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The Memphis union appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1862-1862, July 23, 1862, Image 1

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Editor and Proprietor
WILL be published Everv moraine, (Monday ex
cepted), by
At the "Appeal" building:, on tnlca Street,
' betweer Bain ana iron; Bireew.
One copy, oue year 00
Single copies can be procured at the office, envel
oped, at five cento each. The Trade and Newsboys
suppled on liberal terms.
Dally Rates of Advertising.
For on sauare. of ten lines or less, one insertion...'. 1 00
For each additional Insertion of same....
Local notices 20 cents per line.
r sol swoTTmm
00 1 a OUjlU UOli 60jla 0U( 25 00
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3G SOUjlO UM;12 0016 OOjiSO Q0j2S 00)30 W' SOtO
7 6010 0tflJ 60; 1 00 0 00io 0031 26137 bt) 6,160
aou; titans oo;ia 00124 ""I3" l37 60'4& "50
To 80jUOil7 60;2rO0!28 00jS6 00j43 75l52 f J 60
TU0llUO:U 0U4 0"3 QQW ooi&o oojso ftOjioooo
18SOl 00,24 ou27 UU36 0045 00j66 2S67 60112 50
9,16 '0!MA);l OD',30 01) 40 00160 0062 OOi.S 0" 125 00
the City of Nashville.
8100 BOUNTY!
First Month paid in advance.
Capt. W. T. HOUGH,
1st Lieut. C.H. WALBRIDGE,
2d Lieut. M. S. B. TRUAX.
l29-tf Recruiting Officers.
LEFT my stabe, and probably the city, on Sunday
morning June 29, a SORREL MAKE, seven or
eight years old, about fourteen hands high, pony-built,
.minH rnmn. hnn nark, in very aood order, left
lijnd foot white, with collar marks three inches long
on both shoulders ; black; saddle with a blue bridle,
broken bit with long branches and steel curb chain,
hh reins. I hired her out " 8 o'clock a. M., to a
young man about twenty-two years old, five feet nine
nrhe tall, eoarlv built smooth face, yellowish com
plexion, black hair and wearing grey cassimere pants
and black coat. Any one who will return the Mare or
give Buch information that I can find her, will be liber-
auyr.waraea. PAUL SCHUSTER.
Arabian Stable. Union street, between Second and
Third street. wl-U
Lo ! Looms a morning Wng foretold I
It dawns In blood-bedabbled gold, - '
'Mid lit, sad fthima. and ptayer, and wonder. ,
ud fire, and ragr, and death, end thunder;
The mora tht aods a night more dread .
Tbaa that whom break showed Muraim'i dead.
And twice tin thoaaand quenchless rays,
In awfnl, unresisted blase,
Wri'e bread above day's burning gte,
EaasciPATi! Isuhopati!!
The-day is here '. the Lour ii nigh !
This, mis mu.t be our batttt-cry !
None 1m avails, nor ought, nor can.
While manhood is denied to nan !
God wills ii fn-m eternal years.
We learn it slow, through stripes and tears ;
But learn at last, or learn we moat
la deeper agony and dost,
tiod's mandate to our guilty state,
Ebakcifats : Khaxcipati : !
Deep from tea thousand thontand hearts
The gathering echo swells and starts !
Hearts whose best life is wrong snd riven ;
Hearts whose be t Mood like rain is given ;'
Hearts wise by all the woes they feel ; .
Hearts true as trebly-tempered steel;
They gave their bravest, d J by day,
To worse than Juggernaut a prey ;
And now they cry, in holy hate,
KMAScrrATi! Ikuouti i:
Down with the wretch who dares witbaUnd
This sole salvation of oar land!
Who dares, what tine t er car: son roar.
What time her vein their life-blood poor,
To shield, through all her mortal suite.
The II j dra that assaults ber life !
Contemrn the si I Heav.n kng since choie,
And toils his country, not ber foes '.
Ixiwn with the wretch 1 or small or great !
1l nciriTs! EsiiiciPAii : :
Pare to do right because 'tis right !
Iter, to be read by Ood on sight I
Count not fale friends, nor treacherous foes !
Who smitel i h God what powers oppose?
Strike be who dare ! Strike be who can !
A b'ow with heaven ! A blow for man !
Strike grandly in this hoar soblime
A blrnr lo ring through endless time !
arike ! for tne listening aevs wsit !
