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TU?) Daily Nctionul Era ii published every even iug, and contain* (be reports of (he proceedings of CouKru-u up to three o'clock. The Office of Publication in oil Seventh street, be tween D and E. Daily paper, for term of eight months ... $6.00 Half* of AJvrrtitiug in Daily. One square, (ten lines,) one insertion - - - to 50 P?. do. three insertion! ? - 1 "0 Do. do. one woek .... 1.60 Do. do. two weeks .... 2.50 Do. do. one month - '' 4.00 Do. do. two months.... 0.00 Do. do. three months . - ? 8.00 A liberal discount for long advertisements, and to those who advortiso for a longer time. 1 WASHINGTON, D C. AMI8TAD CLAIM. History of the Case ; Decision of the Justiciary ; Comity of the various Departments of Gov ernment / Construction of Treat its ; Imiv tj Nations ; Natural Rights of Persons/ Duty of All tocSusiain the Doctrines on which our Government was Founded. SPEECH OF MR, GIDDINGS, DiiiflKEP in Committee or tiik Wholr House on the President's Mesbaoe, U>: ckmbkr 21, 1853. (concluded.] I, sir, as an bumble member of th? body ami a Representative of the People, protest against this diarcspect which the President manifest* towards that co-ordinate branch of Govern ment. It is more than disrespectful for him thus publicly in his message, bo for n the world, to deny tho accuracy of that decision of the Supreme Court, and to call on us to rcverso it Nor does it beooiuc members of this body to Hit in silence when the Exooutivo thus attempts to overthrow the official action of the Judieiary. It is surely becoming eaoh branch of Govern ment to keep within its constitutional sphere It would be as excusable in us to withhold appropriations to pay officers of the President's appointment, whom wc deem unworthy, and thus control tho Executive action by compel ling him to make such appointments as we ap prove, as it would be to interfere with the solemn decisions of tbe Supreme Court. Ic would be as proper for us, by our votes here, to express our contempt for any act of the Execu tive within hid exclusive jurisdiction, as it is for the President to treat a decision of tho Ju dicial branch of Government with disrespect. Sir, the President has his constitutional sphere of datios; while he contines himself to that sphere, we are bound to respoot his acts. The Judiciary has also its constitutional sphere of action, and is to fce respected while acting therein. I will not oonsent to interfere with either; nor will I consent that either shall in terfere with our duties ; and when the Presi dent asks us to reverse the decisions of the Su preme Court, I will repudiate his suggestion. We are compelled to take this position. If the deoision of the Court be corrcut, we shall violate this Constitution by complying with his recommendation to pay those slave dealers for the loss of their anticipated speculations in human flesh. We cau, therefore, only comply with the President's recommendation by pro nouncing the deoision of the Judiciary errone ous; that the judges are inoompetent to the duties imposed upon them; and by saying to the world that we will corrcct the errors of that branch of Govornment, the Constitution to the contrary notwithstanding. But, in order to induce us to grant this ap propriation, the President informs us, that "its justice was admitted in our diplomatic corres pondem-e with the Spanish Government, asearly as 1847." And d tho President suppose us sent here to carry out the views of a Secretary of State ? Was .such Secretary authorised to speak for us??to commit the nition to the payment ot thesa Spanish pirate*, for the blo<>d and bones of freemen whom they were unable to enslave ? Mr. Chairman, I am frank to say that 1 am diiittkiai withthissuggestionof the Pres ident lu 1840 and 1841 this claim passed through all tho various courts, and was fully heard, considered, and passed upon, and by them declared to be unfounded and unjust. In 1847 a Secretary of State, endeavoring to subvert the power and influence of tho Judici ary, in his effi ;ial c irrespondence with a foreign Power admits this claim to bo just, which the Supreme Court had solemnly decided unjust ; th.srehy apparently bringing con tempt upon tho Judiciary, for maintaining what they regarded as the law of nations, the Con stitution of our country, and the rights of hu inanity. And that disreputable act of the Secretary of State is quoted aj uu authority to guide the independent R 'proaeu atives of this h ?dv in the discharge of their duties. Sir, with my whole soul I repudiate the proposi tion. Why, sir, does the President believe the Secretary of State in 1847 really constituted the brains of lh;s House? Was ho authorised to think fir us ? I have thousands of constituent# who are not bennath that Secretary of State in their estimate of moral and political duty; and 1 hesitate not in -aying that not oneof them, of any party, would advise mo to sustain this claim Nay, sir, they wouldcondemn me for suoh a vote. I am responsible to them, and not tj a politi cally repudiated Secretary of State, for my vote. Those constituents are tbe depositaries of power. They havs a right to demand that 1 snail carry out their views; but that Secre fary of State has no right even tb a*k an ex planstioii of any vote which 1 may give. Again, the President says that tins claim ban been reported u|sm favorably by committeos in both Houses of Congress. Welt, *ir, we are not sworn to act in accordance with the report of committees. I have shown the action of this whole body, repudiating this claim by an almost iinaniniiNis vole This the President did not see fit to bring to our view, but he has quoted the report of a committee as an author ity to guide us, while ho would seem unwilling that the action of tho entire l?ody upon full disouSKtou should have any influence upon our miudt. But I am willing to look into those reports to which ho refers. Th it of tlie Senate, I be lieve, was verbal?merely recommending the payment of SoO.OOO to those slave dealers Senators were too cautious to assign any rea sons for such recommendation. They proba bly recollected the advice of Lird Mansfield to a provincial judge, to st-ite what his judgment was na each case, but never to assign a reason for it. It is sometimes unpleasant to subjcct one's rcatonn to the w:rutiny of opponents; and ns tho Senate avowed no reason for their opinion, we are bound to suppo-e they had none to assign whioh Wits satisfactory to themselves. But the Committee on Koreign A flairs of this House werrf less cautious in thoir action, and iinpru- j dently, as I think, put their views on papwr. On tliat the President relies with much confi dence. and I will therefore ask attention to it. Having weighed the remarks whioh I intend to make upon that report, I ask the attention of tho Representative# from the Stateof Penn sylvania; and if I do injustice to the author of that report, who was a member from that State it will be their duty tocorroot me, and to vindicate him Sir, on tho firxt page of that report I find a grofs misrepresentation, a flagrant falsehood? one that is important in considering tho ease It sets forth that these negroes and the pchooner Ami-tad was taken p>?