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ay Tli# Daily Era oan ko had ?v?y morning
at the Periodical Stand of Mr. J. T. Baths, K* ohange, Philadelphia; also, the Weekly Era. By Mr. Jamms Elliott i? aathoriied to receive and receipt for lubwriptioni and adverti?eiuenU for Um Daily and the Weekly National Era, in Cincin nati and vicinity. WASHINGTON, D. C. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1854. KXTBACTB FEOM OUH CJKKE8P05DKHCE. The brief extract* we present from our cor respondence are mere indications of the state of feeling among the People of the North and Went. The language is severe, sometimes un sparing, showing the anger exoited by this monstrous attempt to violate good faith. The exoitemeut pervades all olasses?Demoorats, Whigs, Conservatives, Free-Soilers. Men who have hitherto been advocates of Compromise, now exclaim, " If such a Bill be passed by Con gress, away with all compromises henceforth; we hold no parley with a system that demand ? uoh sacrifices." ANOTHER POUT. " The Abolitionists may carp and deolaim against thin movement. But the fact that this Territory uouies in precisely as did Utah and New Mexico?with full power over the subject of Slavery in the bonds of its own freemen? upon the very ground of non-intervebtion upon which General Com* Mood in 1848, and which formed the comei-stone of the Compromise of 1850?in, as we ^hink, uunwer enough to their ol amors." So writos one of the advocates of the Nebras ka Bill. His representation is false. Pats the Bill, and the Territory does not come in " pre oiBely as Utah and New Mexico." The policy pursued in 1850, in relation to them, is aban doned in the measure before the Senate. This is a point which the People ought olearly to understand. Members, in their support of this measure, are continually excising them selves by the legislation of 1850, when in fact the polioy of that legislation condemns them. A brief statement of undeniable facts will convict them of this. It was a prevailing opin ion at the North, in 1848, that the laws in i foroe in the Territories acquired from Mexico, ; prior to their separation frcm that Power, reg ulating the relations of their various classes of inhabitants, oontinued in operation after that ?vent. This opinion was in accordance with the writings of the most eminent jurists, and with the general oourse of judicial decisions. It was held by Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, Thomas H. Benton, and not denied by the most authoritative jurists in the South; and it was the view constantly presented by the support ers of General Cass, to reconcile the People to the doctrines of his Nicholson Letter. Now, mark, ? repeated efforts were made in both branches of Congress, pending the bills for or ganising Territorial Government*, in 1850, for New Mexico and Utah, to repeal those laws, or to declare them inoperative so far as they related to Slavery; but th?y all failed. The majority that earned through the bills could not be induced to atsent to any form of words whatsoever, which oould even imply that the lex loci prohibiting 81avery was abrogated or kmi become inoperative. The polioy of the Nebraska Bill U directly at variance with this. A law existing on the Statute Book for thirty-three years prohibits Slavery in that Territory ; but the Bill of Judge Douglas, instead of letting it alone, as the Utah and New Mexioo Bills lnt alone the local laws in foroe in the Territories in 1850, proposes to deolare it "inoperative, null and void;" and for opposing this abominable proposition?a kindred one to which the Congress of 1850 oould not be persuaded to oountenance?Dem ocrate are now threatened with the displeasure of the Administration and excommunication from the Democratic Party! TBS EXECUTIVE POWKH Under the Administration of Mr. Fillmore, the Executive Power vu freely exercised io enforcing conformity to oertain legislation, deemed obnoxious by a Urge portion of the People. Independent men were dismissed from ofioe, for no oflfanoe but that of a frank ex pression of their sentiments Newspapers sound in the principles of the Whig faith, were proscribed for declaring their disapprobation of acts which the Administration ohose to re gard with special favor; and they were de prived of the p.ivilege of printing the laws of the United States, whioh wad transferred to other papers, sometimes of no politioal faith, and of no repute, whose simple recommenda tion was, obsequiousness to Authority. But Executive interference takes a wider range than this. It is employed to prevent or to diotatc the passage of certain laws, and is brought to bear both upon the press and upon the Legislative body. It is notorioos that the men from the North, who rendered them selves peculiarly odious to their constituents by aiding to carry through the legislation of 1850, ware for the most part rewarded by the Ad ministration for their services. The reward was ex pott facto ; but at what period was the hope of it awakened in the heart of the yield ing Member1 I As to the Press, what loyal slaves has a time ly dispensation of patronage secured at cer tain important points in the free States1 Yon will find in the columns of " the organ,'' from dny to in the shape of quotations, pre tending to represent Northern sentiment, the tribute they pay. Let us mention one fact, as a specimen of a class Hie leading paper of the Old Line Damoeraoy in Wisconsin, orthodox, long-estab lished, always reoognised as a thorough party organ, recently took occasion to condemn the sshsms for the repeal of the Missouri Com promiss. What is the result f It is deprived of the privilege it has er joyed of printing the Inwe of Cangret-e, which are now appearing by authority in two obscurs prints of very limited circulation, the only merit of which i% that they ge for the project of Repeal! We shall doubtless soon have occasion to rooord other facts of the same sort. An Ad ministration would be discredited in the judg-j ment of its unscrupulous supporters, should any measure to which it is committed, fail in a Congress with an Administration msjority. Kseeutive Intervention with the business of LflgfeKtion of an important oharacter, Is the nb, Wen-Intervention the exception. For the National Bra. BUBNS. HV JOHN O. WHITTUC*. 