Ebascipiti ! ImsciPsTs! ! G. L. T.
' MORGAN'S RAID INTO KENTUCKY ! I uts J-.000 id i&rge tim.te. it u ;
o - ? mistake to sappe he is receiving large ac- !
How be Beseiged tne Cibet oi tne jrtain t
Hilltary BllsmaasgemeBt and iBdeelaleal
o . '
cessions from the people of Kentucky. His
. nuu u uut. uo a eoiie oi aumciea magnituad to
inspire cootdence. It Ucka tnihtary cbarac
ter. There is do evidence in it that he intends j
to remain long in the State. He cares nothing
Jsterrlnaae So. St Plan to Destroy tna .no
altor liloeatadlng tne Jasnea.
From our Special Correspondent,
a r j . . ..
about his lines of communication, and scours i NfXl-.tt P ii, m WBSat!2B
,v, .... .l. j j i -"erfolk ty the rebels. Mernmac No. Two"
ladles. Misses and CMldrens, Mens, Boys
and Youths, S Seers and Soldiers.
CB stock is complete, and of the best goods the mar
ket s fiord and must piesn an.
j)9-lm 315 Main street.
Encampment at Newport Xevrs The Im.
poitance of Bnrnilde'i Position.
N kwport News July 13. Instead of going
directly to McClellan's camp on oar arrival at
i ortress JJLonroe, tne transports were ordered
over to this point, and all the regiments were
debarked. The significance of this order it is
not easy to divine. It is plain, however, that
the army of the Potomac must be in a safe
position, and not at all in want of the rein
forcements wnicn iiurnsiae hurried away from
Newbern. We are speculating on the turn
which events may take within a few day, and
dozens of p!ans are discussed, believed, and
rejected each day. It wi 1 be noticed that our
eorpa darmee is at a point within easy reach
or many others. II a vigorous assault should
be made upon AlcUlellan, Uumside could go
to his succor in a few hours, or fall upon the
enemy's left flank. If a demonstration should
be made by J ackson toward the capital, our
light draught transports would land 119 there.
If the reduction of x ort Darling were de
cided uroi). this corps could march up the
right hank of the James, and invest it. AVhat
the chances of its capture would be can be
easily guessed, for Gen. Parke and the Con
necticut and Kliode Island men who took Fort
Macon are here, and roady to repeat their
satisfactory performances on Bogue Island.
If the enemy can anord to lose time, we
can, for all this while McClellan's army is rest
ing and recruiting, and JJurnside g is located
where its emciency is being increased, and it
can be made available at a moment's notice.
The camping ground at Newport News is
in every way adapted to the purpose. A high,
level plateau, a dry soil, abundance of good
water, sea breezes blowiner nearly all the day,
a market close at hand, facilities for bathing,
abundance of fish, combine to make it almost
all that an army could desire. The old
cantonments of our troops of last year remain,
so that in the matter of officers' quarters and
noepitai accommodations the brigades are well
cff. The buildings aie mainly constructed of
logs, with board or shingle roofs, and good
floors. In some cases the logs are arranged
vertically, the interstices stuffed with clay, and
the inside boarded off smoothly. The German
regiments have left many cottages which re
flect credit upon their taste overhanging
gables, hooded and balconied windows, French
sash, whitewashed garden palings, and, in
some cases, even porches, remaining here.
OVT, fellow-eltiaens, here is your chance
And stay at home nearly all the while " with the wife
and little ones." The rations that one man receives will
support a small family if properly managed;
. $100 ROUffTY
' Headquarters and Offine li !he Irving Block, on
Second Street.
Captain Commanding.
S- The artillery company for Nashville Is abont com
pleted Jy:tf
Between Court and Madison.
SADDLXRS, SH0IMAKIR8 and the public generally,
are respectfully invited to eall at the above place and
examine oar
Startling Calculations aa to the Pacific
In a receat speech in the Senate of the
United States, ilr. McDougall, of California,
presented trie following array of figure, to
give an idea of the present rest and loss on
transportation between the Atlantic cities and
San Fiancisco, taken from the best sources of
The present cost and loss of the transporta
tion of men and merchandise betweenBoston,
rew lork, rhiladelphia and Baltimore on the
one tide, and San Francisco on the other, from
the best Compiled statistics, may be stated
Passenger transits, both ways, including crer-
tana transits, xuu.ouu, averaging 3160 per
capita. tl5.GOG.000
Time of passenger transits, average fo. ty days.
