For th* Natioasi Kr?.
A BHOTHE&'S &?00LLECTION OF AM ONLY
BY HAMV IHVINU.
I bad been ' out West" six years. Hoy
though I wua, when my father tailed, 1 oould
not separate hio honor from my own ; and (he
hopelessness and anguish of hi* bankruptcy
benumbed, for a little while, my own naturally
buoyant spirit 1 had hitherto been bound up
iu my books; school and home had been all
the world to me. And the two were linked
closely together by the.tender, judicious moth
er-love that kept watoh over my prcgrei? in
learning, sympathized with me at every step,
and assisted me through every labyrinth. My
heart hud always been an open page to that
mother. I oannot say that I confided every
thought to her, but rather that she read each
feeling, without the need of words to disclose
it. She was a frail, beautiful oroature, taking
a chill from everj cloud that passed over her :
too morbidly sensitive to be happy continually ?
but her happiest momenta were given to me?
her youngest, merriost, and best-beloved bey. !
Her youngest, I have said. She had another
son-?my grave, thoughtful, preoociously-mature
brother Eben. Perhaps she would have ex
pended a portion of her ovei flowing sympathy
upon him, if he had eeeincd to need it. But his
waa a silent, self-reliant character ; he stood
evenin the nursery, like a rook, moved neither
by frowns nor caresses from his calm, cheerful
straight-forward way. As he grew older, in
tegrity seemed the very essence of his spirit.
Wis keen nets of penetration, and excellent
judgment, made him an invaluable aid to our
dear father, whose affairs were already becom
ing involved in entanglement. The catastro
phe was averted, for several years, by the pru- !
denoe and indefatigable energy of poor Eben
then scaroely out of boyhood But the iutel- :
leot sapped the slender trame that sustained it
being taxed too heavily. Repeated attacks of
hemorrhage obliged him to leave the eounting
roorn, and finally to oonfino himself to his own
chamber, and, from that time, affairs went
down hill, with accelerated velocity.
But I, meanwhile, realised nothing of all this |
I was I tending every energy to the last year's
btudies of my academical course, having formed
bright plans for oollege life, upon which I hoped
to eater in a few months ?< Be first, or notli- j
ing! had been the motto, given by my moth
er a hfw, that had guided my career as a
school boy. Fortunately, possessing firm hfalth
and quit k powers, I suffered nothing from that
motto; so many have I since seen sacrificed
In attending upon Eben, and superintends*
my ttudws, compositions, &o., my mother found
?o full employment as left her little time to in
terpret my father's increasingly-clouded brow
He was moody, petulant; he who had always
been the soul of gentleness and generosity ?
whose very yieldingnew (if [ may cojn an un
graceful word) was the weaknet* of his charac
ter. She wept when he turued, asshe thought,
eoldly and irritably from the chamber of his
aick con; little thinking how, in comparison
with the anguUb of 8u*|>enso that was hourly
faekuig his nerves, the calm illness of Eben
aeemed a trifle.
That brother never coiuplainod, but grew
daily more gentle, nearer to our hearts and
sympathies, though still his own silent self
*?* ? '*,nn?> he asked occasionally to inspect
the ledgers, and they were brought to hiia.
but as he was invariably much worse after
such inspection, my mother?attributing his
uIbm to exercise of his mind in reckoning?
prevailed upon bia physician to forbid him the
night of accounts. Eben smiled sadly, but sub
mitted. We little knew what he foresaw
through the vista of those oolumna
I** ' ^ was the very
vJT-.TT'l.T* r?-r^Uy. if ,w .
n?y Won ?? by worktag for it?and sverr word
of my oration had been weighed in the balanoe
!?id iTSST" nUhe,r''''r'tical ??*?? How
oonld it fail to merit plaudit. * Ah! the fame
of ukool day is tomething far more pulse stir
ringthan the applause of half a world, to a
hearty grown old in the knowledge of that
ebLke!lnC tv? ^atf0rm with a burning
? throbbing brearf> to meet her whose
Jk.u i P tJ0 0,6 ID?P,r? me through the
and to lay my honors before her She
grasped my hand, and looked unutterable
i-yes^ future, from her tearful
My boy! make me always thus proud of
yoo had been her whisper, as she placed her
thZ JLV.V91' *? l^ome. All
~L J h,thcr Wo had lut thought in
:rt:;Tn(>: *word ?p?k?. i left ber
at^the door, to return and bid a schoolmate
J "irK10 the door I was
> m* LfX,k ?f th6 '"?*> who
2!^ iL I thought was of Eben,
^MVhat! is brother wone?" | asked, hur
that'J?mand.-d; but seeing
that the creature was Uwildered, I pushed by
h?' tb<? dr*wing room There
k* 1*th'r? * couch, hands and face
barjsd from ?ght Beside him knelt my
' ?*rPet' With booDet ?nd 1
EST? TIT* er' wnn*inK her gloved
mr?T SlIT*' yet "^"Kglicg evidently to
ber feelings, and to give some comfort
to the crushed spirit at her side
Ralph 1 she whitpered, nervously,
?M^wiing open the wide door*: "your fa
"< "'V* ' ' inquired, quickly.
'Oh, no! no! but"
in. h!7?L~T,k* ?7 faiber hoarsely, uplift
J ? look
hairttirIT U,r"U5h ihe
lar\d/ "to " "y" w art '?*
kaLd100^ T A500* mother waved her
aaad io distre^ed entreaty, and 1 went out
Jy*" ?*; Th? Arm of Lincoln k Co. ha l
?ra*. "A wret-h
* P*P?rii of the next day,
ao las. startling than distres?ng in ito cw'
wqwaoas to rich and poor." Every person un- J
dsrHands (be oonfnsion, debt, and disgrace (\
? failure stigmatiMd as " wretched."
. ?,*"?*? knowing why, to the rooa.'i
of Kbea He eat, apparently as calm as ever,
????jag bw aaad oa his hand, supported by
, ?*" ?'kair. But as he with
draw the haiulkerchief he had been holding to
^j2TOD8 *? h'" ?? alarm. Great
WOfe w fresh bh>od rolled down upon his
snowy linea. I asnisted him to the bed, and
waald have rung for aid, bathe restrained me,
tu V ? P,,;di^ "hwh 1 *>im.
brft?? ,h? "?l?*?ce <* |he few following mm
mmfm by a deep whisper?
