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LITERARY MISCELL AN Y.
for the National Ira. BBOOLLSOTIOVaOF MYQttAHDFATHKK'B HOMK. chap" V. My Sttp-Urandmother. " Hosts around m? tread? The intensely bright, th? beautiful, the dead? Phantoms of heart and brain ! " Benny vu gone ; the sunshine of childhood had left the old farm-house, and it devolvtni on me to fill the little niche by my grandfather^ hearth. Not so joyous was this second part ing, for the seriousness of girlhood had come prematurely upon me. This time, it was my tarn to bide my glistening eyed, and bid thi> trembling good-bye. The forests were no longer interminable to my enlightened vision, and the Dead Sea of yore was now only a little wayside pond! Oh, why can you not linger, mystic romance of childhood! why fly away so soon, with bo much of our innocence and pu rity! why leave us so far away from Heaven ! The huge gate opened and cloned behind mo and 1 stood on the worn threshold of the farm house, shot into a new home. From that day, every person connected with my grandfather's household became linked in my life's history; every inoident, woven into their daily life and mine, one groater or smaller way-mark for afterthought. And bore I am, after the lapse of many years, rummaging in the shut-up storehouse* ol memory, bringing out, now and then, aomo old portrait, a landscape sketch or two, and pictures of in-door life. Made sacred by per eoual ties, they undo the floodgate of feeling, tears flow last, and vain longings arise for tho*< pure, rustic enjoyments of my childhood I* there no lellow-being, with kindrod ties and tastes, to tread this old gallery with me < My step-grandmother! Second in the lift, ol faded portraits stands my step-grarulmother proud, erect, and stately. To the first youth' ful vision of my step-grandmother, I owe my lasting penchant for stately dames. Slight iurme, mild eyes, and their usual concomitants figure well in the corners of romanoe, and suit some tastes, but not mine. Like waxen dolls, they make bright the drawing-room; but for the stern battles of life, for the woman of work aud influence, we want firm muscles. 7 lovo that beauty which is made up of erect stature stately mien, marked yet delicate features?in short, that undefinable tout ensemble of marked outline and gentle undnlation which oombine to make an elegant, stately woman. Such a woman was my step-grandmother. Above me dium height with large, open features and a well-rounded form, my step-grandmother was an imposing and nevertheless feminine-looking woman. As waiting maid to Queen Bess, she would have demeaned herself her mistress's equal. Thie gty ie ?f beauty is not bo common, nor jet so universally popular, as many others; and even I confess that, in some phases of life U is not agreeablo. We give up to the decided glance; we turn aside before the stately mien ihi? I^ralr.,n?ly ? in the sick room, when the feverish brow is to be cooled, little done> ***hing words of affection whispered, there i* something wanting. We tarn then to the little fairy, who iptoes so lightly round the room, who strokes our pillow so gently, and administers nourish ment with snow white little hands. It is well Si*7a??7 Md Wpiness, that God has pro action ?PProPriat? "pherc of Nevertheless, a very fine woman was my Btep-grandmother; yet 1 would fain have you ?an her portrait with an indifferent critic's HL Wrt perehance you may disclose a sou! m Mysteriously veiled from my childish m, K ??'? ??. to. worn*, wJrtS terror, the ogreasof my childhood! No favorite, Jim: ^rirTJTJz^.; ?Mwing that mysterious eiaoulation, "O dear fij t-TT' 0,?fr into lhe ??rn?r of the old brown kitchen, despising kind-hearted Han oej ? consolatory advances, and cringing more e?d mow to the stately woman. Such is no" ?koe a child s spirit. So goes the world, bow iug befire the incomprehensible. and eringir.g UDT*ml P? on, impof torjipread your amis; move quick, and make wooi tor the new comer. tJ? ??y ?tep-frandmother had a great, kind r^1 No b^r ever went unladen from her door;no unbidden gue* uncheered from her IT If there has ever lived, in Tk 7' ,after tha f??4 Saxon meaning of the word, a true lady was my aln.* SUT* ?rT1Tt ?r . She did ?* lore us chil wano, iWuT11 "**? with *** n>*oifbld WMts,ol?ldish helplessness, and silly prattle ? of h?r???n Wood had ever lisped tm, mother?no little dead Benny had rrar tSStfiSL* kh* of oh''dif<h ?r t i ^ and k?P* ?? Warm : slio 7 M; bot ko<>w with later *!** dld DOt ,0T" u* Io U, when reason bad usurped the nla^e SLSttTS? t n b*r NP?d form toll ? ilST Bibl? M ?*?? usrd thaolTOJ^ ?*> the middle of irice ak n i "?* * rev- I t am r w- ""j" ****? 6 loag drawn b mi tremulous accents still sound VUUt St!7 - * ,*???** oome* to rwTT 7 Tf,v^rmbi# wo?*? ^Pm>* fumpT told flattering tslcn of ,?v it wJT^atB'thh7i,T? ooru^l*,?t,l Certain "?? the first of her three spotises wn. ST- ^^SJenfl *7,' T ?K?,on" Were held in 0?M domestic repute The second ? ah. Jet a bLa of'filth, ^ hi" P*?'Ptery exit. 5*i ?* ,Uflre behind Bro?ade? Hn.t siega(MM, wMb a *ii| of huge gold beadn ??T^T'? , 1? *"* "P?"-' 2STt?Thi?ll. "f th" firnt She f?,,ar* of th* "?oond t-SXfisr bo"-Md ,in? s i nf ?hiw. lo? of Jtepiay nn her well furnHdwd wardrol* How L^nt^ril^^d"7 There wal taSTrf jr?P"?ty al>out the m^in wbioh ** .."^2^1^ .* W?? d,n0t fX0,'*nge the pteawnf drapery and natural display of fwn. ^Tste^ h'5h SS5 sraix: plftmness, of our grandmother s ^rant that thoao same hrooades , J ^ h?Kh,7 ?wh?red; yet thoir y hues were an artistically arranged as to .*? "p'^did harmony; and our Prw,M,t^ not the modern 2T*aVLlf^!l r*'nhow" ohange iliii jm to lake plafw ,n mj visnal organs, b<v Pr<V ' 7 th* *?fnbre tints T! Theqna bewrtW pr-.prW makes her jpf her religion What color i? ? ? . ?