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LOTJDOH" FREE PBESS.
LOUDON, WEDNESDAY, OCT., 27, 1852. BEAUTY BY JOHN W. WHITFIELD. Beauty blushes in tho rose, Blooms in every flower: Breathes in every breath that blows, Falls in every shower. Dances on the rainbow's height O'er the lowly meadow; Glitters in the morning's light, Lurks in every shadow. Sparkles in the maiden's eyo On her lips Bits playing; Murmurs in her very sigh Mingles with her praying. In the lisping infant's voieo In the roaring river Beauty dwells and 'tis her choice, There to linger ever. AGRICULTURAL. From the American Farmer. Value of Clover to the growth of "Wheat As an opinion has been recently put forth, in a late Agricultural Address, adverse to the benefits derivable from clover, as an improver of the soil we shall copy from our "Thoughts on the Culture of Wheat," as published in Vol. vii., July, 1831, page 7, for the benefit of our numer ous new subscribers, as well as the old ones. By the extract which follows, ihe importance of clover, generally, as a meliorator of the soil, and especially as being adapted to the culture of wheat, will be made too manifest, to need any' additional comments from us. "We shall therefore, now present the views of Dr. Daniel Lee, upon the subject which comes directly home "to the bosoms and business of us all:' It is an extract from a paper from his able pen, which originally appeared in his jour nal, "The Genessee Farmer, on p. 56, vol. 7, and was republished in the May number, for 18ol. It is an extract from one of a series cf able articles "on the culture of wheat, showing from his own chemical researches, the intimate relation that subsists between clover and this important cereal." We give this on two accounts,--first, because it contains most important facts and informa tion, and, secondly because Dr. Lee is one of the most accurate analytical chemists in the country.' lie says: "There are7 . 7 lis. ofashiu 100 lbs. ( f dry cle ver. If this crop be taken from a field for a number of years without making restitution, it will be found quite exhausting, notwithstand ing the power of clover to draw its organic nourishment from the atmosphere. " An acre of stout clover, when perfectly dry, has been known toweigb3G94 lbs. containing 2311bs.of ash. This is some 80 lbs. more than is removed from an acre in a fair crop of wheat. It is useful to study the mineral clements'of this plant in con nection with those of wheat. In 284 lbs. of the ash of clover there are of Po.-'phoric acid 13,00 lbs. Sulphuric ncid, 7.00 " Chlorine, 7.00 " Lime, 70,00 " Majracfia, 1S.00 " Potash and Soda, 77,00 " ricica, 15,00 " 00.90 " 71,00 " Oxide of Iron and Alumna, Carbonic acid, 283,90 lbs. Throwing out of the account the 71 lbs. of carbonic acid,"we leave 213 lbs. of earthly mat ter. An acre of wheat needs, to form both seed ' and straw, 17 lbs. of Phosphoric acid. An acre of good clover will furnish 18 lbs. That quan tity of wheat needs 2 lbs. of Sulphuric acid. An acre of clover will supply 7 lbs. The for mer needs 1 lb. of chlorine a substance that formsCO per cent, in common salt. Clover will furnish 7 lbs. Wheat (an acre) needs 16 lbs. of lime. Clover will supply 70 lbs. Wheat needs 13 lbs. of magnesia. Clover will supply 18 lbs. Wheat needs 24 lbsof Potash and Soda; (and an excess). Clover will furnish 77 lbs. Wheat needs 121 lbs. of Silica; of which clover can furnish only 51 lbs. Except Silica or sand, it will be seen that an acre of ood clover yields all the several minerals needed by a crop of wheat; and some of the most valuable ones in large excess. - In its organic element? the supply is not less abundant. Carbon Oxygen Hydro- Nitro gen, gen. Cloverhasin 30933 1750 1390 135 73 Wheat crop, 1435 1202 171 32 "It is particularly worthy of note, that clover yields more than twice as much nitrogen as both the wheat and straw require. It is proper to state, that to make 3G93 lbs. of perfectly dry clover, one must have 5C7 o lbs. of common clo ver hay. But in ploughing in clover for wheat we gain all the stubble and roots, in addition to what the svtl: J clips in mowing." The preceding facts, brought out through the analytical skill and research of Dr. Lee, we highly important, and entitle him to the pro foundest gratitude of the Agricultural commu nity. In Fpeaking of the inorganic requirements needed by a crop of wheat, Mr. Pridc-aux, an . English chemist and author, of repute, estimates that they can all be supplied to the soil, for an acre of wheat to bo grown thereon, by an applica tion of f)0 lbs. of Pearl ashes 40 " of fait, 80 " cf bone dust. 40 " of Sulphuric acid, and 50 " of Magnesia. He states that the following quantities of inor ganic matters are abstracted from an acre of soil by a crop of wheat of 33 bushels of grain, and 3000 lbs. of straw: By tho grain. By the straw. Total, lbs. lbs. lbs. "Potash, 7,15 -22.44 29,59 Soda, 2.73 0,29 3,02 Magnesia, 3,63 6,89 10,52 PKohhacid 15,02 5,54 20,56 Salphn acid 0,07 10,49 10,56 Chlorine, 0,00 1,97 1.97 . But it will be perceived, that he has omitted in his tabular statement a most important sub stance, to wit, Lime, which we have shown, up on the reliable .authority of Dr. Lee, amounts to 16 lbs. in an acrs of wheat, the which omission, in the formula given below, we shall attempt to supply. It may be 6rid, that in Mr. Pridcaux's formula, he provides the lime, in the bone-dust. True, there is lime in bone-dust, but as in mat ters of manuring, nothing should be hazarded to the slow process of decomposition, which can only be carried on actively under a favorable condition of the season, and as we are desirous of simplyfying our receipo, we will prescribe the following for a dressing for an acre of land to be put in wheat, as affording the inorganic food required by the plant": 12 bushels of unpacked hardwood a-.hes, . 