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For the National In. BELL SMITH ABROAD. * No. XII. THE POOR OF PARIS. ? In no plaoe is poverty more strictly regula ted, or in itself better behaved, than in Park The same trait which makes it cleanly causes it to shrink from public gaze, and, ashamed of great sin, it hides in cellars, or ntarra in garrets, and never can be looked on with im punity, until the fearful morgue has opened its marble jaws to exposo a specimen, dead from deprivation. Poverty in here, 1 say, cleanly ??d retiring, and, but for the portended musio i ? organs, one, after quite a residence, might bear Paris, as did innocent old Sir Fran cm Hefd, with the belief that the denae popu- j lation had no lower olass, when gaunt hunger and biting cold makes life miserable. But it u here police regulations, aided by shame, drivo it Irom palace doors and pnblio way*, vet in spite of laws it is all about us, shivering in hunger and pain with oomplaint until drivon wud, and all Kurope is astounded by a revolt which destroys Governments and threatens so oiety itself. This disposition to shrink from exposure or appear well when discovered, is very striking. When subjects, victims of sudden accidents, are carried to the hospitals, it makes no differ ence how poor they may be, their persons are cleanly, and their few clothes exhibit scrupu lous care The professor, making his rounds with the students, finds each patient prepared to receive them ? by a proper arrangement ot the little dress. the smoothing the hair and washing faoc and hands. Doctor B. related to us an instance of this sort, whioh struck me my forcibly. In a female ward of a hospital, about daylight, the hour at which Dubois with a class viaite the place, while they were pa>* ?ng slowly from bed to bed upon one side of the long hall, our friend observed a girl sitting on the little couch, carefully oombing her hair wad arranging her dress. Ho observed this because the girl was so ill he had not expected the day before again to see her alive, and the preparation she made was evidently aoooinpa nted with great effort, for she paused frequent ly, and continued with sad exhaustion. The teacher and pupils passed on, and in less thr.n an hour returned upon the side where B. had observed the poor girl preparing to receive them. Sho had made preparation to receive a greater visiter than they?she had smoothed her hair and folded her dress for death. This winter so far has been severe upon the poor. Bread is dear, fuel scarce, and the weather unusually cold. For the first time in many years, the Seine has been frozen solid, and enough snow is upon the ground for sleigh u htld*y* 1 confined to my room by ill health, not severe enough for the bed, yet shutting me up; and as I looked ?P?? Pi? ?t. Sulpice, and a*w the white flakes rudely shaken down by n?pfh fiaid. G?d help the p?or . I he Place continually suggests the prajw, as it appears in its wintry garb?an an. . pea ran oe its architect made no preparation for ??ver dreamed of. The immense foun-' tain in the centre, with its four colossal figures rfchuroh dignitaries sheeted in ice, has a gro SV.i! ?g appeara,l0e; "bile the huge i?Tsn t??r T6") Krow,inK >?? etiffened 3PJ8 *> death. The naiads and K!* r . and squares look dis rt L P through the falling snow **2* ?** aocustomed to it?they play u. ajuMued, quiet way, a. if this roagh-visiged MM with" * "eriOOB r> Md not ^ iB, ? l0?? Une; frown to the ground; the drive?, very fat men, general *eir or walk rfowW about, beating their breasts, as if en ?fhL? tir ?tsB|*10 ** hr*r> noJZL tZ DIUn! e Md Buore in their mbo?* lb? gteat ow the many eon dowa^Slnf Slfe. *. bright snow dancer wn fnra hf?rhtn, which made St Sulpice * mole-hill. Tlfl fountain of stonv di aZ Sir'teV lionf-ooated in ^?d?z tnrl * , The broad square is white. The tops of ancient voltaren look like sheets The JS**^ ?""** *ilk li*1" "? ?boomr.J points. Umoibuses run noi*o)o?|? while th? -* ? yp? ?o41^?gw 00 again Ft is winter (Mjalicro, but not our beartv wholnsnmji !md shouts of boys, a hiJJS th?ltnumeor ?R,gh-bells: bat mi*r W,DU,r W** ?P ? JJd^ih^i? rdT r Fren???Ln. in ^ ,M*d 3 -i'? foTtC r.K>f hlET ,n an ho,Kt" umbrella IMla rhcijmatiiun22?"? V*"* ?d sag at the corner withered old woman ^ hMd ?art of or a^nt umh^U l l *h? to?- up an f r h rftth"r ?Wngs *bova,it rains ?. ^'^.lirT1" AM nays w^S 5ssrUmctth si :r.^h oo~*?<*"?< r?r ?.?> 1.1), ,.Tf.T"" J"? li,U? 1-7 o. U,. ??w fr'thin trftmulou", aod mee^M^ J h.d watched that lad three b^fJoSSd ? ^ I had look at c V *?hed as I ^ ^ figure He was ,et hAd A? *2^ ^FrrT',premature in th? Iwge JZ,'t" ^d'y of H?oe was the starved look otmkliLd^ue with cold, the sunken ?f steader neck. P?,r httle fellow, sWvmW fiim i fi'n* Wet *bout h" iffSVS . hr ,Jd caP h*d an ugly "J f ,0ok<?d down, 1 c,Zd T1 "M>U And m** aPP,<^-? dosen withered, decayed ** *>? o?ver i K eff,,rt" At daylight, I ?JjAeo^e^ng that appeal; as the fr??,ng My imagination pictured mm* auk father, mm widowed mother or aiater, depending anon tbie feeble effort for daily bread I ooold not look al the little Mifferer any more in qniet, and an eant Nannette with order* to purchase* the entire atock of the little atreet mernha.it I watched them from the window?the glad light which lit up hie thin, pale fcce, aa ?he took hw apple*?the ea^rneM with which be brought ont an old piece of brown paper, and inaiwtod in an attempt lo tie them up, are beyond my telling a* I a? them through my tear* On Nannette'* return, I aeked her if eke knew where be lived. " la thi* honee, madam " " l? thia bonne, Nannette 1" " Oh, yea, madam. I often meet him on the back ?burway Hie people live quite up. I ?aai me any Nut him." " Wall, Nannette. purr bane hi* apple* every dnf; and when you aee him pawing our hitch en, give him aometbing ' 1 do not want to