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Kor the National Kra THE HEART BY MINN1K M TRTLI. 'Tut like the swort /Koliao With which the zephyrs play j With every new omoUou, Qow lightly will it sway 1 Uf iU rich and gushing music, The suul will D?v?r tiro; While Joy, with rosy Angers, Swoups o'er its trembling lyro. But, oh ? the thrilling rapture, When Lovo, with ilewy wings, Awaken the sloepiug goddoss, Who tunes the golden strings. I hear it vibrato quickly, Like the rustling autumn leal'; Then slowly on tho night wind Couies tho solemn not# of griof I bond niy ear tu list.-n, And catch a sweeter strain ; Yes, Hope, with tnagic whisper, The cords hath touched again. But hark ! h. mournful melody la Hunting on the breeze ; 'Tin liko the breath of evening Through the solemn cypress trees. I look ; tho lyre in trembling, And doubt in brooding there ; The plaintive song grows sadder, 'Tin the ^railing of Despair1 In the stilly hour of midnight, A voice has lingered noar? '1'vvhs like the hiss of viper To the maiden's truatiug ear. A strange and startling wild uoto Is echoed through tho air? Tho shapeless form of Terror Is rushing from her lair. I hear a wail of madness? Tho burp is tempest riven, And never more will answer To the gentle sighs of even. Tig broken, yet I linger. Home favorite strain tu hear; And turn to hido the anguish? To wipe the burning tear. But the hideous form of Triumph Is there with loaden wings, Exulting in the muaic Of the torn and shattered strings! For the National Era. A BROTHER'S RECOLLECTION OF AH ONLY SIBTER. BY MAKY IRVING. CHAP. III. There was no alternative. The poor shat tered wreck of the mother, that had been ho dear, must be, tor her own bake and the Baku of society, conveyed to the refuge provided for the living body that has thrown off its allegi ance to Reason! I drove to D the following evening, ta king advantage of the weakness into whioh re action from the nnnatural struggles of the pre ceding night had thrown my unhappy charge. She lay ou the cushions of the carriage with vacancy written on the face the soul had been wont to light up ho beautifully, quiet, though melancholy. The child upon iray knee, fortu nately, haw not the cloud that was gathering to burst over her own golden head. She had shed all Insr team c f terror and of grief for the home that she had lost, for thedoll, the basket, the primer, and pictured geography, which had been the prey of the flamo*. The rescue olrher pet kitten had comforted ber for the loo* of all these; and sitting down to wrap it in the folds of her white night dress, taut " it should catoh cold." she had been a calm spectator of the conflagration. Children have snoh a store of sunshine! u8o they call you 1 Eulalie'?" said I, lifting one of her light curls into the sunshine, that yet streamed through the western window of the carriage. " Not when they love me 1" she answered, with anarch lifting of her eyelids "I have three names; ;Lulie' is for when I am good; when I am a little naughty, I am ' Eulalie,' and when 1 am a gnat deal naughty, I am 4 Eulalie Lincoln f" I oould not help smiling at the child's nice discrimination. "To-day, then, it is 'I.ulie,' I am to suppose! But for whom where you named?'' u For my biggest of aunts! " fc How ? " *'? I don't know exactly kov big ; hut she was great-great; eh. mummu?" *' Oh look look, mamma!" ?he presently ex claimed, as we passed an extensive and tienuti fal garden ; what a wootU of roses!" The dreauier aroused herself sufficiently to reoognise a landmark of our rides, in the olden days of luxury. M Four miles home," she murmured, sinking back. ' I) m't fret, little Lulie ! El ten and little Ralph w ill be there to pick all the r< ses for your wreaths! "Mamma!'' said the little one, straining her eyes in a vain attempt to c< mprehend her, " it makes me feel asleep to hear you talk ! " ft had grown quite dark when we entered D .thoogh the gas-illumined business streets were brilliant as noonday. Hushing, by an involuntary moti?Mi. my little sister's outbreaks of delight, I leaned back in the shadow, and nerved my spirits for the new struggle that was at hand. I had told the cAachman vketr to drive! The heavy shadows of a grove of pines and fln emhrotidrd ns. as we turned from the noisy pavement upon the soft turf of the asylum Bnds. In the dim light of the passage, I 1 my bewildered parent from the carriage, and bore her up the eteps, tiefore she was aware of my intention. M TA?< is not home!'' she indjgnantly ex claimed, glancing abont, and starting back from me u What! go home without stopping at k ho le! first? What are you thinking of?".said f, assuming an air of authority, " Sit down, while I go and speak to the bar-keeper!" "M am ma, don't yon know home is burned np except the down cellar fn cried l.ulie f sought the?nperintendiog physician, whom I had well known in my boyhood, and held a hurried consultation with him. He was a man whose kindnnxs and wisdom in that pe culiar and painful branch of his profession, with whioh the public had charged him, bad been tested by years of active doty ; and my oonfhienne in his opinion and aid had hrong'it MB thither. Jp commended my decision and promptness, shook his head ominously, an I reoounted her symptoms 1 u Bad?bad! But there is hope; yon have done the best thing possible! The child must he taken from her immediately, however! " " I suppose so!" 1 responded, with a heavy eigh for mother and child. ?'Such a delicate organization as hers," pur sued Dr. ft. c must suffer from oaroteot with a mind <nit of tone, ff anything of hereditary ineanitv taint her young spirit?which Heaven for hid (?association with her mother won Id footer it most fearfully In any case, her ideas of right and wWmg, falsehood and truth, would be most irrevocably warped and distorted 1 advise entire (separation while thin cloud rent* upon your mother's mind; to meet occasional ly would only harrow the feeling of both, and throw an ohstaole in tho way of the patient's restoration." "Come with me, mother!" Baid I, steadily, drawing her hand within my arm, in return ing to the hall. She wre*ted it from me, and darted upon my face a look of the suspicion which in always ho easily aroused in the in Moe. '? No matter! I will takA Lulie to the room; good night!" I natd, taking the trustful child up iu my armn, and carrying her forward, with a look of reproach turned upon tho ni< >ther. The maternal instinct was stronger than mir picion. and she followed. ?' Oh, God forgive me! to what I am luring lin e with this fair bait, mother ? " cried my breeding heart. 