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Loudon free press. (Loudon, Tenn.) 1852-1855, January 15, 1853, Image 2

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Tor 1853.
Having assumed the onorous and responsible
duties of public journalists, we feel the just de
lure to increase the circulation of our paper,
aa it will not only increase our capabilities of
doing good, but at the same time give' us rea
sonable remuneration for our labors. To ac
complish this desirable end, we have determin
ed to send out this Prospectus with a request
that all who fee! an interest in the increased
circulation of our paper will send us the largest
cumber of subscribers they possibly can. Yet,
we cannot make this request without tendering
appropriate acknowledgements to severaUViends
whose exertions in procuring us subscribers have
cot been unnoticed by us. '
We deem it unnecessary to occupy a lengthy
exposition of the leading features of the Fkek
Press. Its political complexion is uncompro
misingly Whig but we are truly glad that the
evil times of unrelenting political warfare has
for a time at least ceased, and those so long and
so recently in antagonistic array, are drawing
together in friendship and in purpose, to mingle
united effort and united wisdom to advance the
interests and the true glory of the land. We
look to the promotion of the interests of Agricul
ture, of Manufactories and of Commerce, as
being by far more important to the improve
ment of the country, than any political issue
upon vhich the American people are extensively
divided. These great interests shall have our
warmest support. Our leading aim shall be to
arouse public sentiment to the importance of
industrial progress of enriching our fields, of
beautifying our homes of starting up the busy
hum of industry and enterprise
As to the merits of the Free Press it is for
the public to judge we can only claim that we
have earnestly endeavored to publish a paper
worthy of public patronage. It is filled with
readable matter containing the latest Foreign
and Domestic News full and impartial quota
tions of the Produce Markets of Loudon, Au
gusta, Savannah, Macon, Charleston, and Nash
ville, with occasional quotations Jrom other im.
portant points together with the prices and
number of Hogs sold in Cincinnati each week
uunng Packing seasou also the prices of Pork
at nunierons other points, so as to give our Tra
ders a broad and correct basis of judgement in
regard tothisiroportant article of trade. In
a word, our paper is for the business men of
East Tennessee.
We are anxious to increase" our circulation,
and have determined to offer the Free Press
at greatly reduced prices to Gobi money to
accompany the names, as follows j
Single copy, annum, $2 00
Three Copies, " 5 00
Eight Copies, u 12 00 :
Twelve Copies, u 15 00 j
Twenty Copies, " 20 00 .
J. W. & S. B. O'BRIEN, Publishers.
Loudon, Tenn., Jan. 15, 1853.
We copy the letter from this gentleman in
which he declines becoming a candidate for re
election to Congress. He retires to the repose
and comforts of private life pursued it is true,
by the hatred of those who seem to know but
little of his nature but not without the admira
tion and respect of candid and reflecting men
of all parties. Col. Gentry may have erred in
the position he took in regard to the nomination
and defeat of Gen. Scott but he ennobled that
error if error it was with a patriotic purpose
to act for the good and quiet of the country!
We advocated the claims of Gen. Scott after his
nomination, and honestly desired his election
in consideration of his brilliant and patoiotic
services, for we have ever admired him as one of
the noblest defenders of his country's liberties
but still we could but admire Col. Gentry's de
votion to what he conceived to be his duty as a
Statesman and as the representative of a free
and chivalrous people. We admired him be
cause we knew his motives we had conversed
with him freely both before and after the nomi
nation and knew that he deeply regretted the
circumstances which forced him for the time
being, to refrain from an active participation
with personal and political friends who had
long delighted to honor him and confide in him.
Col. Gentey's letter to its readers. It is quite
different from that manifested by the Knoxville
Register and Franklin Review. If the spirit of
the Review and Register is to be the rallying
spirit of the mxt canvass their sanguine hope
of a brilliant victory, will darken , into a "dead
sea fruit" reality!