*e?*sion of by Lieut. Gedney on the 2fith August, A. D 1840, when the record of the District Court of the State of Coonocticut, and every newspaper then pub lished in that part of the oonntry, the history DAILY NATIONAL ERA. G. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. I % ? , ' VOL. I. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 4, 1854. NO. 3. of the timed, and our own reoolleotiou, shows that event to have occurred on tho 26th of Au gust, A. D. 1839, instead of 1840. On page 13 the report admits that they Wt-re landed at Havana on the I2ch June 1830, as the oourt decided, and then asserts that " they must have been fourteen months in Cuba " The apparent intentum of making tho false statement that they wore taken posses-don of in 1840 was to lay tho foundation of this false conclusion, that these negroes had heon iu Cu ba fourteen months, instead of sixteen Jays, as the testimony shows. YVero this assertion true, it would show that tho negroes had not been imported so recently as the oourt supposed, and would have led to tho conclusion that the judges may have mistaken the proofs on other points. But, to effect this object, it was necon sary to^ start off with a palpable falsehood. Why, air, a* heretofore stated, the claim of Montesc and Ruiz was filod in the District Court of Connecticut on the 29th August, 1839, being only two months and seventeen days from the time the negroes were first landed in Cuba, while tho report asserts th.it flioy wero four teen months in Cuba. Sir, I call the attention of tho Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs to this mis representation of his prede 'OHHor. I a*k him tn explain this flagrant falsehood, and show us how it ocourred. I, sir, entertain no unkind feelings towards the author ot that report, but wirely it is my duty to place these matters accurately upon the record of our debates, that those who come after us shall be able to understand this sub ject. And, sir, this is the report to which the Pres ident refers us for a guide?a report bearing upon its lace such obvious misrepresentations; and I will remark here, that, for this purpose, it is totally immaterial whether the falsehood was designed, or occurreu through the ignorance or inattention of the author; for put which construction ujvon it you please, and it will be acknowledged on all hands that the report is unworthy of oonfidence. It wero probably useless to follow this report further, for tho purpose of satisfying this body of its real character; but I see that this claim is to by* so long as the Slave Power has influ ence in this Government; and I desire to show our successors the statesmanship, the views en tertained by the author of this report, and now quitted by the President as an authority to guide intelligent members of this body in the discharge of their official duties. The report urgos that the "permits," to which I referred in the opening of my remarks, were conclusive evidence, showing these Afri cans to have been ' ladinos," that is, lee a! slaves This Committee will bear in mind that these certificate* wero given by the proper offi I oer, and showed that Montez and Ruii had i paid the duties requisite to authorize thorn to carry fifty-two legal slaves from Havana to Principe. But the idea that such permits were i evidence, to any extent, as between them and the negroes, or was even admissible testimony J to show that these negroes were slaves} is a proposition too absurd to require argument be fore any tribunal. Yet, when the author of this report goes further, and argues that these permit* were conclu\ive ovidenoe. and that no proof of fraud oould be permitted to show that Montes and Ruiz attempted to transport free men und r those permit-, instead of legal xbtv**, the position besoaies ridiouious, and sets all ar gument at defiance. The mere statement of the proposition is probably the most perfect refutation that can be given to it, andmjeh was the opinion of the Supreme Court. Vet this report gravely attempt* to show that the court erred in permitting evidence to be given that Montez and Ruiz fraudulently attempted to transport recently-imported Africans, under a perm.t to transport legal slaves. Now. Mr, if the dcoiwons of the Supreme Court arc to be questioned and examined in this body, [ insist it shall be done in a htylemore lawyer like and more scientific than has been doue in that re port. But the author appears to have been ap prehensive lhat this House and nation might recognise that well known principle of interna tional law, which has for ages existed and been acknowledged by all civilized Governments that no slave can he hr/J, as such, unthin the ju risdictton of free law*. Under this rule, when the Amistad arrived within our waters?when *he came within the jurisdiction of our laws? theso people were free, and would have been i Tree, even it held as slaves in Cuba, -agreeably to lier laws. | I will here add, that it is an admitted pruuu le, that the laws of every Government not ouly extend over all the harbors, bays, and rivers, of such nation, but tho jurisdiction of tho-o laws extend a marine league into the sea lima, when a foreign ship oomes within a ma I rme league of our Hhores, our revenue officers entor o.i board, examine her bills of lading and take all necessary measures to prevent fraud upon our revenue : our health officers go on board, and examine her bills of health; our pilots enter on board, conduct tho veswd into port, and demand their legal fees. In short, our laws take jurisdiction of the ship and crew Now, sir, when the Amistad oame within our jurisdiction, when our laws spread their aigis over tho people on bo.ird, it was a matter of course that those people wero as froo to go where they pleaded, sr were Montez and Ruiz Indeed, those Spaniards were themselves re Stored to lilnn-ty l.y the foroe of onr laWH: and the negroes, had they been held as legal slavo* in Cuba, under Spanish laws, woold have boon as fr?