Newspaper Page Text
A GROUP OF VERSES.
BY JOHN JAMK3 PIATT.
TIIE RING OF FASTRADA.
.TO . .
The little ring your hand doth show
Is the same ring Fastrada wore,
Wife ot the Great Charles long ago
Whose charm could bind him evermore.
Living, 8lie hld him with its spoil;
Dying, she drew and kept him near;
lie ('.lung to her, beloved so well;
He would not leave her burdeu'd bier.
O sweetest, dearest, gentlest, lC8t!
Whose eyes of starry tenderness
So many happy years have blest.
So many more I pray shall bless:
The world-old Magic-Muster brought
You the same riufr if not the same.
The self-same charm in this he wrought
Which gave to that roiuautic fame.
Living, you hold me with its spell;
Dying, would draw and kHp me near,
To cling to you, lieloved so well.
How could 1 leave your burdeu'd biert
Yonr dances mav glitter with pearls of the fair.
And diamonds Hash starlight through midnights
Blithe thoughts are her jewels, as pure and as
As the flowers that jewel the dust for her feet.
Her feelings, white angek, have no hiding
But the light of their wings they alight in her
ITer voice and her motion are modest and meek,
Ami tho rose in her heart is the rose in her cheek.
THE DARK STREET.
0 weary feet that fill the nightly air?
No hearts I hear, no faces see alxive
1 feel your single yearning, everywhere,
Moving the way of Love!
Forever crowding weary, one by one
Ye pass no more through all tno shadowy air;
The footsteps cease on thresholds dearly lone
The hearts, the faces there!
There all the voices of the heart arise.
Unheard along t he darkling street before;
The faces light their loving lips and eyos
The footsteps are no more!
THE WINDOW MIRACLE.
It blossomed here on the window
All the long, still winter night.
While the Earth in moonshine slumbered
With face upturned aud bright.
It blossomed here on the window,
The pliant (im-sniiimei- of Frost, .
With trees and flowers and foliage
All loveliness that is lost.
The children, awakened at dawning,
riiand gaznig w ith hushed delight:
They see, with sight beyond seeing,
The miracle of the night!
THE OBSEQUIES IN ROME.
JAMUAltY 17, 1378.
Victor Emmanuel ! of prophetic name,
Who. crowned in sore defeat,
Fanght out ot blood. disaster and retreat. .
Willi wounded hanits. a soldier's simple fame,
Content, had that been all.
And most content, victoriously to fall;
lute saved thee for a people's lioliast aim.
And leaves then iCToit, In thy pall !
"(JOi WITH is". may that pimple say.
Who walk behind thy coiniuoring dust, to-dayt
Yea, all tliiue Italv
Mndo one. at last, and proudly free.
Blesses thy aire' baptismal proplieoyt
Blnce, orcr-coarso to bo the Empire's lord.
Among spilled k"1IiiU. by the Gothic sword,
III old l(avriina') palace-citadel;
And, after him, Theodnric strove
To own the iand lie conld not choose bnt love;
And both, from no deMclei.uv of power.
Hut failing heart anil brain
That might revivify the beauty slain.
Builded barlHtiic thrones for one brief hour;
siiiv-e, in a glorious vision cast
By aome narcotin opiate, of Uie l'ast,
ItjeliTj aoiiKht to lm
Bmtns in disd. (.v-sar in victory,
The 1 taly. that once was Rome,
Uisnit'inlM'nil. sighed for her deliverance,
shw her Hepuhhcs die.
Leaned vainly on the broken reed of France,
Till. when despair ssnnHi uigli,
Rho .iw herself, and, marling from iier trance,
Summoned the Victor, vi Uu hath, led her hoiusl
He knew Ms people, and his sonl was strong
To waft till they knew him:
The hand tli.it holds a scepter dare not shake
Front the quick bhMMl that burn at every wrong.
With Knroie wat4-hriil. cold and grim
Behind him. and the triple-hooded snake
Colled III hiri path, he went
Through changing gust of doubt aud discontent.
Till all he could have dreamed of, came to uiui!
lint new hi people knew him! now,
Since Death's pure coronet Is on his brow,
Italian eyes are dim!
Now to her nm-ieul vloriea sovereign Rome
Adds one more glory: sorrow falls
O'er all the circuit of the Auroltrlll walls,
Even renin Montnrio on .-sunt Peter's drone,
Aud where ifii warm r.inili I i-Dorian meads
Fresh dew tlm daisy fosls:
And broa: hes in every tall Korghcse pine, .
And moans on Aventine;
And -could tho voice of all desire awake
That once was loud for Italy's dear sake.
A livmn would burst from each dumb burial-stone
Beside the Cestian pTraudd,
Where Keats' and Nhelloy's dust is hid.
In dlUiyrauibic triumph o'er his ownl
Who walk behind Ms bierl
Behold the solomn ph.iutoni.s! who are they.
Tin stei n preeiii-eois that arise, to-oay,
Bro:itl.;ng of many a tiery year
And clail in I'.raueiy of a darker timoT
These are the ilead who saw
Too soon, ilie world's diviner law,
Too ejirlv dreamed their people's dream snblimel
lie foiii.'s Them, who livixl to make tint dream
A principle supreme,
Iome-bri. id Mitxziiil, he. who planted sura
Its cm ujr-stono. Cav-our!
Then. Hist aiiiongtho living. ti:at jrray chief
Who wi ais. at Lift, his Itomau laurerahwf.
To ounp'cr wjiieh he rent and shattered down
lit- rich Sicilian crown.
Ah. lien I the--, liarihaldl! he not loth
To trust the son ol him thnu gav'st a land,
t'r kiss the stainless hand
Of her whoso name is pearl and daisy both!
si:ch love, toslny. thy people ivo
To him who (tied, such trust to lueiu who live.
Cunnln nor F.ime shall overthrow
Tho IStaio liese fule'ie has tnMli builded SO.
l'm!"r the IVintheou'H dome,
Tl:e iiuityiji? 'ietor still shall reiin
O'er cue f r e luud that dai .i not I,vd a chain,
VIuse iniuhTy h4-ai t is Kom!
btilt. from the rampartsof the Khutian snow,
l-'ar do n the realms of corn aud wine.
Hack !u.d bv AlH'linine,
To capes that hroitst the warm Calabrian Sea,
A Kindle race shall know
One love, one riiffit, one lovalty:
Still from his ashes Ituly shall grow.
Who made her Italy !
The Gnthrrina of the Fas'cs.
As scon by much.
Down! Tho Mcar's tiuhtening grip lias done its work. '
A prisoner. batied, hlmilinic li'S theTnrlK.
I'owu. iTet dislwinored: al the victor's feet.
Yet wlui ilan say the compiest is complete t
A frillant "ch' ! .No gladiator, prone
In thenet's folds, tisi stroncly, surely tlirown,
K'er "oetler won the irenerons applause
Which creels stark courage. In whatever cause.
The breathless Ke4ir. all scarreit and slaxverinK stands
And licks the wounds dealt by those desperate hands,
Atlmiriuc:, doubtlui.'. Jubilant yet grave.
As the biave shouid Ihi who have ijuelliMl thebrave.
Ikiwu, but lud de:ul yet. (Mi the darkened air
KeKounds the hir of winss. The quarry there.
Prostrate at last, isone which ravening beaks
liave lona lieen keen to rend; from far tho shrieks
Of Iheohse.ener winded things at eheartl
I U huiI vulture, kite and baser bird.
The Hear alone the foe has dared confront,
A lone of that fierce battle lxme the brunt,
Itut ! the held, for rending of the prey.
