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For the National Bra. A DAT IN SUMMKB. IT CiDOLINI UH1UU8 MASON. Birds are Biasing through the brauohes, Oo this leafy, summer day ; Thoughts are siuging through my spirit, ftadiant aud fair as they. I am thinking, aa I ram bio, Of the olden, olden times, When I wandered through the meadows, Weaving happy, childish rhymes. Just such sunny skies bunt o'er me As are bending o'er me now; Just such sweet, love-making breeses Kissed und kissed me, oheek aud brow. How I wandered through the meadows, Linking happy, childish rhymes; Weaving flowers und thoughts together, Iu the oldun, olden times! Well-a day?but youth is fleeting' Aud I never wauder now Where the sweet, love-making breeces Kissod and kissed me, cheek and brow ; Yet the same deep spell comes o'er mo With the broath of this fair day, Like a Iroah, serene baptism, From the meadows l'ar away. Aud my heart is glad and happy With tho pure joy of a ohild? Olad for that the Father lends it Thoughts so sweet and undeflled, ? Gladder yet, that still it trembles To the music of the rhymes Tk-* T +*sv uim?UUW8 Of the olden, olden tfmes! For the National Era. RECOLLECTIONS OF XT GRANDFATHERS HOME. CHAPTER III. The Visit. " We know not the future: the past we have felt; Ita cherished enjoyments tho bosom can melt." 'Twaa a happy day for Bonny and myself when, released from the tasks and confinement of the Hohool-roono, we found ourselves on the road to our grandfather's farm. That day was an era in our young lives?the usher in of big plans foi* future usefulness. My grand father was in the midst of haying, and need ing help; the old market wagon had been dis patched fur no loss important personages than 3 brother, venerable by eight years, and my " his junior by one. No reluctant teats then dimmed our eyes, as we bade the wonted good bye; and me thinks our loved mother's customary injunc tion, " behave well, my dears," sounded less sweet than usual. " Dear," exolaimed littlo Benny, " I'm no dear! I'm a little man, my Pandfather's man!" Dear, mentally repeated eyeing askance my pantalettes and check ered pinafore! 'Twas not the spirit which sends the Bohool boy so prematurely from a round jacket into dress coat and dickey; or the lisping miss, from her mother's nursery, to wither in gas lighted ball-rooms! Oh no; it was a self-im portance, a first consciousness of our own in dividuality, gained with the newly conferred honor. Do you wish to plant sell-reliance in the bosom of a child, to bind him to yourself by firm ties, make him, not your servant, but your useful companion in some pleasant em ployment. Let such work engage hi* busy Lands; let bim not feel it as a favor conferred on Craelf, but that he does it because God gave those hands to do the bidding of an un selfish heart. Thus, then, will spring up in the mind of that child a spirit of gentle benev olence, whioh shall make nappy and honorable his after life. Clumsily rattled the old market wagon be neath iti juvenile burden, and wearily plodded the old gray horee, urged on by the blows from my grandfather'm leathern whip.. What cared we lor equipage! No modish phaeton oould have borne a happier burden. Our cheek* glowed with joy, not with shame; and each nourish of the leathern whip made our tiny fingers tingle with very gladness: for were we not going to be grandfather's help! A true child never oares for fashion. Here and there an anomalous infant, who has been nursed in its breath, will lisp in mother tongue; bat to the natural, free-hearted ohild, pleasure, not pomp, is the law of life. A few yearn brio* wordly experience, and the guileless children change into selfish financiers and daneing fashion plates! Vet not always: for here and there beacon lights stand out, noble men and women who have not forgotten that they were made in the image of their Maker ; men and women, who are not afraid to speak loudly in favor of honor and humanity! Aye, even in fashion h coterie we here and there find a noble soul above its trammels! God bless that man of the world, of humble but till then unknown parentage, whom I once beheld pr<- 1 sent to a brilliant oircle his clever, old-fashioned mother, with her square neckerchief and small frilled cap' He had lived many years in tbe gay world, and was still a child ! The tops of the village chimneys last receded from our back-turned gase, and at length the shimmering of the weather vane on the village spire was lost among the trees. We were lit erally in a strange oountry. The three mile plain, with its stinted pines and dwarf oaks, wa* as interminable, to our untutored imagina tions, as the great desert; while a moderate-em d pond, Benny confidently whispered behind my grandfather's hack, could be none other than the Dead Sea itself! Little Benny-?he was iuaoueut and simple then! With passing time went from mo alno this pleasant fancv?one move couplet tat from the poetry of ohifdhood How much of poetry, how much of romance, is dissipated by the garish light of maturer years! How much of simple faith and purity is put to flight by the cold conventionalities of life! j Avaunt, proud Fashion! Let well op, now and then, in tbe dust and strife of busy life, the weighed down glow and freshness of ohild- i hood The shadows had begun to lengthen on the neighboring hills, and tbe cow-ball wa? tink ling at tbe pasture bars, ss we swung back the I**? at the end of the green fene My grandfather stood in the door, bis gray hair covered by the identical slooched hat which had bravely weathered the storms of my birth year. That same hat, weather-beaten and won, has lain undisturbed for yean in the oorner of an oaken drawer, placed there by my pandfather's trembling hands. u Fair weather, Moll," whispered Benny, as wa simultaneously detected a roguish twinkle of his