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WASHINGTON, D. C.
f Mail Failum: .?We are to-day without our usual supply ot Northern newspapers, in oon eequanoe of soma unexplained detention of the mail. LOCAL. Oi.e Bull ? 1 his groat musician. assisted by little Adflina Patti and the accomplished Strakosoh, will give aConoert at Cariui's on Wednesday et< uing. Nkw V kak UiY.-~ThiB, the second day of January, 1854 is observed in Washington as N?jw Year's l>?*y. The earth iu carpeted with Hiew, the buu in bright and glorious ahove us, the air is nlilJ and gbuial; aleigh-bolla merrily jingle, and. the cheerful ceremonies of the sea son are observed by groat and small, in visits receptions, and pleasant salutations. Thjb Smithsonian.?This Institution should' be regarded by tho people of Washington and their guests with affection and pride. Great blessings inn-it necessarily proceed front it, and delightful recreation is afforded by its evening lectures. These are delivered on Monday, Wednesday; und Friday evenings, of this week. C0NG&KS6. f rhe Senate stands adjourned from Friday ? Qtitil Tuesday. | , I'liu Hoi.se alhO stand* adjourned from Sat. ^?Jtrfuy until Tuesday. The session (tf Saturday brief. Several bills were reported from the Committee ol Ways and A leans, making appropriations for the support of the army and navy for the next fisoal year, and far the trans port&tion of the mails, by ocean steamers and otherwise, during the name period. These must be considered in Committee of the Whole. A memorial from citizens of Indiana was pro bmited, in }< gurd to the railroad difficulties at Erie, Pennsylvania. A bill was introduced by Mr. Bennett, pro po?iug grunts of laud* to ait the Statex for the purposes of education and internal improve fuuent. % Debate took place on tho reference of the ^ptiftuites of the Secretary of War which relate to riv. ?s and harliors. Mr. tewing, of Ken tucky, desired the subject to go to the Commit tee en Beads and Canals, that it might be in the hand.!', of its friends. The question of ref ; erenc. will be considered on Friday next. The estimates of the Secretary of War, rela ting to supplying the citieens of Georgetown and Washington with water, were referred to the Committee 011 tho District of Columbia. Mr. Hiasell reported a joint resolution of thanks to Major General John E. Wool, for his distinguished services in the late war with Mexico, uud especially for his conduct at the battle of Boena Vista. It proposes to present a sword to General Wool. The subject was dc Jfrrred. . T . EUROPEAN NEWS. The hotter of our London correspondent has reached us opportunely for the first issue of our daily publication. The iutelligence con tained in late quotations from foreign journals does not iu very material particulars contradict our former information. The combined fleets, it appears, have entered the Black Sea to pre ? Vfi.t collisions The following Rumiau official bulletin was ported on the Bo<itse at Ode-^a on the 5th of December: ''Toe Russian d^et, under the command of. Admiral Nauhimoff, has met in the Black Sea a Turkish and Egyptian Hoet, composed of eighteen ships-? two-deckers, frigate*, cor vettes, together with two steamers of fi()0 horse power, and two others of 300 horse-power After'a long engagement, the following Turkish ships have been destroyed or oaptured: '? One of 61 guns; uo name givou. " One of 60 guns; no name given. " One of 52 guns; Nezrami F.ffondi ''One of 50 gnns; Ahmet Ali. 4 On:* of 46 guns ; N'tezim Fess m "One of 22 gun-; Fo si Mahmoud. "Two steamers of 20 guns each "Two transport". ''Ooe ditto, British trau*}?ort. " The engagement took place near Sinope. Five thousand Turks have been killed, and many taken prisoners. O. man Pasha, who was wounded, has alno been taken prisoner. Scveial (flicer-, both Eoglish and French, wore on hoard the Turkish fleet." Fioni Italy we learn that tiie Poj?e is ma king efforts to get rid of the French soldiers, and that an earthquake had ooourre 1 at Ge oeva OUH LONDON COKBFSfONDbKCE. . London, Dec. 10, 1853. Tha Indian mail is exceedingly lumen. Gen. G dwin, the c. mnnnider-in chief in BurrnAh, in dead, and bin military , kill can now only be canvaised to an cur that hears it not, and a ti.ind that can be harassed no more. In China the fight still c nitiuut s to rage, and about Anioy and Shanghai the utmost disorders Eevail From the North wo have nothing ter, and Canton has not: yet been re vol 11 tioniced pr sacked. In Paris the public have l>cen intern, tod by the inauguration of n heroic statue of Marshal Ney, Prince of Miwoowa (ominous title) and Duke of Kiehingen, 011 the Mp.it where he was executed as u tiaitr.r in I si5, In the precc ' ding year we witnessed the Fmperor Alexander Ojieti a ball by dancing a Pollounciao with his wfre- who e:ui say that the world does not turn round? Ney'*betrayal of Louts Will Was veiy gro-e, but it was a huge mistake to ?hoot bim lor it; and titvfinah is, that Trea??i has got the tnimumenlnm aie prrenniux, and tho bran* will probably la-t for centuries, a memorial of national mutations. Ney was one of tho bravest and most distinguished * f Na poleon s brave Palladia*, and as such well merited this tribute from his nephew. The literary world has sustained a loss in Mil Opie, tho once popular authoress, though fur some twenty years r? tired from publicity, and tucking repute in tho quiet garb of the Soeiety of Friends, wltOfC community she en tered, as wa-i said, from attachment to ono of its most distinguished members. Airs. Opie was a ehai ming, unaffected, and intelligent, as well as richly gifted pers< n. amiable and generally beloved. Hrr husband, Opie the celebrated ptuntnr. died many yearsf ngo, and was of a ?try differ*nt character; lieirg a blunt man, with a strong provincial acceut, and many anius.ng stories weietold of hisocoeotric man ners. One we remember: A lady, sitting to h>m for her pot trait, was endeavoring to oall up her lieet looks, and simpering away in a style which quite ''aggravated ' tho artist., who, unable hi withstand tho contortions any ..Miger, threw down his pallet aud exclaimed, "I tell y. 11 what, ma'am I can't draw ye if ve ^rin en!" \ A memorial from Liverpool, to the Secretary of Stale, ba? awakened the publiu attention to a matter t>f horrid significance, namely, tbe murderous influence ol Burial ('lube, rheae infamous associations are founded on a princi ple which offers a direct premium for murder, and thousands of lives, of men, women, and children, have been sacrificed ou the altar ol this monster Moloch. We believe that not one in fifty of the foul deaths it has caused