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Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, January 06, 1854, Image 1

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Tho Daily National Era ii published every even
ing, and contain* the roportu of the proceeding! of
Congress up to three o'clock.
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WASHINGTON, 1) C.
DEBATE ON EMANCIPATION, :
IN THE LEGI8LATUB* OF VIKQIHIA, III 1832
Tbo debate in tho Virginia LogWalure, ut
theHOHrtionof 1831-32,on thesuljeot of Karnn
cipation, won occasioned by the Southampton
itiHurreotion, which occurred in tlio preceding
August. The minds of tho people were awa
kened by that event lo tho continual insecurity
and danger of a state <?f society in which one
half of tho people aro made tho natural enc
mica of the other; and the pross almost unani
mously broke forth in nonuemuation of a sys
tern to which they justly traced the dilapidu
tion and deoay of agriculture, the absence < f
arts, roanufaotures, and internal improvements,
and tho prevalent ignorance among tho body
of the people. The condition of Virginia w^s
contrasted with that of the Northern States, in
these particulars, and her poverty and degene
fimj demonstrated on tho incontestable author
ity of official statistics. The debate oocopicd
many consecutive days at tho session, and mut-t
lie regarded, by all who peruse it, us one of tin
ablest, and, owing to tho vital importance of
tho subject, onn of the most interesting that
has ever oocurrod on the continent. The Vir
ginian of tho present day. who would bury in
ublivion all recollection of this debate, is untrue
to the honor and renown of his country. No
where has genius and liberty been more close
ly allied than in the Old Dominion. It would
be difficult to tind one illustrious namo in all
her history, which is uot identified with free
dom in tho broadest sense of tho term; while
those who have signalised themselves as the
champions of Slavery are stars of a lesser mag
nitude.
Foremost in the ranks of the Emancipation
pirty was the distinguished editor of the Rich
mond Enquirer, Thomas Ritchie, Esq., a gen
tleman of high c haracter, a cool, cautious, and
warv politician, whoso influence was. perhaps,
at that tiino and suWquently, greater than
that of any man in Virginia. Side by side
with the Enquirer stood the Richmond whig,
edited bv tho gallant aud impetuous John
Hamden Pleasants, a roan of brilliant genius,
who, for da?hing and racy editorial writing,
has nevor been excelled in this country. Tho
priws of Norfolk, Charlottesville, and other
places, responded in manly strains to the Rich
mond papers; and I believe I shall not be in
vidious in saying that a majority cl enlighten
od men in the State took a decided stand in
favor of Emancipation.
Among tho mo->t distinguished advocates of
Emancipation, in the House of Delegates, were
Mr. Moore of Rockbridge, Mr. Boiling of ,
Mr. Randolph of Albemvrle, Mr. Rives of
Campbell, General Rrodnax of Dinwiddie, Mr
Powell, Mr. Faulkner, and Mr. Summers of
Kanawha.
From Ike Richmond Enquirer, Jan. 7, 1832?
Editorial.
It is probable, from what wo bear, that the
Committee on the Colored Population will re
port some plan for gettiug rid of tho free people
of color. But is this all that oan ho done 1 Are
we forever to suffer the greatest evil which can
scourge our land, not only to remain, but to in
crease in its dimensions? ' We may shut our
eyes and avert our faces, if we please, (writes
an eloquent Sooth Carolinian, on his return
from the North, a few weeks ago,) but there it
U the dark and growing evil at our doors; and
meet the iiaiotinn we must, at no distant day. !
God only Knows what it is tho part of wise
men to do on that momentous and appalling ,
subject. Of this I am very sure, that the dif
fercnee?nothing short of frightful?between
all that exists on one side of the Potomac anil
all on tho other, is owing to that caxue alone.
The disease is deepeeatod?it is at the hearts
oore ?it is consuming, and has all along been
consuming, our vitals; and I could laugh?if I
oould laugh on such a subject?at tho igno
rance and folly of the politician who ascribes
that to an act of the Government which is the
inevitable effect of tho oternal laws of Nature
What is to be done ? Oh ! my God, I do not
know, but something must bo done "
Vea, something must bs done, and it is the
part of no honest man to denr it?of no free
to affect to conceal it. When this daik
population is growing upon us; when every
new een-tH is but gathering its appalling num
bers upon us; when, within a rerun! equal to 1
that in which this Foderal Constitution has
been in eiistence. tbtM numl?ers will increase
to moro than two millions within Virginia; j
when our sinter States are closing their doors
upon our blacks for sale, and when our whites
are moving we?twardly in greater numbers
than wa like to hear of; when this, the fairest
land on all thi? continent, for soil, and climate
and situation combined, might become a sort of
garden spot if it were worked by the hands of
white men alone, ran ire, onght we, to sit quiet
ly down, fold our arms, and say to each other.
Well, well, this thing will not come to the
wornt in our day; we will leave it to onr chil
dren. and our grandchildren and great grand
children. lo take eare of themsrlveSj nnd to
brave the ?U<rm " Is this ?n Ml like wise men ? j
Heaven knows we are no fanatics?we detest
the madncw which actuated the Antie* de*
Nairn; but smoothing migkl In be done.
Means, sure hut gradual, systematic but dis
creet onght to lie adopted for reducing the
mass of evil which is proving upon the South
and will still mom pre* ojswi her, the longer
it is put off We ought not lo shut onr eyes,
nor avert our facen, and, thmigh we sjieak al
miwt without a hot*! that the committee of tho
|,agii?laturo wdl do anything at the present
Nesniiwi In m?*et this question, vot we say now,
in the utmost sincerity of our hearts that our
wisent men cannot give too much of their at
tention to this subject, nor ean they give it too
soon.