email gray eye, beneath their shaggy brows, and a signiSoant elongation of the cor ner* of hie mouth There wae a more than wnal trembling of the aged hand, and a gen tleness of tone somewhat foreign to tbe shaker, as bt bade us welcome. Benny and I were fcappy. What mattered it to us if our step grandmoihereyed askance the juvenilereepon ?ibililies devolved upon her?we were to be pnaiMMr'e help! His kindly greeting made oar yoang hearts glow. O, speak gently to flailie elaidbeod. k light sapper of bread and milk needed no exercise, and Benny and I were MlbbML^i the lajanodon to "bs up bright ?ad early ror the haying." Tbe sun was al ready Mating great red atoafc* across tbe blue and white eonoterpane, when Benny's little feet, paltering across the nicely-sanded flmr in tfeat veritable east chamber, startled me from an uneasy dumber. I was drean g ^ that little enclosure in the gi thought we were gathering bu*^f ? * ley's grave, when a great I* ^toly and little Benny lei 1 into ? d sligbt-oboking senwttion, and a ?^arounxl littlii Hennv : but a muff of the morning air, I and the gusli of a little robin under the win 1 Zl rZSl my wonted cheer How 1lightly nhadows vost on the brow of childhood "Quick?we're almost readv," shouted Bon ny at tbe top of his voice, and then ran away to 'help " fix off" No elaborate toilette retard ed my exit that morning. Little Benny ha^ pumped a ba?in of frosh water, which, with a [mDkin awaited me, on the wooden bench at the back door. Never, amidst the appliance ol luxury, have 1 laved my hands and face id a china basin with so much /.est as 1 them that morning in the wooden basin at the back door ! When wearied by etiquette, worn out by tho ceremonious nothings ol now-a-day life, ifow are we fain to look back to the sim nle time saving, pain-saving customs clour ancestors ! We find ourselves, in imagination, not in a modern Bocial community, with its modern innovation-, but in a ^jwhew gen eralisation is carried to a much higher point, and where property becomes personal,^in tb household, only by immediate davs of mugs and ewcrless basins have passed away?and, in good oomcienoe, we roust say, let them not come again! ? Breakfast"?who would stop tor thai;, and, besides, some mysterious import attachedUtselt to a huge, brown-paper bundle, under Nathans arm?sundry grease spots m the Htout envelope looked ominous. " 1 know; Hannah told me, olieoso and gingerbread," said Benny, in an un dertone. The keg with the leathem handle was a riddle still. Benny turned \t over. Some Thing that runs," said he, with a look The olfactories proved the best exposi tors and Benny raised his head, in great glee, all besmeared with molasses ! That forenoon's experience was long remem bered, by one at least. Hat and sunbonnet were thrown aside; for Benny said be was a boy, and a browning would dJ?lnolh"I't~;at^ me, guileless then, what cared f whether 1 were black or white! . , The smallest rakes were laid aside for the "new hands," as our grandfather joooaely called us: aud the art of "raking after Boon ceased to be a mystery to wl, ?vices. To be sure, our little hands were rather red and rtther speckled; but, then, Benny said they would soon ??* tough like Nathan's! (childishsimplicity, that ) and the fun of treading down the sweet hay and jolting over the sill of the barn, more than made up for all our ills. 11 Our new handB aint so green, after all, remarked spruce young David to hw fellow mower " Tell better arter tho new's off, was the bluff reply! "The old clown," whispered Benny, indignantly. How clever David is, I mentally eiaoulated. Alas' Nathan's experience proved a better prophet, that day, than David's prepossessions. The bie rock was an unsafe resting place for , our tired little bodies. Benny was sure grand- i father wouldn't care, and his sharp knite | quickly sovered the unyielding knot No gour- | mand ever smacked his bit of turtle-fat with more gusto than the new hands gulpedi down Hannah's cheese and gingerbread that day. The keg proved more incorrigible; but Kenny was a practical philosopher, and poised it nicely on a little stick, h was lubber y I who turned tbe scale. Just as the first dulcet drop reached mv longing lips, an unlucky^ stone slipped, and down went I, with the round stick and brown keg! . . "A sweet bundle you are ?into the bouie, you little minx," shouted gruff, thirsty Nathan. Benny was indignant. "Touch her if you dare,' retorted he, brandishing the aforesaid round stick in a most formidable maoner. But there was no gainsaying the import of grandfather's lowered eyebrows, and we idled away a gloomy afternoon in the old farm bouse. ... That night, when I bad left Benny jobbing in his little bed-room, and found myself in the dark east ohamber. somehow the furnishings of that room took on fantastic shapes; the curtains grew black, and waved to and fro; the oaken chest of drawers loomed into a great riant, while flitting forms seemed to rustle round me. I forgot to sav my little prayer that night: and somehow 1 had, in the morn ing, a half-real, half-uncertain reoollection of a 1 rightful dream about a deep hols and little The next day my grandfather seemed kinder than usual, old Nathan less gruff, and clever David handsomer than ever. The two weeks passed quickly by. The brown envelope had become saturated; a new handle had been put to the little kee, and pay day had come. Nathan and David deposited in their greasy, well-worn wallets their hard earned gains: Benny and I eaoh clasped in our brown hands a bright silver dollar! The old market wagon stood at the door; my grand father's band again trembled, and Benny dc olared there was a tear in his sharp, gray eye. Was there no anxious weight on his loving heart! whispered no messenger of ill omen in his ear! . . . . ..... . Tho gate closed behind