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The Memphis union appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1862-1862, July 25, 1862, Image 3

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OScial Journal of the City, Pufclish
t ihi the LeUer.Iiit.il Elf Oi
Reading Matter en Ercry Page.
Contents or lint ana Tounb Tajes.
Oar Cottafy u j Hr flat Speech of a India Bra
at Ihe N'gre Collcalion Anjtbi g tor th Ee-P-iJa
eVcntie Patrijtltm, Not Caeh Severity the
6r8 Marcj Keen of Ommn in Policj Seme-,
Cenni.. Tag Darkey -bootfe BactriaI'BltB
Query to tbe Point Prirataare To JiaalrTille
Abroad Soalh and Wrat -Democrat aad Bepablkioa
Tbe On Thin. Ndfal Preaidcat aad Btp0Fre.
moot Bothered Loe Yeaaria &irny Marshall
BoBwoan Mmaaehmata Orpaea Kerr, ci
Africa -Yesterday was a bas gala day
among the colored laborer at Fort Pickeririg.
They were marched out in regular style, atd
a descriptive list aa bj officers, io charge.
They look bale acd hearty and conUnted.
Sparing thk SoLDiKiis. Toreliere .tbo
oldiera of ar.sniul labor a Much a poi-iiJB,
Gen. Sherman yesterday ; gve direction to
have a Butficiarjt.ioroa of, negroes' always at
command to coal and load and unload vessels
leaving and arriving ' - -1 3' i r ' -
Mot -IfttiaBT jul Work.--A, Overton
Hospital there is an Illinois soldier who as
hot several days'sinca by a band of guerrillas
some sevaamiW south tf Memphis. 1 Ha has
five bullet wounds atd one buckshot wound in
differaU parts of Lis body, lie bears 'hi suf
fering with remarkable fortitude Under
skillful treatment U is likely to rdc jvt-r; ! : :
LiQuoa Attv AfCilET.-'On 8 he toy lrt-t
yesterday an Intoxicated soldier fired a revol
ver, which wounded a Major of the Federal
army in the foot.', JThe Major was 'placed in a
carriage by the aid of bis friends and conveyed
to bis quarters. ' .
At ths Landing Yesterday prwrwtod a
lively scene at the landing As several boat
loaded with soldiers. loft the' wharf, cheer after
choer told how bappy tha men. were at the
prospect before thetn. A soldier's life bas its
pleaant episode and "cherished uiemori.v.
- - '
Recorder L'ookt. t iwtuld seemVthat
quiet is about universal in the ity when only
two or three cases and ihey vf a trivial char
ter were tried in the Recorder's tribunal yes
terday. What a reu.arkabU)cotrast between
the existing reign' of Federal 'authority and
hot nr a. .4 ...i. r T,.r ik p;.,.
'r 11.1.. ...J n , I . L - u c. r..
f oderacy I"
- "r' ' '.- ' ? ' ,': ? .
Violence. A man' crust ce guilty ' of a
in ct heinous crime if civil officers are justified
in tuing violent tdeans in arresting him. We
ate informed that on Jtfl'Srson street near the
bayou, last evening, two or thte! policemen
entered a houw, knocked a man down, inflict
ing upon his person some severe blows, and
then dragged him off. Officers :hou!d ever
be strict, but never cruel.
PHkhical Itkm. It wa said by Ian old
mythological toper, that while champagne is
the drink of a gentleman, egg-nog is the nec
tar of ths immortals. It maybe said with
certainty as uiuch'truth, that whileches istba
game of the prosy, billiards is that of the wise,
bestowing health, exercise, and ploasant recre
ation to mind and body. The best place to
play I'je game is certainly at the spacious 1
Dorado, corne r of Jefierson and Second, where
cues and tables are supervised by tha skillful
eye of Fred Meyer himself.
Watbuhs YS. WaTUN!i. -A man bearing
tbacame of George W. Watkins having sworn
out a warrant gainst D. Marsh and Kate
Watkias, alia- Kata Marsh, on a charge of
bigamy, the parties appeared yesterday before
E q. Dickiusun, when it appeared that the
now M:s. Eate Marsh was legally married to
Geo. V. Watkins, and said Watkins being tbe
only witness against Kate, the case was die
missed on the ground that a husband cannot
give testimony against his wife. . "
Ol B KXAdxks will bear in mind that W.C
Potter has just received a large assortment of
fresh perfumery, fancy and toilet articles, to
gether with an enlarged assortment of all the
leading patent and family medicines, which
be offers for sale at tbe old stand of Potter &
Merwin, No. 65 Jetfttrzoa street, near the post
office.
Memphiah Thieves Arrested in St.
Louu. Oa the 12th inst. we recorffSd a theft :
of six thousand dollars in gold from Mr.
McCullum's rooms at Jamieson's, 88 Front
Bow. The Republican of the 21st informs us
that tbe thieves, fbur la numbertwere arrested
on the 20th at St. Louis. Only a portion of
the money, however, was recovered.