I shall give only a few extracts Irom the de
bate ;
Mr. Mooar, of Rockbridge, said ; ? ? *
Permit me, now, sir, to direct your attention to
some of the evil consequences of Slaverv, by
WAy of argument in favor of onr maturely do
lib> rating on the whole mihjeot, and adopting
s?me cfti.'icnt measures |o remove the cause
from which those evils spring. In the first
place, I shall confine my remarks lo such o(
those evils as affnet the white population ex
clnsively. And eren in that point of view, I
think that Slavery, as it exists among na. may
l?e regarded as the kcavir*' calamity which has
ever befallen any portion of the human race
If we look hack through the long course ot
time which has elapsed since the oreatiou to
the present momont, we shall scarcely be a e
to point out a people whose situation was not
in many respects, preferable to our own, and
that of the other States in which negro Slavery
Mists True, sir, we shall see nations which
have groaned nnder the yoke nf despotism, for
hnniMbnnd thoiwwid?<?f year*; but the mur
vidti&l* tNwipo*i?ig thovo nation* hato unjnjr^l
a degree of happiness, pesoe, and freedom front
apprehension, which the holders of slaves in
this country can never know ????HI
G. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, JANUARY (i, 1864. NO. 5.
sir, wo compare the face of the country in Vir
ginia with that of tbo Northern State*, we
?ball find the recruit greatly to the advantage of
the latter. We Khali see the Old Dominion,
though blessed by nature with all the advan
tages of a mild climate, a fruitful noil, and fine
navigable hays and riven, generally deolining
in all that constitutes natural wealth. In that
Jiart of the State below tide-water, the whole
ace of tho country wears an appearance of
almost utter denotation, distressing to the bo
holder. Tall and thick forests of pine* aie
everywhere to be seen, encroaching upon the
once cultivated fields, and casting a deep gloom
over the land, which looks as if naturo mourned
over the misfortunes of man.
Mr. Rives, of Campbell, said : ? * * ?
On the multiplied and desolating evils of Sla
very he was not disposed to nay much. The
curse and deteriorating consequences were with
in the sbaorvatien and ex|>erienoR of the mem
bers of the House and the people of Virginia,
and it did seem to him that there could not be
two opinions about it. Hut there were strong
objections to discussing thin branch of the sub
ject in it-* dot hils, and he. would content him
self with giving a brief attention to the strange
political effect* produced by the existence of
this unnatural connection of master aud slave
&?., &o.
Mr. I'owki.i, said: #######
I can scarcely persuade myself that there is a
solitary gentleman in tbis'Houso who will not
readily admit tbat Slavery is an evil, and that
its removal, if practicable, is a consummation
most devoutly to bo winhed. I have not hoard,
nor do I expect to hoar, a voice raised in this
Hall to the oontrary. Sir, the gentleman from
Kuckiughum a few days ago sketched to us,
and sketched it, too, with a masterly hand, a
picture of tho withering and blighting effects
of Slavery. Tbat picture is before this House,
and I will not attempt to add to it a shade, or
another tint; I will not, sir, lost, instead of
adding to its effect, 1 might, with a less skillful
hand, diminish it. Sir, Virginia, the much
loved, the venerated mother of us all, from
being tbo first State in this great Confederacy,
is now the third, postrtbly the fourth; and her
declining fortunes have long been the source
of melancholy reflection to her patriotic sons.
What, sir, is the cause of this decline? What
ever others may think, to my mind it is clear
that the answer to this interrogatory is, her
slavo population. Hmc ilia huhrynia Hero
lies tbo source of all her misfortunes. This is
the clog that has weighed her down, and pre
vented her onw ard march pari passu with her
sister States, in their career of improvement.
Mr. PmcMTONHaid: ?#?####
Sir, Mr Jefferson, whoso hand drew the pre
amble to the Bill of Rights, has eloquently re
marked that we had invoked for ourselves the
benefit of a principle which we had denied to
others. He saw and felt that slaves, as men,
were embraced within this principle.
Mr. Summers, of Kanawha. ? ?
But, sir, the orils of this system cannot be enu
merated. It were unnecessary to attempt it
They glare upon us at every step. When the
owner looks to his wasted estate, he knows and
feels them When the statesman examines the
condition of his country, and finds her moral
influence gone, her physical strength dimin
ished, her physioal power waning, he sees and
must oonfess them. They may be viewed, writ
ten on a nation's map. Contrast the condition
of the Southern States with tbat whioh those
of the Northern and Middle present. Kxamino
them jn relation to general education, the state
of their agriculture, manufactures, foreign and
domestic commerce?you have here the prob
lem worked out on a large scale. ? * ? t
Sir, we should take oourago from the goodness
of tho cause in which wo are engaged. It is
one on which Heaven will smils. We shall not
be left nnaided in our exertions. Slavery is a
national calamity. Such it has been regarded
by those who are entirely free from the evil.
Nine of tbo non-slavi-holding States have gen
? rously offered to the South the common Treas
ury for the removal of this common evil. Such,
km,' was the purport of the resolutions submit
ted u? the Senate of the United States by Rufus
King, at the close of his long and useful public
life
Kxirait from ike spetck of John A Chandler, of
Norfolk county
It is admitted by all who have addressed this
House, tbat Slavery is a curse, and an increas
ing one. That it has been destructive to tho
lives of our citizens history, with unerring
truth, will record. That its future increase
will creato commotion, cannot be doubted.
The tine, then, sir, has arrived, when the
talus popuh applies, and every consideration of
(?atriotism requires us to act upon it. This
pnnoiple? this fundamental principle, the safe
ty of the pe pie?embraces rot only the pres
ent raoe, but posterity also The gentleman
from Brunswick, with great foroe and elo
quence, has insisted that the master has prop- )
wty, not only in the female slave, but in the
issue, ad infinitum And, sir, we have an in
terest, not only in our own welfare, but in that
of our posterity. We are bound to legitdate
for them, as well a* for ourselves.
This principle, that pewterity are interested
In the act* of their an^tors, is recognised in '
the BUI of Rights, in the very first Nroiion of it.
That instrument is hallowed by its antiquity? |
hythe double confirmation of the people of this
Dominion I may say, it is superior to the
Constitution itself as that professes to be based
upon the Bill ot Rights.
What says tbat instrument? "That man
has oertain unalienable rights, of which, when
lie enters into society, he cannot by any com- :
pact deprive hi< fotfenly ; namely, the enjoy- !
mimt ol life and lib rty, with the means of ac- i
quiring and po-w *?iug property, and of pursu
ing and obtaining happiness and safety." Has
Slaver* interfered with our means of enjoying
life, liberty, property, happiness, and safety ?