writ* of my few eharitica, bat eannot tell you (dearly my little hiatory With.4* The next day, and the next, my little Hirnhint wae at hi* *tand. In the mean while, Nannette, with the activity peculiar to bar, bad made fre<h dineoeeriea. and waa fulf at wf^matiou The family al?w oonaiated of mm old man a v-ry old man, and hie two grand akttdran?a boy, my little apple-merchant, and hi* Meter eiek in bed. They had lofct father and mother, some month* since, of the cholera; and the old soldier, for suoh he wax, with great difficulty kept them in bread. Indeed, Nan nette naid site could not make out where the litt'e did oome from. One afternoon, some day* alter receiving this intelligence, I happened in the kitchen, as my little friend passed up the stairwav. Some ill greater than all the rest was being received, for the big tear* were coursing dowu his hoi low checkqpn silence. A strange impulse seised me to follow him I was framing in my mind | h une excuse for the intrusion as I followed un | noticed, for he was busy with his sorrows, und a vain attempt to ehoko down bis sobs and tears. Arriving at the topmost landing, I had to pause for strength?and saw him go in at a door partly open, whioh he left ajar behind him. In a moment 1 followed. The door wus open to aid a poor chimney, and, as it wan, I looked through a smoky atmosphere upon the siokness and misery within. The room, a half garret with oeiling sloping to the floor, and lit by a skylight of four panes, was almost desti tute of f urniture, and so dimmed by smoke, it resembled a den. An old table, on whioh were a few dishes, two broken chair*, and a low cot, made up the sum. Upon the oot I saw, through the gloom, a thin, pale face, the counterpart in death almost of my little apple-boy?an old man, whose snowy head seemed to gather about and increai* the light of the apartmen t. The boy stood with'his back to me hi silence. M Well, Maurice, my child, did you see my old general, and will the doctor oome ?" It was a minute before the boy replied? " They drove me from the door?the doctor savs he has not time, but will have Marie taken to the hospital." The old man started, and said, quickly? I '"Not there, not there?we have given it enough." Then, after a pause, he added? " Patience, my children, the good father will tind us yet." 1 be little sufferer lifted a skeleton hand, and, placing it on the old man's, said? " 1 am better now?much better?I will be well soon, grandpa.' I felt myself an intruder on sacred ground, and hastened to offer my services. The em barrassment Connected with such tendering of assistance was greatly increased by the pride of the old man. He who did not hesitate to expose his aged head to tbo blasts of winter, upon a public bridge, and beg for his children, shrunk back proudly when his poor home was entered, and its secret life laid bare. 1 drew, however, the proffered chair to the other Bide of the bed, and, taking a fevered hand in mine, soon found a way to the old man's heart and confidence. By degrees, "I had their history was told how he had lost his brave boy how the wife followed, and how they Bank deeper and deeper in povorty, until starvation itself was there. The grandfather had sought work, but was too feeble for any service. The chil dren had striven bravely in many ways, until Marie was taken sick, and then the furniture and ordinary comforts disappeared, until the last sou went, and the poor Bufferer sank nearer and nearer to death. I will not dwell upon this sad picture. I mentioned this instance of distress to my friend, Madam R., and she, who knows everything wo ful, had among other matters stored away the cipher whioh, marked upon a letter addressed to Louis Napoleon, takes it direotly to his hands. She wrote to him that an old soldier of the grand army wan starving to death at No. St. Sulnice. She reoeived no answer, and no notioe whatever seemed taken of her kind appeal; but soon after, an unknown heart came to the assistanoe of our poor friend. The furniture was restored, fuel and food came in abundantly, a Sister of Charity took her posi tion by the bed-side, and, stranger than all, one of the most eminent physicians in Paris came daily to the garret. I saw the fair donor of all this good?a stranger to me, although her face from some cause seemed familiar. She caino in a plain private oarriage, remained hut a short time, yet was very thoughtful and kind Poverty oould be driven from the door, but sorrow remained. Earth had no mineral, the fields no herb, science no skill, to bring the Meeting shadow back to life. The physician shook his bead sadly, and every day went more slowly from the humble home. But it was all in vain ; we felt that she was dying. One af ternoon. little Maurioe came for me; it was indeed the closing soene. About the bed were gathered the strange lady, the old man, the Sister of Charity, Maurioe, and myself. The winds, sobbing rattled the sleet upon the roof, as we beot over that little couoh to oatch the last faint hroath. How slowly the hours wore away. The storm without gradually grew still, as the little breathings came quicker and lower. At last they ceased ? the storm and struggle?and suddenly the sun broke through the sky light, falling in glory upon the lit tle form ? falling in glory upon the gray head ? falling in glory upon the beauti ful face of tbe fair hewfaotress, and no earthly coronation can ever make her appear half so beautiful as she was by the little couch of pov ese things are done, we are told, for polit- j ical effect, well, perhaps so?I am only happy m knowibg that they are done. . QoyK**MKwT Buildings in Philadelphia Congress has passed a bill authorising the U. States ('nvernment to provide suitable ac commodations for the Federal courts in the oity of New York, and it ii probable a new building will be procured