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The Memphis union appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1862-1862, July 22, 1862, Image 1

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SAMUEL SAWYER,
MEMPHIS, TUESDAY, JULY .22, 1862.
Editor and Proprietor
J
N
miOl APPEAL
WILL be published Every morning,
eptwl). by
SAMUEL 81WIES,
(Monday ex-
it the "Appear building, on i'nlca Street,
betweer Main and front Streets.
- TERMS -
On copy, one jear....l. ...... 00
Single copies can be procured at the office, envel
oped, at fire cents each. The Trade and Newsboys
oppied on liberal term.
' Dally Rates of Advertising.
F m one square, of ten lines or leas, one insertion-. . 1 00
For each additional insertion of ?Rnie........ SO
Local notices 20 cents per line.
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ATTENTION COMPANY!
GOVERNOR'S GUARDS for PROVOST rLTY in
the City of Kashnlle.
$100 BOUNTY!
160 ACRES OF LAND!
First Month paid in advance. ':.!..'.;
nEMEHBER S3, FROST ROW.
Capt. W. T. HOUGH,
1st Lieut. C. H. WALBRIDGE,
- 2d Lieut. M. 8. B. TRUAX.
ie29-tf Remitting Officers.
ATTE.VTIOtf FARMERS ASD
PICKET GUARDS!
LEFT my stabe, and probably the city, on Sunday
morning Jane 29, a BORREL MARE, seven or
eight years old, about fourteen hands high, ponv-built,
round rump, heavy neck, in very rood order, left
hind foot white, with collar marks three inches long
on both shoulders ; black saddle with a blue bridle,
broken Bit with long branches and steel eurb chain,
webb reins. I hired her out rt 8 o'clock A.M., to a
?'oung man about twenty-two years old, five feet nine
nches tall, snarly built smooth face, yellowish com
plexion, black hair and wearing grey cassimere pants
and black coat. Anyone who will return the Hare or
give such information that I can find her, will be liber
ally rewarded.
PAUL SCHUSTER,
Arabian Stable, Union street, between Second and
: Third atraeta. vl-U
ATTENTION ALL!
BOOTS, SHOES AM) MATS.
Ladles, Misses and Children, Mens, Boys
and Youths, Sfflcers and Soldiers.
o
CB stock is complete, and of tbe beat goods the niar-
kataflurd and nasi pleas all. . i
. CALL AND SEE.
tTTLK & L0CKW00D,
. Js-lm 315 Main strset.
MEMPHIS GUARDS,
FOR
HOME SERVICE 1
SECOND TENNESSEE REGIMENT.
(INFANTRY.)
N
OW, feilow-citlMuft, htfc to jonr chuuf to
SERVE TOUR COUNTRY,
A.ui stay at horns nsariy all ths wfctls with th mib
sad little ones." Tbe rations that ens man receives will
support a small family If properly managed. (
ONE MONTH'S PAY IN ADVANCES
Sioo nbrsTY
AMD
160 ACRES OF LAND
WHIS MUSTERED OUT OF SERVICE 1
' Haadqaarters and, CiBe U
;bt Irving Block, on
Second Street.
A.
CLARK DEN SON,
-' ' Captain ConmandlDK.
W Tbe artillery company for Ksthville is abont com
pleted. Jy:lf
CASH PAID FOR HIDES,
AT, TBC 4
.O t.
NEW HIDE AND LEATHER STORE,
SECOND STREET,
Between Court and Madison.
OADDLIB3. EH0IMAEIR8 and the DnblleMBerallv,
O are rasrctfuUy invited to call at tbe above place and
nsoar
Flat Harness,
Bridle i j J
TJppar and
French Calf SkUaa
St. l.onla j" h
Topping. '
la Leather, Lining
AXSO, aa assortment ef army cavalry boon, fline calf
boots, Bclmoral shoes, etc, etc.
, AU of which we offer fer sale at low prices.
jyfl-lm J. H. MESDKLAR
. , . FOR SLLE. l!
rvHE STOCK and TIXTURIS of a retail Prog Store,
l ob oas ot in ea wcatieca la uie oy. Ajf1
this office. " "
The Rtsolatloas Adopted by the Lata
Great War 01 acting- la Saw Tark City.
