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The herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, February 04, 1876, Image 1

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Orane culture has leen tried i
Georgia with success, ami the iruit
aid to rival that of Florida.
The Dutch war in Acheen ia still lan
guishing. A fresh lot of from 2,000 1
to 2,500 troops are to he sent from Java,
and after thier arrival operations will be
renewed, with the view of subjugating
the enemy, if possible.
Victor II too has issued an address to
the senatorial delegation for Paris and
France, in which he asks them to found
a democracy which shall end foreign war
by arbitration, civil war by amnesty
and distress by education. Hound sense,
but a little in advance of the times.
Washington ladies evidently do not
Hllow the hard times to interfere with their
lesirc for drew, for the Star says of them
"It is universally tbe subject of remark
that the dressing this season is more mag
: : A.i
iiiwin, man nas ever been the ease
lwfore in Washington."
I HE country is being flooded with
pamphlets opposed to the Tom Scott
subsidy for the .Southern Pacific rail
road. These bear no imprint of the
office of publication, but the stockholders
of the Union Pacific will probably find a
big printing bill in their next treasurer's
-v.- jnsn patr says: "tjreat num
4er of Irishmen are returning home at
present from the United State. Times
are. vry ltd in America, iust now:
large numbers of people are out of em
ployment, and many are begining to find
that Ireland is not hi bad a place to live
in as they oiicc thought" it."
i A nis levies a tax which has indirect
ly preserved her asphalt pavements from
Instruction. The municipality levies a
graduated tax on wheel tires, which is
heavy on narrow ones and almost nothing
on the very broad. The latter are there
fore almost cliisivelv u4w! and mmui.
j i -
quently no ruts are worn in the streets.
('OKTHE, in his seventy-eighth year.
aid there were three things he desired to
we a canal connecting the Gulf of
Mexico with the Pacific, another con
necting the Rhine and Danube, and,
lastly, the English in possession of a
""uez canal. "I should like to live to
we these great things," said her, "and
for them it would lc worth while to en
sure another fifty years." The English
t ame into jiossession of a Suez canal just
witlnn the half centurv.
HIE general, lieutenant-general and
three major-generals of the United Stales
nrmy cost the country over $200,000 a
year. The aggregate, as shown bv the
army reginter, is as follows; Three major
jieneraiH, $2X,41f; nine captains, A. 1).
V., d0,021; add rent of headquarters.
clerks, orderlies, fuel, stationery, etc., $30,-
total font of three major-generals,
H8,110; total cost of one general, $70,-
! total cost of one lieutenant-general,
2,791. Total, $201,2.31.
It is surprising that so few of the revi-
valists who are prominent at present lie-
long to the clerical order or have had a
theological training. Brother Moody, the
most renowned of them all, is not a cler-
x.tiuoji. x cwr juwver is not. vt Mow
Van Cott, Mrs. Lowery and the other
three female revivalist preachers are not
ordained minister. One of the revival
ists now carrying on operations is a con
verted pugilist ; another is a converted
actress ; another is a converted minstrel.
Onk of the niOHt singular breach of
promise cases on record hits just occurred
in New York. About twelve years ago,
Mr. and Mrs. Satilsjvnugh were divorced.
In 1874 they were reconciled, Mr. Sauls
pnugh inviting his former wife to become
his housekeeper under the promise of re
marriage. Month after month passed,
only to bring about a postponement of
the happy day. Finally, the woman's
patience became exhausted, and she has
just sued her former husband for dam
ages, as stated.
It is asserted that the Sultan of
Turkey is much more intent on building
a grand mosque that is to perpetuate his
name than defending his empire from
the attacks made on it. Although
menaced with the greatest dangers, he
con scarcely In? induced to attend to any
thing but dancing girls and processions
to the mowjuex. He was originally a
man of fair capacity, but is now so far
gone in dissipation, it is said, as to 1
i-eeniingly incapable of striking a blow
for his honor and kingdom.
.Mrs. A. M. AW sip, eldest daughter
of the late President Zachary Taylor,
died at Freiburg, Germany, aged 65.
She was the widow of Gen. B. C. Wood,
United States army, and mother of Capt.
John T. Wood, one of the most distin
guished officers of the Confederate navy.
1 Iter death leaves but two surviving
children or iTesiuent iayior iurs. net-
tie T. Dandridge, formerly Mrs. Bliss,
living at Winchester, Va., and Gen.
Richard Taylor, of Louisiana, a lieuten-
,' it general in the Confederate army.
c -
A recent visitor to the Dismal Swamp
describes it, in Forest and Stream, as
having hwt none of the characteristics
which gave it its name. Bears are not
k plenty there as when the region was
rarely penetrated by man, yet they still
jifford snort for hunters. Iake Drum-
niond, once believed by the ignorant to
bottomless is really not in any place
more than fifteen feet deep. Its water,
impregnated with the juices of juniper
j,nd gum leaves, is of the color of wine,
and is drunk as a remedy by consump
tives. The following is a statement of United
States currency outstanding at the end of
the year 1875 :
ld demand not- $ rlli.blJ.DO
l egal tender notes, new itie..
IjeffH-l tender notes, series of
Scries of 1S7
Series of 1S75
tine-year note of lsrW
Two year notea of ISrW
Two-year coupon notes of 1S3
4'oinpoiiud interest notes.
Fraction currency, first issue..
Second issue
Third iwne
Fourth issue, first series
Fomrth issue, second series
Fourth issue, liird series.
Fifth issue
2"S-f.'W,1!H.00 '
3. 71 9.01 S..t0
. 23,216,827.64
. $41105,439.97
The water of the Thames is full of
impurities, and the Pollution of ltivers'
Commissioners have recommended that
as early as xssilIe the river be abandoned
" as a source of water supply for domestic
use, anu nisi tne sanction or ine itntisn
government be in future withheld from
all schemes involving the expendituregof
niore capital for the supply of Thames
water to London. It is proposed to sup
ply the city with water from deep wells.
The report of the Royal Commission
on Vivisection has been completed, and
Englishmen who are disposed to cut up
alive are on the pins and needles of
anxiety. As soon as it has been presented
to the Queen and laid upon the table of
Parliament it will be given to the public.
Gen. Beauregard, of Louisiana, ha
ro.-ule application to congress for the removal
of his political disabilities.
In Louisville, Saturday night, J. A
Snroule'8 stables, with nineteen head of
horses and mules, were destroyed by fire
Forty-three car-loads of iron for the
extension of the Trans-Continental railway
have jnst been received at Sherman, Texas,
" Bob Hatton," the premium hog of
ilsn county, Tenn., weighs eleven hun
dred and forty ttounds, and is by no means
Strong opposition to placing convict
labor in competition with the labor of honest
men is developing in Arkansas, no less than
in Tennessee.
Tom r.arrett was murdered at Alex
andria, Louisiana, hy federal soldiers Sunday
night. One of the soldiers was mortally
wounded bv Barrett's hi other.
Geo. Morris colored, convicted of the
tuu-Jt r of Sarah Jones, iu New Orleans, was
sentenced by Jud'e Steel to be hanged at
such time as the governor shall appoint.
An unknown negro was hanged at
Tiptop station, on the Louisville, Padiicuh
and Southwestern railway, iu Kentuckv,
f-unday night, for outraging a respectable
young white womau.
The Southern car company, of Jeffcr-
sonville, Ind., has Died a petition in bank-
ruptcv. The amount of assets and liabilities
will probably be $500,000, the latter being
less than half this sum.
Jefierson Davis has just lost a suit for
$70,000 in a court at Vioksburg, Miss. The
ex-president put in a claim for that amount
against his brother's estate, but the court
decided against him.
flic famous Iredcgar iron works, at
Richmond, Virginia, the most extensive in
the Union, has failed, throwing five or six
hundred workmen out of employment.
