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WASHINGTON. D. C.
THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAIV. Mm ArtUi?r?4tMl Mlalary la ihrtrl enii iM ? Am ari it^rrHinj (?|illvN (ram iu?U<r and pr*MM <!??? lb* irnlff ?! Ilielr inu?trrm," aMMMrrl Krbruary Iwrlltk, anr lliau?uaii wvh Imrtrri aa4 aln>-t)-thrr*. H? it enacted by the Senate and .House of Representative* of the t 'nited States of America in Con/^ress assembled, That (ho persons who have been or may hereafter he appointed commissioners in virtue of; any uet of Congress, by the circuit courts of the United States, and who, in conse- J queuce of such appointment, are author ized to exercise the powers that any jus tice of the peace, or other magistrate ol any of the United States, may exercise in reaped to offenders for any crime or of fence against the United States, by arrest ing, imprisoning, or bailing, the same, j under ami by virtue of the thirty-third section of the act of the twenty-fourth of September, seventeen hundred and eighty nine, entitled " An act to establish the judicial courts of the United States," shall be, aud are hereby, authorized and requir ed to exercise and discharge all the pow ers and duties conferred by this act. Skc. 2. And be it further enacted, That the superior court of each organized Ter ritory of the United States shall have the same power to appoint commissioners to take acknowledgments of hail and affi davits, and to take depositions of witnesses in civil causes, which is now possessed by the circuit court of the United Slates; and all commissioners who shall hereafter be ! appointed for such purposes by the supe rior court of any organized Territory of the United States, shall possess all the J powers, and exercise all the duties, con fcrred by law upon commissioners ap pointed by the United States for similar purposes, and shall moreover exercise and | discharge all the powers and duties con ferred by this act. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the circuit courts of the United States, and the superior courts of each organized Territory of the United States, shall from time to time enlarge the number of com missioners, with a view to afford reasona ble facilities to reclaim fugitives from'labor, and to the prompt discharge of the duties imposed by this act. Skc. 4. And be it further enacted, That the commissioners above named shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the judges of the circuit and district courts of the United States in (heir respective circuits and dis tricts within the several States, and the judges of the superior courts of the Terri tories, severally and collectively, in term time and vacation ; and shall grant certi ficates to such claimants, upon satisfactory proof being made, with authority to take and remove such fugitives from service or labor, under the restrictions herein con tained, to the State or Territory from which such persons may have escaped or fled. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals to obey and execute all warrants and precepts issued under the provisions of this act, when to then! di rected ; and should any marshal or deputy j marshal refuse to receive such warrant or other process when tendered, or to use all j proper means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in the sum of one thousand dollars, to the use of such claimant, on the motion of such claimant, by the circuit or district J court for the district of such marshal; and after arrest of such fugitive by such mar shal or his deputy, or whilst at any time in his custody under the provisions under this act, should such fugitive escape, whether with or without the assent of such marshal or his deputy, such marshal shall be liab'e on his official bond to be prose cuted for the benefit of such Claimant for the full value of the service or lal?or of said fugitive, in the State, Territory, or District, whence he escaped; and the lietter to en able the said commissioners, when thus appointed, to execute their duties faith fully and efficiently, in conformity with the requirements of the Constitution of ? the United States and of this act, they are hereby authorized and empowered, within their ? counties, respectively, to appoint, in writing, under their hands, any one or more suitable persons, from time to time, to execute all such war rants and other process ns may be issued by them in the lawful performance of their respective duties; with authority to such commissioners, or the persons to be appointed by them, to execute process as aforesaid, to summon and call to their aid the bystanders, or po?*e com it at us of the proper county, when necessary to insure a faithful observance of the clause of the Constitution referred to, in conformity with the provisions of this act ; and all good citizens are hereby commanded to awl and assist in the prompt and efficient execution of this law, whenever their ser vices may be required, as aforesaid, for that purpose; and said warrants shall ruu and be executed by said officers anywhere in the State within which they are issued. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That when a person held to service or labor in any State or Territory of the United States, hat heretofore or shall hereafter escape into another State or Territory of the United States, the person or persons to whom such service or labor may be due, or his, her, or their agent or attorney, duly authorized by power of attorney, in wri ting, acknowledged and certified under the seal of some legal officer or court of the State or Territory in which the same may be executed, may pursue and reclaim sucty, fugitive person, either by procuring a war rant from some one of the courts, judges, or commissioners aforesaid, of the proper circuit, district, or county, for the appre hension of such fugitive from eervice or labor, or by seizing aud arresting such fu gitive, where the same can be done with out process, and by taking, or causing such person to be taken, forthwith before snch court, judge, or commissioner, whose duty it shall be to hear and determine the etne of snch claimant in a summary man nerand npon satisfactory proof being rilftde, by deposition or affidavit, in wri ting, to he taken and certified by such court, judge, or commissioner, or by other antia&etory testimony, duly taken and cer* titled by some court, magistrate, justice of the peace, or other legal officer authorized to administer an oath and take depositions under the laws of the State or Territory from which such person owing service or labor may have escaped, with a certificate of such magistrate or other authority, us aforesaid, with the seal of the proper court or officer thereto attached, which seal shall be sufficient to establish the compe tency of the proof, and with proof, also by affidavit, of the identity of the person whose service or labor is claimed to be due, as aforesaid, that the person so ar rested does in fact owe service or labor to the person or persons claiming him or her, in the State or Territory from which such fugitive may have escaped as aforesaid, and that said person escaped, to make out and deliver to such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, a certificate setting forth the substantial facts as to the service or labor due from such fugitive to the claimant, and of his or her escape from the State or Territory in which such service or labor was due, to the State or Territory in which he or she was arrested, with author ity to such claimant, or his or her agent or attorney, to use such reasonable force and restraint as may be necessary, under the circumstances of the case, to take and re move such fugitive person back to the State or Territory whence he or she may have escaped as aforesaid. In no trial or hearing, under tfiis act, shall the testi mony of such alleged fugitive be admitted in evidence; and Ihe certificates in this and the first section mentioned shall be conclusive of the right of the person or persons in whose favor granted, to remove such fugitive to the State or Territory from which he escaped, and shall prevent all molestatiou of such person or persons, by any process issued by any court, judge, magistiate, or other person, whomsoever. Sec. 7. Jlnd be it further enacted, That any person who shaJi knowingly and will- ? ingly obstruct, hinder, or prevent such claimant, his agent or attorney, or any person or persons lawfully assisting him, her, or them, from arresting such a fugi tive from service or labor, either with or without process as aforesaid ; or shall res cue or attempt to rescue such fugitive from service or labor, from the custody of such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or other person or persons lawfully' assisting as aforesaid, when so arrested, pursuant to the authority herein given and declared ; or shall aid, abet, or assist such person so owing service or labor as aforesaid, directly or indirectly, to escape from such claim ant, his agent or attorney, or other person or persons legally authorized as aforesaid ; or shall harbor or conceal such fugitive, so as to prevent the discovery and arrest of such person, after notice or knowledge of the fact that such person was a fugitive from service or labor as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceeding six months, by indictment and conviction be fore the district court of the United States for the district in which such offence may have been committed, or before the prop er court of criminal jurisdiction, if com mitted within any one of the organized | Territories of the United States; and shall moreover forfeit and pay, by way of civil damages to the party iujured by such illegal conduct, the sum of one thousand dollars for each fugitive so lost as aforesaid, to be recovered by action of debt, in any of# the district or territorial courts aforesaid, within whose jurisdiction the said offence may have been committed. Sec. 8. Jlnd be it further enacted, That the marshals, and their deputies, and the clerks of the said district and territorial courts, shall be paid for their services the like fees as may be allowed to them for similar services in other cases; and where such services are rendered exclusively in the arrest, custody, and delivery of the fugitive to the clnimant, his or her agent or attorney, or where such suppo^d fugi- ; five may be discharged out of custody for j the want of sufficient proof as aforesaid, then such fees are to be paid in the whole by such claimant, his agent or attorney ; and in all