- ' I *"? it has come !" *
a i i brother, yon must not."
? ' """j Ralph ; I am going to die! ^
Rben, brother ! no, indent!! You have had
MM* attacks often '
. "^"*1 that reason can liear no more, my
brotbsr Heaven gave me a strong frame,
baiJt fcis hi me its utm<?t, aod this crisis has
Me drew a frseh handkerchief across his |
JR. ' Fo?r f(k?ber ? poor mother'"
Do aot lb ink about them?keep calm, '
Mother bears it better th&u 1 should have ex
isted. She in trying to comfort father.
u Yea, she may bear the prospect of change;
but the reality of poverty?*hc who has never
known it?so excitable) ho feeble, what will it
l>e to her! And our father! broken, crushed,
under a mountain of debts that ho can never
1 throw off, unaided. Ohif strength wan in
these arms again! Hut it can never be!"
I And he dropped his thin bands hopelessly, yet
u Tell me what / oan do, brother!" I ex
I 11 aimed, resolutely.
A light dawneu in his dear gray eyes, as he
turned upon me.
" Will you do what you oan, Kalph ?" he
" May Heaven heur and help me, as I prom
ise!" 1 returned, solemnly.
" Do you comprehend what that promise in
v dvcH, dear boy?the giving up of your cher
ished pursuits, your plans for life ? "
"It the sacrifice wrench my heart-Btringa,
Kb an, it shall be made for our parents, to I
whom 1 owe all. Tell me what to do!"
Eben lay in silent meditation tor minutes.
At last he began :
" Whbt 1 would have done, Ralph, had this
failurd happened three years ago, and lelt me
in the he 1th you enjoy, with the wisdom I have
since sadly gained, I will untold to you; and
it muy in s< me degree guide your oourse.
'? 1 could not have given myself more en
tirely than 1 have already done to the busi
uees which is now at an end. But l would not
have wasted so much."
I pressed his hand, and my eves filled, but |
his own wore olear, and glazed with bright
" Toil of day and night in the counting-house, '
bending and rockoniDg, reckoning and bend- ,
ing, from boyhood, have brought my labors to
un early close, brother. Your fate must uot
bo like miue! 1 ought to have gone West. 1
would have done it, if I could. 1 would have j
exerted rnutcle and sinew, no lees than brain. 1 ;
would have strengthened my physical being, !
while 1 was giving its energies, as well as those of j
my mind, to the taskbofore iue. Our father will i
be a fettered man, until he is once more fiee
from debt. 1 know bim well?better than any
other, and 1 know he will never have energy
enough to help himself, or rise to his former
standing, until he feels that this stain of dis
honor is t ffaced, until these debts are all hon
orably paid. Our mother, she must know
some years of privation; let it be your oare to
provide her declining years with a home once i
more oomfortable. I leave this sacred trust in
your young hands, Ralph! God strengthen j
i and keep you!"
" I accept it, brother, in His strength!" aud
I knelt by the Led of Kben.
That night, a deeper gloom than even the de
spair of bankruptcy ie!l upon our Btrioken
household. The shadow tnat oan only be |
lifted in Eternity, lay on that "upper cham
ber." The heart that had crowded a lifetime
i into nineteen yearn, had ceased to beat, and 1
kept watch beside it!
I had lived years in that day. 1 was no
longer a boy! Dismantling of that bereaved
home, wreck of boyhood associations, saori- 1
lege upon all that was holy in the memories of
Life and Death beueath that roof?why should j
I dwell upon these, comprised in the dismal !
sack of all things, preceding the auction
*ule .'" I took my poor weeping mother from
the midst, to a quiet but humble country home
My father moved, like ono in a dream, amid
the wreck of his household.
In a week, I was on my way westward.
[to be continued.]
Dr. Kaimcy: The "Green Sun-Bonnet" \
does not like my signature. Suffer me through
your oolumn.s to tell her, what Shakspeare dis
covered long since, that it is the fragrance of
the Hower, and not its name, that entitles it to
distinction. 1 adopted my grotesque cognomen
with <? purpow. sou jan guess it in part. If !
I cantW command attention for my verar with 1
cLim Mguatnre. f ought not. with *ny. With
great respect for the - Green San-Bonnet," or
rather for the largr-hniined, honest head which
it covers, 1 am still yours, Fuzzy Guzzr.
For ths National Bra.
DEDICATED TO THE "cHEEN SUN-BON NET.''*
Nay, roughest rind may cover sweet ost fruit.
The rudest riukft hide the purest gem.
And blankest bottle*, cobwebbed o'er with year*,
Contain the choicest nectar.
The oyster's succulence byjts ugly shell ?
The chestnut's sweetness by its prickly burr *
The cactus' blossom by it* thorny stem ?
The cocoa's pulp by its defending husk ?
Or the large heart that in the laborer * breast
Beats to the rhythmic tune that shakes the ?phere?
With the glad singing of the morning stars,
And jabilaat shoutings of the Sons of God,
By the coarse garb he wears ? Or the true soul
That, scorning all the false world's hollownoss.
And pitying all the bad world's wretchedness,
Yet keeps its early faith, and toils for man.
And dares bolieve that from thia dissonance
Shall be. at last, evolved a harmony
To link the earth to heaven?and in that faith
Prays, labors, hopes, and waits?by the warped form.
Humpbacked and hideous, that may temple it ?
What matters, If I worship at tbo shrine
Of Truth and Beauty, whether my "cognomen"
Be "super rowdyish," super-sentimental,
Super -grotesque, or supernatural'
"Ti? all the same. " A rose would smell as sweet,"
Under the name of
As with its own?or Kbskspeare's no authority.
So I?or called Augustus Ferdinand
Fits-Clarenee Ka ;ene Frederick Montague,
Or simply Suggs, or Toots, or Fussy Ouxzy ?
Am what I am ; the "slouching boot*," the hat
Reft of its erown, the Whiskcn, " fro wsle head,"
The clownish gait, the whiskey and tobacco.
Are, if they are at all, mere accidents.
Not parts of, but extrinsic to, the man.
If " the divine afflatus of Immortals "
Ifatb filled my soul, no nam*, howe'er uncouth.
