Newspaper Page Text
Imttom fr ftass.
JOHN W. O'BRIEN Enrron. . '
:::::: JAN. 31, IS54.
THE "OMNIBUS" BILL LOST.
This important Bill, proposing to grant State
aid to a number of Railroads, was up on its
'.final reading in the Ilouse on Wednesday the
23th, and lost by a vote of :23 to 48. A motion
lo reconsider, was entered by Mr. 'Winchester,
when Mr. Steel moved to act upon -the motion
Immediately, which the House refused lo do, so
that Mr. Winchester's motion lies over under
the Rule. The Nashville Whig says it under
stands the motion to reconsider, was entered by
one of -the members who voted against the bill,
in the hope that it would be taken up and rejec
4ed, and the bill placed beyond the pale of
hope. But the Ilouse refused to take up and
act upon the motion. So that the friends of
the Bill have some hope of the final passge of
the more important features of the Bill. It
was loaded down with amendments, until many
of its original friends voted againt it.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
Gov. Jonxsox has appointed the following
gentlemen as Directors for the East Tennessee
and Georgia Railroad on the part of the State,
for a list of whose names we are indebted to
the Tdadness ef President Wallace, The
Board is now complete Directors -on the part
of the Stockholders having been elected at their
meeting in January, to-wit:
ArrOIXTED ET THE GOVERKOR.
J.G. M. Ramsey, Knox county.
William Lenoir, Roane.
John Janiagin, Anderson,
J. A. Coffin, Monroe.
Thomas Rogers, M'Minn.
George W. Bridges, "
R. M. Edwards, Bradley,
D. C. Kcnner, "
ELECTED BY THE STOCKHOLDERS.
C Wallace, Knox county,
D. P. Armstrong, "
T. C. Lyon, "
W. S. Callaway, "
Robert Sneed, Monroe,
Thos.' II. Callaway, Bradley,
William Grant, "
Thos. J. Campbell, M'Minn,
W. IL Stark, Augusta, Ga.
JGS" The Knoxville Register of last week,
has a paragraph of complaint against W. T.
Lowe, the worthy Post Master at this place,
also, against the Ferrymen at this place, on ac
count of failure in the Mails, caused by the ex
traordinary high stage of the River. " We take
pleasure in assuring the Register, and all oth
ers, that there 53 not a mora accommodating
Post Master to be found any where. But he
Lai no right to send the mails by any other
conveyance than that employed by the Govern
ment. JTttnfs Merchants' Magazine. This work for
January has come to hand. It is the com
mencement of its twelfth volume and is ruibel
idied with a beautiful engraved likeness of
James George Kikg. We would like to see
this excellent work circulated "extensively in
this part of the country. The Magazine is
published monthly at $5 per annum, by Free
mak Hcxt, No. 142 Fulton street, N. Y.
Ig- I. T. Lekoir, Sweetwater, Tenn., calls
attention of those wishing to purchase lands, to
his Farm in Sweetwater Valley. Lands in
thutvalley are productive, perhaps, as any
where in East Tennessee. But see his adver
tisement. 37 The Bill appropriating $650,000 to the
Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, has been
Gutta Pcrcha Tens. Messrs. Johnson, Bell
k Co., have a supply of these newly invented
writing Pens. We have tried them and believe
them to be superior to Steel Pens.
Arthur's Home Magazine The February
No. of this work has been received. It is edit
ed by T. S. Artiicr, at $2 per annum four
copies for $5.
JGSf lion. Samcel A. Smith, has our thanks
for a copy of the Report of Capt. Howard
Staxsbcrt's Exploration and Survey of the
Valley of the Great Salt Lake, of Utah.
New Arrangement. G. W. Mayo, Esq. has
become proprietor of Leuty's Hotel, London,
and took possession on Wednesday. Mr. Mayo
has been engaged in keeping a public house at
this p'acc for many years, and no one has a
more perfect knowledge of the buisness. We
know he will keep the right kind of a house at
London, and we take pleasure in commending
it to the public. TRe Athens Post.
From the above, and from an advertise
ment in another column, it will be seen that
Mr. Mayo has taken charge of Lcuty's Hotel.
Mr, Mayo has had much experience as a
Landlord, and we feel assured that he will
keep an excellent House.
It is reported that Gen. Cass has authorized
his friends to say that he will not only vote for
the repeal of the Missonri Compromise as far
as it interferes with the Compromise of 1850,
which allowB Southern planters to go at once
with their property into new territories, but will
make a speech in the Senate declaring that that
portion of the Missouri Compromise is uncon
stitutional. Georgia U, S. Senator. Hon. Alfrei H.
