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by J. v. & s. n. o'nninx. LOU D O N FS3. 21. 1851. J MAIL FAILURES. Duringhe h"ghf,"Vof the Tennessee River and tributary streanrin the latter part of Jan uary, caused liy the heavy rains and snow that fell about that time, thmafht were unavoidably detained for a few days, so they did not reach Knoxville. The papers of that place, raised loud complaints, and by misrepresenting the facts to a cettain extent, have elicited an inves tigation by the Department, that cannot, fail not only to vindicate the Ptst Master at this place, and the Contractors for carrying the Mails be tween this placiand Knoxville ; but it must exhibit a disposition to complain on the part of the Press at Knoxville, that should consign their complaints to the contempt of the Department, and of the public. Mr. Maktin, the regular Agent for the Post a?iltfpartinei hn-t-beeu here, and afterfull investigation of the circumstances in the case, declared that Mr. Lowe has done lu's full duty as a Postmaster. This is just what our c itizens all the time believed. Just here we will stato that Mr. Lowe, has been connected with the U.S. Mails for a number of years. He was Mail Agent on the Georgia Road under the Ad ministration of President Poi.K,and knows more aliout the rules and regulations of the Mail ser vice, than any or all of those who havo uttered complaints against him. Messrs. Taylor, Bridges &, Jacksox, Con tractors on the line between this place and Knoxville, have alo been the victims of com plaint. This is one of the best conducted line of Stages in the country. The proprietors are gentlemen of enlarged and liberal views, and who well know that iti order to be successful, they have to please the public. Accordingly, they have provided large and elegant coaches, good teams, and careful drivers. The Agent, Mr. Howard, is always at his post, and always seems anxious to accommodate passengers and facilitate the Mails. Yet, because they would not cross the River when it was positively dan gerous being out of its banks, and covered with drift wood they are charged with culpita ble negligence of duty! It is said that the Fer rymen here set other men over the River and could as easily have ferried the mails. This is true. Rut the Ferryman refused to be liable for any accident, and the few who c rossed did it at their own risk, and impelled more by a de sire to elicit applause for a disregard of danger, than by prudential motives. There was a com plete cessation with the great body of travel. We understand the Ferries at Knoxville would not run at all. The mails between this and Nashville failed during the high water. And the truth is, there was but little mail matter here to take to Knoxville. Tiutrg-Kot.w i i.i La uv. 2J bad boon re ceived. The China Mail publishes the reply of Humphrey Marshall, the U. S. Commission er, in answer to the charge of the iusurgent chief that he had taken sides with the imperial ists. Mr. M. says he took arms from a China man as security for a loan of $500, and of course refunded the arms when the money was paid. JKaT A Bill has passed the Senate, declar ing Doe River navigable down stream from Peter Emmerts Mill 1 miles above Elizabeth ton, to its mouth. JtSy S. D. Fkieksox, of Columbia, was elec ted Chancellor of Middle Teunessee on the 15th, to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Judge Briex, to bold office until the elec io.i by the people in the spring. There are 140 young Ladies in atten dance at the Odd Fellows Female High School at Jonesborough, and upwards of GO in the Bap tist Seminary at the same plate. This is a good sign. Judge McKinney. It will not be long before the people of Tennessee will be called upon to do what they never yet have done, we mean to select through the medium of the ballot-box, a bench of Supreme Judges and other inferior i judicial officers. We suppose in filling the Su- ; those in Greene county. This is wrong fellow preme bench, that we will be allowed to select I c itizens, fur we are the last people that should one of the candidates from East Tennessee; 1 be behind in this enterprise. If the advantages and we know of no man that is better qualified ' of the Road are to be greater to one county than for that high and responsible position, or that another, it is our deliberate opinion, that Greene will ie more accept i Me to the people ot the i state at large, than U. J. McIuxxey. j here is not a more profound jurist in the State, and we feel safe in saying that he is the first choice ffan overwhelming majority of the people of East Teennessee. He should be elected without ever iudicflting a desire for s.ich distinguished honors. We are not for any man that will at tempt to reach a seat :pou the Supreme bench, by a prostituted course of base electionering ' maneuvering. Greeneville Spy. 1 The al)Ove paragraph, coming. as it does from a political opponent of Judge McKixxet, is as honorable to the one as it is complimentary to the other. If we wish to have a pure and able Judiciary, we cannot be guided in the selection of individuals to presidp in onr courts, by parti san considerations. We must look alone to per sonal merit and personal