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Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, January 07, 1854, Image 1

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Tb? Vuilfi National Bra it published every even
ing, aud contains the report* of the proceeding! of
GoHgre-qi up to three e'clock.
The Office of Publication is oa Seventh street, be
tween D and E. 0
Daily paper, for term of eight months - - ? $5.00
Rutm of Advertising tn Daily.
One square, (ten Hum,) one insertion - - - $0.60
l>o. do. three insertion* ? - 100
l>o. do. one week ... - 1.60
Do. do. two weeks - t - ? 2.60
l>o. do. one in oath ... - 4.00
i>?. do. two months - - - - 8*00
Do. do. three months - - - H.00
. A liberal discount for long advortisonionts, and to
those who advertise fpr a longer time.
WASHINGTON, D C.
DEBATE ON EMANCIPATION,
m THE LXOnLATDKX of VIRGINIA. IN IU9
[concluded]
Extracts from the speech of Henry Berry, of
Jefferson.
Sir, I believe that bo eaaoer on the physical
body was ever more oar tain, steady, and fatal
in its progress, than is this oanoer on the po
litioal body of the State of Virginia. It hi eat
ing into her very vitals. And ahall we admit
that the evil ia past remedy ? Shall we net the
part of a pnny patient, suffering under the
" aUbea* --?'?
despair, and give himself up to death? No,
?r; I would bear the knife and the oautary,
for the sake of health.
I behove it is high time that this subject
should be disoussea and considered by the
people of Virginia. I believe that the people
are awakened on the subject, but not alarmed ;
I believe they will consider it calmly, and de
cide upon it oorrectly. Sir, I havo no fears,
now, for any geueral results from any efforts
at insurreotion, by this unfortunate olass of our
population. I know that we have the power to
crush any such effort at a bl?Sw. I know that
any such effort on their part, at this day, will
end in the annihilation of all concerned in it;
jand I believe our greatest security now, is in
Ihoir knowledge of these things?in their
knowledge of their own weakness.
Pass as severe laws as you will, to keep these
uaiertunate creature) in ignoranoe, it is vain,
unless you can extinguish that spark of intel
lect which God has given them. Let any man
who advocates Slavery, oramine the sybtem of
laws which we havo adopted (from stern ns
ces-ity, it may ba taid) towards these crea
tures, and ho may shed a tear upon that; and
would to God, sir, the memory of it might be
blotted out forever. Sir, we have, as far as
possible, closed every avenue by which light
might enter their minds; we have only to go
one stop lurthSr to extinguish the capacity to
see the light, and our work would be oompleted;
they would then be reduced to the level of the
beasts of the field, and we should be safe ; and
I am not oertain that we would not do it, if we
could find cut the necessary process?and that
under the plea of necessity. But, sir, this is
impossible. And can man bo in the midst of
freemon, and not know what freedom is ? Can
he foel that he has the powor to assert his lib
erty, and will he not do it? Yes, sir; with
the certainty of the current of time will he do
it, whenever ho has the power. Sir, to prove
that the time will oome, ( need offer no other
argument than that of arithmetic, the oonolu
bious from which are clear demonstrations on
this subject. The data arc before us all, and
every man can work out the process for him
self. Sir, a death-ntrugglc must oome between
the two classes, in which the one or the other
will be extinguished forever. Who can con
template such a catastrophe as even possible,
and be indifforent ?
Extract from the speech of Thomas Marshall, of
Fauquier.
Wherefore, tbeu, oiy?.4 to R?^.liaA
it is ruinous to the whites?retards improve
ment, roots out an industrious population, ban
ishes the yeomanry of the country, deprives
the spinner, the weaver, the smith, the shoe
maker, the carpenter, of employment and sup
pert- The evil admits of no remedy. It is in
creasing, and will continue to inorease, until
the whole country will be inundated with one
black wave covering its whole extent, with a
few white faoes here and there floating on the
smfaoe. The master hus no capital but what
is vexbvd in human flesh ; the father, instead of
l>eing rioher for his sons, is at a loss to provide
for them. There is no divorsity of occupations,
no inonntivo to enterprise. Labor of every spe
cies is disreputable, because performed mostly
by slaves. Oar towns are stationary, our vil
lages almost everywhere declining; and the
general aspoct of the country marks the ourse
of a wasteful, Hie, reckless population, who
have no interest in the soil, and care not how
much it is impoverished. Pnblic improvements
are neglected, and the entire continent does
not presint a region for which nature has done
so much, and art so little.
Extracts from the speech of James McDowell, jr.,
of Rockbridge.
Who, sir, that looks at this property m a
legislator, and marks its effect upon our nation
al advance, but weeps over it as the worst of
Ktriinonies ? Who that looks to this unhappy
ridagn of our unhnppy poople in the midntof
ony s ?eiety, and thinks of its incidents and its
issnes but weeps over it as a curse upon him
who inflicts as upon him who suffers it ?
If I am to judge from the tone of our debate,
from tho concessions oc all hands expressed,
there is not a man in this body?not one, per'
haps that is even represented here?who would
not havo thanked the generations that have
gone heforo as, if, acting as public men, they
had brought this bondage to a close-?who
would not have thanked them, if, acting as pri
vate men, on private notions, they had relin
quished the property which their mistaken
kindness ha? dovolved upon us. Proud as are
the names, for intellect and patriotism, which
enrich the volumes of our history, and reveren
tially as wo turn to them at this period of
waning reputation, that name, that man, above
all parallel, would have been the chief, who
oould havo blotted out this ourse from his ooun*
try?those, above all others, would havo re
ceived the homago of an eternal gratitude,
who, easting away every suggestion of petty
interest, had broken the yoke which in ag evil
hour had been imposed, and had translated, as
a free man, to another oontinent, the outcast
and the wretched being who burdens ours with
his presonoe, and defiles it with his orimes.
Bat, sir, it has been otherwise appointed
Slavery has oome down to us from our fathers,
and the question now is, Shall we in turn,
hand it over to our children?hand it over to
them, aggravated with every attribute of evil?
