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Loudon free press. (Loudon, Tenn.) 1852-1855, August 23, 1854, Image 2

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BY J. W. & S. It. O'BRIEN.
AUGUST 23, 1854
The Passenger train on the Nashville and
Chattanooga road, since the 19th inst, leaves
Nashville at half past eleven o'clock at night
.and arrives at Chattanooga at 10 minutes to
ten next morning, there connecting with the
train to Atlanta.
The Passenger train on the East Tennessee
and Ga. road leaves London at 5 o'clock in
the morning and passengers will, after 1st of
September Breakfast at Athens, Dine at Dnlton
end'take Supper at London. Travelers either
for Nashville or Atlanta will not be detained
at Dalton those coming East can get convey
ance from this place in comfortable and safe
four horse Coaches. The river has been so low
that but two boats continue in the trade, the
Hiwassee" and "Tennessee,"and even they are
unable to make good time, yet they are making
regular trips. The public, however, may ex
pect a regular line of boats in due time to
meet every demand of trade or travel.
The full returns give Bragg (dem) Candidate
for Governor, 48,500; Dockert (whig) 46,000
The whigs made a considerable gain since last
election. The democrats have a majority of
twenty on joint ballot in the Legislature.
t3 The Whig Convention of N. Y. will be
held at Syracuse on 20th Sept. to nominate
candidates for Governor and other State offi
We learn from the last number of the Times
that Dalton, "after a coozy nap of five years
again shows considerable symptoms of life.
She "stands in all her glory" "marching with
rigantic strides far, far a head of her sister
towns" "with one hand" reaching for "the reg
ister of fame," she will soon enroll herself "the
City of Cherokee" Glad to hear that she is
advancing even in a state of somnambulism;
and hope that our citizens may soon see her
wide awake, with pen in hand approaching the
''register of fame." In the mean time let them
"look out" you know she has to come up this
way (?)
tT See the Medical Notice of Frank Bo
jfart, M. D., Philadelphia, Tenn. Our readers
in that section are well acquainted with the
Doctor and will no doubt appreciate his services.
J.vo. Miller McKee as Editor and
Proprietor, has retired from the Knoxville Reg
ister and it is now tempo rarially under the con
trol of W. C. Kain, Esq. The establishment
is for sale and offers inducements for some one
to "extinguish himself." Mr. McKee retires on
account of declining health and leaves Mr.
Kain as attorney or trustee to wind up the
business of the office.
Xjf A friend has sent us the Forty Seventh
Annual Announcement of the East Tennessee
University; and Catalogue of Alumni and Stu
dents for Session 1853-4. Thebllowing are
the Officers and Instructors in the University
Ihey are gentlemen whose merits are generally
known and appreciated:
Rer. Geo. Cock, A. M., President and Pro
fessor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy; H.
E. J. Boardman,A. M.,Professor of Languages;
J. B. Mitchell, A. M., Professor of Chemistry
and Natural Phylosophy; F. A. Ramsey, M.
D., Professor of Physiology and connected
Branches; T. L. Grisworld, A. M., Professor of
Mathematics; Rev. T. W. Humes, A. M., Lect.
on Natural Theology and Evidences of Christi
anity; Hon. Wm. B. Reese, L.L. D.f occasion
al Lecturer on Constitutional and Internation
al Laws; A. M. Lea, A. M., Civil Engineering;
R. Lacy Jones, A. M., Tutor in Winter Session.
isaS" There was a collision on the Covington
and Lexington road on the 15th, by which the
Conductor was killed, and nine or ten badly in
jured. The collision was between & freight and
passenger train of which the locomotives and
aereral cars were smashed to peices.
Memphis Eagle and Enquirer. The Pro
prietors of this sterling whig paper have dis-.
posed of an interest in the establishment to
Rolf S. Sacnders, formerly of- the Knoxville
Register. Mr. Saunders is a man of enterprise
and a good writer. With McMahan and Saun
ders at the helm the "Eagle" will not fail to
possess interest.
