur airain Yet m hy need we mourn, looking lawk o'er the way. urn Hum in me iuiure sucn nngntness may . i f wo 01 our iihws romes someining to gain. And pleasure close follows the footsteps ol pain. ih, the river that floweth forever the same May follow one channel and bear the one name ; ilut the flowers on Its margin, the trees and tbe grass J orever must rhance with the seasons that pass, A nl thus our affection the stream of the soul i:ii;lii onwanl, forever unchanging, shall roll, ''i"S that which hath blossomed once fair by its -me May iot away slowly with time's elibing tide. ''' .wn v "ml we sorrow for jovs that are gone, hile the life-giving riTer forever flows on ? JtKnit lltii ) itnii IViiii.f. smoking on the powder-keg, I Le dniiel a cimler down ; Tlien he rose like a meteor, To wear the eolilen crown. fione l meet A fellow who struck a glycerine van vtnn a Mcuge-naiiiiiier. BRIDE OF THE SEA. The Tonsil Island, situated in tli Nnith Pacific Ocean, are known to iinvi- jrators as lorininj? a portion of that gr.nip tlenoniinatcn the Friendly Islands. iiviuKi was under the government of tyrannical chief named Oinao, who o llresed the people that thev were tlriven to the List, extreme of tin en sluraiiee. r lnally a revolt was organized lv ineaiK ot which tlie people determined to overthrow the tyrant, and free them selves, it necessjiry, from the rule of the kiii liiielf, unless he should have more reasonable considerations for their do- niest ic jeaee and comfort. i ne principal mover in the insurrec tion was. a chief of high standing, but the conspiracy was discovered and its projector lrt rayed, lie was tried by order of the King, found guilty, and the IH-naity ol tiealli pronounced, not onlv tijM.n hiniclf, but also upon his whole family wife, children, and all were to le executed as a warning to other dis satisfied subjects. m r ... mere was no appeal irom tins sen tence, an 1 the chief and his family pre pared to lie. The condemned chief had .1 A. 1 "T-S uatigiuer iiameu ivoa, who was vouns: and lieautiful, who had not vet reached her fifteenth birthday ; but the female form ripens earlier in the low latitude than with us at the north, and she had already won the enthusiastic affections f a young chief of equal rank with her lather, ami to wiiom she was affianced juterthe style of the Tonga Islanders, J he lover ol l.oa was named Hapa i ami though not implicated with her father in tho proposed revolt, yet he sympathized with its purpose. He re solved that Eoa should not be sacrificed. fveii though he should himself perifh in the attempt to set her free. 8o when the agent of the tyrant came to arrest the family of the condemned chief, thev lotin.l that this star of the domestic circle, and this lovely girl, who was cel ebrated far and noar for her remarkable beauty, to 1)0 missing. AH efforts to gain information concern - . - I S VI , mg ner ana an searcn lor fier person proved in vain. i?he had been spirited away, as her sad mother answered. The vengeance of the law had been visited in full force upon those left behind, and Jiapai was watched, to see it he was in any way concerned with the disappear ance oi r-.ua. I. ut the surveillance under which he was placed elicited nothing. The young girl had gone in so mysterious a manner that pmsuit Wits impossible, and it was suggested that instead of suflering by the luinuoi me public executioner, she had I'icicrreu to tirown nersen. lhe ven geance of the tyrant who had sacrificed lhe lives of the rest of the family was unsat iittcd, sine this daughter, so famous for her beauty, had extra ieti. S he ordered the imprisonment of Hapai. in It l s, uirougn mm, to team where the young girl was secreted Put Hapai lielonged to a proud line of nieis, aim me tyrant was warned that, unless h,. was at once set at liberty, he would invoke an insurrection which neither he nor his King's government could quell. So the young chief was lilterated after but one day's incarceration in the tv rant's stronghold. Hapai was a splendid swimmer, and gained great fame anions his fellow jearl livers, because he could remain under water so long. It was to them almost incredible that he could descend to the lnittoni of the sea after pearls, and re maining there twice, even three times as long as the others could, he would rise to the surface without appearing to have sudi-red any remarkable inconvenience by bis long submersion. He still kept up his search for pearls at the Imttoni of theWa, and might have liecn met daily in his fishing boat along shore, diving here and there as he thought IxA. "Why dive by the rocky shore?" a.-ked one of his neighliors, who passed him the next day after his release from prison. "The richest jiearls sleep in the deepest water," was the answer bv the voun thief. " True, but not by the rocky shore? '' " Yet you see I find them.'"' " No one ols finds pearls under the cliff," rejoined the other, as he pulled away to ground more prolific. " Hapai," he continued, resting on his cars tiir a moment. "Ah." "What think you, "oecaine of Eoa ? " "flood spirits have taken her, I hope." " Thev say she drowned herself." " Possibly, but I think not." ' You should know," replied the other, again resinning his oars and singing as he pulled seaward. Hapai, sickened bv the tyranny under which he lived, resolved to emigrate to the Feji Islands'. Of course if his pur pox were known he would have been prevented by the tyrant, but he kept 1 i secret pit rjxses.o well guarded that no suspicion was amused. n a certain night he arranged so that his deiH'iidants, male and female, should 1e prepared to leave Vavaoo at a mo ment's notice, and all were secretly em barked in I touts, with such few necessary 1 effects as form the domestic surroundings f these poor Islanders. The day was just breaking when the little group of lioats pulled away from the Iiaml. Once fairly embarked, and a con jle of league from shore, they feared no pursuit, lcsides they were or ganized and armed so that no o'inary party .-nt to follow them would venture lo attack them. The voting chief IjfSlWte way in the largest Itoat, stecriiu ''"mHy for the stone cliffs mi the Islan'ls. Hwnga, one ol lie Tonga grotijie, alid near the spot where he was so often seen in search for pe.ols. In the loat was bis aged mother, ff r he had left none of his familv behind as victims to the vengeance of the tyrant from whose rule he was fleeing, Thpv wre all congratulating them selves on their safe escape, and with so little troufele, when the mother said "Ah. niv son, I would that you had taken with a Tonga bride; it is all I re gret." Is than au you regret, tnotner i said the gallant; young chief.'s-Tf no, per haps that may be accomplished." It is too late. " Perhaps not," he replied. " I do not understand, my son." " Hold the boat here," he said. He had now reached the deep water which laves the precipitous shores of IIoiiga, aad divesting himself of the slight clothing which the custom of the longa Islaoders, save the single garment about the loins, he bade them a brief fare well and dived from the boat into the deepest sea near the shore. . lhe faces of the whole party were shrouded in wonder. What could this mean? When thev were in such haste. why lose time thus? There was a mys tery which they did not understand. W here and for what had the chief gone? "Howlonir. he remains in the ee." said one. ' It is dangerous," said another. " Who can live so long under water?" asked a third. Hapai can live loncer under water. it is said, than anv other man. but no human being can live so long as this!" said one of the wen in a boat, with man- nest trouble in his voice. At a moment when his long absence was causing the greatest consternation in the lioats, a few bubbles apieared on the water, and- following them there arose to the surface the form of Hapai, and in his arms he bore the lost lin his Tonga bride. What did it mean? What, had the" beautiful and long missing girl been hid uen oeneatn the waves T ihere was no mistaking the facts; their eves did not deceive them, for the young girl em braced them all, kissing the wrinkled cheeks of her lover's mother. A hund red questions were vociferated at once as to whence she had ranve, t0 which the young chief promised Id reply anon. The boAts Were once more, directed away from the Fjj; Islands. The delay at Hoonga. Lad unfortunately given time for an organized party to be dispatched after the fugitive