Scared into Rashness. Yesterday morn
ing, a borsa harnessed in a wagon, loaded with
Doultry and butter, near the Poplar street
'market house, became suddanly frichtened
And ran into tbe bayou, falling from a bluff
bout twenty-five feet ; but, fortueately for
his limbs, be was not hurt, though tbe wagon
and its contents went the u way of Ward's
ducks.
72sd Ohio. As the i?th, Regiment j has
been ordered else where.lbe ' 721 Ohiotegf
ment has been honored with the position of
Provost Guard of the city. They have an
Important mission, and as they become fa
miliar with the duties, they will, no doubt,
perform it well, and deserve and receive the
gratitude of tbe authorities and of the citizens.
Col. Slack &nd his men will be long kindly
remembered by the people of Memphis for
tne launful manner in wnicn they met tbeir
responsibilities. . . v::-
Ieyinc Block. We passed. this building
lat evening, and found everything quiet and
orderly. Evidently there ba been a healthy
improvement in tbe condition of things within
two or three davs. '
100 Hoas heads Sugar wanted at 251 Main
street, for Tennessee money. Bring on your
samples to make quick sales. - i ;
j,23-3t ' Jirr. T. KiTTSxisa.
niTUHrTK AfflTBO AT
DKPa&Ttraa TxsTKSDaT
u it 1 a "i
C t; cf Alton..
Prisaa !oan
Goldva Xra
Jubat). Parrj-
CpC
.HeWaa.
.Baaaa.
..Heieaa
.Utosa.
v -......
MKMPHia, July 25, 1862.
4 There is a chanza Q river matters to re
port tbe Mississippi is actually creeping up
war4,?wy sligbtty, bowererj doubdeaa' caused
by tbe lata heavy rains in this section. From
past experiences; almost beyond meawry, we
may prophesy thus to-morrow it will be on a
stand, day after to-uiorrow it will be falling.
There is nothing of .note con owning tbe upper
streams all falling. v. c -? us : u
Business is quite fluctuating now a days :
yesterday the wTisrf was all animation' and
life to-day, almost deserted. .-' i-v.
, Tbe Belie Memphis was firel into by a par
ty of cut-throat guerrillas, a lor Jnear Kan
dolph on ber last upward itrijfoio d image
dorie.
Foa Louuvillk. Thie1 : Woodford, Capt.
Ira in,. 4PrU, ft Louisville on Saturday,
25tb in st Shippers and passenssrs should not
let this opportunity pass, as the Woodford is
first class beat, officered by experienced gen-?
tlemun. For freight or passage apply on
board, f.jotof Jefferson etreet
Memphis Bank Sole List.
Ib)Tid ani Corrected Lj E. M . Avery, Cashk of tbe
Oayoso Eatings Institute.
il.'lttlt.
V. B. Treasury Notes
Par
'tis
s
dis
tt
dis
dis
dis
L nion tssaK or ieonftiana...
Fiacten' Bank of 1 enness-e...
Bank of Tonneswe .
luk of Chattanooga..;... t
Hftjik or West Termesae
Baxilc of Memphis.. ...... ......
lommerciai lia&k
. 5
. 26
. 25
The notos of the banks of South Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama and Louisiana pas freely a " currency,"
and are about 3 per cent, d-aooun . for Tennessee kaak
notes. - t
' The interior banks of the State, viz : Bank of Middle
Tennessee, Bank of Nashville, Merchants' Bank of
Nashvftla, (Jrhelbfvills Bank, Traders' Bank, ., 5a.
discount below Memphis city money '
Gold, orer Treasury nots... ....10 to IS prera
Gold, over Tennessee money . .li to 40 prean
Exchange on the Northern and Kastern cities scarc,
and rates quite irregular.
The demand' for C. 6 Treasury notes, generally
calli " green-hacks," is very lively, and the supply
limited.
AH up country money in good credit at home is
bought by our brokers at 15 to 20 per cent, premium
over Tcnnesw money. : t'- 'i
11 v iirophobia. Early yesterday morning,
a dog foaming at the mouth and from bis
peculiar actions supposed to be mad, dashed
into a private boarding-house, and crouched
under the table. ' The lady of tbe bouse was
much alarmed, acd a soldier was called in
witn bis bayonet, to route-the dog. Ought
not the police authorities f abate the nuisance
of so many loose dogs in the city ?
General Mavlleek.
The concentration of large forces at impor
tant poin'.s is the science of war, and tbis
none of our Generals understand better than
Hal leek and McCleilan. When the campaign
opened in Kentucky, in February, every
available man that could be spared in the
Northwest was sent there by Ilaileck.