Can check the effluent flame, or hide Its splendor:
But if above the (.'haos of my Being -
No Thottoht hath moved, evoking Light and Beauty, j
Making it vital with large sympathies,
And starring it with hopes snd aspirations.
No nom-ds-gvfrrr, though born of Kapbony,
Could eheat the world to credit its pretensions,
Or veil from man its utter barrennes*.
JSo I will kr+p my " vile incognito,"
Com^iek* or kisses, blame or commendation.
Though It should act tike ipecaruana
On all the st|ueamish Dolly Daffodil)in*.
Laura Laburnums, Nethe Nincompoops,
Joanna Jonquils. Minnie Montigers,
That ever stained with ink their dainty Angers,
Or shrined in rhyme their simulated sorrows.
What if I de ru* " care for love or fame1"
Or think them both beyond my power of grasping f I
The ono is, as the world goos, simply humbug;
The other, vanity of vanities!
Nay, tease me not' I'll still be
? See National Bra of November 24, page 187. i
S'oUHMi: who served in the various wan, ana
} sailors, or their widows or heirs, to whoa ar
rears of nay, sstra pay, bounty land, pensions, Ae.
may he due, way And it to th?ir advantage to hav?
their claims investigated Address
A. M U ANUKWKH,
Attorney and Agent, Washin^on, I?. 0.
Bounty-land warrants bought and sold
?WASHINGTON, 1). C.
WEDNESDAY, JAM'aKV 4, 1854.
the LEMMOli CASK- INTERFERE* CE OK GOV
Our readers have not forgotten the Lemmon
case, Mr. Lemmon, a oitizen of Virginia, on
hi- way to Texan with slaved, found it oonve
nienfc to stop at Now York. A habeas corpus
being taken out, the slaves were deolared by
Judge Payne entitled to freedom, on the
ground that, having been brought into the
State, by the will of the master, they became
free by its fundamental law, to the operation
of which there ih and can be no exception,
but iu the case of fugitive slaves, the right to
r.claim whom id expressly'provided for by the
Constitution of the United State*. According
to the newspaper accounts at the time, Judge
Payne made the decision with Borrow, and sub
sequently joined with othors in racing a fund
to indomnify Mr. Lemmon for the lots of "the
(governor Cobb, of Georgia, iu his parting
unst-age to the Legislature, while congratula
ting the oountry upon the termination of all
sectional Btrife, thought proper to review this
case, and indulge in a straiu of remark well
calculated to rekindle the fires of sectional
' Though indemnified fully, I believe, by vol
untary subscription, yet the principle involved
in the decision is one of vast importance and
m 'ondemiy, in which the interest of
Mr. Lemmon becomes insignificant, and the
interest of eveiy slaveholdiug State paramount
and equal. Virginia and Texas have no deeper
interest than Georgia and Alabama. It is un
derstood that an appeal has been taken from
tho decision to the appellate court of New
^ ork, and it is probable that the final adjudi
cation of the question involved will be made
by the Supreme Court of tho United States.
The deliberate determination of any question
by that tribunal commands and should receive
the respect of the country, and constitutes a
precedent controllng subsequent cases. The
principles involved in the decision of Judge
Payne will be beter considered in a court
room thnn iu a document like the pieseut. It
is not my purpose, therefore, to submit an ar
gument on the oorrecnessof that decision. If
such is the law. it is tke first' time that it has
been solemnly thus pnoounced in a cose made
before any tribunul within my knowledge. If
it lie true that the citiams of the slaveholdiug
States who, by force o! circumstances or tor
convenience, seek a pa'iige through the terri
tory of a non-slaveholaing State with their
slaves, arc thereby depri cd of their property
in them, and the Blaves ipo facto become eman
cipated, it is time that we know tho law as it
is. No court in America tas ever announced
this to law. It would bdexceediiiglystiango
if it stuuld be. By the conity of nations the
jKinonal slut us of every nun is determined by
the law of hi* domici!, and vhother he be b>?d
or free, capable or incapaha there, he remains
so everywhere until a new d>mieil is acquired.
I his is but the ceurh sy of nation to nation
founded uot upon the btatut*, but is absolutely
nocost ary for the peace and iarmony of States
and for the enforcement of frivate justice. A
denial of this comity is unhiard among civil
M?d nations; and if deliberately and wantonly
persisted in, would be just ctuse of war. Can
rt be possiblo that the courtesy yielded by in
dependent nations to each olher can be right
fully denied by one of these States to the oth
ers . Is the bond ol union an authority or
reason for a oourse of conduct so unjustifiable
without that bond ? Did the frauters of the
Constitution, 80 wifce and so provident M to ?U
other poanble oame* of disturbanoe betVCen
the States, permit so f regnant a source of dia
eord to pass unheeded and unprovided for ? In
yielding our tight to make treaties and to de
clare war, have we left ourselves lcmediluss in
cases of palpable violation of the law and
oomity of nations? The adjudication of the.-e
questions by the tribunal organised under the
Constitution cannot be reviewed with indiffer
ence by us. Every slaveholdiug State should
be heard before that tribunal. I therefore rec
ommend that, in the event of the Lemmon
ca* being carried before the Supreme Court
the Executive be authorized to employ able
counsel, in behalf of the State of Georgia, to
be heard before that court upon these ques
The Governor (or ex-Governor, as he is now)
betrays a strange igooranoc of law and facts.
Slavery in against Natural Kight, and is sanc
tioned alone bj local law. The law under
which a slave is held in Virginia, is municipal,
and hati no extra-territorial force. It is not
the law of Now Yoik, or of any other State.