chief and his people, and the two boats containing the emissar ies of the tyrant could be een pulling in the distance. Hapai had prepared for ellch an emer gency, and How bade the people raise the single sail with which each boat was provided, but at the same time he or dered there to Ireef h using the oars. The pursuers had only their oars to depend upon, and it was therefore im possible for them to hold their own a to distance; still they pulled r!i after the fugitives for i?otte time, until it was only too pla'n that they could not reach theni, and they were compelled to turn back and report their failure to the tyrant whose orders they had attempted to fill. Hapai and his adherents had made good their escape, and now the young chief found time to explain how and where his young bride had heeri secreted. jS early a year nerofe, while diving lor learls, he had made the discovery of a 4-eave beneath the sea, only accessible by an entrance lathoms below the surface or the waves. At first he was about to promulgate his curious experience, but something whisjiered to him to keep his secret, and lie did so. When Eoa was condemned to deatV with the rest of the family, he deter mined to rescue her at least, from the number, and lo secrete her there. He persuaded her to trust herself to him They entered a canoe. The place of her retreat was explained to her on the wav, These women swim like mermaids. He sprang into the sea and she dived after him, rising in the wonderful cavern, which was fifty feet long, with natural galleries worn by the action of the sea. Here her lover brought the choicest tood and rich clothing, mats tor her bed and sandel wood oil to perfume herbodv. When he was ostensibly diving for pearls he was only seeking his " pearl of great price," his dearly loved Eoa. The only sadness she knew Was ciused by the tragic fate of her kindred. The boat, tinder the direction of the young chief, safely landed at the Fiji Islands, where Eoa became the happy wire ot Hapai. Here they remained until the death of the tyrant ot avaoo, and they then re turned to their native land. The descendants of this happy couple still tell this story of how thei.- ancestor delivered his bride beneath the sea. Schiller's Sister. Miss Wager writes in the Galaxv She was born in 1777 and christened Caroline Christiane the youngest sister ot riednch Schiller but she was always called "Nane" or " Nannette," and her short lite ot eiguteen years was strangely sau, Driinant, ana beautiiui. Mie was but five years of age when t?chiller left home, bearing the burden of his father's reproaches, and it was not until she was fifteen that she again saw him. But dur ing these ten years, while Friedrich was struggling into love1 and fame by the poet s power and charm, the Schwester lein Naunette was at home, learning, re citing his poems, talking of the " wonder ful, beloved brother," and unconsciously unfolding into a poet herself, without at a1! comprehending it. The.Schillerswere poor Xannette was a girl and between the circumstances of poverty and mis fortune of belonging to the sex at that time of minor importance in Germany her position was in no wise one to stimu late or encourage the unfolding of genius. The father Schiller was conservative, strongly opinionated, unyielding, and rather tyrannical; the mother was loving, gentle, but possessing marked strengt h of character, and sacrificing herself in every possible way to the advancement and hap piness of her children. Neither parent was blind to the superior endowments of Nannette her beauty, her quick intelli gence, her vivacity, her marked resem blance to Friedrick. But matrimony was the chief end of a German maiden's career, especially the one grand resource of one untitled and without fortune. 8o, with sober, practical sense, the father and mother thought the accomplishments of housewifery of more use than "book learning." The eldest sister, Christo- phine, married one Keinwald, contrary to ler mother's advice, sw he was of gloomy, lifhcult humor; but, womanlike, she thought she could transform him with the unshinc of her nature, and then her parents wanted "so much to see her set tled." The second sister, Louise, a trustv. domestic girl, was betrothed to a young pastor. But the little annette, lxrn as she was for something quite different from her humble home life, met her fate like a gay youngphilosopher.and washed dishes, sewed, spun, cooked, and baked whilesing- mg the songs ot her latherland and de claiming her brother's poems. She had a wonderful memory, and the ioenis once or twice read over were fully retained in her mind. At first she learned them because " Friedrich wrote them," and the rhythm pleased her; then as she repeated them over she gradually caught their meaning, and in all trermany Schiller had no other appreciator quite like his little sister, whom he scarcely more than remembered. 8o great was her passion for declaiming that she would place chairs to represent different characters in the dramatic poems, and mounting one. and then another, impersonated them. Ventilation- of Closets. Too little attention is paid in the construction of closets to their proper ventilation. It is not always convenient to have a closet door stand open, and, if it were, full ventilation cannot le secured in this way. There should be a window or an opening of some sort from the closet to the outer air or to a hall, so that a cur rent of air might remove any unpleasant odors arising from anything that has bten worn, from shoes, or from anything else kept in the closet. A garment that has hung up for a length of time in a close closet is as unfit to wear, unless it has leen thoroughly aired, as though the unwholesome vapors it had absorbed were visible to the eye. The charm of clothing new and clean lies far more in the aKsence of these vapors than many people are aware. GRANGE ITEMS. October" The Education of Farmers' Daughters," opened by a lady. November " Moral and Charitable Features of the Grange," opened by the Chaplain. . December "Summary of Grange Transactions for the year." opened by Secretary and closed by Lecturer. The following subjects are suggested by a Grange in Illinois for discussion in the Granges for the months named : ' Thbocsh practice in the Grangers, farmers are getting to be good speakers and well posted in all parliamentary usages. ' BY lhe amended constitution of the National Grange, males as well as females are eligible to me&bership at the age of sixteen. The desire for a simple ritual and a shortening of the degree-work of the Grange seems to be quite generally ex pressed. , The Farmers' Friend (Pennsylvania) promises in ft Few weeks full particulars concerning the proposed centennial en campment for the order in Philadelphia. Ix West Virginia nearly every subor dinate Grange has its own store there being no state neet. As tie Tatrons there most generally concentrate their orders, they often buy lower than even the merchants can. Farmer 't Friend. Gbaxc.es in Wisconsin have on hand $250,000 toward State Agricultural Im plement Society. They have already established forty-one co-opCrative associ ations for selling goods ahd rnantifiictnr ing, and twenty-nine insurance coin pan ies, ell nourishing ahd representing capital to the amount of $4,000,000. There is not only considerable com plaint among the members ef the order about inviting prominent politicians to address Grange picnics, but the order is suffering therefrom, and iiot Very com plimentary remarks Were made by out siders about the order eeing (compelled, as they say, to iresort to such material. We aie capable of driving our own team; then let us do it. As the .National Grange meets at Louisville soon next month it would be well for Grangers that have the good of the order at heart to pass resolutions demanding a reduction of fees ahd dues to at lcft!t three-fburths of what they are now. There is no doubt that every Grange in the lniid desires a reduction of this kind, hut if we all neglect to at tend to it nothing will be done. See to it at once. Aj'.rlt last'w. H. Will, Ohio state business agent, sold three Sibley corn planters to a Mr. Campbell, .of Knox county. W. P. Allef - rf Ml. Vernon, is an agent for these machines, and he re cently notified W. H. Hill that he claimed from him $68.50, the amount of commission allowed on the three ma chines, as they were sold in his (Allen's) territory. Thi;i would make $22.85 com mission on a machine an amount cer tainly worth fighting for. Master Adams asd EaILroads. Dudley ,W. Adams, Master of the' Na tional Grange, is being assailed on all sides because he has accepted the Pres idency of a railroad. From the best in formation that we can obtain he has not done anything that will injure either the cause or his own reputation when the facts in the case are fully known The road appears to be owned by and run in the interest of farmers. It is hot rail roads that the order opposes, but the corrupt rings and monopolies that con trol them. Kailroads are as necessary to the farmer as to any other class, and we know of no good reason why brother Adams should not be Master of the Na tional (Jrange and the President of a Railroad Company at the same time, so long as he fills both offices satisfactorily and devotes his energies to the welfare of the order. Oae of Horace Grecley'g Old Lettei 8 New York, July 21, 1857; M y Dea r Si r : Seeing in lhe Tribune the death of your sweet child, whom I so well remember, impells me to write you a word. I offer no consolation, and I need not assure you of my sympathy. But you and your wife are still young and hopeful, other children will doubt less be lent you; and though you wil' neer forget this firstling of the flock nor fail to remember her with a pensivj and chastened sadness, yet you will liv to realize even in this state of being, hov wisely prescient and merciful in the chastisement which "smites but to heal." Let me give you in thia connection a leaf from my experience. I have had seven children of whom five are gone. Of three sens none sur vive, and two of them were respectfully five and a half and six years of age when ihey were reclaimed. I need not say how beautiful and good they were the early called are always thus. When the first" of them died fli youth ended. I thought I dould never be so sorely bitten thenceforth. Yet in due time there came another, not so delicate, so beauti ful, so poetic ; yet so loving, so tender, so devoted to me, that I thought I had never been understood before. I cannot rememler that during his six j ears' abode with me he ever wished to contravene my will. I left, January 14, for that hard western tour in brave spirits and good general health. At Galesburg after leaving roll, I had a letter dictated by him, leaving him in excellent health. 1 heard no more untii I reached Scranton, Pa., on my way home, when a telegram reached me during my lecture, stating that he was dangerously ill of croup. I hastened home next evening at eight o'clock only to find him dead an hour before, after enduring a severe operation and extreme suffering. With him I buried my last earthly aspiration. Lbave two little daughters, one eight years old, and another but lour months, having been born since ins death, but they are very different from and do not replace him. Did you not mean to see me this sea son T Jvind regards to Mrs. . lours Horace Greeley. "(vabriel C'onroy." Bret Harte's first novel begins as a serial in Scribner's for Novenber, and opens with the following description of the Sierras in winter: Snow. Everywhere. As far as the eve could reach fifty miles, looking southward from the highest white peak. rnnng ravines ana guicnes, ana drop ping from the walls of canons in white shroud-like drifts. Fashioning the divid ing ridge into a likeness of a monstrous grave, hiding the bases ot giant pines and completely covering young trees and larches, rimming with porcelain and bowl like edges of still, cold lakes, and un dulating in motionless white billows to the edge ot the distant horizon. Snow lying everywhere over the California Sierras on the 15th dav of March. 1848, and still falling. It had been snowing for ten days; nowing in Inelv granulated itowder, in damp, spongy flakes, in thin, feathery iMumes; snowing trom a leaden sky stead ily, snowing fiercely, shaken out of purple-black- fl'lolllts in whitA flrwlilont mauu or dropping In long level lines like white lares from the tumbled and broken heav ens, but always silently. The woods were so choked with it, the branches were so laden with it; it had so permeated, filled and possesed earth and sky; it had so cushioned and muffled the ringing rocks and echoing hills, that all sound was deadened. The strongest gust, the fiercest blast awoke no sigh or complaint from the snow packed, rigid files of forest. There was no cracking of bough nor crackle of underbrush ; the over laden branches of pine and fir yielded and gave way without a sound." The silrn-G was vast, measureless, complete. .or could it be said that anv out ward sign of life or motion changed the fixed outlines of this stricken land scape. Aimve there was no play of light and shadow, ouly the occasional deetx-uing of storm and night. Below, n t bird winged its fl:ght across the white t xanse, no lieast haunted the confines of the black woods; whatever of the brute nature might have once inhabited these wilitudes had long since flown to the low l.inds. There was no track .r imprint ; whatever foot might have left its mark tijHin this waste, each succeeding rnow; lall obliterated all traces or record' Every morning the solitude was virgin and unbroken ; a million . tiny feet had stepped into the track and filled it up. Ahd yet, in the center of this desolation, in the very stronghold of this grim for tress, there was the mark of human toil. A few trees had been ielled at the en trance of the canon, and the freshly cut chips were but lightly covered with snow. They served perhaps to indicate another tree " blazed" with an ax, and bearing a rudely shaped emgy ot a numan hand, pointing to the canon. Below the hand was A eqiiare strip of canvas, securely nailed against the bark and bearing the following inscription ; . NOTICE. . ' Capt. CohrrJy'i jiar'ty of emigrants are lost ill lhe snow and camped up this canon. Out of provisions and starving! - Left St. Joe October 8th, 18J7. Left Salt Lake January 1st, 1848. Arrived here March 1st, 1818. Left half our stock on the Platte. Abandoned our wagons February 20th. help! . Our names.arc : ,. m.'' Joel itcifcorinick, Jane Brackett, Peter Dumphy, tiabriel Conroy, Paul Devarges, John Walker, Grace Conroy, Henry March, Olynipia Coiiroy, Philip Ashley, Mary fiurophy; - , (Then iri smaller letters, in pencil): Mamie died November 8. Sweetwater, Minnie died December 1, Echo Canon. . Jane died January 2, Salt Lake. James Brackett, lost February 2. help! The language of suffering is not apt to 1h artistic or studied, but I think that rhetoric could not Improve this actual record. So I let it stand, even as it stood this 16th djiy of March, 1848, half hidden by a thin film of damp snow, the snow whitened hand stiffened and pointing rigidly to the fatal canon like the finger of death. The Woes of Herzegovina. The full text of the pt'onttnclamento issued to the Eiiropeaii Envoys hy the HeregoViah fchielS coiitihs alt eloquent statement of the grievances which led them to revolt Against their Turkish op- j pressors. It is brief and concise, but full of dignity nd energy, and forms an indictment against the cruelty injustice and oppression of their Turkisu tyrants winch Will command for them the sym pathy of (the whole civilised world, and the decision that they aie right in taking up arms to free themselves fr,om their miseries, lhe caUltiirUfc, in . theSfJ. ihis erles is a fearful one." tinder pain of being scourged ahd sent, to prison, every cultivator df Ink grronhd tihm give half h'to produce to the Aga, or official who allows him to cultivate, and, four times a year he must entertain the Aga, his follow? r nd hor?S. The owner of a farm in Herzegovina has an agreement with the state officials by which he ex acts ten times the amount of rept fixed by the law. The JTurkish census enu merators let free their own co-religionists, but treble the amount of imposts upon Christians, thus making them pay not only their own but also the Turkish share of taxe. In litigation,, fli Chris tian proceeding against a Ttirk must have two Turkish, witnessps, and if he looses his case lie is thrown into prison. The wives and daughters of Christians are carried off by Turks and compelled by force to adopt the creed of Islam. If a Christian bears witness against a Turk, he can only live three days. The Chris tian churches are publicly defiled by the Turks. The Christians pay an eduational tribute to the Sldtari, but'are