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' VOL. II. LOUDON, TENNESSEE iVUGUST 23, 1854, NO. 37. o o o o TUELlsnED WEEKLY BT JNO. W. & SAM'L B. OflRIEN. Qjjirt on Cr Street, 77rvf o ffie Pullic Square TEI1M: Two Do.m.ap.s in advance: Two Dol LAns and T"inv Cksts hi six mouihe; Threk Dol lars at the cxp'iaiion of the year. - AuvickiisiME3ts inserted t $1 per square for the first, and 5'J cents fur each sulFequent insertion. . ' ' YEARLY RATES'. ' rrorc'sior.al Cards, (Hve )'nof!,).J....w..i t 5 " (mote than live line?,) 10 Quarter of column li Half column s"i One column.. i. ......... 5 Aunoaiicincan jidales, (advance.) . $3 .5-Aduie? the TubHshers. Poet-Pnid. louooim : "WEDNESDAY, : Aa:r.-Tl:'.. . From Scientific American. 1 2th. The Cholcraus Causes ana Treatment. iV 1..r, 1..4.r fVm i ITpnrv Ken- i . , , , . .i ; - , t IV, .1 f.,od ..i M-. null ho ef'itri l!i!it. Oil ; lotalpeiulon of the action of the livor the total su.snens 5, the cause of Cholera. To allav vomiting he recommends, first, drinking a we; eak solution of the sajer etrlo:iate of soda, then a weak solu tion of tartaric acid the quantities of the sev eral papers compusirg common seidleitz pow dersso as to generate the carbonic acid gas in the stomach, lie says he has found this method allay '.he most severe vomitings, with one or two doses. After this he gU'es for an adult ten grains of calomel ar.d i a grain of cpium made into a pill. The pill being retain ed, administer two table spoonsful every two hours of the following mixture: Chalk mix ture 3 ounces, tincture of catechu Jounce, tine" ture of opium thirty drops, carbonate of soda one scruple, each alternate hour administering a pill, composed ot calomel six grains, opium one "rain formed into six pills allowing the patieut to drink as much cold spring water as choice may dictate. ' In Hall's "Journal of Health,'' issued after wo received the letter from Mr. Keiiyoii,we find a striking similarity of views expressed in the causes and treatment of the Cholera. The causes -f the disease is held to be the same by boll', but the LreaiLieut is a Utile ditierent. lie sars. 1c:" I The article alluded to above will le o bead "V. Joui.d in Fue l'lc.is, fcsh innt., i. luuule Hiiits.'' Ks. .dcr The rtceiit ei -ction in .a, it S'.-ems, was but not conducted upon old party principles, upon the Nebraska and Liquor law i.-sucs, aiid il would seeia that lle a.ili-Nebiaslia and Prohibitory Liquor Law party have triumphed bv a decisive inajorily. 'I minding; Chicago Itiver. A ci'iii'.iiittci; ol the Chicago Council have re Solicd io accept .the plan oi tunneling the Chi cago Rivc-r as proposed by the American Sub Marine Tunn i Company of New York. It is to behiiished by -May 1st, ISjj, made of cast iron entrances on a grade not exceeding one foot iu nine. Thcp lan to be two wagon tracks, each teu feet wide, and two foot ways, each four feet wide, the former eleven feet and the latter seven feet. The top of the tuanel to be not less than twelve feet below low water mark for one hundred and fifty feet, in the center of the river. Scientific American. It is stated in the London Inquirer, that the Rev. William II. Cuavmxg has been invited to take charge of the Unitarian Church in Ranshaw street, Liverpool, the pulpit of which has recently been vacated by Rev. Jlr. Tuo.u. This is the second instance which an American sinister has been invited by thjs society to be come their pastor; the late Rev. Dr. Pakkmax, of Roston, having been so invited more than forty yeary ago, on thc completion of his stud ies in Rdinburg. The following note from Messrs. Chubb, Rrother, Rankers at Washington, addressed to the ''Union" of tlnut city, corrects an enor of tlie press: Jlr. EniTon: The New York Herald, of the 2Cth inst., copies from the Los Angclos Star, of the 10th of June last, the following: "That Captain A. B. Gray and forty of his men were killed by the Camanelie Indians." This is evidently an error, as private advices to us from San Francisco, dated June 30, 154, say that "A. R. Gray is now in the city," Re- jjpectfully, fc " Chcbb, Brother. Washington, D. C. July 28, 1854. SUDDEX DEATH. Col. Wm. Hardin died suddenly at his resi dence in Cass Co., on the 7th inst. lie was a man ofinfiuer.ee and fine natural abilities and by his intimate acquaintances