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The herald and mail. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1873-188?, April 28, 1876, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053406/1876-04-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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The second duke of Oneida is dead
Thus, one bv one. the peerage is cut
down. The second duV-e of Oneida took j
but little interest in politics or the aflairs I
of the day, living the life of a private ;
gentleman and preserving a most eiem- (
plary reputatioil, aside from a tendency
to gallantry. H is val ue was estimated at
$12,000, and no other short-hern in Ken
tucky was considered of better blood.
The forests of Iurope are estimated as
being 500,000,000 acres in extent. In
North America 1,460,000,000 acres are
covered with trees, of which area 900,000,
000 are in British North America. In
South America forestsoccupy 700,000,000
acres. The projortion of forest land to
the whole area of Euroje is computed at
twenty per cent.; in America twenty one.
.Supposing, threfore, twenty per cent, to
bo the proportion in Asia, Africa and
Australia, the grand' total of the forests i
of the world cover a space of 7,734,000
geographical miles.
There - is crave danger that
"materializes" will soon find their oc
cupation gone. An F.nglish dramatic
company has made its appearance in
Philadpliihia which rwrforms without
r , , .. ;..
any pretense of help iroin the spirits
tricks more wonderful and more start
ling than any that have ever been per
formed ostensibly with such help.
Ghosts and goblius arc produced which
float in the air and do all manner of
things, finally melting before the very
ryes of the spectators and, in full glare
of gaslight, into airy nothingnesss.
John C. Calhoun's monument at
Charleston, JSoiith Carolina, is a certain- !
ty at last. The money is all raised, and ;
the Ladies' Monument association have I
taken hold of the work with a determi-;
nation to complete it. The monument '
will have a foundation and pedestal of j
native granite, surmounting which will :
be a colossal bronze figure of Calhoun !
modeled after the statue by Towers. J
When this monument is finished it would
be a good idea to give the Charleston j
ladies a chance at the Washington mon
ument, which has not yet been quite
Great excitement was recently created
at the port of Lorenzo Marques, on the
wc-tt coast of Africa, by the arrival there
of the three-masted American schooner
Caddie F. Caller, of Salem. The Cape
Ann Advertiser says it was the first time
in that remote Portuguese settlement
that the star spangled banner had daz
zled the eyes of those colonists. The in
habitants greeted Uncle Ham most en
IhusiaticaHy, and expressed their admi
ration for the magnificent vessel that
graced their harbor. The European cit
izens, the governor and all the aristocra
cy of Lorenzo Marques visited the vessel
and were received on board with every
Ili'.ssiA don't think the eastern ques
tion is settled, and complains that the
porte has relaxed into inactivity and left
his promises of reform unfulfilled, while
the Mohammedans have taken to their
old tricks of massacreing the Christians,
and 5,000 insurgents have entered the
districts of Travnik and Bihacs. This
gives an uncomfortable look to affairs in
the east. Rut what troubles England
not a little is the fact that Russia Ls
miffed at the speeches made on the royal
titles bill. Mr. Gladstone blundered
into telling the truth when he said that
Russian advances in Asia must be re-si-tcd.
It was very undiplomatic, and
the czar doesn't like it. Sooner or later
the conflict will come in spite of diplo
matic soporifics.
A'vorpino to the Philadelphia Times
thieves and sharpers of every kind and
degree are thronging there in advance of
the visitors, and laying their plans for
the summer. One of the most infamous
enterprises brought to light is an agency
for the purpose of enticing respectable
young women from the country to dens
; " .1 1
oi iniquity in mat, cuy. circulars are
being scattered through neighboring
towns and citiea, addressed to girls whose
names have been somehow obtained,
promising them pleasant situations about
the exposition buildings at large pay,
aud advising them to leave their homes
secretly, lest their parents should object.
The originators of this devilish design
should be punished if possible. They
sign themselves Hayes. Arlington fc
Hrother, and have been using the post
office in furtherance of their nefarious
Some iuteresting statements have re
cently leen made in regard to the voca
tions of women in the city of New York.
Of the nineteen hundred and sixty oc
cupations there followed, women are en
caged in one hundred and sixty-eight.
Two billiard saloons and fifty higer-beer
.1 U . i. Tl
saloons nio Kept ijr nuuiiu. Jiiere are
iH'Antv Vtmfllfc 1 kll 1 tl All AHA famnln
I , ll fcj ii I"""- ' iviil i vniv 11111
. i 1 r i i .
oiqcifsmir n ilihi n icmn i o rii rirtsr f in a
' " --- r-n -
ntltin nnl 1 .1 11. T
1 iimj viiiu iiiv iun.nn mitt inu sire
. 1 . 1
HUTianfis. xnu lire at ine neaa OI
t . . - .
1 . 1 . rp . .1 i i r
.finnnirn f miwu rna 1 . 1 ifn -rn sin ......
iree are pawn-brokers, nine (singular
nough) are tailors and five kcepjivery
statues, i ncre are n.any men who en
gage in feminine occupations. One hun
dred and sixty-five loarding-house keep
ers are men; ami so are twenty-three
ight dressmakers, thirteen embroider-
crs, nine nunureu anu twenty-five hair
dressers, three lace menders, eighty -eight
hundred laundresses(l), seventy-one mil
liners, thirteen nurses and thirteen shirt
11 a ij uiuLiui v --i.
En'mmsh Cotton Gixs. An improved
iw1 4 (Mil If III irifi (VmuT rift Vj4
. - - - - - - v i i ir ti .-n; i ii
'-.l.itu It id uaiil 1,. ; 1
well, being especially adapted toseparate
nv description of cotton from its seed,
nit particularly so to the clasa of cotton
dhering to seeds having the husk, or
hell, covered with short fibres, teebni
ally termed woolly seeds, of which the
uplands is a principal variety. The
rr gin nas nereioiore proven mem
"for this kind of cotton, in conse
lie of the seeds, after separation, be
thg entangled with the seed cotton,
obstructing the action of the roller
ind knives. In the machine in Question
jliis is obviated by the combinea action
if the moving ami fixed grids. Thus, at
ich elevation of the moving knife, the
End, whicn is attached to the same, lifts
lie cotton to the level of the fixed knife
! lge and to the extxsed aurface of the
! iller, and, on the descent of the moving
nife, the seeds, which have become se ra
ited from the fibre, are disentangled oy
ie prongs of the moving grid passing
rtwixt those of the fixed grid. The
ut-turn of clean cotton of this class is
lout 120 pounds per hour ; of cotton
iving smooth seeds two hundred pounds
bay be obtained.
In India, in ISfiO, one tigress was re
rted to have killed 127 people and
rned a public road for many weeks.
i another cae in the central provinces
single tigress cai'jeu the desertion of
drteen villages, and 2."o souare miles
f country were thrown out of cultira-
J. E. Kenn, a prominent hotel keeper
of Little Rock, was run; over by a wagon last
week and died.
A new cotton mill will be built in
Columbus, Ga., with six! hundred looms and
twenty thousand spindles. Its capacity will
be six thousand bales pr year.
j Capt. Eads infrms; the jetty company
I that the depth of water in South Pass varies
I frnm fifteen and a halt to twcntv-eitrht feet.
The former depth is on the shoals, which will
have disappeared by the first of May. "
I The supreme court of Louisiana has
I decided the issue of two million five hundred
j thousand dollars of statfl bonds to the Mobile
I and Chattanooga railroad to be invalid and
: " .
Gen. McDowell, in charge of the Uni-
. 1 M 'icfticv Bl ... II. . iniuu u . 111. outlM AJratA
quarters at Louisville, han been ordered to
succeed SchotieM, in command of the divis
ion on the Pacific, change to occur in July
According to these figures we may estimate
receipts from date to September 1, 176, at
55,005, making a total jfor 1876 of 516,121
bales, the largest receipts ever received at
Memphis, and placing that city next to New
Orleans as a cotton market.