shot allowed to have any schools. Repairs upon the roads must be made by the Christians, but the Turks are freed from this duty. If Turkish troops need horses, they are taken from the Christians without re compense. If a Turk complains before a tribunal, he can get immediate justice. If a Christian makes a complaint, he can not g:4'. a decision without bribing the udge ten times the amount of the claim. There is no integrity or justice and no security '.inder Turkish rule. Such is a brief summary of their grounds of com plaint. Hopeless as the case of Herzegovina may appear, fighting single-handed against her powerful tyrants, and de barred from the active sympathy of Eu ropean nations by their own prejudices and schemes tor national aggrandizement, it is impossible not to admire the manly spirit of their statement. Thev may not win freedom, but they deserve it. Changes in the Earth.. lhe date ot man s appearance on our globe (to say nothing of the beginning of organic lite) will probably never oe ascer tainable beyond a rude approximation ; but this much at any rate i certain, that it " creatioh is to be spoken or at all, it must be taken, not as a single isolated act, but rather as an unbroken series of productions, extending trom the dimmest past to our time, and destined doubtless to extend beyond us. Jti very body Knows, says the Westmister Review, what the nature of the record is, everybody knows that the crust ot our planet, so lar as we have sounded it, is composed entirely of mud, deposited in gradual successive layers under water ; that these layers through the slow but constant undula tions of the crust, have been upheaved again, unlated to the enormous thickness ot sixty or seventy thousand feet ; and finally, that each deposited as it harden ed, preserved imbedded in the mud the shells and bones of creatures which died at the time of its formation. Similar formations are continuing at present ; the soundings made in the Atlantic ocean preparatory to the laying of the tele graphic cable, prove that- over the whole of the immense area explored (1,000 miles from east to west, and about 700 miles from north to south) an exclusively fine chalky mud is being deposited, con sisting solely of the hard parts of animals which have lived and perished in these regions. 1 ne ciiaiKy mud win graauany harden into limestone rocks ; jtossibly some day these rocks will be gradually upheaved, nist as the Himalavas were, pnd the hew continent thus formed, sub jected to the wearing influence of air and rain, will furnish the mud which is to bury new creations. Let us not smile incredulously, far greater changes have been wrought than those, and as far as we can judge, by the same influences. When Scotland stood higher than it stands at present, it was covered with ice descending from the Grampians ; later, it became an archipelago, and marine sand with phells was spread over the former glacial drift ; later still, the land emerged again, glaciers were reformed, though probably to less extent, and Britain was connected with the conti nent ; lastly, minor changes separated England froan the continent, and Ireland from England. African Exploration. The explorations of Stanley in the heart of Africa are of the utmost geo graphical interest and importance. He fs a plucky, iclear-headed man, who push es his wayi through difficulties like a steam engine through a snow drift; and, considering the delays and slowness of former expeditions, the rapidity of his movements and the promptness of his com?nunications are quite remarkable. He has too much business on hand to be sick, and is too active and energetic and vigilant to be entrapped by the treacher ous natives or captured by the malaria. It is quite evident that the natives stand in awe of this man, who seems to he a sort of locomotive in boots, though they shoot his men when out of his sight with out hesitation or remorse, and his two letters came stained with the life-blood of one of the Khedive's oflicers. Stanley has now demonstrated by actual observ ation and surveys that Livingstone, whose health and mind failed in the last years of his long African sojourn, was mistaken in supposing the Victoria Ny anza was a chain of five lakes connected with each other. He finds that Speke, whose explorations were made in 1862, was right in his opinion that the Victoria Nyanza is one body of water; but what Speke took for two islands Stanley finds are peninsulas in this great inland sea. This is undoubtedly the upper reservoir of the Niie, and should future explor ations confirm the importance of the Biver Shimeeyou we shall have the key to the whole Nile system, and the mys tery of Africa will lie henceforth an open secret. It is a matter of national pride that these final explorations are made by an American, who, though he follows the trail of distinguished explorers, scnis to have a capacity of gathering up the results of their discursive discoveries and- observations, and combining and correcting them, and supplementing them with original explorations of his own, which are quite as important as any that have been inade ; Theses African explorations are 6f Vast ly more consequence and practical utility than anything that has been or is likely to be discovered in the Arctic regions, where so much treasure has been spent and so imany lives have been thrown away. Africa is not only a puzzle ,tp geographers: it is how it problem for civilization to solve, and tnrow s down its challenge to. ths . statesmanship and hu manity of the globe. It lies in the high way ot 'commerce, course of all nations salubrious climate? tions give it a vas' increased by its a . The cradle of civi commerce for cen ly peopled, and to o vlrnrttl nin 1 1 t-i fin f vitirts the inter- its fertile soils and 1 valuable produc ortance,' which is bility on all sides, ion and the seat of ., it is now sparse ractical intents is ting immigration nlimited scope to ajid furnishing aim the enictprtiSe fef civilised man. What shall be done with It and fof it are ques tions which will ask themselves with increasing frequency and force in coming years. IVlh Dal ton has suggested that an attempt :te triage to eoloni?e..itt with Chinese. The plan has plausibility. It has been found that the Chinese who have settled in the Oceanic Islands have developed quite remarkable faculties of thrift and enterprise and government and have improved considerable on the home type. But with Europe over crowded with population and ali her great cities suffering from an excess of poor and ! perishing classes, it certainly seems that the key of African civilization need not be sought in eastern Asia among the Mongolian races. It only wants the ability to organize colonization on a grand scale and carry it out with the appliances. of modern science and art and the modern spirit of humanity to make Africa a power in the civiljsied world and a means of renovating Europe. Daily Graphic. . The Jews. Some curious, and in some respects, surprising, particulars hye lately been collected and published in it French pa per, respecting the Jews. Although the Israelites; hold such an important place in trade, commerce and finance, and are to be iilet with itt every quarter of the world, it appears that they are to be found in ' least numbers, in some .of the most cUmmerHai eHuhtries, and in rhost numbers in some of the least prosperous and enterprisingstates. Moreover, widely as they are scattered, and numerous as thev appear to be, it seems from the statistics in question that the census of the whole race falls short of five millions of souls. In France, where there exists little or none of the stupid and barba rous prejudice against the Jews which prevails in some countries, and where one would think there was a wide field for the peculiar talents of the race, there are only 46,000 Jews. In America, ap parently a still more favorable country, there are only o.iie hundred and twenty thotiSiiHd JgrtielitM; Oh ths Other hand, in wretched, unprosperous iiiid down trodden Poland the Jews are to be found in greatest number, one out of every seven of the inhabitants being a Hebrew. One can understand that there should be a few Jews in Spain, but it is surprising they should be almost as rare in Belgium. In Sweden" there are , cohiparatively few Jews, but. they abound iii Hamburg, Austria, and Iloumaniain the proportion of one to every twenty-four inhabitants. In Hamburg