ana counting tnemasaeaa leoor wnile in
trassit, and otherwise their average labor
worth two dollars per diem.-.,
freights both ways aiennd the Horn, 2la,0U0
ions, at an avers gs oi ia per ton 4.300,000
Talus of freight both ways, other than gold
ana stiver, eiiu.uw.mu. ua tnis, ny tne
reason of twice pausing through the tropics, .
there is, from leakage, sweating, and other
canses, a less of not less than seven p. r cent.
not covered by iDturance . 7.700.000
Insurance, and gross losses uninsured, that is.
wnere parties a their own insurers, three
per cent . a.SOO.000
Interest on the capital which may be eonkid-
erea aeea wnile I6t days m transit a jay
hw per n,
Government transportation, as stated.... .. ...
isthmus transportation (excluding passengers)
ail lUBUnuro on tna ... ,, lt , , ,
Freights to vada Territory, employing 20G0
teams aw nays eacn year, at a cost or 125
per team
Passenger transits to snd from Nevada...
Passengers and freight to and from Denver
ana bait lake, estimated witbont data at...
4 400,000
10,000 000
.-......'.:.'.. . 175,807,000
The cost of the same business aad service by a continu
ous line of railroad from San Francisco to the j oint o de
livery east, ana tne reverse, may be stated thus :
Two hundred and fifteen thousand tons at
30 $ ,50,000
uiqrh ea aj..iuluw,uuu lor tea days, one-third
per cett
One hundred thousand passenger transits st
fine Haraess,
Upper and
Sole Leather,
French Calf Skins
Bt. LomU
Liming u
Ten days each pasaenger la transit, loss ti per
diem ........
One hundred tons gold and Silver, S300 per
Iuhmos merchandise ....
Iteveda, Utah and Oolerado
freights estimated........
Iamge and insurance..
passengers and
ALSO, an assortment of army cavelry boots, nine calf
boots, B.lmoral shoes, etc., etc
All of which we offer Ear sale at low prices.
Jr lta . J. H. HXKSKLAS
ron tuLE.
nmz STOCK and TTXTCltaS of a refill Drag Store,
JL oat one of the best locations is the city. Apply at
ttut emee. .
fieverniaent freights and transportation, ten-
pntea as qnai to lEtermi
Something Biw. The American Tract
Society have undertaken a new branch of pub
lishing. ' The managers have caused crackers
to be baked, on each of which is stamped a text
ci scripture. . ..- . .
I find on returning to Cincinnati that of all
the letters written from Lexington and Frank
fort, not one has reached its destination. This
is attributable, perhaps, to the excitement and
confusion in those cities since Saturday laet,
the suspension cf business, and irregularity in
the transmission of anything but soldiers and
supplies by rail. The destruction of a bridge
on the Kentucky Central, between Cynthiana
and fans, and of the bridge over . is.is.norn
Creek, near Midway station, on tbe Lexington
and Louisville road, added to the derangement
of postal matters Lexington being entirely
cut oft from communication, and Frankfort
having its only outlet by way of Louisville.
Much that these missing letters contained
has lost its interest - now, for, in theee times,
events succeed each other so rapidly that what
was read with avidity yesterday, will not com
mand attention to-day. I shall, therefore, but
briefly allude to the events of the week. - .
On Saturday, the 12th, John Morgan's out
laws were threatening the two most important
cities in Central .Kentucky. Morgan bad
moved from Harrodsburg to Lawrenceburg, in
Anderson county, his scouts approaching
Nicholas ville on the east, as they pushed north,
creation an impression that an advance was
being made on that place. The- village was
in an uproar on Sunday, and the citizens made
excellent time in abandoning it. They poured
into Lexington by every means of conveyance
and by their exsggerated reports added inten
sity to the excitement there. Two cool-headed
gentlemen, a railroad agent and telegraph
operator, towards evening took a hand car and
proceeded down the track to Nicholaeville.
They found t'ae town abandoned to darkness
and the dogs the expressman, operator,
switchmen everybody, in fact, fled inconti
nently. Doors stood wide open, windows un
barred, offices inviting ingress, and a train ot
cars loaded with co'mmissary stores standing
unharmed at the depot. It was some time be
fore Lexington could be made to believe that
Morgan was not in Nicholasville.