cases where the proceedings are before a commissioner, he shall be | entitled to a fee of ten dollars in full for j bis services in each case, upon the delivery of the said certificate to the claimant, his j or her agent or attorney ; or a fee of five i dollars in cases where the proof shall not, in the opinion of such commissioner, | warrant such certificate and delivery, in- | elusive of all services incident to such ar rest and examination, to be paid in either case by the claimant, his or her agent or attorney. The person or persons author ized to execute the process to l?e issued by such commissioners, for the arrest and ! detention of fugitives from service or labor | as aforesaid, shall also be entitled to a fee j of five dollars each for each person he or > they may arrest and take before any such commissioner as aforesaid, at the instance and request of such claimant; Willi such i other fees as may be deemed reasonalde by such commissioner for Mich other ad- ' ditional services as may be necessarily performed by him or them ; auch as at- j tending at the examination, keeping the fugitive in e?tody, and providing him with food and lodging during his detention, ; and until the final determination of such commissioner: and in general for perform- ! ing such other duties as may be required by such claimant, his or her attorney or agent, or commissioner in the premises, such fees to be made up in conformity with the fees usually charged by the offi cers of the courts of justice within the proper district or county, as near as nay be practicable, and paid by such claimants, i their agents or attorneys, whether auch supposed fugitives from service or labor be ordered to be delivered to such claimants by the final determination of such com missioner or not. Src. 9. Jlnd be it further enactrd. That upon affidavit made by the claimant of auch fugitive, his agent or attorney, after such certificate ha? been iaaued, that he has reaaon to apprehend that such fugitive will be rescued by force from hie or their possession before he can be taken beyond the limits of the State in which the artest ia made, it shall be the duty of the ofRecr making the arrest to retain such fugitive in j his custody, and to remove him to the State whence he fled, and there to de liver him to said claimant, his agent or attorney. And to this end, the officer aforesaid is hereby authorized and repair ed to employ so many persons as he may deem necessary to overcome such force, and to retain them in his service so long as circumstances may require. The said officer and his assistants, while ao employ ed, to receive the name compensation, and to be allowed the same expenses, aa are now allowed by law for transportation of criminals, to be certified by the judge of the district within which the arrest is made, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That when any person held to service or labor in any State or Territory, or in the District of Columbia, shall escape therefrom, the party to whom such service or labor shall be due, his, her, or their agent or attorney, may apply to any court of record therein, or judge thereof in vacation, and make satisfactory proof to such court, or judge in vacation, of the escape aforesaid, and that the person escaping owed service or labor to such party. Whereupon, the court shall cause a record to be made of the matters so proved, and- also a general description of the person so escaping, with such convenient certainty as may be; and a transcript of such record, authenti cated by the attestation of the clerk and of the seal of the said court, being pro duced in any other State; Territory, or District, in which the person so escaping may be found, and being exhibited to any judge, commissioner,"or other officer au thorized by the law of the United States to cause persons escaping from service or labor to be delivered up, shall be held and taken to be full and conclusive evidence of the fact of escape, and that the service or labor of the person escaping is due to the party in such record mentioned. And upon the production by the paid party of other and further evidence, if necessary, either oral or by affidavit, in addition to what is contained in the said record, of the idenjity of the person escaping, he or she shall be delivered up to the claimant. And the said court, commissioner, judge, or other person authorized by this act to grant ?ertificates to claimants of fugitives, shall, upon the production of the record and other evidences aforesaid, grant to such claimant a certificate of his right to take any such person identified and proved to be owing service or labor as aforesaid, which certificate shall authorize such claimant to seize or arrest, and transport such person to the State or Territory from which he escaped; Provided, That noth-' ing herein contained shall be construed as requiring the production of a transcript of such record as evidence as aforesaid. But in its absence, the claim shall be heard and determined upon other satisfactory proofs, competent in law. Howell Cobb, Speaker of the Home of Representatives. William R. King, President of the Senate pro tempore. Approved, Sept. 18, 1850. Millard Fillmore INDEPENDENT DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. ADOPTED