qualifications. Any one who cannot stand this test, is unfit for the office of Judge. The Providence Journal says the Rev. James C. Richmond, who is detained a prisoner in Hungary, belongs to that city. "He is a cler gyman of the Episcopal Church, a man of marked ability and of impulsive temperament' JCS3T A bill has passed the Legislature of Georgia, -0 abolish imprisonment for debt. A good move. Hon. F. K. Zom.icoffer, and Hon. S. A. Smith, have our thanks for Congression al favors. . EST We learn that Wm. T. Axdersox, Esq., has declined a race for Congress in the first District.. A New Charge to Venezuela. Mr. Charles Eames, late associate editor of the Washington Union, has beeu nominated to heU. S. Charge to Venezuela. His nomination went into the Senate yesterday. Washington Star. Eloquent, but Inarticulate. A little while ago, we passed a half hour in a village grave yard, r.-ading the inscriptions on those Tables of the Law of "dust to dust." Upon one of them, carved in marble, wa3 a c-Raiti. Of the nine links composing it, one was broken. How legible the diameters I How intelligible the language! In that family were nine once a beautiful chain of affection, richer than gold; but Death had unloosed one link, and the broken jewelry of the hearth, and the heart, had glittered with the dews distilled from loving eyes. Jsirgc Sale of Railroad BonJs. The first important sile of American Railroad Bonds made abroad, for some months, has been effec ted in Paris. The agent of the Nashville and Louisville Railroad has negotiated, with a Paris banking house, the sale of the six per cent bonds of that Company to the amount of two millions, seven hundred and fifty thousand dol lars. So we learn from reports brought by the ster.mshin Asia. Hitherto, for many months the stringency of the European money markets has caused all applications for aid to American railways to be returned unsuccessful. The ne gotiation above mentioned is nothing but an jn.tlni. jfLn. .nrawinir disposition among Eu ropean .capitalists, whom the prospect of a gen eral war has made distrustful of European se curities to seek investments on this side of the Atlantic. Should this great conflict actually take place, it seems by no means improbable that a large amount of money will find its way to this country, to be laid out in American State and Railroad Stocks. Savannah Geor gian. Wire Bridge. Thomas T. Patton, Esq., hrs commenced the construction of a Wire Bridge across the Swai.uionoa, opposite his beautiful farm, "Pleasant Retreat." It is the pioneer enterprise of the kind, we believe, in the State, and when completed will be no less an object of curiosity, than an ornament to one of the loveliest streams that are tributary to the loveliest streams that are tributary to the ''Fath er of Waters." The abutments arc completed and two wire cables about an inch i . diameter arc stretched pendant over the river. It is Mr. Patton's design in order to give strength and durability to the structure, to have two par allel cables on either side of the bridge. The work is now suspended for the want of more wire, which Mr. Patton has ordered. We are inclined to the oppinion that Mr. Pat ton's experiment will demonstrate the fact that wire bridges, besides being more durable and safe, are quite as cheap, as common wooden bridges. Of course, the success that has atten ded the construction of wire bridges elsewhere, forbids the entertainment of an idea that Mr. Patton's enterprise will be a f-iilure. Ashe vilie Spectator. Meeting of the Board of Directors. We learn that at the recent meeting of the Board of Directors, of the E. T. & Va. Rail- i : ,c t i r. roan, in iiieiuu ui ontsuoi o, in.it iiuer u full discussion and close examination, in which .. - ' almost all the "-embers participated, that they determined to lay clown the J, rail; and that the President and Engineer in chief were au thorized to ma1e conditional contracts fr as much as will equip the first section, at the Wes tern terminus; and that the Board have deter mined to commence laving down iron at Knox ville, and push the work from that point. W ue HUtltorized further to State, ileal Kr.en the biht meeting of the iioard they liav. cfi'ec ted a sale of sixty six thousand dollars of state Bonds, at ten per cent premium; and also since their last meeting' they have effected a sale of twenty thousand dollars of county Bonds at ninety cents. After remaining closely in session for three days, and transacting a great deal of impor tant business, the Board adjourned to meet a gain at the call of the President. W& learn, in connection with the above, that the "Omnibus" bill has passed the House, tn its third and last reading, with an amendment, which has to be concured in by the Senate, allowing the Board of Directors, upon the com pletion of fifteen miles, instead of thirty, as re quired by the Act of fSo2, If this amendment should be ratified by the Senate, and there is but little doubt but it will, it, will enable the Board to commence laying down iron much sooner than they could have done, having thir ty miles to complete including the bridge a cross Holston. Now we believe that the decisio" of the Board in reference to the