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Kg VOL. II. LOUDON, TENNESSEE, FEBRUARY 21, 1854. NO. 14. PCBLISBED WEEKLY BT JNO. W. & SAM'L B. O'BRIEN. Office, oh Cedar Street, Eait of tie Public Square. , TERMS: Two Dollars in advance: Two Dol ars axd Fifty Cekts in six months; Three Dol abs at the expiration of the year Advertise exts inserted at $1 per square for the rt, and 50 cents for each subsequent insertion. YEARLY RATES. Professional Cards, (five lines,) 5 , " " (more than five line,)...- 10 Quarter of column 1 S i Half column 37 One column 75 Announcing candidates, (advance,) $3 .ZSWAddress the Publishers, Po$t-Paid. , 1'rora the Cincinnati Kailroad Record. Cincinnati and Charleston Railroad, via. ihe Ralttn Gap. The great line from Cincin nati to Charleston, is now advanced so far, that the only remaining difficulty is to connect Danville, (Ky.) with the Blue Ridge Railroad, Tenn.) It has been commonly supposed, that this would necessarily be via. Knoxville. But on this point there is much discussion, in both Kentucky and Tennessee. For the information W our readers, we will give the distances on the different routes, prepared by the editor of the Loudon Free Press, which we believe are cor rect. We must premise that Lounox is a new town, sprung up on the Tennessee River, where the East Tennessee Railroad crosses it. We must also observe, that if the route 13 by Lou don, the line will cross the Cumberland moun tains, at ''Winter's Gap," the lowest Gap, it is said, in the range. There are now three routes across East Ten nessee, claiming the location of the railroad proposed to connect the Ohio Valley with Charleston, S. C. We often Lear inquiries as to the relative distances of these several routes. In answer to these enquiries, we will give a ta ble of distances on each route from the point where the Blue Rigde (or Rabun Gap) Railroad crosses the North Carolina line into Tennessee, 'to Danville, Ky. 1st Route via. Knoxville. From X. C. line to Knoxville, 54 miles. " Knoxville to Danville, Ky., 1C3 " Total from N. C. line to Danville, 217J " 2nd Route via. Sweetwater. From N. C. line to Kingston, 67 S7 26 " Kingston to Somerset, " Somerset to Danville, ... Total from X. C. line to Danville 190 3d Route via Loudon. From X. C. line to Loudon, 35 London to Somerset, Ky., lfll " Somerset to Danville, 40 Total from X. C. line to Danville 176 Ths Gadsden Treaty Provisions. Washing ton Feb. 13. The following1 are the principal provision of Mr. Gadsden's treaty, now before the Senate: 1st. The boundary commences two marine Jen rues north of the mouth of the Colorado, giving us no access to the Gulf of California, and goes between latitude thiry-one and thirty two to the one hundred and eleven in degree of longitude west of Greenwich. 21. It abrogates the 11th article of the trea ty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and cancels all claims of Mexican citizens under that article to date of ratification. 3d. The United Slates pay fifteen millions of dollars iu monthly installments of three millions each the first payable on ratifying the trea ty. 4th. Reserves five millions for claims of American citizens in Mexico, including the Ga ray grant. uth. Both Governments agree to put down Fillibusterism, nnd pursue the Filibusters with army and navy into the other's territory. 6th. Agrees to refund goods and chatties sto len by Indians from citizens of the other's coun ty The President amends No. 5, by striking out the pursuit by land and sea into thn other's ter ritory, and he amends No. 4 by not mention ing any particular claim. 1 he amendments are very important, ltie treaty will be ratified in its new form. Connecticut Politics. Baltimore, February 16. In the Whig Con vention of Connecticut, Henry Dctto.y has been nominated for Governor, and a full State Ticket Resolutions were also passed against the repeal of the Missouri Compromise. Illness of Fanny Forrester. Albany, Feb. 13 Mrs. K. C. Judson, known to the literary world as Fanny Forrester, is dying in Madison village, ia this State. Her disease is consump tion. Information Wanted. Augusta Giesselman, who came to Galveston. Texas, from Germany, come eight or ten years since, is very anxious to obtain information of the whereabouts of her brothers Frederick and Henry Giesselman, who, fit ltt accounts, were in or near Brazoria, Tex as. She left Galveston when a child, in care of a German natned Beck, who promised to take her to her brothers, but instead of doing so, brought her to this city, where she has re mained until the present time. Any informa tion upon the subject, addressed to her at Louis ville, Kv f will be thankfully received Papers of the South and West will do an act of kindness to a "poor orphan girl by givinj this notice an insertion. Lou. Cour. . It is understood that order came out by the Arabia, for