us, and in childish thoughtlessness we only looked back onoe. to ?ce the rough sleeve drawn across tho aged and tear bedimmed eyes of our grandfather. Be fore the harvest lights had gone out, or tbe purple and gold had faded from the autumn forests, that gate opened again, very wide, to let in little Benny ; the dim kitchen eohocd once more to the tread of tiny feet and new voices; but the sounds were sad and low ! EXTRACT8 FROM OUR CORRESPONDENCE. Extract of a Utter from a correspondent in New York. We appreciate the necessity of a daily Anti Slavery paper at the mat of the National Gov ernment, and trust that it may never be dis continued while the evil which it opposes eon- I tin no* to exist. We think one oopv, at least, should be taken by every "Free Democratic League " in the country, and left in some store, office, or other public room, where all the mem bers of the I.eagne can havfe access to it. We would also suggest a plan which we are about adopting, viz: the investment of some fifty or ooe hundred dollars in Anti-Slavery publica tions, for sale and circulation in the oounty. Purchased ?f the publishers, at wholesale prices, they oan be disposed of by the friends of the cause, on terms far below the retail rates of the bookstores. PavUuket, R. I ..Jan. 27, 18.54.?The bill in troduced by Mr. OouglM, in referenoe to the new Territory, will call out the real lovers of Freedom, and probably many will range them selves on the Anti-Slavery ride, who have never been known m the friends of Freedom. I have < never seen the time when I valued a bold paper at the seat of Government more than now, or when such a paper was more needed by the country. Canton, ///., Jan. 24, 1854.?It would muoh oblige your subscribers in thia place, if you would insert in your next paper the following: At a oounty moating held in Canton, Janu ary 17, 1864, the following persons were elect ed a County Committee, to oomplete the or ganization of the Free Democracy of said oounty: H. S. Thomas, of Vermont township; T. S. Cooks, of Canton ; John Gregory, of Farming ton ; Isaac Johnson, of Ruckbeart; Francis I. i >verton, of Bernadott* T S Cooks to be Cor 1 responding Secretary Also, John M. Wright was nominated as candidate for State Senator (XT'The Daily Era can he had every morning at the Periodical Stand of Mr. J. T. Baiss, Ex change, Philadelphia; aluo, the Weekly Era. Q2T" Mr. Jamkn Elliott is authoriied to receive and receipt for aubioription* aud adverti?emeiitH lor the Daily and the Weekly National Era, in Cincin nati anil vicinity. WASHINGTON, D. C. WKDNESDAV, FEBRUARY 8, 1854. A DISTINCTION WITHOUT A DIFFERENCE In the Senate, yenterday, Mr. Douglas an nounced a modification of the 14th section of his Bill, as the result of a consultation among the friends of the measure. Ho moved to amend the Bill by striking out from the 14th section the words?"which was superseded by the principles of the legislation of 1850, com monly called the Compromise measures, and is hereby declared inoperative," and to insert, ?which, heing inconsistent with the principle of non-intervention by Congress with Slavery in tho States and Territories, as rccogniBcd by the legislation of 1850, commonly called the Compromise measures, is hereby declared in operative and void; it being tho true intent aud meaning of this act, not to legislate Slavery into any Territory or State, nor to exolude it therefrom, but to leave the people thereof per fectly free to form and regulate their domestic institutions in their own way, subjeot only to the Constitution of tho United SiaU*.7 The distinction between the words as tfcey Htand and those proposed to be substituted, is without a difference. The section now do- j olares the Missouri Compromise "inoperative;' amended, it would declare it " inoperative and void." The reason now assigned is, that " the Compromise was superseded by the principles of the legislation of 1850"?a statement ad mitted t>y the friends of the Bill to be untena ble. The reason assigned in tho amendment is, that the Compromise is " inconsistent with the principle of Non-intervention by Congress with Slavery in the States and Territories rec ognised by the legislation of 1850." This averment is just as illogical and untrue aa that proposed to be stricken out;?illogical, because the Missouri Compromise applied to one Terri tory ; the legislation of 1850, to other Territories. Admitting that the prinoiple of one is Non intervention, and that of the other Interven tion, there is no conflict or inconsistency be tween them, for they apply to different Terri tories. The Ordinanoe of 1787 embodied the principle of Intervention, the act of Congress establishing a Territorial-Government for Mis souri, the principle of Non Intervention: they were not inconsistent, for each oould stand, bo maintained, without subverting or impairing the other; they oould not oome in conflict with each other, and, as a matter of fact, they never did: each was operative at the same time. As we have already said, the non assertion of a power or right in one oase, does not imply its nonexistence, or a pledge against its exercise in other cases. The averment is just as un true, historically, as that proposed to be strick en out: for it is not a fact, " that the prinoiple of Non-Intervention by Congress with Slavery in the States and Territories was recognised by the legislation of 1850.