Newspaper Page Text
f ... : . . ' '
o 3. TOL. II. LOUDON, TENNESSEE, AUGUST 16, 1854. NO. . WW O o o o "PUBLISHED WEEKLY BT JNO. W. & SAM'L B. O'BRIEN. Ojfic on Cedar Street, Eart of the Public Square TERMS: Two Dollahs in advance; Two Dol Iars awd Firrr Cexts in six months; Three Dol lars at the expiration of tbe year. .Advertidev ext inserted at $1 per square for the Srit,-and 60 cents for each subsequent insertion. YEARLY rates. Professional Qards, (five lines.) $ 5 " " . (u..re than five line,).... 10 Quarter of column 18 J Half column 374 One column .- 75 Announcing candidates, (advance,) $3 Address tho PuMishers. Pott-Paid. LOUDON : WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16. Albany, August 5. Tbe steam engine works of Skinner & Co., at Nunda, Livingston county, were blown ap on Tuesday morning. One man vbs killed, and several others, including Mr. " Paine, were severely wounded. Wm. Scott, living near Scott Churcb,Orleans county, was killed by lightning at noon oc Wed nesday. Niagara Falls, August 5. There is a large number of visiters here. The cholera has en tirely disappeared from the vicinity of me Sus pension Bridge. Perfect health has prevailed at the Clifton House. Not a single case of cholera there this season. The same may be said of the Cataract and other hotels. Stran gers are arriving in large numbers. Sweet Potatoes. New sweet potatoes made their first appear ance in the Richmond market about a week ago. The Norfolk Beacon of Wednesday last 6ays: "Sweet potatoes in small lots have been shipped to Richmond. Baltimore and New York, from this market They bring. $3 per barrel. M. Delande, of Paris has presented an in vention which consists in certain processes for producing a new metallic alloy similar to silver in appearance, and intended to supercede it in various applications. Tin forms the base of the composition, and to prepare it the inventor calcines it two or three times with saltpetre, and reduces the calcined part to powder, which ij melted down in a crucible. When in a fluid state it is purified by being mixed with char coal powder, the-clear part being drawn into another crucible, ready fur use. Proof Positive. The young woman who ate a dozen peaches, half a dozen apples, the same nunber of pears, three raw tomatoes, and a half pint of plums, within a half 4 day, says she kiioics "fruit ain't wholesome." Judge Pcrcei.i., of. the Court of Probate, Washington city, has delivered his opinion in the Doctor Gardiner case, appointing the Treas urer of the United States the administrator, on the ground that the Government is, prima facie the largest creditor to the amount of $400,000 This is adverse to the application of Messrs. Bradley and Carlile, who claim to be creditors on he said estate. The Judge remarked that the Treasurer might be regarded as one of the . trustees of the Treasury to protect its rights. Messrs. Bradley and Carlisle have appealed to the Circuit Court. fT'Via Sftnfi f A lino rnnfirmiiil tVin nTW!nfmpnt. nf Robt. B. Campbell, of Texas, to be Consul of I bad democrats as they are; and we expect ; noth the United States, for the port of London, ;n ing else but to see him hold up, until the Reg- England, vice Geoge N. Saxdeus; Roger Bar mcn of Mississippi, to be Consul of the United States for the port of Havana, in the island of Cuba, in the place of Alexander M Clayton, resigned, and Samfel II. Montgomery, of Arkansas, to be agent for the Indians in New . Mexico. Correct Views of Life. The best cure for misanthropy is practical philanthropy. " The best way to guard against narrowness is to do liberal deeds. The best way to make money a ource of personal peace is toshare it as gener ously as you can with others, to invest where it will pay interest in the 6nfiles of the relieved or jthe affection of the benefited Somehow, as a general rule, the most disinterestad people are the most cheerful. We knew a thoroughly .unselfish person once, a person who seemed ever thinking of those connected with and a- round her, who bore senenely for years and years, cares and troubles enough to have made life tragical indeed; and yet a stranger would I Tennessee rnd of the Nation. Memphis Ea have thought her exempt from anxiety and sor- gle and Enquirer. row. q A Rumsellec Arrested under a New Law. Tho Pennsylvania Leeislature at its last session enacted a law authorizing the friends of an inebriate to give notice to an inkeepernotto sell the intemperate person any more liquor. By virtue of this act, "Mayor Conrad of Phila- , , e ,,. , . delphia held the keeper of a public house for trial, for selling liquor to an intoxicated man wdo died in consequence of 6uch intoxication. The accused offered in defence that he was not at home when the liquor was sold, and that it was sold by his bar tender. The Mayor replied that his absence would not avail to screen