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The herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, April 14, 1876, Image 1

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execution quite out of the usual
order of legal destruction in this conn
try is announced to take place at Salt
Lake on the 22d of June. A murderer
is to bo shot instead of hanged, the laws
of the territory permitting the ghastly
choice between these methods of making
-his exit. The rifle team may yet dis
place, the rope, and with marksmen who
understand their business we shall not
be under the necessity of adopting Mr.
Garwood's horible improvement in ties.
A summary of the party results at
the late election to the French chamber
of deputies shows that 3,073,000 votes
Mere given for the republic, 1,413,000
for the empire, and 1,391,000 votes re
present' the combined strength of the
Bourbon and Orleanist monarchies.
About three and a half million voters
abstained from voting. Of the votes
given the republicans cast 433,000 more
than a half, or a majority of 800, W0
over bath monarchists and the empire.
Ime French hygiene commission has
made a report to the Paris municipality
in respect to cremation. The report sets,
forth that if the system of common
graves is to be continued cremation would
oiler great sa.iitary advantages. The
ooni mission foresees, however, that legis
lative obstacles would arise, as the de
struction of IkmUcs would, prevent the
detection of certain crimes. If adopted,
the commission thinks cremation should
lie made optional, and an autopsy should
be made in every case where it is re
tried to.' - --r- ' '
The first pure glucose made in this
country is lieing manufactured at the
glucose works in this city. The demand
for 11k- article by confectioners alone, in
the United States, is immense. The
sources of supply heretofore have Wen
France and (icrmuny, where glucose is
made from potatoes. Here it is the pro
duct of com wholly. It is pleasing to
the taste as honey. The production of
graj-c sugar and glucose opens a new de
part nient for Iowa corn. The capacity of
the works here is COO bushels er day.
This, branch of manufacture bids fair to
become of immense importance to the
state and country. JMi-(jort (Iowa)
The French ministerof marine reports
a gradual falling off in the sardine fishe
ries, owing to the inadequate supply of
bait, the roe of codfish from the Ameri
can li.-heries having heretofore been relied
on for that purpose. It has been found,
however, that erasshoiters pounded into
a paste imitate the roe so exactly that
the most knowing of the sardines cannot
distinguish the difference; and accord
ingly the French government has im
ported large quantities f the insects
from Algeria in order to try the new
bait on a large scale. Should the exper
iment prove an entire success the grass
hopper problem which has so puzzled
the western agriculturist may be consid
ered solved.
A correspondent of the London
Telegraph describes a breakfast to which
lie was invited by the khedive of Egypt,
and which consisted of not less than
twenty-two courses, and it lasted until
three o'clock. About the cheapest wine
was hock at fourteen dollars a bottle,
and one dish of a peculiar small and del
icate rice, grown on the khedive's own
estates, cost one Ion is a grain, or about
two dollars and fitty cents a mouthful.
It is hardly necessary to say which is
probably the reason that the correspon
dent doesn't do it that while you arc
eating this rice a gorgeously-uniformed
inamalukc stands by with a musket
loaded with slugs, ami at the end of the
first mouthful you have to stop.
The Ix)ndon Daily News publishes
the following synopsis of the annual pro
duce of gold and silver from all sources
or the last twenty-five years: The
itiinquennial average production of gold
f rom 1852 to 1850 was 2,.),900,000 ; from
1S57 to 1801, 24,00O,0tM); from 1802 to
I K0;, 22,700, 000; from 1 807 to 1871,
.23,000,000; and from 1871 to 1875, 20,
100,000, thus showing a steady decrei.se,
while the opposite U the case with silver,
viz.: 1852-'50, 8,100,000; )857-'01, 8,
1X0,000; 1862-YiO, 9,900,000 ; 1S07-'71,
10,000,000; and 1871-75, 13,900,000.
The News attributes the great fall in
-iiver, which amounts to threeiencc
in the ruj-ee, or alxiiit twelve jer cent,
in India, to its increasing disuse, while
the reverse holds god for gold.
Mn. Diskaki.1, who is admitted by
Englishmen to be one of the most effec
tive parliamentary sjienkers of the last
two generations, has one jwculiarity that
might be imitated with advantage by the
legislators of this country. By far the
larger proportion of his speeches, includ
ing many of the more brilliant, have not
exceeded twenty minutes' duration. It
lias been ascertained that the Old Testa
ment was written with 5,042 words, that
Milton used only 8,000 words for the
making of his poems, and that Shaks
pcaie employed only 15,000.- The moral
of these figures is that if there are, com
paratively speaking, so few words in the
English Janguagc, a man who talks for
two hours on a single subject falls under
the grave suspicion of vain repetition,
not to say causeless cackl:ng.
Nor.TH Cai.oi.ixa claims not only that
Hrtion of her people adopted the first
eclaration of indejendence of Great
ritnin, over a year lieforc the famous
declaration of the colonial congress, but
that the first victorious tight of the revo
lution was (ought and won by North
Carolinians on North Carolina soil. This
was the battle of Moore's creek, fought
on the 27th of February, 177G. The
royal forces engaged in this battle were
mostly Scotch Highlanders who had set
tled in North Carolina, and who had for
l heir lenders chieftains who fought in the
bloody battle of Culloden. They were
commissioned by Josiah Martin, the royal
governor of North Carolina, and directed
to put down the "rebels and traitors"
who had raised the standard of revolt.
They munlered about l,iOO, while the
whigs mimliered 1,000. The tories were
utterly routed. In 18.37 the anniversary
of this battle was celebrated. In 1851 a
monument was erected; and this year
the centennial was celebrated with appro
priate ceremonies.
X- .' 1
Why was one hundred and ninety-six
pounds selected as the weight of a" bar
rel of flour? Because weights formerly
computed by tons of two thousand two
hundred and forty pounds, hundred
weights by one hundred and twelve
pounds, quarters, etc., and a quarter
lx-ingone quarter of a hundred weight
(r twenty-eight pounds, and seven quar
ters, or one hundred and ninety-six
pounds, Wing the limit that could lie
conveniently handled, this weight was
a lopt-ed by statute in England under a
heavy penalty for its violation.
There is a town in Maine whree, after
three days' hard work, the citizens raised
. -wenty-two cents for the widow of a man
vjio was accidentally killed.
Mississippi will be represented at the
centennial ly a handsome i building, com
posed of every variety of wood grown in the
The California legislature has passed a
I 1 1 1 abandoning tuition in languages and
music in the public school.-. The two cost
in San Francisco $50,000.
The Security bank, of Washington, has
closed and will go into liquidation. Liabili
tics about $100,000, ot which; $.53,000 are due
The Consolidated Virginia mine has
just divided its thirteenth monthly dividcud
of $1,080,000 gold ! In twen'ty-thrce months
the mine lias taken out $.'!0,-!XK),000 ot treas
ure, and divided $17,280,000 of profits.
The supreme court of Tennessee sen
tenced L. A. Gilbert to be limited at Favctte.
ville, May 2.'th, for the ttutrdi-r of Win. John
son, a blind magic-lantern showman. The
prisoner received his sentence with laujrhter.
Elizabeth T. Greenfield, a colored
finger, famous throughout the country some
vears ago, under the nani'j; of the Black
Swan, died in Philadelphia, last week, at the
ajrc of sixtv-eight. filie wa!-. born a slave in
Georgia, but was manumitted while a child
Ten carloads of machinery, including
engines, boilers, etc., were shipped from St.
Louis last week for San Fnincisco, destined
for Xichalaivisk, Siberia, wljere they will be
put into eight steamboats being built at that
point for Araoor river. j
The impeachment articles preferred
against Governor Ames in ; the Mississippi
legislature have been withdrawn, Ames re
signed his office and is oncb more a private
citizen. President Stone of the senate has
been recognized as acting governor.
