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WASHINGTON, D. C.
THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW. An A?i to amend ami ?U|t|>lrinriilary to thr art ruli tlrd " Am ?t l rrapcrttBg fii||Ulvri Iroai juiiitv hhiI |irr>uHa rMiyiu? Iraiu llir M*rvi<-r ol Itirlr iua*lrr*," M|>|>ruvc>l February lwrl(tli, aur Ihuutaad MVru liuudrrd and uiuct)-llirrr. Be it enacted by the Senate and F/uuse of Re/tresentatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Un persons who have been or may hereafter be appointed coininis?iouerM in virtue of any act of Congress, by the circuit c^irtw of the United States, and who, in conse quence of such appointment, are author ized to exercise the powers that any jus tice of the peace, or other magistrate of any of th?? l/nited States, may exercise in respect to offenders for uny crime or of fence against the United States,'by arrest ing, imprisoning, or bailing, the same, under and by virtue of the thirty-third section of the act of the twonty-fourth of September, seventeen hundred and eighty nine, entitled " An act to establish the judicial courts of the United States," shall be, and are hereby, authorized and requir ed to exercise and discharge all the pow ers and duties conferred by this act. Sec. '2. And be it further enacted, Thai the superior court-ef each organized Ter ritory of the United States shall have the same power to appoint commissioners to take acknowledgments of bail and affi davits, and to take depositions of witnesses in civil causes, which is now possessed bv the circuit court of the United States; and all commissioners who shall hereafter be appointed for such purposes by the supe rior court of any organized Territory of the United States, shall possess all the powers, and exercise all the duties, con ferred by law upon commissioners ap pointed by the United Slates for similar purposes, and shall moreover exercise and discharge all the powers and duties con ferred by this act. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the circuit courts of the United States, and the superior courts of each organized Territory of the United States, shall from time to time enlarge the number of com missioners, with a view to afford reasona ble facilities to reclaim fugitives from labor, and to the prompt discharge of the duties imposed by this act. Skc. 4. And be it further enacted, That the commissioners above named shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the judges of the circuit and district courts of the United States in their respective circuits and dis tricts within the several States, and the judges of the superior courts of the Terri tories, severally and collectively, in term time and vacation ; and shall grant certi ficates to such claimants, upon satisfactory proof being made, with authority to take and remove such fugitives from service or labor, under the restrictions herein con tained, to the State or Territory from which such persons may have escaped or (led. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals to obey and execute all warrants and precepts issued under the provisions of this act, when to them di> rected ; and should any marshal or deputy marshal refuse to receive such warrant or other process when tendered, or to use all proper means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on conviction thereof, lie fined in the sum of one thousand dollars, to the live of such claimant, on the motion of such claimant, by the circuit or district court for the district of such marshal; and after arrest of sue b fugitive by such mar shal or his deputy, or whilst at any time in his custody under the provisions under this act, should such fugitive escape, whether with or ? ithout the assent of such marshal or his deputy, such marshal shall be bab'e on his official bond to lw prose cuted for the benefit of such claimant fur the full value of the service or labor of said fugitive, m the State, Territory, or District, whence he esca|?ed; and the better to en- I able the .*aid commissioners, when thus appointed, to execute their duties faith fully and efficiently, in conformity with the requirements of the Constitution of the United States and of this act, they* ?re hereby authorized and empowered, within their counties, respectively, to appoint, in writing, under their hands any one or more suitable persons, from tune to time, to execute all such war rants and other process as may be issued by them m the lawful performance of their respective duties; with authority to such commissioners, or the persons to be appointed by them, to execute process as aforesaid, to summon and call to their aid the bystanders, or pome corn it at us of the proper county, when necessary to insure a faithful observance of the clause of the Constitution referred to, in conformity with the provisions of this act ; and all good citizens are hereby commanded to aid and assist in the prompt and efficient execution of this law, whenever their ser vice? may be required, as aforesaid, for th?t purpose; and said warrants shall run and be executed by said officers anywhere in the Slate within which they are issued. Stc. 6. Jtnd be it furl her enacted, That when a person hold to service or labor in any Slate pi Territory of ihe United State*, haw heretofore or shall hereafter escape into another State or Territory of ihe United States, the person or persons to whom such service or labor may be due, or his, her, or their agent or attorney, duly authorized by power of attorney, in wri ting, acknowledged and certified under the seal of aome legal