0, memory, fragrant with the bloom Of heather bell* and rosea' 0, l'oet of the heart!? to whoui 1U budding love uncloses! Stilt paint upon life's noon, the gold And purple of the dawning ; Aud let uiy manhood'* hud behold The dew of boyhood'* morning ' I oall to mind the auiuiuer day, The early harveat mowing, The sky with aun and aloud at play, Aud flower* with breeses blowing; When, wild with joy, I pressed hia lay*, A new-found treasure, to me, And heard along tha harveat way* Their muaic chanting through ma. The glory of those golden hour* Soemed brighter for that singing, From summer birds and meadow flowers A sweeter welcome bringing. New light on home-seen Nature beamed, New glory over Woman; And dai^y life and duty aoemed No longer poor and oommon. ? I woke to find the simple truth Of fact and feeling batter Than all the dreams that held my youth A still repining debtor. That Nature gives her haudiuaid, Art. The thomes of sweet discoursing; The tender idyls of the heart In every tongue rohearsing. Why dream of lands of gold and pearl, Of knight and loving lady, When farmer boy and barefoot girl Were wandering thore already! I saw through all familiar things The romance underlying; The joys and griefs that plume tha wings Of Fanoy skyward flying. I saw the same blithe day return, The same sweet fall of evon, That rose on woode4 Craigie-burn, ? And sank 6n crystal Devon. I matched with Scotland's heathery hills The sweet-brier and the clover, With Ayr and Doon, my native rills, Their wood-hymns chanting over. O'er rank and pomp, as he had seen, I saw the Man uprising; No longer oommon or unolean, The child of Qod's baptising! My erring pride beheld the worth Of lifo among the lowly, The Bible at his Cotter's hearth Had made my own more holy. And if at times an evil strain, To lawless love appealing, Broke in upon the sweet refrain Of pure and healthful feeling, It died upon the eyo and ear, No inward answer gaining; No heart had I to see or hear The diicord and the staining. Let thoee who never erred, forget His worth, in vain bewailings, Sweet Soul of Song!?I own my debt Uncancelled by his fhilings' Lament who will the ribald line Which tells his lapse from duty, . How kissed the maddening lips of wine Or wanton one* of beauty; But think, while falls that shade between The erring one and Heaven; That he who loved like Magdalene. Lilts her may be forgiven. Not bis the song whose thunderous chime Eternal echoes render? The mournful Tuscan's haunted rhyme, And Milton's starry splendor! But who his human heart has laid. To Nature's bosom nearer? Who sweetened toil iike him, or paid To love a tribute dearer7 Through all his tunefUl art, bow strong The human feeling gushes' The very moonlight of his song Is warm with smiles and blushes! Oive lettered pomp to teeth of Time, So " Bonnie Doon " but tarry; Blot out the Epic's stately rhyme, But spare bis Highland Mary1 RELATION* 07 PAKT1X8 TO THE MOVEMENT. The oommon remark here ia, that should Mr. Douglas and the Administration succeed in carrying the repeal of the Missouri Compro mise, the Whig party, reorganised at onoe, will oombine all the elements of opposition, and oorne into poirer in 1856. It has been rumor- ? ed that the delay of the Massachusetts Legis- j lature to pass resolves against the measure, is in part diotated by a desire to enoourage its supporters in the prosecution of their sohemo, under the impression that the free States are hesitating and divided ; and the Whig Party can then take advantage of their miscalcula tion. With the exception of a few of what are styled the "Silver Grays," the entire Whig Party at the Nortb is against the Bill, and there will be great unanimity among its Rep resentatives in Congress on the subject. Of these, not a few, oaloulating upon tbo future co-operation of Southern Whigs, are disposed to make their opposition as liule offensive to slave holders as possible. The speech of Mr. Ever ett, for example decided as it waa in ill oppo sition to the Bill, was qualified in it* closing portion by professions of profound devotion to the Union, and depraoatory remarks oonoern Ing the agitation of the subject of Slavery. ! This, it seams to us, was all out of time and plaoe. It is not for thoae who have never assailed the Union, to be protesting their love for it, not'for those who have never enlisted in the agitation of the subject of Slavery, to depre oate it, not for those who are guiltless of pro voking the present excitement, to ba excusing themaelvea for sharing in it, not for those who are aoting on the defensive, to apologise for their oooduet Let the Union take care of itself and let us bare done with the stereotyped cant about the evils of agitation. It was hoped by Northern Whigs, that South ' era Whig Senators, by an honorable opposi tion to the measure, might furnish ground for a reunion of the two sections of the Whig party under the banner of Nationality. They will hardly ba gratified in tbia respect. The only two speeches in the Senate from the South against the measure have oome from Whig mambera. Mr. Dixoa baa proclaimed 1 the most ultra sentiments on the subject af Slavery, Mr. J ones, of Tennessee, has given ut terance to views incompatible with anything like cordial oo-operation between the two sec tionn of the party. Messrs. Badger and