One hundred thousand dollars was re
fused recently, for an orange prove of 1,000
bearing trees, wtth ten acres of land, on the
St. John's river, . Florida. Several of the
trees in this grove bear 7,000 oranges yeaily.
The Iouisiana senate passed a joint
resolution frm the house requesting Louisi
ana senators and representatives in congress
to use their rttuiost eft'ort to induce congress
to make an appropriation for levees on the
Mississippi river, and the national govern
ment to take charge of them.
Captain Eads, in a recent rexrt, says
that there are only one hundred more mat.
tresses to be laid to bring the jetties up to
low-tide level, and to obtain twenty feet of
water on tbe bnr; that over a million cubic
yards of earth or deposit have already been
excavated from the bar between the jetties,
and that two million more yards will increase
the depth to over twenty feet.
The town of AikiIIo, on the West
Pennsylvania railroad, was almost destroyed
by firs last week. Forty houses, including a
number of stores, were burned. The. loss is
estimated at $10,000 to $50,000. Insurance
ii n known.
One thousand more colliers have
struck in North Wales, owing to a reduction
of wages.
A large failure in the silk trade is re
ported from Lyons, France. Liabilities are
said to be 5,000,000 francs.
The Prince of Wales has left Delhi for
Lahare and Cashmere. The raiah of
Cashmere is preparing a magnificent recep
A telegram from IWlin asserts that
Prince Bismark is personally drafting an ad
ditional clause for the penal code against
crimes like that of Thomas at Bremer
haven. The Italian minister of public instruc
tion has accepted the proposal of the United
States government for the exchange of scien
tific publications of the two countries.
The Carlist leader Tristany notified
the Spanish consul at Bayonne of his unre
served submission to Alfonso, (ieu. Marti
nez Caiupos' army is concentrated in the
neighborhood of Pamjwlua.
Havana journals assert that the Cuban
sugar crop w ill certainly be thirty per cent.
less than last year. They also consider the
coming tobacco crop of Vuelta Abajo almost
totally destroyed, owing to the drouth.
The secretary of the London mission
ary society has reetived an otter of $25,n0to
establish a mission at I-ike Tanganyika,
where Stanley met Livingston. A committee
has been appointed to carry out the project.
A Madrid paper states that when the
Carlist war is at an end a well-trained army
will be maintained in Cuba as a precaution
ary mcausure, aud batteries of heavy guns
placed on the coast for protection against
An Ultramontane newspaper at Brus
sels says that Lonise Lnteau is dying. She
is the peasant girl who some time ago at
tracted crowds of pilgrims by the exhibition
a 11 1
on ucr person ot ine auegea nuracie ot
A corresjKindent of the London Hour
states that Germany has hinted to Franoe
that she will transfer Lorraine to France for
the little consideration of $ 100,000,000 in
gold. The French w ill not, probably, buy
back their own territory, as they hope some
day to re-annex it by the power of the sword.
A Bonapartist association, styled the
conservative national convention, has issued
a manifesto announcing that they will sup
port MacMabon until the expiration of his
term, in 1888. They will then demand that
an appeal to the people be made for deter
mining the future form of government for
Advices from London state that the
product of the quicksilver mines of the
world for the year 1875 was as follows:
Mmaden mine, of Spain, 36,000 flasks; New
Aluiaden and others, of California, 40,060;
Idria, of Hungary, 8,000; Palatine, of Ger
many, 1,000; otlier oerman mines, 1,400
flasks. By the contract of the London
Rothschilds with the Spanish government,
having thirty years to run, the Rothschilds
control nil the Spanish mines, and through
them the European market. San Francisco
advices report that China purchased $000,
000 of the California product of quicksilver
for 175, and New York city $1,800,000.
News has been received from Havana
that a force, led by Henry Reeves, twenty
five hundred strong, has invaded Sagua
county within a week past, and destroyed
sugar estates, some of which are valued at
two million dollars each. Sagua La Chica,
at the mouth of the river of that name,
where there were warehouses with sixteen
hundred hogsheads of muscovado sugar, has
been burned, and all the sugar consumed.
The estate of Senor Xugariea is in the pos
session of the rebels, and, of course, de
stroyed. It is located on the south of the
island, whilst Sagua county is on the north
A Kagusa correspondent telegraphs
that there has been two days fighting be
tween the Turks and the llerxegsvinian in
surgents, daring which three hundred and
eighty of the former were killed. The in
surgents lost one hundred killedj and
wouudvd. Trebinge is threatened with,
famine. It is reported that the portc has
unofficially accepted Count Andrassey's pro
posals for the pacification of the disturbed
provinces, Ihe attack of the insurgents
was on the Turkish entrenched position on
a hill between Eagusa and Trebinge, whither
the Turks had fled after the battle of the
eighteenth. , One of the breastworks wag
gaDaatly defended, but evacuated by fifty
survivors during the night of Thursday, and
a nnmber of these were killed during the
fight. Trebinge is completely demolished
too troops are moving to relieve the beleag-
ured detachment, and the insurgents hold
the road unmolested. Ii-m reported that
Turkey will concentrate a large army in Bul
garia next month, and it is denied that
llussia will mass troops in western .Russia in
the spring.
M ISCElXAlf tors.
The national temperance society haa
issued a call for an international temperance
conference in Philadelphia next June..
The English national rifle association
have accepted the challenge of the rifle asso
ciation of America to compete in the match
for the championship of the world during the
centuuuu at Philadelphia.
The bulletin of the American iron
and steel association contains a detailed
statement showing that the production of pig
iron in the United States in 187? was about
2,100,000 net tons, a falling off of about C00,-
000 tons as compared with the production in
1S74. The stock on hand and unsold at the
close of 1875, including the stock in the
hands of agents, aggregated about 700,000
net tons, agninst 800,000 tons a year ago.
The consumption in 1875 was less than it was
in any vear since 1871.
Charges of enormous expenditures at
the United States court at Fort Smith are
made. It is said to be as high as $100,000 a
year, and the committee proposes a thorough
investigation of the subject-
The senate finance committee has
agreed to report favorably on Senator liawes'
bill for the appointment of a committee n
the subject of the alcoholic liquor traffc, and
to reccommend its passage with certain
amendments, the most important being a re
quirement that fermented liquors and the
manufacture f all kinds of liquor shall be
included in the proposed inquiry.
It is stated that the congressional com
mittec appointed to examine into the subject
of depredations on the Mexican border, will
favor an increase of the army by two cavalry
regiments, in case two such cannot be at
once spared, to patrol ftie Mexican border
along the Rio Grande. The committee is re
ported to have asked the secretary of war
whether he could furniwh these regiments at
once, and if he cannot, a report will re sub
mitted ts the house recommending that they
at once be recruited.
The house committee on territories
agreed to have a special meeting to consider
the bill of Mr. Franklin to establish a terri
tory to be known as Okalomba. They did
this because it was urged that there are 20,
000 citizens of the United States in that
country among the Indians, with no aw to
protect them ; 8,000 freedmen, former slaves
of Indians, and 40,000 civilized Indians; that
there is no punishment for crime, and that
disorder reigns.
Tho house committee on appropria
tions-have completed the consular and diplo
matic bill. The estimates last year were $1,-
352.3S5, and the amount appropriated $1,351,
283. The present bill appropriates $911,147.
The salaries of ministers to Great Britain,
France, Germany and Russia are reduced
from $17,500 to $14,000 each ; the ministers
to Spain, Austria, Brazil, Mexico, Japan and
China from $12,000 to $10,000; the minister
to Italy, from $ 12,000 to $8,000; the minister
at Portugal,8Ttizerland,Belgium,Netherlaiids
Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Turkey, Vene
zuela and Hawaaiin Islands, from $7,500 to I
$6,500; Chili aud Bolivia are combined in
one mission, salary $6,000; Peru, Ecuador
and Colombia are also united in one mission
at the same salarv ; also the Argentine Re
public, Paraguay and Uruguay, salary $6,-
500; also Guatamala, Costa Rica, Hondu-
vas, San Salvador and Nicaragua as in the
former law, salary $10,000. The salaries of
other officers are reduced. The bill contains
the usual appropriation of $2,500 to enable
Minister Schenck to employ a private aman
uensis, his right hand having been disabled
durinj; the war.
