Newspaper Page Text
BY J. W. & S. It. O'BRIEN.
LOU D O N WEDNESDAY AUGUST 23, 1854 CHANGE OF SCHEDULE. The Passenger train on the Nashville and Chattanooga road, since the 19th inst, leaves Nashville at half past eleven o'clock at night .and arrives at Chattanooga at 10 minutes to ten next morning, there connecting with the train to Atlanta. The Passenger train on the East Tennessee and Ga. road leaves London at 5 o'clock in the morning and passengers will, after 1st of September Breakfast at Athens, Dine at Dnlton end'take Supper at London. Travelers either for Nashville or Atlanta will not be detained at Dalton those coming East can get convey ance from this place in comfortable and safe four horse Coaches. The river has been so low that but two boats continue in the trade, the Hiwassee" and "Tennessee,"and even they are unable to make good time, yet they are making regular trips. The public, however, may ex pect a regular line of boats in due time to meet every demand of trade or travel. NORTH CAROLINA ELECTION. The full returns give Bragg (dem) Candidate for Governor, 48,500; Dockert (whig) 46,000 The whigs made a considerable gain since last election. The democrats have a majority of twenty on joint ballot in the Legislature. t3 The Whig Convention of N. Y. will be held at Syracuse on 20th Sept. to nominate candidates for Governor and other State offi cers. DALTON WAKING UP AND AWAY! We learn from the last number of the Times that Dalton, "after a coozy nap of five years again shows considerable symptoms of life. She "stands in all her glory" "marching with rigantic strides far, far a head of her sister towns" "with one hand" reaching for "the reg ister of fame," she will soon enroll herself "the City of Cherokee" Glad to hear that she is advancing even in a state of somnambulism; and hope that our citizens may soon see her wide awake, with pen in hand approaching the ''register of fame." In the mean time let them "look out" you know she has to come up this way (?) tT See the Medical Notice of Frank Bo jfart, M. D., Philadelphia, Tenn. Our readers in that section are well acquainted with the Doctor and will no doubt appreciate his services. J.vo. Miller McKee as Editor and Proprietor, has retired from the Knoxville Reg ister and it is now tempo rarially under the con trol of W. C. Kain, Esq. The establishment is for sale and offers inducements for some one to "extinguish himself." Mr. McKee retires on account of declining health and leaves Mr. Kain as attorney or trustee to wind up the business of the office. Xjf A friend has sent us the Forty Seventh Annual Announcement of the East Tennessee University; and Catalogue of Alumni and Stu dents for Session 1853-4. Thebllowing are the Officers and Instructors in the University Ihey are gentlemen whose merits are generally known and appreciated: Rer. Geo. Cock, A. M., President and Pro fessor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy; H. E. J. Boardman,A. M.,Professor of Languages; J. B. Mitchell, A. M., Professor of Chemistry and Natural Phylosophy; F. A. Ramsey, M. D., Professor of Physiology and connected Branches; T. L. Grisworld, A. M., Professor of Mathematics; Rev. T. W. Humes, A. M., Lect. on Natural Theology and Evidences of Christi anity; Hon. Wm. B. Reese, L.L. D.f occasion al Lecturer on Constitutional and Internation al Laws; A. M. Lea, A. M., Civil Engineering; R. Lacy Jones, A. M., Tutor in Winter Session. isaS" There was a collision on the Covington and Lexington road on the 15th, by which the Conductor was killed, and nine or ten badly in jured. The collision was between & freight and passenger train of which the locomotives and aereral cars were smashed to peices. Memphis Eagle and Enquirer. The Pro prietors of this sterling whig paper have dis-. posed of an interest in the establishment to Rolf S. Sacnders, formerly of- the Knoxville Register. Mr. Saunders is a man of enterprise and a good writer. With McMahan and Saun ders at the helm the "Eagle" will not fail to possess interest. TIiwassee College. We have before ns a Catalogue of the Officers and Students of this Institution. The Faculty consists of R. E. Doak, A. M., President, and Professor of An" cient Languages and Literature. Rev. John II. Bruner, A. Mn Vice-President, and Profes sor of Moral and Natural Science. H. L. Dun tan, (of Miss.) Professor of Mathematics. This College occupies a healthful situation, two and a half miles north of Madisonville and six miles South of Sweetwater Depot. BSf We have been shown some "rare sur face indications" of Copper obtained from min ing property secured by Wm.R. Hurley & Co., of this place Messrs. Baker & Johnson have just returned from the Mountains and inform us that the Company have an interest in near one hundreJ leases in Virginia, North Carolina and Alabama, with favorable indications upon them all. Grockbt Blown cpI We learn that on Friday night 11th inst,, "some one unknown, not having the