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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, March 01, 1854, Image 2

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&7~ The Daily Era oan be bad every morning
at the Periodical Staud of Mr. J. T. Baths, Ex
change. Philadelphia; also, the Weekly Era.
UT7" Mr. Jamks Km.iott is authorised to receive
and rucoipt tor subaoription* and advertisement* for
the l>sily and the Weekly Nalumal Era, in Cincin
nati and vicinity.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
? WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1, 1854.
THE SOUTHERN PRESS
Some of the Administration papers in Vir
giuis are calling upon the Legislature of that
State to paas resolutions sustaining Mr. Douglas
and his Nebraska hill against the "tide of
Northern fanaticism" witting bo strongly
against him. "The voice of Virginia/' they
say, "the proud old mother of the Gracchi,
must have potential influence over the settle
ment of the question." The classic allusions
of our Southern coteinporarios are not always
pertinent. The (Jraoobi were radical Land
Reformer* and Abolitionists, and they fell vic
tims to their opposition to the usurpations of
tho large Land and Slaveholders.
The paper from which we quote thin classi
cal allusion, grandiloquently remarks that " it
was from the soil of the Old Dominion, that
the ory of ' Liberty or Death' rang oat. and
gave an impetus to the struggle waged against
tyranny and usurpation.'' " Slavery or Death "
seems to be the motto of the Old Dominion
now, and it is somewhat doubtful whether it
will prove quite ho potential as the noble war-'
cry of Patrick Henry?" Give me Liberty, or
give me Death!"
The South Side Democrat, of Petersburg, Va.,
calls loudly Cor Legislative resolves, to meet
those of the North. " Let the South," it cries,
"speak, from Maryland to Texas. Let tho
Representatives of the People in the Southern
States dare to act with the oourage of their
constituents, who have consigned to eternal in
famy the Clemenses and tbe Footes of 1850,
and let us have a unanimous resolve to press
the Nebraska bill as one alternative; and, if
need be, disunion as the other." So mote it
be. The sooner suoh an alternative shall be
presented, the better. The temper of the
Ruling Class in the South is well illustrated
in the following extract from an editorial in
the aame paper:
" We must expect that in this orisis men will
be foned in the South, recreant to the rights of
their section, and traitorous to the ties of birth,
kindred, and associations. Such a man we
would have brought ont before the camp, and
while his treason is proclaimed to the assem
bled People, while women scoff at bim, and
ehildren syllable anathemas against him, he
should be hanged in chains, as an examplo
and warning to traitors, and his name and his
memory should be a reproach among us for
ever. VVe counsel no half measures with re
gard to each a man. If it were possible, we
would recompense bis treason with the gnaw
lag agony of Prometheus in life, and the end
htafl labors of Sisyphus after death. All rules
of warfare should be suspended. Au enomy
can be tolerated?a traitor never. We con
oeive that this is not the time to minoe mat
ten, or hesitate about ternn wherewith to ex
rws our feelings towards those who may rise
oar midst, to strike parricidal blows against
their section. We have neither the time nor
the inclination to seloot our words and round
oar | eriuds. Let tnutors meet a traitor's
doom."
TIm mum tolerant and humane feelinga arc
exhibited bj ths Richmond (Va) Examiner :
u Much, nay, almost everything, depends upon
the unanimity of the South in thia grave crisis.
Let M show no quarter to baokwardnesa or
hesitation among our own people upon thin
question. Let ue hang, draw, and quarter,
without judge or jury, the Southern traitor
that eknlka now. Let iim recognite our tru<*
friends at tho North, of whatever party or
classification, embrace them cordially, and
treat their enemies an our euemiea."
The Daily Transcript, published at Port
mouth, Va., exclaims "' A la lantrrnr ' to all
eeotionaliam that opposes tbo Nebraaka Bill!"
It ia by ferocious threata that all opposition
to the Bill io tbe South ia to be ailenoed, and
the Southern People, no matter how indiapoeed
to fuatain thia outrageoua aggreaaion of the
slaveholder* upon tho rigbta or tbo North, are
te be dragooned into ite support. The Prcsa in
tbe slave region represents the Ruling Dnsa,
not the People
The journala of the Slaveholders are in tbe
habit of apeaking of the Bill aa a teat?a teat
of tbe fidelity of the Administration, of the loy- I
ally of tbe Democratic Party, of the Blindness 1
of tbe Northern People?in reference to what1
Tbe Slave Power and it* Policy. ' Thia Bill,"
?ay* tbe Columbia (S. V.) Carolinian, uin wbat
ever aba pa it oomea up, will develop who are
wbu are not friends of tbe South."