Tbe country at that time was discussing the
propriety of J im Lane's expedition into Ar
kansas, Texas and New Mexico, and a large
force, with tbe necessary supplies werecollect
ed to forward, as was supposed, the redoubta
ble Lane's raid. Lane was not a favorite with
Halleck, neither was the expedition considered
by him necessary. A representation to the War
department of the unfitness of Lane and the
necessity of the troops elsewhere removed him
from the field, and sent the troops to Ken
tucky. Gen. Hunter, then in command in
Kansas, sent forward, upon the requisition of
Gen. Ualleck, the army then there, and thus
was a force collected sufficient to attack Fort
Donelson, compel the evacuation of Bowling
Green, and, in a short time, of Cqjumbus.
lie bad men enough to drive the rebels from
Kentucky and bold the State. Then pushing
his army southward with all possible speed,
be cooped tbe entire rebel force ia the south
west at Corinth.
Of the immense work done by him in mov
ing his heavy guns from Pittsburg Landing,
and in opening roads and tbe transportation of
supplies for bis large army, only those can
judge who were on tbe ground at tbe time,
and saw the almost insurmountable obstacles
he met in pushing his army from tbe Landing
to the front of Beauregard's intrenchments.
It is stddi y newspaper military gentlemen
that be shuu"idhave attacked Beauregard in his
intrenchments. Such an attack would have
been rash and foolhardy, but it bas seemed to
us that a larger number of tbe rebel army
should have been bagged after the evacuation.
However this may be, one thing is plain, that
he has attacked no place that be bas not held;
iis movements have all been forward move
ment!, and the old flag under bis direction
was triumphant in Missouri, Kentucky and
Tennessee. ... . - , . ...
' Tbe order and method of Gen. Ilaileck are
remarkable. The proof of tbe m is found in
the system infused by him wherever he has
bad command. Tbe confusion in all depart-,
ments when he arrived in St. Louis speedily
gave place to exactness and method. - Under
him the Quartermaster's and Commissary's
Departments were made to perform in the
right time their appropriate work, and fraud
hid its face. His terse, vigorous language be
trays a man of quick and keen perception.
Such he undoubtedly is. .' . ' '
Tax Nxw Kesertojr is Central Park.
Tbis great work is nearly completed. The res
ervoir is of an irregular oval shape, covering
an area of one nundred and seven acres, witn
an average depth of forty "feet, and a length
and breadth of about half a raile. It will bold
1,029,680,145 gallons. A dividing bank passes
throuah tne centre. . Tte banks are of earth
and granite, and a nice promenade surrounds
tbe whole. Tbe aqueduct mat supplies tne res.
ervoir froiri Croton river leads the water into
a basin, whence it is disohareed through ten
gates to the basins. - The whole work is brick
and trranite, except the srates, which are cast
iron.. In some places where tbe pipes are laid.
it was necessary to excavate through tbe solid
rock. A' spiral staircase leads down to the
vault, where the stop-cocks that govern tbe
quantity of water running through the pipes
are managed by a scew lever. The entire cost
vi svpvi ion vrttt w smtyvsu f ,uvv VVV) iu-
eluding the land, which cost $500,000. The
water will be let on some time after the 15th
inst, and the Croton Board will probably cel
ebrate on the occasion. X. V. World.
Escape
f Rebel frlaers
' from - Frt
Delaware.
PHiLAJDrxtjaiArJulyri7 -rA letter from
Newcastle, Delaware, in the Bulletin, says that,
yesterday morning - eight-rebel prisoners ar
rived there, having made their escape from
Fort Delaware on a raft made by lashing
boards together.5 They were kindly received
by rebel sympathisers and sent on their road
to Dixie."; t?;-Ai
THS IEOfBLE , 11 IH SOtlllWESI.
KKSTCtKT ASD YKSSKSSEsC Sv.
. ' . .t- mQ mmm' Z 'f'ST"' , 1 i
A.atfer & of tfca Cavpt- at Hsw
- - 0 4 ,:Hr i
Traa th Kaahrm Dtipatch, Jul; U.j . . . ;
The city bas been full of rumors in regard
to tbe engagement which took place at Mur
freesboro, on ffcinday, between the Federal
troop stationed there and a brigade of Con
federate cavalry. Tbe Federal troop at Mar
freesboro consisted of tbe 3d Minnesota, Sib
Michigan, infantry, Hewitt's Artilly of ax
pieces, and four companies of tbe 7th Pennsyl
vania cavalry, most of the latter being out on
a scout, at the time tbe Confederates made the.
attack. r From the most reliable information
We can vet it appear that there war three
regimentTof Texas rangers and two regiments
of Georgia cavalry, under the command of
Gen. Forrest, and that they made tbe attack
about 4 o'clock Sunday morning, first upon
tbe camp of the ; Pennsylvania cavalry, and
then opou the camp of the 9th Michigan. -
It appears that the Confederates bad reached
their camp entirely unawares, and poured a
deadly volley into tbe tents where the men were
sleeping, killing and wounding a large num
lr. Tbe Michigacdera then, with all possible
haste, formed themselves into line of battle;
but it was soon discovered that they were
menaced by an overwhelming force, who fired
another volley into their ranks, and tbey im
mediately surrendered. This regiment num
bered about 700 strong, and were armed with
Enfield rifles. They were commanded by
Col. DufSeld, who was wounded.