The Situation in Turkish I'rovinces.
The Ixindon Times publishes a letter
from Vienna giving the following account
of the situation in the Turkish Prov
inces : Partly from a sincere whh to
end the insurrection, and partly from
anxiety to escape intervention, toe Sub
lime Porte is making great efforts to
achieve pacification unaided.-The new
Turkish commander, Muktarh Pasha, and
the new governor, AJi Pasha, are to 'co
operate to that end, the former by mil
itary dispositions, and latter by political
and diplomatic activity. , The severe
checks the insurgents have recently suf
fered, and the large reinforcements the
Turks have lately received, render offen
sive operations by the insurants ' very
improbable. Muktarh Pasha seems
likewise to hav instructions not to op
erate against the insurgents, but to be
gin by occupation of important positions
and debouches of the Montenegrin
frontier; thereby a sort of cordon will
le drawn to prevent the Montenegrins
from assisting the insurgents, and the
Turkish arms turned against those at
tempting to pass the frontier, so far as
munitions of war and provisions are con
cerned. Such a disposition might an
swer, but it would be ineffective against
the passage of armed mountaineers.
The sort of truce thus established with
the insurgents will be utilized by the
governor's calling an assembly of
notables at Mostar to draft a report of
the grievances of the country, to oe sent
direct to the sultan. The sultan will
then consider all just complaints and
make special concessions to Herzego
vinia. While Herzegovinia is within
the villayette of the Masts no conces
sions will be granted without extending
them to Bosnia, which is scarcely prac
ticable, on account of the much larger
population. The Mussel men in Bosnia
are already so excited and fanatical that
there is great danger of an outbreak
leading to serious excesses. In order to
solve this difficulty Herzegovinia will be
treated an independent villayette. The
circumstances of the two provinces are
verv different in the proportion of the
Manotnmedans to the Christians in
Bosnia, being as four to six, and to Her
tegovinia ns two to one. None of the
powers will grudge Turkey merit of pac
ification of the insurgents, unaided. )n
the contrary, all of them will lie re
lieved from much inconvenience and
anxiety; only, after previous fruitless
efforts, it is doubtful whether this
eleventh-hour one is likely to be much
more successful.
Lady Burdett-Coutts has gathered
together from time to time parties of
thirty or forty workinemen and of men
in the humbler classes, nought tickets for
them, and sent them to see "Macbeth "
acted by Mr. Irving at the London Lyce
um. After they had witnessed one per
formance she then had the play read and
explained to them, taking their own opin
ions on it also, and on the acting of it ;
then they were sent again. Ihe same
thing was done with parties of school
chil dren and their teachers. This is. one
example of the thoughtful kindness and
interest in poor people of which Lady
Burdett-Coutts has given so many others.
As a practical educational measure (lie
work in doubt has value.
In the senate, on the 18th, the chair
laid before that body a communication from
the secretary of the interior, inclosing a re
port from the commmissioner of Indian af
fairs, in answer to the resolution of the
senate of the 13th in regard, to books kept
by Indian agents in compliance with section
10 of the Indian appropriation bill for the
year ending June 30, 1876. Ordered printed
and lie on the table. Mr. Thurnian present
ed the credentials of Jas B. Kustis, claiming
a aeat as senator from Louisiana, which he
sent to the clerk's desk and had read. This
led to a long debate, at the close of which
the accompanying documents were ordered
printed in the record and laid over until to
morrow. The memorial of the democratic
oonservative convention of Louisiana, held
January 6, 1876, concerning the election and
condition of the state of Louisiana, was pre
sented and referred. Bills were introduced
and referred as follows: To extend the pro
vision of the act to settle accounts between
the United States and the state of Mississip
pi, approved March 3, 1857, to other
states. Mr. Windom presented various ncti-1
tions asking an appropriation of $100,000 for I
the improvement of the upper Mississintu
river. Mr. I ragm called up the senate hill
to secure the attendance and payment of
witnesses before military courts, and sub-
iuiimmi nu anieiiunieni civine 10 everv court
martial the same power to punish witnesses
for refusing to testify as that now held by
circuit courts oi the united btates, providing
that the action of such court martial shall be
subjec to revision on a writ of habeas cor
pus bv any court or district court in the
Fnited States. Mr. V hyte moved to amend
the amendment so that no imprisonment im
posed on a civilian lor contempt shall con
tinue for more than two months. After
some discussion he modified the amendment
so as to provide that such imprisonment
ball not be for a longer period than that
imposed on a soldier or sailor for a similar
ofl'ense. The amendment of Mr. Cragin, as
amended by Mr. U hyte, was agreed to, and
the bill, as amended, was passed. The sen
ate resumed consideration of the resolution
submitted bv Mr. Davis on Wednesdav. to
appoint a special committee to investigate
the hooks and accounts ot the treasury de-
tartment. lending discussion, the senate
went . into executive session and soon after
Tn the senate, on the 19th, Mr. Thur
nian presented four petitions from citi-
eens ot Ohio, asking congressional aid for
the construction of a Southern Pacific rail
road. Referred. The sena-.o resumed con
sideration of the resolution submitted by Mr.
Davis, in regard to the books of the treasury
department. This gave rise to a lengthy de
bate, and the resolution was finally laid
aside to give Mr. Morton an opportunity to
call up his resolution in regard to the Mis
sissippi election. Mr. Morton addressed the
senate at length, but before concluding
vielded the floor, and the senate proceded to .
the consideration of executive buisness.
After a short time the doors were re-opened.
and the senate adjourned.
In the senate, on the 20th, various
petitions were presented, asking the rejiesl
of the law requiring a two cent stamp to be
affix ed to bank checks; Referred. Mr.
West introduced a bill to amend the Pacific
railway acts of Julv 1 and July 2 1SJ-I,
which provides that from and after it-sena 't
ment all Pacific railroad companies shall be
liable to pay into the treasury of the United
States the whole amount of interest hereto
fore paid by the governmenton bonds loaned
to them to aid in the constructiou of their
roads, together with interest upon the several
sums paid bv the government in the dis
charge of the- interest on said bonds, at the
rate of blank per cent., less the amount re
tained by the government for mail transpor
tation, w hich shall be credited in the account
every six months. At the expiration of the
morning hour, the consideration of the reso
lution submited by Mr. Morton in regard to
the recent election in Mississippi was re
sumed, and Mr. Morton continued his speech
begun yesterday. Mr. Sargent introduced
a hill conferring certain privileges on tele
graph companies, and provides for the
establishment of a new postal telegraph
system. Adjourned.
In the senate, on the 24th, Mr. Sher
man presented petitions of citizens ofOhio,
asking government aid iu the' construction
of the Texas and Tacific railroad. Similar
petitions were presented by Messrs. Cameron
of Pennsylvania and Wallace. All referred.
Mr. Goldwaite presented the report of the
committee of the Alabama legislature, and
the testimony taken by the committee in re
gard to the election of George Spencer, U.
S. senator. Referred. Mr. Wright, from
the judiciary committee, reported without
amendment the bill declaring the true intent
and meaning of ,the Union Pacific rail
road acts. It provides that none of these
acts shall he construed to authorize any sub
sidy or land grants to the Hannibal aud 'St.
Joseph railroad company, or the central
branch of the Union Pacific company for
any extension of the road in excess of one
hundred miles next to the Missouri river.
A bill for the relief of the widow of
L. H. Rossean, late brigadier-general U. SJ.
A. was referred. Mr. Morton said that cer
tain, papers, purporting t be the credentials
of Mr. Kustis as senator of the United States
from Louisiana, were presented, the other
day and laid on the table. He moved thejr
now be referred to the committee on privi
leges and elections. Agreed to. The chair
laid before the senate unfinished business,
being the resolution of Mr. .Morton in regard
to the recent Telect ion in Mississippi. Mr.