The Canvass for Governor. The approach
ing contest for Governor, .Members of Congress,,
and of the State Legislature is beginning to at
tract general interest with leaders of both par
ties. We hope and believe that the election
will pass off with little excitement we mean
that furious animosity that has characterised
political discussion for the last few years. We
like to see a rational interest manifested by the
people in the important elections of which we
speak. But nothing is more supremely ridicu
lous, and nothing is more humiliating to manly
pride than o see or even think of whole commu
nities breaking up neighborhood good feeling
and holding each other at daggers' point, on ac
count of men who have but little sympathy with
the people, and who look upon the great mass
as ignorant and -stupid beings, who are never
thought of save when thoy desire votes.
gj& On Monday last, we took a stroll to Mor
ganton, principally with a view to become ac
quainted with the good people of that section,
as well as the Topography of the country. We
found the country much better situated for the
building of a Railroad from the Mouth of Tellico
to this place than we had supposed. A new
wagon road is being opened, upon which much
work has been done, and by next summer we
shall have a first class road in good repair, con
necting with that old and wealthy town and
neighborhood. This will bring a large amount
of business to this place, as well as increase
the trade of Morganton. The end of this road
coming into Loudon remains yet unimproved!
This should not be the case it should be work
ed out immediately. . We tell all concerned
all interested in the growth of Loudon that it
will not do to depend upon the River and Rail
Road alone. A commercial town such as this
could and should be made, must be connected
with all the surrounding country. In addition
to our Railroad and River, we must have good
level wagon roads radiatiug in every direction.
We must build up manufactories. And that
policy that may adopt these fundamental and
vital interests as of secondary importance, will
prove fatal auixors to Loudon ! If we are to
have no roads, no manufactories we have no
h.pe of making this a place of much more than
ordinary importance. We honestly believe that
if such manufacturing establishments as would
pay well were erected if such roads as are im
periously demanded were opened Loudon
would be decidedly the best business point to
be found in East Tennessee. We as honestly be
lieve that without these auxiliaries, Loudon must
yield her superior natural advantages. We be
lieve that East Tennessee never can be pros
perous while she neglects improvements in Ag
riculture, Manufactories and facilities to Com
merce. Our heart and our hand is, therefore,
with that people who will stretch forth the iron
arm of energy and enterprise and reap the ri
pening harvest that seem3 so enviting !
What is a City? It is simply a point agreed
upon by the people for the concentration and
exchange of commodities where the mechanic
offers the product of his labor for the product of
the farmer's toil in a word, where the Producer
and Consumer meet. In small towns and villa
ges, the Merchant is the representative of the
Mechanic, who, it may be, lives hundreds and
perhaps thousands of miles away. The com
mon articles of food necessary to the support of
these mechanics such as corn, butter, potatoes
and the like cannot reach them, and remain of
little value on the hands of farmers, while mon
ey has to go out in their stead. This money
goes into the pockets of farmers who live near
manufacturing districts for the very articles of
corn, potatoes, onions, butter, milk, poultry, eggs,
and other articles of daily consumption which
it is considered disreputable almost to offer in
our markets! And this must always be the
case so long as we neglect the manufacturing
interests anion r us.
Sec the Card of J. L. & J. W. Willis,
who have just received a superior stock of ma
terials used in the manufacture of Fixe Boots.
It is the correct policy of our people to sustain
home industry. It may cost a little more at
first, but it will keep the money among us, and
in the end be a blessing to the whole communi
ty. It may be that Boots, Shoes, or any other
article, may be made in Massachusetts and sold
here for less money but in reah'ty they cost a
great deal more than such articles manufactured
in our midst at higher nominal prices. The
people are cheated in these cheap articles we
pay one instalment in cash, being a little less
than we can have them made for at home in a
superior style. But we pay larger instalments
in the depreciation of property, and the cost
of transportation, neither wof which is estima
ted in the cost at all ! You ask for the proof.
We reply, that iu buying these cheap articles
we employ men living in distant States, and even
in Europe thereby compelling mechanics who
desire employment to seek it hundreds and thou
sands of miles distant thus removing from us
the consumers of our raw materials, bulky pro
duce, &c. Now, if we will estimate the amount
of freights and charges we have to pay on the
transportation of breadstuffs and provisions to
supply these mechanics which our erroneous
policy keeps at such great distance from us, we
will be astonished at the exhorbitant prices we
unconciously pay, and will cease to wonder why
it is that we are bound down in poverty. For,
recollect, the cost of getting our produce to mar
ket is as justly chargable to the cost of a large
amount of articles imported, as is the simple
cost of importing those articles.