Clayton are reputed hostile to the bill; but it in quite doubtful whether they will have the oourage to take an open position. At all events, neither can be oonBiderod an exponeut of Southern Whig sentiment. The truth in, the Slaveholding Representa tives and Senators in Congress will act and vote with a single eye to the advancement of the Slave Interest. Let the opponents of that In terest rely upon themselves. The North has a majority in Congress; let it use the power with which its numerical superiority invests it, to protect its rights, and the cause of Freedom and Free Labor, leaving Party organisations to take care of themselves if they can. Let us i have no nice calculations, with a view to fraud | ulent combinations of antagonistic interests in a Presidential struggle. The non-slaveholders, united, oan fill the Presidential Chair, without the help of any portion of the slaveholders, and let them once do it, and it will give a lesson on true Nationality whioh will hardly need to be repeated. Such an act alone would redeem both North and South from the domination of an overbearing Oligarchy, and extinguish the Servility on whioh it has become fat and inso lent. The two old party organisations have i outlived the issues whieh gave them birth, and | the chief purpose tliey now answer is, to de bauoh the free sentiment of the North, and to bring both sections, by the triokery of conven tions and platforms, into subjugation to the Class Interest of Slavery. Thoy are enemies to Freedom, to Personal Independence, to De mocracy, to honesty and fair dealing. So long as they control the oountry, there will be no prinoiple in American politios, no manhood in American statesmanship. If this Nebraska movement should have the effect of shivering them to atoms, and thus leaving the opponents of Slavery, free and unembarrassed, to rescue the Federal Government from the domination of the Slave Power, dark as the transaction now appears, its record would form the bright est chapter in our history. TUB GAME OF W8BEPBE8ENTATI0N CONTIN UED. Tho Kenosha (Wisconsin) Democrat says: " A person would be led to suppose that there really wa? some awful wickedness, some deep iniquity, contained in this bill. Yet what are the facts in this ca*e? The bill simply reaf firms principles, ax to the action to be taken by Congress in relation to Slavery in the Territo ries, which have received the sanction of the greatest and best minds in the nation If thw comment were made upon the original bill of Mr. Douglas, the Washington paper that oopies it as a comment upon the present bill is guilty of a fraud. If intended by the Democrat to apply to the present bill, the fraud is charge able upon that paper. To say that a bill, the principal feature of which is a proposition to annul the Missouri Compromise, " simply reaf firms principles, as to the aotion to be taken by Congress, in relation to Slavery in the Terri tories, which have received the sanotion of the greatest and best minds in the natiqn," is false. The People are not to be deoeived in this way. "VOICE OF THE PEOPLE" We oontinue to present articles from our exchanges, showing the state of public opinion. Some of them are free in their denunciations, both of the Nebraska Bill and its authors. It is right that these gentlemen should know what is said of them ; still, we do not wish to be considered as endorsing the peculiar style which others may seleot at times to express their feelings. THE VOICE OFJTHE PEOPLE. Western Pioneers on Nebraska.?A large Nebraska Convention was held at St. Jo seph, Missouri, on the 8th of January. Dr. J. H. Lane, of St. Joseph, presided, and there were eleven Vice Presidents, and ten Secreta ries Among the resolutions adopted was the following: Resolved, That we consider the agitation of the Slavery question, in connection with the organization of Nebraska Territory, dangerous to the peaoe of the oountry, fatal to the best interests of Nebraska itself, and even thro 1 ten- , ing the harmony, if not the perpetuity, of the Union. From the Bradford (Pa.) Reporter. THE PROPOSITION OF MX DOUGLAS. At the time this Compromise was passed, James Monroe was President: and in his Cabi net were Calhoun, Crawford, and Wirt, and John Quinoy Adams. It ia now matter of his tory that this section was submitted to their consideration, and by them pronounoed legal and constitutional. The majority of them were Southern men, with Southern partialities. Doubts have sinoe been suggested, by some, of the constitutionality of the measure. Be that as it may, it was an agreement between the slave and free State-*?a compact solemnly en tered into, and receiving the support of a large majority of the Southern men in Congress, and which, if disregarded and violated now, will do muoh to lessen confidence in th? South, and render insecure any oompromise which may hereafter be adopted. The oarefol and prudent men of the country, everywhere, are arraying themselves against this proposition, without distinction of party, or reference to former opinions in regard to the expediency or constitutionality of the Wilmot Proviso. It presents an entirely new aepect to the Slavery question, well calculated to excite attention and alarm the oountry. It is worthy of note, that the attempt to render inoperative former arrangements between the North and the South comes not from Southern men, but from a Senator of a free State, and an aspirant for the Presidency. What aotion Southern men will take, is as yet unknown. We have every confidence they will spurn the ignoble offering, which is calculated in so eminent a degree to arouse sectional animosities, to en oourage agitation, to depreciate the feelings of high regard with which the chivalry and honor of Southern men is now regarded. We learn, indeed, that some of the