AT PITTSBURGH, AUGUST 12, 1861 Having assembled in National Conven tion as the delegates of the Free Democra cy of the United States, united by a com mon resolve to maintain right against wrongs, and freedom against slavery; con fiding in the intelligence, patriotism, and the discriminating justice of the American people ; putting our trust in God for the triumph of our cause, and invoking his guidance in our endeavors to advance it, we now submit to the candid judgment of all men the following declaration of prin ciples and measures: I. That Governments, deriving'their just powers from the consent of the governed, are instituted among men to secure to all, those inalienable rights of life, lilierty, and the pursuit of happiness, with which they were endowed by their Creator, and of which none can be deprived by valid legis lation, except for crime. II. That the true mission of American Democracy is to maiutain the liberties of the people, the sovereignty of the States, and the perpetuity of the Union, by the impartial application to public affairs, with out sectional discriminations, of the fun damental principles of equal righto, strict justice, and economical administration. III. That the Federal Government is one of limited powers, derived solely front the Constitution; and the grants of power therein ought to t>e strictly construed by all the departments and agents of the Gov eminent, and it ia inexpedient and dan gerons to exercise doubtful constitutional powers. IV. That the Constitution of the United States, ordained to form a more perfect union, to establish justice, and secure the blessings of liberty, expressly denies to the General Government all power to de prive any person of life, liberty, or prop erty, without due process of law; and, therefore, the Government, having no more power to make a slave than to make a king, and no more power to establish sla very than to establish monarchy, should at once proceed to relieve itself from all re sponsibility for the existence of slavery wherever it possesses constitutional power to legislate for its extinction. V. That, to the persevering and impor tunate demands of the Slave Power for move slave States, new slave Territories, and the nationalization of Slavery, our dis tinct and final answer is?no more slave States, no slave Territory, no nationalized Slavery, and no national legislation for the extradition of slaves. VI. Thst Slavery is a sin against God and ? crime against man, which no human enactment nor nssge can make right; and that Christianity, humanity, and patriotism, alike demand i<s abolition. VII. That the fugitive Slave Act of 1850 is Repugnant to the Constitution, to thp principles of the common law, to the spirit of Christianity, and to the senti ments of the civilized world. We there : fore deny its binding force upon the Amnriean People, and demand its imme diate and total repeal. VIII. That the doctrine that any human law is a finality, and not subject to modi fication or repeal, is not in accordance with (be eltH ?f thr fcwim ?TmiUm. ?"???<, and i? d??<> ?wm ?? ??? NbwHwii m - ? ftJkiMtt *? ?~ i. *-?A SlWMPflPp9# IX. That tlkr act* ?# <*I.if!IIIIII known M (tie Comp?it?? Heanw ?f IHW fcf making the admi***** ?f ? wwwif Huh? contingent upon thr ?l <4fcw row?Owen demanded by rtw NMrv* hkI of Slim; ; 1*^ tJwtt ??? guar anty fntnlom mi tree TrmtmiN; l?j Um>? attempt to i?|NMr um vHMiiN(H>M*l tm?M ationa on the |Hi?rr of < ?m-n ?a imi it* people |o admit new fit*** it* tbro vinioni for the iM?m|*tH)ii of l?f hiiIVmi. of tin* Slata of Tcim, km! fuf the payment of #*e million* N?>re, and th# CMiioti of ? Iarge it tti.'fy to iIm ?am? Slate under meuace. a* m rtnliM*i*irt to the relinquiahment of a groundl*** ?l?im and by their iut??ion of the w??em ?nn of the Stale* and the liberties ?f the peo ple, through the enactment ??i at* .?n?u*t oppressive, and unconstitutional Fusfitoe Slave Law, are pro ted i? be iur?n?i*iriit with all the principle* and maxim* of De | inocracy, and wholly inadequate to the settlement of the question* of which they are claimed to be an adjustment. X. That no permanent weulement of the Slavery question can lie looked km, except in the practical recognition of tin truth that Slavery is sectional, ami Free dom national; by the total separation of the General Government from Slavery, and the exercise of its legitimate ami ron?tt tutional influence on the skle of Freedom; and by leaving to the Statea the whole subject of Slavery and the extradition of fugitives from service. XI. That all men have a natural right to a portion of the soil; and thai, a* the use of the soil is indispensable to life, the right of all men to the soil it as sacted a* their right to life itself. XII. That the public lauds of the U lil ted States belong to the people, and should not be sold to individuals nor granted to corporations, but should lie held as a sa cred trust for the benefit of the people, and should be granted in limited quanti ties, free of cost, to landless settlers. XIII. That a due regard for the Federal Constitution, and sound administrative policy, demand that the funds of the Gen eral Government be kept separate from banking institutions; that inland and ocean postage should be reduced to the lowest possible point; that no