*??, -oft, nentraJ in which, youth glide* so gracefully uibond, and thence, with a darker the vale ot to os our Itoemostlih oral expansion, on brown oambrio. That picture, tautened by four pins to the wall of the " Kant Room," wmh at onoe the wonder and admira tion of my childhood The gray eyes, high brow, and plainly brushed hair, were there; iflnp the Sabbath-day hymn book and folded korchief. But in what sly comer of my grand mother^ bureau was stored the profusion of riuh lace which adorned her oap; in what out-of the-way place stood the rouge-pot, with whoso contents the artist had bedaubed her wrinkled ; cheek*! what Madam Cinderella had taught the art of fitting the foot to the slipper; or what Titian the suiting of the form to the canvas* ! There stand the gray-haired, wrinkled, rosy oheeked head, on infant shoulders; while, with an unheard of violation of proportion, the arms extended would have exceeded twice the length of the upright body! The feet were a still greater enigma; and never oould I reoonoile those delioate French slippers with the stout walking shoes so visible and audible in my step-grandmother's daily peregrinations! In her eyes, this picture was a master-pie oo; and, from the time when the artist first poised the tiny feet beneath the gray, old head, till the day of her death, no profane hand was allowed to rest on its shining surfacc! Bless these ohildish fancies of deepening age-?they make keepsakes for us. Long years after, when the dwellers in that house had left me alone?when the dust and cobwebs of old corners were brought to light, i and the furnishings of long ago borne, as relics, to a more modern mansion?that peioeof faded | canvass, with all ita glaring, bedaubed doform- j itioH, was eagerly claimed by her who passed so many dreamy hours of childhood beneath its fixed gaze! 1 love these old, known relics of the past; the I sight of them brings up such fresh visions, seen through the vista of buried years. Not the antique chair, so modish in ull its adornings, and smelling too new of patent varnish?nor yet the tangled-legged table, ogling at us with I its one-sided impositions?but perchance the old, rush-bottomod chair, in which a revered grandfather dozed away the long winter even ings, or the clock which ticked the hours mournfully on, as you watched by the dying bed of the gray-haired, trembling old man. Around such relics there is a charmed oir cle, within which we may gaze reverently on the gray locks, and listen to the tottering foot steps, that awed us so in childhood! DEATH OF XLLIOTT CBKSSOH. We are pained to record the death of Elliott CresHon, Esq., at his mother's residence, in this city, early yesterday morning, after a brief ill ness. Mr. Cresson was born in Philadelphia, the Nth of Maroh, 1794, and was, oonscquently, in the 60th year of his age at the time of his death. The whole of his manhood has been a scene of autivity and devotion to public inter ests, and the general welfare of mankind. For a short time he was engaged in mercantile pur suits, but left them, and dedicated himself to the civilization and Christianization of Africa, by the agency of her own sons from this land. In the prosecution of this mission, he oo several j occasions visited, with great sucoess, various l>ortions of the United States, and in 1832 made a voyage to Great Britain, laboring there, as at home, without fee or reward. At the or ganization of the Philadelphia School of De sign, under an act of incorporation, he was ?looted its President; and it is worthy of re mark, that in addition to many suooessful of- I forte in its behalf, his last public act was to attend a meeting of its Board of Directors, on last Tuesday evening. Mr. Creaaon was never married. He leaves a widowed mother, two sisters, and one brother. Possessed of a handsome competency, he was a liberal distributor of the means with which a bountiful Providenoe had blessed him. We havo reason to believo that by his will, drawn a few months since, his entire possessions are s?t apart in individual and associated charities of the city of his birth. As a friend, he was t ue; aa a citizcn, spirited and devoted; as a philanthropist, disinterested and generous. In all the relations of life, zeal, ability, and intel ligence, characterised his efforts and servioes. Phila. North American, Feb. 21. A CASK FOB SYMPATHY. The Lynohburg (Va.) Republican bewails, in appropriate terms, the evils with which the South is afflioted. Hearken to it, and weep : " Northern Importation* ?Everybody knows that the people of the South have for years permitted the Yankees to palm off upon them ' wooden clocks,' cider lor champagne, and fool them out of their money in a thousand differ ent ways. As this only robbed them of their surplus cash, it was a tolerable evil. But late ly they have extended the field of their depre dations, and have assumed through their presses and their works of fiction a kind of guardianship over our morals and habits. This is oarrying tha thing a little too far, and we feel bound to arrest their influenoe. Any per son drinking their cide# is oertain to get siok of it, and not likely to repeat the experiment The loeklem customer of their eloclu is sure to throw them away, and prefer losing sooh time to keeping it But their habits and oode of morals, onoe fixed, are not so easily got rid of. Like the shirt of Neesns, or a blister, they stick, and can be removed only with pain and ?offering. We are therefore, for quarantining all such importations at onoe." What *kall lie "the mode and measure of; redrew ?n Russian Psivatekrs in th* Uwitbd Statxs. j Thr Instruments or Despotism ?We yester day alluded to a report, first promulgated by the Coiirrier den Ktat? Unitt, in New York, to the effeot that the Emperor of Rumia had sent agents to this country, for the purpose of fitting out privateor* at several of our leading ports, to wage war against the commercial vemsle of Kngland and Franoe. Similar information ba? sinoe reached us from England. Indeed, it is affirmed, that affairs are in such a condition of progress, that at the report of the fin* can non fired in the Black Sea, quite a fleet of Russian privateer* will start forward