Whereai!, at a meeting of the citizens of
New York," convened on the 20th of April,
1861, it w resolved to support the Govern
ment in the prosecution of the war then
opened by the rebels, with all the means in
our power; and whereas, nothing has since
occurred to change oar opinions, or our deter
mination then expressed, but every thing to
confirm tbem; and whereas, after a series of
successes to the Federal arms, interrupted only
by a few temporary reverses, the casualties of
war have reduced the effective strength of the
regiments in the field, so that recruits are
needed to fill them up; and : whereas, the oc
cupation of the place repossessed by our army
requires an additional force, and the President
has called for three hundred thousand aien,
and for these reasons another meeting of citi- ,
zetis has been called, and is now assembled, it
is thereupon ,
- Rtaolved, That we reaffirm all the resolu
tions of the meeting of April, 1861, hereby
declaring that every event that has since oc
curred has served to strengthen the convic
tions, then held, of the wickedness of this re
bellion, and the duty of all loyal citizens to
suppress it with a strong hand and at all haz
ards. v , . ' , ..
Resolved, That this war is waged -tn the
part of the loyal for the overthrow tnly of the
disloyal ; that wo seek not t enforce any
claims or to establish any privileges beyond
those given us by the Constitution or our
fathers; and our on 1 aim and purpose have
been, and now are, to maintain the supremacy
of the Constitution over every foot of soil
where it ever bore sway, with not a line in
terpolated or a line eraced.
Ilesolved, That we are for the Union of the
States, the integrity of the country and the
maintenance of this Government, without
any condition or qualification whatever ; and
we will stand by them and uphold them, un
der all circumstances, and at every neeessary
sacrifice of life or treasure.
lieaolved, That while we recognize, and will
sedulously maintain the rights of each State
under tbe Constitution, we abhor and repudi
ate the doctrinefatal to National unity, and
so prolific of treason in the army and navy,
and among the people that allegiance is due
to the State, and not to the United States :
holding it as a cardinal maxim, that to the
United Mates, as a collective Government, is
due the primary allegiance of all our people ;
and that any State or Confedera ion of States,
which attempts to divert it, by force or other
wise, is guilty of the greatest crimes against
humanity and. eur National Union,
Jieaolved, lhat we urge upon the Govern
ment tbe exercise of its utmost skill and vigor,
in the prosecunon of this war, unity of de
sign, comprehensiveness of plan, a uniform
policy and tbe stringent use cf all the mtans
within its reach, consistent with the ussges of
civilized warfare. .. . .
RcHolr-enl, That we acknowledge but two di
visions of the people of the United States in
this crisis those who are loyal to its Constitu
tion and every inch of its soil, and are ready
to make every sacrifice for the integrity of the
Union itnd tho maintenance of civil liberty
within it, and those who . openly or covertly
endeavor to sever our country, or to yield to
the insolent demands of its enemies ; that we
fratornize with the former, and detest the lat
ter; and that, forgetting all former party
names and distinctions, we call upon all patri-'
otic citizens to rally fer one undivided coun
try, one flag, one destiny.
Resolved, That the government of tho Uni
ted States and its people, with an occasional
exception among the reckless inhabitants
where this rebellion was fostered, have wisely
and studiouily avoided all interference with
the concerns of other nations, asking and usu
ally enjoying-a non-interference with their
own, and that such is and should continue to
be its policy ; that the intimations of a contem
plated departure from this sound rule of con
duct on the part of some of the nations of Eu
rope, by an intervention in our present strug
gle, is as unjust to them as it would be to us,
and the great principles for which we are con
tending ; but we assure them, with a solemnity
of conviction which admits of no distrust or
fear, and from a knowledge of and firm reli
ance upon the spirit and fortitude of twenty
millions of freemen, that any attempt thus to
intervene will meet -a resistance unparalelled
in its force, unconquerable in its persistence,
and fatal to those whom it is intended to aid,
and that it will tend only to strengthen and
elevate tne republic .
JiesolvecL lhat the skill, bravery and endur
ance exhibited by our army and navy have
elicited our admiration and gratitude; that wo
behold In these qualities the assurances of sure
and speedy success to our arms, and of rout
and discomfiture to the rebels ; that we urge
the government to aid and strengthen them by
all the means in its power, and carefully to
provide for sick, wounded and disabled sol
diers aud their families : to prosecute the war
wuu increasea vigor ana energy, until tne re
bellion is utterly crushed, the integrity of the
v a j - . ... . .