The Galveston News savs the cold
weather has killed vegetation in nearly all
parts of Texas. Karly corn and oats, fruit
and vegetables have been destroyed. Cot
ton, except in isolated instances, had not
come up, and escaped, but where it had
peered above the surface Jf the ground it
met its death.
The Memphis cotton exchange has dis-
charged itself of a very delicate duty and
awarded its handsome prize of $1,000 to Mr.
William Taylor, of Lee county, Arkansas,
as the owner of the best bale of cotton in
competition, and the best bale ever seen
here. The judgment of the committee was
reached after niaturitv and the careful exer
cise of their skill as expert
Col. Edward 1. Jones, a prominent
resident of Canton, Miss., and now widely
known throughout the sijiuth, temporarily
located at Indianapolis, clngaged in intro
ducing his several parent; inventions, com
mitted suicide by taking hydrate ef chloral.
Keport says, business trouble, coupled with
excessive drink, was the cause
The United States en
nneer in charge
of harbor improvements
on the southern
coast, is now constructing
tide some six miles above
nah, in order to deflect
course a large portion of
Savannah river. The Cha
ti harbor in a cross
he city of Savan
from its natural
the waters of the
rlestnn chamber of
commerce protests against
it, as threatening
the commercial interests
rice of plantations of the (
f the city and the
The hog cholera is ht
of serious concern out wes
coming a matter
It, the terrible rav-
ages of the disease rende Mug it a subject of
grave consideration alike for producer and
consumer. The Illinois state board of agri
culture has just taken steps to gather all the
information possible as to the nature and
causes of the disease, and the various nicth-
ods of treating it, for
breeders and others who
he lntorination ot
lire experimenting
in the hope of finding a rcl
medv for the mal-
ady, or a preventive.
A reduction of ten !
!er cent, in wages
of brakemen of the Ichjgh Valley railroad
caused the men at Sugar
Notch and Fairview
to stop. They stopped a
11 freight and coal
trains, but let passenger
trains pass.. The
roilroad authorities obtained warrants and
the ringleaders were arre
trains have been delaved.
ted, since which no
Fifty thousand dollars have been re
covered froi the wreck of the German
steamer Schiller.
Many lives were lost- by a recent ter
rible railroad calamity atj III, Frunce, caused
by the breaking of a bridge. Thirty bodies
have already been recovered.
The London Times' jlerlin special says
that two more St. Petersburg journals the
Golos and the Vedoniostl assure the south
Sclavonians that nlthouglji llussia is hardly
in a position to succor jthem immediately,
she will neither coe'ree by violent measures,
nor allow another powef to coerce them.
Encouraged by this, the! south Slavonians
will, it is expected, kecpjnp the existing rev-
olutionary spirit until it
lation of the sick man.
ends in the nnnihi-
m troubles, a new
in Turkey. Ilith
cts of the sultan
Amid the llerzegovi
complication has arisen
erto the Christian snbj
have been exempt from
military duty, but
required to pay n special .tax as an equivalent
The war spirit is up am
and they now refuse to jj
ng the Christians,
ny the tax, offering
their military services i ji lien. The patri
arch of Constantinople :s represented as en-
couraging this change o
front on the part
of his spiritual flock, uh
b base their demand
on a recent proclamatioi
of the porte, prom-
ising them perfect cqua
ity with Mohauime
verniiient will not
ccausc it dare not
dans. The Turkish gn
listen to the change,
trust Christians in the a
-my, and the latter
will have a chance to fi
if not the rebels,
it the tax-col'ctors,
The Ixndon Time
hopes that the
ruinislrv mav vet be bet
cr advised than to
r to the queen the
of India. It dc-
persist in recommendin
assumption of empress
clares it has been unfc
the rapid decline in the
gnedly alarmed bv
authority and repu-
tation of the governmr
lt since the begin-
ning ot the present se
ion. It does not
pretend to any special a
lection for the min-
istry, but it cannot hel
secing that the ot-
position is thoroughly d
sorganized, and that
the energies of the othd
r members are cx-
hansted, while the voun
er men arc chiefly
remarkable for an imma
urity of mind which
threatens never to ripen
, and the attempt to
form a government on
of such materials
f to tfce couutrv.
would threaten inischi
Even those who think itk fears fanciful and
overstrained must htsits
te to push this new
title forward when they
understand that it
docs iu fact provoke dis
: in.
Gen. Sherman has
to return to Washingt
nade up his mind
i, and make it the
retary of war. Judge
and Sherman com-
nfornis a reporter
array headquarters. Se
Taft, has rousted this
O'Donovan Eossa
that there is now no
eutan movement on
fcot, but that money is
rdised to keep up a
system of 'skirmishing,
"It wuld be in-
teresting," says the New York Herald, " to
know what share of
his 'skirmish' fund
goes to Mr. DeluionicoJ
What is editorial
is when an editor
ourtesy ? Why, it
M c-anirht stealing
chickens at iiiiduhd
t and his brother
to the matter as a
editors kindly allude
strange freak of a soi
EAt r.
In the senate, on the 2Sth, Mr. Ed
rounds called up the bill to relieve S.
Shotfon, of Mississippi, of political disabil
tics imposed by the fourteenth am en dm en
to tnc constitution. Passed. Mr. Freling.
huysen called up the senate bill of the 13th
to amend the 14th section of the act to es-
taolish judicial courts of the United States,
approved September 24, 1789. A debate
ensued, but the morning hour expiring, the
bill went over, and the'ehair laid before the
senate the consular and diplomatic bill as
the regular order. The question recurring
on restoring Italy, which was stricken out
by the house, ou a uay and yea vote it was
restored. The next amendment, restoring
several ports which had been stricken out
by lhe house, was taken up. Messrs. Sher
man and Hamlin urged the necessity of con.
jorming 10 existing jaw, ana spoke agains
the general principle of engrafting new law
upon appropriation bills; pending which
the senate went into executive session, and
soon adjourned.
In the senate, on the 29th, Mr. Alli
son, from the committee on Indian affairs.
reported favorably on senate bill to author
ize the seejretary.ot the interior to deposit in
the United States treasury all sums now held
by him, or which he mav hereafter receive,
as trustee of the various Indian tribes on
account of the redemption f United States
bonus or otlier stock ana securities belong
ing to the Indian trust funds. The bill
also provides that the United States ("hall
pay five per cent, per annum interest on all
sums so deposited, l'assed. lhe senate re
sumed consideration of the consular and
diplomatic bill. Mr. Wallace spoke in op
position to tne restoration ot appropriations
cut down bv the house. The senate then
proceeded to consider the amendments pro
posed by the committee on appropriations,
ail ot u hicli were agreed to. lhe bill was
then passed on a yea and nay vote 35 to 17.
On motion, Mr. Morton's resolution for the
appointment of a committee to investigate
alleged frauds in the recent elections of
Mississippi was taken up, and made the un
finished business. The senate went into ex
ecutive session, and adjourned.
In the senate, on the 30th, Mr. Ste
veuson presented a memorial from the legis
lature of Kentucky, asking congress to take
some ection in relation t the case of E. O.
M. Conden. Referred. Mr. Stevenson pre
sented a memorial from citizens asking that
the barracks and arsenal at Tvewport, Ky.,
which it is proposed to move to Columbus,
Ohio, be restored to Newport, Ky. Referred.
After the morning business the senate
lock up Mr. Morton's Mississippi resolutions
and Mr. Ravard spoke in opposition. Other
remarks were made, and without action the
senate adjourned.
In the senate, on theSlst, bills, peti
tions, etc., having been "presented and re
ferred, the senate took up the Mississippi
resolution orf Mr. Morton and Mr. Bruce began
his speech. He said that in 1873 the repub
licans carried Mississippi by twenty thousand
majority, nnd last fall the democrats claimed
to have carried the state by thirty thousand,
a reputed gain of fifty thousand. Why this
change in Uie popular voter ihe evidence
will show that in many parts of the state
violence and intimidation were used, and what
was known as the White League were instru
mental in much of this class of outrage. Mr.