The rooms recent ly occupied in that oity were destroyed by fire, and therefore the neoessity is urgent: but we need accommodations for our post . ffioe and ooort rooms as much as New York, for at pres ent they are little better than nothing. We agree with a cotemporary, that the Govern ment <?nght to own the buildings required for the performance of its exeontive functions It is just as important that the pout office and the court rooms needed should be owned by the United States Government, as that the custom house should be its property. Indeed, so far as the post office is concerned, the neoessity is greater; for it is a mnch more important es tahlishment in its relation to the neat mans of the people The business of the oustom-house ooooerns the merchants exclusively; tbe busi turn of the pant offioo i* of direct and immedi ate interact to every inhabitant and to 0*017 visiter of the city. It ought, therefore, to l*> adapted, in it* locality, in it* ooontrnetion, and in all it* arrangement*, to the ooorenicnoe of the great omm of our oitiamw. PkUmd. North American. American*, &e, in Itai.v.?We learn from a letter in the New York AdvrrtiMr, that among the America** ia Florence, on the 5th alt., were the H?n. (.'harlm Kon ton Meroer, of Vir ginia, who, at the age of neventy, hae just ac quired the Italian language?tho* flurpa**ing Cato, who hoNta! that he learned (Jreek at nitty; Hun. Willie Hall, of New York, who named the winter there, with hi* family ; Mr. Rarringer, late Mininter to Spain ; Major P. Kearney, late of the United Stated army, who lout an arm in Mexico. It ie rntimated that WO,000 a day are expended in that city hy for eigner*, the average number sojourning there during the winter being about 6,000. The pree ent winter ban been unusually severe in Italy; and fas Florence, on the Ath nit., the ground waa covered with neveral inchce of enow. The Cincinnati people are taking meaimre* to lay down railroad track* is the ntreet* of that oily. The Smith* in Han Francieoo number two hundred and thirty familic* The Jooesea and the Brown* are a little In** abundant 07- The Daily Era can be had every morning at the Periodical Stund of Mr. J. T. Batss, Bx change. Philadelphia! al*>, the Weekly Era. Q3T1 Mr. Jamks Em.ioTT U authorised to receive and reooipt for nubtcrlptloo. and advertlneiuenU for the Daily and the Weekly Natiomi! Era in Cinein nati and vicinity. WASHINGTON, 1). C. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1*54. Tffg HSBKAIXA BILL?THE AJWUMHT. an appbal. Having from the argument, in relation to the abrogation of the Missouri Compromise, Mr. Douglas labors in the second portion of hiB npceuh to reoominend his views to the-people on grounds of policy. "When," he asks, 'have you suooeeded in excluding Slavery by aot of (Congress from ono inob of the American soil' You may tell me that you did it in the Northwest Territory, by the Ordinance ot 1787. I will show you by the history of the oountry that you did not acoomplinh any such thing. You prohibited Slavery there by law, but you did not exolude it in fact. Illinois was a part of the Northwest Territory. With the excep tion of a few French and white settlements, it was a vast wilderness, filled with hostile sav ugoH, when the Ordinance of 1787 was adopt ed. Yet, sir, when Illinois was organised into a Territorial Government it established and protected Slavery, and maintained it in spite of your Ordinance, and in defiance of its express prohibition. It is a curious faot, that so long as Congress said the Territory of Illinois should not have Slavery, she actually had it, and^ on the very day when you withdrew your Con gressional prohibition, the people of Illinois, ol their own free will and accord, provided for a system of cmauoipation. Thus you did not Hucceed in Illinois Territory with yonr Ordi nance, or your Wilmot Proviso, because the people there regarded it as an invasion ot their rights. They regarded it as a usurpation on tho part of the Federal Government. They regarded it as violative of the great principles of self-government, and they determined that they would never submit oven to have freedom, so long as you forced it upon them.' If we have read history aright, this is an en tire misrepresentation. That some of the old French settlers, or their descendants, nominally civilized, may have held a few slaves in Kan kaskia, and that a kind of Slavery, under the form of indentured service, may stealthily have got foothold in the Northwest Territory, is not denied; but these wore factn so limited, so clearly exceptional, as to prove nothing against the efficaoy of positive prohibition. Taken in connection with another fact, which Mr. Doug las overlooks?the repeated and strenuous ex ertions made to obtain a repeal or suspension of the Ordinance of 1787, for tho express pur pose of introducing Slavery into the Territory? they demonstrate not only its sufficiency, but its necessity, as a safeguard against the inroads of that evil. Let ns advert to a Tew faots in the history of the Northwest Territory About the time of its division into two portions, a momorial was pre sented to the Assembly of Ohio Territory, in in 1799, by offioers of the Virginia line on Conti nental establishment in the war of the Revolu tion, praying for permission to remove with their slaves to their military bounty lands, be tween the Scioto and the Little Miami river. The prayer of the petition being unequivocally prohibited by the Ordinance, the Legislature had no discretion in the case. Their only oourso was to reject the petition * The histo rian adds?had the application been granted, the result would havs been a great accession of wealth, strength, and intelligence; but the public feeling against Slavery was suoh, that the request would have been denied by unani- J mous vote, had the Legislature possessed the power of granting it And why? Because, the pioneers of Ohio were freemen, hard-work- i ing men, trained to habits of self-reliance, and Slavery had not, up to that time, been able to effeot a lodgement on one foot of its soil. Ira migrants from slave States had not ventured there with their slaves; the few who did go from those States and settle tb?