interest of the d 1 or the fear of the penitentiary before his eyes" is sup posed to hare puta Coffeepot full of powder un der the corner of a Grocery in Morganton, which having accidently came in contact with fire exploded and scattered the building to the four cardinal points. As the "King" was not J Aaat ntTtt tVia mina wm .vrak.w9 Tt A nfo t seem the people are taking the Maine Law into their own hands, without authority. Another Complaint against Cuba. Messrs. Jenness, Chase & Co., of Portland, known as among the most enterprising and honorable merchants of kew England, have authorized us to publish the following state ment: "About the middle of last February, the bar que C. B. Hamilton of this port, (Thomas Means being Master and part owner) arrived in Havana from New-York, with a general cargo described in fortv-nine bills of lading. In due time the captain prepared his manifest, and delivered it to the boarding officer. "Upon going ashore, however, to the house of his consignee: and comparing his bills of lading with his freight list he found that in some few particulars they disagreed; and fearing that the errors might extend to his manifest, and anxious to leave open no possible chance of difficulty with the Island officials, he repaired at once to the custom house and asked to see his manifest, in order to correct it if it were wrong. But the collector refused to give it to him; with the usual insolence of his class, re fused also, to give him any reason for detaining if, "This was within three hours after the mani fest had been delivered; and the custom house regulations of Cuba expressly provide, that 'during the twelve hours after having delivered the manifest, which are to commence from six in the morning until seven at night, the captain supercargo or consignee, can make any altera tion he thinks proper or necessary, and for this purpose he will call on she collector, or in his absence on the commander of the custom house officers in service.' Within this provision Capt. Means had clearly brought himself. He had called on the collector he had stated his pur pose he had asked for his manifest; but the collector would not give it to him, and he had to leave the custom house without it. "The twelve hours, however, did not expire until the next day at 10 o'clock; and in the morning, with the clerk of his consignee, ho re newed his application at the custom house, The collector still refused him until 10 o'clock, and then the manif est was returned to him Without leaving the custom house and in a few minutes, he found the errors be fooked for, and corrected them; but upon tendering the correct ed manifest to the proper officer, he was told that the twelve hours had expired by twenty minutes, and that it could not be received! "Thus, after Laving made it impossible for him to alter his manifest, until after the pre scribed time, the officer cooly took advantage of his own wrong, and left the Captain to be a victim of Cuban tyrany. Of course the Cap tain protested, but his protest did no good; and in order to clear his vessel, his consignees were obliged to give heavy bonds to secure the pay ment of any claims which might legally be ad judged against her. It was believed however, that from a case of such clear and manifest wrong en the part of the authorities, there could never result any serious trouble to the owners but that the whole matter, probably, would be speedily and summarally dismissed. "To this end, proper statements were pre pared and transmitted to the Captain General, and Capt. Means has siuce made a voyage to Havana without hearing of it. But by a late arrival, the consignees of the vessel (Messrs. Drake & Co.) have transmitted drafts on Messrs. Jenness, Chase & Co., her agents, and part owners here, for the sum of six thousand and eighty-seven dollars claim, and thirteen hund red dollars expenses, which they have been obliged to deposit in Havana, to await the fur ther action of the Cuban Courts and authorities on this case!" From the reputation of the parties making this statement, we are quite certain that it will at once command the attention of Government, and that measures of redress will be immediate ly applied. In the case of the Black Warrior there was a color of fault, to say the least, in the part of the shippers or officers of the boat, how ever many palliating circumstances there may be found for their justification. But iu the case of the barque Hamilton, it is belived that every form of law has been observed, and that the case is one of absolute wrong on the part of the Cuban authorities. Portland State of Maine, 11th. M.Brooks, of the New-York Express, writing to his paper from Berlin, remarks that rail roads and telegraphs are, in Europe, the friends of despotism for they give the central authority such an enormous power, that a whole army of thousands or tens of thousands can be brought to a point in a single nijjht. Printing Office