LOUDON, TENNESSEE, FEBRUARY 21, 1854.
PCBLISBED WEEKLY BT
JNO. W. & SAM'L B. O'BRIEN.
Office, oh Cedar Street, Eait of tie Public Square.
, TERMS: Two Dollars in advance: Two Dol
ars axd Fifty Cekts in six months; Three Dol
abs at the expiration of the year
Advertise exts inserted at $1 per square for the
rt, and 50 cents for each subsequent insertion.
Professional Cards, (five lines,) 5
, " " (more than five line,)...- 10
Quarter of column 1 S i
Half column 37
One column 75
Announcing candidates, (advance,) $3
.ZSWAddress the Publishers, Po$t-Paid.
, 1'rora the Cincinnati Kailroad Record.
Cincinnati and Charleston Railroad, via.
ihe Ralttn Gap. The great line from Cincin
nati to Charleston, is now advanced so far,
that the only remaining difficulty is to connect
Danville, (Ky.) with the Blue Ridge Railroad,
Tenn.) It has been commonly supposed, that
this would necessarily be via. Knoxville. But
on this point there is much discussion, in both
Kentucky and Tennessee. For the information
W our readers, we will give the distances on the
different routes, prepared by the editor of the
Loudon Free Press, which we believe are cor
rect. We must premise that Lounox is a new
town, sprung up on the Tennessee River, where
the East Tennessee Railroad crosses it. We
must also observe, that if the route 13 by Lou
don, the line will cross the Cumberland moun
tains, at ''Winter's Gap," the lowest Gap, it is
said, in the range.
There are now three routes across East Ten
nessee, claiming the location of the railroad
proposed to connect the Ohio Valley with
Charleston, S. C. We often Lear inquiries as
to the relative distances of these several routes.
In answer to these enquiries, we will give a ta
ble of distances on each route from the point
where the Blue Rigde (or Rabun Gap) Railroad
crosses the North Carolina line into Tennessee,
'to Danville, Ky.
1st Route via. Knoxville.
From X. C. line to Knoxville, 54 miles.
" Knoxville to Danville, Ky., 1C3 "
Total from N. C. line to Danville, 217J "
2nd Route via. Sweetwater.
From N. C. line to Kingston,
" Kingston to Somerset,
" Somerset to Danville, ...
Total from X. C. line to Danville 190
3d Route via Loudon.
From X. C. line to Loudon, 35
London to Somerset, Ky., lfll
" Somerset to Danville, 40
Total from X. C. line to Danville 176
Ths Gadsden Treaty Provisions. Washing
ton Feb. 13. The following1 are the principal
provision of Mr. Gadsden's treaty, now before
1st. The boundary commences two marine
Jen rues north of the mouth of the Colorado,
giving us no access to the Gulf of California,
and goes between latitude thiry-one and thirty
two to the one hundred and eleven in degree
of longitude west of Greenwich.
21. It abrogates the 11th article of the trea
ty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and cancels all claims
of Mexican citizens under that article to date
3d. The United Slates pay fifteen millions of
dollars iu monthly installments of three millions
each the first payable on ratifying the trea
ty. 4th. Reserves five millions for claims of
American citizens in Mexico, including the Ga
uth. Both Governments agree to put down
Fillibusterism, nnd pursue the Filibusters with
army and navy into the other's territory.
6th. Agrees to refund goods and chatties sto
len by Indians from citizens of the other's coun
ty The President amends No. 5, by striking out
the pursuit by land and sea into thn other's ter
ritory, and he amends No. 4 by not mention
ing any particular claim.
1 he amendments are very important, ltie
treaty will be ratified in its new form.
Baltimore, February 16. In the Whig Con
vention of Connecticut, Henry Dctto.y has
been nominated for Governor, and a full State
Ticket Resolutions were also passed against
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise.
Illness of Fanny Forrester. Albany, Feb.
13 Mrs. K. C. Judson, known to the literary
world as Fanny Forrester, is dying in Madison
village, ia this State. Her disease is consump
tion. Information Wanted. Augusta Giesselman,
who came to Galveston. Texas, from Germany,
come eight or ten years since, is very anxious
to obtain information of the whereabouts of her
brothers Frederick and Henry Giesselman, who,
fit ltt accounts, were in or near Brazoria, Tex
as. She left Galveston when a child, in care
of a German natned Beck, who promised to
take her to her brothers, but instead of doing
so, brought her to this city, where she has re
mained until the present time. Any informa
tion upon the subject, addressed to her at Louis
ville, Kv f will be thankfully received
Papers of the South and West will do an act
of kindness to a "poor orphan girl by givinj
this notice an insertion. Lou. Cour.
