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The herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, December 10, 1875, Image 4

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The Chief Enarlmeor on ScaK'wut Defeases
The Slsual Nfnlw Wuu More
RframmendntlonK or ttim thief of Ortl
" or the Narw-Report or the
The lilt-r or OnlnHiMv of Ihn Army on (he
reent Condition or Jlla Branch
or the Service.
'eneral ftherman" Annual Report The
otinaater-enerar I'iirurea- The
llreetor or the Mint's
Tlic chief signal officer of the army in his
annual report says : " The display of cau
t;Oiiry .lay ami ni'lit signals on "the lakes
ft.id at th ? great ports of the United StateH,
h is heen nade systematically on occasions of
napposed especial danger at 43 different sta
tions. Of the total number of oautionarv
signals thus displayed, 70 per cent, have been
afterward reported us justified. In the cases
reported as failures of justification following
the display, the Minds did not attain, at the
jdsice of display, a violence held to justify
it, while in isolated instances the signals have
not been displayed when they ought to have
been. The records show that no jrreat storm
has swept over any considerable number of
t!ie ports of the I'nited States without pre
a'nnoiinconient. In instances of disasters to
vessels occurring dnrintr the year the facts
have proven that the watch kept by the serv
ice and the prompt transmission in times of
danger of a tew messages have saved prop
erty amouniiii to more tlian ttie 'cost ol the
lines. The scanty force of the signal service
will not permit it to occupy lines "renter in
extent than those contemplated in existing
The report earnestly recommends lej;isla
tion for a more complete organization of th
signal service as necessary now, both for the
interest ot the I n:teil Mates and as simple
justice to the officers ami men who have
Kcrved so loin; and faithfully upon it, with
duties now as extensive, as important, and
reaching directly more interests of the pco-jil-;
oi the I'nited States, thau any other
bureau of t!ie war d-.-iiaitment. It exists
without laws providirg for the permanent
employment aim praoX's oi its otticers, or the
promotion of its enlisted men. This condi
tion is found to seriously embarrass the work
of the office. The service depends for its
success upon a rapidity of action which may
nave minuies of time. It cannot be too
safely guarded against possible hampering.
The chief of engineers reports: "The
work now in progress on our sea-coast de
fenses consists exclusively of the construc
tion of powerful earthen barbette batteries
ior guns ot the heaviest calibre, winch bat
teries are either exterior to and Htipplcmei
ary to the older casemented works, or :i
modifications and enlargements of the bar
bette batteries of former tunes. These earthen
barbette batteries with massive parapets.
traverses on either sine ot each gun, and
strong parados where needed, will furnish
with a depressing gun-carriage the greatest
protection for Hie armament and cannoneers
that can be obtained outside of iron case
ina'e con-triictions. The necessity for the
continued preparation of these massive bat
teries has been presented in the annual re
port of the department from vear to year.
Their size, the weight of their armament.-!,
and the tii.ie required for their completion
form the reason why these works must be
prepared in advance, and not upon the ad
vmt of war. Among the accesorics for the
defense of our harbors, and the channel ways
leading to them, arc torpedoes or sea-mines
planted across the channels, and in such
numbers as to bar the entrance of the ene
my's vessels, and ho). I them under the tire of
the batteries. Ihis subject has received very
caret ul attention. The system which has
been perfected is believed to possess every
quality requisite for success when the tor
pedoes are planted and handled by men
iraiucu in its details.
Captain Win. X. Jeflcrs, chief of the bu
reau of ordnance of the navy department,
roporls: "The experiments which have
been made bv the army ordnance at San.lv
Hook during the present year have proved
Ihe entire practicability of converting the
army ten-inch smooth-bore, of about the
same weight and general dimensions of the
navy eleven-inch, into a powerful eight-inch
rule, j ne Pureau Iherelore proposes to com
inence with the conversion of a sufficient
number ot the elcveu-inch to arm the new
sloop Irenton, ami supply pivot trims to the
larger frigates. If we are to keep pace with
oincr maritime nations, the necessity ot a
general rearmament of our ships with rifled
cannon is evident, aim so strongly is this
impressed upon all commanding officers w ho
meet foreign ships, that the bureau is in con
stant receipt of reports making depreciatory
comparisons between their own ami foreigil
ariinments Although we can convert the
eleven-inch pivots into powerful muzzle
loading ritles for upper decks, they are by no
means so efficient as new nuns specially de
signed for tin- purpose, Idle for broadside
guns and small ships, breech-loaders are in
dispensable. I therefore take leave to renew
inv recommendations of last year relative to
obtaining a supply of breech-loading rilles
of various calibres. The twenty - 1 1 rilles
estimated for form the armament of the five
double-turretlcd monitors now in construc
tion, ami will take some time to manufac
ture not less than a year aficr the appro
priation h nies available, if we engage all
lite mechanical resources of the country.
These vessels arc essential to aid in the de
fense of our most important harbors." -
The report recomends liberal appropria
tions for the torptdo service, and says:
"The torpedo is in its nature a defensive
rather than offensive weapon, and is an ad
junct b, but can never supply the place of
efficiently armed vessels, even for defense.
All authorities a-.rcc in the opinion that tor
pedoes alone cannot protect themselves, or
close important harbors, but should be com
manded by artillery lire, ami he supported
by monitors, rams anil movable torpedoes.
The defense then may he considered on a
good basis if the monitors are armed as
above estimated for. Our efforts are now
principally devoted to developing the offen
sive use of torpedoes by specially con
structed vessels, such as the Alarm and In
trepid, by fast steam launches, and by the
movable torpedoes of Lay and Kricsson.
I'.ieh of these has achieved a considerable
success, but all arc deficient in speed. The
Movable torpedoes of Lay and Kricsson can
be submerged and directed from the shore,
or a monitor, with great accuracy, and the
former for considerable distance, further in
deed than is, in my opinion, requisite or use
ful. Further experiment w ill w ithout doubt
develop an increased speed and value. I
recommend an appropriation for the pur
chase of the 'best movable torpedo,' to be
determined after a competitive trial, as I am
of tin- opinion that invention in this direc
tion is not exhausted."
CKXEItAL. Tin-quartermaster-general reports: "The
unexpended balances remaining to each fiscal
vear since 170 are : Prior to 170, 1. ,:! ;
170-71. 1.;'.'-: 171 7l 3t.11i': l-7-'-73,
.si:r,!0 ; 17,-7I, jd,:7,t,"d ; 171 7." .t!7L',
3t. The vouchers approved durii . the
past year on account of npproprial in;, ; for
former vears were $l,oti3,43'.; for the oast
year, $is,l,l V. Total, l:7hi,il'l. '"lie
clothing issued to troops has proved satisfac
tory, except the campaign hats, ami measures
are being taken to procure more suitable
ones in their steml. Through the courtesy of
iir Kdward Thornton, loo cork helmets, such
as are worn by the Itritish troops in hot
countries, have been procured, and re being
tried in Arizona. Clothing to the value of
$1 1.041 ha.s been issued to the National
Home for I'isablcd Volunteers, leaving
due that institution from the appro
priation .iii.iNl. The animals pur
chased during the year were, lOi'.'t
mulrs, at an average cost of $134 31 ; lteam
horses, at an average cost of .1!.'! m; 1!!."
cavalry and artillery horses, at an average
cost of jd.'to ,ri(i; total cost of animals, $.t!0,
Vii Ml. There were S.VJii animals sob I during
the year, for which $"0,0Ol M,s was received
imil deposited in the I'nited States treasury.
The cost of forage was much increased by the
ravages of grasshoppers and drought in cer
tain localities, which consequently increased
the expenditures on account of this class of
supply, and necessitated the reduction of
the forage rations slightly in order to keep
within the appropriation. There were no
army wagons purchased during the year, but
the supply is now so reduced that it will be
necessary to replenish the stock without de
lay, and the establishment of a manufactory
for that purpose is recommended. Measure's
have been taken t h.we the quartermaster's
department represented at the Centennial at
Philadelphia next summer by a display of
articles of supply. The passage of a law pro
viding for the destruction or removal to a
storehouse of the accumulated mass of use
less paper is again urged."
The. postmaster-general has completed his
annual rcpor. Me read it to-day to the Presi
dent from f. roof-slips. The report is shorter
than usual. Mr. Tyner, second assistant postmaster-general,
has prepared a letter con
taining the leading facts relative to the trans
portation of the mails, to which the postmaster-general
refers in bis report. The fol
lowing is a synopsis of Tyner's letter: The
transportation of domestic mails is denomi
nated inland mail transportation to distin
guish it from the service required in convey
ing foreign mails. It consists of three kinds
of service :
First Such as is performed by railroads,
M hose compensation is determined by the
weight of the mails and railway postoffie cats
pr ided. The law authorizes the postmaster-gcnei-d
to contract with railway companies
tor evirying the mails without advertising
.Second Steamboat service, which may be
contracted for with or without advertising,
athe.postmasfcr-geiieraI may believe the
ru""c imeresianu convenience shall reauire
uuu nu onicr service man tnat per
formed by railways and steamboats, and
known in the department as "star" service.
ine law requires tnat contracts for carry
ing the mails on ".star" routes shall be made
w ith the lowest bidder in each case, who shall
perform the service in accordance with a pre
vious advertisement therefor. Durine the
fiscal year ended June , 1875, the cost of
"""i transportation was as follows,
to-wit: On 871 railroad
0,083 miles in length. $3,216,518: on eitrhrv-
nine steamboat routes, aggregating 15,783
miles in length, $684,130 ; on 7323 other routes
ues.gnaieu as "star" routes, aggregating
102,002 miles in length, $3,4.33,721 ; total cost
during the last fiscal vear $ 15,353,369, which
was an increase of 8776 miles in the length
of routes over the preceding year, and a de
crease of $18,688 in the cost thereof. The ap-
Cropriation to cover the expenditure for ili
um transportation during the present fiscal
year, $1 7,548,000. The same sum is estimated
for the next. year. An appropriation for the
next year, equal to that provided for this
year, will be sufficient The law of March 3,
1873, fixing the compensation of railroads Tor
carriyng the mails, requires that their pay
shall be readjusted on the basis of the actual
weights of mails carried thereon once in
every period of not more than four years. At
the close of the last fiscal year the mails were
carried on eighty-four railroads in the United
.states, whose pay had not been determined
under the law, for the reason that no weights
had been taken of the mails they carried.