Iterson has been elected by the Legislature of
Georgia Senator of the United States. Mr.
Iversox is the son-in-law of the late Hon. Johx
Forsyth, is a gentlemen of fine abilities, and a
thorough -going State, Right Democrat.
fT Capt. Alexakdep, of the steamer Lady
of Augusta has our thanks for late river favors.
The Lady is now running regularly between
Chattanooga and Knoxville.
S? The Bill to amend the charter of the
niwassee College, in Monroe county, has pas
sed its third reading in the Senate.
The Il. &rd cf Directors of the Missippi and
Teunc-iw.ee railraad bav elected lion. Milton
Brown, President, and Gen. R. P. Neely,
H? cMary and Treasurer.
LOSS OF THE SAN FRANCISO. ,
STATEMENT OF LIltUTEXANT WfXDER V. S. ARMY.
Snip Three Bells,
,At Sea, Friday, Jan. 6, 185L - j
The steamer San Francisco, as you are aware
mailed from New York on the 22d of December,
wkh the United States troops,- bound fur Cali
fornia. The day was beautiful, , and everything
promised a pleasant and prosperous voyage.
The ship was well provided with everything
which could render us cDmfortable, andeverv
luxury that could be procured was placed on
board. All these things, together with the gen
tlemanly and efficient officers of the ship, and
pleasant company in the cabin, served to render
us happy and contented. But, alas for ail hu
man calculations! about 9 o'clock the second
day out, a gale sprung up, and continued to in
crease all night. At daylight it was perfectly
frightful. During the night I think about 12
o'clock our engine gave out, and soon after,
our foremast was carried away, which left us en
tirely at the mercy of the wind and waves. The
scene in the cabin during this time was truly
distressing. Nearly all had turned out of the
state rooms, despair depicted on the countenan
ces of all. A few of us who occupied the up
per cabin loft it and went below; and well it
was for us, for soon after day I think about 8
o'clock a sea broke over our starboard wheel
house, and with frightful force dashed against
the after cabin, carrying away all of the cabin,
and about 150 people, among whom were Col.
J. M. Washington, Maj. George Taylor and his
wife, Lapt. U. . iMeld, and Lieut. Smith, two
or three males and females who were unknown
to m?, and two citizen passengers, Mr. Rankin,
our sutler, the other names I have not learned,
were swept off, but the return wave brought
them back. I had gone below but a few mo
ments before this terrible crash, and was lying
at the foot of the steps at the time. I never ex
perienced such a sensation as when the water
came pouring into the cabin, together with
the debris of the tipper cabin, down upon my
head and breast. I was swept across the cabin
with terrible force, but after three attempts suc
ceeded in regaining my feet. I supposed that
the ship had broken in half, and that we were
fast sinking. P followed after some I saw go
ing on deck, and on reaching it my blood ran
cold at the sight of the poor fellows struggling
among the fragments in the sea. The waves
were, to my eyes, lrigbtful we could render no
assistance whatever, and, in fact, expected our
selves that we should go clown every minute.
With great difficulty we clung to the deck, the
sea making a perfect breach over us, and the
cold so great that an hour longer must have fin
ished us. Close by me was Maj. Wyse, his
young wife and babe. It was truly a heart-rending
sight. The poor child must have been
nearly frozen. About this time Mr. Melius, the
first officer of the ship, than whom no braver
seaman lives, came aft with an axe; this not
only surprised me, but greatly raised my hopes.
I watched him closely until he approached the
only remaining mast. lie attempted to cut it
away, but the sea run so high that he was una
ble to do it. This was the first time I was
aware that the ship was not full of water. Soon
after this our gallant Commodore Watkins came
along. I asked him what our chances were; he
replied, "(Jood." I then determined to get into
The sea was running very high all the time,
and the ship was strewn on each side with pie
ces of the wreck scattered hero and there, with
mon and women clinging to the pieces in order
to save themselves. In a few moments all was
still, none of them appearing; Not a sound was
heard except the dismal moaning of the wind.
On looking around, I saw Lieut. Murrv stand
ing at the mizzenmast. I went aft to him, and
held on there for awhile, until the first mate
came to cut it a way, which he failed in doing
owing lo the roughness of the sea. I then went
forward to where I was first, and saw Major
Wyse, his wife and child, Lients. Chandler, Van
Voorst, and Dr. Satterlee. We talked over our
chances for escape, and all came to the conclu
sion that we could not survive twenty minutes.
At that lime two negrces came along with their
lifti-preservers, and one of the soilderr hande I
me on?; bat it was so cold that we thought it
would be only prolonging our misery, and think
ing thut the vessel would go down every minute,
we did not use them. The sea was making a
breach over us at every rolL About this time
we discovered that there were many persons in
the lower cabin under us, principally ladies.