officer or court of the State or Territory in which the aame may be executed, may pursue and reclaim such fugitive person, either by procuring a war rant from aome one of the conrta, judges, or commissioners aforesaid, of the proper circuit, district, or county, for the apprr (tension of such fugitive from sen'ice ??r labor, or by seizing and arresting such fu gitive, where the same can be done with out process, and by taking, or causing such person to be taken, forthwith before such court, judge, or commissioner, whose duty it shall be to hear and determine the caAe of such claimant in a summary man ner ; and -upon satisfactory proof being made, by deposition or affidavit, in wri ting, t<> be taken and certified by such court, judge, or commiasioner, or by other satisfactory testimony, duly taken and cer titled by some court, magistrate, justice of the peace, or o*.her legal officer authorized to administer hii oath and take deposition under the lav^tt o| jfje State or Territory from which such person owing service or labor may have escaped, with a certificate ol such magistrate or other authority, as aforesaid, with the seal of the proper court or* officer thereto attached, which seal sh:i!l he .sufficient to establish the compe tency of the proof, and with proof, also by uliidavit, o| the identity of the person whose service or labor is claimed to be due, as aforesaid, that the person so ar rested does in fact owe service or labor to the person or persons claiming him or her, in the State or Territory from which sucji fugitive may have escaped as aforesaid, and that said person escaped, to make out and deliver to such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, a certificate setting forth the substantial facts as to the service or labor due from such fugitive to the claimant, and of his or her escape from the State or Territory in which such service or labor was due, to the State or Territory in which he or. she was arrested, with author ity to such claimant, or his or her agent or attorney, to use such reasonable force and restraint as may be necessary, under the circumstances of the case, to take and re move such fugitive person back to the State or Territory whence he or she may have escaped as aforesaid. In no trial or hearing, under this act, shall the testi mony of such alleged fugitive be admitted in evidence; and the certificates in this and the first section mentioned shall be conclusive of the right of the person or persons in whose favor granted, to remove such fugitive to the State 01 Territory from which he escaped, and shall prevent all molestation of such person or persons, by any process issued by any court, judge, magistrate, or other person, whomsoever. Sec. 7. Jind be it further enacted, That any person who shall knowingly and will ingly obstruct, hinder, or prevent such claimant, his agent or attorney, or any person or persons lawfully assisting him, her, or them, from arresting such a fugi tive from service or labor, either with or without process as aforesaid ; or shall res cue or attempt to rescue such fugitive from service or labor, from the custody of such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or other person or persons lawfully assisting as aforesaid, when so arrested, pursuant to the authority herein given and declared ; or shall aid, abet, or assist sucn person so owing service or labor as aforesaid, directly or indirectly, to escape from such claim ant, his agent or attorney, or other person or persons legally authorized as aforesaid : or shall harbor or conceal 'such fugitive, so as to prevent the discovery and arrest of such person, after notice or knowledge of the fact that such person was a fugitive from service or labor as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceeding six months, by indictment and conviction be. fore the district court of the United States for the district in which such offence may liava been committed, or before the prop er court of criminal jurisdiction, if com mitted within any one of the organized Territories of the United States; and shall moreover forfeit and pay, by way of civil damages to the party injured by such illegal conduct, the sum of one thousand dollars i for each fugitive so lost as aforesaid, to be ; recovered by action of deht, in any of the district or territorial courts aforesaid, within whose jurisdiction the said offence mav have been committed. Skc. K. Jlnd be it further enacted, That the marshals, and their deputies, and the clerks of the said district and territorial courts, shall be paid for their services the like fees as may be allowed to them for similar services in other cases; and where such services are rendered exclusively in the arrest, custody, and delivery of the i fugitive to the claimant, his or her agent ! or attorney, or where such supposed fugi- ' five may be discharged out of custody for I the want of sufficient proof as aforesaid, | then such fees are to bm paid in the whole 1 by such claimant, liis agent or attorney ; and in all cases where the proceedings 1 are before a commissioner, he shall be I entitled to a fee of ten dollars in full for : his services in each case, upon the delivery j of the said certificate to the claimant, his ' or her agent or attorney ; or a fee of five j dollars in cases where the proof shall not, I in the opinion of such commissioner, warrant such certificate and delivery, in- < elusive of all services incident to such ar rest^and examination, to be paid in either case by the claimant, his or her agent or attorney. The person or persons author ized