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Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, January 12, 1854, Image 2

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LITERARY MISCELLANY.
For the National Irt
SOHU TO 8LKXF
BT LUCY ltlCON.?
Ewsstly still the infant's crying,
Oentis Hleep1
As a closing violet
Breathes away the dew-drops wet,
So, its pearly laohe.i dryiug,
Through them creep1
Soothe the pilgrim worn and weary,
Lulling Sleep,
Liku the autumn wind's low song,
Stealing faded boughs among,
Whispering to tbe mountains dreary.
While they weep.
Murmur soltly to the aged.
Blessed Sloop,
Like a slow, refreshing rain,
Falling on the yellow grain ;
We, who yot uo war have waged,
Watch will keep
Drop thy balm upon the lonely,
Hply Sleep,
As the dew descends to bless
Palm-trees in the wildernoss !
Ah' let warm-winged visions only
Kouu^l Iheui sweep!
On thy still seas met together,
Happy (Sleep!
Hoar them swell a drowsy bymniug;
is wans, to dying music swimming,
Floating with unruffled feather
O'er the deep'
For tbe National Krs.
A BB0THEK 8 KECOL LECTION OF AN ONLY
SISTKB.
BY MARV IKVINfi.
CHAP. n.
Sweet mission of childhood ! what dark cor
ner of earth has not blessed its visiting ? Into
what hidden receea of the human heart had it
not penetrated, to arouse, to convince, or to
heal 7 It carries everywhere the .same lesson?
the one it so lately learned from the angels:
He who careth for us, little helpless ones,
ehall He not also care for thee >"
The door opened, suddenly, and a nurse
maid appeared, holding a child's frock of black
orape in her outstretched hand.
" It's here you are. then, Miss Lulie! Oh,
I ax yer pardon, sir !" dropping a courtesy at
the unexpected sight of a otranger. " Savin'
yer presence, sir, it's high time little Miss was
drented for the bury in'. Come bore wid yor
self, Missy, and put on your new gown !"
The ohild stared at her in bewilderment,
then lifted tbe hem of her blue frock, and in
spected it carefully.
'' I don't want any new gown : this oue is
clean!" she answered, laying her cheek to
mine again, with a soft sigh
"Was ever the like heard! Not to put ou
mournin' for your poor papa, that's dead and
gone, Heaven rest his soul! Oh, but you're a
.bad ohild to your father !"
" It isn't a pretty gown, Nanoy, and papa
don t want mo to put it on ; he never told you
so! Take it away!"
" Put on the dresc, -little Lulie," said I, lift
ing her forward, and looking firmly into her
blue eyes. " Put it on, for the sake of your
dear father, who has gone to Heaven."
She ?lid from my knee, without resisting;
but as Nanoy took her hand, she hesitated, and
looked into my faoe, with eyes ddating in the
light of a new idea.
^ o P*P8 &??e 10 Heaven ! ? she repeated
' Brother Ralph, Heaven isn't black, it is blue ! "
and she lifted her tiny finger toward the sky,
bathed in the deepest azure of a summer after
noon.
Go, darling, ' 1 said; and she was led
away.
I have often thought of the ohild's philoso
?by, id oalmer hours. When I have seen the
last earnings and energies of the : widow and
fatherless lazed to furnish tbe symbols of
grief in a fashionable form; when I have seen
counters piled to supply the wealthy with the
''pomp of shrouded woe, ' I hare turned in
disgust from the graceful folds of orape and
bombasine, and repeated, with Lulie, '?' Heaven
le^nn* black " Why do we belie its bright real
Still, the custom of a civilised world has its
charm, even to the tearful eyes of the true
monrner. It is soothing to find that one thins
more can be done in behalf of the beloved
friend for whom all other laliors have ceased
Whether '?the fashion of this world " will ever
aoo*pt of a fitting substitute for the parade of
mourning which has so long shadowed society
is extremely doubtful.
I felt the mockery of this outward show
when the badges of grief were brought to me
vet passively submitted My little sister was
brought in by the pastor and his wife, her fair
tiair and lace thrown into bright relief by con
irawt with the gloomy dress.
" Is it necessary to take this child to the
churchyard ?" I asked, as the clergyman, in
tbe court* of our brief conversation, made a re
mark to that effect.
" ' tbink tl>e impression might be salutary
upon one <>f her age,'? he answered "No
thinking being n too young to learn much of
tbe mystery of Death. Rulatie, should you
v . ^our dear futlier bis grave ? "
" Yen, sir, if mamma aud brother Ralph are
going, she answered, with a {Mizzled look.
But when we stood by the portal of "tbe
houee appointed for all living," and I lifted her
in my arms, wbile the cw.ffin, with its black
sweeping drapery, was lowered into its depths
?fee gave a piercing scream, and clung to my
neck convulsively. "Oh papa-papa! take
nim away from the earth worm house / "
1 57,?*d my t,,rf>ugh the crowd of star
ing villagers and hurried with the trembling
creature into a little grove just behind tbe
ehnrebyard, close by the bank of the stream
I bathed her lace and head fanned and oa
w*ad her, until she ceased to shudder, and lay
panting, with closed eyelids, in my lap. As I
watched the blue veins, whose clearness and
quick throbbing told of her fragile, nervous or
gantastion, and reflaoted on tbe hereditary
predisposition to insanity that might have
tinged her infant blood, I revived to shield her,
, haeards, frvin the shock of excitement
With a start, she opened her eyes, and her
hps quivered with the word?" Papa!"
P?*!*"7<T P*Pa '? >n Heaven, I told
i. H.a.K' '? M K*nt'y as possible.