Two or three of us were determined to go dowu,
and afterwards induced Maj.1. Wyse to go down
there with his wife and child. We found that
the ship was not in fo bad a condition as v.e
thought she was. We found there collected, in
the after part of the cabin, a number of the offi
cers' ladies, who were in as dry a place as they
could find. A portion of the cabin was broken
by the sea that first struck, as I previously sta
ted. Wejthen covered ourselves up with wet blan
kets, for we were nearly frozen, not having half
our clothing on at the time. Here we remained
the greater part of the day, supposing the ves
sel would sink some time during the evening.
Capt. Watkins came in and requested that we
would all go out to bailing the ship, in order to
keep her afloat. Two officers went out at a
time, and they were relieved by others, each
party bailing two hours each. We kept this up
all that night, water gaining on us, and our
pumps failing to work. This bailing was kept
up four or five nights, until the pumps got to
working again, and the sea went down. We
then gained on the water, and, by great exer
tions of the engineer, succeeded in clearing the
ship of water for the time. The Captain and
officers of the ship with great exertions suc
ceeded in stopping the worst leaks and reparing
the decks with old pieces of sails, and other
wise patching them up to try and save the ship.
W'e kept relieves of three or four men at each
end cf the shaft to prevent the water coming in
there, where it came in by the bucketful. About
this time we were cheered with the prospect of
setting the machinery in working order, that the
vessel might get into port. A temporary steer
ing apparatus wj-s erected, and an attempt
was made to get the ship under way, which up
to the time had been at the mercy of the waves.
After one or two revolutions of the wheel it was
pronounced hopeless to attempt anything fur
ther. All that could be done, saiit the Engineer,"'
was to keep the pumps working. During nil
this time the ladies behaved admirably, and no
complaint was made by them. Two or three
days afterwards we saw two sail; one of them
did not heed us, but the other came alongside
of us and spoke us. The one that spoke us
first was the Napoleon. The Captain said he
was short of provisions, and we sent him off a
quantity, and she wentDft. during the night.
During this time wewere .lightening tne ship
by throwing overboard' all heavy articles that
we could tret at. "' We made ourselves as com
fortable as possible, and got something to eat,
and began to get some dry clothes, as we had
been wet for nearly two weeks. J he next took
none of the passengers from us. All this time
we had very rough weather, until the bark Kilby
spoke us. An officer went on board and made
a contract to take all the passengers off and
take them to the nearest port. Capt. Watkins
stayed behind to make one effort to save the
ship; he called for volunteers, and in ten min
utes he had the number required to stay by him.
As soon as some of the passengers arrived on
board the Kilby we sent some twenty men on
board to lighten his vessel by throwing a por
tion of the cargo overboard. About 2 P. M.
we commenced transhipping the ladies and chil
dren in small boats, and by night succeeded in
getting aboard about one hundred in all men,
I women ar. 1 children intending to complete the
! till Tl (lOtlt linvf A 1 l H - ' 1 1 -
I " - "wining. ."vuuui I u uiuiiii we
were alarmed by the cry of fire, and found the
Ship to be on fire near the cook galley, but
we vt ry win put it out.
sprung up, accompanied by a most aw'ful ea,
ana me vessel commenced leaking badly again,
and we went to work bailing that night and"part
of the next day, the pumps'at thistime giving
out again. The men at this time were so ex
hausted that it required greet exertions to keep
them steadily at work. When the morning
came the Kilby was no longer in sight, and we
supposed that she had made for the nearest port,
pemg snort oi water ana provisions, nnd it be
ing unsafe for her to remain any longer by us,
as the sea was running very high. This morn
ing things looked gloomier than ever, having
nothing to eat and being coll and half naked.
During that day, after getting through working
the pumps, we began to get better spirits, and
made ourselves as comfortable as possible.
u e kept the vessels clear without the aid of
bailing. We then cut holes through the deck
for the purpose of throwing coal and the other
heavy materials overboard. About two days
after a light was seen during the night, and we
commenced firing gun3 and making'signals ev
ery half hour during the night. In the morn
ing, the British ship Three Bells, Capt. Creigh
ton bore up to us; but the sea was running so
high, and the wind blowing so hard, we could
only communicate to each other by means of
writing in large letters, on a board, our condi
tion and prospects. He replied to us, and said
that they were leaking and short of provisions.