Tbe floutk Hide Democrat aaya:
" A fair opportunity ia now presented to the
* Soft Shell wing ' of the Democratic party of '
New Vork to redeem tbe pledgee they an freely i
made on paper. They aigned the bond, anil
tbe President generously took them to hia oun
Idanns. Will thuy lireak their liargain and
repudiate tbeir obligation, or will tbey oome up |
like men, and toe the mark ? "
The State Right* Democrats of the Soutli,
wbo vebeihently opposed the legialation of
ISM, aubaeqaently passed resolutions simply
?equieaeiag hi it, but declined to give any ax
prasairm of opinion in approbation o( it. Tliay
were at enee received into feUowabip by the
eoealled National Democratic Party, on the
gramd that by-goooa were to be treated aa by. j
fOM; no requisition should be made upon
them to diaavow any opniona formerly held by
them?nil that was needed was, simple aoqui
mini Tbe State Rights Democrat* of the
North, who had oppoard the legislation of 1850,
agreed also to acquiesce io it, and aay no more
?boat tbe p**t Tbey euppoeed that the aame
bUiitwa weald be shown to them se to their
ultra eon federate* ia tbe Sooth?that they
wmm would be oalled upon to disclaim or sx
pfat'a, but that si aeple acquiescence would en
Age tfesm to the oonfidsnce of tbe ueli styled
Bhttomd ?inocmtic Party. Tbey committed
the ahignUr joinder of Maoming equality with
Wm Maveboi/ltTA^d were soon admonished of j
II, bf bring rstf<** fc slinw naiws why they
sbeuhi he trusted Jftfyf)j treated by tbe
A teat of theif ftnspi for fellowship
wtM needed, and lbs Nebra.'"k? Bill
k. Tbey are noar informed th?< in aaeantia*.
ft the Baltimore plctf<*? end sopportiog Geo.
Pane, tbey bound tbemealscs to do whatever 1
mnrtee the Slave Fewer migbt even to
ttiUftMiff repealing the Missouri
jbIm, Mi anindimg the North o?t of the rieh
p.,r,?.,of
-.7 - ^ - ? the
'''"t^mocrtUu (?) |-f?r, |?blM?l M Home, j
'""Wuiptoplltfllu North will It V"' '""/"'J. j
M jTtkZZl. If' Ml *.?*? ?
I tin,I Im for the constitutional rights of ihf
South. admonish the peoffr ol[ fl~,rgJ>
and especially the Democratic I arty, at thi
crisis, to cultivate harmony
?nd nreeent wi unbroken ime ?f bat,tl
uo ono falter. Let them plant themselves upon |
the granite basis of the Constitution, and,
the language of Roderick Dhu, excda.m
Com. one, corn, all?this rock shall fly
From ita tinu bw? a? ?*>? "I- , .
The South Carolina Daily Standard remarks
of the issue presented by the Bill-" Unimport
ant as it is, it is still an issue which will con
vince us, as well as any other, whether** can
rely upon the plights faith of associated S-ates
?r whether we must rely for the protection ol
oar righto upon our ability to defend them.
The Slaveholders are always training the
North to " fetoh and carry," calling upon it to
perform the most surprising feats, sometimes
for no other purpose than to keep up who e
Bomo discipline and a habit of prompt obedi
ence. The policy of a ?test? has always been
ft favorite one with them. At one .me
test in, " a gag rule " in Congrecs; at another,
a censorship of the Post Office ; at another, a
pledged veto in advance against Abobtion in
the District; at another, that conglomerate of
platitudes, lies, and absurdities, styled a Balti
more platform; at another, the repeal ol tl.e
Missouri Compromise. In every case, no mat
ter what the " test," it is vital to the interests
of the South, and the alternative solemnly pre
sented in, submission to it} or a dissolution of the
Union. The cry is, now, "Let us haveaimani
mous resolve, to present the. Nebraska Bill as one
alternative, and, if rued be, disunion as the
other." i
Possibly, the North may submit, as usual.
It may consent, for the sake of peace, and
trade, and te prevent the grass from growing
in the streets of Boston and New \ ork, as a
Southern alitor says, to repeal the Missouri
Compromise,' and let slaveholders people Ne
braska witiUaVee; but its knee-bending fac
ulty would toon bo again called into exeroise^
A year worfefnot pass before the invention of .
another "test." The express repeal of the
Anti-Slaver} proviso in the Constitution of Or
egon would bp demanded; or a recognition ol
the claim of the slaveholder to carry his slaves
with him into any of the States ol the Union,
at his pleasure; or the adoption of more strin
gent measures in relation to fugitive slaves; or
the suppression of freedom of debate in Con
gress on the sobjeet of Slavery; or loreible in
tervention in the affairs of Cuba, to prevent
emancipation, under the pretext of counteract
ing the alleged intervention of England an
France.