C. F. J. Moeller, of iMilwaukee, an ex-
gaugcr, convicted of making false returns,
has been sentenced to one year's imprison
ment and a fine of $2,500. Reynolds, a recti
tier, convicted of conspiracy, was sentenced
to six months' imprisonment in the county
jail and a fine of $2,500.
A dispatch from San Diego says suit
has been brought aainut the Texas Pacific
railroad for the recovery of lands deeded
! from Son Diego to the Colorado river com
pany, which has failed to comply with the
conditions of the grant;. The property in
volved is stated to amount to $5,000,000.
The receipts of cotton at Memphis for
the present year, up to rind including April
12, compare very favorably with receipts of
former years:
Total bales last vear, 1S7
To this date for 1875
Receipts from April 12th! toSept 1st,
1875 L 11,80..
Receipts for 1878, to datij: 461,120
Increase over 1875 j 150,912
The Nashville life insurance company
and the Odd-Fellows' widows' and orphans1
life insurance company lsave both been sus
pended by the state insurance commissioner.
The available resets of:
the Nashville life
were $289,875; liability
s, according to the
act of 1875, $918,760.
fThe company pro-
poses reinsuring the policies. The available
assets of the Widow and Orphan Life, $298,
000. The liabilities are over $400,006.
A 8an Francisco dissatch of the 12th
savg the senate coniuiitt
pe appointed to in
vestigate the. Chinese q
work to-day. Gov. I
gestion commenced
ow, ex-minister to
China, stated that the Ch
inese guilds or eni-
gration societies in Ilond
Kong were formed
when a demand for cliea
labor arose on this
coast. They exercise air
post absolute power
over emigrants, and liar
e an arrangement
pany by which the
e Chinamen home
with the Pacific Mail con
steamers will not take tl
who cannot show a certif
cate that thev have
fulfilled their contract wi
It was resolved to open
h these companies.
rrespondence with
China concerning
the American minister to
these emigration agencies
Ill the course of the
suit against Bohs Tweed,
Ix million dollar
ow in progress in
New York, lngersoll, on
victs, who was pardoned
ot the ring con-
ut of the peniten-
tiary taat he might give
his chief, testified that T
testimouy against
eed spent fully one
million dollars of his ill
bany corrupting legislnto
that he (Ingrrsoll) receiv
friends three million five
gotten gains in Al-
s. He also testified
d for himself and
hundred thousand
dollars, and expressed thi
opinion, with iin
his thirty-five per
blushing confidence, that
cent, of the steal was jus
ly retained.
A Dublin special say
tain that the emigration fi
s it is pretty cer
oni Ireland for 1876
will be the smallest since
A stock company is c
rganizing in Rus-
sia for the introduction a
id development of
u Central Asia.
the cultivation of cotton
The insurrection in
'ttrkcy is rapidly
Bosnia and Servia,
spreading. Herzegovina,
comprising one-third of T
irkey, are in open
The South Australia
nia Maud burned at se;
schooner Malve
, near Park Pirc.
captain missing.
Three men were saved ;
There was an explosion of
gun powder aboard.
Times are getting veiry busy down on
the Mexican border. The Mexican troops
fired on a Texan town, and the I'nited Suites
soldiers planted a twel v-pounder and re
turned the fire, sileneing the Mexican gun.
Three Americans were killed.
Advices from Iktsnki assert that the
insurrection was spread ug, and, what is
worse, that Christians a id Mohammedans
are being massacred for re
with the insurgents. Tl
fusing to take part
e details of their
atrocities are sickening,
encc at Suttoria between
The peace confer
the leaders of the
Herzogovinian insurgents
appear to have
resulted in nothing. Xli,
ie leaders have re-
turned to their posts and intend to resume
hostilities against the Turks on the 11th
inst., when the time expiries.
new census of Philadelphia, just
taken, shows a population of 817,428.
The direct cable has 1een repaired and
telegraphic communication is restored.
Franz Kochell, a tobacco merchant of
New York, has become insane, making the
eighth case of lunacy brought to the toombs
from the hippodrome iince Moody and
Sankey fcegan their ministrations there.
Mrs. Morgan, sister of the famous Gen.
John Morgan, of Tennessee, committed sui
cide in New York lust we
rk by taking laud
buted to excessive
laughter some time
anum. The cause is attri
grief over the loss of a
John Seal, one of
he tellers of the
5Tew York, is dis
r of $69,000. The
' by a receiver, and
Security savings bank o
covered to be a default
bank is being wound ujl
the discoverv was made through settlement
of depositors' accounts Mr payment of divi
dend. J
The baby farming business, aa carried
on in Montreal, is attracting considerable
attention. The board oi health had a meet
ing and discussed the suiject. It was shown
that out of seven hundred and nineteen
babies received at the jGray Nun hospital
last year, only eighty-eight survived.
The Washington authorities are ad
vised that Spain is preparing to send a for
midable force to Cuba,) which will be com
posed in large part of trjoops lately under the
command of Don Carl
will not leave till fall,
os. The expedition
to avoid the sickly
season and he ready for
a decisive campaign
before spring and yellow jack return. Our
Cuban brethrea of ther!
lepublican persuasion
may look for hot times
next winter.
The foreign comn
erce of New York
last week was: Mercha!
ldisejmports, $7,369,
522; produce exports, S4,S0l,300; and specie
exports, $79,9O0. Th
tot.il imports since
the first of Jiuuary h
ve been $91,422,419,
against $106,876,291 hu
692 in 1S74. The exp
t year, and $121,670,
lirts of produce were
$64,813,549, against $63,601,149 in 1875, aad
$73,805,997 in 1874, and the total exports of
spec.e foots up $14,473,745, against $15,816,-
273 last year, and $9,151,146 in 1874.
The treasury department has . pur
chased two months' "supply of silver bullion
at the low rates which prevailed a few" weeks
ago, the average price paid having been about
three cents per ounce less than the present
market rate. This slock, together-4th the
bullion fund, will, it is believed, be suf
ficient for coinage until the ennual state
ment at the mints, which will be made in
Treasurer iew will Issue a circular
immediately, warning the country that the
substitution of silver for fractional currency
will undoubtably lead counterfeiters to put
out spurious notes of the denomination of
twenty-five and fifty cents. As ajinmber of
these counterfeit plates are still in possession
of operators in the stulli the public should
be warned ttiut all the old issue extant of the
first four series will come to light, and as but
few of the genuine notes are to be found in
any one locality, the counterfeiters will the
better be able to successfully put out their
stuffand flood the country with it.
The supreme court of the United States
has at length decided the celebrated Osage
land case, the decision being in favor of the
settlers against the railroad companies. The
question involved the title of 960,000 acres of
land in Kansas, and was the largest and per
haps most important land case ever pre
sented for adjudication in this country.
There are now on these ceded lands a popu
lation of nt least fifteen thousand people,
possessing schools, churches and various
industrial establishments. A' decision in
favor of the railroad companies would have
abrogated the title of these people to their
property, which was regularly purchased
from the United States.
Fall Text of the Postal Rill Paue4 by tb
The bill, aa it passed the senate on the
12th, is as follows:
ec. 1. That mail matter of the third-class
shall embrace all pamphlets, occasional pub
ications aud regular publications devoted
primarily to advertising purposes or for free
circulation, or for circulation at nominal
subscription rates, prices current, catalogues.
circulars, prospectuses, dooks oouna or un
bound, book manuscripts, proof-sheets,-maps,
prints, engravings, blanks, flexible patterns,
samples of merchandise, sample cards, phot
ographic paper, letter envelopes, postal en
velopes and wrappers, cards, plain and orna
mental paper, photographic representations.
seeds, cuttings, roots, bulbs, scions, and all
other matter which may be declared mail
able by law as third-class matter and all
ot her articles not above the weight prescribed
by Jaw, which are not, by their form or na-
ure, liable to destrov, Uetace, or otherwise
njure contents of mail bags or person of an v
one engaged in the postal service. All
iquids, poisons, class, explosive material,
ind obscene books or papers shall be ex
cluded fom the mails.