from the American ports, for the porpoae ?f preying upon the oommeroo of Kngland and France Oar Government has probably been apprized of the facts before this, and if immediate measures should he taken to check this infa mous movement. It should be remembered that while the American people not only nym- ; nathize with Turkey in her struggle agAinvt Russia, our Government is on the m<wt friendly t*rms with the Governments of Kngland and Prance, and that hetioe, any indirect assistance to Rumia, as alluded to above, would he treach erous in a double senee?in the first place, to the spirit of republicanism, and, in the seoond to our treaty obligations The spectacle would indeed be disgraceful, to see Kngland and France liattling against Russia for justice and right, and at the same time to witness cltweri* of repubUcan America indireotly co-operating with the greatest despot of the Kuropean World. That there is something in the move ment there is not a doubt, for our information, like that of the Coiirrier den F.tatu Unit, is froni a responsible quarter. Wo need scaroely add, that the Governments of England and France would use all their efforts to capture such oor sairs, and to treat them, and very properly, too, as pirates.?Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb. 22. A Bachelor Association has been organized *t Rockport, Iowa. No one can become a j member unless he oan prove that he has been ! discarded five times QjT'The Daily Era can bo had every morning at the Periodical Htuud of Mr. J. T. Bates, Kx ohangu. Philadelphia; alio, tbo Weekly Era. LL7" Mr. Jambs Km.ioii i? authorized to receivs uod receipt Tor aubaoriptions and advertwoiuenta for the Daily uud the Weekly National Era, in Cincin nati and vicinity. WASHINGTON, D. C. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1854. WHY. ACKOUBUVB. Wo have exhibited two of the three reasons why Slavery is necessarily aud always aggres sive. The third reason ii, that it is a source of political power. The white population of the free States is twioe as great as that of the Hlave States: they have fifty-nine inoro Representa tives in Congress ; in the Electoral College, if united, they oould always elect the President. And yet the slave States control the Govern ment in all its departments. They dictate the creed of the old political parties, prescribe teats of fitness for offioe, select the candidates for Fedoral stations, determine the policy of the Chief Exeoutivo, furnish the majority of Judges on the Supreme Bench, choose the Pres ident pro tern, of the Senate and the Speaker of the House, construct the committees in both branches, always securing the first places in dignity and influence to slaveholders, and make hostility to their pretensions a cause of political degradation. How happens it that these States so inferior to tho froe States, in population, general intel ligence, in hcienoe, literature, and tho arts, in wealth and resources, are politically pre-emi nent and all-controlling ? The answer is easy : Political Power in the slave States is concen trated in a small olass, identified with* and rep resenting a vast Moneyed Interest, valued at twelve hundred millions of dollars?an Interest without a rival, holding in absolute subjection all minor interests, making them tributary to its aggrandizement. In tho free States, on t,he contrary, the diversification of labor and enter prise, the practieal recognition of the equality of all members of the community, and tho in dependent character of the relation sustained by labor to capital, have given birth to nu merous Interests, each possessing and wielding a Certain amount of influence, but aoting as a check upon the others. No ono is paramount; no ono is strong onough to render tho rest trib utary, or to combino theiu in a common move ment for political ascendency. Tho aggregate political power of the slave Mates, far less than that of tho free, yet being concentrated in the single Interest of Slavery, is more than a match for that of tho latter, divided as it is among numerous independent Interests, checking and counter-working one another. Suppose tho North and West one vast workshop of manufacturing Industry? that the farmer and mechanic and small tradesman had disappeared?that nine-tenths of all the capital of those sections were owned by some two hundred and fifty thousand em ployers, and nearly all the labor under their oontrol, it is easy to see how overwhelming would be the power of the free States in Con gress, on any question between them and the South. The oaso supposed at the North aotu ally exists at the South, merely substituting i planting for manufacturing?with this differ- 1 enoe, however, that the labor of the South is , absolutely owned by the capital, and all the I political power it represents absolutely wielded by the capitalists. See, then, how naturally Slavery beoomes aggressive under this aspect, ft }>eg?te , domineering spirit, a habit of despotic, irre sponsible authority, and intensifies the love of power inherent in human nature, ft relieves the Planter from the necessity of labor, and, having excluded the Interests of a Free Latxw System, in the cultivation of which so much of the enterprise and intellect of the North is ex pended, it leaves him soaroely any reeouroe for his activities, but Politics. To the art of man aging and governing free men, he devotes him self. Politics is his Profession. Slavery has furnished him with a fit training?and he finds in its existenoe the souroe of his power, in its necessities the centre and oiroumferenoe of his political ereed. Will hs not cherish it as the apple of his eye, and labor for its growth and extension, as the enhancement of his own supe riority * Can you expect him to favor the ex tension of free territory, to regard with com plaoency any policy calculated to augment the politieal strength of the free States? Can you expect him to be indifferent to the acquisi tion of slave territory, and the