1 dared not listen to it, but puMHed tho child closer there. After thread ing several passages, wo reached the door of the ward?the bar that separates from the outer world those whom Heaven has unfitted for its cares and dutios. It had been arrangod, in order to avoid harsh meaHuren. that 1 should withdraw the child, if possible, without her notioe, while Dr. (?., from behind, slipped a heavy bolt betweon us I felt my cold lips tremble, and my eyes swim with giddiness as I turned to execute the last stroke of my soemingly cruel task. She stood with hands half-folded, bonnet flung back, and black hair hanging in matted masses over hor sallow face. Her oyes, of old bo beau tifully (teaming, were lighted up with the glow which returned with every evening. Restless ly they wandered over wall and furniture. IVow was my moment; she would soon be un inunageable. " I have brought your rocking-chair, moth i r ; sit downand j tod her to the seat. Oh! what a farewell was that for a son! One quick, stealthy bound through tho doorway?and the bolt shot between us with a grating crash! I dared not qtay a moment to listen. I shudder ed at the sound of my own flying footsteps, as though an ague bad stricken me! " When will mamma come down ?" was the oft repeated question of the unconsciously be reaved child, as I sat rocking her below. Soon, however, tho quivering eyelids grew weighty, and forgot to start open at every npund ; the head fell on my shoulder in a heavy sleep. Thus meroifully unconscious, she was carried to the house of one who had l>een both friend and creditor of our father. Her waking was agony to me, for 1 felt what must follow it! I buried myself in a recess of the room, leaving her in tho charge of the kind lady who had welcomed us. " Mamma! is mamma coming ? " " By and by!" was the delusive answer. '? But it is sleeping time now; come and lie down in your little bed, and when you wake up, perhaps"??? "No! no!''?she screamed, tearing herself away, and throwing herself upon the floor; - 1 want my mamma ! 1 will have my mam ma!" Mother as she herself was, the lady stood motionless, with eyes fast filling; powerless to soothe the agitation that frenued every fibre of that little oreature's frame. I stepped for ward, and she clung to me with a convulsive cry? "Take me to mamma! I can't say my prayers! Mamma!" I eaught her hands, and looked firmly into her eyes. " Eulalie! be still! " It was spoken with cruel harshness, I keenly f<*lt; but it bad the intended effeot; it stunned hor for the moment into silence. Her eyes, glassy with terror, looked imploringly into mine. u Lulie! listen to me ; 1 tell you the truth ! You cannot go to your mother / She is ill; and for tier good, the Doctor has said that her lit tle girl raunt be taken away from her. You cannot understand why, until you are older. But crying will not bring her; be quiet! be my own brave Lulie!" For a lung time her eyes kept their fixed gaze into mine ; but a change gradually pa??ed over them. Her hands dropped; her whole frame was still; even breathing seemed sus pended. At last she turned. One oonvulsivo sob came up, but was strangled. She laid her small hands together, and looked upward with a most touching look of desolation, yet of trust in Him to whom the had been taught to pray. " Our Father who art in Heaven !" she be gau ; and both the lady and myself had turned our faoes to weep, before she had finished the prayer the Saviour taught. Serenely it was repeated ; whe kii-sed mo, aud went to her littlo bed. It was yearn before the child spoke her mother's name again! I wan notified, on the following morning, that a meeting of my deceased father'* credit or* would l?e convened at the house that even ing, and prepared my accounts to lay before it They were formally examined by my host He then took a folded paper from hi* pocket, and, glancing around the email assembly, gave it quietly into my hands I opened it. It wax a receipt in full, covering all debt*, paid and unpaid ! Surprised and touchod, 1 lifted my head to speak; bat his hand wait laid kindly on my shoulder. u Wait a moment, Linooln ! I have taken the liberty of sending for jour young sister, as my friends here expressed a wish to see both the children of the late Mr. Lincoln." He paused until my sister was brought in. (n her mourning frock, with the pink sun-bon not that had been thrown over her head for convenience, she looked like a fresh rose-bud on a blighted stalk. The old gentleman arose, and, lifling a nap kin from a richly-chased pitcher and porringer of silver, addressed me. " May your course, Mr. Linooln, be as suc cessful as it has been self-sacrificing and hon orable! In the name of the friends here as sembled, I beg you to accept thin gift, an a slight token < f the respect we owe the memory of your father, and tho uprightness of hie eon. And you, my daughter "?he paused, and laid his hand on the raised bead of the child? ' find bless you!" he feelingly exclaimed. * Take this