Lexington was in a terrible state of exeite
ment on Sunday and Monday. - All business
was suspended store, shops, offices, all (hut
up etren the Postoffice. Stringent martial
law was declared. Every man capable of
bearing arms was ordered out. The streets
were patrolled by a citizen s guard, authorized
to arrest or shoot down any man found on the
streets without arras. This drove traitors to
their holes. A lisp of sympathy for Morgan
or the rebellion, was at much as a man's life
was worth. The85th Ohio, Col. Sowers, f om
Camp Chase, arrived Monday morning to the
infinite relief of the inhabitants. They were
received with tbe greatest enthusiasm. Other
reinforcements carno pouring in. Brig.-Gen.
Ward, cemmandant of the post, made prepar
tions for an apprehended attack. Morgan
was said to be within a few miles of the city.
Morgan was at Midway Station. Morgan
was on the banas of tbe Kentucky, advancing
on Frankfort; then came reports that the
fight had commenced at Frankfort.
It was decided that the 85th Ohio should go
to the relief of the besieged Frankfort, ex
pecting John and his outlaws ail along the
road, but he didn't appear. We saw nothing
but pleasant holds of blue grass, fat cattle,
and acres of wheat in shock. 'Hot a hostile
shot was fired on the way, for want of some
body to shoot at. Arrived at Frankfort, we
could not hear of the enemy very near there.
There had been no skirmishing wjth pickets,
and no evidence of Morgan being about, but
then an attack was momentarily expected.
The Union men of the city came up to the
scratch as resolute men should do. They
shouldered their muskets, provided their own
rations, and went out on the hills to guard the
approaches cf the city. One of them, an es
timable man, Mr. Berry, lost his life accident
ally, while on this voluntary duty. He was
worth all the traitors in the State a true
patriot, an honest, industrious man.
It is true, Morgan had made a demonstra
tion on Frankfort, but it was a feint. From
Lawrenceburg he had sent advance guards to
Rough and Ready, and even as far as the
Military Institute, within six miles ef the city.
Here they stopped. They had effected their
purpose, created an uproar and excitement in
tha Capital, which put the people on the de
fensive. 1 hey didn't think of taking the of
fensive. Then Morgan turned East, crossed
the Kentucky nver at Shryock s Station, and
marched to Versailles, which is about equi
distant from Frankfort and Lexington. There
he stayed Monday night. Finding the coast
clear, he next day moved North, to Midway
station, on the Louisville and Lexington rail
road, tore up the track, and destroyed the Elk
hom bridge, while his advance guard, passing
by Georgetown, made a sudden dash on the
Kentucky Central road, destreyed a bridge,
and burned Keysers extensive distillery, be
tween Paris and Cynthiana, thus completely
cutting Lexington off from its Northern and
Western communications. His exploits since
then have been more familiar to Cincinnati
than to those of as who were at Lexington.
Morgan's greatest aids in this raid into Ken
tucky have been panic among the people and
indecision among the military managers. He
has, in fact, kept every cons derable place in
Central Kentucky in a state of siege, and
frantic-lly calling for assistance to defend it
Lexington couldn't spare a man to pursue him
because she momentarily expected an attack.
Frankfort couldn't send her privates in pur
suit because Morgan was hovering at her gates.
Paris and Cynthiana were in the same condi
tion, and really had need of more men than
could be brought to their defense) that is, if
nobody pursued Morgan, and he was allowed
his own time to prepare for an attack on them.
In the meantime, Morgan moved at his lei
sure through the country. He stole horses libe
rally, and foraged and quartered on the people
without particular regard to their political
predilections, lie took about 125 horses in
Anderson county, as many more in Woodford,
and is probably engaged at the present time, if
not fighting, in horse stealing. To Mr. Abe
Buford, residing near Versailles, he avowed
his object to be to raise recruits and horses,
not to fight ; and if he has not obtained them,
he has only himself to blame, for I cannot
hear of any serious attempt yet to disturb him
in the business. One of his men, when asked
by a farmer near Lawrenceburg what their
obiect was and what they weie doing there,
the fellow, with a nonchalance that must have
been delightful, replied, " Well, we're here to.
ride around the country and play hell gener
ally." Morgan's forces have been greatly over-estimated.