2 bushels of salt (that of the packers as good as any,) 2 bushels of bone-dust, to be dissolved in Sulphuric acid, and j a bushel of plaster. In the 12 bushels of ashes there would be found some three bushels of lime, in a state equally as well adapted to all the purposes of vegetable wants, as would be any other kind of lime, whether burned from shells or lime-stone, saying the one or two per cent of phosphate, which are found in shell lime, and that would be found in ample quantity in the bone-dust, besides the quantity existing in the ashes. Lime axd its cse in Ageiccltcke. Lime is one of the most abundant substances in nature usually as a carbonate, consisting pfoGJ parts of carbonate, and 42 of carbonic acid, in 100 of the mineral. In burning, the acid escapes in the form of steam. It is then quick lime. Af ter exposure to the atmosphere, it absorbs wa ter, slacks and falls into an apparent dry powder; it is then hj-drate of lime, and is in the form in which it is generally used for agricultural pur poses. It is the most valuable, when used di rectly after it has fallen into powder. If long exposed to rains and dews before being spread upon the land, it loses a great portion of its fer tilizing powers, which principally consist in its action upon vegetable matters, causing them to decompose, and in its neutralizing power upon acids, which abound in some soils. Ihe quantity of LinTe to the Acre. In Great Britain from 100 to 400 bushels are applied at once, at intervals of ten, fifteen or nineteen year3 the term which leases run. In this country, the most common practice is to apply 30 or 40 bushels once in three years, which is the prefera ble mode. We have seen it applied with good effect, however, at the rate of 800 bushels to the acre. This was upon a very stiff, cold clay. Three hundred bushels would be about ten tons to the acre, Ten inches depth of soil would weigh about 100 tons. That would give one per cent of lime. A case is reported in England, of soil upon which 120 bushels of lime had been used, being analysed, which apparently contain ed the same component parts as that along side, which had not been limed for a great number of years. Yet the limed land produced twenty tons of turnips to the acre, while the unlimed portion only produced two tons, tops and all. This was upon red sand-stone laud. One of the effects of lime is, it gives the soil power to absorb ammonia from the atmosphere, and retain that which is disengaged by the decomposition of vegetable matter and manure in the soil. Hence the im portance of applying lime with green crops, or usinsx coarse manure with the lime. Indications of icant of Lime in tlie Soil may be seen in heavy crops of straw, and light crops of grain; and in root crops where they seem to run to fingers and seed. Experiments should be made by every farmer with lime, upon various crops in a!l his fields, to ascertain whether lime would be beneficial to him. Very few places will be found where it will not be so. To apply Lime to ihe Soil, spread it evenly upon a crop of clover about to be plowed under, or sow it upon the surface with the wheat, and harrow thoroughly. It should never be combin eu with manure, unless the whole is immediately plowed in. To tclmt Soils is Lime Applicable? Every clay soil, every peaty soil, and every soil in which vegetable fibre does not readily decay, because that is a sign it contains some anticeptic acid, which prevents decay. This is the case in peat beds and swamps. Sandy or thin soil may be overlimed and injured; because, in causing the decay of vegetables, it sets free the ammonia the very substance of fertility required. To pre vent this, more food must be given for the lime to act upon. No farmer, who knows what the action of lime is, upon all soils, will ever do with out it, as an accessory to his manure. It is a component part of all crops grown by the farmer. When applied to land which has not borne wheat for many years, it has at once restored it to fer tility for that crop. Where it has failed once to remunerate the farmer using it, it has proved of the greatest benefit a hundred times. Use of Lime icifh Peat. The slow decompo sition of Peat is an objection to its use. By the term, we mean all swamp muck partaking mere or less of that character. All peat contains re sinous matter, which prevents decomposition. By adding lime, the resin is combined and forms soap, and the fibre then decays as rapidly as any other vegetable substance. Lime in ihe