porringer, my dear; it is marked with four name: and as often as you drink from it, rememtier that you have a brother to love and to be protid of, and friends who will never see the childron of your father come to want!" u I'll love you too, sir!" she said, with a trustful look; and I saw more than one of tho group wipe dimness from his spectacles. ' I tried to speak my thanks in mitahle words, hut choked, incoherent utterances were all that came to my lip*. The heart's fullness clogged its interpreter! " Knough, Lincoln; the less said, the better." My hand was grasped by each, in turn, with a strong pressure. My sister was tiffed by one and another for a kiss, as though her innocent lips distilled honey-dew. Then wo were left alone. I was once more free from debt! Free, to ''begin the world'' anew! Hut what a world had it already proved to me! ? [to bk continukd.] flKO. M. BLOAff. J. C. tKVIMr. 8LOAN A JRVrNK. Attorneys at Law, No. M4 Main street. Cineinaatf, Ohio. References Dr. Ooorgt Fries, Alexander H. Me (JuffVy, A. MoKeniie, Graham A McCoy, Cincinnati, Ohio; Smith A Mine I air, Smith. Bag* Icy, A Co., PUts hnrrh , N. D. Morgan, Auditor of fctato of Ohio; Geo. N MeOook, Attorney (Inn oral of Ohio, Colamhai; J. O Himmj, President Forest OH; Bsnk, Hnssev A Sinclair, Mason A Estop, Cleveland. Dee. 1. fry The Daily ?/?? can bo had every morning at the Periodical Stand of Mr. J. T. Bates, Ex change, Philadelphia; aleo, the Weekly Era. (XT* Mr. Jam km Kli.iott is authorized to receive and receipt for subscription* and advertisements for the Daily and the Weekly NutiutuU lira, in Cinoin uati and vicinity. WASHINGTON, I). C. THURSDAY, JANUARY 19, 1834. THE ALBANY ATLAS AND "THE OKGANM? 8TKANUE CONJUNCTION When the Barnburners or Radioal Domo crats of Now York acquiesced in the Compro mise Measures of 1850, and agreed to support General Pierce, we were distinctly assured bj many of their loading men, that their position was that of mere acquiescence, not approval? that their principles on the subject of Slavery extension wcro unchanged?and that, should it become again a practical question, they would be found where they stood in 1848, ar rayed as one man in defence of free soil and free labor. The time to redeem thoir pledge has come; that " practical question " is now upon us; the Nebraska Rill proposes to supplant the Mis souri Compromise of 1820, shielding five hun dred thousand squaro miles of country from Slavery, by tho non intervention doctrine of tho Cass Nicholson letter, which breaks down every safeguard against the intrusion of tho evil. * As might have been expocted, tho New York Evening Post, never false to Freedom, prompt ly avowed its hostility to the new measure, ex posed its fraudulent character, and has steadily exerted itself to arouse Public Opinion to op pose it. Next followed the Albany Atlas, which spoke put with clearness arid decision, and we began to hope that the solemn pledge of tho Radical Democracy was about to be honorably redeem ed. Another and later article, however, has just appeared in the Atlas, which seems to us of dubious import. It docs not retract any por tion of its former article, but it does not evince its usual keenness in deteoting and exposing the double-dealing which stamps the Nebraska bill. In rotation to the "clerioal error," men tioned by tho Sentinel, it remarks? " It would seem from all this that the Ne braska bill is not yet completed, and that it is hoped in some quarters to make it more posi tively objectionable than it now ia. We shall therefore postpone further discussion of it, at least till we see what it is.'7 This is precisely what the friends of the bill desire?to induoe a postponement of all discus sion of it by its opponents, till it oan be brought up in Congress, and forced through that body, without opportunity being afforded to the People to rally against it. Next Monday has boen set apart Cor its special consideration in the Senate, and we apprehend every means wHl be resorted to, for the purpose of securing a snap judgment in its favor. Let the Atlas postpone the disous^ sion a little longer, and it will have nothing to discuss. The article in that paper is copied in " the organ,'' to the comments of which it is a reply; and from the fact that it appears in the edito rial columns of the latter, in editorial type, without any word of dissent, wo presume it is deemed satisfactory by the Administration. The dosing paragraph is worthy of attention. " It is but justice to it, (" the organ,") says the Atlas, as well as ourselves, however, to say, that we probably do not disagree in our views of the necessity of preserving the status que of the territory, as left by the Compromises of 1820 and of 1851, and of extending the Fugitive Slave Law over this part of the public domain, (for though the Constitution only names fugi tives from and to a ' State,' as within the clause, the right of Congress to legislate on this subject in Territories is established by prece dent, and ia, indeed, an unquestionable duty,) and of the right of every State in the Confede ration to frame its Constitution for itself,Iwith out the permission of Congress?a permission which, as it assumes tho right of negation, is distasteful to every State Rights Democrat." We have placed the notioeable portion of the extraet in italic. The Atlas assumes that " the organ" probably agrees with it as to " the neoessity of preserving the status quo of the Territory, as left by the Compromises of 1820 and 1850," and "the organ" disingenu ously refrains from contradicting the assump tion. They not only do not agree, hut they differ toto cnlo ; and this " the organ " knows, if the Atlas does not; for, it says? " The Nebraska bill carries out the princi ples of the Compromise of 1850. It leaves the