Union in an its borders restored, and every
rebel reduced to submission or driven from
the land : and that "to accomplish these ends,
we pledge to our rulers our faith, our fortunes
and our lives. " f '
Resolved, That we approve of the adminis
tration of the President of the United States,
ana or tne measures recommended and sanc
tioned by him for the prosecution of the war,
tne suppression of tne rebellion, and the wel
fare of the country; that we sanction as wise
and expedient the call for three hundred thou
sand more troops, and earnestly exhort our
countrymen to rally to the standard of the
L nion, and bear it aloft until it shall float in
peace and security, and be every where re
spected and honored.
Jiemtted, lhat a general armament is re
quired by every consideration of policy and
safety, and theGovernment should lose no time
in filling up our armies and putting the whole
sea coast in a state of complete defense.
Kesolved, That it be recommended to the
Common Council of the City of New York to
offer a bounty of twenty-five dollars to every
resident "f the citv who shall within thirtv
days ilf , into any regiment now in the field.
Patriotic Speeches In Ohio. ; ., "
Columbus, July 18. Hon. Thomas. Ewing,
Rufus P. Ranney and Samuel Galloway,' will
address the people upon tbe subject of putting
down the rebellion, as follows: At Lancaster,
at 8 o'clock, p, on Wednesday, the' 23d
inst. at Circlevillo, at 8 p. it., -on Thursday,
24th; at Chillicothe, at 8 p. m, on Friday,
25th ; at Xenia, at 4 p. m.; on Saturday, 26th.
The several military committees will make all
necessary military preparation.
- Datid Tod, Governor. '
(T
, Speakikq of the war, a poet truly says:
Oh Keeper of ths Sacred Key,; ; "'
. And the great seal o uetnaj. - in .
Whose eve is the bine canopy, '
look a poa ths world 'once mor , and tell na -what ths end
( - will be." :
REBEL7CRIT1CISMS.
KEB E DL. IP L J ST
McCLELLAN
CRITICISED, i
1
lvniVTlTVWF nr BTeri.
The Confederate Plain. ' ,
The general estimation of tbe battle of Rich
mond, expressed in a spirit of candor, would be
that it was a most excellent plan, indifferently
executed in the field. The work cf the closet
was good. The design was comprehensive and
sagacious; the calculations upon which it was
based were nicely arranged ; but its execution,
unfortunately, was full of flaws, which, to some
degree, have marred the results of our victory,
or reduced them below public expectation.
gttttatiask of tUe Armtea Error of Me.
Clcllan.
Reviewing the situation of tbe two armies at
the commencement of the action, the advan
tage was entirely our own, the fact being that
the plan of McOlellan was as defective as our
own was excellent. He bJ divided his army
on tbe two sides of the Chickabomjny, and
operating against us with the design of half
circumvallatingRichmond which was exceed
ingly foolish, considering the size and situation
of this city he had spread out his forces to an
extent that impaired the faculty of concentra
tion, and had made a weak and dangerous ex
tension of his lines.
The Attack Rebel Expectations.
It will be observed that the attack was made
on our side by a rear and flank movement at
the same time, intended to crush tbe enemy
successfully along the whole extent of his lines,
from Mechanicsville to his batteries on the
south side of tbe C'uickahou-.iny, and on that
side of the river to fall upon him with the
whole weight of our forces, with the expects- j
tton oi puiiing nim to a general rouu .
Bad Manner.
A remarkable feature of all the battles which
attended the general line of movement we
have described is, that at no time were more
than twenty thousand Confederates actually
engaged with the enemy. After the first de
monstrations in force, on the enemy's extreme
right, he retired from Mechanics? ille and we
pursued.- When, by this retiring movement,
he had concentrated, as he supposed, sufficient
troops to contest a decisive field with us, we
fell up -n him with one division at a lime. The
consequence of imperfect attacks was, that the
enemy-was never crushed, though he was al
ways defeated. It is not unreasonable to sup
pose, in view of what was accomplished by
piece-meal, that if, at any critical time, several
divisions had been thrown- upon the enemy, he
would have been routed, demoralization would
have ensued, and the result of our victory been
fully and summarily accomplished.
Where the Rebels were Baflled MeClel
lan alipa ont of the att Ktbel Loss.
By the desperate valor of our troops, and the
conspicuous exertion of Gen. Ambrose P. Hill,
whose division was in the extreme advance,
and was engaged successively at Ellison's Mills,
Cold Harbor, and Frazer's farm, each of these
fields was signalized by the success of our arms.