Soil. Many farms which once produced good crops of wheat because there was lime enough in the soil to supply the requi site quantity to the grain, have ceased to be pro ductive. They still produce a large growth of straw, but not a remunerating crop of grain. In some instances, such lands have been restor ed to their former utility without applying a bushel of lime. Do you ask how? Simply by plowing deeper. In the hard, untouched and exhausted subsoil, there was plenty of lime lying hid, which only wanted stirring up and expos ing to the action of the atmosphere, and bring ing within reach of the roots of the plants, to produce the same effect originally derived from the top soil before it was exhausted. Our con stant advice will be to use lime, plow deep, sub soil and drain stiff lands, increase your crops, and grow rich, which you will do if you read and heed. The Plow. Ilotc to raise Six Tons of Hay per acre. It was stated some time since, at a meeting, at the State House, in Boston, that in Massachusetts, they had raised 6 tons of hay to the acre. The New York Farmer calling for information as to how it was done, the following response was given, by the New England Farmer. "Six Tons to the Acre Take a first rate piece of land, Mr. New York Farmer, plow it sixteen inches deep, spread on twenty-five loads of good and well-composted manure; plow that in, three to six inches deep, level and sow twelve quarts of herd's grass, one bushel of red top and six pounds of clover seed to the acre, and with 1 heaven's blessing upon it, if you don't get six tons to the acre in two cuttings, why then you won't get a3 much as we believe Mr. Clapp, of Greenfield did, to whose statement you refer, and which we heard and reported in these columns. It's a large crop, sir, but it is often produced in thi3 'cold and barren New England.' There is nothing like knowing how. Plaster on Wheat in the M. Many farm ers in New York, sow plaster on their wheat in the fall. One of them, in Niagara county gives the following reasons: Wheat, when plastered in the fall, contains more root, and is thus ena bled to stand the frost better; it has the assis tance of the plaster at a season of the year when it is almost impossible to go over the fields, and when it is most needed namely, the very early spring: it gets its growth and ripens in good time; whereas, when, applied in the spring, the wheat continues to grow late, sometimes to the injury of the crop a superabundance of straw, falling down, rust, &c, oftentimes being the con sequence. From South America. The Panama papers by the Falcon brings us some items of later in telligence from the west coast of South America: Chili. Gen. Flores had arrived at Valparai so, and taken up his residence in that city. We understand he was received with much hospi tality. e are told that after Flores was refused per mission to land at Callao, the agents of the steamer finding him completely out of money, and unable to pay his way to alparaiso, decli ned giving the General a free passage: and the passengers on board theljuito were obliged to raise sufficient, by supscription, to purchase a ticket for him; rather a hard story that of Brit ish liberality. We scarcely thought the compa ny would have charged such a man as Flores for a passage, even if he had plenty of means to pa v for it. The news from the mining districts are high ly flattering. The exportation of silver from Copiapo during the month of July, had ascen ded to 33,909 marks, and during the first six months of the year to 160,647 marks; total for seven months 204,346 marks, not including about 130,000 marks of silver ore. Several miners in Copiapo have collected spe cimens of some of the richest ores, to be presen ted as a mark of esteem to Rear Admiral Fair fax Moresby, which will be presented to him in the month of October as a token of respect, and in gratitude for the sen-ices he has render ed to the mining interest during the laie cricis. Thirty-one thousand dollars of the silver re ceived by the Quito are for England, in pay ment of the Anglo-Chilian debt. It was proposed to commence the opening of the railroad from Valparaiso to Santiago in Oc tober next. Peru. The question of the Islas de Lobus from the topic of conversation of the day in Pe ru, and measures have been passed in Congress to defend the property of the Republic against any foreign aggression. It has been resolved that three steamers of war should be brought and placed under the command of Gen. Deus tun, to defend their interests. They had the war steamer Remac and anoth er vessel of war stationed there. No vessels were loading there at the time the steamer Bo gota touched at the islands. The Jexxixg's Estate. We have been re quested to call attention to the subjoined letter, having reference to the Jenning's estate: Messrs. Editors Having received the enclos ed letter from Thos. II. Clay, Esq., son of Hen ry Clay, I beg that you will give it a place in your columns for the benefit of the parties who are interested. Respectfully, EDWIN FARRAR. September 27, 1832. Maxsfieu), near Lexington, Ivy., Sept 14, 1832. J Dear Sir Your favor of the 6th hist., is be fore me. I