>e, the moment they oame within our ju rindiction, as wore Montez and Ruii This rule was recognised in Kngland during tho reign of Queon Elizabeth- and on the cmti font it was acknowledged and enforced, at even an earlier day, and, F think, was never doubted nor denied until tho- year 1840, when the Senate of the United Stirtdfe adopted resolu tions declaring 'hat a *hipdriven into the port of a friendly Power by stress of weather, or other unavoidable accident, carries with her the laws of tho Government from whenoe she sailed, and all tho relatiotiN of tho people on b ?ard, which existed under tho laws of mich Government. In other words, tho substance of tho resolutions was. that a slavo ship, when driven into a friendly port by stress of weather, inay hold her ulaven in the name manner as ?he would in tho port from which she sailed. The author of tho roi>ort quotes these resolu tions to show that the Spanish slave ship Amis tad had a right to oome into New London, or Now Yerk, and that, the slave dealers oould hold their slaves in such port, provided they had been legal slaves in Cuba; oould flog them, cant overboard the sick, or shoot down the re fractory, as they would in the "middle pas Now, air, theso resolutions were manufac tured to order. Tho American slavo ship 14 En t?:hprise ' nailing. I think, from Charleston in 183 4, was driven by stress of weather into ' I'ort Hamilton," in the island of Bormuda. The ease w w entirely different from that of the Amixtod, for tho reason that the slaves on board the Enterprise wore held under the laws of Sonth Carolina, as legal slaves,- but when they came within the jurisdiction of British laws. they were of course fret*, and went in pursuit of their own happiness. When the Executive of the United States, ever alive to the interest* of the slave trade, called ou the British Minis ter for indemnity, this rule of international law was reforred to, and the payment promptly re jeoted Thin left the slave merchant* romediletK But a distinguished Senator trom tho South endeavored to avoid the difficulty, by intro ducing resolution* to change, to modify, and repeal the law of nationa, ho far an to make it conform to the interests of tho slave trade It b true that every Whig Senator, North of Ma son and D xon's line, save one, Hod from the Sen ate Chamber; they dared not vote" either one way or the other. I speak of those gentlemen with reject; but it is due tj them, to this body, and to the country, that I should apeak frankly, that facts should go down to poster ty as they transpire around us. For us to do otherwise, would ho to deceive those who shall succeed us. The resolution* wore passed by tho unani mous vote of Southern Senators and Northern Democratic Senators, with one Northern Whig. He was from Rhode Island, and I honor him for his bolduess in placing his name on record in favor of that uio.st singular attempt to ohange the law of nations I like to see men bold even in their crimes. It looks us though ihoy might be honest even in tho perpetration ol' their iniquities. The resolutions were carried, and Senators slopt more soundly. But lo, and behold! the next day tho sun ro?e in the East aud sot in the Wo?t, precisely as it had done since its creation. And the next storm which swept [ over the Atlantic, drove British, and French, and Swedish, and Russian vetsels into our ports. When they came within the jurisdic tion of our laws, they yielded obedience to them- indeed, our own officers did not appear conscious that these resolutions had ever been passed. And 1 doubt whether an officer of any foreign port in the civilized world has yet board of their existence. Vet this report ean find no better arguments, no better grounds on which to recommend the payment of this money to the slave dealers, than those v resolu ?ions of tho Senate, which have been regarded by the nation aud the world as the production, of an overweening anxiety to suppoi t tho slave trade; resolutions which I do n >t hesitate to say, have never been reoognised by the lowest officer engaged in our own revenue service. And, sir, are we, the representatives of the pooplo, to be guided by them in the discbarge of our duties? Why, sir, the very next year after the pas sage of these resolutions, the American slave ship '? Creole,'' with her cargo of human be ings, when within somo twenty-four hours' sail of New Orleans, was taktn possession of by tho slaves on board; and when one of the slave merchants attempted to reduce thom to subjection, they laid him low in death, just as ou, Mr. Chairman, would have done, had you een in their nlaoe; just as I would have done, and as any other man, who has the heart of a man, would have done. Thoy took tho ship .into the British port of Nassau, and bo soon as they oame within the jurisdiction of British laws they were free. This report says that our Government re quired their surrender, and quotes that requi sition of a slaveho.'ding Executive, as evidence of the law of nations, and proper to guide us in the discharge of our duties. Surely I need not my to this Committee that when the letter of instructions from our Socre | tary of State to our Minister at London was I published, its doctrines wore denied on this ! floor by resolutions presented to this body. It j is true that the humble individual present i ing them was driven from his seat fi?r that I avowal of truth, but the public press spoke ibrth its denunciations of that letter, and its doctrines so abhorrent to American ' liberty, j Tho popular sentiment of the nation condemned them ; but the author of tho resolutions, which denied the doctrine of that letter, survives ! His presence in this hall to-day is a living con : tradiction of the sentiment and the doctrines of the Secretary of Stato Why. sir, the Sec rotary himself recoded from his own position Tho demand on the British Government was suffered to sleep. Neither Whig nor Demo cratic party has sinoo renowed the demand And although Mr. Webster again came into the offi of Secretary of State, under tho late ! Administration of Mr Fillmoro, I have yet to learn that