Mobbed. A letter frm Liberty, of the 28th states, that the office of the Democratic Platform had been taken possess ion of by the people, and was still in their po session. Two or three shots were fired, and took effect, but it is not stated who was hurt. The Platform was an Anti-Benton paper, and had reflected very severely in some of the late numbers, on members of the Whig party. St. Louis Republican of the 1st. inst. Canadian Parliamentary Elections. The Parliamentary election returns up to the present time, show the election of 64 Reformers and 22 Conservatives. Mr. Hincks, tbe Pre mier, has been returned by two constituencies by large majorities. The Tost office in South Nashville has been discontinued in consequence of the Union of that corporation with Nashville proper. It is not agreeable to the rules of the Post office De partment to have more than one post office in any one city. . The Savannah Journal and Courier, of Monday, says: "Tbe first bale of new Cotton, for the season was this morning sold by Messrs. Ruse, Davis 4 Long, for 15 cents per pound. It was of fine quality, and just received by rail road from Columbus weight of bale over five hundred pounds." New Cotton. The N. Orleans Delta says a bale of new cotton was received on the 8th in stant, by Armstrong, Harris & Co., from the plantation of Mr. Flourney, in Caddo Parish, La., being the first from that State. Two bales were received from Texas on the 26th July; Texas ia in the lead. 0 Cholera Rules. me uuaru ui xiemui yi xvocnester nave a- dopted the following rules. We would sng gest the adoption of something similar Mn all places where they have cholera or any of its symptoms. It would almost be a useleasfwaste of judicious legislation (an article so much de sired in our Congress and Legislatures, ) for the City Authorities of Loudon to pass such rules now, since there has not been a death in the place of any disease whatever for more than three weeks. It seems as if the people have even quit dying in the old way: No person shall sell or expose for sale, within the limits of said citv, any or either of the fol lowing mentioned articles, namely, VEAL, un less the same is well grown and fattened; NEW rUTAlUfcS, not fully ripe, U KEEN rliAo and STRING BEANS, unless they are young and Iresh picked, that is picked the previous evening, or on the morning of the dav on which they are offered for sale; CABBAGES'; GREEN APPLES; GREEN GOOSElsEBRIES; CU CUMBERS; RADISHES; CHERRIES, and all unripe fruit and stale vegetables and the several POLICEMEN ofsacity are hereby required to use all dilligence to prevent the sale of each and' every article hereby prohibi ted and to that end they are hereby inquired, if such a course shall be necessary," to SEIZE and DESTROY any or either of said articles. And said Board do further ordain, that each and every non resident dealer in Vegetables or Fruits be and are hereby required on or before 11 o'clock of each day, and on Saturday eve nings on or before 10 o'clock to remove from the limits of said city, all Vegetables and Fruits which such dealer may have had for sale on that day, and such dealer, and every other pcr son,,is hereby prohibited from selling, or ex posing for sale, any Fruit or Vegetables which may have been exposed for sale on any previous day. Marriage of a Niece of Mrs. Aaron Bcrr. A letter frb:r. Bordeaux, France, dated June 25th, 1854, says: "We had a visit yester day from the widow of Aaron Burr. Her busi ness here is the marriage of a niece to a gentle man of this place, named Perry. She gives $100,000 as a marriage gift; and Mr. Perry, the father of the young man, gives the same amount. Mr. Bowen, the . U. S. Consul, has been requested to be the trustee of the money. Mrs. Burr is the American lady who created such a sensation at the balls in Paris last win- ' Peat for Fcel. The Warterbury "Ameri can." says that two beds of peat have recently been d iscovered about two miles from that city, and that two juint stock companies have been formed, with abundant capital, for the purpose of supplying it as a fuel for market. MEETING OF THE DIRECTORY OF THE S. C TENN. A Kj. RAIL ROAD. According to Drevious notice the Board of Directory of the South Carolina, Tennessee and . Kentucky Rail Road Company met m King ston on Monday the 14th inst., for the purpose of electing officers. B. B. Lenoir was elected President, and N. A. Patterson Secretary and Treasurer. Seven Commissioners, to wit: W. S. McEw- en, w. A . .Lenoir, u. w. iosi, a. j. mwr son, R. K. Byrd, G. L. Gillespie, and B. B. enoir were appointed, to reconnoitre and sur vey different routes, and Jocate the road, to com mence at Citico as soon as the services of a good practical Engineer can be obtained. A sufficient call on stock was made to defray the expenses of such survey or location. We are now prepared to say that the Iioad heretofore thought to be located via: Koxville will pass through our own County. The