*re, were thor oughly A nti-Slavery. Thus the policy of posi tive prohibition by Congress bad aooomplished its work. During the nine years from 1800 to 1809 what are now the States of Indiana and Illinois constituted the Territory of Indiana. It woe in this portion of the original Northwest Tern tory that a few slaves were held by tho old French settlers, descendants of the colony planted by La Salle and Father Hennepin, nutrt than a century btfoh the paxMgt of the Ordinance of 1787/ and that, owing to the large proportion of settlers from the slave States, a speoies of Slavery, under the form of indenture, secured a limited existence. And it was here that the greatest efforts were made to break down the restriction imposed by Con gress on the introdsction of Slavery. In 1803, a memorial was presented to Con grefw, accompanied by a report of the proceM inga of a Convention of the People of Indiana, (molnding, of course, Illinois.) held at Vineennea, the object of which was to obtain a suapen won, m to that Territory, of the Anti-Slavery proviso of the Ordinanoe of 1787. The me morial having been referred to a Committee of whieh Randolph, of Virginia, ?u chairman, an advene report vm noon submitted The Committee deemed it * highly dangerous and inexpedient to impair a provision wisely cal culated to promote the happiness and proeperi ty of the Northwestern 00*10try, and to give strength and security to that extensive fron ier,'1 and held thatu in the salutary operation of this sagaotons end benevolent restraint, the in habitants of Indiana would, at no distant dsy, find ample remuneration for a temporary priva tion of labor and immigration." At the next session, this report, with the papers which had given rise to it, vu referred to a new oommit tee, of which Rodney, a Democratic Repre sentative of Delaware, was chairman, litis time, a report was made in favor of a qualified suspension of the prohibition of Slavery, so as to admit for ten years the introduction of slaves horn within the United States, their de scendants to be free, males at the age of twen ty five, and females nt twenty-one." ? Note* on the Northwest Territory, by % cob Bnr net. pegs 306. * Congre* declined to act upon the report, and in 1807, when effort* to suspend the Ordi* nanoe were renewed, and a similar report ?u made, it permitted in this coursc; bo that the Pro-Slavery movement wan at length aban doned. I hese iaote show, that had the question been left to the few settlers in the Territory, Slavery would have been introduced and estab lished in the country, now known u? Indiana and Illinois, but that the Ordinance of 1787 did its work?it shut out the evil, and pre^erv ed the Territory sacred to Freedom and Free Labor. And yet, Mr. Douglas tells up, that " we have not succeeded in excluding Slavery by act of Congress from one inch of American soil!? The ourious fact, then, asserted by Mr. Douglas, " that bo long as Congress said that Illinois should not have Slavery, she actually had it; and on tho very day when you with drew your Congressional prohibition, tho peo ple of Illinois, of thoir owu free will and ac cord, provided for a system of emancipation," is no faot at all. The Congressional prohibi tion was always efficacious?it was never with drawn?it terminated only as all other provi sions in regard to tho Territory terminated, when Illinois was admitted as a State?while its principle was coutinued, as a natural oon srquonoe, in the Constitution of the new State. The truthfulness of our representation is confirmed by a reference to the census. Look on the imp?the States of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, lie between nearly the same par allels of latitude. They resemble one another in soil, oliaate, and productions. They were Territories during nearly the same period. In diana was ulmitted as a State in 1816, Illinois in 1818, Missouri in 1820. The former two were more accessible to immigrants from slave States than was the latter. Congress by posi tive enactment prohibited Slavery in Indiana and lllicois; it did not prohibit it in Missouri. Let the ?enmis say whether positive enaotmcnt by Congress against the exclusion of Slavery was efloacious or not : Slav* in? Missouri. IndianA. Illinois. 1800 ' - ? 135 _ 1810 - - 3,011 237 168 1820' - - 10,222 190 117 1830 - - 25081 ? 747* 1840 - - 58,240 ? 331# 1850 * - 87,422 ? ? v * Indenture! servants must be included here. No efficacy Mr. Douglas, in Congressional prohibition! What Missouri is now, Illinois would have beoome, had it not been for that noble Ordinaioe of 1787. In the ligtt of these facts, the question re specting the -epeal of the prohibition against Slavery in Nebraska assumes great practical importance. For thirty-three yoars, that pro bibition has been not only upon the Statute Book, bnt in fbroe. Lying right on the bordor of Missouri, with its eighty-seven thousand slaves, it would ere this have been settled to some extent by slaveholders, had it not been for the Proviso of the Missouri Compromise, which the people of the State of Missouri J especially regarded as solemnly binding. A large portion of the Territory lies west of that State, in the tame latitude, and is susceptible of the same kind of oulture. Hemp and To baooo may be grown there as in Missouri. And now, when it is proposed to abrogate the Com promise, to repeal in express tarnn the prohi bition against Slavery, we are to be told that the question is without