Many will tloek that never shared the fray.
Yon 'fallen tighter Mas a general fis.
And those he s.nirned wouldspuru hitn. lying low.
Home would fam rob the roblier overthrown,
And some would seize the chance to clutch their Own;
Atid mi, with worse or tietter cause they flock
1'ast to the field, ere yet the battle's shock
Is surely o'er. As vet the end is not.
To all the weary tale of war and plot.
Of biute oppression. Menree lees brutal zeal
To ei Ind oppressor 'neath avenger's heel;
Of wrong that dares, of right that meanly shrlnka,
l'retelise that struts, and mddshuess that slinks,
.lid Wfi.i-pamotlsm. Kmall in act.
But large In talk, of mc !f-coucett compact.
It as 1 'eae no voice 1 hat may at last be heard t
Justice no claim at length to lie preferred I
Who'll sp ak for honesty and human nitli.
Fair plsy iintH'laniored, ai'd seaixe-hi'C.led truth t
fehall we icai e Kiigles, Kit4-s aud t'rims alone,
l'o tear the quarrv at such cost overthrown I
Or will the l.iou that has kept aloof
Ties' ir himself at length In Right's fiehooC,
liot in tiicst's ouly stand lietwlxt the Hear
And those he raine to save, is bound to spare!
Tvias I.iou's fault they songhtthose dangerous arms:
Tin Lion's part to see I hey take no harms.
Mk. Ciiakmittk Smith, editor of the St. Louis
Inland Moutlily. rtescritH?s Mrs. Hicks as she met
her at Newport, R. I., ten years ago. She appeared
talma well preserved woinnn of from thirty to
thirty -live years of age. She was neither a blonde
nor a brunette, but had that lovely complexion In
hort, tho golden mean. Iter face was perfectly
oval, with bowltcliunf, exyrcWvo eyes, which wore
either hazel or dark bine; a most perfect Venus f u
form, and her physique was magnificent- 4 Mrs.
Smith thinks Mrs. Hicks married Mr. Lord from
reverence or devotion.
Hawk Monk ts cntting ice In Nevada.
The Turks believe that about a green Christmas.
Thr Turks are enormous failures in the art of
Boston is the effy of dividends. The plural of
Dives is Divvies.
Skkekadkbs are like burglars, because they scale
the waul at midnight. " ...
Tiik bright lexicon of youth that Richelieu talked
about must be out of print.
Mew of nose-maul vices Prize-fighters. New
York Commercial Advertiser.
The Chicago Times tells the Bostoniaiis to turn
the Old South Church into a hennery.
Wickeii small boys think the 1st of April is a day
to sella brut. New Orleans rieayune.
There is nothing new under the sun. Even the
jokes in Harper's "Drawer" are eighty years old.
"Cobji und rock" is the fashionable drink in New
York. Whisky and rosk-candy are tho ingredients.
Asa Packer is worth $12,000,000. Asa Packer
up of wealth he is a success. Detroit Free Press-
Onb of Mr. Bowles' last injunctions to his family
was, "Don't let us have any parade now or here
after." Cardinal CrixEK, of Ireland, has issued a pns
toral denouncing O'Donovan-Rossa's skirmishing
Texas papers rejoice that no Southern woman is
present at tho Women's Suffrage Convention in
An advertisement says that dyspepsia is the par
ent of insomnia. That is why dyspepsia is like a
Mns. Hicks needed a little frost to mellow her
charms, says the Brooklyn Argus. But idu't 47
below zero a lectle coolt
The Marquis of Lome has presented to his wife,
the Princess Louise, a diadem of diamonds costing
ninety thousand dollars.
A Washington eon-osiondent says the President
is certainly growing fat, as his coat wrinkles hori
zontally across the back.
The junior Lords never intend to call her mother,
but they would be glad to be fiu'nished with the
family iKist-ofllee address.
Mus. Butler (Miss Elizabeth Thompson) is paint
ing a picture of Irish life, partly military, but show
ing a good deal of landscape.
Gortschakoff to the Czar: "Don't bo in a hurry,
Sire. Give me time to think what we shall demand
in addition to Turkey entire."
The Bisbep of Melbourne has shocked many of
his friends by asking a play actor, Mr. Creswick, to
the palace to recite Suakspoare.
Annie Locisr Cart received $700 for singing at
the Convention at Potsdam last week. A few years
ago she received only $25 for the same service.
President Diaz, of Mexico, is tall, straight and
spare, looks every inch a soldier, and lives in the
simplest manner wit lion t any Brigadiers-in-waiting.
Electricity was applied to poker in a California
town, and as soon as it was discovered, the
inventors found it convenient to leave by a light
In a lecture at Buffalo a few evenings ago Colonel
Ingersoll described religious metaphysics by the ex
presslon "Two fools meet; each oue admits what
neither can prove."
"An enthusiast," says Billings, "is an Individual
who believes about four times as much as he can
prove, and can prove four times as much as any
body else will believe."
Im a recent speech at Saco, Me., General Neal
Dow said liquor-selling is worse than arson or
murder, and if nothing else will stop it, he believes
in hanging the ruin-sellor.
Thk London Lancet says that out of every hun
dred buried persons one living person is consigned
to the tomb. Now York Herald. That's the ef
fect of the new drink, corn and rock. The Lancet
may have said one in 100,000. .
John Zcndel, H. W. Beecher's aged organist, Is
going back to Germany. He is ill aud feeble, and
Mr. Beocher has asked that a yearly stipend of
$200 be given him wbllo he lives.
A kkw -fashioned temperance man at Pittsburg
says drunkenness in this country is mainly due to
bad cooking. A demoralized stomach, starving for
well prepared food, is the worst of tempters.
To be paid one hundred dollars in silver will re
quire one to lug off about six pounds In woight of
coin. Detroit Telegraph. Don't weep about it.
You will probably have a chance to spread the
transportation of the six pounds over several
weeks. . . .
The bridal dress of Infanta Mercedes, the future
Queen of Spain, has a train of whito velvet epingle
fl'-e yards long, fringed with silver pasaiuilW. The
skirt is of Lyons white satin, quad HI led withpearls.
Over all Is a lace shawl fastened with nine diamond
pins with pendoloques.
Mb. Bicknf.ll, of Maiden, Mass., is giving the
last touches to the largest painting in the country.
It represents President Lincoln at Gettysburg, sur
rounded by Seward, Welles, Chase, Stanton, Grant,
Meade, McC'lellan, Fessendon, Everett, Andrew,
Wilson, Sumner, Johnson and others, life-size.
When Mrs. Hicks' first husband died, at Flshkill
Landing, on the Hudson, she sent to Dr. Duncan,
the Episcopal clergyman who had officiated at tho
funeral, tire sum of $00, with directions to pay the
sexton $."0, ench of the colored carriers $25, retuln
$100 for himself, and distribute the rest after one
or two other persons whom she mentioned bad
been remembered to tho poor. As there were two
sextons in the place, tho Doctor wrote and asked
her which one she meant, and she forwarded
another check, making $640 in all, so as to include
The simple fact Is that while living in London
BoucieauU conceived the idea of tho rlay, "London
Assurance," a:.d,Justas you may fancy two friends
would do in concert, he developed tho plot and pro
duced the dialogue, now and then availing himself
of my suggestions. That's all there is aliout it, and
it's the nistory of every play. Well meaning but
injudicious friends have insisted that I, solely and
alone, have been tho author of this lieautiful come
dy, but Mr. Boncicaiilt is too giswl a friend of mine
for me to permit this impression to obtain. John
BITTING Bl'LL AND THE NEZ PRKCEB.