Lot k at Southampton. The answer is written
in letters of blood, anon tho floors of that nn
happy county. Under thwe circumstances,
may we not inqnire into the right of our anoes- '
tors to inflict this rursp npnn us, seeing that it 1
has interfered so essentially with the first ar
ticle of the Bill of Rights?
But, sir, will this evil?this curse?not in
oresse ? Will not the life, lil?erty, prosperity, 1
bspjiiiicss, and safety, of those who may eomo
after us, lie endangered, in a still greater de 1
gree, by it? How, then, can wo reconcile it to 1
ourselves, to fasten this upon them ' Do we
not endanger our very national existence, by j
entailing Slavery upon them 1
Sir, the gentleman from Brunswick very em
phatieally asked: "Are not onr slaves our
property >And tbo gentleman from Dinwid
dle, sustaining his position, said, in that integ
rity and firmness which characterises all his j
actions, that he would own no property re
specting whioh he was afraid to snow his title
papers. He even invited discussion upon this j
(jucstion Of title to slave* as property. An a
rirfinian, I do not questien the master's .title
to his slave; but I put it to the gentleman, a<
a man, a* a moral man, as a Christian man, '
whether ho has not some doubt of bis olaim
being as absolute and unqualified as that of
other property? I do this, not lor the purpose
of raining an argument 10 sustain the power of
the Legislature to remove them, which I think
I have satisfactorily shown, but mainly to call
hiii attention to the title, that if a doubt as to
that should be created, it may operate in some
measure in withdrawing opposition to the re
moval of the slaves. I^ t us, sir, in the investi
gation of this title, go back to its origin.
Whence came slaves into this country * From
Africa. Were tkey free men there? At one
time they were. How came they to be converted
into slants ? By the stratagem of war aud the
strong arm of the conqueror; they wore van
quished in battle, sold by the victorious party
to the tdave trader, who brought them to our
shores, and disposed of them to the planter of
Virginia. Had the conqueror an absolute and
unqualified right to them ?
The gentleman from Campbell, [Mr. Daniel.]
in arguing this part of the subject, stated that
ancient authors insisted upon two modes by
whioh a free man might become a nlave, viz:
by voluntary compact, and by conquest; but
he was in the end compelled, by the omui-ho <>f
his reasoning, to admit that thoso doetrinfs
have been exploded by modern writers. If,
then, Liberty, rightfully, cannot bo converted
into Slavery, may I not question whether the
title of the master to the slave is absolute and
unqualified, and beyond tho disposition of tlio
Government ? In gonoral case*, tho derivative
title cannot be better than the primitive. If
the warrior had no absolute right to the person
of his captive, may there not be soma doubt
whethor the Virginia planter has au unquali
fied ono ?
What, sir, would be thought, at the present
day, if an elephant were taken, by force or
friuid, from its true owner, on the ooast of
Africa, and brought to our country, and an in
dividual, knowing of the circumstance, were to
purohase it?would it not be said that ho par
ticipated in the crime? Would not tho old
adage, " that tho receiver of stolen goods is as
bad as the thief," apply ? And, sir, is the rea
soning different when the subject is a human
boing? when a man has boon taken, by force
or fraud, from his native shore, and sold in
your market ? It may be said that our ances
tors did not know tho circumatabees under
which the slave lost his liberty. I hope they
did not. It will in some measure extenuate the
crime, but cannot enhance the title. The truth
is, that our ancestors had no title to this prop
erty, and we have acquired it only by legisla
tive enactments, sanctioned by the necessity of
the case. J
It may be argued, that length of time ha*
created a titlo. Some thirty years ago, a
frigate, which had boen captured from the
French by the valor and skill of our gallant
tars, after having been brought into port, wai
refitted, and sailed on a cruise ; f?he has never
been heard of sinoe. Imagine, for a moment,
that it was now announced to this nation that
the ship had foundered on the coast of Africa
and her crew, or part of them, were alive, slaves
to some petty mouarch in that country. Think
you, sir, that we would listen to the plea of
length of time? No; the voioe of a mighty
people, with resistless force, would proclaim
that freemeu eau never be made slaves, and
the hum of preparation to demand our long
lost brethren, would soon resound throughout
the laud. And, sir, but for the degradation
and absenoe of nationality in Africa, one of the
most interesting principles of international law
might bo presented to the American people,
whioh has ever engaged the attention of the
statesman?a principle that would be advoca
ted by the good and wise throughout the Union
Were Africa erected into a sovereign and in
dependent State, and reeognised as a nation
by the potentates of the world, to make a de
mand upon our Government for her long-lost
and enslaved children, accompanied with a re
cital of all the circumstances of fraud by which
thoy were taken from their native country, it
would present a claim too strong to be discuss
od?a demand too just to be denied by the free
born sons of Virginia These reflations I have
thrown out, Mr. Sneaker, in the hope that, if
masters of slaves should perceive some defect
in their title, thoy may be iuclined u to let them
go.''
I have, Mr. Speaker, entered into but few
statistical details; the oour*e of my argument,
I trust, made it unnecesnary. One estimate,
however, I will mention ; it is this: that if the
slave |H>pulation increases as it has dime for
some years past, in the year 1880?loss than
fifty years henco?there will be, in the seven
State* of Virginia, Notth and South Carolina,
(leorgia. Louisiana Alabama, and Mississippi,
something more than 5.000 000 of slaves, of
which Virginia alono will possess largely up
wards of l.ooo 000?an kramint too great, too
appabing, for a statesman not to apprehend
some danger from I acknowledge, I tremble
for the fate of my country at somo future da?,
M unless we do something !''
Ritrarts from the speech of Thot. J. Randolph,
of Albemarle.