Shall we perpetuate the calamity we deplore
and become to posterity the objects, not of
kindness, but of cursing ?
Sir, yon may plaeo the slave where you
filease?you may dry.up, to your utmost, the
ountains of his feelings, the springs of his
thought?you may close upon his mind every
avenue to knowledge, snd cloud it over with
artificial night?you may yoke him to yonr
labor, as the ox, whioh liveth only to work, and
worketh only to live?you may put him under
anv pr?>ooa-<. whioh, without destroying his
value as a i-lave. will debase and orusn him as
a rational being?yon may do this, and the
idea that he was bom to be free will survive it
all. It is allied to his hope of immortality?it
is the ethereal part of his nature, whioh op
pression cannot reach?it is a toroh lit up in
his soul by the hand of the Deity, and never
meant to he extinguished by the hand of man
* * ? ? ?
If gentlemen do not see nor feel the evil of
DAILY NATIONAL ERA.
G. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
VOL.1. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 7; 1854. NO. 6.
Slavery whilst thin Federal Union laB?e, they
will Me and feel it when it t? gone; they wi
Me and euflfer it then, m a magnitude of d<wo
Zinz power, to which the ' pcstilenoo that
walkethat noonday ? would * a ?????
whioh the malaria that is now thr^temng ex
tinotion to the "fternal city," as the, proud
of the Pontiff and the Cwsars m m led would
?, ? ?d ? totef? '!? '""th
of soring to the ohambt?r ot dwea-w
:&rs:i==K
ssr ir ^ i
rlilSSented to be, even by those who desire to
r^ahTit, that we havo beeii rep?oaehod ?r
sneaking of it otherwise than in tir?"'do
whieper*?reproaohed for entertaining debate
uwJTSTto thUHall; and the diaou^on of It
with open doom, and to the general ear, has
been charged upon us iw a climax o
ness and Ely, which threaten. ^
lamity to oar oountry. It ib, then,a danger
one property. No one disguises the danger
of this property?that it is inevitable, or thiat
it iB increasing. How, then, is the
ment to avert it? By a prooau^onary and
preventive legislation, or by permitting it to
? grow with our growth" until it becomes in
tolerable, and then correcting it by the sword.
In the one way or the other?by the
urocees of legislation or the bloodv one of the
bayonet ? our personal and publio security
must be maintained against the dangers of this
P [After meeting, in an impressive and digni
fied manner, the facetious remarks of another
member of the House, who considered the in
surrection as a upetty affair, and wuhed. bv
his wit, to turn the whole scene into ndioulc, J.
MoDowell read a number of extracts from let
ter*, written by and to the most distinguished
characters in the State, respeebng the dismay
and terror which almost universally pe^aded
the minds of the citizens in every part of the
State. He then proceeded :]
Now, sir, 1 ask you?lask
conscience to say, Was this a "petty ?
I afak you whether that was a petty affair which
startled the feelingB of your whole population,
whioh threw a portion of it into ?lar?T?
tion of it into panic; which wrung out from an
affrighted people the thrilling cry, day after
day conveyed to your Executive, ' Wei aw iin
peril of our lives, send us arma for defence.
Was that a " potty affair," whioh drove fami
lies from their homes, which
and children in crowds, and without shelter, at
places of common refuge, m every condibon ot
weakness and infirmity, under every Buffering
which want and pain and terror could ?nthct
yet willing to endure aU?willing to meet death
from famine, death from climate, death from
hardships?preferring anything, rather, to tne
horrors of meeting it from a domestic
Waa that a >l petty affair, which erected a
peaceful and oonfiding portion of the State into
a military camp; which outlawed from nity
the unfortunate beingB whose brothers hadof
fended; whioh barred every door, Pen?tr^
every bosom with fear or suspicion jwhioh so
banished every sense of security from every
man's dwelling ; that, let a hoof or a horBi but
break upon the silence of the night, and an
aching tErob would be driven to the heart, the
husband would look to his weapon, and the
mother would shudder and weep upon her
Cr Was it the fear of Nat Turner, and bis delu
ded drunken handful of fellows, which pro
duced, or could produce, such effects W as it
this that induoed distant counties, where the
very name of Southampton was strange, to arm
and equip for a struggle ? No, sir ; it was the
suspicion eternally attached to the slave him
self?the suspioion that a Nat Turner might be
in every family; that the same bloody deed
could be aoted over at any time, and in any
nlace; that the materials for it were spread
through the land, and always ready for a like
explosion. Nothing but the force ofth.sw.th
ering apprehension?nothing but the para y
zing and deadening weight with which it falls
upon and prostrates the heart of every man
who has helpless dependents to protect?noth
ing: but this could have thrown a brave people
into consternation, or could have made any
portion of this powerful Commonwealth lor
single instant, to have quailed and
This Commonwealth, in the late war. stood
the shock of hlngland's power, and tho skill of
England's veterans, with scarce a moment ot
publio disquiet. Admiral Cockburn, with his
incendiary spirit, and backed by his incendiary
myrmidons, alarmed not the State?struck n
fear into its private families; and had his spirit
Wn tenfold more savage than it was, and his
army an hundredfold stronger, and had he
plied every eocrgy and pledged every faculty of
hill soul to the destruction of the State, he coul
not have produced one moment of that terror
for private security which nenes upon all at the
cry of insurrection. He would have been our
enemy in the field, would have waned an open
combat with the disciplined and the gallant of
(he land But an insurgent onemy wars at ie
fireside, mak?* his battle-ground in thc cham
ber, and seeks, at the hour of repose, for the
life of the slumbering and the helpless^ N
wonder, sir, that the gentleman torn Brow
wick I Mr. Gholson.j with his sensibilities
aroused by the acts and the full energies ot
suoh an onemy as this, should havo said that
"they filled the mind with tho most appalling
apprehensions.^ # # ?