has ever been brought to light, aud yet the crimi nal annals of the oountry bear evidence to their frequeuoy and atrocity. What is the life of a siokiy and inconvenient child in the way of a profligate, gin-drinking mother? At the bed, the value is but small; but when to the too common want of natural affeotion is added the temptation of several pounds of money, the insurance iu two or three Burial Clubs, it is uot worth a pin's fee. If suffered to exist at nil, such societies ought to b? restrained from paying a single shilling to parents or relatives, to furnish the expense of sepulture. They ought to dispose of the corpse themselves, in a decent manner, and equivalent to the amount agreed for; but", we repeat it, not a single tar thing, iu money, to bo returned to the " be reaved and ufliicted members!" This would put an end to the system; or the dead might bury the dead. But we are informed, that, in Birmingham a>id other great manufacturing places, a still more atrociotM custom prevail*, aud is fast growing into very extensive operation. This h a sort of insurance upon new born baby lives, with so much to be received il they die under three, six, nine, or twelve mouths. The calculations are a complete lottery upon the periods of extraction and prolongation of life : and we are at-sared that toe iniquities fostered liy these schemes are even more terrible and detestable tl)an thoae for which the Burial Clubs iere held in utter abomination. It seems impossible to believe that the Government will delay a searching investigation into the dread fid mysteries suggested by the Liverpool repre sjutative, or that the Legislature should not immediately devote itself to providing some guard or remedy against the coutinuauco of these infernal practices. How are wo to ao enmt for such phenomena? Is it'that, with the growth of wealth, the desire of wealth, or the things which money can buy, absorbs and par alyzes the better feelings of human nature ? Is it that the advance of civilization lowers the tone of morality, substitutes utter sell ism tor Christianity, and gives this life the preference for the life to come ' Yesterday forenoon, not a syllablo bad reached tho press about the rem irkuble change which ha< taken place, and the resignation of the seals of tho Home Office by Lord Palmers ton, and the departure of Lord Aberdeen to Oiborne to communicate tho lact to Her Majesty. With so little tirno to colloet authen tic intelligence, and as little to convey it as news to Washington, we will endeavor to place tho contingencies and probabilities aphoristi callv before your readers as our own "conjec tures."' The Times and Chronicle, ministerial organs, elaborately set forth this morning that Lord I'aliuerston relies solely and entirely on a dif ference of opinion upon tho promised Reform Bill, though in perfect accordance with the rent of the Cabines ou tho Eastern question. Though, liko the nurse in Romeo and Juliet, we may think they protest too much, it is clear that if this bo strictly true, his Lordship will probably rather bavo damaged himself than the Ministry; for the Reform Journals will be able to overwhelm him with all sorts of I ory odium. But if there should be a spice of the Turkish policy in the disagreement, and the noble Secretary has expensed the cause of more decided measures, then will the game be with the other side, and the Ministry would be put on its defence, and perha|? broken up in tho fray. - The feelings of the people are so po teutly anti Russian, that no half dealing will be tolerated. Iu the oity the gamblers are betting for and 1 against such a dissolution j and then Lord Pahnerstou is to I?e the Head of a conservative and moderate reform party, hnd try once more the fate of a combination, which has been so often slain outright, that nobody now wonders at its frequent revival. Should the change be confined to Lord Palm erston, the Earl of Carlisle, or Sir George Grey. (tho latter not the mo-?t palatable to Lord John,) arc spoken of as hU likely succes sor Thti latest accounts from the Black Sea and Georgian frontiers give other versions of the battles in both quarters, and much more dis advantageous to the Turks than tho first ro ..(1rts. They are, however, Russian ; and the bulletin ol a fi^bt at Akharait, on the borders of Turkish Armenia, asserts a signal victory ? >n the part of the Russian General Androni lioff, leaving 4 000 Turkish kdled on the Held; | and in the affair at Sinope a similar bulletin states the killed at 5 000, in an action of four hoars' dmation, in which a Russian first-rate was sunk, and the whole Turkish flotilla, with one exception, burnt. That Pot-ma has yielded to Russian gold and intrigue, is also moie authoritatively repeated. Again, we may repeat: " The plot thickens;" it almost reaches America. AFRICANIZATION OF CORA, ETC -THE BRITISH MINISTRY. From a letter just received from a highly intelligent friend in London, we make an ex tract or two of considerable interest. "1 learn from M that there his been con considerable manifestation of fet ling by Minis ters with regard to the artitle* that have ap peared in the United States, on the Africanix* ti.>n of Cuba?supposing those articles to have emanated from the Amerioan Cabinet, through its 'organ.' This calling the Union the 'or gan of the Government' has given rbe to many false impressions in Europe, the strange, wild, and inonnHi*t??nt articles in its columns being taken for the true sentiments of the Government. Lord Clarendon felt much sgrieved that the American Government should have, for a moment, entertained the belief that Much a project conld have entered his head Such a project had not been conceited by him, muc h less debated upon in Council, and hail no other nrinin that in the Government 'organ.' Mr. Buchanan a**ured him that tho Uni>w was no more the organ of tho Gov ernment than the Timrn or A<iv*rti*cr were ? organs' ??f the British Cabinet. '? F. C Cooper, E-vj, who, under the auspices of the British Museum, accompanied Layard to Nineveh, for the purpoM of excavating tbe .'dead c:tf,' leaves here some time this month, for the United States,Where he intends to de liver a course of lectures on the discoveries, which be w ill illustrate by drawings and views of all the relics (LayardV) now in the Museum. I have no doubt his lecture* will be found high ly interesting, as well a? in-tmotive, and con Amatory of Biblical history. '?The commission for the settlement of claims Itetwoen the two countries wdl commence it* organisation about tho 1st of January. As yet, few claims have been handed in. Among them is the 'Jones claim,' which ha I canned some debate in Congress. Many of the hold ors ol Florida bond* are attempting to press ; them upon the considerate>n of the oommis- j sinners, under a misapprehension of State sov ereignty and. Federal responsibility. They cannot pe?Mi\e why the Government of the United States should he exempt from the pay ment of public debts contracted by one of its States They are much annoyed by what HAemi a puts/'." The same oorreepooAeBt having tesn a state ment by a writer in the Era, that George Cat hn was confined for debt in one of the prisons of London, instituted a search for him, in con junction with our consul, George .Saunders, and the oonolution they oume to wa.