TIiwassee College. We have before ns a
Catalogue of the Officers and Students of this
Institution. The Faculty consists of R. E.
Doak, A. M., President, and Professor of An"
cient Languages and Literature. Rev. John
II. Bruner, A. Mn Vice-President, and Profes
sor of Moral and Natural Science. H. L. Dun
tan, (of Miss.) Professor of Mathematics. This
College occupies a healthful situation, two and
a half miles north of Madisonville and six miles
South of Sweetwater Depot.
BSf We have been shown some "rare sur
face indications" of Copper obtained from min
ing property secured by Wm.R. Hurley & Co.,
of this place Messrs. Baker & Johnson have
just returned from the Mountains and inform us
that the Company have an interest in near one
hundreJ leases in Virginia, North Carolina and
Alabama, with favorable indications upon them
Grockbt Blown cpI We learn that on
Friday night 11th inst,, "some one unknown,
not having the interest of the d 1 or the
fear of the penitentiary before his eyes" is sup
posed to hare puta Coffeepot full of powder un
der the corner of a Grocery in Morganton,
which having accidently came in contact with
fire exploded and scattered the building to the
four cardinal points. As the "King" was not J
Aaat ntTtt tVia mina wm .vrak.w9 Tt A nfo t
seem the people are taking the Maine Law into
their own hands, without authority.
Another Complaint against Cuba.
Messrs. Jenness, Chase & Co., of Portland,
known as among the most enterprising and
honorable merchants of kew England, have
authorized us to publish the following state
"About the middle of last February, the bar
que C. B. Hamilton of this port, (Thomas
Means being Master and part owner) arrived in
Havana from New-York, with a general cargo
described in fortv-nine bills of lading. In due
time the captain prepared his manifest, and
delivered it to the boarding officer.
"Upon going ashore, however, to the house
of his consignee: and comparing his bills of
lading with his freight list he found that in some
few particulars they disagreed; and fearing that
the errors might extend to his manifest, and
anxious to leave open no possible chance of
difficulty with the Island officials, he repaired
at once to the custom house and asked to see
his manifest, in order to correct it if it were
wrong. But the collector refused to give it to
him; with the usual insolence of his class, re
fused also, to give him any reason for detaining
"This was within three hours after the mani
fest had been delivered; and the custom house
regulations of Cuba expressly provide, that
'during the twelve hours after having delivered
the manifest, which are to commence from six
in the morning until seven at night, the captain
supercargo or consignee, can make any altera
tion he thinks proper or necessary, and for this
purpose he will call on she collector, or in his
absence on the commander of the custom house
officers in service.' Within this provision Capt.
Means had clearly brought himself. He had
called on the collector he had stated his pur
pose he had asked for his manifest; but the
collector would not give it to him, and he had
to leave the custom house without it.
"The twelve hours, however, did not expire
until the next day at 10 o'clock; and in the
morning, with the clerk of his consignee, ho re
newed his application at the custom house,
The collector still refused him until 10 o'clock,
and then the manif est was returned to him
Without leaving the custom house and in a few
minutes, he found the errors be fooked for, and
corrected them; but upon tendering the correct
ed manifest to the proper officer, he was told
that the twelve hours had expired by twenty
minutes, and that it could not be received!
"Thus, after Laving made it impossible for
him to alter his manifest, until after the pre
scribed time, the officer cooly took advantage of
his own wrong, and left the Captain to be a
victim of Cuban tyrany. Of course the Cap
tain protested, but his protest did no good; and
in order to clear his vessel, his consignees were
obliged to give heavy bonds to secure the pay
ment of any claims which might legally be ad
judged against her. It was believed however,
that from a case of such clear and manifest
wrong en the part of the authorities, there could
never result any serious trouble to the owners
but that the whole matter, probably, would be
speedily and summarally dismissed.
"To this end, proper statements were pre
pared and transmitted to the Captain General,
and Capt. Means has siuce made a voyage to
Havana without hearing of it. But by a late
arrival, the consignees of the vessel (Messrs.
