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IK 1 ff i 1 lib the i. t luH TIMELY TOPICS. "Whisky straight has ruined thou sands, but the "crooked" article is what is now playing the mischief in various localities. Secretary Bristow has closed a con ! tract with the syndicate for taking the ;! whole of the remainder of $.V)0,000,000 S tive per cents. The Secretary will take I 'no action in regard to disposing of the Tour or four and a half per cent, until congress meets. I Vai.maskda'.s latest order presents an 'interesting view of life in Cuba. He prohibts people from traveling at night because they are liable to lie shot by the numerous patrol 4 through the country. As the unfortunate Cubans are afraid to itravel around during the daytime forthe same reason, the will probably have to vtay at home and reflect urion the grand eur of .Spanish domination. ! I. v a review of Jxindon pauperism re cently published, a striking contrast is idrawn W'twecn tlie present state of things and that existing sixty years ago. Then the number of persons relieved by. the jioor rates was eight per cent, of the -Imputation. Now it is only three per rent. The population has more than trebled in thai time, yet the numlier; of ersons wanting relief remains nearly he same. i Tub treasury officials now estimate that the government will recover more than $2,000,000 from the crooked whisky cases. They at first estimated that only nie million five hundred thousand dollars would lie recovered. They attribute this ! success to the evidence directly obtained by the means of the new system of com paring accounts, which was inaugurated by solicitor Wilson, and which led to the detection of the frauds. ' Ciiif.k JfsncE White, of Utah formerly known in Alabama as "Bonnie ddue White" has rendered a decision releasing Brigham Young, and demolish ing former decisions of an adverse char acter. While's decision unravels one of 4 he Mormon Gordian knots, and will al Jow attorney general Picrrcpont to breathe easier. In the meantime, Ann Eliza's chances for alimoay are growing smaller and beautifully less. ' A gigantic hotel is ahotil to be built iii Ixmdon, with American capital, by an ,'American architect, with American j'peed, after an American plan, and to be (managed on the American system. A -itc not far from the house of commons, Jind close to St. James' park, has been purchased, and it is said that a year Jience the first visitor may take up his 'jiliode in the new establishment. This hotel will make up 1,000 lieds; the dining-room will accommodate 700 persons t the same time, and a staff of 400 ser vants will Ik? required to carry on the duties of the house. JiiX EN' r events in the history of San 'Francisco more than ever prove the mer curial character not only of its institu tions, but of its people. San Francisco lives upon the Nevada mines. The eon Mition of the liTTnes, therefore, has a great leal of influence upon the business and temper of the people of San Francisco. JThe recent fire in the Iionanzas has de pressed San Francisco trade. At the isame time the agricultural enterprises of ,lhe suite arc temiering the sensational 'spirit of the San Francisco jieople. "There Is an undergrowth of business in (the city which does not depend upon the 'mines, anil it will supplant the sensa 'tionalism. Gen. ..IrnA!, E. Early, president of 'the southern historical society, says that 'this association possesses nearly a com- rplcte set of all the rejorts printed by the t -confederate departments, including the 'president's messages, reports of battles, acts of the confederate (impress and nstate governments, etc. It has also a j full set of manuscript rejMirts of Gen. 1 Ijongst reel's corps, the papers of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, all of Gen. Ewell'fc rojiorts, i-a full set of pajx-rs of Gen. S. I). I,oe's .'corps, and many other valuable reports nof confederate officers, liesides a number a i of federal official reports. l'r.UTlNF.XT to the question of a , war with Spain, the New York Herald publishes a statement of the navies of fall nations. This shows that Spain has J eight "line of battle ships of the first ' class," while the United States have not ' one. t ,i two The tonnage of the navies of the are aliout euiial, but that of the J United States is largely in amphibious craft for coast defense. Counting our t inshore craft and all, Spain has a quarter ii more guns than we. Ah we have clung .J to the cast-iron smooth liorcs, in which ' no material improvement has been made k in a century, we can not lioast of the su- ( pcrior jxiwer of our guns. But there is one source of consolation: the monitors can not leave our shores, so our defenders can not desert us. Minister S iikxck has addressed a ,j elter to the L in Ion press in regard to ' false degrees. Having ascertained that ,i iwrsoiis have lieon engaged in England in selling degrees or diploma. purporting to have Is-en conferred by certain Ameri can colleges and universities, and being satisfied that these distinctions and hon ors were pretended and spurious, he made the imposture a subject of correspond ence with the authorities at Washington. ' Inquiry has lecn especially made in relation to 'The Philadelphia University of Medicine and Surgery,' and 'The Livingston University of America' in I stitutions, so called of which there are j professed agencies in Ixmdon and other J English cities. The latter institution I never existed, and the charter of the J former was revoked in 1S72, on account J 'the issue and sale of sprious diplomas. Thk famous submarine tunnel of the English channel will soon lie begun. The niemlers of the French commission, coin jHscd for the most part of practical men and engineers, declare that an under ground communication lietween France and England is only a question of ex pense, and their rejort leads to the belief that the project can be carried out with less expense than was at first imagined, and that the danger of eakage and infiltration will not le so great as was at first supposed. A shaft will short ly be sunk on the French side of the channel near Calais, to a depth of 3.r0 feet, for the purpose of hauling up the eirth and rock from the excavation. A lawsuit that is likely to be of wide public interest, as it is practically one of much importance, is that just com mciKvd by Palace-car Pullman against Palace-car Wagner, for using his patents and inventions. Wagner whose alias is (Commodore Yanderbilt, has "acknowl edged the corn" by paying Pullman a royalty of ri,00 a year, for using the hitter's patents on his cars between ew York city and Buffalo: l.nt ,, V.ndeibilt has puslu-d the Wagner on, and the Pullman cars off, the By HORSIiEY & CCV Michigan roads, Pullman appeals to the law for redress. There were important disclosures last week in the trial in St. Louis of McDon ald for defrauding the revenue... The. man who collected the enormous sums of blackmail from the distillers was on the stand. He swore that something like $400,000 a year was collected and dis tributed among the thieves for four years; that the "emoluments' were more than $8,000 a week, and that one of the ring who belie -el in "the policy of si lence" received $50,000.' A bad lot all around, but the worst of them is this Megram, who willingly made himself a confederate of (he rs for five "years, and now betrays all tnc rest in oruer ro retain his own share of the plunder and keep out of jail. The St. Louis ring seems to have leen conducted by shrewd and cun ning men, and it is to vh6 hoped that their punishment may serve as a warn ing instead of a profitable trick to be imitated vby'jnacTupnkjur pfriciali7p other heavy reytnij districts. It is pos sible that there is some "crooked whisky" here in New York. Thf. bank of England clips every light sovereign that comes into the bank Three thousand, are "weighed n an liour with one machini.' ILastiyea the bank weighed coin to the amount of $115,500,- 000, and rejected $1200,000, or about 3.6 per cent., as being"' light gold.