people of ike Territory untrammelled by Con gressional intervention," tyc. Again, it quotes with approbation the follow ing remarks from the Detroit Free Prem, which it seems to consider an oracular exponent of Northern sentiment: , " The report of the Committee on Territories, which we printed yesterday, make* oar readers acquainted with the proposed plan upon which all Territories shall he hereafter organised. It is, simply, to leave all matter* of territorial legislation to the people of the Territories them selves. When Congross has organized a Terri tory?ereetcd and set in motion the machinery of its Government?its duties hare been per formed and its legitimate powers exhausted Thenceforth the people are their own rulers in respect to all their domestic affairs, and inter ference from any other poorer is anti democratic and arbitrary. And when a people inhabiting snoh Territory ask to be admitted into the Union ns a sovereign State, Congress has but to inquire whether the Constitution they prenont for their jrovernment is republioan in form and intent. Their domestic oonceros?their local laws, patent and future?do not ootne nnder the purview of Congress. "This is the doctrine in brief of General Case's Nioholson letter and of the Compromise Measures; and it is the only doctrine upon which Territories can be organized and States admitted. Congress has no more politer to in hibit aty particular institution in a Territory than it has to establish it, and vice versa." Finally, the 21st section of the bill iteelf de clares, ' That, in order to avoid all misconstruc tion, it is hereby declared to be the true intent and meaning of this act, so far a* the question of Slavery is ooncorned, to carry into practical operation the following propositions and prin ! oiples established by the Compromise Measures of I SAO, to wit: *" First, that all questions pertaining to Sla. wry in the Territories, and in the new States to be formed therefrom, are to be left to the dr cision of the people residing therein, through their appropriate representatives. Two dittinot assumptions run through all these extracts: one in, that the people ol Ne braska, when they come to form a State Con stitution, may allow Slavery if they choose, and Congress shall have no power to deny it admission for that reason; the other is, that the people of Nebraska, even while it is a Territo ry, by the Bill, will have tho right to legislate on the question of Slavery for themselves, to tolerate the system if they choose, and that no Congressional intervention can impair this right. Now, Congress in the Missouri Compromise expressly intervened and provided that Slavery should forever bo prohibited in that Territory. That Congressional intervention has been ojkt ative ever sinoe, and is still in force in the Territory; but the Nebraska Bill proves to invalidate it, by conferring on the People thcr e the right to admit Slavery if they choose. This is shown by the language of the bill, ex pressly inserted for the purpose ot guarding against miBOonoeption. And " the organ, from the time it first spoke on the subject down to tbiB hour, has constantly asserted that such is the intent and effect ot the bill. So that the Missouri Compromise, which was not interfered with by the Com promises of 1850, but the prin ciple of which was reaffirmed in clear, intelli gible tonus in those Compromises, is to be sot aside by this Bill. And yet the Albany Alias, with an excess of crodulity and charity, incom prehensible except on tho presumption of a determination on its part not to break with the Administration, claims that the Union and itself agree as to "the necessity of preserving the status quo of the Territory, as left by the Compromises of 1820 and of 1850'.!" O, for frank, plain, manly, straightforward dealing in our politics! We saw, the moment the deceptive bill was introduced, that it would aU'ord shelter to dodgers?to politicians, on one hand afraid of their Party and of Slavery, on the other, of their constituents. Slavery would be satisfied by the indirect repeal of the Mis souri Compromise, their constituents might l>e appeased by the statement that thero was no clause in the Bill positively and formally re pealing it. It is the old game of dodge and deceit, in which the North always gets cheat ed. The Atlas was keen enough in 1848 to ex pose tho game and bold the gamesters up to oontempt; will it suffer itself and its associates* to be hoodwinked now ? Is it not of as much importance to preserve free, the old Territory of the Union, consecrated to Liberty for the last thirty-three years, with its immense capaci ties for sustaining a free-labor population, as it was to keep Slavery out of the new Territory acquired from Mexioo ? In this more flagrant and outrageous conspiracy of the Slave Power to establish universal empire, we can hardly believe that it will abandon its old faith, and place itself under the guidance of such a paper as 41 the organ." ' THE POPULATION AND PRESS IN THIS OOOTR&Y. According to the oensus return, there were in the United States, in 1850, five hundred and seventy-three thousand two hundred and twen ty-five Germans. Nearly all of them hav? probably immigrated to this country since the year 1815. To these must be added Ameri cans, speaking the Herman language and re taining German usages, whose fathers came to Amerioa during the last century. The Quincy Tribune gives a list of German newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and Canada, amounting to one hundred and twenty-one, which are distributed as follows: Illinois 9, Iowa 3, Wisconsin 10, Missouri 9, Kentuoky. 