I will quote, in part, the statistics of the gen
tleman Irotn Dinwiddie, whose accuracy can
not be qncstioued Judging the future by the
past, in forty years the oolored population in
Kostern Virginia will exceed the white 200 000
In the last forty years, the white* in the mm
district have increased 51 per cent, the black*
1*6 per cont. Forty years ago, the whites ex
ceeded the colored, 25.000; the colored now
exceeds the whiUs 81,000?a net gain of the
blacks over the whites, in forty years, of
106,000 ; and these results, too, during an ex
portation of noar 260 000 slaves since the year
now perhaps the fruitful progenitors of
half a million in other Suites Ky reference to
Document No 16, on your table, >0* will per
ceive that, in tho year 1830, of that f.nrt of the
population of ten years old. and under, the
blacks exoeed the whites 26 per cent.; over
that ag<v only 3 per cent What a change will
not eighteen years make for the worse, when
those ohildren shall be grown; what a change
will not forty years, with its geometrical pro
gre-sion, evolve, when they shall become fathers
mid mothers, and some of them grandmothers ?
If exportation ceases, some of thufle now within
the hearing of my voioe may l.ve to sco the ool
ored population of Virginia 2,000,000, or
2,000,000; children now Isirn may livo to see
them 3 <>00,000, determining their increase by
their average increase in the United States in
the last forty years
Sir, is not this the case of the solus populi,
demonstrated to exist in tho certain tutu re ?
Who will be so hardy as to amort that, when
the lime artivee, a remedy can lie applied'
Who will say that 2,000 000 can be attempted
to lie removed ? They will say to you, long
lieforc that, ' We will not go." Here, sir, ap
plies that wise maxim of the law, "Venitnti
oceuritt morbo(meet the coming ill.)
The gentleman has spoken of the inoiease
of the female slaves being a part of the profit:
It is admitted ; but no great evil ean he avert
ed, no good attained, without some inconveni
enoe It may lie questioned how far it is de*i
rable to foster aod encourage thin branch of
profit. It it a practice ?and an increasing
prantioe in parte of Virginia?to rear slaves for
m&rket How oan an honorable mind, a pa
triot, and a lover of bin country, bear to see
this ancient Dominion, rendered UtantriuuG by
the noble devotion and patriotism of her (tons
in the oanse of Liberty, converted into one
grand menagerie, where men are t>> be roared
lor marked like oxen in the shambles ? In it
better?is it uot worse?than the clave trade
that trado which enlisted the lattor of the good
and tho wise of every creed and every ulime to
abolish it ? The trader receives tl?e clave?a
stranger in language, Hsjwct, and maimer?
from the merchant, who has brought him from
the interior. The ties oi"father, mother, hus
band, and ohild, have all been rent in twain.
Before he receives hint, his tool ha* become
oallous.
But here, sir, individuals, whom the muster
has known from infancy, with whom he has
been sporting in the innocent gambol* of uhild
1 hood, who has been accustomed to look to him
for protection, he tears from the mother'* arms,
and sells into a strange country, among utrange
people, subjeot to orael ta.?.k-i?iu?ter>. In my
opinion, sir, it is much worse. *^'r
Ho has compared slave properly to a capital
in money. I wish it were money, cir, or any
thing else than what it in. It is not money ; it
is laltor?it is the labor which produces that
for which monoy is the repfttieBtative. The
intercut on money is 4 to 6 jicr cent. The hire
of male slaves id about 15 per cent, upon thoir
value. listen years, or lo>s, you liavc returned
your principal, with interests'. Thus it is with
much of tho one hundred millions of property,
the loss of which the gentleman has so elo
quently depicted in ruining tho country. He
ha? attempted to justify Slavery here, because
it exists in Africa, and has stated that it csists
all over the world. Upon the tamn principle,
he could justify Mahometan ism, with its plurali
ty of wives, petty warn for plunder, robbery,
and murder, or any other of the abominations
and enormities of savage tribes. Does Slavery
exist in any part of civilized Euroj>e? No, air,
in no pui I of it. Auieric.ii is the only civilized
Christian nation that bears the opprobrium.
In every other country, where oivihzation and
Christianity have exited together, they have
erased it from thoir codes, they have blotted it
from the page ol their history.
The gentleman has appealed to the Christian
religion in justification of Slavery. ( would
ask him upon what part of those pure doctr ines
does he rely, to which of those sublime pre
cepts does he advert, to sustain his position ?
Is it that which teaches charity, justice, and
good-will to ail; or is it that which tcachos,
' that ye do unto others as ye would they should
do uuto you ?" <
FARM NEAli WASHINGTON FOR SALE.
TIIE'subscriber offers for Halo hid Fnrtn, situated
about live mile* from Washington, D.C., in Prince
George's county, Md. It contains 178} acrcs, more
than 30 of which it) a tine allurial meadow, producing
a ton and a half of hay to the acre, hut which un
der improved cultivation would prodnco at least two
tons. Hay sella in tho Washington market at from
$15 to $30 per ton. About four acres of the place is
a marsh, eovered with several fuot in thickness of
black oarth, tho result of decayod vegetation, whieb,
properly composted, is a source from which tho up*
land may be-enriched at a reasonable cost. About
60 acres of tho farm is woodland?growth principally
oak and chestnut. Tho land, except tho meadow, is
undulating, and affords many beautiful sites for bnild
ing. There aro many spring* of exeollont water on
the place, and It is noted tor its bcalthfulncs*. Tho
I soil of the greater part of the upland is a sandy loam,
underlaid by clay?in some places, clay predomina
ting. About 75 acres could be divided into small gar
dening farms, giving nearly an equal quantity of wood
and arable land to each. Tiiere is an orchard of I .SO
Each trees and 00 applo trees on thu place, all l>ear
g. The farm is well fenced. The buildings are?s log
house of fonr rooms, with a frame addition of three
rooms, a meat-house of sun-dried brick, a log kitchen
separate from the dwelling, a corn-house, stable, cor
riage-house, Ac. There is a stream of water running
through the place, with sufficient witter and fall fer a
small mill. Prico. $60 per acre. Terms?one-third
cash ; a long credit (or the residue, if desired; or, it
would be exchanged for real estate in the city ot
Washington. Address MARTIN BUSLL.
Washington, D. C.
Fifty acres, about half of which is woodland, snd
which could be divided into three gardening farms,
with woodland and a beautiful building site to each,
wouid be sold separately. Or, if preferred, I will nell
the other part of the farm, on whlcn are the buildings,
orchard, and meadow, which cannot be conveniently
divided. M. B
TH V OHIO FARM BR FOR ISM.