As he passed U3 he gave three cheers, which
made us believe he would stick by us, and we
returned them heartly. lie went to windward
of us, laid to, and remained by us during the
night. The next day, the sea running very high,
and he having only two boats, we nude two
rafts, in order to make some efforts to reach his
vessel, but we found that a passage on the raft
would be impracticable. On the 'third night
we came very near losing him. On the fourth
day, another sail appeared in sight to windward,
and both bore down to us, which proved to be
the Antarctic, bound for Liverpool.
Both vessels lay by us during the night, it be
ing too rough to attempt any passage with the
boats. On the fifth day the rough weather sub
sided, and we succeeded in transporting all the
passengers, all the crew and ship's officers, ex
cept twenty-five or thirty men, including ship's
officers and firemen. During that day we suc
ceeded in putting on board the Three Bells some
provisions and water. I kept the men at the
pumps during the night. The next morning
we got off the remainder of the officers and
crev, including Capt. Watkins, and made sail
for this port. The Antarctic sailed for Liver
pool. Previous to falling in with the Three Bills, a
sort of congestive diarrhoea broke out r.mong
the men, from eating potted meat and pickled
cabbage. It carried off about one hundred of
the passengers, who were taken sick, and in a
few hours died.
An accident occurred at this time. Corporal
Smith came to me and said his child was sick,
and in about an hour after that he sent word to
me and said he was very sick himself and would
like to see me. I went to him and found that
he was about dying; soon after his wife came in
and told me that he and the child were dead.
I had her put into a stateroom, and during the
night she was found dead in bed, her only child
then living, lying asleep beside her. She was
followed to the other world soon after by her
On our passage to this port in the Three Bells
we lost abo.it thirty passenger?, who died of the
effects of eating pickled meat and cabbage.
The chief steward of the San Francisco became
insane while on board the Three Bells, and al
though in charge of some of the men, he man
aged to get loose, jumped overboard and was
lost. Yours, respectfully,
W. A. WINDER, U. S. Army.
Virginia Legislature. The House of Dele
gates has agreed to appropriate $2,000,000 to
complete the Covington and Ohio Railroad,
one-half of which only is to be expended in one
year. The road is 150 miles long, and will re
quire ten millions to complete it. The Sufiste
!ip.s parsed a bill author!;- the Ttonrl tAihi
Li'ersiry Fund to purchase from the Fi.c.ity
College of Physicians of the Valley at Winches
ter, a lot in the town of Winchester, and erect a
eoliejre building thereon, and providing for the
medical education of indigent young men at
said college. And a bill authorising the trustees
of the town of Woodstock to subscribe to the
Manassas Gap Railroad Company. The com
mittee of schools and colleges have reported a
bill, proposing eighty thousand dollars as the
amount to be set apart, yearly for primary and
free school purposes.
Bank Directors. The following
men have been appointed Directors
Branch Bank of Tennessee at Athens, for the
Wm. II, Bailew, McMiun county.
J. W. McSpaddcn,
J as. T. Lane,
Geo. W. Bridges,
S. K. Boeder,
Wm. M. Sehorn,
J. C Ramsey, Knox.
Sterling T. Turner, Roane.
Caleb Moore, Meigs.
James Gamble, Polk.
Wm. Grant, Bradley.
Lewis Shepherd, Hamilton.
David E. Gillespie, Rhea.
We are requested to state that the Directory
will meet at the Bank on Thursday, the 2d day
of February, to organize, and that a full atten
dance is desired. Post.
A good way of hearing from Home. A young
man in California whose friends had not re
membered him as he thought they ought adopt
ed the following expedients: He sat down and
wrote some half dozen letters to different per
sons at home, inquiring the price of land and
stock; what he conld buy a handsome farm of
200 or 300 acres for. Sc.; intimating that he
had large sums to invest, and was very rich gen-
erally. By return mail he received no less i
- Some time during the ni -ht heavy
than seven letters, all anxiously inquiring alter;i!tn;01!dthcre appenrinr no counsel for the
Its heaithf-wha he .was coming, &c, and hai .- ' j ; t (nominally the State of Pcnnsyl-
received three or four every mm since, in
cluding some very warm ones -from an old and
very cold sweetheart.
Law to prevent Bad Dehts. An old merchant
of New York city says he is quite convinced
that if a simple law, like the following, were
passed, it would prevent 75 per cer.t of the bad
debts now made, besides promoting eminently
honor, integrity, and upright mercantile char
acter: "Be it enacted, dr., That all laws for the
collection of any debt, contracted after the pas
sage of this law, be abolished, except when;
property is transferred for its security; the prop
erty so transferred to be the only legal security
of such debt."
We entertain much the same opinion.
Hunt's Merchant Magazine.