ihe immediate return of all, or nearly all, the British ships of war on this coast, in the West Indies a.id the Pacific. University of Nashville. We learn that an eighth professorship' has been established in the Medical Department of the University here, to be callel "Institutes of Medicine and Clin ical Medicine." The new chair has been fill ed by the election and acceptance cf Thomas R. Jexxikgs, M. D. of this city; a gentleman of the highest reputation as a profound Medic al Man, and an eloquent speaker. Nashville U&ion and American. T'ieB-)ston Meeting against the Nebraska J3UI. Baltimore. Feb. 16. A great Free Soil Convention was held in Fancuil Hall, Boston, in opposition to the Nebraska Bill, and is to be followed by another on the 22d iustant, in the came place, irrespective of parry. The amont of gold dust shipped from Cali fornia in 1833 was $82.300,000. A Bister of Ex-Presidene John Tyler, named Mrs. Martha Waggaman, died at Georgetown, P. C, a few days ago, aged TO years.- Later from Europe. ARRIVAL OF THE U. S. MAIL BALTIC. New-York, February 20. The U. S. Mail steam ship Baltic. Capt Com stock, has arrived at New-York from Liver pool, which port she left on Wednesday, the 8th inst. The Liverpool Markkts. The demand for Cotton since the departure of the Canada on the 4th inst., has be'eu moderate, and prices in favor of the buyers, although holders were not pressing on the marki't. The sales durin? the three days comprised 25,000 bales, of which speculators took 6000, leaving 19,000 bales of all description to the trai " " " :"" Fair Orleans was quoted at 6 d.. Middling Orleansat 5 Id., Fair Uplands at 6J and Mid dling Uplands at fif d. Flour had declined Is. per bid., and Wes tern was quoted at 41s. and Ohio at 42s. 6d. per bbl. of 19f lbs. Holders, however, were not pres sing on the market. All qualitlo of Corx bad. also, declined, and White and Yellow were quoted at 50s. per 4R nuoted at 50s. rer 4R0 lbs. fts. White Wheat was worth 12s 9d. per 70 Pork and Beef were dull. B.tcnx tivo, and Lapo bad slightly advanced. was ac- State of Trade. Business in Manchester remained about the same as reporte by the Canada. TnK Lovnox Movet Makket. Monev was in good demand and freely supplied. Consols were quoted at 91 i. The French Funds. A fall in the English funds affected prices on the Paris Bourse on the afternoon ofthe 7th instant, which, earlier in the day, evinced .1 tendency to advance. The Three per Cents closed nt 67 frs. 30 centi mes, nnd the Four and a-Half per Cents, at 97 frs. 50 centimes. European Intelligence. The Cznr's last proposal have been rejected, and neirotinHons broken off. The Russian Ambassador have left London and Paris, nnd the English and the French Ambassadors have been recalled from St. Pe tersburg Count Kt.ssei.t.iffe, the late Russian Envoy at Paris, arrived nt Brussels on the 7th instant. Advices from Paris, dnted the 7th instant, state that the reports of the ill success of Count Orloff's mission to Vienna have been con firmed, and foreseen? Mie same rebuft nt Ber lin, he will not visit that capita'. The Vienna correspondent of the American Associated Press, also, telegraphed to the Agent in Liver pool shortly before the departure of th Baltic, that Count Ori.off would probably leave Vi enna for St. Petersburg on the 8th instant. Advices from St. Petersburg, to the 29th nit., state that the influence of Count Nesselrope is again in tl e nssendant. nnd that iIia Emr. rcr, who is full aware of the position in which he is olncttd. will - iut....- . ..i conflagration, if he can only preserve his honor and his rights. It alse said that he is about to write an Autograph letter to the Queen of En eland, in which he will endeavor to prove that he has not been the aggressor. An Imperial Ukas confirm the summoning to arms of all the reserves, as well as the soldiers on furlough. It is said that the Servian Government, yiel ding to the suggestions of the Russian Consul at Belgrade, will refuse to accept the firmans of the bultan, unless Russia gives her consent thereto. England and France are openly preparing for war. Several of the Ccnard steam ships have been taken by the British Government to convev troops to Constantinople. Six thousand men are to go from England, and others will be taken up from different sta tions. About ten thousand will soon be collec ted to form part of the first expedition. New- York Markets. New-York, February 18. Rio Coffee was buoyant, and 500 bags were disposed of at 12 cents, per lb. Flock was dull and declining and 8000 bbls. found purchases at $8.62 for State and $9 for Ohio. 800 bbls. of Southern were sold at from $8.88 a $9.12 per bbl. Wheat was dull at $2.05 for Southern White. C.H. was dull and considerably lower. 