Sec. 2. That packages of matter of the
third-class shall not exceed foar ponnds in
weight, and shall be subject to examination
and rates of postaze as hereinafter provided.
The postage on mail matter of the third-class
shall be at the following rates, for all dis
tances: one cent for each ounce, or fractional
art thereof. Kvery package of the third-
lass of mail matter shall bear the post-mark
f the office at which the same shall be mailed
for transportation.
Sec. That postages of third-class matter
shall be prepaid by stamps; if, however,
postage on third-class matter mailed at art
office shall be less than the full amount
above prescribed, in cases where the sender
is known, such sender shall be notified of the
fact, and the amount of postatre due shall be
collected from such sender before the same
shall be transmitted by mail; and in case the
sender is not knowu, and where is has not
bceu the evident intention of the party so
depositing the package to place less than the
full postage thereon, such packare shall be
forwarded and double the amount of the de
ficient postage shall be collected from the
party to whom it is addressed or delivered
at its proper destination.
Sec. 4. That the sender of any article of
the third-class of mail matter may write his
or her name and address thereon, or outside
thereof, with the word "from" above or pre
ceding the same, or may write briefly or
print on any package the number and name
of the articles inclosed. Publishers of news
papers and periodicals may print on the
wrappers of newspapers or magazines sent
from the office of publication to regular
subscribers, the time to which such subscrip
tion therefor has been paid.
Sec. 5. That transient newspapers and
magazines shall he admitted to and trans
mitted in mails at the rate of one cent for
every three ounces or fractional part thereof,
and one cent for each two additional ounces
or fraction thereof.
Sec. 6. That this act shall take effect on
and after the first day of July, 1876.
Mr. Stewart's Income.
On the occasion, of the election of Str
Nathaniel Mayer de Rothschild to the
bouse of commons, as one of the mem
liers for Aylesbury, the English papers
estimated him to f9 worth XI 0,000,000,
or $r0,000,000, gold. In a recent debate
in the house of commons on the sub
ject of the commissions of the Roths
childs, in the matter of the purchase by
England of the Isthmus of Suez canal
shares, Sir Nathaniel declared he was not
a partner in the house of Rothschild.
Wc can then fairly compare him with
our New York millionaires. If the Eng
lish papers are correct in their estimate
of Sir Nathaniel's fortune, Mr. Stewart
was probably the licher man of the two.
We need not compare the fortunes of
Stewart aud Vanderbilt with the vast
landed estates forming the bulk of the
fortunes of the ' English aristocracy.
Real estate in New York city just now
is by no means so remunerative, thanks
to our stupid fiscal legislation, as real
estate in Great Britain. What the in
comes of the great nobles of England
really are, it is very dilhcult accurately
to estimate. The new Domesday Book
puts down the territorial income of one
great personage, the Duke of Norfolk,
not hitherto reputed among the richest
of his order, at no less than 264.004
sterling, or more than $1,300,000 in gold.
The Duke of Westminister is reputed to
enjoy a revenue of more than $2,000,0tK)
I he Du ke ot J 'evonshire, whose predeces
sor held a hurher position relatively
than himself among the British Croesuses
of the upper house, is set down in the
new lists as receiving from his landed
estates in four English counties alone,
exclusive of Ireland and London, in both
of which he is a great proprietor, 127,
63JI in gold, or more than $600,000. Our
own impression is that 200,000 in gold,
or $1,000,000, would barely represent the
tumuai rentals and profits of the late Mr.
Mr. Stewart. X. V. Tlbr.V.
The Fidelity of a CoNHCiEXTiors
Switch-Ten deu. A switch-tender had
just taken his place to change the track
in urucr io iuiu a imm which was in
sight so as io prevent a collision with
another train from an opposite direction.
At this critical moment, on turning his
head, he discovered his little boy playing
on the track of the advancing engine.
He might spring to the rescue and re
move him safely, but then he would not
have time to turn tb switch, and hun
dreds of lives might be lost by his neg
lect. In an instant hi 'resolution was
taken. "Lie down!" he shouted to his
boy, and the" child happily accustomed
to obedience, promptly threw himself on
the ground and the whole train thun
dered over him, the passengers little
dreaming how much their safety had cost
that father. The trembling man rushed
forward fearing to find only a mangled
corpse, but no words can express his joy
at seeing his child alive and unharmed.
The next day the einperor, having heard
of the circumstance, sent for the man,
aud presented him the medal of honor
for his bravery. Berlin Vol:blatt.
In the senate, on the 1 1th, Mr. Howe
introduced a bill, by request, to provide for
cheap transportation of freight between tide
water at or near the Atlantic ocean and the
Ohio and Mississitmi valley railroads. Mr.
Stevenson presented a petition of the tobacco
men of Cincinnati and I'ovington, Kv., in
favor of the reduction of the tax on tobacco
to sixteeu cents per pound. Referred. The
senate resumed the consideration of unfin
ished business, being the bill fixing the rate
of postage on third-class mail matter. The
pending question was on the amendment of
Mr. .Merrinion to strike out of the first section
the clause allowing in mails all articles not
above weight prescribed by law which are
not, trom their torm or nature, liable to de
stroy, deface or otherwise injure the contents
oi mail bags or person of any one engaged in
toe postal service. 1 he amendment was re-
jected. Pending the discussion, Mr. Morrill
called up the lull making an appropriation
to continue the work of improving the caoi-
tol grounds and the amendment of the house
reducing the ameunt from $25,000 to $20,000,
was agreed to and the bill passed. After
executive session the senate adjourned
In the senate, on the 12th, Mr. Allison
reported favorably on bill to amend section
10 of the Indian appropriation bill for the
year ending June 30, 1876, in regard to sur
eties of Indian agents, requiring agents to
keep a book of itemized expenses, etc Placed
on the calendar. Mr. Windom reported fav
orably on house bill to extend the time of
pre-emptors on public lands, riaced on the
calendar. After the consideration of unfin
ished business, the bill fixing the rate of
nostace on third-class mail matter was re
sumed, the question being on the substitute
of Mr. Harvey to restore the old rate of post
age on that class of matter. Mr. Ilowe
argued that it was not for the public good
mat a pacaage ot goods should be sent
thronifh the mails. Mr. Windom said he
would vote for the substitute of the senator
from Kansas in preference to the bill re
ported by the committee. Mr. Hamlin de
fended the bill reported by the committee
Mr. Sherman thought it best to establish a
uniform rate of postage per ounce. The
only difficulty about this proposition was
that it would raise the rate of transient news
papers, and that he did not want to do. He
did not think the old rate of postage should
be restored entirely, but it should be restored
as tar as light circulars were concerned. Mr.
lawes moved to amend the second section of
the bill so that it would read : "The oostaee
on mail matter of the third-class shall be at
the following tates: lor all distances one
cent for each ounce or fractional part there'
of," etc. Agreed to without division. The
ouestion then beiner on the substitute of Mr.
Harvey to restore the old rate ot postage, it
was rejected, ihe bill was then reported t
the senate and the amendments made in
committee of the whole agreed to. The bill
was then read the third time, and passed
without division. The senate then took up
the bill to repave Pennsylvania avenue in
Washington, i'ending discussion, the senate
went into executive session, and soon after
In the senate, on the 13th, Mr. Wright
celled up the bill providing for the imprison
ment and transfer of United States prisoners-
Passed. The bill providing for a separate
entry of packages contained in one importa
tions passed. The senate then proceeded to
consider the bills on the calendar not ob
jected to, and the following passed : Senate
bill authorizing the construction of a pontoon
bridge across the Mississippi river from some
point in Laqrosse county, Wis., to some point
in Houston county, Minn. Senate bill to
amend the laws relating to the lecal-tendcr of
silver coin, on motion of Mr. Sherman, was
recommitted. The morning hour having ex
pired, the senate resnmed consideration of
unfinished business, taking up the bill au
thorizing the repavement of Pennsylvania
avenue, rending the discussion, house bill
making appropriation to supply deficiencies
in the appropriations for the vear endini;
June 30, 1S76, and former ve.nr, was referred
to the committee on appropriations. After
short executive session, the senate ad
journed until Monday.