to execute the process to be issued i by such commissioners, for the arrest and j detention of fugitives from aervice or labor j as aforesaid, shall also be entitled to a fee of five dollars each for each person he or I they may arrest and take before any such commissioner as aforesaid, at the instance and request of such claimant; with such other fees as may be deemed reasonable by such commissioner for such other ad ditional services as may be necessarily performed by him or them ; such as at tending at the examination, keeping the fugitive in custody, and providing him with food and lodging during his detention, and until the final determination of such commissioner: and in general for perform ing mich other duties m may be required by Mich claimant, his or her attorney or agent, or commissioner in the premise*, mich fees to be made up in conformity with the fee* usually charged by the offi cers of the court* of justice within the proper disttict or county, a* near an may lie practicable, and paid by such claimants, their agents or attorneys, whether such Mipposed fugitives from service or labotbe ordered to be delivered to such claimants by the final determination of such com* missioner or not. Sic. 9. Jind be it further enacted, That upon affidavit made by the claimant of sach fugitive, his agent or attorney, after *uch certificate ha* been issued, that he has reason to apprehend that auch fugitive will be rescued by force from his or their possession before he can be taken beyond the limit* of the State in which the aneat i* made, it shall hfc the duty of the officer making the arrest to retain such fugitive in his cu*tody, and to remove him to the State whence he fled, and there to de liver him to said claimant, his agent or attorney. And to this end, the officer aforesaid is hereby authorized and requir ed to employ b6 many persons as he may deem necessary to overcome such force, and to retaiu them in'his service so long as circumstances may require. The said officer and his assistants, while so employ ed. to receive the same compensation, and to he allowed the same expenses, as are now allowed by law lor transportation of criminals, to be certified by the judge of the district within which the arrest is made, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. Sec. 10. And be ii further enacted, That when any person held to service or labor in any State or Territory, or in the District of Columbia, shall escape therefrom, the party to whom such service or labor shall be due, his, her, or their agent or attorney, may apply to any court of record therein, or judge thereof in vacation, and make satisfactory proof to such court, or judge in vacation, of the escape aforesaid, and that the person escaping owed service or labor to such party. Whereupon, the court shall cause a record to be made of the matters so proved, and also a general description of the person so escaping, with such convenient certainty a? may be; and a transcript of such record, authenti cated by the attestation of the clerk and of the seal of the said court, being pro duced in any other State, Territory, or District, in which the person so escaping may be found, and being exhibited to any judge,- commissioner, or other officer au thorized by the law of the United States to cause persons escaping from service or labor to be delivered up, shall be held and taken to be full and conclusive evidence of the fact of escape, and that the service or labor of the person escaping is due to the parly in such record mentioned. And upon the production by the said party of other and further evidence, if necessary, either oral or by affidavit, in .addition to what is contained in the said record, of the identity of the person escaping, he or she shall be delivered up to the claimant. And the said court, commissioner, judge,, or other peison authorized by this act to grant certificates to-claimants of fugitives, shall, upon the production of the record and other evidences aforesaid, grant to such claimant a certificate of his right to take any such person identified and proved to be owing service or labor as aforesaid, which certificate shall authorize such claimant to seize or arrest, and transport such person to the State or Territory from which he escaped; Provided, That noth ing herein contained shall be construed as requiring the production of a transcript of such record as evidence as aforesaid* But in its absence, the claim shall be heard and determined upon other satisfactory proofs, competent in law. Howell Cobb, Speaker of the House of Representatives. William R. King, President of the Senate pro tempore. Approved, Sept. 18, 1850. Millard Fillmore INDEPENDENT DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. ADOPTED AT PITTSBURGH, AUGUST 12, 1851 Having assembled in National Conven tion as the delegates of the Free Democra cy of the United'States, united by a com mon resolve to maintain right against wrongs, and freedom against slavery; con fiding in.the intelligence, patriotism, and the discriminating justice of the American people ; putting our trust in God for the triumph of our cause, and invoking his guidance in our endeavors to advance it, we now submit to the candid judgment of all men the following declaration of prin ciples and measures: i. That Governments, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, are instituted among men to secure to all, those inalienable rights of life, lilterty, and the pursuit of happiness, with which they were endowed by their Creator, and of which none can be deprived by valid legis