received this morning a letter from Wm. Staunton Moseley, one of the Heirs, (if we are heirs) to the Jenning's estate, who furnishes me with the following informotion, left by his giandmotbcr, Mrs. Mary Moseley, consort of lhos. Moseley, ben., late Mary atkins and Ma ry Hudson, formerly of Powhatan county, Va. Her grandfather s name was George Hudson of England. He married a Miss Elizabeth Jen nings in England, somewhere about 1753 and CO. They emigrated to America a short time after marriage, and Mr. Hudson held the office of Tobacco inspector at Richmond, under the Crown; but subsequently settled in Hanover county. George Hudson died in 1774, and Elizabeth Jennings Hudson, his wife, died ten days before the surrender of Cornwallis: they left only two children, daughters. Mary Hudson (Elder.) She married John Watkins, of Hanover county. They had the following children, to wit: 1. Elizabeth Jennings Watkins, who married a Jas. Lockett, both dead, but have children. 2. Geo. H. Watkins (died without issue.) - 3. Dr. John Watkins (dead) a son living in New Orleans. 4. Mary Watkins (dead) writer, Moseley, her grandson, on the father's side. 5. Samuel Watkins living in Marion county, Missouri. 6. Sarah Watkins (dead) married W. H. S. Field. They left three children. 7. Martha Watkins married Lewis Young, dead, but have children living. 8. Phebe Watkins married John Moss, (dead) but left children. And Elizabeth Hudson (younger.) She mar ried first, John Clay of Hanover or Chesterfield county. Their children: v 1. Henry Clay, (3 sons living.) 2. John Clay"(died without issue.) 3 Porter Ciay (1 grand son living in St. Lou is, Clay Taylor.) 4. Sally Clay (died without issue.) Married second time, Henry Watkins. 5. John Watkins (dead) left 8 children. 6. Frank Watkins (living.) 7. Nath'l-W. Watkins (living.) 8. Martha Watkins (dead) left 2 children. These then are the decendants of the two Misses Hudson. Your Grandmother and my (Moseley's) great grandmother, the daughters of George Hudson and Elizabeth Jennings, who she thought left England about 1760. "My grandmother Moseley was of the opinion that the marriage and births of the eldest chil dren of both families could be found registered in Hanover county, or at Richmond. She said she could well remember having heard of many presents and articles of luxury received by her grand parents in England from their relations." ' Then follows a list of the Heirs of his Grand mother Moseley, &c. I am requested by Mr. Moseley to assure Mr. Abrahams, that they are willing to pay their pro portion of the expense, and that he will vouch for his father, his aunt Mary Clarkson, and his uncle Geo'. Moseley. Will you have the Regis ter or Records at Richmond and at Hanover Court House examined? Perhaps further infor mation, important both to you and us, may be elicited- My father's last speeches were not political. I have contradicted in several letters, which have been published thoughout the country, a denial of what was published as his advising mc notio vote for Gen. Scott I remain respectfully, your ob't serv't, THOS. II. CLAY. Mr. Edwin Farrar. Help One Another. It is tho law of Providence for the allotment of mankind to bo various. Tho general wisdom of this arrangement is apparent in the adoption of all classes and in the ability of tho Gospel to give contentment in life. It is tho duty of all to render to each other that assistance which God may put jn our power to grant In tho language of Sir WaUer Seott,the race of mankind would perish Aid they cease to aid each other. From the time that tho mother binds the child's head,till the moment that kind assistant wipes the death damp from, the brow of the dying.we cannot exist without mutual help. AIl,thcrcfore,who nccdaid,have a right to ask it from their fellow mortals; no one who holdd the powcr.of granting can refuse without guiit The Military History of G ex. Scott. We have been furnished with the following letters from the War Department, written in reply to in quiries addressed to it by D. D. Gill, Esq., of this city. They show that Gen. Scott is the on ly surviving Major General of the war of 1812, and that he was promoted to the rank of Maj. General by brevet by President Madison, for his distinguished sen-ices in that memorable contest: Adjutant General's Office. ) Washington, July 22, 1852. f Sir In reply to your letter of the 13th inst, addressed to the Secretary of War, I have to in form you that Gen. Scott was commissioned as the Major General of the Army by the late Pres ident Tyler, to take rank from June 23, 1841. His commission of Major General by brevet dates from July 25, 1814, and was conferred by President Madison, "for his distinguished sen-ices in the successive conflicts of Chippewa and Niagara, and for his uniform gallantry and good conduct as an officer in said army." There are no other Major Generals in service "whose com missions bear the same date"' with that of Gen. Scott. I am, sir, very respectfully, vour ob't sev't. L. THOMAS, "Ass't Adj. Gea'l. D. D. Gill, Esq., Baltimore, Md. Apjutaxt General's Office, ) Washington, July 22, 1852. j Sir I annex, in conformity with your request of July 16th, "a list of all the officers commis sioned by President Madison as brevet Major Generals, with the date of their commissions:" Henry Dearborn, Major General, 27th Janu uary, 1812. Thomas Piuckney, Major General, 27th March, 1812. James Wilkinson, Breed Major General, 10th July, 1812; Major General, 2d March, 1813. Wade Hampton, Maj. Gen'l, 2d, March 1812. Morgan Lewis, " " " W. H. Harrison, " " " George Izard, " 24th Jan., 1814 Jacob Brown, " " 1 " Andrew Jackson, Brevet Major General, 9th April, 1814; Major General, 1st May, 1814. Winfield Scott, Brevet Major General. 