He has not, or had not at Lawrence
burg, more than 1,000 men. Not more than
700 could be counted in a body by an intelli
gent scout, and alio wing for the pickets and
aTeom-o jJ
desert. Ha obtained but twenty-five recruiu "P.:,1 -ner lrS?
rr i miKiinuiui iiiib since oeec enRaeea
v er- j i .:.u ; i - . v
in Anderson county, and not many in
tallies. - I hear that he has received considera
ble accessions from Owen county, one of the
most pestilent holes in the State, but there is
no general rising. Five hundred would be a
liberal estimate of the number of recruits he
had received up to this moment. That Mor
gan was disappointed in this, there can be no
doubt. He openly said as much in Versailles,
and his rascally outlaws were more expressive
in their feelings, and cursed '.he Union men
of Kentucky without stint. To one that has
risen to aid him, a score have risen against
him. The intelligent men of Kentucky are
fired at the insult. The idea of a horse thiev
ing and plundering gang of scoundrels march
ing through their entire State with impunity,
is something tbey cannot tolerate with pati
ence. Even the quasi secessionists openly dis
approve of the raid, and have offered their
services in defense of their cities and homes
against such a lawless outrage.
Punishment for Guerrillas.
The General Orders respecting guerrillas are
very pointed. We quote some of them :
- Secretary Stanton say- "Let them swing.''
General Dix advises to "shoot them on the
Gen. Schofield says "Exevute them imme
diately." Gen. Blunt say "Give them no quarter."
Gen. Lane says "Shoot them where they
are found."
Gen. Halleck's orders are "Lei them be
tried immediately by a drum-head court, and
punished with death.,' Ex.
Corporal Jones says "Sock it to 'em."
Brig. Uen. JNapoleon B.naparte Scroggs
says "uompei tnem, the instant they are
captured, t take the oath of allegiance ;
that'll fix "em."
ATivate Blunderbuss sas "xtun em
through a four hundred-horse power thrashing
machine, and then compel them to labor in
the mines during the remainder of their
lives.' " -
Capt. Grapeshot says "Knock their eye
teeth down their throats."
Lieut. Col. Baggs says "Shake the wind
out of 'em so quick they won't never know
what hurt 'em."
Orderly Sargeaut Tinker says "Compel 'ecu
to clean out hog pens for a living, and to live
on nothing but fat pork the rest of their
Lieutenant Smith says " Gouge off their
flesh with dungforks, hang thorn up with their
heads down, and then in that position, compel
them to commit te Constitution of the United
States to memory, and swear eternal fealty to
it, on pain of suffering tc tbe extent of the
Major General Caisson says "Sell their
live bodies to the glue manufacturers, and ap
propriate the proceeds of such sale to the es
tablishment of Sunday Schools in the Indian
-Eighth Corporal Mulligan says "Skin 'etn
alive, an thin sind'em back as a warnin'tothe
rest of 'em what's a mind to go into the same
General H. Greeley says "Compel them to
act as servants to the negro officers soon to
be appointed for the new African regiments.
Gneral Corps sa, s "Compel them to engage
in the recruiting business in Cleveland, with
tbe understanding that their life is forfeited
unless they raise two recruits in six months."
Field Marshal Lieutenant General Garrett
sayg " Punch their eyes out, smash 'em under
our pile driver, hand them over to the medical
students giving the latter permission to am
putate their limbs then, compel one of their
numberto accept the office of Secretary of War,
and feed the remainder to the hogs." (Good
for Garrett.)
We say" Combine all the abeve " General
Orders" and suggestions into one colossal
"sockdolager," and with it smash them out of
existence." Cleveland Plaindealer.
The War in Eastern Virginia.
Philadelphia, July 16. The Richmond
Enquirtr of the 12th SDeaks of Gen. McClel
lan's defensive attitude, under cover of the
gunboats as fixed. "His only demonstrations
upon the Confederate lines, until he shall have
resuscitated from his late defeats, must be con
fined to indecisive raids to keep up the spirits
of bis men. in the meantime we must turn
our eyes to the West for more startling events.