The law of New York rccognises every human
being on its soil, as free, with the single excep
tion created by the " higher law " of the Federal
Constitution, that of a person held to Bervice
or labor in another State, escaping into it: but the
New York law, although in accordance with Na
tural Right, has no foroe in Virginia. A slave
holder who carries his slaves to New York,
cannot carry with hint the municipal lawtt
of Virginia, or any other State. He and his
servants, carried by his voluntary act into New
York, staud equally free in the eye of the fun
damental law of that State. He cannot hold
them subject under Virginia law, for that has
no extra-territorial foroe. He cannot bold them
subjrot under New York law, for that is the
Law of Liberty. " But comity requires from
New York that she reepect in >uoh a case the
municipal laws of Virginia." That would be
true, were not the question one of fundamental
right; but comity cannot justify the Judiciary
of New York in violating the organic law of
the State, nor in any caso can it justify a
breach of justice. The slaves, released from
bondage, by the voluntary act of the master
in conveying them beyond the boundary of the
State under whose laws tbey were held to ser
vice, and also in introducing them into a
free State, aoquire a right to protection?the
protection of their liberties; and no comity
could justify tho State in withholding such
protection. It is just as much bound to pro
toe t them Against violenoe, as their quondam
Governor Cobb says: "If it be true that the
oitixens of the slaveholding State*, who, by
force of circumstances or for convenience, seek
a passage through the territory of a non slave
holding State with (hc-ir nl.ives, are thereby
deprived of (heir property in them, and the
slaves ipto fmt* become emancipated, it is
time that we nhnuld know the Iaw as it is. No
court in America has ever announced this to
be Ike law.'1 ?
That is eool, considering that since the year
1836, such announcement has been repeatedly
made by the C'onrts of Massachusetts, New
York, New Jersey, and Ohio, and the prfnoiple
of the law?namely, the pnrely munioipal
character of slavery?has been repeatedly <tf
firmed by Judge McLean of tho Supreme
B mob, ?od by the higher Court** of Tennessee,
Kentucky, and other Slave State-i.
Nor is it true that, by the comity of nations,
the status of Slavery adheres to a man, wher
ever he goes beyond the jurisdiction of the State
whioh fastens thin statu* u|M>u him. Precisely
the reverse is true. Neither by the law nor by
the comity of uationH can fugitive criminuls be
reclaimed, muoh 1cm fugitive* from service.
Reclamation oan be, and is, made only in virtue
of express stipulation. Hence the clause inserted
in our Constitution, ati ao agreement between i
the States, in relation to tuch fugitives, who,
the framers of that instrument well understood,
could not bo reclaimed under eny regulations
of International Law or Comity. A denial of ,
this comity, says the Governor, " is unheard
of among civilized nations, and if deliberate
ly and wantonly perairtcd in, would be just
cause of war!" We venture to say that this
is the orudeet and most ridiculous declaration
ever uttered, even by an American Governor.
Not to appeal to all history, which flatly con
tradicts the averment, we need but refer to
what is notorious to the whole world?that
Great Britain now shelters under her Govern
ment eleven thousand fugitive slaves from this
oountry, has once for all r( fined to deny them
asylum, and hus absolutely refused to surren
der slaves from the South, driven by btrese of '
weather into hor West India ports, ainoe the
dato of Emancipation in her Islands, or to
muke compensation for them. Hor docisidnon
th's last point was rendered in 1842; and from
that time to this, our Government has been
acquiescent. And yet, according to this en
lightened Governor, it is a just oause of w ar !
Tho movement now on foot, led by the State
of Virginia, and to be sustained by other slave
holding States, if the advice of Governor Cobb
be taken, aims at no lot* than the National
isation of Slavery, aud the abrogation of the
Municipal Laws of all the Free States, through
the agenoy of the Federal Judiciary. In other
words, it is a most flagrant demonstration of
the woret kind of Federalism, emanating from
a State which boasts of hor love of State rights
aud abhorrence of Federal Centralization.
The Conflict of Auks. By Edward Belcher, D.
D. Third edition. Hostou: Phillips, Sauison, 1
Co. For sale by Gray A Buliuntyno, 7th street,
Washington, D. C. 1 volume, pp. 2.
This work has caused a gre.it commotion
among the Doctors of Theology in our land.
Dr. Beecher has ventured to solve the enigma
of all ages, in the grand debate, which Milton
has told us, first began in the regions of the
damned, where he says, (Book II, Paradise
V Others sat apart, on a hill rotired,
Id thoughts moro elevato, and reason'd high
Of Providenee, Foreknowledge, Will, and Fate,
Fixed Pate, Free Will, Foreknowledge absolute,
And found no end in wandering uiaaes lost."
The author deems it in his p >wer to shed
light u[K>u ti e great debate of "Tho Moral Re
lations of (iod and Man." It is a grand enter
prise, and the author of this volume has enter
ed upon it in the maturity aod strength of
manhood, after years of accumulated intellect
ual wealth, evidence of all which pervades this
work. We shall not presume to decide the
question whether the solution is successful or
Ml; we leave it to the conflict of naiads whoee
lysiness it is, and whoee duty it is, to contend
earnestly for the faith delivered to tho Church
oLGod in the revelations of God?in His Word
an in His Works. There is but one God; and
hi revelations, howevor mode?in Providenoe,
iriCreation, or in Revelation?must, if we oan ,
atain to tho entirety of truth, agreo. Doctor j
Bjecher believes he has attained to a desired I
id, and we hope to tec his book read, and his
urtnments fairly met. Ho does not raise a
injn of straw, to Bhow the vigor of his arm in
kicking it over. Wituess the opening of
Clspter V, where be says?
\ The first point of attack has ever been, a*
wefcavc already stated, the doctrine of the ex
ist t>ce, in a new-created being, of a sinful na- j
turi for which he is liable to a just punish- ;
ruerf, and that anterior to any knowledge, will,
or choice, of his own. How, is it asked, can it
be lonorable or right for God so to deal with
anyinew-created being? To this question, no i
one kas ever been able to give any more satis- j
factory reply than those we have considered
* ? * Doctor Woods takes distinctly the
groifid of mere faith and mystery; that is, he
comni distinctly to tho conclusion that it oan
not hs vindicated on any principles of honor
and right known to the human mind." We
rcmeaber, from infancy, how often we puzslcd
our tiny braini with the famous diitioh?
" In Adam's fall
We sinned all."
And i* this, wo doubt not, tho readora of this
notice !?ave all sympathised. Certainly, those
who ware indx>trinated into tho depths of mys
teries opened to the children of New Kngland
in the onco famous 14 New Kngland Primer."
Dr. Bsecher thinks ho has hit the egg upon
the end, in reviving the uld Grecian notion of
a pro-existent state of the soul. He says, page
489, ohapter xv?
' I allege, then, I. That a system based on
pre existence is the only one which admits aod
mpiirns such principles as explain what the
Church of God is, and develops a system cen
tering in God and the Churoh, according to
" 2. It is the only system whioh demands, or
even allows, of a natural and consistent devel- ,
opment of that view of God which is peculiar
to tho Scriptures," kc.