kind of iron tcy will use, was a wise one; and that the general pol icy of the Board is now unobjectionable. Their course is now calculated to inspire confidence in the work, and we trust the Stockholders will generally lay too the helping band as the whole-matter must depend entirely upon their action npon the subject. We learn, and we confess the information- is a little mortifying, that the Stockholders on ev- crv part of the line are paving ur better than county will have the pre-eminence Lastly, upon this subject, we are informed ; that the tkntcentk call lull due on the 1st inst and that it was tico dollars instead of heretofore. Greeneville Spy. one as Energy. Seel how ihat fellow works I No obstacle is too great for him to surmount, no ocean too wide for htm to leap; no mountain too ldijh fur him to scale. He will make a stir in the World and no mistake. Such are the men I who build our railroads, dig up the mountains I in California and enrich the world. There is ; nothing gained by idleness and sloth. This is the world of action, and to make money, gain a ; reputation and exert a happy influence, men ' must be active, persevering, and energetic, j They must not quail at shadows run from i lions, or attempt to dodge the lightning. Go forward zealously in what ever you undertake, and we will risk you any where and through life. The Tribune concludes an article on bread Etnffs with the following advice to farmers: '"Plough early, sow early, and plant early next Spring." Hepoiinj Vie Parson. A minister was one Sabbath day examining the Sunday School in catechism before the congregation. The usnal question was put to the first girl, a strapper about thirteen years of age who was publican, in wating on customers. "What is your name?" Baid the pan-on. No reply. "What is your name?" he repeated, in a more peremptory, manner. "None of your fun, Mr. Minister," said the girl. "You know my name well enough. Don't you say, when yon come to our house on anight: ''Bet bring me some more ale?" The congregation, for getting the sacredness of the place, were in a broad, grin, and the parson looked daggers. The legislative committee of Virginia have reported against passing a prohibitory law, and against taking the popular vote on it, The Virginia Senate has passed a bill sub scribing $2!)0,000 on the part of the State, to the Fredcr'kibnrg and Gordonsville Rail Road. " .From the Charleston Mercury, THE ADJOURNED MEMPHIS CONVEN TION. . -Jt will be remembered that the Convention which met last June in Memphis, appointed Charleston.and the 2nd Monday in April next, as the place and time of re-assemb!ing. We are glad to be able to say that appropriate measures have been adopted to secure a full attendance of delegates from the entire South and South West, and to render the session of the Convention as agreeable to the members as it will be honorable and advantageous to'the city. The following Circular has been address ed by the Committee of Correspondence to the cities, Towns, and Bodies Corporate of the Southern States, with the view of calling public attention to the importance of being represen ted in the Convention: Charleston", February 1, 1S54. The Commercial Convention held at Mem- phis in June last, adjourned, it is known, tq meet again in. Charleston on the Second Mon- day in April next and the members composing that Convention, it is expected, will asseiublo. at the time and dace appointed, without further notice. " The City Council of Charleston, however, highly appreciating the compliment pay tbeir city, in its selection as the place of 'meeting, and desirous, by every means in their power, of aiding and facilitating the Lonvest'.tm in its objects, appointed a Committee, consisting of fit'iy of our most respectable citizens, to make all necessary arrangements for the meeting of the Convention and for the proper reception of its members. - Uuder this arrangement, the undersigned have been appointed to address the Executive authorities of the different States and of 'the ci ties and towns and other public bodies of the Southern and Western States, for the purpose of respectfully urging upon them t he impor tance of their appointing, as soon as-possible, a full complement of delegates to represent them at the Convention thus to be held in this c.ty on the 10th day of April next. The meeting together of bodies of men of practical knowledge and experience, to confer upon matters ot common concern, have been found not only useful as a means of embodying and expressing public sentiment, but am usu ally effective in the accomplishment of the ob ject in view, both from the harmony of feeling and the concert of action that have generally resulted from litem. In the deliberation of the Conventions to which your attention has been now respectfully called, questions of great practical importance to the general interest and welfare of the South and West will doubtless come up for considera tion, and it is eminently proper that the wise and patriotic of the laud should come to gether and take council of each other, ou the occasion, upon all those measures that may be considered most proper and effective for devel oping the resources, facilitating the