multiplication of slave States ? Witnessing the rapid growth of the free States, will ho not turn bis ejes to Cuba, to Hayti, to Mexico, for fresh aoqnisi tions, enabling him to maintain in Congress and the Electoral College the power now secured to him by Slavery ? Thus, whether you consider Slavery an ex ceptional Institution, requiring extraordinary efforts for its preservation, or an exhaustive system of labor, calling perpetually for new i ?oil to fatten upon, or as a source of politieal power, to be oherished and extended, as the foundation of the slaveholder's preponderance, you soe that it is neeemarily and always an aggressive element. The instinct of Self-Pres ervation, the Love of Money, and the Lust ol Supremacy, all combine to render the Slave, holding Class, whatever may he the tempera ment of individuals belonging to it, a Slavery Propaganda. For holding this theory, for acting upon it. for inculcating it upon their fellow-eitisens, "Abolitionists," ? Liberty men,' ? Free-Soilera," * Independent Democrats," call them by what name you will, have been denounced and ostra oised, as men of one idea, disturbers of the peaoe, agitators, enemies to the Union. The Historian of the Future will pronounce a very different verdict. His pages will show, that had their views l>eon adopted, their Aunsels followed, the Union would have fulfilled the expectations of its founders and the hopes of mankind; that the more prominent aggressions of Slavery, which from time to time aronsed even the Conservatism of the country, were only the developments of the Policy of Propa gandism, springing from the fundamental na ture and relations of the Evil; that the disous sion and agitation of this Evil, and the attempt to arouse and organise Public Sentiment against it, ware solemn duties, dictated by sound phi losophy and genuine patriotism; and that the policy of oompromioe, evasion, and timeserving expedient**, with a view to arrest controversy between the opponents and supporters of the system, and allay agitation, was absurd, false, and ruinous. Just now, the publie mind in the Free State* seems inclined to anticipate this judgment. The astounding attempt to repeal a Compro mise which the faith of an entire generation, it was supposed, had oonseorated as inviolable, has aroused multitudes, hitherto indifferent, and awakened the inquiry, whether, after all, the Aati-81avery men have not the truth on thoir side. But, so engrossing are material interests in the Free States, so strong is the slavery of Party, so impaired is the forue of generous sentiments by the sordid love of gain, ?o greatly has the national habit of Compro mise between Right and Wrong, weakened and j obscured the National Conmiienoe, that we con fess our distrust The apostaoy of 1850 is so recent, as still to o&*t its shadow upon us. The reoolieotiou that thirteen millions of Poople, pledged in the most unqualified terms, by their State Legislatures, to the Principle and Polioy of positive prohibition of Slavery in United States Territory, should in less than twelve months have tamely auquieeoed in the treaoherous abandonment of both, and then given their sanction to Parties, degraded and un principled enough to make such abandon ment a test and bond of Party fellowship, awakens within us the apprehension that should this last, unlocked for, abominable ag gression succeed, the shameful disloyalty may be ropeatod. It is & lamentable truth, that this attempted oggrewion and such apprehen sions as wo have just expressed, have struck a blow at the love lor the Union of many who have hitherto been unswerving in their devotion to it. The paths of the two sections of the country seem to them to diverge more and more every day. They fear that thoir habits, principles, and interests, are continually grow ing more and more dissimilar. So domineering and oppressive has becorac the slaveholding class, so utterly base the tribe of " white slaves" at the North, and so blindod and debilitated are the masses of the North ern Poople, under the appliances of Pro-Sla vory Parties and a Pro Slavery Conservatism, that they are almost tempted to look forward to the convulsions of Disunion, as necessary to reclaim the non-slaveholders of the country from their degradation, and to reinstate Free dom, Free Labor, and Freemen, iu thoir origi nal dignity and influence. Whethor such feelings are fully justified or not by the state of the country, one thing is certain?lot the repeated aggressions of the Slave Power fasten ou the Public Mind of the North the deep, settled conviction that this Union is to be used henceforth merely for the aggrandizement of Slavery and the degradation of Liberty, and there are millions there who will demand a dissolution of the Bond. k WORD FBOM KENTUCKY. Louisville, Ky., Feb. 16, 1854. To the Editor of the National Era: Enclosed find two dollars, my annual sub scription for the National Era. Thinking you would like to know something of public sentiment in this, the Commercial Emporium of Kentucky, respecting Douglas's Nebraska bill, 1 have out out and herewith enclose you, editorial articles from the Louis ville Journal and the Louisville Courier of to day, giving an account of what was to be the " great Nebraska meeting in Kentucky." I at tended the meeting in oompany with others deoidedly opposed to the objects which that meeting was called to promote, and can testify to the correctness of the amusing account giv en by the editor of the Courier. The meeting, as a demonstration of publio sentiment in aid of the Douglas Nebraska Bill, was not only a failure, but a most oontempti ble and ludicrous failure. With all the office holder* and office-eeekers to aid them, these Missouri Compromise repealers oould not drum up 120 men, all told, out of a population of 60,000; and many of these were mere listless atteudante or decided opponents. The opening and closing remarks of the only speaker, Major Caldwell?an ex-member of Congress whose speech wan coaxed out