him, as his bar keeper acting as his agent, made him responsible. Wonders in an Oyster. The Springfield Post says, if you open an oyster and retain the liquor upon a deep shell, on examining it with a microscope, yon will find it full of little oys ters floating about, one hundred and thirty of which only cover an inch; you will alsq percieve in it a variety of animalcula;, and myrids of worms of three distinct species, gamboiling in the fluid. A 3eautiful Flower. The Dahlia 13 a native of the marshes of Peru, and was named after Dahlia, ihe famous Swedish botanist. It is more than thirty years since ; its introduction into Europe, and it is now the universal favor ite of florists. The number of known varieties is about five hundred. The Kiioxvllle Register Mr. Bell. We have observed with regret that recently this old, and once influential and popular whig (journal, betrays unmistakable evidences of having fallen into the hands of a clique whose manifest determination is to endeavor to hunt down Mr, Bell. Two articles have recentlv appeared in it, so replete with the rancour of : political and personal enmity, so stuffed with ; misrepresentations of facts in the shape of j forced inferences from mere fragments of the I truth, that, but for the same names being still j at its head, we would have supposed its editor-j ship had passed into the hands of the vilest lo-1 cofoco in the land. These articles are based, j not on anything Mr. Bell has now done not j for anv sne'cial act of infidelity to his whig i principles but are conceived in snarling and snappish fault-finding with him "generally" through a series of years past. In the blind ness of his. venom, the writer forg6ts that even were his gross perversions of Mr. Bell's politi- cal history true, the faults alledged have been j wneliod nut in the absolution eranted by the ! people of Tennessee, in a re-election of him by j had any high and noble ambition, the exciting j appear and vanish like the grass; and the count their representatives to the Senate,in obedience J energy has been in the approving smile coming ; e?s multitude that swarm the world to day will to the general universal wish of the State. That a journal known and recognized for so many years as a staunch whig journal, should, at this particular juncture, lend itself to such j an object as is evident a cabal about KnoxvilTe obj have in view, is most lamentable. There is J trouble enough in our ranks, growing out of the division in sentiment of our delegation on the Nebraska bill, without having added to it the excitation of ignoble private, personal motives We are free to say that on that measure Mr. i Upt t. voted differently from what we could wish he had voted, if he could have honestly done so with his convictions. W e are fully persuad ed that Dot glas, in introducing the question, had in view chiefly his own aggrandizement as an aspirant for the Presidency; but, once inevi tably in Congress on its merits, we would have voted for it. But we do not question for a moment the motives of those who voted against it, and we are not stupid enough to let that one difference of opinion weigh against a past his tory of accordance in sentiment and principle, and a pre eminent capability of valuable pub lic service. A squabble among whigs on account of this Nebraska bill, is precisely what our political adversaries are panting and thirsting for. Our good Administration supporting neighbors of the "Appeal," have been trying a small experi ment in the line of getting np such a squabble, y republishing Gov. Joxes speech, and speak- ing ot mm as nauenngiy as ineir fiany jre dilections ever allows them to speak of any irhif. We know that Gov. Joxes understands that game 'like a book,'"and is not to be caught with any such chaff. But the "Register" out Ilerods the "Appeal." It is offering to do the Appeal's dirty work of fomenting a family quar rel in the bosom of the whig party in Tennes see; so much better than it could itself, that we shalljose all faith in our neighbor's tact and good taste, if he does not yield the field to his Knoxville ally. It is a burglarious sort of bu siness, which is not congenial to our neighbors, ister Clique snail nave cAimusicu men oman stock of transparent malevolence They who may expect to get np a tremen dous hubbub in Tennessee over these Nabraska votes, through which they may put down old and faithful workers in the whig ranks, and foist themselve in their places, will find them selves deceived. Having confidence in the honesty of motive and patriotism of judgment of their Senators and Representatives, the peo ple will not be disposed to proscribe any of them, on either side. More especially will they not do so, since the passage of the bill has re moved this disturbing and agitatiug question from the general political discussion of the country, and