*' Slavery "in the States and Territories'' was not the question under consideration, or the question settled. The only Non-intervention policy adopted applied in express terms excluavely to Utah and New Mexico, and to them only, in the act of becoming Slates, not to their Territorial con dition. The language is too plain to be mis taken. ^ u That when admitted as a State, Ike said Territory, or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union with or without Sla very, as their Constitutions may prescribe at the time of admission." This provision is inserted in each of the Bills for the formation of Territorial Govern ments in New Mexioo and Utah, and it is clear that it restricts the Non-intervention prinoiple to these Territories, and to these only in the act of becoming States. This, the Washington Union, in its elaborate editorial of January 2oth, expressly declared, as follows 11 It will be remembered, that the Bill pro posed to be amended by Mr. Douglas re-onacts, and applirs to Nebraska, the clause on Slavery adopted in the Compromise of 1850. That claoseiis silent as to the (/tuition of Slavery during the Territorial condition or thk inhabitants, but expressly recognises and as sorts their right to enter into the Union at a State, either with or without the institution of Slavery, as they may determine in their Consti tutions. In the face of all this, the amendment now proposed by Mr. Douglas and his friends, avers that "the principle of Non-intervention by Congress with Slavery in the States and Terri lories," was ?recognised by the legislation of 1850" ... % It is utterly untrue, and it is difficult to see how any Senator, with a deoent regard for truth, can, on a moment's reflection, vote for it. As an incidental consideration, showing the strange obliviousness of Senators, we may re mind the reader that they have entirely over looked the fact that one of the acts in the legis lation of 1850, which is averred in their amendment to have recognised the prinoiple of Non- Intervention by Congress with Slavery in the States and Territories, was a distinct act of Intervention with Slavery in the District of Columbia, prohibiting the importation of slaves into this Territory, either for sale or to be placed in depot for transportation to the Sooth. This act was denounoed by a large portion of Southern men as Intervention of a most mischievous kind : and yet, we doubt not they are ready now to vote that the principle of Noo Intervention was recognised by the legislation of 1850! * We have been told of the high senfe of hon or in the South! Puh! It oontains ?bont as mnoh of that quality as the North, and neither section has enough of it to save its y>li?ios from putrescenoe. The amendment of Mr. Donglas is drawn out with eircumlooutory phrase, whioh may mean one thing at the North, and quite an other at the Sooth. It deolares that the true meaning and Intent of the act is, not to legis late Slavery into any Territory or State, or to exolude it, but to leave the people thereof per fectly free to form and regulate their institu tions in their own way, subject only to the Con stitution of the United States. A convenient corner for political tricksters, North and South. At the North, the good people will be called upoD to admire the lib erality and window of this provision. How truly Democratic! The People ol a Territory are to be allnwod to govern themselves. Of oourse, in Nebraska, they will not desire Sla very, and this provision secures to them the power to proteot themselves against it, by ex eluding it. At the South, the slaveholders will be told, You have triumphed at last A law, standing on the Statute Book thirty-three years, and always regarded as irrefiealable, is blotted out. You can now take your slaves into any part of Nebraska, where you can turn them to good aooount. The People, to be sure, are em powered to form thoir own institutions, and regulate them in their own way, " subject, however, as you perceive, to the Constitution of the United States," which, wo all know, rec ognises Slavery, and will prevent any inter ference with our rights of property. We havo said enough to prevent tho un wary, but honest-minded, from being deceived As to the dishonest and designing, they aro beyond the reach of argument. " WHAT Of THE NIGHT 1" It is right to sj>eak plainly : tho chances aro that tho Missouri Compromise will be repoal ed. Twelve men iD the Senate, clear-sighted, firm, courageous, united, acting with method, could dfcher defeat the projeot of repeal in that bodlf, or damage it bo much an to secure its de feat in the Homo. Tfc-r ?W ^opose amend mente calculated to bring oat the true nature of tho scheme, its bearings, the motives which originated it, and the consequences to which it may lead, and then, by a yea and nay vote, compel its supporters to reveal their real viows and purposes to the country. They oould turn the tables upon tho schemers, and, as they havo re-opened tho issues of 1850, compol them to record their votes upon propositions to repeal the abominable Fugitive Law, and to abolish Slavery in the District of Columbia. They could delay the measure long enough to allow the People time to pass judgment upon it, and instruct their Representatives in relation to it. But, twelve such men in the Senate are not to be found The Democratic Senators from the free States, generally, under the influence of the Adminiitration, or committed to the support of Presidential aspirants whose interests are in volved in the measure, and, moreover, habitu ated to submission to the Slave Interest, are either conniving at or actually supporting the Bill The Whig members from the North, generally, although unfriendly to it, are with out wisdom in counsel, unity in action, or firm ness in purpose. There are a few noble excep tions, on both sides of the Chamber, and these, with the two Free Soil or Independent Demo oratio Senators, oonstitute tho only working foroe against the scheme. Some Democratic Senators who voted in 1848, '49, '50, to exclude Slavery from the Territory acquired from Mexioo, now go for a Bill which proposes to open all our Territories to Slavery?and they represent too, constitu encies signalized two years ago by devotion to the