The cause of the delay in most of these cases
originated in carelessness and the failure of
the companies to take said weight when
asked to do so by the department. Ifence,
it becomes necessary to recognize their ser
vice provisionally at the rates of pay under
th" previous laws, subject to readjustment on
weights vet to be taken, which re-adjustment
will ante"-date Julv 1, 173, the date at which
the existing law took effect. The annual cost
of service on such lines, and which Is recog
nized for payment, quarterly, is $76,248,n7;i.
I hiring the last fiscal year railway postoflice
ears w ere used on 62' lines of railroad, 1K1
postal clerks were employed thereon at an
annual cost of $1,122,610." The increase in
the aggregate salaries of postal clerks hist
yeifrover the preceding one was 6.09 percent.,
while the appropriation for the current year
is d,2Ml,l 41, or 11. Its per cent, more than the
cost of last year. Since the close of the last
fiscal year, orders have been issued for ex
tending this class of service between Pitts
burg and St. Ivouis, and between Pittsburg
and Cincinnati, and for increasing it bv the
addition of another daily line of postal-cars
between New York and Pittsburg, which will
likely result in increasing the aggregate sala
ries of postal clerks in a greater per cent, than
the year before. It is believed, however,
that the present appropriation will be ample
to meet the increased expense, but it is safe
to calculate that a further increase will be
required for the next fiscal year. Hence, it
is recommended that an appropriation of $1,
309,417 29 be asked, which will bean increase
of only 4.16 per cent, of the appropriation for
the current year. The appropriations asked
for next vear exceed those provided for the
'ear in the sum of only 8,411.
The report of Urigadier-General Relief,
chief of ordnance of the bureau of the United
States army, shows that during the past year
an ine varieu unties oi me iiepanmeiii ami
operations of the several arsenals and national
arinorv, have been performed with a view to
the economical expenditures of the limited
appropriations made, and an efficient and suc-
cessiui aniiiinisiraiioii oi me iieparimeiii.
This bureau ha.s for several years past called
attention to the necessity of an increase to
the annual appropriation for the arming and
equipping of the militia. The annual appro
priation of $200,000 was made in 1808, w hen
the population of the country was about eight
millions; at the present time, with a popula
tion of over forty millions, the amount nj
qropriatcd is still the same, and it is impos
sible for this department to meet all the de
mands made upon it by the States and Terri
tories. The last official reports give the fol
lowing as the aggregate strength of the mili
tia ot the Lnitctl Mates: organized, 4','lo;
unorganized, 3,701,977: and there is little
doubt that were arms and militia equipments
more fully supplied, the organized force
would be greatly enlarged. The Rock Island
arsenal, in its present incomplete state, now
supplies all the militia of most of the States
and Territories drained by the great river
and its tributaries, and many of the fortresses
that guard the coast line ot the Unit of Mex
ico, and more than one-half of our army now
scattered from the Mississippi river to the
Ilockv Mountains and beyond. When com
pleted and fully equipped as a manufacturing
i i..:
arsenal, us capacity win equal me nuppM oik
of all the armies that may be organized in the
Mississippi valley in any war of the greatest
magnitude. He urges an appropriation for
the purchase of sites and the erection ot mag
aziues for the storage of guns, the depot at
St. Iouis being too remote from the Atlantic
seaboard to be of service for our wants in the
eastern section of the country. The manu
facture of Springfield rifles and carbines at
the National armory has been carried on
during the past year with all the economy
and success that the very small appropriation
would admit of. Not more than 17,000 stand
of arms will be made under the existing ap
propriations up to date. The entire army
lias been supplied with new rilles and car
bines, caliber 45, and we have now in store a
reserve supply of these arms of about 26,0oo.
At the end of the present fiscal vear our re
serve supply may reach a total of 4o,HKMrms
ot new model and caliber about enough, in
case of war, to arm one corpt d'armre. It is
not to be expected that in case of war our
army will be better satisfied with arms of ol
solete patterns and discarded models than in
the early days of the rebellion. They were
the offscourings of foreign markets. Men who
are to meet the enemy in battle have a right
to demand of their country improved arms.
In our country, whose armies ore to be im
provised made up of recruits from the anvil
and the plow the want of military discipline
and training should, as much as possible, be
compensated by the quality of the weapon
the soldier is to use; so our arsenals should
be well stocked at all times with a large re
serve supply of the best ritles and carbines,
and congress should, in a spirit of economy,
appropriate liberally for their manufacture.
Referring to the international exhibi
tion of 176, he says: "The ordnance
bureau will make an exhibit that will
be creditable to the country, and prove
to be one of the most attractive features
of the exhibition." In regard to the sea
coast defenses, he says: "During the past
year proper imminent for our sea-coast de
fense has engaged the earnest attention of
this department, and a board of distin
guished ordnance officers has been in per
manent session endeavoring to obtain all
data possible under the straightened re
sources at the command of this bureau-" In
regard to the trial of the eight-inch riHe gun,
he says: "It has been successfully fired
seven" hundred rounds, with battering
charges, and still remains sound and service
able. Our large number of smooth-bore
guns ought to be converted into rilles, as it
is entirely practicable to give requisite
strength and consequent endurance by the
insertion of a wrought-irou tube. The ex-
Jieriinents that have Wen conducted, already
lave been so successful and satisfactory in
their results that they have awakened an in
terest among military men abroad, and to a
surprising degree, when we realize our
pigmy efforts at effecting results w ith insuffi
cient means, and compare them with the
extensive and elaborate trials, seemingly re
gardless of expense, that have lieen and are
being prosecuted from year to year by almost
every European nation. We cannot stand
with folded hands and permit other
nations to get far in advance in im
provements which the United States ' not
many years ago knew no superior. The
successful manufacture and preliminary trial
of the cighty-one-toii in Kuglaud is only an
other move" in the great contest between
guns and iron-clads for the hurling of rifle
shots of 1,2.50 pounds with a velocity of 15o,
0O0 feet per second. This cannot be consid
ered as tne extreme limit to the development
of artillery power; and yet for want of
necessary appropriations this country is
forced to depend on the smooth-bore system
and a few small rifles carrying shot of 180 to
2MO pounds weight, which cannot possibly
fulfill the important and varying conditions of
modern warfare. We are even now depend
ent for much of our information in these
mutters, so vital to our national defense, on
results of experiments abroad, at a time, too,
w hen, bad we means as we have skill and
ability, we could undoubtedly keep up suc
cessfully with the a Ivances made by other
nations. Rilled -gnus of a size, endurance
and power to enable us to meet on fair and
equal terms a foreign foe must be provided
while we have the time, and it is certainly
not the part of wisdom to delay making such
provisions until the enemy invades our
The annual report of (ten. Sherman, after
stating the geographical limits of the various
commands, says the aggregate strength of
the armv, according to the last reports re
ceived, is 1,540 officers and 24,031 enlisted
men, made up as follows: 5 regiments of ar
tillery, 270 officers, 2,504 men ; 10 regiments
of cavalry, 422 officers, 7,206 men; 25 regi
ments of " infantry, 848 officers, 11,000 men;
available recruits, hospital-stewards, ordnance-sergeants,
etc., 3,321. During the past
winter the troops in the departments of Mis
souri and Texas were employed, in an ardu
ous and severe winter's campaign against the
Kiowa, Cheyenne and Comanche Indians, on
the border of Staked da ins, that have for
vears been engaged in depredations on the
Texas nnd Kansas frontiers, resulting in their
disiirmuuciit and subjection to authority. If
military commanders can have control over
supplies needed by these Indians, as they
now have over their persons, I am convinced,
by a recent visit, that a condition of pence
can be maintained. The Sioux Indians have
recently made incursions into northern Ne
braska, mostly to steal cattle and horses from
the fuims along the Pacific railroad and north
of it. (ien. Crook is of opinion that the
whole army, acting defensively, cttnn t pre
vent these incursions, and suggests that
roops be stationed in the midst of the Iu-
dians, so as to watch and prevent them leav-J
mg on tne pretense ot hunting. This is im
practicable, unless the army can have the
supervision of the necessary supplies of
these tribes within the reservation, which is
now not the case. The reports of several
commissions, which have, under military
escort, recently been engaged in exploring
the country, and in negotiating with these
Indians, will throw much light on this sub
ject. Generally speaking, the damage to life
and property by the Indians is belived to be
less during the past year than in any former
year, and the prospect is that as the country
settles up, it will be less and less each year,
until all the Indians are established on small
reservations; but until they acquire habits
ef industry in farming, or in stock raising,
they will need food from the general govern
ment, because the game on which they have
hitherto subsisted has diminished very rap
idly. In compliance with the order of the
president directing that appropriate military
and naval honors be rendered to the memory
of Vice-President Wilson, the following order
bas been issued by the secretary of war:
"On the day succeeding the receipt of
this order at each military post, troops
will be paraded at ten o'clock in the morn
ing and the order read to them. The na
tional flag w ill be displayed at half staff, at
dawn of day thirteen guns will be tired, com
mencing at twelve o'clock, noon, seventeen
minute-guns will be fired, and at the close of
day a national salute of thirty-seven guns.
The usual badge of mourning w ill be worn
by the otticers of the army, and the colors of
:li several regiments will be put in mourn
ing for a period of three months." An up- j
propriate order will be issued by the secre- j
tary of the navy.