. It is understood that order came out by the
Arabia, for ihe immediate return of all, or
nearly all, the British ships of war on this coast,
in the West Indies a.id the Pacific.
University of Nashville. We learn that an
eighth professorship' has been established in
the Medical Department of the University here,
to be callel "Institutes of Medicine and Clin
ical Medicine." The new chair has been fill
ed by the election and acceptance cf Thomas
R. Jexxikgs, M. D. of this city; a gentleman
of the highest reputation as a profound Medic
al Man, and an eloquent speaker. Nashville
U&ion and American.
T'ieB-)ston Meeting against the Nebraska
J3UI. Baltimore. Feb. 16. A great Free Soil
Convention was held in Fancuil Hall, Boston,
in opposition to the Nebraska Bill, and is to be
followed by another on the 22d iustant, in the
came place, irrespective of parry.
The amont of gold dust shipped from Cali
fornia in 1833 was $82.300,000.
A Bister of Ex-Presidene John Tyler, named
Mrs. Martha Waggaman, died at Georgetown,
P. C, a few days ago, aged TO years.-
Later from Europe.
ARRIVAL OF THE
U. S. MAIL
New-York, February 20.
The U. S. Mail steam ship Baltic. Capt Com
stock, has arrived at New-York from Liver
pool, which port she left on Wednesday, the
The Liverpool Markkts. The demand for
Cotton since the departure of the Canada on
the 4th inst., has be'eu moderate, and prices in
favor of the buyers, although holders were not
pressing on the marki't.
The sales durin? the three days comprised
25,000 bales, of which speculators took 6000,
leaving 19,000 bales of all description to the
trai " " " :""
Fair Orleans was quoted at 6 d.. Middling
Orleansat 5 Id., Fair Uplands at 6J and Mid
dling Uplands at fif d.
Flour had declined Is. per bid., and Wes
tern was quoted at 41s. and Ohio at 42s. 6d. per
bbl. of 19f lbs. Holders, however, were not pres
sing on the market.
All qualitlo of Corx bad. also, declined, and
White and Yellow were quoted at 50s. per 4R
nuoted at 50s. rer 4R0
White Wheat was worth 12s 9d. per 70
Pork and Beef were dull. B.tcnx
tivo, and Lapo bad slightly advanced.
State of Trade. Business in Manchester
remained about the same as reporte by the
TnK Lovnox Movet Makket. Monev was
in good demand and freely supplied. Consols
were quoted at 91 i.
The French Funds. A fall in the English
funds affected prices on the Paris Bourse on
the afternoon ofthe 7th instant, which, earlier
in the day, evinced .1 tendency to advance.
The Three per Cents closed nt 67 frs. 30 centi
mes, nnd the Four and a-Half per Cents, at 97
frs. 50 centimes.
The Cznr's last proposal have been rejected,
and neirotinHons broken off.
The Russian Ambassador have left London
and Paris, nnd the English and the French
Ambassadors have been recalled from St. Pe
tersburg Count Kt.ssei.t.iffe, the late Russian Envoy
at Paris, arrived nt Brussels on the 7th instant.
Advices from Paris, dnted the 7th instant,
state that the reports of the ill success of Count
Orloff's mission to Vienna have been con
firmed, and foreseen? Mie same rebuft nt Ber
lin, he will not visit that capita'. The Vienna
correspondent of the American Associated
Press, also, telegraphed to the Agent in Liver
pool shortly before the departure of th Baltic,
that Count Ori.off would probably leave Vi
enna for St. Petersburg on the 8th instant.
Advices from St. Petersburg, to the 29th nit.,
state that the influence of Count Nesselrope
is again in tl e nssendant. nnd that iIia Emr.
rcr, who is full aware of the position in which
he is olncttd. will - iut....- . ..i
conflagration, if he can only preserve his honor
and his rights. It alse said that he is about to
write an Autograph letter to the Queen of En
eland, in which he will endeavor to prove that
he has not been the aggressor.
An Imperial Ukas confirm the summoning to
arms of all the reserves, as well as the soldiers
It is said that the Servian Government, yiel
ding to the suggestions of the Russian Consul
at Belgrade, will refuse to accept the firmans of
the bultan, unless Russia gives her consent
England and France are openly preparing for
Several of the Ccnard steam ships have been
taken by the British Government to convev
troops to Constantinople.