Kev was glad the late war was fought out
and over with, lie spoke highly of the col
ored people, and their fidelity to the whites
during tue war, and the people of his state
was willing to protect them and aid them.
Mr. Frelinghuysen said when the right of
sutrrage had been conferred on an individual,
he ought to have that right guaranteed to
him, and should be protected in the right.
He claimed that in this country, of all others,
the voter should be protected in his right to
vote, and that congress had the power to
protect him and to pass this resolution and
raise this committee for this purpose. Mr.
Bayard further opposed the appointment of
the committee, lhe question recurred on
the adoption of the preamble, and it was
adopted 27 to 10. The senate then adjourned
till Mondav.
The senate, April 3d, entertained and
referred several petitions in regard to sus
taining, etc., the signal service. While the
senate was in executive session, Mr. Adams,
clerk of the house of representatives, ap
peared and announced that the house hail
adopted articles of impeachment against W.
W. Belknap, late secretary of war, and had
appointed a manager to conduct the prose
cution on the part of the house of represe-
a lives.
In the house, on the 28th. Mr. I Jul man
offered a resolution fixing the compensation
of witnesses summoned before the house
committee ot two dollars per day and mile
age of five cents per mile. Referred. Mr.
Ioar introduced a bill to permit the impor-
ation, free of duty, of books printed in any
orcign language. Referred. Mr. Gordon
offered a resolution directing the judiciary
committee to inquire into the expediency of
preventing the use of the United States
mails in carrying lottery advertisements.
Adopted. Mr. Atkins, from the conference
committee on the bill to supply the defi
ciency at the Red Cloud (Sioux) agency,
made a report that the house should concur
n the senate amendment increasing the
mount from $100,000 to $150,000. Agreed
to. The house then took up the bill re
ported from the committee on commerce to
amend the law for the regulation of steam
vessels. The bill went over. Adjourned.
In the house, on the 29th, Mr. Banks,
from the committee on rules, reported a res
olution fixing the compensation of witnesses
summoned to appear before the committee
of the house at three dollars per day, and
allowing five cents per mile mileage. Adopt
ed. Mr. Thomas, from the committee on
ways and means, reported a bill providing
that all unused stamps shall be redeemed
when properly presented. Passed. Mr.
Buc'iard, from the committee on ways and
means, reported a bill authorizing the sec
retary of the treasurv to convert into con
pons the five percent, registered bonds neces
sary to pay the judgments of the Alabama
claims commission. Passed. The house
then, as regular order of business, consid
ered the bill regulating the pay and allow
ances of officers of the army. The bill is to
take effect on the 1st of iuly next. Mr.
Garfield sent to the clerk's desk, and had j
read an extract from the testimony of Major
General Hancock before the committee ad
verse to the proposed reductions, and with- 1
out any further debate the bill passed 141
to CI. The house then proceed to the con
sideration of the bill appropriating $163,000
for the bureau of printing and engraving of
the treasury, and providing for the issue of
silver coin'in the place of fractional cur
rency. Various propositions were made in
regard to mileage. Mr. Foster moved to
abolish it altogether. In the course ot the
discussion on the mileage question, in
which many members joined, Mr. Page
moved an amendment - providing that
the pay of any member elected to fill a va
cancy shall begin from the date of his elec
tion. Agreed to. The house then went into
committee of the whole on the legislative
and judicial appropriation bill, the question
being on several amendments to the item of
salary of senators. The first vote was on
the amendment reducing the salary of sena
tors to $3,ti00. Rejected. All the amend
ments to the mileage item were rejected, in
cluding Mr. Foster's. Without disposing of
the bill the committee rose and the house
In the house, on the 30th, Mr. Bur
leigh, from the committee on naval affairs,
reported a bill directing the naval estimates
to be made in detail, under the various heads
of expenditure. After discussion the bill
passed. Mr. Faulkner, f m the committee
on foreign affairs, reported a resolution di
recting the committee on foreign affairs to
inquire if there as any conflict of construc
tion between Greet Britain and the United
States in regard to the extradition treaty of
1842, and what legislation, if any, is proper
to remove any difficulty in the execution of
said treaty. Adopted. Mr. Knott presented
aiticles to be adopted and presented to the
senate in ruaintemince and support of the
impeachment, for high crimes and misde
meanors in office, of Win. W. Belknap, late
secretary of war, which were recommitted
and ordered printed, with the understading
they would be called for on Saturday next.
The impeachment articles are five in num
ber, and arc worded in usual legal phrase
ologry, one being largely a repetition of the
other. The committee also report the fol
lowing resolution: That seven managers le
appointed, by ballot, to conduct the im
peachment exhibited against Wm. W. Bel
knap, late secretary of war of the United
States. The house then resumed considera
tion of the bill annrotiriatitiir !(;:! (M!0 r
deficiency in the printing and emrraviuir
bureau of the treasury department, and far
the isstle of silver coin in tdace of fractional
currency. The amendment of Mr. Willis, to
add to Mr. Holman's amendment a proviso
that if silver bullion is not presented for
coinage in sufficient quantity to meet the de
mand, the treasury may purchase silver bul
lion for purposes of eoinage. was agreed to.
Mr. Reagan again offered his amendment
making silver a legal tender to the amount
of fifty dollars. It was adopted ; and with
out disposing of the bill, the house ad
In the house, on the 31st, Mr. Wood,
from the committee of ways and means, re
ported a bill for the separate entry of express
pickages contained in one importation,
Passed. Mr. Morrison, from the committee
on ways and means, reported a bill to define
the tax on fermented or malt liquors. It
provides that nothing contained in section
3337 of the revised statutes shall be construed
to authorize assessment on the quality of the
material used for the purpose of producing
fermented or malt liquors, and tlnlt the quan
tity ot the material used snail not be evi
dence for the purpose of taxation; but that
the tax on all beer, lager beer, ale, porter
and other similar fermented liquors shall be
paid as provided in that section, and not
otherwise, provided that the act shall not
apply to cases of fraud. Passed. Mr. Tucker,
from the same committee, reported a bill to
authorize the commissioner of internal rev
enue to designate and fix points at which
collectors and supervisors of revenue shall
.hold their office. Passed. 'The house then
proceeded to take a vote on the bill appro
priating $163,000 for the deficiency in the
treasury printing bureau, and for the issue of
silbsidiarv silver coin. The bill was passed
122 to 100. The following is the text of
the bill : There be and hereby is appropriated
out of any money in the treasury uot other
wise appropriated, the sum of $103,000 to
provide for engraving, printing and other
expenses of making and issuing United States
notes. That the secretary of the treasury is
hereby directed to issue silver coins of the
United States of the denomination of ten,
twenty, twenty-five and fifty cents of stand
ard value in redemption of an equal amount
of fractional currency, whether the same be
now in the treasury awaiting redemption, or
whether it may be presented for redemption ;
and the secretary of the treasury may, under
the regulations of the treasury department,
provided for such redemption, issue, by sub
stitution at the regular sub-treasury and pub
lic depositories of the United States, until
the whole amount of iractional currency out
standing shall be redeemed. That the silver
coina of the United States of the denomina
tion of one dollar shall be a legal-tender at
their nominal value for any amount not ex
ceeding fifty dollars iu any one payment,
and silver coins of the United States of de
nominations of less than one dollar shall be
a legal-tender at their nominal value for any
amount not exceeding twenty-five dollars in
any one payment. Adjourned.