of him? tell the whole tale. " Gentlemen," said he, " I did not oome pre pared with a speech; and whon i look around and see the thinness of this audienoe, and feel the coldness of this large and bleak room, I think it absolutely cruel, on your part, to ask me to speak on this oooasion.' The Major, however, did make an effort, re peating substantially the arguments of Senator boogla. in his attack on Senator Chase, and 1 closing, as near as I can reoolleet, as follows: " Gentlemen, it is useless for mo to detain you longer. My sesuranoes from Washington ars, that this Nebraska Kill will pass the Sen ate and House of Representatives by dccided majorities. All the Southern members will go for it, with ooe or two exoeptions, and enough of Nobthbrn mem to carry it triumphantly through. The North will grumble, and growl, i aBd protest, as she always has-done in similar cases, but they will finally all submit, with the rxoeption of a few missrable fanatics; and then a//, or nearly all, of the Territory of the Government will be open to Southern Institu tions, and ths great Democratic doctrine of Popular Sovereignty be firmly and finally es tabliahed " Let me say one word as an Anti-Slavery Kcntnekian to yourself and readers. If the North and East are firm and united in their opposition to ths Nebraska bill, and will arouee the dormant Anti-Slavery sentiment that has | for the sake of peace and qniet so long permit ted itself to slnmber, 1 believe that the honest and conservative feelings of the people in the Southern States will generally manifest tbem selves in opposition to breaking down the time honored landmarks established by the Com promise of 1820. CHBKKIM HONS HI THK SOUTH Fron the Miaa (Ala.) Re*i?t#r Common School*.?All hopes of anything like a general railroad bill being passod by the present Legislature being abandoned, we hope the friends of [irogress, and of the present and future advancement of Alabama, will turn their attention to the establishment of a sys tem of oommon sohools in the State. To | speak of the advantages of such a system in this enlighted age would seem to be superflu ous, and jet there are some legislators in Ala hama who seem not to know it, or if they do, | are indifferent on ths subject. A glance at the difference between the intelligence of the peo ple of parts of this oountry where suoh a sya | tern is established, and of other portions where it is not should convince the most skeptical without having reeourss to foreign nations for j illustrations. In foot, upon tho education of | the masses for ths rich can provide for them- j selves?depends the future prosperity and even ths permanenny of this Government. Educate the people, and no danger need be apprehended from demagogues or tne ambition of military chieftains Rut 1st them sink into ignorance from generation to generation, and the fate of thin Government is easily foretold. It will fall the ea*y prey of some Cromwell, or will be en gaged in constant broils, like the republic* of South America?a fate to be equally avoided. We perceive with great pleasure that the House of Representatives of Alabama has j adopted by a decisive vote a plan of ooutmon sjhool education. AH EXCITING SUBJECT! ' Next in importance to " the Eastern Ques tion " is that relating to the " Plain Dresb " of American diplomatists in Europe?of which, however, we may as well confess that wo feel somewhat ashamed! The Liverpool Times says that "some stir" wasoaused in diplomatic oiroles by the absence of the American Ambassador from the opening of Parliament. It appears, from the statement of another paper, that Mr. Buchanan had written two letters for cards of admission to his suite, and others, and that he received no other answor than a printed form, statiug that court dress OQuld ?ot be dispensed with, and two tickets?one for a lady, who does not evon ex ist ! This was oool treatment, to be sure; but | the Morning Adveitiser adds the following in structive particulars: "In this manner, Governor Seymour, United States Ambassador to the Court of Russia, who is now on his way to St Petorsburgh, was pre vented from being proscnt, although he applied to his Minister to get him a ticket of admis sion. " General Webb, also, was disappointed in the same manner. This gentleman is ex-Min ister from the United Slates to Austria, and was, we understand, head of Ike Engineering Department in the American army. The eiu bossy is said to feel the affront deeply." In view of all the trouble the regulations promulgated by Mr. Marcy have occasioned, we doubt not he has repented of his work. Military men and diplomatists, it appears, like peacocks, arc more impressive and important lor the feathery ornaments they woar. If, how ever, he wishes to retiro from his position with out discredit, we would submit the suggestion that he might make the conformity of our dip lomatic agents abroad to the costume of each Court dependent upon the conformity of the representatives of suoh Court at this oapital to the costume of all other civilians. We do not know that we should gain anything by this; but as it is accordant with the usages and eti quette of international intercourse, when one nation makes an exhibition of its folly, for its competitor to go beyond it in a similar effort, we may in the present instance gain our point and oovcr our nation with unendiug glory ! We remember something of an incident oc curring in our own Presidential mansion, wor thy of naming in this connection. A point in volving a question of precedence, in some mat ter too minute for the common apprehension, arose between the representatives of England and France, and each personage had his hand upon his Bword, when the offices of mutual friends were fortunately interposed; and a long, sanguinary and disastrous war between the two nations was thus possibly averted. As we are now at peace with all mankind beyond our own domains, we trust this argu ment of the sable ooat may be disposed of before our