Wilmot Proviso. One Senator, instructed by the Legislature of his State to oppose the Bill, declines to do so. and, we have heard, in tends to vote for it; moved, we suppose, by pro found respect for the principle of popular self government! As to ihe South, let no one expeot miraoles. Whatever may be individual inclination, the laootinitii? of the slaveholding caste will over rule it. The individual members of an Oligar chy, or ?n Aristocracy, or a Caste, are them selves bonnd by the will of the whole, and their will is tie result of the aggregate ambitions and necessities of all. The Slaveholder is him self the rfave of the Slave Power. Mr. Badger, it is said, is opposed to the Bill, and Mews Houston and Bell, it is rumored, are willing to see it defeated; but they all voted against the motion of Mr. Chase to strike out the false averment in the 14th section, although they did not believe it, thus encouraging the Caucus arrangement, by which motions to amend, whatever their character, emanating from the opponents of the measure, are to be voted down. Mr. Houston will oppose the Bill, probably, for the ostensible reason that it may operate unfavorably upon the interests of the Indians. His hostility to the Central Route for the Pa ciflo Railroad, the prospect of which may be improved by the organisation of Nebraska, may have more to do with his course. and, we havo no doubt, he is qnite willing that the North nhould feel obliged to him for the fact of his opposition, whatever may be the real motive. Were the North true to itself at this crisis, it would find honorable men in the South coming out openly against the repeal of the Compro w^n of 1H20. Its own disloyalty leavos such men no ground to stand npon Two^Soothem Senators were conversing, a few days ago, on this scheme Both agreed that it was wrong, i but one was particularly anxious to persuade the other to take open ground in the Senate with him against it. At last, the Senator ap pealed to exclaimed, " Sir, where ii your North 1 This scheme is proposed by a Committee, of which the majority are Northern men?advo cated by its chairman, a Northern man?urged by the I*resident, a Northern man. If we op pose it, where is the North to sustain us ? And we know that in the South we shall be doom ed." Aye?and let the question cause the oheek of every Northern man to tingle with shame we repeat, ? Where is your North ? ? In relation to the Honse, there may be more ground for encouragement; but as at present advised, we oannot rtly upon it. The taoti oiansof the Senate have adroitly stricken from the Bill the portion providing 'for appropria tions, so that should it reach the House, it may not be necessary to refer it to the Committee of the Whqje on the state of the Union. The floor may be given to a daring manager, and the screw of the previous question be at onoe applied. It was rumored at one time that the Demo cratic members from Ohio, and also from New York, had agreed to oppose the scheme Whether this were true or not, we do not be lieve that at present they have any common understanding. u Give us the Bill of last ses sion,' said one to a Democratic member from Ohio, a Wilmot Provieo man in I84R and I860 "Of course," wan the answer; "that would suit me; hut I am not prepared to say that I will not go for a different bill!" " How many of the ' Softs' can he depend ed upon?" was a question put to a New York member. " Three, certunUy ; but as for the rest! " One of them was beard to remark that " he knew it would be political death for him to vote for repeal, but he bad made up his mind, and would go it." Looking beyond Congress, what do we see? Democratic editors, two years ago flaming in their denunciations of Slavery, now either dumb, or sneering at the "Abolition confede rates" for trying to frighten the people with scarecrows. Oh, Executive patronage is al mighty with men of a certain character. One of these was bought with an office, valued at $2,000 a year, another for one estimated at $1,600. The price of these slaves ranges from two hundred and fifty dollars up to twenty-five hundrod; and from a mail agency to a foreign mission. Wo write with mingled feelings of bitterness and shame: Would to God there was no rea son for it!. Men of the so-called Free States, behold the fruit of your no-agitation, your peace and harmony, your bealiDg Compro mises, and your Baltimore finalities! WHY NOT ANNEX THE CANADAS1 We do not know the source of the following article; bat, of coarse, suppose it has a " down east " origin. We quote it for the information it convoys, and not became of its prinoipal sug gestion, although we have no fear of being stigmatised as covctous of territorial acquisi tion, by a people who are ever ready to wrest or extort from a weak nation the choicest do mains upon which its people dwell, and who were but Blightly horrified, a few years ago, when General Scott proposed the purchase of the territories herein named, from a powerful monarch, whose home is afar off, and who has no natural title to these possessions. Indeed, in the season of Slavery propagandised and on ward progress, when the Senators and Repre sentatives of the free States are orouching like Bpaniels at the feet of the Slave Power, it would hardly be politio in us to desire the annexation of Free Territory, sinoe we oannot tell how muoh of it will oontinue to be free after its in corporation into our glorious Republic. A high northern latitude, and a dislike of Slavery on the part of the present oocupants of a given territory, afford no indications of its uses after its annexation to the United States. But to our quotation: "For twenty years past, the British Provinces in North Amerioa have increased with a rapid ity equalled only by the growth of the States. The reader who has not examined the subject will be surprised at the following table, from the Census of 1851 : Provinces. Population. Canada West .... 