Newspaper Page Text
TOWN AND COUNTY.
Friilny Moralnr, March tHb, IS77.
3. A TEAR. PAID IS ADVANCE.
Ha.iiO IF SOT PUD IK ADVANCE.
No. " "
No arrives -
--,--r r- nn
IXOW KJ UXV.J.iV-'-'
Vr.IV AIM IKflStJlEJiTS.
co the special o? Southern Trade Palace
in an-iiuer e.iu.iin. Tney are receiving
new goo - e or day, of a 1 spring stylos.
Head Hi" specials ol Uuul'.r Nichols
under Ip-uu oi numiiess not ce. They keep
iiu tini.it iienh, nuil, candies, etc., oil Die
We call altentieu to th advertisement
of Williams ife Williams, clothiers, in o
other column. '1 hey have received the ser
vices of a hisl-clsss cutter, end are now
r, .i.l i- .. n... v.uiuiiwbitA liid Klld UeW CUstO-
m.-ri Thi Hnn is eolilllOSCd Of tWO CleVtr I
vr.iil.t. iituli ul- brfc f lter VS a liberal (.hare of
j . -
t la tv..l.li ifr.iUi
ft.... i he specials of Comstock in another
column. He has received some new book!
and o her tiling that the nublic want.
ir...ii uii. Mitnn to the Snrinz I-air, ad
vertis.il in another column. We commend
t i.i.iiiiiiinii to nil the people. An wijl
In- m i ii. il is to be free to all, aud is gotten
.... ...e.i.. i. oii.Hini-itiF!' our Mock raisers
i.i .'....ir.ini.. iiiis Fair, and thereby aid
t lie cult rpri.ing enllemen who have gotten
lKK.NO' A L I Jl T LI. I U E -.
M r. I lubbs. of Lewis County, was in town
1 !l st U'PI'll.
.Mr. Andrew A. Bcutlev, of Lawrenceburg,
mum in town recently.
It. M. MoKy. Esq., weut to Nashville this
week to attend to son.o legal uiwiubui.
m . ..-i. vt hitihonie Iihs returned from
Washington, where she has been tor the last
t wo months.
J. F. Cannon, oi Lewisburg, was here yes
terday. We are alwaysglad to seeour Mar
shall count v triends. , ,
Mr, Bridges, keepor of the popular aud
w .-il kept Aluiuo House, al Pulaski, was in
our midst recently.
Oeo. S Eatoi, of Bryau, lex as, Was here
Sunday, tosee his beautiful aud intelligent
cju-.ni" Miss ltoatr.ee Parker.
Willis Russell, Joe Strayhorn and Russell
Ksl.-s went to Kentucky last Tuesday, to
lute mules to keep lor the Kali trade.
Dick Hoavaus and Jim Haynes. of the
Narrow "Huge, were in town Saturday aud
.Monoav, on business lor the road.
jlu dsonie aud talented Oley Walker, of
-vVHIiimsport, talked to a Columbia girl
5 esi.-rdny. with a license in his pocket.
'ot. A. M . Looney, who hits been In Mem
phis severs! weeks on business, returned
iioine tu bis Irlcnds and family a Jew days
ince. . .
Citpt. T. D. Williamson, Conductor elect of
tin. Narrow Wauge, has our thanks for a club
oi twenty-two, from the thiivlug cily ol
Henry (V'u jiI, mii cnle.rpiislng merchant ol
U-wisburg. is m town. We are glad lo
learn linn In- is building UP a fine trade in
1 1 is i il-it II lull'.
i mr ooiilemnorai-y of the Journal, Mr. A.
Il I pshaw, lias Iksmi appointed Commis
sary Oenoial with Hie rank of Brigadier
. . 1 1 . i . 1 We congratulate him.
In- .1 sneiicer Hill returned from St.
I . us M.i h.si Moiiilav. after having grad
n.iieil as a M. 1 Spencer must be on hand
ii.ruiii at I'rimm's Springs tliis year.
Mr Hiihiii II. Titeomb has returned from
Ins A i k.-uisas li ip, ami is at his drugstore,
anxiously waiting for the pretty sprln
r.. it hi-r lo onen.so he cu go fishing.
Ir. W.C. Siicppmd left Wednesday for
I .wisiiur' to do some d'-ii!al work engaged
.ir liim. He will b li'-k In his Columbia
rr-i-o Mondav morning, bright and early.
W. II. FlHu'iguti, tin genial and excellent
('li.rki.il Master of tlie Cnaneerv Court ol
v-wis, wan on our streets last Monday, ad
miring the prettv women and fine stock.
w. lv. Alston, of Alabama, arrived in our
-.ity Wednesday night. Kennedy has been
spooling, aud lias iravcifti mti rveu-
lucky and other Slates, but
t-i.iirn lo lalialna.
Lllllias ne win
Mr .1. I', tiray, a sunny-haired, sunuy-
1, Girted lout.'i ol I riiKlin, is
ma'' who got in the buggy that
in il, jfaiita l'e pike. She is a
i n..iir.i-. ;is clever as he Is large, and. as
I li -e as .' necessary ,was iu town Mon-
.i'...?' ii.. .ii ir Ijack on Iho railroad as
conductor n.s WK)ii us he gels
Jim s estate wirund ui.
Canl. W. 11. I'. J uiuer, oi
pas'J id' In rough ColtiKtbia Sunday moruiug,
ou his way home Iroru Aaslivllle. It whs
reporte.1 lie w is gulllg on ID nniOKe'u
lor. i fat ofli'-e -i. ut it.' says he never thought
of such a thing. . ,
. it t ill in-, sheinl ot arlore county.
Miss, Init tor his horn-: Friday night, after a
uleasant s.t e M-mg his relations nnd
inauy fii-n Is. Hi; ongstoa Sinfr fam
ily, aud no doubt m vkes a splendid one. He
is hand ;:iie enough U make a Governor.
Miss Maggie Browu. one of o'lr rami char
luing viiing ladies, sn-i whose bright smiles
llfp -lied t tic clouds of life, aud in-ido all
sunshine, has gone to reside with her sister
Mrs. I Alexander. We hope that her la
tino li.ini- ma y hu hs pleasant and bright h
H ea:i he. but t'mt she may soon return to
i'l-ol. Ili nrv l aruter, the greatest Hut 1st J"
llis i . a Isu-n musician, and a highly
c'lltl vatodone, is iu tow n, ready to tune pi
anosaiidoHiei liiusicsl instruments. If you
want vim-pianos tailed by one thoroughly
com p'eioiit. now is your chauxc. He will
inoliaolv go loCeiitlcvill? next wsek. We
i-ecoiiim'eu 1 him lo our people, as a perfect
.Mr ilir.i. n lohnson, legislator lrom Madl
isouCouniy.came to our town Saturday
nglil and spout Sunday with his relations,
Vrs Major ti illoway and Mrs. Judge I lem
uVr.and his pretty daughter, who is going to
on.'of our schools. Mr. Johnson Is Chair
man of t he .1 udiciai y Committee, and one of
Mi.- able.' members of the House, lhe
Johnsons i" talented family.
C .I t iise ge W. Blackburn left yesterday
f.,r Washington City, taking a petition to
Haves, signed bv inai.y ol our liest citizens,
ask ing him to appoint tol. B. to tlie oflice
oi V. S. Marshal F.verybisU- knows our
opinion of Hie Hayes Administration,
but h will fi Titl no truer, belter mail lu
Ms pailv than lol Bhickburii-he has tlie
esteem ot every Democrat in MiMiry.
Cai.t liioin S. Kldley, ol M urlreesboro,
Mient last sun. lav in Columbia and vicinity.
IU- is one of lhe most successful lawyers aud
popular business men In Middle IVuuessee.
Caft Jlidlcv is one among (he lew young
Moiiliiein nieii. Ikuii w ith "silver spoons In
their inootiis," who, reduced to their own
resources bv lhe war, liavugone to work in
o.iiiiesl.and maJe money aud reputation,
lie is . i v Handsome, because strong and
ln-1'tiiv -none of your puling, sentimental
Koi t-an'd ought lo gel some tine girl lr a
M'm'b Tonev, agent for Vauderbilfs loud,
wiu')ii tow n'the iilher day. .sorry, Toney,
l.i-toie lieie w ill prevent us iroiu g.-iljug
"up n en wd lo-' 1 he grand entertainment at
s.!udixi!ie. lor McKeiidree chun-h. In which
M Issl :o i le V a kl'l'. one Ol oui nnnus.. in
ii l w 1 1 1 1 eaii .
is a spicuiiiu
Miss Thomas and others w ill pei loi iu
JUeuc s 1 'slighter, a iei:gui iui paij.
A KOI Ml TOW'S,
- sairt iVal kins, the great Aposlleof telil-
mraiici1, b. moved to low n.
WuA'r We Drink" is tne
Dr. Lupton's loeturc to-iilght; go
'""l-i.i.... t..i,.i tsi.l.-ner will preach
the t'hiis'liaii Cliuich in Columbia next
Nniid.o . ., ,,1,1,1 will biinu out from
v:hviile. his anPitiHtus, which lit.' wiiltise
In Ills lecture lo-night.
J be Young Men's Christian .ss.ciai ion
will iii-et in lhe Methislist chuich next
M..I..I-.V nii.iii al T1.. o'clock.
i ii, I T...I i I in, Methodists uext Tliurs-
-dav nlghl at Uhiiiiici s Hall. Pi ol. Farmer,
in.'. , . in-.l llu'ist. will irive some ol his
K ituekalin. Tax Collector of
w lie County, missed through town last
eiliiesdav lor Nashville, to puj oyer taxes
lo the Slate Treasurer.
Remember t tint Dr. N. T.l.uptou.ol Van
.l.Tiiili I'niveisitv. will perlorin some ex-
j-riineiits at the .Nlelhodist Church to night
which will le worth the admission Us?
i .... 1 1
lhe ladies of the Baptist Church will
.1 n ... i- in i he old auction house, next
i.. it i s inic .luv next week, lor llie
lieuelitot ine Baptist Church. L-t all pal
ron i.e the ladies.
,i.ii- vi ti e.mfis'tlouerv clerk, c. t .
...i i.. , .lu.-lm Mm-kiil. and weut three
il:n. ti in, mil w ashluu his lace, for lear be
u.miii unsii Hip iiiacaiiii! off. He said it
was l-'rench bhickllllf.
-At the iciuesi ol lhe I jnlies'A id Society,
Johu iircwu and K. t. McKay will licreaf
ler act as ushers In the M. K. Church. All
units are Ire.', and t- el vbodv IS luvited.
A pavement Is bolug uoustructeil on the
Nlutii sti . e;. i s i .ii Main end Ciardi-n.
Tins lot liei . to oi-i. been about the rountnt
lilace lu (own. and the Improvement will
1s oniled wClii ii -'Ibjiil by dwellers iu that
cu,cc tho tiiui: t'.iatei ha in is n,i: bo jsipu-
lar us a cure I'.. r ad diseases, we know til
-cveial young men who have purchase!
i!ue cmi.iits.t- wear over lh-ir broken
licarts, hopi.V that tney may flud relief.
It Is a iicauliful Ilshlng roil. An F.dltor
t the greatest paper in the South gave it to
us aud the greatest flutist aud guitarist
rigged it out for us. Aud uow it Is a beauty,
though Jack Miller would cut ofl another
i!cut on West Seventh Street, beyond the
corporation line, may be seou a-house with
the following sign over the door: -
, make coilins to order. A good meal
forlii cents, t all iu." Decidedly a pleas
ant ulace to stop at.
-Hi.. i.iii.i mu tt the State and County
Taxes has liivu iiostpoued until the 1st of
Cictotior, but the eo! lection ot the city taxes
will still go on. Mr. Kdwards, the County
Trustee, can be found at Ills office, where
lie w 111 receive all city lake.
The concert for thi benefit of lhe poor.
lias been agaiu Hist lamed, until to-morrow
night, wheu It w ill ivosltlvely come off at
lhe Aiiicim-um Hall. Prof. Fanner, the
t-hamplou tint it f the world, has consent
ed to play al the concert, and for that rea
.ou it wus postponed. Let everybody at
The Hev. Dr. T. O. Summers, Dean of the
Theological Faculty , of Yauderblll Cnlver
siiy, preached two very learned sermons at
liijiitiiwii.."u'i iu nun piace, last
Sunday, from 'J Tim., -L 0 aud s verses; lien.
i and !'. His exegesis wan very tine. We re
gret that we have not space lo give a synop
k4 of thi-s,; (wo very able discourses.
Messrs Hood A- Aydelott will have iu
their stall for sale to-morrow morning, one
of Maj. Hen Harlan's stall-fed beeves. This
is one of the finest beeves ever In the Co
Mr. . I. Spencer Hill has our thanks lor
an invitation to lhe "Annual Graduation
Kxerclscs" of the Missouri Medical College
Hi St. IO u is.
Miss Susie Polk, one of the noblest and
truest women that we have ever known,
was married last Wednesday evening to
1 Capt. Jas. Y. Player, of St. Louis, i ne nap-
! nnBir irt immediate!? for St. Louis, their
I future home followed by the best wishes of i Sabbath, to a larye and appreciative au
I all. May heaven's choicest blessings be ! dlence, and It is but simple justice to say,
' showered ution them, and may their future! that his sermon was able, logic-tl aud iuter
! life be as bribt and beautiful as it can be. estlng, and received the warm commenda
I Many a" young lady suffering from Hons of the pastor and congregation of said
' blighted aOecIion and a resolution to die at ' church. As the day was balmy and pleas
1 once lias been jerked from the brink of the ant, giving promise that the winter was
f crave by reading the announcement of a I over, it was agreed by Mr. Ciray aud Dr.
