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Loudon free press. (Loudon, Tenn.) 1852-1855, February 12, 1853, Image 1

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OJic-nCedar Street, Etst of the Public Square.
TERMS. Two Doi.laiis in advance; Two Dol
lars asd Fifty Cexts in six months; Three Dol
lars at expiration of year.
Advertisements inserted at $1 per square for the
rvt, and 50 Cents for each subsequent insertion.
1 Professional Cards, (five lines,) S 5
' (more than five lines,) 10
Quarter of column.......... 11
Half column........ 37
Hecohimn, 75
Announcing candidates, (advance,) $3
t Address the Publishers, Post Paid.
prospectus of
For 1853. -
Having assumed the onorous and responsible
duties of public journalists, we feci the just de
sire to increase the circulation of our paper,
as it will not only increase our capabilities of
doing good, but at the same time give us rea
sonable remuneration for our labors. To ac
complish this desirable end, we have determin
ed to send out this Prospectus with a request
that all who feel an interest in the increased
circulation of our paper will send us the largest
number of subscribers they possibly can. Yet,
we cannot mate this request without tendering
appropriate acknowledgements to several friends
whose exertions in procuring us subscribers have
not been unnoticed by us.
We deem it unnecessary to occupy a lengthy
exposition of the leading features of the Free
Press. Its political complexion is uncompro
misingly Whig but we are truly glad that the
evil times of unrelenting political warfare has
for a time at least ceased, and those so long and
so recently in antagonistic array, are drawing
together in friendship and in purpose, to mingle
united effort and united wisdom to advance the
interests and the tnu alorti of the land. We
- - s r
ook to the promotion of the interests of Agricul
ture, of Manufactories and of Commerce, as
being by far more important to the improve
ment of the country, than any political issue
upon which the American people are extensively
divided. These great interests shall have our
wannest support. Our leading aim shall be to
trovse public sentiment to the importance of
industrial progress of enriching our fields, of
beautifying our homes of starting up the busy
hum of industry and enterprise.
As to the merits of the Free Press it is for
the public to judge we can only claim that we
have earnestly endeavored to publish a paper
worthy of public patxouage. It is filled with
readable matter containing the latest Foreign
. and Domestic News full and impartial quota
tions of the Produce Markets of Loudon, Au
gusta, Savannah, Macon, Charleston, and Nash
ville, with occasional quotations from other im
portant points together with the prices and
number of Hogs sold in Cincinnati each week
during Packing season also the prices of Pork
at numerous other points, so as to give our Tra
ders a broad and correct basis of judgement in
regard to this important article of trade. In
a word, our paper is for the business men of
East Tennessee.
We are anxious to increase our circulation,
and have determined to offer the Free Press
at greatly reduced prices to Clubs money to
accompany the names, as follows
Single conv. ft annum, $2 00
Three Copies,
Eight Copies,
Twelve Copies,
Twent Copies,
J. W.
, 5 00
" 12 00
" 15 00
" 20 00
& S. B. O'BRIEN, Publishers.
Loudon, Tenn., Jan. 15, 1S53.
A committee of four, will be in waiting at
the Temperance Hall, in the Basement Story
of the Baptist Church, on Thursday the 17th,
and on Friday the 18th of February, to show
the Delegates coming to the convention, their
quarters during the Convention. Ample pro
visions will be made for all, and all will be
made to feel free and easy. Let all come and
report themselves to the Committee, at the
Hall, either on Thursday evening, or before the
meeting of the Convention on Friday morning.
Knoxville Whig.
East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad. Mr.
Kyle's hands upwards of fifty sturdy negroes
passed through this place this morning (Mon
day) on their way to Bull's Gap, to commence
work on the road. We like to see the energy
with which the contractors on this road are push
ing forward their work they seem determined
to do their part.
Gen. Shrewsbury, k Co., work at the South
wetend of our town, and Mr. Sears at the
North-east all doing finely. If the directory
do their duty, we may yet entertain hopes of
a speedy completion of the road,
We understand that the span between Knox
ville and McBee's ferry has been let out; but
upon what terms we are not advised. Greene
rill Spy.
What has Science to do tcith Agriculture?
Sir H. Davy found in analysing a sterile soil,
that the sterility was occasioned by the sulphate
of iron. lie directed an application of lime,
and a barren field became productive sulphate
of iron was changed to sulphate of lime, and
became an element of fertility. And such are
the every day benegts of science applied to
agriculture, which should be in the power of
every farmer to apply Plowman.