ministers at foreign oourts come pouting homeward with their fingers in their mouths. It is hard enough for these gentle men to bear the snubbings they receive; but how much worse would it be were our whole republic called upon to settle the important controversy, by a reference of the subject to a oonfliot at arms, and an appeal to the umpire whom the Christian nations of the nineteenth century denominate "the god of battle" a deity, permit us to say, not revealed to us in the volume in whioh the religion of Christ is taught When the " Envoys Extraordinary and Min isters Plenipotentiary" from tho Kiokapoos or other "nations" of their oomplexion, with whom we very often make treaties, visit our Capital, without asking their leave, we forth with encsse them in pantaloons and frook *nd throw aside their leggings and blankets. Were a similar oourse to be pur sued by the nations of the Old World toward our untinselled Plenipotentiaries, the latter surely oould not be held responsible, and might not even be offended at the summary prooeed ings. At the relative positions of the parties are presumed to be about the same, why not try the effeot as Mr. Swills would say, of this "rummy start?" Seriously, however, we trust Mr. Maroy will maintain his position If the representatives of American Sovereignty cannot appear "at Contt," except as monkejs, we hope they will be men enough to oome home. What we have to do with foreign nations can for ths moot part ha done by biiMness agents. Water-Works for thk District or Co lumbia.?Professor John C. Fr. Salomon has presented to us a pamphlet containing his memorial to Congress on this subject, and let teis commendatory of his scheme from Robert Mills, Esq., Engineer and Architect, and Hon Francis O. J. Smith, together with a largo lithographic view of his plan. This plan is similar to that of the Fairaiount Water Works at Philadelphia, but, m is claimed, poaswetH superior advantages to it. Reservoirs are proposed to be made at an elevation of 382 feot above the Potomac, or 142 feet above the apex of the dome of the Capitol; and, it is alleged, the work can be completed within two years, at a oost of less limn $1,000 000. It in stated for this plan also that it is cspnble of indefinite expansion. The supply now prop,)sed is fifty millions of gallons per day. I'aris is said to hare but twenty-two millions per day; London, forty. five; Boston, ten; New York, thirty; and Phil adelphia, fifteen. Mr. Salomon institutes a oomparison, or con trast, Iwtwoen his project and that of the able military engineer now prosecuting this enter prise. We shall notentor into an examination of this, but simply remark that wo believe it to be the duty of Congress to do so, and to vote the reqnisite appropriations only after tbo most thorough examination of the subject. A correspondent of the Trenton American says: "It may not lie uninteresting to your readers to know, that there is a lady in Phila delphia county, sixty years of age, who four weeks ago gave birth to her fourteenth ohild ; and, what is unusual, the children are all liv ing at home." roKDoa coubmpoiidwicb of th* *iu Loudon, Feb. 1, 1854. ?..b sian as?nrct*Mou has provoked such a torren o just tnSiguaUon fc/tlio iwuss fc ?Seofxrc Europe, we are apt to overlook the ^aloon dition of Turkey, and the facilities it PreBln^ for oonquest, intrigue, or dibiiieniberniont. The facts we take to be, that the Modem are a. i bigoted, intolerant, and oppressive, an in the days of Bajawrt; and that out of the pale of the capital and the seaport? liable to foreign ob Bervation, all the population of the country are subject lo the grossest tyranny. The ?"Bn,?? aud worthies* Greeks, ground down by th h oppression, are more spiritless and effeminate than women; and to expect manly action from them, in any way, is ridiculous. They are Hlaves and cheats; and their oompatnota, the Armenians and Jews, are in precisely the tamo condition, the three divisions hating each other perhaps more than they detest their Turkish rulers Out of such an incongruous mass, what good can be expected? All that we kn?w>. 1H> that Russia must be prevented from extending her power to an extent inconsistent with the independence of every other State in Europo and Asia; but as for Turkey itself, it is little matter, indeed, how soon it breaks up, and what is made of the pieces, so that the grange inent conduces to the progress of civilization and the well-being of millions of mankind. It is said that Austria has ordered a oorpw of 40,000 men to advance to the frontiers of H unitary, to keep all quiet there. Messrs. Pease, Sturge, and Charlton, three Quakers, have gone Irom England to St. re torshurgb, to endeavor to make all quiet there. We dare way the Czar (if he has time) will givo them a Friendly reocption, and assure then, that he is only anxious to beooiuo a member <>t the Peace Society! . . . Spain is a land of crisiscp, it is to be presum ed, preparatory to an aotual one of real import ance; lor the peddling affaire wliioh agitate the Government from time to time (we hear nothing of the country) are too contemptible for history. The last move stated, is the exile of a number of military and other leading per sonages, who are hostile to the Ministry. ' arbitrary oonduct must end in a new order of thing*, and the sooner the better. The Indian mail brings some rumors of the Persian movements, which savor of uncertain ty. The principal report is, that an army <d 60 000 men is moving towards Bushire, and threatens the invasion of Bagdad. We attach little consequence to what must be an exagge ration, if a faot at all. . A conspiracy is said to have been discovered and defeated at Rangoon, and Lord Dalhouaie has proceeded to Bnrrnah. The Russian ships have returned Irom Japan to Hong Kong, and mention the death of the Emperor, or by what ever title the ruler of that select country styles himself. ? . In England, everybody appears te be anx ious for the meeting of Parliament, in the