We hope that the reader will reflect on these
important truths and do all he can to correct the
evil. Let us all unite in the noble effort to build
up and sustain home industry, and enterprise.
With proper encouragement the Messrs- Willis
mibt establish a business here that would yield
wealth to themselves, and have a salutary influ
ence upon the interests of the whole communi
ty. The unpretending and industrious me
chanic is a useful citizen in a place like this he
adds to the wealth of any place whereof he may
be an inhabitant. His laboris a mine of wealth
yielding benefits to the community, as he is skilful
and industrious. Labor is our only source of
wealth and civilisation. Without it man would
roam uncultivated forests inieastial listlessness.
It is labor that builds our houses, and manufac
tures every article of luxury and comfort we en
joy. We should, therefore, hunt up the Me
chanic and plant him in our community and
sustain him, as we would seek for rich mines of
gold. We can do this in no other way than by
building up manufactories and workshops in our
6a? We see the death of Colonel Harold
Smyth, of Wythe co., Va., announced in the
last Wytheville Telgraph. He died in Lex
ington, Va., on the 29th ult, of Dropsy of the
Chest, and in the 60th year of his age. He has
occupied a prominent position in public affairs.
S&- The house rented by G. P. R. James,
Esq., British Consul for Virginia, for his resi
dence, at Norfolk, and where a quantity of his
furniture had been deposited, was robbed last
week so says the Wytheville Telegraph.
John R. Goagh is delivering Temper
ance Lectures in Connecticut.
- -
came very near being drowned during his last
trip up the River. He was walking ou the
lower guards, when he "stepped on a rolling
stick, which threw him into- the River. -The
alarm was given, but before assistance could be
had he had twice sank, and was going down the
third time, when the intrepid Mate, Mr. Chris.
Martix, reached him in the Life Boat, and res
cued Lira from a watery grave. The Captain
is too clever a man to be put out of the world
in any such manner. May he live long and
M& Capt Jaqces, of the Steamer Ixh?r
ever be successful in business. The Loudcniike newspapers to become a candidate for re
an excellent boat and deserves a liberal patron
I" See the Card of W. T. Lowe. Still as
it has been kept, it i3 nevertheless true, that
friend Lowe has as cheap goods as are to be
found in Loudon, or tho region round about
And a cleaverer man is not to be found. ' We
advise all who want good bargains, to call in at
his cheap store. We are glad to observe that
his custom is increasing and will increase
more rapidly as he becomes more extensively
The Countv Court of Knox Countv las
authorised a vote of the people on the poposition
to subscribe $100,000 stock to the Rabun Gap
Railroad, and an equal amount in the Road to
Danville, Kentucky. What is old Roane and
Monroe about, that they do not move in this
matter? N ow is the time for action. It may
soon be said It is too late! Think and act
A communication appears in the last
Nashville True I Vhig, suggesting the name of
Gen. F. K. Zollicoffer, as the next candid
ate for Governor provided Gen. Campbell will
not run. We could enter into the support of
Gen. Zollicoffer with much warmth, as could the
Whigs generally of the State. We are pleased
to see his name mentioned in this honorable
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun.
W AsmxGTO'y. Dec. 29. The friends of Hon.
W. R. King having expressed a desire that he
should spend a portion of the winter in Cuba,
with a view to the final restoration of his health,
and that that the post oflice and navy depart
ments should permit the U. S. Mail Steamer on
her next trip to Havana and New Orleans to
touch at Norfolk for the purpose of conveying
him thither the Postmaster General and Sec
retary of the Navy have promptly assented
thereto. The vessel sails about the 12th of
Price of Pi j Iron. The "Cincinnati Price
Current," of the 5th inst, quotes Pig Metal, (hot
blast), at $15 j3 ton from landing and $46 from
yard, 6 months, market steady, and the demand
about equal to the supply.
Hogs. The Cincinnati Price Current of the
5th, says the receipt of hogs in that city during
the past week has been light, and prices contin
ue to decline ranging from $6 75 to $6 100
principally at $C 50. The packing season is
nearly closed, but few houses continuing to pack.