Drake & Co.) have transmitted drafts on Messrs.
Jenness, Chase & Co., her agents, and part
owners here, for the sum of six thousand and
eighty-seven dollars claim, and thirteen hund
red dollars expenses, which they have been
obliged to deposit in Havana, to await the fur
ther action of the Cuban Courts and authorities
on this case!"
From the reputation of the parties making
this statement, we are quite certain that it will
at once command the attention of Government,
and that measures of redress will be immediate
ly applied. In the case of the Black Warrior
there was a color of fault, to say the least, in the
part of the shippers or officers of the boat, how
ever many palliating circumstances there may
be found for their justification. But iu the
case of the barque Hamilton, it is belived that
every form of law has been observed, and that
the case is one of absolute wrong on the part of
the Cuban authorities. Portland State of
Maine, 11th.
M.Brooks, of the New-York Express, writing
to his paper from Berlin, remarks that rail roads
and telegraphs are, in Europe, the friends of
despotism for they give the central authority
such an enormous power, that a whole army of
thousands or tens of thousands can be brought
to a point in a single nijjht.
Printing Office Mobbed. A letter frm
Liberty, of the 28th states, that the office of the
Democratic Platform had been taken possess
ion of by the people, and was still in their po
session. Two or three shots were fired, and
took effect, but it is not stated who was hurt.
The Platform was an Anti-Benton paper, and
had reflected very severely in some of the late
numbers, on members of the Whig party. St.
Louis Republican of the 1st. inst.
Canadian Parliamentary Elections.
The Parliamentary election returns up to the
present time, show the election of 64 Reformers
and 22 Conservatives. Mr. Hincks, tbe Pre
mier, has been returned by two constituencies
by large majorities.
The Tost office in South Nashville has been
discontinued in consequence of the Union of
that corporation with Nashville proper. It is
not agreeable to the rules of the Post office De
partment to have more than one post office in
any one city. .
The Savannah Journal and Courier, of
Monday, says:
"Tbe first bale of new Cotton, for the season
was this morning sold by Messrs. Ruse, Davis
4 Long, for 15 cents per pound. It was of fine
quality, and just received by rail road from
Columbus weight of bale over five hundred
New Cotton. The N. Orleans Delta says a
bale of new cotton was received on the 8th in
stant, by Armstrong, Harris & Co., from the
plantation of Mr. Flourney, in Caddo Parish,
La., being the first from that State. Two
bales were received from Texas on the 26th
July; Texas ia in the lead. 0
Cholera Rules.
me uuaru ui xiemui yi xvocnester nave a-
dopted the following rules. We would sng
gest the adoption of something similar Mn all
places where they have cholera or any of its
symptoms. It would almost be a useleasfwaste
of judicious legislation (an article so much de
sired in our Congress and Legislatures, ) for the
City Authorities of Loudon to pass such rules
now, since there has not been a death in the
place of any disease whatever for more than
three weeks. It seems as if the people have
even quit dying in the old way:
No person shall sell or expose for sale, within
the limits of said citv, any or either of the fol
lowing mentioned articles, namely, VEAL, un
less the same is well grown and fattened; NEW
rUTAlUfcS, not fully ripe, U KEEN rliAo
and STRING BEANS, unless they are young
and Iresh picked, that is picked the previous
evening, or on the morning of the dav on which
they are offered for sale; CABBAGES'; GREEN
all unripe fruit and stale vegetables and the
several POLICEMEN ofsacity are hereby
required to use all dilligence to prevent the sale
of each and' every article hereby prohibi
ted and to that end they are hereby inquired,
if such a course shall be necessary," to SEIZE
and DESTROY any or either of said articles.