In the house, April 3d, a bill amenda
tory of the pension law for the war of 1812
was passed. It directs the restoration to the
pension rolls of pensioners stricken off on
account of the rebellion, this restoration to
date from May 1, 18o'5. The impeachment
managers nominated in congress Saturday
were elected, except that Lapham was sub
stituted for Wheeler. Mr. Lynde offered a
resolution which was adopted, calling on the
secretary of the treasury for information in
regard to payments of money to newspaper
editors or correspondents, aside from the
publication ot legal notices, by United States
attorneys, revenue agents, supervisors, etc.,
connected with the whisky prosecution in
St. Louis, Chicago and Milwaukee; to what
party, for what newspaper and for what par
ticular purpose.
A ii Eslrnded I.it of '1 hose In the r
Y'mI bit.
The following list of coming political
conventions will doubtless be of interest
to a large class of people :
April 5 National Colored Men's, Nash
ville, Tennessee.
April b Ohio ureenbacK, I. ominous.
April 8 Utah Democratic, Salt Lake.
April 11 South Carolina Republican. Co-
April 12 Virginia Republican, Lynchburg.
Anrjl 19 Indiana Democratic, Indianapo
April 20 Colorado Republican, Denver.
April 2(5 New York Democratic, Utica.
April 26 Massachusetts RepuhMcan, l!os-
April 26 California Republican, Sacra
April 26 Oregon Democratic, Salem.
April 26 Georgia Democratic, by Congres
sional Districts, to elect delegates to the
National Convention.
April 27 Arkansas Republican, Little
May .1 Oregon Republican, Portland.
May 3 Michigan Greenback, Jackson.
May 4 Maryland Republican, Frederick.
May i South Carolina Democrat, Colum
May 4 Kansas Greenback, Topeka.
May 10 Michigan Republican, Grand
Mav 11 Vt est lrginia Kepulilicnu, t larks-
May 16 Alabama Republican, Montgom
May 17 National Greenback, Indiatiapo
i, Indiana.
May 17 National Prohibition, Cleveland,
May 17 New Jersey Republican, Trenton.
May 1 7 Tennessee Republican, Knoxville.
May 17 Ohio Democratic, Cincinnati.
May 18 Kentucky Republican, Louisville.
May 24 Illinois Republican, Springfield.
May 24 Alabama Xlepublican, Montgom
ery. ( Minority call.)
May 24 Minnesota Republican, St. Paul.
May 24 Missouri Republican, Jefferson
May 24 Kansas Republican, Topeka.
May 24 Michigan Democratic, Lansing.
May 24 Kansas Democratic, Topeka.
May 24 Colorado Democratic, Pueblo.
May 2.5 Kentucky Deraoeratic, Louisville.
May 30 Louisiana Republican, New Or
leans (to elect delegates to the National Con-
en t ion).
May 31 Iowa Republican, Des Moines.
May 31 Alabama Democratic, Montgom
May 31 Virginia Democratic, Richmond.
June 1 Minnesota Democratic, St. Paul.
June 1 Nebraska Republican. Fremont
to elect delegates to the National Conven
June i Wisconsin Democratic. Milwau
J unc 8 West Virginia Democratic, Charles
June 14 Republican National Convention,
June 14 Arkansas Democratic. Little
June 11 North Carolina Democratic,
June 21 Florida Democratic, Quincy.
June 27 Democratic National, St. Louis.
Juno 27 Louisiana Republican, in New
Orleans (to nominate state officers).
Sept. 2o Nebraska Republican, Lincoln
(to nominate state officers).
Currents in the Living Eye.
The existence of a continuous, though
sluggish, current in the eye, flowing
from behind forwards, has been demon-
trated by Dr. Max Ktues. The follow
ing was the method of investigation pur
sued : A minute quantity ot a solution
of potassic ferrocyanide was introduced
into the posterior part or the vitreous
umor. After the lapee of from one to
four hours the animal was decapitated,
nd the eve hall soaked in a solution ot
ferric chloride ; it was then hardened in
lcohol, and subjected to microscopic ex
amination. The distribution of the pre
cipitate of Prussian blue furnished evi
dence of the displacement ot the par
ticles of ferrocyanide during life, and
betrayed the paths along which it had
traveled. The current mentioned above
was found to exist in the interior of the
lens as well as in the vitreous, the fluid
required to nourish the former percolat
ing through the latter, and thus follow
ing the same course as the blood in the
hyaloid artery of the foetus. The aque
ous humor consists partly of a transuda
tion from the ciliary body, partly of
iouid which has made its way through
the lens and vitreous. It serves to nour
ish the cornea. The nutrient fluid,
whether in the vitreous, in the lens, or
in the cornea, is conveyed along the in
tercellular substance ; and the author is
nclmed . to extend this proposition to
all the tissues of the liody, regarding the
nterstital substance everywhere tin the
channel along, which the nutrient juices
re conveyed to thecorpusculaneleinents
of parenchyma or connective tissue.
Exhumeu lrdir. diist, layer for each ddy,
X And thy tetters of a year fO
Before me now.
They, as 1 turn them idly o'er, display
A ribbon here, and there a Uower, and lo !
A broken vow.
'Tis said that, in the early years of Earth,
; til emau lad weixh'd the worth of man, a state
Of wondiotta light
A inoiig its gentler kind had suddeu birth.
And threw so tierc a glare llmt other far
Were lost roui sight.
I'ut, after man had drunk the draft ot in.
And leirtlie passion of a aew-liora woe,
The nar went out.
iCiK-h ntr that had hern hid tole forlli again,
. Aud lieauty more than one can ever know
Shone round about.
Within the sky a star like this has died.
Whoeeglcain hart p-.ercea me very soiilol inc;
IWit it this peace unto thy lew replied
Jf thou enhanced the love that whs (o
I thank thee now.
f 1 1 1 1 ib wn ......
Jlm Iaul Amohx '' Tomb, or Wr(-
John Paul writes from ."London to the
New York Tribune : I do not remember
who it is that defines glory as being killed
n hattlo and having oaf s name mis
spelled in. the iiewspiper?f Worse still
to have it misspelled on a monument:
Binerfield. and not liringfield, as the in
scription has it, was the name of the gal
lant colonel:
" Eouerrv to his Knval Illchnesse
Prince George of Denmark, aide-de-camp
and gentleman of the Horse to his Grace
ve Duke of Marlborough fye victorious
general of her majesty's forces beyond ye
sea) who. while ne was Kemounting his
Lord, upon a iresh Horse, Ins former
fayling under him, had his head fatally
shott tv a Cannon Ball in ye Battell of
Ramelieson Wednesday ye 12th day of
May in ve year of our Lord 170G and of
his Age 50.''
It may please the fcmiths the world
over to know that the Kieht Honorable
A.nne, countess dowager of Clanrickard,
was once a smith "eldest daughter ot
John SJmith, Esq.," even, who has a
beautiful monument all to himaelt over
in the south aisle. "
yir Issac Newton's monument occupies
a left compartment of th? organ-screen
that ot fctanhope occupying another on
the right, in the have. The philosopher
is represented incumbent, slightly raised
on one arm, as he may have Iain under
the tree when watching the fall of the
apple which if there be anything in the
popular account of the discovery of grav
itation was indeed "the truit ot the
tree of knowledge." All the devices on
the monument do not please me, illustra
tive though they are meant to le of his
discoveries and achievements. Weighing
the sun by a steel-yard strikes me as
neither " bold" nor " striking." That he
never did, and what he really did was
much more diflicult. He got at the
heavenly bodies without stairs, and
weighed them in hand without the aid
of balances! No feeling ot levity comes
over you as you stand by the grave of
him who discovered the law ot gravity.
And the grave is immediately in front of
the monument, a conspicuous spot, re
peatedly refused to different noblemen,
who had asked for it. On the stone
above is written : il Hie depositum quod
mortale fuit Isaact Newtoni." Near to
Newton's grave lie two Scotsmen, Robert
(Stephenson to whose memory a window
of stained glass has lately been given;
and Colin Campbell (Txird Clyde). And
yet another Scot, .who went where en
gineering has not to this period pene
trated, and carried peace into Africa
further than Clyde' did war into India,
rests near. " Brought by faithful hands
over land and sea," after years of weary
travel, undertaken to "evangelize the na
tive races, to explore the undiscovered
seciets, to aliolish the desolating slave
trade of central Africa," David Living
stone, " missionary, traveler, philanthrop
ist." sleeps beneath this black marble
slab; hU epitaph closes with the last
words he wrote a quotation from his
Master: " Other sheep I have which are
not of this fold ; them also I must bring,
and they shall hear my voice.