48, 000 bushels changed hands at from 98 cents a $1 per bushel. Death of ErSenatar Strange. Baltimore,Feb. lfi. Ex-Senator Strange died near Fayetteville, N. C, on Sunday morning. Austria. The whole of the Bohemian army corps have reecived orders to march to Hunga ry. The army already concentrated on- the Crotian, Servein,, and Transylvania frontiers amounts to 80,000 men. It is known at Vien na says a correspondent, that Omar Pasha nei ther receives nor sends away despatches with out their being shown to the revolutionary lea tiers, and since the difmt of the Russians ut Citale the imperial government has become se riously alarmed. Improbable as it may appear, negec'ations are going on between the Russian government and the Papal Nuncio who resides at Vienna, fur bringing about a "fussion'' of the Catholic and Greek Churches. The Russin Cabinet is anxious to secure the co-operation of the high Catholic party during the present crisis; but, of course, when the danger is over the negotia tions will be over too Spain. The Messager de Bayonne publishes a private letter fom Madrid, written three days before the covp, the writer of which thus fore shadows the course upon which the Ministry appears to have entered: "The Ministry has rttrlud ijcr. ii(M mj lithing the coup d'etat, but the Marquis de Geronawill first leave the Cabinet, Among the measures w hich will be adopted the proclamation of the state of siege in the capital and province of Madrid will be one of the Erst. The Senate will be suppress ed, and several notabilities of the opposition will be exiled. The liberty ofthe press will be diminished, or altogether suspended. Several military chiefs who were stationed in Madrid have been removed among others the Duke de Eu and Brigadier Solano. A number of changes will take place in the administrative service, Ac." The Espana,, of Madrid, of the 15th instant, says: ''As Queen Maria Christina was yesder day passing along the Calle de Alcada. she met a priest carrying the sacrament to n poor sick man. Her majesty immediately got out of hei carriage, made the priest enter it, and" followed the vehicle with a wax candle, in; her hand, through the dirty streets, to the man's residence; after which she proceeded on foot to the parish church." Madrid, Jan 18. The Minister' of Justice' has resigned, and his place has been supplied ad interim bj the Minister of Finance - Frotn London Times. OPINIONS IN ENGLAND. THE MISSION OF COUNT OltLOFF THE ANSWER OF ENGLAND AND FRANCK Whatever answer may be returned ty Eng land and France to the last communication of the Russian government, it is satisfactory to know that the language of London and 1'arU will be identically the same. There is, in fact. no distinction to be drawn between the position J and Italy have absorbed nearly the whole of the of the two countries. We have sent our fleets Black Sea supplies. Tho falling off iu the ar together to follow and defend a certain line of j rivals from that quarter has been very great, policy in the Black Sea. The intimation con: veyed to the Russian Government of this, our joint intention, was announced to the Ministers of the Emperor in the same form and at (he same time. The singular and evasive renly which Russia appears to have given to that m- Ltixaaiion, ha3 auo Leeu eommumsated fa -Cvj same terms in London and In Paris", and in the same terms the two governments will no doubt, agree to avow and uphold the resolution they havb taken. This agreement forms an essen tial part of the system to which we are on both sides anxious to adhere, and a'lhough the re suit may be that some slight delay will occur before Baron Brunow's curiosity can be satis fied, yet, in taking this important step, it is de sirable that the joint action of the two cabi nets should be strictly preserved. The Russian government has asked for a further explana tion of the intentions with which our fleets have entered the Black Sea. The Emperor of Russia appears even to have gone so far as to admit their undoubted right to be there iu a position of armed neutrality. But the future conduct of the Russian envoys will be regulated by the answer given 'to thi3 demand. We cannot anticipate the terms of that answer, but as to its spirit, there can, we apprehend, be no doubt on the mind of any man, who has watched the steady progress of events. England and France have nothing to explain, for there is nothing dandestive or ob scure in the act now under consideration. They have, on the contrarj, everything to avow, and the mure precise and public their avo'.vnl can be m idd, thi better will it serve the cause they have adopted. The instructions given to the admirals and executed by the fleets at this very time are the answer of the allied govern ments. It would be disingenuous and unwor thy of two great nations to pretend that their fleets have entered the Black Sea for purposes compatible with strict neutrality, or even to impose a naval amstice on