3, Indiana 4, Michigan 1, Ohio 17, New York 18, New Jersey 1, Penn sylvania 33, Maryland 3, Virginia I, South Carolina I. Louisiana 2, Texas 3, California 1, District of Columbia 1, Canada West 3. New England is reported as having none, but we understand there is a German paper published in Boston, called the New Kngland Zeitung. The majority of them are political; twenty four, religious and politico-religious. It is fro qnontly asserted. too, that the majority of them are unfriendly to Christianity : we oannot ven ture an opinion as to the correctness of this Htatement. It is so common among conserva tive people to associate radicalism with infidel ity, that some of the radical German newspa pers may have lx?en in this way misrepre sented. In politics, they are classified as fid lows: Whig, 14; Free Soil, 4 ; Hunker Demociat io, 36; Radical Democratic, 11 ; liontonic, 2: Radical. 7; Conservative, 3. Of the religion* publication*, one is devoted to tbe general ean*e of Protestantism, seven to the Lutheran and Kvangelieat church, five to the Catholics, and one to (he Reformed Methodist and Baptist Ohureh<s, each Tbe majority of the paper* are weekly. From a correspondent in Qtiincy, we learn that all tbe Radioal paper* are opposed to Sla very?that the u Pioneer " pnhli*hed at Louis ville, Kentucky, by Charlee Heinr.cn, i* a lead ing Anti-Slavery paper?that the Hock wackier, of Cincinnati, tbe Demokral, of Davenport, Iowa, the Wackenblntt, of Hsrmanrillc, the Wackier ant Bite, of Cleveland, are strong op ponenta of 81avery?that the Freit Pre**, of Philadelphia, named Free Soil in tho report, is not at all eo?that the leading German Whig paper*, a* the Republicaner, of Cinoin nati, tbe WeiUpenntiflvanisckc Slaat* Zeitung, of Pittsburgh, and the Tribune, of Quiney, are hostile to Shivery?that the whole German press of Missouri, Kentuoky, and Texas, in in clining tho name way?that Colonel Benton'* own organ, tho Anzeigtr de* Widens, of SI 'Louis, ia advocating its gradual abolition in Missouri by State legislation?that the CathO) lie papers are indifferent, and the Hunker, Pro Slavery. These foots are of special interest at this time, when It i* proponed to throw open to Slavery an immense Western Territory, whith er the immigrant population has )>een con stantly attracted by it* exemption from slave labor These German papers, if true to their people, will make them acquainted with those politicians who seem to bo so anxious to bring, Mam labor into competition with free, that they are oonspiring to repeal a Law of thirty-three yearn' standing, exoluding suoh competition from Nebraska. It must t>6 recollected, tbat, large M in the number of newpai era among our German naturalized citizens, they do not confine them selves to them, but liberally patronize Ameri can papers. They are an intelligent, edu cated, thinking People, and it were well if we knew as much of them, and their peouliar modes of thought, as they know of us. A German friend has lately furnished us with much information respecting them, the classes into whioh tbey are divided, and their politioal ideas and affiliations, of whioh we in tend to prepare a digest for future numbers. THE DAT FIXED. The Senate has resolved to take up the Ne braska Hill next Monday. Mr. Dixon, it will be Keen already, has moved an amendment, for the direct refieul of the Missouri Compro mise, so fur as it applies to that Territory, and Mr. Sumner has moved unother amendment, for its ro-nflirmation. Possibly some mem bers may think it well to move as a substi tute for the Bill, the ono that passed the House la*t winter, and was lost in the Senate only for want of time to act upon it. ThiB would be a very simple procedure, and might enable reasonable men of all parties to baflle political tricksters. Burninu in Efkioy.?We notice that in Baltimore, Philadelphia, Cinoinnati, and else where, the effigy of a distinguished visiter now in this qountry has been burned with much display arid parade. Our impressions with respect to the political character and deeds of that personage are of the most unfavorable character; yet we oannot sanction the modo adopted to give expression to the popular feel ing. The friends of liberty should appeal to the intelligence and better feelings of the peo ple, arid not to their evil passions. Let the messenger of the Pope come and dopart iu safety and pcace ; and let those who choose to do him reverence exercise their liberty in doing so. To admit the right of tho people to menace the satiety or violate the tranquillity of this per sonage, or those who entertain him, is to ad mit their right to acj; thus in the case of any unpopular and despised person, whether an Abolitionist in the South, or a slave-dealer in the North. This would be to expose to abuse and outrage the very persons for whose pro tection laws arc made?for those who are ap proved and respeoted do not need protection. Moreover, so far as the movements to which we refer arc prompted by religious aversions, wo. oannot but regard them as to the last de gree impolitic. We have no faith in carnal means of warfare in such controversies. The Bible, open and well read, is tho only weapon fit for use in religious controversies. We do not, however, regard the marching of a society through the streets, or the burn ing in effigy, a sufficient offenoe to warrant the destruction of life by an armed polioe; and we earnestly hope that every officer participating in that high-handed and outrageous prooeeding may be held to strict accountability. RECOGNITION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF LI BERIA. At the Colonisation Meeting the other even ing, the subject of the Recognition of the Inde pendence of Liberia by the Government of the United States, was largely dwelt upon by the President, Mr. Latrobe. England, Prance, and other nations, had recognised it, but our Government was silent. We are glad the question has come up. Let it be submitted