practical importanoe? it may be safely left to the emigrants who shall go to the new Territory?Slavery will never find place there! The faots and figures we have presented give the lie to the assertion. Repeal the Missouri Compromise, and Sla very will find its way into Nebraska, just as readily as it did into Missouri, and grow just ss rapidly. A hundred slaveholders, once set tled in the Territory, oonoentrating as they would capital and intelligence, and acting as a unit, would oontrol the Territory and deter mine it* institutions. The polioy which gave birth to the free States of Miohigan, Ohio, In- I (liana, Illinois, and Wisconsin, cannot be un wise or anti-Democratic: those States are grand monument* of the power and benefioenoe of poative enactment by Congress against Terri torial Slavery. What was necessary to create those five free States, what so completely pro tected free labor and free inhabitants in them, is neostsary to seoure to Freedom the numer ous States yet to be formed in Nebraska. Abandon this polioy?and this is dnno if the Missouri Compromise be repealed, as proposed by the Bill of Mr. Dougla??adopt towards them the polioy of Non-intervention, as it is called, the same policy pursued in relation to Missouri, and what oan you expect? Non-In tervention, as it is styled, has always given us Slavery?why should it give us Freedom in Nebraska? Can the same fountain send forth sweet water and bitter ? The advocates of repeal protend to be very Democratic. They know the value attaohed by the American People to the principle of telf-govrrnment. What, they exolaim, are you not willing to trust the People to govern them selves ? Undoubtedly?I Kit who are "the Peo ple?" The People of Ohio, of Pennsylvania, of Kentucky, m? know. They constitute or ganized eomiuunitiea, self-governing, independ ent, sovereign, except a* to power*, which they have delegated to the Union. Rat ere straggling pioneer* who ohenoe to settle in a wilderne**, without government, without lew*, without organisation, "a People," in the con templation of the Constitution of the United State*? The declaimer* about *olf-govern ment do not them*elvee recognise the principle in it* application to any Territory of the United State*. Do they admit that one or two hun dred aettler* in Nebraska have a right to or ganise a Government for the new Territory called by that name, and to determine for all future time it* institution* ? What i* thin Bill of Mr. Dougla* but a denial of the atmolute right of the People of a Terri tory to govern themeelve* ? Doe* it not pro pose to give (hem a form of ftovernmeut?to ordain, without consulting them, that it sjiall be divided into three department*?provide for the appointment of Judicial and Executive offi cere of the Territory, by the President, without any referenoe to their wiil?apply to them all the law* of the United State* applicable to | their condition, although they may have had no part in framing them, and secure to Congrem the power to overrule their domestio legisla tion '( Would they not prohibit, as they have doue in some cases, in establishing Territorial Government*, the Territorial Legislature from issuing charters to hanks of oiroulation ? Would they allow the inhabitants of a Territory the right to institute any other than republioan institutions ? This olanrnr about self-government in Terri tories is designed to mislead the People from the truo issue involved in this oontrovorsy. Mr. Douglas does not tajieve that the People of a Territory have the absolute right to govern themselves: nor do we. He holds that Con gress has the right to give them a form of Gov ernment ; to impose certain restrictions upon them ; to apply to tbem such laws of the Uni ted States as may be applioable to their condi tion : so do we. Ho holds that the People of a Territory, through a Legislature, the constitu tion of which Congress has prescribed, may legislate, within these restrictions and these laws, upon their internal affairs: so do wo The only question is, not whother they have this limited right of self-government, but wheth er among the restrictions imposed by Congress, that, prohibiting them from establishing Slave ry, is a legitimate one. We say that it is; and then he ories out, " O, you deny the principle of self government?we are willing to trust the People.'' Why not, then, trust the People with the establishment of their own form of Govern ment, and the election of their Governor, Judges, and other officer#? Why impose upon their legislative power any restriction ? We said the other day, that this doctrine of Non-intervention, aH it is called, has two very different meanings. At the North, the disciples of Gen. Cuss claim that it implies the right of the People of a Territory to legislate for the exclusion or recognition of Slavery; ait the South, their political associates insist that it implies the absenco of power in Congress or in the Territorial Legislature to legislate against the introduction of Slavery into a Territory. And yet this two-faced, contradictory doc trine is to be held up as the creed of the De mocracy, the sound, constitutional principle, for the settlement of the Slavery Question! We recolleot well, when General Cass was ar raigued in the Senate for his dootrine of " Squatter Sovereignty," as Mr. Calhoun con temptuously styled it, and when Senator Da vis, (now Secretary of War.) and other distin guished "Southern Senators, scouted the doc trine that the People of a Territory bad the right to legislate as they pleased on the subjeot of Slavery. The South haa not changed its opinion, but Southern and Northern Democrats unite in lauding the doctrine of Non-interven tion, as the only one truly Democratic ; sound, constitutional, benoticont, the key to the settle ment of this dangerous question of Slavery in the