Six thousand men are to go from England,
and others will be taken up from different sta
tions. About ten thousand will soon be collec
ted to form part of the first expedition.
New- York Markets.
New-York, February 18. Rio Coffee was
buoyant, and 500 bags were disposed of at 12
cents, per lb. Flock was dull and declining
and 8000 bbls. found purchases at $8.62 for
State and $9 for Ohio. 800 bbls. of Southern
were sold at from $8.88 a $9.12 per bbl.
Wheat was dull at $2.05 for Southern White.
C.H. was dull and considerably lower. 48,
000 bushels changed hands at from 98 cents a
$1 per bushel.
Death of ErSenatar Strange.
Baltimore,Feb. lfi. Ex-Senator Strange died
near Fayetteville, N. C, on Sunday morning.
Austria. The whole of the Bohemian army
corps have reecived orders to march to Hunga
ry. The army already concentrated on- the
Crotian, Servein,, and Transylvania frontiers
amounts to 80,000 men. It is known at Vien
na says a correspondent, that Omar Pasha nei
ther receives nor sends away despatches with
out their being shown to the revolutionary lea
tiers, and since the difmt of the Russians ut
Citale the imperial government has become se
Improbable as it may appear, negec'ations
are going on between the Russian government
and the Papal Nuncio who resides at Vienna,
fur bringing about a "fussion'' of the Catholic
and Greek Churches. The Russin Cabinet is
anxious to secure the co-operation of the high
Catholic party during the present crisis; but, of
course, when the danger is over the negotia
tions will be over too
Spain. The Messager de Bayonne publishes
a private letter fom Madrid, written three days
before the covp, the writer of which thus fore
shadows the course upon which the Ministry
appears to have entered: "The Ministry has
rttrlud ijcr. ii(M mj lithing the coup d'etat,
but the Marquis de Geronawill first leave the
Cabinet, Among the measures w hich will be
adopted the proclamation of the state of siege
in the capital and province of Madrid will be
one of the Erst. The Senate will be suppress
ed, and several notabilities of the opposition
will be exiled. The liberty ofthe press will be
diminished, or altogether suspended. Several
military chiefs who were stationed in Madrid
have been removed among others the Duke
de Eu and Brigadier Solano. A number of
changes will take place in the administrative
The Espana,, of Madrid, of the 15th instant,
says: ''As Queen Maria Christina was yesder
day passing along the Calle de Alcada. she met
a priest carrying the sacrament to n poor sick
man. Her majesty immediately got out of hei
carriage, made the priest enter it, and" followed
the vehicle with a wax candle, in; her hand,
through the dirty streets, to the man's residence;
after which she proceeded on foot to the parish
Madrid, Jan 18. The Minister' of Justice'
has resigned, and his place has been supplied
ad interim bj the Minister of Finance -
Frotn London Times.
OPINIONS IN ENGLAND.
THE MISSION OF COUNT OltLOFF THE ANSWER
OF ENGLAND AND FRANCK
Whatever answer may be returned ty Eng
land and France to the last communication of
the Russian government, it is satisfactory to
know that the language of London and 1'arU
will be identically the same. There is, in fact.
no distinction to be drawn between the position J and Italy have absorbed nearly the whole of the
of the two countries. We have sent our fleets Black Sea supplies. Tho falling off iu the ar
together to follow and defend a certain line of j rivals from that quarter has been very great,
policy in the Black Sea. The intimation con:
veyed to the Russian Government of this, our
joint intention, was announced to the Ministers
of the Emperor in the same form and at (he
same time. The singular and evasive renly
which Russia appears to have given to that m-
Ltixaaiion, ha3 auo Leeu eommumsated fa -Cvj
same terms in London and In Paris", and in the
same terms the two governments will no doubt,
agree to avow and uphold the resolution they
havb taken. This agreement forms an essen
tial part of the system to which we are on both
sides anxious to adhere, and a'lhough the re
suit may be that some slight delay will occur
before Baron Brunow's curiosity can be satis
fied, yet, in taking this important step, it is de
sirable that the joint action of the two cabi
nets should be strictly preserved. The Russian
government has asked for a further explana
tion of the intentions with which our fleets
have entered the Black Sea.
The Emperor of Russia appears even to have
gone so far as to admit their undoubted right
to be there iu a position of armed neutrality.