the beligerents, by restrictions equally effecting both sides alike. The fleets have entered the Euxinc because the maritime powers had long since promised to the Porte iheir moral and material support iu case of necessity. The disaster ' Sinope proved that wiihout that support even the coasts of Asia Minor were insecure, and no reinforcements could be sent by sea to the Turkish forces in Armenia. We therefore interfere to protect those coasts, and to convoy the necessary reinforcements; and, although no positive atack is conteplated at this time on t!e territories of the Russian empire, the Admirals nre em povrcred. and tli '-' ted to pn-vetit ine maritime communications of the Russian arsenels. Such is the avowed poli cy of tho British and French governments, and in that policy they will persevere, without un necessary violence or provocation, but also without hesitation or weakness. Nothing is se cret, nothing is new, in the fads we nfe descri bing and the expressions we are using. They were perfectly well known to the Emperor Nich olas and the Russian cabinet before the doubts which Baron Brunow has been instucted to ex press, could have occurred to any one. No concealment has been practiced, no evasion resorted to; in three successive forms from London, from Paris, and from Sebastopol the Emperor received the notice. If, after this, he chooses to affect ignorance of our object, such simplicity can be no more than feint. We are, therefore, led more strongly to the conclusion that his only object has been to gain a little more time, or else to give to the rapture which he has provoked a turn apparently less unfavor able to the character of the original assailant. We learn at the same time from our corres pondent at Berlin that another step of consid erable interest has been takm by tho Emperor Nicholas. When the last advices left St. Pe tersburg it was just ascertained that Count Orl offhad been commanded to proceed to Vienna on a special mission, and that this envoy would be empowered to state on what terms the Rus- sion government would be prepared to enter into negotiations for peace. This news is evi dently intended to anticipate the effect of the ultimatum addressed to the Emperor bv the four Powers, and to shift once more the "basis of the negotiation perhaps, also, to endeavor to shake, ns far as possible, the union which has happily thus far prevailed between tho four Powers. Count Orloff is a nobleman of the highest rank in the Russian empire enjoying the unbounded confidence of the Emperor, and powerful enough to withstand that sovereign even in his moments of excitement. It is be lieved by those who are most conversant with the internal springs and agencies of the Russi ian court, that upon the whole Count OrlofFs influence throughout these transactions has been moderate and pacific, and that, in con junction with Count Nesselrode, he has dissua ded the Emperor troni adopting the more vio lent courses which have been urged from other quahers; The choice of such an Envoy Ex traoidinary to Vienna ut this time is a circum stance of considerable interest and it might be regarded as evincing less indisposition on . the part of Russia to treat than teas attributed to her ashort time ago. But this mission is a contin uation of the evasive policy of which Duron Bru now's last communication gave the first sign. The time is past, however, when such expe dients as these can be practised with success or tolerated with impunity. If the Emperor of Russia is disposed to treat for peace, the pre liminaries accepted by Turkey and recommen ded by the four Powers are before him. It is in his power by a word to stop the effusion of blood, and to remove the impending evils of war; but if, while he rejects these proposals, he endeavors to amuse or to divide us by other di plomatic artifices.he is only attempting to make us the dupes and victims of u palpable trick. Another negotiation, another reference to Con stantinople, to be followed in all probability by no result, would waste six weeks more of the year, and the month' of March would see the Russian penerals on the Danube at the head of overwhelming armies, ready fo htngh at the credulity of the Western Powers. Peace is of fered to the Emperor of Russia on fair and honorable terms; let him accept them if he de s'res peace. If not, the evils of a prolonged state of suspense,- during which Russia is accumula ting all her fice for' the struggle, are more to btr foprW'vie , the evils of war.