was highly es teemed. His disease was Dropsy of the Chest. The Arts, Powers' ftatcc of Washington, ordered by Louisiana, it is said, is completed, and will be in New Y'ork within a few days. It is a grand work. Towers is engaged on a statie of Web ster,ordered by the people of Boston. The ora tor is represented in the attribute of defending the constitution, which is firmly grasped in ono hand w hile the other rests upon the symbol of the Union, which it secures. A young man by the name of Landers, son of John K. Landers, of this place, was drown ed or. the Cth inst., while attempting to swim across the Chattahoochie river, at Pace's Ferry. Atlanta Republican. The Cincinnati Commercial says it is pro-po-ed to found a Jewish Orphan Asylum one that would suffice for all the United States in Cincinnati. It is also proposed to connect therewith a Free School for the instruction of Israelites. New Proverb. Instead of saying that "Lifo is a vapor,", you must now say that "Life is a certificate of over-issued stock." You may also add that Railroad Presidents "are a fleeting show.' f Pic, The Financial Pressure, Cause,' Character 1 and Effect. ' Y.'e ta'iio the following article from the Cineiu- nati Price Current, and bespeak for it a careful Z' -- , :r. , j diQcuUies are attributable.ia part to excessive The history of the financial operations ,of this I speculative movements " country, does -not furnish 'a parallel fur tlo' Another cause, is the absorption of capital ,uu"r-y ri.M," inai aSFrevauea.ur . year past. The cause and character , of the moveMuentsofthe past yenr are different from im,aciw"inuu"mi UiU ".-oi isio- ! somefuture dav, or than are , alreadv needed and JS10, though in some rcapects the cause J but tlie work ha8 been carrled 0I1.ont "0f propor which operated to depress commercial interests ; tIon to otlier iDterestg and t0 thc Mrp,M capi. at the several period, bear some degree of.sim- j tai of tl3 country A ferat many naia are ilanty. Cut in the character o the 'disasteis, j now iu course 0f ronstruction. and others nr there is an almost total difference. During the j projected, w hich should not have been under- vocabulary. Peter Cooper, Esq., is President, period between 183fiiml 1S40, the commercial taken or fc.poken of at thig t;me. heCBasQ the I and Profcisor Morse is Vice President; T. P. lutcrestaofthe entire country were prostrated; J country h Rlreadj too deepj in debt for tbi Khaffner, .of, Washington, Secretary of the A mercantile houses failed, in immense numbers, j iir.ot,,.u nf ,,- ;,OPn.-.l ;,u,m-,m.ni0. ri .r,, mericar. lVe-:raph Association, bciiicr one of and but few were able to holdup under the i pressure tnat was. experienced; and on the part 4 ' the Ranks, ,lre was a general uspeSim of V". . ""7 commencement 1 w 11115 C'JUIUieilCUIIlCUt , 1 LUM v"s,s' " extravagant, an,! irrepressible; greatly more so than during the yean lSo3 4; while thc country was greatly deficient in commercial strength, as compared with the present period.. Speculation was a large component part of the cause that k-d to the difficulties in 1S:5G 7, which is also the case now. and this is the only resemblance that the causes of one period bear to those of another, while the speculative move ments were different. - Looking at the result of the pressure of the past year, we find the disasters confined almost entirely to stock and real estate speculators. The currency of the country instead of being in ii.ited, has been contracted, and.' in mercantile circles, the failures have been comparatively few. The country is unquestionably strong" financially. Its Agricultural, Mineral and Mer cautile interests, as a whole, are healthy, other vi ise the pres.suru that has been experienced, could not havi been sustained. The Ranks are also iu a healthy condition, there not having been over halt a dozen failures in the whole country, during ihe past year. Such was not the condition of affairs during the former pres sure referred to:ai.u therefore there is good rea son to anticipate a different result now, from that which was experienced subsequently to is::7. The present diihVulties are traceable tr three cause's; 1st. Excessive speculaMvo movements: I'iid. The absorption of capita! by Railways; d. The increase of foreign indebtedness. We have