Southern Senators de olare that they cannot honorably sustain a proposition to repeal an agreement entered into under suoh ciroumstanoes. We hate more confidence that a sense of justice will actuate the South, than that Northern men will be true to the interests and wishes of their constituents. ? From the St. Charles (Missouri) Democrat STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS. The Senator of the free State of Illinois, the hero of Compromises, the speoial representative of Voting Amenea?who should have believed it, that he would so soon throw himself into the arms of the S hi them Nullifiers, and snffer him self to become a tool for their purposes! And yet it is *o. The Nebraska bill, which he ban propiMM and rocommended, not alone tear* open the wjuuud anew, healed by the Com promise, but it goos ntill farther, and tries to open new Territories, in whioh Slavery had hitherto been forbidden by imperative laws, to Slavery. ' This must bpootne elear to every one, who 1 will eall the admission of Missouri into the Union to mind, which took place under the ex press oondition that in future Slavery should not extend beyond the 36th and 37th deg. north latitude. But now Nebraska lies north of this | latitude, and would therefore be destined to 1 the extension of the spheres of human liberty, ; but Dougla*, it order to prevent this, adds a clause to the Uw which is to give a Territorial Government to Nebraska, by whioh it oan be admitted as a State with or without Slavery. I Will this law pass both Houses of Congress in ; the manner proposed. Thin is a question of imuiense interest to all. Wo do not believe that it will. It is really moro than imbecility to expect thai the North will vote for a law, by whioh all Territories would in fact be open- , ed Slavery, and the extension thereof, as it were, recommended, And who btars the blame of thin now agita tion? Not t|e North, where even the Free- j Soilers have been converted and pledged them- j selves to the Compromise of 1850, but they are Southern politicians, urged by the basest mo tives, who agqin oonjuro up the tempest. Pro- j teut me fromjmy friends! the South may ex olaim in this ease. And Douglas, the giant of the West, who has onoe already extended his hand for the Presidential office, voluntarily puts himself at their head and expeots, as mar tyr, to be pronounoed holy, or in other words to become President of the United States for it. A fate awaits him similar to that of Cat*,, prepared for him bv his Nicholson letter, and to Douglai by his Nebraska bill. Fran the Pulaski (N. Y.) Democrat. DOUGLAS'S NEBRASKA BILL. This imposition of~Mr. Douglas will pass the Senate That body, a majority of whom are from tie free States, and professed disci plod of Jeffffson, will direct that the Territories Hhall be thrown open to Slavery, that Slavery shall be nationalixod. The only hope of the friends o? the Territories is from the House. We presume the propagandists will not be able to buy otr Representative. They will buy some Northern Representatives. They may possibly succeed. The agitators, Douglas L Co. are so anxious to sucoeed in order to make capital, that we almost hope they may be grat ified They can't make the Western Territo ries, into which the hardy pioneers are already entering, slavt Territories, or slave States But thev can arcuee a bitterness of indignation among the nasees of the North?they will arouse it if thiy pass this bill?which Govern-^ ment bribes cannot smother, nor promises of official favor tllay?an indignation which will consign the aithors and abettors of the iniqui ty to an intensity of political and social damna tion, to a depth of disgrace and oblivion from which there mill be no resurrection. Pass this bill, repeal th? restrictions against Slavery in the Northwestern Territories, reopen agitation, and again experiment with the convictions of Northern electors, around whom the shackles of party hang but too loosely already?do this if you will?*nd the most abject and blind worshipper at.the feet of the slave powerwill I before a twelvemonth has passed be made to see and acknowledge?there is a North. :?? HEW YOBK OR THE H tBBASKA QUEST IOH. The Legislature of New York has officially made known the voioe of its People on the great publio question now pending in Congress, by the adoption of the following resolutions. In the House of Assembly, the vote upon them wag yeas 80, nays 27. In the Senate, the first three were passed by a vote of 18 to II, and the last one by 23 yeas to 6 nays. Resolved That we view with deep regret and with unfeigned alarm the proposition contain ed in a bill to organno the Territorv of Ne braska submitted on the 23d day of January, 1854 to the Senate of the United States, from the Committee on Territories, whereby it is de clared that the " eighth section of the act pre narator? to the admission of Missouri into the Union, approved March 6th, 1820, was super seded by the principles of the legislation ol 1850. commonly called the Compromise Meas ures and it is hereby declared inoperative; that'the adoption of this provision would be in derogation of the truth, a gross violation of Blighted faith, and an outrage and indignity Shot the free States of the Union, whose assent has been yielded to the admission into the . Union of Missouri and of Arkansas with Slave ry in relianoe upon the faithful observance of the provision (now sought to be abrogated) known as the w Missouri Compromise," where hv Slavery was declared to be ? forever pro hibitedTall that territory ceded by Franco to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, whioh li? oorth of 36 d.? 30 mm. jorthta* tude, not included within the limits of the State of Missouri." . . . Resolved, That inasmuch as it ??. ?prwsly . and in terms enacted, in an