placed it where it ought to be; vith the people of tlie Teritories. The "Regis ter" may become a full-blooded locofoco jour- j nal,or the mere mouth-piece ot a clique 01 amau , potato politicians, but it can never destroy or damage the high estimation in which John ! Bell is held by the genuine and true whigs of , "John Bull" Knocks Under at Last. The Albion says: 4 "We must haul down the winner's . colors from the Cnnard steamship Arabia, and trans fer thein to the Baltic: of the Collins line. The passage of the latter from Liverpool, which end- j ed at an early hour on Saturday morning last, we perlormed in lour minmes less ume man 'that of the Arabia,hence to Liverpool, June of ( ,agt yearipreviousiy the fastest on record. This j js the precise truth, though the particulars are crowded out." Game of all sorts is said to be unusually plen ty out in Minnesota this season. The same may be said of Illinois. In the neighborhood of Galena, in season, quail may be brought at the maxium price of twenty-five cents a dozen almost as cheap as the Israelites got hold of them in the desert. The HartforJ Times mentions a farmer who took np a fence after it had been standing fout teen years, and found some of the posts nearly sound, and others rotted off at the bottom. Looking for the cause, he discovered that the posts which had been inverted from the way they grew were solid and those which had been set as they grew were rotted off. This is cer tainly an incident worth being noted by our farmers. The entire assets of a recent bankrupt were nine Email children? The creditors acted mag nanimously, and let him keep them. A Fitting Tribute to Woman. The following extract from a speech deliver ed in the California Senate by Mr. Sou!e,is touchingly beautiful. The subject was a bill authorizing women to act as sole traders. There are married men out of California as well as in it, who may look in that glass and see themselves: When I reflect upon the con- tf'ict of many married men in California their faithlessness to every vow which they made at the altar how completely they fail in pcrfor- mance of their duties how virtuous and indus-j trious, faithful and patient women are imposed j upon by whorthless brutes of hasbands, as great j tyrants at home and drunkards and debauchees j abroad, my respect for the sex promps me to j do all within my power, to protect her rights i and secure her happiness. 1 love woman, x nave loveu ner an my ine, i i j i i. u r:.i...i u:v. ! i xi i at .11 . vr. anu uying, none iu ue icmuuui iu iuc oauic uiju and inspiring sentiment. For amid all the va ried scenes, temptations, struggles and hopes existence, onestar, brighter than all others, has lighted and guided me onward;, if I ever ; from the eve of woman. And I judge her in- fluence is thus noon others. Gentle in her af- fections, yet mighty through her influence her mild rule is as poweiful as the ballot box, and she onlyjieeds the protection of hw against those who have no law in their habits and pro pensities. She has ruled me from my boyhood with the soft and winning influence of her vir ture and beauty. I remember my first love; my baby affections i - M -T 1 1 at lour years ot age. I nave Deen in love near ly every month since save the dark and ray- I less days and years which succedea me aeso- late neartn ana maae me neari iuo uesuiaie. And never, sir, while I remember my mother, long since in her grave I remember the night when she died never while I recollect my sis ters, and the abuses that might have been theirs ! never while I hold in memory one other and her memory is all that is left me shall I refuse to give my voice .and my influence and i J . . . my vote, lor any measure necessary 10 proiecx and cherish the weaker and better portion of creation against the oppression, neglect or a- buse of my own sex. I hope the bill may pass. Looking Ahead. "Ma," said an urchin of i six years, climbing np into his mother's lap, "I" wish I was old enough to be married." "Good gracious! what does the child mean?" ejaculated the astonished parent. "Why, I'd have some wedding cake, then . . . . ,., Columbia and Hamburg Railroad. Ata despatch in the co-ordinate branch of the treaty meeting of the 'citizens of Columbia, held on ' making power; and is perhaps attributable to Thursday, it was resolved that the Corpyration' tjie high estimate in which the stipulations of be instructed to snbsenbe $300,000 to the capi - tal stock of the Columbia and Hamburg Rail - road Company, on condition that $100,000 of the capital stock be subscribed besides the sub- 8cription by the Corporation; and that the town of Columbia have the right of locating the depots and workshops necessary to be construc ted in the town Not at Home. "Is Mr. Bluster within?" "No he is ont of town," said the servant. "When can I see him?" "I don't know; have