- The purpose' of fiy?,? ?tf Sndeavoring to gain a few week ftVoFc? iittte k obvious; but it is our - duty fo- oppose" ff-ffftfte" fra'iYk and vigorous policy1 to' hpfscltawe a-r'd1 no dbhbt the answer of the A;l!fa$ 5eYff fo Baron B'urhow and M. de Ki3 sleSf ? tfi S6iently firm and precise fo" put I The Mark Lane Exprest of the 23 of January. reviews the British Cora Trade as follows. j Considering the difference in the position of J me country now to what it was at that time, a ; greater increase might have been expected; and mat tins has not taken place has been owing to the wants of France. Not only have shipments from that country ceased altogether, but France and has only in part been counterbalanced by increased receipts from the other sido ofthe Atlantic. Should the news which has this week been received by telegraph from Vienna prove correct viz: that the Emperor of Russia had forbidden further shipments of grain from QdVfcua the effect woulu be seriously ft it here as well as in France; and in that case we might see a higher range of prices than has yet been contemplated as possible. Tho only chance of s check to the upward movement appears, therefore, to be an. arrangement of the Eestern difficulties. Whether this is now piacticable; our teader3 are as competent to decide as our sleves. The dull reports from Mark Lane of Monday, and the rather important fall which occurred at Liverpool the following day, produ ced considerable influence on the tone of the trade at most of the provincial markets. Far mers hppear to have been quite taken by sur prise,'and they manifested greater anxiety to reali&i than they have exhibited at any previ ons piriod for some months past. The fall from the highest poii.t amounted, ut several ofthe markers in the agricultural districts held on Wednesday and Thursday Is. to 53. per qrv, but the decline generally has net exceeded 2s. to 3 pnr qr. The deliveries from the growers have certianly increased, and in some districts rather Itrge supplies have been brought forward which l is led to the belief th:it there is more Wheat of home growth remaining in the coun try thai was previously supposed. We are not prepared to admit or deny this interference, but we cannot regard the circumstances alluded to as any proof? When pricc3 ire as high as they now are, and the idea whether ell founded or otherwise gains pissjsiiou of the minds of holders that a reaction is abont to take place, there is a natural desire to sell. This would have its influence, however small the quantity held might be. The trade appears to be already recovering from thtf temporary depression, and purchasers could not buy on as easy terms at the close as they might have done in the middle of the week. Several circumstances have combined to cause the reaction, the most prominent of which has. in oar opinion, been the sudden cessation of the export demand, and to the fact that a few offers of Wheat have been made from ports to which we have recently been slipping rather ex tensively. Much more importance appears to us t' have been attached to the fact that France and Belgium may send back a few cargoes of the Wheat previously obtained from us than it deserves. Under free trade, and with easy iii.anS of trUiif- lul " tltal pnrtm nr brought so nearly on a level with our own mar kets, as to be immediately influenced by a fall or rise here. Her Expenses are calculated to a fraction, and when there is a margin of only Is. to 2s. per qr., for profit, shipments will be made from hence to the continent, or vice ver sa, so thl we may be receiving supplies one week and returning them the next. The ad vance iu December and beginning of January raised our quotations above the current rates rf some of the French and Belgian ports; and our enterprising neighbors were as ready to sell a they had (whea the position of affairs was the other way) been willing to buy, without considering whether in the course of afew weeks they might not stand in need of what they were parting with. The liberal arrivals of bread stuffs from America during the last week or two have tended to check the upward move ment, and the change in the weather from seve re frotto thaw, has not been altogether without influence, inasmuch as an earlier opening of the Baltic than had previously been calculated on wa3 thereby rendered probable. Holders of foreign Wheat, who generally weigh the chances for and against a rise or fall more care fully than our agricultural friends, have shown no want of e'jnfideneo;ind though some sales of American produce were made at Liverpool on Tuesday at rather lower prices, the decline was speedily recovered, and, according to the reports from thence received this morning, the decline had been almost wholly regained on Friday. The arrivals into Liverpool during the week ending lGth instant, from America, consisted of 6o,64D qrs. Wheat, and 140,003 brls Flour. A PAIR OF PARODIES. NUMBER 1 BT TIMOTHY SCRCGGS. When lovely woman veils hpr bosom With muslin fashionably thin, What man with eyes could e'er refuse 'em, From casually peeping in? And when his ardent gaze returning, The dry goods heave to deep drawn sighs, Would not his finger ends be burning, To press his