The movements of Buell, and the consequent
operations of our own army, are now watched
with anxiety and confidence by the govern
Thenyutrer also says: "The enemy has
been displaying considerable activity of move
ment in the vicinity of the Upper Rappahan
nock, gathering 5,000 men at Warren ton, and
detached forces amounting in the aggregate to
a considerable army at various points stretch
ing from Catlett s station, in Fauquier county,
through Warrenton, Aimesville and Wash
ington, to Springville, at the base of the Blue
Bidge, in Rappahannock county. Gen. liick-
etts is quartered on the road from Warrenton
to the Sprints. '
Major Austin E. Smith, son of Extra Billy,
and formerly Navy Agent at San Francisco,
died from wounds received in battle befL-re
Richmond. It will be remembered that he
was arrested on the Isthmus and confined at
Fort Warren, and was exchanged only a few
weeks ago.
The Richmond Dispatch announces the arri
val there of the Pittsburg Sanitary Committee,
twelve in number, who were taken prisoners
at Savage s a arm.
Gen. Robinson, with a large body of. cav
alry, still holds the enemy in check at Harri
European "Work iit South America.
We do not doubt that some of our European
friends have a hand in the present work of
spreading through Chiloe the same ideas which
have ruined the other South American States.
Still we trust in the good sense of the Chileans,
and hope that if they are submitted to new
trials, as may turn out to be the case, they will
know how to keep the high standing in which
they have on former occasions placed them
selves, as a nation worthy of the respect of
others. - -
Larqx Price tor a Colt. The English
two-year-old colt, Lord Clifden, favorite for
theJDerby or next year, was lately sold to
Capt. fjhnstie for $ 22,500, and f 5,000 more if
he should win the .Derby, tie was afterward
re-sold for $32,500, and $10,000 more if he
should win. - -
in plating her with iron and nranarinir ber
for service. Her armor is in plates instead of
bars, her sides of wood, and six feet thick ; and
she will have all the improvements suggested
by the Merrimac In the haste of the evacua
tion her boilers were left behind on the dock
of Norfolk; but she has since been supplied
with others at Richmond, which circumstance
has occasioned a delay in her coming eut. She
has received the engines of the Arctic, com
manded by Captain Hartstein iu his Northern
These engines were taken out of tbe vessel
at Norfolk soon after her return from her
memorable voyage. The name of the new
steamer or ram has been changed to the Rich
mond, and is about two-thirds the size of tbe
Merrimac (or Virginia), will draw about ten
feet, and is represented as being altogethsr
more formidable than the slayer of the Cum
berland and Congress. Inserters, escaped pri
soners, and others represent that she is nearly
ready to make her appearance in the James
River, and a slaughter of any number, of our
gunboots it confidently counted on. It is said
that the obstructions st Fort Darling have
been so contrived as to let her drop through,
as did tbe Teazer the ether day.
- These are substantially the particulars as
they have been obtained from various sources,
and are believed to be mainly correct. They
have for seme time been in the possession of
the government, as were the main facts con
cerning tbe Merrimac, long before she made
her appearance in tha Roads. Whether, as in
her case, no heed will be paid to them, I am
unable to say. . That some sort of iron clad
steamer or ram is constructing at Richmond,
there can har'fy be a doubt. Prisoners taken
at different times, and without any knowledge
of each other's story, concur in the general
statement. But there is information much
more direct aud trustworthy ; and though in
some respects the information gathered from
various sources may be erroneous, there would
seem to be little room for questioning the main
Oa board the rebel gunboat Teazer, captured
a few days since, were complete and elaborate
drawings of the Monitor, and a contrivance to
be used in capturing her, tbe main features ot
which are two steamers connected bv a chain
cable one to go on each side of the Monitor,
which would be drawn along by the two
steamers thus attached to her. There were
also minute specifications as a part of the plan
of capture, and details of men as boarders,
while others wers to be provided with iron
plates to cover the openings in the Monitor's
decks ; others with compounds to pour dpwn
her pipe and hue : others with wedges to pre
vent the revolving of her turret, and others
still to play different parts.
ua the Teazer were also lound drawings ot
submarine batteries and infernal machines and
their different locations. It is conjectured
that the submarine cable found on board of
her related to this branch of the rebel service,
in which it is supposed she wai engaged when
she was captured.
lne enoru oi tbe rebels to blockade James
river, and cut off supplies from Gen. McClel
lan have assumed quite a serious shape. There
are so many points between Harrison's Land
ing and Jameston where musketry can be
employed with almost unerring certainty that
this species of blockade has beuooie even more
effective than artillery or heavy guns, since
sharp-shooters in rifle nits and ambuscades bid
defiance to the gunboats, while artillery and
land batteries cannot stand their Ore.