more reve nue should be raised than is required to defray the strictly necessary expenses of the public service, and to pay off the puli lic debt; and that the power and patron age of the Government should be dimin ished by the abolition of all unnecessary offices, salaries, and privileges, and by the election by the people of all civil officers in the service of the United Stales, so far as may be consistent with the prompt and efficient transaction of the public business. XIV. That river aud harbor improve ments, when necessary to the safety and convenience of commerce with foreign nations or among the several States, are objects of national concern, and it is the duty of Congress, in the exercise of its constitutional powers, to provide for the same. XV. That emigrants and exiles from the Old World should find a cordial wel come to homes of comfort and fields of enterprise in the New ; and every attempt to abridge their privilege of becoming citizens and owners of the soil among us ought to be resisted with inflexible deter* mination. XVI. That every nation has a clear right to alter or change its own Govern ment, and to administer its own concerns in such manner as may best secure the rights and promote the happiness of the people; and foreign interference with that right is a dangerous violation of the law of nations, against which all independ ent Governments should protest, and en deavor by all proper means to prevent; and especially is it the duty of the Ameri can Government, representing the chief Republic of the world, to protest againot, and by all proper means to prevent, the intervention of Kings and Emperors against nations seeking to establish for themselves republican or constitutional Governments. . XVII. That the independence of Hayli ought to be recognised by our Govern ment, and our commercial relations with it placed on the footing of the most favor ed nations. XVIII. That as, by the Constitution, " the citizens of each State shall l>e en titled to all privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States," the prac tice of imprisoning colored seamen of other States, while the vessels to which they belong lie in port, and refusing to exercise the right to bring such cases be fore the Supreme Court of the United States, to test the legality of such pro ceedings, is a flagrant violation of the Constitution, and an invasion of the rights of the citizens of otther States, utterly in consistent with the professions maoe by the slaveholders, that they wish the pro visions of the Constitution faithfully ob served by every State in the Union. XIX. That we recommend the intro duction into all treaties, hereafter to be negotiated between the United States and foreign nations, of some provision for the amicable settlement of difficulties by a re sort to decisive arbitration. XX. That the Free Democratic party is not organized to aid either the Whig or Democratic wing of the great Slave Com promise party of the nation, but to defeat them both ; and that repudiating and re nouncing both, as hopelessly corrupt, and utterly unworthy of confidence, the pur pose of the Free Democracy is to take possession of the Federal Government, and administer it for the better protection of the rights and interests of the whole people. XXI. That we inscribe on our banner, Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor, and Free Men, and under it will fight on and fight ever, until a triumphant victory shall reward our exertion#. XXII. That upon this Platform the Con vention present* to the American People, as a candidate for the office of President of the United States, John P. Hale, of New Hampshire, and ns a candidate for the office of Vice President of the United States, George W. Julian, of Indiana, and earnestly commends them to the sup port of all freemen and parties. ns Dcxitrunc platkokm AtMrm* AT ?ALTIMfWa. JtfVB 1, 1851 I. Mbmthmd, TImi? tlM? Amerfctaa Democ rat ? th? ir lru?i in lit* intelligence, dkr pstrvMtHMvi, imI the discriminating jus W* of llw Atantrw people. ||. Rmmkwd, Tint *?? n>(an) this an a itMiRriiif fnMnn* rf ?i?r political creed, ?k?h ?f Mr p*r>*?d it* maintiaii l?eforf tkr *mH4 as iIm gvrsl moral rh infill in I lum #1 |om>tmhm nl springing from md ttpht ld t?* tb?- ,i .? ill } hi.I Wf cull irwl M ? ilk ikr creed and practice of Kr<J*r?U?m ?*<ter ?lt?if if r name or form, ? hu ll seek* lo palsy ike will ??f the con si ii unit, aud atiHh roiicfiVM h?> imptw* IWf tun numimI^ik li?r Ike public ere III. Mr??/iW,l*rrr^'f?, Thai, rtitrrlain ing the-* views, Iht Ofwoi rttUc party of lht? I next through their ih lftf*t< M,ii?MMii kled in a <?foeral Convention, couiih;; togetker in ? spirit ot'i iHif owl, ?I*devotion In tke docimies and lank of a frfr reprt w*ai?im> Governmftit, and to their fc lk*w-<nix? u? for iIn> rectitude of the ir iMraium*, teiw w mm) wimpH befiw the American peoplf ltd* declaration* of principles avowed bt ihrm when, un fitnatf nrfanoRi, in General Convention. Iby ha*f presented their candidates tor tke |HjMitar Miffriifw t 1. Thai tkf Federal Goveriirnent ia oim? of limited jMiaim, demed wolf I y from the ('? ?H"iiiutk?h , anil ihi- grant* of [xiwrt therein ought lo be strictly constated by all llif dr |?arlttif nts and agents of I hi- Gov ernme lit j aod that it ia inexpedient and dangerous to f xercise doubt hi I eonatitu tional power*. 