999.847 Canada East .... 890,251 Nova Sootia .... 300,000 New Brunswick - - . 200,000 New Britain .... 180,000 Newfoundland, &c. '- - - 162,358 Total .... 2,732 456 " Nor is the real value of these Provinces to be estimated by their present population. Iliere is not a finer agricultural tract of country on the continent than the large peninsula of Can ada West, lying between New York and Mich igan. It is of itself capable of sustaining a population of 3,000 000. Aeross it is the direot line of communication between the Esriarn States and the great field of Western emigra tion ; and upon the opening of the new railroad totween Niagara Falls and Detroit, hundreds of thousands of our people, and hundreds of thousands of tons in products and manufac tures, will annually pass through this Prorinoe in their transit totween the Eastern and West ern sections of the Union. We can already say that Canada West is alroady annexed to us by iron bands. A large portion of her people originated from the States, have our language, habit^ manners, and modes of thinking. A majority of them on this very dav would re juice to be annexed to the United States. They can see no valid reason why there should bo different flags floating at the opposite ends of the Suspension Bridge Hundreds, fresh from Yankee land, are settling down every month upon these rich grain latods, and each of these settlers carries with him strong arguments in favor of a political union with hi* native country. " We are no enthusiast* for annexation from any quarter. But the acquisition of the Cana da* would be attended with no untoward re sults, and while we believe that it would prove advantageous to the whole Union, it would be especially beneficial to New England. Let the custom-houso offices on the frontier be atiolisbed, and a perfect reciprocity of trade with the Provinces be permitted, and a chan nel of trade through the valley of the Merri mack will be opened, with scarcely lees favor able results than were seon in the Genesee country to follow the building of the Erie canal. Our manufactures would find an ad ditional market, and the grain fields and forests of the Canada* would cheapen some of the stnple articles consumed by our working 1 clauses. Besides this, the admission of these Provinces into the Union would incorporate into our body politic no heterogeneous popu lation, oompoeed of the Indian, Negro, and Spanish races, blended together, but it would unite with us a people, whose intelligence, en terprise, and morals, place them on an equality with ourselves. Three-fourths of them are of Knglish or American origin, speak our lan guage, and have views of government similar to our own. With them we should have the entire oontrol of the lakes, and aeoee* to the vast forests above the Huron and Superior, which alone oan, fifty years hence, supply the Middle and Kastern States with lumber. The annexation of these Provinces would also ter minate the difficulties now so disastrous to tho Amf.ru an Fisheries." The Latist Shift.?Tho Now York Com mercial Advertiser of Monday said : " There was a report that Senator l>?uglas, who seems to feel the unpleasantness of his position pretty keenly, would once more shift bis ground, and introduoe into the bill a clause directly repealing the Missouri Compromise. That would be honest at any rate, whioh can not be *aid of the Senator's bill hitherto, for in its present form it contains about the most transparent sophism ever adventured upon as the hapis of legislation. When the gentleman abandons his present position, we shall be in clined to say, .'Where there is shame, there may be virtue.'" About the same hour in whioh this predic tion was being printed in New York, the Sen ator was fulfilling it in Washington ! QjP" Three gentlemen of Paris, it is said, propose to establish hotels on the American plan, of huge dimensions, and eomplete in all accommodations, with an eye to the-influx of strangers in the Great Exhibition in 1865. Perseverance Rewarded.?'Two men, Sny der and Taylor, who have tyen mining for two yearn pant, at Galena, in an extremely hard rook, the difficulty of working whioh ban often tempted them to abandon their labors, a few days since succeeded in foroing their way into a large oavity in the rook, where they found them Helves surrounded on every side with huge piles of the lead ore, estimated to be worth 930,000. BJ*A ?w drama of Unole Tom is being played, at the Bowery Theatre, at New York. The old haa had a run, almost constantly, ever sinoe the novel appeared in book form. Buffalo is without a hospital.?Albany Reg. And will have but little need of one, if you olose its groggeries. Qjr" It is said that no law exists in New York to punish a man for running away with the wife of another. Quite an oversight. The Toronto Daily Colonist says that the directors of La Banque du Peuple have voted an advance of twenty per oent. to the salaries of all their clerks. This is well. It is unjust to make advances in evorythiug else, and negleot the interests of the laborer. It is our desire to Bee his recompense safely, prudently, and progressively increased, and remain per manently at the highest pointy though every thing else should reoede. The earth woe mode for him. Nova Scotia.?