hat down o'er his eyes? NUMBER 11 BT EETST SCRUGGS. When musn't mention 'ems are made, "'"As now, so wonderfully thin. What human, fit to woo a maid, Could squeeze his understanding in? And when of damsels fair and bevy Smile sideway at your cork screw pegs, Don't think with love their hearts are heavy They're wondering what ails your legs! "Julius why is de gettiu' out ob bed on the 31st ob August like one ob Moor's melodies? Does you gub it up, mv spec-ted colled friend?'' "In course I does. Why?" "Because it's de las rose ob summer!" "Look here nigger, if you preambulate any mire such nonsense about dis child, he'll cave your head in. Pse had enuogti ob dat highferlootin talk. I is" A clergyman was once catechising a class of children belonging to his congregation, and coming to a little boy who was something of a rogue, asked him what, he knew. "I know something," replied the urchin with a significant look. 'Well, my sonj what do you know?" said the pastor. "I know where there's a bird's nest," said the boy; "but I shan't tell you lor fear you'll steal the eggs." - Astronomical. Every man is a human plan el, moving in his own particular orbit. Gold is tho "fittraction"; Interest the "repellant" Avarice or Necessity the "motive power." The Lowell Advertiser asksr What i3 the difference between an intended homicide and a Cincinnati hog butchery? One i3 an assault with intent to kill, and the other is a kill with intent to salt: Venture upon nothing-till yon have WtU con' gWred the end COMMUNICATION FROM BENJAMINE FRANKLIN. Amo:ig the good things said and read at the editorial dinner in Springfield, Mass., on the 17 ult., as recorded in the Springfield Republican, was the following. At the dinner table was read by Dr. Holland the following letter from Benjamin Franklin, who was among those nec essarilly absent: TtlejrajtK Office, the Sovs;)th tptiere. Eighteen hundred and fifty-fourth year, (For we rhyme in our very dates up here,) Of the first month the 17ih day, (The anniversary, by the way, Of your bumble servants birth, in fc!y.) Geutlcmex Editori: Free for a day from your cares and your ereS-ton, Free frqra the tcissofg, the pn.ud t!e hr?1-",'' " Permit ye a brother an old time typo On this bright ann iversary, In a style rather cursory, (And iu cur-ery eer-ery,) To write you a lice from tho spirit-Inn J nursery. Yon are all asleep to the signs of tho time. Dead as a hammer dead an old Grimes, Seated around this table to-day, Catch ye not gleams of a milder sway! Something millennial? Something perennial? Something of promise upspringing within yon all ? There f-iU a neighbor you charged with sheep-stealia (Or something as bad) bat in cordial feeling, Without nny "ardent" your ardor to mellow, You are blessing him now for a capital fellow, And there at your elbow or sitting before ye, Is a man (if we credit your brotherly story,) Who tho shabbiest, meanest political knave is; Who to FaUhood and party the pitiful slave is: And you've helped him, fjf hours, to your graces cad gravies ! The man who indited those slashing leader. Whose paragraphs ever were discord-breeders, Aud the poor little chaps Who received tho raps Sit side by side good friends and gooifsedora. Seated around this table to-day. Catch ye not gleams of a milder sway, Something millennial. Something perennial, Something of promise ujispringing within you all ? Thanks my kind friends for the honor yoa do me, In coming together this day of my birth; Thanks for all compliments paid unto me, And my poor labors achieved on c:rth; But worship me never, nor follow my track; Leave my name to myself and my books on your shelves; My genius you have not your gcniii3 I lack; So be better than Fratiklin be nobly Yourseves ! In the Ultima 'T hale, Yours, very truly, Bcnjaml'w FranWin. Interesiinj about Newspapers. They man age things strangely about newspapers iu Lon don, and by reason of this managmneut get the Times far little or nothing. The modus oper andi is thus descsibed. You subscribe at a newspaper hull fur it to be left fur you at 9 o' clock tor sav one hour. Punctually at 10 o' clock the person of whom you hired it calls, and fumiiht'i tho uu number t wins other customer who wants it at that honr. At 1 1 o clocli another gets it, and even as late as i. p. m. You can have it furnished thus by the week, month, quarter, or year. It is left prompt ly at ths hour bargained fur, ana you must ex pect to give it up on "sight call." Perhaps you are in he middle of the Paris correspondence, or the debates, or late foreign intelligence. It makes no difference you must stop when your hour is out or buy an extra copy. After the city readers are through with the sheet, it is mailed olf to the country. You are forbidden to cut the paper, and if it becomes defaced, must pay for it. In Liverpool, well to do people will club for one copy