A Dark Day Coming. There will be an
extraordinary eclipse of the sun on the 26th of
May next, such a one as none but the oldest in
habitants have witnessed in this vacinity. It
will be similiar to the great eclipse of 1806,
since which there has been none resembling it
nearer than that of 1830, when eleveu-twelths
of the sun was obscured.
It is rumored in Washington that from the
representations of Governor Bigler, of Pensyl-
vania, who has just Jett that city, the reaerai
Government will not interfere in the Erie tro':o-!,
From the Dayton Gazette.
'tis a dark night in October, .
Dreary loo hath seemed the day,
While my saddened thoughts have wander'd
With tire treasured past'away -
Far away 'mid geenes of sorrow, V ' ""'.
To that hour of anguish or,
When the light of home was darkened
, Jo illume our souls no more.
. Wildly then our hearts vera throbbing,
And our tears earae thick fud fast, k
When the coffin closed above her .
And wo looked upon her last:
When our loved and saiuted Mother,
Left the home for years sho'd blest,
For another in the church-yard
'With the quiet dead to rest.
Then away they bore our loved one,
Bore her to that place of gloom, '
Where a new-made grave was open,
Waiting there to give her room;
Then we heard the earth-clods falling
On the shrouded form below,
And our Father's groans of anguish
As he struggled with his woe.
Then with white hands closely folded,
Clasped above her pulseless breast,
Sadly then we turned and left her
To her calm unbroken rest;
Mournfully we turned our footsteps
Homeward then we sought to go
While our hearts within were breaking,
Bursting, with their weight of woe.
But a keener rag of sorrow,
Docper yet, was still in store
When we reached the well worn threshold,
W'e so oft had crossed before.
Till that hour of grief wo had not
Thought how sad our home would prove,
Till ire missed that voice of music,
And those gentle looks of love..
Then like stricken decrs we wandered
Anon stricken to and fro
Though each roam, yet scarcely knowing
Why we went amid our woo.
But at length the truth came sadly
And we knew we were alone,
Knew that we had lost the treasure
Which through life had been our own.
Since that night cf bitter anguish
Xine long years have come and gone,
And along life's pathway sadly,
With our grief we're journeyed on.
Oft times when I've sadly murmured
Wandering here without her love,
I hare thought, I heard her softly
- Whber we shall meet above.
Octolcr, 2?,d, 1S5I.
W have determined to publish a newspaper in the
tmrm of Cleveland with the above title and have or
dered a new Tress, new Typo and other materials
for that purpose. The first number will be issued
immediately after the arrival of the Type Ac.
This will not interfere with the Lotnox Free
Press in any way as it will be continued in the
same maimer as heretofore.
The Dispatch wiil be published weekly at $2 per
annum in advan; $2,0 in six months; and $3 at
the end of the vear.
Address J. W. A S. B. O'BRIEX.
THE HOG TRADE.
Office of Price Current,
January 17, 1S54 j
The receipts, kc, during the week, have
been as follows:
By Railroads and Canals
Through Toll Gates
J'rom Ken'ucky ,
Slaughtered in Painvilie
Slaughtered in Coviugton
, 55 0
Total for the week..,
Grand Total 879,05iJ
To same date last year 355,124
.1 Beautiful Idea. A principal in one of
our Public Schools, it appears from the "Ledg
er," has been sending around Circulars to the
parents of his pupils, which, when signed and
returned, will authorize him to "inflict such
punishment, corporally or otherwise," as may
in his judgement be proper. The following
answer proves that some of the parents are
quite pleased with the idea:
Dere Mr. Rattan
Youar floggin cirklar is duly received.
I hopes as to my sun John, you will flog him
jist as ofteen as you kin! Heas a bad boy is
John. Although Ive been in the habit of teach
in him misolf, it searaes to me he will nevair
learn anithing his spellin specialy is ottragus
ly ciefficient. Wallup him wel, sur, and yu will
rcceave my hurty thanks.
P. S. Wat accounts fur John bein sich a bad
scollerd, is that hes my sun by iny wifs first
Don't tell me of to-morrow;
Give me the man who'll say
That when a good deed's to be done,
Let's do the deed to-day!
We may command the present,
If we act and never wait;
But repentance is the phantom
Of the past, that comes too late!
TIte Wheeling Bridge Case. The reader will
have noted that in the U. S Supreme Court, on
Tnncrln- ilio fnspr.f tlip mm nlainants against
. th ohio rivcr at wheeling, was
I vania.l This is understood to be an abandon
mcnt of the case by the parties opposed to the
bridge, there being no ground for complaint left
by them, as the act of Congress, at its last ses
sion, declaring the bridge to be apost route, re
moved all legal objections to it"
Ix the Possf.ssive Case. "John, parse
girls are lovely."