And said Board do further ordain, that each
and every non resident dealer in Vegetables or
Fruits be and are hereby required on or before
11 o'clock of each day, and on Saturday eve
nings on or before 10 o'clock to remove from
the limits of said city, all Vegetables and Fruits
which such dealer may have had for sale on
that day, and such dealer, and every other pcr
son,,is hereby prohibited from selling, or ex
posing for sale, any Fruit or Vegetables which
may have been exposed for sale on any previous
Marriage of a Niece of Mrs. Aaron
Bcrr. A letter frb:r. Bordeaux, France, dated
June 25th, 1854, says: "We had a visit yester
day from the widow of Aaron Burr. Her busi
ness here is the marriage of a niece to a gentle
man of this place, named Perry. She gives
$100,000 as a marriage gift; and Mr. Perry,
the father of the young man, gives the same
amount. Mr. Bowen, the . U. S. Consul, has
been requested to be the trustee of the money.
Mrs. Burr is the American lady who created
such a sensation at the balls in Paris last win-
Peat for Fcel. The Warterbury "Ameri
can." says that two beds of peat have recently
been d iscovered about two miles from that city,
and that two juint stock companies have been
formed, with abundant capital, for the purpose
of supplying it as a fuel for market.
According to Drevious notice the Board of
Directory of the South Carolina, Tennessee and
Kentucky Rail Road Company met m King
ston on Monday the 14th inst., for the purpose
of electing officers. B. B. Lenoir was elected
President, and N. A. Patterson Secretary and
Seven Commissioners, to wit: W. S. McEw-
en, w. A . .Lenoir, u. w. iosi, a. j. mwr
son, R. K. Byrd, G. L. Gillespie, and B. B.
enoir were appointed, to reconnoitre and sur
vey different routes, and Jocate the road, to com
mence at Citico as soon as the services of a
good practical Engineer can be obtained. A
sufficient call on stock was made to defray the
expenses of such survey or location.
We are now prepared to say that the Iioad
heretofore thought to be located via: Koxville
will pass through our own County.
The cause of this sudden revolution in affairs
is in consequence of our peculiarly favorable
ocation and facilities. There are various items
of importance connected with our enterprise of
which we will hearafier speak. Gazetteer.
How to Avert tiie Attacks of MrsQrrroES.
An old pilot on the Ohio river says: "Never
- - en
II or drive off a 'skeeter, let him have his nil ;
expose your body so as to get bitten all over,
after which no 'skeeter will bite you; for a 'skeet
er was never known to place his sucker in the
same place that one has been iu before him, e
ven if it were fifty years ngo."
We cannot vouch for the above remedy a
gainst the annoying attacks of mosquitoes, but
our readers can try it.
The Tomb of Dr. Gardiner.
A Washington letter writer says that wjthin
the enlargement of the Congressional Cemetery
repose the remains of George A. Gardiner, a
name familiar to the world, the inscription im
pressed we suppose by fraternal affection is sim-
!y "our brother." The honor conferred, by as.
signing to the remains of Dr. Gardiner a place
in a National Cemetery, is perhaps explained
by the epitaph. For, from the popular estimate
of Congressional honesty, and the nu merous
committees raised to investgate charges against
its members, the acknowledgement of those to
whom the Congressional Cemetery is dedicated
that this unfortunate felon was "our brother,"
has a melancholy and satirical significan ce.
The Force of Habit. It is curious to ob
serve how one's habits of thought constantly
break out and exhibit themselves in whatever
he does or says. In one of our colleges, it was
customary for the professors to take turns in
making the chapel prayers. Once upon an oc
casion, this duty fell upon the learned professor
of chemistry, and the students were astonished
to hear him introduce an illustration thus
"Thou knowest, O Lord, that for tipping
lightning, silver is better than platinum, so is
the mind touched by the grace, made most
ready to receive the principle of science!" On
another occasion, the mathematical professor
asked "Divine goodness to enable us to know
its length, its breadth, its depth, and its super
ficial contents!"
The setting of a great hope is like the setting
ofthesuu. The brightness of our life is gone.
Shadows of evening fall around us and the
world seems but, a dull reflection itself a
broader shade. We look forward into the com
ing night; the soul withdraws itself; the stars
arise and the night is holy.