2. Thai the Constitution does noi coif ffi upon ihf General (*overnm< nt the power to commencc and c*rrf on a gfn fral svstem of internal uu|?mvemeui*. 3. That tbf Constitution does not con frr authority upon thf Federal Govern ment, directly or indirectly, to aaautne thf debts of thf sevr-ral State*. contracted for local and internal itnprotemerit*, or oilier State purposes: nor would such assump tion kf juat or expedient. 4. That justice and aouud policy forbid thf Federal Government to fosler one branch of industry to thf detriment of any otker, or to chert?h tne inlere*ts of one portiou to tbf injury of anotlier portiou of our common country ; that every citisen, and every aection id' the country, kaa a right to demand and inaiat upon au equal it) of rights and privileges, and to com plete and ample protectHin of penuma and property from domestic violence or Ibreign aggression. 5. That it ia the duly of every brauch of the Govern me n t to enforce and practice the moat rigid economy hi conducting our public affairs, and thu no more revenue ought lo be raiaed than ia required to de fray the necessary expenses of the Gov ernment, and for thf gradual but certain extinction of the public debt. 6. That Congreaa has no power lo charter a National Bank ; that we believe such an inatitulion one of deadly hostility to tke beats interests of the country, dan gerous to our republican institutions and the liberties of Hie people, ami calculated to place the business of the country within the contiol of a concentrated money power, and above the lawa and the will of the people; and that the reatilta of Dem ocratic legislation, in thin and all other financial measures upon which issues haw been made between the Iwo political par ties of the country, have demount rated, to candid and practical nirn, of all parties, their soundness, safety, and utility, in all business pursuits. 7. That the *e pi ration of the moneya of the Government from banking iiisiitu tiona i* indispensable for the safety of the funds of the Government and the rights of the people. 8. That the liberal principle* embodied by Jefferson in the Ueclaraiion of Inde pendence, and ^auctioned in the Coiirti tution, which makes our* th?- land of lib erty and tlie asylum of ilw oppressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal prin ciples in the Democratic faith ; and every attempt to abridge the privilege of be* coming citizens and the owners of soil among us, ought to be resisted with the name spirit which swept the alien and dition lawn from our statute books. 9. That Cougress has no power under the Constitution to interfere with or con trol the domestic institutions of the ??? eral States, and that such States are the sole and proper judges of everything ap pertaining to their own affairs, not prohib ited by the Constitution; that all effort* of the Abolitionists or others, made to in duce Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to take incipient steps in re lation thereto, are calculated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse quences ; and that all such efforts have an inevitable tendency to diminish the happi ness of the people and endanger the ata i bility and permanency of the Union, and ought not to be countenanced by any friend of our political institutions. IV. Resolved, That the foregoing prop 1 oaition covers and was iutended to em brace the whole subject of slavery agitation in Congress; and therefore the Demo cratic party of the Union, standing on this national platform, w ill abide by and adhere to a faithful execution of the acts known as the Compromise measures settled by the last Congress, " the act for reclaiming fu gitives from service or labor," included; which act, being designed to carry out an I express provision of the Constitution, ran ; not with fidelity thereto be repealed or ao I changed as to destroy or impair ita effi 1 ciency. V. Resolved, That the Democratic party will resist all attempts at renewing, in Congress or out of it, the agitation of the Slavery question, under whatever ahape or color the attempt may be made. VI. Resolved, That the proceeds of the public lands ought to lie sacredly applied to the national objects specified in the Constitution ; and that we are opposed to any law for the distribution of such pro ceed.-! among the States, as alike inexpe dient in policy and repugnant to the Con stitution. VII. Resolved, That we are decidedly ' opposed to taking from the President the qualified veto power, by which he ii ena bled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply sufficient to guard the public inter est, to suspend the passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the approval of two thirds of the Senate and House of Repre sentatives until the judgment of the people ; can be obtained thereon, and which has saved the American people from ihe cor ! rupt and tyrannical domination of the [Bank of the United States, and from a corrupting system of general internal im ' provements. VIII. Rttohed, That the democratic, party will faithfully abide by and uphold the principles laid down in the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 1798, and in