- For this amount the bank paid th full. rvalue making a deduction for the deficiency of weight, which is generally Jabout six fir eight cents per light sovereign. Mr. Hodgson, M. P., a bank director, says that in a lox of 5,000 .sovereigns the number which will be -fbmid to have turned the point of light weight will generally lie about eight, if they have not lieen disturbed, and he adds : " You are aware that the sovereign which is in your pocket at 8 o'clock in the morning is not the same sovereign at 12 o'clock at night." After this rather alarming an nouncement it is satisfatory to find Mr. Hodgson stating also that the charge for light weight on the eight deficient sov ereigns would be about four cents per coin, making only thirty-two cents on the box of $25,000; so that " it really amounts to nothing." Exchange. LATEST NEWS SUMMARY. T.AHT. Full official returns from all the coun ties of New York state show a ma jority for Riirelow, the democratic candidate for secre tary of ijte( over Reward, republican, of 11,812. The temperance candidate received ,SS2 votes. The ttnl vote of the state was roMjir i. , - r - - ' The Galveston News says: "It is learned that the total vatnc of the City of Waco's carsfo. did not fall short of cieht hun dred thousand dollars, whieh, with the value of the ship, makes the total Joss by the dis aster over a million of dollars ten times the loss in and about the city by the late storm." The Jetty commissioners' report ad vises tlie use of more and heavier stone. It states that much has been done, but much more will have to be dene before any good results are obtained. They regard the South Pass of the Mississippi as more susceptible of improvement than was the Sulina mouth of the Danube, where a twenty feet channel has been secured by jetties. FORCIUX. Official information has been received showing that in consequence of war in Liberia, between the Libcriaiis and na tives, much distress has becu produced. The Libcriaiis in the interior are almost in a state of starvation. It further appears that several natives, students at the theological college at Cape I'alinas, are in sympathy with their fellow-natives, ami jrive them encouragement in their attacks on Libcriaiis, ami that a number of Knglishineirare trading with the natives, supplying theni with fire-arms, ani muuitiou and other means of war. nisittLiiots. Senator Ferry, of Michigan, president of the senate fui, will be Vice-President Wilson's successor. Considerable activity prevails at the (iosport navy yard. Orders have been re ceived from Washington to thoroughly fit out the monitors Jycliigh ;uid Muntank, with all possible dispatch. Gen. Ord, in command of the depart ment of Texas, in his annual report gives a lengthy account of the border operations of the Mexican banditti, most of which has been anticipated by press publications. The report closes with the following suggestions: More effectual means must be adopted, than sending troops to look on, while our people are being despoiled and murdered ; for it is evident that soldiers, however willing, can do nothing if confined to this side of the river, and nn order to make reprisals with means to carry out the order lias sometimes resulted in indemnity as well ns security. Education in the South. The fifth annual report of the com missioner of education has just been issued from the government press at Washington. ' For the sake of comparison, we make us; of the following table given in the report, from which it will lie seen that Tennessee sjeiids less for public schools than any state in the Union except Geor gia, Alabama, Smth Carolina, ami Vir giuia: I Vr ranita tif eiliuileratioli. irlt 70 11 40 11 00 10 72 10 40 Massachusetts Ohio , I x)iti liana Nebraska Uhode Island Connecticut Vermont ! 47 7 01 6 94 (i s 0 S." 5 82 5 70 5 60 4 !U 1 31 4 lti 4 14 4 M 3 00 2 8!) 2 Oft 2 0 -2 1 o.- fXew York Iowa... .j. Michigan New Jersey .". Indiana . lllinoiu .i. ......... .. Maine Maryland Wisconsin West Virginia Minnesota Missouri Mississippi Tennessee Virginia South Carolina Alabama Geonria New Hampshire Florida District of Columbia Montana..". Colorado - Arizona Utah Cherokee Nation tiS or. .w 70 00 28 41 73 10 (5 10 The English are tin unreasonable people. They complain tliat Queen Vic toria has t'K many grandchildren, to lie clothed, fed, educated, and 'sent on ex cursions at itiblie exiense. The Queen is not to lie blanu d for all these. If the croup, measles, whooping cough, and other royal diseases have done t heir duty, Victoria could not well have less of grandchildren. j 6:1 J no s -;ju;Mf.! The Beginning of Belter Times. Tlie prosperity of trade depends on the condition of the classes who are engaged in production. In the United States the agricultural class of producers far sur- lwisses in importance any of the others, If we can show that the condition of the farmers and planters is an improving one it will follow that a corresponding lm provement will before long be manifest in the general trade of the country When we speak of men in masses of millions, as we must in discussing the affairs of such a nation as- the United States, we necessarily have to disregard a multitude of exceptions to !the general rule. " Taking the farmers and planters as a class we do say that there is ample statistical proof of the fact that they are better off than they have leen at any time lor three years past. i c ixunt in the first place to the condition of wheat corn, cotton, beef, pork, cheese, hams ami bacon exported ; in the second j dace to the prices obtained tor those articles, not at thcport of iSew lork, but at tlie places where they were produced, for the farmer has; had the "advantage for over a year of internal freights low beyond pre cedent : in the third place to the lower rate- of .wages at which farmers and fdanters have this year procured their abor; anct in the fourth place to-the fact which naturally follows from the three already mentioned, that the im ports ot tea, coffee and sugar have leeii larger in the fiscal year ended with June last than in any previous year in the history of the country. In her dealings with the United States Great Britain has proved a good customer. While our im ports lrom the Uritish Isles have been enormously curtailed, our exports to those regions have greatly increased since tlie close of the 5-ear 187'. In either one of the three calendar years 1873, 1874 and 1875, we have found a market for more grain in Great Britain than we ever did lietore. Much ot that grain has gone to reduce indebtedness, but nevertheless the farmers who produce it have -been paid for it, and well paid for it, too. ' Another favorable circumstance m the condition of trade throughout the United States is the aosence ot speculation l'robably there is no important article whose price is now upheld beyond a fair level by the competition ot speculators The demand that at present exists for merchandise and manufactures can be depended on to continue and to grow, because it conies almost direct from the consumer. The jwpulation of the Union is now in round number, foitv-live mil lions, and it is increasing at the rate of about two and a half per cent. jer annum, and much faster than that in the great agricultural states of the west. Under such circumstances of prosperitv and increase of the agricultural liopula- tion, how long can the market tor cotton gcxxls remain glutted at the present low prices? It must, within no very distant period, feel the increased consumption. At the same time we are liound to say that there are no grounds for expecting a rival of speculation. Since the telegraph has united the business world, specula tion does not play the part it formerlv did in trade and commerce. Hence, the slow and almost imperceptible step by which business revives where it is not too heavily weighted by debts and taxes. We cannot think it out ot place to urge economy on those who are in debt, from the mayor, aldermen and common alty oytlie city of New 1 ork down to that man who merely owes hisgrocer and tailor. Prompt payment is quite as con ducive to the welfare of business as large purchases. We believe at this very time that nothing would tend more strongly to bring about good times than a reduc tion of taxes, and the only honest way to reduce taxes is to cut