Men will have the same veneration for a per
son who suffers adversity without dejection, as
they wiH for demolished temples, the very ruins
of which, are reverenced and adored.
Congress has raised the salaries of the As
sociates Judges of the Supreme Court of the
United States from $4,500 to $6,000 per year
and jjhe salary of the Chief Justice from $6,500
to $7,000. :
Veto of the River and Harbor Bill.
we think, shows the vascillating
character of the present Executive more than the
indecisive tone of the document which heads
thi3 article. It contains no open affirmation of
an inexorable principle, but admits the impor
tance of internal improvements and intimates
that there are works of a national character
within the scope of the constitutional power of
Government which should rgceive its sanction.
The message intimates that no time has been
left the Executive to examine the bill and
make the proper discrimination between those
which should not. We suppose, therefore, such
works of importance as are constitutional, ac
cording to any construction, must suffer the
usual consequence of being caught in bad com
pany. But we cannot see why the President
could not have returned the bill with his ob
jections to those deemed by him illegal or what
would have been the same thing, why he could
not have indicated the very few which were, in
his opinion, constitutional; and returnee' the
bill. The country ia consoled, however, with
the assurance that the President will, before
the next meeting of Congress, mature a plan of
improvements free from the objections which
exist against the bill just vetoed. Baltimore
An Editor Drowned. The Elkton (Ky.)
Whig of the 11th has the following strange an-
His friends and the public generally will be
gratified to learn that among the passengers
who were drowned on the Cape, May, which
sunk in the Ohio on Monday last was the editor
oi the llopkinsville Press, bome three or four
others were also drowned.
JCS?" On last Saturday the 5th inst. a tremen
dous cOiiflagration occurred in New Orlean?. The
fire originated in Tohopitoulas street, and burnt
through 'o Poydrass and Magazine streets end
down to common. All those fine stores on
Magazine street are completely destroyed. It
is rumored that the fire had extended to and
totally destroyed Odd Fellows' Hall and Dr.
Scott's Church.
The Washington Union of Sunday contains
the subjoined dispatch from Raleigh, N. C,
relative to the North Carolina elections:
"Bragg's (Dem.) majority over Dockcry
(Fed.) is 2,025. The Senate, composed of 50
member, has 30 Democrats to 20 U'higs. The
House,composed of 120 members, has C5 Dem
ocrats to 55 Whigs, making 20 Democratic ma
jority on joint ballot."
Show me the young man who can quit the
brilliant society of the young to listen to the
kindly voice of age who caii hold cheerful
converse with the one whom years have de
prived of charms show me the man who is
willing to help the deformed who need help
show me the man who no more looks rudely at
the poor in the village, than at the well dressed
lady in the saloon show the man who treats
unprotected maidenhood as he would the heir
ess, suirounded by the powerful protection of
rank, riches, and family show the man who
abhors the libertines gibe, who shuns as a blas
phemer the traducer of his mother's sex who
scorns, as he would a coward, the ridicule of
woman's foibles or the exposure of womans re
putation show me that man who never for
gets for an instant the delicacy, the respect that
is due to woman in any condition or class
and you show me a gentleman nay, you show
me a better you show me a true man and
Mr.'EniTon: Is there not a clause in the
Constitution of the United States to the effect
that Congress alone shall have power "to de
clare tear"? If so, I would ask by what author
ity did Messrs. Marcy and Dobbin order Cap
tain Hollins to commence war against San Ju
We will answer the querries of "a Subscri
ber" by saying, that there is a clause in the
Constitution vesting in Conircss the exclusive
power to declare war, but that the present
Administration seem to construe the clause to
mean that the war-making power of Congress
applies only to the larger States; and that in
regard to little ones, like San Juan, a Secretary
of State or of the Navy may declare war against
them whenever he pleases. Thus, our Minister
af. Madrid said he was insulted by Spanish no
blemen, and American property was illegally
seized upon at Havana, yet Spain being a large
power, the Administration never thought for a
moment of burning any of her towns without
first consulting Congress but when an Ameri
can Minister is insulted, or American property
seized by the citizens of a small .State, like
San Juan, the Secretary of the Navy hai no
doubt whatever of his right to declare war up
on her without any previous authority from Con
gress. In giving their orders to Capt. Hollins,
Messrs. Marcy and Dobbin were acting accor
ding to the Constitution as they understood it!