ex pectation that the Prince Albert affair will be sifted, that the status quo of relations with all other countries will be explained, that the strikes will be dealt with, and that reform will be alluded to, if not brought forward, accord ing to circumstances. We continue to con aider the strikes as the most important of all these matters. The spirit of Communism is far more widely spread than appears on the sur face, ugly as it looks on that expanse. There is scaroely a little shop-board of six individu als where it is not operative, and not a third of the mechanio aud artisan world who are not deeply imbued with its principles. The in creasing rise in the prico of provisions adds fuel to the flame ; and on all the prospect, it is out of the heart of the most sanguine to sing, There's a good time coming, boys! A melancholy shipwreck off the Bay of Dub lin of the Tayleur, a fine emigrant ship from Liverpool for Australia, has cast quite a gloom over the public. Throe hundred and fifty souls, mostly helpless women and children, perished. P. S. The reports to the latest hour are not worth oanvawing. . The dislocation of the commercial system, in consequenoe of the long-oontinued uncer tainty of peace or war, is reaching a crisis ol enormous difficulty. Sales, except ol the necessa ries of life, and these at ruinously high prices, are circumscribed to a fearful extent; and the evil resulting from this state of things, per vading the trade ol the whole world, is almost beyond calculation. Hundreds of millions ar.> involved in the desperate aggrewion of one man. London, February 2, 1854. The Queen's speech is, perhaps wisely, in definite. It is indeed in perfect tunc and tenor with all the antecedent proceedings of the Government. In the procession to opeu Parliament, sbo experienced the coolest roception she has ever met with from her people, and the partial to kens of disapprobation, here and there, as her Royal Consort was recognised, evidently agita ted her much. We ask not, here, if founded on actual grounds" or disloyal calumnies ; but we ought not to conceal the veritable certain ty that this was tho first oocasion on whioh the Sovereign and Prinoo Consort taeted even ui the slightest degree, the insecurity of popular applause Supposing alt tho rumors about the Prince to be utterly false, this temporary cheok may not be without beneficial moral and national coneequencss. The life-homaae and almost slavish adulation lavished upon the Queen and Prince has been almost disgusting The thing has been overdone, over-acted, liko the humbug of a puffing performer or theatr.v The Queen looked j.alc and disturbed, but the effort of reading the speech restored her to animation, and she ferl<?rmed her ta*X, a? usual with fine effect. The Russian ambassador Baron Brunow, was not in the House of Peers among the foreign ministers, to hoar her; and the Turkish representative was badly cheered on his way thither. The rest was drema rl a less absorbing kind, and the next day tin real climax took place, by delivering, the an swers of France and England to the last Ku-< si an ruse, in the shape of an inquiry "what d'ye mean by neutrality? " (applied of course to the Enxine sea,) to which, probably, the At test answer to send would havo l>een a copy ol Johnson's Diotionary, and a " demonstration in sinking the first ships under the Hag of Rus sia between tho Bosphorus and sea of A soph. There is a roport that a collision has hap pened iff Batoum, whither western frigate, have conveyed Turkish vessels, with arms and men, (no mistake, one should think;) but ?mr readers will 1* on their guard al?o?it the tel. graphic dispatches. In spite of all artiftos and delay, France and England continue firm and united. The other great Powers are in great dd Acuities; but if they pauee and *ftvor, the im minent disruption of the ^menta most bring j all to the CTiioihle, and ? God help the^right. , It will cost muoh bloodshod and misery. I j they could be firm, the bullyisin of be quashed for tlio nonce; and then fatal problem, would it not be safer and bettr to bring it to arbitrament now True, most true, it is, that the impending war possesses this monstrous peculiarity, that every one engaged in it must be hurt; tha nono can be benefited-not one. And is not this a cruel exigency to l?o imposed on the hu WMollis monent, England is feeling alt the evils of war, ex ept the sanguinary curse ol carnage Her commerce is crippled,n?r ex penditure increased , and, in spite of coo e. statistics, and a really fair condition of rev< nue, the is in u very uneasy a position that war would be a relief?a certainty! At length, the Ku?-ian ambat-sadors, Brunow and Kiuiloff, have shut up their ChaucellarieH, and departed from London and Pari*. Thus there is no more direct dipli malic intercourse between the disputants aud war. As each has Hhowu intern* aversion to strike the first blow, it may be that no declaration of war may bo issued, but that a collision in the Blook Sea? though there is a strange, isolated, and incred ible report that the oombined fleet* have re turned to the Busphorus?or in nomo other quarter, will bring the matter to tho issue ot the sword. Belgium and Switzerland forming an alli ance, offensive and defensive, with Prance aud England, is a significant hint, if the German States do that which they ought not to do, and leave undone that whiob they ought to do. We might t?ee tho Rhine running as red us the Danube, and no popular enthusiasm to arise and repel the invasion. Tho recruiting for the army goes on rapidly; and we oan state, on good authority?though the secret has not yet transpired-?that though the press-gang would not be resorted to, steps have been taken by wbich, in the event of peril to our coast, a large body of able-bodied sea men would be embodied m a few days, and the Salus Populi supreina lex be found adequate to the ccoasion. JcOHKKSPONDXNClC OF THK BALTIMORE SUN J Washington, Ftb. 22, 1854. The Conklin treaty iH