*, that C'atlin was not, and never had been, in any of the debtors' prisons in England. 8PEECH OP GERRIT 8M1TH, IN CONGRESS, ON THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE, DELIVERED DECEMBER, 20, 185S. It is natural, Mr. Chairman?nay, it is almost necessary?that, from the difference in our tern peramont, our education, our pursuits, and our oiroumstanoes, wo should take different views of many a subject, whioli comes before us. But ir we are only kind in expensing theso views,' an 1 patu-ut in listentingto them, no harm, but, on the contrary, great good, will come from our discussions. As this is the tirst time 1 have had the floor I it may be well for me now to confess that, I am in the habit of treely imputing errors to my fellow-men. Perhaps, I shall fall into this habit on the present occasion. It may be a bad habit. But is it not atoned for by the fact, that I do not claim, that I am myself exempt from errors that I acknowledge, that I abound in them; and that I am ever willing, that those, whom I as sail, shall make reprisals? 1 tru?t, sir, that so long as I shall have the honor to hold a sent in this body, I may bo able to keep my spirit in a teachable posture, and to throw away my errors as !a?t as honorable gentlemen arounJ me shall convince me of them. 1 have risen, Mr. Chairman, to make some remarks on that portion of the President's Mrs sage, which it was proposed, a few moments sinca to refer, to the Committee ou Foreitrn Af fairs. h The Message endorses, fully aud warmly, tho conduct of the Administration in tho case of Martin Ivoszta. For my own part, I cannot bestow unqualified praise on that conduct. . caroely upon Captain Ingraliam can J bestow such praise. It is true, that I honor him for his brave and just determination to rescue Koszta, but I would have had him go a step farther than ho did, and insist on Kwzta's a/L solute liberty. 1 would have had bim enter in to no treaty, and hold no terms, with kidnap pers. I would have had him leave nothing re garding Kotzta's liberty to the diccretion of tho r rench Consul or any other Consul; to the dis cretion ol the French Government or any other Government. Koezta was an American sub ject? a kidnapped American subject ? and hence the American Govornment was bound to set him, immediately and unconditionally, free. But Captain Ingraliam represeuted the Amer ican Government. For that oocasion he was the American Government. For saying what I have here said, I may ap pear very inconsistent in the eyes of maov who know my opposition to all war; fur they may regard Capt. Ingraham as having been ready to wage war upon Austria?as having, indeed actually threatened her with war. But, not withstanding my opposition to all war, I defend Capt. Ingraham's purpo-e to use force, should lorce become necessary. I believe, that such purpose is in harmony with the true oHioe ol Civil Government. 1 hold, that an aimed na tional police is proper, and that here wa- a fit occasion for using it, had moral influences fail ed. But to believe in this is not to believe in war. It is due to troth to add, that Capt In graham should not be charged with designing war upon Austria. Why should he be thus charged? He had, projierly, nothing whatever to do with Austria, nor witfo the Austrian Con sul. There was no occasion for his doing with either of them, nor for his even thinking of either of them. For him to have supposed that Austria, or any of her authorities, could be I guilty of kidnapping, would baveb^en to insult er and them. He had to do only with the kidnappers, who were restraining KossU of bis liberty; and all he had to do with theee kid nappers was to oompel them to an uncondition al and immediate surrender of their prey. I will say, by the way, that I do not oondemn the eondu.it of onr Minister. Mr. Marsh in re latiou to Kosita, for the good reason, that I am not sure what it was. It it was. as it is report ed to have been, I trust that both tho Adminis tration and the whole oountry will condemn it. It is denied in certain quarters, that Korota was an American subject. But Secretary Mar oy has argued triumphantly that, in the light of international law, he was. I regrot that he had not proceeded to argue it in other light also. I regret, that he bad not proceeded to show that, even if admitted international law is to the contrary, nevorthel.^s, by the. superior law of reason and justice, K(*zia was an Amer ican subject. I regret that he had not proceed ed to publish to tho world, that, when a foreign er becomes an inhabitant of this land, abjures allegiance to the Government be has lefty and place* bim elf under tho protection of ours, the American Government will protect him, and that, too, whether with or w.thout internation al law, and whether with the world or against the world In a word, I regret, that the Sec retary did not declare, that if international law shall not authorize the American Govern ment to protect such a ono, then American law shall. It is high time, that America should justify herself in sooh a case by something more certain and authoritative than European codes. It is high time, that she should base her justification, in such a oa-o, on the immutable and everlasting principles of reason and just ce I may be asked, whether I would allow, that tho subje.it of a foreign Government, who is alleged to be charged with an offence, and who has fled to our oountry, can find shelter in his oath of allegiance to our Government ? I an swer, that I would not allow him to bo kid napped; and that, ii his formor Government wants him, it must m ike a respectful call on our Government for his extradition, I add, that I would have our Government the sole judtfe of the (act whether he is e.hnrged with an offence and also tho sole judge whether the ? ff.