THIS elegant and popular Weekly Agricultural
Family Newspaper will commence its third vol
ume on the lit of January, 1854. It will be illustra
ted with numerous engravings of Domestic Animals
Farm Iluildings, Farm Implement*, Trees, Shrubs,
and all the important affairs connooiod with Hnrti
culture. Agriculture, and Stoek.
Bach number will pontain, besides Foreign snd
Dmncstie News, selections from the tnort intending
| Publications of the day, Stories, Wit, History, Biog
raphy, Poetry. Eiieays on various subjects, M ?rk-t
Reports of Cleveland. New York, Cincinnati, Ac. In
short, nothing will he left undone which may be
thought necessary to ronder " Tho Ohio Farmer ' the
best Family Paper for the Farmer. Gardener. Me
chanic and Stock Breeder, that ia published in the
(Tnited States That the circulation may be general,
we have made the terms low.
TVrws.?One eopy, $S; three copies, $5, Ave cop
ies. $tt i ton copies $16; twenty copies, $25; and at
the same rate for six month*. Address
THOM AS BROWN, Proprietor,
Cleveland Ohio,
oy Editor! friendly to our enterprise, who will
copy the above advertisement, and send a paper
marked to us, shall have the Fanner the coming
year, with or without an exchange. Doc SS?4t
rAtmn.
ZO BOBBIN8, Attorney for Procuring and I>e
? fending Patents, Washington, 1> C., makes Bx
amiriation* at the Patent Office, prepares Drawings I
atid Papers for Applicants for Patents, ami can be ,
consulted on all matters Mating to the Patent Laws
and decisions in this and other conntriee. He else
continues to devote especial attention to arguing
Tijirlnl application* before the Commissioner of Pa
tenta, in which line of practice he has succeeded in j
procuring a great nniuhrr of valuable patent*. His
tee for an examination at the Patent Office is ive dol
lars ; for other service* the charge will be reasonable
Reference .-an he made to members of t'ongrms, or to
hose for whom Mr. R ha* transacted business during
he T>*st nine veer* Aeg lfc snw
? MRU w JIH.l t*,
Attorney aiul Cnunvllor at Law, CmtrevilU,
I lldiOttfly
flTTLL attend to the securing and collecting of
V\ claims, and all other business intrusted to hi*
care, in the count-ie* of Wayne, Randolph, Henry,
f'nion, and Fayette, ami in the Supreme and Federal
Courts at Indianapolis. Doc 22.
HOIKKV RKK FKKD.
\NY person who will semi hip address, and one
dollar in nn envelope, postpaid, to K JORDAN, !
Newbury, Vermont, shall have scot him by mail,
post paid, ia return, a paper Informing him - 1st, how
to make four i|nalitics of feed for l?ees, costing from
1 III cents per lh., from which good honey I* pro j
ducod; 2d, giving information how to use the feed
with any common hive, with drawer*; Id, giving in- !
formation how to prc\ent fighting and robbing while
in the process of foodiug Knowing that multitudes
are desirous to obtain the above information, and
that it is more than an equivalent, for the dollar
asked, no apology i* needed for I hi* notice. Please
send a gold dollar, or a current hill on some New 1
Kngland hank, when possible.
Nov. 17. B. JORDAN.
ft ft. WILLIAM*,
A turner and reanseller at l*?. Washington City,
| )RACTICB8 in the Courts of the DiatrietefC*
X lumhin, and before the Department* of tke Gov
ernment. Office over Banking donee of fleiden, Wltk- ,
esr, A Co. June M?tf
piu-bjpkotus or the daily national kka.
I shall issue, on the 2d day of January en
suing, the Daily National Era, a Political
and Literary Newspaper.
Ill Putitica, it will advocate the [lights til'
Man, and the Equality of (lights, and oppose
whatever violates or tends to violate them,
whether this l?e Involuntary Personal Servi
tude, Civil Despotism, Spiritual Absolutism,
Class Legislation, the Selfishness of Capital,
the Tyranny of Combination,? the Oppression of
a Majority, or the Exactions of a Party.
It will hold no fellowship with the Whig
and Democratic arganiziUioim, believing that !
the main issues on which they have been ar
rayed against euch other are obsolete or settled, ,
and that they are now chiefly used by the Sec
tional Interest ol Slavery, to impair the love of !
Liberty natural to the American mind, aud to S
subjugate the American People to its rule. Did- I
claimitin "II conneciiou with them, it will yet (
sympathize with ttiose of rheir adherent wl?o
are honestly seeking through them to advance !
the substantial interests of the country, although
it must believe thai they have not chosen tin*
better way.
It will be a supporter of the Independent
Democracy, which holds that the Truths of the
Declaration of Independence are practical; that
in their light the < ^institution of the United
States is to be interpreted; that to iheni the laws
and institutions and usages of the country
should be conformed?a Party, whose motto
is, Union, not for the sake of Union, but for the
sake of Freedom and Progress ; and Lau>, not
for the sake of Law, but for the Protection of
Human Rights and Interests?the only sure
foundation of order and concord.
In no sense will it be the organ of a Party, or
a mere Party Paper, but absolutely " free and
independent," claiming to speak by " authori
ty" lor nobody except its editor, and recognis
ing no authority in auy quarter to prescribe its
course and |>olicy.
la'Literature., it will aim to unite the Beau
tiful with the True, and to make both immedi
ately suhservient to the practical purposes of
every day life.
Able correspondent1', at home and abroad, j
have been secured, and ample provision has
been made for its Literary Miscellany.
It will publish condensed reports of the pro
ceedings of Congress, explain movements in
that liody, the causes of which do not always
lie upon the surface, and from its position be
able to keep a constant watch upon the action i
of the Federal Government in relation to all ;
questions at issue between Fjiberty and Slavery.
The extensive subscription of the IVeckly
Era, which, during the year about to close, has
reached Hie number of twenty-eight thousand,
must make it an eligible medium lor advertisers.