But the future conduct of the Russian envoys
will be regulated by the answer given 'to thi3
demand. We cannot anticipate the terms of
that answer, but as to its spirit, there can, we
apprehend, be no doubt on the mind of any
man, who has watched the steady progress of
events. England and France have nothing to
explain, for there is nothing dandestive or ob
scure in the act now under consideration.
They have, on the contrarj, everything to avow,
and the mure precise and public their avo'.vnl
can be m idd, thi better will it serve the cause
they have adopted. The instructions given to
the admirals and executed by the fleets at this
very time are the answer of the allied govern
ments. It would be disingenuous and unwor
thy of two great nations to pretend that their
fleets have entered the Black Sea for purposes
compatible with strict neutrality, or even to
impose a naval amstice on the beligerents, by
restrictions equally effecting both sides alike.
The fleets have entered the Euxinc because the
maritime powers had long since promised to
the Porte iheir moral and material support iu
case of necessity.
The disaster ' Sinope proved that wiihout
that support even the coasts of Asia Minor
were insecure, and no reinforcements could be
sent by sea to the Turkish forces in Armenia.
We therefore interfere to protect those coasts,
and to convoy the necessary reinforcements;
and, although no positive atack is conteplated
at this time on t!e territories of the Russian
empire, the Admirals nre em povrcred. and tli '-'
ted to pn-vetit ine maritime communications of
the Russian arsenels. Such is the avowed poli
cy of tho British and French governments, and
in that policy they will persevere, without un
necessary violence or provocation, but also
without hesitation or weakness. Nothing is se
cret, nothing is new, in the fads we nfe descri
bing and the expressions we are using. They
were perfectly well known to the Emperor Nich
olas and the Russian cabinet before the doubts
which Baron Brunow has been instucted to ex
press, could have occurred to any one. No
concealment has been practiced, no evasion
resorted to; in three successive forms from
London, from Paris, and from Sebastopol the
Emperor received the notice. If, after this, he
chooses to affect ignorance of our object, such
simplicity can be no more than feint. We are,
therefore, led more strongly to the conclusion
that his only object has been to gain a little
more time, or else to give to the rapture which
he has provoked a turn apparently less unfavor
able to the character of the original assailant.
We learn at the same time from our corres
pondent at Berlin that another step of consid
erable interest has been takm by tho Emperor
Nicholas. When the last advices left St. Pe
tersburg it was just ascertained that Count Orl
offhad been commanded to proceed to Vienna
on a special mission, and that this envoy would
be empowered to state on what terms the Rus-
sion government would be prepared to enter
into negotiations for peace. This news is evi
dently intended to anticipate the effect of the
ultimatum addressed to the Emperor bv the
four Powers, and to shift once more the "basis
of the negotiation perhaps, also, to endeavor
to shake, ns far as possible, the union which
has happily thus far prevailed between tho four
Powers. Count Orloff is a nobleman of the
highest rank in the Russian empire enjoying
the unbounded confidence of the Emperor, and
powerful enough to withstand that sovereign
even in his moments of excitement. It is be
lieved by those who are most conversant with
the internal springs and agencies of the Russi
ian court, that upon the whole Count OrlofFs
influence throughout these transactions has
been moderate and pacific, and that, in con
junction with Count Nesselrode, he has dissua
ded the Emperor troni adopting the more vio
lent courses which have been urged from other
quahers; The choice of such an Envoy Ex
traoidinary to Vienna ut this time is a circum
stance of considerable interest and it might be
regarded as evincing less indisposition on . the
part of Russia to treat than teas attributed to
her ashort time ago. But this mission is a contin
uation of the evasive policy of which Duron Bru
now's last communication gave the first sign.
The time is past, however, when such expe
dients as these can be practised with success
or tolerated with impunity. If the Emperor of
Russia is disposed to treat for peace, the pre
liminaries accepted by Turkey and recommen
ded by the four Powers are before him. It is
in his power by a word to stop the effusion of
blood, and to remove the impending evils of
war; but if, while he rejects these proposals, he
endeavors to amuse or to divide us by other di
plomatic artifices.he is only attempting to make
us the dupes and victims of u palpable trick.