to Congress, in some form or other. On this point, we confess wo sympa thise strongly with the Colonizationists. It will be beneficial to the colonist*, as well as to ourselves, to recognise them, and encourage commercial intercourse with thom. And while we are doing this, let us not forget that com mon sense dictates, also, the recognition of the independence of Hayti, and the regulation of our valuable commerce with her, which might bo rendered far more profitable were we to take oounsel of our reason instead of our preju dice. [Cy"* The speech delivered in the Home of Representatives, yesterday, by the Hon. Gorrit Smith, on War, and revised by himself, will be published in a day or two, in pamphlet form, by Bncll & Blanchard. The Erie Troubles.?Oar telegraphic de spatches continue to bring us the daily history of this miserable business. As in all other controversion, there are two parties to this, and t%o sides to the argument; but there are also laws in every State, and the power to enforce them where tho will exists. Either do away with your courts, or provide the means of en forcing their mandates. Erik Railroad Troubles.?The women who tore down the railroad bridge were arm ed with axes and saws, and destroyed about 100 feet of the bridge. A young man named J. H. Walker, one of the direotorsof the North east railroad, was shamefully abusod by the women, who pelted him with rotten eggs, and tore the clothes off his back. Mr. Walker was engaged in taking down the names of the ring leaders, some of whom were men dressed in women's olothes. GrkatSalt Lake Crrr.-?A correspondent of the Orrgontan, who has jut made the trip from Oregon to Utah, gives the following de scription of the Mormon settlements at Great Salt Lake City: M Everywhere are the evidences of an indus trious people, in the stacks of hay and grain, and great piles of yellow pumpkins, and the abundance of other vegetables. The absence of wood as a building material gives the houses of sticks and mud rather a hut-like appear ance ; but these struutures are being rapidly replaced by good adobe edifloes. " The city has tho look of a great collection of small farms, each lot being large and oulti vated in orops?-all having the air of rustic plenty. The city is magnificently laid out, with noble, broad streets, well kopt. The stern, rag ged mountains in the distanoo seem to wall m the valley, and separate the Mormons, with all their dootrines, from the rest of the world. They are building an adobe wall, fifteen feet high, around the ten-aore lot in the oentre of the town, in whioh are the foundations of the temple, and the completed tabernacle, or meet ing-house?a plain, large, and neat room, hold* ing 1,500 or 2,000 persons. The council-house and post office are good stocooed structures? all of these doing great credit to the energy of the people " Brother Brigham lives in a white cottage, with a * double eoach-hoaee,' hut is building a fine new house. There is no doubt of hia hav ing about thirty wives, and that sometimes iieveral of them go to church in an omnibus; but, am all thaw things are part of a religious syttem, all things are conducted in order. I ant stopping with a plain but respectable family, the daughter oi whiiih, a tine y^l^fg woman, in one ot the twenty-five spiritual wives of Kimball, the aooond in command." BEtiUfNINU TO AWAKE. The following resolutions wero introduced into the Senate of Ohio on Thursduy last, aud ordered to be printed : WhoreuH it in understood that efforts are being made to procure the passage of an act of Congress to "organize the Territory of Ne braska with such provisions as will permit the existence of Slavery therein ; and whereas, in the judgment of this General Assembly, the passage of such an act would not only be in consistent with the Constitution of the United States and the Declaration of Independence, but would also be a manifest violation ol the Missouri Compromise: Therefore, He it resolved by the General Astern'ly of the State of Ohio, That we solemnly protest Mgaimt the passage of any act for the organization of the Territory of Nebraska which shall not ex pressly exclude the iustitutiou of human Sla very trow said .Territory. Resolve J, That our Senators and Represent atives in Congress be requested to mako every effort to prevent the passage of such an act. Resolved, That tho Governor be requested ta transmit a oopy of the loregoing resolutions to eaoh of our Senators and Representatives in Congress. EUROPEAN AFFAIRS. | CORKRKPON DKNC R OF I'll* NATION Al. ERA.] London, December 30, 1853. On the grand scena, act after act succeeds, and tho denouement is at hand. Russia, by her bulletins, has demonstrated that sho means a crusade: their language bears no other con struction. The Greek inhabitants of Sinope are exceptionally mentioned, and, as we have observed, Servia is stirred, and Montenegro, in like ntitnnor. tried for a religious diversion. Everything this correspondence has stated re specting Russian bribery and intrigue, being moro depended upon than even Russian armies, is in every deepatoh becoming more and moro evident, and, we are sorry to add, more and more generally successful. A treaty, offensive and defensive, with Persia, is a great stroke of polioy, aud must have important bearings on the Asiatic war. But, in truth, the aggressor has been permitted to got tho start in every quarter, and his treacherous professions still seem to cover his determined purpoao, and par alyze opposition, by the niodium of delay, while he matures his plans and operates of fensively wherever his iutorest suggests a sur prise or a massacre. A Russian steamer has burnt two villages on the Turkish coast of the Black sea. At Sinope, the Turks themselves confess to 3 000 slain. Bravo! What next? The ice