1 s.x-inu niwnlni!. Lt on r iiioretiB u is r mom - I Wrlsht. that the arrangement made by
ber this and be mindful of the precious lives
they are Jeopardizing by not advertising in
1 'J he Methodist Church of this city, is
' now blessed with a most excellent cbolr
i His composed of due talent, aud their
' sweet music is a great addition to that
! church. It has always had good music, but
M- ; the present choir makes aa good music as
' is commonly heard in a church of this size.
M I There was some very fine stock tn town
u- Monday. A'aioug others, were W. J. Scott's
flue saddle stallion, "Clipper," a stylish
Kfey, wiiich was universally admired; Hid.
Sbeegog's "Jean aljeau," a magulnceut
I .wiping iron grey.-a thoroughbred; Dr.
' Cunningham's nn Slasher Mtaillon; Ur. J.
1'. AkinS stylish. -Highland Chief.-' Dr.
Akln's Jack, "Kinj; WUliam." We did not
learn the names oi ine oiurs.
Dr. J. P. Herudou has purchased a beau
tiful lot adjoining the residence of Col. M.
D.Cooper east of It. We understand tt is the
nueution of Dr. Herndon to erect a nice res
idence and professional omce on tne grouna
occupied by the offices of Burnett & Hughes.
Now let sometxKiv commence the good work
on the other side of ti-e streets, by buying a
lot and building on it the good example
will soon be followed by others. Building
houses Is like measles it Is " catching." Dr.
H. boimht the lot of Mr. V. II. Williams.
A Ina natli-Entertainment will be glv-
! cn at Haiiiner Hall next Thursday night,
by the young ladies oi li e M. K. Church, iu
common!. Admission cents; proceed a to
?o to defray the expeusesof their church,
f we may be allowed to prejudge the enter
tainment by the young ladies, who are
getting it up, we would say it will be "rich,
rare and racy," and well worth the very
reasonable price of admission. This being
'li first entertainment of the kind attempt- j
d by the young ladles, we bespeak for
ihetii a iarse and anoreciative audience.
Mr. W. Mitchell Davidson, an old and
niguiy esteemed citizen, died weuuesuay
D. Mack Breached the funeral discourse
He said Mr. Davidson ioiued the Presby teri
an Church about thirty years ago, aud was
a sim -ore Christian and a u.aii of intelligence
ud learning. He was about eiguty years
old. aud about lorty ye-irs ago was a mer
chant here. He was a good man, aud his
death in lamented by all.
OVKK TI1L COl'Sl'Y,
-Pet Howell ate her candy peach, aud
she cried, because her sweetheart seiit it to
lier. Naui' llv fell
-Mr. W. H. Kinzer, ol sawdust valley
brought us in the largest hen egg we ever
saw-. It is a sample of the Kind tuo hens in
uat couniry lay.
--w . l.. j. WUKes.oI ine aiooresviiie piae
xhibited to us ou last wet k a freak ol na
ture iu thee"" line. He had a half dozen
eirijs that were laid bv one hen all deformed
lie supoosed that the neu was loo oui tor
furl her dutv.
-Tax Collector W. 1. Kd wards, assisteu ny
Joe l-'oster, has collected ou his tirst round.
nine thousand six hundred and forty dol
lars; said to be the largest amount ever col
lected on the first round.
i-inii Wrani c mi,! Miss F.vhS. ure mo-
noiinced lhe handsomest gentleman and la-
Iv in the county by the Williamspori cor
resiMimieiit. 11 us hear Iroin Mt. P., CUl-
Iv. Ui-'bvville. Soulhport, Duck River, Sans
i l e, Siintig Hill, Murncane,i.ari3r s v-reea,
1-ountaiii Creek, etc.
Art liar C ranlord, of ine neau waiers oi
liar Creek, died Saturday night. He was
ss. years old, aud was a soldier of the war of
.s lie never had a doctor iu ins lamny
un lil his sickucss last week. He married
his second wile about two years ago.
Henry Clay Jones, of the Mt. I'l-iflsant
couutrv. irave'iis a turnip which weighed
hereio town, eleven iiouiids and three
iiuariers. Hunry says it is a "imrpte top
It is growing in our oilice who wauts some
of its seed?
S. s. Cross, t he very energetic and effi
cient Suiicriiitcndent of our Poor House,
has put out a splendid orchard, on the
grounds belonging to the county. He Is al
ways doing something to Improve the con
dition of the unfortunate people in his
Itegiilar trumps are very numerous in
the neighborhood oi Carter's Creek Station,
and they have given tliecilieus mach trou
ble. They go directly into a house, w hen
Ihev come lo it, without giving any notice.
ami man v ol t hem have been driven out,
because of their impoliteness.
- The items from Hear Creek, Chuniley
Rend, Santa l'e, Campbell station. Sawdust
Vn ley, Culleoka and Hickman County,
have been unavoidably crowded out this
week, to get iu the able lecture of Dr. 1 bos.
(. Summers, delivered here last Saturday
night. We have no hesitancy in pronounc
ing the lecture the ablest ever delivered
here, aud among the ablest ever delivered
iu the United Slates, it explodes all the
Ariel arguments, ami deals some severe
blow s ou the Darwinian heresy. We ad
vise all our readers to preserve the lecture.
as it is a truly great oue, and, worthy to be
preserved, for reference aud reflection.
ItlSt KI.LANtUll ITKHN.
-Mr. J.imes B. Soott. of Hopewell, started
Tin-sdtiV lor Waynesboro, with ten of his
f.Ule r Walker Scott's flue blooded young
bulls, to sell them.
Uod i.itv us lioth.Hud pity us all
Who vainly luc dieains of youth recall;
For of all sad words of tongue or pen.
The saddest of these might have been Tildau
Johu S. Sccrest. of the Rally Hill coun
try, had a splendid iron grey mule lu town
vioudav. aud was oilercd SIST.jO for her, but
be asked two huudred dollars. The mule is
16 huuds, T!i inches high, aud well built.
Mr. iieers, ine exoeiieuL uuiuer oi wit;
Maury track, took Black PUuce to Hunts
vlile, aud the old horse was doing splendid
ly aud looking well, but slipped upon the
il.icof a lull in Ins lot, and hurt htmselt so
that he died. He has many splendid colts
iu Maury, as well as lu New York, where he
came from originally. Cupt. Black, of our
town, was his owner.
MT. FLEASAVr ITL.HV
We had another snow Sunday night, two
Inches deep. Cm ! how delightful to only
think oT il, sleigh rides Willi fast horses,
gi.zard-splittiug girls, liver-bursting ladles,
and heart-breaking women, arms all
around; young man, you iihii oetier uon i,
Mr i .us Me.Millou and Mr. W. B. Ixing
caught overthree hundred suckers and hog.
fish lu Blgby Creek one day last week.
'1 hese fish were caught iu a few hours, with
drag or grub hooks. Kdilors, doctors, law
yers, poets aud other dist luguihed men.
w ho need fish diel for the brain, should call
on these gentlemen aud get a dose at once.
The Key. Cioiman oreeu, ageu auu suowy-
h aired, has Deeu class leader, exhorter, and
rreacuer, sjient several days in this place
last week. Ho has a face lull ot lieniguily
and gentleness; has pent a long and uselul
life iu the cause ol nis Master, auu is Hon
ored and loved by all who know bin). He
is one ot the most sucot ssiu i revivansis in
the church, and has been lhe means of
leading thousands to Christ.
Mr. Charlie Butor.l. a sparmuig iiiacs.-
eyed handsome drummer ot Nashville,
leull., was ill nils place mi ween.
We had me pleasure oi meeting on our
streets a lew days since, ol. N. , Jones, ol
Hoose Creek Hollow, close to the leather
foundei v. The Colonel is one ot the w:lliesi,
sharpest, causti.-est, sireasticest soap mak
ers oi the age. This Is the first time we have
net 1 . i in since ine tiara nays oi ,o, just oe-
fore Tlldcu was elected and the policemen
lr. .lollll l-.llell lias gone lo j e-va-s, t-ou-
leiiipla'.ing, il he likes the country, lo sell
out here and settle in that Stale.
Mr. i nomas Itclmica. KUli u ou nis place,
two miles suu'.h ol here, a large otter. This
niuiliuiied must have been migrating, as
tuereis no creek or pond near wheie It was
caught. . , w ,;.
v e nave neen latigui to it-nni mm j i ti
tle lamb with the ba'anee ot the sheep fam
ily, as emblems of muoei'Uce aud purity ;
bin a repent event has cMtiKed us to break
faith with lhe woolly tiibe and oppose the
dog law. Y e have been iutoimtd by Mr.
Thomas ljisley lhat he has a lamb eight
months old, that is a regular cannibal, and
Iihs been seen w ith trie c. tilted Mesh ol his
brothers ami sisters sticking out til h.s
iiioulii. Mr. l.-isley missed several of his
j oiing lambs, which he supposed had been
killed by a v 1 1 ( caf ,or remorseless curs, un
til he happened !o see thi- mtton-lit-ad,
tieiul-lnspiied, slieep-eiiter.alliick a young
lamb, aud e.tt three oi us f.s t oil, aud vain-pire-llke,
was tlniiniug the lasl drop ol
hlnod from his victim bt lore lie could be
driven away. Mr. l. isley sys that this car-
riou-t nig, jackal, hyena cannibal is a
slrauge looKiiig annual, w it h a smut and
bull-lia': tiead'. and a ttee thai reseiubics
Beasl P.utliv. Jt'iiisack ail lhe tlark and
KOiv caverns: drag out 'he last Siimy reptile
troiu their hideous ileus of cruelly, rapine
ami lust, and you w ill llud no parallel by
lhe la-asts thai prowl to this peslileious,
blood debanclKsl sheep, ho dined on his
sisleis, and tli inks the Mood of his brothers
Mr. Johu Liiu'. lormerly a resident of this
place, left tor Texas last week.
Our o.d frieud Mr. W. C. lugram, who
purchased the tan-y art! w hleli lormerly be
n.ng d to Mr. W iliiitm iiikins, at Sjaidy
I look, foui miles iroiu lids place, ou the
W a nesboro load, hits iiieutd a 'dry goods
and uscry stoic, wucrc his frlenuii can
iimi i-v ivlhing iiotii a pou mi of dried I'ruil
to a hundrnl conlsot (an lutrk. Wheu goods
come from this new store at Sandy Hook, il
is NUllicleiil evidence luai mu wearer lias
sand in his craw, tiive bun a call.
Mr. AbUitt ard ns just reiurueu iroiu
i nuesi.ee River, where he weut alter a w a-
...... i.i.i ol iimi. ileouly succe ueii lu gel
ling a lew hundred i'iids, ns the river was
too low for them to ruu iuto the trajm.
Tne musical culorlaiuiuoni oy ine ama-
iu,ir. win take nlaecou Friday night, the
yth lust., under lhe direction of Miss Mat lie
Herudou. A very line programmu una oeeu
preiiareil, and wijl bo ptcsi-uted. There will
besualchcs Iroiu the inspiration of Beetho
ven, aud touches iroiu Cot'st-halk; gleams
of ihe arlisl lire ot llaiilulul and lliaiucrg
to thrill with seraphic harmonies, uiiti tin
gle with the pure eutrauccmeiits of suiicr-
nuinau an. cm luc wiioie, iuis win uo n
very selei-t atlair, anil we nope the hall will
lie Ailed till corsets become a superlluous
A rural roosicr, who rlttes a pegasus wnu
e:tii long enough for fans, aud not quite
lOiigenougn lor w ings, could have been seeu
a few evenings since, riding slowly away
alter his jularky.w ho had steped outward-
lv down, or uown waiMiy out, auu sent him
word she wasn't al home. L'htler the cover
of laughter that rippled through the house.
he went out sinning on wun a cocKle-nur
niitler Ills tail .the mule, we meant and a
l.iiiiilkerclil. l to his eye in the direction of
the nearest drug store, endorsing the philo
sophicconeiusou ot the wisdom of ail the
Hires, mutwiioR t.i , -.hi, u n u
woman anyhow. The course of true gos
llnaall'eotion has never run sllckily." co
east, young man! go east:
Mr. ri. jkiiiuic ."- "."-'.-cessiul
mule trading trip oiilli.
. The Hon. William U.N. Perkins, of Frank
lin Tenn with his daughter, Mrs. Blnford.
came down to this place last week.
'l he recent rains have been very beneficial
to lhe wheat crop. ...
Ned Jordan, colored, has turned up his
toes nicely to the violets, by shuffling oit
t his mortal con. He was formerly the prop-
ei ty of Dr. s, P. Jordan, and waa about nine
ty ytrs of age. He was a native or the old
North State, and was regarded as an honesi,
truthtul, nn. I Ih il li I til servaut.
Sl'RIJN HILL. ITEMS.
The Rev Dr. Wiitht nreached at the
i Presbyterian Church, in this place, on last
i them, for an interchange of pulpits during
the wiuter.shouid now cease, and that here
after, services would be held at each resjiee
tive place of worship, as formerly. Iu ac
cordance therewith. Air. tiray may Is.- ex
pected to preach on next Sunday at his
church, and Dr. Wright at ThomiHm Sta
tion. Dr. Wright preached on Sabbatli
night at the Methodist Church, an excel
lent sermon, from the 21st chapter of 1st
Chronicles: "Uod was angry with David be
cause he permitted the devil to provoke
him to number Israel. David acknowl
edged that he had 'done very foolishly,' and
besought iod to 'do away the iniquity of
thy servant.' " Uod replied in answer to
his petition, "1 offer thee, throe things
choose thee one of them; three years of
promise, three mouths iu be destroyed be
fore thy foes, or three days of pestilence."
lo which David ausweied, "I am iu a great
straight: let mo full now into the Land of
the Lord, tor very great are his mercies."