Another negotiation, another reference to Con
stantinople, to be followed in all probability by
no result, would waste six weeks more of the
year, and the month' of March would see the
Russian penerals on the Danube at the head of
overwhelming armies, ready fo htngh at the
credulity of the Western Powers. Peace is of
fered to the Emperor of Russia on fair and
honorable terms; let him accept them if he de
s'res peace. If not, the evils of a prolonged state
of suspense,- during which Russia is accumula
ting all her fice for' the struggle, are more
to btr foprW'vie , the evils of war.- The
purpose' of fiy?,? ?tf Sndeavoring to gain a few
week ftVoFc? iittte k obvious; but it is our - duty
fo- oppose" ff-ffftfte" fra'iYk and vigorous policy1 to'
hpfscltawe a-r'd1 no dbhbt the answer of the
A;l!fa$ 5eYff fo Baron B'urhow and M. de Ki3
sleSf ? tfi S6iently firm and precise fo" put
I The Mark Lane Exprest of the 23 of January.
reviews the British Cora Trade as follows.
j Considering the difference in the position of
J me country now to what it was at that time, a
; greater increase might have been expected; and
mat tins has not taken place has been owing to
the wants of France. Not only have shipments
from that country ceased altogether, but France
and has only in part been counterbalanced by
increased receipts from the other sido ofthe
Atlantic. Should the news which has this
week been received by telegraph from Vienna
prove correct viz: that the Emperor of Russia
had forbidden further shipments of grain from
QdVfcua the effect woulu be seriously ft it here
as well as in France; and in that case we might
see a higher range of prices than has yet been
contemplated as possible. Tho only chance of
s check to the upward movement appears,
therefore, to be an. arrangement of the Eestern
difficulties. Whether this is now piacticable;
our teader3 are as competent to decide as our
sleves. The dull reports from Mark Lane of
Monday, and the rather important fall which
occurred at Liverpool the following day, produ
ced considerable influence on the tone of the
trade at most of the provincial markets. Far
mers hppear to have been quite taken by sur
prise,'and they manifested greater anxiety to
reali&i than they have exhibited at any previ
ons piriod for some months past. The fall from
the highest poii.t amounted, ut several ofthe
markers in the agricultural districts held on
Wednesday and Thursday Is. to 53. per qrv,
but the decline generally has net exceeded 2s.
to 3 pnr qr. The deliveries from the growers
have certianly increased, and in some districts
rather Itrge supplies have been brought forward
which l is led to the belief th:it there is more
Wheat of home growth remaining in the coun
try thai was previously supposed. We are not
prepared to admit or deny this interference, but
we cannot regard the circumstances alluded to
as any proof? When pricc3 ire as high as they
now are, and the idea whether ell founded
or otherwise gains pissjsiiou of the minds
of holders that a reaction is abont to take place,
there is a natural desire to sell. This would
have its influence, however small the quantity
held might be.
The trade appears to be already recovering
from thtf temporary depression, and purchasers
could not buy on as easy terms at the close as
they might have done in the middle of the week.
Several circumstances have combined to cause
the reaction, the most prominent of which has.
in oar opinion, been the sudden cessation of
the export demand, and to the fact that a few
offers of Wheat have been made from ports to
which we have recently been slipping rather ex
tensively. Much more importance appears to
us t' have been attached to the fact that France
and Belgium may send back a few cargoes of
the Wheat previously obtained from us than it
deserves. Under free trade, and with easy
iii.anS of trUiif- lul " tltal pnrtm nr
brought so nearly on a level with our own mar
kets, as to be immediately influenced by a fall
or rise here. Her Expenses are calculated to
a fraction, and when there is a margin of only
Is. to 2s. per qr., for profit, shipments will be
made from hence to the continent, or vice ver
sa, so thl we may be receiving supplies one
week and returning them the next. The ad
vance iu December and beginning of January
raised our quotations above the current rates
rf some of the French and Belgian ports; and
our enterprising neighbors were as ready to
sell a they had (whea the position of affairs
was the other way) been willing to buy, without
considering whether in the course of afew weeks
they might not stand in need of what they were
parting with. The liberal arrivals of bread
stuffs from America during the last week or
two have tended to check the upward move
ment, and the change in the weather from seve
re frotto thaw, has not been altogether without
influence, inasmuch as an earlier opening of
the Baltic than had previously been calculated
on wa3 thereby rendered probable. Holders
of foreign Wheat, who generally weigh the
chances for and against a rise or fall more care
fully than our agricultural friends, have shown
no want of e'jnfideneo;ind though some sales of
American produce were made at Liverpool on
Tuesday at rather lower prices, the decline was
speedily recovered, and, according to the reports
from thence received this morning, the decline
had been almost wholly regained on Friday.
The arrivals into Liverpool during the week
ending lGth instant, from America, consisted
of 6o,64D qrs. Wheat, and 140,003 brls Flour.
A PAIR OF PARODIES.
NUMBER 1 BT TIMOTHY SCRCGGS.