not proporly before the Senate. Tho President has only sent in a copy of it for the information of tho Senators. The Gadsden treaty is not walking on a bod of roses, and may yet l>e considerably amend ed before it has a ohanco of beiDg ratified. Some of thoHO .amendments may come from the White House, others wi'l, no doubt, be offered by the Committee on Foreign Affairs. X. The opponent-* of the Nebraska bill are be ginning to be seriously alarmed, lest it should not pass. The failure of the bill will lie the death of the most promising i f all tho schemes of Anti-Slavery agitation ever yet fur Died*. The repeal of the Missouri restriction will bo with them, not pouco, but a sword. It will serve them for a long conflict. The Homestead bill will oeoupy a day .tr two more jn the House, and will pass by a largo majority in that body, and the Nebraska bill cannot become a law without it. Thus, while Non Intervention is professed by the Nobraska bill, here is absolute intervention, by inducing hosts of free Northern laborers to go and take exclusive possession ol the oountry, belonging, of right, both to tho South as woll us the North. It is gratifying to perceivc that some move ments have been made in Congress towards the ereotion of suitable edifices for the Execu tive departments. The bill reported from the Senate Committee on Public Buildings, to-day, provides for tho completion of the Treasury building, and the erection of a suitable edifice for tho Interior, War, and Navy Departments. Mr. Sumner mado a masterly and eloquent oration in the Senate, on the Slavery question, yesterday?the chamber and gallery being, as usual, very much thronged. Ion. INCIPIENT ST ATI; S. At tho present tiiuo wo have attached to the Union five organized Territories, named respect ively Minnesota, New Moxioo, Utah, Oregon aud Washington. Three c,f these will proba bly form State Constitutions within tho next two years, and apply for admission upon equal terms with tho rest of tho national sisterhood. A local census, just completed, shows us that Oregon has over forty thousand inhabitants, and Washington over three thousand. When the census of 1850 was taken, both of the*e Territories together had bnt 13,294 inhabitants. The people of Orcgou are already agitating the subject of forming a State Constitution, as thej expect the next two seasond of emigration to givo tEem a large increase of population. By the census of 1850, the Territory of Min nesota had but 6,097 oiviliied inhabitants, but | since then, emigration has flowed into it in j large numbers, and its oontiguity to Wiscon sin and Iowa, and easier aooess from the great oentres of population, will in all probability ; bring it in>o tho Union quite as soon an Oregon. The census of 1850 also showed New Mexico to hare 61,547 oivilixod inhabitants. This is a rouoh less number than any previous census ; had given, though the enumeration may this time have been made with greater care. The j natural increase of population alone would be sufficient, in a few years, to give New Mexioo the requisite oompleiuent of population for ad mission as a State ; but besides that, tbore are other cause* which will contribute to swell its number*. Tho great drawback operating against New Mexico, is that its population is not American, but Mexican, and that their ed ucation has not fitted them to nndei>tand the spirit of our laws. Late accounts from Santa Fo, however, furnished by highly intelligent American officials, go fur to prove that the Cvalent impression about these peoplo has n a widely mistaken one. It now appoars that their leading men are peculiarly apt, and that they are no longer liable to he deceived by the few American politicians who have been accustomed to lead there, proceedings in the Territorial legislature are conducted with the utmost propriety, and the native orators display great natural shrewdness. It is true thoy re fuse to levy taxes for the support of the Gov ernment, but this is probably owing to the fact that previous to the Ameriean rule Armijo had always managed to pay the expenses in some wav without direet taxation. Besides these Territories, we have several other organ:s<itions in nrnspeot Mr. Douglas's bill, now pending in (.ongrcss, proposes to or ganize two new onea to be called Nebraska and Kansas, and his end, judging by present indi cations, seems very likely to be accomplished The Gadsden treaty also brings in a region containing a few Mexican villages, :tnd for which a Territorial Government must be pro vided 1 A convention has also been called in onr Paoifla (tomesgions, having for its object an ap plication to Congress to form a new Territory, to be composed of the southern part of Oregon and the northern part of California; hut it does not seem likely that the State of Califor nia will consent to this dismemberment. The governmental ueoeanties of these incipient States require large appropriations of money from the national funds annually. The provisions of Mr. Douglas's bill cover all the unorganized territory now in the Union, and should it pre vail, it will make the number of Territorial Governments seven. The thirty-second Con gress will probably diminish this array by ad mitting New Mexico, Oregon, and Minnesota, into the Union as States. Utah will, no doubt, experience great difficulty in gaining admis sion, with tbo pi oient state of public feeling against her |>oople, rules, religion, laws, and customs.?Philadelphia American aiul Gazette. A self-expanding petticoat has just been invented in Paris, and is all the rage with the " fashion.'' It is filled with air through a con cealed pipe, by tho wearer, and ran be enlarged or reduced in size at pleasure. Doubted. A good locomotive engine costs from ft9,000 to ft 10 500, and it would take nine men a whole year to build one well, with nil the ma chine power of the best machine shops to aid them in the work. The original manuscript of Byron's "Curs* of Minerva," sold recently in London, tor ftl07.