A J?7 L h'ln uut of that dreadful
iT .u j , *hwP<,redi shuddering again, while
?he shaded her syes *th both hands, and
gaaed kesnly into the clouds above ? Mamma
""f Kw'>uld !* ? fP*?* angel, with white
ingp, bnt, oh it scared me so when tbey put
him in there It was like a story mamma
B'Kht, when she lighted the
candle, and woke me up! ?
much thechiid has to learn and un
' c,)ll*('"n(!rm! thoughts to give
. ' possible, some truthful idea of tbe sub
5?^. , shouldconquer her terror. The river
rtppjed a song of oontentment at my feet, oalm
ing my oww wrought spirit into something like
its wonted trust in Providenoe At a little dis
gronp of lambs were quietly feeding
e, M bogan, " your papa did not speak
tojron, when you earned those flowers to him,
* little while since '"
' she artlessly answered; " he had gone
told me not to disturb
Iilessed Hlixp ! how difficult to make u child
comprehend its moaning! I tried anew.
?' Will that lamb answer you when you speak
to it?" I naked, pointing to the nearest and
whitest of the Hook.
" Frisky ? No! how curious ! She laughed.
? Hut it has a month larger than yours. Why
oiui you talk, and understand what is said to
you. while the lamb cannot ?" #
She fixed her eyes on the lamb, then dropped
I hem to the river. Suddenly they dilated, and
she exclaimed, " Frisky doesn't know anything,
and I do!" . t
But what in it in you that knows ' Is it
your mouth?your oyes?your hands/ "
A silent shake of the head was given to each
of these queries, and her eyes were still peering
into the clear water, as though the solution lay
beneath it.
' What is it, brother Ralph?" she at last
tilted, in a low, earnest tono, drawing (doner
to my side.
" It is your sou/, my dear child. You have
a soul that thinks, and is glad and merry; I
have one, and your papa had one before God
l.Hik it from his body to Heaven."
I had not cleared up tho difficulty; for, after
a moment'* musing, she said, "1 never saw
papa's soul!"
" Hark!" 1 exclaimed, as a aweet strain stole
over our heads. It was the hymn of the con
gregation at the grave, succeeding the prayer
of the pastor?
"Unveil thy bosom, faithful toinb."
The oliild listened, with hushed breathing,
until the last solemn echo died. Then, with a
righ of delight, she laid her hands softly to
gether.
" Did you see the singing, Lulie ? " She lift
ed her head to glancc toward the churchyard.
'? I do not mean, did you see the people?but
did you see the sinking? You have heard
singing What does it look liko?"
"It doesn't look at all," she replied, after
meditating.
'?Well, my little sister, listen to me now.
The soul does not' look at all.' It goes away
up from the body, and you cannot see it. The
body is put in the ground, and kept there, but
the soul of a good man lives and is happy far
out of sight."
"I know! 1 know!" and she clapped hor
bands again.
But on our return to the house she astonish
ed Nancy, ^vho came to put her to bed, with
the information that her papa's "singing soul"
had gone up into the white clouds, and she was
^oine to " ' hark for it ' all the next day."
" Heaven save us, Missy! Your ma's crazi
ness is turning your head!" was the maid's
only reply to such heresy.
It was a painful thought that the child must
be taken from her mother, when I saw her
nestle lovingly into that mother's lap, kiss her
passive lips, and sink contentedly to sleep with
the rocking of the ever-swaying chair. Again
I tried, but hopelessly as before, to win one
word of remembrance and love from those in
different lips.
? Mother! one good-night blessing!" I plead,
bending my face to hers,
u Hush ! the baby sleeps ! They all sleep?
well?well!"
Oh, what is the wreck of mortality to the
wreck of reason ! Thank God ! the soul iewim
mortal; and .in some hours of its endless exist
ence must burst these fetters in which bodily
feebleness has bound it! With this conviction,
I at l&st closed my eyes, after hours of painful
thinking.
It must have beon two o'clock, when I started
from a half-formed dream, at the sound of a
tow chuckling laugh not far from me, so pecu
liar that it would have aroused me at once, even
had not the long streamers of smoke which
poured through the fissures of my door warned
me of our imminent danger. I threw open the
door, and saw, to my horror, my mother stand
ing opposite the threshold of the room which
had held my father's remains. She held a
lighted lamp in her hand, whoee spark was
dim beeide the fearful conflagration it had
kindled ! The room was a sheet of flame! Bed
hangings, window-curtains, and the papers of
a large library at the farther end, blaiing as
though fired at the same instant! A volume
of smoke turned upon and nearly stifled me
u Mother, for Heaven's sake!" I cried, seiz
ing her arm.
? Ha, ha!" she laughed, "I've warmed
the room! It was so cold and dark in there!
The maid, aroused by this time, flew scream -
ing in. But she was bereft of all presence of
mind, and added to instead of relieving my
perplexity I dared not leave my maniac
mother by the blaee she had kindled, to summon
the help that must Boon be at hand, to avail
auything. To calm her into the proper use of
her muholes, and despatch her screaming to the
village, was my first task ; my second, quick
as thought, was to drag my half suffocated
mother outside the gate, and lay her upon the
damp grass, with the half-awakened child at
her side. Holding her there, I listened in
agony for the fi?nfciteps that should come, with
my eyes fi*ed on the glare that orept every
moment higher.
It burst through the low roof, a wedge of
solid flame, at the xarae instant that the trebled
cry of Fire! Fire! " close at hand, told of
succor.
A crowd of neighliors were soon at my door.