act entitled An act proposing to the State of Texas the estab lishment?? her northern and western bounda ries the relinquishment by the said State of all territory olaimed by her exterior to said boundaries, and of all her claims upon the Uni ted States, and to establish a Territorial Gov ernment for New Mexico," approved Septem ber 9, 1850, as follows, viz: "Nothing herein contained shall beoonstrued to impair or quah fy anything contained in the third article of the seoond seotion of the joint resolution for annexing Texas to the United States, approved March 1, 1845, either as regards the number of States that may hereafter be formed out of Texas, or otherwise;" which said third article of the seoond seotion of the joint resolution for annexing Texas eoatains the following provi- j sion7"And in such State or States as shall be formed out of said territory north of said Mis souri Compromise line, Slavery or ^voluntary servitude (except for crime) shall be prohibit ed " the principle and the application or the Missouri Compromise is maintained unimpair ed and unqualified ; and that the Legislature and the people of this State will hold the ap plication by Congress of a contrary intent, at this time, to be in derogation of tho truth, an arbitrary exercise of assumed power, an unpis and unworthy violation of good faith, and an indignity to the free States of the Union. Resolved, That, although the people of tho State of New York have abolished Slavery within their limits, and have thereby expressed their disapprobation of the holding in bondage of human beings, they are not disposed to in terfere with the rights of other States to regu- , late their intern^ policy aooording to their own sense of right But, at the same time duty to themselves and to the other States of the Union demands that, when an effort is making to violate a solemn compact, wheroby the political power of the State, and the pmi Wee as well as the honest sentiments of its ciSsens will be jeoparded and invaded they should raise their voioe in protest against the threatened infraction of thoir righto, and i o olare that the negation or repoal by Congress of the Missouri Compromise will be regarded by them as a violation of right and faith, and destructive of that confidence and regard whioh should attach to tho ?i*otment< of the Federal Legislature /Wwrf That our Senators and Heprnsenta tires in Congress be requested to oppose any artiop which shall look, in any degree, to repeal or to a negation of the bjpding foroe of the provisions known an the Missouri Compro mise, and that they use all honorable efforts to defeat the parage of thitt or any other bill violating uaul Compromise, or authorising or allowing the establishment of Slavery in any portion of tbe Territories of the United States, north of the line established preparatory to the admission of Micsjuri, as aforesaid Resolutions of a similar kind are before the Le gislatures of Massachusetts and Ohio, and will doubtless be passed. No time should be lost. Tbe members of Congress who have not bad tbe sense to understand the will of their con stituents, should be admouished in season. Let us see who is more potent?the People or tbe President. . There is a tone of stern indignation in the resolutions of the Now York Legislature that cannot be mistaken. The St. Lawrence (N. V ) Republican, one of the most influential Democratic organs in New York, closes a long article, exposing and denouncing the scheme of the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise, as follows: "The proposition now made in the Senate, by the Committee of which Mr. Douglas is chairman, is, that Congress should exercise constructive jurisdiction on this subject, repeal existing law in favor of freedom, and by au thority of an aot of Congress, organising a Ter ritory, carry and plant Slavery on free soil, where a Conner generation in Congress had by law prohibited its existence. This odious doc trine of construction, enacted by Mr. Douglas's bill, is an artifice to accomplish a purpose, for which its authors shrink from the direct re sponsibilities to themselves, and impute their own aot to othere. We shall see how Mr. Douglas gets on with his new position, and wc shall see whether, as some of the slave propa gandists claim, the Administration will play seo'ond fiddle to iiim and his oontrivanoe. His aot, like that of treason, should oarry its own doom and that of its authors with it. A Gov ernment that sets an example of broken com pacts and violated faith, invites oontompt for law, confusion, and anarohy." Ere this, the Republican has learned that the measure receives the support of the Adminis tration, whioh is aotively engaged in pressing it upon Congress. EXTRACTS FROM OUB C0EBE8P0HDEHCE. East Rochester, O., Feb. 6, 1854. The effort in Congress to force through the Nebraska bill is doing wonders for the Inde pendent Democracy. I do not know a man, either Whig or Democrat, who favors the pas sage of the bill in thiB part of Columbiana county. Worcester, Mass., Feb. 10, 1854. Worcester all right. A remonstrance against the infernal Nebraska project of Senator Doug Ian has received here, without much effort, over 1,200 names, commcncing with those ot ex Governors Davis and Lincoln, Gov. Washburn, Hon. John S. C. Knowlton, Mayor of the city, and editor of the Palladium, the Democratic organ of the county. All the papers, of all par tie*, arc enthusiastic against the scheme. A few old Hunkers, only, refused to sign. Thtf" hoart of the Commonwealth is sound, and boats true to freedom. North Danvers, Mass., Feb. 6, 1854. I sent to Mr. Sumner to-day a protest against the Nebraska bill, whioh I have just been car rying around among our people, for their sig natures. Men of all parties have signed it with alacrity. They view this new