Helena, Mont., January 15. Colonel MacLeod,
Chief Magistrate of the British N irthwest Ter
ritory, has arrived at this place. He reports Sit
ting Bull aud hand still at their old quarters, near
Fort Walsh. He has never crossed the line, and
ha no desire to do so. Tho fugitive Nez Perces
are with Sitting Bull. Sixty lodges of Sioux
have recently crossed the line from ttie
American side, aud report that a 111a
Jorit.v of the Sioux intend crossing to
British soil. No instructions have been
received bv the British authorities to assign
Sitting Bull's band to any reservation, nor
lias been requested to move from bis present loca
tion. The story regarding the white captive held
by Bittlnir Bull. McLcod reirartta as a sheer fabrica
tion. Police oiHcors have been continually in the
Sioux quarters, and have failed to hear or see the
faintest trat-e of a white man there. The North
western Indians are reported well satisfied. The
British have made treaties with all the tribes save
a few lodges.
MR. SPOTTED TAIL QUELLS A RIOT.
Yankton, D. T-, January 15. A report reached
this city to-day, which appears authentic, that a
few days hko twelve Indians at Hpotted Tail
Agency revolted against the local authorities and
threatened the lives of some of theoflleial attaches
of the Agency.
Spotted Tall interposed to qnell the disturbance,
but was informed by the turbulent parties that
while they regarded htm as their head chief they
would not olx-y htm under the present circum
stances. Spotted Tail then drew his revolver aud
killed two of the insurants, when the balance re
treated and have not since' teen heard of. The
cause of the difficulty, or whether it extends be
yond the dozen Indians Involved, is not known at
Washington, January 15. The Commissioner of
Indian Affairs received the following dispatch from
A cent Irwin, at Bod Cloud Agency:
"From twenty to thirty lodges of Northern
Indians stani)eded on the night of the loth, and
left, the iiiipressinn that they wero going to Hitting
Bull, but arejust as likely to go to the Little Mis
souri or the Ttmiriie P.tvur, to join a camp supposed
to be lu that country."
ANCIENT AND MODERN
VIEWS OF HEJLIi.
Tobias Swindon ys. Henry TYnrd Beecher.
"A PLAIN DISH OF HELL," AS SERVED UP IN
THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.
fOW THE INGREDIENTS ARE MODIFIED
. THE NINETEENTH
BY HEfrfr.Y WARD BEEC'riUn.
In the year of our Lord 1727, Tobias Swinden.M.
A., late Hector of Cuxtou-ui-Kent, produced a work
entitled "An Inquiry into the Nature and Place of
Hell," aud dedicated it to his patron, "the Right
Reverend Father in God, Francis, Lord Bishop of
Rochester, and Dean of the Collegiate Church of
St. Peter's, Westminster." In this dedication the
old rector ingeniously acknowledges himself some
what deficient in scholarship, and too poor in his
torical research to manage his argument properly.
Nevertheless, he states that ho chose rather to
place before his Lordship "a plain dish
than in vain attempts to please his nice and curious
palate with the varieties and delicacies of a full
treat." The author was too modest by half. His
work can not be considered "a plain dish of hell,'
but rather an elaborate meal, highly seasoned and
well garnished with the wisdom and scholarship
of the day, delightfully 6et forth to tempt the appe
tite of tho distinguished prelate to whom it was
addressed. We have no means of knowing how
his Lordship fared after tlds meal, or rhether it
suited his "nice and curious palate." The
memorials of Westminster, by hia suc
cessor, Dean Stanley, contain no account of
the matter, but wo presiune it did not
interfere in the 1 ast with his lordship's digestion,
as the faculty of appropriating and nssimilatiug
strong food, and remanding it to the nurture of the
ecclesiastical body, was more common in those
days than now. The present Dean of Westminster,
we are afraid, would not regard Swindeu's dish
with favor. Ills "nice and curious palate" evident
ly requires a different style of theological cookery.
It is, however, the first qualification of a success
ful administrator of the culinary department to
have himself a relish for good living. Soycr and
Professor Blot could not have prepared such
elegant dishes unless they enjoyed good
victuals after they were cooked. Culinary success
depeuds very largely on gastronomic qualities.
We find that old Tobias Swindon fulfilled in himself
this condition, for lie evidently loved "tho plain
dish of hell" which he served up to his ecclesias
tical patron. His work is rather out of date at
present, and is rarely met with, yet we are sure the
present discussion on hell would not be complete
withtfut a glance at its pages.
The " Enquiry" is divided into six parts, " Shew
ing" we quote the title page "1. The reason
ableness of a future state; 2. Tho punish
mcnts of the next life; 3. The several
opinions concerning the place of hell; 4. That
the fire of hell is not metaphorical but
real; 5. The improbability of that lire's being in
or about the center of the earth; and 6, The
probability of the sun's being the local hell, with
reasons for this conjecture; and the objections
from Atheism, philosophy and the Holy Scriptures
answered." Considering that Tobias only proposed
"a plain dish," it must be confessed that the menu
is somewhat elaborate, if not extravagant.
tub formal tart of hell.
We may pass over the first part of the work antt
proceed ta the second, in which the public is Just
now most deeply interested. This is devoted toa
consideration of the formal part of hell: "that
which couipleteth U and mnketh what it really is"
in all sound orthodoxy "intolerable." We find
that Swinden was no balf-way believer in
the bad place. He did not believe the doctrine as
Jonathan Edwards is said to have done, "constrain
edly," belli ir moved as a thelogian to teach eternal
torment with fearful vigor and emphasis, and then
weeping as a man over the iturical results of his
own preaching, but Swinden took to it heartily,
and seeuieit to relish the work". Uo also lacked the
peculiar courage described in Byron's "Cain," and
"Dare, look the omnipotent tyrant In
His everlasting faco, and tell him that
Bis evU is not gootl;"
Bnt believing in hell, he stood up bravely to his
dutv, and when relieved of the cares of his parish
in Kent, devoted his years to the preparation of his
THE CHIEF INGREDIENT OF BELL.
ne discusses In this first part, the actual momen
tous fact of the fires of hell, with all the coolness of
a philosopher aud the equunimity of a theologian,
not being at all disturbed by the charao
ter of what be was serving tin. "The chief Ingredi
ents," says he, "of the sensitive part ot hell's tor
ments, as they are represented In the Scriptures, Is
ire." He classifies torments under the terms
I'aana munn, or punishment of sense, and I'ctna
ii i, or punishment of loss. It seems that even
in Swinden s day there were those who were skep
tical on the subject of literal lire, and wanted
to give the doctrine a nietaphvsi-
mage, whom he resembles, Swinden repndinfMl the
Idea, and stuck bravely to his text. Even Aiurus
tine. aud Calvin's mild siiKKestions to the contrary
are summarily dismissed. "Certainly. I should
think," says he, "that to multiply figures in the di
vine writings, aud to allegorize away the text
trhm there 1 no nerr.nitt for it, is unreasonable."
Sure enough, what necessity was there for robbing
hell of its "chief ingredient!" Is not the Eternal
Roast the object of the divine glory in this theo
logical conception Hence, as Swinden ol
seivcs, "the nre into which tho wicked
shall be cast, must be no pariilwil
ical allusion." It may be diabolical in our
minds; it could not be parabolical in that of the an
cient Kent rector. Accordingly when discussing
the Savior's sentence. Matt, xxv 11, he says: "The
general and final sentence by which the wicked
shall be aitidged to everlasting fire must have in
it no figures or allegories, but plain and proper
speech only; because the puilty must perceive
thereby what is their doom. The angels who are
the ministers of that Judgment must know what
they are immediately to execute."