"Girls is a common noun, third person, plu
ral number, and objective case."
"Nominative to what verb?"
"I don't know sir."
"Well, what follows girls?"
"John Dickson followed our gals, what we've
got to hum, last Sunday afternoon."
"Oh, young man! well I suppose they were
in the objective case?"
"No, sir-ee! . When I seed 'em, I should
think they were in the possessive case, for he
was huggin, 'em like thunder."
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has af
firmed the decision against the Pittsburg Om
bns drivers for driving on Sunctays.
The new Mayor of Boston ha3 taken gronnd
in favor of several of the neighboring towns to
The Branch Mint at San Francisco goes into
operation on the 1st of February, and the New
York nvay olTice about the 1st of April.
GOVERXOR'lSICSSAGE. - -
Nashvi, Jan. jl854.- )
Gentlemen of .the llmsof Representatives:
The resolution adopki by your honorable
body on the 5thinst., recesting "His Excellen
cy the Governor to intpm the Housff; whether
any bonds of the State ive been issued to the
East Tennesst; and Grgia Railroad Compa
ny, the amount of suchjonds, nnd by what au-
thoritv isl " wnnhl kvo Wn rnonded tct
i.f.. i r..J ! ;.wi;.,a;.
tion, which has conGnecVne a considerable por
tion of the time to my pom and bed. '
- A portion of the inirmation asked for m
upline WII.T Lftl iiru, JJ1 1 llJ ut C" Iyjl luuiouvoi
your resolution, can befound by reference to
the 13th and 39th pagj of tlm Comptroller's
r?port, which was made p the Legislature some'
time in the month of October, 1853. The
. I- . n ' 1 . - T
to ascertain the aniomt of bonds that have
main o'iecs or your reoiuuon is, i presume,
been issued to the East Tennessee and Georgia when we examine the papers on uie in tne ivx
Railroad Companv sine! my connection with ecutive Department, which show that bonds
the Executive Departnent. The amount of j have been issued to the Memphis and Charles
State Bonds issued to bid company, is one i ton railroad, nnder the general provisions of the
hundred and thirty thousand dollars, which the
records of the Department will show to all per
sons who may think proper to examine them.
These bonds were issued to the East Tennes
see nnd Georgia Railroad Company, under the
10th and 15th sections f an act passed on the
11th day of February, 1 852, entitled, "An act
to establish a system of Internal Improvements
in this State." Soon after my installation as
Executive, Mr. Campbell Wallace, the Presi
dent of aaid company, made application for the
issuance of bonds under the 10th and 15th
sections of the act hereinbefore recited. The
Executive took up the statute and the applica
tion for the bonds, and gave them a careful and
critical 'examination, bringing to his aid those
rules for the construction of statutes known to
the legal profession, and after deliberate con
sideration came to the conclusion that the com
pany was legally entitled to one hundred and
thirty thousand dollars in bonds, it being the
amount of debt incurred for the necessary iron,
rails, spikes, equipments, &c, by said company,
bona fide and before the passage of the before
The Executive had been informed that appli
cation had been mad to his predecessor, by
said Company, for the issuance of bonds, and
that the application had been by him refused.
He was also informed, that the opinion of vari
ous srcntlemen of hiirh le-'al attainments had
been given in favor of the issuance of said
bonds. Examination has been made, with the
aid of the Secretary of State, for the opinions,
but they cannot be found in any of the files in
the Executive Department, nor can there be
any evidence found in the Executive books' or
register, that the said Company ever did apply
for the bonds referred to. These facts under
stood, caused the Executive to be exceedingly
careful in all the steps he was about to take in
reference to said application for the issuance of.
bonds. lie, therefore, called upon t.ie Attorney
General, who is, by the act of 1835. made the j
adviser of the Executive, in all legal questions,
and required when called upon to give h"i3 opin
ion in regard to the manner in whicii te aw
shall be executed. The opinion of the Attorney
General as required was given, a copy of
which is herewith transmitted and made a part
of this message. The opinion of the Attorney
General is methodical, concise and cogent, be
ing entirely consonant with the opinion of the
Executive, and is by him endorsed, and adopt
ed a3the correct interprets! ion of the 10th and
15th sections of the act hereinbefore recited. .