23th July, 1814. Lleazer W. Riplev, Brevet Major General, 25th July, 1814. Edmund P. Gains, Brevet Major General, 15th August, 1814. Alexander Macomb, Brevet Major General, 15th August, 1814. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obd't sev't, S. COOPER, A. A. Genl. D. D. Gill, Esq., Baltimore, Md. Adjutant General's Office, ) Washingotn, July 31, 1852. j Sir In reply to your inquiry of yesterday's date, you are informed that Major General Win- held Scott is the sole survivor of the ofheers mentioned in my letter of July 22d. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, S. COOPER, A. A. G. D. D. Gill, Esq., Baltimore, Md. A Just Man. A just man i3 always simple. He is a man of direct aims and purposes. There is no perplexity in his motives, and thence, there is no jarring or discordancy in his character. He wishes to do right, and in most cases he does it; he may err, but it is by mistake of judge ment, and not by perversity or intention. The moment his judgement is enlightened, his ac tion is corrected. Setting before himself always a clear and worthy end, he will never pursue it by any concealed or unworthy means, We may carry our remarks for illustration, both into pri vate and public life. Observe such a man in his home: there is a charm about him, which no artificial grace has ever had the power to bestow; there is a sweetness, I had almost said, a music in his manners, which no sentimental refine ment has ever given. His speech, ever fresh from purity and recti tude of thought, controls all that are within its hearing, with an unfelt, and yet resistles sway. Faithful to every domestic, as to his religion and his God, he would no more prove recreant to any loyalty of home, than he would blaspheme the Maker in whom he believes, or that he would forswear the heaven in which he hopes. Fidel ity and truth, to those bound by love and nature to his heart, are to him most sacred principles; they are in the last recesses of his moral being, they are imbedded in the life of his life; and to violate them, or even think of violating them, would seem to him as a spiritual extermination, the suicide of his soul. Nor is such a man unrewarded, for the good ness that he so largely gives, is largely paid back to him again; and though the current of his life is transparent, it is not shallow; on the contrary, it is deep and strong. The river that fills its channel glides smoothly along in the 1 ower of its course; it is the stream which scarce y covers the raggedness of its ied, that is tur bulent and noisy. With all this gentleness, there is exceeding force; with all this meekness, there is imperative command; but the force is the force of wisdom; and the command is the command of love. And yet, the authority which rules so effectually, never gathers an angry or an irrita ble cloud over the brow of the ruler; and this sway which admits of no resistance, does not repress one honest impulse of nature, one mo ment of the soul's high freedom, one bound of joy from the heart's unbidden gladness, in the spirits of the governed. Giles. Editing a Paper. The veteran editor of the National Intelligencer says: Many people estimate the ability of a newspa per, and the industry and talent of its editor, by the amount of editorial matter it contains. It is comparatively an easy task for a frothy writer to pour out daily columns of words words up on any and all subjects. His ideas may flow on in one wishey washey everlasting flood and his command of language may enable him to string them together like a bunch of onions; and yet his paper may be a meager and poor concern. But what is the toil of such a man, who displays his leaded matter largely, to that imposed on a judicious, well informed editor who exercises his responsibilities and duties, and de votes himself to the conduct of his paper with the same care and assiduity that a sensible law yer bestows upon a suit, a humane physician upon a patient, without regard to show or dis play. Indeed, the mere writing part of editing a pa per, is but a small portion of the work. The care, the time employed in selecting, is far more important, and the tact of a good editor is bet ter known by his selection than anything else, and that we all know is half the battle. But as we have said, and editor ought to be estimated, and his -labors understood and appreciated by the general conduct of his paper, its tone, its temper, its uniform consistent course, its princi ples and aims, its manliness, its dignity and propriety. To presen-e these as they should be presen-ed, is enough to occupy fully the time and