But, with tbe remarkable and hard fought field
at Frazer's farm, our congratulations must
stop. The brilliant chain of victories is broken
here. Alter all that had been achieved, and
all that had been expended in the toil and
blood of three days' fighting, we had failed to
cut off the enemy's retreat to the river, and to
accomplish the most important condition for
the completion of our victory. The whole
army of McClellan had passed along our right
wing, ana naa been permitted, as it were, to
slip through our fingers. There is nothing in
the subsequent operations of our forces to re
pair tne effects of this fatal blunder. At Mal
vern Hill the result to us was deplorable in
the amount of our loss and negative as to any
advantage gained over the enemy.
How Richmond was Saved for the Time.
The Northern newspapers claim that the
movements of McClellan from the Chicka
hominy river was purely etrategetic. Up to
the first decisive stage in the series of engage
ments uold xiarbor there were certain piain
strategetic designs- in his backward move
ment, ilis retirement from Mechanicsville
was prcbably voluntary, and intended to con
centrate his troops lower down, where he might
fight with the advantages of numbers and his
own selection of position. At Ellyson's trills
he had a strong position, which was contested
with desperate obstinacy, and taken by despe
rate valor. Continuing his retreat, however,
he fixed the decisive field at Cold Harbor,
where he had massed his troops and brought
into action his trusted regiments of old United
States regulars. He was attacked by General
Hill s division in advance, and at this critical
juncture is to be found the most doubtful pre
dicament in which the fortunes of the long and
elaborate contest around Richmond ever stood.
Had McClellan won the day here, his right
wing would have been in advance upon Rich
mond, and his strategy would have been bril
liantly successful, lhe turning point of the
battle was when Ewell's division appeared
among the trees back of the fora of the roads
and tbe houses which constitute the locality of
Cold Harbor, I he rest of Jackson s army,
and a part, we believe, of Gen. Longstreet's
division, appeared on the field some time after
this, and the battle was gained.
- Sorth of the Chlekahwulny. !
Having been pushed from his strongholds
north of the Cbickahominy the enemy made
a strong attempt to retrieve his disasters by
ren owing a concentration of his troops at
Frazier's farm. Here, however, the result was
less doubtful Iban at Uold Harbor, for here it
was that Gen. Ambrose P. Hill, commanding
his own division ana that of ljongstreet.
achieved the most remarkable victory over the
enemy that had yet been won, capturing all
the artillery thafhe bad engaged, and break
ing the last hope of a change of fortune which
had attended him on tis retreat. In the field
at Praziers we detect the same error that
seems to have imperilled our fortunes in every
stage of tbe contest, ana to have detracted
from all the results gained by us, to-wit : The
plan of attacking the enemy in imperfect
torce, and putting mm oil by actuating turn
with one or two divisions when he might have
been crashed by a tearless and decisive concen
tration of many divisions. At Frazier's farm
two divisions were thrown against the whole
Yankee army ; and, indeed, tbe error: might
have been' fatal had the commander on the
spot been less energetic, the troops in his litte
band less devoted, or had the darkness of night
not obscured their numbers, ; .:
Water the Rebels Think Strategy Ended
' Where aha Fnreea Retreat Siegan, ,
. From the time of the two principle battles
that at Cold ' Harbor and that at Frazier's
farm all pretensions of the enemy's retreat to
strategy most cease. His retreat was now un-
mistakeable, it was no longer a falling back
1 to concentrate troops for action ; it is, in fact,
impossible to disguise that it was the retreat of
an enemy who was discoufitted ana whipped, j
although not routed. He had sbandoned the
i railroads; he bad given up ths strongholds ;
which he had provided to secure him in case
t of it check ; he had destroyed from eight to i
en million dollars worth of store, ; he bad d-
serted his hospitals, his sick and wounded, and j
nenaaieit.n our nandsthousana. or prisoners
r and innumerable stragglers.
Rabat Hlstakaa.
Regarding all that had been accomplished
in these battles; tbe displays of the valor and
devotion of our troops; the expenditures of
blood ; and the helpless and fugitive condi
tion to which the enemy had at least been re
duced, history will record it as a burning
shame that an enemy in this condition was
permitted to secure his retreat. The result of
the fight at Malvern Hill was to secure-to the
enemy full protection for a retreat, which
should have been made a route long before he
ever reached there. The enemy had made no
effort for a victory there ; it was a stand, not a
battle; if he Lad been let alone, he would
have gone away the next day of his own ac
cord; the tw? wings of our amy were in j
position to cut off his retreat to the rear; Sad
yet nothing was done but to make an attack,
in which we sustained a great loss, in which
the enemy was nit driven, and by which, in
fact, he effected exactly what he desired a
cover for his retreat. 1
McClelian'a Success Due to 11 e be I Blaa.
dera Strength of Ills Present Position.