lation, except for crime. II. That the true mission of American Democracy is to maintain the liberties of the people, the sovereignty of the States, and 4he perpetuity of the Union, by the impartial application to public affairs, with out sectional discriminations, of the fun damental principles of equal rights, strict justice, and economical administration. III. That the Federal Government is one of limited powers, derived solely from the Cqnstitution ; and the grants of power therein ought to be strictly construed by all the departments and agents of the Gov* ernment, and it is inexpedient and dan gerous to exercise doubtful constitutional , powers. IV. That the Constitution of the United States, ordained to form a more perfect union, to establish justice, and secure the blessings of liberty, expressly denies to the General Government all power to de prive any person of life, liberty, or prop erty, without due process of law; and, therefore, the Government, having no more power to make a slave than to make a king, and no more power to establish sla very than to establish monarchy, should at once proceed to relieve itself from all re sponsibility for the existence of slavery wherever it possesses constitutional power to legislate for its extinction. V. That, to the persevering and impor tunate demands of the Slave Power for more slave States, new slave Territories, and the nationalization of Slavery, our dis tinct and final answer is?-no more slave States, no slave Territory, no nationalized Slavery, and no national legislation for the extradition of slaves. VI. That Slavery is a ain against God and a crime against man, which no human enactment nor usage can make right; and that Christianity, humanity, and patriotism, alike demand its abolition. VII. That the fugitive Slave Act of 1850 is repugnant to the Constitution, to the principles of the common law, to the spirit of Christianity, and to the senti ments of the civilized world. We there fore deny its binding force upon the American People, and demand its imme diate and total repeal. ?VIII. That the doctrine that any human law is a finality, and not subject to modi fication or repeal, is not in accordance with ihe creed of the founders of our Gov ernment, and it* dangerous to the liberties of the people. IX. That the acts of Cougress known as the Compromise Measures of 1860, by making the admission of a sovereign State contingent upou the adoption of' other measures demanded by the special inter est of Slavery; by their omission to guar anty freedom in free Territories; by their attempt to impose unconstitutional limit ations on Ihe power of Cougress and the people to admit new States ; by their pro visions for the assumption of five millions of the State debt of Texas, and for the payment of five millions more, and the cession of a large territory to the same State uftder menace, as an inducement to the relinquishment of a groundless claim, and by their invasion of the sovereignty of the States and the liberties of the peo ple, through the enactment of an unjust, oppressive, and unconstitutional Fugitive Slave Law, are proved to be inconsistent with all the principles and maxims of De mocracy, and wholly inadequate to the settlement of the questions of which they are claimed to be an adjustment. X. That no permanent settlement of the Slavery question can be looked for, except in the practical recognition of the truth that Slavery is sectional, and Free dom national; by the total separation of the General Government from Slavery, and the exercise of its legitimate and consti tutional influence on the side of Freedom; and by leaving to the States the whole subject of Slavery and the extradition of fugitives from service. XI. That all men have a natural right to a portion of the soil; and that, as the use of the soil is indispensable to life, the right of all men to the soil is as sacred as their right to life itself. XII. That the public lands of the Uni ted States belong to the people, and should not be sold to individuals nor granted to corporations, but should be held as a sa cred trust for the benefit of the people, and should be grafted in limited quanti ties, free of cost, to landless settlers. XIII. That a due regard for the Federal Constitution, and sound administrative policy, demand that the funds of the Gen eral Government be kept separate from banking institutions; that inland and ocean postage should be reduced to the lowest possible point; that no more reve nue should be raised than is required to defray the strictly necessary expenses of the public service, and to pay off the pub lic debt; and that the power and patron age of the Government should be dimin ished by the abolition of all unnecessary offices, salaries, and privileges, and by the election by the people of all civil officers in the service of the United States, so far as may be consistent with the prompt and efficient transaction of the public business. XIV. That river and harbor improve ments, when necessary to the safety and convenience of commerce with foreign nations or among the several States, are objects of national concern, and it is the duty of Congress, in the exercise of its constitutional powers, to,provide for the same. XV. That emigrants and exiles from the Old World should find a cordial wel come to homes of comfort and fields of enterprise in the New ; and every attempt to' abridge their privilege of becoming citizens and owners of the soil among us ought to be resisted with inflexible deter mination. XVI. That every nation has a clear right to alter or change its own Govern ment, and to administer its own concerns in such manner as may best secure the rights and promote the happiness of the people; and foreign interference with that right is a dangerous violation of the law of nations, against which all independ ent Governments should protest, and en deavor by alt proper means to prevent; and especially is it the duty of the Anieri 1 can Government, representing the chief Republic of the World, to protest against, and by all proper means to prevent, the intervention of Kings and Emperors against nations seeking to establish 'for themselves republican or constitutional Governments. 