attention of every man. If to this be ad ded the general supervision of the newspaper establishment, which most editors have to en counter, the wonder is how they write ta all. Kational Flarj. The following is ihe original resolution adopting the stars and stripes: "In Congress, June 14, 1777 Resolved, That the flag of the thirteen United States be thirteen stripes, alternately red and white; that the Union be thirteen stars, white, in a blue field, representing a new constellation." As new States were added to the Union, from time to time, new stripes were added to the flag, tilt the number had increased to fifteen or twen ty. At length about thirty years ago, the stripes were reduced by act of Congress, to the original number of thirteen. - A Yankee Trick: It was a pretty evening in May, that a Yankee pedlar might be seen with his wagon going along the Road to Petersburg. It was about eight and a half o'clock he stopped at a small tavern near Petersburg. In the morn ing when he came down to breakfast, the land lord said he would not let him go until he played a trick on some one. The pedlar went quietly to his pack, and took therefrom a box of rings and said: "Du yeou want tu buy any of my gold rings set with diamonds?" "How much do you want for a box?" said the landlord. "Ten dollars," says the Yankee, (thei-e were four in the box.) "Well," said the landlord, "I'D take them," and laid down ten dollars. The pedlar put the money in his wallet, went to his pack, got a bun dle which he unrolled, which proved to be a quilt. When the landlord's wife saw it, she said "Oh, James, buy that, it will exactly match tho one I bought last year." "Well, what do you want for it?" said James to the pedlar. "Twenty dollars," said the Yankee. "Well, I'll take it, said the landlord, and laid down a yellow shiner. "Now" for the trick," says the Yankee, "I'll tell you what it is it is to make a barrel of whis key into five different kinds of liquors. 1 Now, you have got a new barrel of whiskey in your cellar, have you not?" "Yes," said the landlord. : "Well, come ahead," and away they went down the trap door into the cellar. The Yan kee asked for an auger, with which, when he got it, he bored a hole in the head, and told the landlord to put his thumb in the hole till he bored the other. The landlord did as he was told, and the other was soon bored. The Yankee said, "put your other thumb on the other hole while I go and get two plugs." Away the Yankee went out, and the landlord never saw him again. The landlord called and called again for The pedler, but he did not come; till at last the landlord's wife heard his cries, and went down, Tie told her all. She went and got two plugs to put in the holes; they went to see where the pedler was. They went to the stable; the wagon, horse and pedler were gone. The landlord and wife went into the house. In a few days they found .that it was their own quilt that the Yankee pedler had sold them, and that the rings were brass, and the diamondsVere bits of glass. Ex. Commonplace Woman. We know not who is the author of the following paragraph, and have forgotten where we found it; but it con tains a truth which is well to bt remembered now and then: "Heaven knows how many simple letters from simple-minded women have been kissed, cher ished, or wept over by men of far loftier intellect. Therefore it was no marval that the childish epistle of Hope Austead was read and re-read with lingering eyes and throbbing heart So it will always be to the end of time. It is a les son worth learning by those young creatures who seek to allure by "their accomplishments, or dazzle by their genius, that, though he may ad mire, no man ever 1oys a woman for these things. He loves her for what is essentially distinct from, though not positively incompatible with them her woman's nature and her woman's heart. That is why we so often see a man of high geni us or intellectual power, pas3 by the De Staels and the Corinnes, to take ino his bosom some way-side flower, that has notting on earth to make her worthy of him, except that she is, what so few of your 'female celebrities' are a true woman." The allusion to Mad. De Stael reminds us of the admiration and aversion, with which she was regarded by Byron. "She writes octavos," he used to say, "and talks fiHos." "She was the most intellectual woman of them all," aad "her company was delightful -for half an hour." A Ludicrous Mistake. A Cincinnati grocer house, finding out that cranberries commanded six dollars per bushel, and under the impression that the article could be bought to advantage at St. Mary's, wrote out to a customer, acquainting him with the fact, and requesting him to send "one hundred bushels per Simmons," (the wag oner usually sent.) The correspondent, a plain, uneducated man, had considerable difficulty in deciphering the fashionable scrawl common with merchant's clerks of late years, and the most important word, "cranberries," he failed to make out, but he plainly and clearly read, one hundred bushels of persimmons. As the article was growing all around him, all the boys in the neighborhood were set out to gathering it, and the wagoner made his appearance