All that hat beu said of tbe " masterly re
treat" of McClelian, and his displays of gen
eralship, sounds very well; but tbe compli
ments we believe are little deserved, and can
scarcely serve as excuses to be made to public
disappointment over tbe result of the battlo at
Richmond, when we come to examine the cir
cumstances in which they have been displayed.
His " masterly retreat " consists in our own
blunders. He was permitted to get through
our fingrrs when everybody thought we had
only to close the hand to crush him. He has
secured a strong position on James river.
where he hopes to establish a new base of op
erations. But the position he now holds was
notorious i.i the military history of the coun
try; it was twice occupied by the British when
tney invaded Virginia, and was pointed out as
a commanding position for a power tnat was
strong on water long anterior to the date of
McClellan's generalship.
The Shadow that Attends the Light
KBeeti in tne nsrta ana lis jfinrop.
We repeat that we are not inclined to di
minish the actual value of results, because
they have fallen below expectation ; and it has
been unwillingly that we have referred to that
part of tho history of the battle of Richmond
which casts a dark shadow over the track of
our victories. The result of the conflict is
sumcientiy fortunate to excite joy, and grave
enough to engage the mostsenous speculations
as to the future. In the North, and in Europe
its moral enacts must be immense. It is abso
lutely certain that Richmond cannot be taken
this year, or by this army ot McClellan. The
mouth of the Yankee government is- shut
from any more promises of a speedy termina
tion of tbe war; the powers of Europe seethat
the boutnern Confederacy is not yet crushed,
or likely to be by its insolent foe; and we have
again challenged the confidence of the world
ia the elasticity of our fortune and the invin
cible destiny of our independence. j
Indeflniteness of Results. t
The results of the battle of Richmond are
worthy of congratulation, although attended
with unavailing regrets that the valor of our
troops, and the talents of some of our generals
in the field were not rewarded "with greater
prizes. Although the painful facts exist that
McClellan has secured a position where he can
receive reinforcements, and where he cannot
well be attacked, there are yet abundant reasons
for congratulating the country and the army
on the events which have gone so far as to se
cure the safety of our Capital, and to illumi
nate the fortunes of the Confederacy. -. -
Letter from MaJ. Gen. K. P. Banks In At.
swer to a Resolution or inquiry or the
House.
Washing-tow, July 11. The following is
the letter of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks to Mr.
Gooch, of tbe House of Representatives, relat
ing to the resolution of June 16th, offered by
Mr. Voorhees, of Indiana, directing the Com
mittee on the Conduct of the War to inqurie
whether persons of color were allowed govern
ment transportation in Gen. Banks retreat
from Strasburg, while white people, including
sick and wounded soldiers, were compelled to
walk ; and wbicb letter Mr. Gooch asked the
unanimous consent of the House to read last
Monday, when tho question was taken on the
preamble to this resolution, but objection iras
made by Mr. V oorbees and others ot tbe oppo
sition: !
Winchester, Va., June 19, 1862
Hon. D. W. Gooch:
Sib: in answer to your resolution of inqui
ry, 1 have the honor to say that there is no
foundation of fact for the statement contained
in the resolution enclosed to me. No person
not belonging to the army, white or black,
was allowed to use or occupy government
transportation of any kind on the march of my
command from Strasburg. If any instance has
occurred, it was, with one exception, not only
without authority, but against orders, and has
not yet come to my knowledge. Uitizons, tra
ders, refugees, Ac, were protected in the occu
pancy of their own wagons, and allowed to
move with tbe government trams ra ordor -
nothing further. . - !