already said that there have been excessive specu'aiive movements, within the mi o j ears, i nese operat.ons nave now ever been restneU-d mainly to M-ckii and real estate and therefore the failures that have lately ta- ken place, have been confined mainly to these two classes of speculators. That the market for both was unduly inflated, will generally be. admmed. There existed a year ago. a perfect mama for Railway Stocks and Roods, and busi- uess paper was regarded by capitalists gener- ally, as uncertain and unprofitable, compared with the former. As a eon sentience, the price 1,1 1 . x . Tl . I 1 of Rail wav securities was run up jrreatlv above! ' . 1 b - i their real value. The shares of companies, i that never paid a greater dividend than fen per o-ni, sold as high as one hundred and twenty six per cent, and the shares of non-dividend paying, unfinished roads, ranged from 73 to 9o. While these prices were " being paid, good CO and 90 (lay's business paper sold with some difficulty at from 10 to lo per cent, per annum, showing that capitalists were slow to j buy current paper that paid 10 to 15 per ceut interest, ..1-1.. i... i ..!. ' ' 1 brought a premium of $20 on the $100. At . . . that time these operations were considered good but it is now apparent to all, that the arguments used in favor of such transactions were absurd. In a country situated as ours is, with her rapid progress in improvements, and the great de mands that are made upon capital for the de velopenicnt of our resources, ten percent stocks the value of which must always depend upon contingencies, cannot be considered as worth much if any more than par. . . It is a law of trade, that when any article of trade is parried by speculation above its real value, it must, when a reaction takes place, recede about as far below that point, before it finds its level. In accordance with this law, we now find Railway securities greatly below their real value. That an advance will be es tablished upon present prices, cannot be doubt ed. The intrinsick value of the stocks of the leaking toads, is as great and even better, now than it was a year ago; and to suppose that a stock was worth 126 in August 18o3, and only 90, in August 1834, while the business of the road has increased would be absurd. The fall in price, has resulted partly from an unwarrant ed advance, and partly from panic. The effect of the latter cannot be permanent, and as " it passes awayt stocks will recover sufficiently to place them at their true value. So much for stocks. And now as to real estate. The advance in the price of city and country lauds has been large, and this was rapidly established. The speculaltive fever, however, was not so high as that exhibited on the part of stock " operators, but still it ha3 become evident, that ' prices of city and farm lands are too high for the times, and consequently a reaction has taken place. The result of the reverses in these two bran ches of business stocks "and real estate is seen in the heavy losses that have been experi enced, and the numerous failures that have taken placeand the effect of these disasters has extended to departments of trade that were ju diciously managed, and properly, had no con nection with the former. The certain effect of such movements, is to destroy confidence, and this is always sueffiient to produce a pressure. There can be no ease or, regularity in money matters, while confidence is at all. unsettled: and the operations referred to bavin contribu- . ted tosuch a result,it is evident thatour present ! by Railways. We do not undertake to say, nor ! do we believe, that more, or as many Railroads have leen constructed, as may be. needed at! j lna 5tude of lhis debt ; connect;0n with ' the pressing and increasing demands of Railroad 1 ; financ5era, and the prospect ofsucb compe(i ! . ,, a . ,! Aae'. fli. nfik. -11 o,l.. , t;on a3 would des,roy the profit3 of a11 fhe roads ,u the event of no check being placed upon the progressive movements that have been exhibit ed, has destroyed the confidence of capitalists, and this can only be reestablished by with drawing the demands arising from new enter prises. - Another cause of our troubles, is to be found in the continued increase of foreign indebted ness. It is a fact, that aside from thc indebt edness incurred on account of Railroads, our foreign balances have been constantly increas ing against us; and so far, no satisfactory indi cations are to be seen of a movement in the oppisite direction.. The following is an esti mate of t he principal funded debts of thc United States, and were held: II, M lJ Foreigner. $27,000,1)1:0 72,t)31,5U7 16,402,322 5,000,000 Total United States Stocks... cS,20 5,51 7 State .t..ck 190.718.221 113 Cities .t Town (h.nds)7S.:!52,l 10 347 Counties, (lMmds,)...13.02S,..r0 D.S5 Hanks, (stocks,) 2C(J,72t,U5a 75 Ins. Companies .