he ever renewed the demand, or that he or any other Secretary of State has yet reasserted the doctrines of that letter. Vet this demand^ which was so suddenly aban i doncd, so universally condemned by the public tress and by the people and statesmen of tho 'nitod States, given up by its author, and dis i carded by every Administration since 1842, is q loted as an authority to icuido us on tho sub jejt of paying for these Africans. Sir, I will spend no moro time on this report than to say it assails our courts of just oe, charges the judges with ignorance, dercliotion of duty, with being swayed by popular sentiment, and con tains a labored argument in favor of Slavery I and the slave trade. I have now cxaminod the facts and argu : ment* of this case in a very briel and hurried manner, and will for a moment look into the ohjocts and policy of those who advocate its payment. Mr. Chairman, it is very properly asked, why does the President thus exert his influence in favor of Slavery ? What object has ho for so doing ? What motive stimulated the author of this report ? What was the design of the former Secretary of Stato ? What feelings prompted the Senate to pass tho resolutions I referred to? I answer, the same motives which have prompted oppressors in all ages of the world. It is that desire of man whioh his ever prompted men in power to se?k self-aggrand iiet?ent by degrading their lellow men. Why do men in tho slave States hold their fellow mon in bondage? Because it gives them pecu niary and political power. Why do Northern men lend tneir influence to continue the slave trade in this District? Because it secures to them the favor of the Slave Power. Why, sir, I recollect that this body a few years since adopted resolutions whioh, if curried out, would have abolished the slave trade here. A motion was made to reconsider the vote by which they wore adopted. Tho motion prevailed, by the aid ofaomo twenty-seven Nortnern Whigs, who thus gave their influence to oontinue the slave trade. And within the neit six months, nearly one-half of those Whigs held appointments under a slave holding Executive, and were get ting rich upon the public Treasury. Why, sir, I need not inform the country, nor this body, that Exeoutive patronage is now made to depend upon tho degree of servility whioh the applicant for office manifests towards the "pe culiar institution." Scarcely sixty days have elapsed since an ediot was issued by the present Cabinet, or rather by a member of tho Cabinet, proclaiming the determination of the Exeoutive " to crush out " all who advocate tho cause of freedom. Now, sir, the efforts of those offioers to whom I have reforred, in favor of Slavery and the stave trade, are pub fix th with a disloct object; that in, the attainment .or ranintwanoe at' po litical placc ami power, by th? Mttrilioe of truth and justice, and the d' otrioo of universal equality of natural rights among men. The remedy is with the people, and I thank the President fur thus bringing the aibjeet before the nation. These nogroen, staud'uig upon th** deck of the Amistad, breathing the fro? air of Heaven, felt , the inspiration of their own iminiirtnlity im pelling them to vindicate their manhood, to j strike for liber ty. The President insists that ' they hod no right to do that. Wo sat that God ' had ondowed them with freedom, njid it was i their duly to regain it. They thought of their homes, their country, the loved *ten#w of their childhood, of parent*, of brothers iipd sisters, arid wives and children Prom all those they had been toru by ruthtasH violence.! Tliey felt the wrong which had lM?en perpotruled against them, against humanity, and n gainst God** higher law; and they ro,*e in vindication of that law on J of tho?e rights, and, thanks be to (J .d. they succeeded. But the report to which I have alluded, and which tho President commends to our imita tion, denounces thorn as " pirates and robbers" for that act; and, inasmuch us the courts de clared them to possess the right of maintaining their liberty, the President thinks we should overrule that decision, and that the people of Ohio and the other froo States ought to pay the piratical slave dealers tho value of their blood and bones aud sinews. Now, sir, on this proposition tho Free Democracy of this nation will take issue. We arc prepared to go to the country with it, to argue it before the people, to submit it to the decision of that tribunal bofore which publio men are accustomed to tremble. We ask no favors at the hands of those who advocate this slave trade ; and 1 will frankly say to them, that! apprehend they will recede from tho position which the President has as sumed ; that they will not, dare sustain him But I will remind them that this example of the negroes on board the Amistad is exceed ingly dangerous to the interests of Slavery. And if Congre-s also maintains the doctrine of the Supreme Court, and insists that this Gov ernment was constituted to maintain the right* of all men under its exclusive jurisdiction to life and liberty, we of the free States will soon he exempt and purified from the crimes and guilt of Slavery, and the doctrines of the Free De mocracy?the doctrines of Jefferson and of the Congress of 1776?will be established firmly and forever. This, sir, is the great issue between the sup porters of Slavery and the advocates of Liber ty, and we are as willing to meet that issue on this Amistad case as ou any other subject Principles are uniform aud uuiversal, mid ; should guide statesmen in all oases. He who i holds 11 that all men are creatcd equal," will : never deny that these Africans wore clothed I with all the attributes inherent to our race; he who holds l< thnt all men are endowed by their Vreator with the inalienable right to liberty," will uevor vote to pay those Spanish slave dealers for their failure to enslave thobc to whom God had granted the inestimable boon of freedom ; ho who holds u that this Govern ment was constituted to secure the right of life, liberty, and happinessto the people, will nevor vote to prostitute its powers to encourage the slave trade, to maintain oppressionror diahtuor our race. VKOSPHTI * KOR ISM. I THE SATURDAYjEVENING POST. UNRIVALLED ARRAY OP TALENT. TUB Proprietor! of the POST, in again cominf be fore the public, would return th.i'iks for thegen eorus patronage which ha* placed them far inad J vance of *vory other litorary weekly in America and as the only suitable roturn for such free ami b<artj support, their arrangements for 1864 have been aada with a degree of liberality probably unequalld in 1 the history of Amcrioan newspaper literature. ?hey hare engaged. m contributors for the ensuing /ear, the following brilliant array of talont and geniul : Mrs. Houtkvxrrtk, Emerson Bennett, Mrs. Nni son, Grace Greenwood, and Fanny Fern, In the 8r*t paper of January noxt, w.