down exiiendi- tures. i or; limes. How James Xesbit Made His Will on a Sinking Ship, The wreck of the Pacific serves as a re minder of another terrible disaster which in July, I860, befell the steamer Brother Jonathan at a point near that where the former vessel met her fate. The Brother Jonathan was a sister ship of the Pacific, and while working in a heavy sea plunged on a sunken rock, tore a hole in nor bot tom, through which the foremast dropped until stopped by a yard crossing the deck, and m a few minutes went to the bottom. Of the 132 passengers on lxard only sixteen survived. One incident which served to "render that catastrophe memorable is recalled by the Troy Times. Among the lost passengers on the Brother Jonathan was lames Nesbit, editor of the San I ran- cisco Evening Bulletin, a Scotchman bv birth, whose coolness in the presence of inevitable death placed him in the rank of heroes. After the doomed steamer liegan to give signs that "efforts to save her were futile, amid the warring of the elements, the confusion of the crew and the wild terror of the passengers, lie calmly wrote his last will and testament in a small jxicket dairy, and proved his entire nonchalance by omitting not one item of his property, and by appending a request to the authorities to probate the document, notwithstanding the fact that it was written with a pencil and unwit nessed. The chirography of the will and the firm, bold signature were remarkably well executed. When his body was fbti'.d on the beach, some twenty days afterward, it was discovered that he had wrapiied the little ltook in a bandanna handkerchief, folded corner-wise, tied it next his skin across his breast, and after ward tied his hankerchief around his waist outside his shirt, the more securely to confine the will to his body that every chance should exist of finding both to gether, lhe will was admitted to bate. pro- Thc Hard Times. The hard times, says the New York Tribune, have now lasted two full years. The extreme point of depression may or may not have been reached. There is no infallible test. Former exjierience teach es that the process of recovery is not a rapid one, but iu the nature of things its commencement cannot lie long delayed. England is the country which most near ly resembles the United States in its meth ods of business and its banking system. In England during the last ninety years there have lecn seven or eight periods of strongly marked depression in business, such as that through which we are pass ing. In no oase, however, has the ex treme inaction lasted three full years. By the end of the third year the exports and imports, the revenues of the. govern ment, and the rate of interest have in variably begun to mark some improve ment.' All the accepted authorities on the subject of commercial crisis have treated them as reactions following an excess of speculation. Speculation car ries the prices of houses and lots, goods, bonds, railroad stocks or other commodi ties, to a level at which they cannot Ik? sustained, and the resulting fall is. in proportion to the extent f the previous sjeculations and the abuses of credit by which they have leen attended. An abuse of credit takes place where, for instance, a farmer parts with his grain for a worthless railroad mortgage, or other security, or where he is the victim of bad debts. W.vtkr for Dairy Cows. The Can ada Farmer truly says that no animal slit uld bo required to drink water which the ownet himself would refuse, and esiecially so if that animal is the cow from which you hope to make good butter. It is sufficient on this point to say that pure water is an indisciisa ble article to the success of the dairy man, for good butter or cheese cannot b? maihi where good water cannot be obtained. f COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, A MOH. Jl.illlKX. Little ntnil with Aowutast look. And n Rlancc not yet love tiuien, fcrtand within yon shady nook He an old numV lmxlfl maiden. Listen whilst he t IH you stories, r Tells of life and nil its clurics, Opening now upon your view . l'ast for liitn to come for you. Veal's nso one lived for loin (( Jnic i.ms. how existence ) ci: 8:ire the li;lit is gpiwim; dim : Soiiift liins has Ix-dew'd hi glasses'--One Ihci" lived, from him l eluiui l.uth's innsi vrmjrati'il name: I'.ie his cl:irii:iv learnt to t'nldlc ' She liecaine h; maiden model. Wars she stav'd with liim how lew Seem'd they when their course v. as fluwttr.' ! Lived to le as old ns you - Lives on many a canvas ylowiiis; Lives in pietured memory. Though his eyes no longer see, Since iilo't the ::!it;l"s caught lior llis ln-lovcd DiodelAiufiliter, - Little maiden, yon most sm;!r Why, I vow, "my model'." crying Kay. 'tis purely ann style When we spe;k of children dyia. Who would hid the lost ones mini Knithwards from that brighter home? llather live to join the chorus Of the loved ones gone In-fore us.,' So, my model smiles aiiaiu : Clouds and siniFhine l lpnd t'lgethcr. Like clear shining after rV.in 111 the pleasant April weather. iSueh of life the motlo he, pit ill keep childhood's pnri! v. Jlnppier lot. than earthly Adei: Alwavfl tie a inrnlid maiden ! ,' SKW 1.1 n:. Where Bre the songs and laughs of May? Nor June miht live nor .luly slay : To Southern eavc cur birds Jiavc Hedj From lilies low and ro:;cs dead : The swallows lor.i; have taken tliuht From waters wan and lost delight ; All things of summer pwewness die. Yet joy why droop and life why sih ? Color and hue and sunshine wane, Hut only die to live again ; " ' Kver again the lost is found. The found is lost in time's svift round. Why mourn for loss? V.'hy hold it strange, Beauty should dim nud fairness change ? That, "for hlue heavens, grnyskit's should come, For warhliiwi Itoughs hut wiod!ands diimh ? Why so should fair things fleet ? we say ; Why should white wilder 1 - nil) sweet May ? Ah.'senscless soi row. Peatli suppli s A dearer charm to all that ill es. Were rose and lily alwavs here, Lily and rose were liotli less dear ; Hue, odor, bloom, nitd Vaf lull wam And die, more de.ir to live again. MISS ASHURST. " Hang Miss Ashurst'." "Oh, l'liil!" " ell, 1 cant help it. niiv does she come to spoil everything? Don't know how it will lie? always .Miss Ashurst to be considered, taken alxmt, included in everything. No more drives and boat-rows, just von and me, Amv no more evenintrs on tlie door-step. declare I've a jrrcat mind to tro over to Uncle Phil's at Goshen for a month." " Now, Phil, phase (coaxinglv.) ;It wont tie so ual as you tnink-. Jesnie vou may like her t-rv much. 'Mother says her mother wa the greatest !eauty in Connecticut. " She isn't a beauty, thouarh; I'll lxt on that. A talkinjr, writing, society wo man I hate the kind. Amy, will vou sro out for a row? We'll have one more while the loat is all our own." in is roniamiiation was neiu on tuner side of the Widow Mauran's srarden rate a model crate for nuriKises of conversa tion, iust hierii cnouirh ami wnle enousrh to accommodate two pairs of elknvs, and allow the owners of the elliows to look easily into each other's eves. Phil smiled into Amv's as he swunsr wide the barrier. He oflercd his arm, she took it, and thev sauntered down to the shore. They were a picturctttiuo couple to look at. Tall Phil, in spito of his momentary ill-temper, possessed a tranlc, liamlsonie face lit with fi le eves and the sweetest of smiles; while little Amy's modest, wild-flower fieautv was exnmsite in its way. Second cousins, intimate friends, all but declared lovers, it was a pleasant matter of course that they should lie al ways tojrether; and in spite of Amv's disclaimers, she was at tlie Imttom of her heart as sorry as Phil at this interruption to their iiie-u-lde as sorry or sorrier; for blended with her regret was the in stinctive apprehension of a girlish heart, which, pledged in fact thouirh not in name, grieves with the iinsjoken dread that some other woman mav vet pass by to snatch from her very lips the coveted unta-led cup in whose depth lies, or seems to lie, all the liest sweetness ot coming life. 1 1 was a comfort to have Philip so cross alxtut it, however; and in the effiirt to soothe him, she, woman-like, forgot