If you would be wisely benevolent, give the
roedicant work, not money the first leads to in
dependence the latter to the poor house.
From the New-York Tribune.
Along the eastern shore of Asia, five or six
thousand miles from the westernmost of the
American States, are scattered multitudes of
volcanic Islands. They extend irregularly from
Behring's Strairs to Ceylon. Some four thou
sand of them, more or less, lying over against
the Chinese seaboard, constitute the Empire of
Japan, the object of an expedition about to
leave the ports of our country; and in view of
the interest imparted to this terra incognita by
the anticipated opening of commercial rela
tions, the Times volunteers a trifle of desulto
ry information. It may be prudent to know a
little about the people to whom we propose to
teach so much. Some slight knowledge of their
institutions and all our knowledge of this in
sular monarchy is but slight may not be super
fluous, before we materially alter, and perhaps
destroy them.
The whole empire of Japan is said to eonta;n
a population of 30,000,000 inhabitants. Ni
phon, the largest of the islafid group, boasts an
extent about equal to, aid a population nearly
double that of Ireland.' The Chinese have cor
rupted the name into Jihpun, and the English,
by an easy transition, make Japan of it. Upon
this Niphon, among temples and camphor
groves and rice fields, and hills culti.ated to the
summits, stand the capital towns of Miaco and
Jeddo. The latter ranks among the first class
cities in the world. Its low, one-story buildings,
shelter a population of 1,500,000 souls, all cheer
fully laboring at the mechanic or finer arts, or
living in as much aristocratic elegance and
ease as European nobility of measureless pedi
gree. At Jeddo, too, resides the civil Emperor
or Siogoon of Japan; and there the princes who
rule in the multitudinous islands spend half their
time; thence all the reins of Government di
verge; and there the imperial council holds its
sessions. The commerce of the Archipelago
all centres at Jeddo. At Miaeo, on the other
side of the islands, lives the Mikaco, or religious
Emperor, in other times the sole ruler of the
realm in all its interests, civil, naval and super
stitious. Revolution, however, did its work
centuries since, and the Siogoon, an upstart
from the lower orders, made himself nominal
regent and actual autocrat of the Empire.
Time has in turn crippled the power of the Sio
sroon, who is actually governed by his council;
retaining, however, a sort of veto uot at all sim
ilar to the veto of the American Constitution.
If any act of the council fail to meet the views
of the Siogoon, it is referred to three of his
nearest relatives. If they sustain the objections
of the chcif, the council is obliged to adjourn
and disembowel themselves; each member de
liberately cutting himself open. On the other
hand, should the act of the council be approved
the Siogoon is bound to abdicate, pretty much
on the same principal that the English Cabinet
Minister resigns when voted down in the Com
mons. The Mikado inhabits a temple at Mi
aeo, and spends his time in receiving adoration.
As he has to dress daily in new garments, and
eat daily from new crockery, his fare is said to
be tolerably hard. He generally resigns in fa
vor of his son, after a few years deification, and
retires to private life.
The island of Eiusiu is next in order of di
mension to Niphon. Nagasaki, the port town,
is the only one to which foreigners are admitted.
The Dutch have their island fort of Dezima,
in which they remain locked up two-thirds of
the year, until the pair of vessels, the only ones
Japanese jealousy allows to European commerce
arrive. Then the annual pilgrimage, with pres
ents to the Siogoon, at Jeddo, takes up three
months; and six weeks of the year are left, in
which to dispose of the cargoes of species, and
load up the return burdens of copper and cam
phor. The various tables and stands and cabi
nets and enamelled work, for the exquisite man
ufacture of which the Jap; ese are so famous,
are never permitted to leave th; islands. A few
samples, enough to furnish models for Eurepean
imitation, alone escape, through the connivance
of sub-ofiicials.
Japan is as insulated in the manners, habits,
government and religion, as in situation. Eve
rything strikes the stranger as anomalous, like
the animal and vegitablc life of Australia. The
social scheme is entirely subordinate to the pur
poses of government. A more perfect system
of checks and balances never entered the head
of the constitution maker. It is a perfect net
work of espionage. Each private citizen is by
law a spy upon his five nearest neighbors. The
commissioned and secret spies of Government
reside in every village. Each magistrate is sur
rounded by spies. The prince, who rules a
million subjects, has his two secretaries appoin
ted at Jeddo, where one resides, while the other,
the shadow of victary in his remote Government,
transmits constant information to his fellow at
the capital. Even these subordinates are, in
their turn, subjected to surveillence; and for
better security, the prince is obliged to spend
each alternate year at the Capitol, where his
family remain all the while as hostages. The
council and the Siogoon are equally watched;
and to be detected in error, or dishonor, or neg
lect entails upon the unfortunate officer the duty
of cutting himself open in the presence of his
friends. This curious mode of self destruction
is a part of the education of every Japanese
child. To accomplish it gracefully, and upon
hearing the first whisper prejudicial to one's
fame, is the great object of the national ethics.