Of these postulates there are eleven. We
have quoted only of the two first.
We hope the answers to this new theory
may be as Christian in their temper, and by ,
men as thoroughly fitted for the task, as the
author of the ''Conflict of Ages."' If so, good,
and only good, will result from this new oon
fliet of mind with mind. We oonfess to our
apprehensions, tho foundation-stone of stones ,
of stumbling is not yet reached; and this is the
origin of sin. Sir Christopher W ren, when a?ked j
how the drop-oeiling of Westminster Hall was
oonstrueted, and if he could not build a roof like
it, replied, '-Tell mi how <?ne of those drops is
maintained in its plaoe, and I will orect an
other roof like this " The existence of sin under
the government of a (iod, infinite in power and
goodness, is the last difficulty to be met, and it
matters not to most minds whether the stones
?>f stumbling reach high as an Egyptian pyra
mid, or a few courses of stone above the desert 1
waste. The chain of oausss reaches from the
throoe of the Infinite, and is buried in the
ocean of the uokuown eternity, and moat minds
rent just where Abraham'* mind found firm
standing, when he haid: "That be far from
thee, to bitty the righteous with the wicked : and
that the righteous should be as the wioked,
that bo far from the. Shall not Ike Judge of
tUl the earth do right / "
In o delusion, this iti a work which merits
the attention of Dootors of Divinity, most
learned, most laborious, and most Christian
To thejr bauds we oommend it, well convinoed
from a discussion of auoh inindti, truth, if not
eliminated, at loaet new expressions of love
and sympathy will be, to the odificatiou of the
Church militant and the conservation of the
truths of Christianity, as received by the great
body of Protestant churches.
THE BOUKBON PBINCE.
TlIK H18ink Y OF THE KoYAI. DaUPHIN, LoI'IB XVII,
ok Fkanok. For nulo by Franck Taylor, P?nn.
avenue, Washington, D. C.
In his profnoe, tho author says: '? This little
book has been derived from the largo Fronch
work of De Boauchesne?Louis XVII, la Vie
son Agonie la Mort. Tho object of tho writer
has been to present, in a condensed and popu
lar form, that portion of tho elaborate volumes
of the Frenoh author which hears directly upon
the personal hibtory of tho Dauphin, ho that
the reader might havo in its unity, unencum
bered with unnecessary historical detail, the
life of the young Prince."
The writer also states, in his prefacc, that ho
accepts tho death of the Dauphin as an histor
ical fact, established by tho full, minute, and
well-considered testimony of De Boauchesne,
beyond any chance of doubt on the part of the
intelligent and honest, and oven of cavil from
the skeptical and disputatious.
We eutirely dissent from tho author in his
view of Baauche-ine's work, which wc have
read; and, after a careful examination of the
details which he thinks unnecessary to the
history of the Dauphin's imprisonment, we
came to just the opposite conclusion to that ar
rived at by him. We do not think that there
is a paiticle of evidence of the Dauphin's death
iu tho book. That pomo child died, is tolera
bly clear; but wo do not kuow that it was the
Dauphin. We are the more willing to trust
our impressions on this point, from the fact
that when wo road Beauchesne's book, we were
entirely unbiased, not having read a word of
the newspaper discussions of the day on the
subject, and feeling no interest in the case, ex
cept as a matter of history. Rumor says that
Hanson's hook upon this subject is conclusive,
aud that he disposes of Beauchesno's testimony
in a ina4<-rly aud entirely satisfactory man
A Nuisance.?For some time past, the citi
zens whoae houses are lighted with gas, have
been groaning under the smart and stench of
some noxious olemont emitted from their burn
ers. At times, so offensive and painful has
been the nuiaanoe, that we. have been obliged
to shut (iff the gas entirely, and have our lamps
trimmed once more. This is intolerable. We
pay, and pa; largely, too, for pure gas, and
not for sulphuretted hydrogen, or other detest
able stuff. Is the Company utterly rookies* of
the health and comfort of the People ?
The Union denomwee the action of the ma
jority of the Senate in voting againet its pro
prietor for Public Printers, as an attack on
the Administration, because it is identified
with the Administration, and speaks its sonti- 1
merit* Mr. Buchanan, on the other hand,
assures the English Cabinent that it need give
itself no uneasiness about the artioles in the
Union on the subject of Cuban Africaniza
tion, because it is no more the organ of the
Administration than the Times or Advertiser
is the organ of the British Ministry !
The Richm'mJ (Va ) Enquirer deprecates all
agitation of the Slavery Q leetion in Congrers
H >w can it expect members to be silent, when
the " central organ " of the Administration,
and other Southern prints, are all the while
agitating the Question;, Kxamine the editori
als of tho " organ " since the accession of Gen.
Pierce, and you will find scaroely any question
discus <od, not conneoted in some way or other
with the subject of Slavery.
Small Notks ? We rejoice that the bill to
suppress the circulation uf small notes in the
District of Columbia has passed the Senate.
At the request of tha Mayor and Corporation
of Georgetown, the day fixed for its going into
operatiou is the Ut of noxt November, giving
them plenty of time to oall in their circulation.
The bill has yet to be acted upon in the House,
where, we hope, it will receive prompt atten
tion. There oan be no pretext for a paper enr
reney iu this District. All the disbursements
by the Government here are made in gold and
silver; members of Congress, executive officers,
clerks, and employes of the Government, all
are paid in this safe, stable currency. No
business want of this community requires any
Conurkkh?In the Senate, the resolutions in
honor of Gen. Wool were agreed to.
In the House of Representatives, the import
ant incident of to-day has been the defeat of
Mr. Cutting's resolution, whioh was probably
inteuded to l>e the spark that would ignite all
the c >mbustibility of party animosities.
Tue claims of our oiticens for French spolia
tions have again received the attention of the
C<mimittee on Foreign Relations, and a bill has
been reported back by Mr. Bayly.
ENGLISH AND AMERICAN PICKLES,
AND Rnglinh Ranee*, viz : (therkin*. Mixed, Pic.
calilly, Chow-Chow, Walnut, Cauliflower, Kng.