"And there fell of Israel seventy thousand
men," and as the destroying angel was
iug up his hard to smite Jerus&luju, tiod
said, "it is enough, stay now thiueouut
hand." This chapter is full of interest, aud
furnishes a theme tor the most profound
(bought. The subject was well and ably
discussed, and all who were present and
heard It, felt that "it was good to be thtre "
lllE Ctf.SVr.MIOSAL 1NTEKEST BILL.
w hioh has passed its third reading in the
House, revoking the 10 per cent, law aud
maaing t per cent, llie lawiui interest, is a
very popular measure with tho peopi-.-; and
our Senators, before whom, the bill i-: ye
to come, would do well to heed the voice of
the masses, regardless of the niurmurin!: -' ol
bankers aud capitalists.
Tw o of our most charming young ladies
both of whom bear tile sweet and eupboniou
larneof '-Lulic." have icft us for a short
time, to luxuriate iu the delightful social
circles of franklin aud vicinity.
Mrs. Burke Bond, ol Franklin, has been
spending a few days with her mother aud
other relatives in this neighborhood recent
Mr. Johu DeUraOc-nricd, one of the nicest
and best young men of rraukliu, spent
day or two with relatives and friends here
Miss Kennedy, a lovely young lady of
Ala., waa the guest of her friend, Miss N ellie
Buford, at Mrs. Wade's but left for Colum
bia last Saturday, expecting to speud some
urne wuu airs, aiuner
Misses Sallle and Maggie McLeraore, the
handsome brunette twins, are ou a visit to
rue aaisses tiicKneil s and other mends iu
Dr. Johu W. Hatcher, a graduate fresh
from Vanderbilt University, was in our
town lately, the guest ol Rev. J. M. Jordan
He is seeking a: locution for tho nractice
of his iu-oiesslon; and being a young man of
ii .ii i H u, nfiieuunt aiuuni ixicms auu in
domitable euergy, he is bound to succeed
wherever he may decide to settle.
We restrel. to hear of t he serious, and we
fear, fatal illness ol our old friend, Mr. Nate
nu.yin-, oi rruuaiiu.
due ol our citizens, a married mau, was
pretty severely criticised for lavishing his
itucniions on a latty, in escorting her to
church; but upon inquiry, it was asccrlaiu-
eu iiiai it was nis wile, who was so elegant
ly dressed, and looked so fascinating that
her Irieuds did not recognize her. If a cer
tain young man could have seen her on
this occasion, he would never have thought
of asking her pretty daughter "if (his was
not her step-mother.
AX KXCrriMi KI KCTION
cameotl'in the 11th district of Williamson
County lasl week for magistrate. Kso. Lcm
I nompsuu, the tinnier lucumbeut, James
Al. Keriuui and Mr. Brooks, were the c n-
lestauis for the houor. Altera formidable
struggle, w ith much juggling aud election
eering, Mr. Keruaii w as declared the w in
ner. He is one of the wealthiest men u:i
real eslatei of his ae, iu the county, and
his father was lor manv vears a drinHist in
A PKOBAHl.K COX I KsT
over the will ol Mr. James Cowsert. w ho
died recently, wi I occur. Mr. Cowsert
mailt a will some ten years ago. and left il
in the hands ot an attorney in Franklin;
about twelve mouths ago, he called lor it.
but il could not be found. Inning his last
illness, he attempted lo make another will,
with the view of making some material
hanges, but before the will was ready for
his signature, he bicaiiie unconscious." and
failed t-j sigu it. Since Ii is death, tlie old
will has been foil nil. and. hcnee.the trouble.
The Hlkai.d i'.ir SI a year in cIuIh
of ti n.
ItHM'S STOKE ITI.M.
March, with its usual eustv. blustciimc
wiuds. aud stormy weather, has made iUs
annual appearance, rendering it uecessary
10 noiu on lo nais that sit lightly ou the
cruiiiuni. On Saturday- night, there was ob
served a very romi'-i kable electrical phe
nomenon toward the northern horizon.
sotuewhul ! seinblluj the aurora bortaU.is.
Whee.th.'ts tjeuu nlmobt at a -tasis iu
gro.vtb for several it eek, ludu.'tsl by the
iloue ol the i'.:mosi,nere, aud rue lack, o;
laolrjlure iu tho soil. Tlie light showers
lu'eiy have been of soiuu benefit, uiitl if
warmer weathtr should fo.low with a -locKt-
ly share of gonial sunshine, our fjruiera wi:l
have tr.e grutlAeaUuu of sceiug ;ultc an
improvement in tho loot-s of this Import
ant crop. Rolling and harrowing are both
lnorder now, aud doubt ess beneficial.
ho ft rmers throughout the country have
taken ad vantage of the excellent weather
for tno lusx luoiun 10 ureait up ineir lands.
especially the stubble fields. On every side,
tne plows nave oeeu going, auu many are
ready now, if the right time had come to be
gin to plant. Home of the farmers, iu years
iast, experimenieu in planting corn iu
larch, have come to tne conclusion mat
little or nothing is gained thereby, aud they
have returned to the old practice of attend
ing to this business about llie tirst ol April:
thisbv common consent being the most
suitable period for this purpose..
Dealers in slock nave neen .pine ousy tor
somatline. .Mr. u. Mccianatian nas return
ed from Nashville, nnd Is getliug up anoth
er drove ol beeves uir mat market. M ijor
II. Akin has puiciia-sed nnothcr lot ot
niulei, and is again off for tlie southern
Messrs. Joe Slrayhoru, Charlie Crown and
Willie Bingham have rcturucd from tiieir
trip, aud Joe savn he might have made an
other trip, but he Buds mules about as
scarce aud high here as they are iu the
The united action or the Supreme Court
aud Legislature in giving a quietus to the
dog law, meets with the hearty approval of
the citizens nere. J.et every ueignuoruotKi
adopt Its owu police regulations, and kill
out the sheep-killing dogs, aud the object
of the law will be accomplished. t
Mr. Ben R. Orcen had his ankle very h;ul-
lp sprained one day lasl week, by being
brown from a wa :on. tie was driving a
pair ol spirited mines, ami some one passing
on the road, the mules struck oil' at a I nick
gallop to keep up. Ben was silting ou a
tight rope stretched across (he wagon, and
w as lurow n nrsi lorwaru, w ucu losing ins
hold on the rein he was next thrown back
ward out of I he w agon, and fell on his knee
and ankle, which swelled su mueli thai it
became necessary to cut his boot from Ins
foot. He has not been able to walk since,
but is doing well. ll;e team was stopped
after running a short distance, without
damage to harness or vehicle.
One or two schools nave commenced in
the neighborhood. Miss Kittrell is teach
ing at the Chspel ford school-house and
Miss Mary Bingham will resume ou the 1st
Monthly in March at Jones' schtsjl-house.
Miss Sallle Bingham has gout- to Hums
phrey's county, and is teaching there. The
public schools will not begin till tlie Fall of
the year, on account of the delay i i collect
ing the taxes.
The lax collector, V. T. F.d wards, whs in
the2ud district last Wednesday, this being
the closing appointment.
The Democrats here accept the count of
the cleeloral e :niiiii-ssiou with ail the pa
tience and philosophy at Iheir command, as
they are bound to do under the circum
stances. Thai Hoary headed cmimission
by a vote of MoT. have exploded the oil
axiom that "w hat is sauce tor the goose is
sauce for the gander." They appear to have
made matters stiaight enough iu On gnu
w hile at I he same lime they have left them
very crooked lu Louisiana ami Morida.- The
continued vote l s to 7 shows the fact thai
Supreme Coutt Judges nnd Congressmen,
are as much s'ubjei.t to puity prejudice and
party bins us the humblest cili.eiis of the
republic, notwithstanding "II their dignity
and profound learning The people will
not soon foi g.-t t hat S is a majority in l'i.
All accounts represent Hayes lis being a
gtitid mau personally, and if he is not too
visionary in his views, he himself seeing
thHl he is a minority president, may be in
clined lo pursue a liberal course to his op
ponents. We w ill see what we will see. At
all events we will ai.iUe the result aud per
mit Hie Republicans to rejoice in a ictory
that we considered our own.
The CJood Templars are to have a conven
tion at Jones' Church, near this place on
Thursday, the Uh of April. This commu
nity very justly has the reputation for as
much sobriety ami good order us any lu the
county; and no eilbiis should b. -.pared by
our cii 7 --ns to lua.ulai n ihatri piiUiiioii for
coming -curs' Sot Uc '-"to tit ' i-i- -1 . i and
On the nixut when Thomas . I unu's
kitchen wa.s ou lire, some .-oivred men cmne
rilUltill;.; b' i hi - feslilellt'e of M ill - it. Wui! ;s-
-i'ic's, cry ing L're, i re, die: iritl" Wliii,.
si.jv heing pttrlialiy awuL.- Utxl by the aiami,
and ha iug bi eu Uiinkinir of sh.s p-k iliing
tl before he, wcul lo-h ep, liiid. rslood liie
words oi' the colored muu to le, "Iho dojs
are killiug uli of Mass Milton's sheep."
Sprlugtug from his bed. he exclaimed, licit
he had u good notion to load his gun aud
uever stop until be had killed every dog
there was en Love's branch.
The Hlrald for 1 a year iu clubs
We are delighted to see the excitement
along the Narrow C'augo. All up and dow n
the great Valley is to lie seen assemb.ed
woiuen and children, looking with eager
ness to see the irou horse. Kven the brute
creation become excitable. They run belter
skelter up and uown tne railway; and we
...miose that often there is something unoii
the track, because from the time It leaves
I'olumbia until it relurus, its voh-e is heard
raising Its mgnesi nines 01 lmmoouity.
Our valley is improving extensively these
last days. We have two new merchants.
who have just gone into business oiua larue
scale. I'ucle Bias Hill, who has been a
nninl farmer for aboutnfty years, purchased
a fine lot of goods a lew days ago. The cap
ital invested was one hundred aud fifty dol
lars I'll venture to Rav when he acts this
supply off his hands he will retire to private
life. The other merchant is 'Squire A. 1).
Bryaut. I think be will call (he dogs off
soon, as his supplies are much larger than he
anticipated. His capital was also one hun
dred and fifty dollars. (A New ork bite.i
li. W. Park had a serious accident a few
months after he paid the tax on his dog the
iron horse came along aud killed him. Poor
lellow, he went the way of all the earth.
Another death worth note Capt. K. Cooper
traveled six miles lo get iHiIv-on to kill a lit
tle flste about the sire of a cau Poor little
fellow he Is gone. Xk uisk.
WIIAIAMSPORT ITEMS. .
March came in like a lamb, but with
piercing winds and a small snow on the
night of the 4th. he attired himself iu the
The first Quarterly .Yieeting for this charge
was held at Nebo last Saturday and Sunday.
Rev. vVelloorn Moouey was promptly at bis
post, and during the meeting preached
four magnificent sermons The Lord's Sup
per was ao ministered on saouatn morning,
after which there were several admissions
to the church. An Infant sou of William
Kiuzer, was christened William Joyce: and
appropriate name it is, too, for the little fel
low is bare-faoted on the top of his head.
Capt. F. B.Crageand Miss Fannie Williams
were ijuietly married in the presence of a
few friends and relatives, at the residence
of the bride's niothpr, Mrs. Arch M.Wililams,
by Rev. Wellborn Mooney, on the 8th inst,,
at 8 o'clock p. m.
The mill property situated on Leather
wood Creek, and known as the Newcoiub
M11U, were purchased by R. A. Smith, a
short time since, for two thousand dollars.
it is very desirabio property, and Mr. h. is
considered to have gotten a good bargain in
According to ati uuuueeuient, W. T. Ed
wards. Trustee, was promptly ou hand on
thoithult. Mr. Joe Foster assisted him,
.iud we are Informed that four hundred
dollars is the amount collected at this place.
Trie dead dogs wore all sworn to by affida
vits, and the living ones were cossed oat
;rcnra'ly without affidavits.
S. s. Foster anua viblling friend, Mr. Jas,
Wdo. went sparkiuz to Knob Creek sever
al wooks a-o, and escorted a ooupio of the
fair nutivtx, home from cburci
spent the balance of the day with the ladles.
but failed to get their dinner.. Try it again,
boys; au empty stomach makes a clear
scarlatina has been raging ou the upper
part of Leiper's Creek, for some time
since; also, on the Natcues Trace Road. The
lamily of W. P. ioung have nearly nil been
attacked by it, but without fatal results as
yet. His only sou, aged three years, and a
promising boy, has been quite ill with the
Rev. Joseph Sowell, of Lawrence oouuly,
paid his friends aud relatives, iu this vicini
ty, a visit last week. He was at the Quar
terly Meeting at Nebo.
B:lly Moore and Ed. Carpenter, tlie great
miiie men, were in this vicinity last week
Mr. M. went to Shady Grove, and returned
on Saturday, and Mr. C. weut on to Cent
The Herald for SI a year iu club:
One by one the old landmarks are passiu;
away. Another veterau and pensiouer of
the war of lsu has gout- down to the tomb.