In a scheme so ingeniously tied and knotted up,
it is impossible for any advance or improvement
to be made.
And yet the Japanese hunger and thirst for
fragments of European learning. They pick
up with the utmost avidity and scrap of knowl
edge their Dutch or Chinese visitors may let
drop. Many of the leading French, or Ger
man scientific authors, have been rendered into
the vernacular, and are esteemed standard au
thorities. They have their astronomical instru
ments, calculate their, almanacs and eclipses,
and know more about every other planet in the
solar system than they do of their own. They
have none of the Chinese supercilious contempt
for barbarian accomplishments. Their motto
is "to pet all they can, and keep all they get."
But the oldest of the national idiosyncrasies
is the rooted aversion to outsiders. A glance
at history, perhaps, with the conservative scheme
of checks and balances we have referred to,
borne in mind, wilt serve partially to elucidate
this peculiarity.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans who
found and landed in Japan. This they did in
1542, meeting with a cordial and hospitable
welcome. Commerce at once sprung up with
great animation, the Portuguese naturally en
deavoring to obtain an entire monopoly of it
The early zeal of the Jesuits, then an uncor
rupted order of holy men, carried a large body
of missionaries to the new land, where the at
tractive dogmas of Roman Catholicism were
remarkablysuccessful, in displacing Sintooism
and Budhism, the prevalent religions of the peo
ple. The converts numbered nearly a hundred
thousand souls, embracing members of the Im
perial family, and the Makado himself is said to
j have been a believer. Jn the course ot a nun
: dred years the trade with Europe had waxed
exceedingly. The commercial importance of
the discoverers, had declined, however, and
the Ductch always ready to extend their traffic,
were soon located at every Japanese port of any
moment To drive out their Portuguese rivals
entirely, was a great object with the thrifty
Hollanders. Stories were accordingly circula
ted, that the catholic missionaries, as true be
lievers in the Papal supremacy, designed to
bring the Island under the rule of the Roman
Pontiff. The fears thus excited were soon in an
ungovernable flame. A revolution took place.
The Siogoon of the day was deposed, a war of
extermination waged against the Jesuits, and
hosts of faithful converts, even unto death, put
to the sword. History records that the Dutch
had overshot the mark. They had stirred upjso
thorough a dread of European treachery, that
they still retained at Nigasaki, by aiding in the
hter and torture of their Christian breth
ren.0 Even now their two vessels per annum are
always deprived of the their armature ana ruu
. 1 ... . - 1: A
dcrs, the moment they come to 'anchor; ana j
whatever cash capital they bring alo
taken care of by the Japanese authorities.
There is no reason to believe that the captain
and sailers have to open commercial relations
every year, by trampling on the crucifix, though
during the first heat of animosity against the
Catholics, this formulary was undoubtedly ex
acted and obligingly complied with.
From the era of this anti-Christian warefare,
1637, the whole policy of the Japanese Govern
ment has been directed to the prohibition of for
eign intercourse. The Dutch and Chinese alone
trade at Nagaski. That port is the only one
open as an anchorage ground to foreigners; the
condition of that favor being the deposit of all
their arms with the authorities of the city.
Under no circumstance is any one permitted to
land or engage in traffic. To anchor in any
other harbor of the Empire, instantly exposes a
vessel to destruction. Natives of other coun
tries shipwrecked or coming voluntarily upon
the shores, are consigned to prison. Natives of
the islands shipwrecked abroad, are not permit
ted to return, save upon a Dutch or Chinese
vessel. A decree to that effect was transmitted
to the European powers in 1813.
We may review briefly the various attempts
of civilization to break down the selfish barrier
of the Japanese.