The camp of the Third Minnesota regiment
was nearly .two. mile diAAat. j Iaimeai ttely
on bearing tbe firing. CoL Lstr formed his
men in line of battle, and took position near
Hewitt s battery, and in h meantime dis
patched an orderly to atce'tain tit cause of
tbe firing; but before tbe order J returned,
the sutler of his regiment arrived from the
direction -oi, the firing, and informed Col.
Lester of what bad been going on. Scarcely
had be imparted tbis infoimaticn before the
Confederates came dashing into tbe direction
of tbe battel y, which repulsod them with
heavy loss. The Confederates made a second
charge on the battery in the course of an hour,
and were again repulsod.
,, Shortly afterward the large mill owned by
Spence & Con situated m the suburbs of Mur
freesboro, was discovered to be on fire. Capt.
Hewitt opened hi batt ry in that direction,
supposing tbe Confederates to b there, and
threw 147 shells in that vicinity, with wbat
effect we have not learned.
Subsequently, the railroad depot and the
residence of Mr. Jordan, a prominent Union
man of Murfreesboro, were discovered to bj
on fire. Capt. Hewitt opened his battery in
tbe direction of these fires, throwing a dozen
shells per bour, for about eight hours, tbe ob
ject ap parently being to drive the Confeder
ates away, and thus prevent a further destruc
tion of property by conflagration.
About an hour after Capt. Hewitt stopped
firing, the whole Confederate force made a
dash upon tbe battery, driving the infantry
supporting it back, with a Iocs of seven men
killed, and capturing tbe battery. - VV betber
ammunition had given out, or the movement
was so unexpected and rapid as to prevent
Capt. Hewitt from firing, we have not learned,
but it appears he was compelled to relinquish
his whole six pieces without being able to
spike his guns or injure tbe carriages.
Tbe officers or tbe 1 bird Alinnesota regi
ment, which had retired about a quarter of a
mile, held a consultation as to tbe best course
to pursue, and feeling that they were unable
to inane a successful delense against so large a
cavalry force, determined to surrender, which
tbey accordingly did about 2 o clock in tbe af
ternoon. Tbis regiment numbered about 500
men. xne privates stacxea tneir guns, and
the officers threw their side-arms into a pile,
and, as they marched to tbe rear, tbe men
struck up Yankee D-XKlle," and chtred lus
tilv for the Union.
Up to the present writing we have beard of
only two men belonging to Capt. Hewitt's
battery and about a dozen or the Minnesota
regiment, including the sutler and a negro
steward, who escaped. It is believed, however,
that most of tbe .Pennsylvania cavalry, who
were out on scouting duty, will escape, as they
were alvised by a courier of the state of af
fairs.
Tbe Federal 1js in killed and wounded is
thought to be over 200, and about 1,900 priso
ners, including Uen. 1. 1. CritiCulen, of Indi
ana, who bad but recently been appointed a
Brigadier General, we believe, and assigned
to command at Murfreesboro.
It is said that in the charges on Capt. Hew
itt's battery, the Confederates were terribly
decimated, and their loss in killed and wound
ed is variously- reported at from four to six
hundred.
It is reported that the Confederates cap
tured about sixteen hundred stand of small
arms, over 5,000 pounds of ammunition, near
ly one Hundred tents, a battery of six brass
pieces, and a Irge number of horses, mules
and wagons. A considerable amount of com
missary and other stores were destroyed by the
burning of the depot.
The sutler ot tne lbird .Minnesota Regi
ment suffered to the extant of about $5,000,
having lost bis whole stock. ' ' '
Msj. fceibert, or tne Tin Pennsylvania Uaval-
ry, is a prisoner, and reported wounded, capt.
Laslegton, and Lieuts. .Rhodes, BaechteL JSm-
steia and Child, ot that corps, are also known
to be among tbe missing. ' 1
The rezular morning train irom JN ash vine
experienced a narrow escape from captuie.
It bal passed x lorence, nve miles tbis side ot
Murfreesboro, before anything was known or
what was transpiring ahead. The engineer
was hailed and informed of the fight that had
been raging all tbe morning. Just as tbe train
ceased motion a sbeil whistled over it, and tbe
conductor believed that be was surrounded :
but an investigation sat "lifted him that it was
a stray shot, and that be was in no danger as
vet, when the engine was reversed, ana tbe
train speedily brought back to Nashville.
' By tbis raid the Confederates have possession
of tbe railroad and telegraph beyond Mur
freesboro, and we have no definite information
as to their movements.
Tbe Kxcltemeat im XasavtUe
by Oavr. Johaita.