-n. o with which he may be charged is a crime?a real and osseutial crime?for which he should be surrendered , or a merely conventional and nominal crime, for which he should not be sur rendered. * A tew words in regard to the charge that ( antain Ingraham invaded the rights of a nou tfal State It is to be regiotted that the Sec retary did uot positively and pointedly deny tho truth of this charge I admit, that no de mill of it was needful to hi* argument with Mr. Iiulsernaiin I'he denial would, however, have been useful. No, sir; Capt. Ingraham did not violate the right i of Turkey. But, although America cannot be justly charged with vie , ng the rights of Turkey, Tuikoy neverthe less can l>e justly charged with,violating the rights of America. She violated the rights of A morion, inasmuch as nhe failed to afford to k'omta the protection, which she owed him If she is not fairly chargeable with permitting him to l?e kidnap|?od, she nevorthele** is fairly chargeable with permitting him to remain kid napped and that is virtually the same thing. r -rByLlhat < 'nfcraha,,> violated the rights or Turkey, is nonsense, It is nonsense, if for no other reason than that she had no rights in the c tee, to he violated. She had none tor the simple reason, that she suffered her laws to Ik* silent. The only ground on which a neutral State can claim respect at the hands of belli Kjerent* is, that, so Tar as she is concerned, their rights aro protected. If *he allows injustice to them, then they may do themselves justice. If she refuses to nse the law for them, then they may take it into their own hands, For Turkey to suspend her laws, as she did in tho present case, is to leave to heisolf no ground of won der or complaint, if a brave Capt. lugraiiam supplies her lack of law*. But I may be aakad whether I would really have had Capfc. Ingrahaia lire into the Austrian ship f I answer, that 1 would have had him net Ko^ata free, coat what it might. At the aamo time, I admit that tbore would have been blame, had it cost a single life; and that thm blame would have rested, not upon the Turks and Austrians only, but upon our own ooun trymen also. This is bo, lor the reason, that neither our own country nor any other country is so fully identified with justice, in the eyes of all the world, as Jto make its character for justice an effectual substitute for violence?as to make, it) a "word, its character for justice its sufficient power to obtain justice. VVerc our country proverbial, the world over, for wisdom and goodness?were our love to God and man known uud road of all men?were every nation to know that, both at home and abroad, our Gov ernment sets upon ChriHtiun principles?then no uation would wrong us> and no nation would let uh bo wronged. Theu, if one of our people were kidnapped in a foreign land, as was Korz ttt, the Government of that land would prompt ly surrender hun at our rcaucst. It would pass upon our title tit the individual confidingly and generously, rather than jealously and soruti oously. And even it'it entertained much doubt of our title, it would severtholes* waive it, under the iufluenoe of its conviction that we ask nothii g, which we do not honestly believe to be our duo, aud that Our character is such, as richly to entitle us, to all that in possibly our due Having such a character, our moral force would supersede the application of our physical force. Had physical force been needful toeffeot the deliverance of Koeata, it would have been needful merely because the American people "and American Government lucked the moral character, or, in other words, the moral force, adequate to his deliverance. But, as I have already intimated cur nation is no more defi cient in this respect than other nations. I said, that I could not bestow unqualified praise on the Administration for its part in the | Koszta affair. In one or two of those passages of rare rhetorical beauty in his letter to Mr. Hulsemann, Secretary Marcy insinuates the despotic character of Austria. Now, I will not say, that there was impudent hypocrisy in the insinuation; but I will say, that the insinuation was in bad taste, and that it was bad policy. A cunning policy would studiously avoid, in our diplomatic correspondence, all allusions to despotism and oppression, lest such allusions might suggest to the reader comparisons be tween our country and other countries, that would be quite unfavorable to-us. I admit, that Austria is an oppressor. But is it not equally true, and far more glaringly true, that America is a muoh greater and guiltier oppressor? Indeed, comparod with our despotism, which cl.iasos millions of men, women, and children, with cattle, Austrian despoti ;m is but as the little finger to the loins Surely, surely, it will never bo time for Ameri ca to taunt Austria with being au oppressor, until the influence of American example is such, as to shame Austria out of her oppression, rather than to justify aud confirm her in it. In this same letter to the Representative of Austria. Mr. Marcy presumes to quote, as one of the justifications of Capt Ingraham's con duct, the P.vine law, to do unto others as we would have others do unto us. Now, was it not the very acme of presumption for the Amer ican Government to quote this law. while it surpasses every other Government in trampling it under foot? Did Mr. Marcy suppose Mr. Hulsemann to be stonc-bliud ? Did he suppose, that Mr. Hulsemann had lived in the oity of Washington so long, and yet had seen nothing of the buying and selling of human beings as brutes, which is continually going on here, un der the eye, aiyj under the authority, of Gov ernment? Did ho suppo<-e, that Mr. Hube manu oouid be ignorant of the fact, that the American Government is the great slave-catch er for the Amerioan slaveholders? Did he suppose him to bo ignorant of the fact, that the' great American slave-trade finds in the American Government its great patron; and that this trade is carried on, not only under the general protection, but under the specific regulations, of Congress? Did he suppose him to be ignorant of tho fact, that many, both at the North and South, (among whom is the President himself.) claim, that American sla very is a national institution??and made such the American Constitution1 It it a national institution. If not made such by our organic law, it is nevertheless, made such by the en actments of Congress, the decisions of the Ju diciary. and the acquiescence of the American Peoplo. And did Mr. Marcy suppose Mr. Hulsemann to be entirely unaware, that the present Administration pnrpass< s all its predo ces.