haH closed tho Baltic, and probably given Denmark and Sweden a respite front the immediate pressure of declaring for thoir too potent neighbor; and here also tho doopost in trigues are at work j and if war breads out, both these countries and Prussia must, in the early spring, take a Bido, At present, the main question is, how far will Austria go with France and England ? Their united fleets aio, it is presumed, in the Kuxine, with a firm resolution to allow no more fighting on its waves; but its waves are them selves belligerent and destructive, kighty mer chantmen have been wrecked by storms, and corn has doubled it* prioe ; and it is possible that worse remains behind, for the shores ef that sea are so dangerous that nothing but steam power can protect even ships of war from peril and wreck. The slight gleam of hope is, that the Porte has agreed to go to conference with the four Power*, and upon the aye or no of Nicholas i depends the only frail chaneo of peace. But I he must not lie farther allowed to play the do- | ltider in words and the oppressor in acts. He f has already gamed too much by the soft saw der of Sam Slick, and surely no blindness can remain as to the falsehood of his game and the unscrupulousncss ol hia means. The wholo is so ropleto with infamy, that it excises a joath ing in every honest breast, and wo trust it will meet with a punishment commensurate to its wickedness. ... The Palmerston cross has been patched in a very unlooked-for manner, and his lordship has resumed the Seals of the Home Office; most probably under similar influence to that iela tod in our preceding letter, by which he was induced to join the coalition. 1 lie truth is, that Lord Palmcrston has been in the habit of employing the rcsignathm of ofioe as a politi cal means to a political end. We can vouch for the fact, that in Lord Mell>ourne's time he threatened to quit the Ministry several times within twelve months; and the good-humored Premier had more trouble in keeping him in the team than he had with all his other oollcagues put together. What the operating causo in the present instanoe was, has not been made pub lic, amid the Cabinet revelations now so habit ually (in spite of the oath to tho contrary) communicated through the newspapers. Stigmatized in the first announcement of the split, in tho Time*, as a hypocritical Tory, and onemy to all reform and progress, the same journal now congratulates the country on the return of snub statesman-like and most, impor tant abilities to the administration. No Satyr ever blew eold and hot so closely together with the siuno breath: and the only deduction to be drawn is, that tho truth, tho whole truth, and nothing but the truth, has not been let out; and that, in the event of war, the Reform ques tion will l>c shelved for Anno D.?mini 1854 As it is, the proof of a differonce of opinion in tho Ministry has had a bad effect. The belief in its unanimity, and c onsequent strength, is impaired, and no arguments in tho newspapers can bring people to confidence in the Tinker's argument, that the kettle, when riveted and mended, secundum artem, will be stouter than when it was new. PEAJLOUB ADVEN1URE OF CAPTAIN GRAY. On Tnoodaj, the 3d inst., while the xteamer Flag w?? aground near Sfce. (Jenevieve, Capt. (*ray, the pilot, accompanied by an Knglish man, undertook to explore the groat oave situ ated three miles above that place, taking with them a lamp, ladder, &o. They entered the cave a hi >u t eight o'clock on Tuesday evening, and had advanced a distance of nearly two mih*", when their lamp was unfortunately broken and extinguished. After groping about for a length of time, they found an upward passage, or chimney, no nearly perpendicular that (?ray found it impossible to axoend it. j The Kngftehmao! however, clung to it as hi* last hope of deliverance, promising bin com panion, if he reached the ton in safety, to mark i the spot by tying hi* handkerchief to a tree, and then go for assistance. Fortunately, he made his egress in safety. It was not yet day so ho was unable to take observations; but marking the plaoe,as agreed, he proceeded to the village for assistance, and returned early on Wednesday morning with two or throe oth ers. He vainly attempted to find the place of his egress They then proceeded to the mouth, and, nnder the guidance of the Knglishman. found the place where he left his friend, but he was not to be found. The captain, in the uncertainty of the escape of his companion, felt imnelled to renew his efforts to extrioatn himself, and groped on till eihausted nature compelled him to give up in despair. The party in search returned for further as sistance, and were eagerly joined by the offi cers and crews of four steamers. At two o'olook on Weduesday they onUired, "nd, pro ceeding to the place where Captain Gray was lust ueen, they divided, and. proceeding in dif ferent directions, eonliuued iho Hoarch till 3 o'clock on Thursday morning, when, to the great joy of all, he was found. He had Hat himself down to die. Ho had not only worn hit) gloves completely out, hut his lingers were worn to the naked hone, in hi* vain efforts to extricate himself. The Hash was worn from his knees, and his boot toes and pantaloon legs were also demolished. He was found at a dis tance of three and a half mileRfrom the mouth of the cave, greatly exhausted. Ho is now on 1 oard hie boat, and doing welt He was forty three hours in tho cave. This great cave has many outlets or cliiin iteys, as thoy are called, one of which is said to be live miles from the mouth. Missouti Demi era'.. LOCAL. [t^3" Mr. Ward, and the three Mes?ra. Hur gous, parties interested in the (laray Grant, have arrived in this city from Mexico, and are stopping at Willard's Hotel. Mr. Gadsden, our Minister to Mexico, who