On Saturday our transports were fired on
repeatedly from what is known as old Fort
Powhatan, situated on a bluff about forty feet
above the water, on the west side of the river,
about ten miles below Harrison s .Landing,
where the river makes a sharp turn, and is
very narrow, and where the iort bears directly
on a channel for a stretch of two or three
miles as you approach or go up. The Pacific,
having in tow a schooner, was fired on at this
point on Saturday, and the line tut by a can
The Captain of the Pacific, with great hero
ism, while tne snot were flying around him,
went back and picked up his tow, and pro
ceeded. Capt. John Pennington, of New Jer
sey, of the bark Mustang, was shot through
the body by a rifle ball. Though he yet sur
vives in the nospital here, he is believed to be
in a critical conditk n. The mail-boat War
ner was fired on also, and struck several times
by musket shot, but no damage was done.
I wo or three gunboats shelled the place, but
the artillery held out for some time. The
sharpshooters seemed to regard the shelling
very little. Tbey nave the ecect tomtimidate
navigators who have no fear of heavy guns,
and for this reason the former are really most
mischievous. I be gunboats now convoy eve
rything that goes up or comes down, for a
considerable distance. The general belief is,
that the rebels are engaged in conetructing
batteries, which they will open shortly, with
the view of closing the river. Gen. Holmes is
in command on the west side of the river, and
his force extends for some twenty miles below
City Point. .
Gen. McClellan's pickets now extend eight
miles (by land) down the east side of the river,
and it is said that his cavalry have been as far
down as the mouth of the Chickahominy.
A gentleman a foreigner who lelt .Rich
mond very lately, says the rebel army L as fal
len back to its old position near Richmond,
leaving but a small force in front. ' He says,
also, the army is very much shattered, and de
moralized, and that there exists no intention
of taking the offensive for the present.
Slaughter. Here is one of the isolated
facts that betray the terrible slaughter made
in the rebel army during the late battles be
fore Richmond a slaughter that Jeff Davis is
concealing with the utmost care. The 7th
Tennessee regiment, says the Granada Appeal,
went into the fight with three hundred men.
On the morning of the 28th (Saturday) only
forty remained unhurt; at evening not one
could be mustered for service. If the truth is
ever told, h will show that the loss of life on
the part of the rebels has no parallel in the
history of war. - V-' ' '
Thr Nw -Tork Democracy. It is said
that the Democratic State Committee of New
York will socn issue an address, announcing
that the union between both branches of the
Democratic party in that State is now com
plete, and that the Unicn has . been further
strengthened bj the cordial cooperation of the
Bell and Everett organization, thus rendering
access at the polls in November next a moral
certainty. : '.;-.j4 -i5; -.-c
Instruction or the Army-How Money
an Sawed to the Treasury Ominon a
Symptems-Xsw Troubles between Cora
Inth and Tnscumbla Difficulties In tha
Missouri Sd -Gen. Mitchell, of tfco
Kansas Brigade, under Arrest, etc., etc.
Correspondence of the Republican.
Corinth, July 1$. Duringthe springcam
paign the efiieiency of the Western army in
point of drill and discipline unavoidably de
teriorated to a considerable extent. While
active operations were going on, there was, of
course, but little time to devote to the cultiva
tion of these essentials, and hence, as all other
human skill is gradually lost by want of
practice, there was a steady loss of the ae- '
quirements that make an army efficient. In
some respects, it is true, the army improved.
The troops became inured to the worst hard
ships of campaigning, and before all, their
fighting metal was tested and strengthened in
the crucible of battles. But no one that can
speak advisediy upon the subject, will contend
that the troops now know the diffent branches
of the drill as well as before the opening of
the spring campaign, when just fresh from the
schooling of months, that the ties of discipline
ara now as closely drawn as then. Again, it
U a notorious fact, that many regiments of the
armies of the West were really not fit lor
service when they were ordered into the field,
some having been enrolled hardly as many
weeks as others months.
For all these reasons, it is gratifyHig as it
was indispensable, that every day of leisure is
now being faithfully devoted in every part of
Gen. Halieck's army to mending the deficien
cies ia these stated respects. Orders, requir
ing systematic drilling for as many hours as
circumstances will 'permit, have been issued
for tome time from the general headquarters,
and they are now being rigidly enforced in
every division. The cantonments, indeed,
have become regular camps of instruction,
and in a few weeks the army will be more effi
cient than it was at the commencement of
aggressive movements in the early spring.