When lovely woman veils hpr bosom
With muslin fashionably thin,
What man with eyes could e'er refuse 'em,
From casually peeping in?
And when his ardent gaze returning,
The dry goods heave to deep drawn sighs,
Would not his finger ends be burning,
To press his hat down o'er his eyes?
NUMBER 11 BT EETST SCRUGGS.
When musn't mention 'ems are made,
"'"As now, so wonderfully thin.
What human, fit to woo a maid,
Could squeeze his understanding in?
And when of damsels fair and bevy
Smile sideway at your cork screw pegs,
Don't think with love their hearts are heavy
They're wondering what ails your legs!
"Julius why is de gettiu' out ob bed on the
31st ob August like one ob Moor's melodies?
Does you gub it up, mv spec-ted colled friend?''
"In course I does. Why?" "Because it's de
las rose ob summer!" "Look here nigger, if
you preambulate any mire such nonsense about
dis child, he'll cave your head in. Pse had
enuogti ob dat highferlootin talk. I is"
A clergyman was once catechising a class of
children belonging to his congregation, and
coming to a little boy who was something of a
rogue, asked him what, he knew.
"I know something," replied the urchin with
a significant look.
'Well, my sonj what do you know?" said the
"I know where there's a bird's nest," said
the boy; "but I shan't tell you lor fear you'll
steal the eggs." -
Astronomical. Every man is a human plan
el, moving in his own particular orbit. Gold
is tho "fittraction"; Interest the "repellant"
Avarice or Necessity the "motive power."
The Lowell Advertiser asksr What i3 the
difference between an intended homicide and a
Cincinnati hog butchery? One i3 an assault
with intent to kill, and the other is a kill with
intent to salt:
Venture upon nothing-till yon have WtU con'
gWred the end
COMMUNICATION FROM BENJAMINE
Amo:ig the good things said and read at the
editorial dinner in Springfield, Mass., on the 17
ult., as recorded in the Springfield Republican,
was the following. At the dinner table was
read by Dr. Holland the following letter from
Benjamin Franklin, who was among those nec
TtlejrajtK Office, the Sovs;)th tptiere.
Eighteen hundred and fifty-fourth year,
(For we rhyme in our very dates up here,)
Of the first month the 17ih day,
(The anniversary, by the way,
Of your bumble servants birth, in fc!y.)
Free for a day from your cares and your ereS-ton,
Free frqra the tcissofg, the pn.ud t!e hr?1-",'' "
Permit ye a brother an old time typo
On this bright ann iversary,
In a style rather cursory,
(And iu cur-ery eer-ery,)
To write you a lice from tho spirit-Inn J nursery.
Yon are all asleep to the signs of tho time.
Dead as a hammer dead an old Grimes,
Seated around this table to-day,
Catch ye not gleams of a milder sway!
Something of promise upspringing within yon all ?
There f-iU a neighbor you charged with sheep-stealia
(Or something as bad) bat in cordial feeling,
Without nny "ardent" your ardor to mellow,
You are blessing him now for a capital fellow,
And there at your elbow or sitting before ye,
Is a man (if we credit your brotherly story,)
Who tho shabbiest, meanest political knave is;
Who to FaUhood and party the pitiful slave is:
And you've helped him, fjf hours, to your graces
cad gravies !
The man who indited those slashing leader.
Whose paragraphs ever were discord-breeders,
Aud the poor little chaps
Who received tho raps
Sit side by side good friends and gooifsedora.
Seated around this table to-day.
Catch ye not gleams of a milder sway,
Something of promise ujispringing within you all ?
Thanks my kind friends for the honor yoa do me,
In coming together this day of my birth;
Thanks for all compliments paid unto me,
And my poor labors achieved on c:rth;
But worship me never, nor follow my track;
Leave my name to myself and my books on your
My genius you have not your gcniii3 I lack;
So be better than Fratiklin be nobly Yourseves !
In the Ultima 'T hale,
Yours, very truly,
Interesiinj about Newspapers. They man
age things strangely about newspapers iu Lon
don, and by reason of this managmneut get the
Times far little or nothing. The modus oper
andi is thus descsibed. You subscribe at a
newspaper hull fur it to be left fur you at 9 o'
clock tor sav one hour. Punctually at 10 o'
clock the person of whom you hired it calls,
and fumiiht'i tho uu number t wins other
customer who wants it at that honr. At 1 1 o
clocli another gets it, and even as late as i. p.
m. You can have it furnished thus by the
week, month, quarter, or year. It is left prompt
ly at ths hour bargained fur, ana you must ex
pect to give it up on "sight call." Perhaps you
are in he middle of the Paris correspondence,
or the debates, or late foreign intelligence. It
makes no difference you must stop when your
hour is out or buy an extra copy.