her own annoyance. & the even in?: ended happilv.' Next day broiisrht the expected guest. Amy's first choice sent her heart to quaking again. Never had she seen a woman in the lea-t fike this. Kose Ashurst was ono of those lnim enchant resses who reign not only iy intention, but by right. Her beauty would have lieen remarkable had not her charm liecn more remarkable. Her wit and talent were balanced by a sweet humor which pervaded every word ami act, and fla vored all with fascination. Tact, cul ture, the perfect self-possession which verges upon self-fbrgetfulness, lent their aid to complete her attraction. And all was real, mere was no pretense anout Miss Ashurst. The kind looks which beamed from her lx-autiful eves sprumr from a kind heart. She threw herself into the interest of everv human creature who approached her with a warmth Ixirn of true sympathy. No wonder she was popular. Popularity hardly sivuicd her. She received her daily ovations as a mat ter of course, halt indifferently, hall gratefully, but always with a modest grace winch enhanced her eiiect. - dangerous woman this to bring into pro pinquity with susceptible youths. Poor Amv: But Amy, too, felt the charm. The dazzling brown eyes which had liewitchcd so may hearts worked their spell upon her's at once, and she lent delighted aid in settlimr the new-comer and her belong ings. This month in Pemisrewasset was a sudden whim of M iss Ashurst's. t-be want ed quiet and a place to write in, and the old homestead in which her ereat-cranu- mother was born seeming to meet these conditions, she wrote to offer herself as an inmate; and Mrs. Mauran, who was glad to add to her small income by an occasional boarder, gave pleased consent. All manner ol pretty tinners came out ot the trunks to adorn the simple chamlier. Miss Ashurst could not live without artistic surroundings, and traveled al ways with photographs, sketches, books, small articles of virtu, and bits of bright color in this or that. These disixised on walls and table, with daintily frilled and embroidered covers laid over the old- fashioned pillows, an easel with its can ines and oil -tubs in one cornet (Miss Ashurst painted pictures,) a writ ins fa ble exquisitely arranged drawn into the window (Miss Ashurst wrote lnxiks, ) a sweet-faced Madonna painted on ivory, a lew nowers ground in a classic vase, made the homely keeping-room chamlier over into a bower ot romance, simple Amv thought. She stood as in a dream, inhaling the perfume of a wide luxurious life, ot a whole world of sensations and sights unknown until now, and scarcely comprehended. 'There!" said Miss Ashurst. riving the last touch to her vase of clematis and roses, "now I shall do lieantifully. What a pleasant room this is! The very exposure l like liest, and such a sweet view: J t is just the room to work in. 1 am glad your mother let me come, Amy. may call you Amy, mav I not: We are relatives, vou know far away, but still relatives." "Oh yes, please do," cried Amy, every one else calls me so." "How lovely she is!" was her solil oquy as she went down stairs. " I won der what Phil will think of her? He will lie surprised, I'm sure, but he must ldiuire her; he can't help it." She watched the expression of his eyes it tcatime, but it told her nothing, l hil sc.ircely spoke. He looked at Miss TT Ashurst a sreat deal, but Amy could onlv cuess what the looks meant. ""Well?" she said, interrogatively, as they met on the door-steps alter tea. " Well." responded Thil. "What do vou think? Isn't she r.rettv?" "I'icttv!" with an indisnant inflec tion. " Why, Phil, how can you help think incr so?" " Pretf v is not the word at all. She is superb 1 leant iful." "I thoiiL'ht vou would think so," said Amy, cheerfully, but with a little stric ture at her heart. "Yes. She's not mv style, of course; but she is a woman in a thousand. No wonder she has been such a belle all her life." "I'm so glad you admire her. Now you won't mind her bein'i here, and you'll be iwlite to her, won't you, Phil?: " Oh, ves; I'll do whatever you wish," replied Phil, with a carelessness which was half affected. "She's not Philip's style," whispered Amy to her pillow that night, and fell asleep with the talismanic sentence on her lips. ' Alas, how easily things r,o wrong! A won) too much, or a kiss too long. Ami ; here fal let ll a nrist and a Molding rain. And life is oarer the same again," . . . - simrs Geortre Macdonald. Things went "wrong" in little Amy's world during the next fortnight. H as it only the pre science of coming mists which darkened the blue, and made the days sad ? Was it only foolish jealousy, or was it some thin": tangible ? She made herself mis erable over these questions. She scolded herself, but scolding did no good ; the wrung, hurt feeling would not leave her. And yet why was she hurt ? Was it not natural and riirht that Philip should lie attentive to their guest, who had on him, as on her, the claim of kindred blood this guest who was so charming? For Amy never denied the charm ; she felt it herself, too strongly. Was it not the very thing she had asked him to do? Yes; but yet but yet but yet All these reflections ended by deepening the vague unhappiness. Night after night she sat alone on the door-step arid watched the Ixiat jrlide off into the moon light; Phil at the oars, Miss Ashurst with the tiller ropes in her white hands. "Come with us," thev always said; but when she murmured" an excuse, they passed on cheerfully without her. Yes, it had come to that : Philip went with out her, and liked it just as well ! The world her world had changed. Would it ever lie the same again?" Philip was in a temporary dazzle of admiration ; he neither reasoned nor re flected. But for Miss Ashurst, no slight est glimpse of the truth had crossed her mind. She thought Amy a sweet, pretty child, but shy, and busy with household matters, as the only daughter of a widow in HKr circumstances must naturallv be. For Phil, be was charming ; she liked him best when alone the truth lieing that a slight uneasy consciousness made him awkward when in company with the old love, with whom he was somehow a little " off," and the new, with whom he was not fairly "on." So Miss Ashurst was not sorry when Amy refused to join in the moonlight rows, and knowing no thing of what had gone before, it did not strike her as unusual or make her ques tion. He and Amy were as brother and sister, she reflected. So her eyes being sealed by ignoraive, and Phil's blinded as by a sudden spell, Amy's pale cheeks and woful looks passed unheeded, except by one pair ot eyes which were not scaled, namely, her mother's. Mrs. Mauran was a quiet erson; but her quiet concealed strength and a power reading character. Instinctively she "took stock" of all persons with whom she came in contact, and her instinct rarely failed. A bitter experience had taught her how "easy things go wrong" in this world of ours, and though she "hated to meddle," and was sorry to lose her boarder, she resolved to apjieal to the sweetness and nobility which she felt were the underlying stratum of Miss Ashurst's nature. It was in this wise that she accomplished her purpose: Miss Ashurst and Phil had lieen off on a drive prolonged into late twilight. Tea was over. Phil had strolled down to the village after the mail, and Mrs. Mauran sat In-side her guest in the shaded porch. "Where is Amy?" asked Miss Ash urst. "(June to lied with a bad headache," said Mrs. Mauran. "A headache? I am so sorry! Isn't there something out of my medicine case which would relieve her? Pulsatil la, perhaps, or iris." Miss Ashurst was a devoted homeopath. "I think there is something. Not out of your case, however," replied Mrs. Mauran, quietly. " What can vou mean?" " My dear Miss Ashurst, may I speak frankly to vou aliout something that is on my mind ? And will you not think me unkind or impertinent?" " I amqtiitesure you could lie neither.'' " I want to tell you a little story which concerns Phil and Amy." "rhiland Amy!" " Yes. They are second cousins, as you know. Phil's father was my most intimate friend, and the children were naturally brought up together. Last spring Phil, who trusts me as if I rcre his