The English, a3 long ago a3 the reign of
Charles I., sent an embassy thither, to obtain
the privilege of trade for the East India Com
pany. As the war upon foreigners had not yet
been declared, the advantages asked for were
promptly granted. All the ports of the empire
opened to the Company's vessel; remaining so,
however, for only a dozen or fifteen years when
the exclusive system was re-instated. In 1811,
England made another effort to get in. Hav
ing conquered the various Dutch possessions in
the East Indies, they notified the Siogoon of
their intention to take possession of the Dutch
Factory at Dezima, but the Japanese refused
to accede to any such argument. In spito of
every artifice on the part of the English, the
Factory was for several years carefully protect
ed, and eventually guaranteed to its Dutch pos
sessor. The British have never since repeat
ed the attempt. Certainly they would stand a
poorer chance than any others, so inflexibly
have .the Japanese been prejudiced by their do
ings in lftl 1, and theic-uiore r&XUt subjugation
of China.
The Russians have endeavored to find ingress
ever since the days of Catherine I. The prox
imity of their Kaniktschatkan territories, and
the return of straggling Japanese sailors, at va
rious times, before the decree of 1843 was pro
mulgated, have been ineffectually relied upon.
In lbOl, a Russian envoy visited Nagasaki in
great state, and through the intervention of the
Dutch, obtained an audience, but that was all.
The Emperor Alexander declared war, and
captured a few idconsiderable islands at the
North. The Japanese retaliated by seizing a
Russian friggate, with its crew, and notified
their enemies that every one of the captives
should be put to death unless hostilities were
suspended. The war was therefore termina
ted. The Dutch have managed to maintain their
post at Dezima, with the slender advantages it
yields, by dint of uncomplaining submission to
the authorities. King William,in 1844, thought
to obtain a modificatoin of the prohibitive 'poli
cy. To that end he sent a letter to the Siogoon
detailing the result of the Chinese war and
begging that there should be some let-up of the
wretched embargo, in favor of the European
commercial powers. After maturely delibera
ting upon the propositon for two years, the Sio
goon replied that he had carefully watched the
progress of events in China, involving"the over
throw of the fundamental law of that empire.
Those events upon which his majesty of the
Netherlands based his arguments, were, in his
eyes, the very strongest reasons for reaffirming
the standing policy of the Japanese. It was
clear that there could be no peace without the
entire exclusion of stangcrs. Had the Chinese
never allowed the English to gain a foothold at
Canton, their domestic institutions would have
remained undisturbed.
"From the moment," said the Siogoon, "that
we yield one point, we become vulnerable at all.
This was the reasoning of my ancestor when he
debated the propriety of granting you the liber
ty of commerce with Japan, and, for the evi
dences of sincere friendship for our country
which you have often given, rest assured that
you would be a3 rigidly excluded as the other
nations of the AVest rTow that you posses
this privilege, I desire that you may continue to
enjoy it; but I shall be very careful never to
extend it to any other people whatever, for it is
easier to maintain an embankment in a good
state of preservation, than to prevent the widen
ing of a breach, when it has once been opened.
I have given my officers orders accordingly
the future will prove that our policy is wiser
than that of the Chinese Empire."
The Japanese, it will be remarked, are not
without a fair share of shrewdness. The Sio
goon argues ingeniously.
The Government of the United States has re-
featedly tried to effect a lodgment of the is
ands but with no better prosperity than Euro
pean competitors. Iu 1846, Com. Biddle made
the mistake of violating the laws of the Empire,
in bringing his frigate to anchor in the harbor
of Jeddo. His objectwas the opening of com
mercial relations,and his object he madeknown
to the Siogoon by letter. Offended by the un
fortunate blunders wich which the Commodore
opened his negotiation, the Siogoon replied cur
tly. "According to the laws of Japan, the Japan
ese can only trade with Hollanders and China
men. America cannot be permitted to have a
treaty with Japan or comnierce with the empire
while such permission is granted to no other
nation. Besides, whatever relates to foreign
countries is attended to at Nagasaki, and not in
this bay; you will, therefore, depart as soon as
possible, and never return."
Shortly after, a sloop-of-war was despatched to
Japan to demand the restoration of a few
American sailors, who had been shipwrecked on
one of the islands. They were promptly and
FEBRUARY 12, 1853.
courteously surrendered, notwithstanding the
national law tipon the point; and we are una
were of any ground for hostilities now existing
between the two governments. The proposers
of the measure, of course, know more than we
do about it, and in good time will doubtless be
at pains to enlightedu3.
T,o Much Heading. To the Editor of the
N, Y. Tribune: I like your paper, but I shall
have to stop it. I have to work for my living,
and I can't find time to read half your sheet.