-A Speech
A: spontaneous, and enthusiastic public
meeting of loyal citizens was held in Nash-
I villa immediately upon the receipt of the newt
from Murfreesboro, to organize a force for tne
defense of the city. Hon. W.B. Stokes,
Mayor Smith and Gov. Johnson made sterring
addresses. Gov. Jchnsor said, in the coarse
of bis spaecb :.-.
."Now you spy rebel spy! you may be
even now standing with your stiletto in your
bosom, and longing to shed some honest man's
i blood,'but you bave not the courage to do it.
! Th howow mn episode. I wish to say
that all who wish to enroll themselves as vol
unteers to deferd the city and their families
will Dlease attend the meeting to-morrow. All
loval men. who will take the obligation, will
be furnished with arms and ammunition. Take
them, take them, in good earnest, and to work!
The foe has his dagger and bavonet at your
throats, and now make the issue with him.
They come with tbe torch of destruction; let
them make this issue if tbey dare!
-r "We will meet them just aa they please.and
trust to tho God of lusuce and freedom. If
the volunteers serve as much as a month, thev
shall be paid for tbeir time, and if absent from
home, shall receive rations.-'I here are xne-
chaa.es here and I hare a right to speak of
mechanics, for . I have been one myself and
am prouder of it than I am of having been
your United States Senator who have proba
bly, as mechanics often do, become dependent,
as it were, on some proud aristocrat for em
ploy men t, and perhaps dred losing bis patron
age, If tbey were to engage in this work which
their consciences approve. Shame on such
feelings away with tbeml Stand up like
men, and tell ihsie would be masters that you
are their equals. You can do as long without
making shoes as they cu without wearing
them. You can do as long without making
coat kfc tbey can without wearing them. The
time bas come when labor must be respected
and dignified, and mechanics and men who
live by bard labor must assert and defend their
rights. In referring to mechanical labor, I
merely take these as one of the ; departments
of industry,' for tbe -sake of illustration.
When you band yourselves as manly and hon
est citizens, yeu have poer. Tell the rebels
that you are determined to have free govern
ment, and you can give it." s ,
LXTTEEFEOI MR. COS WAT.
YlLLOW SPRINGS, O July 11.
Ed. Conn: It seems to me that even in
your systematic work of aiding all that would
rivet the chains ot the African race even at
tbe moment when the waves seem parting for
its path to freedc-nij and none but a Pharoab
could pursue you might shrink from the
cruel sneers and flings contained in your lead
ing Vditarials of yesterday. If what you say
were the truth, it were a ba?d, bitter truth, and
considering themilions of human brings whose
hopes are extinguished by it, would seem to
call for sorrow rather than Sircasrn in its ex
preswion. f ; j -
But I beg tu criticise some of its' statements.
In objecting t Mr Grin.es' bill calling for an
employment of miiitit "without rfernce to
color, yoifintimate :
. 1. That its chi. f c.nceru U U lug in the
nogro. "The suppression of the rebellion is
tbe tail end of the kite." It would but be do
ing justice to llif ciiiioon sense of your read
ers to acknowledge that it might well be re
garded a a trcng a-i!iury measure if we
could ttke several millions now working with
and for the rebellion, and obtain tbeir labor
with and for its suppression.
2. You intimate that a proclamation calling
out the black militia could not reach the
blacks of tbe Confederate States. But thews
who have not been so indifferent to the condi
tion of tbe slaves in times past know well that
there are lines of Nature's telegraph running
throughout the South, and as soon as they are
given the authority they will see that the
blacks hear it. Al any rate your decision
makes it safe to try it on. . I am at a loss to
know why coravrvativee sheukl be so violent
in denouncing tbe proclamation - which the
radicals crave, if, as tbey say, it would have no
access to the negroes and no effect.
3. You say it would destroy all oar unity in
the border states. It would be an admirable
detective of every treacherous heart in those
States ; for no true patriot would prefer the
handful of slaves owned by loyal slaveholders
a few thousand at the highest estimate to
the security and triumph of tne nation. And
even setting the matter at an extreme, if five
hundred thousand whites in the border States
change sides after such a measure, it would
pay us for their lots in bringing to our side
three or four times their number in tbe blacks,
whose freedom would from that moment be
identified with the victories of our fUg. :
4. xoutnen maice your most extended ar
gument, based upon the antipathy to tbe negro
in tbe free States. But to tbe extent of your
argument facts do not bear vou out. In Gen.