Organization in that crowd would have saved
the burning building. But every man's hand
was turned to the work his own head had
planned, and every head seemed equally oon
fused. As day dawn looked over the hills, the
walls fell in with a crash ! The furniture, in
general, had l*en saved; hnt a heap of red
and black embers wai all now left me of" the
homeI had tmled to give my parent*!
fro BK CONTINUED.I
I
AYKR'S CHKRRY PKCTHKH.
? .
Con.ifimption fiojflril. ? Since the day* of Enrnlt j
pin*, medical men have striven in vain to conquer
thai aroh enemy of mankind. Consumption. IVxitnr j
Ayer, of Lowell, Massachusetts, ha*, we have every |
reason to believe, succeeded in attaining thin object,
nearer than any predecessor or contemporary. He !
call* hit remedy Aper'i Ckrrrp IWlora/, by which
ncrne it ha* been favorably known for many year* in
all parte of the world. It I* recommended by niimer
ou? eminent person* an the beat remedy for diseases j
of the throat and lung* extant. Doctor Ayar receiv
od a letter from Hon. Daniel Webster, in which that I
statesman spoke of the Pectoral in the highest term*, 1
and mentioned that he wu personally knowing to j
the usefulness of thi* article, in both America and
Europe.?Wit* York 8wnday Timr*.
GILMAJTR HAIR DYK.
Tm beat article ever used, as hundred* can testify
in thia city and aurronnding country. Read! OIL
MAN'S LIQUID HAIR DYE inntaiitauf&yitly chang
es the hair to a brilliant jet Black or gloaay Brown,
which la jtrrmitnrut?doe* not ttain or in any way in
jure the skin No article ever yet invented which
will compare with it We would ad viae all who have
gray hair* to buy it, for it ntwr Bom ton Pom
Z. D. OILMAN, Chemist, Wa*bington city, Invent
or and Sole Proprietor.
For sale by Druggists, Hair Drapers, and Dealer*
in Fancy Article*, throughout the United State*.
Jan. 11?dSwAtnw
VI8ITER8 TO THE MRrROPOLIS!
PERSONS visiting Washington, and in want of
Boots or Sboae, are invited to oall and examine
ray stook, which comprise* as good an assortment of
Ladim,' Oentlemen's, Boys', Youth's, Misses, and
Children * Shoe*, as can be found In the elty. Price*
moderate. JOHN A. RUFF, Penn. avenue,
Jan. 11. Between and ftth sts, Washington.
OCT" The Daily Era can bo bad every morning
at the Periodical Stand of Mr. J. T. Baths, Ex
change. Philadelphia; aluo, the Weekly Em.
OF" Mr. J a m kk Elliott it autborixud to receive
and receipt for Mubgcription* and advertisement* for
the Daily and the Weekly National Era, in Cincin
nati and vicinity.
! WASHINGTON, D. C.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 12, 1854.
THE PRINCIPLE OF THE MISSOURI COMPRO
MISE REAFFIRMED IN 1860.
The first section of tho Nebraska hill pro
vides at* follows:
"He it enacted by Ike Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United ifta'es of America in
Congress assembled, That all that part of the
United States included within the following
limitH, except such portions thereof as are here
inafter exprensly exempted from the operation*
of this act?to wit: Beginning at the southwest
corner of the State of Missouri, thenoe running
west on the line of thirtv-s''X degrees and thirty
minutes of north latitude until it intersects the
one hundred and third meridian of longitude
west of Greenwich ; thenoe north* on the said
meridian, until it intersects the thirty-eighth
parallel of north latitude; thenoe west, on the
said parallel of latitude, to the summit of the
Rooky Mountains; thence northward, along
and upon tho summit of said range of moun
tains, to the western boundary of the Territory
of Minnesota; theuoe southward, on and with
said boundary, to the Missouri river; thenoe
down the oentre of the main ohannel of said
river to the State of Missouri; thenoe south, on
and with the western boundary of said State,
to the place of beginning?bo and the same is
hereby created into a temporary Government,
by the name of the Territory of Nebraska, and
when admitted as a State or States, the stud
Territory, or any portion of the same, shall be
received into the Union with or withont Slavery
as their Constitution may prescribe at the time
of their admission. Provided, That nothing,
in this act contained shall be oonBtrued to in
hibit the Government of the United States from
dividing said Territory intotwo or more Terri
tories, in such mnuuer and at such times as
Congress shall deem convenient and proper, or
from attaohing any portion of said Territory
to any other State or Territory of the United
States.''
The Beotion closes with a provision, securing
the rights of Indians in the Territory.
The provision that the u Territory, or any
part of it, when admitted as a State, or States,
shall be received with or without Slavery, as
their Constitutions may prescribe at the time
of their admission," has no legitimate connec
tion with the purpose of the Bill, whioh is, to
establish a Territorial Government; and it can
have but oue object, and that is, to give a pre
text for a judicial decinion in favor of the right
to hold slaves in the Territory. The provision
contemplates the existence of Slavery therein, or
it is mere surplusage. Would the People of a
State formed out of said Territory, provide in
their Constitution for its recognition, if it did
not exist already among them ? The provision
ignores the Proviso ol the Missouri aot of 190,
prohibiting Slavery forever in all Territory
north of 36 deg. 30 min.
But, the bill oontemplates the existenoe of
Slavery in the Territory, not wily through this
provision, utterly irrelevant, unless intended to
secure a substantial advantage to the pro-sla
very party, but also in the seotion defining the
powera of the Territorial Judioiary and the
mode of judicial procedure.
Providing that writs of error and appeals
from the final decisions of the Supreme Court |
shall be allowed and may be taken to the Su
preme Court of the United States, where the
value in controversy shall be over one thousand
dollars, it adds?