0 XVII. That the independence of Hayti ought to be recognised by our Govern ment, and our commercial relations with it placed on the footing of the most favor ed nations. XVIII. That as, by the Constitution, " the citizens of each State shall l>e en titled to all privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States," the prac tice of imprisoning colored seamen of other States, while the vessels to which they l>elong lie in port, and refusing to exercise the right to bring such cases he fore the Supreme Court of the United States, to test the legality of such pro ceedings, is a flagrant violation of the Constitution, and an invasion of the rights of the citizens of otther States, utterly in consistent with the professions inaoe by the slaveholders, that they wish the pro visions of the Constitution faithfully ob served by every State in the Union. XIX. That we recommend the intro duction into all treaties, hereafter to he negotiated between the United States and foreign nations, of some provision for the amicable settlement of difficulties by a re sort to decisive arbitration. XX. That the Free Democratic party in not organized to aid either the Whig or Democratic wing of the great Slave Com promise party of the nation, but to defeat them both ; and that repudiating and re nouncing both, as hopelessly corrupt, and utterly unworthy of confidence, the pur pose of the Free Democracy is to take possession of the Federal Government, and administer it for the better protection of the rights and interest)! of the whole people. XXI. That we inscribe on our banner, Free Soil, Fact Speech, Free Labor, and Free Mrm, and under it will fight on .and fight ever, until a triumphant victory *hall reward our exertions. XXII. That upon this Platform the Con vention presents to the Atperican People, as a candidate for the office of President of the United States, Johw P. Hale, of New Hampshire, and as a candidate^ for the office of Vice President of the United States, George W. Julian, of Indiana, and earnestly commends them to the sup pert of all freemen and parties. THE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. ADOPTED AT BALTIMORE, JUNE 1, 1852 I. Resolved, That the American Democ racy place their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the (liHcriminating jus tice of the American people. II. Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feature of our political creed, which we are proud to maintian before the world as the great moral element in a form of government springing from and upheld by the popular will; and we con trast it with the creed and practice of Federalism, under whatever name or form, which seeks to palsy the will of the con stituent, and which conceives no impos ture too monstrous for the public cre dulity. III. Resolved, therefore, That, entertain ing these views, the Democratic parly of this Union, through their delegates assem bled in a General Convention, coining together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the doctrines and faith of a free repre sentative Government, and appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of their intentions, renew and reassert before the American people the declarations of principles avowed by them when, on former occasions, in General Convention, they have presented their candidates for the popular suffrages: 1. That the Federal Government is one of limited powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and the grants of power therein ought to be strictly construed by all the departments and agents of the Gov ernment; and that it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful constitu tional powers. 2. That the Constitution does not con fer upon the General Government the power to commence and carry on a gen eral system of internal improvements. 3. That the Constitution does not con fer authority upon the Federal Govern ment, directly or indirectly, to assume the debts of the several States, contracted for local and internal improvements, or oth'er State purposes; nor would such assump tion he just or expedient. 4. That justice and sound policy forbid the Federal Government to foster one branch of industry to the detriment of anv other, or to cherish the interests of one portion to the injury of another portion of our common country ; that every citizen, and every section of the country, has a right to demand and insist upon an equal ity of rights and privileges, and to com plete and ample protection of persons and property from domestic violence or foreign aggression. 