Why, from the oarliest period of our hntory
to the massacre of Southampton, was a silence,
deep and awfnl as that of death, observed upon
this subject ? Why was it forbidden in lsg.s
lative debate or to the publio proband *noken
only in mysteriouB whispers around the domes
tic hearth ? Beoause a sense of security re
quired, or wan thought to require, this oourwv
Why, sir, is this mystery now dispelled ? Why
has tko grave opened its " ponderous and mar
bis iaw<??" Why is the subject openly and
freely discussed in every place, and under every
form* Because a goneral sense of insecurity
pervades the land, and our oiUens are deeply
?pres*d with the belief thai something must
begone. The numerous flotations and memo
rials whioh crowd your table famish abundant
evidenoe of this truth. They may mistake^ihe
romedy, but they indicate most clearly
some action is imperiously req?.red at our
hands-that the evl has attained a
which demands all the skill and energy ot
prompt and able legislation. It ?
on the other hand, that nothing effi uent can
be accomplished, and that any proceedings by
this Legislature will reduoe the value of prop
erty. and endanger the security of the peoplo.
With respect to the first consideration, he would
say that tho prioe of property can never be in
juriously affected by a system which would
operate on that portion only of the elayes who
belong to makers desirous to liberate them, or
to sell them for their own benefit, at a reduced
price. The effoot, if any, upon the residue,
must be to enhance their value. As to the
other and more serious objection, he would re
mark that it constitutes, and mu*t forever con
stitute, an obstacle to abolition, requiring all the
wisdom and discretion of Legislature and
people; but the removal of free blacks, or the
purohaae and deportation of slaves, can involve
no danger. If, indeed, the whole fabric shall
totter to its fall, when touched by the gentlest
hand, it must rest on a precarious foundation.
If danger lurks uuder just, benignant legisla
tion, aiming to relieve both master and slave?
to combine justice with humanity?will the
period ever come when it will be safe to act ?
But, admitting the subject cannot be ap
proached without danger now, the great ques
tion for us to determine is, whether, by delay,
it may not become fearfully worse, and in pro
pees of time attain a magnitude far transcend
ing our feeble powers. We owe ie to our ohil
dren to determine whether we or they shall
inour the hazard of attempting something.
Gentlemen say, Let things alone; the evil will
oorrect itself. Sir, wo may let things alone,
but they will not let us alone. We cannot cor
j rect the inarch of time, nor stop the ourrent of
events We cannot change the oourse of na
ture, nor prevent thi) silent but mre operation
of causes now at work "
Extracts from the meech of Philip A. Boiling,
of Buckingham.
I The time will come?and it may be sooner
?than many are willing to believe?when this
oppressed and degraded race cannot be held as
they now are?when a change will be effected,
by means abhorrent, Mr. Speaker, to-you, and
to the feelings of every good man.
The wounded addor will recoil, and sting
the foot that tramples upon it. The day is fast
approaching, when those who oppose all aotion
upon this subject., and, instead of aiding in de
vising some feasible plan for freeing their coun
try from an acknowledged curse, ory '? impos
sible " to every plan suggested, will curse their
perverseness and lament their folly.
Those gentlemen who hug Slavery to their
bosoms, and "roll it as a sweet morsel under
their tongues," have been very lavish in their
denunciations of all who are for stirring one
inch on this subject.
There is, sir, a " still, small voice," which
speaks to the heart of man in a tone too clear
and distinct to be disregarded. It tells him
that every system of Slavery is based upon in
justice and oppression. If gentlemen disregard
it now, and lull their consciences to sleep, they
may be aroused to a t-ensc of their danger
when it is too late to repair their errors.
However the employment of slave labor
might be defended gentlemen would not, could
not, iustify the traffic in human beings. High
minded men should disdain to hold their fel
low-creatures as articles of traffic, disregarding
all the ties of blood and affection, tearing asun
der all those sympathies dear to men?dividing
husbands and wives, parents and children, as
they would out asunder a piece of ootton cloth.
They havo hearts and feelings, like other men.
How many a broken heart, how many a Rachel,
mourns, because her house is left unto her df*
olate! The time has come when these feeling*
oould not bo suppressed?the day would come
when they could not be resisted. Slavery was,
and had long been, offensive to the moral feel
ines of a largo proportion of tho community.
Their lips had been sealed, but their minds had
been unfettered; many had thought, and
thought deeply, on the subjeot This, sir, is n
Christian community. They read in their
Bibles, '' Do unto all nun at you would haw
them do unto you ; " and this golden rule and
| Slavery are hard to reconcile. Gentlemen may.
perhaps, curl the lip of soorn at such consider
ations; but such a feeling existed in Virginia.
Extracts from the speech of Charles J. Faulkner
of Berkley.
Mystery in State affairs, I have always con
sidered impolitic and unwiso. Ft isunsiiitcd to
the genius of this Government, which is based
upon the rights of the people to a free and full
examination of whatever concerns their inter
est and happiness. Sir, they pay you for your
counsel; they have a right to it. If there l?e
danger, let us know it, and prepare for the
worst. If Slavery can bo eradicated. # # ?
* * * * let us get rid of it. Ifitoanuot,
let that melancholy fact be distinctly ascer
tained; and let those who are, we have been
told, now awaiting with painful solicitude the
result of your determination, pack up their
household goods, and find among the forosts
and prairies of the West that soourity and re
pose whioh their native land does not afford.
Wherever the voice of your people has been
heard, since the agitation of this question, it
has sustained your determination, and oalled
for the present inquiry. 1 have heard of courts,
meetings county petitions, and county memo
rials. I have heard from the north, the east,
and the south. They are all, with one voice,
against the continuance of Slavery?none for
it. The proHS, ton?that mirror of public sen
timent?that concentrated will of a whole com
munity?has been heard from one extremity of
the State to the other. Its power is with us
its moral force is united, efficient, and encour
?K?ng
Again, sir, I ask, what new fact has oc
curred?what new light has dawned u|K>n the
gentleman from Mecklenburg?that we should
lie called upon to retrace our course, and to
disappoint the hopes which our first manly de
cision gave 1 D.?es not the same evil exist 1 h
it not increasing? Does not every day give it
permanency and force? Is it not rising, like
a heavy and portentous oloud, almvo tho hori
?on, extending its deep and sable volumes
athwart the sky, and gathering in its impene
trable folds the active materials of elemental
war ' And yet, shall we be rcquneted to close
our eyes to tho danger, and, without an fffort,
without even an inquiry, to yield to the im
pulses of a dark and withering despair? Sir,
is this manly legislation? Isiteorroot? Is it
honest legislation ? Is it acting with that fidel
ity to our oonxtitnents whioh their sacrod in
terest requires ?