mother, liegged my leave to ask Amy to be his wife." She paused a moment. Miss Ash u rt said nothing, only leaned forward a little and listened. " I told him that Amy was so young that he had better wait a few months licfore he said anything. I wish I hadn't." " I don't know why. It might have been lx'tter. Since that time Phil has seen a woman a little older, far more lieautiful, than my little girl, richer in all that life has to give, but not richer as far as he is concerned, for she has no love to give him, and Amy has. If she had, if she could, I should not speak. If I did not know that she is as true and as good as she is lieautiful, I should not speak. As it is. I do." " My dear Mrs. Mauran -thank you," said Miss Ashurst, as last, "louwere right to speak. I have made mischief, but without knowing it. You are sure of that, I hope." 1 am sure ot it. "Phil is a charming person. I like him extremely, and of course I saw that he liked me." But I never thought of it as a serious thing. A great many other jieople have felt the same, and have got ten over it." " Phil will get over it also. He has loved you but three weeks, and Amy three years. It is a glamour, which will wear off." Miss Ashurst smiled still, but less brightly. It is not pleasant to lie agreed with so cordially in matters of this kind. ' Yes," she said ; " it is, as you siy, a glamour. It will disappear as I dtsapjiear. And the sooner that disappearance taKes place the better. I shall have a letter this evening which will oblige me to leave you day after to-morrow. Will that do ?" ' My dear Miss Ashurst, my dear kins- . , T l iT woman, believe me wnen i say inai i am truly sorry that anything must make yon go. 1 oil are what l vnougni, wnai i ' - -. - I t 1 trusted, ami 1 thanK vou wun an my heart." "And I thank vou for trusting me," replied Miss Ashurst. lut alter she went up stairs ner lace changed. Iong she stood at the window looking out at the dim-tinted sea. "It has lieen very nice, she whispered to herself at last. " But this is foolish. I must go to lied." Miss Ashurst s letter ot recall came and on the day fixed she left. Amy,, dazed, as it were, by this sudden de part lire, reproached herselt heartily lor !cclin,r glad. This reproach deeiH'ned into remorse when, the farewells spoken I and the lieautiful radiant presence van ) D js DECEMBER 10, 1875. ished, she found her walls and table orna mented with good-by gifts. There were the photographs she had most admired, tlie books, even the Madonna, ivory nainted and velvet-swung, all left for her by her sweet-hearted rival. A mist of penitent tears dimmed her eyes; but in spite of penitence and of tears, site was glad. For Phil, the rattle of the wheels which bore his charmer away was like the sound which breaks sharply into some fantastic dream. Metaphorically speaking, he rubbed his eyes. For a (lay or two he hung about, vacant and listless ; then he roused, as desirous to pick up dropjied threads again. Somehow Amv was more difficult of approach than of vore, little veil rested lietween them. She was not always to lie had when wanted. We value what, we work for, what we hold with some trembling sense of insecurity As weeks went on, Phil grew to prize Amy more than ever, lhe knowledgi that he had half lost her intensified his love. It required months to win his way back to the old place. But at last "And vou are quite, quite sure that j'ou care 'most for me ?" whispered Amy, saucily, (the night after their engage ment. "Most? Altogether, you mean There ii no other." "Not even Miss Ashnrst?" "Not even Miss Ashurst; though1 and Phil lifted his cap as belore a queen " she is a stunner, a real lady, every inch of her, and as good as she is lieauti ful. Bless her!" A nd bless her, say we. The Writers for Punch. A writer savs: The litlle band of Punch writers were mostly fond of children. It was Thackeray's delight to "tip" bovs. HJien Sidney Jilanehard was a little fellow, on one of his school holidays Thackeray gave him a dinner at the (ar- nck, look him to the theatre m the evening, and enjoyed himself immensely in the delnrht ot the bovs. Jx-eeh va never lianoier than in his pictures of chitden and? their childish Humor. Lhi Maurier is never more at home than when he is delineating some quaint joke in which the children are the actors. Tom Hood was one of the most simple and simple-minded of poets. Men who love -children are invariably good fellows and in their own homes, or round the Punch table, Mark Lemon, .Terrold, Hor ace iUayliew, ljceeh, lhackerav, lorn Hood, John Tenniel, were simply a party of grown-up boys, full of the freedom and unconventional geniality ot youth. In their troubles and in their pleasures they were a happy family. What scores of racy anecdotes, what flashes of wit must have circulated aliout the mahogany tree in Bouverie street, where every Wednesday for a quarter of a century the editors of Punch have met their con tributors at dinner to discuss the car toon. A few years ago there were regu larly sitting round the board Mark Jjcmon, talstathan m figure, with merry eyes set in a broad, genial face; Shirley Brooks, his lieutenant, a handsome, pleas ant-looking gentleman, always ready with a bit of pretended cynicism : Thackeray, the great, wise, thoughtlul-looking critic of the Georges ; .lerrold. with his massive head and eager eyes; l'ercival Ix-igh, quiet, gentle, and differential; Jennie!, mild, intelligent, ami allahle; JUavhew, distingue in appearance and confessedly lazy; Leech, tinically funny; lorn lay lor, iolitic and capable, full of wise saws and modern instances; Mr. Bradbury, Sr., courtly and pleasant; and, once in a way, Sir Joseph 1 axtoti, the only stranger I lielieve who ever dined with the Punch men. rince the .Messrs. Agnew have joined the partnership, they have had seats at the board, where the skeleton may, indeed, be said to sit willi lhe I'pi- cureans; lor. on the death ot a meniiier of the staff, he who succeeds to the va cant place cuts his name on the dining- tablc aiHive that ot the toriner guest, who has rested from his lafiors. They were a united and happy family, almost from the first, these writers for Punch, with Mark Lemon standing, like father and friend, at their head; and to bis solicr influence may lie attributed the general freedom of the publication from anvthing like obiectiouablc matter, an influence consistently taken up by his successors. Mark Ivcmon's crsonal in llueiice laid in the strong social founda tions of the paper. Kven Thackeray was wont to unbend liefove the administration of his editor, in the heyday of his fame. In a lecture which he delivered at Bir mingham in lRoo, on "Men of Humor," he said : "lam rejoiced to think that Mark Iiomon has maintained his jiost as editor of Punch since its commence ment ; for, amid its ten thousand pages, there has not lieen a single line that the young may not read, nor a girl blush tit in strong contrast with the olden times, when fun was not allowed them. The comic works of the past years are sealed to our wives and daughters. With Punch it is not so; for where its editor is, there is decorous wit, and fun without its general attendant, coarseness." England's I.iflle Army. Outside of India, 24.000 British sol diers suffice to keep Queen Victoria's subjects in order, which is a smaller nuinlier than even our own regular army. A late rejHirt of the English war office gives some interesting facts aliout the distribution of the forces. The three greatest of England's colonial possessions, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, are allowed to get along without any troops at all. In Nova Scotia, however, are stationed two line regiments and three batteries of artillery, which com prise all the British troops on the Amer ican continent. .Gibraltar and Malta, two of the most important strategic points in the British empire, have garri sons of five thousand each. In Cape Colony and Natal are stationed some 2,o00 men in all, mostly engaged in Zulu fighting. At St. Helena two companies are comfortably supjKirted, while at the Bermudas 2,000 men, principally artil lery and engineers, are al lowed the benefit of the most enjoyable climate in the world. One regiment is in" China, and all the others are scattered in little squads of one and two companies over the rest of the known world, rather more to sustain the reputation of the British reveille for always sounding" than to serve any legitimate military purpose. The nu tnlier of troops quartered on the soil of England is very small, and might le smaller still with "out ire safety to the kingdom ; for war's alarms have not sounded in the " tight little island" for two hundred years. Goi.n Axn Silvi.r Pnonvcmox. The San Francisco Bulletin presents some important statistics relative to the. treas ure product and movement at California and Nevada for a series of years past, including the following statement cover ing the production from lSOo to date: California. Nevada. Tot id. 1S05.. ISIili.. l sii7 . is;s.. 1SJ!I 1S70.. 