; :jr
J2T" Joseph Hide, an old man near a hundred
years of age, and who has been a citizen of Cin
cinnati for more than fifty-six years, is now con
fined in the jail in that city, on charge of va
grancy his only crime being old age, blind
ness, and inublility to labor! This is disgrace
ful. ' :
Jt Sam'lX Ray, Esq., late Editor of the
Macon Telegraph, died in that city on the 6th
inst., of consumption. He is said to have been
a warm hearted, high-toned gentleman, and a
readv and forcible writer.
JJsgf The New Orlcans Bulletin says that the
present condition of the planters of the South
is infinitely more favorable, in a pecuniary
sense, than at any former time within the lastt
ten or fifteen vears.
J&Sy Bills on the Farmer's Bank, Onondaga,
and the Merchants' and Mechauics' Bank, of
Oswego, N. Y.t are not considered
good the
securities consisting chiefly of
mortgages on
farms which are occupied by Anti-Renters.
Two thousand and ninety-two persons
are engaged in collecting the customs of the U.
Bgt-The Legislature of Indiana has just
elected Hon. John Pettit U. S. Senator, vice
Whitcomb, deceased.
r John P. Bruce, Editor of the Sommer
sett (Ky.) Gazette, has been spending the week
in Nashville.
JS3 The good people of Memphis, we are
pleased to seer are mating extensive prepara
tions for the great Commercial Convention that
is to convene in that City in June next.
figs- Hox James C.
JoE3 has our thanks
for Public Documents sent U3,
JBSf We notice that Congress has passed a
joint resolution postponing the Steamboat Law
of the last session for nine ty days.
Young Purnell, the cadet who was so
severely stabbed at the Kentucky Military In
stitute last week, is getting well.
BST Gen. S. D. Jacobs, 1st Ass't P. M.
General, will please accept our thanks for
Public favors.
Sale of Negroes. The sale of one hundred
nerroe8 belonnn to the estate of thc late John
C. Singleton took place to-day. Boys from 15
to 25 years old brought $000 to 1,000 a few
over $1,000. Young women sold for $750 to
$850. The average was $580. Columbia Ban.
Counterfeit $3 bills on the State Bank of In
diana have recently been put in general circu
lation. They may be easily detected by the
general appearance of the bill. The whole
ground work is much lighter than thc genuine
bill. Xashville Union.
"Does the Court understand you to say, Mr.
Miller, that you saw the editor of the 'American,'
intoxicated? "Not at all, sir, I merely said that
I have seen him frequently so flurried in his
mind that he would undertake to cut out copy
with the snuffers that's all.n
The key of a mother's heart is a baby Keep
that well oiled with praise, and you can unlock
every pantry about the house.
From th Natkvitte Banner.
. We share in the regret whicti will be felt by
his many friends throughout the State, upon the
publication of the following letter from Gov.
Camfbell, declining to be a candidate for re
election. The editor of the Banner, to .whom
it is addressed, has politely furnished us a copy
for publication:
Nashville, Jan. 5, 1853.
Gen. Zollicoffer: The frequent and unexpec
ted calls that have been made upon me through.
election, require that I should at once make
known to the people of our State, in some pub
lic manner, my determination not to be a candi
date for re-election to the office of Governor.
The reasons which have impelled me to this
conclusion are of a personal character, and with
which the public would have but little concern.
But I will state that my private affairs, together
with the welfare and happiness of my family,
now large and entirely dependent upon my per
sonal exertions for support and education, de
mand from me my devoted and undivided at
tention It is well known to many of my friend. that
I not only reluctantly consented to become a
candidate at the last election, but that I then
declared that I would not run a second time.
The success which has attended my efforts, in
connection with those ef the whig party in our
State has satisfied me for the sacrifice I then
made, and I shall ever remember, with grateful
pride, the kindness and confidence of my fellow
citizens, regretting only that I have not accom
plished more in advancing their prosperity, and
their happiness. Among the many honest and
talented men with which the whig party abounds,
one can be selected who will lead us to victory
in the approaching contest, and who will serve
the State more advantageously than I can hope
to do. For the generous support you, sir, and
the whig press of our State have given me, I
tender mv sincere acknowledgments.
From the Ittpuhlican Banner.
Letter From Hox.M.P.Gextrt, Deci.ixixg
a re-electiox. The following letter has been
politely placed in our hands for publication, by
the friend to whom it was addressed. The pur
pose it declares, it will be remembered, was
publicly made known as early as last summer.