Hunter's Department all the free .State are
represented, and indeed his- regiments are
somewhat more from the Northern aristocracy
than ethers. let he has employed blacks in
every capacity along with bis soldiers, and bis
negro regiment is in full blast. By his letter
to Congress, and by the letter from bis De
partment in the .New lork press, we ascertain
that there is an entire and even enthusiastic
support of bis policy in his ranks not one
ofiicer or soldier objecting. There are two or
three other points where the same results have
attended the enlistment of blacks. , ... - ,
Tbe point you add to have white regiments
and black regiments separately would not suit
Mr. U rimes, since that would be ictiA reference
to color, is a misapprehension of bis plan,
which is to call out the milit.a (not to arrange
them) without reference to color.
i. You sneer at the idea of negroes being
good soldiers. In this you set aside the ver
dict, derived from experience, of Napier, Jack
son, and even waibington, wbo all found that
they were particularly good soldiers, and have
left their testimony to the same effect. It is
universally admitted that the blacks under
Toussaint were never surpassed in fighting abil
ities, and that to this day the negro troops of
Hay ti are equal to tbe best French and Spanish.
6. As for your concluding paragraph, con
cerning tbe treatment which the negroes used
by the United Mates should receive, 1 would
fain hope that it was written with your devil
at your elbow calling for "copy," and that
you finished up tne article nastily. i.ise one
might nave to conclude that another Kind or
devil jogged your elbow as you wrote. Is it
sufficient to satisfy an honorable man that for
tbeir labors it is enough to give them their
victuals and clothes ? If that would not be
just to you or roe, by wbat principle should
we call it justice to them 7 " Tbeir condition
would be no worse off than with their mas
ters. Certainly not, nor would it be u we
sold them on the block to raise money for the
war. You would bave them "impressed, and
without wages ! Then if they earned more,
we should compensate them by " giving them
their freedom at the close of the war." Until
then we hold them as the nation's slaves ; we
take their work by force without wages, and
pav some of them with their liberty. The po
sition assumes that their liberty is ours, as if it
were so much money. . Will you please snow
us the titld of the United States to the bodies
and souls of these negroes? - On this principle
a robber might take from a man all bis
monev. and then "settle the claim " at the
end of the struggle' by giving him his life.
I do not feel much interest in these Oil's tor
confiscating the negroes, or arming them.
They will not put oown this rebellion; cor
will anything but a fair and square law which
will make to every slave in tbe South the
crrouad he stands on, a Canada. Tbe slaves
would sot, by an edict of freedom, be praa
tically freed much, if any sooner, than by the
present course of things ; but, in case every
one had the righ. to seek and maintain his
freedom, to strike down all opposition to it,
and be sustained by the law in it, slavery
could only be held in the South from that in
stant by force of arms, and there are not
enough arms in the South to hold oa to four
millions of slaves, and resist tho American
aims at one and the same time. As f the
objection that the slaves would not bear such
a proclamation, I would respectfully suggest
that tbe anouuonisu would attend to tnat pan
of tbe business. There is a certain old man,
whose soul is marching on. rho will bear the
tidings of liberty to every cabin and planta
tion of the South ; for he lives in the heart i
of thousands, who may not have his serve.
but ache to do what he did, could they do it
lawfully. L ntu then, this nation is like
swimmer in his agony, who refuses ths hand
stretched out to him because it is black; and
the silence of all the civilized woild, which
would be otherwise speaking out in our ben
half, may be interpreted as saying, Let him
drwm.- ... M. D. CONWAY.
JJLT EST. FE02I ECEOPi?.,
i 'ir.A'tfitr
Arrival tk. A,
Lmdcj Papers
tbe Battles Before Ulihmead,
Cape Uacx, July Il.Tbe Asia from Liv
erpool, wa oawraay, tbe 12th, via Queenstown,
13th, waa boarded off this point at ten o'clock
th morning, en route for Halifax and Boston.
The Asia's advics are two days la.er.
The fighting before Biohmond is treated as
a aevere reverse" for tbe Unionists by the
whole English press, and Gen; McClellan's
position is regarded as precarious. "
Lord Palmerston had tater Jhat the British
troops would not be withdrawn from Canada.
" The , recognition of Italy by Russia and'
Prussia bad been announced in the l:4ua
Parliament, . - t . .. ,
The London fftrald treaU the affair before
Richmond at decisive of McClellan's expedi
tion, and says that the Confederate capital ia
safe. It does not believe, however, that the
campaign in Virginia is ended, but supposes
that it will go on until Europe aUys tbe up
lifted sword, and, in tbe name of humanity,
enforces peace. . . . ,.,' .
, The London Merning Post argues that,
practically, the scheme against Richmond has
terminated. It then proceeds to point out the
dangerous position of Gen. McClellan's army.
Tbe London OU be hopes that the gigantic
difficulties which are being developed in the
progress of the war ' may have an effect on
both sides, and that more reasonable views,
may supersede the plan of military conquest
Farm, July 12 The Bourse dull. Rentes
68 f. 35c. .
- The Time urge that the fighting before
Richmond must bave been of the highest im
portapce, and McClellan's position cannot but
be precarious, and the Confederates are strong
enough to hold their position in Virginia for
a time that mav be indefinitely p.olonged.