Sir, if this evil, great as it is, was oven sta
tionary?if the worthy gentleman from Meok
lenbnrg and Brunswick [Mr. Gholson} could
give us any assurance that it would not increase
until it reaches a point whioh is too horriblo to
contemplate, I might be induccd to aoquiesoc
in the course whieh their pathetic appeal sug.
gest. But when they know it is otherwise?
whon they know that each sncoeesive blow is
detracting from the small space of grouhd left
between us and the angry ocean chafing at our
fret, how can they advise us?how can they
advise thoir own oonstituents?to remain stili,
when the next advanoing wave may overwhelm
them and us in hopeless rnin and destruction ?
But, sir, vain and idle is every effort to stran
gle this inquiry! As well might you attempt
to chain tho (Kioin, or to it:\y the AvavifriniE
thunderbolts of Henven, as to drive the people
from any Inquiry which may result In their
better condition This is too deep, tooengro-s
ing a subject of consideration ft addremes
itself too strongly to our intern?t*. to our pas
sions, and lo our feelings. There is not a
county, not a town, not a newspaper, not a fire
sido, in the State, where the subject is not fully
and fearlessly oanvassed; and shall we, the
constitutional inquest of the Commonwealth,
nworn to make a true inquiry into Mil the griev
ances of t-e jieople, and to tbe bent of our abil
ity to apply tho letuedy?shall we alone be
found to itiivink from this inquiry ?
The member from whoee sftoeuh w? gave tbe
last extract, after contrasting the pt?w[>erity and
flora fort of the free States o?er those involved is
Slavery, pertinently a?ks: "To what, sir, is all
this ascrihahle?" and emphatically replies:
" To that vieo in tbe organisation ( f society, by
which one half of its inhabitants arc engaged,
in interest and feeling, against the other haif;
to that unfortunate state of MMiety in which
freemen regard labor asdisgraoeful, and slaves
shrink from it as a burden tyrannically imposed
upon them; " "to that condition of things in
which half a million of your fHipulution can feel
no sympathy with the society tn the prosperity of
which they are forbidden to participate, and no
attachment to a Gnoernment at whafe hands they
rective nothing but injustice.'* r, [
Mr. Faulknbr. ? ?#*#*#?
Sir, shall we be told that the WeA Wb no oause
for alarm?that the oh?-u:te. and pursuits of
our people present insuperable nb.*ac)es to tbe
ezistoneo of an excessive slave population
amongst us ? Sir, tho suggestion is fatso ; it u
contradicted hv the pa*t history of that portion
of tho State?by uniform observation and ex
perience , The slave population has inoreased,
since 1790, in the country west of the Blue
Ridge, in a ratio over the whites, equal to its
increase in other portions of Virginia. It has
increased in a ratio alarming to every western
Batriot. In 1790. there were, west of the Blue
.idge, but 15,178 slaves. By the census of
1830, it appears that we have now 53,437. It
has thus nearly quadrupled in forty years. If
such is the result of tbe ordinary sourcoe of
the increase of that population ? exposed to
continual drain, as has been the case with as,
by exportation to the Sou'hern markets?what,
I pray you, will be the ratio of ite increase, now
that the Southern markets are olosed, and the
Hood-gates of an eastern redundancy are opened
upon us? It presents a prospect too horrible
to contemplate.
FARM NEAR WASHINGTON FOR SALE.
THE subscriber offer a for sale his Farm, situated
about fire wiloa from Washington, D. C., in Prince
George's county, Md. It oontains 178$ acres, more
than 30 of which is a fine alluvial meadow, producing
a ton and a half of hay to tho aoro, but which un
der improved cultivation would produce at least two
tons, lluy sells in tho Washington market at from
$15 to $30 per ton. About four acres of the place is
a marsh, covored with several feet in thickness of
black oarth, the result of decayed vegetation, whiah,
properly computed, is a source from which the up
land may bo ennched at a reasonable cost. About
fit) acres of tho farm is woodland?growth principally
oak and chestnut. Tho land, except tho meadow, is
undulating, and affords many boautiful sites for build
ing. There are many springs of exoullent water on
tho place, and it is noted for its bcalthfulnoss. Tho
?oil of the mater part of tho upland Is a sandy loam,
underlaid by clay?in some places, clay predomina
ting. About 75 acres could bo divided into small gar
dening farms, giving nearly an equal quantity of wood
and arable land to cach. Thero is aa orchard of 150
peach trcoa and 60 applo trees on tho place, all bear
ing. The farm is well fenced. The buildings are?a log
house of four rooina, with a frame addition of three
j rooms, a meat-house of sun-dried briek, a log kitchon
; separate from the dwolling, a corn-hauso, atable, car
riage-house, Ac. There ia a stream ef water running
i through the place, with sufficient water and fall for a
| small mill. Prioe. )50 per acre. Terms?one-third
| oash ; a long credit lor the residue, if desired, or, it
would be exchanged for roal estate in the city ot
! Washington. Address MARTIN III'ELL.
Washington, D. C.
Fifty acres, about half of which is woodland, and
which could be divided into three gardening farms,
{ with woodland and a beautiful building site to each,
| would be sold separately. Or, if preferred, I will sell
the other part of the farm, on which are the buildings,
orchard, and meadow, which cannot be convrniently
divided. M. B.
THE OHIO FARMER FOR ISM.
THIS elegant and popular Weekly Agricultural
Family Newspaper will commence its third vol
ume on the 1st of January, 1854. It will be illustra
ted with numerous engravings of Domestic Animals,
Farm Buildings, Farm implements, Trees, Sbrubs.
and all the important affaira connected with Horti
culture. Agriculture, and Stock.