" Except, only, that in all canon involving
title to slaves, the Raid writ* of error or appeal*
shall bo allowed and decided by the said Su
premo Court, without regard to the value of
the matter, property, or ti tie, in controversy;
and exoept, also, that a writ of error or appeal
shall also be allowed to the Supreme Court of
the United States, from the decision of the Raid
Hitpreme oourt created by thin act, or of any
judge thereof, or of the district court* created
by this act, or of any judge thereof, upon any
writ of habeas torptis, involving the question of
personal freedom."
This provision "ih copied from a section in the <
Territorial Bill of Utah, in which there were
slaves when it wan organised, as there are slaves
there now?a condition of things which the
present bill contemplates in Nebraska.
Theso facts, with the statement* and oxpla
nations of the acoompanying report, which as
sume that the validity of the Missouri CCompro
mise is as unsettled a question as was that of
the Mexican Law alleged to exclude Slavery,
and that for this reason Nebraska should be
put on the basis of the Compromise of 1850,
just as Utah was, leaving the question of the
exclusion or admission of Slavery an open ques
tion, demonstrate the absolute necessity of an
nexing to tho bill, as it stands, a clause reaf
firming the Proviso of the M issouri act of 1820.
As the old parties have been pledged, through
their National (Conventions, to sustain the Com
promises of i860, the supporters of this Hill
will tell thom that such a reaffirmation would
be a violation of that plodge, as it would be in
conflict with thorn measures. If there exist
such a conflict, it is time the country should
know it. If the Compromise of 1850 repealed
the Proviso of tho Missouri act, it wan more
oorrupt and wicked than even its opponents
considered it. But, so far from this assumption
being true, the Missouri Compromise waq sanc
tioned, and its Principle reaffirmed, in the Com
promise of 1850. This point has hitherto been
overlooked.
August 7th, 1850, the Texas Boundary Bill
being under discussion in the Senate, Mr. Ma
son, of Viiginia, moved the following, which
was adopted:
" Provided, That nothing herein contained
shall be construed to impair or qualify any
thing contained in the 3d article of the 2d sec
tion of the joint resolution for annexing Texas
to the United States, approved March 1, 1845/
either in regard to the number of States that
may hereafter be formed out of the State of
Texas, or otkervri*e."
What is this famous third artiole. thus ex
plicitly line! carefully guarded ' ft is the ex
tension of the principle of the Missouri Com
promise to' Texas, as follows:
" That new States of oonvonient sise, not ex
ceeding four in number, in addition to said
State of Texas, and having sufficient popula
tion, may hereafter by the oonsent of said State
be formed oat of the Territory thereof, which
shall be entitled to admission, under the provi
sion of the Federal Constitution. And snoh
States as may be formed of that portion of said
Territory lying south of 3fl deg 30 min. north
latitude, oommonly known as the ^!"BO!!n
Compromise line, shall be admitted into the
Union, with or without Slavery, as the people
of each State asking admission may desire.
And in suoh State or States m shall be formed
out of said Territory north of said Missouri
Compromise line, Slavery or involuntary J?"1*
tude, ezoept for orime, shall bo prohibited.
Thus, by the act of the Compromisers them
selves, the Principle of the Missouri 1 roviso
was reaffirmed in and engrafted upon oneot the
Compromise Measures of 185(1?its object thon
being to seoure certain advantages to Slavery.
By their own aot thoy are barred from resist
ing the reaffirmation of the Proviso itself, in
connection with a Bill ignoring that great
measure in relation to the very 'I erritory which
it was intended to protect " forever" lroni
Slavery. What was not repugnant to tho Com
promises of 18*0, when Slavery was to be ben
efited, cannot be repugiiunt to thorn in 1854,
when Liberty is to be secured in its just rights.
Let the resolution of Mr. Mason be taken as
a preoedent, and an amendment be intro
duced?that nothing herein contained shall bo
construed to impair or qualify anything con
tained in the ? section of the act for admit
ting Missouri as a State into the Union.
Nothing can be more reasonable, more tit,
more neoessary.
A FEW WORDS TO A COTEMPOEAHY,
We do not understand that the Ordinance
of 1787 has tny^hing to do with the I erritory
of Nebraska. The "organ" finds it conve
nient to assune, that the " Abolition or Free
Soil guound" is, that the exolusion of Slavery
from Nebraska rests upon this Ordinance.
This is simply a gross misrepresentation. 1 he
position of tho? who oppose the Nebraska bill
in its present shape is, that by tho Missouri
Act of 1820, Slavery is "forever" excluded
from Nebraska.
And here lei us say, that tho Union puts
itself to unneoeatary trouble, in going so far as
New York and Albany, to reply to arguments
that have appeared in-the Daily hra. It is
rather laughabie to see the airs it gives itseir.
Rejected by its own party in the Senate, barely
tolerated in the House, repudiated by some of
the most respectable Democratic journals, with
no circulation among the People, it affects to
tal ignorance of the existence of the Era.
Without the pap with which it has been fed
by Congress and the Executive, it would have
died long since of inanition. Of the eight
hundred edition of its Daily, some three hun
dred copies aro lent to exchanges, and a ma
jority of the rett, we presume, goes to Con
gress and the Executive bureaus. Although
we have not printed our Daily yet two weeks,
we venture to say that we have as large a bona
fide circulation. When the comparison is
made between the aggregate circulation of the
Weekly and Daily issues of the two papers, it
will be found that that of the Era is four-fold.