Evidently tbe Federal will have again to
iejin tbe siege cf Richmond, with a ranch
worse chance than at first. " ,
The new American tariff continues to excite
strong hostile comment. The Times bitturly
denounces tbe spirit which regards the tariff
with'satisfaction, because of its injurious effect
upon England in particular, and Europe in
general. - -
The freedom of the city of Loudon wss pre
sented to Geo. Peabody in a gold snuff-box.
The ceremony of awarding the prizes of the
Great Exhibition took place on the 11th. The
attendance was estimated at 100,000.
The Fortification bill was again debated in
tbe House of Commons, and an amendment
calculated to preserve to the House of Com
mons due. control over the expenditure of
money, carried by a majority of five against
the ministry.
In the House of Lords, on tbe 11th, Lord
Brougham called attention to the slave trade,
urged that tbe Northern States were not en
titled to the credit assumed to themselves for
the measures recently taken for the suppression
of the trade.
The bill for the carrying out of tho treaty
finally passed the Commons. : - ,
France,
The Paris Patrie asserts that France . will
never treat with Juarez when the French army
has entered tbe City of Mexico. The Mexicans
will be consulted, and their withes scrupulous
ly respected. France will only quit Mexico
after tbe complete execution of a future treaty.
The Presse says the date of Gen. Forris' de
parture for Mexico is still doubtful. Tbe Presse
says that tbe French army will comp.ise
several divisions of infantry, and a proportion
ate number of batteries. It is reported that
stores were provided for 35,090 men.
London Honey Market.
Owing to a favorable Bank return and tbe
ncreasing abundance of money, the funds had
strengthened, and Console advanced .
Lauat via QoMastowa j
At tbe Great Exhibition, among tbe awards
in general for machinery, America gets twenty
medals for agricultural and horticultural ma
chines, six for military articles, and one medal
each for Colt's revolvers and naval architec
ture.
Danntlcs.
Detroit, July 22. An immense' meeting
was held here this afternoon to aid in rai-ing
troops under the late call of the President.
The shops, stores and factories of the city
were generally closed. Resolutions ' were
passed requesting the City Council to pay a
bounty or $50 for eacb unmarried, and 100
for each married man enlisting in the regi
ment to be rased in the citv. Liberal private
donations were offered. The greatest unan
imity prevails. ; ' " - - '-
Gen. HcDwl ,
Parties from Winchester, by way ot Front
Royal, report that the guerrillas have paid fre
quent visits to the principal route leading
thither, and in the vicinity or utrasburg and
Middletown. AH tbe stores at the latter places
have been removed to a more secure position.
Gen. McDowell arrived here yesterday, and
has picbed his headquarters in the field.
from Nertb Carolina. '
New Yokk, July 21. The steamer East
ern state, irom ueaurort, reports that tne
health of our troops at Newborn and Beaufort
continaes good. No news.
The Haw Tar Central Railroad.
Albaht, Julv 17. The Board of Directors
of the Central Railroad met to-day with full
attendance. The customary business was
transacted, and the reports of the Officers,
showing the business and condition of the road,
were receivea. A dividend of three per cent,
was declared, payable on the 1st of August in
full, free of tax, the road assuming and paying
tho income tax.
CojfTMBCTioss to THt Catjsx. Mr. Keas-
bv read a letter from Judge Ryerson, statiner
that Sussex county wouia no oouot raise twice
her quota ; that David Ryerson had offered a
bounty of nve dollars to each omcer anc pri
vate in two of the companies to be raised;
and the committee of tbe district had guaran
teed five dollars per man for eacb of the other
companies, besides establishing a fund for the
incidental expenses and hospital purposes.
Mr. Frelinghuysen announced that John JX.
A. Griswold had authorized him to advance
in his behalf the sum of one thousand dollars
in aid of the cause. Applause.
Thikx is a Union league in Baltimore,
comprising 15,000 men. It contains some of
tho best blood of Baltimore, sud it appertains
to some of the worst blood of the same. It is
of 'immense assistance to the military. To
nothing can tbe timidity ' and silence of, tbe
traitors there be attributed so much as to this
organization. " ' t " .'
GeseraL McCall is safe and well, although
a prisoner at Richmond. A letter from him
has been received in Philadelphia by Mrs.
McCall. announcing that he is unhurt, and
that he has been well treated at the Spotwood
House. He was struck, during tbe action of
June 30, by a spent ball, but it did bim no in
jury. Brig. Gen Reynolds is also unhurt.
. -MbCChablxs Dickkkb is , about to visit
tbis country, to tee what he can see, and give
dramatic readings from big own works. Mad-,
ame Jtistori, the great tragic actress, is , also
engaged to perform during tbe fall season ia
this country. .- - u 'af
GENEKAIi r SHERMAN;
J: "wiia his division
Has -Airrived !
AND
; 295 Main Street
ARE 1UUGIXQ fllEW OUT Vt
i TIP TOP STYLE
: ' ' ." : . I-" ''-.'.. - . . .