The annual report of the director of the i
mint shows coinage of gold, $33,553,965; sil-j
vcr, $10,090,363; minor pieces, $230,375; J
total $43,851,708. The deposits were: gold,
$38,556,293; silver, $16,070,626. Additional j
vaults are required in the treasury offices in f
the various parts of the country for the stor
age of silver coin. In view of the contem
plated resumption of specie payment, an ad
dition to the assaying facilities of the New
Orleans mint, is suggested. The director
says: "The two year's yield of the mines
will, it is probable, furnish sufficient sil
ver to manufacture all the fractional cur
rency coin that can be advantageously used in
the country. After the redemption of frac
tional notes by the trade, dollar coinage
should be continued,' if for no other purpose
than to make a local market for silver. The
purchase of silver bullion from January 1 1 to j
October 31, 1875, amounted to $8,3 19,7 17, at J
an average price, with the refining charge
added for done bullion of one dollar, eleven
cents and four mills per ounce: standard
coinage rate of fractional silver coins being
one dollar, twenty-four cents and four mills per
standard ounce. The seigniorage or gain on
its coinage will be thirteen cents perouncc, or
Hlwmt twelve per cent. Total expenditure
attending the manuf ii-ture of the coinage of
the last fiscal year ($43,851,708,) was $ss;i,:!70,
or about 0 pe"r cent of the expense of maiii
taing the fractional currency. In this esti
mate the seigniorage realized on the silver
and minor coinage ($336,105) has not. been
considered. Tha propriety of increasing the
amount of ten-dollar gold pieces is suggested
for Ihe consideration of the secretary of the
treasury. The director speaks at length of
the courts of gold and silver. during the last
(hrce years, saying that monetary troubles
have not been caused by insufficient supplies
of gold, but by its having been withheld in
large sums from circulation, and the dimin
ished use of silver as money. The new coin
age system of Germany in mentioned as one
of the chief causes, and the delay in its com
pletion is attributed mainly to neighboring
countries, or practically closing what is ex
pected would be the best and largest market
lor silver. The manufacture of the new
standard of national coins has already
amounted to about $285,1100,1100. The coins,
however, have not gone into ihe general cir
culation to the extent originally expected,
for the reason that the old standard of silver
coins, which are inferior in value, continue,
under the provisions of the new monetary
law, to be effective money in payments.
Gold has, therefore, to a large extent been
held in the vaults of the imperial treasuiy,
mints and banks. The gold standard is to go
into effect throughout the entire empire on
the first of January, 1876, in accordance with
an imperial decree of September 22, 1875,
which would appear to indicate the employ
ment, at an early day, more decided meas
ures than heretofore for the withdrawal of
depreciated legal-tender silven coins. When
the complete withdrawal of these depre
ciated silver coins shall have been accom
plished, gold will enter freely into the chan
nels of circulation, and money affairs re
sume their usual course. The sooner the
German monetary reform now in progress is
completed, and the bank of France resumes
specie payments, the better it would be for
(iermany, France and the United States.
The time fixed for resumption in France is
January, 1876, but it is probable it will take
place before the time specified. Whenever
the German empire shall have its great mon
etary reform well under way, and France sets
tree her immense specie reserve, the active
demand for gold will no doubt cease, and
the I'nited States may then safely under
take the acquisition of a sufficeint stock of
coin for the resumption of specie payment.
Power of Prejudice,
Home years arxo lucre resided in Cin
cinnati a mon41iorif one of the learned
professions rtnTl?alle for hiss original
view of men aiid things. According to
his views, man was a bundle of prejudi
ces a nuini festal ion of prejudfte was the
holding; of any minimal unclean all were
projMT fowl the rat and the cat were
created hh much to be eaten as the rab
bit and the chicken.
In pursuance of his theory, he one
evening invited some gentleman friends
to a squisrel supper, served in his ehatni
The table was well laid the squirrels
nicely cooked, the wines excellent, and
they enjoyed the meal.
The dishes removed while smoking
their cigars the guests expressed their
satisfaction, and the delighted host heard
that his squirrels were tender, fat, juicy,
Their commendations concluded, lie
tilted his chair, rested his feet upon the
man tie-piece, and while he pulled tin
end of his cigar ere lighting it, he said,
with a smile of exultation :
" Well, gentlemen, do you know what
you have been eating?"
"Squirrels," one answered with a
sudden qualm.
They sprang to their feet.
"Kats!" (he brought his chair to the
floor and stood up) " fat, tender, sweet,
juicy rats that I mvself caught in a trap
and fattened. What do you think of
prejudice now?
One, with convulsion of face and hands
on his chest, sought the door. Another
collared the entertainer, but released his
hold, turned pale tind was attacked with
sudden faintness. Confusion ensued ;
loud words and energetic, epithets bil
lowed, and Mows would have leen given
had not one of the guests, less a licet' -d
and wiser than the others, stepicd le
t ween . Cincinnati Time.
Home Conversational Trainiiiir.
There is no nation more fluent in con
versation than the American. The French
arc more voluble, perhaps, their lan
guage permitting greater rapidity of
pronunciation than the English. One
trouble with us is, each one likes to do
all the talking; therefore, Americans are
not good listeners. Hut mere talking is
not conversation. In almost all home
circles there is much talking done during
the day, but we fear there are lew w ho
do not reserve their most brilliant con
versational iiowers for other assemblages
than the home group.
Many a father "comes home tired; he
has worked hard and talked a. great deal,
told amusing anecdotes, and displayed
much wit. lie has come home to rest.
He takes out his pajer and is soon oV
livious to everything around him. Wife
would like to tell him many of the little,
harassing afflictions of the day, and would
like to hear of some of his interesting ex
periences; but if he were a deaf mute
he could not be more silent, only mi oc
casional grunt answering her many at
tempts at conversation; and the children
expecting the good night kiss, and olten
not even that, are not noticed.
Such a home, whether the abode of
wealth or otherwise, cannot be a healthy
or a- happy one. As a parallax, draw
around. the evening lamp of another
home circle. .Jhe lather tells the anec
dotes irom the paper as he Teads them ;
the mother laughs her sweet, low laugh.
and the children burst into merry ha!
ha's! To watch them as they ask questions,-and
listen to the answers and pa
tient explanations, the wonderment, in
terest and thought imprinted on their
voung faces, is a picture for an artist.
The home education is an heritage more
valuable than land or money ; and one
beautiful recompense in life is, that in
making others happy we bring happiness
to ourselves. Parents who practice self
denial, and endeavor by cheerful conver
sation and playful wit to enliven home
life, will reap a rich reward in the U tter
thoughts and nobler actions f their
children, and will cx'iieiiT the truest
ami best contentment themselves. Bal
timore American.
The r.nojftllr-a at ti Town r Cihel
Fealljur Treatment In Belgium f the
mentally Diaordered Interesting ?Iar
ratlTC ofa Mtrange Settlement.
The Brussells correspondent of the Pall
Mall Gazette writes to that journal on
September 25th that an excursion to the
lunatics' colony was undertaken by about
forty members of the International Med
ical congress. Gheel is situated in the
Province of Antwerp, and in that por
tion of Belgium known as the Campine,
a flat country with fine, bracing air.
Near a country inn, at a league distance
from Gheel, we were met by one of the
lunatics. Dr. Bulkens, the director of
the Gheel colony, under whose guid
ance the excursion was made, presented
him to us. He answered very intelli
gently all the questions put to- him. He
had been a schoolmaster, and was now
giving private lessons in French, Iatin,
and other subjects in the farmers' houses
of the neighborhood. He begged not to
le detained long, as his pupils were
waiting for him. The poor schoolmas
ter's madness was of a religious kind.
He told us that he was quite happy and
did not wish ever to leave. On arriving
at Gheel we were received at the asylum
a fine red brick building, surrounded
with nice plantations by l)r. Peters as
sistant of the director. The colony is of
very ancient origin ; a legend places it as
far back as the seventh century, attri
buting it to Sainte Dymphne, the daugh
ter of an Irish King, who came to live
at Gheel, where she also underwent
martyrdom, and then became the pro
tectress of the insane. However, it is
proved that as early as the twelfh cen
tury foreign lunatics were sent to GhAl
for the sake of the special treatment
given there. This treatment differs from
that in use everywhere else. The lun
atics are not kept in an asylum, but
board and lodge wilh the inhabitants.
In 18ol the institution was reorgan
ized and placed under the government.
tince then a great increase, has taken
place in the number of patients sort
there. The commune of Gheel, with its
outlaying hamlets, is very extensive, and
the number of inhabitants is also ab:ut
II, two. The lunatics number ' n.'iv
aliout l,f0l of both sexes. The com
mune is divided into four sections. At
the head of each is placed a niediewl
man and an overseer. The patients are
from all nations and all ranks of socitey,
and they receive accommodation accord
ing to tlu'ir means. The wealthy arc
placed with the wealthier class of in
habits, and the poor with the -poorer.
The paujier lunatics, for whose support
their rejiective communes have to pay,
belong to the last category. The more
dangerous class of lunatics are placed in
the outlaying isolated hamlets. They are
divided into sections according to the
nature of their disease, and the'" Walloon
patients are kept in two separate hamlets
(Gheel is a purely Flemish place, but
most jH-ople understand French), so as to
lie companions to one another. The
1 1,000 inhabitants are, so to speak, all
engaged in the surveillance of the pa
tients, which makes aliout nine overseers
for-every patient. The surveillance, not
being perceived by the patients, of course
does not irritate them. The commune
earns directly more thiui 500,000 francs
annually through thej keeping of the
lunatics, and indirectly also a great deal
through the cheap work of all kinds
which the patients perform for the in
habitants. It is the personal interest to
do their duty well by the patients, as
these are intrusted only to jieople whose
moral fitness and means of existence are
approved. In fact a family at Gheel is
not considered respectable "if lunatics are
not entrusted to it, and the withdrawal
of them from its care constitute a heavy
punishment. The children of the in
habitants, living from their earliest child
h kkI with lunatics, become attached to
them, do not find anything ridiculous in
them, learn how they are to lie treated,
exercise through their company a very
soothing influence on them, and are of
course not in the least afraid of them.
When young jeople get married they
ask from the authorities as a favor and a
sort of dowery the care ofa patient. On
their arrival at Gheel the lunatics are
kept at the central asylum for observa
tion as long as the director deems neces
sary. In case of acute disease they are
brought back there. It also serves as the
house of correction, the privation of
liberty lieing felt a severe punishment
by the patients. In cases of great de
bility they are also brought there. Many
lunatics, when feeling the approach of a
paroxysm, demand themselves to be sent
to the asylum. When a cure has lieen
ellected the care-taker receives as a re
ward another patient, and if many occur
at his house; he is rewarded with the care
of a wealthy patient. The number of
cures averages from sixty-five to seventy
five out of the hundred". Patients with
radically immoral or highly dangerous
tendencies cannot lie kept at Gheel, the
central asylum lieing only a depot. The
numlierof lunatics under temMrary coer
cion is generally twelve out of the"j,30(.