in due time in Cincinnati, with eighty bushels, all that the wagon bed would hold, and a line from the coun try merchant that the remainder would follow the next trip. An explanation soon ensued, but the customer insisted that the Cincinnati house should have written by Simmons, and not perSimmons. Louisville Times. Very Cool. The Boston Bee is responsible for the following story as rich an instance of ver dancy a3 we have lately met with; A gentleman from the country, stopping at one of our hotels, entered into conversation with one of the boarders, asking questions about the Fair at Quincy Hall, &c. After some few min utes' conversation, the boarder drew out his cigar-case and asked the countryman "Will you take a cigar, sir? "Wa al, I don't mind if I 7etr," was the reply. , The cigar was passed to him, and also one which the boarder was smoking, for the purpose of giving him a lipdit. He carefully placed the cigar first handed him in his pocket, then took his knife and cut off the end of the lighted one, which had been in the mouth of his generou3 friend, and commenced smoking the remainder, remarking "It ar'nt often a fellow from the country runs afoul of so clever a fellow in the city as you are.' Not long since, two ladies were on a down ward trip, on board a Missouri steamer. One of them had a baby about three months old. She said her husband had been gone to California about two years and a half. "How old is that baby?" said the other. "About three months old." "I thought you said your husband had been gone to California two years and a half 1" "Oh! yes, he has; but he tcrit to me." Ex. A Distinction. "I say, Pomp, wt de 'sanc tion 'tween poetry an wot da call plank werse?" "Why, I tell ye, Nebuckernezzer! When I say Tumble ober mill-dam, Come down slam, Dat3 poetry, but when I say Tumble ober mill-dam, Come down ker splash, -Dats plank werse." . A Lady's Opinion. Mrs.Swisshelm,in speak ing of the two candidates for the Presidency, makes use of the following language: "Person ally, we have always preferred Gen. Scott to Gen. Pierce, we like a man to be what he pre tends to succed in making himself what he aims to be. So a military chieftain is better than a man who tried to be a hero and could? nt." A handsome young girl stepped into a store where a spruce young man who had long been enamored, but (fared not speak, stood behind the counter selling goods. In order to remain as long as possible, she cheapened everything, and at last she said, "I believe you think I am cheating you." "Oh, no," said the youngster, "to mo you are always fair." "Well," whispered the young lady, blushing as she laid a slight em phasis on the word, "I would not stay so long bargaining if you were not so dear." HEAD! BEAD ! f AGENTS WANTED, I WISH to employ a number of agents to sell J. S. Bonham's "Improved Garment Cutter" in all the States except Georgia and N. Carolina, and I am of" fering great inducements both by thi sale of tho copy-right of counties tind States, and by agency 4 The simplicity of the system is such that it can be learned in a time surprisingly short; 12 scholars may be learned in 4 days. I furnish each learner with i complete set of Patterns and book of directions frr cutting Coats, Pants, and Vests of the different styles and sizes. Persons can get the use of these pattern from tLe book of directions without oral instructions ,by a few days application. I could refer to several who hare sent for them by mail, and are now ' cutting garments nceeully. This system is now being taught in this State, Kentucky, A&ima, Georgia, and North Carolina, and is gaining a popu larity not equaled by any other system in use. The ladies (for whose benefit this rule is published,) have given it a liberal patronage. Feeling thankful for past favors we would respeetfully solicit a more ex tensive patronage. Hear from those who have learned my system of Garment cutting. GEORGIA. Walker county, July, 1852. We, the learners and patrons of J. S. Bonham's Improved Garment Cutter, -do hereby certify, that from our own knowledge and the information obtain ed fn-m others who have tested the system, that for correctness, simplicity and convenience, we believe it is not equaled by any other system extant, but is' decidedly superior to any other with which we have become acquainted; and as a safe Garment Cutter in the hands of the judicious learner or practical Gar ment Cutter, we recoraend this system as worthy tho patronage of an intelligent and an improvement go ing community. In witness whereof are our name assigned. J. L, Evatt, Miss Nancy Tanner, Miss Martha A. Cox, Miss Martha Morris, Eli Cox, Mrs. Caroline Morris,, Mrs. C. Thedford, Miss C. D. Camp, Daniel Majors, Mrs. Sarah Canip.