and Austria there is abun dant employment for their talents, but in Eoumania there cannot be any great scope for their commercial and financial instincts. Ireland always boasts of being the only country in the "world in which the Jews were never persecuted and indeed, whether at home or abroad, the Irish always manifest a certain respect for the Israelites but Ireland has hardlj' had the opportunity of persecuting the race, for eVeh..at the present clay there are not three hundred Jews in the whole country, Norway stands lowest on the list, after Ireland, there only being twenty-five Jews in that countrv. An interesting addition to these statistics (if it were possible to secure it) would be the amount of wealth in the hands of the less than five millions of Jews that abide upon, if they do not inherit the earth. Considering the enormous wealth possessed by only a few well-known indi viduals of the race, such a return would doubtless show a high average per head. London Globe. Three Granges and a Council of Sov ereigns of industry in Massachusetts have united in a co-oierativc store at Hol- voke. Stonewall Jacksox. We under stand that the well known publishing house of D. AfPI.ETON & Co., New York, have hear- lv readv for publication the "LIFE OF STONEWALL JACKSOX." fullv illustrated by views and portraits, including the orations and scenes attending the unveiling of Foley's statue ol stonewall Jackson at Kiclnnond. We advise all, especially disabled soldiers and women out of work, to write to the publish ers at once and secure an agency, as the work is to be sold by subscription. It will have a large sale. Want Xothiiiff Better. As to the Charter Oak Cooking Stove, we can truthfully say that it is as near per fection as any stove we can expect to hiul we want nothing better, and uo not ever expect to find any other as good. Buhxett s tocoAiXE, for promoting the trrowth ot, ana ijenutitvmg the Hair, ana rendering it dark and glossy. The Cocoaine holds, in a liquid form, a large proportion of deodorized C'OCOANCT On., prepared ex pressly for this purpose. No other compound possesses the peculiar properties winch so exactly suit the various conditions of the human hair. Thousaxds Speak. Vegetine is ac knowledged and recommended by physici ans and apothecaries to be the best purifier and cleanser of the blood yet discovered, and thousands speak in its praise who have been restored to healtli. Butter and cheese are almost indis pensable articles of food. Properly used, they are nutritfous and healthy; but an in ordinate use of either causes indigestion and dyspepsia. Parsons' Purgative Pills, judici ously used, will remove both of these trouble?. Have you ague in the face ; and is it badly swollen ? Have you severe pain in the chest, back, or side? Have you cramps or pains in ihe stomach or bowels? Have you bilious colic or severe griping pains? If so, use Johnsons' Anodyne Liniment internally. MARKET REPORTS. nEJiPHim. $ 5 Flour 00 H 55 (5 41 25 25 ra 8 00 56 46 14 15 35 4 25 26 1 20 Corn Oats Lard Biicon Clear Sides Butter Chickens 3 25 Coffee 22 Wheat 1 15 3 Hay Best 16 50 (to 21 50 Whiskey Comniou.ii 1 00 75 75 13 1 15 Robertson County... 1 Bourbon Lincoln County 1 3 00 5 50 3 00 1 15 Highwines 1 Cotton Ordinary Ootid Ordinary Low Ordinary Seeds Clover 8 50 9 50 65 2 00 2 00 1 00 Gentian Millet 60 (3) Missouri Millet 1 75 (3) Hungarian 1 75 (5) Buck wheat, lbu 1 75 i,iivii-i.k. Wheat Red and Amber 15 1 35 65 42 38 Corn Sacked Oats 62 36 30 00 (Si Butter Choice Ilav Tiniothv 1; m jo oo (or - 3 50 Fruit Apples Green 00 Lemons, per box Oranges OiXK J 1V- t!U Pork Mess Lard Sfli icon Clear sides uvm ux Cheese Choice Flour 13 12 K 00 Cm 5- 75 - 1 75 -13Ji Wool Potatoes Irish, per bbl... 33 r 6i Cm Cotton Middli ng Ordinary AMI VI I.I.F--o: $ 6 13 Flour Corn Slciil.. 65 - 3J-----v 4 j;to: ..'.CO.. Com Oats Rucon Clear Miles Hatns Sugtir Cureil Lard 1 loV f S Vi. Butter 15 (i, i.S ... P.ffcrs 1'i ("i Wool 2 m:v oi;a.r. N. Flour...... ..J $ 4 Oh Com 70 Oh, Baron Clear Si.lt-s 11 Cotton XVt 47 5 0( SCIIESCK'S PtLMOVIC STKCP FOR THE CURE OF CONSUMPTION, corona cots. The great virtue of thta medicine is iait it ripens the matter and throw it out of the sj-atem, purities the blood, and thus effects a cure. . Schkkck's Sba Wkkd Tonic, fob the Cubs or fjVSFtesK, IleltsTtO!r, Etc. The Tonic produces a healthy 'iiSltifit oi flw Mum aeh, creating an appetite, forming chyle, and curing the most obstinate cases of Indigestion. -bchknck's Mandrake Pills, for the Ccrb of laVEK Complaint, Etc. "These Fills are alferatire and produce a healthy action of the liver without the least danger, as they are free from calomel and yet more efficacious in restofiug a healthy action of the liver. Tnese renieaies are a certain ewrn orjousiiinpiion, as the Pulmonic syrop ripens tin lie matter ahd purities the blood. The Mandrake Pills act upon the liver. create a healthy bile, and remoTe all diseases of the liver, cfteit a ranse oiConSitnir'tion. The Sea Weed Tonic gives tone and sti'ciifffh io the Stomach, makes a good digestion, and enables the orjaiis to form good blood; and thus creates a healthy circulation of healthy blood. The combined action of these medi cines, as thus explained, will cure every case of Consumption, if taken in time, and the use of the medicines persevered In. Dr. Schenck Is professionally at his principal office, corner Sixth and Arch streets, Philadelphia, every Monday, where all letters for advice must be ad dressed. Schenck's medicines for sole by all Drug gists. E. J. HART CO., Xos. 73, 75 and 77 Tchoupitou la! St., New Orleans, Wholesale Aifeuts. The only mart iiot ppti'Acd by being lionized waa prophet Daniel. M it' ittA 1J nionfv pnont necd- 9m Rf iPiwltr.tiYry rPtit would gi 3 ffUP- Ntaiiimi vtmrt.w aifiitwi even person. TohaveOtr UibPowixyd by buying Silver TippWl booh and shoes would tjiiyeach parent every year a new pair of Shoe, y as cue several coaxings ot mem Atlftiitic Table, ho are a pair of t UAdLI: puKcW WIKt lMwiH wr emocti jo iiie iei, A sure protection froth all the ele ments, except by firt1; New Music Bookd. Bronsht out in anticipation of the Holiday Soason now approaching, this new and superior Book ot Bound Music is attracting much attention, anil is universally conceded to be ennui or superior to any ever issued: 1 5 Stings, 283 La rare Pages. Board, $3 SO. Cloth. :t do. tiKtt em. for Presents, 94 OO. . Rcmpmlier that Gems or Enomsii Sono. (as in fact; a-nv other of our bookiO, will be sent )y mail, post-paid, on receipt of tha retail price. Try this method once, and you will be convinced of its perfect convenience.- Also for sale by all prominent music dealers. For Choirs, Chornscs, Societies: BoyMonClub I'olleHion. Ml SO. Male Voices. MsRiiincent 1 part music, quite popular in concerts. Chorus Choir. tM. Choirs, Choruses, etc. . Perfcin's Anthrui Dook, Easy Anthsms Appendix to Moore's Encyclopedia of Music. The larger f'orfc ffi published iit ls.ll, contains alniopt everjlliiiig th was known about music pre vious fo that date.. TUi Arprjmix, ( ill fcts. l briims Magical History. BioBmpliy , aad Theory, up to the present time. Very uciul and ni'teresting. OliverDitson&Co., Boston. Chas. II. Ditson & Co. II B'dway, Krw York. " cents till 1st January . A O without the Sew lo Not'lercrynuin should be orfe Weekly Witness. J For Kothlno:. Asents wanted everywhere. JpU Address J. KDXNEU Y dt CO Uichmoiitl, 1ml. WANTED AGENTS. Sample nnd outfit free Better than Gfll. A. Coi ltf.u & Co., Chic hro Slarknt lteportft of Weekly Witness 1 Oaf Worth mor. Trv it. S fpruce .St.. K. V. f5S ff 1 ft l!er day- Sfid! for Cliromo Catalogue 4 i U 4) A 3 J' H. Koffowd's Sows, Bost in, Mass ;CTS. the greateht chance of the ace. .Vjiliess, JVwltli slaMf, national Copying Co., Atlanta, Ui . JJJ Q f per week salary. Male or female. Ctrcnlir! COU hoe. Ad's Crystal Co., Indianapolis, Ind. (in a day atbotiie. Aeftit wnntod. citttpt a terms $16 free. Address Tktift A COh Aihtmltt, Jlttlne. tfjS !i iH j6 Ipet.flii: .irfcitt tis lionorable and lucratle. .Iu-I43 i'iilli Addrs MAKIOS sI l'I'LY CO.. Marion, Ohio. TIT I VTnnri Young Men to learn Telegraphing. Ter ff flfl 1 uUmaneiit positi ub guaianteed. Address l'Acif ic Tr.Lroniii. 131 Miiin St., Memphis, Tenn. CQfifl lonlh. Agents wanted. -4 L. soling ajJljHrticlHs in the world. One sample free. Ad- T"iX-T FORGET IT! Siiiffer's sr.