-ois in i-hamelcas pledges and devotion to the Slave Power? Certainly, Mr. Marcy fell into a great mistake, in presuming Mr. Hulse mann to be in tot:il dai knens on all these points. If indeed, a mistake, it is a very ludicrous one. If but an affectation, it is too wicked to bo lu dicrous. I referred, a momont since, to some of the evidences of the nationality of American Sla very. It, sometimes, suits the slaveholders to claim, that their Slavery is an exclusively State concern; and that tho N.irth has, therefore, nothing to do with it. But as well may you when urging a man uphill with a heavy load upon his back, and with your lash also upon his bnck, tell him that ho has nothing to do either with the load or the lash. The poor North has much to do with Slavery. It staggers un der its load, and smarts under its lash. But I must do Seorctaiy Marcy and the Ad miuistration justioo. What I have said, were I to stop here, would convey the idea, that, in his letter to Mr. Hulsemann. the Secretary in dicate* tho duty of untondxtional obedienoe to the law, which requires us to do unto others, us w.i would have otheis do unto us. He is, however, very far from doing si. Ho reuiern bsrs, as with paternal solicitude, American Slavery and the Fugitive Slave Act, and pro vides for their safety . To this ?nd he qualifies the oetnmamliuent of G.?d, and makts it reiid, that we are to obey it, on'y when there is no oomm indment of man to the contrary. In a word, lie adopts the American theology?that Pro-Slavery theology, which makes human Government paramount to the Divine, and ex alts the wisdom and authority of man above tho wisdom and authority of God 1 said, that I must do the Secretary justioe: aud I have now dono it. But, in doing it, a pieta of flagrant injustice has been brought to light. For what lc*? than flagrant can I call his injustice to the Bible! Tho Seerctary sujs, that this blessed volume "enjoins upon all men, everywhere, when not acting uiuler legal re*'ra>nt, to do unto others whatever they would, that others should do unto them " Now, the phrase "when not acting under legal restraint" is a sheer interpolation. Tlio com mandment, as we find it iu the Bible, is without qualification?is al?solute. The A dministration is guilty, therefore, through its Secretary, of deliberately corrupting the Bible. Moreover, it is guilty of deliberately corrupting this au thentic and mcrod record of Christianity, at the most vital point. For this commandment to do unto others as we would have others do unto us, is the sum-total of the requirements of Christianity. 1 say so on the authority of Jesus Christ hum-elf. F<?r when He had given this commandment, He added: '* fiif this is the law and the prophets " 1 am not unmindful how strong a temptation the Administration! was under, iu this instance, to corrupt the Bible. I am willing to make all due allowance on that account. Strong, however, m? was the temptation, it nevertheless should have been resisted. 1 am well aware, that for the Administration to justify the rescue of K<*zta un tho unqualified, naked Bible ground, n! doing unto other* as we would havo others do unto uu, would be to throw open the door lor the reuoue ot every fugitive nlave. It would bo to justify the re?oue of Shadrach at Boston. It would lm to juntify the celebrated rohoue in my own neighbjrhood?I mean the rcduue of Jerry at Syracuse. It would be to justify the bloody rescue at Christiana. For not only i* it true, that all men would be res cued from Slavery, but it id aUo true, that very nearly all men would be reaoudd from Sla very, even at tho expense of blood. I add, that lor the Administration to justify on naked Bible ground tho resouo of Kot-zta, would be, in effect, to juntify the deliverance of every slave. Now, for, an Administration that sold itself in advance to the Slave Power, and that is indebted for all it* hopes and for it* very being to that Power?for snob an Administra to take the position of simple Bible truth, and thereby iuvile tho subversion of all Slavery, would be to practice tho cruellest ingratitude. Such ingratitude .could not fail to exasperate the Slave Power?that mighty and dominant Power, before which not only the Administia tious of the American People, but the Ameri can People themselv< B, fall down as abjectly as did Nebuchadnezzar's people before tho image, which ho had set up. Nevertheless, however important it may be to maintain Slavery, it is far more important to maintain Christianity ? aud the Administration is therefore to be con demned for giving up Christianity for Slavery. I add, that, if American Slavery is, as tho fa mous Johu Wesley called it, ' the sum of all villunies," then it is oerti^iply a very poor bar gain to exchange Christianity for it. Sir, this doctrine of the Administration that huuiau enactment* are paramount to Divine law, and that tho Divine authority is not to be allowed to prevail against human authority, is a doelriue as perilous to man its it is dishonor able to God. In denying the supremacy of God, it annihilates tho rights of man. 1 ti urt, that a better day will come, when all men shall' be convinced, that human rights aro not to be secured by human cunning and human jug gles. but solely by tho unfaltering acknowledg ment of the Divine power. Tina crazy world is intent on saving itself by dethroning God. But, in that better day, to which I have lefer red, the conviction shall bo universal, that the only safety of man consists in leaving God upon His throne. To illustrate tho absurdity of this atheistic doctrine of tho Administration, we will sup pose that, by a sfatuto of Turkey, any persou, Hungarian-born, ought to bo kidnapped. Then, according to this athcistio d. ctrine, Capt. In graham had no right to rescue Kosz'a, for his kidnappers, in that case, were acting " under legal re-ttraint." Mr. Sollkm, of Maryland, Mr. Chair man, what is the question before the Hou<e ? The Chairman, (Mr. Orr, of South Carolina.) Does the gentleman from Maryland riso to a question of order ? Mr. SoLuaa. I do. 1 hi C hairman. What iq tho gontlnman's question ? ' Mr. Soilbrs. I w ant to know what is the subject before tho House ? Thk Chairman. The subject is the refer ence ot the President's Message. Mr. Soi.i.ers. The gentl-man from New York is making an Abolition speech, and I do not seo its relevancy to the question before the House. v Chairman, rho gentleman from New 1 01k is entitled to the floor, and he is in order. Mr. Smith. The gentleman from Maryland nays, that I am making an Abolition speech. 