We visited now the infirmary, the cells
and the halls, where the lately arrived
are kept under olservatiou. The very
tlirty patients, who cannot Ik placed with
the inhabitants, have their own pcis,
with suitable arrangements. Wc ouud
everywhere exquisite cleanliness ar.d good
air and light; the patients wenied to
relish their dinner well ; they enjoy, even
in the asylum, a great deal of I'borty, and
it a lunatic asylum could be called i
cheerful place, the one at Gheel is, per
haps, the only one to which that term
could le aoplied. toMl pa vet I road
traverse the commune, and many houses
are really line villas, with large gardens
in the rear, the first house which we
visited was the house of poor jH'ople.
We found the. family, comiioscd of man.
w ife and three young children, and their
two lunatic boarders, .seated round the
table at dinner. The children seemed to
lie quite unaware that they were sitting
tit the side of lunatics, nor would a
stranger entering' unprepared ever have
Ihotirht of the presence of such persons.
. After some more visits of the kind wc
went to the principal tavern, to which
fine large hall is attaclied, where there is
fete, concert au' dancing every Sunday.
Some of the wealthier class were now
visited. Thev ofler all the comforts that
can be desired for ladies and g 'ntlemen
The apartments are large, well furnished.
anil patients may install in them libraries
and whatever is allowed by the director
We found there iersons of very high
social rank, and others of great accom
plishments. In the streets we met at
every moment lunatics lounging before
the iloors of the houses, smoking pipes or
cigars, playing with the children, or
otherwise amusing themselves. Anions
the wealthier class of patients at Gheel
it is nothing uncommon to find persons
there who spend trom JOO toioOOa year.
Some keep cars and horses for their use.
The authorities watch carefully that the
patients are not iniosed upon, and that
they receive its value for the money
which they spend. Cases of misconduct
of any kind toward a patient are, how
ever, exceedingly rare, and the punish
ment, of being declared unworthy to
keep patients is considered a fearful dis
grace. We visited the church of St
1 )ymphene, the Irish princess and pro
tectress of the lunatics. In the seventh
century there existed on the sjot a
chajel dedicated to St. Martin, sur
rounded by a dozen houses forming then
the village of Gheel, The style of build
ing of the present very spacious 'church
points to the twelfth century, the time
of transition from the Roman to the
Gothic style. Some parts, however,
were added later. The central chapel of
the diymbulatorium contains a remark
able work of art, the history of St.
Dymphene, carved in wood.'," It is di
vided into eight parts. The figures,
painted and gilt, are of good proportions
and the faces wonderfully expressive.
The parts represent : 1. The birth of St.
Dymphne, who is handed over by her
mother to .St. Gerelert. 2. The death
of the queen, the mother of St. Dymphne.
The devil suggesting bad thoughts to
her father, the Irish king. 4. St. Dym
phne embarking with St. Gereliert for
Belgium. 4. The king seeking his
daughter. . The wicked king who has
had St. Gereliert beheaded, ln-heading
himself his daughter, us nolxnly else
would serve as an executioner. 7. Priests
carrying in procession the relicts of St.
I yinphie. X. A demon leaving the
bead of a lunatic woman, tired by
E raver, and a lunatic in chains awaiting
is turn for deliverance.
- ' THE DARK CELli ' "
Tne Horror of m lrln Purlem, Mental
and Moral Result of the Dark Cell.
In our eastern penitentiary, says a
Philadelphia paper, dark cell treatment
is only resorted to in' the most obstinate
cases. The last annual report shows
twenty applications irt a criminal popu
lation of seven hundred and inore.
" You will bear in mind that under
the laws which govern the commonwealth
neither the lash nor the paddle can bo
applied to obdurate piisoners," said our
" Does the same man undergo such
treatment often ?"
" The cases are very rare of a double
application. One does generally suffice'
" What is the usual effect mentally,
morally and physically ?"
" Mentally, I never noticed any ; nei
ther have I physically. Morally, it has
considerable. When a prisoner once un
dergoes such treatment he rarely desires
to try it again. A man once conquered
by dark-cell treatment is conquered for
his full term."
" Is it always so effective ?"
I have never known it to fail. I re
member that some years ago, when I was
more closely connected with our prisons,
there was a murderer brought from one
of the interior counties to the eastern
penitentiary. I Ie was a colored man, of
excellent physique, but brutal in the ex
treme. The crime he had committed
was most atrocious in its character, and
that he was not convicted of murler in
the first degree was 'simply owing to
cowardice on the part of the jury. He
had been incarcerated but a lew hours
when he attempted to rule the prison.
He grossly' insulted his keeper, and an
nounced that he intended to do just as
he pleased. In order to discipline him
he was put on bread-and-water diet, but
with no good result. Then the dark-cell
treatment was resorted to. For two days
he bore it bravely. At the Wginning of
the third he sent lor the chaplain and
desired to know what such treatment
meant and how long he would lie com
pelled to undergo it.
" Until you submit to the rulings of
those who have you in charge and resolve
to conduct yourself decently," replied
the chaplain.
"How long will that lie?" answered
the culprit.
"That depends on yourself," answered
the chaplain.
" Well, nobody ever conn, tiered me yet,"
said the prisoner, "and nobody's going to
do it now!"
"Very well," said the chaplain, " per
haps you'll think differently before many
days roll round." Forty -eight hours
more passed, when the prisoner sent for
the warden.
"How much longer am I to stay in this
place?" he inquired.
' Until you resolve to oley the rules
which govern this institution. When you
apologise to your ketqiT and promise to
comply with all our requirements you
shall Ik? released."
"Suppose I don't do that, what then?"
"Then you will remain just where vou
"How long will that K?"
" You are sentenced to twelve years,
and unless you do as I have said you will
spend every hour of those twelve years in
this cell, unless you die in the meantime.
The matter rests entirely with yourself."
" Well, I tell you that you can't con
quer me this way."
"Very well," said the warden, and the
interview ended.
Three days more passed, and the
warden was again sent lor.
" I have come to terms," said the pris
oner, "and am ready to do as you desire."
He then ajologized to his keeper, prom
ised obedience and proved a most exem
plary prisoner ever afterwards. This was
one of the longest applications-of the
treatment that 1 ever knew ot in the
eastern penitentiary. Physically or men
tally it had no visible effect. In fact, I
have never known of any case of injury
resulting from the treatment. Our dark
cells are different from many others. In
the eastern penitentiary the dark cell is
formed by placing a covering over the
skylight of an ordinary cell. In the
Auburn (X. Y.) prison the dark cell is
nothing more than a stone lox. The
floor is formed of a single slab, and the
ceiling of a slab, nnd the walls 6f masonry.
The cell is three feet wide, six feet high
and six feet long. There are too doors,
one of iron and the other of oak, with no
oenings. A sprinkling of sawdust half
an inch deep covers the floor, and a jill
of water and four ounces of bread form
the allowance for twenty-four hours.
Such a mode of treatment may be im
agined. The reports of the prison show
that aliout one-half of the insane cases at
Auburn have resulted from such treat
ment. In our penitentiary the prisoner
is allowed all the water lie wants and
from half a pound to a pound of bread
per day. '
Mechanical Production of Cohl.
The prod net kin of cold by means of
mechanical oeratioiis as distimruished
from cooling by radiation or conduction,
has never been accomplished in so thor
oughly practical and satisfactory a man
ner as in the great paralline oil works at
Bathgate, England. In order io extract
the solid paralline it is necessary to cool
down all that portion of the crude oil to
a tenijieralure of thirty-live degrees to
forty degrees FahrciiJrrit, so as to cause
the paralline to crystalize. When the
works were in their infancy this was ac
complished by storing the oil in summer,
and exposing it in 'flat dishes to the cold
winter. As the works increased it be
came necessary to ! devise means for ac
complishing this result at all times of the
year. The Harrison ether machine did
good service, but it was found to lie tH
small. Mr. A. O. ,Kirk, the engineer of
the works, after learning of the ice ma
chine of Dr. iorrie, which bas succeeded
in Florida but failed in iojnlm, decided
to follow methods similar to those adopted
in that machine, j The simple plan of
compressing si i r into a receiver by means
of a compressing pump was first tried:
the compressed aih oeing allowed to ex
pand, and in its expansion do the work
of driving a steam! engine was expected
to be ejected fronu the cylinder of the
latter at a miica lower temperature,
But the condensed! air entered tho cylin
der at the temiieritiire of the surround
ing atmosphere, and neutralized much of
the cooling ctlect lt the preceding stroke
There was also moisture in the air, to re
move which no 1 precaution had lcen
taken; and other fiechanieal difficulties
ciused this exieriiient to Iks abandoned
Attention was theb turned to an air en
gine of a form alliid to Sterlings, and the
experiment, under new arrangements,
having succeeded Mr. Kirk made a
large machine, wl ith has been contin
ually at ork sin ? IStil, and fully ac
complishes all thai can be desired. This
the first Bathgate machine, is usually
worked at from BO to 120 pounds to the
square inch, the ef iciency and capacity
for which work increasing with aug
mented pressure. The air is drawn
through chloride of calcium in Girder to
dry it, for if the air be damp, moisture
is thqiosited, as snow, in the upper parts
of the regenerator.; As far as possible,
the air is aUo coo(ed lx-fbre Iei" com
pressed. A modification of this machine, adapted
to the coolinsr of large quantities of water
or for icemaking, : has also W-en con
structed by Mr. Kirk for the use of the
Oak Bank oil company, and has lieen at
work since 1S72 with a success equal to
that of the original Bathgate machine.
As an average sample of the work done
bv the Bathgate drv-air machine in
1864, Mr. Kirk, after giving the dimen
sions of the cylinders, etc., states that
6.7 gallons of brine are cooled jer minute
from 32" down to 26 r ahr.
Weaiu.v; App.u:i:i.. Ladies' wearing
apparel of all descriptions is made of
much warmer stuff's than formerly.