Hull, of both Crowe A Blaekwell'* and Batty'i export
ation ; ,
Croiav A Blackwell'i celebrated Onion Pickle* ;
Mixed Mango**, Martin in, Onion*, Cauliflower, Rod
Van Bennchotea and Well* Provost, New York ;
Lee A Perrin'i celebrated Worcestershire Sauce, in
<|uart?, pint*, and half pint*, Inte importation.
Alio, John Bull'*, Harvey, Heading, India Roy, K*
aence of Anohovie*, and I<ob*tsr.
CroMc A Blackwell'i and Whybrow'i Kng. Muitard;
Iioul* Frore'* Frcnch Mustard ;
Rngliah refined Table 8alt, in jari.
8HKKRLI, A UAII.KY,
(Snccesior* to John B Kibhoy A Co.,)
Jan. 3? dlwif No. 6, nppoilte Centre Market.
GENERAL AGENCY and Insurant Office, ? Co
lumbia Pine*, (2 doors north of LoaMana are
nue.) Seventh street, (eaat ?ide,i Washington, D. C.
Claim* before Congress and the different Depart
ment*. Jan. #? d
SHOE DEALER, and Fashionable Boot Maker,
Pennsylvania A venue, between Browns' Hot?*l
and Seventh street, Washington. Jan 2?3ui
HENRY JANNKY'S Boot and Shoe Store and
Manufactory. for the lait ten yearn located on
Mth Hirert, near the General Coat Office, wax removed
to Pennsylvania Avenue, between Brown*' llotrl and
7th street, where the proprietor ha* spared uo |tain*
or expnuse in fitting up an establishment eoiumcnsu
rate with tbe great increase in the business of the
Tbe subscriber tenders his uiost cordial and grate- i
ful acknowledgments to his friend* and patrons for
their long-continued favors, and will be pleased to |
meet them in his new house.
I have a very well-assorted stock of Boots and :
Shoes, of French, Now York, Eastern, and my own j
make, embracing every style and variety, to which I
invite the attention of members of Congress, and citi- ;
teas generally. HENRY JANNEY.
Penn. av., north side, between Browns' Hotel
Jan. 2 and 7th at,, third door from the latter.
From tlw Untied Siutr* Argus.
To those persons who may visit Washington, and
are in want of a boot that cannot be excelled, either
in quality or workmanship, we would oall their atten
tion to the card of Henry Janney, to be found under
tbe head of '? Washington." A handsome and neat
ly-made boot is not at all times a source of pleasure
to the wearer, but often one of extreme torture; this
is caused by the bungling manner in which the boot
is fitted to (he foot. Mr. Janncy has doroted much
of his time in studying the construction of the human
foot, in order to ascertain how a boot should bo cut
aud fitted, that will be perfectly easy to all parts of
the foot. In this he has succeeded, so that it matters
not what may bo the shape of. or the number of corns
on the foot, his boot is perfectly oasy. Thus ho has
combined beauty with comfort.
CHINA, CHINA, CHINA!
CS. FOWLER & CO. (store in Odd Fellows' Hall,
? 7 th street) have just completed opening a large
oasortmentofCUlNA, QUEENSW ARE, and GLASS,
making their stock at this time equal to any iu the
country . consisting in part as follows, vi*:
Decorated cold band and plain while French China
Dinner, Desert, Tea, and Brenkfaat Sots, and de
tached pieces, such as Fruit Baskets, Compotiers,
Casseroles, ornaments for dinirg tables, and Punch
India China, in dinner and tea sets, and detached
Iron Stone China, docoratod, flowing blue, and white
dinner, tea, breakfast, and toilet sets, and dotach
ed pieces, in overy pattern and shape.
Also, in great variety?
Dresden, Torra-cotla, Parian, and French China;
Vases, Card Receivers, Jewel Stands;
Candlesticks, Motto Cups and Saucers:
Mugs, Pitchers, Ac.
GLASSWARE, rich cut and engraved.
Crystal straw, stem, and Pressed Goblets ;
Champagnes. Wines, Cordials, and Tumblers;
Finger Bowls, Water Bottles, Spoon Holdors;
Toilet Bottlos, Cologne Bottles, Globes;
Lamps, rich and plain Deeanicrs;
Cut aud pressed Bowls, and silvered Bowls;
Solar, Etherial, Hall, and Sido Lamps;
Candelabra.*, Girandoles, rich and plain Castors;
Britannia Coffee Urns, Tea Sets, covered and un
Pitchers, Punch and Molasses Pitchers;
Fine Cutlery and Albata Forks, Spoons, Ac., of tho
most approved and latest patterns;
Also, Block Tin Coffee Urns, Biggins, Teapots,
Plate Warmers, Egg Boilers, Ac.
With an endlesss variety of goods not named, which
we respectfully ifivite strangers and citizens to call
aud examine before purchasing elsewhere.
Storekeeper.* and country merchants will find it to
their advantage to buy of us, as our facilities are
equal to auy oilier importing bouse in the United
States, and we arc determined to sell as low.
N. B. Goods carefully put up for the couutry by
an exi>erienced packer, and delivered free of charge
in any part of the city. Jan. 2?dtf
TO THE CONSUMERS OF DRV GOODS,
Who Seek their Supplies in our Market.
ONE PRICE ONLY. We arc now in our NEW
STOKE, which wu erected expressly for us. We
think it the most comfortable and beat lighted store
room in the city; and with increased room, facilities,
and experience, deemed quite ample, we shall deal
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
of every style, all of tho best qualities, and for which
we shall have omeprice only.
We shall sell cheaper than we ever h?re done; ami
in having one prieo only (which, in our opinion, is
the oaly fair and equitable way at doing bustnees) we
shall maintain our ?If rsspaei, wbioh is above all
price or success. Moreover, we expeet to retain all
the trade of those prompt customers who have wade
their purchases of us for soute years past, and doubt
less we shall have a largo accession of new customers,
who prefer to buy where oru fair prist only it otkrti,
Wu feci that onr simpU word is requisite only to
satisfy our former customers that the one price sys
tem is tho correct one, and to their advantage; and
we do not hesitate to assort our belief that all candid
and intelligent persons will, after an impartial exam
ination of prices, fabric, and stvle/, give a ono price
store the prrference. Those who are not judges of
goods cannot foil to be impressed at once with the
manifold and vast advantages to tho purchaser re
sulting from the adoption in gooti faith of the onr
p ire tyUrm ; it necessarily insures low prices to the
purchaser, for it becomes absolutely necessary to meet
at the start all competition that can be offered in
Our scale of prices will be so low. and tho profits so
sinnll, that we cannot mid will not sell but for the
ca*h or to customers who pay prumjxly For those
who purchase very largi ly, or to sell again, reduc
tion* will be made.