Each number wiU'contain, besides Foreign and
Domostie News, selection* from the most interesting
Publications of the day, Stories, Wit, History, Biog
raphy, Poetry, Essays on various, subjects. Market
Reports of Cleveland. New York, Cincinnati, Ac. In
short nothing will be left undone which may be
thought necessary to render " The Ohio Farmer ' the
heat Family Taper for the Farmer. Gardener. Me
chanic and Stock Breeder, that ia |>nblished in the
Uai'ed States That the pircnlation may be general,
we have made the terms low.
Term*.?One copy, $2; three copies, #5. five cop
ies. $8; ten copies #15; twenty copies, $25 ; and at
the same rate for six months Address
THOMAS BROWN. Proprietor,
Cleveland. Ohio.
Qy Editors friendly to onr enterprise, who will
copy the ahove advertisement, and send a paper
marked to us, shall have the Farmer the coming
year, with or without an exchange. Dec. 22?4t
, PATENT*.
ZC. R0BBIN8, Attorney for Procuring and De
? fending Patent*, Washington. D. C., wink** Bx- )
: ami nation* at the Patent Office, prepare* Drawing*
and Paper* for Applicant* for Patent*, and can be
consulted on all matter* relating to the Patent Law*
and decisions in thi* and other countriet He alM
continue* to devote especial attention to arguing
rff'rrtfd application! before the Commi**ion*r of Pa- i
tent*, in which line of practice he haa tuooeedad in
proonring a great number of valuable patent*. Hi* .
fee for an examination at the Patent Office ia five dot- I
lar*, for other service* the charge will be reasonable
Reference can be made to member* of Cnngre**, or to
hose for whom Mr. R. ha* tran*acted bnsines* during
he past nine v?am Ang Ik- -eow
OEOROE w ICLUV,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Centrevillt,
Indiana,
WILL attend to th? securing and collecting of
claim*, and all oth<<r hu*ine** intru*tcd to hi*
caro, in the counties of Wayne, Randolph. Henry.
Union, and Payette, and in the Pupreme and Federal
: Court* at Indianapoli*. Dec 22.
HON BY ICR FEED.
4 NY person who will send hi* addra**, and one
A dollar in an envelop*, pott paid, to B JORDAN.
Newbury Vermont, ahall have sent him by mail,
pout paid, in return, a paper informing him?l*t, how
to make four qualities of feed for bee*, costing from
! 3 to A cont* per lb., from which good honey it nro
ducod, 2d, giving information how to u*e the toed,
with any common hive, with drawer*; M. giving in
| formation how to prevent fighting and robbing while
in the prooem of feeding Knowing that multitude* ;
arc dcairou* to obtain the al>ove information, and
that it ia more than an equivalent for the dollar
asked. no apology ia needed for thi* notice Ploaae
aend a gold dollar, or a current hill on aomt New
Kngl.wd hank, when possible.
Nov. 17. B. JORDAN.
S ft. WILLIAM*,
Aitenaey and counsellor at Law, Washington City
PHACTICBS Id the Court* of the District of Co
luinbia, and before the Department* of the Gov
eminent Office over Ranking Housa of He Id en, With
ear. A Co June X*?tf
TCI E 1.11 Tl.k l'IM>RIM.
A Monthly Journal for Girlt ani Boy*
KOITKP IV OHACg OR CBN WOOD,
APAPBR, under the above title, will be published
at. Philadelphia on the first day of October next
In aiite and general character, this publication will
rcacmble Mrs Margaret L. Bailey a lately discontinued
| Prund of Youth, the place of whioh it i* deaigned k
take.
7Vr????Fifty cents a year, fbr single eonie*; ot
ten copie* for four dollar* Payment invariably it
advance
All subscription* and communication* to be ad-. ;
dressed to L K LIPPINCOTT, Philadelphia.
PH08PECTU8 OF 1HE DAILY NATIONAL E&A.
[ sliall issue, on the 2d day of January en
suing, the Daily National Era, a Political'
and Literary Newspaper.
In Politics, it will advocate the Rights of
Man, aud the Equality of Rights, and oppose
whatever violates or tends to violate them,
whether thus be Involuntary Personal Servi
tude, Civil Despotism, Spiritual Absolutism,
Class Legislation, the Selfishness of Capital,
the Ty ranny of Combination, the Oppression of
a Majority, or the Exactions of a Party.
It will hold uo fellowship with the Whig
aud Democratic organizations, believing that
the main issues on which they have been ar
rayed against each other are obsolete or settled,
and that they are now chiefly used by the Sec
tional Interest ol Slavery, to impair the love of
Liberty natural to the American mind, and to
subjugate the American People to its rule. Dis
claiming all connection with them, it will yet
sympathize with those of their adherents who
are honestly seeking through them to advance
the substantial interests of the country, although
it must believe that they have not chosen the
better way.
It will be a supporter of the Independent
Democracy, which' holds that the Truths of the
Declaration of Independence are practical;' thai
in their light the Constitution of the United
States is to be interpreted; that to them the laws
and institutions and usages of the country
should be conformed?a Party, whose motto
is, Union, not for the sake of Union, but for the
sake of Freedom and Progress ; and Law, not
for the sake of Law. but For the Protection of
Human Rights and Interests?the only sure
foundation of order and concord.
In no sense will it be the organ of a Party, or
a mere Party Paper, but absolutely " free and
independent," claiming to speak by " authori
ty" lor nobody except its editor, and recognis
ing no authority in any quarter to prescribe its
course and policy.
In Literature, it will aim to unite the Beau
tiful with the True, and to make both immedi
ately subservient to the practical purposes of
every-day life.
Able correspondents, at home and abroad,
have been secured, and ample provision has
been made for its Literary Miscellany.
It will publish condensed reports of the pro
ceedings of Congress, explain movements in
that body, the causes of which do not always
lie upon the surface, and from its position be
able to keep a constant watch upon'the action
of the Federal Government in relation to all
questions at issue between Liberty and Slavery.
The extensive subscription of the Weekly
Era, which-, during the year about to close, has
reached the number of twenty-eight thousand,
must make it an eligible medium tor advertisers.