Arthur crautord died or typuoia pneuino
ma, alter a long illness, last Saturday night
aged St years, aud during his long life he
had never been sick until within a few
weeks of bis death, having been a man ol
iron constitution. He was a good husband
kind parent aud an honored aud worthy
neighbor, and a devoted christian gentle-.
muu; luueea, sucu nau oeen nis scrupulous
uevoiion to uuiy and justice in tne manv
reiaiionsnips ot llie that ne went lo the
grave witli peace towards ail men, as he had
not au enemy on earth He died in full
assurance of the faith of the gospel. He had
oeeu a member oi ine cnrisiian c-nurcn tor
several yeais. e mourn lor him. not as
those who have no hope, lor he died in the
nope ot a glorious resurrection al the last
day. He leaves mauy relatives, neighlwu-s
nnd triends to mourn their irrepaiable loss,
I'eace. lo his aslies.
Died at 7 o'clock A. M., 0:1 the -lib inst., of
pulmonary consumption, James Adkissou,
aged ( years. He leaves a loving compan
ion, a nine son and many relatives and
triends to mourn their loss; but we mourn
not as those who have no hope, for lie tiled
in hope ol a blissful immortality in tlie
eternal world. Haviug a view 'o his early
lisvilution, lit submiileti 111 nuiiible obe
Hence to the Divme Master.
Diana Daniel, col., died the Wh of Febru
ary, al Ci. B. Lockridge's, with consumption
Cant. Ii. K. Sowell. whilst hauling wood a
few days since, anil being seated tin ;the
wagon his leg was caught betw een the slider
aud a fast rock, which concussion came
very near breaking bis leg, and caused great
unering, auu, also, lameness..
Dr. Wade, of Murfreesboro, lias rented
uu! moved to Dr. Lee's beautiful place. We
gladly welcome the doctor aud his interest
iug lamily to a home 111 our lnldsl. t he
toi-lor s case is but an illustration 01 tne
fact, that people who have once lived in
old Maurv, e er have a haukeriug for their
old hemes. May this experience ever ads
mouish him aud others who have any
thought of leaving old Maury lo be conteiit-
A young couple of this vicinity, 011 a visit
to Williamspori during the cold weather.
had occasion 10 stop in Spring Hill to warm;
ind lo accomplish which, they resorted lo
Mr. Finley's business house. A tier being
sultlcieutly thawed, lo be euaun u to con
tinue their journey. Mr. Harbison 1 lor that
was tlie name ol the youug gentleman).
Weill out 10 arrange ine siccus 10: rciuouuL
iug, Mr. Fiuley, thereupon asked the young
idy if the gentleman who accompanied
her was her sou. We admonish Mr. Fiuley
not tc put so much confidence in discerning
the leatures through thick uauze veils
aud he will save himself of having to make
apologies for such mistakes.
We t.ssure you Messrs. Luilors ami roi"rs
of the IIkrai.d, that our t'avori'o paper bad
nearly lost one ot its best contributors, vv e
allude to the ucwi.v, spicy .and poe- ical Ral
ly Hill correspondc-nt. A few ditt's since,
he aud others his neighbors) wont to the
city of Noahviile, aud his companions says
that so soon as ho cot the money for his
cotton and mules, he got aboard the street
cars, aud couid bf! se-iri hour after hour, sc-t-tiU;;
back cross-legged, w itU a IU evuter lu
one ooruor ol lils mouth, with his loft eye
half closad. aud ills hut set unfile high-way,
ridimr up one street and down another; and
probably, but, for the thoughtful cure of his
neighbors, h would hxtve been riding until
(his good hour, tor wheu ail wero ready to
start for home, tho tiuestion was asked:
Where is the Raliy Mill col respondent?
One remarked that he was out traveling on
thestreel-cais; so Ihey did actually have to
remain in the city another day to get their
frieud oil of the cars so ttiat he might ac
company them home. Thanks to you gen
tlemen for your watchful care, for he would
have been a sad loss to our paper.
On Sunday evening, the th of February,
between sunset aud dark, some light-fiuger-e.l
and whisky-loving persons broke into
the back door of Mr. R. Smith's grocery and
carried oft" a 5 gallon whisky keg, several
pounds of canity , and many boxesof match
es, blacking, oysters, bottles, etc. We wish
the thieves supposed to be thrt iu num
ber a safe lodging iu tbe hotel de Davis,
that their dastardly acts may he scruti
nized aud passed upon by bis honor, Judge
MeLemore aud Capt. Fussell.
DufI Harris, col., Is absenting himself
from pu lie gaze for having attempted to
appropriate another man's hog to his owu
Died on the 1st inst., of tubercular con
sumption, Jennie lviuuard, a little daught
er of Jell' Klnuard, col.
Died oil the 4th inst., ou II, T. Sellers,
farm, Jimmie Campbell, col., of pulmonary
coiisum plion; aged years and li mont lis.
Last Sunday, Mr. Will Moore aud bis lov
ly bride were at Lasea.
W. D. Fitzgerald tho crippled man has
embarked in tbe peddling business, and we
besjieak for him the patronage ot the pub
lic generally, and trust he will prove him
self worthy of the same. He has purchased
M. B. Derryberry's outfit to prosecute the
J. J. Hardlsou commenced a school at
Smyrna lasl Monday. We think him every
way worthy, and wish him much success.
T-jthf KitHor the llrmld anil Mil:
March, with its stormy, blustering winds,
has come, and, although, he often appears
as rude as winter; utter awhile, lie will
disrobe hiiuseli of his cold, lr isty cloak, and
assume a more beautiful mantle, enchant
ing the eyes of all beholders thus inciting
thcin to labor; also, it causes us to feel that
11 w ill soou be time to lay in our Spring
gds, but our handsome widower has al
ready purchased his now suit, or at least a
coat, Which he Informs 119 flis to a perfection.
Not being suited here, at Santa Fe, or nt
Williaiiisport, he got Mr, Walker, of the
latter place, to order him one Iroiu Louis
ville. Mr. W. sent word lo tlie mere hunt to
take the.ineasiire of a seven bushel salt bars
rcl and send him a coal.
The weather wiiich lias been so bcautiltil,
has been greatly eulogized lately by all
wrileis, anil much has been said relative lo
lhe Isrnieis, therelore. we will say nothing
011 Hie subject, only that they expect lo
raise much corn and hut little cotton.
Frank Harbison, formerly of this neigh
horhoisl, but now a resident of Parker
County, Texas, was visiting friends and rel
atives in the vicinity last week. He gives a
glowing description of that country, but
thinks it can't beat old Maury , lor pretty
As we so cordially invited those, hand
some gents, Drown Tate aud Ah. McMeeu to
visit us again, they availed 'themselves of
the opportunity. List week, as they were
passing through with a drove of cattle, they
made il eon veuieut lo arrive, near the vil
lage late In the evening, and alter having
lodged their cattle within the premises of
our estimable friend, J. 1 Williams, they
were seen wending their way a short dis
tance up I .ciper'a Creek. We do not know
w nether Mr. Tate expects to labor in this
portion of the vineyard this year or not,
but 11 v iu knoir that he has already had two
appointments, aud if he do-s. we suppose
he will pursue one of Use oi l nn mods ot
coudu.'ting services ru a dwcll.t., no
church being near,
o.irii ible young frienii, W. 11. C'.-t.y , iu-
l"oi in-us Hi iu while he wus riding along
down by Uia: broak, "lion ding like a sliep-
h'-rd's crook,'' hu met Miss . We-
faucv, sw eel w inning smiles w.re exchang
ed, "is that so Willie?
On tho same Sunday ove-uiug, J. D. P. was
seen riding up to the village. Now Joe, you
were a little too slow, for had you been fas
ter, m; oiie would have had more tbau a
bird s eye view of you.
Mrs. Johnnie Lstes was visiting her moth
er, Mrs. Williams, last week. She is an In
teresting lady; we are glad to hove her visit
All mav bdast of their fair lasse'S and no
ble lads, but w e have some lads which can
not be surpassed in the Slate.
Young ladies generally have a distate for
the culinary department; but there Is one
iu our midst, who says that she has not,
but that she would some day be a baker.
Now, w e wontler what she is going to do
with that Pigg which she has been petting
Dr. A. W. Oray, of Franklin, with his
eharitiiug sisters, Mollie and Hattie, passed
through (he village last week, en route for
vVilliaiusport, to visit their sister. Mrs. R.'
C. Dansbee. Mr. O., during his stay here,
culled on Miss A., of tbe vicinity, one even
ing, execting to return that night, .his
sisters kept the lamp burning for him 1, but
being so highly entertained also, that the
young lady's father had put his horse up
he spent the night. Probably that is Phila
Several correspondents have been boast
ing of their copious sale of large pork; we
think v c can boast of as large ilggs as any
one; and there was a Ham weighed some
time since, which " went tip somewhere in
Jim, we don't know exactly how far.
Annie I.ee Forgey, The only daughter of
Dr. Forgey, has made one more to the num
ber of our village school.
There is the greatest difference in the
world between the "tramp" printer of the
South and the same class of the North
very much to the credit of tbe former. How
ever ioor and needy the Southern printers
mav be, as a class they are honest, and
above stealing and begging.
The Unity or ine Unman Species.
The Rev.Dr. Thos. O.Summers, of Vander-
bilt University and Editor of the Christian
Advocate, delivered a lecture in the M. K.
Church last Saturday night, on tbe above
subject. There are many persons In our
county who are neterouox on this impor
tant question, aud we regret they were not
au present at tne leemie. eir. Bummers
made an unanswerable argument in favor
of the truth. The great ability of the lec
turer and the importance of the subject. In
duce us to publish the lecture, long as tt is,
iu full. Dr. Summers spoke as follows:
In affirming the Unity of the Human
Species I mean to say that ail the various
races of men are of one common nature as
they are of one common origin.
None who admit tho authority of the Bi
ble cau consistently call this In qu6tlon.
In Paul's memorable dlaooorao to the Athe
nians on Mars' Hill, he said, "God made of
one blood every nation of mon. that they
should dwell ou au 'no lace 01 tn c-ann.
having fixed t- appointed teaeoua and
limits of their habit' ion." Aots xvii: 2i.
Tne sense is not ehanKed jf wo adopt the
reading of thr.'C uncial manuscript the
Alexandiian, Vat'caa and ainaiUctbree
cursives ami the Vulgate, Coptic and Ethl
opio versions, whioh onalt the-word "blood,"
perhaps bv the oversight of an early tran-aorlb-r.
Ex Mnoomne genu furminunt. Tho
eilipsid u thus supplied by Bengcl, "one
man" "meaning Aoiira.." says Dr. Clarke.
It amounts to tho same all are descended
troni one common anoeevor.
"Kl. Kid ' hr.i means Etock. nature. "Of
on stock and one beginning," says the an
no tator in Toiiison's I.'ugieh version 01
Be&a's New Testament, (A. I. WW.) It is
iroquuntiy so used lu the classics. Hoiuer
(II. vi. 211) says, "I boast to be of such de
soentaud blood," and (Odyss. lv. (ill) "Thou
art of good blood." So Virgil: Oitiiyuine uh
vno. Tlie Hebrews would say "flesh and
blood." Matt.xvl. 17;Oal. i. lti; Heb. ii. 11.
Feci us. xlv. IS: "The generation of flesh and
blood;" xvii. 31: "Flesh and blood will im
agine evil." it is put by synedoche. for hu
uiau nature. All me-u are constructed of the
same material. There are many nations
and races, but only one species all are ot
one anil tlie same origin. There is no trans
niulaliun of species. Hybrids are not
fertile; but there arc no hybrids among
men, for all the races aud varieties readily
commingle and produce a fertile ollspriug
mere is no una to comieei, muu wnu ine
brule, Paul says nothing perhaps knew
nothing of the corpuscular constituents ol
the vital fluid In man, as beiug essentially
1 lie same in all varieties of the genm homu,
but differing lrom those in the blood of the
inferior animals. That has nothing to do
with the matter.
This explicit statement ol the unity of the
iut man species glances at the vanity of the
Athenians, who called themselves uutocti-
thonra, geyeneis indigena, aborigines sprung
from Attic soil. They were made of porce
lainall the other nations of common clay:
This silly conceit was ridiculed by Lucian,
who wrote, "The Athenians say that the
tirst men sprung up in Attica, like radish
es:" The scope of Paul's argument shows
tkat he meant to teach them that all na
tions sprang from one original, and not
from different centres, with separate tutelar
gods according to tlie genius of polythe
ism. There isoue human family, and but
one Creator and Sovereign, who has assign
ed the various nations iuto which it has
been divided to different portions of their
common inheritance the earth, which he
has given to the children of men. Deut.
xxxii.S: Job xii. 2:!: Ps. cxv. 1: Dan. v. HI.
Thus, as Olshauscn says, "The apostle ctin
tirms tlie doctrine of the Old Testament
which, even according to the most recent
physiological and geological rcscaiches,
still presents itself as lhe most probable,
I hat all men have sprung from one pair."
As I have said, none who recognl.e the
authority of I lie Bible can ooUdlsloutiy call
lh;s 111 ouestiuu. But let us seo it science
does not fully corroborate the teaching ol
Scriptureou this subject.
According to (he deuninon 01 Martin,
"Species are fixad and iiermauout modes ol
being, exhibiting indeed, certain modes 01
variai ion of which Ihev may bo more or
less susceptible; but maintaining through
out those modifications a sameness of
structural essvutials transmitted from gen-
raliou to fcoucratiou. and never lost by the
nfluence oi" causes, which otherwise pro-
luce obvious effects. Varieties are either
iccklental or the results of the-caro nud cul
ture of man."
My latelv departed frieud. the Rov. Johu
iSHchmau, D-D., the great naturalist of
harlcston. said. "Species we define as ap
plying to those individuals resembling each
other iu dentition aud general structure.