The accompanying Latin verses from
Lucan, though written to describe the
desire of Julius Caesar to penetrate one
vail which then, as now, hung over the
sources of the Nile, accurately embodies
the aspirations of the later Livingstone:
" So great is my love of truth that
there is nothing I would rather know
than the causes of the river that have
laid hid through so many ages."
This insignificant tablet, whereon a
simple name and dates only are written,
is lo Henry Wharton, an eminent theo
logian, who died in lfJ4I, age SI the
most voluminous writer of his years in
the world. So it goes. lie who writes
the most is the least written about.
The monument to the "most valuable
memory " of William Congreve, " sett
up by" Henrietta, Dutchess ot Marl
borough, as a mark how dearly she re
niemliers the happine.-s and honor she
enjoyed in the sincere friendship of so
worthy and honest a man," caused a
good deal of talk at one time. Sarah,
mother of Henrietta, uncompromising
dowager that she was, made no bones of
letting off her opinion of it. " Happi
ness, perhaps ; honor she can not say.''
There was no need of perpetuating such
a scandal in stone, and considering the
notoriousness of the alliance, the in
scription had more appropriately been
written in brass.
The first wife of Sir Samuel Marland
has two inscriptions on her back, one iu
Hebrew, another lor the benefit, proba
bly, of those who do not read Hebrew
fluently in Greek. Not to be partial,
the same widower a few years after fires
both barrels of his (or some one else's)
erudition over a second wife (who has
been cleverly brought to bay near by),
giving the parting shots this time in
Hebrew and Ethiopic. All may not be
up in Hebrew, he reasoned, perhaps ; some
may not read Greek, but surely none can
be ignorant of Ethiopic.
Now you see our country on the walls
for the first time. The province of Mas
sachusetts bay erects, by order of general
court, a memorial to Lord Howe, who
fell on the march to Tieonderoga in 1758.
Later in the century this same Massa
chusetts, then a state, was uuiortunately
as well as unwisely called upon to furnish
more material for monuments. And a re
miniscence of our great struggle with the
mother country we find in this monu
ment to Andre, " beloved and esteemed
by the army in which he served and la
mented even by his foes." It has a
mournful interest to many, for all arc
familiar with the story. Many want a me
mento, too, and the head of Washington,
broken off and carried away by visitors,
has been three times renewed. Boys of ;
the nation find it easier to get ahead of
Washington now than did the men of
All my life long I've Veen looking for
a perfect woman; now when I find one)
she's dead. Just my luck ! But the
brief and leeble tribute to the departed 1
worth which I find on her tomb shall go
imperishably on record in these classic
" To the Memory of Mrs. Katharina '
Bovey, Whose Person and Understanding j
wou'd have become the highest Ranke j
in Female Life, and whose vivacity j
wou'd have recommended Her ia our !
best conversation, But by judgment as J
well as by Inclination she chsse such a
retirement as gave her great opportunity I
for Beading and Reflection which she j
made use of to the Y lsest purposes of
Improvement in Knowledge and Be
ligion. Upon other subjects she ventured
far out of the common way of thinking,
but in Beligious matters she made the
Holy Scriptures, in which she was well
Skilled, the Rule and Guideof her Faith
and Action, Esteeming it more safe to
rely upon the plain word of God than to
run into any fiecdoms of thought upon
reveal'd Tru ths. The great share of Tune
APRIL 14, 1876.
allowed to the Closet was not perceived
in her tficonomy, for she had always a
well ordered and well instructed family
from the happy influence as .well of her
temper ana conduct as ot ner Uniform
and Exemplary Christian life. It pleased
God to bless her with a considerable es
tate, which with a liberal hand, guided
by Wisdom and Piety, she imployed to
his clory and the good or her neighbors.
Her domestic expenses were managed
with a decency and Dignity suitable to
herl'ortune, but with a frugality that
WTiatle lier Income afwuna to an proper
objects ot Charity, to the relief ot the
necessitous, the incouragement of the
Industrious, and Instruction of the Igno-
rant. bile distributed not Only With
chearfulncss but with Joy, which upoii
wine occasions of raising aud refreshing
the spirit ot the Afflicted she could not
refrain from breaking forth into tears
flowing from a heart thoroughly effected
With compassion and Benevolence: Thus
did many of her good works while she
lived go up as a memorial before God,
and some she left to follow her. She
dy'd Ian 2J, J72G7, in the 57th year of
Age." This monument explains why
people ride so much in hansoms nowa
days instead of driving alxjut in their
carriages. In 1G82 Thomas Thynne, Esq.,
was shot in his own coach by three hired
assassins, while driving through Pall
Mall. The story is told with every cir
cumstantiality In sculpture: The poor
gentleman sits in his coach, and you see
the assassins firing their blunderbusses
in at the window, while the coachman
whips up his horses. The murder was
trac.'d home the instigation of it to
Count Konigsmarck (who could see no
way of marrying Thynne's wife without
first making her a widow); but he was
never hanged lor it, I believe. Indeed,
I don't know but he is buried in the ab
bey, too.
Another reminder of our rebellious
country. "William Wragg, Esq.," of
South Carolina, when the colonies re
volted, took part with good King George,
and sailed for England, but was wrecked
and lost off the coast of Holland. It
couldn't have gone much woise with him
had he stayed in South Carolina till
now unless, indeed, he had bought the
bonds of the state; Januarys and Julys,
for intance.
Judge 'uil4's Charge to the Grand
We civc below an extract from the
charsre of his honor, Judge Guild, to the
crand iury of the present term of the
circuit court :
I come now to charge you upon a higl
misdemeanor which is so common in tn
land, and which it is now your high duty
to notice, and bring the offenders to jus
tice, whosoever they may be. I allude
to the vicious habit of carrying about
the person concealed weapons. More
than half the homicides which occur
crow out of this debased practice. When
I was a Iwy, the " bullies " of one creek
would meet those of another creek upon
the muster ground, a ring would be
formed, and a lair fight was had ; no con
cealed weapon was drawn and a citizen
slain ; all their muscles were brought into
play, which ended in a knock-down and
an occasional bite no one slain. But,
now, the desperado, with his pistols
buckled around him, seeKsnis victim, in
sults an unarmed man sensitive of his
honor, and if he make an effort to repel
the insult, the pistol is drawn, a new
trrave is made anda helpless "widow and
orphans are left to mourn the loss of hus
band and father. This evil practice is
one of the off-shoots of laziness, and in
disposition, to pursue some virtuous and
laudable employment which will always
secure a reasonable living and hn
home to a young man an honest reputa
tion. W henever young men depart lrom
this laudable course, put on and wear
broad-cloth, silks, kid-gloves and "pru
nellas," attend upon gambling houses and
saloons and idle away their precious time,
they are sure to fall into vicious habits :
such characters as those who loiter about
whisky shops and attend regularly upon
frnmblinar hells, think themselves dis
graced if they have never " killed their
man," so they arm themselves witn the
deadly pistol and seek an occasion in
which to use it, that they may be lion
ized by the gentler sex, thinking it will
give them position or caste with them,
who in every age have appreciated
bravery but the bravery displayed by
men should be courage exhibited in de
fense of their country and not the bully
ism of the murderer. We aro fallen upon
c il times carrying pistols dress and
parade giving entertainments attended
with the extraordinary expenditures,
such as no honest calling can afford. Too
much extravagance and too little work
are the fruitlul causes of most of the
evils of our time.- Genuine mirth and
virtue arc undergoing a decay; in the
cities especially, they are stifled and be
coming extinct. In this train of vicious
habits is this disreputable practice of
carrying concealed weapons, lhe juries
of the country and a virtuous public
sentiment should banish this habit from
the land as they have driven dueling
and the bowie knife beyond the Iwrders
of civilization.