Tbe rear guard of infantry and artillery
halted in the rear of Mertinsburg from two
o clock till evening. When at considerable
distance on our march we overtook a small
party on foot. ' . " "
Mj attention was attracted by a little girL
about eight years of age, who was toddling
over the stones by the wayside, and I asked
how far she had traveled. - "From Winches
ter," they said. " We were then about twenty
seven miles on our march. I requested the
cannoniers to give her a lift, and the gallant
men who had hung upon the rear of the col
umn for its defense the greater part of the dis
tance, answered with alacrity. . No successful
efforts were made to ascertain her complexion,
but it is not impossible that she belonged to the
class referred to in the resolution, and that her
little limbs had been strengthened by some
vaue dream of liberty to be lost or won on
that hurried night march. c - - 4 - . :
. I have the honor to be, with much respect,
your obedient servant, : ' N. P. Banks, ,
Msj. uen. uom g.
It is seriously questionable whether an
officer should be promoted to the command of
a Brigade for mere bravery. Other qualities
are necessary to fit an officer to command
three or four thousand soldiers.' Too many
brigadiers, whose recommendation; is merely
that of pergonal courage, have already been
appointed.
RiTHR HABD ON UNCLE SAM. I
. THE TIMES OF " THE FOURTH r
PITCIIIXG I.VTO THE EAGLE!
The Times Imagines a Speech-Ths Times Prints it
.
A pETTY
EXHIBITION OF SPITE.
From the London Times, "July 4. J ' t
- , 01.0 STYLE.
44 Tne Fourth of J uly " has a sound quite dif
ferent to Englishmen and Americans. Ta us
it is line any other day; to them it is a festival
solemnly set aside for gratifying to something
more than satiety a national vanity the most
inordinate and the most exacting that the
world has ever seen. On that day, in every
town and township in the Dnited States,
chosen orators address applauding audiences
o two subjects the one the praise of their
own country, the other the depreciation of
ours, "fourth ot July" in American parlance,
like "Marathon" in Athenian, has become an
wrought, extravagant and bombastic, .lhos
aqjecHve, usea 10 aenote whatever is over-
annual rhetorical batuihalia have bad a iuot
material and pernicious influence on American
Character. They have even eone some t
toward vitiatiug and barbarisms- the language
in which they are expressed. Their tendency
nas uniiormly been to elevate the opinion
which the people entertain of their own merits.
to teach them to depreciate every one else, and
to familiarize them with the language and in
toxicate tbem with the glory of successful war,
and successful they are told war must be when
wagea by a nation of prowess so invincible.
Metaphors abound. Astronomy contributes
her stars to spangle the national banner.
and her solar lystem to typify the smooth and
admirable working of the ereat confederacy.
History gives back the mighty memories of
cspana ana Atnens, or Home and of Carthage.
Eternity describes the duration and infinity
the extent of the future dominion of Americ.
The points of the compass, the torrid and
frigid zones, the ecliptic and the equator, are
caiioa in to convey the idea of-magnitude.
The "effete despotism" of the Old World,
their creeds, their taxes, their aristocracies,
their churches, their kinirs, their feudal laws
and Old World observances, are overwhelmed
under atorm of lidicule and contempt. But
England is peculiarly the mark for invective
and vituperation. The battles of the war of
independence are all fought over again.- The
thi.-ce told tales of that stern period are re
peated once more. George the tyrant, the
cruel executioners, Howe and Clinton, Ar-
no ia me traitor ana Ana re ine spy, the sur
render of Saratoga, the Capitulation of York
town, are called once more into life. The
cruelty and tyranny of the British govern
ment, its German mercenaries, their ravages.
their devastation, its employment of savages
against the rebellious colonists, it proscrip
tions, its confiscations, its theratened execu
tions for treason, are displayed in the most
vivid colors.' Too whole thing is a tradition
which has come down uninterrupted from the
days ot the .Revolutionary War, and which,
while to Americans it seems the most natural
thing in the world, jare vety strangely on the
ears et those whose resentments bate .-- bad
ample time to cool in the course of eighty
years. .- -
New Style.
wen, naw, let us suppose tnat on this pres
ent ronrtnot July, some man ot moderation
and good sense, with something to lose and
with some spirit of fairness and canqor, could
I e induced, in defiance of the prejudice that
would naturally attach Itself to such a charac
ter, to undertake a Fourth r f July oration, and
let us consider bow be would express himself.