The Daily Era will be issued on a sheet as j
large as that of the Daily National Intelligencer,
on the 2d day of January, 1854, and daily there- j
aftfr, until the 1st of September, 1854, (or long- I
er, should Congress continue in session,) at
nvE dollars poh that period; and thmdtl
the result then warrant, the publication will be
resumed on the 1st of December following, by
the year.
As hut sixteen days intervene between this
and the 2d of January, it is important that
subscriptions lie forwarded at once.
Payment in mdmmet will be invariably re
quire d G. KA1LEY.
ff'anhington, December 15, 1853.
PROSPECTUS OF TUP EIGHTH VOLUME OP THF
RATIONAL EKA
Q. BAII.ET, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
JOHN a. WHITTIER, CORRK8PONDINO EDITOR,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
The National Era in a weekly newnpaj>er,
d a to tod to Literature and Politico
In LiUrature, it nimn to unite the Beautiful
with the True, and to make both immediately
aubmrvient to the praotical purpose* of every
day life.
fn Politics, it advocate* tho Rights of Man,
and th? Equality of Righta, aiid opposee what
ever violate* or tends to violate them, whether
thin l>e Involuntary Pcmonal Servitude, Civil
Deapotinm, Spiritual Abnolutinm, Claw l,egis
lation, the Selti-dincM of Capital, the Tyranny
of Combination, tho Oppre?tiun of a Majority,
or the Exactions of Party.
It hold* no fellnwtihip with the Whig and
Democratic organizations, believing that the
main umuch on which they have boon arrayed
again <t each other are obnolcte or nettled, and
that they are now chiefly lined by the Sectional
Intercut of Slavery, to impair the lov<> of Lib
erty natural to tho American mind, and to
suhjngatc the American People to itn rule. Dis
claiming all connection with them, it yet nym
pathiicH with thono of their adherent* who are
honestly nocking through them to advance the
mibntantial interentn of the country, although
it mu-t l>elieve that they have not chonen the
better way.
It in a nupi^irti-r of tho Independent Demon
racy, which bold* that the Truth* of the Dec
laration of Independence are practical, that in
their light the Constitution of the Dnitcd
Staten in to lie interpreted, that to them the
lawn and in-tfitntionn and linage* of the ootin
try nhould lie oonformed?a Party, whi*o
motto in, Union, not for the nuko of Union,
but for the nake of Freedom and Progress;
and Iaiw, not for the nake of Law, but for the
Protection of Human Rightn and Intcicstn?
the only cure foundation of order and oonoord.
In no sennc in it tho organ of a Party, or a
mere Party Paper, but absolutely ' frea and
independent," claiming to npeak " by author*
ity'' for nobody except itn editor, and recogni
ning no authority in any quarter to proscribe itn
euutw and policy.
The Kighth Volume of the Era will com
mence on the fir*t of January ensuing, and be
enlarged by the addition of four oolumnn. We
have noglcetod no means that could prontiae to
make it an agreeable companion for the House
hold, and an efficient eo-adjutor to the enligbt
ed Politician. It han necured able eorronjiond'
entn at home and abroad, and no journal in
the oountry can nurpaen the Era an it respect*
contributors to itn Literary Department.
The Era publishes condensed reportn of tho
proceedings of Congrmn, explain* movements
in that body, the causes of whioh do not alwayn
lie u|n?n the nurftoo, and from itn position in
ennblod to keep a constant, watch upon the mo
tion of the Federal Government in relation
to all questions at issue between Liberty and
Slavery.
The only journal at the seat of the Federal
Government, representing the Anti-Slavery
Sentiment of the Republic, while the Pro Sla
very Sentiment is represented here by four
daily papers, nearly all of them being liberally
sustained by Governmoutal patronage, it asks
the support of all who believe, in sincerity, that
the Union was formed to secure tlie blessings
of Liberty, and not to ]ierpetnato the ourse of J
Slavery.
Payment in advance is invariably required. ,
To prevent annoyance and loss to ourselves
and readers, to preserve their file* uubroken,
and to cuable us to know bow largo an edi
tion of the paper to issue, all subscriptions
should be renewed before thoy expire. We
have no credit-subscribers on our hooks.
TKKMS.
Single copy 82
Thr^e copse* ? 6
Five copies ... 8
Ten copies - - - 15
Single copy si r months - 1
Ten copies war months - 8
These am the terms lor both old and now
subscribers,forwarding their own subscriptions.
A(iENTfl.
Agents are entitled to fifty conts on each new
yearly subscriber, and twenty-five ocnts ou
each renewed subscriber?except in the case of
clubs.
A club of three subscribers, ono of whom
may bo an old one, at 85, will entitle the per
son making it up to a copy of the Era for three
months; a club of five, two of whom may be
old ones, at 86, to a copy for six months; a
club of ten, five of whom may be old ones, at
815, to a copy for ono year.
When a club of subscribers has been for
warded, additions may bo made to it, on the
same terms.
Money to be forwarded by mail at our risk.
Large amounts may be remitted in drafts or
certificates of doj>osito. When monoy is sent,
notes on the Banks of Boston, New York, Phil
adelphia, or Baltimore, are preferred. New
England notes are at less discount than New
York State notes, and these loss than Western
notes. G. Bailet.
P. S. Newspapers friendly to our enterprise
will please notice or publish our Prot-pectus, as
they may see proper.
PR0BPECTU8 OF FACTS FOB THE PEOPLE.
The " Facts fob t m k Pkupi.k " is a monthly, de
signed for preservation as a document for reference,
or for general circulation, as a Free Democratic Mis
i tiionary, especially among those not jet familiar with
the Anti-Slavery movement. It will be composed
| chiefly of articles from the National Era, adapted
particularly to the purpose named.
Each number will contain eight pages, and be print
ed on good paper, of the sise of the Congressional
j Globe, in quarto form, suitable for binding.
It will be furnished at the following rates, by the
year, twelve numbers constituting a volume :
Six copies to one address - ? - - $1
Twenty copies to one address 3
One hundred copies to one address ? 12
Any person or club may in this way, by raining*
$12, supply Anti-Slavery reading every month, for a
whole year, to one hundred readers. Single subscri
bers will not be received. Send for a club, and order
it to one address.- The postage is a trifle?only half
a cent a number, six cents a year, paid in advance at
the office where the paper is received, All pay
ments must be in advance. G. BAILRY.