The public are cordially and most respectfully in
vited to call at all times and examine our stock.
PERRY A BROTHER, "Central Stores,"
Jan 2? d (Op. Centro Market,) Washington City.
SUPERIOR ROSEWOOD. MAHOGANY,
AND WALNUT FURNITURE,
JUST received at WALL'S cheap House Furnish
ing Warerooms, on Seventh street, opposite the
National Intelligoncor office, among which may be
Rosewood, Mahogany, and Walnut Tete-%Tete and
Sofas, in hair, cloth, and broeutelle, in^jreat vari
Easy Chairs. Arm Chairs, and Rockers to match ;
Maghogany, Walnut, French, and Cottage Bedsteads;
Walnut and Mahogany Etageres;
Cabinets and Whatnots;
M ahogany and Walnut marble-top and plain Bureaus;
Mahogany, Walnut, and Maple Wardrobes;
Feather Bods, hair and shuck Mattresses;
Handsome gilt and Mahogany Mirrors;
And a very large and general assortment of all
kinds of goods necessary for furnishing, to which the
attention of those furnishing is respectfully invited
Call and examine bofore purchasing elsewhere. All
of which will bo sold very low at WALL'S House
Furnishing Warerooms, on Seventh street, opposite
Intelligencer office. * Jan. 2?alw
NEW AND ELEGANT SILKS, EMBROI
DERIES, CLOAKS, &o.
THE subscribers beg loave respectfully to invit
tlie attention of the ladies ol the city and vlcinl
ty to the following new and rich Ooods, whieh have
just been received, vi* ;
50 dresses extra rich Brocade Silks, for evenings ,
75 do. do. do. street;
2&y do. do. Mora antique, watered ;
15 do. do. Moru antique, brooade,
10 do. do. black Brocade Silk;
12 do. do flounced Brocade Silks;
10 pieces light colored plain PouR de Soie;
!lv do. very rich plaid Silks;
25 do. Silk Illusions, for party dressos, all col's;
30 do. watered and plain real Irish Poplins;
150 new style Paris trimmed Chemisettes * Sleeves,
250 do. French embroidered Collars;
50 do. Frenoh embroidered cambrio Chemi
settes and Sleeves, in sets ,
75 French embroidered Chemisettes and Sleeves,
trimmed with Maltese Honiton, and Yalen
cionnes Laces, very cheap;
150 pairs embroidered musliu and cambric Sleeves,
250 Frenoh embroidered Handk'fs a great variety ;
300 pieces English and Froneh Thread Laces;
25 vel vet Cloaks, latest style ;
25 embroidered cloth Cloaks, latest style ;
25 plain and trimmed cloth Cloaks;
50 small Persian Scarfo for the neck;
>0 long Cashmere Shawls;
25 riebly-embroidered white crape Shawls;
Together with a great variety of new and elegant
articles appropriate to the seaton; all of whicn we
aro enabled.to offer at reduced prices, having taken
advantage of the advanced season to make our pur
chases. (Jan 2.| HOOK, BROTHKR, A CO.
BtTTTER aND BUCK WHEAT.
G10SHEN Hutter, selected from Delaware county
r dairies New York and Pennsylvania extra
hulled Back wheat , in barrels, half barrels, and hag"
The best Philadelphia butter in prints, for table as.
Supplies received weekly, and any quantity deliver
ed to ordor. SHriKEI.L A BAILEY.
(Successors to J. B. Klbbey A Co.,)
Jan. 2?dlwif No. 5, opposite Centre Market.
PROSPECTUS OP Til K PKOlllBI mm sr.
" If uny State deems the retail and interna) traffic
iu urdent spirits injurious to its citizen*, mid calcu
lated to produce idleness. vice, or debauchery. T Hue
nothing in the Constitution of tuo United Mutes to
prevent it from regulating or restraining the traffic,
or from prohibiting it altogether if it think* proper."
I'hirf Justice itnuy.
ON or before the 1st of January, IHM, the Kxeeu
tlve Committee ot the Now York Statu Temper
ranee Society will issue the llritt number of a Month
ly Teui peru nee Journal, under the titlo of" Thk Pko
l i s Sizk.?It will he printed on a double medium
sheet, making eight quario pages, of four columns to
a p 'ge; and. excluding advertisements, each number
will contain an amount of reading matter equal at
least to that furnished by our larger-sited daily jour
nals, or to that of an ordinary duodecimo volume of
Its Ob.i iter.?To advocate the Cause of Temper
ance generally. and especially the Legislative Prohibi
tion of the Traffic in Intoxicating Beverages, to pre
pare the minds of the masses for such Prohibition, by
Mhowing its expediency and Necessity, and (o secure,
by all the influence it may legitimately oxurt, the
vigorous enforcement of Prohibitory Laws when ob
Its Fiki.d.?Dealing with general, principles with
arguments alike applicable to every comluun ty where
th?> traffic exists and with facts illustrative of these
arguments aud principles, the ]>aper will be National
iu its spirit, in its scope, in its purpose, aud, we trust,
it will he Nationul in its circulation and influence.
Such is our aim and expectation. We desire to soe
the Principle of Piuh'bition established in State aftrr
State, till it becomes the recogniaod policy of the Na
tion. It is our ambition to bear a part in this great
work, and to this end Tiie Pkoiii ihtiomist is estab
lished, not as tho organ of a society merely, but of a
Great Rkporaiaroii> Muvkmknt.
Its Necessity.?The existing Temperanco Jour
nals have little, if any, circulation outaido of tho Tern
porance Ranks. Their prico almost necessarily re
stricts them to the friends of the cause. Thk Pru
HiBiTioftiar it designed for oirouUtion (instead of
tracts) among tho indifferent nud the hostile. For
thia purpose it is put at u price so low as to enable
the friends of Teui|ieranco in ovcry school district, by
combined action and at an inconsiderable expense,
to place a copy in each family that will consent to re
lib Price.?One copy for one year - - $0 50
Three, to one address, one year 1 00
Seven do. do. - " - 2 00
And for each additional four copies, $1.00 will be
added, for any quaiitily less than tifty copies.