Though momentary excitement, connected with
the late canvass, for a time appears to have cau
sed him to hesitate, under the peculiar circum
stances around him; yet it may fairly be inferred
from the tenor of this letter, that being a Whig,
and upon a single question, though passed, not
having accorded in opinion with the great body
of his political friends in- Tennessee, there was
that probability of unpleasant relations which
in a calmer moment of reflection satisfied him
that adherence to his first deliberate determina
tion was better and more agreeable, for both
himself and the Whig party.
Col. Gentry is unquestionably a gentleman
of the highest order of ability, whose talents
would do credit to any State in the L'nion, and
he has through a long series of years again and
again been chosen by his constituents by larger
majorities than have been given to any other
member of Congress from Tennessee. We are
pleased with what we regard as the honorable
motive which actuates him, and we take this
occasion again to renew the expression of our
ardent hope that unity and harmony may be
restored to the gallant and patriotic Whig party
of the State. Let not question: of the past,
which were those merely of expediency divide
and destroy those who stand together upon their
consciences and honest judgments, in mainten
ance of the same great fundamental principles
of the Republican Whig party. ''Let by
gones be by-goues."
Washington Crrr, January 3, 1853.
Sir: Your letters of the 21st and 23d
ult, informing me of the speculations of the j
day in relation to the probability of my becom
ing a candidate for Congress, and making friend-
ly suggestions to me on that subject, came duly j
to hand, and although I am but partially re- j
covered from a sharp billious attack, which has !
kept me in bed, and in the hands of a Doctor
for more than a week past, I hasten to reply.
I thank you sincerely for the friendly interest ;
which you exhibit in my behalf, though in this
ehau, tnougu in mis .
case it is misapplied, as I have fully determined '
that I will not, under any state of circumstan-
ces that can possibly arise, be a candidate for !
, . , . J '
re-election; . It is not necessary fur me to state
to you at length the reasons which have brought
me to this determination. You know that it
has been a purpose long cherished by me to re-:
. ... . 7x i ex.
tire to private life at the close of the present
Congress, and that I have been making expen-
;mnrn,Vnmntsnn mr farm in Bedford eonn- '.
tv. with the intention of making that my future
, ....... ,r
ilVlllc -J- oiiatt uuncirj iu to in tcuiiviU aj
hAnin o h n l l i i hAvA T f T h t a lntnnti rr HI if
buildings on that plantation approach comple-:
tion, and before the next election in lennessec (
I will have ceased to be a citizen of the District ;
which I now represent I remember that when
I parted with you, before I left Tennessee
excited and chafed by circumstances of which
you are cognizant I spoke to you in a manner :
calculated to make you believe that I might I
torego the accomplishment ot the purpose
which I have indicated, and become a candi
date for re-election; bnt, after a calm reflection,
I can see no compensating advantages for chang
ing my deliberately fonned plan of life.
Aside from all considerations of personal en
joyment and pecuniary interest involved in the
general question, there are reasons growing out
of my past relations, and my present peculiar
relations to the people of my District, and the
political parties into which they are divided,
that would make a canvass, even with a certain
ty of being elected by a larger majority than
heretofore, unpleasant and undesirable. You
will, thereforo, do me a favor whenever you
think the proper time has arrived, by making
it known to the public, in whatever form you
may deem best, that I will not be a candidate
for any office whatever at the next election,
With sincere esteem,
I am your friend and obd't serv't,
James H. Wilsox, Esq.
AHA! .