5. That it is the duty of every branch of the Government to enforce and practice the most rigid economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no more revenue ought to be raised than is required to de fray the necessary expenses of the Gov ernment, and for the gradual but certain extinction of the public debt. (J. That Congress has no power to charter a National Bank ; that we believe such an institution one of deadly hostility to the bests interests of the country, dan gerous to our republican institutions and the liberties of the people, and calculated to place the business of the country within the control of a concentrated .money power, and above the laws and the M ill of the people; and that the results of Dem ocratic legislation, in this and all other fiiflincial measures upon which issues have been made between the two political par ties of the country, have demonstrated, to ( candid and practical men, of all parties, their soundness, safety, and utility, in all business pursuits. 7. That the separation of the moneys of the Government from banking institu tions is indispensable for the safety of the funds of the Government and the rights of the people. 8. That the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of Inde pendence, and .sanctioned in the Consti tution, which makes ours the land of lib erty and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been rardinal prin ciples iu the Democratic faith ; and every attempt to abridge tho privilege of be coming citizens aud the owners of soil among us, ought to be resisted with the same spirit which swept the alien aud se dition laws from our statute books. 9. That Congress has no power under W'e Constitution to interfere with or con trol the domestic institutions of the sev eral States, and that such Slates are the sole and proper judges of everything ap pertaining to their own affairs, not prohib ited by the Constitution ; that all efforts of the Abolitionists or others, made to in duce Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to take incipient steps in re lation thereto, are calculated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse quences ; and that all such efforts have an inevitable tendency to diminish the happi ness of the people and endanger the sta bility and permanency of the Union, and ought not to be countenanced by any friend of our political institutions. IV . Rr.su/red, That the foregoing prop osition covers and was intended to em brace the whole subject of slavery agitation in Congress: and therefore the Demo cratic party of the Union, standing on this national platform, will abide by and adhere to a faithful execution of the acts known as the Compromise measures settled by the last Congress, " the act for reclaiming fu gitives from service or labor," included ; which act, being designed to carry out an express provision of the Constitution, can not with fidelity thereto be repealed or so changed as to destroy or impair its effi ciency. V. Resolved, That the Democratic party will resist all attempt* at renewing, in Congress or out of it, the agitation of the Slavery question, under whatever shape or color the attempt may be made. VI. Retobed, That, the proceed* of the public land* ought to be sacredly applied to the national object* specified in the Constitution; and that we are opposed to any law for the distribution of such pro ceeds among the States, a* alike inexpe dient in policy and repugnant to the Con Mitution. VII. Resolved, That we are decidedly opposed to taking from the President the qualified veto power, by which he is ena bled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply nufficient to guard the public inter eat, to suspend the passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the approval ot two thirds of the Senate and House ol Repre sentatives until the judgment <>1 the people can be obtained thereon, and which has I saved the American people from the cor rupt and tyrannical domination of the Bank of the United States, and from a corrupting system of general internal im provement*. VIII. Resolved, That the Democratic party will faithfully abide by and uphold the principles laid down in the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 1798, and in the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature in 1799; that it adopts those principles as constituting one of tfie main foundations of its political creed, and is resolved to carry them out in their obvious meaning and import. IX. Resolved, That the war with Mex ico, upon all the principles of patriotism and the laws of nations, was a just and necessary war on our part, in which every American citizen should have shown him self on the side of his country, and neither morally nor physically, by word or deed, have given " aid and comfort to the enemy." X. Resolved, That we rejoice at the res toration of friendly relations with oursister Republic of Mexico, and earnestly desire for her all the blessings and prosperity which we enjoy under republican institutions; and we congratulate the American people upon the results of that war, which have so manifestly justified the policy and con duct of the Democratic party, and insured to the United States " indemnity for the past and security for the future." XI. Resolved, That, in view of the con dition of popular institutions in the Old World, a high and sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsibility, upon the Democratic party of this country, as the party of the people, to uphold and maintain the rights of every State, and thereby the Union of the States, and to sustain and advance among us constitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benefit of the few at the expense of the many, and by a vigilant and constant adherence to those principles and compromises of the Con stitution which are broad enough and strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it was, the Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be, in the full expan