of the Daily Times, and a plilegmati c John liull will read the paper the day after his neighbor for years, perfectly satisfied to exist one day behind the limes. In America svery man has, or ought to have, his own paper, ll must come to hiin freh ai.d and untouched, lie reads it throughly, and it becomes pirt of his existence, lie tuLs about it spreads the news, and is proud of its suc cess. Thus a lair field of competition is crea ted. A paper ol me.'it an ( eu erjr.se is surj of success, tir evt ry subscril er is a living, talking, walking advertisement, and special agent. A man never values a p iper which he gets fur nothing. There is something in the fact if having paid for it which gives it particular attraction to bis eyes. He regards it as his property; and looks upon the elitor as merely a person managing bis, the subscriber's busi ness. There is a great deal iu the well known face ofa paper. A man who isdovoted to a journal which he has read fur years teases to prize it if the proprietor changes its appearance. The editor himself may die or change the original proprietors pass away, but the paper is still taken, its sentiments received, its words listened to, and its news rel:"ed on. A paper with only a thousand subscribers has more pow er than ten thousand men. The London Times can revolutionize Europe. The throne of Eng land is at the mercy of its p iwer. In the Uui- ted States no one paper has such sway, but any paper, however obscure, if in the riyht, can crush any influence, however powerful, if wrong- Chronology of Remarkable events. Pros pectively calculated by our own clairvoyant. 1354." City improvement begins. Temple .bar and lord mayor's show end. 1X36. Restoration of .the bonnet to the crown ofthe head. 1857. Act passed for the relief of London 1.1 1 1 II . i 1 n luggers, i lono-muii oi uurivi kmo, blunt-knives, aud door chains. 1H5U. Teetotalism introduced among the London cabmen. No less than three takes the pledge at once. 180. Something useful done by the sani tary commissioners. 1881. Great excitement prevails in literary circles. A London author gets a check from a New York publisher. 18D9. Cultivation of genuine Havanna to bacco plants at Richmond ends. I'JOO. A clean street seen in the city. 1919. Publication of Mr; James's 5000th novel. 1919. Completion of the library catalogue at tho Britism Museum up to the letter H. 1920. A racing prophecy fulfiled. 19:58. Ventilation ofthe House of Commons effected. 1945. A London lady, for a wager, walks down Regent street with her husband without stopping nt a shawl shop. 1980. Maine law introduced into England for an hour or two. 1999. Starvation of Curates ceases. 2000. Restoration of a borrowed umbrella to its rightful owner. 2001. Apparition ofa policeman at the mo ment he Was wanted. London Paper. Placing air-slacked liraein a gateway through which the animals frequently, pass" is a eur enre for foor-rot! Affairs ia. Great Britain Parliament, was opened on the 31st nit The crowd was much greater than usual on the route to the House, and the Queen was greatly cheered, but Prince Albert was occa sionally hissed. The TurkisTi Minister and several Turis in the crowd were cordially cheered. The House was unusually full of splendid costumes but no merabers-of the American delegation were present the Master of the Cer emonies having sent notice that all the diplo matic corps must appear in full costume. The following is The Queen' Speech. Mr Lottos asd Gestlkvex: I am happy to meet you iv .Parliament, and on Jthe .ewt occasion it is with peculiar satisfaction tiiat I recur to your assistance and advice. The hopes which I expressed at the close of tli last session, that a speedy settlement would be effected of the differences existing between Russia and the Ottoman Porte have .not oeeu realized, and I regret to say that a state of warfare has ensued. I have continued to act in cordial co-operation with the Emperor of the French, and my endeavors, in conjunction with my allies, to preserve and restore peaca betweeu the contending parties, although hith erto unsuccessful, have been unremitting. 1 will not fail to persevere in these endeavors; but as the continuance ofthe war deeply affect the interests of this country and of Europe, I think it requisite to make further augmentation of my naval and military forces, with the view of supporting my representatives, and of more ef fectually contributing to the restoration of peace. I have desired that the papers explanatory ofthe negotiations which have taken place up on this subject shall be communicated to you without delay. Gentlemen ofthe House of Commons: The estimates of the year will belaid before you, and I trust that you will find their consis tency with the exigencies of the public service at this juncture. They have been framed witn a due regard to economy. p My