Domestic Problem.
A thinking mother finds the manage
ment of the family a diflicult problem,
One son may inherit the disposition of
the grandfather, another may have traits
resembling those of a remote uncle or
aunt, another may be the hapless victim
of unfortunate pre-natal influences, while
still another may be so harmoniously
composed as to require no management
at all. Children of the same family
often differ as widely as those that are
not akin to each other, and the problem
of bringing out of these diversities the
greatest sum total of virtue and hap
piness ii not easy of solution. To judi
ciously manage these conflicting ele
ments requires the utmost self-control
on the part of the parent. The first
thing to be done in order to manage a
child is to understand him thoroughly.
The next, to adopt such means as will
bring him into subjection to 'his parents'
will, and thus enable him to acquire by
degrees the direction and control t his
own powers ; for he must learn to obey
before he can )-et command even himself.
It is comparatively a very little thing to
surround a boy "or a girl with mere
physical comfort3. Food and clothing
and habitation are essential to bodily
welfare, especially in this climate, but a
child having these may still lie very
wretched, unless there come with them
sympathy, affection, recognition of his
essential character and capabilities.
Many a juvenile soul hungers and thirsts
for the appreciation anil satisfaction of
its intellectual and spiritual needs. ."I
never had a father," said a lady net long
ago, though he fc'ae tailed nucli sat lie
side her every day ; "he knows nothing
of me, neither does my mother. I have
lived in profound solitude nil my life."
And yet that father doubtless thought
he was doing his duty to his child when
he taught her the commandments, cor
reeled her w hen she did wrong, and saw
that she had comfortable food, raiment
and lodging. So far as is possible, every
father should put himself, and every
mother herself, in the child's place, look
at thiDgs thnU2ii the child's eyes, and
gently lead him in the right path. For
the re" is only one way of bringing all the
members of one family into unity, and
that is by the law of love. When each
one iu honor prefers the other, though
diversities will still exist, there will be
unity ; though discords may arise, they
will resolve themselves into concords,
nnd the concords will be all the sweeter
for the occasional dissonance mingling
with the harmony.
Tur. kangaroo has been introduced on
several larjre estates in France, and is
now bunted in that country as game. - It
readily adapts itself lo the climate.
Mpirlttfalliiri ! be N?lnlllleally
The New York World of March 21st
says : Henry S. Olcott is a stubborn be
liever and investigator. He is also presi
dent of the Theosophicit! society. But,
unlike most of his precursors in piritistn,
he is intelligible and means business.
For this reason, it for no other, he is en
titled to be heard, now that the gibber
ish of the rest of them has subsided.
And subsided it certainly has. The
swiftest glance ever American "Spiritu
alism" reveals a curious and complete
decline. AVhat, one asks, has become of
the multiloquent crowd of seers and
fioothsayers who seemed to have; been
rapped into life by the toes and knuckles
ot Kate Fox ? Where are the weird peo
ple who held conventions, who proclaimed
the hew Evangelium ot an immortal bed
lam, and jerked, pounded, jablx-red and
otherwl.e demonstrated the indestructi
bility ol the soul, by table-legs and hired
costumes? Their apostles are gone, their
Sunday-night temples are desolate. An
drew Jackson Davis has settled perma
nently into the superior condition of si
lencc. Judge Edmonds' book is out of
print. Robert Dale Owen, the most pa
tient, the most credulous, the most sin
cere of their pamphleteers, is dumb on
the other side of disaster. Katie King
was dissipated by her own confession ;
and the Kddy family, the Fay brothers
and the Petty boys, who had a mission
to establish the immortality ot the soul
with l'oies nnd side-shown, have failed
and been exposed so often that there is
no longer ahy Money ih that lighter
branch of business. Even Home has le-
viated out of the reach of the senses;
and as for the sibyls, lecturers, dream
ers, fakirs, trance drivellers, prognostica
ted and clairvoyant women, whose chiet
claim t j be oracles and wonder-workers
was based upon a disordered nervous sys
tem, they have settled into the fortune
telling business, and figure mainly and
modestly in the astrologers' column of the
daily newspaper.
Y here, one might reasonably asic, with
some consternation, in reviewing this dp
cline, is, then, the immortality of the
soul, if indeed one hnd ever based its
proof upon the erratic dynamics of these
people ? It is tme Mr. Foster sits some
where up town, or did quite recently,
shuffling his slips of paper jauntily in be
half of the life hereafter. So, too, Mme.
Coralie De Sovigne, a descendant of the
priests of Isis, fctill recovers stolen prop
erty and " foretells future events " from
her eyrie in Prince street (ring the fourth
bell), giving, it is authentically stated,
special attention to lucky numbers.
But these are unaggressive debt is of
the grand army whose war-whoop was
heard ten years ago. A desolate con
viction takes possession of us that
"spiritualism" as a popular movement is
"petering out." It is in vain that we
ask for Planchette. The country orders
for spirit photographs remain unfilled,
and the glorified bodies ot material izers,
like that carnal manna of the gods
which fell in Kentucky, turn out to be
the commonest frog-spawn.
Nothing remains to us, then, but
Henry S. 01ctt, the president of the
Theosophical society, and he purposes to
make a final test of spiritualism by tak-
. i ; i:
ing a wen-Know n .American memum,
Dr. .iSlade,. to. is ussia, mere to ue scientii
ically examined. ' "' .
We understand the thcosophist that this
effort is to be made in"thc behalf of
science, and to recover, v possioie, ine
lost art of communing with the dead
an art which was lost when the priceless
treasures of the Alexandrian library w ro
Other than theosophists, we are in
sured, will not bo sanguine of the re
sults. The sum total of the three years' m-
Jiuiry in England, reported with so much
airness by Y. Crookes, F. R. S., can
hardly be exceeded in Russia. Science
admits the evidence of its senses, but
avoids any interference that is not logi
cally clear. The most patient and pains
taking investigations up to the present
time have only attested the occurrence
of certain phenomena, both physical and
intellectual, which arc explicable on no
known physical theory. Mr. Olcott is
in hopes that the northern savants will
be able to formulate '-he means of "look
ing beyond the vail," and that the art
now lost to all but a select few in the
oriental communities will be restored to
us, and, as Satan once put it, we shall
"become as gods, knowing good lrom
evil oy some ineurgic process.
We can only say to Mr. Olcott that
we sincerely hope Dr. Slade will be able
n Russia to show what has never vet
been shown in the United States that
his phenomena have benefited his fcl
lowmen in the slightest respect, and that
it is any less repugnant to the wisdom
and instincts of mankind to "seek after
the dead now than it was when tne
early legislators of the race forbade it.
What a Texas Man Found Out About
the Black Hills.
Yesterday I struck a man who had
mst come in from the tJ ills. He had
been out there two months, and he says
there is no gold or water around Cuntr
Citv. and instead ot there beincr several
hundred houses there, there are only a
few completed, and about seventy-hve
altogether; and most of them pole-pens,
eight by ten, without any root, just to
hold their lots. He also says there is no
demand for labor of any kind. Men arc
willing to work for their board, and do
their own cooking. Every train that
comes in is loaded with victims, and
they are met on the platform by runners
that tell them the latest news from the
Hills, and show them samples of gold
that they have got from Denver or Cal
lifornia, and the victim gets crazy with
excitement. The runners then take
them to some outfitting house, and the
next mornine they are off. That is the
way they do the "tender-footers," as the
new arrivals are caned. j.ney are leav
ing here at the rate of one hundred and
fifty a day, and I find that if a man lies
over here a lew days and looks the mat
ter up he never goes, lhe lies circu
lated from Omaha and by the railroad
company got the people started, and no
letters with bad news will stop the rush.