- desigr com mencing an Original Novelet, written expre*ty for our columns, entitled THE BRIDE OF THE WILDF.KNFSS, By EMERSON BENNETT, author of ?'/tola," l "Clara Moreland," "The Forged Will," etc. This Novelet, by the popular author of 'Clara Moreland," we design following by another, ctlled THE STEP-MOTHER, By Mrs. MARY A DENISON, author of" Hon* Pie turoa," " Oertrudo Rusaell.' etc. We have also the promise of a number of i SKETCHES BY GRACE GREENWOOD, Whose brilliant and versatile pen will be almtst ex clusively employed upon the Post and her ow? 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DRESS PATTERNS. ? Infants and children's droHsns, with descriptions how to make them. All kinds of CROCHET and NETTING work. Now patternh for CLOAKS, MANTELETS, TALMAS, COLLARS. CHEMISETTES, UNDERSLEEVKS? with full directions. Every new pattorn, of any por tion of a lady's dress, appears first in the Lady's Book, as wo receive consignments from Paris every two weeks. THE NURSERY. ? This subject is treated upon frequently. - Godey's Invaluable ReceiptJ upon every Subject. Indispensable to every familr, worth more than the wholo copt of the book. MUSIC.?Threo dollars worth is given every year. DRAWING?This art caf be taught to any child, by a scries of drawings in efery number for 1854. MODEL COTTAGES.?fottage plans and oottage furniture will be oontinue</ as usual. SPLENDID STEEL .UNE AND MEZZO ? TINT ENGRAVINGS in every number. Theyjare always to be found in Godey. GODEY'S LADY'S |00K contains precisely that for wV-ich yon would ha/e to take at least three other magazines to get the s.fna amount of information. The Ltuij/'x Bool if a periodical literary treasure to the fair sex of America. Every lady should be a subscriber?every eitpen should see that it graces the table of his wife <r daughter. It i* a fountain of unexceptionably purt and instructive literature, and an unfailing source ?f the purest intellectual enjoy ment. Goaey adonfi for his motto, " Ii.vrt-1'wr ''? more elevated ; an/ his unrivalled enterprise is vin dieating its propriety.?Easton Clarion. TERMS. One copy one yean $3 Two copies one yeK ...... 5 Five copies one jear, and ao extra copy to the person sending pe club - - - - 10 Eight copies one/ear, do- do. do. ? 15 Eleven copies on< year, do. do. do. ? 20 Q^Godey s lady's Book and Arthur's Home Mngaxine will bcti be sent one year for (3.50. L. A. GODEY, No. 113 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, ftty Specimen! sent if desired. Dec. 22. AYER'j t'MKRR* PECTORAL, POd THK RAPID CITRK OF COUGHS, COLDR. HOARSENESS, BRONCHITIS WHOOPING COUGH, CROUP, ASTHMA, ANli CONSUMPT/ON. THIS reiueiy is offered to the community witE th? confidence we feel in au article which seldom (all* to realise the hapuluet effocts that can be desired Kr wI4? it the field ?>f Ha utfsliiM and so naaMr?u> the cases of iu cures, that almost every section of the country abounds in parsons, publicly known, who have been restored from alarming and even desperate diseases of the lungs by its use. When once tried, its superiority over every other medieine of its kind is toe apparent to escape observation ; and where iU virtue* are known, the public M longer hesitate what aati dote to employ for the distressing and dangerous af fections of the pulmonary organs which are incident to our climate. Nothing bu called louder Tor the earnest tnquirj of medical men. than the alarming prevalence ana fatality of conauinptive complaint*, nor baa any on* clan of diseases had more or their investigation and care. But aa vet no adequate remedy had been pro vided, on which the public could depend for protsctiot from attack* npon the respiratory organs, until th< introduction of the CHERRY PECTORAL. This ar tide is the prodnct of a long, laborious, and I kolievt successful endeavor to furninh ihe community witb such a remedy. Of this last statement the Aluerkai people are now themselves prepared to judge, and I appeal with confidence to their decision. If there if any dependence to be placed in what men of ever} class and station certify it has done for them j if w? can trust our own m nses when we see dangerous af feotions of the throat and lungs yield to (t, if we can depend on the assurance of intelligent physicians, whc make it their business to know, in short, if there i> any reliance on anything, then is it irrefutably proven that this medicine does relieve and does cure the clast of diseases it is designed for. beyond any and all oth ers that are known to mankind If this be true, it cannot be too freely published, nor be too wideU known The afflictad should know it.. A remedy that cures is priceless to them. Parents should know it: their children are priceless to them All should know it; for health can be priced to no one. Not only should it be circulated here, hut everywhere? not only in this country, bat in all countries. Ho* faithfully we have acted on this conviction, U shown in the fact that already this article has mad* the circle of the globe. The sun never sets on itt limits No continent is without it, and hut few peo pies Although not in st general use in other nalioni as in this, it is employed by the more intelligent in altuost all civilised countries It is extensively e?u ployed in both Americns- in Kurmie, Asia, Africa AtiKtralia. and the far o(T island* of the sea. Life it as deatLto its possessors t here as here and they gras] at a valuable remedy with even more avidity. I'n like most preparations of its kind it is an expensiv* com|>ositii>n of costly material. Still it is afforded to the public at a reasonably low price; and, what is of vastly more importance to them, its quality is nevei suffered to decline from Its original standard of ex cellence. Every bottle of this medieine. now nmnu fa<-lured, is as good as ever has been made heretofore or as we are capable of making No toll or cost it spared, in maintaining it in the best perfection which it is possible to produce Hence, t te patient whc procures the genuine CHERRY PECTORAL can relj on having as good an article as has ever been hod bj those who testify to its cures By pursuing this course, 1 have the hope of doinp some good in the world, as well as the satisfaction of belifeving that much has been done already. Prepnred by J C. AVF.K, 'hernial, I.awell, >la?? Keld la Wn?Mngten by /.. It. <i||,.YIA.1, and t?v all Oragglsts and llmil'n in Medicine e*ervv?Kerr RHhlKF IN TEN MINUTES.'