Territories?and yot they know that they mean precisely different things! Honor able union! Who is to be the gainer in this game bf deception ? We can tell the North ern Democracy, that, whatever may be your purpose, establish this principle of Non-inter vention, as you oall it, as the policy of the Government in regard to Territories, and you will find yourselves just where you have always been?in the grasp, under the heel, of the Slave Power, which will compel you, should the People of a Territory undertake to exclude Slavery, to overrule their action. We have done with the argument of Judge Douglas. The simple question submitted to Congress is? Will you, or will you not, repeal Ike Mnotour % Compromise 1 If you rapeal it, Nebraska is thrown open to -Slavery, and you virtually nationalize it in all Territories of the United States. If you ropeal it, you leave Slavery in possej si on of all it gained by the bargain or com pact of 1820, and surrender all that Freedom then gained, with the exception of Iowa and Minnesota. If you repeal it, you make a concession to the Slave Interest, which it did not dream of demanding in I860, but one whioh it has been emboldened to domand by the pusillanimous oonduct of the North at that time. If you repeal it, you invest it wi^h a Power which will soorn all restraints, and kindle in it an ambition that will be saticfied with nothing short of the seisure of Cuba, the absorption of all the portions of Mexioo fit for slave tillage, and the recognition of the claim of the Slave holder to carry his slaves with him into every set-lion of the Union, and hold tbom there, in disregard of whatever adverse local laws. All these consequences will follow, unlesai indeed, the Northern People, provoked beyond all endurance, should at last shake off th#ir lethargy, break asunder the bands of Party, rise in their full might, and, trampling upon all compromise*, all time serving expedients, all tricksters and traitors, rally as one man, in defenoe of Freedom, Free Labor, Froe Institu tions, and through their overwhelming majori ty at the Ballot Box, assume the reins of Gov ernment, and put Slavery under the ban, as the Slave Interest now threatens to put Freedom under the ban. ffp- The Report of the Treasury Depart - ment for the quarter just ended, shows a little amount of nearly twcnty-f< ur millions, now subjeet to draft in the Treasury. This, at six per centum, would yield f1,440,000 per an num. Imitation Fruit*?At the Agricultural Bureau of the Patent Offioo, an wo learn from a morning paper, Mr. Town won d (jlovcr ha* on exhibition upward* of 2,000 gpeoimen* of all the fruit* which am cultivated in this conn* try, (except thn poach ) the n?m? of each, de ecription of the noil, locality, and many other particular* interesting to every orcharding Tli??o upeoimen* are manufactured in ooropo sition, and appear perfectly natural to tho eye. No lem than 400 variotie* of the apple, and about 500 of the pear, are here di*played. Re side the frnite, arc many specimens of fi?h, rep tile*, Ito. v _ . Lieut. Francis Kiev Murray, U. S. Navy, of Howard county, Maryland, haa l>een pre Hontod by the ladiee reraned from the San Francisco by tho barque Kilhy, with altcantiful silver goblet. , Ice Falmno.?On account of the pro*peot of an abundant crop of ioe thin aeaoon, the prioe of the artiole has been reduced in Ronton, to large oonramcr*, from 25 to 17 oente per hundred pound*. The oolored population of Cincinnati tiear a proportion to white* of one to thirty-til In 1824, they stood as one Id thirteen. Monopolies.?la its recent decision upon the Morse patent, it is known that the Supreme Court of the United States decided adversely to the eighth claim of the Morse Company, which was "for the exclusive use of the motive power of eleotro-magnetism for the purpose of making signs or letters at any distance." This covered the whole grant; and ite rejection extinguishes the olaim to an absolute monopoly. The Slavery Propagandist*.?The New York Herald, consistent upon no other subject of polioy or principle, has ever been faithful to the interests of Slavery. It yesterday oom uienoed a long article, as follows: " There can no longer be any doubt that the Nebraska controversy is about to revive the agitation whioh the passage of the fatal Mis souri Compromise flr>t aroused." The Herald is perfectly correct in this, and also when it says? "Once, indeed, Mr. Senator Douglas did move in the Senate to prolong the line 36 deg. 30 miu. to the Paoifio, and declare it the bound ary between slavery and free labor. This in judicious proposition was fortunately negatived in the House." Senator Houston on tub Nebraska Bill. No one, says the New York Commercial Ad vertiser, will accuse Senator Houston, of Texas oelebrity, of being an Abolitionibt, or anything thereunto akin. Yet that gentleman, in a leo ture upon the Indians of North Amerioa, de livered at Providence on Monday night, made incidental allusion to tho bill, and his remarks are thus reported : " He alluded to the excitement now springing up in the oountry in reference to the Nebraska Territorial bill. ? He was on the oommittee which reported it, but was warmly opposed to it, and added, ' I will die opposed to it.' | Ap plause j It was a violation of the faith of solemn treaties. Eighteen tribes of Indians live within tho limits of tho proceed Territo ry, and are owners in fee simple of the soil, and they cannot he displaoed without the com mission of a great national crime. His re marks upon this point were warmly reoeived, and there was not a single person in the audi ence, whoso sentiments on this interesting ques tion did not aooord with those advanced by this distinguished Senator." Just Laws.?Justice Oibrtue, at the Halls of Justioe, New York, has under examination three oases of seduction. The names of the parties are given in the reports. The penalty of the law is imprisonment in a State prison not exceeding five years, or by imprisonment in a county jail not exoeeding one year. The subsequent marriage of the parties may be plaoed in bar of a conviction. The value of the imports of foreign merchan dise at the port of Boston, during the year which has just clo?ed, oompared with 1852, was as follows: In 1853 .... $43,340449 In 1852 ? - - - 33 889,144 Excess of imports in 1853 ? 