sion of the energies and capacity of this great and progressive people. THE WHIGPLATFORM. ADOPTED AT BALTIMORE, JUNE 8, 1852. The Whigs of the United States, in Convention assembled, firmly adhering to the great conservative republican princi ples by which they are controlled and gov erned, and now, as ever, relying'upon the intelligence of the American people, with an abiding confidence in their capacity for self-government and their continued devo tion to the Constitution and the Union, do proclaim the following as the political sentiments and determinations, for the establishment and maintenance of which their national organization as a party is effected : I. 1 he Government of the United states if* of limited chaiacter, and it id confined to the exercise of powers expressly granted by the Constitution, and such aa may be necessary and proper for carrying the granted powers into full execution, and that all powers not thus granted or neces sarily implied are expressly reserved to the States respectively and to the people. II. The State Governments should be held secure in their reserved rights, and the General Government sustained in its constitutional powers, and the Union should l>c revered and watched over as " the palladium of our liberties." III. That while struggling freedom, everywhere, enlists the warmest sympathy of the Whig party, we still adhere to the doctrines of the Father of his Country, as announced in his Farewell Address, 'of: keeping ourselves free from all entangling alliances with foreign countries, and of never quitting our own to stand upon for- ! eign ground. That our mission as a Re public is net to propagate our opinions, or impose on other countries our form of government, by artifice or force, but to teach by example, and show by our suc cess, moderation, and justice, the bless ings of self-government and the advan tages of firee institutions./ IV. That where the people make and j control the Government, they should obey its constitution, laws, and treaties, as they would retain their self-respect, and the re spect which they claim and will enforce from foreign powers. V. Government should be conducted upon principles of the strictest economy, and revenue sufficient for the expenses thereof, in time of peace, ought to be mainly derived from a duty on imports, | and not from direct taxes; and, in levying such duties, sound policy requires a just discrimination and protection from fraud by specific duties, when practicable, whereby suitable encouragement may be assured to American industry, equally to all classes and to all portions of the coun try. VI. The Constitution vests in Congress (he power to open and repair harbors, and remove obstructions from navigable rivers; and it is expedient that Congress shall ex ercise that power twhenever such improve m n1s are necessary fur the common defence or for the protection and facility of com merce with foreign nations or among the States ; such improvements being, in every instance, national nnd general in their character. VII. The Federal and Slate Govern- j ments are parts of one system, alike ne cessary for the common prosperity, peace, j and security, and ought to be regarded alike with a cordial, habitual, and immova- j ble attachment. Respect for the authority . of each, and acquiescence in the constitu tional measures of each, are duties re quired by the plainest considerations of National, of State, and individual welfare. VIII. The series of acts of the 31st Congress, commonly known as the Com promise or Adjustment, (the act for the recovery of fugitives from labor included, ) are received and acquiesced in by the Whigs of the United States as a final set tlement, in principle and substance, of the subjects to which they relate; and so far as these acts are concerned, we will main tain them, and insist on their strict en forcement, until time mid experience shall demonstrate the necessity of further legis lation to guard against the evasion of the laws on the-one?hand, and the abuse of their powers on the ofher, not impairing their present efficiency to carry out the requirements of the Constitution ; and we deprecate all further agitation of the ques tions thus settled, as dangerous to our peace, ami will discountenance all efforts to continue or renew such agitation, when ever, wherever, or however made; and we will maintain this settlement as essential to the nationality of the Whig party and the integrity of the Union. John G. Chapman, of Md., President of the Whig National Convention. The following is a list of the Free Dem ooratio and Anti-Slavery papers published in the United States: FREE DEMOCRATIC PRESS. Inquirer, Portland, Me.; A. Willey ; $2 per annum. Ind. Democrat, Concord, N. JI.; 0. U. Fogg; $2. New*, Keena, N. H, j 8-Woodward; $1.25. Democrat, Manchester, N. II.; J. II. Goodale; $1.60. Messenger, Portsmouth, N. H.; T. J. Whittam ; $1. Freeman, Montpelier, Vt.; I). P. Thompson; $2. Observer, Morrisville, Vt.; J. A.Somerby; $1.26. Telegraph, Springfield, Vt.; L.T. Guernsey ; $1.75. Democrat, Brattleborough, Vt.; W. Nichols; $1.60. Brandon Post, Brandon, Vt.; P. Welch) $1. Courier,'Burlington, Vt.; G. C. Samson, $1.60. Commonwealth. Boston, Ms.; J. D. Baldwin; daily $6, weekly $2. Sentinel, North Adams, Ms.; A. D. Brock; $1.60. American, Lowell, Ma; W. 8. Robinson; tri week.; $3. News, Fitchburff, Mass.; R. F. Rollins ; $1.50. Essex County Freeman. Salem, Ms.; J. Emmett; semi-weeklv, $3.50. Republican, Greenfield. Ms. Spy, Worcester, Ms.; J. M. Earle; $2. Standard, New Bedford, Ms. Courier, Northampton, Ms. Gacette, Dedham, Ms.; Henry 0. Hildreth; $2. Democrat, Dedham, Ms.; E. G. Robinson; $2. Sentinel, Lawrence, Ms.; John Ryan A Co.; $2. Rhode Island Freeman, Providence, R. I.; Crawford <fc Harris; $1. Republican, Hartford, Ct.; Bartlett A Hawley; $2. Herald, Ellington, N. Y.; A. S. Brown. Evening Chronicle, Syracuse, N. T.; H. R. Raymond: daily $3, weekly $1.50. Spirit of the Age, Norwich, N. Y.; J. D. Lawyer; $1. Wyoming Co. Mirror, Warsaw, N. Y.; A. Hoi ley ; $1. Telegraph, Oneida, N. Y.; D. H. Frost; $1.25. Banner of the Times, De Ruyter, N. Y. Free Press. Wellsville, N. Y.; A. N. Cole; $1.60. Frederiok Douglass' Paper, Rochester, N. Y.; Fred erick Douglass; $2. Free Press; Gouverneur, New York; Mitchell A Hul bert; $1. Herald, Jamestown, N. Y. Carson League, Syracuse, N. Y.?