-iv Guard is worth all tl.e Rnrahir 4 lu i-ii, ..i-ul invented. Agents wanted everywhere. Silver plated wimple prepaid on receipt of 2.1cents. Address A. II. StNGl ili, mm Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Pa. " IT cents Weekly Wit itness, s cents Onfljr Wll JomH llotOALt. Kditor. Si. Y. XuntM to 1st Jali 1JE1SMASEST Af PJSOr 1TAR1.E EMPLhY . MK t can l.e si cured t one leilv in every town in the I nited .States. Addreia J. llt:KV J -VIOSI, 6N Devonshire street, Boston, Mass. PER WEEK GUARANTEED to Agents, Male and Female, in their on locality. Terms and OUTFIT FREE. Address V. O. VICKERY A ., Augusta, Maine. C ARDS.-SO white or tinted Bristol. SO cts.; fcnownakes. Marble, Hep, or Uaniask.iM rt.: SO Glass, lO cts.; with your nanielieautiluilv printed on thein. and 6 samples of type, agents' price-list, etc., sent by return mail on receipt of price. Iiiscount to Uulw. Best of work. W. C. CANNON, 48 lineeland Street. Boston. Beters to S. M. Pettf.-nuill Co. F. J. NASH Broadway, M. manufactr.r of HolM Gold JEWELRY of eve :rei ry ucncripiHiii. in? fiock is israe, very choice, ana is offered at retail at trade prices to keep our workmen going. Bills under 1l, r. O. order in advance. ve tl C. O. D. ptiviirgo to examine. Catalogue free. 35 Yesirs established. JONES COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, St. Iuis, Mo. Write for Circular and Specimen of Business Penmanship. A A writs wanted everywhere Business honoraMe and first-claws. Tar ticulant sent free. A (M reus WOfiTH (.. St. LnntP, Mo "I rentH only i. V. Wtpehlv WHiiMM till 1st r January. Every farmer Khoulil try it. an 3(vniiiii( liehit al-ohittelv and Kpetil.l,r -nrt. j Mi filths ; no fuMicify. Send stamp fnr f'i'tietiiars. ir. ihtrl tn. In nslnnpton ft.. hu airo, 11 AGENTS 20 Elegant Oil Chromos mounteo, Mze Oxil for !. Novelties and Chromes of every dc,iption. National Chromo Co., Phila, Pa. WANTED Agents for 7 l?st sellinc articles in the world. Samples, by mail, 23 cents. I'liUF. Dl'NCAN & CO., manufactures, Fremont, O. rpiHIS paper is printed with Ink made ! O. I!. A A A IS J i;ij., ANhA CO., 121 Dearborn Street. Chieago. and for Bale by ns in laree or small 'inantities. SO. NEWSPAPER UNION, Memphis, Tenn. i nrrTiTnnTintr a t ten-drllar bill of 1776 sent free ft lilln Uul 1 I. for stamp. Address C. 111UST & CO., 75 Nassau St.. New Yurki 8 to 9IO per clny. llnmness lmrnrnMo and lucrative. Aeent irnnted. Address MARIAN HI PI'IA CO.. Marion. Ohio. $30 A nlf readewltb THE SPKWi SLIDING EARTH Al tlKK. Send f r illustrated cauloaue. W. A. SHERWOOD, St. Lonis. Mi-souri. $10s$500 Invested in Wall Street ften leads to fortune. A '2 page book explaining evervtbiior and eivina price or stiHUs nruT rnrr JOHN 1IH KMNO 4 ( O.. Bank- StNT Fntti ersBrokers,7 Broadway, N.Y. National (irnnfycr, issued wecKl" itt Loni-ville, Ky. heKd'rterH Nat l Granee tree to iec. iy semi- inir I.:jO for year l.sTA. Smplen free. 4 AiUirtns as above. months trial :K-. Ag'U wanted. ANTED IMMEpiALf !s more voting men to learn 1 r.L- -W KOKAPllY'. Oood situations guar- Bi antced. Address, with stamp. SI - PEKINTEN PKNT I NIHN TELfcUxiAl 11 -U.'l-PANY.OBKKl.I5r, OHIO. 4t-)SY'liyi A'V. or Soul Charming." X How either sex may fascmatc and sain tli- love snd affection of any person they choose, instantly. This art all catl possrss, free, by mail, cents ; to srether with a Marriaeo Guide, r.iiypti.ni Oracle, Dreams, Hints to Ladies, Ac. l.non.Km so d. A queer book. AddiessT. Williams Co., Pub's.Phiiadelplua. CIWCIJfSfATI OOI.I.AK WKF.XlYST.llt. An independent Family Newspaper. p-e. 4 Columns of Beading PKH 1' KAK. 8PKCIMKN COPY FKKE. FSee of postaae. Address The "STAR" CO-, Ineinnwtt. GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK. The Oldest Masa.ine in America.. " A f JtiWiM, Chkomo," Thk Moknivi Call, will be givuu' to every Sui'scribcr, whether silicic or in a club, who pays nl advance for 176 and remits ilirect tiis office". Address, L. A. C-ODEY, PliilailelpliwjVJ Tour Name El e(rntlyj'r4 ut eri on 12 TKANSTASRsalSSpmewo Carps, for25 ftnts. KacuVvfu choisin; tme which is not Titble untff held toTfariS tnt, licht. Nothinclike them ever before offered hi AmerK "Wllf islf ece mentt to Agnts. Novxi.Tr l'srpxiN) eoitiManV31aa 1 1 1 1 i " r" 11 1 nakt giUMKMI nee month AUCIl I 9 Bniiii liirHrtlrnil lerms. is r, njT u. IMCDIAA Jiiol the honk ihe people it ant. DOS I MISS Till Si: Western I'uonsuinifo. hi. ijouib.jhu. 1 -cents till 1st .Ian. Mnmlv snd Kanket's Meet )ings reported in WKKKtV W1TME. HABIT CUP.EB AT HJA-fc. - publicity. Time Bhort. 'terms mod crate. i.fXK) testimonials. . tth y ;n of unparalleled success. leseiibr Address 11 B.. F. . MAKSH, duinoy.' Nich OPIUM CURE The moat aaeaeatfai iroedy sf the pse ntday. Bend forPa. nM m Intnm Eat inc. Prof. D. Meeker. P. O. Box 47o, Laport. uhl Oo-You r Own P ri nt i ng cZ,ZZ OUtTltS T fvim & I tin ArCUHniH.WUI.il 19 llWItl Wl Mf Goldinrf-A Do.r ilanuft, Washington Sq, BoiUm Tf E L LK' KVf'YCLOi'KPIA. 0r1r. Rrritwi Kilition. l i:Ml AU rles. .I.nill Kneravincrs and Ihsplcnilul maps. AijeuR wanted. Baker, Uavisa to. run. DivouciiCWiiy ,i! itain ftv.; r'Jsuleure nniieeem for incmiipiitiWlity, wary. riaitiT decree. A.lilrt P- . ux IO7, MiicajZ", 111- tip family iVP'F m A r in Am''ri H,with two J h ro mo, in. -H-u il Wi liroaiwv, .y. i. THE .'--..-I: . HORSE fcKHentificaUv xnlaind. "7 flow to iu'lce snd t.-r him. Th. remisO' 'pSrftrs forsiwwd snd Mi ijj 4wiwoc folly demon jp-. j it... ... r. ,fi ....v. inicrrr.i i.i horse owner ff-; nd hreetfer-B. Also.e.r. ion a iVvr. furr f'T ? ;- !. ..-.- '-.'- .. o Address 4. ! lS CKST75 ltK. u- gems of mm w. lifslii LOW EESERVOIE -t - rr- "Are Suited to all Climates, , AND FAM0C9 F0H BEIXQ BEST TO USE! ' - CHEAPEST TO BUY 11 ' EASIEST TO SELL III yllL'Ss- Famous fordoing more and n?feBETTER COOKING, rf5 VAIV .is. Mum it Famoos for ilitil.' fli. j'-J A - wmwr, . , r . . Famoua for their Vrfe i&iiuUeiinlvtTjirlm, "ON" Especially Adapted TO THE rais or itset mum- tiUtte JB-2 EXCELSIOR 'MANUFACTURING C0rfPi.1l st- ions, no. AND BY ' ' ' JPHIX.I.IPS. BCTTORl'F afe CO.. Kasu villi, Tit.fn. E. I7RQVIIART A ., Mbmpbis, tBr. BICE BROS., A CO.. Knr Orleans, La. FOXES BROS.. Little Rock and Hot SmiNoa, Ask. ELMWORTII, Kl'S KKI.I. A CO.. Mobilic, Ala WYOWIXO MOXTI1I.Y THE WONDERS OF HtOUERIt CHBMI8TKT Sarsaparillian and its Associates. Changes as Seen and Felt as liej Drtilf Oecar after Using a Few Doses of UK. RAD WAY'S Sarsaparillian Resolvent. THE GEEAT BLOOD PURTFlEH. 1. (',( nilplrlt, (liimpwi"aii'" of wi-akiiPKH. Innenor ini'liiiH Iiolri ini'i''i timl lirdii-m uf Hesb ml uiiis- ClCM. I'tt.j, ,. . , 2. Kim" ?"i i'i rf ', RupttUB improves, rt'lmh for food, 110 more mini- '' infiin or WHti.'rlirniili, bikmI iliBrttion, cnliu and iiiiiilRttirlwd idtx p, iwiil?n frli a ij'l visoroun. . , , . :i. lliKiippi arali-e of ppotn, lilotchps, pimplen ; tlie (kin loik ilear and healthy, the m ine changed from iis cloudy and tlirhid appearance to a clear alien oe nniiie-color; titer pase freely t'rm the Maddt-r ihr.oiLh t16 efhern without pain or acaldiDg; little r no xediment; no pniii ;e wannwa; 4. Marked dimiiiiiitioii 01 ,,t"-omy of fmniem of iiivoliintarv weakening dichatul lif tr'cfd that wavi with ceriaint of .ei 111:1 nent cine. IncMai--eHhtreimllir-xliiliited in the w. retinit clatida, ami tnnctional liar nv rostnrt- to tlie ccral oraan. .-. YelluH linkeon the white ot ;!;e oypa, ami the n arthy nafti-on a ppeiirjHico of the skill cllilliped to clear, lively, nnd healthy color. ;. Thoe anHeriiiK trom weak or ulcerated InnKK or tuleivlf' tiM renlir.e areat lu'lietit ill ex pectoral in if freely the tonali phlemn ol linicn from the liiima.air ceiN, hrcim hi or windpipe, throat ur Ilea. I ; diiiiin inhiiiK ol th lie.inem v of coliKh, eeni'ral.iin reni of at relist li thlo!Thoiit then l"in; nloppalre of niuht 8wc,ir and paiuft and f'lipj; of wcakn.- aroniid the ankles. Iei, Klionhh rn. t u . "?'-afiorr ofeoliliiml hill-. M il-.' olMiltm alioii: hard In -n ( I.i ssr an par oxism ot'eonh 011 t ina down orarivina in the htoi'ii ina. All thce iliatiei.uia r.mptomii gradually and Hitlolv diapiH-ar. 7. A.day iifiet .lay the M.t KM. PARI t takn. ijwvv i-icn. of retnrniiia health ill apia-iir : an the I. led iirjiroteF in atienalli and purity, difciwc will dimini-h. anil ail foi"in .n,nd impure ilepocitK. male, tlllnoin. canceiB. haul lllii p. -tf.n lie redved away, and the uiimiiind made mill ml and hea'fht ; ni cer, fever Mire. s pliiitic wit's, chronic ekin di--easei sradnaHv di-apia'ar. 1. IncaM'H wliere the m'kIciii liaa la.eii aalival.'