-Affairs were in a bad state at Newfoundland, according to the latest dates, on aocount of the failure of the cod fishery, the potato blight, and, worst of all?as the St. John Courier says?the discharge of the numerous laborers engaged on the telegraph works of the New York Company. The Nova Scotia Legislature is in session. The Governor had announced the assent of the Crown to the various railway bills passed at the last session. A bill has been introduced, granting univer sal suffrage. Opposition is made to ameliorating oommer oial restrictions with the United States, unless the latter sets the example. Who Opposes the Nebraska Bili.??The Boston Post says: " Gerrit Smith, J. R. Giddings, Amoe Took, John G. Palfrey. Charles F. Adams, Henry Wilson, all Free Soil and Abolition Baints, are out against the Nebraska bill, in company with Moses H. Grinnell, Joseph Hoxie, John A. King, &c., &o.? Why will not the Post for once throw aside its jesuitism, and add to its list of " who op poses the Nebraska bill," all the Demooratio members of the Rhode Island Legislature. It would but express the truth if it would also tell its readers that nine-tenths of the Demo crats of Massachusetts are opposed to the same bill. The honest men in the Demooratio party have followed the oorrupt leaders as for in Bub servienoy to Slavery as they can go, and they will not follow such unscrupulous leadership as that of the Post, in surrendering up to Sla very the Nebraska Territory. Boston Commonwealth. IBS SOMAN CATHOLIC FBE8S IN THE UNITED RATES. , For the sake of emphasis, we have under scored several words and phrases in the fol lowing. We shall make no other oomment. The intelligent and liberakmindad reader wHl require none. We oopy few the Freeman's Journal, a Rowan Catholic paper, reported to be the organ of the subject of Ma praeeet ad*- ' lation: Archbishop Hughes m Havana.?It de lights us to be able to announoe, bj letters re ceived again from our venerable and beloved Archbishop, that his health still improves, and that tbo cough has entirely left him. We are further indebted to friends in Havana for mes sages and papers, from which we learn that the most distinguished attentions are bestowed on hit Grace by the prinoipal people of Ha vana. The Arohbishop has felt it better, how ever, to decline the courteous invitations that the grandees of the citj have extended so pressingly to him to partake of their hospitali ty. He has accopted none save that of the Captain General, which etiquette required him not to omit. We judge by the Havana pa pers, especially the Prenrn tie la Habana, that the visit of so distinguished an American eccle siastic has not failed to excite muoh interest. That papor sajs that "it has been with great delight that the people of Havana have seen so distinguished a prelate assisting on Epipha ny at the oathedral, with the Rishop of Ha vana. in whose hospitable palace he abides. After the mass of that day, with the Bishop of Havana, Archbishop Hughes visited the Dio cesan Seminary, and he, as well as kit senior Secretary, Father Martin, expressed his satis- i faction at the rxoellent ordnr that prevailed in that establishment, where thirty resident j alumni and a considerable number of extern* pursue the course of eoolesiastical studies. After this they visited the Blessed Saorament in the Church of the Espiritu Santo, where it i chanced that a large number of the people had been attracted, who pressed forward to testify their respect to the Arohbishop by kit*- ' ing hit Episcopal ring. Everywhere the dis tinguinhed reputation and virturs of the Arch bishop were appreciated and acknowledged." The same paper says that on the afternoon of Saturday, Archbwhop Hughes, accompanied by oar Bishop, visited the Cssa de Benefioien ma, (House of Cbaritv,) and passed through all the departments of that great building, where misfortune in all its stages, from that of the deserted foundling to that of infirm old age, finds solace aooording to its need. Tbe Arch j bishop expressed his delight at the fterfeotion of these arrangements, saying that fileit York postered nothing 1o equal them. "Be sure," adds the Prenta, u illwtriou* prelate and great hgkt of the Ckurck, that the Catholic people of the Island of Cuba, full of | respect and admiration for your virtues, and hailing with joy your sojourn on our soil, learn with the greatest satisfaction that your nealth is improved in this oountrv, and that your trials are softened by the balm or fraternal af fection by our beloved Bishop, so justly and duly lavished on your noble heart. All Ha vana rejoices and congratulates you on the improvement in your so preoious health, and the Cuban people will remember always with pleasure that here you have found repose, re spect, and the veneration due your mcrtd fer> son.'' On bohalf of the Diooese of New York, which monrns the absenoe of its beloved and tllustri out Archbishop, we thank the noble Cubans for the respect and attention whioh they show to kit Grace.. No political quarrels, no diffiarenoex of constitutions or of civil customs, ean interfere with that great l>ond of Catholio unity whioh ties us each to each. 0, "would that the Catho lie faith ruled all landt, and all hearttf and then diplomacy would be out of date, and wars, and misunderstandings, and aggressions, ana wrongs, would be heard of no more. In Meeing our Arohbishop, so thoroughly American and republican as hs is, thus cor dially welcomed and hospitably sntsrtained by the monarchists of Ctafcfc, a shadow of sorrow and mortitioation pawed over oar spirit, at re membering bow at the very game moment the hospitality of our own oountry, which has hith erto been untarnished, is liable to be oalled in question in reference to a distinguished and national guest, through the odioqp indecencies of some transported lazoroni of Italy, and the filthy effervescence of the lager bier saloons of Germany, with whioh our oountry is polluted. Thank God, Americans (except some scaven gers of the anti-Catholic press, who prowl among the laxaroni and the lager bier drinkers for their wretched existence) have had no part iu these wretched indeoenciee; but they are not free from blame for enduring them. Julia Dean has accepted an offer of $20,000 (and expenses) for 