Baltimore Patriot.
Romantic Trcth. A young poet out west,
in describing heaven, says "its a world of bliss,
fenced in-with girls. Where's the man that
won't repent now?"
"Are you the man." said an American coach
man to the Duke Bernard of Saxe Weimar,
"that is to go in that carriage?" "Yes." "Then
I am the gentleman that is to drive you."
$3 The new Suspension Bridge at Wheel
ling ha3 been thrown open to the traveling pub.
Forty -five new plannets have been discovered
since the year 1608.
A French author says, "When I lost my wife
every family in the town offered me another,
but when I lost my horse, no one offered to make
him good." .
Various counties in Virginaare sending dele
gates to the Internal Improvement Convention
to be held at White Sulphur Springs on the
24th inst. -
It Won't Take. One of the planks of No
Nothings in Massachusetts, the Newburyport
Heaild says, is to have all the Irish and Ger
man girls kicked out of American kitchens and
chambers, and the substitution of Native
American girls. The American girls are up in
arms about it. They say they'll not submit to
grid-iron and bake-oven quadrilles, when piano
polkas, and "meet me by moonlight" in the
parlor can be had so cheap and plenty. The
American girls will win. Ex.
If thou hast crushed a flower, '
The root may not be blighted
If thou hast quenched a lamp,
Once more it may be lighted;
But on the harp or on the lute,
The string which thou hast broken,
Shall never in sweet sound again,
Give to thy touch a token I ...
If thou hast loosed a bird,
Whose voice of song could cheer thee,
Still, still he may be won
From the skies to warble near thee;
But if upon the troubled sea
TLou hast thrown a gem unheeded,
Hope not that wind or wave shall bring
The treasure back when needed.
If thou hast bruised a vine,
The summer's breath is healing,
And iu cluster yet may grow,
Thro? the leaves their bloom revealing;
But if thou hast a cup o'erthrown.
With a britfht drop filled O, never
Shall the earth give yack that-lavish wealth
To cool thy parched lips' fever.
The heart is like that cup,
If thou waste the love it bore thee,
And like that jewel gone,
Which the deep will not restore thee
And like that string of harp and lute
Whence the sweet sound is scattered
Gently, O ! jrently touch the chords
So soon forever shattered !
For "Loudon Free Press."
Mr. Editor:
I desire to say a few words
to the Capitalist of your Stale through the
medium of your poper,upon the subject of man
ufacturing. I am induced to dhis from a no
tice which appeared in your paper, offering
great inducement to such as may feel disposed
to embark in that business in your town.
There is certainly no business which tends
more to the prosperity and wealth of a comrau
n'.ty, as well as to the individuals engaged,than
that of manufacturing upon judicious and well
established principles. This is apparent in all
communities where a well organized establish
ment now exists, its beneficial influences are
extended either directly or ' indirectly to all
classes, the Merchant, the Fanner, the Mechan
ic and Laborer all feel its influences, and are
more or less benefited by its existance, while
its individual share holders are dividing a per
centage not to be obta.ned through any other
branch of business. True, there are a Jew es
tablishments that do not pay very handsomely,
but the se ore such as hold to the old fashioned
machinery that his long since been suspended
and totally disregarded improvements. It
can hardly be expected that those who continue
to operate the old fashioned fly frame (I speak
of cotton spinning) and proieeding at the most
from 31 to 4 skeins per spiudle, per day at an
expence of 41 to 5 cents per pound, should com
pete successfully with an establishment of more
modern construction producing at leant 8 or
10 skeins per spindle per day, at a cost of less
than 2 cents per pound for domestic yams num
beriii'T from 6 to 12.