(!-tockii.)12,t9.730 241 llaih-oad " " ;'.t)8-S!t:!.tUi7 do, " " 170.111,552 15 Canal and Navigation Companies, (stocks.) 35,S8S,'J13 1C Canal and Navigation Companies, (bonds,) 22,130,569 15 Miscellaneous CVs (siocks( 16,425,612 do. do.(bonds) 2,358,323 5,6S8,St6 378,172 8.244,025 43,788.752 551,900 1,937,547 802,720 265,773 Total 1,178,5C7,S22 $184,184,774 The above figures do not include private debts such as are incurred for goods imported into New York, at the rate of two to four, mill ions per week. An individual can never feel easy in business while he carries an enormous debtor his should ers; and as a Nation, we need not look for an , QT comfortablfe state of aSairs so long as j W(J . operatiolls tbat cauMJ a rapjd aug. I mcnlat5on ofour already enormous debt. j Uavinff cous;dereJ tbe principal causes of ! the troube3 b monpy VQ wm MfX Lr!efiy at the effect of tU current pre8Slire. i Jn the first pace h checked the tenJen. , cy tQ immoderate investnjent3 in Railway, en- i terpriscs. and thus aUhough aR the corapan';ea j 0f rcsuU must j i.- . i i i r -l . Ultimate v lie henpfinn tr snrh ns art? in a , , , e ., , sound condition, and have lavorable business . , , m, v , , , r prosoeet ahed. The smoke ha3 been so. far cleared away, that the public can now, without "going behind the curtain," distinguish, between good and bad investments. Again the pressure has checked certain ex travagant habits in private and public life, that were becoming too general. It has alsothrown light upon the condition of our accounts with Europe, and this may lead to a curtailment in that direction; and to the establismcnt of a poli- ; o mnrp in nrrnnhmce with the true interests or . . the country, than that now in operation. A- , . , . ' , c HUIj lb .I,.-, LLdblfU ,11 uv. V.'WU V. 1 1 I '.,11. (ile classes, and the manner in which this test the character of w hich was most severe, has been met, will serve to . strengthen confidence, and to show that the difficulties are chiefly con fined to stock and real estate operators, to whose transactions, the disarrangement of affairs is mainly attributable. It has also led to an expose of parties who have been for years doing an illegitimate busi ness, and this will improve the condition of the community in general, iu like manner as the lopping off of rotten branches, iuvigoratps the growth of the tree. In a word, our system had become diseased, and the pressure, though not pleasant, possesses certain curative properties, which will in due time, restore the whole to a state of healthy action. When the Hindoo priest is about to baptize an infant, he utters the following beautiful sen timent: "Little babe, thou enterest the world weeping while all around thee smile; contrive so to live that you may depart in smiles, while all around you weep." "The year Eighteen Hundred and Fifty four has been so irregular in his habits, as almost to induce us to believe that he'has been upon a spree. March and April swapped places, June hot enough to roast a Guinea negro, and Au gust 'bloved," from her attemps to get into win ter quarters, while the rain has fallen in .defi ance of all rules, and for the accommodation of nobody Atlanta Intelligencer. The following dialogue passed, a short time since, before a court in England, between a medical witness and a lawyer: Lawyer. "If a person lyinr on wet straw deprived of all the comforts and necessaries of life, would it not hasten death?" - Doctor. "That would greatly depend on whether they had been accustomed to them." Lawyer.." Do you mean to tell us that if a person lived in a horse-pond, it could not be j injurious to him?" : " Doctor. "I think not, if he had lived sixty or seventy years in it." ' f ' irom Scientific American, I 7- ceau Telegraph. '.. PTO0' r "e present clay is ot more im- Prance thnn thev urnon ot the Old and New w oria- - We rauroaa.