- J. Thomas; $1.60. American Banner, Cherry Vnllev, Pa.; Jonh B. King Courier, Coneantville, Pa.; G. W Brown. Olive Branch, Norristown, Pa., Joseph Moyer; $1. Saturday Visiter, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Jane G. A William Swisshelm; $1.50. Freeman, Mercer, Pa.; W. T. Clark; $1.50. Weekly Crescent, Erie, Pa.; Caughey A McCreary; The People's Journal, Coudersport, Potter county, Pa.; Dougall, Mann A Haskell; $1.50. Dispatch, Pittsburg, Pa.; Foster A Fleeson; daily $3, weekly $1. Clarion of Freedom, Indiana, Pa.; Moorhead A Mc Claran; $1. Die Frie Press, Philadelphia, Pa.; F. W. Thomas; dai ly, $3. Homestead Journal, Salem, O. ; A. Hinksman; $1.60. Christian Press, Cincinnati, 0.; $2. True Democrat, Cleveland, 0.; Thomas Brown; dai ly $S, weekly $2. Ashtabula Sentinel, Jefferson and Ashtabula, 0.; W. C.Howell; $2. Mahoning Free Democrat, Youngstown, 0.; M. Cullo tan; $1.50. Commercial, Cleveland, O.; H.M.Addison; $1.50. Journal, Wellington, O.; George Brewster; $1.50. Western Reserve Chronicle, Warren, O.; E. 0. How ard; $2. Telegraph, Paintville, O.; Gray A Doolittle ; $2. Ohio Times, Mount Vernon, O.; Chapman A Thrall: $1.60. Independent Demoerat, Klyria, O.; Philemon Bliss; $3. Columbian, Columbus. 0.; L. L. Rice, Free Democrat, Chardon, O.; J. S. Wright; $1. Star, Ravenna, O.; Lyman W. Hall; $1.50. Herald of Freedom, Wilmington, O.; J. W. Chaffin : $1.50. Truo Republican, Greenfield, O. Williams Democrat, West Unity, 0.; Win A Hunter. Free Democrat, Detroit, Mich.; 8. II. Baker; daily $6, weekly $1. Free Democrat, Indianapolis, Ind.; R. Vaile, $1.60. Western Citicen, Chicago, III.; Z. C.Kastman; daily and weekly. Journal, Sparta, 111.; I. 8. Coulter; $1.25. Western Freeman, Oalesburg, III.; W.J.Lane; $2. Standard, Freeport, III. Free Democrat, Waukesha, Wis.; 8. M. Booth; dai ly $4, weekly $2. Telegraph, Kenosha, Wis.; Shole* A Frank; $2. Free Press, Janesville, Wis.; Joseph Baker; $1 50. Free Preas, Sheboygan Falls. Wis.; J. A. Smith; $t Advocate, Racine, Wis ; C.Clements, $2. Kentucky New*, Newport, Ky.; W. 8. Bailey; $1. True Democrat, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; J. W. Howe; $1.50. Der Demokrat, Davenport, Iowa; Th. Gylich; $3. Pacific Statesman, San Franciaco, Cal.; J. H. Purdy. Der National Demokrat. Waehington, I). C.; Fred. Schmidt, editor; Buell A Hlaachnrd, publishers; $2. ANTI-SLAVF.RY PRESS. Liberator, Boston,Ms.; Wm. Lloyd Garrison, $2.60. Pennsylvania Freeman, Philadelphia, Pa.; C. M. Bur leigh , $2. National Anti-Slavery Standard, New York, N. Y. | 8. H. Gay A K. Quincy; $2. Anti-Slavery Bugle, Salem, 0.; M. K. Robinson ; $1.60. Voice of the Fugitive. BUKLL A BLANCHARP WASHINGTON. D 0. have bow randy for deliver? IANURL PKKKIKA; OB, TH1 B0VKKK1QN BULK OF MOTH CAROLINA. WITH View* oj Southern Lav*, Lift, and Honpitaiit^. Written in Charleston. 8. C , hy 7 0. Adams. THK above work form* a heautitul Unto volaue of otw 300 ptjN, small pica. Price?in paper, M cents, inaxliii 76 tnli. The usual discount to th? Trade. Orders ioll?tl?d C?i4m by B?il, pre paid, aay diitkM* under 8,000 mile*, for A! cent*, The above work is a delineation of the scenes anil incidents coaaected with the impriaonment, in 1R61, of Manael Per el re, ateward of the Britiah brig Jaa loa, is the jail of Charleston, 8. C. The following notice of this work ia eopted from the National Rrm of fthraarr 17: "The above ia the title of a work now ia preee, founded upon that infamous statute of 8oath Carolina, by which her oitiaena claim a right to imprison colored $mwun, of all nation% and even thoee eaat upon their iherea in distress. We have peruaed the book ia ad vance of Itai publication, and And that it givea a life like picture of Pereira, the vessel in which he sailed, the storms she encountered, and her wrecked condition when brought Into the port of Charleston, 8. 0.; to gether with the Imprisonment of Pereira, several aea men belonging to the New Kngland Htatea, and two French a*amen, the priaon rrgimen, character of the Charleston police, and the mendacity of certain offi cials, who make the law a medium of peculation The work ia replete with incidents of Southern life and character, pointing Southerners to the things that call for correction at their own hands, with a force that cannot be mistaken. The work la written by one whe has taken a prominent part in the affairs of the South, and canaot fail to interest alike the general reader, commeroial man, and philanthropist" The above work can be obtained, at wholesale prices, from Johw P. JnwitTT A Co., Boston, Mas* , Bkrvii-s J. Batks, 48 Beekman at.. New York, Wilms P. Hazard, Philadelphia, And from the publishers. ? Bf'K 1,1. A BLANCH ART). Washington D O ? PRINTING. PAMPHLET PRINTING neatly executed by BtJBLL A BLANCnARD. Sixth itrHt, south of Pennsylvania avenue