Nothincr short of a stampede lrom the
Hills will stop it, and that will not take
place for a month or two, for every man
thai went has taken supplies for that
length of time, and when that plays out
then look out. It i about three hun
dred miles from here to the Hills they
call it two hundred and sixty the fare
is 18.and they carrv one hundred and fif
ty poundsof baggage ; freight.seven cents
per hundred. Prices of provisions and
board have gone up here twenty per
cent, in the last tew days, lou can ict
all those that have the Black mils lever
rejid this letter, for they -will find it as
as near the truth as I can get it.
FriRriBv Newspapers in the United
States. There are threehuudred and ten
German newspapers issued in this coun
try, fifty-eight ot whicn are piw.iisnea in
Pennsylvania and fifty in New York.
The French tongue is maintained in
twentv-eis:ht papers, of which hve are in
New York city and more than t wice as
manv in Louisiana. Scandinavian is a
big word, and the language it signifies is
a very strange one to ns natives, but it
has its place in journalism to the extent
ot nineteen papers, two of which are in
New York, while eight are in Illinois.
There are seventeen Spanish newspapers
n this country, seven ot which are in
New York. Tbe lmjiortance of the
Dutch population of Michigan is shown
by the fact, that five newsjaiers are
there published iu that tongue, while
New York has only one. Utir lan
guages arc represented in the journalism
VOL. XXI. NO. 40.
of America, and even the "heathen Chi
nee" has an organ published in San
Francisco. The Cherokea tribe of In
dians also hart a rrnull paper issued in its
peculiar tongue. There in a paper in
New York devoted to the Jewish in
terest; but this is issued in English
instead of the original language of the
tut Jiississirpi fiimi.
A Ml rone Ar(Doimt tW Improve
ment. The St. Louis Republican says : The
New York Times is very much disturbed
by the rumor that an application will be
made to congress during the present ees-
sion " to clear the Mississippi ot snags
and deepen the channel." The Times is
even more worried by the fact that
" there is a strong lobby ready, at no
tice, to push a plan for the building of
the Mississippi levees at the expense of
the federal government."
Now while it is the plain duty ot con
gress, in view ot the financial condition oi
the country, to make none but absolutely
necessary appropriations, and to cut these
down to the lowest possible figure, we
fail to see why the improvement of the
Mississippi and thj protection of ita
banks sliould le regarded as something
entirely outside of the congressional line
of operation. One would think, from
the tone of the eastern press on the sub
ject, that the Mississippi was a stream of
the tame size as the Hudson, Connecti
cut or Delaware, flowing through a bar
ran waste peopled only by tribes of wan
dering savages and a few frontiersmen ;
and that any money spent upon it might,
with equal propriety, le invested in a
soap mine. It would not be diflicult to
show that the United States could better
afford to lose the Hudson, the Connecti
cut, the Delawaie, and twenty more like
them, than to have the waters of the
Mississippi reduced to half their original
volume." There is neither common sense
nor common justice in the opposition
which newspapers and joliticians on the
Atlantic slope continually make to any
aud all demands for the improvement of
the Mississippi by the general govern
ment. Jefferson thought he had immortalized
himself and the administration, and con
ferred an Inestimable benefit on the re
public, by purchasing the Iuisiana ter
ritory for the sake of the mighty river
which ran through it ; and Lincoln
thought the north ought to fight forever
rather than the Mississippi should not
"flow tin vexed to the sea. If the states
which lie along the bank of this great
watery highway attempted lo use it as
their own private and exclusive projier
ty the whole east would burst into a
flame ; but when these states :ik the
real owner of the property to properly
improve and protect it, the whole east
unites in ridiculing the request and se
curing its denial. We should bo glad
to know why the same arguments which
are brought forward to induce con
gress to vote appropriations to the har
bors of New York, Boston and San
Francisco, will not apply with equal
force to the proposition for "cleaning the
Mississippi of snags and deepening the
channel. We should bo glad to know
why, when millions upon millions of dol
lars have been expended in fortifying the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts against an
enemy who never comes, that the gov
ernment has not a cent to give toward
the erection of those barriers in the lower
Mississippi vallev which will shut out
from the most fertile region in the world j
an enemy liable to come every season.
The Mississippi could le walled in with
granite from Mem i his t New Orleans
for what it cost to build the forts upmi
our marine frontier, and a thorough sys
tem of levees would Favc enough money
in twenty yetrs to buiid two forts for
every one we have now.
As was remarked at the outset, con
gress must practice the strictest economy
until the hard times are tided over, but
whenever the country is fairly on its legs
again we trust the western and southern
senators and representatives will form an
offensive and defensive alliance for the
purpose of giving the Mississippi its due.
It is the main artery of the continent,
and it has been treated as if it was a
mud puddle, which a single hot day
would dry up. It is time this sort of
foolishness had an end, but it never will
end until the west and south are leagued
against it.
India Cotton Manufactures.
The New York Bulletin, in a recent ed
itorial on " India Cotton Manufactures,"
makes; this statement and argument :
In 1870-1 there were eleven cotton
mills in India; in 1874-7 the number
had been increased to forty one. Even
within the short period from July, 187-1,
to November, 1874. the capital invested
in factories had risen from 22,S.-,0(KJ
rupees to 38,685,250 rupees. Evidently,
the fact that alarms Manchester is that
the manufactuie of cotton goods in India
is found very profitable; which argues
its continued extension. The India mill
has every disadvantage in resjwet to
cost, interest and fuel. A factory built
there, sav with 0,020 spindles arid 100,
000 loonis, would cost 200,000 ; in Eng
land the same would cost 100,000 It
is estimated that the- India mill would
have 12,000 more interest and deprecia
tion charge, and that its fuel would cost
8,5IM) more, than would one of the same
capacity in Lancashire; making a total
disadvantage of 21,000. But il is ad
mitted that the India mill saves 45,000
on the double transit of material and
product, as compared with Manchester;
showinsr a balance in favor of the India
factory of 24,000. Estimating the value
of the product at H00,000, this shows
an advantage of 8 per cent, in favor of
the India made goods. This 24,000,
however, is not all the Manclieter trade
has to overcome. The imjort duty of 5
per cen'. representsanother 15,000 added
to the cost of the 300,0 Ml product oi
the mill ; which augments the advantage
in favor of the India mill to :W,WI0, or
13 per cent, of the value of the good.
These estimates relate entirely to a mill
making coarse goods, and do not apply
to finer makes, in which India has not
yet demonstrated its ability to com pets
with Manchester, and pcibajw is not
likely to do for some time.
The foregoing figures are based on
Manchester estimates; and the misfor
tune for Manchester is that they prove
too much for its case. They show that
the recovery of this lost trade is hox lc,
with or without the duty. India has
every chance in its favor for improving
its products and reducing their cost ; so
that whatever Manchester may do toward
cheaiiening its goods is likely to le set off
by further economies in the India manu
facture. On the face of these facts, it
appears as though Manchester must re
gard its trade with India in coarse cot ton
poods as gone ; and the only question is
wnai mance nas inum i uiuiim-nj m
t renching t n other branches of England's
cotton trade? This is a question that
has a partial significance to American
manufacturers. Before the war. we were
accustomed to export to India con-ider
able quantities of the class of trood in
which India is now beating England ;
clearly, undr changed circumstances,
our hope oi regaining icai market is
n '
i, !
slight. Moreover, there is this question
whether, with her superior cheapne
India may not ultimately compete with
England and ourselves in some or ine
other Asiactic markets which consume
largely ot heavy cotton fabrics. The
roblcm is an interesting one, and us so-
tion will bear watching.