- mat such an event will be consummated some day not mtin7 wo have not the kast doubt, btning railroad. That such and all hoi.or, as their just due, will be award ed to thoft men who had thc courage and the means to p!ana(Jjacco:nplish this grand enter prise. We understand that a company, having this object in view, has been organized in this city, and from the high standing, wealth, and experience of some of its members, we expect that the word Jail, will form no part of their ! the m0R wtlve. direttoM- Dr" Turobull, ; of i 1 mt aulll0r 01 an excellent wort on .1,1 i .t .i'i. the telegraph, in an article in the last number l " OUUH..U Ul H1C A lUIllvllIl IIISUIU'C, UI.V cusses the practicability of an Atlantic tele graph, and coites to the conclusion that there are no difilcultiis in its construction and oper ation which may not be overcome. The difficul ty consists principally in three paits. Firstdhe depth of water. in the ocean, and the form of its bottom. Second, the laying down a marine cable of such a great length; and finally, the working of such a long line. The distance be tween Newfoundland and Ireland, on the pro jected line, is about 1G00 miles, and there has been discovered an ocean plateau, between the two places, the surface of which is very level, and disturbed by no ocean current, consequent ly, this is very favorable to laying down a ma rine cable and preserving it from injurious ac tion w hen it is laid. Two or three steamships could lay down the cable in three or four weeks and a perfectly insulated wire call be worked the whole distance with a "Grove batteiy" of 480 cups. There does not, therefore, seem to beany very serious difficulty to the accomplish ment of this scheme; the greatest we suppose, will be the money, for the cost cannot be less than betweeu two and three millions, but this amount will eventually be obtained. If the bed of the ocean between every point of Amer ica and Europe had been formed of sub-marine hills and valleys, with abrupt precipices and deep rolling currents, we would have concluded that it was impracticable to lay down and work a marine cable of such a length; but since it has been discovered that nature has provided such a favorable ocean route for the lightning railway, we now look forward with hope to the speedy accomplishment of this grand project. A Fkexcu Coxunduum. A Taris paper asks "What is that which is found at the end of the garden, may be seen twice in a year, and which not onlv begins the night but finishes the morn?'' It is probably the letter N, which is at the. end of jardiu, is twice in Vannee, commences la nuit, and terminates le matin. CHANGE IN RUNNING SCHEDULE. We learn, says the Winnsboro' Register, of 11th, from one in high authority, that at the meeting of the board of Directors of the Char lotte and Columbia Rail Road a change iu the in the running schedule was effected. The regular mail train will leave the junction after the arrival of the Charleston and Wes tern mail, which will be about a quarter bofore four o'clock, and reach Winnsboro between 5 and 6, going on to Charlotte the same evening. The down train will leave Charlotte every morning at ! o'clock, A. M., and arrive in Co lumbia or at the junction in time to connect with the Wilmington and Manchester cars. There will also be a good comfortable car at-tached-to the freight train, and running by very much thc same passenger sc hedule that now exists. This will accommodate way passengers. Persons wishing to go immediately on down to Charleston.ean take thjs train and connect with the night train on the South Carolina Railroad. The ae is progressive,and night traveling must be encountered and endured. And if any one has too much fogyism in his composition to travel at night, he can be accommodated by Fleming, Hunt, Janney or Duvall until morn ing. We learn that there is a correspondence now pending between the President of the South Caroltna Railroad, at the head of the Post Of fice Department, which it is hopefully anticipa ted will accomplish a concurrence of the mails from Charleston and the West with that from the North. If so, all parties who are willing, will be satisfied, The London