Such was the faot, as presented by authentic
statistics, submittel to the Departments, a little
more than a year ago. This is not all. The
Era is far more extensively circulated among
Democrats in the North and West than the j
Union, and its exchange list in the Sooth
reaches the number of three hundred For
th? lMt four y?M?rt, too, tha? |*P?r, through
Executive Ikvoriti-ui, has been paid largely
for prin^f the various notices of the Execu
tive Departments, to the printing of which the
Era, by its extensive subscription list, was enti
tled by Law. . , ..
And this is the ooncern, without circulation,
without influence, the organ grinder of the
President, the tumid parasite of Power, fawning
forever upon the hanl that feeds it, which af
feots not to know of the existence of such a pajsr
as the National Era! And when we add
that this same concern not long since solemnly
excommunicated the New York Evening Post
and the Notional Demorrat of New York, rep
resenting different sections of the Democracy,
from the pale of the Democratic Party, that it
now threatens similar excommunication against
the Albany AtUu, unless it ooncur with it in ro
tation to the Nebraska bill, and that it affect*
to treat the Post, as the Era, with lofty con
tempt, the reader is furnished with a most stri
king illustration of the insolence of Mediocrity
when basking in the sunshine ol Court favor.
THK ADMINISTRATION PARTY IN OHIO.
So far back as 1848, tbo Democratic Party
of Ohio, in State Convention assembled, adopt
ed with great unanimity the following resolu
tion* on the subject of Slavery:
*' Httolvfd, That the People of Ohio, now,
they have always done, look upon Slavery an
an evil, and unfavorable to the full development
of the spirit and practical benefit*) of free insti
tutions ; and that, entertaining those senti
ments, they will at all times feel it to be their
duty to use all power clearly given by the terms
of the National Compact to prevent its increase,
to mitigate, and finally to eradicate, the evil.
Rut, be it farther
u Resolved, That the Democracy of Ohio do
at the same time fully reoognise the doctrines
held by the early lathers of the Republic, and
still maintained by the Democratic Party in all
the States, that to each State belongs the right
to adopt Mid modiff its own municipal Inws, to
regulate its own internal affairs, to hold and
maintain an equal and independent sovereign
ty, with oauh and every State, and that upon
these rights the National Legislature can nei
ther legislate nor encroach."
This platform, uniting at once a recognition
of the Anti-Slavery Principles and a pledge to
respect and maintain State Rights, has been
the ground theoretically of the Old Line Dem
ocratic Party in Ohio ever since. In 1862, it
was reaffirmed, and resolutions to adopt the
Baltimore platform were rejected.
During the laet twelve months, the inconsist
ency of the polioy of the Party in Ohio with
this platform, and the antagonism between the
platform and the policy of the Administration,
have been so glaring, that some change became
necessary. We have not yet received official
reports of the proceedings in the Hunker Con
vention that met at Columbus, Ohio, on the 8th
of January; but, if we may rely upon * the or
gan," that assemblage has at last voted to put
theOld Line I>emo*raoy at one with Mr. Pieroe.
Its statement, unreliable of oonrse, is, that
"resolutions to support the General Govern
ment, and roadopting the resolutions that Ohio
Democrats reoognise and adopt as their politi
cal creed the Baltimore platform of 1852, were
adopted, by 197 to 17." Now, whether it be
true, or not, that the Convention adopted the
Baltimore platform, it is not true that it re
adopted resolutions adopting this platform If
the South trust for aoourate political inform a
tion to " the organ," it will find itself forever
blundering. No State Convention of the Dem
ocratic) Party in Ohio, up to thin year, ever
adopted ' he Baltimore platform?no that, if the
one that hub just adjourned has adopted it, it
is not a readoption, hut an original measure.
GOVKKNMENT ADVERTIrlNG.
The accessary advertising of Government
oould easily ho ho regulated by law as to pre
vent corruption and protect the public inter
est*. The object of advertising being to give
the public notice of Borne fact, those papers
having the most widely-extended circulation
should be designated by law as the proper me
diums of advertising. Every press, then, in the
Union, desirous of public advertising, would
seek to extend its circulation: its ap}>eal would
be to the People, not to the officials at Wash
ington, or anywhere else.
Richmond (Va.) Examiner.
The Examiner d<?es not seem to be aware
that such a Law as ho suggests has been in ox
istence for more than a dozen years ; but for the
last so ven years it has been coolly disregarded by
evory successive administration. Mr. Polk's
Secretaries refused conformity to it, without
setting up even a pretext. General Taylor's
Attorney Goneral, by special ploading, set it
asido. Under Fillmoro's administration, Mr.
Crittenden, Attorney General, rondered an
opinion, enforcing the Ltw, and sustaining the
claim of the Era, but Mr. Secretary Graham
interpolated an amendment to the Law, and
then denied our claim. Wo shall probably
test the present Administration, and when wo
do, the Public will know the result. The Law
expressiy directs that the notices of the several
Executive Department* shall be given " to the
two newspapers, at the seat of Government,
having tlio largest permanent subscription, and
to such third paper an the President may se
lect."
There are (or woro during the Administra
tion of Mr. Fillmore) documents showing that
the National Era had " a permanent sultsorip
tion " three times larger than the entire per
manent subscription to all the issues of the
most extensively circulated newspapor, pub
lished in th%District?the National Intelligen
cer.
What is wanting is, not a law, as suggested
by the Examiner, hut obedience to the law on
the part ol theC'hiel Executive and his agents.
IN TEK NATIONAL COPYRIGHT.