Let the North yield this time to an aggres
sion to enormous that nothing but its shame
ful apoetaoy in 1850 has emlioldened the slave
holder. to attempt, and in the judgment of
the South there frill be no limit to Northern
servility. . t
AOOBlWtOWS OP THS HOKTH
There are people in the South, and a great
many of them, wbo think there are grjater
thftv are retdy to thai tbo Union i?
i ai mn.uv hloMrtiofffl (bof know that
far the greater portion of thoee btessinga have
fallen north of Manos and Dixon a line, and
the ohief burdens have been endured by the
South ? Richmond Whig.i
Such are our sentiments. Recognising as
we do the numerous and striking benefits of
union, we know there are greater There are
greater blew**" than ooinmeroial prosperity,
greater thaa wealth, greater than influence
greater than position, greater than peace. We
uro among those also who believe that there
are greater evils than dissolute*.; and pre emi
nent amone these is a tame submission to the
""
Kir III. ?d tr.Mh.ry
pie wantonly on our mo,t seered rights ?nd
privileges one moment, and call Heaven to w.t
ness the purity of their intentteos the next
ness me | j ^ jkwmni
It m m impossible to p? credit to those men
for sincerity when they talk of the aggressions
of the North, and the tame submission of the
South to tyranny and oppression. Were the
purchase of Louisiana and the acquisition of
Florida Northern aggressions? Wan the an
nexation of Texas a Northern aggression7
Was the war against Mexico, resulting in the
acquiatioi of a vast tract of Mexican terri
tory, a Northern aggression ' Is the addition of
eight new and large slavehiJding States, the
result of Northern aggression? Is it owing to
Northern aggression, that of the twelve Preni
dents of the United States, since the ft rotation
of the Government, eight of them have been
slaveholder*, or that of the sixty five years
since that event, the Presidential office has been
tilled forty-eight yearn by slaveholders ? That
of the nine Supreme Court Judges, Ave are al
ways from the daw of slaveholders? That
the most important missions abroad are always
filled, either from the nuns olass, or from the
tribe of politicians subservient to it? Were
the construction of the Baltimore platform,
the solemn pledge of the old political parties
to resist and suppress the agitation of the ques
tion of Slavery, the election of Franklin Pierce
on the strength of suoh a pledge, acts of
Northern aggression ?
Is the organization of the present Congress,
with its slave holding President of the Senate,
and its slavehoiding Kpeakar, and with its im
portant Committees in both branohes, under
the chairmanship and oontrol of slaveholders,
aa act of Northern aggremiou' Is it evidence
< of Northern aggression, that the judicial Mid
executive powers in tho Territories of Utah,
New Mexico, Minnesota, Oregon, and Wash
ington, have been vested ih slaveholders, or
pro-slavery mm? Is the Non-Iutsrvention
| doctrine, whioh the South aiweits was estab
liehed in 1850, an act of Northern aggression ?
Is the Fugitive Slavs A at, with its infemous
disregard of all the safeguards of personal
rights, a Northern aggression ? Is the present
Tariff, carried by the Southern representatives
with the aid of Northern votes, a Northern
aggression 7
The North, with twtoe the white population
of the Month, unfi three times the capacity for
coBMompteeo, bears of yojoj^j the principal bur
den of the General Government, jrfyjtff is sop
ported by imports un articles of coneumptiyo.
Uwhat consist- it- offence ? ^but^grejH
aion has U committed, what, is ?t meditato g
upon the South? And wbe.e i- the
the tame submi-autl of the S*uth uud* tyran
ny and oppression? If suffering, it?? ?nder '
own hand*, lor the Federal Oovernment ? un
Jer it? own control, and it ? the boa*t ot the
Richmond (Va.) Enquirer, that the Adm.nmtra
tion i8 thoroughly Southern in spirit and prin
' The olamor about the wronged and outraged
South is hollow and hypocritical?designed o
veil the enormity of the indolent exaction Ma
very is now making upon Northern Ireemen.
the ISSUE in kkw hampshike
?n,? .,,,,...1 +**? in New
0,??m.r, SUM s?w
will t?k.< (j"~ "" U'h -M
:,!,J ?r two U?i?4 S? SonaUWH ?B
I,? on tl? U*W?t?. "? ohM"?' ?
Netai?k? Bill. Kor th" . V
Hampabirfl Palriot ohar*M tho . onoord M ?
*ndmt Democrat witli mendacity. The tern
per of tlmt unnorHpuli'On print ia ?? J' ?? *
as its tactics are dishonorable.
"The Abolition organ, with its' "8"^b^
dacity, Bays the Patriot, proclaims tho Nebrask
j> ?J ? ,Le in our eleotion. A
(iiieation to be the u-suo in Mtter4Mii We
more deliberate he was never ^
have proclaimed no such thmg but eia^
rmitrnrv We have declared that it has ana
Should have nothing to do with our election.