In the senate, on the 17th, there was
unusual activity, preparing for the impeach
ment trial of W. W. Belknap, late secretary
of war. After the journal of Thursday's pro
ceedings had been read, various petitions and
memorials were presented, but at half past
twelve o'clock legislative business was sus
pended, and the senate proceeded to the
consideration of the articles of impeachment.
The secretary was ordered to notify the house
that the senate was ready to proceed with
the trial, and that seats had been provided
for the members. At fifteen minntes to one
o'clock ex -Secretary Belknap, with his coun
sel, entered and proceeded to the table pro
vided for them. The managers of the im
peachment and members ot the house ap
peared at one o'clock, when the minutes of
the session of the senate as a court of im
peachment, held on the 5th inst, were read.
The return on the writ served upon the ex
secretary having been read, Mr. Carpenter
read aud had filed a plea denying the juris
diction ot the senate to try Belknap on the
.i i - t .
timcies oi lmpeacnmeni, as ne was not an
officer of the United States at the time such
articles were found and presented to the
senate. Mr. Lord, on the part of the man
agers, asked that time be allowed them until
the U'th instant to consider what replication
shall be made to the plea of Belknap, and it
was so ordered. Mr. Mitchell, from the com
mittee on privileges and elections, to which
was referred the question as to the proper
amount of compensation to be paid P. B. S.
Pinchback, late contestant for a seat from
Louisiana, reported a resolution to pay Pinch
back the sum equal to the compensation and
mileage of a senator from the beginning of
the term for which he was a contestant to
the termination of the contest by the senate.
Ordered printed and to lie en the table. The
committee on appropriations reported the
house deficiency appropriation bill with
amendments, includiu the following: To
pay the expenses ot transportation, custody,
exhibition and return e-f United States prop
erty to be exhibited at the centennial ; $15,
000 for the interior department, $18,500 for
the war department, $14,000 for the treasury
department, $21, (XX) for the Smithsonian in
stitute, $8,000 for the United States commis
sion of food for fishes, and $25,000 for the
Black Hills commission. The unfinished
business being the bill for the repavement of
Pennsylvania avenue, it was resumed, and
pending the discussion the senate went into
executive session and soon adjourned.
In the house, on the 11th, Mr. Kehr
reported a bill to authorize the construction
of a bridge across the Missouri river at or
near Sioux City, Iowa. After explanation
the bill passed. Mr. Wells, from the com
mittee on appropriations, reported the defi
ciency bill, and said he would try and get
action on it to-morrow. The bill appropriates
$652,486. The house then proceeded to the
consideration, as special order, of the bill
reported by Mr. Reagan concerning com
merce and navigation and regulation of steam
vessels. The bill was amended in various
respects, and passed. The senate bill appro
priating $25,000 for improvement of the cap
ltol grounds was amended bv reducing the
amount to $25,000, and passed. The evening
session was given to the consideration of the
legislative appropriation bill. Discussionand
action on the legislative bill were confined
to the reduction of special treasury atrents,
limited to ten ; to a proposition of Mr. White
to relieve small private distillers from tax
ation, winch was voted dowu, ami to a vari
ety of minor matters connected with officials
oi the internal revenue, their numbers and
compensation. After little progress with the
bill, the house adjourned.
In the house, on the 12th, Mr. Hoar
offered a resolution instructing the judiciary
committee to inquire what steps have been
taken for proprIy representing the interests
of the United States in the suit instituted
against the Credit Mobilier and others under
the provisions of the act of 3d of March, 1873,
and also whether the Union Pacific railroad
company has not forfeited its charter, and
whether the same should not be repealed
because the company resisted the recovery
in its behalf of its capital stock, wrongfully
withdrawn by mean 4 of fictitious construction
contracts or unlawful dividends. Adopted.
Mr. Harris, from the election committee,
made a report on the Minnesota election case,
that Sterret, the sitting member, is entitled
to the seat Ordered to be printed. The
house then took up the deficiency bill, and
Mr. Wells made explanations as to the bill.
The bill as amended in various minor par
ticulars and passed. The house then went
into committee of the whole on the bill to
transfer the Indian bureau to the war de
partment, and was addressed by Mr. Cook iu
support of the bill. Without making anv
further progress ou tin; bill Ihe house ad
journed. Tn the house, on the 13th, Mr. Walling
reported back the bill to authorize claimants
on even numbered, sections of land within
twenty mile limits of the Northern Pacific
railroad to make proof and payment for their
claim at a minimum rate ot one hundred and
twenty-five dollars per acre.. Passed. The
hill for the restoration to market of the
Uintah Indian reservation. Utah, nassed
also the bill respecting limits of reservation
for town sites on the public domain. Mr.
Sayler reported senate bill to confirm the
pre-emption and homestead entries of public
lands wiuiin tne limits oi railroad granting
cases, where sucn entries nave been made
under the regulations of the land depart
ment l assed.. ine morning Hour having
expired, Mr. Scales moved to go into com
mittee of the whole on the bill to transfer
the: Indian bureau to the war department
Agreed to. The house thereupoa went into
committee of the whole, and Mr. Cook con
eluded his speech of yesterday in favor of
the transler to the war -department Mr.
Seelye spoke against the bilL Mr. Hooker
advocated it At the evening session vari
ous amendments to the bill were offered and
rejected; and after progressing as far as page
i4, the committee rose ana the house ad
jourued to Saturday. . ;
In the house, on the. lothWa White
offered a resolution instructing the judiciary
committee to inquire into that Mr. Smith,
jonrnal clerk of the house, offered to prose
cute additional bounty claims for a com in is
sion. Mr. Douglas reported a bill to amend
the charter of the Freedman's bank. Made
special order for Saturday next. Mr. Knott
reported back senate bill to provide for the
administration of oaths in impeachment
trials. Passed. Mr. Hurd reported a reso
lution in the habeas corpus case of llallet
Kilbourne, the recusant witness in the real
estate pool investigation, directing the Ber-
geant-at-arms to make a careful return to the
writ, setting out the causes of detention of
Kijbourne, and retain custody of his body
and not to produce it before the judge or
court without further order of the house. lie
intimated that the testimony of Kilbourne
might implicate high officials, and that all
efforts in the direction of investigation would
be thwarted if he were taken out of the power
of the house. Mr. Lvnde offered, on behalf
of the minority, a substitute for the resolu
tion, directing the sergeant-at-arms to make
a careful return to the writ of habeas corpus
that the prisoner is dulv held by authority of
the house in proceedings against him for
contempt, and to take with biut the body of
Kilbourne before the court when making
such return. Mr. Kasson hoped that the
time was long distant when an American
citizen whose property or liberty was in
volved was to find his final court in the house
of representatives. Mr. Kelly argued against
the resolution offered by Mr. Hurd. He be
lieved that the commitment of Kilbourne
was a grave mistake, which no court has
made, and which the house would not have
made if it had heard Kilbourne through his
counsel. Mr. Hoar said this was a question
before the house. Was the extent of rights
of this house limited by the discretion and
by the judgment of a single judge of the
supreme court of the District of Columbia?
If so, then that court has a right to do the
same next week to the senate. Mr. Garfield
quoted from May's parliamentary law, to the
effect that habeas corpus law in binding on
all persons whatever, and that it is therefore i
competent lor judges to have betore them
persons committed by houses of parliament
for contempt Mr. Hurd stated that he had
just been informed by the sergeant-at-arms
that he had appeared betore the judge this
morning, and that a hearing of the case had
been postponed until next Tuesday. He
therefore gave notice that he would call the
previous question Monday at three o'clock.
In the house, on the 17th, the debate
on the Kilbourne habeas corpus case was
interrupted by the house proceeding in a
body to the senate to attend the impeach
ment trial of the late secretary of war. J!e
tnrning therefrom, discussion was resumed.