Shoes are made warmer, stockings also ;
under -irarments are also universally
adopted, and outside garments of all
stvles are made of warm and heavy
goods. The old notion of wearing thin
shoes, dogaredly persevered in for so many
years, has lieen entirely abandoned by
American women, as well as other sillv
and demoralizing ideas of dress and
fa:-hion. What is needed now in the
matter of dress is simplification ; s Joiil'
as women wear complicated and com
plex cost it nies. with weeks ot (oil on imi-Ii
separate article of dress, tiu-y will re
main, to n very great extent, the slaves
of dress and changing styles.
' THE WEDDAS. ; ' , V
i Next Tnlnx to Seine a Monkey.
An interesting paper on the Weddaa,
a tribe of men inhabiting Ceylqtf, was
read before the department of anthro
pology of the British Association for- the
ddvancement of science, by Mr. Ber
tram Hartshorne. The Weddaa still
depend for their means of subsistence
upon their bows and arrows, and pass
their lives in the vast forests of Ceylon,
without any dwelling houses "or system
of civilization. There is an entire ab
sence of any flint or stone implements
among them, and their state of barbarism
is indicated by the practice of producing
fire by means of rubbing two sticks to
gether, as well as by their habitual dis
regard for ablution. Their intellectual
capacity is very slight; they are unable
to count,, or to discriminate between
colors; they seem to regard theft and
lying as an inconceivable wrong, while
they are devoid of any sentiment of re
ligion except as that to bo inferred from
their practice of offering a sacrifice to the
spirit of one of their fellows "immedi
ately after his decease." The quotations
indicate the importance of this account
in so far as it tallies with the observ
ations already made on the origin of re
ligious sentiment. The Romans and
Greeks evinced the same regard for the
dead, and the modern mode of burial is
the survival of the earliest religious ideas
on the subject but little altered by time
and custom. It was Thoreau who first
said that much of the time.of the living
is devoted to carrying out the wishes of
the dead these survive in their wills
and we have invented additional legal
paraphernalia for carrying out primitive
conceptions of the meaning of death.
Mr. Hartshorne further said of the Wed
das that they never laugh, and they are
noteworthy as being the only race in ex
istence speaking an Aryan language.-Mr.
Hyde Clarke said at the meeting that
the Weddaa had all the apiearance of
Ix'ing an aboriginal people. Their speak
ing an Aryan language was no decisive
reason for calling them Aryans. This
statement cmliodies present views on the
position of philology as a science. Its
results applied to pie-historic conditions
are seen to be faulty. In all the discuss
ions as to the affinities of the races of
men a study of the physical character
istics is the best guide. IJeligion is but
little help in the matter, conquered races
tidopting the religious beliefs of their
masters; while there has been an inter
national conflict going on between dif
ferent religious ideas themselves, inde
lendent of physical struggles. So we,
an Aryan people, have adopted a religion
which is Semitic.
Pointing a Moral. Barnum has
lieen lecturing at Chicago and tells the
following story : In his museum a gen
tleman and daughter stood gazing at the
Sinmcse twins. The showman said they
were the most remarkable phenomenon
in the known world, were born in Siam,
etc. "Brothers, I supiose?" lemarketl
the gentleman, interrogatively, still look
ing with wonder at the tied-ups. "Yes,
sir, brothers ; natural brothers too," said
the showman. "My dear," said the visi
tor, religiously, turning to his daughter,
"think of the goodncssof Providence in
thus linking two natural brothers to
gether instead of two strangers."
Unhandy. Many years ago a bill be
ingintroducedintheKhode Island legisla
ture "forthe organization of a militia," a
hard-hearted member, who had been in
structed by his constituency not to let
them city chaps have everything their
own way, arose in his seat and said :
"Mr. Speaker, I goes in agin organs;
they'll he dreadful unhandy things in bat
tle, now let me tell you."
Indoor Safety ix a Thunderstorm.
Mr. Batimer Clark, the eminent elec
trician, gives the following useful hints
as to the safest position people can occupy
during a thunderstorm : A person re
clining on a sofa or lied at a distance
from all the walls of the room could
scarcely suffer injury, even in a house
struck by lightnintr, but a most absolute
security is obtained by lying on an iron or
brass liedstead of the form known as the
Arabian liedstead, in which the head is
surmounted by an iron erection support
ing the curtains. A person lying or
sleeping within such a liedstead could
not possibly receive any direct injury
from lightning, even if the house were to
1h? demolished, as his liedstead forms the
most complete lightning-protector which
could well lie devised. A wooden lied
stead, placed against the wall, does not
afford any special security. It may flash,
the danger is jwist the crash of the
thunder, however terrific it may appear,
being perfectly harmless.
to in m on Konw . Prejudice.
Pv K. V. PlKRi'K, M. !., of the World's ftis
'pensary, Uuffaln, X. Y., Author of "The
People's Coinuiou Sense Medical Adviser,"
etc., etc.
I am aware that there is a popular, ami not
altogether iitifoiiitilcil, prejudice aiiiiinst "pa
tent iiieilicines," ovvin to the small amount
of merit which many of tliein possess. The
appellation "Patent Medicine," (iocs not
apply to iny remedies, as no patent has c1-cr
been asked for or obtained upon them, nor
have tliev lieen nrsieil upon the pulilic us
'cure-alls." They arc simply some favorite
prescriptions, which, in a very extensive pric
ticc, have proved their superior remedial ir
tucs in the cure of the diseases for which they
are rc mended. Kvcry practicing physi
cian has his favorite remedies, which he ol'tcn
cst recommends or ucs, because he has the
greatest confidence in their virtues. The
patient does not know their composition.
I'.vcti prescriptions are usually written in a
language unintelligible to any hut thc ilrng
gist. As much secrecy is employed as in the
preparation of proprietary medicines. Docs
the fact that an article is prepared by a pro
cess known only to the manufacturer render
that article less valuable? How many physi
cians know the elementary composition of
the remedies which they employ, some -of
which have never heen analyzed .' few prac
titioners know how Morphine, Oiiinine, To-
dophvll'm, I.,eptaiidriii,I'cpsin, or Chloroform,
are niadc, or how nauseous drugs are trans
formed into imlatalile elixirs; yet tncyuo noi
hesitate to employ them. Is it not inconsistent
to use a prescription, the eouiitition f
which is unknow n to us, and discard another
preparation simply because it isaccoiiipanied
h' a printed slatclileui i lis propemes mm
ilin-ctioiis for its use?
Some persons, while admitting that my
medicines are good pharmaceutical com
pounds, object to them on the ground that
thevnre toooiten uscu wmi nisumi-icin juo
ineiit. I propose to obviate this difficulty by
enlightening the people as to the structure
and functions of their bodies, the causes,
character, and symptoms of disease, and by
indicating the proper anu jimicious empo
ment of my medicines, together with such
auxiliary treatment as may he necessary.
Such is'one of the designs of the People's
Medical Adviser, fftrty thousand copies of
which have already been published, and are
sold at the exceedingly low price of $1.50, nnd
sent (post-paid) to any address within the
l iiiled States and Canada.
If you would patronize medicines, scientifi
cally' prepared, use my Family medicines,
(iolden Medical Discovery is tonic, alterative,
or blood cleansing, nnd an uneipialed coneh
rcmedv; Pleasant Purgative Pellets, scarcely
larger than mustard seed, constitute an agree
able and reliable physic; Favorite Prescrip
tion, a reined v for debilitated females; my
Compound Kxtract of Smart-Weed, a magical
remedy for pain, bowel complaints, and an
uneutialeil Liniment for both human and
horse-tlcsh; while Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy
is known the world over as the greatest spe
cific for Catarrh and "told m the Head,
ever iriven to the public.
These standard remedies have been before
the public for many years a period long
enough to fully test their merits, and the best
Hnrument that can be advanced in their favor
is-the fact that their sale was never so great ,
as during the past six months. .L,
Wivter is now fairly upon us, and the
tamsare hastening to the lumber -woods in
various parts of the country. Our advice to
every man who goes to the woods, be he cap
tain, cook, teamster, or any other man, is to
take along a good stock of Johnson's Anodyne
Liniment and Parsons' Purgative Pills. Many
months of lalwr (in the aggregate) may be
saved by this precaution.
Premature Loss of the Hair, which j
is so common nowadays, may lie entirely pre
vented by the use of Hi'RNKTT'h Cocoaink.
It has been used in thousands of cases where
the hair was coming out in handsful, and has
never failed to arrest its decay, and to pro
mote a healthvjind vigorous growth, ft is at j
the same time unrivalled as a dressing for the
hair. A sinirle application will render it soft
and glossy for sevcnl days.
In this condition of the skin, Ihe Vcgetine is
tlic ui-e:it remedy, as it acts directly upon, the
cans.-. It cleanses ami purine:, ine onion,
thereby causing humors ot all kinds U disappear.
l j j' ,Beat KtTe we ever l'etf. ','!r .,
- After many years trial, we Are satisfied that
the Charter Oak is the best Stove "we ever
used, and cheerfully testify that it .is the best
adapted to the wants of the general public of
any stov in the market. . i ,
" Bad enough to look and feel bad your
self; but no excuse for having your horse look
and feel badly, when for a small sum yon can
buy Sheridan's Cavalry Condition Powders,
which, given in grain two or three times a
week, will make him look and feci welL
The (treat virtue of this medicine Is that It ripens
the matter and throws it out of the system, purities
the blood, and thus eflects a cure.
Scukxck's Sea Weed Tonic, kor the Curb or
Pyspepsm, IxDioKsnoir, Etc.
' The Tonic produces s healthy action of the stom
ach, creating an appetite, forming chyle, and curing
the most obstinate cases of Indigestion.
schenck's Mandrake Pii.la, for tub Curb of
lav er Complaint, Etc.
These Pills nre altprutive and produce a healthy
action of the liver without the least danger, s they
are free from calomel and yet more efficacious in
restoring a healthy action of "the liver.
These remedies are a certain cure for Consumption,
as the Pulmonic Svrup ripens the matter and purines
the blood. The Mandrake Pills act innin the liver,
create a healthy bile, and remove ail diseases of the
liver, often a cause of Consumption. The Sea Weed
Tonic pives tone and strength to the stomach, makes
a eood digestion, and enables the or?ans to form good
blood ; and thus creates a healthy circulation of
healthy blood. The combined action of these medi
cines, as thus explained, will cure every ease of
Consumption, if taken in time, and the use of the
medicines persevered in.