That an author's book is not his book, though
he has written and published it, is a proposi
tion we do not understand. There is no Bpocies
of property of tho proprietorship of which men
are more tenaoious A book of the thoughts
of an author goes from him with a ooneern
not unlike that which follows a child from
the parental roof; and wherever and however
it may appear, its author feels for it a oonoeru
in which none but a parent can sympathize
And yet, this is the only description of proper
ty, the exclusive right to which is not guaran
tied by the laws of our oountry.
Here, the book of a foreign author may l?e
reprinted, abbreviated, interpolated, and maim
ed at pleasure, and the author disgraced, with
impunity; and here, too, he who writes in one
language may see his name displayed in the
title-pages of horrible enormities, purporting
to l?e translations into Spanish, French, and
German, and yet have no possible redrew*
Frederica Bremer, who published a work on
the United States, in which she embodied the
results of her observations hero, complains o(
a professed translation which has been present
ted to the American public. She says that in
many instances her meaning has l>een miscon
ceived and mis-stated, and she cites soveral
glaring examples. She says that many pas
sages arc found in this American book, which
were, by her expross desire, omitted in the
Swedish original, and that these are the very
paswages which have been so severely censured
as criticisms on private individuals. But all
the poor woman can do is to complain; Amer
ican publishers are independent of her; and
they have, perhaps, learnod that tho bast way
to make a l?ook saleable in this country, is to
mis state the popular feelings in relation to it.
We are opposed to all systems of protection,
or "restrictions on tho natural currents of trade
and commeroe , but the protection that secures
to us the |KMsossion of that whioh hits been
produced by tho labor of either our hands or
our brains, is assuredly a legitimate species of
protection, and should be secured from depre
dations. +
HOME.
The auddcn escape or a people from beneath
the hand of oppreaaion, when effected by aan
guinary moana, in a fearful thing. OpprcHWon
begeta hatred and vindictivencna in the op
j proaned, and when tho ooianoipati<Hi of the
j latter is conaummated in deftanoe of power and
| relentless tyranny, the feeling of revenge in
I seldom aubdued by the influence of mercy, and
the oppres*vl are too apt to bocome tho op
pressors. Such in human nature a* revealed
on every page of history that record* the sud
den transition* and revulsion* of NOciety.
We find in Now York paper it a letter, from
Char Ion Fred. Henningaen, which was road on
Tnooday evening before the " Universal Demo
cratic Association " assembled in that oity, in
which the writer responds to ari inquiry sub
mitted to him in relation to the political con
dition of Rome, whence ho has juat come to our
shores. Heaaya:
" I regard Roman Catholicism an dead in
Rome: nine-tontha of tho people, including tho
j female portion ^>f the population, looking on
; the Pope and hiM cardinal* with contempt an
apiritnal impostors, and with the utinoat hatred
and horror an temporal oppressors. From what
I heard and aaw, I foci oonvinoed, and am will
ing to place on record my conviction, that with
in twonty-four hour* after the withdrawal of
the foreign garrison, the Pope's Government
will have fallen, and hia own life, together with
thoae of hia cardinala and connasllora will have
been sacrificed, unleaa they can save themaelvea
by (light or ooncealment, which will be very
difficult.
" Kvery avenue of eaoape ia noted and watch
ed. The popular feeling of the Romans haa
boon ao embittered bv the manifold exeoutiona,
imprisonment*, treacherioa and oppressions of
their rnlera, that, I regret to say, I found the
popular leadera inexorably deaf to any coun
sels of moderation and mercy; deliberating
merely whether the Holy Father should bo
hanged from the oroaa of St. Poter's, or over
tho no-called tomb of St. Peter within ; tho leaat
violent stipulating only that ho ahould be un
frock od a* a falae priest, and then tried like
Charles I, for violating his contract with and
murdering hia people.
Deuiring, as we moot earnestly do, the free
dom of Home, and the institution there of a
fair experiment of a republican representative
Government, we yet believe, from the testimo
ny before us, all of which in corroborative of
that atiove quoted, that a momeutous duty de
volve* upon every true h)v*r of Liberty, in this
connection. Fi rumens and energy sufficient
for the tusk before theiu must be possessed by
the Roman people; but liberty*"cannot be es
tablished amongst them untess their deeds are
seasoned with uierCy. The transition from a
state of subordination to the Papal jpower into
the light of freedom, is but too apt to be through
the dark portals of irreligion and licentious
ness.
The people are unused to self-imposed re
straints, and time alone can edncato them into
the practioo of a virtue ho difficult aiid yet ho
essential. Roman Catholic Germany, both at
home and abroad, furnished us at tho present
moment with ample proof of this; and it is un
necessary to remind tho reader of the terrible
experienco of France in this particular.
When the hour comes in which the bayonets
of France and Austria shall be needed to de
fend the thrones of the rulers of those Empires,
the Roman people will undoubtedly arise, and,
as with a single voice, demand the acknowl
edgment of their political froedom and suprem
acy. May we not hope that in that hour the
birth of Freedom may bo signalized by the mag
nanimity of its champions, and that the first
edict emanating in itd name may bo a declara
tion of religious toleration, including mercy
and protection to every ecclesiastic of the pres
ent hierarchy, from tho Pope down to tho
meanest minion of his abominable tyranny ?
C.
I'apkr.?It is remarkable how promptly hu
man ingenuity responds to the popular wants.
The art of printing arose when Bible readers
and independent thinkers demanded it; the
power-press, when readers had multiplied be
yond the existing means of supply ; and steam
power, and railroads, and telegraphs, when
the people of vast territories required such
agencies in their labor of self-government
Now, we have still another and an important
improvement The product of books and news
papers is getting beyond the supply of the ma
terials of whioh paper lias hitherto been made,
and lo, there are advertisements in London pa
pers of paper made from straw, which *is said
to poaseee a smooth, firm surface, and is well
adapted for writing with either quills or steel
pons; and the proprietors undertake to supply i
it at about half the price usually charged for !
the ordinary kinds of paper.