CHURCH AUTHORITIES ON THE SUBJECT.
Swinden claims this literal fire as the doctrine of
the Church, and declares that "it hntli been so un
derstood by great and orthodox writers, if not gen
erally by the whole Church of God." Tho excep
tions do not make the rule; and so Barrow aud
other divines are quoted as offering the doctrine of
literal fire. The quotation from Barrow is to the
point: "In the state of everlesting death our bodies
shall be atHictd continually by a sulphurous flame,
not only scorching the skin, but piercing the
inmost sinews; aud our souls shall lie
incessantly gnawed upon by a worm,
under which Inexpressible vexations, always
enduring pangs of death; always In sense
and in despair dying, we shall never be able to
die." A strong confirmation of this view is found
also in Bishop Bilson, who wrote very copiously 011
this subject. This learned divine, in diseiissinifthe
doom of Sodom and Gomorrah, says: "If God will
have brimstone mixed with hell fire, to make it
bum not only the darker and sharper, but also the
loathsomer, and so to grieve the sight, smell and
taste of the wicked which have been here surfeited
with so many vain pleasures, what have you or
any man living to say against it!" This is the mod
ern Tweed argument applied to the non-believer in
hell. There is no allegory or pleasant fiction in tho
oase; it is literal, material.corjioroal fire; and "what
are vou going to do aliout it t The argument, the
reader will see, is quite conclusive.
BELL FOR THE DEVILS.
The necessity of a hell for devils is also urged
by another author quoted by Swinden: "It Is cer
tain that the devils aud all the wicked shall lie in
everlasting fire and therein tormented. What man
ner of fire it shall be I dispute not, because the
Scriptures doth not express it. Bnt this is without
question, that not only the souls of the wicked, but
also their bodies, shall suffer torment from this fire;
and therefore the fire must be such as to work uion
their bodies and indict on them a far greater pain
than our tire doth impress on us. Which being
so, it is manifest the devil shall suffer pain and
torment from a corporeal thing, I mean from this
fire." Many sentiments from the ancient Father
of the Church we quoted in corroboration of the
same point. We give briefly a few.
TIIK ANCIENT FATHERS.
Tertnllian could not be properly overlooked in a
retrospect of this pleasant sort. He was an Afri
can, born in Carthage, and is generally regarded as
the Church Father above all others, to whom
the doctrine of eternal torment is most
indebted for its past efficiency and power.
His testimony is tolerably explicit in favor of
Swindeu's view of a material hell. Speaking of the
difference between the "secret and common lire,"
the fire coming from the clouds and breaking out
into volcanoes, and that of the ordinary stylo, Ter
tnllian, philosopher-like, finds a reason for this.
"This fire," snys he, referring to the improved ar
ticle, "doth not consume what it burnetii,
but ropairela what it preyeth, upon, so
that' mountains remain which always burn,
and he that Is struck by tire from heaven is not to
lie reduced to ashes by other lire. And this may be
a testimony of the eternal flr tliis an example of
that fire which continually notirisheth and pre-
scrveth tl ooo that are punished in it. The uiuiin-
tains burn and endnre, and why not also the guilty
and enemies of God!"
Why not, surely! and note the beneficence of the
divine arrangements under this view. The
ordinary, common kind of fire destroys what it
seizes upon the improved article continually re
paireth that which it as continually destroys. The
pour, damned body seized upon by these immortal
names is perpetually renewed and "nourished"
for future flames. Souls are created but once, but
bodies under this Tiious view are perpetually
duplicated. Creation is an eternal prerogative of
OTHER DEPARTMENTS OF TORMENT.
It must not be supposed that, in thus dwelling on
the jxrna trrmits, Swinden neglects to discuss
the other department of hell torment. In consid
ering the doctrine of Origen, this comes out
clearly. Jerome warned his contemporaries against
the opinions of Origen, who held, in advance of his
age, the somewhat modem view that the punish
ments of hell are not amongst external punish
ments, but within the consciences of sinners: and
1 sadoi-e says: "There is a double punishment of the
damned in hell: their minds bum with sorrow and
their bodies with lire and flame, by a just retalia
tion, that, a they debated with their minds what
to do with their bodies, so should they be punished
both in soul and body."
Fortified by these high authorities, Swinden pro
ceeds in tiie preparation of his "plain dish of hell."
"Let us not," says he, "spiritualize away the sub
stantial fires of hell mid rotine thera into nothing."
His argument is flint of Tertnllian, that God hav
ing the power to make Are which shall preserve as
well as destroy, may he oxjiected to continue in the
exercise of His beneficent creation, and ordain a
fire which shall not only be eternal in duration, but
wiM also have the peculiar faculty of eternally re-
I miring the waste its ravages cause. He concludes
lis interesting chnpter by reciting the opinions of
Augustine, "who bestowed a whole chapter on
proving to the contrary that corporeal fire hath no
L jxiwer to effect or act upon a spirit," in the follow
"Hell, which Is called a lake of fire in the holv
Scriptures, is true, real, corporeal fire: and that
it doth torture the bodies of the damned, both those
of men aud devils" (it is comfortable to think that
devils are also included in this dispensation of
iKMietlccnce) "solid ones of men and aerial ones of
devils, which lie Augustine) saith before some
learned men supposed them to have; or it may bo
only the ImmIics of men with their spirits; and tho
devils, if they are spirits without, bodies, receive
their punishinciit from the corporeal tires by ad
hesion to thcnif"
In Chapter 5 of his work, Swindon disensscs the
locution of hell, and dilates quite largely ou the
prevalent opinion that it is "in or about the center
of the earth," giving his reasons for not placing it
there. These reasons are quite ingenious
from the stamliMjiut of tho old theo
logian. His first objection comes from
tho nature of fire, "For tho due undci
standing of which it will be needful to obnerve
that to the being hu1 constitution of tire there is
required both an iiiirlinus, sulphurous pabulum, on
which it feeds, and also a nitrous ferret (fuel), which
it recoiveth from tne air. without lnith of which it
cjin by no means subsist or act. In plain terms,
when the ferret is spent or taken away, it dies, and
when tho air is wholly excluded or kept from it, 'tis
put out. On this account Swinden can not a-wign
hell to the territory of the earth, and concludes
that "the eternal Tophet which the infinite power
and wisdom of God hath prepared, had it been
placed in the earth, would long since have reduced
it to ashes." The former argument of Augustine
and Tertullinn that God miraculously supplies ami
renews the jmbulum of hell, and makes the fire
itself a creating substance, is dismissed here very
curtly, for Swindon had a theory of his own on the
subject, and docs not propose to accept an
explanation which would be sufficient
to locate hell in earth. He therefore
goes on to argue that tho center of the earth is
much too small a place "to contain tho lapsed
angels and the infinite numbers of the damned."
The problem of hell requires more territory, and in
a place, too, where water will not interfere so
largely in the divino arrangements. "Thepwxlisous
numbers of damned meu," and the multitude and
mighty numbers "of the angels that originally fell,
and who are to be provided for with an eternal
stopping place of torment,'.' makes the theory in
Swiuden's view "un pardonably presumptuous."
A POVERTT-STRICKEN CONCKPTION OF HELL.