.l. and Mercury, Quicksilver. Corronive Suldimate ithe principle constituent in the advertised SaraparilliiN. asKociate.l in aoine casi'a w ith llyd. of l'ota.a i liae ar.iiniuliil.il nnd iHciime deKited in the Ixilien joiutN, etc., caiif.iuacHl-ien of t he Ihiiic. ricketH.Hpiiial curvature, contort ioiim. while Kw-elliuaa. varicose veins, etc.. the U tl'AHII.1.1 ti will loolvM aw ay these deposits, and cxiei mlimte the virus of tho disease hold tha kvsIciii. !l. If til. .k bo ir- lakiltK these Iliedii ilUH for tho cure of ('limine. Si rofuloua or S phi 1 1 ic disoae, however slow- mat !- the cure, "feel lK'er,"and tind their Keneral le alth improvina.tnnr flesh and weiaht im-ieasiua or even keepinc ita ow n. it in a sure aian that the cure is proalessi In these diaiiMll the patient either acts Letter or worse the virus of the disease is not inactive; if not arrested and driven from tlie I.I.mhI. it will spread ami continue to under mine the . oiistiiution. As soon a the KIIM PA Kl I.I.I AN makes the patient "fil la-tter,'1 every hour you w ill arow laitter and increase in health, utrenatli and flesh. ... The areat power of this rt.neily is III diseases lhat threaten death as in Consumption ef the I.iiuss and TulM'rculoiiK l'hthisic. Scrofula, Syphiloid discuses, Wastina, Iieaeneratton and I'lceratiou of the hid ncya, lliahetes, Stonpaae of Wafer, i instalitaneoiia reliel a Horded w here catheters have to ls used, thus tloina awav with the painful operation of llsina these instruments tlissolvina stone in the hladdi'r. and in all cases of Inflammation of thu llladder and Kid neys, in Chronic cases of Leucori lieu, und I leiine diseases. ..... . In tiiuiors, nisl.-s. hard lumps and syphiloid ulcers; in dropsy; in venerial sore throat, ulcers, ami tulsr cles of the Innas. ; in aout. dyspi'psia. tlieiiniaiism. rickets: in mercurial deposits it is in these ten ilde forms of disease, w hete the human body has heroine a complete wreck, and w here every hour in existence is torture, wherein this areat remedy challenaes tho astonishment ami admilalioli of lhe Kick. It is in surh cases. w lore all the pleasures ol existence appear cut off from the unfortunate, n,l l.f its wonderful, almost supernatural aaencv, it restores the hopeless to a new life and new existence w here this great rem edy sta nds alone in its iniBht and power. In the ordiiiarv skin diseases that every one is more or less trouldt i) w ith, a few doses will in most cases, and a few Imttles in the more aaravated forms, work a permanent cure. Those afflicted with chronic diseases shsuld pur chase a package containina one do.en bottles. Price fslO per dozen, or nfi perilalt' do.en liuttlea.-ur M per bottle. Sold hy druaaists. RADWAY'S READY RELIEF WILL AFFORD IXKTAST.EAMK. , INFLAMMATION OF THE KfPNKV. INFLAMMATION OK TUB BI,MllF.H, INFLAMMATION OF TDK III lV K. I.S, CONGESTION OF Til K Ll'MiS. SOBE T1IKOAT. IilFFK I I.T IlllKATIIlNC. PALPITATION OF TIIK IIFAltT, HYSTKKK S, Cliol P. MI'TIIEIIIA, CATAKIlll. INFI.I KNA. IIKAPA('IIK TOOTHACHE. M I'M PS. NECKALfil A. RH EI'M ATISM, COLD CHILLS. Alii K CHILLS. The application of the KKAIIV BKLIKI' to the part or parts where the pain or difficulty exists, will afford ease and comfort. Twenty drops in half a tumbler of water w ill, in a few momenta, cure CRAMPS. SPASVS, sot 1! STOMACH, IIF.A ItTMt'KN. SICK IIKAIIACHK. Ill Ali II KA. liVSENTEIiV. COLIC. WIND IN THE HOV ELS, and all INTEUNAL PAINS. Travelers si 1.1 always carry a bottle nf K tD- WAV KKI.II-r with them. A leu ilrops in waterwill prevent sick ness or pains from chance of water IT IS ItKTTKK TH AN FKENt II liUA.MiV OB BITTEHS AS A STIMl LANT. Prlr50'FDla. ll by lriiHf laf. DR. RADWAY'S REGULHTINEr PILLS Perfectly tasteless. eleeanlly coated with swisst fftim, puree. feEtilate, piiril'v, cleanse and strengthen, KtllH (Vk 11 1. 1. H for the cure of all dlsordera of the Stomach, Liver, llladder. How. .Is. Knlnsvs. Nervous lliseases. Headache. Constipation, Costive oess. Indigestion, liyspopsia. llilioiisness. llilions FaT r. Inflammation ot tlie Dow els. Piles, and all ocranements of the 1 uternal isi era. Warrantud to effect a positive cure. Pm elv V eireliible. contai n inK no mercurv. minerals or deleterious drnirs. lai,OlMerve the toll. .wine symptoms resulting fnn disorders of the .ItRfTitive rffan.s : Colistipatloll, 1 1 l aid lilies, rilliness ot tne nnajfl in the hed4Aiifliiy ot the stmm li, anea. Heart burn, iMsBiast ol rood. n r rijzht in tl Stomach, Sur Erifitimjrl Mnkiity or If l.tr-t iu nt tli" Pit 4 fh' mm' h, Swiuiiuii-c: of t In H 1, Htirrt! Hiul Mtnnft rJratnnie. r MiTT'Tinrnt tiit Heart. 'hokiiuz or Suffo-tif inc natinn whn fn m Lyine PoKtnr, liniiie-i ol" ViiioiK loti r HVlm I.--. I'n'rw tlie Siirht. hwer and IhillTu-: - t H''h1. h it'll f't INTpiratiti, Y-lltw u f the hkin nf1 K , ruin in tt JSi'lv. i lut. 1. 1 in -, and Sudtlfcn Fln-ihof H"nt. rtiirntMt; in flu K Ift A fi w diM-s of K tOW tY'K lIL.LAwit! fr--Pth vtorn from all th- hove nt-md rit-or1-r. Prtr X t enia per Box. SOLD BY IKVtISTS. Read fc"FAfLK AHD TBI'S.' Ki ii'l -ii li'tt'-r Mamr tn RADWAY NO. 32 WAIIKKN STKKKT, MCW VuKK. Information worth tlioiiKHiKU will beunut you. , G AGENTS WANTED FOR THE ENTEIMIMIAL HISTORY 0FTHEJJ.S. The areat ItiAerMst in the tli til 1 i isar history f our rountry makes tlw the fastest aelliiin .ask ever pul lisho.l. It r.,n tin its tl line histoiuar nrav iims and !r2. panes, with a lull arrouut of th" p proHehiliff uranil Centennial celehration. Send fT a lull description ad extra forms to Aaeiits. NATIHNAL tUBLIMIINO CO.. fit. Lonla. Mo. XEW BOOK HIK THE I.OflO.OOO. I ii WESTERN BORDER 0 Jnc Hundred Ytirs Agt . .......I.;.. ll..t..r.. ..I ll.Tt.odir l-'nn. h oTAlfH'H. an ilorder l ife. Itsthriltiir--e.1rli.sol Ke.land White f, Kviltms Advent u. ", l aplivities. rorais. s. oiit" I'ioiier viona ii and l..os. Indian aur-piitlis. a n p l.f . and .-pons.-A ls."k tor .M.I and "'. Not i dull eae- No on.r- til.on Kl... '; ' Aiontsa ...uhe..-. I miliar. Ii . J C M.tiBUVlo., IW I'ouithSl.tllnilinall.U. Lew-York TR1BUWE. 1 1 if; - Two Months Free! ; "THE LEADING AMERICAN NEWSPAPER," The Paper for-Business Men, Farmers, Families, arl all He People. 1. It pulilUlicR all lhe nowp. 2. It ls cniulitl and iiKlojioiidout iu all (Jim; ; In Hlit! it favor lmnrst money, govcrnniont reform, and lower tJixof; nnd it mi fairly utter in tlu- regpects the popular vi! that every coiiMdcnililo State t lcclinn this vt ar luw gone on the fide the TRIBUNE favored. ' 3. Its moral tone is unexcentionahle, nthii)r npiteat in in its wo mi. suited for the moist refined and eultured family circle. 4. It has the liest antl l'rwhei't corn-f-jHijitlcnee, jHieni)-, .tm i ; in Mrt, the cream of the current literature of tho day ; the Uvt and fnlh .-t M-ii ntilie, relifipoiii?, and literary intelligence. 5. Its Agricultural Department i the fullest, m,,.t llmnui-h, prarlim!, and useful in any paper. It gives its readers) in each niinilx r as much or nmro than the highest priced monthlies. 6. Its Market Ile'iorta arc the generally accepted etaiidardt lor dtalers and jiroducera throughout tho country. 7. Its aggregate circulation is greater than that of anv other four-cent paper in Tew-Vork. ' 8 Its circulon, regarding character as well as iuiiiiIkt of miImtiUt, is better than that of any ;per in the country. 9. It is growing more VirouV uu'1 'iiereiiMiig m ciuiilnliuii more rapidly than any of its rivals. TERMS OF Postage Tree to Daily (by mail) 1 y't&fi. Semi-Weekly, 1 year ..1110.00 Five copies, 1 vear 12.00 Ten comes (and one extra) 1 y'r. 23.00 All ww eiiltr!()l'ufiin jtaidatthe oIkhv. itifrt v!l ( c.riauhd f,vtn the dnU: of rcccijit unl'd Ihrtitiocf t l50'i Each person procuring rt ctU rf lcn or 111010 miIm i ilw 11 ii cnliili d to oiv extra Weekly, and of fifty or more lo ft K:ifi-Weekly. To clergymen, The Weekly TnimrxE will ! wnt om- ven- I'ur 8 1 .TiO. Te Hemi-Weekly tor J2.50, nnl The Daily 1v WJh Sfpccittieft copitw of either edition of Tut: Tniisi'M:, and eiicul;ii giving full details of the 'mtfntfi of the great series of Ti:iiu xe Ksn:., wnt free t- any address in the United Ktates-. All remittances at seudei' rl-k, unless hy Draft on New-York, IVtal Order, or in Ilegistered Letter. Address fciniplv THE TRIBUNE, New-York. For all diseases of tbe Liver, Stomach and Spleen. A 1. remedy In Mnlarlous Fcvera, Itowel Coni plaitlta. In sfs.fsilN. Meufal llepi-ewoon, ltiMt lessncsa, Jaiin.li'-e, Nausea, Pi'ls It-sel. Ue. Colic, Constipa tioB an 1 llilioiisness IT lit 141(1. , It i an active CATHARTIC. TON IC and Al.TKIi ATIVE, niiL.leasaut to the taste, and leaves no uASMTtliKor IL' FFK.CTS alter it asos-iate. Its inaiedienls are ALL VKCKTVlti'.f Is ad niinislercd without ditlicullv. Ilcsu. no i-pul-Mcitess. ami in no event injiii ina the most delicato constitution. It has 0?f T" II Till Mi ONCE lo Is., ome tha l ivoiile Mui st.