1X71.. 1S72.. JS73.. 1874.. $2s,roo,(ion $n,.".i i.tioo SWJ-to.ooo ori,.ro.on0 2.",HNl",0IHI o,HK 1,000 10,000,000 "HMI IKHI 13,500,000 12,000,000 12,000,000 ll,0OO,(KX) 2:i,ooo,ooo 2X,7.r0,000 35,750,000 :?s,ono,ooo :is,5oo,ooo .') 1,000,000 31,500,000 -11,000,000 4:s. 000,000 47,750,000 51, 750,000 5.','KX1,I.HX) '2'2,nt 10,000 .",0 10,000 ( 1,000.1X10 !i,ooi,(ioo 17,0O0,fKI0 ir,ooo,noo Totals $21 !,5f0,oon 200,250,000 $4U,750,noo It is estimated that the product for 1X75 will le increased from thirty to forty per cent, over that of 1874. ExKiiiA I am composed of seven letters. The first two are masculine, the first three femimine, the first four is a great man, and the whole is a great woman. Answer; no. we'll tell ytio now Heroine. MAIL. Working- Women. Mrs. Livermore, who, we understand, is a popular public lecturer, has lieen discoursing in Boston on the subject of superfluous women. No reader of the public prints can be otherwise than aware of the predominance of women as to numlier, which seems to be very marked in New England, and is observ able in every civilized country, we lie lieve. As comparatively few women are liorn with that silver spoon in their mouth of which an old saying speaks, it is imperative that the ladies be prepared ior me name oi me, wnicn, oi necessiiy many of them must fight alone. Tolyg amy is forbidden; and were it not so, in these hard times the most of husbands would feel disposed to content themselves with paving lor one wites hats and dresses and the pretty feathers of one brood. It is, therefore, wisdom on the part of women, as Mrs. Livermore says, that they prepare to live in single bless edness; lor how should they k whether a matrimonial alliance will lie ever possible to tliem? The fair lecturer would not have the more favored of her sisters in point of lortune to exempt themselves from Iieing in ample readiness for the vicissitudes ot life. It is gratifying that women are already making their way in the prosecution of labor which' brings to them a comfortable su pport; ' As compared with twenty years ago, there is a very marked en largemcnt to lie observed in the propor tion of women to men in clerkships, professional life and other departments of industry. The complaint has lieen made that where women compete with men they are paid smaller wages than their rival who have for many generations had the exclusive possession of the lxisitions sought after. This may or mav not bo a just complaint If women are equally capable they should tie equally remuner ated. Oh the other hand, we are led to lielieve from what wc hear and see, that the ability of manv lady applicants for employment is not equal to their own es timate ot it, nor to that ot the average male competitor. They possess in these cases, a smartness and confidence winch are not based uiion previous steady appli- cation 10 oeiaii. o iraae or proiession can be tumped into by the cleverest per son. it must he patiently mastered ; and the brightest woman litis no right to ex pect favors from employers on account of her smartnesH,.but only a fair equiva lent lor the value ol her lalior, which must, in the nature of things, depend uiion her exiierience, wrought out bv plodding. With reference to some in dustrics, men have possessed facilities of gaining exiierience winch women have not, and their services have, of course, higher market value, and ought to have. The ladies must learn the lesson of patience. We lielieve we are right in making tlie statement that in the ma jority of cases, if not in all, where women have proved themselves ahle to perform service equally well with men, they are paid as adequately, there are except ions, which are unfair and ought to lie discontinued. We do not sec, lor example, why a woman comtiositor should not be j iaid at the same rates jkt thou sand ems as a male, given that the tune occupied in her work is not so much longer than that taken bv her" rough comjH'litor as to prejudice the interest of the employer. II master printers insist upon making an unjust distinction, the ladies must combine for the enforcement f their just rights. They will do well to remenilier that they have gained much in securing, in spite of prejudice and selfishness, admission into the ranks of coniositors and other sorts and condi tions ot working jieople, until a recent time exclusively male, and should re- :ard this as a temporary onset to finan ial inferiority. Necessity and time are swelling their nuinliers and augmenting their strength, which they must learn to utilize to their own advantage, and not let the grass grow under their feet," either. There is one feature of this interesting niestion which we have never seen touched u (ton. That is, how the general introduction ot women into the lighter niploymcnts, until recently occupied ex lusively by males, will affect future generations of males. The addition of great army of women to the ranks ot candidates for employment in dry-goods houses, for example, will necessarily tend to the reduction of wages. Hence, fewer Ikivs will lie put to this trade, and the tendency will he towards giving the la- lies, in the course of time, well nigh a monopoly oi this employment, which is peculiarly adapted for them. As a con sequence, Ikivs will lie placed where the rivalry of the fair sex will not lie preju dicial to their present and future inter ests. And that, sis it seems to us, is just where they ought to lie. Wc have too many lily-fisted, effeminate youths and young men, and we say ( iod sjiecd to the ladies in their progress towards jkisscss ing themselves of the lighter avocations of the aits and trades, not only because we desire that those of them who must jH-rforce live unmarried may lm amongst the most comfortable of the sisterhood, but also because it is reasonable to sup pose that there will follow an augmenta tion in the ranks of those who jierform farm work and lalior in the mines and elsewhere where the sturdy frame of man should find its projier development. Daily Graphic. liainie and Jute in the South. In his report for the past year, the. su perintendent of the bureau of agricul ture at Washington calls attention to the important results likely to follow exten sive cultivation of ramie and jute in this country. These have been brought into genera! notice within the last four years, and now they are aliout to assume an im jHirtancc which is only beginning to lie known. Ikith these plants wili grow successfully in all the southern states, and especially in California. The im pediment heretofore to their production lias lieen the difficulty of separating the filler from the gummv principle and the green covering of the plants. But this problem it is believed, has lieen now solved by the invention of machinery, which, by the aid of certain acids, sepa rates the fiber perfectly and economic ally. The ramie is a native (if India and f 'hina, where the work of separating the filler is done by hand at a cost of if 150 jicr ton. The latest patenteeof a machine for separating the filierclaims that the cost of separating it will not exceed $:10 per ton. It is a lieautiful and lustrous staple, in strength and brilliancy almost equal to silk; in fact, most of the dress goods made to imitate silk fabrics arc made in part of ramie, and its value now in England is about 75, or ?.'75 