Column after column of Foreign" Intelligence,
News from the Pacific, Correspondence from all
parts of the world, Court proceedings, Reports
of Meetings, &c-., I am obliged to leave unread,
not from lack of inclination to peruse them, but
from sheer want of time; still I do cantrive to
worry through the greater part of your regular
sheet, .by , staying at home evenings, when I
should otherwise be looking about town; but ev-
lery now and then you double the dose by an
f . - . i x i . - i a -i. J
extra sjcei or supplement, anu mat quite uoes
uot: a
Tr T ;Crr) .j- t:i
forcI shall have to dWcntvnue the Xribune-
lours, &c,
Johx II. Smith.
Dear Jons Your case is distressing, but it
is by no means so peculiar as you seem to im
agine. It t3 not in the Tribune alone, nor even
in reading generally, that people labor under
difficulties akin to yours. For instance, your
brother, Baxter Smith, came down here from
the country the other day, and stoped at the As
tor House, but had to quit it the living was too
high for him. The food was very good and a
bundant in fact too much so and that did
him up. He didn't eat more than half way
down the bill of fare, while he saw others on ev
ery side who had got very near the bottom of it,
and were still working away when he left the
dinner-table, so full that he could hardly stand
or walk. He had a touch of the Cholera the
second day, and was threatened with Apoplexy;
so he had to quit the Astor abruptly and take
board at a chop-house, where he only ate what
he called anl paid for, plate by plate. Had he
stayed, the coffin maker would have taken his
measure before this time.
Then there was your cousin, John Z. Smith,
who came down and bought a ticket to Barnum's
Museum, and found it was a regular gouge.
He thought he was going to see every curious
object in the world, and perhaps he might have
done so; but after looking his eyes almost out of
his head for nine or ten nours, and giviug him
self a torturing headache, he had to give up,
leaving half the objects unseen, because the at
tendant began to blow out the lights, and told
him it was time to shut up and go home.
And then your nephew John Wilkins Smith,
who came down with a jslcop-load of turnips,
sold the m satisfactorily and therefore reselved
to treat himself to a salt-water path, which he
did; but staying in too hours in order to get the
full worth of his money, he., came out with an
arue, and is now sufforitg severely from rheum
atic debility. His cas. is even harder than"
yours: for you can stop the Tribune, and he has
been trying to stop the ague, but can't
There is more such cases, but let them pass.
We will stop your paper very cheerfully, but we
can't stop putting jn more than any one patron
wiirbejiketyjofperuiifl.. In fact, we can t give
eacb reader what he wants of tho news of the
day without giving his neighbor a great deal that
he' don't want Nor can we give any one just
what he needs to-day without inserting many
things that he probably would not want to-morrow.
Good by; John. Ed.
Tell Yorn Wife. Yes, the only way is to
tell your wife just how you stand. Show her
your balance sheet Let her look over the
items. You think it will hurt her feelings. No,
it won't do any such thing. She has been
taught to believe thatmoney was with you, just
as little boys thinks it is with their father ter
ribly hard to be reached, yet inexhaustible.
She has had her suspicions already. She has
guessed you were not so prosperous as you talk
ed. But you have so befogged your mone) af
fairs that she, poor thing, knows nothing about
them. Tell it right out to her.that you are living
outside of your income. Take her into partner
ship, and I'll warrant you'll never regret it
There may be a slight shower at first, but that's
always natural. Let her see your estimate, and
when you come again, she will show you that
you have put her bills too high. True she has
had an eight dollar bonnet last winter, but it is
just as good as ever; a few shillings will provide
it with new strings, and refit it a little: the
shape,' she says, 'is almost exactly a3 they wear
them now.' And you will be surprised to see
how much less expensive she can make your
wardrobe. She will surprise you with a new
VC5t not exactly nnfamilliar, somehow looking
as if in another shape you had seen it before yet
new as a vest; and scarcely costing a dollar
where you had allowed five.
Old cravats experience a resurrection in her
hands, coming out so rejuvenated that nobody
but those that are let into the secret, would sus
pect that they are old friends in new shape.
The gown you were going to buy out of what
foro-otten chest has gathered the materials you
cannot imagine but there it is, comfortable and
warm, and just the thing you wanted for the long
winter evening that are coming on as fast as
the almanac will let them.
You will find a wonderful change in her taste
and appetites. Whereas, she always fancied
what was a little out of season, of just coming
into market now, if beef is dear, she thinks
boiled mutton is delightful tender as chicken.'