Iu wild auituels, as a general rule, they
must approach the same size; but. both iu
wild and domesticated auimals they must
have the same duration of life, the same pe-
lotl of utero-gestatioji , rthe same average
number of progeny, the same habits and
instincts, in a word, they beloug to one
stock that produce fertile offspring by asso
ciation, v arielie are tnose mat areprouueeu
within ihclimils of a particular species, and
have not existed from its first origin. They
sometimes originate in wild species, es
pecially those that have a wide geographi
cal range, and are thus txioaod to chatigo
ot climate, teiupersilure, etc. Permanent
varieties are such as having once takjn
place are propagated iti perpetuity, and do
not change tLe.r characteristics unless thoy
bried with other varieties."
I no specific uuitv of mankind is mote
strongly marked lhan that of i.ny of the
ut.-rior ut'imals; whilo the variety ot races
bain us ail classification.
irev. whose work was Erst published lu
101, is said to cay been the first modern
naturalist who questioned the specillo unity
01 man. lie divided the cnu firna into
-o 6noel-: the first having a facial angle
if tighty-flvt to ninety dogre-es, including
the white Caucasian raoe, the yellow Mon
golian and the copper-colored America!.;
tne second ricu a iicia augi--- 01 bovemv
hvn to Alffhfv.twu deitret;. including the
darii brown Malav. tho olack. or Negro, race.
and tho blackish Hottontote or Papuans. It
ts absurd to call these two tpta, aud it is
unscleiitlflo, with Metzau, lo.speak of only
two race. --
Cuvier divides ine one species -into inree
Hocks Caucasian, Mongol, and Negro, or
Lthiopiau so, nearly, Hamilton Smith and
others. Jaquiuot.iu lHi, recognized three
I.iumeus 11.1s lour ill visious, iomieti on me
color of the sklu liuropeau, American,
Asiatic and African. So, nearly, Kant: also
Weber, who bases his classiilcation ou the
forms oi tlie pelvis and skull.
lluffon, Rluiuenbach, Lawreuce, Martin,
and peruaps the greatest number of ethno
logists, reeoguize but one species and five
races Hyperborean, Southern Asiatic,
Kuropeau andAinerlcau: or, as they are com
monly denominated, Caucasian. Mougollun,
L'lbiopiun, American and Malay. This
classificat ion is founded on the com billed
characters of tho complexion, hair, un.l
skull. Van Arm in go has a different quin
Lesson makes six races the white, bistre
blst-k, or dusky, the orange-colored, the
yellow, the red. and the black. Dumeril
has nearly the same division.
lifiiihynl hull NnVfll llusu.y biwml lirilici-
pally on the form of the skull-the Iranian,
Turanian, American, Hottentot, Negro,
.Vl.tanis. ua-i v iguiuiamiii 'i iiumuini
of the type of man Arctic. Asiatic, Europe
an, American, African, East Indian, Austra
lian aud Polynesian, divided according to
zoological provinces a very absurd divis
ion. He held, however, that though these
races were of different origin, they are all
one iu their Intellectual aud moral nature!
Pickering has eleven races, divided iuto
four groups, according to complexiou. He
thinks there is no middle ground betwe-eu
the admission of eleven distinct species and
(he reduction to two.
Desmoulins before IS-'U recognized eleven
species, but he then increased the number
Z.euue has flfteeu varieties based on the
shape of the skull,
Bry de St. Vincent, in !'., div idej Mian
into fifleen species, or stocks, arranged in
three classes to which Bioc adds many
Dr. Morton has tw enty-two families.
Luke Burke hassixty -three species !
Achille Cointe and others have sixty-live
families of men; aud Dr. Noll sues uo reason
why "there were not originally a hundred
The able article on "MAS" iu Johusou's
Cyclopedia, notices several of these divis
ions, and says:
"We are struck. In this enumeration of
difl'erent classifications t which might be
indefinitely extended) with the extreme
diflerences In the conclusions at which
these writers have arrived, both iu respect
lo the basis of clussijlcation aud the cui.slti
catiuii itself. It indicates clearly that the
polygenisis, as a whole, are more fatally at
variauce with each other tbau they are with
those- who maintain tbe unity of man. If
such contradictory systems of classiilcation
were lo be put forth concerning any animal
as well known as mau, we should be inclin
ed to susH-ot that the systems of classifica
tion, taken as a whole, were vitiated by
some lundameutal error. It is easy to see,
without contrasting these essentially ditlcr
cul systems with each other, that they are
mutually inconsistent and destructive,
i'ht deduct ions of the nolygeuistsfrom their
theories vary as widely as tho theories
themselves. Knox (Itavea of Men ) denies the
possibility ol a change of habitat for man,
aud affirms that Europeans in America are
suffering a sure aud constant deterioration;
Dr. Caldwell ( VnU.ij m the llurtutn Itacc, is
equally confident that European races are
steadily improving in America. Komhst
tin Juhntloi.'a I'ltysical AtUt-n seimrates man
into three species, but ailirms that a mix
ture improves the result; Dr. Nott Types of
Mankind, denies the liossibility of a perma
nent union 01 the ttitiereiit species of man.
and appeals for proof to the w eakness auu
I'lfi i ioriiy of tuo mulaUoes of the South
From thee specimen illustrations ot the
utter absence of any agreomenl in funda
mental principles on tho part of the poij g
cnists, u-i well a.s from the fact that then
underlying principles of classification are
01 ton essentially contradictory, we are driv
cu to the conclusion that they have under
taken an impossible task, and the presump
tion iu favor of t ho unity ot the human spe
cies is greatly strengthened by tho dissen
sions and contradictions of i s opponents.
The range 01 facte bearing upou the subject
of the unity or non unity of man, and the
imperfi ciiin of our knowledge, present
gieat difficulties whichever hypothesis we
assume. Tne naturalists who have assum
ed the unity of man are numerousaud their
authority weighty. From Linmeus, Button
and Blumenbach, to the present day, there
lias been an unbroken liueot succession ol
ethnologists who have attiriued the unity
of the numftu race. So far as the argua
ineut from language is concerned, writers
011 comparative philology have beeu, wnn
lew exceptions, unanimous that ii ioiuts
111 the direction of unity. The remarkable
treatise by Mr. L. H. .Morgan, published bv
the Smithsonian Institution, on The ,Six
temxof OillI.(7l'lf.lil A.rtlnitu in ihn Hn
Biini 'lamUtf, jsjunts ill the same direction.
De lJuaterfages (Jtappftrl nr lea i'rvftrmi de
C Aitthrvjiol'Hjic, p. li.' thus sums up an ex
tended and valuable discussion of the point
iu tiuestion: 'The conflict belween these
two-doctrines was origiuany caused by dog
malic aud antl-dogmauo controversies
which originated in me iast century. When
these controversies shall have ceased, when
the feeling whieti tney excite shall have
been allayed, all wise and studious men
will, I am entirely confident, acceptof nion-
ogenism; ior 11 win w necessary. at last to
recognize that man, a simple animal so fur
as nis oouy is eoucernwi, is in tins quality
subject to all the laws which govern any
where organization and life; aud scientific
mouogeiirsm, 'Willi which alone we are here
concerned, is at bottom, only the develop
ment of this truth.' A few years si nee poly,
genisiu was popularly supposed to have
become the settled creed of men of 'advanc
ed views in science. 11 was claimed. In
deed, as one of the points which science had
wii. 1 ne cnange in twenty years is note
worthy. Mr. E. B. Taylor savs (Art. 'n
thropology' In Knew. Ilril., th etl. : mm
'On the whole it may be asserted that the
doctrine of tho unity of macklnd now
stands on a firmer basis than in any previ
ous ages. It would be premature to Judge
bow i.ht the problem of the origin of races
may be capable of an exact solution, but the
experience of tho last few years counten
ances Mr. Darwin's prophecy that before
long "the dispute between the mouogenisls
and the tol veenlsta will die a silent and un
observed death" (Descent of Man, vol. 1.
i-i. wnen we recall ine extreme confi
dence wrtli which the doctrine of the nofl-
unlty oi man was nut forth bv a large sea-
nieui of naturalists a few year ago, we are
taught the need of caution in the accep
tance of scientific hypotheses, and find that
liiomou ana autnortiy prevail in science as
wun as in literamre ana rtinosopnv.'- it
would be easy enough to classify mankind
Into a hundred or more varieties: and ma
ny of them, as far as History goes, are per
manent: but that, thev belong to onesnecies
Is as plain as daylight.
How diversified are the height, form, fea
tures, complexion, hair, languages, mental
and moral deve opiaout. of those called
Caucasians ! What varieties among the
Ethiopian ruce! some of whom, as the Kaf
firs, sue nearly related to the Mongolians.
The Australian savage, as well as the Negro,
has a prognathous head. Tbe Polynesian
tas woolly hair. In fact, the races cross
each other in every conceivable manner.
ihero la no per sattum graduation: but the
transitions are so made as to confound all
distinction aud classification. In this re
spect theie is an aualogy between the varie
ties af the bumau species aud those of do
mesticated animals, as horses, dogs, eats,
and swine. But as all the horses, from
ine sneuaud pony to lhe Arabian courser
und lhe- London dray-horst, can be reduced
10 one species ins well as lhe other annuals
so it is is wnn uu ine varieties ot men
Dr. Bachniuu says, "The elephant does not
breed 111 its state ol surveillance; and until
it multiplies, hue the horse, tbe cow, and
tuner auitiiuis under man s subjection, no
varieties will be produced. 'Wheu the ele
phant dies, he is replaced, not by his pro
geny, lor he leaves, none, but by others cap-
iiiieu iroiu tne woods, mere is, uowever,
not a single species, that may be regarded
as truly domesticated, which under the in
fluence of tlie ebauges of climate, ot food, or
other causes with which we, at present, are
uiiucquainted, tloes not vary much more,
in form or in color, than the varieties of
men, 1 hese varieties, when left iu tu lo.
entities where they were produced, become
as permanent as the species themselves,
We have seen the successor of the wild
turkey, reared from eggs taken from the
woois,losiiig their metallic colors from year
lo year, and becoming spotted with while
111 1 he third feneration. The wild instinct
w inch causitl Hie young of the first genera
tion lo dart oil from their domestic mother,
oouecal themselves lu tlie grass, and, many
ofthem to stray awav and' die, while those
of the same Lret d allowed you to handle
them disappeared gradually from genera-
iawu lo geueraiion , 1111111 niey uuauy ac
quired all t lie docility, the dependence and
stupidity of the common domestic breeds.
lhe descendants ot the formidable wild
boar, still existing in the forests of Germa
ny , submit siui mole readily to domesti
cation; and, among these, varieties have
sprung up under tlie very eves of natural
l-sts; hence, 110 uatuialist would hazard his
reputation iu the dangerous assertion, that
the numerous and very st ricking varieties of
me nog, were indented to any other parea
tagc than that of the wild denizeu of the
Eastern Coutiueiit V ncrufus. Kuowiug,
then, that such is the process of nature, iu
every species brought under man's subjec
tion, we are, in looking lor characters
among domesi icated species, to take iuto
eousiueiauou tnose peculiarities wnicn, 11
is kuuwii anil admitted, have beeu pio-
iiuccu in me aiteruti circumstances in 111
ine 01 ine annual. Heuce, color, which is a
specihe character iu the designation of a
large majority of wild species of quadrupeds
auu lunis, musi be entirely disregarded in
our examination of those varieties which
have originated among domestic species;
every ouc 01 these, iho horse, cow, goal,
sheep, swine, dog, cat, rabbit, turkey, the
common fowl, goose, musk-duck, mallard,
pigeon, canary birti, aud oveu the little
guiuea pig. are found of every variety ol
Milor, uud through all shades;, Iroiu black to
the purest white, in sir.', and form. It is
well know 11, the varieties among ilouiesti-
caieii species ilirter much more than the
varieties in the huinau family. The tex
ture ol the hair, which in wild species is a
characteristic, although, of secondary liu
poitance, cannot be depended upou in tbe
examination of domesticated varieties.
There is fouud among the different breeds
01 suuep and goats every Kind ol hair, lrom
tne coarsest, texture to ine liuest wool, col
C. Hamilton Smith has enumerated ten
distinctly marked varieties of the common
beg; aud we could add six or seven others
thai have appeared siuco ho wrote in 1S;
tie says, There cin ha no doubt that this
species is the root of our domestic hog.
Thus Smith tin, given two iu re varieties of
me nog man Agassi has 01 men, which lhe
latter uivides Into eight orlgiua'ly 'created
nations.' i hey both agree that all the va
rieties of the nog. black, brown, gray, and
white, that are now found in all countries,
where mau has taken up his residence,
from the tropica to the poles, had their pa
reutagelu the wild ho.;. This being ad-
im'.eu, we invite 1110 advocates 01 plurality
In Iho human species, to show wherein
the-e varieties are less striking than their
elgut ongiually 'creauxi nations."
All the varieties of human species have the
Baie number of muscles and bones there
Doing iki ot the latter, 1 counting the teeth
aud sesumoius;, of wiiich the 32 teeth are ar
ranged in ail cases in this order; 16 in the
upper and id in the lower law 8 in
cisor, 4 canine, and 20 molar;thesc 32 perma
nent teeth, in all instances, take the place
of lhe 20 temiKirary teeth between tbe ages
of 6 and li. In every case, there are 7 cer
vical, 12 dorsal and lumbar vertebra.'; there
are generally s pieces in the breast-bone iu
infancy, J in youth, aud but one in old age;
mere are in every man true ribs and
false ribs ou each .side.