jicr ton ; and it is said that in California 1,200 pounds of this fiber may be pro duced on one acre. If these anticipa tions lie realized, of which there is now a reasonable hope, the south may antici pate the prosecution of a new, useful, and profitable industry. Jute produces a filier of a coarser quality, but admira bly adapted to cordage and bagging, and, because of its length and strength, greatly superior to either flax or hemp. Oxr.Y Try. Reader, there are many difficulties in a man's way if he takes up real, serious religion. I know that well. But do not let these difficulties stop you. Try to serve Christ. Only try. There are difficulties, but God will give you grace to overcome them. God is not a hard master. He will not, like Pharaoh, ask you to make brick, and find you no straw. He never laid on man commands which he would not give man power to perform. Only try. liOsscs on vessels and cargoes by the recent gales on the northwestern lakes up to latest accounts will aggregate nearly $800,000. VOL. XXI. NO. 22. The Latest Xcws from Africa. The latest news from Gordon an nounces tliat he has successfully trans ported a steamer to Appudo. Appudo, or Affudo, as it is also sjielled, is situated on the Nile at aliout two degrees thirty minutes, north latitude. It was the furthest point reached by Miani, whose name Spcke saw there carded upoi a tree. What makes the news esiecially important is that Appudo is abive the last of the cataracts that obstruct the navigation of the Nile, lietween the Al bert hike and Gondokoro. Gordon can now explore the lake with his steamer, and it is safe to presume that he has already done so; thus anticipating Stanley who, when the steamer reached Appudo, was still at the king of Uganda's capital. The same paragraph in the London Times, which contains these facts, also mentions than "Cameron was at Tan- hganyka for eight months, trying to go the western route Ix twcen Lganoa and Zanziliar. which was interrupted by the Karaoue. tribe two degrees south. 7'his is quite unintelligible, though it gives us the assurance tliat Cameron has aban doned his wild scheme of following down the Lualaba (or Congo) to its mouth, and is still alive and in the neigh liorhood of Tanganyka. Since Zanzibar is east, or rather southeasterly, of Uganda, the allusion to a westerly route between the two is extremely puzzling. The Kara que trilic might possibly mean the peo ple of Karaque, but Bumanika, the king of Karaque, is very friendly' to white men, and his jieople would hardly inter fere with Cameron. The safety of Cam eron, however, is the one intelligible part of the news, and it will le a great relief to the countless admirers of that gallant officer, who, on the assumption tliat he had started on a voyage across the con tinent by way of the Lualaba, never ex pected to hear any further tidings from him. It was the intention of Stanley to explore the A lliert lake by circumnavi gating it in his lniat. When he learns, as he undoubtedly will, that Gordon has anticipated his design, he will doubtless march at once to the head ot langanvka, and follow the Lukuga. (the outlet of the lake) to its junction with the Lualaba. It is well known that he aims to com plete the explorations liegun by Liv ingston in the Lualaba valley, and the brilliant success which he has already attained will probably encourage him to make the attempt, now evidently aban doned by Cameron, to descend the Lu alaba to the sea. It is, however, earnestly to be hojied that he will not undertake an enterprise so certain to .end in irre- trievahle disaster, lhe circumnaviga tion of the Alliert lake will convince Stanley that it has no connection with the Lualaba, as lie is now decided Iv of the opinion that it has, and he will therefore know, without further explor ation, that the Lualaba is the Congo. It will lie much wiser for him to leave the Lualaba at its most northerly Txiint, and march northward across the Welle, to the Bahr el Gazel, and so by way of the Nile back to the regions of civiliza tion. He will probably see the wisdom of this course, and will adopt it. It- will then have made the grandest jour ney ever yet made in Alrica. and can return to enjoy his well-earned honors as the true discoverer of the source of the Nile. Within the present mouth we have learned where lie the furthest sources ot the rsilc; we have had the important announcement fli;it a steamer lias lieen virtually launched on the Alliert lake, and we have received the news of Cameron's safety. Never lefore, in the whole history of African exploration, has so much and so impor tant news heen received within so hnet a time. New York Times. Conflict ing" Beporls of flicCoflon Crop. The New York Herald calls attention to a matter of supreme iiiiHirt;ince to all growers, dealers in, and manufactur ers of cotton the apparently irreconcila ble difference lietween the reisirts of the national cotton exchange and those of the agricultural bureau at Washington and gives the annexed table, comprising the estimates of the crop of the United States, based on Oetolier and November reports from those sources, as showing the inconsistencies and contradictions complained of : Cot loll Kxrlllilljji', hale. Ani iciiltuiiil Hurpjiii, lmlcs. 4,i.ii :i s.vimo Avt.-;;.-. Imlrs. -1,11 t'.l.'MHI 4 'rj."i,ii Ortolwr S.sTH.no'l NoveiulNT l,l'.i7,iion Averages 4,(i:i,Kin 4,ir.i-,nt l.mT.nMi 111 New York, the impression seems to prevail that the reiwirt of the national cotton exchange for Oetolier was manip ulated in the interest of the hull party to the speculation which was then in progress; and it is also lielievcd tlitit th (instruction which has lieen put uimn the Novemher reixirt ot the luireau is forced and unnatural ignoring, perhaps, the increased acreage, and the fact thii the increased percentages of vicld takt place in sections where the greater pro portion ot the crop is iiMialiy grown, an the decreased jiorcentagcs in sections where the growth of cotton is at liest not lartre. Should the Novemlior estimate of the agricultural bureau prove correct, the receipts at the jxirts must henceforth show a falling off. GraxiRAi-HicAL, Distrihition of In- telijxt. following Air. tisllons re searches as to the origin of Englishmen of genius, M. C'ortamhert has lately pub lished the result ol investigations into the geographical distribution of intellect in France. The north of France, which includes Paris, is shown to have lieen most productive in tins resiiect, with a iiecial fertility in the crop of iiocts, but i very fair yield of painters, musicians, historians, etc.; the cast comprising Al sace and Lorraine, is particularly distin guished in the natural, physical and med ical sciences, though not lacking in liter ature and art; the south is chiefly marked as the birthplace of orators; the west, less prolific than other quarters, has evolved noted sailors and travelers; the center, philosophy makes some show, but, on the whole, ami csjK'cially Brittany, occupying a sultordinnte intel lectual position, a fact which Mr. Cor- tamjiert flatteringly attributes to the Celtic origin of a large part of lhe jop ti hit ion of these districts. N'iv Yuri WorH. Gold Minim; is GmiuiiA. .lint now there are a score of fully organized efforts in progress looking to the full de velopment of the gold mines of Georgia. New gold fields are being discovered each week, almost, and the interest Iieing manifested in the gold mining operations in the state are so genuine and pro nounced as to give every promise of bril liant results in the near future. The latest movement is the leasing of a gold mine in Douglas county by a company of Atlanta gentlemen, who are able and determined upon developing it to its fullest extent. They have been prepar ing to embark in the enterprise under the most favorable auspices, and are now engaged in arranging for the commence ment of their ojierations almost immedi ately. Atlanta Connlitutum. Ecltpses Next Year. There will lie two eclipses of the sun and two of the moon in 187 First, a partial ec'ip-e of the moon, commencing in New England about 1?:30 a. m., March 10. Second, an annular eclipse of the sun, March 25, the moon