movement of the slave power with immeasured abhorrence ; and they are not only being converted to Anti Slavery principles, but what is more, they will become, if Douglas and his friends now triumph, firm and fiercc disunionists. These men are our most honest and patriotic citizens; and it is because they are of auoh a character, that they can sec no value in a Union whose " one vital and animating principle is the propaga tion and perpetuation of American Slavery." Floria, Putnam Co, III., Feb. 3, 1854. The time is drawing near when old Putnam will send you a ho?t of subscribers. The leaven is at work in the county, and will soon yield a Seat harvest. No Pro-Slavery candidate can i elected to any office in this county. The people are wide awake, and may God grant that this may be the oase, ?oon, all over this glorious nation. Elkhorn, Walworth Co., Wis , February 1, 1854. I have heard only one sentiment upon the subject, from all parties; and that is, detesta tion of the scheme and of the schemers. Our Hunker friends have been reading "Uncle Tom's Cabin,'' and the " Life of Hopper, the New York Quaker," by Mrs. Child, and they have no^warm and lasting friendship for Sla very. It does seem to mo as if that infamous and atrocious bill cannot pass the House. It cannot, unless under the pressure of the pre vious question. If it pauses, we may as well throw up the idea of the fact of self-govern ment on this continent, or else begin an ag gressive movement upon the system. Every where, liberty has all along been on the de fensive, instead of being aggressive against Slavery. Liberty has been arraid to say that her soul is her own, and she has just laid down, and let the heinous and horrible villany ride over her prottrate form, without dispute, and with Boarceiy a oontortion. Whenever Liberty holds hor tongue, Slavery immediately construes it into fear or weakness. You had better announce in your paper, daily and hourly, your unswerving intontion of an aggressive wide-spre.id movement against Slavery, wherever it exists, notwithstanding the resolutions of 1798, the Platforms of Baltimore or of Pittsburgh, unless Slavery lets that Ter ritory alone. There is only one thing now that favors Freedom, and that is, discussion ; it has begun; it is extending its influence through the whole Union. The unspeakable enormities of the system will be unveiled to tho gaae of inuensod millions; and, although it may take twenty-five years, yet the biasing light of dis cussion will so inflame the wrath of an indig nr.nt People against Slavery, that nn man may be found, when that Territory knocks for ad mission as a State, so hardened as to load his namo with the infamy of asking for its exist ence there. What does it Mean??We see it stated that the vordict against James Gordon Ben nett, of the New York Herald, is worthless, as the sheriff has made return that said J. O, Bennett has no attachable property. Does this indicate poverty or roguery ? Philadelphia Register. The Lower California Pirates. ? The news from Lower California indicates the suc cess of Walker's piratioal expedition, and also that the spirit of filibustering is rife in Califor nia, especially in Stockton, where secret meet ings have been held. President Walker is issuing proclamations and deorees establishing the pay of the War Department?whiah, by the way, is about the only department of his Government just at this time?with as much confidonoe as the Executive of a firmly hshod Government Col. Watkins, the Vice President, was ip San Francisco. So far, the new Government soems to be doing a thriving business, and it will not probably t?e long be fore another ' agitation' will be started fur the admission of a new and independent State, who, like Texas, liberated herself, and auks ad mission to the sisterhood of States. Truly thie is the age of progress in the art of oountrv- ; stealing and nation-pluudering, as well as everything else.?Phil. Register. RXV1XW8. Haps abu Mishaps op a Tou* in Eohops. By Urnce Ureouwood. Boston Tioknor, Reed A Fluid* ' I I ha charm of this volume?and everything trom the pen of Gruoe Greenwood has a oliarm?-is a sprigbtliness and a naivete that disarm criticism, like the laughsome glee of a j child, to whom the falling snow, the oarly , spring, the Crystal Palace, the Christmas tree | everything in the world of nature, the world ! of art, and the little world of home, is a nov elty, a mystery, or a poem, yielding some fresh inspiration to eyes that never weary, and toij heart that never aches. Among all the "haps and mishaps " of this year of absenoe, there was nothing marvellous in the way of adven ture, or new in the way of sight-seeing; but to uf Waa new an<* marvellous, and the most phlegmatic natures will feel the pulses of that warm, gladsome, womanly heart, and the gush ings of its joy, though even its spiritual mas netism may fail to oonvey to others those shocks of intense pleasure " that made our author reel in her saddle ? with the intoxioa tion of sight," as she rode over the " wondrous lampagna" and gazed upon the "exquisite ints, and infinite shades, and inconceivable brightness" of the "sky of skies." We like Grace amaungly for her downright honesty; because having a heart, she shows it without restraint, and yet with a true womanly delicaoy. We oan bear with her ecstatic* be cause they aro natural and honest, and there tore meet a response in all true natures. To ' n? the presence of the Apollo Kelvidere and the Dying Gladi ator, ana tries the fullArce of that part of speech known as the adJWtive; but it is always a natural emotion, even when wrought to its highest eostaoy, and is never put on for effect. uhe 46118 08 how fah? rather an what she saw?or she describes objects through her o wn emotions; but then it is pleas ant and stimulating