The conception of Drexelius as to the number of
the damned and the dimensions of hell are criti
cised as "ioor, mean and narrow." Drexelius put
the numlierof the damned at an hundred thousand
millions, and the place of hell a German mile each
WBy"i. e., so much In length, depth, height aud
breadth." But this computation of numbers and
space does not suit the comprehensive Swuiden,
and he seeks a wider field for the exercise of the
Divine benevolence in ministering to the wants of
the damned. Neither does the theory of the de
struction of the earth and its possible transmutation
into the scene of hell answer. Hell, in Swin
don's opinion, was a place which liad
been for some time iu existence, and "not one to
commence at the end of tho world." It received
the angels which sinned. Lucifer and his band of
apostates, and thev bad been nlrdy frizzling in
its flames many thousands of years. Therefore
this position, although enforced by the authority of
the learned Dr. Henry Moore, is pronounced un
tenable. HELL IN THE SUN.
Dismissing all these contectnres as crude and un
worthy of the subject. Tobias begins bis construc
tive work. He locates the place of torment uiiro
servedlv in the sun! The first point to which he
addresses himself is the favorite one of fire. "That
the rssly of the sun is fire is as evident as that it
shineth. It Is as demonstrably the foun
tain of heat as well as light; it
doth no less refresh us with Its fervid
than delight us with the diffusion of its lucid quali
ty." "This is placed at so great a distance from the
earth that its heat is extremely coniiorung 10 us;
whieh if it were nearer to us would scorch aud
burn ns up to nothing. It is always the same, and
ever resplendent with an equal and bright sbinlug
luster. In a word, when I contemplate this great,
glorious and miming obtect, I am tilled with won
der and amazement to think what Pyrenenn moun
tains of sulphur, how manv Atlantic Oceans of
scalding bitumen are reqnisit-e to maintain sucn
nil 'htv. such raoid flames." It Is liocauso tho sun
offers such superior accommodations for the damn-
en, and is in everv way BuoqiinTCToiiiciriiecvsuu n-s,
that Swinden delights in contemplating it as the
Turlnru. The -"Etnasand Vesuviusesof theearth two
mere glow-worms to it. If any were In doubt ns to
where the multitudinous numner or ine naiiiueo
could lio placed. if any embarrassment to the
Cliristian scheme was felt because of the vast ag
gregate of doomed souls, the sun is referred to as
an oliieot adequate at least to. it not exceeding, -me
vt-rv utmost, stretch of their imagination."
The industrious theologian finds arguments In be
half of his favorite theory In the magnitude of the
sun and its position as the center of the system. He
considers it every way preferable to the old idea of
hell being in the center of the earth, and this is the
duly theory of its locality which is seriously dis
cussed in bis work. The ancient doctrine
was that hell was under the earth. Another divine
placed it in tho tail of one of the comets, while
from time to time its locality has been variously
ossiimcd. and much regret expressed that Revela
tion did not enlighten the world as to tho exact
facts in the premises.
It. is at this noiiit in the narrative that Swinden
like Mr. Wcgg. "drops into poetry." and makes
numerous interesting quotations from the heathen
poets touching his subject. These gems sparkle
along bis pages with an exceeding luster. It Is
delightful to have the burning up of the world
the sun exempted nnd the fate of the dimmed
presented in soothing strains of iootry. Mr. Pwin-
iien. with the usual consideration for his readers,
has not omitted tlds feature of interest from his
W have ab-eadv noticed that In Swindeu's con
ception the sun was tho place of confinement for
devils ns well ns damned human souls. Ho imag
ines them as having a central home here, but also
as occasionally "moving to anil iro in tne eirtn
seeking whom thev may devonr." "The sun ," says
he, "notwithstanding it distance from the earth,
may as well be siipjMised tibe the fixed mid prop
er scat of the devil's imprisonment, though not ali
solute confinement at present, as any place what
soever. Tho devils may have hell apHinted for
the place of their condemnation, and yel be ior
mitted to move tievoiid their prison, at such times
ns God in his wisdom thinketli fitting to give some
of them particular license. Therefore, though
earth and air nre the places where they assault
us, yet bell is their home, and God rcmandeth
thein thither whensoever he ploaseth."
We must now draw our (imitations from this in
teresting old volume to a cloao. We have by no
means exhausted nil its beauties, and a good deal
more space would be required to tell all Tobias
Swinden knew aliout hell. That he know a great
deal about the nature and duration of the place of
torment must be evident to all who have followed
ns. The volume from which these extracts have
been made is a small 8vo of 470 pages, hearing
the imnrint of "H. P. for Tho. Astley, at the
Dolphin and orown. In St. Patd's Church-yard,
London, 17X7, nnn. as tne reauer aircauy realizes,
is a classic in "hell fire." and a curious remnant of
tho antique notions of tho past.
New York Herald, January 30. J
VwTnii Tnniiarv 1 . 1 S7ft. Honrv Ward Broth
er passed through- Boston yesterday on his way
home from Skowhcgan, Me., where bo has been lec
turing. The Herald eorresondent obtained from
htm an Interview on the subject of his recent and
much discussed sermon on "Endless Punishment."
Mr. Boecher talked cheerfully, and yet with evi
dent care and delilioratlon, well weighing the
effect of his words. In the course of the interview
he plainly indicated bis belief that his now famous
utterances against the generally received orthodox
dogma of eternal suffering as a penalty for sin
marks the opening of a polemic controversy of the
first magnitude, xsut less piiuiuy uiu ne speak as
to a possible severenco of the relations hitherto
held by him toward the Congregational denomiua
tion Hn aiinke of the discussion as one of world-
wido interest, and while he denied that he had any
intention In the celebrated sermon to enter tho lists
as a controversialist, avowed his intention, now
that be had liecn assailed from so many quarters,
of setting forth at no very distant date, in a full
and elaliorate form, the position which he had
taken up. As a iorestiaciowiug oi wnat this expo
sition of the Plymouth pastor's attititd:: will be, the
following Interview is fun or interesting points:
Onostion Mr. Beecher. have yon taken notice of
the discussion ou the subject of endless future 's;if
fcring originated by your recent sermon I
Mr. Beecher Of course I have. It lias been a
question (if intense concern with me for many
years, and of a gradual progress toward the view s
I now hold. A mail of au enthusiastic nature,
somewhat of a poetical temperament, brought np
In the regular Calvtnistlc faith, receives impres
sions that bocome almost like his original nature,
and change is either sudden and ntter, or. If It
follows investigation and reflection, it is verv alow.
To the publication of my brother's (Dr. Edward
Beecher's) articles in the Christian Union, about
three years ago, on "The History of Opinions on
Future Retribution," I attribute the final change
In my views.
Q. On what ground do yon now standi
RIGHT AND WRONO ETERNAL.
Mr. Beecher I hold, in brief, as strongly as ever
to the doerine of retribution that right and wrong
are not transient in their nature; they are eternal.
I hold that oliedieuce and disobedience will forever
produce their corresponding pleasure or pain. I
hold that if, in the life to come, men persist in the
violntion of the laws of their being, they will un
questionably suffer pain and penalty; but there is
no evidence whatever that they will, and there are
many presumptions that they will not. I do not
think that it can lie shown to be a Scriptural doc
trine that probation closes with death. In another
life I can conceive that the experience of this life,
which, by reason of man's physical environments
nnd sccial influences, has not wrought reformation
or virtue, may yet in another sphere and under
moro iavoi'KOio circumstances Driug men to
a very much higher platform and standpoint
of conduct and of character. We have reason to
supiose that paiu n tut suffering which, in this
world, are of an educating nature, will have a
stronger educating force hereuftor, and that they
will be eontinmd ns long as there is hope of lieneflt
in them. But on all this subject I would say. first,
that probation din's nut close with death; second,
that the end and aim of retribution is, in the first
instunce, the reformation of t?ie individual and the
safety of society round about him.