Wimxan Iowa woman was struggling
I - I A .1 1.
in the water, and imciy 10 urown, ner
hiK-lmnd veiled out: "New bonnet
sw im for life !" and she kicked out and
safely reached the shore.
" I'm too poor to take a paper.' If
you are, you should bo indicted by ti e
grand jury for obtaining a family under
false pretenses.
Thirty Indian families, with their
dogs, trappings and paraphernalia, will
encamp on the Centennial grounds, un
dej.the direction of Professor Baird.
TURKEY has fifteen immein-e hhips of
war which cost nearly two millions of
dollars apiece. Their sole duly is to fire
salutes when the Sultan goes to the
"Can you hec metlenri str' said a
Chicago man to his Hying wife. "Tell me,
can you sec me?" " No," she faintly
whispered, "but I tan micll your
The Boston Transcript (Dana's organ)
throws out a threat like this: " Massa
chusetts has not the jxiwcr to make Mr.
Dana a minister, but she can make him
a United States senator tome of these
Charlotte, North Carolina, has had
an elopement, in which the bridegroom
was sixty and the bride thirty. 'J he fa
ther of the bride tried to bo" present at
the ceremony with a pitchfork, but took
the wrong road.
The peculiar lient of the German
mind Is shown by the fact that out of
the twelve thousand five hundred and
sixteen books published iu Germany in
1875, only nine hundred cre devoted to
fiction and the drama.
Ci'hTOMF.R "What did you think of
the bishop's sermon on Sundav, Mr
Wigsby 1'f Uairdrc:-.- r " Well, really,
sir, there was a gent a ttin' in lion to'
me as 'ad his 'air parted that crtokol
that I couldn't 'ear a word '."
A pretty little Ohio cchoolniarm tried
to whip one of her pupils, a lnyof fifteen,
the other dav, but when she commenced
operations lie coollv threw his arms
around her neck, and give her a hearty
kiss. She went straight back to her desk,
and her face was "just as ltd."
How Dkoi.i.!
Fourteen little thin bi's caught out in a
Scrambled iiick ns lightning inlo the near
est flower.
"Pew nixl honejv' naitl tlicyiill. ' J'ear mc!
this is sweet !
Looks as though it really iniht be good
enough to cut."
They pniel'.ed it, tiiey tasted it, "its, in
deed ! it h nice '
Leaflet after leaflet vanished in a trice.
By the time the sun cuine, to chase away the
There were nil the fourteen bun, but who
could find tlm Mower?
Into it tbe crenturcs went: now it was in
Fcnrtecn little fut bugs silting en a idem!
The debating societies of Siuth Caro
lina have been offered the following pro
blem by the Abbeville Frers: "Which
is tho Wst way to get news by borrow
ing your neighbor's paper, or subscribing
on time without anv intention of paying
for it?"
Moi.ikre was asked the reason why,
in certain countries, lhe king may as
sume the crown at fourteen years of age
and can not marry before eighteen. " It
is," answered Molicre, "bciaus-e it is
more diflicult to rule a wife than a king
dom." " Madam," cynically observed a gen
tleman to a leader of f.ishionable society
of Washington, "woman doesn't seem to
be as much" ot a' clinging vine" as hi
once was." "That's because of the ex
treme insecurity of the manly oak," he
Thk Kearney (Nebraska) Press argues
in favor of domesticating the buffalo,
and says: "The animal 'can easily In
famed and made to do good service in
the harness; that while his tail is not so
handy to twist, in every other respect,
size, strength, get-up anff style, he is
vastly Hujie'rior to the domestic ox."
'"Children," said a country minister,
addressing a Sunday-school, "why are
we like flower? W'hat do we have that
flowers have?" And a small Ky in the
infants' class, whose breath unelled of
vermiltige, roje up and made reply,
" Worms,'' !"'d the minister crept under
the pulpit chair to hide his emotion.
When the great ."b'l.jiimiird found a
met of that dav nu.iiiiiir rhvmcs upon
in, he said to .-n. me iurioi mc miiii-
ful, "Take the rascal away mid cut out
his toinrue." Thewp-e AH handed the
poet a purse of gold. "This," said he
" O, thou rogue who modest tbe proph
et, this is the only wiy to cut out thy
tongue !''
We are glad to silence one slander
against (Jen. Schciick. It is this story
that he came away from England with
out wailing upon the queen and inukin;;
his official adieus, lie met Jkt majesty
while lie was streaking it down to the
ship. " Bv-bv, Vicky," he said, cheeri
ly. " I'm o" p. h." " Well, so long,
Bobby." the dear oi l girl replied, and
they parted friends.
I The Br.AK lliii.s Siotv, Bmeh.y
j Toi.D. Unless emigrants are prepared
to go to work cutting timber and tilling
the ground, and to assume the other
I trials and pains of a pioneer life to eke
' out an existence, they should take warn
j ing from the experience of a man writ
i ing from Custer City, iu the Black Ifil!.-.
! He finds that claini'ow ncrs are anxioi s
i t trade off their claims for flour and
bacon, and that the miners were' earniuj:
at most from fifty cents to one dollar a
day. CMraijo Tiiluuf.
The End of the World.
A meeting of Second Adventists was
held recently in Cooper Union, New
York, to di.-cuss th prophecy of a com
ing of 'hrist in l7i'. Mr. .lerrie, who
had written on a hlacklioard some figures
to show that the end of the world, or
" the time T the end." will conic this
year, sjxike alsnit the fulfillment of the
prophecy in the twelfth chapter of
Daniel. He illustrated his interpreta
tion of the prophecy by historical refer
ences. He next told that the prophe
cies foretold the end 1,335 years from a
given time, that is, from " the time when
the daily sacrifices shall be taken away,
and the alsiminatioii that inaketh drm
late Iks n t up." Thin abomination, be
said, was the church of Koine, and its K i
ting up occurred in ill, when the em
peror Justinian placed it on the pinnuelo
of hs power, nnd in order to do so over
threw the (ioths. Then followed tl c
period of 1,2'.' years sf'ken of in flm
prophecy, bringing the time up to l'.l,
when the allied powers of Europe, to
prevent a continual war, took away from
the isijie just ns much power an Jiirtin
ian had given him. To this l,2! yeai.i
the prophecy added a month and a half,
meaning forty-five ycais, thus fixing tho
time of the cn l in in this view,
Mr. Jcrrie haid, science and revelation
agreed, lie did not attempt t fix the
day or the month of the end, which is to
come "like athif in the niht." Two
or three other n rns (.poke, nnd the old
ir.an criticised tbe thuiehis for not
preaching the coming l Chi i t.
The Art -r Beading.
Mr. Anthony Trollopn delivered an
address on the " Art of Kcadin" ls-foro
the (JucIh-c. institute in I guidon ject Fitly.
Referring to tbe rcudi'ig of novels, be
said it was much Is-tter that they should
read no norel than that they rhould dc
vote themselves exclusively to them ;
but if they were readers he was Mire they
would find it :idiint:ijeoiis so to mix
light reading with serious reading that
the one should not engross or Jlie other
weary them. Ue rccouniu nded them to
acquire the art of reading a never fail
ing source of m joy incut, lot only to In
obtained by prae'tiec, and not, he im
pressed on his iitidience, when middle,
life had come on them. As ti what they
should read, he would say, goorJ books.
Above all things, he would advise tbern
not. tn deceive themselves in their choice.
If they could make joe try a delight with
them, it had a charri which could not be
found in anv oilier nreniure, i.ui n
poetry were distasteful thero was a wot Id
of prose. They must read for amuse
ment, but they" need not on that account
eschew acquiring info! million. Instinc
tive lwoks, indeed, were the loks t.i eel
hold of. Marnzine reading nnfortuimtely
left too little behind it, and as to novels
there were, of courv, novels and novels,
but he did not think that Scott, Thack
eray, or Dickens t vit wro'e any tl in-j

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