Mr. Tucker proposed an amendment to the
resolution proposed by the majority of the
judiciary committee, directing the sergeant-
at-amis to appear by counsel belore court
and to make a motion to quash or dismiss
the writ, or to take such other procedure as
he .should he advised, to raise the ouestion
of legality ami propriety of the issue of the
writ on llic lacts stated in petition and by
ontplainant. An acrimonious discussion
ensued, mid at its close the amendment was
tab'ed 8i to 1 !'.. The substitute offered hv
Mr. Lvnde, directing the Sergeant-at-arms to
make a return to the writ and produce Kil
bourne, was adopted 16-3 to 7.3. Adjourned.
Tbe Bulk of HI ttreat Estate lr by
Will II U Wire.
The will of the late A. T. Stewart be
queaths all his property and estate to his
wife, Cornelia M. htewart ana her heirs
forever, and appoints Henry Hilton to
act in behalf ot the estate and in man
aping his aflairs. As a mark of regard,
Mr. btewart bequeaths to JMr. Hilton
the sum of S1.000.000. He anooints his
wife, Judge Hilton and Wm. Libby his
executors. 1 he subscribing witnesses to
the will are Wm. P. Smith, W. II. White
and E. E. Marcv, M. 1. The will bears
date of 27th of 5larch, 1873. He directs
his executors to pay out the following
gifts as legacies : To Geo. B. Butler, $ 20,
(H)0; John M. Hopkins, f 10,000; gifts of
$100,000 are distributed in sums ranging
from $.3000 to $ -0,000 to those who have
long and faithfully served him in his
business aflairs. ife gives $15,500 to the
faithful servants of his household. To
Sarah and Rebecca Morrow, friends oi
his early youth, and at whose lather's
house he says he enjoyed in youth a hos
pitality and welcome which he cannot
forget or repay, he bestows an annuity of
$12,000, in quarterly installments, during
their natural lives, and also the house
and furniture. To the relatives of his
wife, six in number, he bequeaths $10,-
000 each, and to Ellen B. Hilton, the
wife of his friend, 11. Hilton, the sum of
$5000. One of Judge Hilton's impor
tant duties is to bring Air. Stewart's part
nership affairs to a termination, and as
far as possible without loss to those con
nected with him in business. The fol
lowing letter is attached to the will :
New Yopk, March 27, 1873. To My
Dear Wife: It has been and is my inten
tion to make provision for the various
public charities, but as any scheme of
that kind, I suppose, will need consider
able thought and deliberation, I have
made my will, with codicils in their pres
ent shape, to guard against any contin
gency, knowing that I may rely on you
supplying all deficiencies on my part. I
hope and trust my life may lie spared so
that I may complete the various plans
for the welfare of my fellow-beings which
1 have already indicated, but should it be
ruled otherwise, I must depend upon
you, with such aid as you may call about
you, to carry out what I have begun.
Our friend, Judge Hilton, will, I know,
give you any assistance in his power, and
to him I refer you for a general under
standing of the various methods and
plans which I have at times with him
considered and discussed. I am not
unaware, also, of the fact that there
are many who have served me faithfully
and well in my business and otherwise,
who should be recognized and rewarded,
but for whom I have as yet made no
special provision. Your own recollec
tion, aided by Judge Hilton's knowledge
on this subject, will doubtless bring these
persons to your attention, and I feel sat
isfied their claim will be justly consid
ered by you especially. However, I do
desire "that you will ascertain the names
of all such of my employes who have
been with me for a period of ten years
and upwards, and I request that to each
of those who have been in my employ
ment for a period of twenty years shall
be paid one thousand dollars, while to
each of those who have been with me
for ten years shall be paid five hundred.
Alexander T. Stewart.
A Chinaman on the passage to Cali
fornia jumped overboard, intending to
kill himself, but in some unaccountable
manner was lodged in the wheelbouse of
the steamer, where he clung tenaciously,
although the utmost exertion was neces
sary to escape the death which he had
sought. H was nearly dead when dis
covered. Upon being restored he cut
his throat effectually.
APRIL 28, 1876.
Over and over aqain.
No matter which way I turn,
I always find in the Book of Life
Home lesson I hare to learn.
I must take my turn at the mill,
I must grind out the golden drain,
I must work at my task with a resolute will
Urer and over again.
We cannot measure the need
Of even the tiniest flower,
Nor check the flow of the golden sands
I hat run thiouKli a single hour.
But Ibe morning dews must fall.
The sun and tne summer raiu
Must do their part, and perform it all , .
Over and over again. -
Over and over again
The brook through the meadow flows,
And over and over again
The ponderous mill-wheel goes.
Once doing will not suffice.
Though doing be not in vain,
And a blessing failing us once or twite
May come if we try again.
The path that has once been trod
Is never so rough to the feet.
And the lemon we once have learned
Is never so hard te repeat
Though sorrowful tears may fall,
And the heart to its depths lie riven
Fy the etonu and tempest, we ueed them all
To render us meet lor heaven.
What n. Krart A. I'oravtb Kaom
II Extent an4 Beaouree.
During the sway of the East Indian
company, the native East Indian, so far
as the corporation was concerned, was
simply a money-getting machine. His
value in the market as a producer was
carefully estimated and traded upon, and
the policy ot John Company was, the
largest possible dividend upon the small-
est possiuie expenuiiure. tv nen, Howev
er, the mutiny of 1857 drove the East
. 1 1 1 1!. I
India company to the wall, anu her maj
esty's government assumed possession of
and control over the indies, tne soulless
policy of a grasping corporation was suc
ceeded by the sway of a powerful chris
tian nationality, controlled and directed
by statesmen of ability, worth, and in
dustry. In order to show what her maj
esty's government has accomplished in
the way of public improvements within
the last twenty years, I propose to offer a
few statistics. British India contains
943.4 square miles, with a population
of 193,223,468 souls, and is divided into
twelve provinces, named and controlled
aa follows :
1. The province of Bengal, with a pop
ulation of $613,000,000, governed by a
lieutenant-governor and legislative coun
cil at Calcutta, and under the immediate
eye of the viceroy, at present Lord
rorthbrook,who is soon to be succeeded
by Lord Lytton.
2. Ihe province ot .Madras, under a
governor, council, and legislative coun
cil, with a population of 31,000,000.
3. Ihe provinces ot liombay and t?cin-
da, under agovernor, council, and legis-
lanve council, witn a population ot io,-
4. The Northwestern provinces, under
lieuteuant-governor, with a population
of 30,700,000.
5. The x "uniaub, under a lieuten
ant-governor, with a population of 17,
000,000. Then come the smaller provinces of
Oude, the Central provinces, British
Burmah, Mysore, and lerar, all under j
chief commissioners, and the smaller I
provinces of Aiiner and Carp, under the j
general government of India.