to know how suoh a mind was affected by nature, society, art, and reli gion, in tho Old World?a pleasure next to that ot seeing with one's own eyes. It is like istening to muaio from an invisible band on the still night air. A downright honesty of opinion, too, she has, and utters it with the strength and feeling of a woman s heart. We would give more for one page of hor instinctive repulsion at the Papal system, as an imposition upon the chaste aim phoity of a true devotion, than for a whole j volumo of invective from Kirwan. Most heartily do we oommend the book to 1 all lovers of genuine sentiment, of refined and ! poetic feeling, of genial, sprightly narrative, ! and of pure religious prinoiplo. j The above appreciative notice we find in the New York Independent. It is, we preaume. from the pen of Henry Ward Beeoher. We heartily concur in its encomium of an exooed ingly pleasant volume of Travels, than which nothing more racy and readable has been issued from the press this season. If the au thor's reoord of impressions abroad is not al ways as grave, classio, and well-considered as that of Hilliard's u Six Months in Italy," it i8 fresher, freer, warmer?nay, a more earnest individuality, It bears on every page ample evidenoe that she has been true to her own conviotions; that she saw with her own eyes, and uttered her own thoughts. It is very pleasant and exhila rating to read a book of European travel, whioh is not a mere intellectual survey of life, art, and and nature, but a hearty, honest transcript of all the author saw, felt, and enjoyed, in her wanderings. A warm, earnest, happy, hopeful human heart, beats audibly along its pages. She manifesto, without any disguise, her quiok, generous, womanly instincts, impulses, and en thusiasms?loves strongly, and hates deeply? despises shows and pretences, and looks through the guady pomp and tinsel splendors of reli gious despotism, to the wrongs and oppression* underlying them?and amidst all the seduotive influences of life at Home, retains her Protest antism and Democracy, Her representation* of religious theatrioals, and the way in whioh Chrintianity m cantatured and common sense outraged thereby, aro very spirited and effeot ive. Her contempt for mooklings is as hearty and emphatic as that of the stout German Re former himself. The hook has the tone and coloring of a fa miliar Jotter; its carelo* abandon and unre serve only make it the more readable. Its faults lie on its surfaoe, quite too manifest to offend any tolerable sport to the oritical hunt er after blemishes. We oan readily forgive them, in view of the geuerous and freedom loving spirit whioh pervade* the volume, and which, we are sure, will commend it to the hearts of its readers j y 0 [ COR RKftl'O.IDE KICK OF THE BALTIMORR ?UN.) Washington, Feb. 12, 1854 The menage communicating the Gadsden Mexican treaty to the Senate recommend* some amendment*, but they are few and unim portant. The better the treaty it understood the more acceptable it beoomes, and there in an evident disposition on the part of the Sen ate to ratify it without amendment. The election of an Abolition Whig Senator from Maine wan not expected, ana it wan brought about, not by the Nebraska question, ai has been suggested, but by the Democratic dissensions concerning the Maine Liquor Law Mr. T. L. Dawson, of Pennsylvania, will next Tuesday bring up and advooate his bill, grant* ing to every male bead of a family, and a ciii aen of the United States, a homestead of 160 acres of land, out of the public domain, on cer tain conditions. Mr. Wellcr will advocate the Nebraska bill to-morrow, and General Houston will follow in opposition tu its policy in regard to the In dian tribes. The indications are still in favor of the paasAge of the bill in the House; but if i the discussion be protracted till the dog-days, its hesitating friends may beoome opon oppo nents. Mr. Sand ford, the Secretary of the Legation at Paris, has resigned that post, and Mr. Pratt, of Ohio, is to suooeed him. Mr. Sandford, oon forming to the suggestions of Mr. Maroy, Adopted plain olothes, while the new Minister, ! Mr. J. Y. Mason, adhered to the usual diplo matic oostume. Upon this question, Mr. Sand- j ford threw up his office. It is said that a rule of the Frenon Court requires that foroign rep resentotiyes shall appear in some designate ! costume. ion. A Significant Fact.?With a single ex ception, the press of Hillsborough oounty, N. H., the native oounty of President Pierce, is outspoken against the repeal of the Missouii Compromise in the Nebraska bill. Both the Democratic papers in Manchester are strongly against the bilj. One of these papers, the Man chester Union Democrat, was established in 1850 for tho exprass purpose of helping Pierce to hound down Jhhn At wood for expressing Apti-Slavery sympathies ?Botfon Comm forth* National Hr? THE LEGAL TENURE OF 8LAVEHY. LKTTKB X. COLONIAL AND SUBSEQUENT LEGISLATION FAILED TO LEGALIZE SLAVERY?TE8TI MONY OF SLAVEHOLDING JURISTS. [CONTINUED.] To the Friends of American Liberty: " What a falling off is hare!" Slavery, in stead of requiring munioipal law for its estab lishment, require municipal law for its prohi bition! If this bo bo, the decision ol Judge Matthews in the oaae of Marie Louise may be questioned. Slavery becomes the condition ot nature, and statute law must interpose before it can be displaced! In Maine and Massachu setts, where there are (probabh) no statutes " absolutely opposed to Slavery. 