intercourse, extending the commercial relations abroad, and otLenvise promoting the growth and pros perity of all the great industrial and meterial interest of the Southern and Western States. It is to be hoped, therefore, that the reprcscn r . nl l; , , , , r.i c .i i w . -hi r n nnfl tflwlrift or thf Smith ami ft u t lipliil . and that each delegate appointed will feel it his " duty to bs present, at that time, and to partici pate in the deliberations of the Conventions. It will be a source of great gratification to the people of Charleston to be thus brought -to close and friendly communion with tneir friends and brethren of the far West and of the neighboring States, and we have especially in v-V.r;jre frant them-to tender the '.eleg:i'.e?, in i sdvauice, the most conltat wcletwe fow; ' with the assurance of the best cfiorts of us al. to render their stay amongst us in every way pleasant and agreeable. We are, with grat respect, your obedient and humble servants, H. W. Coxxer, Chairman. Committee of Correspondence. W. M. Law ton, O. Mills, W. II. Gilliland, E. L. Adams, S. Y. Tupper, Wm. Ravcnel. J. S. Bowie, II. R. Banks. For the purpose of facilitating access to the city, and rendering the expense as little bur densome as possible to those who attend, the committee have addressed the following circu lar to the various Railroad Companies, &c. in the South. The answers, as far as received, are entirely favorable to the objects of the Com mittee: Cmr.i.ESTOx, Feb. 1, 1851. The Commercial Convention, which tret at Memphis, Tenn., in June la.st. adjourned to meet in this city on the second Monday of April next, and the undersigned have been appointed by the City Council of Charleston to address yon, and solicit your interest in obtaining a free passage, over your line, for the delegates who may attend, or such reduction in the rates of passage as may be deemed proper. The objects of the assemblage, and the sub jects to be brought before it, are fraught with so much interest to the entire Southern and Southwestern country, that a full attendance i3 considered important, and the above necessary to insure it. Iu view of the interest we must, all feel in ibis matter,and the ultimate, benefit which must result to the different lines of travel from the passage over them of so large and intelligent a body, from all sections of the country, we feel that we are not asking too much, and trust you may lay this before those having the control, and use your influence in obtaining prompt ac tion upon it. Your early answer is desirable, as the time of meeting is fast approaching; and it is advisa ble that prompt and due notice be given of the arrangements. Should it meet with the ready acquiescence we believe it will, we would respectfully sug gest that it be endorsed on the certificate of each delegate presented from any authorized appointing power. With the hope of hearing from you at an ear ly day, we are, verv respectfully, your obedient servants, Signed by the Committece. P. S The Committee have the pleasure of stating that they have been able to make very satisfactory arrangements with the lines of rail roads and steamboats running into our city. Every effort will be made to secure ample accommodations for the members of the Con vention during the session. Our Hotels, it is understood, will entertain a considerable addi tional number of guests at reduced prices. It is hoped that the Moultrie House and the Mount Pleasant House will be opened, by way of en larging our means of entertainment, and the Theatre is expected to be obtained for the ses sion of the Convention. A Public Dinner to the members, and a Public Ball will be given during the week, and arrangements will be made for frequent excursions in our harbors and rivers. Noihing that good feeling and good taste would suggest for the entertainment of our guests on an occasion so distinguished and welcome, will be omitted by the represen tatives of the city. Our young townsman, Wm. G. Brien, Esq., Editor of the Temperance Organ and State Sentinel, delivered a temperance address at Clarksville on the 10th inst. He is an eloquent speaker and a zealous advocate of the temper ance reform. Nashville Daily News. The Chicago Journal gives the names of ten railroads which centre in that city, and over which seventy-five trains daily leave and arrive at the 6am. The Pope's Latin Letters. When the Amer ican legation was first permitted to be establish ed at Rome, it was with the understanding, on the part of both governments, that the Papal States were to be allowed to reciprocate and maintian a legate at or near Washington. In conformity with that understanding, and in or der to carry out a privilege which would be to their benefit, M. Beuini, duly accredited, came over from the Papal States; but as the auto graph letter of the T pe and the diplomatic lettter of the Cardinal Antonolli were in Latin, they were not read, it is supposed, by our Pre mier, until day beforeyesterday. IlenceMr. Marcy's original blunder, and hence his subse quent consent to extend to M. Bedini all "the honors and courtesies due to him as such an ambassador. Let the Latin letters pass. Where was omnium tringarum Attorney Gen