' Ihr. tschenok is professionally at his principal office,
corner Sixth and Arch strecti, Philadelphia, every
Monday, where all letters fur advice must lie ad
drwsed'. Sv-henck's mediciucs for sale by ail lmg-
gi e!".T. HART A CO., Nos. 73. 75 and 77 Tchoiipitotl
las St., New Orleans, Wholesale Ajjenls.
iE.npiiis. 1
Flour $ 5 00 (7 8 0O
Corn , 5.5 (4 56
Oats 41 (4 46
Lard WM 14
Bacon Clear Sides........ I.Sf. 1,
Butter 25 (? 35 ,
Chickens 3 25 (4 i 25 1
Coffee 23 (4 2f
Wheat .- 1 15 (4 1 20
Kay Best 16 m (4 21 .r0
Whiskey Common 1 00 fd 1 15
Koberbion County... 1 75 (ii 3 00
Bourbon $ 5 50
Lincoln County 1 75 (& 3 00
Highwines 1 13 (4 1 15
Cotton Ordinary 2(4
Good Ordinary '2yA(4
Ixw Ordinary V2(4 Z
Seeds Clover 8 50 (4 0 50
(iermnn Millet fiO (4 fi5
Missouri Millet 1 75 (4 2 00
Hungarian 1 75 (4 2 00
Buckwheat, pbu 1 75 (J 1 00
Wheat Red and Amber 115 (S) 135
Corn Sacked B2 65
Oats 3 (4 42
Butter Choice 30 (4 38
Hat Timothy 12 00 (4 10 00
Fruit Apples Green 2 00 (4 3 50
Lemons, per box 11 00 (4 13 00
Oranges 50 (4 10 00
Tork Mess 21 50 (Q 21 75
Bard VA(4 11
Bacon Clear sides yA(4 114
Cheese Choice 12 m V214
Flour 5 00 (4 5 75
Wool -.. 33 (4 45
Potatoes Irish, per bbl... 1 t0 C4 1 75
Cotton Middling WA(4 1VA
Ordinary 11 (g)
Flour $ 6 75 fit) 7 50
Corn Meal 65 (q
Corn 40 (4 M
OaU 45 (4 GO
Bacon Clear Sides (4 . 154
Hani? Sugar Cured (4 15
Lard 14 (4 15
Butter -. 15 (4 18
ftggs...., 12 (4
Wool 23 (a 47
Hour $ 4 50 C4 5 00
Corn - 70 72
Bacon Clear Sides 11 ll'i
Cotton 13; 1 1
Kooliihly spent money paid
fur chibtren'H hfiK' tmt protec
ted by Ml I. V Kit Tl I'S. Tw o
weeks if hIhhiI Ihe time it t:iks
; smart , active child In v-nlil i fi
llip t.ii- or a xlinc. Sill. V I'll
Tllsi the only preventative.
which will rot or pecs that shrink fFfyk
anil fall out. To f-islen the w.liMfc-yy
A lixliril to think of nunc f lirOMM n
of hoots ttrfi! kIiimk to till' upper. t-J
in tlic uiil Uicilioti Unit will iioM.fc;
Have you ever seen
Tho iUntrte.l ratnWne of Tlir I-'.irelnlor P
llle- Printinor Prewirsf I'levs now ri-mly.
Kiri-v .Tin ii hi uml I'rliiler. A few dollars
buvs a prm il type tor pvi tina cards, IhIh4. en
velope, etc.. at nun4 printer' prires. Narf
money nnl iiirrraarhiiiinm by lir:lcr
lloiiikT. Si-n, I w i Kt.-iinp" for 1-ntnloeiie In this Al 1 is
V. KELMEVA CO.. .Mcrilcn. loiin.
Have Yon Weak Icings?
3 lave You Cough or Coll ?
ITavoYon Pain In Your Breast?
I lave You any Throat THsoase?
Havo You Consumption ?
Aro You Wralt and Debilitate!?
Io You Snffer from Indigestion ?
Io You require ft Tonic ?
ITavo You No Appetite?
l)o Yon need Building Up ?
DnYon wish tohe Strong and Healthy?
Sold Iy nil Druggists.
Principal Depot,
No. 2 North Second St., "Phila,
Gained Fifteen Ponnis of Ml
S'lt Tii IU.rwk k, Mr.,' Jan. 17, 172.
If K. Srrvrsn. Kw. :
IU:h Silt I Iihv ht DHrT'i in it rr form
fur Ihr J;i. . trii yrar, him! Iihvc tttk-n huiiilrcilH X
ilolliit i wnstli f fiMli itir wiiholit nl.rjttlliliff illtv r
lii'f. In Sit'inlMT Ifht I 'i!ii!iM!i-r tnkinu 1 1 1 - V'r.
f.tinf iii' vliii li time my tifnlth In nfentlilr im
proved. My f'i iMkc well, hm1 I lnivf ciiiimmI fif
teen pounilr ! fli'h. There an mvthI other in t hi
rh.ee tuKing the yK'.MJNt. innl all bavi' whtailicl if-
li'-f. t .
i onr trniv,
Overseer ct tho 'anl Room, I Vrtinoiitli Co.'n 31 illn.
HVMJ'TOMS Want ot appetite, rinine of fooil anil
winil from the tonne h. nciiiity of tlienloiiiie li, he.-irt-Inii
n. ilrynep- anil whiti-m-- ef the toiu;ie in the
niurtiillU'''o' el' iHtenioii in the nfiiniiirli ntirt Imw
1k wiiiietniieiirniiililiiiKaiel p:iiii :rniivene. liji-h
IH M l-Mfiollllllv Intel rnpHl bv lliarrhen; pnli-lie of
the urine. The month in -!:iniliiv. or Ima a Kollr or
bittiT tiiite. I It hir freoilent f niploniH are water
liraxh. palpitation of Hie lie.n l. heailai he ami ilinor
,,.r, ef the Wlineii. an wei IIU ilollble Ir. There i lien
eral ilebilitv. laiiirimr, ami HYerxmn to motion : ib-ier.
tion ot the apiritH. ililurl"l aleep, anil frightful
Feel Mvself a New Man.
Natick, Mmh., June lt, 17
.Mr. H. It. Htfvf.n : ... ,
1IF. R S IK Til roll an llie aoviif anil -jii iii-ki l-i "'
i, r l.'ev V. S. ltr t. ol thiaplai-e. I hiive Ikm'11 ta
kine VriiFTi.NK for Pvp.-p-H. of whirh I li.ne nt-f.-reil
for venn. I hae iie.l only two laitth-., ami al
re.nly feel mjraelf a ne man. ',:'..M",!vliT1,.I.
A Source of Great Anxiety.
My (limrhfr ha reeeivnl r at hrneflt from tho
n-e of Vr.oKTINF.. M'T fl'i-lllllllK Il- aiili
ot treat anxiety to all or her f i ien. A tew Imt tlea
of the VE.iETiSKieatoreil ht rheth.FtiiiffthlaiMlap.
Ptlle. x-,. X at ' Jll Kj-ur'. HllllrflllK
Boiton, Mann., June .'III,
What I Know AW Veptine.
ot-TK lhiOTGN, May 91 h, 17.
I?a Sir-I have hail i oniiieriil.eexr-rieiji e with
the Vf.i.ftinp. Kor i.pepaia, t.ein-ral Jielnhty. ami
imniire l.loinl.the V em-line ia ii rlor to anvthlint
. i.i. i. 1 h.. ever iii it. I romm-iii eil tiikiiie V r.i;r-
XI n e aliout the mi. I. lie of L-o.1 wint-r. ami alter u
inea lew liottlea it entirely enreil me of rtvapepaiii,
aiet my 1'IoimI never waa in o koimI romhtion aa at
Ihe present time. II will anoni "'"PoV I t
any lurllierpariii warn i -' .. -
thin soimI mi-ll' ine. in any mw -
lire me at my reisiileni.e, Sm Athi aa ntria l. eiy
lte.pe.tf.llly, .,,,vr,..F tllKITIt
A thena ritreet.
iisi QuinE pon
i h ti.Hi ilea marked wiu.ltM.-lr name re ou
li, eaily recoiuaiuutleU.
Grand Golden Drawing
J or THE
Louisiana State Lottery
TakM PIjmw nturdar, Iflfr S3. 1S79.
Capital Prize, $10 0, 0 0 0.
a, MO Prlaeal AmomUm la ft
One IPi'itie to Every f5ix
Only 200,000 Tickets at
$50;000 U. S.
Tenths and Twentieths in Proportion.
Order TU-hetav Bad Write For firm I nr.
Lock Box 682' Postoflice, Sew Orleans, La.
Competent anp Kelinhle Apent Wanted tli ioue.i
out tho coumtry., Luexceplioua.1 guarantees 10
qa red. j
Brieham Vouna'a Rebellious Wife.
The only enmptcta Erpme of all the SECRETS of
BRICHAM'S HAREM erer written. Heroin Mr
m.ml.rn. ANN E LI Z A naw rzpom to the woriil. A S
naw n
I CRIMES of the horrible nyntcm
of Potvframy, from the very bf-giDninR- Nearty 200 New
IJJiutrauoiM beautify the work. It ii the heat eelling book
Kubltshed. I O.OOO mora Airenta. men aad women, can
ve employment miXmake from $S to I O daily. ALL.
LIVE AGENTS are writing tor Ilhutrated Circular
with LARCE TERMS. Sent free. Do not delay, but
addrts. at once DDSTIN, OILMAN A. CO.,
HISTORY of the U.S.
Thn nr;tt intpn-t in th thrifitnff Mflory "f "iir
ciHintrj nuikr thin the fntrfst m-lltim Imm.U ".m pnl
liKliril, If f-nritaitiM 4IH Mil lti-totir.il cimrnv
inc at.ri it'Vl pun"., wit 1 ft fttll m rount of lh Hp
fWKir.tiita era ti 'I Otilviimal fxliilntion. fct utl i.-r n
full dfrripHn fi'I xir;i frru.i ( AiZ'-nI-'.
NATIONAL ri'ULlslUNU n.. St. L'ui. Mo.