Punch says: We learn from an American paper that Dr. Harriet Hunt has been lecturing at New York on "Woman as a Physician," Dr. Harriet would doubtless give a new reading to Scott's hackneyed lines "Oh womanl in our hours of ease; Uncertain, coy, and bird to please When pain and anguish wring the brow, A Ministering M. D. thou," We must say we prefer the original "angel." EPIGRAM WhenEve brought ico to all mankind, Old Adam called her iroman, Rut when she woo'd with love so kind, He then pronounced it tcooman, But now with folly and with pride, Their husbands' pockets trimming, The ladies are so full of whims, The people call them tchim en. Vert well, Little Girl. A smart miss asked a grave matter of fact visitor at the Falls of Niagara if he knew what the little steamer that goe3 under the falls was made ot? "Of wood and iron, I suppose," was his re ply. "No, sir," said the voung lady, very coolly, "she is, 'Maid of tbe Mist!"' "Why, Siah, I am astonished," said a worthy deacon, 'didn't we take you into the church a short time since?". 'I believe so,' hiccupped Siah, 'and between you and me and the pqf, it was a little the darndest take in you ever seed or heard of.' H;ch En vi;hto J.ivo iulhe City. 1): 'on W-. U a physicion residing three or four mik-a from a manufacturing city not far from this. lie has an extensive and lu crative ride, and for twenty years has prescrib ed for the phisieal aliments of ids neighbors and townsmen. A generation have been born and passed awxy since lit, a young man, nailed "his shingle" over the door and waited for his first patient. ; A family of children' have been added to his household, and his eldest son, ar rived at his majority cultivates a fine farm near bis father. The Dr. is accounted a wealthy man by his neighbors, who estimate his real es tate and money in bonds and mortgage at from ten to fifteen thousand dollars. He resides in a neat house, and carries on a small farm, the products of which support his family, allowing him to invest all the income arising from his practice. ., Then? U every appearance . of com fort about his residence, and gentlemen from the city, as they drive past, envy him the quiet independence which they are sure he must en- jJ- ' Rut the Dr. is not contented. He reckons his farm a care lie would gladly be rid of. He is tired of his drives about the country, and covets a city practice. It would be so much easier, he says, to attend to patients, .residing within a mile or two of each other. Compared with physicians, who roll over the pavement in easy moving phaetons, he regards his position as a slavish one. Iu the course of a conversa tion with him not long since, of an enumeration of his hardships, he said, "I have one consola tion, mylaboVswill soon be over I am al most rich enough to lice in the city!" We ex pressed our snpprise that he should think of ex changing his plesant country home for a nor tow house, his broad acres for a seven by-nine plat of land, the bracing air, th8 shade of hi3 tree3, and the perfume of his flowers, for the close atmosphere, the shelter of brick walls, and the doubtful odors of a city. We spoke of the advantages of his present situation, how much more productive the same amount of cap ital was in the country than in the city how much more healthy his chidren were and how much belter their prospects for life would be if he remained where he was, and how much more happiness he could hope to enjoy amid the trees his hands had planted and the friends he had kuotvn for so many years. ile listened in silence, but our argument availed nothing. Iu a few years at the longest he will sell his small farm, abandon his orchard and garden, forsake the scene of bis profes sional toil, and come to the city to seek rest and enjoyment. His younger children, educa ted in the city, will not have the constitutions or the ambition they would have had on the farm, and will make heavy demands . ou the Doctor's purse. After a few years, it is more than probable that city life will become a bur den, and at a sacrifice of property, he will sell again to return to a less attractive rural home than the one he left. "Almost rich enough to live in this city." There are thousands living in the city who hope before long to be rich enough to live in the country, who sigh for the