The condition of the country requires that
the most rigid economy be practiced in every
branch of the public service, and hence it is
imperatively necessary that the great waste
of the people's money by the tolerance' of su
pernumerary officers in the army should be
stopped without delay. Everybody in the
service knows that the number of officers in
every State is entirely out of proportion to
their efl'cctive strength. . There are regiments
that cannot turn out more than from two to
three hundred men, and yet they have a full
set of field and the greatest portion of line
officers. To see an officer to every ten or
fifteen men is no rare spectacle. The expense
of this absurd and extravagant excess of
shoulder straps is so much money thrown
away. Let the numerically weak regiments
be consolidated or fiUed up at once with re
cruits, so as to either get the epaule'ted drones
out of the way, or give them an opportunity
to earn their pay. Under the present circum
stances, even officers anxious to render them-.
selves serviceable to the Government that
compensates them so liberally, are debarred to
a great extent from usefulness, by this preva
lence of cupernu murai
Since day. before yesterday, ' several large
I ammunition trains have passed; through Cor
inth on their way to the several divisions.
This i adicates that an extensive and early use
of lead and powder is looked for by the Com-mander-in-chlefU'
The heavy field artillery
has also all been placed in position to the
south of the town the several batterie.-s pro
vidod with' a large supply of ammunition
bomb proof magazines constructed in Bhort,
everything put into a state of readiness, for a -vigorous
reception to the enemy at short
notice. No one seems to know, however,
when and where hostile demonstrations are to
come. But it is believed in military circles
that the retrograde movements of the rebel
forces, in Central Mississippi, mentioned in
my last, really means concentration for offen
sive purposes. I trust that the supposition is
correct, and that the enemy will, by coming
up and attacking us, save our troops the hard
ships of hunting the down in these dog days.
Rebel marauders have again been depreda
ting on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad,
between here and Tuscumbia. The particu
lars of the operations are not known, owing to
the reticence of the military authorities upon
the subject. The interruption of the trains
during the last two days, however, shows that
the damage done to the road was considerable.
There is a rumor of the capture and destruc
tion of a train by rebel cavalry, but I cannot
vouch for its correctness.
I learn that there is serious trouble in the 22d
Missouri regiment. Nineteen officers are said
to have tendered their resignations. The
cause of the difficulty is the impending consol
idation of the 22d with the 10th. The officers
of the 2 2d are very anxious to retain their reg
imental organization, and have their ranks
filled up with recruits. They aver that the
hard service seen by their regiment renders
this a matter of simple justice to it. As the
consolidation would, of course, be followed by
the vacation of a number of commissions, this
opposition to it is but natural.
"Internal strife of vast dimensions" is re
ported to have broken out in a Kansas brigade.
Gen. Mitchell has arrested and preferred
charges against a number of prominent officers,
but, per contra, he now also finds himself under
arrest upon the charges of some of his subal
terns. His complaint against the former rests
upon disobedience to General Order No. 3,
while he is arraigned for incompetency, as
well as dereliction of duty. If Gen. Halleck
intends to mix up with tbe squabbles of the
jayhawkers, he had better have two additional
aids appointed to lake the matter in hands, or
else he will find half of his time occupied by
jayhawking sins of commission and omission,
past and present.
Col. Lee, recently .oppoinled from the Major
ity of the Kansas 7th to the Celonelcy, vice
Jennison, mustered out of the service, has ar
rived, and takes command of the regiment. I
have not yet been able to ascertain how the
news of the dismissal of the great jayhawker
was received in the regiment.
The weather continues oppressively hot, and
to keep comfortable under its melting influ-
ences in this semi-oarDarous locaiuv, is u
problem now mainly occupying the Northern
sojourners. 1
; , V .
The bill reorganizing the Supreme Court
has passed both branches of Congress. It con
stitutes Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Texas
and Louisiana, Judge Catron's circuit; Indi
ana and Ohio, Judge Swayne's circuit; Illi
nois. Wisconsin and .Michigan, tne eigntn ;
and Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas . and Missouri
the ninth circuit For the last two named,
new judges are to be appointed.
Governor Yates' Litter. The Milwau
kee Sentinel (Republican) say's of Governor
x ates letter mat it w u muuutuuu w iu.
President that thus far he has proved a tail
i A
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