you any special business with Mr. Bluster?' "Yes there is a small bill which I have to settle." "Well;' said the servant, ',1 on't know whether he will return this week or not." "But I wish to pay the bill,as I am to leave town immediately "Oh! you wish' to pay him some money? ho is up stairs, I'm thinking; I will call him. Please to walk into the drawing room; take a chair, sir; your hat, If you please; Mr. Bluster will be with you in a moment!" Bad State of Morals. The New Orleans Delta makes the following melancholy confess ion of the condition of affairs in that city. "Althouffh the murders in New Orleans will average one in every twelve hours,this (the con viction of Frank Smith for the murder of his wife) is the second conviction, without qualifi cation, for eight years. There is a fault some where, and it should be remedied. So many murders, assassinations, fights, drowning,, and 'found dead,' should lead to some endeavors for their stoppage. As it is, no one is ever found guilty of murder here, and those who are con victed of manslaughter are only sent to Baton Rouge for a term of years. We hope the wrong will be remedied, but have no reason to 'sup pose that it will be. A Jury cannot be em pannelled in New Orleans who will find' any man guilty, of murder, if they can help it. The universal judgment is: "Every man take care of himself' t Closed Churches. The New York Day Book says: Attention is very generally attrac ted to the circumstance, that a large number of the churches in this city are now closed. The most wealthy and fashionable establishments in particular. Now, we have to remark that there is no kind of necessity for this. There are hundreds of young divines, just entering on the ministry, who would be too happy to preach in these vacant pulpits. But the truth is, these pampered clergymen "bear, like the Turk, no brother near tbe throne." They do not like to have any one preach to their congregations bntttemselves, and so when pestilence is walk ing in the noon day and the dying need every consolation, these pious gentlemen are off in the country fishing or bathing. A Patient Husband. An eastern editor thus describes in rhyme, the patience of a hus band with whom he is acquainted: "He never said a word, But with a look of deepest melancholy, He sat, like Patience on an Ottoman, Waiting for his wife to put her bonnet on.' To make a Russian name imitate the 'tehug of a bull frog, give one sneeze and say ski." The Shadow of Life. . We have rarely met with anything more beautiful, than the following, which we find in the New York Mirror of a recent date: "All that live must die, PASsing through Nature to eternity;" Men seldom think of the great event of Death until the dark shadow falls across their own path hiding forever from their eyes the 'face of the loved one whose livjng smile was the sun light of their existence. Heath is the great antagonism of Life; and the cold thought of the tomb is the skeleton in all our feasts. We do not want to go through the dark valley, although its passage may lead to paradise; and with Charles Lamb, we do not wish to lie down in the moHldy grave, even with kings and princes for our bedfellows. But the fiat of Nature is lfteraaulejiihere is no appeal pr reprieve from the great Law" that dooms us all "to dust. We flourish and fade like the leaves of the forest, and the frailest flower that blooms and withers in a day has not a frailer hold on life than the mightiest monarch that has ever shook the earth by his footsteps. Generations ofmen to morrow disappear like footprints on the shore "Soon as the rising tide shall beat, Each trace will vanish from the sand." In the beautiful drama of Ion, the instinct of immortality so eloquently uttered by the death deVoted Greek finds a deep response in every thoughtful soulj It is Nature's prophecy of the j life to come. When about to yield his young j existence as a sacrifice to Fate, his betrothed i Clemanihe asks if they shall not meet again. To which he replies. "I have asked that dread ful question of the hills that look eternal; of the flowing streams that lucid flow forever; of tbe stars amid whose fields of azure my raised spirit hath walked in glory. All, all were dumb But while I gaze upon thy living face I feel ! there's somethin? in the love which mantles through its beauty that cannot wholly perish We shall meet again Clemanthe." r i . e , . ... I A tailor m London has been fined forty shu , f makinr a coat with cloth buttons! , act of Parliament of Geovge' III enacts j that every coat m,uJiave brass buttons, and e act being stilipealed, the magistrate "Free Trade and Sailors' Rights. How dear that old mottol Time has not impaired its value. We are informed that the President sent the treaty concluded last Saturday with Russia'to the Senate yesterday, and that before the adjournment of that body it was unanimous ly ratified. This, we believe, is unprecedented ; treaty are held by each senator. Shoulder the treaty are held by each senator. 