9,353 305 Q^^In another oolumn will be found the oard of Traoy fit Williams, Professors of Pen manship, who have lately taken up their'reei denoe in our midst They oome highly reoom mended as very superior penmen. f Correspondence of the Baltimore Sao.] Washington, Feb. 3, 1854. The Territory of Arreeonia onght to be called Fagendia, for it is the fag end of nature, with no plaoers in it It is not the land conveyed by the treaty, but the treaty itself which con tains the plaoers, and they are just worth five million of dollars. (a As to the notion that it gives us a route to the Pacific, that, too, is moonshine. The pro nosed Southern route, as you will 8ee when the Special Committee on ths Paeifio Railroad shall roport, does not require any other portion of territory than that whioh now rightfully belongs to the United States ; tto that all said on that soore amounts to nothing. We gain ! nothing by the treaty but a quasi settlement of fraudulent claims under the 11th artiole of the treaty of Guadalnpe Hidalgo. Colonel Benton is preparing an onslaught on ! the Nebraska bill, in conjunction with the Pa j oifio Railroad project. Colonel Benton's oppo- ? sition to the bill is much to be regretted. In I the coalition formed by tho present Adminis ' tration, it was a blunder to overlook and ex olude the great men of the party. With the exception of Marcy, there is no prominent staUvman in the whole coalition ; and he, if I am not very much mistaken, is not ^ very willing?certainly not a very enthusiastic? | sup|K?i ter of the Nebraska bill. He is, how ever, bound to go fiir it, strong officially. THE SAHDWICH ISLAKD6. Our Washington oorrcspodent sends us intel ligence of a good deal of interest in regard to tho position of our (?ovornmont towards tbo Sandwich Island* The delay of the Adminis tration in acting upon the advances towards a closer connection with the United Stale* by the Sandwioh Island authorities, has excited a good deal of surprise. And the peremptory refusal of President Fillmore even to oommti nicate to Congress the propositions for annex ation made by the King, has never yet received any satisfactory or even plausible explanation Our correspondent states that our Government was pledged by the Administration of Mr Tyler, through Mr. Upshur, his Secretary of j State, never to seek, lor American citizens, any greater advantages in the Sandwich Islands, than wore enjoyed by the subjects of Great Britain. This is certainly a curious state of thing*; and we are very glad that Senator Clayton has moved a call for tbo correspondence, which will pnt all the facts oonnooted with it before the country. In the case of Cuba, our Gov ernment has set forth at length, through the able pen of Mr. Everett, the considerations whioh would forbid our entering into any en gagement which should prevent us from estab lishing snoh relations with neighboring coun tries, as their proximity might render neoe. sa ry. Wo have refused to. enter into any agree ment not to seek the acquisition of Cuba. The public judgment has most emphatically rati fisd that declaration; and we aro inclined to Itelieve that any suoh arrangement in regard to tho Sandwich Islands would be still more obnoxious to the public censure. Mr. Upshur's agreement with Great Britain, if any such was made, was never submitted to the Senate, and of oourae oannot have any of the binding obligations of a treaty. It must stand as simply the opinion of an individual And the sooner our Government takes oooasiou to bring this to the notice of those oonoerned, and to dismiss Mr. Upshur's assuranoes, as of no weight whatever in the ca*e, the sooner will it be able to treat the whole matter as the i public interests may require. Our correspondent states, also, that France and Rngland have entered into a mutual agreement to maintain the independence of the Handwioh Islands.- They might have a right to proffer their aid to the Government of these Islands, in defending them from invasion, or in maintaining their independence against any Powsr which should soek their conquest. But how oan they forbid the Government from disposing of the Islands an it may see fit What would such action be but an iNnmpW# of the Government themselves?tho destruo tion of that very independence whioh they pretend to guaranty f We hope all the facte of the cose will be placed before the public, so that au intelligent judgment oan be formed as to the course which the honor and interests of the oountry will require the Government to pursue. New York Daily Tinus, Feb. 3 * A SPANISH HEVOLUTION. Our Washington correspondents proas apon us, us a matter of oredihle rumor at the seat of Government, the story ol' a contemplated revo lution at Madrid, having for its aim the sub stitution of Mr. Soule'H friend, the Duke of Alba, for Quten Isabella; and, for its first fruits, the i-eaoefnl and willing transfer of Cuba to the United States. Since the first propagation of thia gossip, one or two steamers have arrived, freighted with important news; and still the Spanish monarchy stands, and the bonds of union with its surviving colonies are not visibly loosened. Europe seems to be unaware of what is very well known and generally credit ed in the District of Columbia. If auoh a fable is to be treated seriously, it will ocour to every historical student that the Whole policy of