Morton said his health was in such a condi
tion that he would not be able to continue
his remarks. The senate resumed considera
tion of the bill to provide for a commission on
the subject of the alcoholic liquor traJtic.
Mr. Bayard submitted an amendment in
structing the commission to inquire whether
the use of opium as a substitute for nlco
holic drinks had not become more general in
consequence of legislation. The amend
ment of Mr. Bayard was rejected. Mr. Mor
rill then spoke for the bill." Pending dis
cussion the senate went into executive
session, aud soon after adjourned.
In the house, on the 18th, Mr. Knott,
from the. judiciary committee, reported a
proposed amendment to the constitution, as
follows: No person who has held or may
hereafter holl the office of president shall
ever again be eligible to said office. Made
special order for Tuesday next. Mr. Ashe
reported a bill to amend the revised statutes
in relation to naturalization. It provides
that the declaration of the intention to be
come a citizen of tnc United States may be
made before the clerk of a court, and such
declarations heretofore made are declared
legal and valid. He explained that the ob
ject of the bill was simply to restore the law
to what it had been before the printing of '
the revised statutes in wh.'ch the word :
"clerk" had been acciden tall v omitted. Bill'
passed. Mr. Ashe reported a hill to amend
section 10t9 of the revised statutes, relating
to claims for abandoned property. It au
thorizes the court of claims to take jurisdic
tion of claims of all persons who were infants, J
married women, idiots lunatics, insane per
sons, or persons who were beyond the seas
at the time of the seizure of any abandoned
or captured property, provided such claims
are already on tile, or shall be on file within
two years. Referred. Mr. Lawrence re
ported back adversely the bill to abolish
capital punishment. Ijiid on the table. The I
speaker proceeded with the call of states for
ior reierence, anu me ionowing were
introduced and referred : Providing that half
tbe duties on imports shall be collected in
lawful money; to fix a legal rate of interest
on national money throughout the United
States at not exceeding six percent; forcon
stniction of the Illinois and Mississippi ca
nal; to repeal the tax on bank deposits; for
improvement of the Mississippi river between
St, Louis and Cairo. Mr. i rye reported a
bill to extend the time for stamping un
stamped instruments te the 1st of January,
1877; passed. Also, a bill to extend forthree
months the time for claimants before the
Alabama claims committee to prove their
claims; passed. A bill was introduced by
Mr. House to restore to the pension rolls the
names of pensioners which were struck off
for disloyalty. Mr. Williams introduced a
proposed amendment to the constitution,
which was referred. It is supplementary to
the amendment proposed by Mr. Blaine,
which prohibits the distribution or control
of anv school fund or school lands to or by
sectarian schools, and is designed to extend
to prohibition. It is in these words : "Nei
ther shall money raised by taxation in any
state be appropriated for the maintenance o!
any sectarian school or sectarian institution."
In the bouse, on the 10th, Mr. Blaine
offered a resolution calling for information on
the subject of the transfer of lands within the
railroad limits allowed to union soldiers.
Adopted. Mr. Springer introduced a consti
tutional amendment providing thai congress
snail not pass any special or local lawi in re
gard to granting pensions, bounties, lands or
prize-money, or for correcting the records of
any department in relation thereto; granting
relief to any person, or autnonang the pay
ment of any claim, giving any corporation
association or individual the right to lay rail
road- tracks, or conferring any special and
exolnsive privilege on such corporation; reg-
uiaung ine practice oi kiuih or coiiiumng
special jurisdiction in particular cases;
that in 'all cases where a general Jaw can be
made applicable, no special law win be en
acted, and that courts may determine if any
special law cauld be embraced in the general I
enactment. Keferred. Jlr. Wallace pre
sented a petition, asking the passaire of a
law giving additional bounty to soldiers.
Referred. The centennial appropriation
came up for dssenssion, and without coming I
to a vote on the bill riie house adjourned.
In the house, on the 10th, Mr. Waddtll,
from the post offiee committee, reported
back adversely tie bill introduced by Mr."
Eamea. to reduce postage oa first-class mail
matter to one cent for each naif ounce. Laid
on the table. At tbe expiration of the
morning hour the hous went into committee
of the whole on the centennial appropria
tion bill. Without action on the lull, the
committee arose, and the ho as -at 4:30 ad
journed, it being understood that eulogies
on the late Vice-President Wilson would
prevent a vote being taken on the bill to
In the senate, on the 21st, the chair
laid before that body the memorial of Stan
ley Matthews & Co., of the national railroad
convention, recently held in St. Louis, set-
tin" forth the advantages or certxin thor
oughfares, and asking aid for the Southern
Pacific railroad. Referred. Mr. Sherman,
from the committee on finance, reported a
substitute for the senate bill to provide for a
commission on ' tbe subiect ot nlcohoiic
liijuor traffic. Placed on the calendar. Mr.
Logan introduced a bill to reduce the num
ber and increase the efficiency of the nieili
cal corps of th? anmv. Referred. Af'er
the expiration of the morning hour, Mr.
Bontwell announced the death of Vice-
President Wilson and delivered a grateful
eulogy, which he closed bv offering the
usual resolutions of respect. The resolution
were adopted and the senate adjourned
In the house, on the 21st, Mr. Knott
from the jndiciary committee, reported
a bill lor tbe retirement, on lull pay,
oi Judge Wilson McCandless, of the
western district of Pennsylvania, in con
sequence of physical disability, notwith
standing he has not attained the age of
seventy vears. Passed. The house then
took action on the usual resolution m honor
of the memory ot" the late Vice President Wil
son. Kulogies w ere pronounced on the vir
tues of the deceased by Messrs. Warren,
Harris (Mass.), Kelley, Knott, Clymer, Kas-
son, lianks, Lynch, Jiurlbut, Lawrence,
Lapham, Reagan, Joyce and Blair. The
most noteworthy portions of the eulogies
wss that in w hich Mr. Knott ulluded to the
celebrated visit of Mr. Wilson at the death
bed of John C. Breckinridge. Resolutions
of respect were adopted and the house ad
Ill the house, on the 22d, Mr. Steele
offered a resolution directing the committee
on appropriations to inquire into the expe
diency of making any appropriation for the
support of the Sioux Indians, and also into
the right of having white men excluded from
the Black HHls country. Adopted. Mr.
Waddell ofl'crt-d a resolution requesting the
president to communicate to the house any
communications which may have passed be
tween the government of the United States
and any European government besides Spain
in regard to the island of Cnba. Adopted.
The house then went into committee of the
whole on the centennial appropriation bill.
A debate ensued of an unimportant charac
ter, and the committee rose without taking
action on the bi'.L Notice wss given that the
previous question will be called on the bill
Tuesday. Adjourned.
In the house, on the 24th, bills were
introduced and referred as follows: Amen,
datory of the bankrupt law. To fund the
legal tender debt of the United States. For
funding the legal tender notes into 40 year
4 per cent, gold bonds to the amouat of
$400,000,000, at rates not to exceed $3,000,
000 a month. To protect life on steamships,
boats and sailing vessels; also, to provide
means of cheap transportation on interior
waters. To abolish'tax on spirits distilled
from fruit. For the transfer of the eastern
lands of the Cherokee Indians to the juris
diction of North Carolina, Granting boun
ties to heirs of soldiers in the late war who
enlisted" for less than a year, and who were
killed or died by reason of service. For the
appointment of three additional aeents to
investigate and adjust claims pending before
the southern claims commission. For im
provement of the Cumberland river. To
provide for cheap transportation of freight
between the Atlantic and Ohio and Missis- i
sippi valleys. For the improvement of the
Illinois river. For repairs of levee along
the Mississippi river in Illinois. Preparatory
to the rudemprion of United States notes
and the resumption of specie payments.