IS GOD CRUKLt
The continuance of suffering after it is hopeless
In respect to the individual and needless in respect
to society is simply cruelty, and I can not cuureive
Of any man of a deeply moral and reflective nature
who would bring himself to believe that God will
bring into life, as He has myriads which utterly out
run all computation, under circumstances in which
they not only have no help whatsoever to effect
moral growth, but where all their surroundings are
adverse nnd perverse, and ullow them to continue
under such known conditions to reproduce genera
tions inminicrnhic, and then to place them in a
great hciva'ter where the principal feature is suf
fering aud where suffering has ceased to have any
moral benefit, and so continue them there forever
and forever. This is to create a department of the
universe for the purposes simply of suffering: but
needless suffering is cruelty, and any being who in
flicts needles suffering is tyrannical.
t. But men say that we are not to philosophise
on this subject, but to take tho statement of Scrip
ture! HELL, DAMNATION ANT EVERLASTING NOT USED IN
TIIKI1! EXACT SOIKNTIHC SF.NSE.
Mr. Beecher In reply to that I would say tbat
one of the chief questions now is. What is the state
ment of Script urcl I admit that as if stands in our
English version, and read through the medium of
our own education, the Scripture a tipaivntly teaebes
the. old doctrine. But when the terms "Hel!,"
"Damnation" anil "Everlasting" are subjected to
the crucial test of liiod"ru scholarship they do not
bear out the old meaning. I doubt whether in the
davsof the Old Testament or in tho Jewish mind
at the time of our Savior, the sharp, metaphysi
cally neeiimfo idea of time and duration existed.
I believe that what tliey meant by "eternal" was a
vague and nebulous period of time, and that it was
not used in a sharp, scientific sense, but in a po
etic, or. rather, in a generalizing sense; Just as we
say "a hundred," when we only mean "many ;"
or as we say "forever," when we mean simply long
periods of tuue.
A GENERAL MODIFICATION OP ORTHODOX BELIEF.
And on this subject there has been an Immeasur
able change iu the attitude of thinking men within
the past few ge.icrations. It is universally con
ceded that men do not nny longer, even the most
orthodox, piench the doctrine of endless suffer
ing as it was preached fifty or even twenty-five
years ago. To that effect there has certainly been
a great change. Other motives have been em
ployed, and the emphasis that once was placed
upon fear is transferred now to hope and to a
sense of duty; and even when men do preach
the doctrine It is t.imrlit. philosophically and not
Sertpturally. The vivid figures of Scripture nre no
longer whirled around the pulpit like a ball of fire.
It is usually tin apologetic argument: it is an at
tempt tojiistify the Divine administration, and to
do this moil fall back on the desert of sin, aud the
necessity of punishment for the integrity of tho
moral universe. It is true that Just now the pul
pits on every side are beginning to show their
hands nnd to preach the doctrine; but if any man
will compare the sermons that- are now preached
with those of Jonathan Edwards or of Hopkins, or
indeed with any of the fathom of New England, or
of tho Presbyterian divines of Princeton, he willa
how great a change has come over those who still
persist In believing in literal, eternal, conscious
suffering. They are as unlike as tho summer
morning's dew is to the tornado in midwinter.
CHANCED IDEAS OF ltlOHTS ANI GOVERNMENT.
Q. To what do you attribute this change of
Mr. Beecher In part to the progress of knowl
edge and in part to the development of higher mor
al susceptibilities. The preparation for this change
of view has not been any more within the Church
than outside of it. The civilized world has grown
in intelligence in resjieet to the nature of man and
Ids rights as an Individual and a citizen, his neces
sities and liabilities. The notion of government
has been cleared from barbarous elements; the con
ception of justice has been purified and elevated.
The whole framework of society has been, at least
in thiHtrv, exalted. It may be said that, in the an
cient daVs, mankind had no rights that their gov
ernors were hound to respect; but in modern times
rulers and Presidents have no rights except those
which are conferred upon them by the governed.
A complete revolution, inereiore, nas neen estaii-
llshcd: the divine right is not with the king but
with his subjects. The indirect influence of this
upon theology has been immense, as it runs through
every department of thought. Men have uncon
sciously changi-d their standpoint; their method
of reasoning unlH'knnwn. porhnps. to themselves
has entirely changed. Dogmas that once were
full of the sap of faith have withered, and hang
upon their boughs like the last year's leaves uiMin
the oak and the beech trees. This does not invali
date moral government, but places it upon higher
ground. It docs not annihilate the doctrine of
retribution; it spiritualizes and ennobles it. It doe
not take away the motives of dissuasion from evil
and persuasion to good; it only renders them far
more effective.- There can be no greater danirer to
the religious world than to have their faiths iu the
form of dried up dogmas, and to have their real and
conscious life uttering a continual protest against
Q. Do not scholars still insist that the New Tea
tametit teaches the doctrine of the endless suffer
ing of the finally impenitent!
Mr. Beecher No; a very great change has taken
place in that respect. It has been shown that dur
ing the first four hundred venrs the tliree theories
of restoration, of annihilation of the wicked, mid
of the eternal punishment of the wicked, were held
indifferently in the primitive Church, and that no
man's orthodoxy was called in question on that
ground. Of the first six schools of theology, it
lias been shown that four of tiicm taught the. final
restoration of mankind, and it has also been shown
that, these very schools comprised the missionary
and revival nicii of that age; so that the energetic
IMirfion of the jn iiiiiti ve Church, that spread divine
truth, were restorationists. That the men who
wrote and thought in the Gryk language, and who
lived nearest to the times of the cjwistlcs. did iot
consider the New Testament a teaching the final,
conscious suffering of the wicked forms n strong
presumption against the accuracy of the model n ,
interpretation of the New Testament. The exegesis, !
also, of the topt luissages is very much changed, i
and though the battle still rages nroiiml many I
Greek phrases, it is hardlV possible that one should
not see the direction in which the conflict is going.
GENERAL IHtlrT OK NEW TESTAMENT TEACHING.
Q. But men say if is not no much any single pas
sage ns it is the drift and general spirit of the New
Mr. Beeeher-rTlint the general drift of tho New
Testament is that a sinful life and character bring
men into terrible perils in the future no one denies,
or should wish to deny. But that those perils are
precisely what men have taught, und that they are
endless in respect to each individual who passes
nnrceiitaut out of life, can -not be deduced from
the general spirit of the New Testament. I tca- h
that sin is both a shame and a disgrace in this life
and an exceeding peril in the life to come, aud that
there are elements enough of "ear to rouse up the
consciences of men who need the coarse stimulant
of four to induce any moral reflection or reforma
tion. MATERIAL VS. RI'fTtTTUAL IIP.AVEN AND HELL.
Q. no you not think a plain man. unlettered and
rending the Scripture, would derive from it the
idea of future, eternal, conscious misery!