cause of this sudden revolution in affairs is in consequence of our peculiarly favorable ocation and facilities. There are various items of importance connected with our enterprise of which we will hearafier speak. Gazetteer. How to Avert tiie Attacks of MrsQrrroES. An old pilot on the Ohio river says: "Never - - en II or drive off a 'skeeter, let him have his nil ; expose your body so as to get bitten all over, after which no 'skeeter will bite you; for a 'skeet er was never known to place his sucker in the same place that one has been iu before him, e ven if it were fifty years ngo." We cannot vouch for the above remedy a gainst the annoying attacks of mosquitoes, but our readers can try it. The Tomb of Dr. Gardiner. A Washington letter writer says that wjthin the enlargement of the Congressional Cemetery repose the remains of George A. Gardiner, a name familiar to the world, the inscription im pressed we suppose by fraternal affection is sim- !y "our brother." The honor conferred, by as. signing to the remains of Dr. Gardiner a place in a National Cemetery, is perhaps explained by the epitaph. For, from the popular estimate of Congressional honesty, and the nu merous committees raised to investgate charges against its members, the acknowledgement of those to whom the Congressional Cemetery is dedicated that this unfortunate felon was "our brother," has a melancholy and satirical significan ce. The Force of Habit. It is curious to ob serve how one's habits of thought constantly break out and exhibit themselves in whatever he does or says. In one of our colleges, it was customary for the professors to take turns in making the chapel prayers. Once upon an oc casion, this duty fell upon the learned professor of chemistry, and the students were astonished to hear him introduce an illustration thus "Thou knowest, O Lord, that for tipping lightning, silver is better than platinum, so is the mind touched by the grace, made most ready to receive the principle of science!" On another occasion, the mathematical professor asked "Divine goodness to enable us to know its length, its breadth, its depth, and its super ficial contents!" The setting of a great hope is like the setting ofthesuu. The brightness of our life is gone. Shadows of evening fall around us and the world seems but, a dull reflection itself a broader shade. We look forward into the com ing night; the soul withdraws itself; the stars arise and the night is holy. Men will have the same veneration for a per son who suffers adversity without dejection, as they wiH for demolished temples, the very ruins of which, are reverenced and adored. Congress has raised the salaries of the As sociates Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States from $4,500 to $6,000 per year and jjhe salary of the Chief Justice from $6,500 to $7,000. : Veto of the River and Harbor Bill. we think, shows the vascillating character of the present Executive more than the indecisive tone of the document which heads thi3 article. It contains no open affirmation of an inexorable principle, but admits the impor tance of internal improvements and intimates that there are works of a national character within the scope of the constitutional power of Government which should rgceive its sanction. The message intimates that no time has been left the Executive to examine the bill and make the proper discrimination between those which should not. We suppose, therefore, such works of importance as are constitutional, ac cording to any construction, must suffer the usual consequence of being caught in bad com pany. But we cannot see why the President could not have returned the bill with his ob jections to those deemed by him illegal or what would have been the same thing, why he could not have indicated the very few which were, in his opinion, constitutional; and returnee' the bill. The country ia consoled, however, with the assurance that the President will, before the next meeting of Congress, mature a plan of improvements free from the objections which exist against the bill just vetoed. Baltimore Patriot. An Editor Drowned. The Elkton (Ky.) Whig of the 11th has the following strange an- nouncement: His friends and the public generally will be gratified to learn that among the passengers who were drowned on the Cape, May, which sunk in the Ohio on Monday last was the editor oi the llopkinsville Press, bome three or four others were also drowned. JCS?" On last Saturday the 5th inst. a tremen dous cOiiflagration occurred in New Orlean?. The fire originated in Tohopitoulas street, and burnt through 'o Poydrass and Magazine streets end down to common. All those fine stores on Magazine street are completely destroyed. It is rumored that the fire had extended to and totally destroyed Odd Fellows' Hall and Dr. Scott's Church. The Washington Union of Sunday contains the subjoined dispatch from Raleigh, N. C, relative to the North Carolina elections: "Bragg's (Dem.) majority over Dockcry (Fed.) is 2,025. The Senate, composed of 50 member, has 30 Democrats to 20 U'higs. The House,composed of 120 members, has C5 Dem ocrats to 55 Whigs, making 20 Democratic ma jority on joint ballot." Show me the young man who can quit the brilliant society of the young to listen to the kindly voice of age who caii hold cheerful converse with the one whom years have de prived of charms show me the man who is willing to help the deformed who need help show me the man who no more looks rudely at the poor in the village, than at the well dressed lady in the saloon show the man who treats unprotected maidenhood as he would the heir ess, suirounded by the powerful protection of rank, riches, and family show the man who abhors the libertines gibe, who shuns as a blas phemer the traducer of his mother's sex who scorns, as he would a coward, the ridicule of woman's foibles or the exposure of womans re putation show me that man who never for gets for an instant the delicacy, the respect that is due to woman in any condition or class and you show me a gentleman nay, you show me a better you show me a true man and christian. Mr.'EniTon: Is there not a clause in the Constitution of the United States to the effect that Congress alone shall have power "to de clare tear"? If so, I would ask by what author ity did Messrs. Marcy and Dobbin order Cap tain Hollins to commence war against San Ju an.' We will answer the querries of "a Subscri ber" by saying, that there is a clause in the Constitution vesting in Conircss the exclusive power to declare war, but that the present Administration seem to construe the clause to mean that the war-making power of Congress applies only to the larger States; and that in regard to little ones, like San Juan, a Secretary of State or of the Navy may declare war against them whenever he pleases. Thus, our Minister af. Madrid said he was insulted by Spanish no blemen, and American property was illegally seized upon at Havana, yet Spain being a large power, the Administration never thought for a moment of burning any of her towns without first consulting Congress but when an Ameri can Minister is insulted, or American property seized by the citizens of a small .State, like San Juan, the Secretary of the Navy hai no doubt whatever of his right to declare war up on her without any previous authority from Con gress. In giving their orders to Capt. Hollins, Messrs. Marcy and Dobbin were acting accor ding to the Constitution as they understood it! Baltimore Patriot. Romantic Trcth. A young poet out west, in describing heaven, says "its a world of bliss, fenced in-with girls. Where's the man that won't repent now?" "Are you the man." said an American coach man to the Duke Bernard of Saxe Weimar, "that is to go in that carriage?" "Yes." "Then I am the gentleman that is to drive you." $3 The new Suspension Bridge at Wheel ling ha3 been thrown open to the traveling pub. lie? Forty -five new plannets have been discovered since the year 1608. A French author says, "When I lost my wife every family in the town offered me another, but when I lost my horse, no one offered to make him good." . Various counties in Virginaare sending dele gates to the Internal Improvement Convention to be held at White Sulphur Springs on the 24th inst. - It Won't Take. One of the planks of No Nothings in Massachusetts, the Newburyport Heaild says, is to have all the Irish and Ger man girls kicked out of American kitchens and chambers, and the substitution of Native American girls. The American girls are up in arms about it. They say they'll not submit to grid-iron and bake-oven quadrilles, when piano polkas, and "meet me by moonlight" in the parlor can be had so cheap and plenty. The American girls will win. Ex. Gentleness. If thou hast crushed a flower, ' The root may not be blighted If thou hast quenched a lamp, Once more it may be lighted; But on the harp or on the lute, The string which thou hast broken, Shall never in sweet sound again, Give to thy touch a token I ... If thou hast loosed a bird, Whose voice of song could cheer thee, Still, still he may be won From the skies to warble near thee; But if upon the troubled sea TLou hast thrown a gem unheeded, Hope not that wind or wave shall bring The treasure back when needed. If thou hast bruised a vine, The summer's breath is healing, And iu cluster yet may grow, Thro? the leaves their bloom revealing; But if thou hast a cup o'erthrown. With a britfht drop filled O, never Shall the earth give yack that-lavish wealth To cool thy parched lips' fever. The heart is like that cup, If thou waste the love it bore thee, And like that jewel gone, Which the deep will not restore thee And like that string of harp and lute Whence the sweet sound is scattered Gently, O ! jrently touch the chords So soon forever shattered ! For "Loudon Free Press." Mr. Editor: I desire to say a few words to the Capitalist of your Stale through the