To reduce the tax on tobacco and whisky.
To restore to the pension rolls of the war of
1812, the names of persons struck off for dis
loyalty. Fon consideration by the court of
claims of the claims of southern citizens for
quartermasters' stores and supplies. Mr.
Whitthorne offered a resolution calling on
tbe secretary of the treasury for information
as to the fund arising out'of tha proceeds
of captured or abandoned property.
The- house refused to suspend the rules,
and the resolution was not adopted.
Mr. Kasson offered a resolution for discon
tinuance of the annual agricultural report,
and the publication iu its stead of the month
ly agricultural report. Referred. Mr. Grover
oflerei a resolution for the appointment of a
select committee to inquire into tbe nature
and history of what in known as "The Real
Estate Pool," in which .lay Cooke'A Co. were
interested. Adopted. Mr. Banning offered
a resolution cabling on tbe secretary of war
for information as to pay and allowances of
army officers stationed ia Washington since
March, ISriO. Adopted. Mr. Rainey offered
a resolution calling on the secretary of the
treasury for a full and complete report from
the commissioners of (he Freedmen's bank.
Adopted.' The speaker announced the ap-
pointment ot tae ionowing aonitioniu mem
bers on the committee of expenditures in the
department of justice : Messrs. Purbaro,
Cochrane, McMahon, and Conger. Mr. Hol
ntan offered a resolution instructing the ju
diciary committee to inquire whether im
proper and fraudulent means were resorted
to to influence legislation on the Texas Paci
fic railroud bill on the third of March, 1S71,
and whether contracts and combinations
were subsequently entered into by the com
pany in vit jition of that act. Adopted.
The Lale Baron Rothschild.
The Jewinh Messenger says "of the de
ceased I5aron Anthony Rothschild, sec
ond son of the late Nathan Meyer Roths
child, who died in London, January 4th,
aged sixty-si years: The death of any
member of this influential family would
be a noted event for the world at large,
but, to those professing the Jewish faith,
the loss of .Sir Anthony has a personal
bearing that will make many truly
mourn a generous and whole-souled Israe
lite. Tire deceased was born in Ixmdon
in 1810. In 1848 he was created a baro
net bv the queen. He was made high
sheriff of the r-unty of Buck, in 1861.
He figured in many public movements.
From .his early manhood he displayed a
deep interest in Jewish matters, being
for many years president of the Jewa
free schools! aid their most generous bene
factor. He was one of the board of
guardians of the Jews' Hospital, and
president of the United Syriagogues. He
was ever ready in purse and: person to
aid any communal eause that appealed
to his sympathies, and, although there
are many representatives to take his
place financ ially, in aid of charity, his
pleasant fa and large heart will be
missed in the many Jewish benevolent
institutions in London that he had
fostered. Tbe marriage of his daughter
with Elliot Yorke was a 8ortffiictioii
to him, and, although be was present at
the wedding, and was on visiting terms
with his tlaughter and son-in-law, he
never forgot the blow that was dealt by
this intermarriage.
A huge petrifaction, formed almost
entirely of serpents in various positions,
but making a solid mass, has been found
near the line of the Baltimore and Ohio
FEBRUARY 4, 1876.
"Bock of Ages, cleft fur roe,"
ThwughUrsaly the maiden suns,
Fell Um words uaeonacioaaly
From Dor girnsh fclfieful bmu :
Sang aa the little children iog ;
Sang as sins tbe birds in June:
Fell the words like light leaTes dowi
on the -current ot the tunc
Rock of Aees. clelt for me.
Let m hide myself ia Thee."
" Let me hide myself In Thee."
Felt heraoul no need to hide ;
Sweet tbe eongaa song could be
And she had no thought besides:
All the words unheedingly
w Fell from the lips untouched by cart ,
muiiing not they each might be
On some other lips a prayer
11 Rock of Ages, cleft for me,
Let me bide myself in Thee."
" Bock of Ages, cleft for ine"
'Twaa a woman sung them now,
';' Pleadingly and prayerfully -
l-ery word her hflart did know.
Hose t lie fng as strn-4oed bird
Beats with every wing theuir,
Eveiy note with sorrow slii red
- F.ery ay liable a prayer
" Rock of Agm cleft for me,
It me hide myself in Thee."
' Rook of Ages, cleft for me"
Lip grown aged sung the hymn
. TrustiuKW and tenderly :
Voice grown weak and eyes gio rn dim
" I ct me hide myaeii in 1 nee.
Trem Wing though the voice, and low,
Kan the sweet strain peacefully,
" Like a river in its flow.
Sung as only tliey can sin-'
A' ho life's thorny path have pressed ;
Sung as only they can sing
ft' ho behold the promised rest
' Rock of A;re, cleft for me.
Let me hide myself iu Thee." .
" Rock of Ages cleft for me,"
fcung above a coflin-lid ;
Jnlernith, all restfully, - '
All life's jovs and sorrows hid.
.NeTer mora. O xtonn tossed aonl I
Never mi r from wind or tide,
2Cever more from billows' roll.
Wilt thou need thyself to hide.
Could tlie sightless, sunken eyes,
Clneed beneath the wft gray hair,
Could tbe mute and stiffened lips
Move again in pbuding prayer,
Ktill, aye, still the words would lie,
1 Let me hide myself in thee."
The Ti tie Slory of a 33a n who whs Lost
and round.
Who of my vouns readers have not
read the sorrowful story of fc.nocn Arden,
so sweetly and simply told by the great
English poet? It is the story ot a man
who went to sea, leaving liehind a sweet
votinjr wife and little daughter. He was
cast awav on a desert island, where he
remained several vears, when he was dis
covered, and taken on by a passing vessel.
Coming back to his native town, he
found his wife married to an old play
mate; a good man, rich and honored,
with whom she was living happily. The
poor man,' unwilling to cause her paim
and perplex it v, resolved not to make
himself known to her, and lived and died
alone. The iiocm has reminded nie of a
verv similar story oi my own iew Eng
land neighborhood, which I have often
heard, and which I will try to tell, not
in poetry, like Alfred Jennyson s, Dut in
my own poor prose. I can assure my
readers that, in its main particulars, it
is a true tale.
One bright summer morning, more than
three score years ago, Ifcivid Matron,
with his voting wife and two healthy,
barefooted bo vs, stood on the bank of the
. " ii rri
river, near their aweinng. iney were
waiting there for felatiati Curtis to come
round the point with his wherry, to take
the hushwind and father to the port a few
miles below. The Lively Turtle was
about to sail on a voyage to !?pain, and
David was to go in her as mate, lhey
stood there in the lovely morning sun
shine, talking cheertully; but haa you
been near enough you could have seen
tears in Anna Matson's blue eyes, for she
loved her husband, and knew there was
always danger on the sea.
And David's bluff, cheerv voice trem
bled a little now and then, for the honest
sailor loved his snug home on the Merri
mac. with the dear wife and her pretty
boys. But presently the wherry came
al(Jugside, and David was ju-st stepping
in it, when he turned back to kiss his
wife and bovs.
" In with you, man," said Pelatiah
Curtis. " There's no time for kissing and
such fooleries when the tide Berves."
And so they parted. Anna and her
boys went back to their home, and David
to the port from whence he sailed ofr in
the Li velv Turtle. And months passed ;
autumn followed the summer, and winter
the autumn ; aud then spring came ;
anon it was summer on the river side,
and he did not come back. And another
year passed, and then old sailors and
fishermen shook their heads solemnly,
w . a w a m ii . ..
and said the J-iiveiy junie was a iosi
ship, and would never come back to port.
Ard poor Anna had her bombazine gown
dyed black, and her straw bonnet trimmed
in mourning ribbons, and thencerortn
waa known only as the Widow Matson.
And how was it all this time with
David himself?