1 tn shoulder everv true American will be found i standing, in all coming time, in support of the j gioriOUs old motto, "Free trade and sailors' rights.'' For obtaining for it efficient support : ;n a quarter not anticipated, each will exclaim to the members of the administration and of the Senate, "Well done, good and faithful servants." ' Washington Union. Outrageous Abandonment of fhe U. S. Mail. We find the following in the Council Bluffs Eagle. Cannot the General Govern ment ascertain the facts and punish the delin quents, if true? We have information from undouted authori ty that the mail carriers to Utah are accustom ed to throw away much of the paper mail after getting away up the Platte, and that there was a number of bag3 thrown away or abandoned, or thrown into a cave just above Fort Kerney and in other places on the route. Is the Gov ernment paying men for destroying the mail this way? It might be done cheaper at Inde pendence before starting. Soldering Salt Chloride of .Zinc and Amonium. Vessels may be tinned with ' this salt without previously cleansing their surfaces It is made by dissolving 1 lb. zinc in muriatic j acid, adding 22 ozs. salamoniac to the solution and evaporating to dryness; the yield is 2 J lbs. of the double salt. To use it, the salt, moisten e :l with water, is brushed on the surface to be tinned, a little solder laid on it here and there, and the surface heated until the solder fuses, when it flows wherever the sault was put, and unites with the metallic surface. The Coffee Trade. The importers of Cof fee at this port have made in agreement with each other that on and after the first of August, they will sell coffee on 4 months credit, instead of 6 months,as has been the case heretofore. It is understood that all the importers have sign ed an agreement to this effect. It is said to be a fact recorded, that during the visitation of cholera in France, out of near ly 16,228 subscribers to public baths of Paris, Bordeaux, and Marseilles, only two deaths amon them were ascribed to cholera. There does not exist a more effectual preventive of of disease of every kind, and a greater promoter of good health at all times than the practice of daily bathing. The Talkers. There are two classes of people who find their way through the world without eliciting serious notice those who say too little and those who talk too much. There is still another class a fusion ot the above men. tioned classes, who talk a great deal, but say nothing. The Fincastle Whig, says the Corn in that section is suffering very much from the drought and that if it continues a week longer the crop will be cut short at least one half. For "Loudon Free Press." ) The Drunken Skeptic's Dream. j 'Twas on a dark and starless night, I heard and saw an awful sight, The lightnings flashed andthunder3 roll'd, Above my dark benighted soul. 'Me .thought I saw the gulf below, Where all the dying drunkards go; My awful woe no one could tell, Is this my place the drunkard's helL I heard a voice call louc and long, Far down beneath that drunken throng: Come here young man we'll find you room, Because you read Tom Pane and Hume. Then my sad soul was filled with grief. To think that I had no relief; Still doonfd to sink in dark dispair, And make my home forver there. Then my poor trembling soul gave way, And sunk beneath where drunkards lay;" .And wLilo I tnelt their loHthsome bryijb I felt the awful s'ing of death. ; The second death did pieree my 3011I.' WThile scorching flames around me roll; And there 1 gioand. with old Voltaire, 'Midst all the woes of dark dispair. I heard another mournful sound, Among a groop still lower down; I raised my head and heard one tell, This is the place where Bacchus dwells. Around him stood a weeping crowd, With blood shot eyes and voices loud They gnash their teeth and si h and groan, This is the whiskey seller's home. . Their awful groans did wake me up, And made me think of all nrycups; They made me think of all I ve done, Since I forsook the sober Son's. I traveled on got there at last, And tried to take a social glass; But every time I stir'd it well, . I thought about the drunkard's hell. I dashed it down and left the place, And went to seek redeeming grace; I bowed myknees to Jesus there, And raised my voice in humble prayer. The very moment faith begun, Ten thousand joys around me sprung; ' I felt like Paul who once did pray, Because my sins were washed away. Then I went home to change my life, And see my long neglected wife; I found her weeping o'er the bed, Because her infant boy was dead. I told her not to cry and weep, Because her babe had gone to sleep; Its happy soul has fled away, To dwell with Christ in endless