.' BRYAN S PULMONIC WAKKRS are unfailing in the cure of Coughs, Colds, Asthma, Bronchi tis, Sore Throat, Hoarseness, Difficult Rreathing. In cipient Consumption, and Diseases of the Lungs. Thoy have no taste of modicine, and any child will tnke them. Thousands have been restored to health that had before despaired Testimony given in hnn dreds of cases A single do*e relieves in trn mtrt'tte*. Ask for Bryan's Pulmonic Wafers - the original and only gennine is stamped " Biyan " Spurious kinds are offered for sale. Twenty Ave cents a box. Sold by dealers generally. J. BRYAN A CO , Roch ester, N. Y , Proprietors. Wholesale by R S. T CIS SEL, Druggist, Oeorgetowo, D. C.. and C. WISE MAN, Druggist, Baltimore. Oct. 20?.Itni VIMTI*? AND WKODIttM CARD*. UPON the receipt of TWO DOLLARS, by mail, the subscriber will .immediately forward, free of postiige, a pack of fifty Visiting cards, with the name of the person wriitrn upon them in a style which re quires the closest examination to distinguish it from Wedding Cards, from fonr to Ave dollars per pack of fifty Samples will he sent to persons hy applying, postage paid, and enclosing a stamp Write the name plainly. Address Dec 19 - .it Seventh street, Washington, D C. 0>K THOIMA ><? AHENTK WANTRD. "*INE chance for young men this winter. Address Nov. * M. J. COOK, Crawfordsvilla, lad. I *1 t'OHTA ."IT OIW.'OV IRV! WM A. RICHARDSON, FARM NEAR WASHINGTON FOR SALE. TI1K subscriber offers for sale his Farm, situated about five miles t'roui Washiugton, D.C., in Prince George s county, Md. It contains 178J acres, more than .10 of which is a lino alluvial meadow, producing a ton and a half of hay to tho aero, but which un der improvod cultivation would produce at least two tons. IIay sells in tho Washington market at from $15 to $3(1 per ton. About four acres of tho place is a marsh, covered with several lout iu thickness of black mirth, the result of docaycd vegetation, wbiuh, properly composted, is a source from which the up land may bo enriched at a reasonable cost. About 60 acres of the farm is woodland?growth principally oak and chestnut. The land, except the meadow, is undulating, and affords many beautiful sites for build ing. There are many springs of exoollent water on the place, and it is noted lor its healthfulness. Tho soil of the greater part of tho upland is a sandv loam, underlaid by clay?ill some places, day predomina ting; About 75 acres could be divided into small gar dening farms, giving nearly an equal quantity of wood and arable land to each. There is an orchard ef 150 peach trees and 60 apple trees on tho place, all bear ing. The farm is well fenced. Tho buildings are?a log house of four rooms, with a frame addition of three rooms, a moat-house of sun-dried brick, a log kitchen separate from the dwelling, a corn-house, stable, car riage-house, Ac. There is a stream of water running through the place, with sufficient water and fall for a small mill. Price, $50 per acre. Terms?one-third cash; a long erodit for the residue, if desired; or, it would be exchanged for real estate in the city ot Washington. Address MAHTIN BUEI.L, Washington, I). C. Fifty acres, about half of which is woodland, and which could be divided into three gardening farms, with woodland and a beautiful building site to each, would be sold separately. Or, if preferred, I jwill sell the other part of the farm, on which are the buildings, orchard, and meadow, which cannot be conveniently divided. M. B. FARM FOR kU?. LL bo sold at private sale, that well-known Farm lying on Seventh street Plank Road, in Montgomery county, Maryland, about eight milts from Washiugton city, containing 371$ acres, more or less ; about 100 in meadow, 100 in wood, and the balance (172J) in elearod fields. The Farm can be divided into several, giving a fair proportion pf wood and meadow land to caeh. The whole Farm is well watered, sovoral never-failing streams passing through it. The fencing is good, -ami there is a large quautity of chestnut timber in the woods, suit able (or a further division of the fields. In point of health, beauty, and location, it is not surpassed by any farm in the State of Maryland. It has always been remarkable for its beauty. The dwelling contains eight rooms, kitchen, pantry, Ac., garret, cellars, Ac., all surrounded by n neat paling, with a pump of good water in the yard; barn, sta blo, and other out houses; good spring-house, with a never-failing spring ot delightfully cool water at t ached. Servants' quarters for as many hands as would ever bo necessary on tho Farm. A good applo orchard, and some excellent peach 08, pears, cherries, Ac. The road being now of tho very best character, produce from tho Farm and manures from the City can be hauled at any and all seasons of the year. This property will be sold twrnty-five j*r runt. cheaper than any other property on the road bo tween it and tho city. With an ordinary horse, it is not more than an hour's drive to the city Any communications addressed to CIIARLES V. GORDON, Washington, D. C., will receive atten tion. .. Dec. 15?fitoow THK OHIO PAHMKR FOR IfiM, THIS elegant and popular Weekly Agricultural Family Newspaper will commence its third vol ume on the 1st of January, 1854. It will be illustra ted with numerous engravings of Domestic Animals, Farm Buildings, Farm Implements, Trees, Shrubs, and all the important affairs connectod with Horti culture, Agriculture, and Stock. Each number will contain, besides Foreign and Domestic News, selections from the most interesting Publications of the day, Stories, Wit, History, Biog raphy. Poetry, Essays on various subjects. Market Report* of Cleveland. New York. Cincinnati, Ac. In short, nothing wiUf be loft aniiew* may be thought nceewuury to render " The Ohio Firmer '? thr host Familr Paper for the Farmer, Gardener, Me chanic and Stock liroeder, that is published in the Unitod States That the circulation may bo general, we have made the terms low. TV/ m*. ?One copy, $2; three copies, $5; five cop ies. $H , ten oopics $15; twenty copies, $25; and at the same rate for six months. Address THOMAS BROWN, Proprietor, Cleveland, Ohio. H7~ Editors friendly to onr enterprise, who will copy the above advertisement, and send s paper marked to as, shall have the Farmer the coming year, with or without an exchange. ' l>cc. 22- 4t PATRIOTS. ZC. HOBBIN8, Attorney for Procuring and D?