There is not a variety-in which the indi
viduals do not go erect, beiug thus distin
guished from all the interior animals the
gorilla not excepted. lhe Muiichausei
stones oi M. Du Chaillu about the gorilla
have been sadly damaged by W. Win wood
i.etuie, wuo snows tnai this ugly' ape is no
more a negro than tlie ordinary bahuon, or
t tutu any 01 nor brut e.
1 he individuals of all have two bauds
and two leet, with the same number of tin
kers and toes, which distinguish man from
tlie qiiadriipeda aud the quadrumana.
They are distinguished from all other ani
mals by tin- faculty ot speech, by the capac
ity which t he iud i iduals of each variety
possess ' leal 11 iug lhe language of every
other, aud ol singing ns songs, which is not
the case with animals of ditl'ereiit species.
The mimicry of magpies, parrots, mocking
birds, uud the like, is altogether another
The phenomena of procreation iu all the
varieties are precisely the same; and the
offspring of any I wo of different races, are
jusi as fertile as the parent races: whereas
no two species of animals cau produce a fer
ule offspring. It is only under peculiar cir
mJ ' J , '
UestiSes o Tcrc Uiti 1
cumstance's that by britls are produced, and
tile. J he author of the
iud the author of the
igiu of Species, 1111 J others, have pursued
their investigations with the hope of find
ing an exception lo this rule; but they have
found uoue ! A mule is an unnatural mon
ster, aud is not alio wetl lo propagate his
kind. But mulat toes, quadroons, mestees,
mestizoes, and other crosses of the varieties
of the human species, are just as fertile as
tho varieties lo winch the parents respec
tively belouged. Tney become permanent
in the same way, in which the varieties of
digs and horses have become permanent.
By a careful crossing of all the individuals
of any two races, restricting them from in
tercourse with t hese of their owu race re
spectively, the races themselves might be
extinguished, and a new permanent race
niiijht be formed. But who has ever seen a
new race produced by the union of two
species of monkeys ? Not u single hybiid
has been found in all their native forests.
There are 110 varieties ol men ou eirth
Hurt differ so much in form and feature, as
those of the hog, horse, or pigeon, which all
admit, originated iu one primordial pair,
anil have been diversified by domestication.
The black tribes of Africa are descended,
lor the most part, from Cush, uud Phut, ami
Mizraim three ol the sous of Ham yet the
Egyptians, Ethiopians, and severul others
ol t he pareut stocks, tire nn more negroes
than we are. Some ol the black races have
curly hair, retreating foreheads, snubbed
noses, prot rii' ling jaws, thick ii p.s; and oth
ers have the very opposite; aud these phe
nomena ure mingled with all conceivable
permutations. But these tli versifies do not
urgue specific dillereiice any 111010 than the
prevalence of blonde and brunetto com
plexions, blue eyes and black, among
Alluding to Dr. Morton's definition ot sie
cies "primordial orgauic forms" adopted
by Agassiz, Dr. Bach man says, "Because
t he species man, possessed of intelligence
restless, enterprising, and migratory can
no longer be traced up lo tbe time of ins
creation by many centuries because his
form cannot be traced into the night of
time; and since bo was not created as a wild
muu who subsequently became tamed and
domesticated; therefore, according to this
strange definition of species, there must be
a plurality oi species, or at least a plural
creation oi ualious. Some have, according
ly," as we have seen, "divided him into two
species so ne ino three some iuto five
ouo into eight separate creations and one
m rc enthusiastic ihau ail the rest, can see
no reason why tlicr were not originally, a
hundred species. We have barely spaee to
inquire where, in this ca.se, they would
plac: the lntvrmedlato varieties? Of tbe nu
merous tribos ot AinurictiD Indians, Dr. Mor
ton says, 'He wiio has seen one tribe of In
dians has seen all.' Thus, the miserable
I uegiau Iho tali Patagonlan the brave
IraquoLs the intelligent Cherokee tho
fierce nod cruel Blackleet the thievinir Ca
niauches,or Apaches and the Flat Heads
lhe latter, their champions, Smith and
Kuox, pronounce a distinct species are all
Included uiil.-r one race. Humboldt In
forms us of while tribes of Indians, ou the
u pper Orinoco. He says ot them: 'lhe in
dividuals of the fair tribes, whom we exam
ined, have the features, the stature, and the
smooth, straight, black hair, whk-h charac
terized other I ndiaus. it would be Impos
sible to take them for a mixed race, like tbe
descendants of nali ves and Europeans, and
they are neit her leeble nor Albinos.' Dr.Mor
ton informs us o other races of American
Iudisns that are black: 'The Charruras, who
are almost black, in habit W of south lati
tude, aud the yet blacker Californjaus are
J north of the Equator.'' calliu savs of
the Maudansoi the upper Mississippi: 'There
ire many of these people w hose complex
ions are 11s light as half breeds; and among
the women especially, theie are mauy
whose skins are aimost white, with the
most pleasing symmetry aud perfection of
features, with hazel, with grey, and with
blue ey es.' And in regard, to Iheir hair, he
ays that il is generally as Hue and as soft as
sil'k. Most of the oilier tribes are character
ized by rigid coarse hair."
Lepsius bud Bunseu. the great Egypto
logists and naturalists, Isith hold that (he
negroes depicted 011 the monuments of
Egypt, which though caricatured some
times with tails, etc., are readily identified
with our negroes, were developed within
lhe African tropics, and were. derived from
Egypt- It is quite likely Hint some ol the
descendants of Phut settled in those regions,
as well as emigrants Horn Egypt and Ethio
pia, which were setlPtl by Mlzralm and
Cush. By the peculiarities of climate; dU'l,
Isolation, and the like, tiu-y tlevelr.pwi per
manent types, such as w, tind among Ne
groes, Katlres, l(ot ten lots, Bushmen, etc.
Wheu .-vgissiz rays there is such a differ
ence in 1 he bltssl of t he negro as warrants
the assertion that he was not made of one
blotsl with every other raeeof luam ri. .fl
ny the allegation. U is quite possible that
IUW lUll I"" " -."Ill til in
have some effect upon his blood, and this
may be the reason that the malaria which'
In many places produces disease and dcuUi'
in the white rsee, does not affect vile negro
But the blood of all the races is eventually
the same it mingles without any difficulty.
There is no difference amoug the varieties
of the human species in regard to the num
ber of children at a birth, nor in the average
length of life.
When Dr. Nott advanced his absurd no
lien that mu 1st toes were not at prolific as
whites or black, we were residing iu Charles
ton, where there were thousands of mulat
loes. At the request of Dr. Bachman, who at
our instance was writing his book on the
Unity of the Human Species, which wo edi
ted for him, we went among the colored
people, and made Inquiries concerning this
matter. The first two inulaltoes we ap
proached had each ten or twelve children,
ana we were assured inai ine Drown people,
as they were called, were not less prolific
than the white or black. Indeed, we were
led to believe that If there were any differ
ence it was In favor of the mulattoes as
they generally took bettei care of them
selves than the blacks, and were less frettei
by anxious cares than the whites.
All the varieties of men have the faculty
of speech, and can acquire each other's
tongue. This is not the case with the infe
rior species. Martin says, "The voices of
thesimiadie are very various in the severs!
groups, and different tones are uttered by
each species, under the excitement of differ
ent passions. Moaning, whining, a hoarse,
gutteral barking, squealing, screaming, ami
chatterine are heard by turns, wherever
these animals are congregated, accordirg as
they are influenced by grief, pain, love, or
anger." Every species of monkey und so
of every other animal has its peculiar
voice, and never acquires ami transmits an
other. But the negro can learn und trans
in it any language of tlie babliug earth.
All the varieties of men possess intellect
ual faculties, which, are capauie 01 indefinite
improvement. This is not the case with
any inferior animal. The beaver, the bee,
and the bird construct their dwellings, and
in all other respects develop their instincts
now, as they did when they came out ot the
Ail the races of men have moral pow-ers,
which place them at an Infinite distance
from the beasts that perish. They are all
capable of virtuous and of sinful conduct
of remorse, repentance, aud reformation o?
knowing, loving, seeing, and enjoying Got!.
They are all alike, redeemed by Him who
took our common nature and "tasted deaih
for every man." They are all candidates lor
the letrlbutions of eternity. Thousands
from the highest, and from the lowest, ami
from all tbe Intermediate races, have de
veloped these capacities, uud thus demon
strated the fact that God had made of on.-
species all the races of men upon tbe faco of
We need not stor to refute the unscien
tific notion that the anthrop (man) wus evol
ved front the anthropoid (monkey 1, .nnd liu-
aifiropoKi by several descents from tho a
ciduin, and the ascldiau from a ceil, a mo
nad ov from nothing ! Prof. Tyndali hat
recently given theoutsru to the aisiurd con
ceit of spontaneous generation. Never wa;
an animalcule evolved from dead matter
any more than a mammal, iute which
originated in special creation is perpetuated
on the earth by procreation aud like al
ways produces like.
We thus see that the authoritative decis
ion of inspiration is illustrated and con
firmed by the investigations aud deduction:
ofscieuce. "The unity of the human spe
cies." savs Professor Owen, "is demoustia
ted by the constancy ot those osteologleai
and dental characters to which the alien
lion is more particularly directed iu tbe in
vcstigHtion of the cosresionding characters
in the higher utiadrumuna. Man ix the sole
xpecics of his genua, the sole representative of hi.
oriler. He has 110 nearer physical relations
with the brute kind, than those which arl-t
out of lhe characters that link together tin
groat croun of placental mammalia culled
uuguicuiHta." "iiere men, says ir, uacn-
man, "we have the matured conviction
of the greatest auatomist of any age, who
was laminar with every bono unu muscle
in the varieties ol the human family whose
extrusive museum was crowded with the
.skuiis and skeletons of every tribe 01 man
of varieties in domesticated animals and
birds, and the ski'lelous of wild animals.
The-organisation ol these. had engaged llie
study 01" his w hole life, aud lie records the
result of his judgment as similar to the
conclusions of Cuvier, oft be t wo lluiuboidts,
of Iiepslus, uud Bunseu, of Pritcliaud, of
Martin and lilliam, aud the most eminent
naturalists of every country, that 'Man it
tht:solc species of his ye aus, the sole represent"
five of h :a order.'" It is proper to state
that Dr.Oweu as he informed Dr. Summers,
Jr., ia London, iu 1S7j, has uicdilied some ol
his views, uuder the intlueuco ot the evolu
tionists; but we ure not aware that he lias
become a polvgeuisl; but ifiu the wenkuess
of senility he were to repudiate his dictum
concerning the unity of the species, he has
too firmly established aud illustrated that
great truth to be ever able to refute- il.
Itdoes not follow from theunity of species
that the races are all equal. He who cau see
"Helen's beauty in a brow of Egypt" who
can realize no difference In physical grade
between the stunted by perboreau, the black,
snub-nosed negro, or the savage, ill-shaped
Australasian, or coppery, high-cheeked In
dian, aud the European with his uoble form.
delicately chiseled leatures, aim beauunn
complexion, may see no difference between
them la mental or moral capacity aud de
velopment. The lowest tribes of men are,
indeed, radically, essentially, eternally dis
tinct from the highest species of the brute
creation, and infinitely superior to them;
yet how dnferior are they to .the nobler
races! Look at the cannibal New Zealau-
der the Digger Indian and our nearer nc
quaiutunce the Negro. Some think the Af
rican has been debused by slavery: but the
truth is, nearly all the elevation aud devel
opment lie has uudergone has beeu by his
servile connection witli superior races,
lxiokathiiu in his native land. The de
scriptions given of the various tribes in
Southern aud Eastern Africa, by Living
stone, Burton, and other trustworthy trav
elers, are painfully disgusting they make
one ashaoied to call them brethren mem
bers of the one great human family. Ihey
are naked, wretched, cuel savages they
have no houses, uoships, books 110 science,
art.or religion,except the mostdegrading fet
ich ism and horrible devil-worship. Captain
Caliot, in his wouk, "Twenty years of an
Airicaii sia7er, says, "rive-sixtns 01 tiir
population is lu chains. Asa national in
stitution, slavery seems to have existed al
ways. Africans Lave beeu bondsmen eve
rywhere, and the oldest monuments bear
their images linked with menial toils and
absolute servitude. Slavery Is not likely to
be surrendered by the negroes as a national
institution." This may remind one of
the observation of Pliny, "There is a sort of
people born to slavery to whom it is a birth
right no other slate becomes them."' Gib
bon has said, "The inaction of the negroes
does not beern to betheeffectof their virtue,
or of their pusillanimity. They iudulge,
like tho rest of mankind, their passions
aud appetites; and the adjacent tribes sre
engaged in frequent acts of hostility. But
their rude ignorance has never invented
any effectual weapons of defense, or ot de
struction; they appear Incapable of forming
any extensive plans of government, or con
quest; and the obvious inferiority of their
mental faculties has been discovered and
abused bytbe nations of the temperate zone,
sixty thousand blacks ae annually em
barked from the coast of Uuiuea, uever to
return to their native couutry; but they are
embarked in chains; and this constant emi
gration, which, iu the space of two centu
ries, might have furnished armies to over
run the globe, accuses the guilt of Europe,
anil the weakness of Africa." We need
seal cely add that the .weakness of the one
does not palliate the 01t'tt of tucnther, in
aitiiiappmg tne naacd savages 10 reduce
them to bondage.