eral. Bait. Pat. Friday. Not very pleasant Visitors. The Rev. W. G. E. Cannyngham writes to the Holston Chris tain Advocate that in a skirmish between the Revolutionists and Imperialists, at Shanghai, his house happening to lie in the direction of the cannon of the former, was badly injured. One ball knocked a hole in the roof a3 large as a common door; another one pierced the wall and entered the sitting room. The one which passed through the wail weighed about four pounds, the one which struck the roof passed on to do mischief among the neighbors. The Chinese use wrought Lails of -iron, seldom per fectly round, and of conno liable to fly much out of a straight line. The missionaries com plain cf the conduct of Mr. Consul Mikhail, who is said to have taken sides with the old de funct government, and informed the imperii general that he could use any American prop erty which he chose. Candle making, by the use of peat, is exci ting much attention in Ireland. The peat is cut in the bog, and thrown into a huge retort, and there distilled, the volatile products being condensed in a vessel of the required - capacity. From 103 tons of peat as much tar is extracted as yields "i0 pom ds of parapine, and 300 gallons of oil, and other valuable products. The parapir.e is obtained by boiling the tar an hour in water containing.' per cent, of strong sulphuric acid,when the acid unites with the tar and falls to the bottom, leaviog the parapine with the oil. The liquid is then re-ciistilied, and the parapine obtained in flaky cakes of a blackish color. these are then bleached with chlorine gas, then steamed and passed into cakes, and afterwards made iuio beautiful white candles. iAiborinj under a mistake. When Jack Jones discovered that lie had polished his bed mate's boots instead of his own, he called it an aggravated instance of ''laboring (and confound edly hard, too, under a mistake.'' Virginia Improvement!. The Richmond Dispatch says that, according to a statement laid before the Virginia House of Delegates by its Clerk, the amount of appropriation asked for at this season is, for canals, bridges, and navigation companies, i2,(i'2.'".fi0;!; for railroads, C'S,2 1 1,C?0; lor turnpikes, -?i;.37,H0: for plank roads, O-.iL'.OO'.); making 1:1 all 11,787,480. There are resolutions and petitions for the con struction cf improvemei.ts still before the Committee of Roads which would swell the a bove aniouut to twelve millions. Apvice to rAF.:Ei:s. George N. Sanders, our Consul to London, in a letter by the Cam bria, advises that the fanning community should sow plenty of spring w heat, and plant any quantity of Indian corn. The Baltic and Black seas will certainly be closed for at least a twelve month. England and the Western and Southern cotitlnental Enropc wiH im, w loU to the United States alone for a supply of bread stuffs, hitherto obtained from those seas. It therefore behooves our grain growing friends to consult tVeir interests, by giving prac tical attention to the advice of Mr Sanders. No danger of raising ,an overplus. Begin early, work diligently, and look prayerfully to the God of peace and plenty, to bless alike your seed time and harvest. State Penitentiary. In the circuit court, on Monday, the motion for a writ of mandamus ordering Mr. Hays to deliver the keys of the State Prison to Mr. Page, the keeper elected by the first board of Inspectors appointed by the Governor, was heard. Lengthy and able arguments were delivered in support of the mo tion by Mr. Meigs and Iix-Gov. N. S. Brown, and contra by Messrs. Houston, E. II. Ewing and R. G. Smiley, ilis honor, Judge Baxter, gave a decision in the case yesterday morning, dismissing the motion. We did not hear the desision, but undctstand that it covered the merits of the case; and sustained the right of the Senate to reconsider the confirmation of the first board of Inspectors under its rules. Nash. Union, Feb. 9. Copper Mines, We understand that copper has been discovered on the lands of Mr. Joseph A. Mabry. lying ou what is known as Copper Ridge, about ten miles from this city. The specimens discovered are said to be very rich. We trust it may prove to be a valuable mine. Register. Pacing. Of all the sports still in vogue, ra cing is certainly the finest, we may add, pro ductive of the most useful results. Its tenden cy is to improve the breed of the next animal to man. Edgefield Advertiser. We never see the above argument advanced, says the Wilkes Republican, without thinking of a most effective answer made to it in the Georgia Legislature, some years ago, by a dis tinguished representative from this county. A bill for taxing Race Courses was under discus sion and was strenuously opposed by the friends M tho turf, chiefly on the above ground that these establishments contributed to the Improve ment of the breed of horses. "Sir," said our representative, "I grant all that is claimed for the turf Ly it3 friends on this floor. It docs fmprovethe breed of horses, but, in casting mj vote on this occasion, it is enough for me to know, that it plays the d with the breed of men." It was a clincher, and the bill passed. An Irishman who was near-sighted and a bout to fight a duel, insisted that he