1 persons o/ rtadv reduoed to Slavery may be held in it. A " glorious uncertainty of the law, when ex pounded to meet the anomalies of Slavery By the same "legal axiom," afsaulc and battery, when once committed, might be con tinued legally, if there are no express statutes against it-a " legal axiom" that ignores or reverses oommon law! , Nothing short of positive, local, municipal law, be it remembered, oan legalize Slavery. This is admitted. This is judicially doc^.ed This was our starting point. Slaveholding judge. all the legal a?d taetonoa archives of the oountry in quest of the said positive, looal, munioipal law. In vain, they oan "find no trace of tt." They yield the P?,nt They oonfess, frankly, the failure. n?k* HAVK BEEN FOUND, AUTHORIZING THE SLAVE RY of THE BLACKS." Very well?'What next A verdict for Freedom? No; an 1 opinion not a "munioipal law," but only an "opinion ? not that it is, but that ' it may be (whenever oommon sense and humanity permit it) a legal axiom ? that?that what ? In substance, that any man that can " catch a nigger, and fetter him, and drive him, may legally continue to do so, provided no " positive, local, mumoi pal law'' has been enacted against it! lhe law logio of John Hawkins revived again. Suoh are the shifts and exigencies of slaveholdmg, in quest of legalization ! After all, a closer scrutiny will perhaps en able us to recall the severity of this last re mark, as applied to the amiable and discrimi nating Judge Matthews, however justit may be in its application to those who deliberately defend the legal tenure of slaveholding. Judge Matthews does not say that slavebold )D? was ever legalized, but only that it was ? permitted and tolerated." He does not tay that Slavery is now legal, but only that the slave " may bo held " in hiB present sad condi tion, however the tenure (whether legal or otherwise) under which he is held may be de scribed. Undoubtedly he may, but only be cause the guilty Government continues to tol erate " the outrages it ought to suppress. In saying that " Slavery was tolerated in all the oolonies," Judge Matthews, by an obvious implication, denied that it had ever been legal ised. No acute lawyer who uses legal terms with precision ever speaks of a praotice which he oonsiders legal as being tolerated. Govern ments protect, but do not tolerate, men in the enjoyment of their lawful rights. Abuses and nuisanoes are tolerate J, but not innooent, law fU Judge Matthews then declined to liberate the slave, not on the ground that he was legal y enslaved, but on the ground of the tolerance (forbearance) hitherto exercised, and which it was deemed difficult, inconvenient, incongru ous, or ungraooful, for him, as a sU^bolder among slaveholders, to terminate. Thus Mad ison continued a slaveholder, though he de nied the legality of properdin man, and wou d notoonsent that the Federal Constitution should contain an admission of ite legality. On the whole, it is not to be admitted that a jurist ol Judge Matthews'* attainments and standing would stultify himself by admitting the legal ity of slaveholding, after having deolared that it could not be legalised without posture mu nicipal law, "no traces" of which could be found! He did not do it, as his words show. He carefully and adroitly avoided doing it, though deciding against a olaim for freedom. This faot is full of instruction, deserving to be studied and remembered. [to be continued.] | BY HOUSE'S PRINTING TELEGRAPH | TELEGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE FOR DAILY NATIONAL ERA. Markets. Baltimore, Feb. 13.?Breadstuff* declining. Flour?sales of 1,000 barrels of Ho*ard Street and City Mills, at $8 50. Wheat-aales of 5,000 bushels of white, at $2 to $2 05: red a SI 95 to #2. Corn?wilos of 45,000 bushels ot white at 92 cents; yellow at 91^to 92 Oats sales at 49 to 52 cents per bushel. Mutter, in kegs, at 12 to 13 cents; roll at 15 to 19 cents per pound. Baltimobe. Feb. 13, 2ft P M -On late "change. 3,000 barrels of Howard Street and City Mills flour were sold at S8 50. Steamer Terns Arrived? Lalerfrom Mexico. New Orleans, Feb. 12-The steamer Texas has just arrived, with later J?^ 'rom Mexico. She brings specie to the amount of 1160,000. Among the passengers is ex-President Evollos. The Indian* of Dnrango have boon defeated, and much stolen property recovered. K1 Paso had been declared a port of entry, and the Mexican marino is to be increased^ It was rumored, wen the steamer left, Hiat troops wore marohing to Sonora to a??t in routing Walker and his party of filibusters. MARRIAGES In Georgetown, on the 8th inet., by the Rev. J. M. P. Atkinson, Boudinot 8. Looet, of Balti more, Maryland, to Miss Nannie, daughter of the late Geo. French, Esq., of the District of Colombia At Baltimore, on the 7th inet, by Rev. R N. Brown, F. Nicholson, of that oity, to Miss Harriet A. Tucker, of Washington, D. C. 0 i the 9th instant, by Rev. A. G. Marlatt, Wiu.iam Y. Robinson, of Baltimore, to Ma tiloa F. Watson, of this city. On the 9th mutant, by Rev. Jewte T Peck, Mr. Peter F. Kessi.kr, of PennHylvania, to Mim Sylvia Peck, of Washington. On the 7 th instant, at the F street Preeby* terian Church, by Rev. James R. Eokard, Clifford Evans, to Miss Mart Jane, daugh ter of George M. Dale, Esq., all of this city. DKATH8. On the 9th inst at P. M , Mr. Charles F. Adams, of the National Theatre. On Wednesday morning, the 8th instant, in the hope of a blissful immortality, Elexivs Sim ms, , in the 58th year of his age. On Thuraday night, at 8 o'clock, after a lin gering illness, Mrs. Eliza Trego, trusting in her Saviour, aged 62 years On Monday, the 6th instant, Fannt, second daughter of L B. and Augusta L. Hardin, aged one year, nine months, and sixteen days. In New York, February 8th, Georgeann, aged fourteen years, eldest child of Lieut D. D. and Georgeann Porter. On the 11th hist, after a long and painful illness, Richaao Atton, in the 39th year of his age. The friends and acquaintances of the family are invited to attend his funeral, from his late residence, on Eighth street, between D and E, (Island.) on Tuesday afternoon, at half-past 2 oolook.