The Daily Era will lie issued on a sheet as
large as that of the Daily National Intelligencer,
on the 2d day of January, 1854, and daily there
after, until the 1st of September, 1854, (or long
er, should Congress continue in session,) at
five dollars for that pcRioo; and shnultl
the remit then warrant, the publication will he
resumed on the 1st of December following, by
the year.
As but sixteen days intervene between this
: and the 2d of January, it is important that
' subscriptions he forwarded at once,
i Payment in adtmnrs mil be invariably re
quired G. BAILEY.
IVathinglrm, December 15, 1853.
PBOSFSCTUB OF THE EIGHTH VOLUME OF THE
NATIONAL ERA
O. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
JOHN O. WHITTIER, corresponding EDITOR.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
The National Era is a weekly newspaper,
devoted to Literature and Politics.
In Literature, it pirns to unite the Beautiful
with the True, and to make both immediately
subservient to the practical purpose* of every
day life.
In Politics, it advocates the Righta of Man,
and the Kquality of Rights, and opposes what
ever violates i?r tends to violate them, whether
this be Involuntary Personal Servitude, Civil
Despotism, Spiritual AWlutism, Cla.-* Legis
lation, the Selfishness of Capital, the Tyranny
of Combination, the Oppression of a Majority,
or the Exactions of Party.
It holds no fellowship with the Whig and
Democratic organizations, believing that the
main issues on whioh they have been arrayed
again-t each other are obsolete or settled, and
that they are now chiefly used by the Sectional
Interest of Slavery, to impair tho love of Lib
orty natural to the American mind, and to
subjugate the American People to its rule. Dis
claiming all connection with them, it yet sym
pathises with those of their adherents who are
honestly seeking through them to advance the
substantial interests of the oountry, although
it munt believe that, they have nut chosen the
hotter way.
It is a supporter of the Independent Demoo
raoy, which holds that the Truths of the Dec
laration of Independence are practical, that in
their light the Constitution of the United
Stated in to he interpreted, that to them the
laws and institutions and u.?ag.<s of the conn
try should he conformed?a Party, whose
motto id, Union, not for the sake of Union,
but for the sake of Freedom and Progress;
and Law, not for the sake of Law, hut for the
Protection of Human Rights and Interests?
the only sure foundation of order and concord.
In no sense is it the organ of a Party, or a
mere Party Paper, but absolutely " free and
independent," claiming to speak " by author
ity'' for nobody except its editor, and recogni
sing no authority in any quarter to proscribe its
oourse and policy.
The Eighth Volume of the Era will com
mence on the first of January ensuing, and be
enlarged by the addition of four columns. We
have neglected no means that could promise to
make it an agreeable companion for the House
hold, and an effi.-ient oo-adjutor to the enlight
ed Politician. It has secured able correspond
ents at home and abroad, and no journal in
the oountry can surpass the Era as it respeots*
contributors to its Literary Department.
The Era publishes condensed report* of the
proceedings of Congress, explains movements
in that body, the oauaes of whioh do not always
lie upon the surface, and from its position is
enabled to keep a constant watch upon the ac
tion of the Federal Government in relation
to all question* at issue between Liberty aud
Slavery.
Tbe only journal at the soat of the Federal
Government, representing the Anti-Slaver;
Sentiment of the Republio, while the Pro Sla
very Sentiment in represented here by four
daily papers, nearly all of them being liberally
sustained by Governmental patronage, it askfc
the support of all who believe, in sincerity, that
the Union wan formed to secure the blessings
of Liberty, and not to perpetuate the ourse of
Slavery.
Payment in advanoe is invariably required.
To prevent annoyance and loss to ourselves
and readers, to preserve their flies unbroken,
and to enable us to know how large an edi
tion of the paper to issue, all subscriptions
should be renewed before they expire. We
have no oredit-euhsoribers on our books.
TERMS.
Single oopy S2
Three oopiM ... 5
Five copies ... 8
Ten copies ... 15
Single oopy six months - 1
Ten copi oh six months - 8
Those are the terms for both old and new
subscribers, forwarding their own subscriptions.
AGENTS.
Agents are entitled to fifty cents on each new
yearly subscriber, and twenty.five cents on
each renewed subscriber?except in the case of
clubs.
A olub of three subscribers, one of whom
may be an old one, at 85, will entitle the per
son making it up to a oopy of the Era for three
months; a club of five, two of whom may be
old ones, at $8, to a copy for six months; a
club of ten, five of whom may be old ones, at
$15, to a oopy for one year.
When a olub of subaoribors has been for
warded, additions may be mude to it, on the
same terms.
Money to be forwarded by mail at our risk.
Large amounts may he remitted in drafts or
certificates of deposits. When money is sent,
notes on tbe Banks of Boston, New York, Phil
adelphia, or Baltimore, are preferred. New
England notes are at less discount than New
York State notes, and these less than Western
notes. G. Bailey.
P. S. Newspapers friendly to our enterprise
will please notioe or publish our Prospectus, as
they may see proper.
PROSPECTUS OF FACTS FOB THE PEOPLE.
The "Facts for the People " Is a monthly, de
signed for preservation as a document for reference,
or for goncral circulation, as a Free Democratio Mis
sionary, especially among those not yet familiar with
the Anti-Slavery movement. It will be composed
chiefly of articles from the NiUiottal Era, adapted
particularly to the purpose named.
Each number will contain eight pages, and be print
ed on good paper, of the sise of the Congressional
j Globe, in quarto form, suitable for binding.
It will be furnished at the following rates, by the
' year, twelve numbers constituting a volume :
Six copies to one address .... $1
Twenty copies to one address - . . J
One hundred copies to one address - 13
Any person or club m$y in this way, by raising
$12, supply Anti-Slavery reading every month, for a
whole year, to one hundred readers. Stnglr subscri
bers will not be receivod. Send for a club, and order
it to one address. The postage is a trifle?only half
a cent a number, six cents a year, paid in advance at
the office where the paper is received. QT7~ All pay
ments must be In advance. G. BAILEY.
P. 8. Editors of newspapers favorable to the fore
going will entitle themselves to six oopies of the
monthly, by publishing the Prospectus, and direotinp
attention to it.