Many think that the negroes were doom
ed to slavery by Noah, when he probouncctl
ins memorable malediction. lul nils was
not the case. Assuming that our reading of
the sacred text Is correct, the malediction
tloes not coucern any ol Ham's sous but
Canaan. The, Jews have an ancient tradi
tion that Canaan first saw Noah 111 his
drunken stale, and calling Ills lather. Ham.
joined with him In makiug sport of (he old
patriarch. Howsoever it might have been,
neither Ham nor Canaan was otherwise af
fected by tiie prediction tbau to have the
painful assurance that, their posterity,
tho Cauaanltes, should be reduce to serv i
tudeto tlie denceudanls of Sheni aud Ja-
i'heth. This took place when Joshua aud the
smelites. descendants of Sliem. slew thirty
and one kings of the Cauaanltes, took pos
session of tlu ir.countiy , aud reduced many
of them lo Hi bul e, and when Solomon sub
dued the rest. Joshua, ;'v, 2C'hron. viii.So
far ns Japhetli was concerned the prediction
was fulfilled when his descendants, tlie
Ureeks and Romnjis, subdued the Pho-iii-
ciaus aud Caithuguuiuiis.
Justin Martyr, addressing Try plnj lhe
Jew, concerning Uis nation, say s, "You me
descended from Sheiu, uccordiug as God had
appointed, came into tlie laud of the clnl
uren of Cauaau, aud made it your own: and
111 like mannertccordlng lo the divine tle
cree, the sons ol Japhetli (the Romunsi have
broke lu upon you. seized Uhiu your whole
country, and siill keep possession of it.
Thus the sons of Sheiu have overpowered
and reduced tbe Canaanites; and the, sods
of Japhetli have subdued the sons ol Shem,
and matie lueni ineir vassais; so inai me
posterity of Canaan are become, in a literal
sense, servants of servants.
The Sheniilic Saracens ana tne Japhetic
Turks followed up their Victories and domi
nation over the miserable remainder ot that
doomed race. There is, therefore, no neces
sity of makiug the negroes "the servile pro-
...... a' tl a ,i. 4tiiei HmI bv Knah
o . , . . r. ..
11 IS 01 immense importance inai tne eoc
trine of the unity of the human species, as
taught by revelation and science, should be
kept in view, see wnai would ne me natu
ral couseuuence of its denial. Let. for ex
ample, the negro Le induced to believe that
he does not oeioug to tne iiumau species,
that he is nothing but an improved breed ol
gorillas, wiint will hiuUcr liiui from taking
every opportunity to rob, aud violate, auu
Kill lOUlVluuajB oi luv uikiiui "I'eeies, w lien
his passions and appetites might incline
him so to do?
On the other hand, if negroes are nothing
but moukeys, there is no harm iu treating
them like other monkeys. As they have 110
ethical character, they caa have no moral
rights. They caanot be reduced to slavery
an ox cannot lie made a slave, because he
has no moral character, and can sustain 110
moral relations, such as slavery implies
according to the Decalogue and the writings
of tlie Aostles. But he can be made to toll
for bis owner, with no more compensation
than abolitionists slanderously asserted
slaveholders gave their slAves just enough
food, clothe., alieller, and the like, as may
be necessary lo 'secure his continued sci
vices; aud If the taking of bis life can lie
mode in any way available, il may be done
without scruple or remorse.
Deuy the maniiood of the negro, and it
will be a grand Impertinence to talk about
his personal, moral, social, political, or re
ligious r.gats he has none. Monkeys have
110 rights except tho natural right ol ex
emption from wanton cruelty. Deny the
manhood of the negro, and you deny (he
manhood of the entire spetdes; for histoiy,
scieuce, and levelatlon, :dl attest that he
belongs to the iwwi origlual stock to which
we beloug. All are traced to Noah, the
second father ol our species; and though we
do not know who were the wives of Sheiu
Ham, and Japbetn whether they Wfcre de
scendants of Setb ur of Caiu-5t8t probably
of the former-yet 5 Vnow thai the .1.--Boendauvs,
p.' tie three Urothere were all
alike: men; and tbaVJiem the earliest peri
ods, and down through all the ages, their
posterity intermarried; so that though lu a
general ethnological sense. It may bo sum.
Shem colonized the greater lart of Asia, Ja
pheth fie greater part of Europe, and Ham
the greater part of Africa, yet the blood was
considerably mixed in ail three divisions;
and UU man can tell with cerlaiitty to
which of the three the aborigiules of Auierioa
belonged, in the United suea there are
about a half a million of mulattoes are
they Centaurs, half men and half beasts?
1 ..I lhe hypothesis in question is .!.
I send that His dilllculKo argue against it
fit should be denounced as an iiiipiely niii
enoriiiuy, n iiii ii iinn-rvni ine execration, of
t every lover of his kind, of every: one
honors the image 01 uou in mau cou s im
age, though in eboay. .
The unity of species in tho yenu homo,
with the indefinite diversity of races, is h
doctrine of immense Importance, as li
teaches us that all the essential riglit und
responsibilities belonging to one man be
longs to every other, irrespective of variety
hi toriu, ieature. language, or iuici!uci.iju
development; while at the Rime time It rt
pudlatc-s that nn philosophical and un scrip
tuial notion that all are to be placed on
same level, and that no social distinctions
are to ne recognized among men. There
cannot but be social distinctions; and, upon
ine wiiiuh, tney are auvautageons tosociety.
It might. Indeed, imnrove the breed of an
African race to cross it with a European;
oui u wouia oe at a ieariui uiscount on lhe
superior race. He who made of one blood
all the nations of men to dwell on all the
face of the earth, determined also the
bounds of their habitation. There was a
wise providence in the contusion of tongues
and the dispersion of mankind; and those
Instincts, proclivities, and aversions, which
f K.. , '...1 . :.inn,.l 1,1 l.rt
me . ' V 'V. ui II.1 1 11 i I? ua IJIIJ'K.III.. . ' '. . '
soms, have not a little to do with the un
folding of his plans in the government of
t lie world.
Let us not arraign the wisdom of Provi
dence, nor attempt to equalize in social
life races which are marked with so strik
ing and permanent distinctions; while on
the other hand, let us "honor all meu,"
as made iu tlie image of God, endeavor to
do good to all meu, a-id especially to liunar
to them, as lar as Is iu our power, and they
are capable of profiling by them, all the
blessings ot science, and art. and religion,
lhe "lorions i?nmel of the blessed God,
which is necessary and available alike to
the Greek and Jew, barbarian, Scythian,
bond and free. Let us intensify aud exempli-
f." I be noble sentiment of Terence, which
brought down the applause ot" the Roman
theatre, liuinu sum: huniani nihil a me afitr-
iiitiu putu "i am a m.-tu. and cau be indif
ferent to nothing that concerns mankind,
To lhe Editors of the Herald and MuiU
I hope you will allow me space In your in
teresting paper for ouo more artic e. In
tho lirst piace I want to cerrect a mistake in
your last issue ia regard to the Tax-Colhc
ior failing to get a seat in Bigby ville. I un
.lersiaud llie people ottered him a seat, bul
ho preferred the sunshine. And as to the
flood people of soulhport I meant no harm.
1 believe ih-ie are some aa tood people
ihero as anywhere.
Farmers are busily engaged preparing for
i ioiuor crop, us ine spring is uow nere.
The whooping-cough has somewhat abat-
.'11 in 1111s community.
Last Friday vus a publlo day at Cave Hill
YCitUciiij. i-Lie iiXercu.ee oonsisteuoi speecu-:-.
tiud n.. m positions. I was delighted with
soiuo compositions by Misses Elia and Em-
ma. xjiMy; also, .Misses upueun, aau iucu
suuivan. success to you, youug muiea; 11
you always do that well you wiu oa women
1 have ionie.d the United Friends of Tern.
111 ranee, aud a.s there are a great many oth
ers who coniemplale Joining soon, perhaps
tiiev would like to know howthe order luia-
tiales c tudiUates; aud if yon will allow me
space, I will tell although it Is a secret for
their benefit. It is this: I presented myself
10 Lodge . No. . aud was conducted
into au adjoining room, where four or five
men came in auu felt oi my muscles, exam,
uied my teeth, iuquired of my ancestors,
tnd found that inv great great grandmother
mis 111 years old w hen sue aieu. naviug
gone through wilh all this, in came another
w ith a big tow el and 1 could near ine gost
slam ling in the other room. Said I, "Stand
back: 1 don't propose playing blindmau's
bull' vitli a goat: I'll ride a bull if you wish,
bin 1 don't like to go it blind." But they
were too much for me, and soou had me se
curely blindfolded. One cried out, "Bring
111 the goat:" My stars! how ho did stamp!
I hey picked me up, and with a yell threw
ine oil him, and baw led out, "Hold light:
1'iicv opened a door that led out of the Tilth1
room iuto the large one. aud 1 could hear
theiu turning somersaults over benches i; II
around me. But the goat he reared ami he
Pitched, he bumped me against the ceiling
1 he stove, the furniture, aud oh, the con
founded thing must have been all wlugs
and horns: but I hung on like a irojan. A
1 was about, to give it up, the bandage fell
oil. and the goat disappeared through the
window, uud the big nil man was standing
011 his head in the corner. They all slapped
Iheir hands and said. "Straiiger.staiidstlll!
Then the Noble Worthy Instructor said.
'You are one of us, aud you are enabled
o ovoiconie every temptation and snare
lalsehooils wou't hurt you, ami if you have
1 team (hat won t null without liullomg
in. I clin king, you are enabled to do that
iK'ltcr; and the halloing you tlo will have
more eflcet, because tlie people kuow you
lon't drink." Then he gave ine the pass
word and said with it and other things nee
svary I could get Into any Lodge iu C hris-
Now. Messrs. Editors, as this is a profound
secret, dou l let it go any lariner.
Camp limit Xo. .1.
Tills number will be devoted to the char
ining subject of snakes. And the topic ls
brought about on this wise. It will be rec
illecled that in our last number, we had, af
ter dinner, deposited our party unucr tne
shade of a wide-spreading beech to regnli-
themselves with pipes, stories,sieep or wnai
no;, and had sent offCiosar and Poiuiiey ou
a short fishing excursion down (he river.
Vboul the time the Squire was bringing 1ns
experience on diseases in general, and liver
complaint 111 particular, to a close, the whole
pal ly were suddenly startled aud brought
to their leet iu a jiffy by cries of alarm and
distress from the river, where the two Afri
cans were gone to fish. Soon wus seen Pom
pey coming al full speed, aud shouting "the
snake ! tlie snake !" We supposed, at once.
thai Ciessr hail been bllleu,aud, as we couid
get not fling out of Pom pey, we all started at
a run to see what the matter was, except
Joe, who w as directed by the Old Man to
pour out n pint cup of whisky for Pompey,
aud to bring on, as fast as possible, another
for Ciesar. Not knowing bin some Immense
rattlesnake or cotton-mouth might have
Cn.'sar down, possibly might be tryiii' to
swallow iiiin, what w as our surprise lo se(
thai colored individual standing up uip
harmed, with a verv sheepish look, aud u
veiy silly grin ou his countenance.
"Whallne devil is tile mutter, Ciesar?'
asked the Major.
'V. .othin' sur," said the person he addres-i-
eu, "Cepi. uat 1001 uarnie t'ompey, see uni
snake you see dar on di: line, uud It 'bout
skeured de seben senses out uv hlni, ef he
eber had ary one, let lone seben."
A little distance from the shore, and near
the water, lay stretched upon an old limb
a huge cotton-mouth, horrible to bebnJd.and
a dirty, tlark color, with a rusty looking
back, apparently covered with moss as thick
as the moss on the north side ot a tree in
winter. There h lay, and at every move
near liiui, his Inf. rntil upper Jaw would flv
back like an alligator's, displaying a mouth,
as v hire wiiniti, as cotton, men sucu dev.
illsh eyes! l he very first impulse, even at
tlie distance of tweuty feel, was Involunta
rily to Step b'iCk.
Bachelor Boh, in a few itnlriutes, made a
slip knot or noose out of strong sea-grass;
lieu it tor in? end 01 a pole, unit in less time
than we are telling it, landed the old settler
on the shore, where he was quickly dispatch
ed. Pompey was severely repiimunded by
tlie Dyspeptic for mailing such a cowardly
hss of hi niii if, and It was shrewdly suspected
by some, that Pompey was just "puttlu ou,"
with a view to get some of tiie snako bitt
"plzin." However, they wero both consoled
with a draught lrom the tlu cup, und no
doubt felt decidedly more secure. Tbe par
ty went back to th iir shade, but tirst re
lieshed themselves from tho keg, on the
principle that though nobody was bitten, it
would tend greutly to quiet our nerves ufter
so much excitement. And then followed a
soil of random colloquy, about as follows:
Old Man 1 ou recollect, lompuins. that
eotton-piout h I killed down about the
mouth ol Jack s branch, that day we were
sit t in i 011 a rock fish i ug?
Tompkins Yes, and I recollect there was
another one weut under the very rock you
weiesiiiiug 11 pou, unit y ou siaiii mere, unu
fished away like there wasn't one lu teu
miles of vou, I woudn't have fnl therefor
all Hie flsli in Buffalo.
o:.l Mau It me tell you all what I liesul
about thnf same Jack's branch, I must
have got it from John Floyd, or old Blllv
I'oilocu, or Andy Bcld, or some one else.