60 nights, to appear in Cal~ ifornia. She will leave for the gold region, from this oity, in March next. Julia intends to visit Charleston, S. C., immediately. Albany Register. This is all interesting. Miss Julia Dean is, we believe, a young and beautiful aotress, and declaims with great effect in (lie language of Shakspeare. Her praise is in every newspaper, and on the lips of all the admirers of the drama in this oountry. But were Miss Julia Dean to ascend a few steps higher in the soale of exiat cnoe, to oease to apply paint and powder to her faoe, and to give utterance to tho sentiments of her own heart, and in her own language, Miss Julia Dean would hardly be able to com mand $20,000 for two or three months' sorvioe, and only a few would praise her. LITERABY H0I1CES. A Dav AT THE Cbystai. Pai.ace, and How to Make the Most of it. By Wm. C. Riehards, A. M. New York: Putnam A Co. For aalo by R Farnham, corner of Pa. avenue and 11th street, Washington, D. C. 1 vol., pp. 167. This is an invaluable guide book to vinitera to the Palace. We regret we did not poseess ' it at the time of our visit. It is just what wo then felt the need of. t Art and Ihdustry, as represented in the Exhibi tion at the Crystal Palace, New York ; showing the progress and Btate of the various useful and esthotio pursuits. Dy Horace Greeley. New York: Red field. For sale by Taylor A Maury. Pa. avenue, Washington, D. C. This is a valuable reoord of the Crystal Pal aoe, beginning with its inoeption, to its comple tion ; and under separate heads, judiciously classified, is a careful, dear, and succinct ac count given, of all that is beautiful in art or useful in life. And in the composition of theee chapters there is a great amount of informa tion of the ohoioest kind, on topics concerning which Mr. Greeley has been long accustomed to think and to write. It is a work to be stud ied and treasured up for future use. f A Guide to English Composition; or, One Hun dred and Twenty Subjects analysed and illustrated from analogy and the writings of celebrated ancient and modern authors, to teach the art of argument ation and tho development of thought. By tho Rev. Dr. Brewer. Boston: C. S. Francis A Co. For sal* by Taylor A Maury, Pa. avenue, Wash ington, D. C. 1 vol., pp- 416. We have no faith in any contrivances of teachers which will make the hill of soienoe so easy that it will cease to be the strenuous and the earnest who alone shall reach the summit. But we find in this book much to admire and commend. It is by one of the masters of Trin ity Hall, Cambridge, England, and its method is admirable, and if coly used as a guide to be gin with, Until a boy shall?to use the sohool tkt hang of the tchool-w" it would do good ssr floe; hot, (there must be but* everywhere, and . often est in sooh matters as these,) the danger of saving labor and making a hard teak easy, renders it questionable as to the ultimate re sults of this and like books. A HORRIBLE DEED The eooial oppression of the negro in the free is sometimes said to be worse than his legal thraldom in the slave States; but this is only one of the many spurious pretexts ef the advo oates of a cruel and depraved institution. The communities of the North do not burn negroes. nor oan such a deed be consummated where Slavery is not. The Natchex Free Trailer contains an ao oount of a soene of this character, which was witnessed near that oity but a few days ago u The slave, aeoording to the acoount. struck. a white man. and the people of that region not waiting for 'justice' to take its course, inflict ed Lynch law. The victim was chained to a tree, fagots were plaoed around him. When the'people had arranged the pile, in reply to a question if he had anything to say, he is re ported to hate warned all slaves to tako exam ple by him, and asked the prayers of thono around. He then asked for a drink of water, and after quaffing it said?' Now set fire; I am ready to go in peace.' When the flames be gan to burn him, in his agony he showed gi frantic strength, fcnd actualij forced tbo from the tree, and bounded ftom the burning mass! But he instantly fell, pierced with rifle balls, and then his liody was thrown into the flames and consumed, to show that no such be ing had ever existed. Nearly four thousand slaves from the neighboring plantations were present. Numerous speeches were made l>y magistrates and ministers of religion to the slaws, warning them that the same fate awaited them if they proved rebellious to their owners. Who can peruse such narratives as this with out awo and horror? What American oan contemplate this deep and damning stain upon our country's fame without mortification and shame! How oan civilized and Christian men and women lift up their voices in the support of an institution that calls for such practices and fosters suoh feeling*1 It is a dreadful, a horrible reoital. It is disreputable and dis graceful to the South, whoee interests and whose fears prompt to such deeds ; but how in finitely more foul and demoniac is the spirit in the North, where such motives do not operate, that oan basely yield its aid, not only in sus taining the institution of Slavery, but in aid ing to extend it over regions now free from its dark reproach ? Opportunely, this wretched and miserable narrative comes from the South, as an overwhelming appeal to the legislators of the American Union, who are now standing on the very threshold of perfidy and infamy, in connection with this very subjeot Gen. Houston, in his lecture at Proti denoe on Tuesday evening, is reported to have ?ftid?"From early boyhood, I have lived on the borders of civilisation, and have seen much of Indian life and oharaoter ; and never .know an Indian treaty violated, but what, when sifted to its bottom, it was found that its first violators were the white men."