should stand six paces nearer to his antagonist than the latter did to him. A little fellow, weeping most piteously, was suddenly interrupted by some amusing occur rence. He hushed his cries for a moment; there was a struggle between smiles and tears, the train of thought was broken; "Ma," said he, resuming his snuffle, and wishing to have his cry ou. "Ma ugh! ugh! ugh! what was I crying about just ?i07r?" Genius. "I know no such thing as genius," said Hogarth to Mr. Gilbert Cooper; "genius is nothing but labor and dilligence." Sir Isaac Newton said of himself that if he had ever been able to do anything he had effected it by patient thinking only. An Ecil Omen. It is noticed that there is a singular peculiarity in tbe making up the Legislature there being not a single Smith in either branch. This is something that has not, occured in a long time here, and it is clear that no Legislature can possibly get a long that lacks this essential. A smith is as necessary to a Legislature as to a new colony. N. . Dutchman. For Loudon Free Press. FLEETING HOPES. BT MRS. S. BELLE FOLAXD. Oh! life is naught but weariness And love is only pain; Earth's h!essing3,pass like summer flowers Then all is gloom agaiD. The brightest day oft ends in e forms Our hopes dissolve in tears; And aching hearts are hidden 'neath, The smiling looks they wear. At morn, delusive hope will gild Our pathway o'er with light, At eve we vainly struggle on . Groping through ray less eight. The cherished good we strive to win Like phautoras flee away While sorrow with its blighting breath Instead prolongs its stay. Yet clouds are not all darkness Each has a brighter siJe; And pleasant hours will come to all, If they their "time will bide'" The spirit cf the beautiful The influence of the true Will come like Angel whifperitgs To cheer us with their lue. Oak Grove Cottage, London, Feb. 12th, 1S54. ' From Baltimore Patriot. , . . . .. - - - Wailngtcn, Feb. 6, 1854. Mn Church wells go-ahead vill, empowering the Postmaster General to contraet-for the car rying of the mail, ocean-wards, according to time, is destined to be a great and popular measure. It is understood that some of the ablest and best judging statesmen, in both houses of Congress, have given their attention to the principle of the bill and have decided that it is a good one. It is in keeping with the spirit and progress of the age. We are a go-ahead people, destined to compete success fully with each and all of our European rivals. In the matter of steam ocean ships, merchant ships, yachts and Baltimore clippers, we are already ahead of England and France "and the rest of mankind." But in the matter of the transportation of t'ae mails, particularly over railroads, we are, a3 yet, a little behind our English rivals. Mr. Churchwell designs that we shall soon go ahead of England, in mail speed, both on the land and the ocean. lie has studied the matter thoroughly and practicable, in all its bearings. He believes his object can be accom j plished, and he has the talents, the enterprise and energy to prosecute his undertaking until his policy, or system, shall be the law of the land, and the pride of the people. Mr. Churchwell i. !!?.? away no time, as a member of Congress, but devotes all his ener gies to the public good. He looks Lack to the old slow coach time, and measuring the amount of improvement and progress since made, and then looks forward to a still groatrr improve ment and progress in the no distant future, and means that his fore-cast shall be fully veri fied. All members, knowu or have heard of, the time the mail between Washington and Balti more was a halt a day, or more, on the route, and sometimes a whole day and a night. If the old slow coaches, with the Pennsylvania horses, selected by Reeside and Stockton, made the distance between the two cities, in eight hours, it was deemed that wonders had been accomplished! And when Fuller it Co. come on from the North and put on the route an op position line of light coaches, with fleet Yan-u-ee horse. a':d advertised to"-o thrn-rli in si-' hours, almost everybody' exclaimed" that it could not be done! But it was done yea more, the time was made in four hours! and the way in which the great Pennsylvania horses of the old line were killed off, in efforts to keep up with the opposition line, was distressing. It ws a horse-iiesh sacrifice to the spirit and progress of the age! Mr. Churchwcll's bill, if passed into a law, will soon bring about an improvement in steam vessels and machinery which will be of great value. If the contractors on an ocean route do not care to study and make improvements, others of greater enterprise will, and they will get the contracts. The time between New Or leans and San Francisco, for example, can be made in sixteen days, instead of twenty five, and Mr. Churchwell means that it shall be, and that the contractors who made it shall be hand somely compensated for their enterprise. Mr. Church well's bill was read and passed a ! second time a:id referee! to the Committee on Postoflices and Postroads. As that Committee has the reputation of being one of spirit and enterprise, it is reasonable to hope that it will report favorably on the