Lords and Gentlemen: In the year just terminated the blessing of an abundant harvest has not been vouchsafed to us by the dispensation of Providence; tho price of provisions has been enhanced, and the privations ot the poor increased; but their pa tience has been examp'ary, and the care of the Legislature, evinced by a reduction of the taxes affecting the necessaries of life, ha3 greatly tended to preserve the spirit of contentment. I have the satisfaction of announcing that the commerce of the country is still prosperous that trade, both export and import has been largely on the increase and that the revenue of tho past year ha3 been more than adenate to the demand of the public services. I recommend to your torsiderat'on a bill which I have ordered to be framed for opening the coasting trade of the United Kingdom to the ships of all friendly nations, and I look forward with satisfaction to the removal of th last legislative restriction ofthe use of foreign shipping fur the benefit of ray people. Com in mutations have been addressed by my command to the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, in reference to improvements which it may be desirable to effect in those institutions. These communicatians wil I be laid before you and measures be proposed for your considera tion, with a view of giving effect to auch im provements. t The establishments requisite for the conduct ofthe civic service, and arguments bearing on its condition, have recently been under review, and I shall direct a plan to be laid before yotx which will have for its object to improve the system of admission and thereby increase the efficiency of the service. Recent measures of legal reform have proved highly beneficial, and the success which has at tended them will encourage you to proceed with further amendments. Bills will be submitted to you for transmitting from eccelesiastical to civil courts cognizance of tes amentary and mat rimonial causes, and for giving increased effi ciency to the superior courts of common law. The laws relating to the relief of the poor havi of late undergone much salutary amendment but there is one branch to which I earnestly di rect attention. The law of settlement impedes the freedom of labor, and if this restraint can with safety be relaxed, workmen may be ena bled to increase the fruits of their industrv, and the interest of capital and of labor be mora firmly united. Measures will be submitted to you f r the amendment of the law relating .to. the representation ot the t-oramons in rariia ment. Recent experience has shown that it is necessary to make more effectual precautions agairist the evils of bribery and corrupt practi ces at elections. It will also be your duty to consider whether more complete effect may not be given to the principle of former acts where by reforms were made in the representation of the people in Parliament. In recommending this subject to your consideration my desire is to remove every cause of just complaint," to in crease the general confidence in the Legisla-" ture, and give additional stability to settle in stitutions of the State. I submit to vour wisdom the consideration of these important subject, and I pray God to pros per your councels and to guide your decisions. Debate os the War Question-. A debate ensued on the subject of the policy ofthe gov ernment during the progress ofthe Eastern dif ficulty. Various members of the government defended their course; but the debate elicited nothing, except that now awaited a reply from Sy Petersburg. . The reply to the Qneen's speech will b' unanimous from both Houses. Increase or the Armt and Natt. The Bri tish army is to be immediately increased bj 11,000 regulurs, and the navy 13,000. The Queen's proclamation is expected to be issued to enrol for the navy, and it is said to be contemplation to appoint a special minister at war, charged with the practical details of the army and navy ordnances. An order in council continues the militia id training during the present year. The French Empire. Eighty Thousand Troops for TcRitr. At a Council held at the Tuilleries on the 30th January, the question of sending an extraor dinary laud force to Turkey, was fully discussed. It is proposed to send 80,000 men, in four bo dies, under command of Generals Canrobert, Macmahon,Pelisierand Bousquet. England will send only a small force,' but will pay half the expense. . . Missiox to Belgium axd Prussia. Pr.nce Napoleon had gone to the Belgian Court, it is reported, to impress on the King the necssity of acting firmly with the allies against the Rus sians, as Belgium cannot maiutian neutrality without incurring the displeasure of France. The Prince will also go on similar missions to Prussia. ... Dr. Franklin says that "time is money This may account for the fact that persons' when in most ned of money, ask for time.