the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature in 1799; that it adopts those principles as constituting one of the main foundations of its political creed, and is resolved to carry them out in their obvious | meaning and import. IX. Reaobed, That the war with Mex ico, upon all the principles of patriotism and the laws of nations, was a juet and ! necessary "waron our part, in which every American citizen should have shown him self on the side of his country, and neither morally nor physically, by word or deed, hate given " aid and comfort to the enemy." X. Resolved, That we rejoice at the res toration of friendly relations with oursister Republic of Mexico, and earnestly desire for her all the blessings and prosperity which we enjoy under ftepublican institutions; aud we congratulate the American people upon the results of that war, which have , mi manifestly justified the policy and con ?luct of the Democratic party, and insured to the United States " indemnity for the j past and security fot the future." XI. Resofaed, That, in view of the con dition of popular institutions in the Old World, a high and sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsibility, upon the Democratic party of this country, as the party of the people, to uphold and maintain the rights of every State, and thereby the Union of the States, and to sustain and advance among us constitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benefit of the few at the expense of the many, and by a vigilant and constant adherence to those principles and compromises of the Con stitution which are broad enough and strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it was, the Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be, in the full expan sion of the energies and capacity of this great and progressive people. THE WHIG PLATFORM. ADOPTED AT BALTIMORE, JUNE 8, 1851 The Whigs of the United States, in Convention luembled, firmly adhering to the great conservative republican princi ples by which they are controlled and gov erned, and now. a? ever, relying upon the intelligence of the American people, with au abiding confidence in their capacity for self-government and their continued devo tion lo the Constitution and the Union, do proclaim the following m the political sentiment* and determinations, ]?* ?>? establishment and maintenance or which their national organization as a party w * I. The Government of the United Stales is of limited character, and it is confined to the exerciae of power* expressly granted by the Constitution, and such aa may be iteceasary and proper for carrying the granted powers into full execution, and that all power* not thus granted or neces sarily implied are expressly reserved to (he State, respectively and to the P^P'** II. The State Governments should be held secure in their reserved right*, and the General Government sustaiued in its constitutional powers, and the Union should lie revered and watched over as ??the palladium of our liberties. HI. That while struggling freedom, everywhere, enlists the wannest sympathy of the Whig party, we still adhere to the doctrines of the Father of his Country, as announced in b?. Farewell Address ol keeping ourselves free from nil entangling alliances with foreign countnea, and of never quitting our own to stand upon h?t t-ign ground. That our mission as a Re public ia net K? propagate our opinions or imp??ae on other countries our form of government, by artifice or (brce, but to teach by example, and show by our sue- ( cess, moderation, and justice, the bless ing* of i*lf-govern?ent and the advan tage* of free institutions. IV. That where the people make and control the (toveromeut, they should obey MS constitution, laws, and treaties as they would retain their self-respect, and the re ?hH I. ?W, ?Wa ??* i?.? V. Government should be rondo* tea upon |?nneiples of the MricteM economy, .id revenue *o?cieot ?he ihrreof. in time * ""J* *Vbr mainly derived from . dnl, on import*, and not from direct taxes . and, ? levying such duties, sonnd pnlmy requite* a jpm el isc rimtnation and projection >?f* by specific duties, when praettuhle, where Wv nHaWe eneowraffe*"" ""J *r a.-nred to American mdntry. eqoaMv to all clashes and to .N portion. nf (he roan ,r7- m ?? VI. The Constitution ve*? m <1*1^ ikr power to open and repair ha*l?-tts. ami remove ebsirwctioos from navigat4r rtrees; and it m expedient that <?T*" ere is. that power wAmvrtr mu* "T" mrrct with foreign nntw ? (Mates . snch improvement, being, m instance. national am4 general m the character. ... ... I VII. Tte IW-rf Vi 2 menta are port. nf one sy-om. *?? cesrtry *w the rnmmnm preeper.t y, HV ; and aecnritjr, *?d a ?like with ? cordial. bin attachment. H> . of each, and acqnieeceoc* m the . ? tional measures nf eneh, ? quired by the plainest i.M?i , T N..K.n.i, oou* VIII. The series of acts of the Hat Congress commonly known a* the Cn?? promwe or Adjustment (the net farwr r* * f Whig* of the United Stat**? a final ^ tlement, in principle and sohrtance^ of subjects to which they relate; mi ? as these acts are concerned, we will main tain them, and insist on tticir strict en forcement, until lime anil experience shall demonstrate the necessity of further legis lation to ((iiarri against the evasion of the laws on the one