If larab rises, and fish are plenty, she thinks, a
stripped bass is so good, occasionally,' and al
ways insists on having it Friday's. Whereas,
before, she must hear all the musical celebrities
now, she is out of all patience with those for
eign singers.' If Jenny Lind were to return
and sing some of our sweet airs, she'd like to
hear hen but she has had enough cf Itallian
extravagances, all written on the larger lines
below or above as if it were a sin to tarry long
on the common staff.
Before you have thought much about it, you
will find yourself spending most of your eve
ning at home, and such evenings too! so full of
domestic enjoyment, and fireside pleasure, that
you will look with wonder on the records of last
year's expenses, and marvel that you found
time to relish for the costly entertainments that
so seriously taxed your port monnie.
My dear friend, if like Spain, your outgoes
threaten to exceed your income be sure to tell
your wife of it. Not in a tone and manner that
will lead her to think you don't want her to buy
furs this winter, but just as if you wanted a coun
sellor in the day of your trouble. And if she
does not come up heart and and soul, and most
successful to your relief, put me down for no
prophet, and her for no worthy specimen of a
Yankey lass.
Scarlet Fever. An immodest woman dressed
in vermillions silk. This very deadly species
of disease "carries off" more young men than
anv contagion known to our great medicine men.
A Bridal Chamber. A. new Hotel in New
York, called St Nicholas was opened on Thurs
day. The Herald, in its description of it gives
the following account of the bridal chamber.
Upon opening the door of this room the effect
produced is almost overpowering. The bed
stands in the centre of the floor, upon a broad
cushion of white satin, which projects at each
side and at the foot and head. The sides and
posts, with the scrolled foot and head boards,
are of burnished gold. From each post the dra
pery of white satin, lined with Brussels lace,
tapers upward and downward toward the lofty
ceiling, where the curtains are united by a square
canopy of burnished gold. From each corner
of this canopy a gilt ormula scroll springs out,
sustainiug a glass chandelier. Each chande
lier will display twenty lights. The bed is
covered with the richest satin Brussels lace.
The sheets are of muslin trimed with lace. The
curtains are looped at intevtils and confined
around thebedposts with broad rosetts of white
satin, to which heavy tassels of silken cord are
suspended. The room is covered with a carpet
of the richest velvet A r minster. .The toilet
and room furniture is in perfect keeping with
the bed and drapery; there is one arm-chair
covered with brocade cold cloth, manfactured
expressly for the purpose, and scarcely seen in
America. The value of this cloth is from $45
to $50 per yard. The walls of the room are cov
ered with white satia of great value, whilst a
pier glass and mantle mirror, of extraordinary
lustre, light up the fairy bower. A dressing
room, parlor, bath-room complete the suit
The window han-rin?s are of satin brocade
damask, interwoven with threads of gold.
SpeaJcina out in M-eting.i&nj amusing
anecdotes have been told of persons speaking
out in meeting, among which is the following,
which wo see recently going tho rounds oi me
papers. It happens not to be new to us, but
came to our knowedgc in the year 1840, when
it was our lot to preach occasionally in the quiet
little town of Kingston, Tcnn. This much we
tell, but as to anything further, you will please
not to question us: t,o. Adv.
"Those who have spoken in public, can scarce
ly j jdge of the consternation of an old lady who
spoke out in church, it was lormeny ine cus
tom in country towns, for those who lived sev
eral miles from the church, to remain during
the interval between morning and evning ser
vice. On this occasion she had taken some
milk in a pitcher for the children; and in the
most interesting part of the worship, a dog, who
had followed them into the pew,thrust his head in
to the pitcher. Whether his head was tcolarge, or
the pitcher too small, is not our province to de
termine, but having regaled himself, the pitch
er retained its position, and he was discovered
backing out, with the pitcher sticking fast upon
his head, and the milk streaming in every direc
tion on his head and shoulders. 'Get out you,
pup!' says'the old lady. Frightened at the sound
of her voice 'Oh, dear, I spoke out in mee
ting!' said she 'There, I spoke out again 'O,
dear me, I keep a talking all the time." St.
Louis Christian dtocate. I jj J
Self -Education. benjamin Franklin was a
solf-pdiiratpd man. So was Beniamin West;
thfi distinn-niahed philosophers.
the other among the best painters the world ever
saw. Each had a good teacher because he
taught himself. Both had a better teacher daily,
because both were advancing daily in Knowi
edre and in the art of acauirinj it
T?nrnn Cnvipr was also a self-made man. He
was at all times under a good teacher, because
Iia wns nlwava taught bv Baron Cuvicr. He,
more than any other man, perhaps than all
men before him, brought to light the hidden
treasures of the earth." He not only examined
and arranged the mineral productions of our
globe, but ascertained that hundreds, and even
thousands of different species of animals, one1
living moving in the waters and upon the land,
now from rocks, ledges, and even mountains.