day. I took her by her pale white hand, She was so weak she could not stand; I laid her down and breathed a prayer, That God would save and bless cs there. Then home become a happy place White smiles played over my Mary's face; She said the Lord had answered prayer, And saved my soul from dark despair. Forth I went to the Temperance Hall, To take the pledge among them all; They met me with a welcome hand, And took me in the Temperance band. ' - Five sober year3 have passed away, Since first I bowed my knees to pray; And still I live a sober life, With a good home and lovely wife. O ! may the Legislative band, pnact good laws throughout the land; To stop old whiskey's onward course, From all the mountains to the coast Then whiskey shops will have to fltfe, And leave the land of Tennessee; Then all the people will be blest, With sober cares in every breast. Gladius. Bradley County, Aug. 4th 1854. Tothe Grocery. Paper of Wood. Planter & Smith, of Lee, have realized the idea of Julius Roth, of Phila delphi, and made some paper entirely of wood It is made by Mr. Roth's procesi,n which he has been experimenting for six years, and for which he has obtained a patent. The North Adams Transcript describes the product as strong and quite white; it is difficult to realize that it is, as it actually is, made entirely of wood. The native grasses of southern Oregon are described as being so nutricous that cattle re duced to the last stages of leanness by the over land journey across the plains, become so fat in a-brief time on the Oregon grass, as to ren der even moderate locomotion s. positive an noyance! An Irish editor, in speaking of the miseries of Ireland, says: "Her cup of misery has been for aes overflowing, and is not yet full." Assault o'n the President of the U States. Yesterday, upon the adjournment of the Senate, as the President of the United States was about leaving the Capitol, he was followed out and addressed by a person named James M. Jeffards, of Charleston S. C. As the President wasleaving him, Jeffards threw a boiled egg which he had in his hand, striking the President on the back of his head and knocking his hat therefrom. The person who committed this wanton and most disgraceful as sault upon the President of the United . States, was immediately arrested by Capt. Duuning ton, who held an examination of the accused in the guard-room of the Capitol. Wash- Senti nel of Sunday morning. 9 u . Magnificent Wheat. We Lave been shown some Genesee and Mediterranean wheat grown on the farm of .Thomas Bennet, Esq., which averages four grains to the breast, and twelve breast3 on a side, making Jn all ninety six grains to the head. This was the average of what was shown us, and we have seen nothing like it before in all the land. Scioto Gazette. We see it stated that the drought is disas trously affecting the tobacco crop in Mecklen burg and Halifax counties, Va. "Four hostile newspapers,"said the great Na poleon, "are more to be feared than a hundred thousand bayonets." WiLEY BLAIR. WrLEY Blair, the former owner of the property where Loudon is now situated wa3 taken with a slight dysentery on Sunday evening aftereat ing asmall portion of green corn; his boweli were operated on six or eight timeson Monday morning; on Tuesday, he commenced puking and purging, medical aid was caHed in imme diately; I was sent for about 9 or 10 o'clock he wa3 very sick, but seemed not to be very dang erous, shortly slight cramping began in hij extremities which were casually stopped, hehad but little if any pain, his pulse grew weaker ai.d he was regularly sinking with debility. In the evening all the doctors in town were sent for and every effort was made that medical skill could devise, every effort was made to encouraga him but in vain, fie appeared to feel -certain ho would not get well, he died about day-brea-, August 2nd 1854. From the time he was ta kerfsick he commenced seeking the pardon of his fiins, from the time I first saw him he not only continued to pray, but requested almost -every one that ' visited hintta pray for hun. Wishing to encourage him and fearing I would alarm him. I said nothing on the subject of his preparing for death until I dispaired of his re covery. He had been very restless all day and m-tAAnt1ir in rloon 3ictrpa which I think was mostly on account of unpardoned sin. After conversing with him a while and presenting some of the gospel promises, I asked him if ha could not believe the promises of God, he said he could, I then asked him if he was to die did he not believe God would save him, he hesita ted but answered he did, he then looked in my face and his countenance wore an aspect of pleasure and calmness that caused me to hope that he had trusted his case into the hands of his blessed Saviour. About this time the Doctors came witb some medicine, he said he felt so well he did