> ? feinling Patent". Waahington, O. C , make* Kx animation* at tha Pa(ent Office, prepare* Itrawinft ?lid Paper* Tor Applicant* for Patent*, and can l>e eonaultrd on all matter* relating to the Patent Law* and decisions in thin and other countries He aim ?ontinuM to devote especial attention to arguing rrjrrttrf application* before the CominiMioner of Pa tent*, in which line of practice he ha* succeeded ie procuring a grest number of valuable patent*. Hi* tee for an examination at the Patent Office i* five dol lar* . for other service* the charge will he reasonable Reference cm he uinde to member* of Congress, or to hoee for whom Mr. R. ha* transacted business daring he r>?st fine ve?r* An* HBOHflK ? . JI I.I A!*, Attorney a rut Counsellor at Law, Centrexnlle, Indiana, "IT J ILL attend to the securing and oollecting of \\ claims, and all other business intrusted to hi* care, in th<> counties of Wayne, Randolph, Henry, I'nion, and Fayette, and in the Supreme and Federal Court* at Indianapolis. Dee 22 . ? im >.r, rung, kisi i i.\. 4 NI> Disease* of the G.nitul Organs, removed in a\. an incredibly short time. Invalids afflicted with the above complaint* can be successfully treated at No M Uroadway, between Second and Third streets, east *ide. Office hour* from ten to twelve o'clock. Dr*. W HIT FRMOIIK and STOCK WELL, Dec. 22. Cincinnati, Ohio. tli>*K\ HKK FKK1*. \NY per?on who will send hi* addrex*. and tine dollar in an envelope, post paid, t?> K JORDAN Newbury, Vermont, shall ha\e sent hint by mail, post paid, in retnrn a paper informing him ?1st, how to make four qualities of feed tor bee*. co*ting from 1 to A cont* per lb., front which good honey is pro dttced; 2d. ghing information how to n?e the feeil with any common hive, with drawer*; 3d. giving in formation how to prevent fighting and robbing while in th<> proces* of feeding Knowing that multitudes are desirous to obtain the above information, and that it ia more than an equivalent for the dollar asked, ro apology is nettled for this notice. Ple?*r send a gold dollar, or a current bill on aoine New Fngland bank, when Possible. Km 11 r, JORDAN ii ro. I, C, Mtm. SLOAN A IRVTNK. Attorneys at Law, No. 284 Main street. Cincinnati Ohio. Reference* l?r. Ooorge Frie*. Alexander II. Me tluffey, A. McKeniie, Oiaham A McCoy, Cincinnati. Ohio . Smith A Sinclair, Smith. Bawdry, A Cn.. Pitts burgh ; N 1? Morgan, Auditor of State of Ohio , Weo N McCnok, Attorney Ueneral of Ohio, Columbus, J <1. Hnssev, President Forctt City Bank, Hussey A Sinclair, Mason A Rstep, Cleveland. Dec l. CAIA RH LEY * hoi m M ANUFACTURERS and Importer* of Rritannia . Ware. Tea and Commanion Sets, Icc Pitchers, Ac , No. 109 Race or Sa?safra* street, above Third, opposite the White Swan. Philadulpnia. Dec. 1 ?ftia *. >1. p?rrrwuix * co., NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING AOINT8, ARf the agents for the NationnJ Km, and are autnor lied to receive advertisement* and subscriptions foi us at t he lowe?t rates Their receipts are regarded at payment*. Their offica* are at New York H2 N*? ?an street. '(utMl 10 <??te ste??t .Tnn? 14 A. ARNOin. PATF*T AHR*T, CIONTTNI'RS the business of furnishing Drawing*. ) Specific ations. Caveats, Conveyance*, ami procu ring Patents He attend* to all business usually re quired to bo transacted With the Patent Office. Mod el* forwarded by F.tpress, and letters containing a fee of five dollars, are promptly attended to. Peraom writing from a distance should give their town, conn ty, ana State, legibly. Refer to Hon. Thomas J. Rusk, Hon C. F .lame*, and Hon P Allen, U. 8. Senate. Itoo. 1?rttn ? ' T kit MS OF WEEKLY KM A. Single copy ? ? ,? $2 Ton copies .... $16 Three coptes - - . Single copy six month* I Five copied ... 8 Ten copies six mouths 8 Payment in advance is uniformly required. Rate? of AtJvtriiting ? Ten cent* a lino IV.r the first insertion, live cents a Tine for each subsequent one. Money to be forwarded by mail at our ri*k Luge amounts may bo remitted in draft* or certificate* of deposits. When money is sent, notes on the banks of Boston. New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, ure preferred. New England notes arc at less discount than New York But* notes, and thcne less than Western notes All communications to the lira, whether on busi ness of the paper or for publication, should bo ad* dressed to ft. BAILEY, Washington, D. C ?RANriUKI?mn.UlVASI) WO KM (IK E. THIS Institution bus been in successful operation three years, and its proprietor, having deroted twenty-five years to the management of th.* sick. is now enabled to judiciou?ly select, and skillfully np ply, such curative agencies us nra beM adapted to each case. Female distune*, in nil their form?, re ceive particular attention ; arid those even who h-ive been confined to their beds ft out one to twenty yer.r?, with spinal, uterine, or unomulous disease, are usmr ed that there is still hone for them We ospeuially invito such to corresnona with u?, its unrivalled suc cess has given uh confidence of their curability. De rangement of the norvous system, liver, and digestive organs, are generally relieved. Tetms, from $<i to (12 per week, according to helplesruess or the amount of care required. Address W. W BANCROFT. M !?.. Dec. 29. Granville. Licking co.. Ohio CLEVELAND WaTKR t lia. MlAHl.rSH? M fNT. THE above Establishment continues in sucwful operation during the winter as wall os summer. The number of patient* treated at the Establishment has been on the increaso from your to year, for the past six years, until the last season, when the do* mauds of the public fur exceeded our power to ac commodate thom. The increasing rapidity end pro portion of cures, from year to year, induces the sub scriber to believe that his enlarged experience nnd opportunities lor treatment give facilities to the inv <t lid raruly equalled. Diseases peculiar to females are treated with a suc cess and rupiiliiii of cure believed to he surpassed 1>y none^ . [Dec.8.) T. T. SHELVE, M. Jv FANNY BERN'S NKW BOOK Fuk THE HOI V n?i?. 20,000 ordered in Advance oj Publication