VTCY PEKSON nwni.ix .1 frVwiiu M:iliin' whirl,
i iicirlv worn nut. or iltn-n nut ili tit wHi n
MUirril. will liinl it to tlieir fi.Yjiiif;ic " .-iil
ilrniTiptTori of tlH'ir M:h1mim. nn c-t mtr I l-rnl
l rm- fif cxWi.tuse for t )' Llrlif Kunnlny Kim
Inston. It in fully wurmtitet. fur liv vi-r. mikI
KatifrfiH-timi in KUiirantti in vcry intHiM- or tho
money will Im ntnrnMl in th ixin Iihfht. Tin tiowt
lilH'rul t'Tiuta to r.uoiitH mtl Ceir-h huytTK. Shi'ipI ol
work aii nil piirtioulur lv rn.-iil t irtf''H lit int. ;il
n itistniu-f. A.l-lr.-, J. 4 I.4RT At O.. .
Ak-'Im, HA Kninnipr Mt. KkmHyIIW-. Trnn.
line Hundred Years Ago.
A lrpliir liietiv t'f th Mroir Kpnrh of Atncrinui
Itonli-r I. il. It thriliins: otullu-M nt Itetl mnl Whit
fot. Kt itin Al Vfiiliir, Citntivitn-r, Korvn.
Scout, PiniHT wotii"ti uiil ImyH. Inliaii wr-pathr.
Camp lit', mnl Spnrl. A Imm.Ii for -hl ntol Yoinj.
Not "lull piiif. No cninp'. ition. Eimrmn'i: :n.
Aprnt- wsint'vl pvervwhen. i 'iiTular Ii -t. AhlrcM
J. C. Mfi.'vuuY A r-j., W Konrtu St. t'itititnmli,
Of Farliamentarj Practice,
KulfHi of proreniitjf ami uVlmt In uVlilwrntl p ar
rwrnhliftfl. Thin in the HtAii'tnnl atiUmnty In nil Ihr
I uiU'd Stat' mnl if an ii.lirppiiHi.lle JI.iu.l Ihxik for
every nieiulKr nf b il'lilFpritive ImmIv. nt ft irmly ref
erence upon the formmity and legality of any pro
ceeriinjr or debate.
'The mo authoritative expoiimW of American
pari mine n tary law ii ah. Simnkk.
Price, tt5 cents. Sent lv unit 011 receipt of price.
Adln.-s TIlonPaO.N, BHIMVN i C ..
Hoaton, .MnM.
iT:Ryflwrt'.intcirr.rt1.ltofr.lIPei, Pra Holder. Pep
1 4'bm-ii. J'cncil". 1:h IMrki. boning arJ ore liun!ril
4ittrrnttTk-4. 'atfrea af poftitg to any Mrr. Our
Pen arPCMppria lly art tptrrt for Am writiuff . VT kbi) any of l hrM
Gools by mall, to any fUmx on rwxnutof price. Our Prof r
11 'arrnil the bct quali?y anI diunord pointed. Go 11 Pen
rfpairv.l If rmt I r mnl wltn frita. ami lump e-b. B KNKB
BKO Gold I'm Maaera, Maia 8t., lwt.fr baud Ita, Louiavillc, Ky.
Iirawa on the .Hilh or cai h month. Hr authority
ll'p l.vuialatiinv KJ7S.IMMI In fnalt I'riK'a. one
I haarr In !.. Tlr-itrla l rnch. i r li-n fur
Iiavina Io Ik t-ilii-ti f riim tin prizi atti-r tin
drawing;. Full pa rlii-iilai h a-nt lr-.i A 'Mri-i.
J. Ht. P.ITTKK. I.'irauiirl ll.v. fl .xiiuliig.
wl New llutralo lii.l HrvohfrWHiyU
Willi 1(X( Jart rlilraa. 'i!0 raCIHttanld : rry nn wai mil
tHl : Bat intact i"tl K"riiU-w,il. Jitumrraffl Citilli.',i '.- -it
WKSTEH.t ; A OIIKS, hii-ano, III,
C'J Oi-irlxirn at., (MfCormlck l;inck.
jCrj Puilv to Asi'lita. K'-niw arlli-li-aalul tln-lH'i-t
udaw ' Fiimily la pi'i' ill A llii-ri-n . w illi I w ii M lnt-
ihik, frm. AM. M'k 'li I .. W4 llrnailwvy, .
Mtllt. Acntu wanted. SKI lt Hcllinir
tl ticl.w in th wii hi. line r,uiph tt c. Ad-
Uroh- 4. ltlC44. Lh-troil. Mich.
irnd t?:iorMiMirv dr.'iwlnt? to t.iko phiro
(finHrr ta ... l .2(MI.IMMI to hi di-t i
t iipital Iri . fc.MrO.WMI. on' pri?. to everv ii:lil
In k'K lrici Hint ! TicHftN. -ifi; H I f , .'-; tn;ti
t'i, Tenth. ln; Twi'iitii'th. h-ml .r cirtu-
l;ir. A(hlri'f.-4, .'tlnrt ncl Ori-ltilou. No. hs ( tni
irir'tict t, NVw ll' )iti- !,;.
Thi- IHdint SIir:iFiiia tn Ainioini. " A I'cruM n
t'ltiioMo." Tin. .Miiiimm; t'.'.i.i,. li" cjivri i w r-.-Milii
riln'r. In-tin r iti'-'''- or in a 'lu''. win ..i in
ailMiin i for l.70iinl ruinii iIiiim i i,i iliih ofln ...
.iM'.-n, I-. A. t.t'llKV. rinla.l-l.l,i.i. I'.i.
itvoMf'l til Wall S(re-I
li Jc.mU l fn j in-'. A
pitK Imok ex pi. lining
erervfhinff ant? f;vtH2 pr:
apmv ant- .fOlIN
f Ktncka
IOIIN IIH'K I.FN' A '.. Rink-
OLI1 I rntti ctm A ltn.kern.7 Hr-
I wit . N . Y -
Do Your Own Printing
Outfits from SI up
Goldinrj ft Co., ifanuft, Washington Hq, Button
m f PIMTC " (I2.14I.OO wr iiinnlli.
r Km I w I 9 Si-mi fnrclrrnlnMiiiiil Irram.
Jaal the baak lite el aant. 14!T
9I1WMTIIIN! Ufiti-rtl I'lllilihinet'i'. M.l.i.iila.Mn.
FT VAQTI Bniailwav. N. ., nialinliirtiin-l
. O. ItnOil, (lf JKWKI.ItV ..vi-r
doarription. Tha Ktm-k ia lartfi. vi'ty f-n,irf. anil i
oftcreil at n-tail at Iraili- rrit'-H In ki-i-p our wnrknii-li
trniiiE. llilla unili r rl'i, P. I. onli-r in a.lvani . ovi
tl", C. O. 1. rrivili-pe to falnilc. C'ntalnKiir fn-o.
AaTenta Waatnl! UNif.if. nnit IHphm-nn Itr.tylnl
l:iOO llhi.lrallaiik A.l,ln ,,r in- w in i.lnr
A. S. IIOL.HA.1 A '... KM A Kt 'll S I n i t. I'lnl
AM- wajit IT thonwirnlHof live :iiol
f piopTly MtVl hV It I'T-
ii oy it pitrticuiiiiM iri.
im.tk k. I'lio., Svw 1 ork
ai:rl Thicaco.
Years nstalilislicl. .TON US COM M KKCIA 1.
COi.UVAiK, ISt. Mo.
Write fur Circular and f'paciwcD ol
BusiiK-.vt l'euiunnahip.
THIS tiapor ia printiil witli Ink mail" ! !. II.
KAKI'().,I2I lii,arlirn Mp-vt. t'liiratsn, and
for anil' liy ua In larKi' or kiii-iII iiiutititi'-.
8'. NKWbl'Al'KH t.'M'iN. Mnnplita. Ti-nli.
' mnl M ii pliino liiil'i I alianlnti ti ly ami
nrn'liii riin-il. Tainli-fH; no piillli-ltt.
m-nil ftiitnp for partirinuia. Ir. Carl
Ion, i, . aniniiKioii . in.
- MKNT can In- Ki'i illiil liy on" lailv in i vi rr
town In tin' I mti-il Mati'H. A-
. In J. Ili-:IIV
Kt ntl.WN, livini-liirv i-li
i-t. ltoMtOII, ltr.H.
DiM-alroiiianiii, i lirniiiiii. atii-l eitumvum'. ,ii to
Kraplia, Kcrap-lMMik pii lui'"i. iiinlloi'.
uant iiantplr-M ami -(itiioem hi-iiI ot ptiiil lot I' I1;.
AKtiwaiitiil. J. I. J'lillin Co. Ii.jM illiain M.N.I.
A WKaKW. Atrenta wantiMl. HimiiifF. ?x'r-ninn-nt.
nolicitiiuj rt juirMl. for fur MoT
pHrticnliirt loMrcwa ...
J. Mi;.KIV Ki htir.ti.l. Jml.
MnmMtull.r Tr.el. without
n-- of K mfc or t'nntii . IK. A. If.
HIUMVX.Nfw llnvn. 'onii. S.-.i.
Stttanipa. Jorrai,HlMiic4 from phynicintiHiM.lii
Wa-nlef -A(KNTS in all part- of the count i v In
canvtot Inr oitr nw I mm li . H-Him t.f lh
f V,,, ) IMii'ht A . llrtMJitni tl. Oti vol li no It i lid -rniiify
ilhiHlraf4 1. T h fftMiil-iif f ' titcrniiiil ho.k in
the murkt't. H. li. Kt hkm.i., I'tihlinhfr, Ihwttui, M:i-.
MINI Ucatlm? I'mvi rmniHiicv. Paaciiiation, Hmil
t'liiirmin';, MoHim-ri-ni. ami Miirrirti!' :ui'h',
fthnwilitf how Hither X nui v friwiriatf A gain I hi Io
and Htlwtinn ot any fwiron tlo-v hnot itiHtnntlv. 4-il
PttB. j;y uiail c. Hi nt us-.s. 7th .St.. I'lula.
i I. An. I 111 rii-n i-iiiiniy. i ii mimi'.i
r rillll DilNi iif-Mi . aiinrn ..-.....