In addition to these provinces, there
are a nunioer ot leudatorv states ana
provinces, in all nearly 460, though some
of them are verysmall, which pay tribute
to and to a tertain extent are controlled
by the English government of India. A
rough calculation shows the native states
to cover an area of 010,000 square miles,
with an estimated population of .V,0M1,
000, yielding a revenue of $70,180,(0O,
but paying to the Anglo-Indian govern
ment only $3,288,090. All of these feu
datories acknowledge the supremacy of
the government ot India, but some ot
them merely pay a nominal tribute, ana
at the same time keep up their own sys
tem of government and have their own
armies. Still, it is well to state that they
hold their territories practically on suf
ferance, for the viceroy, backed by the
premier of England, coufd at any time
absorb these native jKiwers, and in my
opinion the man is now living who will
see them so absorbed, and in the best in
terests of the people of India, too. Con
centration seems to be the order of the
day in the last years of this work-a-day
nineteenth century, and I doubt not that
the new men of the next thirty years
will see its adaptability for Anglo Indian
Geographically considered, India is
quite too hot for the introduction of Eu
ropean labor. Practically considered I
doubt it, but financially thought over, it
may prove somewhat of a puzzle. The
fact is that native field labor is very
cheap. The needs of the Hindoo are few,
his tastes simple, his food plain, and his
dress well, there is not much to be said
about that anyway, for two yards of cot
ton cloth is rather a swell dress for the
most of them. However, he can live
where the European would starve, so that
the question of individual labor between
the native East Indian and the European
will not be agitated, in our generation at
As for the country itself, it is simply a
great plain, bounded, by the Himalayas
on the north, and with two or three
small ranges of mountains near the east
and west coasts. It has four large rivers,
via : the Ganges, 500 miles in length ;
the Idus, 1,800; the Brahmaputra, 1,800;
and the Irawadi, 1,100; besides above
twentv-five more streams ranging from
200 to" 900 miles in length. These rivers,
however, do not supply in their course
sufficient water for irrigation, without
which it would be quite impossible to
successfully raise crops of any kind with
in two-thirds of the cultivatable area of
India. And just here comes in one of
the most splendid works ever undertaken
by any government for the benefit of its
people. I allude to the stupendous sys
tem of irrigating canals constructed and
in process of construction by the Indian
government for the agricultural improve
ment of its territories, and without
which many thousands of acres of land
would be practically worthless,as the rain
fall is insufficient to mature the crops.
Many of the fields are irrigated by water
drawn from wells, but millions of acres
are irrigated by canals, constructed and
kept in order by the government ; and
for the use of the water from the said
canals the natives pay a small tax, so
light as to be of no actual burden, but
which, nevertheless, yielded a revenue
of over $2,000,000 in 1873, which will
give you some idea of the extent of the
canals. I have no reliable data at hand
to show the length of all the canals, of
which there are great numbers, but their
aggregate length I mean of the main
liues cannot be less than 6.000 miles.
There are now open and in good order
about seven thousand miles of railways
within the British possessions. These
roads are finely built, ami will last for
years to come without rebuilding; and,
although built by private enterprise, the
charters are so worded that within a
given time all of tuese roads revert to
the government of India. In order to
obtain , the funds with which to build
these roads the government of India
guaranteed the stock to pay four and one
half per cent., and I notice that this
guarantee cost the sum of $7,500,000
during the fiscal year ending June 30,
1803. The total cost of the roads to thi
date has been about 102,000.000 ster
ling, or $493,680,000 geld. These rail
ways are constructed in the most superb
manner, the average expenditure being
$80,034.24 per mile, which includes roll
ing stock, of course. To us the cost
seems enormous, especially when it-ris
lxirue in mind that the stock was taken
at par in gold, and the money put into
the lines honestly, but the result justifies
the expedituren. The bed of the roads
are as solid as it is possible to build them ;
the culverts, drains, and bridges, of cut
tone, brick and iron ; the depots all
built of brick and flagged with cut 6tone,
and the railway shops constructed in the
most solid manner. Some of the bridges
in this country are marvels of size and
strength, and the newlv-onened Alexan
dria bridge, near Wirzabid, is the longest
railway bridge in the world, being some
thing over nine thousand feet in length.
and supported upon ninety-seven brick j
piers. . this railsay system has secured
England's hold upon India against any
future rebellion, and, in my opinion,
against any attempt upon the part of
European powers to wrest it from her.
Tbe rnrveau Ariatoeraey of Wafa,lacn
Gath writes to the 3"ew York Graphic :
The prominence given iu the public
prints to the rich wardrobes of ladies and
their relative leauty has helped to en
courage the love of display and conceit
which wc see coming out in the Belknap
and other cases. In former davs ladies
and men in public position were pro
tected by the discrimination between of
ficial and mercantile life. twenty
years ago a family ot tradesmen in the
avenue did not intrude in official society,
and he who published the names or ad
dresses of persons at any of the large re
ceptiona never had the opportunity to
reteat the performance. Consequently
fine clothes did not enter into the rivalry
or the court.
In our day, however, persons are intro
duced to the receptions without a pre
vious acquaintance with their host, and
is common lor women Irom distant
cities to visit the capital accompanied by
dozens of trunks filled with wardrobes
specially prepared for a " Washington
The example of dress on the stage of a
theater, on the public promenade, or in a
ara wing-room is iniectious, ami mere
money has come to be rated as too neces
j .. . r i
sary an element in good official society
let what woman will be bold enough to
make the innovation of dressing in the
plain way customary thirty years ago?
And who gives Washington women their
dresses? Husbands T
What we see in Washington is patent
alloverthecountry.particularly in cities.
In dress, however, and in the passion lor
display there are gradations. II you
will select, say fifty women, in Washing
ton society, and taboo them from the
newspapers and from social consideration,
you will cut off the extravagance.
Here, for example, is a real estate
agent, who a few years ago was dealing
n swamp low somewhere in the west.
Now his house is furnished from Paris,
Brussels and London. The carpets were
woven to fit the rooms and the mirrors
slipped through the custom house with
out expense. Here is a patent attorney
who has worked hard all his lite, and sees
no other way to distinguish his wealth
but to build a palace. Here is a doctor
ho turned up from the Muskra country
as a hospital surgeon, and now appears
in the street only behind a pair of cream
colored horses with a driver ,and represen-
mg in no feeble way death on a pale
orse. Here is a retired army officer
ith a ixrte-eoliere Mansard, pavilions,
lace curtains, and a house open to let his
daughters be seen from morning till mid-
ght. ilere is a brother-in-law ot a dig-
itarvwho, not satisfied with bis relative
condition in the citv of hisbirth, makes
an apparition in Washington society with
a great house. Here is a poor German
engineer, who has been drawing sections
of boilers and ship-beams for thirty years,
now living behind Pictott stone. Here
is an instrument-maker, who furnishes
surveying tends for the land office, keep
ing his family bv the year in Europe.
Here is a retired tavern-keeper, with
twenty bath rooms in his house, expect
ing to be married in to the fi rst official rank.
Here is a little chap who used to be a
page in congress surrounded with paint
ings, horses and laces. Here is an old
curb-stone broker whose daughters have
got into good society at last, and their
house is in the West End covered with
zinc ornaments. Here is a miller who
got rich by building a patriotic momu
ment, and he belongs to the gentlest set
of all. Here is a stone-cutter with a
bank, a country villa, and a transformed
town mansion, all bristling with mina
rets and pinnacles. Here is a claim
agent, who came out of the war without
a penny, inhabiting a castle made of
presscd-brick st in lampblack mortar
and resting on granite piers.
The tinieisapproachingwhen cards will
be scanned before the lady of the house
comes down to receive strange callers,
and when the servant at the door will
Ierform the duty of asking for invita
tions and resisting intruders.
The Mysterious Smoke la Florida.
A Montieello correspondent of the
Savannah News says: Of the wonderful
secrets of nature that Florida can loast
of possessing within her limits there is
one in this county upon which the eye
of mortal has not yet been permitted to
gaze. For more than thirty years its ex
istence has been tantalizingly proclaimed
by a cloud of smoke that has unceasingly
ascended, frequently changing from a
light to a dark shatfe, irom an impene
trable swamp some twenty-five miles
from Montieello, and in the direction of
the Gulf Coast, from which point this
"pillarof cloud" js also visible. Learned
gentlemen, after viewing " the landscaje
o'er lor many years ana irom vanou
points, have made frequent and persist
ent efforts to solve this long standing aud
perplexing mystery. But upto this time
notning has been accomplished beyond
unsuccessful attempts to reach the place,
all of which ended in disaster within four
or five miles of the spot on which the
supposed volcano is thought to be located.
I am informed that Judge Bell, of this
place, and others are now making a fresh
attempt to penetrate to this mysterious
phenomenon, and discover its true char
acter. Judge White, of Quincv, a man
of large literary culture, has led several
expeditions to that region, but in every
instance failed to effect an entrance
through the closely interwoven and im
penetrable undergrowth of the center of
the swamp, where the volcano is situ
ated. While some of these attempts
have been feeble and inefficient, others
have been well organized and equipped,
and led by men oi experience and fixed
ness of purpose. Judge White had an
ebservatory which he could place in the
tree tops to guide him in the right course.