Cuvier thought, however, that he owed a con
stant debt of gratitude to his mother, for his
knowledge, because, when a small child, she
encouraged him in linear drawing, which was
of the utmost service in his pursuits. To the
same encouragement the world is, of coarse, in
debted for the
knowled-re dinuscd by Cuvier
anions' all nations
TJtis is a Boy I Can Trust. -I once visited a
large public school. At recess, a little fellow
came up and spoke to the teacher; as he turned
to go down the platform, the master said," "That
is ti boy I can trust He never failed me." I
followed him with my eye, and looked at him
when he took his seat after recess. He had a fine
open, manly face, I thought a good deal about
the master's remark. What a character had that
little boy earned! He had alredy got what would
be worth more to him than a fortune. It would be
a passport into the best store in the city and,
what is better, into the confidence and respect
of the whole commnity
I wonder if the boys know how soon they are
rated by other people. Every boy in the neighbor
hood is known, and opinions are formed of him;
he has character either favorable or unfavoradle.
A boy of whom the master can say, "I can
trust nim; he never failed me," will never want
employment. The fidelity, promptness and
industry which he shows at school are in demand
He who is faithful in little will be faithful also
in much. Be sure bovs, that yoa earn a good
reputationrrt school. Remember, you arc just
where Godiurs placed you, and your duties are
not so much given you by jour teacher or your
parents, as by God" himself. You must render
an account to them, and you also will be called
to render an account to him. Be trusty be true.
A hop vine turning about a pole, not only
follows the course of the sun, but would soon
droop and die if forced into an opposite line of
motion, remove th obstacle, however, and the
plant quickly returns to its former position 'and
healthfulness. Substitute girls for hop vines,
and lovers for suns and what is true of the veg
etable kingdom, is equally true of the feminine
In England a change ha3 taken place in the
fashion of men's garments. Overcoats and
frock coats are made to reach the knees, and
the pantaloons are full and long. Nash. Ban.
Dr. S. IIumc3 of Lancaster, Pa., who died
lately, bequeathed two thousand dollars towards
erecting an asylum for the reformation of drunk
ards. Printers have a good many jokes at the expense of
greenhorns. The other day a youth came from the
Times to borrow an Italic paste-pot and a lower case
mallet It w nnncessary to add that he found both
alongside the bourgeoise shnotinjr, stick
Delicacy. An American young lady, a weekly
newspaper having been left on her toilet- Ullo, refused
to dress herself bctautc tlier' was tin OL?crrr in
the- room
NO. 13.
What Culturn Doeslt is a wellkaowact,
that one piece of land yields vastly- more than
another piece of equal natural fertility; and it is
equally well known, that one roan abounds
more in knowledge end usefulness, than another
to whom nature has been alike bountifuL . It is
culture; it is the industry and perseverance of
man exerted in one cose, and pot in an other,
that produces the marked contrast in both.--The
cultivator i3 shure to be rewarded, in bU
harvests, for the care and labor he bestows upon
his soil; and the reward i3 no less certain to him
who devotes his leisure hours to the culture of
his mind.
The soil administers to our animal wants.
Knowledge not only greatly assists in supplying
these wants, but is the primary of intellectual
wealth, which dollars alone cannot give, and
when united with good habits, tends to refine,
elevate and distinguish men above their fellows.
Talents not heredltory. Yon will see, on look
ing around, that most of the distinguished men
rf nnr pnnntrv linv Krmncr from humble end
obscure parentage. They are indebted for their
present -distinction, to me cuuure ivnicu yuvj
UU1U bllV. Migvt V WW rw jm v- -
If yoa wish toJbe prosperous in your business, to
Know ana prom Dy ine improvement mc
?i rra onltivnfA the mind? fiw this is the PTeat la- '
bor saving machine- If you would excel as a
m w-lianip ir mprit thp ronfidende and esteem of
yoar neighbors, seek early to qualify yourself
for the duties of social life, by the culture of the
mind, in nne, u you womu prwpci
in VminoeiQ an il in rwiet-V- cultivate the
mind. But knowledge is not always'wisdom;
and, therefore, be as scrupulous in regard to
T-nnr stndiVa. n? von are in regard to the seed
you deposit in the soil. You will reap whatever
you sow; and the mind is a3 iiaoie w ue cum
horod with wpprfa as 13 the soil. AcQuaint your
self with the inventions and improvements of
moaern art, ana siuuy wuteer kuvu in
struct you in your business, and to fit you for
the responsible duties of life. s. T. H. .