1 am : and I hope ho will bo patient under it I, in my turn, will b? patient under an Anti. Abolition speech. But J will prooeed in my illustrations of the absurdity of this atheistic dootrine of tho Ad m.nistration. What, too, if there were a stat ute of Turkey, declaring it right to kidnap any person, who is Auierican-born. Then, accord iOg td this oorrupt theology of tho Adminis tration, we should not be at liberty to re^ue &n American citizen. who might be kidnapped Jp 1 urkey. And what, too, if acting under human authority, or, in the language of the Administration, " under legal restraint," the people of oue of the Barbary States should kidnap Secretory Marcy. and even President Pierce hunstdf? then, also, according to this God-dothroning doctrine of the Administra tion, our hands would be tied ; and we should have no right to reclaim thiw distinguished men. The supposition, that such distinguished men can be kidnaped, ia not at*urd The inreat Cervantes was a slave in one of tho Bar tiary States. So, too, was the great Arag?. And it is not beyond tho p.tlo of possibility that even the great Secretary and the grout President may yet be slaves I am aware, that they, who stand np so stoutly for Slavery! and for tho multiplication of its victim-", dream not, that they theinsolvos can ever be it* vie urns. They dream not, that this chalice, which they put to the lips of others, can ever be re turned to their own. And, yet, even this ter rible retribution, or one st.ll more terrible than any, which this life can afford, may be the ret ribution of such stupendous treachery and en mity to the human brother hood. Little did Napoleon think, when, with perfidy unuttcra hie, ho had the noble but ill fiated Toussaint L'Ouvorturc carried across the waters, to perish I in a prison, " That ho hitn'Hf, than greatest among men. Should, in like manner, bo to goon eonveyetl Athwart the deep, * to p, rish, also, in a prison. In that great day (fur which, as it has Wen sublimely said, all oth^r days were nutd*) when every man nball ?' receive tho things done in his l**ly," let me not bo found of the number of th(?e, who have wii Idcd oivil . ffi u? to bind and multiply the victims of oppression. When I witnemthe tendoruy of jiovicr in human hands, be it civil or ecclesiastical. or any other power Jo such perversion, 1 shrink from passing it lew I, toi, might bo tempted to lend it to the oppressor instead of the oppressed. So lie turned ? says the wise man, " and conad ?red all thu oppreasions that are done under the sun j and liehold the tears of such as were op pressed, and they had no comforter: and on tho side of their oppressors there was power ? but they hsd no comforter." I proceed t > say, that this detestable doe trine of the Administration goes to blot nil I over that page of history, of which Americans aro so proud. I mean that page, which records the famous achievement of Decatur and his j brave companions in tho Mediterranean For it must be remembered, that the Algorine slave holders, who were *.> severely chastised, and j that, toi, notwithstanding, being tho ino*t icno I rant, they were the least guilty class of slave ; holders?I say. it must be remembered, that ; these Algorine slaveholders aoted under hu man Government, or, in tho words of the Ad ministration, "under legal restraint;?' and weTe. therefore, according to tho wisdom of the Administration, released from all obligation to do nr.to others, as they would have others do unto theno ; and were at entire liberty to en slave Americans as well a* other people J add, that this blasphomous doctrine of th" Administration leaves unjustified, and utterly condemns, every war, which this nation has waged i lor every su.ih war has been against a people acting under tlie authority of their Gov ernment, or, in the languago of tho Adininis tration, " under logal restraint;' What if our enemy, in fighting against us, was guilty of fighting against God ??was guilty of trampling under toot the D.vine law ? Nevertheless, ae cording to the sage fetching* of tho Adminis tration, his guilt was overlaid with innocence, * Roger*'* Italy from the fact that he was "acting under legal rwtraint." Surely, it will nut be pretended, that our transgressions of the Divine law are excused by our " legal restraint," uiid that the like transgressions, on the part oi' otherfi. cau not be excused by the like cause. Surely, if we may put in the plea of ''legal raetruint" against Divine lawn, so may others. Alas, what a disgusting spectacle does tlie Administration present, in its deliberate cor ruption of the Bible for the guilty purpose of sparing ho abominable and vile a thing as Sla very ! Alan, what a pitiable spectacle of self degradation does this nation present, in choos ing such an AdiniuistrutioD, and in remaining patient under it! And how rank, and broad, and glaring, is the hypocrisy upon the brow of this nation, who, whilst her teet are planted on the millions she has doomed to the horrors and agonies and pollutions of Slavery, holds, nevertheless, in one hand, that previous, Heav en sunt volume, which declared, that (Jod " hath made of one blood all nations of men, for to dwell on all the fuoo of the earth;" and in the other, that emphatically American pa per, which declares, that " all men are created equal! " And how greatly is the guilt of this nation, in her matchless oppressions, aggrava ted by the fact, that she owes infinitely more than ever did any other nation to Christianity and liberty and knowledge ; and that she is, therefore, under infinitely greater obligation than was over any other nation to set an example, blessed.in all its influence*, both at home aud abroad ! Other nations began their existence in unfavorable circumstance*. They laid their foundations in despoLisra, aud ignorauoe, and superstition Hut Christianity, and liberty, and knowledge, waited ujmn the birth of this na tion, and breathed iuto it the breath of life. My hour in nearly up. and 1 will bring my remark-* to a cIomv Alter all, the Administra tion hai done us good service, in attempting to qualify the Divine coiuuntud, to do unto others, as we would have others do unto us; for, in attempting to do this for the sake of saving Slavery, it has, by irresistible implication, ad mitted. that the command itself requires us to '? let the oppressed go free " This precious law of God contains, as they are wont to ini-int, ample authority for all the demands of the Abolitionists?that despised claw-i of ni'in, to which 1 am always ready to declaro, that I belong. Hence, the Adminis tration, in quoting this law as tho great ru!e of conduct between men, has, in no unimportant sense, joined the Abolition'mta. I say it has quoted this law?this naked law. 1 say so, not because 1 forget the words with which it at tempted to qualify the law, but because, inas much as the law, which Gi)d has made abso