And yet this " undiscovered bourne " re
mains untrodden by the foot of a mod
ern traveler; at least none have ever
returned to report its mystery. One
thing is certain, now that the Okefenokee
swamp baa been "done up" for the
reading public, that another twelve
month. will rot pass without witnesxing
the successful unfolding of this mystery.
One Hundred and Forty Bodies in
Gunny Sacks. A strange funeral pro
cession arrived in Santa Fe one day last
week. There were twenty freight
wagons in the procession, and each
wagon was a hearse, loaded with tbe re
mains of dead soldiers in different stages
of decay. These had been buried, one
by one, ranging through a period of
several years, at Fort Craig, and recently
the jemains were ordered removed to
the government cemetery Jat Santa Fe.
The bodies were exhumed, packed in
gunny sacks, and each one labeled, just
like sacks of ore. Only one body, that
of Lieutenant Drew, was transported in
a coffin. This officer perished of thinjt
on the Jornada del Mueria six years ago.
His remains, when extxised to inspection
at Santa Fe, presented a rather natural
appearance. The tongue, or what re-
VOL. XXI. NO. 42.
mained of it, still protruded from the
mouth, evidencing the suffering attend
ing his horrible death. In this singular
and ghastly procession were one hundred
and forty bodies. The wagons discharged
their skeletonic freight in the govern
ment cemetery, ana each gunny sack
and its contents was dropped into a
separate grave. There were no religious
ur military pervitin or ceremonies, anu
the men hired to accompany the proces
sion tossed the sacks of bones about with
as little care and feeling aa they would
boxes et merchandise. A spectacle so
weird is not seen every day in tanta ie
Denver Newt.
aad Vttlaavs Itrlated-tl
Jreat I.om
of Life mm Property.
A letter to the New York Express from
St. Oedenrode, March 27th, says: Both
the cable and foreign correspondents have
given you many facts concerning the
fearful deluge that has visited a freat
portion of Europe; but it is imjHissible
for others than an eye-witness to conceive
the destruction which life aud property
has sustained. Your corresjxindciit has
daily watched the ravages of the flood,
the like of which has not been seen or
beard of since the destruction of the
world by the deluge. About the liegin-
ning of February, Holland was visited
by a terrific thunder storm, which seemed
to gam in furv everv hour: the lurht
ning flashed with blinking vividness; the
thunders roared with unprecedented peal
alter peal, and the ram poured down in
torrents, till hundreds, ves, thousands
were filled with the idea that the end of
things had indeed come. In this way
did the storm continue day after day,
with the exception that the thunder
and lightning ceased to a certain extent.
It now began to be whispered from city
to city, and from village to village, that
the combined waters of tbe Rhine,
Meuse and Leek were slowly, but surely,
to make a vast sea of the counties of
North Brabant, Utrecht, Gelderland and
South Holland. Ihe greatest fears were
realized. The Rhine bunded its dikes.
und soon Utrecht, with her old and fa
mous city of learning, together with sev
eral villages, were deluged beyond de
scription. So, also, were the neighlor-
mg counties of South Holland and Gel
derland flooded by the overflowing Ieck
and Rhine. The worst now seemed to
have come ; but not so, for the news
soon flashed through the country that
the dikes alxive Shertogenbosch had
given way, and the city was at the mercy
of the flood. The Meuse had silently
swelled until it could contain itself no
longer, when it suddenly forced its con
fines, carrying death and terror through
out the greater portion of the country of
Nerth Brabant. Homes, schools, churches
and every movable thing gave way to
the fearful rush of waters, whirh seemed
to tour in at the upper and lower win
dows and doors of the houses with tre
mendous, force. House after house gave
way, and floated out in the fields beyond.
Here and there could lie seen horses,
cows and sheep vainly striving, with up-
urned heads, to gain a footing or chance
to breathe. But they were doomed.
Floating alongside of a horse, ierhups,
would lie a table, chairs, lieds and other
household furniture. One of the saddest
ights witnessed was that of an infant in
a cradle which had floated into sherto
genbosch from the village of Lith, a few
miles north. the cradle was lound
floating with its dead but human freight,
urrotindcd bv the dead carcasses ot cat-
iortions of once happy homes, and
he general debris which goes to make up
the terrors and sickening sights of such
flood, ( an we imagine the feelings of
the mother of that child? Perhaps she
was watching it when the terrible waters
uddenly tore it, with its little lied, irom
ts mother s reach. She may have
watched it gradually disappear, and, as
t floated out of sight, may have prayed
nd hoied lor the best, lsy tins lime
she knows tne worst. This is simply an
ncident of many of the sad scenes of this
second deluge. The principal cities sub
merged are alt Bommel, ianen,(rouda,
Utrecht and SliertogenlKiseh. lhey all
suffered more or less, but the last named
fared by far the worst. No less than
seventy villages were flooded, the houses
liein completely gutted from cellar to
roof. When the waters were at thir
hight, houses and the roadways gave way
to water and small steamers, r ood was
carried from house to house and family
to family by these steamers, which had
clear sweep ol the country, that was
now an immense sea. Ihe price ot lood
ros3 with the flood, and milk sold fast at
fifty cents a quart; butter commanded
one dollar and twenty-five cents a iund;
bread and meat rose in proportion, and
were hard to get at auy price. Steamers
could be seen passing tne roofs of some
of the principal buildings in the cities
and towns, as they steamed up to the
many outstretched hands and delivered
them food. It was feared at one time
that the dikes at Zalt Bommel would
give way; but. at this writing hopes arc
entertained that the worst has come and
gone. These dikes are watched night
and day. Thousands of men are em
ployed in repairing the broken walls.
Thank God, Europe has thrown open her
treasures, and money is flowiug in with
a welcome rush. Concerts and enter
tainments of all kinds are given through
out the country for the benefit of tbe
sufferers. The cry for help has been, and
still continues to be nobly responded to.
The loss of life, has been very small, but
the loss and damage of projerty run far
into the millions.
The .tv Tariff Bill.
The committee on ways and means
have added to the free list of the Morri
son tariff bill the following named arti
cles : Window glass, painted or stained,
imjiorted by and for the use of educa
tional, literary, lienevolent and religious
associations, and not for sale; liooks in
other languages than English, Greek or
Latin ; balsam, eoptier ore, castor oil,
and the following named articles have
leen stricken from the free list: Drugs,
medicines and other crude chemicals not
otherwise provided for; paving rile,
coal, including slack and bituminous.
The following changes have Wen made :
Collodion of ethers of all kinds, fifty
cents a pound the present rate is $1 a
pound ; opium, prepared for smoking,
and all otner preparations not otherwise
provided for, $9 a pound; licorice, in
pa-tf or rolls, five cents a pound.
The committee have added the follow
ing: Champagne and all other spark
ling wines in bottles, each containing not
more than one quart and more than one
pint, $? a dozen bottles ; containing not
more than one pint each and more than
one-half pint, $4.50 a dozen bottles;
containing oue-half pint each or less,
$2.25 a dozen bottles this is an increase
of one-third over the present rates; em
ery grains, one cent a pound ; emery ore,
$3 a ton; emery, manufactured, ground
or ptilveiized, one-half cent a jound
this is a reduction of one-half the pesentr
rates. The committee have not yet
acted upon tea and coffee, but have
nearly reached the end of the bill.
A teacher in a Sunday-school was
explainingtohisclass of boy the meaning
of ''Jacob's ladder," whtn one of tbe
numlier, more inquisitive than attentive,
inquired: "If the angel had wings,
what was the need ol the ladder to
them ?" This waa a poser, and while he
was meditating a reply and unable to
answer, another loy exclaimed "I'll
let I can tell what they used the la'dder
for." "Out with it, then," said the
teacher. " Oh, I guess they were inolt-
A very clever woman lias said, " I
do not wish anybody to do anything
naughty, but it they do 1 want to know
all about it."