The Javan Ezvedilion.lhe Boston Post
publishes the following extract from letter rece
ived from a gentleman who has just returned to
this country from a trip .to China, relative to
the feelings of the Japans toward the exredith
expected from the United States. -
I was infomed by a gentleman a native of
Japan; that the Emperor is ready for the Amer
ican expedition. ie exhibited a letter to me,
which he had ju3t received fromne of his coun
tryman, then on the island of Jeddo Thspeo-
pie kept a strict Iook out auover me coasi;
and their fires were already burViri dn the moun
tains at night, in order to be prepared in case
the squadron should appearat night One million
of soldiers already and and at hand. '. The coast
is all set with guns, whileia, the bay of Jeddo,
where the fleet is expecteM, there are countless .
war junks, and the whole bay is surrounded
with innumerable forts. The expedition will
find the Japanese much better soldiers than they
anticipate. - The presents had
better have been left at home. A trade will not
soon be opened with that "eoaiifry. except by
The following is the copy of a petition recent
ly presented to the legislature of Indiana.
'Yore petishnner, Sasanner Bakum, wud
spekfully enjinc your honorable boddie4 .not ta 1
Eas enny law tu let hur husband of from bur as
ur husband; bekoes he is a druukird and abu
ses hur a mcst ton doth. She ii got sivril smol
children, and there purty ninakua, and in a star
vin condition, and shez gittin to bid, and hex
lost awl her tethe. and kant git narry nurther.
Shez makin her daze livins by;iard nocks.
Shez a pore ooman and hez to wash hard, and
hurhusbind iz drunk awl the titn. He beetz
hur and hant got no rite to leave hur pore and
destitoot Eff yore honrible bo3die hez enny
feelinz dont yer do it Kunsider a pore oom
anz effecshun for her husbind; doue, now, honri
bul bodde & geem3. ?j
"And yore petishunrl prey for yer, awl yur
honrible bodde and geems.
That man deserves the thanks of his country,
who connects with his own the good, of others.
The Philosopher enlightens the world; the
manufacturer employs the needy, and the mer
chant gratifies the rich, by procuring the varie
ties of every clime. The miser, although he
may be no burden to society, yet, thinking on
ly of himsslf, affords no one elsa either profit
or pleasure. As it i3 not of any onij to have a
very large share of happiness, that man will,
of course, have the largest portion wo makes
himself a partner in the happines3 f others.
The benevolent are sharers in every one's joys.
Our Litany. From all bores, bak-biters,
inquisitive people, tell-tales and holloa hearthed
evil-doers, deliver us.
From long-winded prossy essays, harangues
and hail storms, from high winds of adversity
and rich relations, deliver us. s
From whimsical wives, pet dogs and fashion
aMe daughters and 100 dollar shawl deliver
From other peoples babies and their mint
stick, harrangues about smart children snd their
capers, deliver us.
From rheumatism and lumbago, quack doc
tors, drugs, pills and potations, deliver us.
From smoky chimneys, scoldings wives and
wash days, deliver us.
From amateur poets and love sonnets, dan
cing masters and fish hooks, deliver U3.
From bogus money, delinquent subscribers,
and protested notes, deliver us.
From horse-jockeys, Yankee-pedlars, street
brokers and undertakers, deliver U3.
From all kingcraft and priest craft, Cooi Lord
deliver us.
A dividing Mark. Ravnna, the handsome
county seat of Portage county, Ohio, is situated
on the dividing ridge between the Cuyahoga and
Mahoning Rivers. It possesses one feature
which belongs to no jother town or city in the
Union. The rain which, falls upon the north
side of its court-house roof finds its way to
Lake Erie and that which falls on the south side
runs to the Gulf of Mexico. .
Sir Walter Scott and Daniel O'Connell, at a
late period of their lives, ascribed their suc
cess in the world principally to their wives.
Were the truth known, theirs is the history of
Measures are being taken to organize the Al
exandria and Harper's Ferry Rail Road Com
pany, recently chartered by the legislature of
The State of Arkansas owes the United States
the snug little sum of $3G7,35;, principal and
The Editor of a Western paper announces the
marriage of a Mr. Henry Bill, to Miss Mary
Small, and thinks the law which prohibits the
js-jtie of small bills will be violated, .

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