PREMIUM OF TWENTY-FOUR DOLLARS.
DER NATIONAL DEMOKRAT
Thia newspaper hu now been in existence only
foftr month*, and bu already qnito s considerable
( circulation. We havo spared no cost to make it, as
to iia?, typography, and paper, the firat German pa
per in tho country. Aa to it* literarj merits, we hare
received ?uhttantial proofs of approval, from Maine
to Texas. We have no agent* for whose act* we are
responsible, but any person can act a* a voluntary
agent, and he will find that onr term* are sufficiently
liberal to reward his trouble.
We now offer the following additional inducements
1. Any perron sanding as 10 subscriber* and 116.
will receive as a premium any one of the following
works
Kohlrauschi's History of Germany .
Life and Writing* of Cassias M. Clay ;
McCartney's United States; or
The Notional Era for one year.
2. Any person sending us 25 subscribers and $37 50
will reeeiva?
Gibbon's Rome, A volumes, price $3, or
Hume's England. f> volamos, price $1.
8. Any person sending us 50 subscribers, and $75,
will receive?
Schiller's Works, (German.) price $7 ,
Prescott's Ferdinand and Isabella, pfioe $7 ,
Prescott'a Conquest of Msxloo, prico $7; or
Josophns, (German or English,) price $7.
4. Any porson sending us 1A0 subscribers and $150,
will recoive?
Goothe'a Works, (German,) price $14;
8hak*peare's Works, London odition, 0 volumes,
bound in red morocco, price $14 ;
Pictorial Hiatory of England, 4 volumes, imperial,
price $14; or
Hildreth's History of the United States, 0 volumes,
1 prico $14.
5. Any person sanding at 150 subscribers and $225,
will receive?
Life and Writings of Washington, by Sparks, 12
volumos octavo, half calf, price $24.
[ty Tho booka can be sont by Adams A Co.'* Ex
press, or, il prcferrod, the price of the books will be
transmitted in cash.
TERMS.
One copy, one year ? $2 I Five copies, one y*ar $#
Three copies, one year 5 | Ten copies, one year 15
Qgr* Persons who procure a clnb of three. Ova, or
ten subscriber*, at two dollar* each, may remit to a*
at the above rates, retaining the balance ?* a remu
neration for their trouble.
All communications must be post paid, and ad
dressed to DUELL A BLANCHARD,
Washington, D. C.
~ ATTENTION !
S10LDFKRS whr served in the variou* war*, an
) snilors, or their widows or heirs, to whom ar
rears of bay, extra pny, bonntjr land, pmaions, Ac.
may be dne, may find it to their advantage to hav?
their olaims investigated. Address
?A M. GANGEW1R,
Attorney and Agent,, Wa<hir<gton, D. 0
Bounty-lsnd warrants bought aad sold
TULMjB 07 WEEKLY ERA.
Jingle copy - - ? $
Three copies ? ? ?
five copies . . . g
Tea oopitis .... $15
Singlo copy six iiioui l?? I
Itu copies dx moMli- H
1'ayuient 10 advance u uniformly requited.
Rote* of AUvertiuue.?Ten vont* a lino for lit ? t?i*t
nsortion, fivu oenla a Huu for unch *ul'.-oi(in ut dim
Mou>-y to bo forwaidod by majl at our 1 L:.i ?
uaouaU may be remitted 111 draft* or certificat , . f
iepoaite. When money in sent not< . n iiic bam ? ( I'
Boston, New York, Philadelphia aad J'.uliimor. . ,
profurrod. New England note* mm- ut l.** .ii
than New York State notos, and tin?e 1. ,., (
Western notea.
All communications to the Em, wlirtb. roD bmi
SMi of the paper or fur publication. -Iiould I,. 1,1
iraawd to O. BAILEY, IVotkmgton, l> c
<>R AN VILLE l>riKi>UHV AM) Wa r??;?: 1 1 ?
THIS Institution has been in succi-rsful o|ieratloA
throe yearn, and ita proprietor, having devotid
twooty-Ave years to the management of the aiok. ia
now enabled to judiciously select, and skillfully ap
ply, such curative agencies as are bout adapted to
eaoh caw. Female disease* in all their forma, re
coivo particular attention ; and those even who bino
been confined to their bed* from one to twenty year',
with spinal, uterine, or anomalous disease, are assur
ed that there is atill hope for thciij W e especially
invito auch to correspond with us, a* unrivalled sue
cess ban given ua confidence of their curability. f>e
raiigeineiit of the nervous system, livor, and digest ii o
ortrana, are generally relieved. Terms, from Jtfi to
$12 per week.aocordiny to helplessness or tin- amount
of care required. Addreaa
W W BANCROFT, M. D..
Dec. 29. Granville, Licktnir en., Ohio,
aiviuND water cure ESTABLISH
MENT.
THE above Establishment continues in ritrrimfnl
operation during tho winter a* well aa aumuier.
The uurnber of patient* treated at tb? Establishment
haa boen on the Increase from year to year, for the
paat aix veara, until tho laat aeoaon. when th<le
m an da of the public far exceeded our power to ac
onmuiodate thorn. The increasing rapidity and pro
portion of cures, from year to year, induces the sub.
aoriber to believe that hia enlaced experience and
opportunities for trcatinont give facilities to tlv? ir.vn.
lid rarely equalled.
Diseases peculiar to females are treated with a suc
ceaa and rayt/hti of cure believed to be aurnaaaed by
non?. [Dec, B.] T. T. SEELYE, M. I).
FANNY KKHN'S NEW BOWK VilH THE HOLY
1>AY*.
20,000 ordered in Advance of Publication
Will be readjr Monday, Bee 3th
J T L B F K R N 8 FOR FANNY'S LITTLR
FRIKNDS. By the author of '? Fern Leave*."
Goo elogant l?mo, 300 pages; six llluatrationa.
Price 7b centa. The aame, gilt edge, $1.
Copies aent by mail, poat paid, on receipt of price.