-fotur. r"mh . It advantages ate seemed and not ced b) atm- rl. 1 1 i:i: 1 v m v 1 rui 1: Foil FoUTl V FA IIS I haw l-en a io.)i ii'i for ll.els-l foiti yesis Mil lo.uit. eft' l Hon of the I. .. .'. t ''ii'.! Ih.'' Ii' I"istl. and alter aiii' ir a 'air timl.l liaM-i olnclothei on. bropfhat it is theerv best rellie.ty I ln'fc ever iied for the Liver. Mi h. nltlt is now unite r I. E. A. Wilson, Claiksville, iritiia. XAMVrACTVBrDOJII.Y T J. ff. KKILIX A -.. MACON.GA...ud P11ILAPELPI1IA. IITHIRGAN CO., BOSTON IVIAHS. THESE STANDARD INSTRUMENTS Sold by Dealers Everywhere. Agents Wantcflja Eycrj Town. Bold TiiBottmioi t Tim Chitud Statm o reu INJTli.ltKWT PI.AW. That is, on a System ot Monthly Payments. Purchasers shouM ask for 'the Smith Ari' a Or. ivn. Catajogues and lull particulaia ou appli cation. 7ei7is7" wkkhLv witxkns) mi 1,1 .i.m. uary. Olhce V Spruce Stiri'l, ew ork. Grand Golden Di'ivwinu or THE Louisiana State Lottery Takes rlar-r Sssilsirdair, IXs-asailMr . ? POSITIVELY. . Capital Prize, $100,000. a,HI rriava. AauounUnarl. 11 A L. IN GOLD. One Price to Every Hix Tickets. Only 200,000 Tickets at $50,000 U. S. Currency. Tenths and Twentieths in Proportion. Ordrr Tlrkrla mI Writ, t'.r lr-silakr. LOUISIANA STATE LOTTERY CO., Lock Box 682 Pontoflice, New Orlean, La. f'ompetent anp Helialda Aenti Wanted tluoiie. ont tha coiiaury. I nexceptioiial ituaranleea i qd rad. JK. NAKUItU'N i LIVER INVIGORATOR. Componndral entlrrly from l.unn. ThtH Ul.llK rr.i i Fera.na uln( more all morbid ., Ai aholIadaitllie or bad malUr r UidoHlollitlr In from theayatni,l oo ss, Idlvlrtnal ronall- npplflar In1 i i t n t Ion, tVorai a their plare a r , teas poo n fM 1 1 to healthy flow ol";ay paa K tablespooiifull bilef luvlfrorat- mLt laeeordlna; to ef-tng-theatauiacfa,! ! ifert. J-'or all af caualna; food to Tt j ferflona of Ilia dlfc-rst wrll FII- f1 f W VKK, lrrrju HIFl'IXU TIIKIs. pV larltlra tifhtam BLOOD, clvlitar aak arh and Howela. tone and health.' jillaseaaea depend- to tha whole ma- aasl s.a lent on or canard chlnerv. retnov-l t J bvauchdrrana-e Inn; tne canae OI kn airat as unions the dlaeaaea, ef fertins: a rudlral aiiaeaa. oane- naa. hronl I'l rare. Aaa KAllf. . I" !arrhra,lyate- ILVMIIIIIOF. It la VKUl'AI Kl, and la AL- O Liala, Janndlreanc "3 aCa Frauli ean neaaea. I tanir anoonfnll taken WAVS HAKE, at rommrncement of an attark Of SICK HEADACHE rnrea In IS ail tit. tea. k.t FoiV "rHAilA W HKIUMAKKIOITII- FIX by 1 bottle. TB fTI For pamphlet cantainina: naefnl Information and all about tha I,lver, addread Il. N AHHII, Wew York. MILH Hi AI.Ij BHI IWI-Ta. CUSHING'S MANUAL Of Iarliani'ii1srjr Practice. u..iu nr ns4is. . n .1 Hfl.i. tn in 1m1 llsiraU va aas aeoildiea. This is the standard authoritr in all the I niiod States and is an in.nprnaii nana rn.a ior every nieiuoer o a delilrative bsjT, as a ready ref erence upon tha lot malitr and legality of any pr -CsediTia or dl.ate. " lhe n.oat anttiorttat.va evp'.un.i.'r ei nm-n... larlianientary law." f'nss. Ii. m. I'l lee, K i-eiits. rni ot man on ns-nr" p. Address 'I IIOM mil, tK ' .' ' Hasloa, Klaaa. A HOLIDAY GIFT! Tilt HfcST I II A I I A v llf. r,. h;trcs:i. PnjiucU, tad r::ii.t:iC. WOVELTY PS t JVi PRINT INy Wrm H nil i ii. Hsssers aslslasllslas.eaiai... la leasrai w K.ta. t -..-nt. lor !rw Isr. '" fill J fJl.i.l.H.usH. I'M Itts .loreselii !...( ps per o ,b. TIIKWIT In lhs World skim I i-Hi ' lli l . r I VIKIHIHIV I'ratss-a II. 'I'll- l.i..loH.relt ... I " 1,11 .' :. !,- lll.e HOT tMl.ai. I, .. M-.ol i.l - ' ' " "I ! t s.l.o r i '. nil' Uasao W..VW lark. fs . ti;i.sil rovets.il i.tM,i. tloll. f W25 5 T"jA I HIISillKKI'l I. MtraaM. I tsL-fJ laf. V jf I Hi", mor- llr.d I.. 11.1 I. or. 1 V5H2o m ;w n I i.u. huh. ' . ' I lllH'V.'.tr'ssKVIIt'l. lit I.OV s i-ttW 1 - HIHi: ! It . ass THE TRIBUNE. the Subscribers. Weekly. 1 year Five i'oiic, 1 year Tefi coiiir, I yewr . , T won't f(iic, I ycjir Thirty !', 1 vor .2.o ;.:. .12.M .22.00 .oo t 4mI are Vryipl"f Are the p." ill the !.'.( , I loW tl... Ol the. .'Hi. .SII,.lelll itv. irr. tL:l l I". and . ad .. !.' II our hver I- n.lia ! ' i ' and """ and lixir to vnnr n.i. " I1'1"" "'' Ti;i;T ssnT7.t. mmr. sum nv ali inn 1. .' rminct6w. VNt KIIoN onn. a Mwlnp M.i. blue lo i srl' w ira on 1. 1 r ! not do tin- w.o k i .lined, wi.'f a-l it (.. their s.lt.ii.- I" ioi description ol f'.'.f Ma.l.l-ie and term, of . I.aii.e f ' the l.liM Haaalai Rrai Issartosa. It is lull' ', i ' " " sall-la. ll. il is um.i,t.-.l if 'l iii.isi... . ..i 0. 11.'. -Hoy will b 1 el 111 iied to ti.. i.nr. lnM 1 1 ! llls'tal I.i . to annus and . binei. f.mpl-s . 11 1 A.... 1 in iiiri ir 1 1 1 w 1 f adl-.an.e Ad.lr.-s-. 4. IMKT I a N,. . ibl.,.11. S. I. sd 1-s. lo r .11 ot l ! I ail Ihe llrrkll M tlsseaa till l-l is S15 SHOT GUI ..' lit tie oarr I UI'll.""! ol II. Ol S' i" " s,,. tw ft Intl. Is. and a K.s..l .b.s'l t ,,,,: with lln-k. I'. e'h and W s.l . nil. I. I ' '1 (anta-s. I 'I. I wuh piiilhue t i vsii.iio I..... ,u. asfc l-fsilie ("f II. libit I- i.l, M euN.l.ua lies :rfs, . ".sin c LOTTERY fles on the . ol I a. It I lltl. IW aillhoiif- the I.vi.ailf- nr:.1.0IM In I'naH I'rlara. I baar . tirUrt mt eark. or ' ' leavillK .'..'' drdll. t' I f HI the .les alb I Hi" drawn. Fi. ldi'"b " '.' '""" . 500THDIG SYRUI I'OIl CHILDREN TKETniN'J. Ft i it sin: i'V ill niiM.LisrH Ia-ceet. It. ..l.of M.-.dv andfaele. w,.l.i,t. tl.tV luHk I . HIIM-s. r-' rP)i Hot Sprlne.. Ark. ll.is new Truss Is a o -tsi- a nil is-rt"'. I t L A 1 I l J, 3 n.M I., east V ne t kiio. r.t '""'.".i.rrTi1 a Mil is-rt"'. I i .-I.."-. i.iumI and War. a.ispi. I., esel V moll"!' ol inIv. retstnie" li..r iur 'tioh r tli" hii'O-1 rseriisr or s .' " 1 siisin ni.lii pernsr.ti.l- U rnied. r..l.! il.'sp .v the vi jttir fti s f:n fl nraalas,i a lasrai ttr. tknt by Mail. . oil 01 i lor i n 11U1 and u te-i. fTJjJMcrjliiBsHalii! Iclcmperancs ) onlv kiinwri aie' It i.i. lr tn utite n ItlVS RimxxIIIv riire. l v hit HI ' '" ""'v ' S " trial.", nl UM 111 r111.il. full "II f 11 Idi" " a.. i ' . Sr. J. C. rr:2, 112 hln tu w;r.:ians.l, a P0UTA3LE GRIND'KG WILLS llrl I rears nairr .. . , . .. s I I lifts r-i mii.-r. lor Isrsisr Merl'liaal ..rsi. aaa - lor Jillll Iktssttrss ail ll Sies.l.rn!ilnrliwlr" sn lier l.l.lnj li.H. I'M'ka. e... IO'. I I 1 1 I, .eiin, " ' . I .01.. s, lisr. i. ! , ' 1.1 ll.il .M a l i... I) S.. I !'... ts.lt ple-s. od I-. I'.o.fl.O .IriiM's M"l 'rjtraai'. I'.ua SIM, - inrlnss. i. O. -.. . v v it i. as ii 17 lenis. if..-ii..'s, -i nil I.i .In mi ..i H aoriiie M .N.sl is ir.ei.lir i''" "1 ' 's s - Syei. ..i,.,. .1. a s si '. I- ' HBd.6s.. Ia" ''' J arsr yea a.i-a Hs a r'" " ' ,,,.r. .sf a.ss.. aeaia a-.- ""''. Isi .-ni ssf.-.. .a s r-s.-i-" 1 l on. Iil.u a aao , J.. StS, IllSl.ltL, Urs.. I.e.. T. ccrrrox: cotton ! f1Ke.,,l,.-t slid l.e.t '"""""""", 1 a. old Makesl.o olo lhi.s. I.-0. -f a. I. f.,ur we. ksesiio r thai. - I -'t..- mo. . i i crcalara. Addr-. . . "'Vm".1..: V- I I a M IT ftlotl.S ad' "f 111 si mill. ..I pi..e. iti .!! I ll ! Ilin.-s filS'l" I'V II- r.ltl. ' Isl. f. t-. t l.isis.,t.a A lla. . Ni I and tiM-aiio. ..w.sl.d' If., 1,1. n-J f-.n t.. ,, liol.as DirTnSlnl R R IS lar. riUIWIIIHh ms.s.ys l.'MM) IM'railloa. .l li l- i li' iii.o.. IHILMA IO. AIM II ;". A Mi.M II I lr tllTM I - ' Addles. It. N. I; Msl. l . I .t. Ml. I. tC in fff'ii ad:il luioe. a.n. . 3 10 tftU ll' Ml A I Hill ft i - A I',.i lino. I. M' '.Ira J. a., son arin IK In llila .aM-r. " ,' DOilESTlG SEWING MACHINES. T iWrei T-tpn rf r- rhai'f: rfet onr tiand Ira. t. pes tt i vi -y am- tn .ti:.n. "DOMESTIC" PAPER FATHIONS. Tl lt Patterns made V nlS 1 f..i ..i...... . AdJrc:s r:i'E:ii: CE7.T.-5 ::a:::::z (.aaT Wttp. HW'JOHM REV0LVERSS2.vi0 H'iib P anrt.lsa.n ;i."ild "t "'7."'" tst ss-r-is. ie n K"""ne-'l '"' ' " CU llesrls.lli si , (MH ort.o. k - ' 1 1 If I (7BS!rH..r. c?. ij i k i .ov.l llj laislia. s i.htasar i nU .. r'ljf rJ 'airatl reprrlUs s.1 jpy I 1 ( Kprlais, ' .hl r, ' by nt Jre.-Ute r. Ilel" .T i' .c-"i v ri i l I I f Z i r Wli V:kAk