is said to have tho re ported treaty in his pockot, is tarrying for a few days at Charleston, when ho will come on to Washington to make report to the Govein ment. negro man, the slave of Mr. John Harry, was found dead, and clinging to a rope beneath the Aqueduct at Georgetown, jester day morning. He had been mortally wounded before being thrown into the river. The mur derer is as yet unknown. Q^The new gas works at Georgetown will Ike in operation in a few weeks. Qjr"Thc lecture of Miss Lucy Stone, at Ca rusi's, this evening, will no doubt be well at tended. Qjr~The New York papers of yesterday after noon, due here at Biz o'clock this morning, did not arrive. Improving Sentiment in tiik South.?The Raleigh Register, of the 18th instant, says: " A writer in the Richmond Examiner pro poses a plan for removing the free cqjorcd population, whioh we trust will find little favor in Virginia or elsewhere. He suggests that a tax of $10 per head bo levied upon all free negroes above the age of twenty-one years, and that those between fifteen and twenty-one be taxed $5 The penalty of non-payment of the tax is the sale of the negro for a limited period, until he or she workn out the tax at ten to twenty-five cents per day. It is estimated that about $460,000 may be raised in this way the first year, whioh, with a sum in the Treasury already appropriated to the object, will tend out about ten thousand negroes to- Liberia. At a time when Alabama, Georgia, and other Southern States, are commencing a system of meliorating meaxurcs in the management of the oolored population, it would be disgraceful to Virginia, and other old States, if they should adopt the opposite .policy. We deem it highly impolitic in the South to pursue this course. It is obviously for our interest to conciliate the good opinion of mankind, as fur as is consistent with dignity and honor. This is the view takeu by the profoundest thinkers of the Southern country?even by the talented, though erratic Editors of the Southern Press?and by the leading minds in Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina. "The practical enforcement of such a system of taxation as that firopiosod for the removal of the free negroes of Virginia, would be attended with an amount of nruel oppression w hich would awaken the sympathies of the civilized world, ami intensify the prejudice against Slavery in a degree of which wo have hitherto had uo example. "To say nothing of the injustice of such a scheme of colonization, itn impolicy, in this and every other point of view, is too clear to need eluoidation : while the opposite course, of hu manity and kindness, would go far towards . opening the way for the gradual removal of the freo oolored raoe to the tropics." A Homk for Actual Srrn.r.R*.?One of the measures which the Free Democratic party desires to effect. in thn granting of 80 or lfi<> acres of Government land to every landless man, wilting to nettle upon nod cultivate Mich land. With the growth of onr party, thin meas ure in growing in strength. It in manifest that if the (iovernment froely gives land, in small quantitKi, to tho landles* the small farmers will be encouraged to go on the na tional domain, and pre-occupy the lauds, to the prejudice of the great planter* and theirecores of unpaid laborers. This in tho ground of the hostility of the South ; but it mu*t be paid, to the honor of some Southern members of Con gress, that they have put this argument a?ide, and supported the measure on the ground ol' its justice and expedienoy, in spite of the objec tions which Slavery urge*. No more truly benevolent measure has ever been proposed in Congress. It doe* injury to no one, while it. oonfers a large and lasting good upon a class who neod and deserve the fostering care of tho General Government. It appear* like a gift, at first thought; but a little consideration abows it to h? otherwise The land i* of no value to che Government, as it lies unoccupied; and its occupation by actual set tiers would, in a few years, put into the Na tional Treasury, by the increase of tho receipt of customs, and tho general increase of com merce and wealth, a much larger sum than the per acre, if hold hy the Government till a purchaser were found for it. We hope this measure will tind it* way through Congress this winter. Ihlrotl Fret tkmorrnl. Tm* Hhio Napolbow.?The Boston Ttmt * has obtained a statement from three of the crew of tbo brig Najiolnon. which spoke the San Franohmo on Christmas day. in which it is stated that Captain Strout, of the Napoleon, after promising Captain Wat kins, of .the Earn er, to take on board a portion of his passengers on the following morning, ordered bis men to put on sail, and, about 8 o'olook in the evening, bore away in an opposite direction, against t he remonstrance of tno crew, alleging that they were totter off on the steamer than they would be on his vessel which would lie sunk by the crowd if he had gone alongside of her. They deny that Capt. S. picked up any provisions which tt >ated from toe steamer. Nk?*aska.?Thore is real danger of the overthrow of the Missoori Compromise; it is feared Congrem will adept the Nebraska bill, as it I* adopted a? an .tdnunuiration measure. This will b? done, we art assured, unless the people act. Away with atl party notions or division*. Lot all' oppoaers of the extension of Slavery unite, and sneak out on the subject. Ciroulato the taots till every voter is informed , get up petition* ; gather together in meetings, and let Congress know that the People will not snbmit t<? the extension of Slavery over free territory. No time should be leal The thunder of the voioe of the People need* to l>e heard at the Capitol, aad must be hoard there, to savo Ne braska, or maintain the Missouri Compromise. City Democrat.