green fields, and the calm life of him who owns the land he tills. There are many city residents, spreading thou sands of dollars every year, who might be more happy in the country en an income of as many hundreds. Weill this is the way of the world. No one is exactly contented with hi3 lot. Ev ery one wishes to stand in the shoes of some body else. Every one, did we say? There are a few persons who are rich enough to live where they are, who would not exchange their homes for any other the sun shines on, and whose shoes are neither too tight or too loose. They may lie found, scattered here and there, engaged in the culture of the soil, the mind, aud the heart, owing no man, envying no man, sowing their own seed, reaping their own harvest, and find ing tlie life of a Country Gentlemen a perpet ual feast. Country Gentleman. Half a Century iu Red. The New Y'oik Observer states that Snsan Pierson, of Rridgehampton, Long Island, died in February last, at the advanced age of seventy two years, during fifty-two which she had not set.her foot upon the tloor. During that period the extent of her travels, with the exception of a year spent in a neighbor's house, was from one corner of the room to another, iu the arms of some strong man. This change was always attended by a loss of voice, from which she did not recover until a night's repose. The best medical skill was unable to restore her health, or even to enable her to sit up in bed. "Aunt Susy," as she was called, was an humble, truth ful child of God. Knitting was her almost con stant employment, and her Bible was ever by her side. During the entire term of her con finement, she received the untiring attentions of a'sister, who snrvives hei, aud is now 80 years of age. , . "Illustrated with cuts," said a young urchin, .13 he drew his pocket knife across thc leaves of his grammar. "Illustrated with cuts," reiterated the school master as he drew hi3 cane across the back of the joung urchin. George Smith, do you recollect the story of David and Goliah? Yes, sh; David was a tavern-keeper, and Goliah wa.s an intemperate man. . Who told you that? Nobody. I read it, and it said that David fixed a sling for Goliah, and Goliah got slewed with it A little old, but no matter. The Boston Post says that five women will spread out their clothes so as to take up the entire side of an omnibus, thus occupying the room designed for eight, and then if another woman presents herself at the door, they will cry out. "You can't come in here! There aint any room; but if a man wants to get fn they can make room eSsy enough, right down between them. BOWING THE KNEE TO AMERICANS. A letter from Paris relates the following an ecdotit'in connection with Jerome Bonapart, and his son. a Lieutenant iu the U. S; Army, who recently visited the Petit Trianon at Ver sailles, in one of thc imperial coaehes-and-four with the imperial livery-. ' - A company of visitors, numbering in nil per hap.i some twenty persons, who had collected in x the Grand Trianon, had come togttber at tht entr.inct- of the Petit Trianon, to visit it also. As HSuaVthe company was nearly all English there were three Americans and or four French-men.- ,They were all stopped at the door by a laekey, who informed them that they could not enter at tlit moment, for there were some dis tlr.guished persons then visiting the place who coui i not be interrupted. It wasthen observed by the company that a coach and-four, bearing the imperii! livery, w as standing near, and it w-s supposed diat the Emperor was in the pal atv. ' Lines were formed on each side of the door, and a; ter. .1 considerable delay, Mr.' Bonaparte and bis son, the Lieutenant, came out, w heu tin English (ainoug whom, by the way, there were some persons of distinction,) took off their hats and saluted very humbly and very respectfully, the gentlemen whom they supposed to be the Emperor and his attendant. The Ronapartes bowed politely and took their seats in the car riage, which had beeu driven up to the door for their, convenience. . As the Lieutenant took his seat, he happened to discover in the crowd a Mri T. of New York whom he knewud reaching out his hand in a familiar, way, to shake hands, he said, "Why, how are you, Mr. T?" The compliments of thu dy weee passed tbe carriage drove off, and Mr. T. was