In addition to this, your attention is most re
spectfully directed to some very important facts
connected with this subject. In the first place
you are referred to the 11th section of "An act
to charter Owen and Winstead Turnpike Com
pany," passed the 30th of January, 1850, a por
tion' of which 13 as follows: "That so much of
the act of the 4th of February, 1843 as requires
the Governor of the State to endorse and guar
antee the bonds of the Bast Tennessee and
Georgia Railroad, to the amount of three hun
dred and fifty thousand doilars, be. aud the
same is hereby repealed, nnd instead of said
endorsement and gurantee, and for the purpose
of aiding in the completion of the East Ten
nessee and Georgia Railroad, it shall be the du
ty of the Governor of the State, and he is here
by required, whenever he is satisfied that the
said Railroad Company has so far progressed
in the construction of said road, as to make it
prudent and proper to procure the iron, nils
and equipments, fur (omj ltcing the same in
sections of forty miles or more. Then, and in
that case, he is hereby authorized and requir
ed to issue Coupon Bunds of the State, fi.r an
amount sufficient in rtai fur the rion, raiis and
. ..i t. .i" .. i.:..u
equipmei.i, iu ue yateu u.. .u
i:i like manner, whenever additional sec-
tions of not less than twenty miles in extent
shnll likewise be so far progressed with as to
make it prudent and proper, to procure and pay
for the iron, rails and equipments fr complet
ing the same, it shall be the duty of the Gover
nor to issue the "bonds of the State, for a suffi
cient amount to finish such additional section,
until the whole line of road from Dallon to the
Tennessee river has been completed, under the
same rules and upon ' the same conditions as
provided for to enable said Company to com
plete frst seclion.,'' "Provided, however, that
the whole amount of bonds which the Governor
of the State is authorized to issue to said Com
pany shall not exceed the sum of three hundred
and fifty thousand dollars, the amount of said
endorsement and guarantee vs aforesaid for the
completion of said road from Dallon to the
It will be very readily perceived from this
act, that the General Assembly set out with the
principle that the State was to issue bonds suf
ficient in amonnt to pay for the iron, rails and
equipments, to be placed on the Eas Tennes
see river,and Ga. Rni'nsd frcm Dnltcii to the
Tennessee and that the three hundred and fifty
thousand dollars was considered at the time suf
ficient in amount for that purpose; hence the
proviso restricting the Governor in the issuance
of the bonds to the three hundred and fifty
thousand dollars. Under the 14th section, the
Governor was authorized to appoint a faithful
agent whose duty it was to take control of the
bonds, of the State, so as to see that the same
was applied to the payment of the railroad iron
and equipments, including engines and cars for
the Railroad Company above named. Dr. J.
G. M. Ramsey, of Knoxville, was appointed
agent by the Governor, who took charge of the
bonds and disposed of them as the law direct
ed, and they were not sufficient in amount to
purchase the iron rails, chairs, spikes, equip
ments. &c, and he reported that fact to the Leg
islature of 1851-2, which report can be found in
the appendix, page 201, to the House Journal
of 1851-2. In that report, Dr. Ramsey makes
the following statement.
"It was ascertained that the State loan itself
was insufficient in amount to purchase the iron
' and equipments necessary to put the road in
successful operation from l'aiton, ueorgia, to
the.Tennessee river, as the act under which I re
ceived my appointment evidently contemplated.
And it was considered essential to the interest of
the States and other stockholders, as well as to
the business and commerce of the country, that
the road should at once tap that stream, and
thus extend its benefits through simultaneously
to the whole of East Tennessee. Unwilling
that the road should stop, even for a time, short
of that point, the Board of Directors wisely de
termined to issue bonds and stock of the com
pany to be used in conjunction with the Stale
fund in making the purchases necessary to fin
ish and equip the rocvl to Blair s Ferry."
From this report it will bo seen that the a
mount of bonds issued by the State were insaf
ficient to procure the iron, chairs, cqnipmcnts,
ic. as contemplated in the 11th section of tha
act already referred to. The Legislature of
Mol-Z, with these o3 oeiore inem, jwaaeu iue
general Internal Improvement law, containing
the 10th and lth sections already recited.
The 15th sec. "provides that should any of the
companies hereinbefore enumerated, have bona-
' fide, and before the passage of this act, pur-
chased or otherwise contracted for, upon their
' own credit, the necessary iron, rils, spikes,
reqmpmenis, .r iiieir roaa or ruaus, or y
! section or sections thereof, the .bonds of the
- . if t . , T
State shall be issued to sncli company or com
panies as hereinbefore prescribed. , 1
The East Tennessee and Georgia railroad be
in" one of the roads enumerated in lOft sectio
. ..... . i -
WO'-H inauc it seem man .u sviuun ua
f intended epccially to proviJ.j for the payment
' of the debt which had been incurred by sahl
! com pan v, as reported by Dr. Ramsey to the
General Assembly, and more especially so
i internal iiujjruvcintiii. u, uuu nuw si.u
section, leaving the East Tenne.Se and Geor
gia railroad company alone cntred to the pro-
visions of the said l()th and 15th sections.