An investment of ten thousand dollars would
cover the cost of all necessary machinery fur a
cotton mill of (1000) one thousand spindles of
the latest improved and most modern construc
tion, which would produce from five to six thou
sand pounds per week of yarns of the Nos.
named, and at a cost of less than two cents per
pound for manufacturing, "such yarns are now
selling in market at 17 cents per pound, by a i
ding to the price of coUon 10 per ceut fur wash
and 2 cents for manufacturing, il is easy to see
the profits derived.
It will be perceived that I have placed the
cost ($10,000) of machinery sufficiently hih,
to cover all necessary machinery, shafting &c,
but I do not include the building and motive
power Jcc, which will vary according to loca
tion and building material, I would also ob
serve that CTsts of both machines and opera
tives, would be less in proportion in a large con
cern than in so small a one.
Should any, desiring to embark in the above
business, think these conclusions extravagant,
they may be fully convinced by addressing the
subscriber at Augusta Ga., by whom any in
formation will be cheerfully given.
Respectfully Yours.
Wm. U.Read.
Ga., Aug.
14th 1854.
Sir Frnncis Bacon was wnnt to commer.d the
advice of a plain man of Buxton, who sold
brooms. A proud, lazy young fellow came to
him one dav asking n broom on trust, to whom
he said 'Friend, hast thee no money? Bor
row of thy back and thy belly they will never
ask thee forit. I should be dunning thee every
In New York 1,G00 dogs have been slaugh
tered at the pound since the 26th nlfr. Fifty
cents is the price for every dog captured and ta
ken to the pound alive, and over $2,000 have
been paid to dog-catchers: The crusade will
continue till the middle of September.
Agrictltcral Societies are being organ
ized in a jrreat many of the counties in Tennes
see. Will old Greene county consent to be in
the rear? It is time our people would wake
up. Greeneville Spy.
The Fourth of July accident on tho Susque
hannah Railroad is reported settled with one
exception, at a cost of $100,000; Mr. Jeffers
holds out, and claims $90,000 damages.
At Vera Cruz the yellow fever is raging to an
alarming extent. Within six weeks, in one
hospital, two thousand cases have occurred
causing about fifteen hundred deaths.
Deputy Paymaster General Benj. F. Larned,
has been appointed Paymaster General of the
U. S. Army, with the rank of Colonel, vice Gen.
Townson, deceased.
A powder magazine at Maysville, Ohio took
fire on Sunday, and 800 kegs of powder explo
ded 13 houses were blown to piecs, several
persons were wounded, but none killed. One
woman, however, died of fright.
American Bible S iciett. The issnes of
publication for the last month were 86,813. vol
umes, and the receipts of the month were $23.
73,50 According to the Auditor's office, the num
ber of hogs over six months old is 1,515,966, a
gainst 1,355,892, last year. Increase this year
158,807 head.
Decision tinder the Post Office Laws.
A postage stamp cut from a stamped envel
ope, cannot be used in payment for postage.
. A Postmaster, under no circumstances, is
j allowed to open a letter not addressed to him.
Where letters are mi3-sent, it is not lawful to
charge postage for forwarding.
All Newspapers having words written on or
in them, are subject to letter postage.
.; To entitle papers to be sent to bona fide su'jf
scribers at half a cent each, a full quarter's pos-i
tage is required in advance.
It is improper for a deputy postmaster to re
move the wrappers of public documents franked
by a member of Congres3.
No paper, or other things, except bills or ra'
ceipts of publishers, can be sent enclosed in a
newspaper without subjecting . the whole to
letter postage.
Bona fide subscribers to weekly paper, whoss
post office is in an adjoining, county, are al
lowed to receive papers published in a county
in which they live free of postage.
Any mark with a pen on a circular, such as
date or anything of the kind, subjects it to letter
Fatal Affray. We learn from the Tren
ton Journal, that a fatal affray occurred near
Yorkville, in Gibson county, on the 1st inst.,
between a man by the name of Trout and Thos
Bailey, in which the latter was shot. . TrouS
was arrested and committed to jail.