If there could have been any doubt before,
that the people of the Southern and Southwes
tern States were, at last, on the right track, in
determining to try and build up their own pros
perity, by making Railroads, and doing their
own trading through their own cities,' the sensi
tive jealousy exhibited by the press of N.York,
Philadelphia, and Boston, of the action of the
Convention recently assembled at Baltimore,
would be enough to dispel all hesitation, and to
inspire every one with zeal and energy in the
cause of Southern development of Southern re
sources. There need be no better proof asked
that the South and West ought to persevere iu
this effort, than the bare fact that New York
exhibits unmistakable hostility to it Why is
New York opposed to this revival of Southern
Trade, through Southern Seaports and Southern
Railroads? Simply because it will take away
from her the custom upon which she has grown
fat! Simply because it will retain the profits of
Southern Labor to fertilize Southern Soil, and
to beautify and adorn Southern Honies,instead of
beinj appropriated to stimulate and nourish
Northern industry, and build up princely man
sions on Manhattan island and along the banks
of the Hudson. Simply because New York
knows how great her profit has been from the
South and Southwest pursuing a course of do
mestic policy as stupid and short-sighted as it
was tame andspiritless; because she fears the loss
of that immense profit from this waking up to a
sense of their capability to emerge from a state
of pupilage, not to say vassalage. New York
sees and knows this. She sees and knows what
a glorious land this Southern land of ours could
be made, if its people would only put forth the
same intelligent energy, practise the same self-reliance,
pursue the same sound domestic policy,
which at the North has struggled with and con
quered a barren soil and a rigorous climate, un
til it has made New England one cultivated and
smiling garden; and she fear3 that this move
ment may lead our people to see and know these
advantages also. She fears that the good natur
ed booby that her wit has made do all the rough
work, is about to break his leading strings and
set up for himself as a thinking, acting, inde
pendent man.
New York, and all the North sees, and with
alarm, that the Southern people are beginning
to think that it will be well for them to take
, r i i ii .a. x- . i ti
some care of themselves as well as of the North!
For long, long years, Southern pride and vanity
has been flattered and cajoled with the idea, that
upon "the South," and her guardianship of "the
Constitution," depended the fate of the Republic!
Oh, she ha3 had such an anxious time of it, lest
something or other should go wrong! Dear,
patriotic creature! the task has been sowespon
sible, has occupied so much of her time, so
wholly all her time, that she ha3 had absolutely
no leisure to give attention to her own private,
domestic concerns. Her road3 needed mend
ing, her gates were getting rusty in their hinges,
the fences were rotting down and a neighbor's
cattle were breaking in and carrying off the
crop; but what could she do, dear soul, under
the circumstances? She felt in her inmost soul
that it was her "mission" to take care of the
Nation, and she had an awful presentiment that
if she stopped, even for a moment, to bridge a
gully, to apply a little oil and tighten a screw, or
put up as much a3 one "gap" in the fence, that
some one of the "Resolutions of '98" might run
risk of being forgotten, or that somn audacious
thinker might stumble into hersey from the or
thodox metaphysical faith as regards the "rights
of the States Lesides, she was rich enough,
ana couiu anoru to !nve ner time, ana mrow
, ,,. ,
J A i i ii i i i
take care of the annual earnings, planting them,
year after j-ear, so that they, too, misrht grow and
multiply. No not she! She could pick up,
from the ground, enough for herself and the
"rest of mankind."
Meanwhile, how all toiling, frugal, pains-taking
Yankeedom laughed in its sleeve to see
these airs! How New York, enlightened by the
genius of DeWit Clinton, smiled to himself, as
he dug away with true Dutch er.severance and
good sense, at his big ditch to Lake Erie, and
thought of the "good time cominr," when he
would make thi3 proud southern beauty, with
all her fine airs, with all her patronizing conde
sccntion, his very vassal and drudge!
And, in good sooth, Mynheer Knickerbocker
has very nearly seen the realization of his men
tal predictions. "The South" finds that devot
ing herself to taking care of the nation, don't
pay! She finds, further, that it not only don't
but that her sublime disinterestedness has
absolutely impoverished her, has consumed
her revenues has shorn her fair homestead of
its beauty, its comfort, and its luxury has scat
tered her beggared children into distant wilder
nesses and has made her a thing of sufferance,
if not of contemptuous pity. In short, Madame,
"The South" discovers that she has been mak
ing a fool of herself! and that the poor neigh
bors she once "patronized" with the best feel
in rs of condescending benevolence, grown into
wealthy and puise proud millionaires, are turn
in:? ud their noses at her. with a snuint in the
eyc which denotes that they are revolving in
their minds whether will they allow her to keep
even the, Pr remnani of her once princely for-
t. u ii uaiu vaw. tutu j vi tn iiiiu ti in i r,iA-
dage, a sort of kitchen garden, for their uses.
But though much reduced, there is enough of
the lire of the old spirit left, not to "give it up
so." Sustained by her sons who, driven by pen-
t(J rtrumrlc iu the wiid3 of the West have
grown stalwart and strong, and animated by
that latent good sense which change of fortune
often brings out and exhibits in the fine lady
transferred by circumstances from the parlor to
tbe washtub( the South- liag determined to re-
trieve her fortunes, by following the example of
the snobs who have jrrown rich upon her folly.