Now vou must know that the Moham
medan people of Algiers and TriiKiu,
Mogdore and bailee, on the Barbary
coast, had for a long time Isn in the
habit of fitting out galleys and armed
boats t) seize upon merchant vessels of
Christian nations, and make slaves of
their crews and passengers, just as men
calling themselves Christian in America
were senamg vessels to Ainca to cai-cn
black slaves for their plantations. The
Lively Turtle fell into the hands of one
of these roving sea robbers, and the crew
were taken to Algiers, and sold in the
market-place as slaves, poor David Mat-
son amonrr the rest.
When a loy ho had learned the trade
of ship carpenter with his father, on the
Merrimae, and now he was set at work in
the dockyards. His master, who was
naturally a kind man, did not overwork
him. lie had daily his three loaves of
bread, and when his clothing was worn
out its place was supplied by the coarse
cloth of wool and camel's hair, woven by
the Berlier women. Three hours before
sunset he was released from work, and
Friday, which is the Mohammedan fciab
bath, was a day of entire rest. Once a
year, at the season called Ramcan, he
was left at leisure for a whole week.
ro time went on days, weeks, months
and years. His dark hair became gray.
He still dreamed of his old home on the
Merrimae, and of his good Anna and her
boys. He wondered whether they were
yet living, what thev thought of him,
and what they were doing. The hopaof
ever seeing them again grew fainter and
fainter, and at last nearly died out ; and
he resigned himself to his late as a slave
for life.
But cue day a handsome middle aged
gentleman, in the dress of one of bis own
countrymen, attended by a great officer
of the Dey, entered the ship-yard, and
called up before him the American cap
tives. The stranger was none other than
Joel Barlow, commissioner of the United
States to procure the liberation of slaves
belonging to that government. He took
the men iy the hand as they came up,
and they were free. As you might ex
pect, the poor fellows were very grate
ful: some laughed, some wept for joy,
some shouted and sang, and threw up
their caps, while others, with David
Matson among them, knelt down on the
chips and thanked God for the great de
liverance. "This is a very affecting scene," said
the commissioner, wiping nis eyes. 'I
must keep the impression of it for my
Columbiad ;" and drawing out his tab
lets he proceeded to write on the spot an
apostrophe to Freedom which afterward
found a place in his great epic.
David Matson had saved a little money
during captivity, by odd jobs and work
on holidays. He trot a parage to Ma
laga, where he liought a nice shawl for
his wife and a watch for each of his boys.
He then went to the quay, where an
American ship was lying just ready to
sail for Boston.
Almost the firft man he saw on board
was Pelatiali Curtis, who had rowed him
down to the port seven years before. He
found that his old neighbor did not
know him, so changed was he with his
loner beard and Moorish dress, whereup
on, without telling bis name, ne began
! to pat questions about his old hame, and
nnally asked if he knew Mrs. Watson
1 rather think 1 do, said Uelatian ;
she s my wife. .
"Your wife!" cried, the other. "Sho
is mine before God and mart. I am
David Matson, and ahe is the mother of
my children.1
in v cnimrpn. .
"And mine too," said Telatiah. "I
left her with a babv in her arms. If you
are David Matson, your right to her is
outlawed ; at any rate she is mine, and I
am not the man to give her up."
"God is great P' said poor David Mat-
son, unconsciously repeating the lamu-
: 1. 1 1 T ' HIT!.
mr wurus oi aiosiem suomission. nis
will be done. I love her, but I shall
never see her again ; give these, with my
tdessing, to the rood womau and -the
boys," and he handed over.with a sigh, the
little bundle containing the guts for his
wire and children.
He shook hands with, his rival. Tel
atiah," he said. looking back as he left
the ship, "be kind to Anna and my
Ay, ay, sir, responded the sailor, in
a caaaeless tone. lie watched the poor
man passing slowly up the narrow street
until out of sight, "It's a hard case for
old David." he said, heloinz himself to a
fresh quid of tobacco ; "but In glad rve
seen the lastof him.
Pelatiah Curtis reached home. He told
Anna tbe story of her husband, and laid
his gifts in her lap. She did not shriek
nor faint, for she was a healthy woman,
with strong nerves ; but she stole awav
by herself and wept bitterly. fc5he lived
many years after, but could never be
persuaded to wear the pretty shawl
which the husband of her youth had
sent as his farewell iri ft. There is, how
ever, a tradition that, in accordance with
her dying wish, it was wrapped about
her poor old shoulders in the coffin, and
with her.
The little old bull's eye watch, which
is still in possession of one of her grand
children, is now all that remains to tell
the tale of David Matson, the lost man.
Indian Jugglers Before the Prince of
Pr. Uussell's Letter to the Lon-lou Times.
One day at Parell his royal highness
had an hour of quiet amusement in
camp, watching the tricks of some In
dian jugglers and snake charmers, which
have been described a hundred times over,
and which never lose their interest for
the spectator. After breakfast a ragged
train of fellows leading apes and carry
ing bags were seen coming up the main
street of the camp to one ot the tents.
These were followed by seven or eight
ujjlv, shapeless elderly women in bright
drapery, carrying what are considered
here musical instruments. They all squat
ted under the shade of the trees in front
of oneof the tents apart conjurors, ape
leaders, singing women.
Ihe jugglers and snake cnarmers were
the first to show off. They were only
two old chatty fellows, whose skin hung
on their bones as it it were cracicea
brown paper. They did some clever
passes, swallowed and spat out fire,
and produced an enchanted inexhausti
ble water vessel, walked on wooden pat
tens held on by the action of the feet
making a vacuum in fact the withered,
vivacious old iuirfiler and his ragged old
confederate performed all the orthodox
tricks of their confraternity. Where
did he get the cobras which he produced
suddenly out of two baskets which had
been turned over, inside out, in our pres
ence? It was not the drumming of his
friend or the playing on the dry gourd
which drew the reptiles out of the cover.
Meanwhile a mango under the flirty
cloth was erowine, and in an interval of
snake work the old fellow dashed at the
latter and exposed a fresh, bright mango
tree, some emhteen inches high in the
CTound. where he had apparently only
put in a mango seea. rxpreswion.i oi
i V r
wonder followed ; then the cloth was
thrown over the tree, and another of the
famous legendary legerdemain feats was
executed. A shallow basket, about
eighteen inches high and three feet long,
with a cover, was placed before the
prince. It was plain there was no de
ceit. At a call there came out Irom the
eroup of natives near at hand a lad of
twelve, or so, slight of figure and pleas
ant of face, with not an article of dress
save his loin cloth and a dirty turban.
Him the old man, chattering awhile,
bound hand and foot a la Brothers Any-
one in twine. xnen a sacn, mane oi
strong netting, was produced and the old
fellow slipped it over the lad, whom he
squeezed down on his haunches, so that
he could tie the cords securely over his
head and lifted him from the ground to
prove how secure he was. He seemed to
use great force to put the lad into the
basket and to have much difficulty in
fitting the lid on the top of him. When
that was done the music was renewed by
one, and the other juggler began, to talk
to his basket. Presently the lid was
agitated, and the cord and net were jerked
out and fell on the ground. Then the
juggler ran at the basket in a fury,
jumped on the top, crushed in the lid,
. i -. . i . . i i .
stamped on it, iook a buck, mm urove ii.
with force through the wicker worx.
The basket was emptv. Then there
came a voice aa of the lad who had lieen
inside, and lo, there was just such a
youth upon one of the trees. The
mango tree, when next uncovered, ap
peared hung with tiny fruit.
A'abohs of India.
Bull Run Russell describes some of
the gorgeously dressed native princes of
India who met the. Prince of Wales at
Calcutta. The Maharajah of Pultiala,
who first dashed up to the Viceroy's
residence with outriders and escort, was
conducted up the stejw under a golden
umbrella. The Maharajah is a fine
looking man of twenty-two. He speaks
English, placed 100,(100 at the disposal
of the government during the famine
and gave 7,000 to the Lahore Univer
sity. He rules over nearly two millions
of people and an extent of o,500 square
miles. The state revenue exeeeds 400,
000. Next a salute of nineteen guns
hearlded the arrival of Holkar, the Ma
harajah of Indore. Huge in stature and
bulk, dressed simply, but decorated with
diamonds and emeralds of great value.