hand, and the abuse of their powers on the other, not impairing their present efficiency to carry out the requirements of the Constitution ; and we deprecate all further agitation of the ques tions thus settled, as dangerous to our peace, and will discountenance all efforts to continue or renew such agitation, when ever, wherever, or however made: and we will maintain this settlement as essential to the nationality of the Whig party and the integrity of the Union. John G. Chapman, ofAfd., President of the Whig National Convention. KF- The following is a list of the Free Dem ocratic and Anti-Slavery papers published in the United States: FREE DEMOCRATIC PRESS. Inunirer, Portland, Me.; A. Willey; $2 per annum. Ina. Democrat, Concord, N. H.; G, G. Fork; $2. News, Koene, N. H,;. S. Woodward; $1.25. Democrat, Manchester, N. E; ? II. Gnodale j $1.50. Messenger, Portsmouth, N. H.; T. J. VVhittam ; $1. Freeman, Montpelier, Vt.; D. P. Thompson; $2. Observer, Morrisville, Vt.; J. A. Somerby; $1.25. Telegraph, Springfield, Vt.; L. T. Guernsey; $175. Democrat, Brattleborough, Vt.; W.Nichols; $1.50. Brandon Post, Brandon, Vt.; P. Welch; $1. Courier, Burlington, Vt.; G. U. Samson, $1.50. Commonwealth, Boston, Ma.; J. D, Baldwin; dailv $5, weekly $2. Sentinel, North Adams, Ms.; A. D. Brook; $1.50. American, Lowell, Ms.; W. S. Robinson; tri week., $3. News, Fitchburg, Mass.; R. F. Rollins ; $1.50. Essex County Freeman, Salem, Ms.; J. Emmett; seini-weeklv, $3.50. Republican, Greenfield, Ms. Spy, Worcester, Ms.; J. M. Earle; $2. Standard, Now Bedford, Ms. Courier, Northampton, Ms. Gasette, Dedham, Ms.: Henry 0. Hildreth; $2. Democrat, Dedham, Ms.; E. G. Robinson; $2. Sentinel, Lawrence, Ms.; John Ryan A Co.; $2. ' Rhode Island Freeman, Providence, R. I,; Crawford A Harris; $1. Republican, Hartford, Ct.; Bartlett A Hawley; $2. Herald, Ellington, N. Y.; A. S. Brown. Evening Chronicle, Syracuse, N. Y.; II. R Raymond; daily $3, weekly $1.50. Spirit of the Age, Norwich, N. Y.; J. D. Lawyer; $1. Wyoming Co. Mirror. Wamw, N. Y., A. Holley , $2. Telegraph, Oneida, N. Y.; D. H. Frost; $1.25. Banner of the Times, De Ruyter, N. Y. Free Press. Wellsville, N. Y.; A. N. Cole; $1.50. Frederick Douglass' Paper, Rochester, N. Y.; Fred erick Douglass; $2. Free Press, Goaverneur, New York; Mitchell A Hul bert; $1. Herald, Jamestown, N. Y. Carson League, Syracuse, N. Y.; J. Thomas; $1 50. American Banner, Cherry Valley, Pa.; Jonh B. King Courier, Coneantville, Pa.; G. W. Brown Olivf Branch, Norristown, l'a.; Joseph Moyor; $1. Saturday Visiter, Pittsburgh, Pa ; Jane G. A William Swisshelm; $1.50. Freeman, Mercisr, Pa.; W. T. Clark; $1.50. Weekly Crescent, Erie, Pa.; Caughcy A McCreary; $1.50. The People's Journal, Condersport, Potter county, Pa.; Dougall, Mann A Huskell; $1.50. Dispatch, Pittsburg, Pa.; Foster A Fleeson; daily $3, weekly $1. Clarion of treedmn, Indiana, Pa.; Moorhead A Mc Claran; $1. Die Frie Press, Philadelphia, pa.; F. W. Thomas; dai ly. $3. Homestead Journal, Salem, 0.; A. Hinksmaa; $1.EP. Christian Press, Cincinnati, 0.; $2. True Demoorat, Cleveland, 0.; Thomas Brown; dai ly $6, weekly $2. Ashtabula Sentinel, Jefferson and Ashtabula, 0.; W. C. Howell; $2. Mahoning Free Democrat, Youngstown, 0.; M. Culio tan; $1.50. Commercial, Cleveland. 0.: H. M. Addisun ; $1.50. Journal, Wellington, 0.; George Brewster; $1.50. Western Reserve Chronicle, Warren, O.; K. 0. How ard ; $2. Telegraph. Painsville, O.; Gray A Doolittle ; $2. Ohio Times, Mount Vernon. O.; Chapman A Thrall: $1.50. Independent Democrat, Elyria, O.; Philemon Bliss; Columbian, Columbus, 0.; L. L. Rice. Free Demoorat, Chardon, 0.; J. 8 Wright; $1. Star. Ravenna, O.; Lyman W. Hall; $1.50. Herald of Freedom, Wilmington, O.; J. W. Chaffin ; $1.50. Truo Republican, Greenfield, O. Williams Democrat, West Unity, 0.; Wm. A Hunter. Free Democrat, Detroit, Mich.; 8 H. Baker; daily $5, weekly $1. Free Democrat, Indianapolis. Ind.; R. Valle ; $1.50. Western Cititen, Chicago, D|.; Z. C. Eastman ; daily and weekly. Journal, Sparta, HI.: 1.6. Coulter; $1.25. Western Freeman, Galesburg, III.; W.J. Lane; $2. Standard, Freeport, III. Free Demoorat, Waukesha, Wis ; 8 M. Booth; dai ly $4, weekly $2. Telegraph, Kenosha. Wis.; 8boles A Frank; $2. Free Press, Janesvilie, Wis., Joseph Baker; $1 50 Free Presa Sheboygan Falls. Wis.; J. A. Smith; $2. Advocate, Racine, Wis.,; C. Clements, $2. Kentucky News, Newport, Ky.; W. 8. Bailey; $1. Trae Democrat, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; J. W. Howe; $1.50 Der bemokrat, Davenport, Iowa; Th. Gnlich; $2. Pacific Statesman, San Francisco, Cal.; J. H. Pnrdy. Der National Demokrat, Washington, D. C'.j Fred. Schmidt, editor; Buell A Blaorhanl, publishers; $2. ANTI-SLAVERY PRESS Liberator, Boston, Ms.; Wm. Lloyd Garrison; $2.50. Peawvlvnla Freeman, Philadelphia, Pa.; C. M. Bur |2 National Anti-Slavery Standard, New York, N. 7.; 8. H Gay A K Quinej ; $>. Anti Slavery Bagle. Salem. O , M. R. Robinson; $1.50. Veiee of lite Fugitive FELL A RLANCU ARD. WAHHINOTON D 0. ktH a?? rmmAj lav Mhr>n IIRflKL NttXIIU; ROTS or HOUTR CAKOIIAA. WITH fwwt tf fkm/hrr* LitM, Liftr. and Hatftiahlv . wkw ?<wt??!.?.? o.^r o. 'pm ifclW Vofk Ur?M a l.oaatllul I Sin o mill in* i?f 1 ?*? M mm awall (4m Mw-ta ftHpfT. :?? 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