Any how, a fellow named Sam Jack, set lied
011 Unit 001 k, way back yonder, among the
tils' wiiltes 111 this section, and snakes were
as plentiful us blackberries here you see
nobody was here lo disturb or kill them
1 11 mil, 11 ui I the 1 n.lliuis didn't stop to lul her
their heads w ith them. Well, .his fellow
Jack, with liis wife and five orsix tow-beud-tled
children, s.jnatU'd on that branch, and
put him up a little cubiu. one day, when
the morning sun was up two or three hours,
lie w alked down to u fine, bold spring that
bin st cd out from under a very largo tint
rock, aud what does he see but a nail dozen
or more large rattlesnakes stretched out
sunning Ihemsi'l vii 011 this rock. He got a
pole and went to work ou them, like Samp
son among the Philistines. He killed them
till, nnd t bey each had rattles numbering
lrom ten lo thirty or forty. It struck him
he would take oil' somen Uu-rallies as play
things for his children, which he tlid, and
they were in ocsiueles over them. Well, in
11 day or two, one of his shirt-tail chaps,
about six or eight years old, w ho had lost
his rattles, followed his "daddy" out Iu the
woods, where h went to chop, begging for
more rallies. "lUddy" got tired oi .1, anil
ordered lilm back to the canin. Jle started,
but did not go, and after aw hile the mother
cunie out auu, culled for youpg hope lul, but
uo answer; then she went to his "daddy"
to lind out where the !xy was. The father
now became alarmed for Ills son's safely,
and set out to search forhlm. He weut to
1 hat spi ing at Hie flat rock, remembering
that his son had been thero uu tiie former
occasion. And what lgnl do you suppose
met his huri ltietl gaze? There sat the shirt
tail boy astride the mossy back of one of I he
largest rutllesnakes he had ever seen,
stretched al full length ou the ruck tiie
boy's back to the beau of tne suuke, which
was lying entirely undisturbed, and appa
rently enjoying the boy 's ride. The little
fellow w us doing his liest to gel off the rut
lies, pulling uud tugging at them, uud so ab
sorbed in the work that he knew nothing
until his father, running by, snatched hitu
clear oil belore either the boy or the suuke
had time to think what bad happened.
Bill Well, 1 don't like to dispute bii v
body's word, but that Js u pulty lougn fc.'o
ry. Rollicking jtiii Oh ! I think It is all true
you see the' little lellow kept the snake
warm, and made him fel pleasant that's
the way of it something like kvralching u
hog to sleep.
Old Man I'm not sure who (old me I
kuow somebody did. I'm certain 1 didu'l
Beau A curious thing i.ltout tnakes is,
that there Isa kind of snake in these bar
rens they cull the Bullsuake, very large,
iud some seven or eight feel long. '
Bachelor Bob Why certainly, I havessen
inri u v a one.
Dyspejdie What do they call them Bull
n.-u-he, or Bob Becausejtist before It rains;
he gets on n log or stump and bellows like a
hull but you can't hear him quite a mile
not more anyhow.
Joe L--t me tell you rennet hlngahout these
biill-mikes. They lay egss in hollow logs
iimi trees and stumps. I know a gentle
man, who found. In splitting a Jog, about
two dozen of I hese eLfiS about tho middle of
il. The eggs wee not quit, as lnrgo us par
tridg-j eggs about the size ot pigeon eggs.
ih gentleman's two boys. Tommio and
Bobbie, began lo fill their lockets with eggs,
as boys w 111 do. While they were at this lhe
gentleman concluded he would bieak one
1 open, to see If it was sound and what was
I In It. When loilnd behold ! he got out of it
u little snake atsnit I" inches long, nnd In less
than five minutes, Just as soon as he hud
dried awhile, up he rears his head ami be-
gan to dart out his forked tongue Just like
any t.rdtnary big snake. Vou ought to havo
8Jf-'n lPe cfgs come out of the pockets of
tnose two boys. Now, this Is true as preach-
I ,ie Squire Maybe it Ls. bul I would rath
er somebody else beside ine I.rj to swear to
foe I'll tell vou mom ti.-v.
i rY. ,U. . '"""i ''y bunt about
about their own size, aud ihey squeeze in
and push ofl the old skin. Vou can very of
leu find these old skins as iHrfect in shaue
find form as the suuke itself even the eyes
The eyes, or what seem to Is- eyes, are per
fectly formed, except they are covered with
What looks like Ising-glass.
KollicKing Jim Talking about snakes,
I'll tell you what happened to ine once. I
was fishing with a fellow, abd we bads ca
noe which I was pushing along neai th
shore alter the other lellow had got out on
tbe bunk. I was -going under some limbs
Hint htiiig penr the water, w hen the tlrvt.
tiling X kuew. the biggest moccasin I ever
saw, at least I thoucht so. dropped down
just about the middle of the canoe. Tho
nr.si thought I liad was to go for him with
the paddle: but then I thought it was not
Certain I could hit. a snake with a paddle
coming towards me end foremost, especlal-
y wnn his tongue shooting out of his head.
Instead ol tresspass! 111? on m v territory he
seemed to regard iiih n.s lhe 1 i-ess nasser. ami
seemed bent ou Interviewing nn-. I did"'
wait for the interview, but rolled right
back head foieiuost into Un; water, and
took my chances ol beiiie'ib-iivL-ioMl 1 mailn
the landing and have lieell sliv of ranoes
iompkins Well, I tell you what I saw
once, and that was u black snake 110, per
haps il was a moccasin,swallowliig a cattish.
He got him all safely chambered till he
c line to tbe horny tins on etu-h side of the
b.-od,and there was a dead pause. He neve-could
gel him beyond that point while
I siaid. and I am satisfied ;.e 1 1 ml lu get over
t La difficulty either by playing Jonah aud
.'.!' w lisle 011 him, or let him sweat till ills
i-eod dropped oil bv tlecoiiiosltiou.
Bill Well, fellows, I am not iu the habit
o: telling snake stories, because half the
lime nobody believes them. But I must toll
what I saw once wheu I was out 011 a hunt.
I was riding along un old field up Saw
Creek, when I saw soup-thing shaking tho
U.y grass. I stopped ami looked, and found
two snakes swallowing each oilier, each
with the other's tail in his mouth. I waited
a long time, but tbev wero verv slow lu
swallowing. I concluded to go on aud no
tice them wheu 1 came hack. I was gone
about two hours, and I found they were en-'
1 iruly swallowed and uoihiug leit when I
Ah Wiiat a lie!
The Squire Look here, mv young friend.
you havn't thought 011 lliat story as cure
fully as you ought, or you would sis? that
you ciuldut cram thai stud' dowu our
ihroatK that way. The idea, w lllnuu.ol two
sa.kt mutuaiy swallowing each other is
miner 100 Sleep. uo wus w nil you.-
good while ago.
Squire And yau can't recollect the color
tt.Bt's strange ? Were t he snakes large?
mu only moderate sized.
Suulro And Vou miv Dial liothiin; was
left of them?
Bid Let nio see maybe I aui mistaken
I beilave now thev were not entirely swal
lowed, but only so lar as to loolt like a liug.
,-Hiiuie now pig v
Bill About as big as as a-a-siuall saucer
round tile run, or such it mu! t, r.
Itollicking Jim Oil p.-hatv ! 1 hat's one ot
Ulll's whoppers, and badly fixed up nt thai.
I 11 give him another lo t-ll,ai outtlie snake
mat swallowed the rabb i, and In crawling
through the fence got hitched with the rab
bit in his sloiuach. ami w bile in that tlx bo
swallowed uiiothel rabbit on the other side
of the Kince, and was fastened so tigbt hu
couldn't get either back ward or forward.
squire is that satisla.-toi y , William?
Bill 1 accept the iimeiiilmi m. and leel It
my duly to "step down and oui."
Pile Some 11 it'll are born liars
some achieve ly ing, and some have lie
thrust upon them.
I.eller Iroiu Lew tsburg.
Everything ls lovely and the goose hangs
Improvements are being made in everv
part of our town. With almost every sun
ilse.meu cm be seen laying oil'the plan lor
a new foundation, l rom looming till
bight, can be heard the Joy lul choruses of
the hummers, as the carpe-ilers ply them
selves to tln-lr tasks, 11 old Solomon wero
here now, ho would not reeoniineiiil the ant
as a teacoer of Industry, bul would say, go
to Lawisburg, you who wou d be indus
trious; you who desire to honorably make u
living i y tiie sweat of our brow, lor them
you will find friends who are w tiling to aid
you; there, honor is givcu to w hom honor is
Our depot is almost read v for the recep
tion of freight. A lew more days aud it will
he "ail huuky-dory."
Work on a new Methodist Church will be
lli in a lew days.
Several ii rummers havo been 111 town.
One from Louisville with Noah's Ark in the
11a petit a trunk one ol I iese noii-ehul hi lis.
It Is said thai he sols it. on wheels when lit
t: Ikes u railroad, and peivhes himself 011
lop -tniior fashion; that saves freight or th
expense of chartering a car.
r.very ween, men ure here seeking loca
tions. Now is tlie time while lols are cheap.
l he general health of the comiiiiimt v is
lhe lovers ol 1 1 1 - ch.is,. ti ive had tluu
sjiort lately; they have, 111. iced, in. tile
"The woods villi music ting.''
Komi 1 i s ami ill ills.
0 Vuwl in it I a r Convention tk
T tlie J.dil'n s of tin It, mill nd Mail:
I saw in your valuable pane: of Mnreli' "il.
177, a foniiiiuiiii-Hlioii lrom In-. V,' ,,, a.
Smith, President, and Joe B. ootlsple, Sec
retary, that the next convt litiou would be
hold at Social Circle 1odge, .loin s' Church.
on Cuthey's Creek, the iii-,1. Thursday In
April. This mistake originated bv not liav
Ing an authorized lieleg'ite ut Santa l-'n: but
a member being present solicited them U
convene at the above place, bul 1 he L.slgo
immediately decided by vote Unit Ihey wi-rn
not able to sustain II, I he up to bfish ip being
quite small, and appointed said member b
correct it. Supposing his coiniiiiiiilcalloii
did not reach lu destination. I will st-ut.
positively that there will be no convention:
ut this place. Jamkss. Iiincham,
ol Social l ircie Lodge.
The above curd explains liseif. Ii.,i..i..
from every Lodge will please meet ut. IIkihn.
shire April ."1, IS77, insteHd ol Social Chcle.
I wish all UiuLodg -s to bear this In mind.
Sam. R. Watklv a, C. D.
To C'wuuty Newspaper I'uhllstiera
Situation wanted bv a voiim? inmi..u.
industrious; undersiunds eVI'l'Vt 111 tin r., n
net ted with a priming office; goud job prin
ter, and has hud three years' experience, as
an editor. Refers, by permission, to editor
of the Herald and Mail. Address.
Care Herald uud Mall,
"Helen's" and soiuu other U.bies, utCoiu-
Hunter & Nichols, at Witiwrsr v ..i.i
stautl, have tlio best cigar:, in town ut any
Go to Hunter A: Nichols for VI ,11 r i-u ml irhi
ol all kinds, at prices lo suit the times, it
Hunter A Nichols have the best b:iir..r 1..
town, and therefore keep tie; best oakm-
breud, etc. Keiueiiiber the nine ut Wltber.
spoon's old stautl. t
For all family groceries ,,,, i, 11,11,1..,- a
Nichols. They sell c v ei-vi hum eln.mi for
Jlls( received by express il lur-ve uf.u.l ..f
iehus, Bows an. I .nlj.hiir I olored Ties
tf. SOUTHERN TRADE PALACE.
Handsome Fichus nt ."i0 cts. m t he
tf. SOUTHERN TRADE PALACE.
Keep s pulent partly ma-l
domestic und llueu, six lor
hirls, of best
r..Vi, t Emhry
Hutid-iuuilc Boots aud shos for sale at
Liubry i-Frleison's. iumicIi-'II
A new lot of Hamburg edgings, ."i.mnj yards
-jv.io a. jhiu, 11 1 r.mory v 1- rierson s.
-'''!' thread at Wets, per dozen
1 .Iruhlo residence, op Sixth Slrcel,
lei nis low 8-lxi.OO tier annum. Apply to
eblU tf vv, J. Da I.l', Jr.
Embry tt Frlersou are soiling J. A P. Cout'u
Spool Cotton il t;.', els. a dozen, ii lor :icls.
A l.LFN's streiigl henilig coiitnil and liver
Pills, 'i hey have cured I uous iiiils of hope
less eases where all other known remedies)
have litiletl; this, list, withoul any ol tho
hoi rors that, ill loud Suruery, or the heroic
tiieilicitl treatment. i'hoy are worth a
whole uriny ol doctors; liy I In 111 und be con
vinced, f or sale by ull urugi: isls.
Jan. 12111-77-1 y.
Solid and Fluid IUIIuu I'opll n ut iq cents
per j urd al the
tf isot'TllERN TRADE PALACE.
Beautiful French I'.spaugles pl exquisite
'ersiau Poplins al lo cents pr. yard al the
A new line of Box I Supers Just reoelved by
Comstock from li cts. to tl u box. It
liitse Balis and Bats Just rtcolved by Com.
A large stock of Bleiiclieil Domestic Just
received, yaid wide, espial lo Fruit of tho
Loom, at 10 cents per yard.
If SOUTHERN TRADE PALAC E.
"Perfection" Is a new Pencil, with
head, for 5 cents, al Comstock s.
"Harold" at Cumstock's.
lleaullful Hamburg Edging und Inserting'
al .'!, IS'.., i,.i, i, 7, S, and 1 cents a yuid, ut
tf SOUTHERN TRADE PALACE.
We havo just oi-emsl a case of Italian
Plaids nnd Beiiiu Poplins, at 10 and lifa
cents per yard. . .
tf SOUTHERN TRADE. PALACE.
The legislature has positioned tho
rollftlou of the state ami County 'luxes on
y. The collection of the City Taxes will
still goon. Cull nt my oflice, next door lo
Post 1 '"loe, Hiid settle up immediately your
cily t. i. W. T. Epwakpm.
March iMt. County Trustee.
Japanese Fishing Poles
New and select, for sale by Tlteorb Jt
A full stock; just rectived by