Then came the Maharajah of Jodhpoor,
dressed in immense petticoats of many
folds, reaching nearly to the ankle, gath
ered in by a circular roll of gold tissue
from the waist. His head-dress was a
small turban, bound around his brow
with a golden fillet blazing with jewels
of extraordinary size. Next came the
Maharajah of Jevpoor, who has nine
wives but no children. He rules over
2,000,000 people and 15,00" square miles
of territory. The Maharajah of Cashmere
next arrived. He and his Hirdars wore
the bikh head-dress and were ablaze
with jewels- He had been with diffi
culty persuaded to cut down his gifts
from X50,000 to 5,000 in value. To
all the chiefs the'prinee gave gold medals
of commemoration. Next from a closed
brougham alighted a figure closely veiled.
Beneath a robe and close-fitting trousers
Kretty feet "stole in and out." Another
gure followed. Tho screen before the
eyes was too thick to be pierced, but the
Begum of Bopal saw everything. She is
not yet forty vears of age. rihe seemed
bowed down, but her daughter, not yet
eighteen, walked just as feebly. It is
often iuch women as these who rule
native states. The prince received the
veiled ladies most graciously. They did
not unveil, but it is said they are fair to
VOL. XXI. NO. 30.
-H ta - JoaT IaTla
; : Alter aieltvikarf.
j Charles C Jones in Scribner for February.
Althnus'b.nhe 'camrmiiTB -into Tenn-
sylvania was. 1101 uniruiirut oi itrsuiut
beufiicial. to uie soutnern states ; al
though by the recent shock of anna and
this aggressive movement the federal
advance 'nnon Richmond had been
h njlr flayed h.
i - o i-j . , .
delivered from the waste and burden oi
hostile invasions ; although General Lee
nau, rrom perilous environment,
drawn hi army strong in organization,
proud in spirit, and with confidence un
shaken, and was in full possession of his
legimate line of defense, he couia not
but acknowledge that ail had noi rjeen
accomplished which the late advance
was desicmed to compass. " This has
been a sad day for us, colonel, a sad
day; but we can t expect always to gain
victories. J was his remark to uoionei
Freemantle. as. sublime in his indif
ference to personal dancer, and calm in
the midst of the hurry, and confusion of
the scene, tht confederate leader encour
aged his men' when, .torn and worn rv
the battle, they fell back before the tri
umphant roar of the federal artillery
which nwpnt tb whole vallev and slope
of (Seminary Ridge with shot and shell.
As a soldier, and as the chief captain of
the confederate hosts, he admittea tnat
he had been foiled of his aim ; and
altheueh. in his own lamruaee. if a spirit
of disappointment and discontent exisiea
in hfs army, his brother officers had been
too kind to report it, and his troojm too
eenerous to exhibit it, the tone of the
'. . . ..." . .r
public press and the sentiment of the
country indicated aissatisiaciion wiin
the result ot a campaisrn from which
grander achievements had been blindly
expected than the troops' and resources
1 . .. i u : -
empioyea in its conuucv uugui., iu icn
mn tn liavp liiKtifipd- It was not in
human nature, and its mot heroic de
velopment and conscious of its noblest
effort, t remain under the circumstances
emtirelv indifferent to or unaffected by
such expressions. As at the time of
P ckett's renulse he said to uenerai
Wilcox, who in sorrow reported the
almost total destruction oi nis ongaue:
" Never mind, general, all this has been
mv fault : it is I who have lost the fight,
... . . . , . i , . . ,
and you most help me out of it the best
way you can " so now, at Camp Or
ansre. with a dienitv. a manhood, and a
generosity the most remarkable, denying
- - . - - ... . .
110 responsiDlllty, suggesting no eacunen,
indulfrinir in no censure, he shielded
others by taking upon himself alone the
soul depressing burden of the general
It was under such circumstances that
the following noble letter was penned :
Camp Orange. 8 Aucrust. 186.1.
Mr. President: Your letters of 28
July and 2 Aug. have been received, and
I have waited for a leisure hour to re
ply, but I fear that will never come. I
am extremely obliged to you for the at
tention mven to the wants ol this army,
and the efforts made to supply them.
Our absentees are returning, and I hope
the earnest and beautiful appeal made to
the country in your proclamation may
stir up the whole people, and that tbey
may see their duty and perform it.
Nothing is wanted but that their forti
tude should equal their bravery, to in
sure the success of our cause. We must
expect reverses, even defeats. They are
sent to teach us wisdom and prudence,
to call forth greater energies, and to pre
vent our falling into greater disasters.
Our people have only to be true and
united, to bear manfully the misfortunes
incidental to war, and all will come right
in the end.
I know how prone we are to censure,
and how ready to blame others for the
non-fulfillment of our expectations.
This is unbecoming in a generous peo-
pie, ana i grieve to see its expression.
The general remedy lor the want ol suc
cess in a military commander is his re
moval. This is natural, and in many
instances proper. For, no matter what
may be the activity of the officet, if he
loses the confidence of his troops, disas
ter must sooner or later ensue.
I have been prompted by these reflec
tions more than once since my return
from Pennsylvania to propose to your
excellency the propriety of selecting an
other commander for this army. I have
seen and heard expressions of discontent
in the expedition. I do not know how
far this feeling extends in the army. My
brother officers have been too kind to re
port it, and so far the troops have been
too generous to exhibit it. It is fair,
however, to suppose that it does exist,
and success is so necessary to us that
nothing should be risked to secure it. I,
therefore, in all sincerity, request your
excellency to take measures to supply
my place. I do this with the more earn
estness because no one is more aware
than myself of my inability for the
duties of my position. I cannot even
accomplish what I myself desire. How
can I fulfill the expect ions of others?
In addition, I sensibly feel the growing
failure of my bodily strength. I have
not yet recovered from the attack I ex
perienced the past spring. I am Incom
ing more and more incapable of exertion,
and am thus prevented from making the
personal examinations and giving the
personal supervision tj the operations in
the field which I feel to lc necessary I
am so dull that in making use of the
eyes of others I am frequently misled.
Everything, therefore, points to the ad
vantages to lie derived from a new com
mander, and I the more anxiously urge
the matter upon your excellency from
my belief that a younger and abler man
than myself can readily be obtained. I
know that he will have as gallant and
brave an army as ever existed to second
his efforts, and it would be the happiest
day of my life to see at its bead a worthy
leader; one that would accomplish more
than I could perform, and all that I hae
wished. ,1 hope your excellency will
attribute my rc;u?-t to the true reason,
the desire to serve my country, and to
do all in my power to insure the success
of her righteous cause.'
I 'have no com plaints to make of any
one but myself. I have received noth
ing but kindness from those above me,
ana the most considerate attention from
my comrades and companions in arms.
To your excellency I am specially in
debted for uniform kindness and con
sideration. You have done everything in
your power to aid me in the work com
mitted to my charge, without omitting
anything to promote tbe general welfare.
I -pray that "your efforts mav at length
be crowned with success, and that you
may long live to enjoy the thanks ot -a
grateful people.
, With sentiments of great esteem, I
am, very respectifully and truly youis,
R. E. Let, General.
His Excellency Jefferson Davis Presi
dent Confederate States.
An inquest was held recently in the
caseof adeceascd clergyman, aged seventy
three, residing at Leamington, England,
at which it appeared that, compelled by
poverty, he had lived for several years
upon i. per day, subsisting on bread,
milk, cheese and cocoa. He was found
lifeless in his room. The jury said he
died " from natural causes." Clergymen
in England are not always well-clothed,
well-fed, and well paid. We treat them
better in this country especially in
The Parsees of Bombay, during the
receptions that took place while the
Prince of Wales was there, appeared in
the full-dress night-gowns which for cen
turies they have been in the habit of
wearing on state and festive occasions.