Thc convention at Baltimore, and which is to
assemble here in June next is an earnest of this
dctermIuation. With ener?y an(i union in the
familv. she will do it: and no one knows it so
well as Mvnhccr Knickerbocker, whose sutwlies
threaten to be diminished if she does. Hence
his remonstrance and protest against the at-
. . v '
temDt. Hence the coniuration by the N. York
pre33 of thc raw-head-and-bloody-bones of this
Commercial Convention" bein? another disun
ion convention in disguise. Bah! The people
of this section of the Union have been humbug
cd long enough, and this desperate grab at the
reins won't do. If the "Union' won't hold to
gether without the plaster of an eternal self
sacrice of the obvious best interests of the
Southern people, let it crumble at once. But it
will hold now and forever. It can't be broken,
any more than Mississippi can be dammed up;
for there is a current of warm life-blood in the
hearts of our people, everywhere, which beats
for its perpetuity, strong and resistless as the
flow of the "Father of Waters." But the growth
of a huge giant monopoly of all the profits of
all the trade, industry and enterprize of the
whole country the spreading of a great cancer
into baleful ramifications through all the mem
bers of the body may be checked, and the
Union be all the better for it; for it is not to the
interest of republican freedom that there should
be, here, any 'Paris' that may become "France."
It is to make the Union more firm and solid to
develope the resources of all part3, and to so
direct them as to stimulate the prosperity of
their natural centres. This is what this Balti
more movement will aid, and we trust will pow
erfully aid, in doing; and tbe New York press
stultifies itself, or insults us, by supposing we
are as great fools as we have heretofore been,
when it raises the bugbear of sectional agita
tion, to stop it. Memphis Enquirer. '
The Missouri Legislature has passed a bill
chartering the North Missouri Rail Road Com
pany, and giving it State aid to the amount of
two millions of dollars, lb
Accident to Gen. Pierce and Family. We
gather from the New York papers some addi
tional particulars of the railroad accident, by
which Gen. Pierce and wife were injured and
their son killed. The train wa3 composed of a
baggage and passenger car only. The exact
cause of the accident is not definitely ascertain
ed; one of the axle' trees is supposed to have
broken; some say it was the journal on which
the wheel plays. The day was very cold the
thermometer pointed at 2ero and the accidlht
was doubtless owing "to the frost in the iron.
work3 of the ill fated car. Mrs. Pierc and the
deceased son had been absent four weeks on a
visit to relatives in Boston and Andover. The
accident happened near the latter place. Gen.
Pierce went to Boston on Tuesday morning, and
with them attended the funeral of Mrs. Pierce's
uncle, Hon. Amos Lawrence, on the same after
noon. They remained at Mr. Aiken's, in An
dover, whose lady is a sister to Mrs. Pierce, and
were expecting to return in the evening.
The train in which they went left Boston at
noon on Thursday, and the accident happened
jnst after it left the Andover depot, twenty mile3
from Boston, at about one. They had not been
in the cars five minutes.
General Pierce, after the accident, appeared
composed, but Mra. Pierce was taken away in a
very high state of mental anguish. Her screams
were agonizing. The little boy was their only
child, an elder brother having died some ten
years ago. At the time of the accident, Gen
Pierce was conversing with Mr. Young, the su
intendent of the new Mills at Lawrence. Pro
fessor Packard, a relative of Gen. Pierce, was
in company with Mrs. Pierce and her son, and
the party occupied the forward part of the car,
which divided in the middle. They were all
thrown into a heap, one over another. Master
Pierce lay upon the floor of the car, with his
ekull frightfully fractured. The cap which he
had worn had fallen off, and was filled with Li3
blood and brains.
A little girl of Mr. Newall, of Hillsborough,
had her foot crushed. Mrs. Newall was badly
injured, and Mr. Newall had a leg broken. Mr.
Horace Childs, bridge builder, of Ilenniker, was
badly but not seriously bruised. Several women
were severely bruised. The car is said to have
broken near the middle. The baggage car im
front was not thrown off. A brakeman stood
on the end of it and witnessed the accident un
harmed. A dispatch, dated Concord, Thursday
evening, says:.