lute, inau cannot qualify, these qualifying words fiill to the ground, and leave the naked law in all it* force- I admit, that the Admin istration did not quote this law for the sake of in am testing its union with the Abolitionists; for, yet a while at leant, it expects more ndvan tage from its actual union with the slavehold ers than it could expect from any possible union with the Abolitionist*. No; the Administra tion quoted this law for the sake of serving a purpose against Austria; aud it flattered itself that, by means of a few qualitying words, it could shelter Slavery from the force of the quotation. Hut, in this, it fell into a great mistake. Do great-r mistake, however, was in presuming to quote ibe Bible at all. The Ad ministration t-hould have been aware, that the Bible is ? holy weapon, and is therefore fitted to Anti-Slavery, instead of pro-siaveiy, hands. It should have been aware, that it is more dangerous for pro slavery men to undertake to wield tVis weapon, than it is for children to play with edge tools. The Bible can never be used in behalf of a bad came, without detri ment to such cause 1 conclude, Mr. Chairman, by expressing the hope, that this egregious blunder ol the Admin istration, in calling the Bible 'to its help?a blunder, by the way, both as ludicrous aud wicked a* it is egregious?will, now that the blunder is exposed, be not without its good ef fect, in the way of admonition. 1 trust, that this pro-slavery Administration, and, indeed, all pro-slavery parties and pro-slavery persons, will be cffeotually admonished by this blunder to let the Bible entirely alone, until they shall have some better cause than Slavery to serve by it. CLKVKUNBV ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CEUTURY. New Edition. EC. 1 J. BIDDLE, No. ? South Fifth street, ? Philadelphia, have recently published a new, stcreotypo edition of Enplifih Literature of tkc Nineteenth Century, On the plan of the author'* " Compendium of Knglish Literature,'' and supplementary to it. Ibjeigued for college* and advanced elaMM in schools a* wo' a* for private reading Hv Charles L>. Cleveland. The "Compendium of English Literature," by Prof. Cleveland, comiirisos biographical sketches and se lections from the wriiings of Knglish author*, from tho fourteenth to the eighteenth century, chronologi cally arranged ; together with eopioo* Note*, explan atory. illuatrative, Ac. Thn volume now advertised, which i* arranged on the -ame plan n? the " Com pendium comprise* in its list of author* such as flourished in the eighteenth century, b?t ttnH in the present; together with those strictly of tho nine teenth century, whether lit ing or dead. Thn present edition of ' knglish Literature of the Nineteenth Century " eontains biographical sketches and sclontiun* from the writing* of one hundred and sis authors, thn name* of tweiity-soven of whom did nr.! appear in the table of contents of the former edi tion , together with many improvements throJghout the volume Prof. C's two volume* of English Literature are now extensively used i.s text-hook* in colleges, acad emics, and the higher cla** of seminaries, throughout tho United State'. The following opinion < relative to "Engl.* i Literaturo of the Nineteenth Century," ar* *olected from a large number equally commenda tory of the work From Prof? t haunrry A. Got?inrh, D D., of Yv/r Collrif' '? I consider Prof. Cle . eland * ' Engli*h Literature , of thn Nineteenth Century ' tin appiopiisto *o<juel to 1 hit 'Compendium ' Thn author ua> *h?wn tho cams jo*t nnd delicate appreciation of literary excellence 1 in thi*. a* in tho f rmcr volume; and, a* it reache* i down to onr ti.Bis, it will be 'till more intere*ting to | a l*t|(< portion of the public, and especially to the I young Few inirsonscin understand what an amount I of rraiing, thought, nice di*<'rimin:ition. and lalwiri ' on* cm dentation of knowledge, nre requisite to the 1 production ol'nch a work . and jn?t in profmrtion a* I men toil more extensively in thi* field, will be the \ e*timiile ihsy will pu*. upon this result of the author's j labors."' Fri. m (reorfft /]. Etnrr ">n, Km/ , if 1 in ft an. " I have oxmniiicd yonr ' English Literature of iho j Ninftwnth Century," and I like it exce?dingly It i* extremely w?)l and fairly t!one. The biographical I notice? nre just and discriminating . and, while th?y | are long enough to gritify the cariosity we have to t kmw something of 411 author, t>ey are mi spirited a? : to awaken a de#iie to know more. The selection* arc ndmirjhlc. I have adopted the work a* a t*xt noik for mv first c'as*. every individual of which is" now prrpiring. under its guidance, to give a filler account of the writings of some ono ehoson author " From K11. 11. P. A i/ilr hilt, I) D.,of Cincinnati " t have exfnninrd wiih much car*, and still great er pi01 *iire, and I trait, not a little profit, your ' English Literature of the Ninetec-ith Csntu *y. * * fl 1*, I lielisvs, thn nrhrst rt?//rrtioii nf grim in | our fnnsrnnpr. Tbrre is noihin* in it I would omit, : *nd y?t it it not too large for ;?ojm/nr use CoisH- ? , ering th* very hriel limit* to wt-ieh >ou were obliged to confine yourself, I am surprised ai the fnI nef? and | lichness of your blograpliicnl details. Your most difficult, and deli -ate task, however, **? the critical J judgment to he pissed up n each author, and here I think yon have been very nnppy discriminating nnd Jilt, and yet kind. * * Hut I would feel lhat whnlerer 1 ha?e sriid about the volume, however 1 true, ought to be considered as of little worth, could F not add?-as I cheerfully do -r-a *trn g testimony to ! its high moral toiie and eminently Christian spirit. The general reader c in not fail t<; be Interested, the . student profited, th? scholar delighted, and ihe man ' of piety plea?ed, a ilh your ' KngVh Literature of the ! Nin?tesnt,h ('eiitury ' ' For saio by the pu^lis'iers, at Philidolphia; hy C. ' M Saxt'n, New York; Phillifi*. Sampson, k Co. Hoa on : Cnshings k ltailey, llalti note; John R. Steel, Ni>w Orlean*; H. W Derby, Cincinnati. J?w ott .t Co , Cleveland, and by booksellsrs generally. Jan 2-2d2w ? , BY TELEGRAPH. Explosion of a Steam Hotter.?Probable Lous of L'fe. Baltimore, January 2, 1854. The boiler in Charles E Rhinehart's exten sive Machine Shop and Plane Manufactory Grant street, exploded thin morning, in conse quence of the pipes beiog frozen. The building was shattered to atoms. Seven of the work men wero seriously injured. Four of them are so awfully mangled that there id no hoptH of their recovery. Moot of the wounded workmoa are poor men, with families. Steamer Glasgow. Ntcw