concealing the sun's disc, ex cept a ring around the liorder. In New England it will be visible us a partial eclipse only, la-ginning aliou, five min utes liefore 4 a. m. Third, a partinl eclipse of the moon Scptemlier 3, not visible in the United States. Fourth, a total eelijise of the sun, invisible in the United States, but visible in the South Pacific and Atlantic oceans. FACTS AM) FASCIES. Two hundred dollars were paid for American Girl's shoes, and yet people say these are hard t'nien. A llhidoostan work on music says that "music is the painfully acquired art of sjieaking very loudly in a shrill voice." During the hist three months 1,410 horses, J7 donkeys, and lire mules wero killed in Paris lor public consumption. A Swedish school bouse, furoxYihition at the Centennial, has been shipped from that country to Philadelphia. Don't imagine that you werelxirn t reform the world. You can't split a mountain with a toothpick. A gigantic ire-hoiiso in Brussels, liclgium. covers an an a of 1 ,001 square metres, and has contained at one timo a million tons of ice. A large numlier of excursions from England to America during the Centen nial have Isen arranged, some of which will come by special steamers. The Czar recently gave a young He brew a com mission in the l!tis4an army. This is the first instance in which a Jew has been made an officer in Russia. The California trade with Australia now employs more ships and more ton nage than wilh any other portion of the world, with the Hii'e exception of China. To such an extent have we become the purveyors to foreign governments of arms for warfare that we export yearly lietween r( 10,0(10 and i ,oo0 stand of arms. Nearly all the fat cattle in Colorado have changed hands recently or will do so soon. Never in the hii-tory of the territory has the trade in cattle been so active. The interest in fish culture is in creasing rapidly, and there are more than double the fisheries now established in the country than there were a couple of years ago. ASGKI.s VNAWAI-.F.S In this dim world of clouding cares Wc rarely know, till 'wihh-rcd eyes See white i ing" less'ning up the skies, The angel.i with i uiiiiwarcs. --tirrnld Masscy. It is now asserted that the angel iu heaven are all men. We have to givo up our seats here, and walk off into tho mud, and submit to all sorts of vanities ; it looks reasonable that there should bo a change some (lay. To know how to keep a tidv houso and well-aired apartments ; lo know how to select the best kind of food ; to know how to prepare them in the best manner these are the first things, and every daughter should learn them before mar riage --Emerson said " Show us un intel ligent family of Ikivs and girls and wo will show you a family where newspapers) and lieriodicals are plentiful." How much more lw-autiful is that than to say "Show me a bustle, and I will show you a newspaper bonanza. It cannot be that the spirit of poo f rv is dead. As long as there are women and flowers the divine afflatus can't lie exhausted, whatever may happen to the reader. This littie " fragment," as it is called, from the Brooklyn Argus, is a real heart readier: A Norwegian paper rcMirls that one Captain Gunncrsoii, recti tly returned from an Arctic voyage, has diM-overed iu Nova Zembla a di try written by Barcnt, the Dutch Arctic explorer, in the year 15.SO. The manuscript is said to Ik- in jierlcct preservation, and its publication is anxiously looked for by scientific anti quaries. Not long since, the mother of Katio Curran, .lessee l'oiiierov's victim, applied to Dr. Cullis for admission to his con sumptives' home, saying that she con tracted the disea.-e which was wasting life away by sitting out-doors in cool and damp evenings, wailing for the murdered daughter's return. She was received into the retreat at Grove Hall. Hers was a fin e Whose occult liiinn no limner's art Could steal; whose nameless gr:ic Klnsivc was, as light that fsilW Whore waters part. A face so fair. So haunted with sweet mysteries. It secin'd a face astray from heavenly hcciiph, 'And not of one who e'er Had breakfasted on Inickw heat caked, Or dined on hcaiis. An American writer.dating his letter from Gibraltar, says; "The more I sco of Gibraltar, tlie ' 1 ss I wonder at tho tenacity with whit h it is held by Eng land, aiid the dislike (lie Spaniards have forthe English tenure of the place. The strength of the position is something wonderful. Nature and military art seem to have worked together in making 'Gib' as invulnerable as it is os.ible to Ik1. Nor docs the engineer department allow modem progress in cither guns or bat teries to pass mi not iced. Of the former there are some fifty or sixtv alxiut to be changed for others of a much larger cali bre. Even as it is, the army of men has never yet lived, nor has one of the fleet of ships yet b-eii built, that could for two hours withstand the withering firn of the guns now in position on various parts of the Bock." The Atliena-um says that a transla lation of the " Pilgrim's Progress" has lx-cn issued by a native Japanese pub lisher. The vernacular literature of Ja pan is extending at a rapid rate, adapta tions of the best English text-books on geography and physical science being published almost monthly, and, though far from being perfect productions, are attaining a wide circulation. Jananeso writers have the greatest difficulty in finding accurate equivalents in their own language for European words used to denote recent EuroK-aii discoveries and scientific terms. They are almost always obliged lo paraphrase; thus dy namite becomes "the jiowcrfiil thing," torpedo" undcr-water burster," and soon. The great evil is that each different writer chowses his own pamphrnse for such terms as " jiolarization '' "spcetro seojie," "protoplasm," etc. Pall Mall iazrtte. Utilization of Cobwebs. Cobwebs ha ve lieen applied tovai iims uses. The delicate crois-hairs, in tho tclescoios of surveying instruments are fine webs taken from spiders of species that are ess-cially selected for their pro duction of an excellent quality of thb material. The spider, when caught, is made to spin his thread by tossing him from hand to hand, in ease he is indis-K-ed to furnish the article. The end is attached to a piece of wire, which is doubled into two parallel lengths, the distance apart exceeding a little the di ameter of the instrument. As the spider hangs and descends from this, the web is wound around it by turning the wire around. The coils are then gummed to the wire, and kept for use as required. About a century ago Boa of Langue dock succeeded in making a pair of gloves and a pair of stockings from lhe thread of the spider. They are very strong and of a lieautiful gray color. Oilier attempt of the sa.ne kind have Ik-ch made; but Beauniiir, who was ap pointed by the ICoyal Academy to rcjiorf. on the subject, stii'ed that the web of the spider was not equal to that of the sill; worm, either in strength or lustre. The cocoons of the latter weigh from threej to four grains, so that two thou sand three hundred and ninety-four worms produce a pound of silk; but the bags of the spider, when cleansed, do not, weigh aliove the third part of a grain, hi that a single, silkworm can accomplish the work of twelve spiders. Fei.t Sak AuntT It. A story is lately current at Hartford of one of the city clergymen who is famous for his manly, earnest good fellowship. He w. s traveling on the cars on the New York 4V New Haven road, not long since, engaged in a pleas ant chat with a friend, when he wves re peatedly aniiovcd by a dn-.nkr n bur.iiiier 111 the scat in frot.t, who persisted in at tempt ing to engage him ii co iversijt ion. At la: t, wearied beyond endi raucc, the clergyman arose, and turnin r tie-; man sharply away from him, said, " Yiiu arc drunk" and! don't wish to I ear ir m-o anything more of you." Tic bummer sank into silence for a moment, and then once more turned, ami, gazing rcproacn- fullv at the dor ry man. exclaimed, hi ns to lie heard nearly the whole extent of the car by the passengers, whose atten tion bad' generally lecn directed ,that way. "Mr. T , 'iicars to me vou don't care anything at all 'bout my soul,"