Publiahed by ? r
DERBY A MILLER, Aubnrn. N Y
DERBY, ORTON, A MULLIGAN, Buffalo
For aale by all Bookseller* throughout the United
States and Canada a. f)0l, g ;!f
GEO. W. NEWCOMK, ~~
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Chicago, lit
WILL pay particular attention to collecting hiisi
neaa in Chicago and vicinity. Oct. 20
PUBLISHER*' ANNOUNCEMENT!
ELEVENTH VOLUME OF
THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST,
THK LKAUINO
> Weekly Agricultural Paper of the Country.
THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, a weekly
1 eriodtcal of sixteen large quarto pages, mnkii ?
an anuual volume of 8.'I2 pagea of nearly double tho
siso of those in the firat ton voluinca of tho Affricul
turiat. *
It is beautifully printed with type cast expresaly
for it, and on the beat of cloar white paper, with wide
margin, so that tho numbers can be easily stitched
or bouud together.
A copious Index is weekly added, which will be
fully amplified at tho end of the year, for tho bound
work.
Comprehetmive in its Character,
Each volume will contain all matter worth record,
which tranapirea either at homo or abroad, and
which can aerve to inatruct or intereat the Farmer
the Planter, the Fruit-Grower, the Hardener and
the Stock Breeder; tbua making it tho uioat com
plete and uacful Agricultural Publication of tho day.
Correct and valuul>le Market Reports.
The Markets will be carefully reported, giving tha
actual tranaactiona which take place from week to
week, in Grain, Proviaiona, Cattle, Ac.; tbua keep
ing our readera conatantly and reliably advised a* to
their intercats. During the paat year, the knowledge
obtainod from thoac Market Rop^rts alone haa aaved
our readera ihouaandf of dollara, by inlbruing them
of the bast time to sell or parcbaai
Such a Paper it dtmandtd by the Farming
Community
The publishers confidently believe that the afrri
culturista of this country are becoming too njuoh
awako to the demands of their own calling to be
Iongor aatisfiod with the slow monthly issues 01 a pa
per profossoilly devoted to their interests, or to trust
alone to the irresponsible extracts in a " farmer's
column, ' so popular just now in papers chiefly devo
ted to basinuaa, politics, or literature; and they look
for the united support of all th* intelligent farmers
of this oountry in their continued Effort to fumihh a
woekly paper of a high and reliable character, which
shall be progressive, and at the same time cautions
and conservative in all its teachings.
Essentially an Agricultural Paper.
Tha Agnmhun$t will not depart fr*>m its legi?i
mate sphere to catch popular favor by lumbering up
its paffes, with the silly, fictitious literature, and
light, miscellanoous matter of the day; it has a high
er aim, and a small part only of ita apace will b?
devoted to matters not immediate-lv fiertaining to the
great buaineaa of Agricnltur*. The h ?lischold tut
Well as the out door work of the farm will receive a
due share of attention. The humbugs and nostrums
afloat in the community will be try*! by reliable sci
eutific rules, and their worthlessnesa exposed. It i?
the aim of the publisher* to keep this paper under
the guidance of those who will make it a standard
work, which shall communicate to its readers only
that which is safe and reliable.
An Intleprndent /nvrW.
The Amrnmn A grim hurt# viands op?.n its own
mcnis. and the truthfulness real, and ability,
which it brings to the support of the interests of iba
farmer It is untramin>-led by any collateral biiM
ness connections whatever . nor is it tb? organ of ai r
clique, or the puffing machine of any man orthiii *.
Thoroughly independent in all points, it* ami-l* pi
ges are studiously given alone to the snpport and i?r:
proveuient of the great agricultural cla?s.
Editorial Department.
Tfce Amrrtntn Agnruhvntt o> under the editoriil
?upervision of Mr A B Allen, ita princi[>al odiior
for the paat U*n years. Mid Mr Orange J add. A M .
a thoroughly practical farmer and agricultural
chemist.
They will be aasisted by Prof Na?h. wbo has |.?cn
for a long time one of the most aucces*t'ul farmer* of
New England, sml i? nnw Agricultural Prof, 1 , 1
Amherst College, Rev. H'm. Clifl, widely known m* 1
pleasing and instructive writer on gardening tuid
other departments of practical agriculture, arid 1*
addition to these, a number of other eminent si'/i
cultural writer*.
All the editors are men practically experienced in
their profession, each of whom can handle the Plow
as well as the Pen.
The Cheapest Paper in the country, of its char
acter
The American Agriculturist is supplied to reguHr
subscribers at a cost of less than four cent* a numUr.
of (ixteon large pag^s; and to lark* clubs for I* ?
than two and a half cents. Each number will contain
suggestions for the treatment of soils, manues. cm.,
stoci, Ac , which will often be worth to the re:. I. r
more than the cost of the pa)>er f. r a yea<.
Spenmeii Copies.
Specimen copies will be forwarded, gratis, to ary
one sending their name and poet office address to tl.e
publishers.
T?rms, Ac.?The paper will he promptly imned on
Wednesday of each week, and mailod to subscribers
on the following liberal tenna:
To aingla subscribers, at $2 a year?$1.
To eluba of three subscribers, at f 1 f>7 a y*?r- ?V
To clubs of five subscribers, at 111 RO a year fuv.
To clubs of ten subscribers, at $1 M) a year $IA.
To clubs of twenty subscribers, at $l.if> a year?
$25 . 3
The money always to accompany the names for
which the paper is ordered.
The Postmaater or other person sending a club of
ten will be entitled to one extra copy gratis.
The Postmaster or other person sending a club of
twenty or more, will he presented with an extra copy,
and also a copy of the National Msgasine. Scientific
American, Weekly Tribune, or Weekly Times, or any
other paper or periodical in this city, not misting over
two dollars per annttm.
Suhscrtptions may be forwarded by mall, at the
risk afthe publisher*, if enclosed and mailed in the
presence of the Postmaster.
,r.r- Communications for the paper shonld he ad
dressed to the editor* ; subscriptions, advertisements,
and all matters relating to the business department,
should be addressed to the publishers.
ALLEN A 00..
Dec. it 1JW Water street. New York

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