Mr. Beecher Yes: lust as the old Jews naturally
inferred from the Old Testament, that the Messiah
was to he a temporal prince rather than a spiritual
force, and yet t hey wen wrong: Just as the dis
ciples lielieved that Jesns would como again in
their lifetime, and that they should not see death
until t'uc kingdom of God had come in a physical
and literal sense, snd yet they are wrong; Just as
ninny good men still believe hi tho second advent
into this world of Christ, and of the transformation
of all society relations by the coercive wwer of
His omnipotence. In short, the universal tendency
has been to uiateruilize the Scripture; to er-.-nte a
material hell and a material heaven; to bring to
hear npoii the Ineffable themes of spiritual exist
ence the attributes and laws of time and matter
and apace. "The kingdom of heaven." Christ said,
"is within us;" it is not a physical state; it is a con
dition of the soul. The kingdom of darkness Is a
spiritual condition, and lieaven and hell are wonts
which coverthe iwychologic condition of the uni
verse. Plain men naturally tend to literalize and
materialize the figures of the New Testament: h II
the worse for them, for the Master declared, "The
words that I sieak unto you, they are spirit, they
A DOCTRINE SHOCKING TO THE MOftAf, SENSE.
Q. Do you think there are a great many minister
who hold ta the doctrines of Universalis!!!, or
restoration, or annihilation, who dare not exprcaa
Mr. Beecher Not exactly so. I lu.l:i that a great
number of most useful ininlstars lire occupying
tbeinsel'cs Willi the practical education of their,
iieonle. unil uo not nestow a great ileal ot tnougi.i
ttpoii technical theology. Of these who can pro
found! V coin orn ir.emseivesiiii-re are classes
namely, those who are building a system, the
dynastic thinkers, mid those who are s'udying
simply the educative influences that human nature
requires. Those who hold t a rigorous view of
endless punishment, and declare tiiut it is a fuuda-,
mental doctrine, mean that It is fundamental ta
their system, that around it centers the doctrine, of
sin. of Its desert, of the necessity of atonement. I
think their minds dwell upon it, therefore. In It
relations to a logical system, and not tn its relation
to the palpitating human soul. I do not believe
that many men could calmly measure the nature of
a single sou), and its susceptibilities to suffering,
and the power of Almighty God to create suffering
In that soul, and of a continued existence only
for the purposes of suffering through illimitable
ages, forever and forever, and then multiply that
soul until there are no materials left on which t
Inscribe the figures, until the swarming myriads
defy all measurement or conception of the imagina
tion; then, overhanging the mighty abyss, coutcin
Pl.tte the writhing anguish, the screaming agony,
the hideous and loathsome suffering, the brutal in
dignities of sulphurous demons, the carnival of
animalism, and yet be able to turn and utter tha
first words of the Lord's Prayer, "Our Father !"
Neither is the trouble alleviated by snymg that Ui
penalties are not material anguish, but they aro
the torments of conscience, of anguish snd despair.
While we revolt at physical torment, the re tinea
and cultured nature learns to estimate mental suf
fering as even more exquisite and more horribla
than mere bodily torment: and to teach nn eternity
of conscious mental suffering, after all chalice or
hope of reformation is gone, shocks t hat true moral
sense which has been created nnd educated bv tho
example and the spirit of the laird Jesus Christ. In
short, the very nature of the atonement, as an evo
lution of the Interior love nature of Cod.coiidcmiia
and destroys such a vision of future useless eternal
punishment as a uigiitiiiare vision of barbarism.
A MONSTROUS TIIKORV.
I can conceive, therefore, how a man mny liclieva
it simply ns nn idea. In part of a system it is a
mere logical abstraction. But how a man can look
into the face of a dying child, the sweet daughter
of his hoM', cut off without any evidence of chance;
how one can look into society nnd see that nine,
teen out of twenty ore not in those conditions
I which his system of theology requires precedent to
iieaven uiui saivanon. nnn vet live and lie nappy,
cat, drink, sleep, laugh, jest, drink in the light of
the sun, the glory of the springtime, walk In rap
ture through summer, mid believe this doctvin: X
can not conceive. When I look at it in the light of
palpitating hiiinau life, if I believed 111 this doctrine
every leaf would waft a sigh, the ground would
tt'etub'e with the imagined thunders of lio;u
I would be clothed in sackcloth, my head would
become, with the prophet's, "a fountain of
tears;" it would stop all the processes im human
society; it would say to every man who entered
upon the marriage state, "Thoii art a bai haiiati, ta
bring into life children under such fearful i rilnn.l
risk!" I do not believe that the reason nor the in
dustries of life, nor the sanctities of the hou-'ehold.
nor niivthing that is gracious and good could long
survive a real lielief in these hideous doctrines.
EFl-Ecr OK THE DISCUSSION.
Q. What do you !ipxise will lie the effect of this
outbreak of discussion!
Mr. Beecher I think there will be a temporary
rousing up and preaching of the old fashioned doc
trine by many clergymen und a judicious sihnce by
eventually more. But it must be borne in mind I hat
no s;. stem o? questions ami letters sent oat bv re
ligious newspapers will ever be able to reveal tho
secret thoughts of men. The changes that n, e go
ing oil quietlv but surelv, are not yet f iv. I
think that men are falling off from "tlie o'd doiv
t lines without seeing their wav clear to
replace thein with new. But thai whiei!
I regard with peculiar hoM-fu!'iess Is tits
nppllction of the lx-st resources of sacred learning
to a re-examination of the Scripture, ami loan
examination fioiu tile psychologic standpoint n(
the whole ouestioTi of sin. of pena'ty aud of destiny.
We have not yet heard from the thinkers.
(. Do you intend to enter yourself more fully
into this, controversy!
Mr. Bi-echer I do not in' nil to become a contro
versialist, und jet, in due time, I inlei.d to give a
further and more el ilMirate presentation of the
fruits of tcv thought than I ha vn ever yet done. I
am in no baste; the question is too vast to lie set
tled iu a day. Thero is more light to break forth
out of the Word of Gist than men believe. "The
night la far spent, the day is nt hand," and tho
watchers can afford to wait patiently for the (nil
glory of the Sun of Righteousness, which shall
como "with healing in its beams."
An Unpublished Lelter from Vwh!n;?ton.
Lot isvii.i.E, January 1!), 1878.
The republication by the Commercial of Andrew
Johnson's rorresiNiudunce has awakened a deal of
interest in rare old relics in the way or letters, and
caused many an eye to peep Into bundles of yellow
stained pain-rs, which otherwise would have re
mained hidden for ages.
It was the gmsl fortune of tho writer, some week
since, to have shown him two letters written by
Washington. They are nddrscd to "Colonel
Israel Shrove," and were discovered among soma
old correspondence of that icrsonngn by Miss
Jennie Moore, one of his desceud.il, ts, an aeooin
plishod young lady, who resides iu Louisville, Ky.
From her it Is learned that Colonel Shrevo was in
the servico of his country during the War of
the Revolution, and ojNrated chiefly In
New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. Ills
correspondence indicates that at one time he was
in charge of the, forees in New Jersey during the
struggle of the colonics against tbc King. Letters to
his wife ofttitues commence, "My dour sikhum."
They occasionally describe battles, scenes and Inci
dents, and frequently refer to fears, prohiihililioa
and results. Allusions are made to Washington,
Greene, Sullivan, Sampler am! other horis-s of tho
"times which made men's hearts bleed." The two
letters written by Washington are now valnahln
curiosities, nnd will ho read with interest by every
body, copies are given eeiow:
IIKAIHUAUI Kits. VAt.l.PT I'llROK,
14th A pi 11. 177.
Rill T received yours of the Kith instant enclosing
the iirrM-osMltiiT.s of a court in:irtll agidiisl v. illiaoi sis-ila
aud Samuel 1'ari.er. J muitrm tim sentence of the
former and desire that he may b executed ut such timo
anil place as you may tidnk must p.-oii r.