For fifty copies to one address - - $11 00
For 100 ? do. do. - - - JO 00
No subscription received for leas than one yeitr,
and in evory case the order must be accompanied by
The paper will bo under the general direction of
the Executive Committee, who have received aiuplo
assurances of literary aid from not a few of tho ablest
and moat eminent writers in the temperance ranks
throughout tho Union.
The work will be stereotyped, and back numbers
can be supplied to new subscribers at any time during
All ordora should bo addreaaod to 0. Scovill, Pub
lishing Agent, Albany.
Communications for the paper, or in relation to the
intereata of the cause generally, should bo directed to
Wm. 11. Burleigh, Corresponding Secretary.
In behalf of the New York Slute Temperanco So
ciety : EDWARD C. D8LAVAN, President.
Executive Commit ft*.?Henry .Vaudeville, Reuben
H. Walworth, John 0. Cole, I. N. Wyckoff, William
Richardson, Edgar B. Day, lleriuon Camp, B. P.
Staats, Oliver Scovill.
The Committee request all editors iu tho Uni
ted States to give the above one insertion in their
oolumna. To all who comply with this request, we
will send the Prohibitionist for one year, without an
exchange, unless they choose to add to our obligation
by sendiug their papers also, which would, of course,
bo moat thankfully received. Jan. 3?dtf
PARKER, at his Perfumery and Fancy Store, un
der tho National Hotel, Pa. avenue, is just open
ing a new and complete stock of Goods, consisting, in
(J LO\ ES.
Ladies and Cent's Paris Kid Gloves, all sizes and col
Extracts, from the houses of Lubin and Prevost, Paris,
and Harrison. Philadelphia;
Genuine German Cologne, Pomatum, Bueuf Marrow ;
Cold Cream, Macassar Oil, W. I. Bay Rum ,
Low's Brown Windsor Soap, Cleaver's Honey Soap;
Lubin's Rose and Musk So.ipa;
Taylor's Transparent Balls, Ac., Ac.
English, French, and American Hair Brushes, in one
hundred different patterns ;
I, 2, 3, 4, and 5 row Tooth Brushes, London made.
for our sales expressly;
Nail and Cloth Brushes. Ac , Ac., Ac.
Tuek Combs, latest Paris styles ;
Shell. Buffalo, English cold-prossed Horn and India
Robber Dressing Combs;
John Fen's premium ivory IW-teoth Combs, and
(lucrlaiu's, Rousjel's, and Harrison's Shaving Cream ;
Military Cakes, and all other Shaving Soaps ;
Badger's hair Shaving Brushes, very superior.
PARKERS PREMIUM RAZOR STROP.
Washington, Marrh 12, 1849
We, the undersigned, having fairly tested Parker's
Metallic Razor Strop Powder, to which the Maryland
Institute has awarded a premium, take great pleasure
in certifying that it will keep the Razor in fine, smooth
shaving order, without the use of bone
J. Macpbkrson Bkhkikn, U.S. Senator.
W. W. ScaTon, Mayor of Washington.
W. S. Ahi'iirk. House of Representatives.
Rev. T. M. Pkahk, Washington City.
Thomas J. Ri sk, U. States Senator.
Hiram Walbrhlge, Esq., New York city.
Wade A Butcher's, of our own Importation ;
Tally-IIo, from 25 eents to $1.25 each.
Rotors imported to order, and all warranted.
Jan. 2^-Ai .
AGENCY FOR ALL THE MAGAZINES,
AT SHILLING TON'S BOOKSTORE.
Harper's Magazine, Putnam's Magazine,
Graham's Magazine, Hunt's Merchant's Magnz.
tlodey's Lady's Bonk, Eclectic Magazine,
Illustrated Magaz. of Art. Knickerbocker Magazine,
Arthur's Magazine, Hicken*' Household Words,
Historical Educator, Littell's Living Age,
Ladies' Nat. Magazine, London Pun^h,
London Illustrated News, Blackwood's Magazine.
Also, the reprint of all the Foreign Reviews, com*
prising the London Quarterly, Westminster, Edin
burgh. and North British.
All the Literary Newspapers publl bod in Phila
delphia, New York, and Boston , also, all the New
Books, received as fas I as published.
A very complete an 1 varied assortment of fine nolo
and letter Paper, comprising all the most boautifal
qualities and sites in general use
A large assortment of Blank Books, for sale at
JOE SHILLINGTON'S BOOKSTORE,
Odoon Building, cor. 4 J st. and Pa. avenue.
M I can't get a decent Segar in IVaskmgt m"
IS a phrase honrly heard from strangers, in our city
Without admitting or denying its truth, the sub
scriber determined to remedy tho evil. To this end,
ho has made a list of every brand which any gentle
man has pronounced " the best segar I ever smoked,"
aadwith this document he has procured from the first
1 (.porters in New York, a stock of these choice
brands, and now offers them to the public.
Every fumigator, who knows n good segar when ha
smells it, is requested to csll and examine tho stock.
Sign of Jim Crow, 7 doors east of National Hotel.
RELIGIOUS BOOK DEPOSITORY.
GRAY A BALLANTYNE, Seventh streut, two
doors abovo Odd Fellows' Hall, have the only
Depository in this city nf the publications of the
American Bible 8ociety;
Methodist Book Concern;
Robert Carter A Brothers;
American Tract .Society;
Evangelical Knowledge Society;
Amcriean Sunday School Union;
New England and Massachusetts Sabbath School So
cieties ; and all the principal Roligious Publishers.
It is therefore apparent that their stock of Stand
ard Theological Works and general Religious Litora
ture mnst ho unequalled.
Tboy always keep an extensive assortment of all
the Hymns used in the different churches, family and
H\et Bibles and Prayer Books, in plain and superb
Attractive and choioo Juveniles, embracing nearly
all of the most useful and entertaining Books for tho
School Books, of all the kinds usod in the city and
country school!, at New York prices.
Blank Books, Staple and Fancy BtaWonory.
Pocket Knives, Portmonnaies, Portfolios, Writing
Desks, Ac. Jan. 2?d j
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