One of the German Almanacs remarks that
"A young girl is a fishhing rod the eyes are
the hook, the smile is the bait, the lover is tha
gudgeon and marriage the butter in which he i
"I'm a great gnn,"said a tipsy printer whd
had been on a bender for a week. "Yes." said
the foreman, 'you're a great jruti and half rock
ed, and you can consider yourself discharged."
"Well," said typo, "then" I had better go off."
The papers tells us that on Lord Raglan ar
riving in the East, "he intimated a desire that
the troops should shave." We presume that
they will not only do this, but that they will
lather their enemies as well.
The feathered songsters, are the cottager'
music, and flowers are the poor man's poetry.
Russia's Pacific Squadron.
The Augusta Constitutionalist says, late papers-
frcm India and China show great fear and
anxiety were entertained by the subject of Eng
land in both countrie s, owing to the mysterious
and dangerous movements of the large Russian
squadron which is cruising in the Pac ific Ocean.
It was currently reported that a Russian war
steamer had actually entered the harbor of Sin
gapore, and the Bengal people fear the iramedi
ate appearance of a fleet of California "pirates
as allies of the Czar in the Western Pacific.
At Sydney, Australia, the same trepidation
Kissing. When a Wisconsin girl is kissed,
she looks surprised, and says, "how could you?"
To which the swain replies, "it will give ma
great pleasure to show you," and proceeds i
give her a duplicate.
If you see a sq nail arrising in the latitude of
your wife, what course should be pursued to a
voil is consequences?
Double her cape with your left arm, .and let
your lips drop anchor on the cruising ground of
A rather intricate law suit was recently deci
dedin California, at the suggestion ofthejudg
by a horse race. The jury acted as judges, the
council bet their fees on their respective clients
the judge held the stakes, and the winner, by a
previous arrangement, treated the crowd.
"Came Preaching in tiie Wilderness"
Rpv. S. Black preached a sermon at the honsa
of Mr. David Cutlip. on Williams river, in Nich
olas county, V on the 1 6th of July the frsl
everdeliveredinth.it re-inn. not w-ilnt.nltin
tha s;ttleme:it there wai bejwi fifty five yrart
How to make Deaf Persons Hear the Piano
forte The instrument should be opened, ani n rod
of pine wood provided about half an inch thick,
three qnarters wide, and long enoiih to reach
from the bridge of the sounding board to the
mouth of the deaf person. If one end of this
rod be made to rest firmly on the bridi?r, and
the other end be held between the teeth, tho
softest sounds will be distinctly communicated.
Music-vl Transcrip t.
A package containing ovpr eiht thousand
dollars was mailed at the Baltimore office, sev
eral days ajn, for the North.
The package failed to reach it destination,
but it is known that it rfached Philadelphia.
It is said that one of the chpek m tho pack
age was presented at the Philadelphia Bmk
and was paid. This relieves th B:lf?more of
fice from all eensnre or suspicion, The whola
affair thus far is shrouded in mystery Char.
Courier, 15th.
Fifty Dollars Reward.
We are requested to state, that the above re
ward will be paid for proof to conviction, of tha
person or persons, who recently spiked, one of
the brass cannon, in the care of the Washing
ton Artillery. We hope the reward offered will
lead to the discovery of the guilty party, should
it do so. we will, as far as the circulation of our
paper extends,give him an unenviable notorie
ty. Augusta Constitutionalist.
.. The Know Nothings are said to be very nu
merous in Galveston, Houston, and other towns
in Texas.
Mr. Blackburn, the Superintendent of the
Nashville and Henderson Railway, was recently
stabbed by one of the Railway hands an Irish
man, named Robinson and died in a few min
utes. The best rules to form a young man are, to
talk little, hear much, to reflect alone upon what
has passed in company, to distrust one's own o-
pinion and value others that deserve it.
A public meeting of the friends of the Maina
Liquor Law has lately been held in Donblin,

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