THE SOULS DUELS.
We have forborne "to present to our read
ers any of the irresponsible statements con
tained in the newspapers of the day, rela
ting to these duels, and asserted our conviction
that, aside front the right and the wrong of
duelling itself, the Soules, father and son, would
be found neither rash nor erring in the premi
ses, as the world goe*.
The following account is from a responsible,
and, we may add, not a partial source; and it
fully sustains our predictions :
"M. (iaillardet writes to the Courrier des
Etats Ums a detailed statement. The history
of the quarrel sAcms in have oommeneed even
before Mr. Soule reached Madrid. From the
time the reception Mr. Soule, as American
Minister, began to be agitated, M. de Turgot, ,
the French Ambassador, and Madame de Mnn- i
tijo, mother of the DuohesH of Alba, showed
little friendship for Mr. Soule. Madame de
Montijo is accused ?f having even intrigued
to induce Quean Isabella to refuse to receive
him.
" Thus matters stood until the occasion of a
fete, or grand ball, given by the French Minis
ter, in honor of the birthday of the Kmprens,
All the foreign diplomatic corps were invited,
and, as a consequence, Mr. Soule, bis son, who
is also Secretary of Legation, and Mrs. Soule,
were present by invitation. Mrs. Soule, who
is a handsome woman, was dressed richly, but
tastefully, and a Madrid paper stat-s that she
was queen of tho ball, and her.entrance pro
duced a 4 sensation.' To destroy the favor
able impression Madame Soule had made,
a spirit of hostile criticism was manifested by
a coterie, led on by M. do Turgot and Madame
de Montijo. The Duke of Alha, consenting to
hocome the echo of the coterie, remarked, as
Mrs. Soule passed by, ' There goes Mary of
of Bar gundy !' Voung Soul*, being cloee by,
heard the remark, and immediately resented
the outrage, and applied an epithet of contempt
to the Duke.
"The parties were then separated, but next
morning young Soule sent to the Duke, de
manding an explanation of the insult to his
mother. The Duke explained and apologised,
and those acting under young Soule declared
themselves satisfied. Hut the public applauded
the spirit of ' la ieuno Yanktya,' and the Duke
was twitted on his laek of the old pride of his
family. The quarrel was re opened, and the
Duke sent a challenge to retrieve his damaged
honor. It was accepted, and the preliminaries
being arranged, a duel with swords was fought.
The fight lasted twenty minutes, both parties
showing equal skill and oourag*. The sec
onds interfered, doclared that the honor of
neither required further defence, and the prin
cipals shook hands and parted.
" Mr. Soiilii, Sen., however, considered it
proper for him to represent to M. de Tnrgot,
that his wife had been insulted in hit, the Am
bassador's, salnnx, on an occasion upon which
the Duke of Alba was the most honored guest,
and the person from whom the insnlt canto ;
that the aflair had forced the sword into his
son's hand; that he had boon informed M. de
Turgot was an instigator of the insulting re
mark; and, consequently, as M. de Turgot had
not discharged hik duty as a host, in exonera
ting himself from any symfiathy with the insult,
ho was obliged to demand personal satisfac
tion. To Mr. NouIc'h communication, M. de
Turgot replied, denying that he instigatod the
insult, but refused to give any satisfaction for
its occurrence at his frit. Mr. Soule persisted
in his demand for reparation, when the Frenoh
Ambassador said he would make his reply at
the pistol's mouth.
"A meeting was arranged, Lord Howden
and Goneral (.oilier acting as seconds to M. do
Turgot, and (Jen. Valdez (an old Governor of
Cuba) and M. Benito Alejo de Gaminde, ex- i
member of the Spanish*Cortes, as Mr. Soule's
seoonds. It is proper to stute that Mr. Soule
signed his letter to M. do Turgot, 1 Pierre
Soule, Citizen of the United State*? and not
with his official rank, thus separating the pri- I
vate individual from tho public officer. Time
was given to the principals to arrange their af- i
fairs; but it being hinted that the Spanish ;
Government intended to interfere to prevent
the duel, Lord Howdon waited upon Mr. Soule,
and urged him to consent to an earlier meeting. |
Mr. Sonic replied that the ohnnge of arrange
inputs was inconvenient, but he did not wish to
forego the satisfaction which was his right, and
therefore yielded.
"The meeting was then fixed for 12 M. the !
next day; but, on reaching the ground, new
difficulties arose. Mr. Soule's seconds demand
ed, in his name, that the oomh.it he with pis
tol*, at ton paces. Tho Marquis do Turcot de
murred. and proposed a di-tauou of forty pacts !
1 Is that, Monsieur le Marquis,' said Mr. Soule,
1 what vou call replying to me (it the pistol's
mouth V But tho Marquis jieiWted iu bis lie-,
wire to bring down his antagonist' at long idiot.'
The first tire was ineffectual. At tho second,
Mr. Soule's bullet hit tho Marquis in tho thigh.
(l am struck.' he said, and it'll iuto tho aims
of oue of Mr. Soule's seconds. The wound
is said to he serious. A reconciliation had not
been effected at last advices. Muoh sympathy
had heen mandated for Madame SoMfft
throughout the unfortunate affair; and in Eu
ropean circles, in which duelling in not consid
ered a oritur, opinion sustains tho conduct of
Mr. Soule and his mm"
Kentucky Sknatoh.?Hon. John J. Critten
den wad on Tuesday elected by the Legislature
of Kentucky, to succood Hon. Mr. .Dixon, the
present inoumbent, whose term of service will
expire on the 4th of March, 1855. The vote
.stood?for Crittenden, Whig, 78; for Powell,
Democrat, 35.