WITH THEIR FIXE STOCK OP
MILITARY
o i
JSl-tf
; WARNING.
IH K.?BIW'r" n P'n ; an cradi'loK at
wifc CATHARINE Ka.WION. Sha hav.n Urt
bAaUaf anal evaua "
JS2 3t
THOMAS R. KtWTON.
LLOYD'S GREAT MAP
or THK '
MISSISSIPpi RIVER,
From Saint Louis
GULF OF MEXICO.
XGKAVID ON tTKKL, From actual Government
Surrvyi, auiared by two of tha oldcai and bast Hi,im.
m mat mrer. noya't Slap tr tbe MiasiaMtpi
Hirer, ahow ewry dead in tb Riier, .ti y ItUod, avrr
aao-br. enr Laa li ; and w od Yeid, .-rv Town.
City. Bluff, Sugir aud Cotton Plantation. Tbe Channel
of the Hirer, marked eicnrately ty two of tbe oldoet n l
moet experieoemt Pi ota oa that great Hirer. Lluja'
Great AUp sf ike MiatUaippi kivvr, alao
Showi the Counties Bordering
OH 1HI
Kiver on Each Side,
Thirty mfim bee from the RlTr, with a'l the Town.,
Village., and Puat Office ia ihem, and the Wpon nd
Tarnpik BodleaiDr to thm: a o, all 1h tieBi
emptying Into the MU.lippi Blrer, ta the larg cal of
FOUR MILES TO AN INCH.
Th Hirer 1 l.ibt rd FIVB IN'OHBS 'WIDE, sotbtt
rery li'tnj I d s'i. ctly nimod and plain. Thi. Map 1
eof rartd in nix loctkiM, of
Five feet Each in Length,
a onrENTIBR SHVjirr Of VtPKR. s of Lloyd'
Greet Milit try Map f tlie 6V w,'uua Stabs and ran be
folded s9i i at newapaper, and tut bf Mail anywhere
for three k at pottage. .'- i ... j
llojd'i Great Map of tha Mississippi Hir
er Cost $10,000 and One Year' :
', Time to Complete It.
AND IS THK MOST TALUABLX MAP
EVER OFFEEED
TO CHI
AMEUICA1V PEOPLE.
PRICE, la ahaeu, 0 ctnU ; 4 copies for J I. Mouutrd
ea linen with roller and Tart.lihed, prlo,$l 60. Pocket
Iditioo for TraTclar. . Stnt by Mall anywhere oa
receipt of money.
Agents, when ordering Map lent by Mall, should sesd
S cents for each Map, to prepay poatag-e.
Address J. T. LLOTD, Publisher.
Jy.0-3ai So. 164 Vroadway, Sew Tor Oiiy, . T.
j -
WESTER SUTLERS HEADQFAKTERS
AHMY STATIONERY,
MUMPORD & CO., .
No. 315 Main St., Memphis Tann.
MANtrrACTTJBERS OF ARMT BTATIOSKET, of
every variety r ;.,......
' Prise Package, Portfolios, Pitying
' Oardt, Blank Cards, Memorandnm Bvok, Pen
cils, Pent, Ink. No;e, Letter and Cap Paper. Buff, White
' and Canary Knrelop". War Mapa, (Pocket aid abeet
Form,) Wrapping Paper, Tlaso Paper, Black
i ing, etc., etc.
LARGEST STOCK, EAST OR "WEST,
. i lowest rates.
5 : SWa- CALL AND 8EE FOB YOURSELF. S
jy22-sm - . ''
WHOLESALE PAPER WAREHOUSE!
r i t '
EVERY VARIETY
- or - ( ' ; 1 '
Wrlllngf and Prlntlngr Papers,
Printing Cartls,
ExtTelopea, Pens, Pencils,
Prize Packages,
Portfolios
Blank Book,
Memorandum Books,
&C, t&C , &0.
Hoavy Stooltfl,
L 0 W FOR CASH.
MCMFBD A CO.,
819 Main Etreet, Men phi.
BOARDING.
FAMTLISS and SINGLE GENTLEMXX oan be ae
eentat dated with gned room and board, ty apple- 1
ins at lb Bis berav east of the aew cotton )rra-, aa
Jff.ron eueet, below Third. . , JjU-tf
Planters' Hats, A Tery Enperlor
r Quality.
ALL who want a fin. Hat oi Planter, can tad th
bet selected Itnck err i aui to tb: lity, at
LEIOT A CO , Fern St. L"ttl,
Jjlt-St No. SISMain St , Vt fdd-Feiiow.' Ball.
Ladles Bead Tnls.
A FEW csore of the Tatty ad Fancy hate for Ua
dear Uul. oaea, fall and ate tbra, at
LElfT CO.. IV m St. Lmila.
ili Main street, sbov Odd-f Uow Hatt.

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