York Januoy 1, 1854. The steamer Glasgow, f <m G.ae^ow, hna arrived. She left on Nov. 17. and spoke the Asia on the 30tb. Steamer Black Warrior. Nkw York, January 1, 1854. The Bteamer Blatk Warrior lias arrived from Havana. Her dates are up to the 27ch November. No news of importance. The isl and wan healthy and weather fiae New Year's Day. Nkw York, January 2, 1854. The determination of the peoplo to keep thia as the holyday of the uew year ban canned an universal suspension of business here. With us, New Year's day is spent in making calls > upon friends. Acquittal of Rioters in Cincinnati. Cincinnati, January 1, 1854. All the Germans arrested last Sunday night", charged with attempted violence to M. Bedini, have been acquitted ; and the evidence t>how? the conduct of the police was outrageous and unjustifiable. Public sympathy is now with the Germ una, and the police are strongly de nounced. Gold Deposits and Coinage at Philadelphia U. S. Mint. Philadelphia, December 31, 1853. The deposits of gold at the Mint during the month of December were 84,445,000 againtit $3,336 981 during December of last jear. Th? total amount of gold deposited during the jear amounted to $53,373,552 against $51,066,276 the previous year. The total coinage for the year was $59,808,513.28; of which $51,888, 882 was in gold; $7,852,571 in silver, and 867,059 in copper. The total deposits of American gold at the Mint and Brooches, since the discoveries in California in 1848 may be briefly stated at two hundred and twelve mil lions six htinditd thousand dollars. The total coinage at the Mint during the month of Do-' ceraber was $4 306 631 46. BALTIMORE MARKETS. Baltimore, January 2 12, M. Fi.our?Howard street and Biltimnro City mills, held at $7.12 Wheat?prime white, 166 a 170 ; red, 160 a 164?4 000, bushels sold. Corn?prime white, 60 a 63 cents ; yellow, 66 a 68 cents?10,000 bushels Bold. Rye?80 a 83 cents. No change in other articles usually, silken of in the market. Change in Baltimore Marketi. Baltimore, January 2, 2^ o'clock. Floor?Howard street, 14,000 at $7.00, 9,000 at $7,061^, 2,500 at $7 \2% ; Balti more City Mills, $7 18^ arked. but no sale*. Ohio Railroad thares told at fifty-six to fifty, seven and a quarter. All Northern, Western, and Southern tele graphs partially cU-e<d on account of the holyday. News scarce I'KIISPKCTIIS (IP TilK NWHIBI INSIST " If any State doom* the retail nnd intornal truffle in ardent spirit* injurious to ita cititens, and calcu lated to produoe idleness. vice, or debauchcry, I m* nothing in the Constitution of the United Mates to prevent it from regulating or retraining the traffi-j. or from prohibiting it Altogether if it thinks proper.'1 Chirf Jn*tirt Tutu if. OX or before tho 1st of January, 1854, the Exoen the Committee ot the New York State Temjior. rnneo Soeiely will imtue the first number of a Month It Temperanee Journal, under the title of " Tint Pro hiwitiosist." Its 8izr.?It will he printed on a double medium sheet, making eight quarto j.nee?. of four columns to a page: and, oiclnding advertisements, each numb?.r will contain an amount of reading matter erjnal at least to that lurnishod by our larg< r-sised daily jour nals, or to that of an ordinary duodecimo volume o( 160 pages. Its Object.?To advoeate tho Cans* of Temper ance generally, an t especially the Legislative ProWl i tion of the Traffic in Intoxicating B?varag??, to pr.?. pare the minds of the masses for such Prohibition, by showing ita expediency and Neees-ity, r.nd to socorn, by all tho influence it may legitimate y exert, tl.s vigorous enforcement of Prohibitory Laws when ol? tainod. Ira Fifi.h.?Dealing with general principles. wilk arguments alike applicable to every community wh?y# the traffic exists and with fscts illustrative of the* arguments and principles, the paper will bo TSirlionnl in its spirit, in its scope, in its pnrposo. and, we trust, it will be National in its circulation and inflaenco. Sueh is our aim and expectation. We desire to see the Principle of PiOhihition established in State aft? r State, till it becomes the recognised |M?licy of the Na tion It is our ambition to bear a part in this greet work, and to this end The Prohi bitkwist is estab lished. not as the organ ot a society merely, but of a I Ohkat RicroR*i.*TOK> Movkmr.nt. Its Nb< rositv.?The existing Tomperancc Jour nals have little, if anv, circulation outside of the Tom* ! perance Ranks. Their price almost necessarily ro j stricts them to the friends of tho cause Twit P*0 1 iiiBiTlOMST is de?igned for circulation (instead of tracts) among the indifferent and tho hostile. For this purpo?e it i? put at a price so low as to cnnbls tho triends of Temperance in every school district, by i combined action anj at aVi in >on?id< rahle cxpoi.su, to place a copy in each family that will consent to ro eoive It. It* PatC*.?One copy for one year - . $0 L0 Three, to one address, one year 1 ? 0 Seven do. do. - - 2 t>0 And for each additional four copies, $1.00 will to I add id, for any quantity less than ttfty copic> For fifty copies to one address - ? $11 00 For Mm do. do. . 10 00 No subscription received for less than one voar, and in every case the order toast be accompanied by the money. The p?per will be under the general direction of the Executive Committee. who have roeeivi d ample assurances of literary aid from not n few of the ahle^ and most eminent writers in the Hmpcranco ranks throughout the Union. The work will be stereotyped, ami back nu uben can be supplied to new snbscribf rs at any time dnrirg the year. All ordor* should bo addressed to 0. Scovill, Pub lishing Agent, Albany. Communications for the paper, or in relation to tbs interests of the cause generally, should bo directed to Wm II. Bnrlaigh. Corresponding Secretary. In behalf of the New ^ ork State Temierancc S" oioty KHWART) C. ItRLAVAN. President. Kimttivr Cow mitt it.? Ilenrj Mandeville, ltcubea II Walworth, John O. Cole, I. N. Wyekoff, Willia.o Richardson. Kilgar It Pay, Mermon Caisp. B. P. Sfaats, Oliver Scovill. The Committee request all editors in thff \Jni tod States to give tho above one insertion in their columns. To all who comply with tins request, we wi I send the Prohibitionist for one year, in than! an exchange, unles* they ehoo?e to add to our obligating by sending thoir papers aVso, which would, of eeurs% be nn?st thankfully received Jan. 5?dtf ? V 1 11 F RAM.. ("1HASF. A BALL, Attornsy and Councilors at J Law, Cincinnati, Ohio, pffsciiee. 11 the State Court* of Ohio, in the Circuit and Disl-iet Courts of the United St ?trs in Ohio, and in the Supreme Court of the United States at Ws'hingtoi. Jan. 6