The members of tho Tennessee Legis
lature vim ted Mm. Polk, at her retridonoe in
Nashville, on Now Yearn day.
Hoard op Claims.?We are glad to see that
the attention of Congress is again to he called
to the subject of establishing a Board of ClaiiuH,
upon whom shall devolve the examination and
settlement of ail private claims against tho
United States. Tho necessity for such a bureau,
department, or commission, has long been ap
parent, and the thousands who have fruitless
ly, and at vast expense, pressed tor the settle
ment of their claims have a right to demand it
as an act of common jiutice. It will l>e recol
lected, probably, that during President Fdl
inore's Administration, a bill for the institution
of such a board passed the Senate, and was
defeated in the House of Representatives, net.
we believe, upon itsmeritH, but because of sowe*
jealousies about the patronage it involved.
Now, however, such an impediment can scarce
ly be interposed, and we hope no other will
arise to the prompt aotion of Congress upv?o
the subject. The lack of such an institution
has been and must continue to !>e the sour#e
of muoh evil. It is a great hindrance to the
work of legislation, and to public hunt a?* gen
erally, and yet, being subordinate to tk*ses the
examination of private ol?6aa is not And can
not be efficient and satisfactory, so *b*t a gpesa
injustice is done to claimants, as w#ll as to the
people at large. All this might be obviated,
easily and speedily, by the erection of a bureau
whose business .should be exclusively that of
arranging, examining, and liquidating prirate
claims?N. Y. Commercial Advertiser.
Smithsonian Institution -?Mr. James Or
chard Halliwell, of tfrixton, England, a well
known archaeologist, " has presented to the In
stitution an extrepMiy curious, interesting, and
instructive oolieotigu of MS. bills, accounts, in
ventories, legal instruments and other business
papers, extendtag from 1632 to 1792, ueatly
arranged, and tumdsoinely bound iu titty-four
volumes, mostly o?* folio sice. This collection
may justly 6e said to lie unique of its kind. It
is of interest sot only to the antiquary aud the
collector of carinas relics of olden times, but as
an authentic record of prioes for more than 160
years, it is of great value. Am a picture of the
mode of life and domestic habits and expenses
of English families of former generations, it is
a most instructive record/'
i . ...
Rkv. Mr. L'hanninu.?An intelligent and
responsible Correspondent of the New York
Tribune write* from this city as follows :
" A contemptible effort ho* heeu made,
through the columns of a uewspapcr printed
in Georgetown, to excite the public mind of
thia community against lhe Unitarian Church
of thia city, on ac?ouut of the employment t-f
the Rev. Mr. Channing to preach in it for 'Mi*
last few Sunday*."
" A motion was accordingly made, at a meet
ing of the Suciety on Sunday last, to givc^
unammous approval of the employment of Mr.
I C., and would have been carried without it dm
Hinting voice; but it was migrated that the
article wan undeserving of ho much notice, in
which all present concurred, and thus the mat
ter was dropped. Finally, it was agreed to
adjourn the meeting to next Sabbath, with a
view of calling Mr. ('banning to take charge
of tho Church '' ?
We saw the editorial article* in question,
1 hut, regarding them as '? unworthy praise or
Idam*,1' thought it bent to pa* h them by un
heeded, as we have beea gratified to learn the
Society also has concluded U> do.
CoMPl.lMKNTARY l>IKNKK TO Hon. HENRY
May.?It is announced that this dinner will be
given at the National Hotel, on Wednesday,
the 25tli instant, at 7 o'clock I'. M.; and all
persons desiring to participate in this ex|ires
sion or respect and esteem lor a late fellow
townsmau, now occupying a high public por
tion, are informed that they can become sub
scrilsjrs by applying to auy of the gentlemen
composing the Committee of Arrangements,
vi*: Messrs. John W. Maury, Peter Foroe,
Tohn T. Toweri, Nichols* Callau, Francis Mo
hun, Johnson Hellen, John H. Hlake, Win. B
Magruder, K McNcrhany, P. It. Feudall,
George Parker, John F. Knnis, Smnuel Pum
phrey, Wm. U Webb, Aaron W. Miller, N. C.
Towle.
85*" The Masonio fraternity in this city
have appointed a committee to devise the ways
and means of erecting an edflco snitahle for
their use.
Death in Prison.?Mina Uttermuhle, who
was a few dajs since committed to prison in
this city for killing Kmeline l.ackey, who had
lived with him as his wife, and whom he hod
long cruelly maltreated, died there at 10 o'clock
last night.
He was, as we stated at the time of his ap
prehension, a man of very intemperate habits,
and his death is presumed to lie in consequence
J hereof. He has a wife and two children living.
RkTVRN or TIIK COTTRR WaSHIMGTOR.?
The revenue cutter Washington has returned
from the search of the San Franoison, in a
leaky condition. She went to the latitude and
longitude where the steamer was last seen, hut
saw nothing of her.
Despatches reoeived from Louisville, Ky , nay
that Governor Brown has been elect?d United
States Senator from Mississippi, to serve tilt'
1859.
The Senate of Massachusetts concurred with
the House in the election of Washhinn, Whig,
for (Jovernor, and Plunkett for Lieutenant Gov
ernor.
The cm-son the Milwaukin and Mississippi
Railroad run regularly to Stoughton a distance
of 73 miles.

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