We will drop eagles, thunderbolts, waterspouts
and hurricanes, the North and the South, the
East and the West, time, space, eternity and
infinity, and the other condiments of a regular
Fourth of July oration, aud proceed at once to
the substance or what such a person might, be
supposed to have to say. v - - J
"Fellow-citizens," he might naturally ob
serve, "this is no time for extravagant and
exaggerated panegyric. Let us keep our elo
quence for better times, and endeavor if we
can, o learn sometning irom our present posi
tion. We have baa our own way in this mat
ter of the war, and are not. as far as I can see,
very much the better font. The English told
as all along that we had better save our blood
and our money and make a friendly parting
with the South, since it was clear there was no
chance of our d welling together under the same
Government any more. Of course we felt the
Greatest contempt and hatred for whatever
In gland said, and knew that it must be .done
with a wish to ruin us. But, for all I can see.
England was not very far wrong,
We nave always been going to conquerzthe
South in thirty days. We have not done it
yet, and for my own part, I don t see that we
are much nearer doing it than when we first
began. Here nave we been for eightv years
triumphing over poor old England because
she, at the distance of 3,000 miles, " was not
able to conquer her colonies with France to
help them ; and here are we, alter a year and
a half of war,-not yet able to take Richmond,
130 miles south of Washington itself. Then
we have always been at England for hiring
Hessians and other Germans to conquer: us.
But what does the South say, and say truly ?
It says that all the Germans that fought for
King George were - mere lambs and chickens
compared to the gantry who fight under the
blessed leadership of Blenker and Sigel and
Heintzelman. They do fight, that's certain,
but then there is nothing that they will not
steal. Since we find ourselves obliged to em
ploy such means to coerce the South, we need
not be surprised that poor old King George,
pho lived in days beforo people understood
anything about the rights of men, should have
taken the same course. Then, as for military
violence, why what were all the arms the
English brought into the field compared with
those who are under the orders of our Gener
als? I don't believe Howe or Clinton had
ever at any time 30,000 men under their orders.
Lord Cornwallis when he surrendered at
Yorktown had only T,000 men, while McClel
len and Davis, Halleck and Beauregard, are
carrying on the work of distraction with half.
a million ot men on eacn siae. - ;
i... ': Comparative Style.- , '
"We have been. in the habit of asking,
" What right had the English to call us rebels,
and to shed one drop of blood in seeking to
retain as against our will7' 'Tbey ought to
have known that all men are free: and . equal,
and have a right to consult their own wishes
in the choice of a government and in , search
of happiness. That'6 very true; but are not
the South free and equal too ? ' Have not they
as much right as we to consult their own feel
ing ia the choice of a- government and the
search after happiness? - The wisest people in
England, during the War ot Independence,
considered that success was even more to be
dreaded than failure, for, while failure woald
empire, success would destroy tie
iiixjrviM vi ui uauuu. jjoes not iua same
! danger hang over us? . If we lose the South,
we lose a large population and a vast terri
tory; but, population increases fast in new
countries, and, as for territory, we shall still
nave more than we know what to do with. If,
however, we conquer the South, we must eov-
ern them by the sword; and how shall we
contrive to set up a military power and a
strong Executive, able to keep the South in
slavery, and yet unable to encroach upon the
liberties of tbe North? The man has got en
the horse to kill the stag, but when he killed
him, are we quite sure he will get off again?
It was very wrong of the English to make
war on a' nation speaking thoir own language
and of their own kindred and lineage, but the
relationship was remote;' and, though Eng
land and America both belonged to the same
crown the could not be said to be the same
country.
The Host Lame and Impotent Conclu
sion.
But here we must suppose the patience of
the audience to be entirely exhausted, and the
orator compelled to make a precipitate retreat
even if he be fortunate enough to escape equef
triau exercise on a rail in what Sydney Smith
calni "the plumacian robe," in which the sov
ereign peoplo of i America are wont to dress
those whom they do fo delight to honor. This
premium e impatience of the audience is the
more to be regretted as our orator has by no
means exhausted his subiect. He has yet to
speak of the policy of defraying the whole ex
penses ot tne war by dobt ; of tbe enormous is
sues of paper money, levying a heavy tax on
ail creditors lor the sake ot a small immediate
advantage to the State ; ot the proposal to
arm the blacks and let loose on a kindred and
Christian population all the horrors of a ser
vile and savage insurrection ; of Gen. Butler s
proclamation at New Orleans, and his treat
ment of a sex which America overwhelms with
the most exaggerated homage. But we are
glad that our orator did not proceed so far, for
tne treatment of such tomes in ths manner we
have indicated would surely have brought
down upon him the very heaviest penalty in
the code of Judge Lynch, the last and most
revered of American functionaries.