I can n,t cin:iim the Miittioicu of avahist ('alter until
I have consulted l.ovencir 1 iviiigr,lutie upon
tho matter. julriMtiiclng martial law bito this
tstato was Intended to rciaoriv the weaknesses
of the civil, but In New .ler--er, whei-. ti.ero
is a law. fonmli'd eipressly for the i.uris.He of ij-vbe; ni
hahitanls tukiug aims en tin, sule l the ee'-.juy. t
think such persons sholihl lie ll.'iivorid li ths civil
powr. Wlteu 1 have the (ioverii.ir'sileiermiii.itinii iii.a
this matter, yo.i shall hoar ti-otn me. In the mt .iu
time secure the pii;ioner. 1 am. sir. yonr ic.'ist elm
ilient servant. (J. tv.VMif I mi yo.N.
To theOt!i( is and Soldiers of the Militia In t!-i Conn.
f!nf II iinterion, ltiiriihgtiin, nlom-e.-iiei-, t-alom and
F:iii:nis axp FKi.Miw-Siu.rtiKi'- -Tlio cie-iny havi
thronn cchr-MoraMe force info .i:r t.it.. we I; intent
to (Hisses t hcliisclvi-sor t he post ul l:el j'.ank. anil ni
ter elirria the olistr'a-ii'iiis ia tilo ic!i.vle, lanko
iurursiiiiis Into your eoiini ry.
To prevent tlielii Iroia "!ii-lilig either of these pur
pet i-s, I hMve -u-ni.ovei- sei-ii a I'tniilicr of 4 mental
t riM'ps as I tl list Vi ill. w it II tile siirile,l o;ie-:i i, ins Mia
lldlitia. totally ilelint tecir icslL;.i i;tii elillv lleiln to
retain t- the city an il siilnii bs o: !'!iii;'.li-i j-iii.i. : n-Ii is
the oulv src.uml I hey j:osm iciiiu tiio IViii' Ivai. in
shorn, ai'd in whicli'ihey i:i:t if I M.t.-e.-a o cat il" ;reni
the Sllpf.li-N of the pb-l)-'if,l Soli'- el ,'i-V -li ;.-.;)-.
I. tllere.'OI O. e.-lll li;:ill you by .lil I ...It yel h-dddear.
to -ie up a. one man ;:lii i id vie. r 1-1 'lie 1 1 i,t i I . e II J nst
invaders. To convince yon tl'nt ilus is to V; iione. by
a cci.'cial abpcaiaticc t,i aU i's , i .---n;-fi ionic-.! ;in! ly
to give thi-il o,lNlt il.ll. I l,e,-i! o!I ( ,jnl! yinl l lll-iild
of the coei t it l.ail i.poli the r.i .lii-ii iire-j i.t .Mint) inul,
v. tin laid a.-'id.' their in lent i-in i.i ia.ii i i to ' "ii tha
upper 11:11 1 of your ?SiaU;. upeit s'-eii.;; t;.-- !:!-.,:bi! man
lier 111 Whieh you were ;il ejislei! Ut -,-eei re liu-ie. l.isk
also al tile glei-i.ii.s itiecls i.,iicii billowed
the sririt of onion winch a;ti:.iien iin,a
our breililtili of New Y.'.-k .nd Kugiumi,
who, by I i.c !'i;ivi assist: t:i-'' I :u y .t !c,I in 1 lie '011
tineutal a: my. obliged :iioial one tl-iie-il v.-ii li t.l.eir
forincr ictories to see lei- t..-rii,s. ami lny dimii their
aim.-i In the nio-t HiihitiisMive mimacr.
itert.s-l lliwin t ;iesc I inll.-i. rl l.t 1 al'l eon Vlll --'Ml t),;it
every Inaa lei i-a:: li.-:ii en-fLof. v. lil l:ike it n. cid
without l-c-.pect In I one or les -crvli'CH ill
tlio tii-hl foi- a few -.vis-iiM. je'i-.N'.ps only a icv. d.i. i
am your siiie. re friend a-id t-oiie 1 y ,hli;i,
After tho revolutionary war. Colonel Shrn e set
tled in Nov Jersey. He was at one lime a .lii-.ticn
of tiie J'e-n-c, ami It Is clo.'iiict v,ns an upright,
honest limn, much beloved by all win knew him.
Tiie cc!cbrat"d Western i:er man. Captain if. Al.
.shrove, of SI. Iniis. w. his gr;uiii:,on. Caidaui
Hhieve died wolthy, i;tid his family la among tho
most lespecled in tiie f no! !iw e-t . as are the other
descendants who live in I ititsv i!ie. I". ;'. M.
Tcxiin l.nnil - luillcs.
HT. Lot'l. January IS. It will be rccollc.-tcd
that when Ham V titcve;i:s and r.tln i were arrested
st Kansas City, some Ihree mouths ago, for stu
pendous swindling in Texas la nils,! !u. t great anxiety
was expn sseil to leurn the names of nil those en
gaged in the fiaud and who Issued too bogus deeds.
These names, or nt least the greater part of them, are
now supplied by Special Agent Anion I'. Foster, of
the I'niTed States Postal rtervi.-.-. who arrested
Hani Jt. Stevens. 11111! has ever since been working
up the case, ami are as follo-s s: 'i hoy aro import
ant for tho reason that large amounts of land wcra
sold or transferred by members of the gang
in most "f the Westero and Hunt hern States,
and it Is pretty nearly certain that all
titles whicu liave cmaaateil for the past eight or
ton years from any of these ..irtic. aro fraudulent
ami of no value whatever: 1",. K. Atwell, K. P.
Bates. Job li. Harry, John Burt, Goor-n I). Brown,
John It. Uavi.. Thomas I i.-.ltiei, H. A. Kdwards, J.
K. Goodman, J. If. If. mini'!. Joi:n ILtll, J. U.
Htigh-., H. G. Harlototi, A. .n.n Hushes. John Jones,
I). R. Jackwn, J. !. Harry. H. ( . Brown, ilerni.ui
Brandt, Jonas Cheek. Job M. IJav.s, Geo. Iiawsoii,
W. II. Gibe. J. II. Ifaini'ton, John K. Hall, B:'rtlotk
IltekuiHii, John T. Hudson. Jaincs A. Ii.wes, A. M.
June-, W. '.!. Kt-licr. John M ,','Johii M. Mm
tin, Oil. nolo Kiger, Ale Kelly, John T. Mai 'in. It.
A. Newberry, Z:"u (lakes, Allen Oakley, i,.''t
O'l-siiiion, J.ii:n llviui, Vi i-U V. Hmilii, W .I..?ltevens.
George W. Kniith, 'Kouett W. Teii.sdalc, B. F. Wil
liams, Jacob T. Bates. George O.Hishy, J. T. 0-1en,
8. A. Olivr .V Co.. rtylvesfer Omivie, I-:. 1 ltockwr.il
Ai Co.. i). i:. .itrelii.'A. J. Miiiltu, George A. Btcvcus,
Georse W. Thompson.
Did He JIarry Her for Her Ptarty'
.Veto York Sun. From $i0,000 to Sfi.Ono i ; tha
yc.i'ly income of Mrs. Ijud. formerly Mis. Hicks,
according to i. si atcmeiif by Her relative t, pulil'.dieT
iu the A mania Times. If this is true. Mr. i old mar
Ins considered t- have got the boat of ti.e flna'n i .l
p.irt of flic contract, nnd perhaps some l'Hp!e wiU
now cu age him with having uianictlXoi tuoucy.