P. S. Editors of newspapers favorable to the fore
going will entitle themselves to six copies of the
monthly, by publishing the Prospootus, and directing
attention to it
PREMIUM OF TWENTY-FOUR DOLLARS.
DKH NATIONAL DEMOERAT.
This newspaper has now been in existence only
four months, and has already quite a considerable
circulation. We havo spared no cost to mako it, as
to fizc, typography, and paper, the first German pa
per in iho country. As to its literary merits, we have
received tn^ntuntial proofs of approval, from Maine
to Texas. We have no agents for whose acts wo are
rosponsible, but any person can act as a voluntary
agent, and he will find that our terms are sufficiently
liberal to reward his trouble.
We now offer the following additional inducements:
1. Any person sending us 10 subscribers and ? IV
will receivo as a premium any one of the following
works:
Kohlrausctii's History of Germany;
Life ami Writings of Cassius M. Clay ,
McCartney's United States, or
The Natwrni! Era for one year
2. Any person sending ns 25 subscribers and 137.50
will receive?
Gibbon's Home, A volumes, prioo , or
Home's England, A volume*, price $:).
3 Any porson sending us 59 subscribers, and $75,
will receive?
Rchiller's Works, (German ) price $7 ;
Preseott's Ferdinand and Isabella, price $7 ;
Preacott's Conquest of Mexico, prico $7 ; or
.foaephus, (German or English.) price $7. ,
4. Any person sending us 100 subscriber* and $160,
will receive?
Goethe's Work-', (German,) price $14,
Shak-speare's Works, London edition, A volumts,
bound in red morocco, price $14 ,
Pictorial History of England, 4 volumes, imperial,
price $ 14; or
Hildreth's History of the United States, A volumes,
price $14.
5 Any person sanding us 150 subscribers and $2?5,
will recoive-J
Life and Writings of Washington, by Sparks, 12
volumes octavo, half calf, price $24.
HjT* The books can bo sent by Adains A Co's Ex
press, or, il preferred, the price of tho books will be
transmitted in cash.
TERMS.
One copy, one.year - $2 I Five co|iies, one yaar f K
Three copies, one year 5 | Ten copies, one year 15
QJT' Persons who procure a club of three, five, or
ten subscribers, at two dollars each, may remit to us
at the above ratos, retaining the balance as a remu
neration for their trouble.
All communications mnst be post paid, and ad
dressed to BUELL A BLANCHAUR
Washington, P C.
ATTKKTIOJI !
S~OLl?IKRS who s?jrved In the various warn, an
_ sailors, or their widows or heirs, to whom ar
rears of pay, extra pny, bounty land, pensions, Ao.
may be due, may find it to their advantage to hav?
their claims investigated. Address
A M. GANGRWER,
Attorney and Agent, Wa?hirgt?i?, i> C
Bounty-land warrants bought and sold
TXZMS or WEEKLY SUA.
Single copy * ? - 08 Ten copiua .... $lu
Three eo pie* - ? - Single copy aix month* 1
Fift copies ... 8 Ten copioa viz mom h* 8
Payment in advance ia uniformly refund.
Haiti of Advertising.--Ten eenta a lino for the Out
inaortion, live oenta a line for ouch rub.-cjui at unu.
Money to bo forwuidcd by mail ut our rifle, Lniije
amount* may be rumittid tu drafta or WfHIlltm of
depoaite. When mone y in Kent, noU> on the bant* of
Boston, Now York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, are
preferred. New Kn^laud notes an; lit Irpc discount
than New York Slate uote.-, and tbcau l<-a linn
Western notoa.
All coiainunleationH to the Jim, whether on bupi
noaa of the paper or for publication, should be nd
dreaaed to G. BAILEY, Wuthingum, D- C.
(1RANVIUE INFIRMARY A.\l? WAfKIl I'UKK,
THIS Institution haj been in auccotsful operation
throe year*, and ita proprietor, having devoted
twenty-five year* to the management of the aiek. ia
now enabled to judieioualy aelect, and . akilllull.t ap
ply, auch curative agenciea aa are hot if'tipled 'O
each caae. Female diaeaaea in all their forma, re
ceive particular attention . and tho?o even who hit. e
been confincd to their beda froin one to twenty year*,
with apinal, uterine, or anoinulou* diwuwe, nre n?atir.
ed that there in atill hope for them We er|?oiiii|y
invito auch to correspond with na, aa unrivalled aue
ceaa boa given ua confidence of their curability. I>e
rangoment of the nervous ayat? in, Kver, and digc-tivo
organ*, are generally relieved. Teriu*, fiom ?<? to
(12 per week, according to ht-lpleHMicM or the amount
of oare roquired. Addrena
W. W. BANCROFT, M. D.,
Dec. 29. Granville. Licking en., Ohio.
(ilbveuno water cdri utaiu?h>
MKNT.
T1IK above Eatabllxhtnent oonlinuea in aucceaal'ul
operation during the wiuter a* well aa auuiuier.
The number of patienU treated at the Eatkblixhtnent
has been on the increaae from year Ut year, for the
paat fix yeara, until the litrt. xeas.-o, when the rio
mandB of the public far exceeded our power to *4.
commodate them. The increasing rapidity and |.iit
portion of enrea, from ycir to year, induce* the sub
scriber to believe that hiacnlaiged cx|>*iience and
?|.pa*tu??itte- f?r twatmwit give facilities to the iin a
lid rarely equalled.
Diaeaaea peculiar to femalca are treated with a sue
oesa utid riipiilit q of cure believed to he aurpaaacd hy
none. |Dec 8. J T. T. SifRLYJC, M. D.
Fll\NV Kfc'RK'N NKW HOOK FOH THI HOLV
DAYS.
2(1,000 ordered in Advance of Publication.
Will be ready Monday, Dec. r,lh.
LI T T L K F E It N 8 FOR FANNY'S LITTLE
FRIENDS. By the Author of " Fern Leave*."
One elogant Irimo, MOO pngoa; nix Illustration#.
Price 75 centa. The mime, gilt edge, $1.