immediately beset to know who that gen tleman was with the Emperor, who talked such good English ? When they were informed w ho the distinguished persorages were,their conster nation and disgust were frightful! To think that they had been playing court and making fools of themselves for two vulgar Republicans! the idea was crushing, and they crept away muttering between their teeth something about American barbariau3 and American humbug., Foreijn Scientific Memoranda. The Greatest Steameii i.v the Wosi.n. The immeuce screw and paddle steamer, build ing by Scott Russel, at Mill wall, Englaud, for the Eastern Steam Navigation Company, is to be completed iu twelve months. Iler keel has been laid down, and several of her bulkheads, or compartments, are raised, and the works are proceeding with energy and expedition. A railroad has been laid down the entire length of her way, to facilitate the conveyance of the ma terials from the factory to the different parts of the vessel. The exact dimensions of the ship are as follows: Tunnage, builder's measure ment, 22,000 tuns;tunnage burthen, 10,000 tuns: extreme length, C80 feet; extreme breadth, 33 fet; extreme depth, 58 feet; power of engines (screw and paddle), 2G0O horse. Her engines are iu the course of construction, and will be fitted iu the vessel before bhe is floated off. The hull will be. entirely of iron, and of more than usual sterrftS, the tnagnitude of her size enabling Mr. Rruael, the architect, to iutroduca many precautionary measures conducive to sup port and security. From her keel up to six feet above the water line is double, of a cellu lar construction. The upper deck will also bo strengthened on the same principle, and will form a complete beam, similar to the tube of the Britannia bridge, so that any external in jury will not affect the tightness or the safety of the shin. She is divided into ten seperate water-tight compartments, each being sixty feet in length, enabling her to take out sufficient fuel for a voyage t& Australia and back to England without stopping. Scientific American. . A barber desired a groggy customer of his one Sunday morning, .whose breath smelled" strong of alcohol, to keep his mouth shut, or the establishment might get indicted for keeping a rum hole open on Sunday. Adjournment of Congress. After a session of more than eight months, Congress has at length adjourned, much to tha relief of the American people. What great measure, conducive to the general weal, have they given to the country? The late session has been marked with more than ordinary ex citement and personal rancor. Both Houses have too often presented scenes of personal crimination aud coarse abuse, and in the lower one, acts of violence have not been of very rare occurrence. A noticeable feature in this Con gress is that it is largely democratic(I) and backed by a democratic President, one would suppose that the country would have witnessed in the enactment of salutary measures, the ben eficence of demorcratic principles and policy. Rut alas! alas! if the country was ever more completely at sea, without helmn or helinns man, without chart or beacon, or hullast, we greatly err. Does anybody know where to find the President and bis quasi supporters? Witness the doings of this democratic Con gress. After months of discussion, and consid eration, bills are passed by the Legislative, only to be knocked in tha head bv the Executive branch of the Government. And yet, we are regaled with rehearsals of democratic unity, and are pointed to its platforms for subjects of admiration. When will the people cease to be gulled by thc professions and promises of this pseudo democracy, which has nothing in com mon but a morbid appetite for the loaves and fishes. We call upon the honest patriotic free men of the'eountry of all parties, to review dispassionately the acts of this Administration, and this Congress, and then say whether a re form: s not necessary in the Executive and Legislative departments of this great Govern ment? 13 it not time for the people to act in. dependency of caucuses and convention which are generally controlled by political traders? We pause for a reply. Souther i Recorder. - - A person looking at some skeletons the other day, asked adoctor where he got thep, Ka replied "we raised them."