The Executive being fully sustained by the
Attorney General (his legal adviser,) together
with the Legislative history, in the conclusion
he had formed and the company having other
wise complied with the requirements of the
statute, he therefore issued the bonds to the
President of said company, and took his receipt
for the same, w hich is entered upon the book
in this office.
Very respect full v,
From Cincinnati Trice-Current.
There has been a good deal of excitement in
the breadstuff market during the week, and
prices have materially advanced, and the mar
kets closed decidedly buoyant, under the highly
favorable news received at New York, on Mon
day, from Liverpool, by the Europa. Prices of
Wheat and Flour, are now higher in all our
home markets, than at any previous time since
the great famine season, in Great Britain, and
what is somewhat remarkable current rates
have been attained without any great exciting
speculative movements; or without augmenting
supplies at any of the seaboard or inland ports.
This latter feature is one, particularly, which
must attract attention, as it was pretty gener
ally believed that stocks of wheat in the coun
try were large and that excessively heavy re
ceipts, would be the result of high prices. This
anticipated consequence having failed, the con
clusion is pretty generally arrived at, that the
granaries of the West are but meagrely stocked,
and this has a decidedly stimulating influence
upon prices; so much so, that prices are pretty
generally above a shipping point, whether wc
take the relative
the relative value between the inland ana
seaboard markets, or between the latter and
England. 1 he following comparisons with ret-
erence to this point, may be of iuterest:
Ohio Flour in New York, per brl, 8,25
Freglit to Liverpool, . 9(5
Duty in Liverpool, 16
Value in Liverpool, Dec. 31st
Ohio Flour in New Orleans, per brl.
Frieght to Live: pool,
Duty in Liverpool,
Value in Liverpool, Dec. 31st,
Flour in Cincinnati, per brl.
Freight to New Orleans,
Value in New Orleans, 7,00
Ficnir in Cincinnati,
Freight to New Orleans,
Freight from N. O. to New York,...
Value in New York,... 8,25
We have not, it is seen, added the expense of
j forwarding, or insurance, ic., in any case, and
i yet the margins shown are very small, and it
j must therefore be, that transactions at present
j figures, are made in anticipation of a farther
; advance, an occurrence, that, in view of the
high figures, already reached, cannot certainly,
be calculated upon w ith any gnat degree of
: "r "
Yh? rec.'ipts of Flour and Grain at Tide Wa-
; ter fur three years were as follows
Flonr brls.... 3.358,163 3.358,463
Wheat bnsh..3.1 63,666 6,754,9 16
Corn bush. ..7,915,464 5,411,643
The vah;e of these three articles for the same
time were as follows:
Totals... .20,9 14,829 26,191,181 32401,235
Thus it is seen while the quantity fell ofT,
there has been a large gain in value, an indi
cation favorable to the interests of those enga
ged in agricultural pursuits. The estimated
value of all the property which came to. the
Hudson river in the years above named, were
Iron. The transaction in Pig Metal have
continued light owing to the suspension of navi
gation, . and it3 consequonces.. but stocks are
light, and the market is firm at $1S and $25
ton for Hot and Cold Bias!. Ohio River, end
45(a, 17 for Tennessee all 6 months. In
Bars a moderate business only is doing but
prices are steady at 3J4 and 4J5c. for
Common and Charcoal Blast the outeside for
Sail. The demand is fair and the market
firm at 48 a 50c for Kanawha, Turks Island sells
in lots at 70c, and in the small way at 75c.
Clorerseed. Is arriving moderately, and"
several contracts for future delivery have been,
made. The reports of quototions differ widely,,
but I infer that the range is from $5,00 5,-5,
the ruling rates is from the inside figure. Ihe
sales roported for future delivry and of lots on
hands, reach 2500 bushels. All account con
cur in representing the crop of last year as
much heavier that the year proceeding, and
b xvwo in mv opinion, who embrace this
opportunity to realize the good prices prevail
in". I hear of no sales here on Western ac-.
Thos. B. Pendergrast, a member of "Camp,
bell's Minstrels," died recently in New Orleans.
Dead Jjiler. Nine hundred and forty twt
bushels of dead letters were consigned to the
flame3 in Washington on Monday the 9th inst.
The irginia Senate has passed a bill allow
lowing the Central Rail Road Company to build
an air line road to Charlottsville, a.
Ia the Boston market money is worth on first
clas3 paper 910"f3 cent-, with occasional nego
tiations at 8(a,8i$ cent. The banks discount
with fair liberality. 9
Parliament will meet at Quebec, Canada, on
the 1 6th of February.