Peim:j full.. Itraile M., Ni'W Vork
1 fiPUHO 20 Elpan' Oil Chronios inonntP'l. aizp
fllihlllO 9X11 fl. ';'cJlii ...! Tirr.,.1.
xj reiru rfniia. Niitnnial t liriilnot o.. I Mia. I'a.
a ffA HAY itarantil with HriKkcH'aKpctintial
J)4LI Well Aner. S-nl for clcwriiiliTs ala
iTTaiie. A. BBW WIiTT. Kauaaa t ity, !lu.
We waJit au AbhbI In -rmy ;ranci' in tli land. Iii
nay. iioiuvtiiii-ut. of M Aililra 1-r rar
tiinlari anil lrffWI 11 a i o.y ol i .rangi
i(.ii,0." W. H. K KSNEDY. Il. nn. llli-m:
A SiOITH. Ae"iiawant-il avirvwlier.
li m. lioiirfraliU. and llrat-claim. i'al-
ticnlara aant Ir". Addri-aa ,
tytllll I ll Ol. HVHia, i'i-'.
Ma.UlallordaT. Hnini'n hotior.il.l'- ami
t3? hirrativa. Anenla wawtlerf. .Vl.iira"
H1RIOS l ll'I.V .. Varlon,
CUt V PKKWKK loMal'iaad ritual" At tut".
AditrewaW IMt.llT A l,'KV.'' Ilroa.lwa. . N .
rrrAA.K' KN'-vt u.pkiha. A'". H,Hr;'!"'T.
inapa. Aki-iiIh wanlail. i H ' I
OTIMIirpnVo.it.il Mi-"., to i.,...; T.-1' U.apl.i..K. r-'-r-
inu,iriei'nlr. i.idfor:iiroiiioUI..ie
51 1)5 D J- H- ButrronD's SfiMS, lkialjn, Maaa
.VWiVi wrk aalarr. Malaor fi mala. Cir. ..Ira
JSOUln- A'''" 4'.',"tl ImiiHiiapolia. I ml.
tfitr a iliT nt hoinr. Ai-llt' wanlnl. Onlfll A tiTl.ia
iplZlnf. A.l.lremTmm aiikiIh. :'"''
; k'NTS. lld'Hli-iitoHl rliiiiin-iif llii'ai'i- A.l.lii -.-.
with alamp. Ni.llom.l 'iiHH Co..
lirAMKII AtiKNTM Kallipli' ail-l ollllil fiw.
Y r.. tli-r tlian 'i-l i A.Coll.Tr.4 llli aKo
" Aal -M iJk laV m m . r 'A
' it ww
lie Suited io all Climates,
VVJJ Us, J'smona for doing more rj4
rOVVj. lnl"kr and Cheaper
"T5" tf,, rmoa. for tl.ei7
rfcrj'- S7ESLIU0 T7C2TH,
xrt, FomoM for their
famous Ton CIVINO
oy.r- - - 'a , .
"Sii Espoclally Adapted
nm or itim mmn
NT' Mtl lS, MO.
mi i.i.i n rioitiT a ..
K. Vlttll'IIAUT A III.,
AlKMrmi, Tkmm.
New OKi.tuits, I A.
Mobilk, Ala
For X O V O .
of Tttr.
".'I tJUitrt't i'rl.M.
Isiiowr'iil),tvit)i l'ltlt'E LIST; nn-1
very full inftiriiiutimi, rewntinf'nrcuriilo
drawing of tJicne cch ltratotl iiiHtrunicntH,
with Ueiaili'ddt-Hrript ions; incliuling many
new stjlcs, nidi vnlimWc inirori
liioiilx; non MitM innl clcjriiiit 'iiM'.
Tt is not qiicstioncij 1v lixintTONtrI
iu.lir, -. that ih. so an- THE feEST OF ALL
ami, if jmlyrcii critically, in;
atnialn'il by ollmrx. Their fame ii
worid-wido. Tlicy have ALWAYS i li
taino.l hiliost HwnrtU in Anu-rioan In
ilustrial Kxi -it ions, ami rocciviil TOU It
1873 i and LINZ (Austria) 1875. U-i"r
tho only American orpniiH nhirli cvit
rcccivril any irciiiiiiiu in com petit in
nidi die hcsl prmliicls or Kiiropcnii
maltCi-M. The lel inuxiciann in iairope
anil America pronounce tliein ii!iciniah'i.
I'ricfi as low as cons'iHtcnt with iK-t-t
workmanship and material, ami lower
than thofo conimonly demanded for very
inferior instruments. Orpain fold fr
cash or time payments, or rented until
rent pays for them.
Every one Ihinliixj of buyiifj an onon
houlditltaxt itre tltix net" mUibujur. Itwill
lie sent free and postpaid. Address tlio
Tremont Street, IIOSTON; '25 1'nioii
Siiare, NKW YOlIk'; or 8K ami
.AtlaniM Mrcct, t IIIi;.iiO.
TU- Umi l.l la Ir. III.Mtn.. Nalilln i'-.l" J" F
hiiiiiiin t -null-. i:ill tln-ti.iiiii.il Ni-rviii. In l ilit
lalik.-.i lihflit.'.l l inniti in tin- h.iii-l.i.-. l.mi
i,-Mtiili. t'liii-ii il'l pnrifi hi-mati-lll u lid B
Tarraiit'K Lffrrviwrnt Srltzir A(rnn(.
ami itliiti a k hi- ill f'i-1 lik- a n man.
M.I. It liV AM, IHiC'ailsTS.
I-. A- r. Kir IWi'mi-ii.
I.-...,.... ...... Vmir a riian.
,ii- 1 1 i li l t aallalarlinli. It ta
4 il in-lla A WMmforn.'.rn-
,r, r..i-lit,ar. II.' I..
" V. nr -a Kmiin la wiiinl.irf.il.
Oi.r iiiii'M nTv Itntiirtia,. l.vfty
.i,ilv im.iim. it."
II imikca l.r. a.l ri li.T.llsliliT
w tiili-r. nrir, nwwti-r. anil iiinri,
v. I inli-in mil- tlian any ntlii-r way ."
Tin- irri-ntiKl lliiim ! anil yml
rv, r .-. ra-nil at iinrti fur t ir-
"':!". UATN. '.. .
7M IIUIM- Ml., Tsrm
k M
, anil cam F
i, r.iiihit,i . fc t:
id and ..ii
1 ili'mini.f-'"-'a.
rknf rr..iitr Nl
S, I,inlirir4illy mr
llnw t, nnian
fur hhn. 'I'lm
twiinta liiraiai,,
diiratnu fully
..trntil. A wi
Inf'-r,-". t'l hirai nwlii-nin ii
n,l iHWHlin A Iki 1 1 V - W
ill a ST f'irr fnr .;a
iil', l'Btrr,:C,(!KN ls.
Ad.ln a J. 1'. lH'.
T, ll OH.thl. ibo, III.
Zff nit, .r. c;. iuoit7w. V '
U. -rye- " . ' E? J
RISlDtM I'll 1 SlllflXJaaT. (
larall ln wlnMna t
I thK l aratU ",r"rA. ! I
U...d.rra.luir lr. Illrlt".
7m 11 1, wia,...ia r
Tina nfw Trnaa la wmn
will, fwrfi'i-t .-iitnli.it
tilil ami .lay. A'luita
iiai-lf In c-x.'rv innl nm "I
ilia IhmIv, ri-iaiiiiiiu: Itnp
lnr nnilnr lln liat'1'it
i-iiTriHH. ,ir ai-.iT.'nt
-train until 'rniananl
v inri-.l. N'I'I .li'-ap
'i'LHiin miss tn,
175 llraailai.y Xrw 1'rh lly.
.s.Mit ly Mail. all in "i-ii'l fur iriulur ami la. . .tfH.
Ciiwn ti iMiaiRwrKHLV mtii.
An In. I. i-ii'l.-iil Kaiinly Nrwrr " (""t?"
IH liiiini nt ltm.1m a I ff.tt IM.
KI'K. I M KN ol' V KI.'KK. ip I ' i,r p..Mlai;n.
A.l.lr. Tli -." Q.. lnrla..II.J-
rill! Kriirli-r nml m.wf I'rallrl' VH9m in tlm
1 w.irl.l. M.iki- linn, tvin I., lliiw imli-li l-r ai j.-.
fmir wwk.wrliiT tliau anv i.tlii-r r..ll..n '"I '"r
iliculara. Adilri-. W. II. M "C4HI.I. J.
W itiima i M ta.
l'i;K WKKK lilfrtRANTKEII to Ananla,
Male ami K.-inalp, In th.-lr own liaaliijr.
Term, nml Ol 1.1 KIT f'KKK. Al'lrnaa V.
it. VK KI-.HY A CO., AtiKuaU. Main.
TrarNima V.lcarmntlr Print-
IT e. an 12 Tmniroi.T -Vi.iTia
tr It..,, thraionu. Karh caraaeoUlna
.hlrk la not Ti.ible nntil h.kl tinrald. th IkIiU
Nolhiorlik. Uimri-r ll..rr,rfl. d in Amtnca. Hit lnJ"
DMnutu AtiiiU. NoviLrr 1'uiariao Co., A.hlnn. aiaa.
T II r. lir.PII Ntl V.l fr, otiit..
Prh--.. trom B.OO im I&O.0O.
rtotf f HMJ. If. mir f ip. nuirn
rt i lb All fciuai mrRiniijiu aiikRiaH
49 I r4rt Hlrt. Nk(ra.
$15 SI.
A don M ratrroi Ron, imr or
warranted K.nninr itwtat l.arr.Wa. -nd ,'f,r;
on ttoaAi c ; wifn Kla.k. I'otirh aud 1'r. "
IS. Can liaia nt O.O. O. with pnllat to Mamlrj
bafora ray Ink hill. Hiid .tamp for rlrrnlar Io .
POWLL bOS. 23 Main btraet. Ctnclnmttt. O.
... . w. . ii.h.r
tfC In tfOfl dythotn. Sampla worth It fa
tPJ 10 tPZU free. Stimiow A l'A., I'ortlkiid, Maine
..I ..- mny uu ia llie adtrrllM-aiFal
In Ihla m.t. . i. .
for vniLimEN TEnniiNO.
ft' !. ' I'V .,!. UUI fil.lSTS.
w K . t J

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