medium of your poper,upon the subject of man ufacturing. I am induced to dhis from a no tice which appeared in your paper, offering great inducement to such as may feel disposed to embark in that business in your town. There is certainly no business which tends more to the prosperity and wealth of a comrau n'.ty, as well as to the individuals engaged,than that of manufacturing upon judicious and well established principles. This is apparent in all communities where a well organized establish ment now exists, its beneficial influences are extended either directly or ' indirectly to all classes, the Merchant, the Fanner, the Mechan ic and Laborer all feel its influences, and are more or less benefited by its existance, while its individual share holders are dividing a per centage not to be obta.ned through any other branch of business. True, there are a Jew es tablishments that do not pay very handsomely, but the se ore such as hold to the old fashioned machinery that his long since been suspended and totally disregarded improvements. It can hardly be expected that those who continue to operate the old fashioned fly frame (I speak of cotton spinning) and proieeding at the most from 31 to 4 skeins per spiudle, per day at an expence of 41 to 5 cents per pound, should com pete successfully with an establishment of more modern construction producing at leant 8 or 10 skeins per spindle per day, at a cost of less than 2 cents per pound for domestic yams num beriii'T from 6 to 12. An investment of ten thousand dollars would cover the cost of all necessary machinery fur a cotton mill of (1000) one thousand spindles of the latest improved and most modern construc tion, which would produce from five to six thou sand pounds per week of yarns of the Nos. named, and at a cost of less than two cents per pound for manufacturing, "such yarns are now selling in market at 17 cents per pound, by a i ding to the price of coUon 10 per ceut fur wash and 2 cents for manufacturing, il is easy to see the profits derived. It will be perceived that I have placed the cost ($10,000) of machinery sufficiently hih, to cover all necessary machinery, shafting &c, but I do not include the building and motive power Jcc, which will vary according to loca tion and building material, I would also ob serve that CTsts of both machines and opera tives, would be less in proportion in a large con cern than in so small a one. Should any, desiring to embark in the above business, think these conclusions extravagant, they may be fully convinced by addressing the subscriber at Augusta Ga., by whom any in formation will be cheerfully given. Respectfully Yours. Wm. U.Read. Augusta, Ga., Aug. 14th 1854. Sir Frnncis Bacon was wnnt to commer.d the advice of a plain man of Buxton, who sold brooms. A proud, lazy young fellow came to him one dav asking n broom on trust, to whom he said 'Friend, hast thee no money? Bor row of thy back and thy belly they will never ask thee forit. I should be dunning thee every day." In New York 1,G00 dogs have been slaugh tered at the pound since the 26th nlfr. Fifty cents is the price for every dog captured and ta ken to the pound alive, and over $2,000 have been paid to dog-catchers: The crusade will continue till the middle of September. Agrictltcral Societies are being organ ized in a jrreat many of the counties in Tennes see. Will old Greene county consent to be in the rear? It is time our people would wake up. Greeneville Spy. The Fourth of July accident on tho Susque hannah Railroad is reported settled with one exception, at a cost of $100,000; Mr. Jeffers holds out, and claims $90,000 damages. At Vera Cruz the yellow fever is raging to an alarming extent. Within six weeks, in one hospital, two thousand cases have occurred causing about fifteen hundred deaths. Deputy Paymaster General Benj. F. Larned, has been appointed Paymaster General of the U. S. Army, with the rank of Colonel, vice Gen. Townson, deceased. A powder magazine at Maysville, Ohio took fire on Sunday, and 800 kegs of powder explo ded 13 houses were blown to piecs, several persons were wounded, but none killed. One woman, however, died of fright. American Bible S iciett. The issnes of publication for the last month were 86,813. vol umes, and the receipts of the month were $23. 