- Miss Mary F. Waters, Miss Martha Conleyy Mrs. Ann C. Waters, Miss Sisily Ann Evatt, Mrs. Mary M. Evatt, Mrs. Susan Park. James S. Miller, TERMS. One set of patterns, book of directions and tape measure, and the tecessary instructions $5. Pat terns, book and tape, without verbal instructions $3. Persons who would like to be in possession of my .garment cutter can get a set of patterns Ac, mailed to them (post paid) by sending me their address ac companied by three dollars. LIST OF AGETTS. R. D. Tourolma, is agent for me and is authoriz ed to sell any or all the unsold counties or States in the Union, and will teach the rule to any who may give him a call opposite the residence of J. Cowan, Main st, Knonville, Tennessee. Albert G. Cardex, is our authorized agent for the State of Kentucky. His address for some time will be Sommerset, Ky. M. M. Docglass, Esq., Proprietor of the Pattern trade in Georgia, wishes to employ agents in that State. Address him at Calhoun, Geo. T. J. Kittrel, nine miles west of Lebanon, and T. C. M'Donald, 6 miles from Livingston are agents for Tennessee, west of the Mountains. Bksj. F. Doghty and W. N. Price, for the Caroli na?. C. B. Drake, is authorized to sell the right of tho State of Virginia and Upper East Tennesse, including all above the counties of Knox and Sevier. Look out for Drake he is coming with the best system cf garment cutting ever taught for the use of the ladies. For Particulars address me post paid at Louisville, Tennessee. JAMES S. BON HAM, Oc20-6wl Pvblihrr it Proprietor. MANIFEST OF STEAMER LOUDON, From Vitttbnry, Pennsylvania, to Xashcille, T eunmtee. BY JOSEPn JAQUE3. Consigned. Destination. Article ShipjieiL S P Paynts, Maysville, 9 boxes merchandize JanwayARichersa,. " 6 " 1 trunk 1 bale Matthews & Co, " 2 " merchandise Rocy & Dowiu, Pourtsmouth, 2 " drugs McDowell, . " 1 u merehandizt W Armstrong, ' Ripley 2 " Tea John McRea Augusta, 1 barrel wheat J Petret it Son, Raccine, 1 box merchandize Wm Hanies, Ravenswood, 1 " drugs J Hall A Son, Marietta, 1 " " SwindlcrAHains, Hockingport, 5 barrels groceries J D Leehraer, Cincinnati, 55 box's inorcha-.i.lizo " " 5ca.k?, 15 l.nl.v. " " 10 doz. spads, 5 kegs J J Steven, " 9 boxs iuer'ie.".SbaU Lathy A M'Eurney, " 3" " merchandize " " 2 casks, 9 bals'carpeta " " 22 bales, " "2 hluU hardware Sned, Libbey A Co., " 20box?.-i merchandize " " 2rolI?carpet.2bbloil Camet, Russel,A Co, " 6 boxes meichandise " " 4 bales dry goods Pant A Murdock, " 4 boxes merchandise Wainet A Gahar, " " , 2 " 5 sacks, 1 chest Kendescapt A Co, " V a " merchandise J Henshaw, " 6 " 7 bales, oil cloth. Samson A Co, " 1 hhd hardware Tweed A Andrew, " 11 boxes merchandise " " 5 trunks, 5 box glass " " 5 bales J B Clark, " 1 barrel JIM " 11 chests tea Johoson A Jackson, " 2 boxes S II Pats " J do " R Andrews, " 5 keg3 nails R M Sanders " 2 boxes drags Anderson A Son, " 6 d do Bishop, Wells A Ao, " 2 do do N W Thomas, " 31 hbdsacon Tyler A Dandson, " 4 box looking glass J Skittar, " 2 do merchandise Ransom A Whitty, " 5 do do John Greenwood, " 23 bales of goods Goodin A Mahood, " IS bundle gass pipes John Wells A Co, " . 20 box merchandise " " 2 bales, 1 cask " " 2boxriflebbls.lbbl " " 27 boxes glass Day A Mattock, ' 5 box merchandise P Naff A Son, 15 box axes G A Colrat, " 5 do merchandise G A White, . " 3 do do 15 bales D R Brown, " 19 bales goods Godfrey A Field, " 2 box mer'dse, 5 bbls J S Chaneyworth, " 66 do do 2 box axes 23 different marks j 5 casks, 33 bales Taylor A Odien, )" . 159 boxmer'dsa,77bals 37 different marks j " 21 trunks, 25 box tea, " " 2glass,6hhdshar're " '' 10 box axe-, 20 caks Bartly Johnston, Louisville, 6 do mer'dse, 3 bales Gardner, A Co, " 8 do do 2 hhds.ware " " 6 bales goods J J Caldwell, Jeffersonville, 14 box glassware " " 25 do merchandise David A Hunter, Louisville 16 do do Cleveland A Hues, " 6 do 4 bales,15cask John? ton A Richards " 17 do merchandise Louisville Mail Boat " 12 do 1 bale goods " " 7 bales leather. J L Shelby, Shelby Point, 30 boxmtr'fe,tO bates " " 20 kegs,20kegsund Ford A Barnes, ) Ford's Ferry, 50 box merchandise 9 different m'ks j 1 0 do glass,6 keg nails " " 20 bales dry goods RichardsonAFord Dycansburg 29 difFnt pack, good Til Lucky, Canton, 44 do do do J McLine, ) Limeport, 57 do do da lldifrntmks J " 20 kegs nails J J Miller, " 38 box merchandise Lued,Elsback,ACo Nashville, 13 do do 1 1 run fe ll Paws " 3 do do H T Yeatman, " 2 do do A J Duncan, " 25 do .do 4 trunks Johnston A Wear, " 1 do brugs Wates A Roberts " 9 packages paper John Daniels, . " 8 boxes, 1 barrel Shepard A Gordon, " 3 case hats, 1 box J York," " 2 box books Waynes A McGill, " 2 do looking glasses Karcis A Whitma, " - 4 do hats Samuel Lea, " 8 do coil rope, 2 kegs L II Gordon, " 1 do merchandise M L Gordon, " 2 barrel oil Eighty-five cabin passengers way and through. Eighty Deck Passengers to Cincinnati. - Landed at Nashville, Tuesday 7th Sept, with only 13 inch water on the Cumberland Shoals. DISSOLUTION. THE undersigned, have this day mutually agree! to dissolve their Partnership, heretofore existing in the Printing Business at Knoxvillo. Wm. G. Bhowslo w is hereafter the sole Proprietor and owner of the Knoxrille Whig Office, and all that belongs thereto he pays all the debts of said ofiiec, and all claims due the office, aro coming to him. Joh.'c W. O'Bries is the sole Proprietor of tho London Fre Pre OJice, and assumes all responsibilities, as Edi tor and Publisher, and all dues to that office are to be paid to him. W. G. BROWXLOWv Sept 11, 1852. JOHN W. O'BRIEN.- . To be really and truly independent is to support ourselves with our own tsertions. i