"No man was lietter inoculated to
prejudge pork than my husband waa,"
says Mrs. Partington; "he knew what
good bogs were, he did, ho had been
brought up with 'cm from hisl child
hod." At a recent school examination at
Bonn the question was asked : " Who i
to blame for the division of ths Jewish
empire after the death of Solomon?
And a girl promptly answered: " Bi
marck. Two large drapery firms in London
have private, chaplains to whom they pay
a salary each of $2,500 for attending
every morn to offer prayer am J give ad
dresses to the young men and women in
their employ.
A voiso and Ix-autiful widow waa
about to marry a rich old widower. Her
mends wished to know what she wanted
M marry him for. She renliwl ' Fr.r
pu re love. 1 love t lie ground "mean
ing the estate, proluibly "on which he
Some idea might lc formed of the ex
tent to which Sehastopol was fired upon
by the allied armies and fleets, when it
is stated that from a tax of a sixpence
per hundred weight, which the Russian
government levied upon the proceeds of
the sales of old iron, shot, and shell
picked up and sold by the people, a sum
of nearly $76,000 was realized.
Dear children, ye ought not to censn
from hear'ng or declaring the word of
God, because you do not always live ac-
-eording to it, or keep it in mind. For
inasmuch as you lo.e it and crave after
it, it will assuredly lie given unto you ;
and you shall enjoy it forever wilh God,
according to tbe liicssurc of your desire
after it. John Taylor.
The New York Home Journal say
there is a break in the price of almost
every commodity und at last hotel keepers
arc waking up to Ihe necessity of the
times, and there is a fair prospect of a re
turn to the pricp which rtilcn before the
war. Chicago has set the example and
new rates at the liest hotels there (two
or three of which are unexcelled) is three
dollars per day.
A tiENTi. E.man wlo, three months ago,
Imrrowed ten dollars from a Chicago cap
italist, to whom be gave, as tccurity, a
first mortgage fin his watch, went to pay
it off, and was surprised ratiier than sat
isfied to learn that his bill was $29.10.
When he remonstrated wilh the capital
ist, the hitter replied : "Veil, de inder
esd loogs high, pud derc ish so many
lollies in dis iceziiess."
Turl Notes.
Two Tennes-cc horses ar. among tho
entriesfor the " Iuiisville hotel stake"
at the coming Imisville meeting, viz :
Win. T. Linck's b. c. Grit, by Mel
bourne. Jr., dam Waggonette, by Wa
ner, and . h. Bram- b. I
by Rodgcrs, dam Simhinr.
Ballankecl has not broken down as re-
Mr. M. H. Sanfonl, of New York, has
sailed for England. He expects to ar
rive in time to see bis hoie Prenkness
run in the free handicap of ."0 each, h.
f.. $1,000 added at Newmarket, over
the Rowley Mile, in which he is handi
capped at 120 Il-s. March 21, Prenkness
did his liest gallop since he has lieen in
England, covering two miles at a nice
pace. Tbe handicap race is to lo run on
Thursday, April 20.
The Texas-bred race mare Flla Har
per, by Reliel out of Mary Kimbro, by
Rupee, while taking ber exercising gal
lop over the Magnolia track, Mobile, fell
and injured ber hip so severely that she
will never lie able to run in public again.
Mr. George Ayres has liecn compelled
to destroy his fine steeplechase horse
Diavolo. It will Ik- remembered that he
fell at the walcr-jtiiiip last fall in a stee
plechase. Mr. Grinstead, of Lexington, has sold
to Dr. Weldon the chestnut colt Watien
tac, 2 y. ., by War Dance, dam by Rev
enue, and the chestnut colt Coupon, 3y
o., bv Lightning out of Income.
Mr. Richard Shea is going to train this
season, Kadi and Van Leer.
Among the seventeen horses entered
for the Monmouth cup, we find Ten
Broeck, King Alfon.o, Arislides, Aaron
Pennington, Llitipa. Tom Ochiltree,
Acrobat, Reform, Grinstead, Nettie Nor
ton, Mattie A.. Joe Ornsand Stampede.
The once famous steeplechase Ixibelia,
by Bonnie Scotland, dam Capitela, the
property of Col. McDaniel, was shot last
week on the premises of ber owner at
Saratoga. She bad Ix-en turned out for
a little exercise in tho paddock, and, as
the gnsim was leading Sister of Mercy
through the gate, Ldx-lia gallojied no
behind her. Sister of Mercy kicked out
and struck Hie old mare in the shoulder,
splintering the lione so badly that she
had to lc Killed.
She was a splendid mare acrss country,
having, in 1770, won ten out of sixteen
hurdle races aud steeple chases, beating
the lsht horses on the tnrf.
The New York Herald has a cabin
siecial from Iiondon. which says: "All
hofie of Egotist, Mr. Sand ford's colt,
winning the Derby bin Wen abandoned.
It is doubtful if he starts for the event.
Petrarch is the favorite. He has lren
in a critical state from lameness, which,
however, is rapidly disappearing. The
American horses, i'reakness, I'.ay Final
and Mate, are making very rapid pro
gress. Some fancy Mate for the City
ami Surburban stakes on the 25th of
April ; 1,000 to 25 has been taken about
him at Tattersall's. Hi weight will be
115 Kiunds. He will receive twenty-one
iMiunds from the English champion lw
lander." The Concikk Roman' t. ok SurnoY--jAN.
Story for husbands and wives.
Certain citizen of Shcltoygan and partner
of bosom didn't get along together at all.
Monster with emerald optics which doth
cure his own bacon was what was matter
with wife. Wife couldn't stand it. As
husband wouldn't dote on her, resolved
to bide him out. Went to drug store
and calkd for strychnine in criucction
with rats. Druggist, knowing un
pleasant state of afliiir 'tween husband
and wife, put up for her powdered sugar
instead of wison, and went and advised
husband to look out for squalls. 'Cor
dingly husband watched wile that night
making pancakes for him, of which ho'
remarkably fond, and saw her slyly
empty swder strychnine she thought,
powdered sugar be knew into batter.
Husband devoured all the butter-cake
and sighed for more to devour. Pres
ently pretended to be mighty sick, d rep
lied over on floor and played very dead
dead as door-nail. Wi'.e then went
out and came back with roje, and wm
alsuit to tie it round husband's neck to
make folkn think suicide, when husband
jumjied up, seized rope and everlastingly
salivated wife with it, wore her clean
out, leaving nothing but iiihmm of black
and blue stripes And now, when wife,
by use of Dr. fjuaile Quigley's Quick
Cure, get well and up and shout again
it's thought they'll 1 happiest couple
in Shetsiygaii. lAiu'w.Hle, Courirr-Jmir.
Es'il.isH vs. Arab Houses. In order
to prove the actual difference in speed,
liottom and other oiiiti iu controversy
between English and Arab horses, it l
said that the well known race horse
owner, Mr. Chaplin, M. P. for Lincoln,
baa purchased and hs actually iu train
ingat Newmarket four first-class of A rain
that cost an average of 1500 each. They
are said to lie th le-f that could Im
bought, of the purc l bliss, ami enjoyed
a great reputation in their own country.
In answer to Mr. Chaplin's effort Sir
John Astley says that he will run his
five year old bron hore Scamp every
day for a fortnight over the Beacon
course (4 miles, 1 furlong and 14-5 yards)
at Newmarket "one down, t'other conio
on" for as much money a Mr. Chapl.u
can rake together. Perhaps wh-n Mr.
Sanford arrive in England be will pivo
Preakness a show at the Aral. -W
Vi,rt iSinuf'ii Tdiijravi.
Dry 'buckwheat flour, it rccatedly
applied, will remove entirely the worst
preae spots on catcts or any other
woollen cloth, and will answer as well M
French chalk for grease sjxit on silk.

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