Copiea aeut hy mad, poet paid, on recoipt of pri<<*.
Published by
DfeRBY A MILLER, Auburn. N Y.
DERBY, ORTON, A MULLIGAN, Buffalo
For sale by all llookaellora throughout tho United
Statoa and Canadaa. Dee. 8?-it
?EO. W. NEWOOMII,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Chicago, 111.
WILL pay particular attention to collecting busi
ness in Chioago and vicinity. Oot. 2ft
PUBLISHERS' AX?OU*CE.HKNT!
ELEVENTH VOLUME OF
THE, AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST,
THE LEADING
Weekly Agricultural Paper of the Country.
THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, a weekly
Periodical of sixteen large quarto pogos, making
an anttuul volume of M.'i2 pages of nearly double tho
siic of those in the firm ten volumes of the Agrtcul
j turist.
It is beautifully printod with type out expressly
< for it. and on the bust of clear whito paper, with wide
| margin, so that the numbers can be cosily stitchcd
| or bound together.
A copious Index is weekb' added, which will be
' fully amplified at the end of the year, for the bound
work.
Comprehensive in it* Character,
! Each volume will contain all matter worth record
1 iug, which transpires either nt home or abroad, and
which can serve to instruct or intorest the Farmer,
the Planter, the Fruit-Grower, tho Gardener, and
the Stock Breeder; thus making it tho most Com
plete and useful Agricultural Publication of tho day.
Correct and valuable Market Reports.
The Markets will be carefully reported, giving the
actual transactions which take place from week to
week, in Grain, Provisions, Cattle, Ac.; thus keep
ing oar readers constantly and reliably advised to
i thoir interests. During the past year, the knowledge
{ obtained from these Market Reports alone has saved
I our readers thousands of dollars, by informing them
! of the best time to sell or purchase.
Such a Paper is demanded by the Farming .
Community.
The publishers confidently believe that the agri
{ culturists of this country are becoming too much
| awake to the demands of their own calling to ha
longer satisfied with the slow monthly issues of a i a
j per professedly devoted to their interests, or to trust
alone to the irresponsible extracts in a "farmer's
column," to popular just now in pa|icrs chiefly dfvo
ted to business, politics, or literature, and they look
for the united support of all the intelligent Cornier*
of this country in. their continued effort to furnish a
weekly paper of a highland reliable character, which
shall be progressive, and at the same time cautious
; and conservative in all it* teachings.
Essentially an Agricultural Paper.
The A/fnembnr*M will not depart from its legiti
mate sphere to catch popular favor by lumbering up
its popes, with the silly, fictitious literature, and
| light, miscellaneous m&ttorof the day; it has a high
er aim; and a small part only of its space will bo
devoted to matters not immediatelv pertaining to tho
great business of Agriculture. The household as
well as the oat-door work of the farm will receive a
due share of attention. The humbugs and nostrums
afloat in the eom.uunity will bo tried by reliable sci
entific rules, and their worthlessnoes exposed. Ii is
the aim of the publishers to keep tbis papor sudor
the guidance of those who will make it a standard
work, which shall cotnmnnicnte to iU reader* only
that which if safe and reliable.
An 1n<hp<ndcnt Journal.
The Amrrimn A?rieiilturi't stand? upon its own
merits; and the truthfulness real, and nhiiitf,
which it brings to the support of the interests of tie
tanner. It is nntromtueled by any collateral busi
ness connections whatever. nor is it the organ of any
clique, or the puffing machine of any man or thin)*.
Thoroughly independent in all points, its ample pa
ges are studiously'piveti alone to the support and im
provement of the great agricultural class.
Kditmial Department.
The Amrrtmn Agrini/itirwi is nnder the editorioJ
supervision of Mr A B Allen, its principal editor
for the past too years, an l Mr Orange Judd, A. M ,
a thoroughly practical farmer and agricultural
chemist.
They will he assisted 1>T ProC Na?h who has been
for a long time one of the most stances ful farmers of
New England, and is n.iw Agricultural Professor of
Amherst College . Rev. Win. flirt, widely known ? a
pleasing ami instructive writer -on gardening flint
other depnrtinents of practical agi ieultnre, au>l. >n
addition to these, a number of other eminent agri
cultural writers.
All the editors are tnen practically experienced in
their profession, each of whom can handle the Plow
as well as the Pen.
The Cheapest Paper in the country, of its char
acter .
The American Agriculturist is supplied to rofulnr
subscribers at ncost of (*?? them foar cents a **?!? r,
of sixteen lar*.- pages; atid to large eliihs for I t
than two and a half cents. Each number will contain
suggestions for the treatment of soils, m amies, ero|. ,
stock, Ao, which will often he worth to thortja.lcr
more than the eo?t of the p*|wr for a yea*.
Specimen Copies.
Specimen copies will he forwarded, gratis, to any
one sending their name and post office address to the
publishers
Truss, A<s.?The paper will he promptly tssned on
Wednssdsy of each week, and * oiled to suhscHbrri
on the following liberal lenns
To single subscribers, at $2 a year? $2.
To clubs of three subscriber-. at $1 *7 a year?*5.
To clubs of five subscribe rs. at *1 f.rt o year?
To clnbs of ten subscribers, at tl 50 a year?$15.
To clubs of twenty subscribers. at fl.25 a year?
The money always to Ksmmpany the names for
which the paper if ordered.
The Postmaster or other person sending a club of
ten will be entitled to one extra copy gratis.
The Postmaster or other person sending a clnh of
twenlv or more, will be MVMtited with an ettltefljit,
sod also a copy of tho National Mngorine, Scientific
American, Weekly Tribune or Weekly Times,or any
other paper or poriodieol in this city, not costing o\ er
two dollars per annum. '
8aKmiriptionfi nmy be fnrwnr<l?*a by mail, th?
flsk af the publishers, if enclosed and moiled in tho
presence of the Postmaster.
Communications for the paper should he ad
! dr.-ssod to the editors ; subscriptions, advertisements,
sod all mfitters relating to the business deportment,
should be addressed to the publishers,
ALLEN A CO.,
Dog. J5 189 Water street. New York

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