73,50 According to the Auditor's office, the num ber of hogs over six months old is 1,515,966, a gainst 1,355,892, last year. Increase this year 158,807 head. Decision tinder the Post Office Laws. A postage stamp cut from a stamped envel ope, cannot be used in payment for postage. . A Postmaster, under no circumstances, is j allowed to open a letter not addressed to him. Where letters are mi3-sent, it is not lawful to charge postage for forwarding. All Newspapers having words written on or in them, are subject to letter postage. .; To entitle papers to be sent to bona fide su'jf scribers at half a cent each, a full quarter's pos-i tage is required in advance. It is improper for a deputy postmaster to re move the wrappers of public documents franked by a member of Congres3. No paper, or other things, except bills or ra' ceipts of publishers, can be sent enclosed in a newspaper without subjecting . the whole to letter postage. Bona fide subscribers to weekly paper, whoss post office is in an adjoining, county, are al lowed to receive papers published in a county in which they live free of postage. Any mark with a pen on a circular, such as date or anything of the kind, subjects it to letter postage. Fatal Affray. We learn from the Tren ton Journal, that a fatal affray occurred near Yorkville, in Gibson county, on the 1st inst., between a man by the name of Trout and Thos Bailey, in which the latter was shot. . TrouS was arrested and committed to jail. One of the German Almanacs remarks that "A young girl is a fishhing rod the eyes are the hook, the smile is the bait, the lover is tha gudgeon and marriage the butter in which he i fried." "I'm a great gnn,"said a tipsy printer whd had been on a bender for a week. "Yes." said the foreman, 'you're a great jruti and half rock ed, and you can consider yourself discharged." "Well," said typo, "then" I had better go off." The papers tells us that on Lord Raglan ar riving in the East, "he intimated a desire that the troops should shave." We presume that they will not only do this, but that they will lather their enemies as well. The feathered songsters, are the cottager' music, and flowers are the poor man's poetry. Russia's Pacific Squadron. The Augusta Constitutionalist says, late papers- frcm India and China show great fear and anxiety were entertained by the subject of Eng land in both countrie s, owing to the mysterious and dangerous movements of the large Russian squadron which is cruising in the Pac ific Ocean. It was currently reported that a Russian war steamer had actually entered the harbor of Sin gapore, and the Bengal people fear the iramedi ate appearance of a fleet of California "pirates as allies of the Czar in the Western Pacific. At Sydney, Australia, the same trepidation existed. Kissing. When a Wisconsin girl is kissed, she looks surprised, and says, "how could you?" To which the swain replies, "it will give ma great pleasure to show you," and proceeds i give her a duplicate. If you see a sq nail arrising in the latitude of your wife, what course should be pursued to a voil is consequences? Double her cape with your left arm, .and let your lips drop anchor on the cruising ground of "smacks." A rather intricate law suit was recently deci dedin California, at the suggestion ofthejudg by a horse race. The jury acted as judges, the council bet their fees on their respective clients the judge held the stakes, and the winner, by a previous arrangement, treated the crowd. "Came Preaching in tiie Wilderness" Rpv. S. Black preached a sermon at the honsa of Mr. David Cutlip. on Williams river, in Nich olas county, V on the 1 6th of July the frsl everdeliveredinth.it re-inn. not w-ilnt.nltin tha s;ttleme:it there wai bejwi fifty five yrart aco. How to make Deaf Persons Hear the Piano forte The instrument should be opened, ani n rod of pine wood provided about half an inch thick, three qnarters wide, and long enoiih to reach from the bridge of the sounding board to the mouth of the deaf person. If one end of this rod be made to rest firmly on the bridi?r, and the other end be held between the teeth, tho softest sounds will be distinctly communicated. Music-vl Transcrip t. A package containing ovpr eiht thousand dollars was mailed at the Baltimore office, sev eral days ajn, for the North. The package failed to reach it destination, but it is known that it rfached Philadelphia. It is said that one of the chpek m tho pack age was presented at the Philadelphia Bmk and was paid. This relieves th B:lf?more of fice from all eensnre or suspicion, The whola affair thus far is shrouded in mystery Char. Courier, 15th. Fifty Dollars Reward. We are requested to state, that the above re ward will be paid for proof to conviction, of tha person or persons, who recently spiked, one of the brass cannon, in the care of the Washing ton Artillery. We hope the reward offered will lead to the discovery of the guilty party, should it do so. we will, as far as the circulation of our paper extends,give him an unenviable notorie ty. Augusta Constitutionalist. .. The Know Nothings are said to be very nu merous in Galveston, Houston, and other towns in Texas. Mr. Blackburn, the Superintendent of the Nashville and Henderson Railway, was recently stabbed by one of the Railway hands an Irish man, named Robinson and died in a few min utes. The best rules to form a young man are, to talk little, hear much, to reflect alone upon what has passed in company, to distrust one's own o- pinion and value others that deserve it. A public meeting of the friends of the Maina Liquor Law has lately been held in Donblin, Ireland.