It is time that' they reformed their habits.
Where did yon come from, doar ?
Out of tbe everywhere into here.
Where did too Ret your eye of hlne ?
Out of tb iky aa I came through.
What makes the right In them sparkle aud iu ?
Borneo! the atarry apls.es left in.
Where did you Ret that little lrf
I found It waiting when I got here.
What tux ken your forehead bo amootb and high ?
A aoft hood troke it at I went ly.
WhaOakra your cheeks like a warm, white ros ?
I aaw something better than any out knows.
Whence tnat three-cornered aniile of 1.11m ?
Three angela gave me at once a kins.
Whero did you get thi pearly ear?
Uod apoke, and It cajpe out te hear.
yon get
Itself ii
Love mad
int hock and bands.
Feet, whence did yon come, you darling things?
From tba same box as the cherub's wius.
How did they all Just come to 1 you T
Uod thought about me, and so I grew.
But bow did you come to us, you cleor ?
Uod thought about you, and so I am bei e.
THE people of western Gtorgia are stil
immigrating to Texas in large numbers.
A TRCBT company is a concern which
trusts the money of one man in the hands
of another.
It requires ess philosophy to take
things as they come than it (1h?s to part
with them as they go.
"If there is anything wl .'. h w illmale
my mouth water," said an old toper, "I
don't want to see it."
Thb Herald of Health flesh meat
tends to make men liold. enterpriMinr-
and courageous, while vcg i.ibles render
men peaceful, benevolent and virtuous.
Cultivated and superior as the Roa-
tonians affect to be, tln-y luni out best
to see plnvs that are " full ot fierce emo
tion and strone excitement." They want
something of the " Ha, ha.ha, all is lost."
in their amusements.
"I'll be down again in a few days and
bring you father's name ami address,"
was the thoughtful remark of a youth
the other day, when he dropped in at a
marble worker'B to select a gravestone
tor bis paternal relative.
"No, George," she said in response
to his question, ' it is not true that a
string of new belt buckles in a shop win
dow would make any woman lose a train ;
but." she added musingly, "sometimes
she might have to run a little."
" It isa settled pri nciple, you r honor,
said an eminent lawyer, " that causes al-
nmilnM ofWts " "Thev alwavs
do for the lawyers." rescinded the judge ;
but l ve sometimes Known a cause to
deprive a client of all his effects.'
Why ahould the rich ilnanlw the i)or 7
Why should the poor repine?
A little whiln, and wc kIiiiII all
In eual fxiemlkhip join.
Life at the lct i but a j-t,
And ban uh wintry u:iy,
But since we're here, Willi Mend mo dear,
We'lJ drive dull care away.
Charcoal has boon discovered to be a
. i
cure tor Dtirns. ny laying a piece i
cold charcoal tijion a bum the pain sub
sides immediately. By leaving the char
coal on one hour tho wound is ncaieu, as
haa been demonstrated on several occa
sions. A simple looking country lad, to
whose lot fell the loading question in tho
catechism, "What is votir name? re
plied: "Carrots!" "W ho gave you that
name?" "All the boys in the parish,
sir," whiningly replied the red-haired
"Charles," said a young wife to her
husband, as they sat at the window
watching the fashionables on iiieir way
tr church, "when vou die and I cot hold
of the insurance money I intend to have
a fur cape and muff just like that lady
has on over there."
The First Baptist church erected in
San Francisco was latelv sold for a Chi
nese, onium factorv. The old transom
street church in Philadelphia is now used
as a stable, and the church on hevenlli
street, below Arch, from which Dr. Kane
was buried, is converted into a comic op
era house.
A LADY rcniakod to a popular divine
that his sermons were a little too long.
"Don't you think so?" said she "just a
little?" "Ah! dear madam," replied
the divine, "I am afraid you don't like
the sincere milk of the word. les, 1
do," said she; "but you know the
fashion, nowadavs, is condensed milk."
Mr Lincoln used to tell a story of a
Winchester confederate, who was so over
joyed at receiving his pardon that he ex
claimed : "Thank vou, Mr. President !
Thank vou 1 Now I'm pardoned I s pose
I'm as good a union man as any of you
emphatically one of you again. But
didn t Stonewall Jackson give usiuunocr
in the valley?"
The Raiah of Kolatx.re, a Hindoo
Prince of hiirh rank, w ho died near Flor
ence in 1H70 when on a tour in Europe,
was cremated bv "j.ecial erinisbion
in the court of the residence that ho had
hired. The Bombay (Jn:rll- lately re
ported the completion of a handsome
monument which has leen erected to
contain the ashes of the Prince.
It was in Omaha. A lawyer was ad
dressing the judtie, and the judge was
eating jioanuts and reading a novel. 1 ho
lawyer bore it sonic time, and then an
grily remarked: " I suppose I'm entitled
to claim the attention oi mm niuu,
"Well, sir," retorted the judge, "tho
court has long stisis'cted you, and will
do its duty the first chance it gets.
Kb, a trirl of seven teen, walked un-
' T -.1. I 4 l. I
dertne mapies a iiiomn ngi, noo wmnni
the golden leaves, and said, " O leaves,
. . n 1 It A
you remind me oi crusnru noju-s nm;
scattered plans." lie, her father, found
them in a nail keg the other day, and
Hhook them down in the corner of tbu
woodshed, and said, " Iberc, that dog
haa got just as good a led as any taiuiio
in this town :
He had made a hearty meal at a res
taurant, and rising up he said to tfi
cashier: " I declare, if I haven't forgotten
my wallet." The cashier fired up, ami
hurled big words at him for full three
minutes before pausing for breath. v hen
a chance came, the stranger continued:
But I have fifty dollars here in my vest
liocket." The cashier cotildn t smile to
sava him.
A LADY who had just lost her husband
, . ! tl A I.
was weeping ana lamenting:
mother," she cried, raising her eyes to
heaven, "1 should gia-uy give nan niy
life to 1e eight davs older." " Why, my
child?" asked her mother. The bereaved
one, regarding affectionately the photo
graph of her dead husband, answered,
" Because, then I should no longer m
grieving over my loss.
In his last illness ssr Hood was
reduced to a skeleton. As he noticed a
very large mustard jwuiltice which Mrs.
Hood was making for him he exclaimed ;
" Oh, Mary ! Mary ! That will be a great
deal of mustard to a very little meat I"
Hhortly liefore his death, being visited by
a clergyman, whose features aa well Wf
language were more lugubrious than co J
soling, Hood looked up at him compas
sionately and said: "My dear sir, I'm
afraid your religion doesn't agree with
A young man in Chicago was recently
found dead in his room, and tho supposi
tion was that he had committed suicide
by poisoning; but upon analyzing tho
contents of his stomach nothing bat the
following were found in it: Pickle,
pound cake, lemonade, cold turkey, beer,
fried oysters, cold punch, ham sandwich,
spongecake, beef tea, mince pies, cham
pagne, lobster, game pie, fruit cake, tea,
chicken salad, whisky, coffee, bologna
sausage, port, cheese, sardines and sherry.
The jury returned a verdict of "Died
through the visitations of friends."
" Man is daring ami confident wo
man is diffident and unassuming. Mau
is great in action woman in suffering.
Man has a rugged heart woman a sou.
and tender one. Man has science wo
man has taste. Man has judgment
woman sensibility. Man is a Deing of
justice woman an angel of mercy'
We will now read to the audience a let
ter from a sweet and tender young lady
of Ft. IiOuis to her strong and rugged
brother: "My Dear Brother I think
it strange you don't write to me. Why
don't you write to me as usual. D
your skin to h , if you ar-3 married tell
me and I won't never write to you again.
Yoar loving sister, Annie Moran."

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