After the city readers are through with the
sheet, it is mailed olf to the country. You are
forbidden to cut the paper, and if it becomes
defaced, must pay for it. In Liverpool, well
to do people will club for one copy of the Daily
Times, and a plilegmati c John liull will read
the paper the day after his neighbor for years,
perfectly satisfied to exist one day behind the
In America svery man has, or ought to have,
his own paper, ll must come to hiin freh ai.d
and untouched, lie reads it throughly, and it
becomes pirt of his existence, lie tuLs about
it spreads the news, and is proud of its suc
cess. Thus a lair field of competition is crea
ted. A paper ol me.'it an ( eu erjr.se is surj of
success, tir evt ry subscril er is a living, talking,
walking advertisement, and special agent.
A man never values a p iper which he gets
fur nothing. There is something in the fact
if having paid for it which gives it particular
attraction to bis eyes. He regards it as his
property; and looks upon the elitor as merely
a person managing bis, the subscriber's busi
ness. There is a great deal iu the well known face
ofa paper. A man who isdovoted to a journal
which he has read fur years teases to prize it
if the proprietor changes its appearance.
The editor himself may die or change the
original proprietors pass away, but the paper
is still taken, its sentiments received, its words
listened to, and its news rel:"ed on. A paper
with only a thousand subscribers has more pow
er than ten thousand men. The London Times
can revolutionize Europe. The throne of Eng
land is at the mercy of its p iwer. In the Uui-
ted States no one paper has such sway, but any
paper, however obscure, if in the riyht, can
crush any influence, however powerful, if wrong-
Chronology of Remarkable events. Pros
pectively calculated by our own clairvoyant.
1354." City improvement begins. Temple
.bar and lord mayor's show end.
1X36. Restoration of .the bonnet to the crown
1857. Act passed for the relief of London
1.1 1 1 II . i 1 n
luggers, i lono-muii oi uurivi kmo,
blunt-knives, aud door chains.
1H5U. Teetotalism introduced among the
London cabmen. No less than three takes the
pledge at once.
180. Something useful done by the sani
1881. Great excitement prevails in literary
circles. A London author gets a check from
a New York publisher.
18D9. Cultivation of genuine Havanna to
bacco plants at Richmond ends.
I'JOO. A clean street seen in the city.
1919. Publication of Mr; James's 5000th
1919. Completion of the library catalogue
at tho Britism Museum up to the letter H.
1920. A racing prophecy fulfiled.
19:58. Ventilation ofthe House of Commons
1945. A London lady, for a wager, walks
down Regent street with her husband without
stopping nt a shawl shop.
1980. Maine law introduced into England
for an hour or two.
1999. Starvation of Curates ceases.
2000. Restoration of a borrowed umbrella
to its rightful owner.
2001. Apparition ofa policeman at the mo
ment he Was wanted. London Paper.
Placing air-slacked liraein a gateway through
which the animals frequently, pass" is a eur
enre for foor-rot!
Affairs ia. Great Britain
Parliament, was opened on the 31st nit
The crowd was much greater than usual on
the route to the House, and the Queen was
greatly cheered, but Prince Albert was occa
The TurkisTi Minister and several Turis in
the crowd were cordially cheered.
The House was unusually full of splendid
costumes but no merabers-of the American
delegation were present the Master of the Cer
emonies having sent notice that all the diplo
matic corps must appear in full costume.
The following is
The Queen' Speech.
Mr Lottos asd Gestlkvex: I am happy
to meet you iv .Parliament, and on Jthe .ewt
occasion it is with peculiar satisfaction tiiat I
recur to your assistance and advice.
The hopes which I expressed at the close of
tli last session, that a speedy settlement would
be effected of the differences existing between
Russia and the Ottoman Porte have .not oeeu
realized, and I regret to say that a state of
warfare has ensued. I have continued to act
in cordial co-operation with the Emperor of
the French, and my endeavors, in conjunction
with my allies, to preserve and restore peaca
betweeu the contending parties, although hith
erto unsuccessful, have been unremitting. 1
will not fail to persevere in these endeavors; but
as the continuance ofthe war deeply affect the
interests of this country and of Europe, I think
it requisite to make further augmentation of
my naval and military forces, with the view of
supporting my representatives, and of more ef
fectually contributing to the restoration of peace.