not want to take it. And after he had taken it and vomi ted it, I a?ain conversed with him directing him to the Saviour, as the best physician; one that could cure the soul and body if it was His will that he should recover, that the condition of salvation was faith oftrusting in ihe Saviour. He said h could and would give himself soul and body into his hands, he had become very calm, dropped into several short sleeps, and irt a short lime dropped into an imperfect sleep, which in a few hours resulted in the sleep of Death, of the disease called Cholera. Not withstanding he done very wrong to put off Dv.k imrnrtiitit titisinpss until so late an hour yet we hope in answer tohis,and to the prayers of others for the last months, and years, that God pardoned h'i3 sins, and that ln3 immortal spirit can loudly sing "Saved by Grace. Wiley Blair was honest, honerable and liberal. His house was a home for the Ministers of Christ and his heart and pnrse were always open to the support of the Gospel of Christ; notwith standing there were many liberal donations for erecting the C. P. Church yet we believe he gave more than any other person. He left a Wife and five interesting children who are en titled to the pravers and sympathies of all good Christains, besides he left a great many respec table relatives and friends to mourn his untime ly death. jas- Johnson. August 5th 1S54. rubricating Substances. Lubricating substances, as oil, lard, and tal low, applied to rubbing surfaces, greatly lessen the amount of friction, partly by filling the min ute cavities, and partly by separating the sur faces. In ordinary cases, or where the ma chinery is simple, those substinces are best for thi purpose which keep their places best Finely-powdered black lead, mixed with lard, is for this reason better for greasing carriage wheels than some other applications. Drying . oils, as linseed soon becomes stiff by drying and are of little service. Olive oil, on the con. trary, and some animal oils, which scarcely dry at all, are generally preferred. To obtain the full benefit of oil, the application must bo fre quent. According to the experiments made with great care by Morin, at Paris, the friction of wooden surfaces on woden surfaces is from one quarter to one-half the force applied; and the j taction ot metais.one-nunto one sevenin vary ing in both cases with kinds used. Wood on bv lard to about One-fifth to one-seventh of what it was before; and tho - . 1 1 1 friction ot metal on motal was aiminisnea 10 about ha'f what it was before; that is the fric tmn lippnrrp almnt the same in both cases after i the lard was applied. To lessen the friction of wocxlen surtaces, laru is Detter man unuw uj about one-eixhth or one-seventh; and tallow is better than dry soap about as two is to one. For iron on wood, tallow is better than dry soap about as five to two. For cast iron on cast iron, polished, the friction with the differ ent lubricating substances is as follows: Water, 31 Soap. 20 Tallow, 10 Lard, - 7 Olive oil, 6 Lard and black-lead, 5 When bronze rubs on wrought iron, the fric tion with lard and black-lead is rather mere than with tallow, and about one fifth more than with olive oil. With steel on bronze, the fric ,;tk ..nI-nr (.ml nrith nlivf nil i about one I klUil Irlbll WH J'l " ' -" ' i seventh less than with lard and black-lead. As a general rule, there is least friction with lard when hard wood rubs on wood, or metal on metal being about the same in each of all these instances. In simple cases, as with carts and wagons, where the friction at the axle is but a small por tion of the resistance, a slight variation in tho effects in the lubricating substance is of less importance than retaining its place. In more complex machinery, as horse powers for th rash ing machines, friction becomes a very largo item, unless the parts are well lubricated with the best materials. Leather and hemp bands, when used on drums for wheel-work, should possess as much friction as possible, to prevent slipping, thus avoiding the necessity of tightening them so much a3 to increase the friction of the axels. Wood with a rough surface has one-half more friction than when worn smooth; hence moisten ing and rasping small drums may be useful. Facin with buffleather or with coarse thick cloth ilso accomplishes a useful purpose. It often happens that wetting or oiling bands will prevent slipping, by keeping the surfaces soft, and causing them to fit more closely the rough surface of the drum. Thomas' Farm Imple ments. - . If the friction at the axle he one-twelfth of the force, and the diameter of the wheels ten times as great as the diameter of the axle, the friction at the axles will be reduced to one twelfth of a tenth, or one hundred and twentieth part of the force, according to the law of veloci ties as applied to tho wheel and axle. o o