Considerable apprehension is felt here lest
this melancholy fatality may prove serious in its
consequences to Mrs. Pierce. She has beea for
i several years in delicate health, caused partly
by the Joss ot her hrst child. I he boy killed
by this accident, was almost i lolized by his
mother and father. The announcement of the
accident, at 4 o'clock, caused great excitement
in the House. A member came in and said
j that Gen. Pierce himself was dead. The floor
i and galleries were crowded tbe charge of bri-
b hst But, j. nn( consid.
. ti1v r, ri.,,-t j . r .v
eration, the Uoemcr, Council, and most of the
Senators were present.
w .
instantly every mem
ber was on his feet, and exclamations of regret
were heard from every one. The veteran Icha
bod Bartlett, of Portsmoth, the oldest member
a political opponent, but stronsr personal friend
of Gen. Pierce was observed to weep like a
child. Others were much affected.
The House adjourned instantly, and the mem
bers rushed to the hotel and telegraph office, and
the most intense anxiety to obtain particulars
has prevailed ever since.
The little boy wa3 a great favorite with our
town people. Le was agreeable, kind, and
generous, and much beloved by his playmates.
When asked, the other day, "Well, Bennv, how
do yon expec t to like living at the White IIi.'lse?',
he replied, "I don't know about gofng there to
live at all. I would rather go out to live on a
Boston, Jan. 7. Gen. Pierce and lady are
now staying at the House of John Aiken at
Andover. Neither ef them have received much
physical injury, but Mrs. Fierce is prostrated
with grief at the loss of her son.
Mr. Newell, of Cambridge, one of the passen
gers, is injured beyond the possibility of recov
ery. Boston, Jan. 7. Gen. Pierce and lady are
still at Andover, suffering slightly from" their
injuries, and overwhelmed with grief at the loss
of their only child. The funeral will take place
at Concord to-morrow.
Conspiracy against the Life of the President
Elect. Warmly as we opposed the election of
Gen. Pierce, we certainly disapprove, as strong
ly as one possibly can, any attempt upon his
life. We feared that some Whig, in the phren
zy of political disappointment, might be tempt
ed to make an effort to remove him out of the
way by violent means, but we go for the condign,
punishment of every such effort unless its au
thor can be clearly shown to be insane. Thou
sands of our readers, Whigs as well as Demo
crats, will read the following account with hor
ror. Had it not been for the admirable pru
dence of Gen. Pierce himself, the result would
have been fearful to contemplate Lou. Jour.
Gen. Pierce, the President elect, a few days
since, received a suspicious box per Chensey's
Express from the West. Supposing, from hi$
exalted position, that some wicked Whig, or
"fanatical abolitionist" might be plotting for his
destruction, he very naturally regardedthi3 as
an infernal machine, intended to land him in
glory before his time. Not feeling any great
partiality for such an apothesis, he ordered this
new Pandora's box to be stowed away in the
barn, "unsight, unseen," and strictly forbado
any one to go near it. Thus it remained some
days, until one Sunday, when nobody was at
home save Mr. W., the General's boarding mas
ter, who, being exercised thereto by courageous
and laudable curiosity, determined to solve the
"infernal mystery." Accordingly seizing a Ion"
handled axe and placing himself at a rational
distance, he hurled the iron weapon with full
furry into the box. After waiting in breathless
expectation for the "machine" to explode, Mr.
W. approached it and discovered (horribli die
tu!) two brace of remarkably fat ducks and a
haunch of venison, sent to the President elect
by an admiring friend in Cincinnati, with a note
accompanying, desiring to be remembered in
the division of the spoils! We need only add
that the only thing "infernal" about the "ma
chine" was an indecorous smell for which the
reverend disciple was no way responsible. Bait.
Patriot. -
North Carolina. The Legislature of this State
at its last session, chartered no less than 22
plank road companies; and one company ta
build a railroad from Fayetteville to the coal
mines. Three new banks were also incorporar
ted at Yanceyville, with a capital of $200,000j
at Elizabeth City, with a branch at Geens
borough, capital $500,000; at Charlotte, capital
$300,000. The capital of the bank of Wades,
borough was increased $200,000. Auowtn
Chronicle Uth inst. . .

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