subject. I understand that Mr. Churchwell will ask permission to ap pear before it to illustrate and advocate bis public spirited proposition. Mr. Churchwell has introduced another bill, in the House, "f great merit, which he will ad vocate with all his energy until it shall become a law. It grants one hundred million acres of public lands, for the establishment of schools in all the States, according to the census of the population of the children of the country. The lands are to be distributed among the States, according to the census of the population of children under fifteen years of age, in the same. The noble schools thus established will serve to give all children, who wish it, whether poor or not poor, an education. A nobler ob ject, or one more truly republican, patriotic and national, cannot be started. May it be fully carried out. While upon the subject of Mr Churchwell's measures, I may as well give your readers the joint resolutions which he introduced a few days since, in the House, inasmuch as they are rep resented to re3ect the views of the Administra tion npon the important international question -embraced in them. Thty are as follows: 1st. That th? people of this Union have ever viewed with ihe deepest concern, the renewed intervention of powers in the affairs of countries not embraced within their own borders particu larly when so much intervention had avowedly for its object the repression of generous political sentiment; and that they will never permit such an occurence upon the continent without offer ing physical resistance to it. 2d. that while the United States of America are disposed to observe, in a spirit of a good faith, international obligations, they desire a similar observance of such obligatioi s by all of the nations of the earth, and that they can nev er behold with difference the obliteration of independent States of a third Power, because of the political freedom of such States. Sd. That the President be, and he is hereby requested, to cause a copy of these Resolutions to be communicated to each of tho diplomatic Agents of Foreign Nations residing near this Government, pnd also copies thereof to be trans mitted to. our diplomatic Agents in foreign countries, in order that the sentiment and the purpose of this Republic may be neither mis conceived nor misunderstood in any quarter of tbe Globe. The discussion, on the Kansas Nebraska bill, w;s continued in tho Senate to-day by Mr. Wade of Ohio, who ranted amazingly aginstthe contemplated repeal of the Missouri comprom ise. Mr. Wade has hitherto been esteemed as a quiet, unobtrusive Senator, who made no ef fort to get up, or indulge in the slavery agita tion, which has so often distracted the whole country. But to-day he lashed himself into a vehement state of excitement and ranted in a style that even Forest, the actor, could not eclipse in the character of Matamora and Spar- tacus. , . Nothing of interest transpired in the nouse. The gadsden Treaty is still undergoing the tinkering proce33 of the Cabinet. The decision of the Supreme Conrt in the electric telegraph case of Morse against O'Riley, is deemed a very just decision, so far as the rights of the brilliant genius and man of nntir in"f energy aud eterprise, Henry O'Riley, are concerned, although it i3 rendered in such phra seology a3 to allow some persons to so interpret it as to declare that the decision is in favor of Morse against O'Riley. The decision however, protects O'Riley against ihe claim of" Morse that he has impugned his patent, or his invention. The principle upon which this decision is based completely upsets the'decision of Judge Grier and Judge Dickersou, made in New Jersey, hist year, in the great ludia Rubber case of Groolyear against Day rOTOMAC. Wjisixgtox, Feb. 11. Tf U neerfainpd that the Treaty with Mexico, negotiated by Col., Gadsden, has been submit ted to the Senate, with a very slight amend ments. It i not improbable that many objec tions were made to the Treaty in the Cabinet, and that amendments were proposed, but still it i3 quite certain that they generally gave their full approbation to the treaty. I learn from a good source, that the amendments proposed were very trifling, and do not aS'ect any impor tant provision of the Treaty. The fiite of the Treaty is the Cabinet depen ded, no doubt, upon the degree of importance which shoubf be attached to the slice of Mexi can territory proposed to be added to the Uni ted States; and upon that question the adminis tration has been abundantly informed, and are well convinced that the present opportunity is not to be lost for the acquisition of that Terri tory. I learn further that the disposition of the Senate is very favorable towards th treaty, and that it is the desire of the friends of the treaty, in that body, to give it a speedy ratification. There is no longer, therefore, the slightest doubt that the treaty will be ratified, and tliat it will serve to settle all pending difficulties with Mexi- co. It is undoubtedly as good a treaty as could have been made, and it as f .voral le to us as a due regard to our position for justice and gene rosity as a nation, towards a weaker and a neighboring power, would permit. The treaty was made under great difficulties, arising from the previous position and the natural jealousies of the present ruler of Mexi -o, and from the interference of ad esse and infiYf v.i'rA private interests. It is I.i lieved ::!so V -'X the suru which the treaty &V-s t Mexico wi.h'm the amount which the Mi:.:. !er wn ;M;.i.ri.d to concede. The tn :.rv will c ii.fr.r high honor upon the Minister v. ho negotiated it. Tbi? nomination ,f G i-.c-r tl uausc-n, as ..nn r been acted nron in istcr to Mexico, h:- rev the Senate. 