But we are doing our best to exterminate our
fellow countrymen, with the same language,
the same tradition, the same laws,- the ssme
history. How many of us have sons fighting
on both sides, or daughters married, one to a
Southerner and the other to a Northerner I
Every volley of artillery sweeps away the very
life and soul of the country.. We are shedding
our own blood aud mangling our own flesh.
We have been in the habit ot despising JUnsr-
land for her heavy debt and the vast taxation
her people have to bear. Uut that debt wa9
mainly incurred in a cause for which she had
no reason to blush in fighting for her own
liberties and those of Europe against two
great conquerors, Louis XIV. and the Empe
ror Napoleon; That debt took a hundred and
fortv years to accumulate, while we have in.
curred at least a quarter of it in a year and a
half. But in what cause.' Not to maintain
liberty, not to preserve the balance of power,
but to put down those very principles ot fee-
dom to which we owe our existence as a sepa
rate Stut'i, and to eause our children to pass
through the fire to the Moloch of overgrown
pride aud distempered ambition. Look how
iuneiH id has treated us ! She is starving ner
operatives, crippling her trade, reducing- her
would melt away before her breath aud vanish
at her touch, while we baye been never weary
of loading her with insults. ' We took from her
the right of Bearcb, wbicb she only wanted tor
the protection of negroes, for the sake of whom
many of us-profess we are carrying on tun
present civil war, we kept bactr the map
which showed that she was in the right in the
dispute about the Canadian frontier; wo bul
lied her out of her rights on tne uoiumoia
river; we dismissed her embassador for enlist
ing our people, though we are willing to take
hers wherever we can find them.
The Dry Goods Trads.
The dry goods trade is very much unsettled
and the market has assumed a very queer
phase within the past two days, resulting in
an almost total suspension of business. The
rapid rise in gold and sterling exchange has
caused nearly all importers to withdraw their
stocks from the market, or to offer them only
at such prices as place them beyoud the reach
of jobbers. "-
Thus, tor tbe nrst time in tne nisiory oi tne
trade, the very merchants that are usually
drumming for business, vUtual.y refuse to sell.
There seems to be a unanimous disposition
among the importers to Await the final action
of Congress upon tbe Tariff bill, and some
definite settlement of the value of gold and -exchange,
before agaia transacting any busi
ness. The domestic commission bouses nave
again marked up cotton and wolen goods, and
a very consiaeraDie poruon ot tne nuts is uem
out of the market, a3 holders generally look
for a still further sppreciation in the value of
goods. The jobbers are doing but a slight
business, partly owing to ineir unwillingness
to sell to any extent at - present : and their
principal occupation now is ine aauy marking
up of their stock, to keep pace with the rapid
advance. New York Express.
The Tariff Bill.
The bill increasing temporarily tbe duties
on imports, and for other purposes, now re
quires only the President's signature to become
st law.
. Among the modified clauses of the most im
portance are the following: '
Sugar, above No. 12 and not above No. 15,
Dutch standard in color, 3 cents per pound ;
above No. 15, not stove-dried and not above
No. 20, Dutch standard in color, 3 cents per
pound; on all stove-dried or refined sugar, and
ail other sugar above Ho. 20, Dutch standard
in color, 4 cents per pound. ,
The additional duties on spirituous liquors,
cordials, etc, remain as originally reported,
excepting that spirits manufactured or distilled
from grain or other, materials, first proof, 50
cents per gallon. ,
Bar iron, rolled or hammered, not exceeding
in value $50 per tun, $2 per tun ; exceeding in
value that amount, $3 per tun; while other
iron is $5 per tun, according to width and
thickness, j On boiler or other plate-iron, $5
per tun; anvils, $1 per 100 pounds ; sheet-iron,
$3, $4, arid $5 per tun. 1 J - 1 ?
": Zinc, spelter and tentonegal, in sheets, half
of 1 per cent, per pound; the same, unmanu
factured, in. blocks or pipe, ,25 cent's per 100
pounds ' - ,
On cork-wood, -unmanufactured, 30, in lieu
of the present duty of 30 per cent, ad valorem,
f On corks, 50 per cent, ad valorem.
Tin, in plates or sheets, terneand lagger tin,
25 per cent, ad valorem. '
Delaines, not exceeding ia value 40 cents per
square yard, 2 cents per square yard.
Liverpool and other thread of cotton, 10 per
cent, ad valorem. - - - - v.
1 -
'.ai: u
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