I have desired that the papers explanatory
ofthe negotiations which have taken place up
on this subject shall be communicated to you
Gentlemen ofthe House of Commons:
The estimates of the year will belaid before
you, and I trust that you will find their consis
tency with the exigencies of the public service
at this juncture. They have been framed witn
a due regard to economy. p
My Lords and Gentlemen:
In the year just terminated the blessing of
an abundant harvest has not been vouchsafed
to us by the dispensation of Providence; tho
price of provisions has been enhanced, and the
privations ot the poor increased; but their pa
tience has been examp'ary, and the care of the
Legislature, evinced by a reduction of the taxes
affecting the necessaries of life, ha3 greatly
tended to preserve the spirit of contentment.
I have the satisfaction of announcing that the
commerce of the country is still prosperous
that trade, both export and import has been
largely on the increase and that the revenue
of tho past year ha3 been more than adenate
to the demand of the public services.
I recommend to your torsiderat'on a bill
which I have ordered to be framed for opening
the coasting trade of the United Kingdom to
the ships of all friendly nations, and I look
forward with satisfaction to the removal of th
last legislative restriction ofthe use of foreign
shipping fur the benefit of ray people.
Com in mutations have been addressed by my
command to the Universities of Oxford and
Cambridge, in reference to improvements which
it may be desirable to effect in those institutions.
These communicatians wil I be laid before you
and measures be proposed for your considera
tion, with a view of giving effect to auch im
The establishments requisite for the conduct
ofthe civic service, and arguments bearing on
its condition, have recently been under review,
and I shall direct a plan to be laid before yotx
which will have for its object to improve the
system of admission and thereby increase the
efficiency of the service.
Recent measures of legal reform have proved
highly beneficial, and the success which has at
tended them will encourage you to proceed with
further amendments. Bills will be submitted
to you for transmitting from eccelesiastical to
civil courts cognizance of tes amentary and mat
rimonial causes, and for giving increased effi
ciency to the superior courts of common law.
The laws relating to the relief of the poor havi
of late undergone much salutary amendment
but there is one branch to which I earnestly di
rect attention. The law of settlement impedes
the freedom of labor, and if this restraint can
with safety be relaxed, workmen may be ena
bled to increase the fruits of their industrv, and
the interest of capital and of labor be mora
firmly united. Measures will be submitted to
you f r the amendment of the law relating .to.
the representation ot the t-oramons in rariia
ment. Recent experience has shown that it is
necessary to make more effectual precautions
agairist the evils of bribery and corrupt practi
ces at elections. It will also be your duty to
consider whether more complete effect may not
be given to the principle of former acts where
by reforms were made in the representation of
the people in Parliament. In recommending
this subject to your consideration my desire is
to remove every cause of just complaint," to in
crease the general confidence in the Legisla-"
ture, and give additional stability to settle in
stitutions of the State.
I submit to vour wisdom the consideration of
these important subject, and I pray God to pros
per your councels and to guide your decisions.
Debate os the War Question-. A debate
ensued on the subject of the policy ofthe gov
ernment during the progress ofthe Eastern dif
ficulty. Various members of the government
defended their course; but the debate elicited
nothing, except that now awaited a reply from
Sy Petersburg. .
The reply to the Qneen's speech will b'
unanimous from both Houses.
Increase or the Armt and Natt. The Bri
tish army is to be immediately increased bj
11,000 regulurs, and the navy 13,000.
The Queen's proclamation is expected to be
issued to enrol for the navy, and it is said to be
contemplation to appoint a special minister at
war, charged with the practical details of the
army and navy ordnances.
An order in council continues the militia id
training during the present year.
The French Empire.
Eighty Thousand Troops for TcRitr.
At a Council held at the Tuilleries on the 30th
January, the question of sending an extraor
dinary laud force to Turkey, was fully discussed.
It is proposed to send 80,000 men, in four bo
dies, under command of Generals Canrobert,
Macmahon,Pelisierand Bousquet. England
will send only a small force,' but will pay half
the expense. . .
Missiox to Belgium axd Prussia. Pr.nce
Napoleon had gone to the Belgian Court, it is
reported, to impress on the King the necssity of
acting firmly with the allies against the Rus
sians, as Belgium cannot maiutian neutrality
without incurring the displeasure of France.
The Prince will also go on similar missions
to Prussia. ...
Dr. Franklin says that "time is money
This may account for the fact that persons'
when in most ned of money, ask for time.
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