1 he 0;p! nit: nomination were te till the -it ii inst. A not taken up in thr Sen: large number ot t.-enjp da v. On Mondav Gen. were conferred on that Gadsden's nomination will be taken up a .d confirmed, as a matter of course. Mr. SandfLrd, who f r s'.rne time pas! has been Secretary of the Leg.Tjon at Paris," ha.j resigned, and in c.'ri.s'cvii( c, it issa;d. ot some difference of opinion between him aud Minister,. Mr. J. Y. Mason, o.i the subject of diplomatic costume. Mr Plutf, of Ohio will have the ap pointment. The reveuue from Imports f :r the last two months, December and January, was $10,700, 000. The revenue for the same period in the preceding year, about $7,000,000, showing an increase of thiny per cent, for three months. The increase of the revenue farexceedi the es timates made by the Secretary of the Treasury ia his report at thv commencement ofthes sion. Funeralof the Late Archibald Gillespie, Ejq. On Sunday night la.st, the melancholy intelli gence reached town, that Mr. Archibald Gilles pie, of Woods Creek, brother of our esteemed fellow-citizen, Col. C. K. Gillespie, had died from the sad accident that befel him some fev weeks since. The numerous friends of the de ceased and of Col. G., had entertained lively hopes of a speedy recovery of the wounded gentleman, and, as sometime had elapsed since his misfortune, all danger was considered as passed the news, therefor?, of a fatal termina tion was very unexpected, and created a gene ral gloom. The fist words he .-poke were: "Tell my brothers: a.: 1 James A. Whiteside, Brownlow a;;d Bra I son, I die like v man. I was born honest, have lived honest, and die hon est thereiore I feur no punishment." . On Monday noon, Co'. Gi'Iespie reached our town with the remains of his brother, and the MasonicTrattrnity, of w',icli the brothers are members, took clnir,'e of the corpse. The brotherhood had assembled in large numbers, adorned with t'le striking and impos ing regalia of the Lodge, and were Leaded hy aline brass band. An elegant funeral hearse had been prepared for the occasion, draped in solemn folds of white and black, tastefully looped up with rosettes and bands of the t-mic, presenting a marked feature in the funeral cort ege, and reflecting much credit upon the Mason ic body. The procession moved to the M. E. CLuri-h, south, where- a large number of citi zens were in waiting; the body was placed ia front of the altar, and the Masons ani clergy of other churches having been seated, a most eloquent and touching prayer was offered up by the Rev. Pastor. A solemn dirge followed, and then an impressive and highly appropriate fune ral discourse was delivered. Tha preacher seemed to throw his whole soul into his melan choly duties, in his allusions to his carlv ac quaintance with the deceased and relatives, and to the State of Tennessee, from whence the Rev. gentleman and the Giilespies came to California, was affecting, and commanded the . sympathies and marked attention of his hearers. After the religious ceremonies, the procession re-tbmied, and was joitteJ Ly a Iiro number of ladies, the children from the public school, and a large line of our most respectable citizens. As tho mournful train passed on, the dwellings were quietly closed, and the national emblem was drooped at half mast, hanging in solemn stillness against the flagstaff. At the grave, the ceremonies peculiar to the Masonic fraternity were performed by the W. M Dr. T. J. Oxley. At the head of the grave stood the generous and affectionate brother deeply moved, leaning on his his relative Mr. W. D. Neilson, one of our citizens. The en tire assemblage seemed to sympathir.g with them; the dead silence prevaded, the uncovered heads of al', and deep attention told the gene ral respect and feeling of the spectators. The e noble brother had provided a most costly coffin covered with black velvet, encased in an outer strong plank box, committing the remains of his relative to the caith with the most sacred care. In the evening the Exchange and other pnblic buildings were closed, the festivities usually of fered to the public were omitted, and our town seemed to wear a sombre aspect. Archibald Gillespie was not intimately known in Colum bia, but the Col. is one of our most esteemed citizens: his open and frank nature winning for him the good will and respect of all. His no ble devotion to Lis brother during his sickness and his affection even op to the closing of the grave, has elicited the warmest admiration of our entire people. May he reap the rich re ward of hi3 good deeds, and find a happy con solation in the reflection that his Heavenly Father will smile upon his actions! Columbia (Cal.) Gazette. " ' t.