Will be ready Monday, l?e.c Ath T ITTLE FERNS FOR FANNY'S LITTLE Ll FRIENDS. By the author of " Fern Leaves." One elegant lfiino; 800 pages; six Illustratior.a. Price 75 cents. The same, ^ilt edge, $1. Copies sent by mail, post paid, on receipt of price. Published by DERBY A MILLER, Auburn. N. Y. DERBY, 0RT0N, A MULLIGAN, Buffalo. For sale by all Booksellers throughout the United States and Canadas. Deo. 8?3t GEO. W. NEWCOMB, Attorney and Counsellor at Lav, Chicago, 111 WILL pay particular attention to collating busi ness in Chicago and vieinity.. Oct. 2<> PUBLISHERS' ANNOUNCEMENT! ELEVENTH VOLUME OF THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, THE LEADING Weekly Agricultural Paper of the Country rpHE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, a weekly JL Periodical ot sixteen large quarto pages, maki:>g an anuual volume of 832 pages of nearly double me size of those in tho first ten volumes of the Agricul turist. It is beautifully printed with type cast expressly for it, and on the host of dear whito paper, with wide margin, so that the numbers can be easily stitohrd or boand together. A copious Index is weekly added, which will b? fully amplified at the end of the year, for the bound work.' Comprehensive in its Character, Each volume will coi:lain all waiter worth record ing, which transpire* either at homo or abroad, and which can *orve to instruct or interest the Farmor, the Planter, the Fruit-Grower, the Gardener, and the Stock Breeder; thus making it tho moat com plete and useful Agricultural Publication of theduy. Comet and valuable Market Report*. The Markets will be carefully reported, giving the actual transactions which take placo from week to week, in Grain, Provisions, Cattle, Ac., thus keep ing our readers constantly and reliably advi*ed a* to their interest* During the past year, the knowlot^a obtained from tbeso Market Reports alone has saved our readers thousands of dollars, by informing them of thm beat bat* to a* J J ur pdi'bua Suck a Paper is demanded by the Farming Community. The publisher* confidently believe that the agri culturist* of thi* country are becoming too uu:h awake to the demand* of their own calling to bo longer satisfied with the slow monthly i?suo* ol a pa per professedly devoted to their interests, or to tni: t alone to the irronponaible extracts in a " farmer * column," *o popular just now in |>ap?rs chicfly devo ted to business, politics, or liteiaturo; aud they lo<k for the united support of all the intelligent farmers of thi* country in their continued effort to furnish a weekly paper of a high and reliable character, which shall be progressive, and at the same time cautious and conservative in all its teaching*. Essentially an Agricultural Paper. The Agriculturist will not depart from its legiti mate sphcro to eatcb popular favor by lumbering ?>p it* pages, with the silly, fictitious literature, ati.l light, miscellaneous matter of the riav , it has a high er aim; and a small part only of its space will l o devoted to matters not immediately pertaining to tb* great business of Agriculture The household as well as the out door work of the farm will rt-ceive a due share of atteution The humbugs and nostrun.* afloat in the community will be tried by reliable sci entific rales, and their worthlesenoss exposed. I; ia the aim of the publishers to ko?p this paper unl. r the guidance ol those who will make H a >tan ln>d work, which shall coinmanicato to it* reader* only that which is safe and reliable. An Independent Journal. The American Agrimhurru stauds upon Its own merit*; and the truthfulness seal, and ability, which it brings to t'-ie <upport of the interest* of the farmer. It is untrammeled by any collateral bufi nen connection* whatever. nor is it the organ of at.y clique, or the puffing machine of any man or thine. Thoroughly independent in all points, it* ample pa ges arc studiously given alone to the support ami im provement of the great agricultural class Editorial Department. The A mrric.j* Apriruliuitft is under theediton .1 supervision of Mr A H Allan, it* principal editir for the pa?t ten years, and Mr Orange Jtidd, A. M , a thoroughly practical farmer and agricultural chemist ? They will be as?i*;ed by Prof Nash who has been for a long time one of the tm>?i successful farmer* of New KngUnd. and i* now Agricultural Protossor ?-f Amherst College; Rev. Wiu CI ill, widely Jinown a t pleasing and instructive write' on gardening and other departments of practical agriculture, and. in addition Jo these, a number id othor eminent agri cultural writers. All the editors are men wactically experienced in their profusion, each of wlioui can 'handle the Ploy as well as the Pen. The Cheapest Paper in the country, of its char acter The American Agriculturist if supplied to regular ! subscriber? at acost of lest than four cents a n?ml.> , o| *iatevn larye pages; and to large club* for leu than two and a hall ccnU. Kach number will contain suggest ions for the treatment of soils, manuen, crop*, stock, Ac , which will often be worth to the reader more than the co*t of the paper for a yea' Specimen Copies. pj?ecimcn copies will be forwarded, gratia, to any one sending their name and post office addrem to the publisher*. Turks. Ac - The paper will be promptly issued on Worineedny of each week ami mailed to ttibaoriber* on the following liberal terms To single subscribers, at $2 a year?$2. To club* of three subscribers, at $1 ?7 a yoar?$5. To club# of five subscribers, at $1 AO a year?$h To clubs of ten subscriber*, at #1 50 a year?$15. To clubs of twenty subscribers, at $1 25 a rtar? $3 b. The money always to accompany the name* for which the paper is ordered. The Postmaster or other person sending a club of ten will be entitled to one extra copy grati*. The PoKtmasler or other person sending a elob of twenty or more, will be presented with an extra copy, and also a copy of tho National Magaxine, Scientific American. Weekly Tribune, or Weekly Time*, or any other paper or periodical in thi* city, not coating ore r two dollar* per annum. Subscriptions may be forwarded by mail, at tho risk afthc publisher*, if oncltwed and mailed ia tho presenoe of the Postmaster. Qy Communication* for the papor should he ad dressed to tho editor*; subscriptions, advertisement*, and all matters relating to tho bnsinoos deportment, should bo addressed to the publisher*, ALLkV k CO., Pec 33 IS? Wator street. New York.