Europe, and of England especially, for centu ries, has been opposed to the absorption of Portugal, (which, by the by, is also part of this Hoheme,) and to the union, Royal or Imperial, of the crowns of Franco and Spain. "We go/' said Mr. Canning, in 1826,in ono of his noblest flights of eloquence, "we go to plant the standard of ? England on the well known heights of Lubon. Whero that stand ard is planted, foreign dominion shall not come." But, as Lady Toaslo justly observes, " there never was a scandalous story without some foundation," we may infer that so grave a minor, as this of coming revolution, has at least a semi-official authority or source. Whence, then, does it come,? Our correspondents do not . inform uh, though they say it has assumed consistency, and is believed in high quarters. We have a shrewd suspicion of its origin. Philadelphia North American, Feb 3. Facts and Guesses.?Under date of the 2d inat, a Washington telegraphic correspondent of the New York Tribune says: " There ia much dissatisfaction expressed here in high quarters, because Mr. Soule, the Span ish Minister, has failed to correspond with the State Department. It ia reported that not a lino has been received from Madrid. f "The report that Mr. Badger will speak against the Nebraska bill, ia untrue. " Senator Thomas, of Illinois, was the father of the Compromise on 36 deg. 30 min. Mr. Douglas and Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, are the projectors of its repeal. " Mr. Clayton will probably make a pulver izing apeech on the Nebraska question.'' Coburgh Influbno?Royal Thoubi.r in England.?We see that the unpopularity of Prince Albert in England has steadily in creased. His eldest brother owns tho Duke dom of Coburgh and Goth a; tho crown of the Germanio Confederation is still vacant, and t he Coburgh ia only endeavoring to win it. The present King of Belgium, Leopold, is an uncle to Prinoe Albert, and naturally fears the ab sorption of his territoriea by Franoe. He ia therefore anxioua to secure an ally inthe Czar, against the machinations or "manifest des tiny" of Franoe. One of his uncles is married to a rich Hungarian Prinoeaa, and from this union issued the present Coburgh Ferdinand, King Regent of Portugal, in right of his de ceased wife, Donna Maria Da Gloria. An aunt to the present Prince Consort of England was once, until the deposition of her husband by hia brother, the now Emperor Nioholas, I Empress of Russia, and by many minor ties the houee of Coburgh ia allied to the family of the late Louia Philippe. With auoh antece dents, and in auoh a family circle, it cannot bo difficult to foresee in which direction Prince Albert'a sympathies must lean; he has been merely true to his Germanio instidcts in at tempting to subserve the cause of the Emperor of Ruaaia, and the j eople that oan tamely sub mit to snob vassalage, we confess, deserve no better treatment. Englishmen are difficult to arouse, but as difficult to pacify; thoy triot implicitly in their Kings so long as trust he possible; but when they find themselves in a single instance and for yearn deceived, ss in Prince Albert's case, it will take many a long year of devotion and tfdelity to reconcile them to such an influence l>ehiiid tho crown, Not only has Prinoe Albert forfeited his own popu larity, but that of his wife is seriously compro mised ; there aro indications in England of daily growing importanoe, which point direct ly to the establishment of a republio. Why should not the two great branches of the Anglo-Saxon family accept the samo demo oratio institutions ? We have lived under tliem and flourished; might not Britain do as well by imitating our example??N. Y.Nat. Dem. Hitchoock's Eloroentary Geology gives the area of the coal fields of America, as follows: "The great Apalachian coal-field, extending from New York to Alabama, oovors nearly 100 000 rquart miles; the Indiana field, 35,000. Add to these fields, Michigan, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Missouri, Iowa, and \irginia, and we shall have a surface more than twenty seven times as large as Massachusetts If we suppose the average thiekneca of all we beds over thia surface to be only twentv-hve feet, then the whole amount of coal, in solid measure, in thia oountry, would not be far from 1,100 oubio miles. Estimating the yearly consump tion of ooal in this oountry to be 7 000,000 tons this immense body of fuel would keep the hearths bright and the furnaces a glow for more than a million of years. A contract is said to have been made by a Boston committee, with Hiram Powers, the . sculptor, for a ooloasal bronv-c statue of Daniel Webster. A statue ol bronee will also lie erected in Boston, in honor of the memory of Benjamin Franklin, the total M* tfwh.ch, when completed, will be in the neighborhood of $16,000. Among the waltaers at a brilliant P?rty in this city Isst evening, says the Albany Riming Journal, of Thursday, February 2d, were gen tlemen. who left New York at three o'clock yesterday afternoon, and others who left Kings ton, Canada West, yesterday morning ! Such incidents enable us to realise bow much steam and rails are doing to "annihilate time and space." The celebration of the consolidation of Phil adelphia and itn suburbs ha* been filed for the anniversary of Washington's birthday. A grand dinner is to be given to the Legislature, memberaof Congrrs* from tho State, corporate authorities, and other gueets. A toronl igbt procession, illumination, and grand ball, will aim take place. What is the difference between an attempted homicide and a Cincinnati hop butchery ? One is an aiwault with intent to kill, and the other is a kilt with intent to salt. Had. Mr. Benjamin Wilson, proprietor of the E* change Hotel, at Montgomery, Ala., died on the 21st nit. He was a native of Prinoe George7* county, Md.