The Whig and Abolition organs, having
& 55u? ?oy ,.,o...foppo.-uoo<to.b?
Democracy upon the real issues, are.seeking, to
make this question tho issue in the
and that we have denounced, and shall oon
tinue to denounce. . ,
No matter what you have proclaimed, you
know that thia Nebraaka Bill i? the iaaue, and
nothing else; that it ia the great ^ure o
the Administration, and that, should the Ad
ministration carry tho eleotion in your Mate,
tho triumph would be heralded as an endorse
ment of that measure. There is no old pary
question now before the People-none beU
Congress. One question engroasea the Press,
the People, and Congress . lt ^ HbftU *
gouri Compromise be set aside, ahall the
Law which has preserved the Great Western
Territory of the United States, free from Ma
very lor thirty-three years, be abrogated . The
Administration says, it shall, and it isi?ngaU
its energies to effect the objeot. The New
Hampshire Patriot, and its affiliated pmaes,
receiving special favor from the Anmimstra
tiou say that it shall, aud they are using all
their efforts to seduce the People into acquis*
cence with theme***. The President wishes
that the two Senators to be chosen by the new
Legislature of New Hampshire shall be com
mitted to this, its chief measure; ftod h**V
and earth are to be moved to carry the State
of New Hampshire, so as to secure its endorse
ment. The Washington Unton for onoe telto
the truth, fairly and aquaroly.
"Upon the Legislature to be '
savB "will devolve the election ot two United
giTtes Senators?a fact of itself sufficient to
impart extraordinary interest to the oanvaw.
This, together with the other faot that the
ipresented by the Territorial InU for the
organization of the Territories of Kansas and
Nebraska, now pending
been freely, promptly, and boldly aw*Vu,[Jp*
?DemJacv of New Hampshire, and adapted
Whirs, the Abolitionists, the Free-boilers, the
MamrLa* ?'?. ?" ""
fanatical cltmrnli of the Slate, m oppotilton la
Democracy.-1
Of course, all the world understands this aa
well as the Union; and the New flamp imt
Patriot need not dodge the question. Tho
simple issue presented to the People of New
Hampshire is, Shall the Mirfwuri Compromise,
exempting the Territory of Nebraska from
Slavery, bo abrogated? Shall the North be
Hwindled out of tho consideration for which it
agreed to that Compromise ' Lot them answer
at the Ballot Box.
The House of Representatives to-day
elected judge A O. P. Nicholson its Printer.
-?
[1'J?* The reader is relerrod to our tele
graphic head for news hy the fttetimer, just ar
rived at Boston.
Cam Si.avery oo into Nebraska? ? The
Ronton Commonwealth replies:
" .More than one-fourth of all the slaves in
the United States are north of 36 degrees 30
minutes, the Southern line of Nebraska. Vet
some of the "optimists and quietists " say that
the repeal of tho Missouri Compromise is of no
political importance, because Slavery cannot
exist in Nebraska.''
A New Historical Societt.?An assooia
tion has lately been formed, of which Nathaniel
Morton, of Taunton, Mass , is the President, to
lie called the Old (Colony Historical Society,
for the purpone of preserving and perpetuating
the history of the old colony in MaasachusettH,
and of colleoting and holding documents, books,.
and memoirs, relating to its history.
Mrs. Stowe's New Work.? Phillips,
Sampson, & Co., of Boston, announce the pub
lication, in May, of another work from the
pen of Harriet Beeoher Stowc. It wil lie
entitled, " Sunny Memoirs of Foreign Lands,''
and will appear in two volumes, illustrated
with dosigns from Billings.
The Illustrated Ismdon News, for January 21,
has tbu following, in an article on American
annexation :
"They (the Americans) hava already pur
chased from tho King of Mosquito a tract of
country covering several millions of acres, to
which they have given the name of Nebraska,
and which is to be forthwith colonized by the
Anglo-Saxon.1'
The Hertford Cov. ant calls attention to the
foolish laahion of exposing the limbs of ohil
dren to cold. It says, "wo really pity the
poor girls who are sent to soboof with but a
single covering oyer the lower extremities as
far as tlie knees, while tbeir mothers oould not
poe*ibly endure the same weather without at
least three or four thicknesses of protection."
Tho Cuurtnl shows its " logyism' The fash
ions must be foljuwed, efeu to the fashionable
diseases, such as rooenanptifla and the numer
ous ills contracted by uncomfortable and an-!
natural dress, orwapreening in one pari, and
exposing in othore.
The New York 9m says that on Monday
last the Herald and Tribune showed Postmas
ter Fowler tbeir aggregate city circulation, un
der oath, whon the Tribwne beat the Satanu
more than two to one!
There are 139 Mormon priests and elders on
missionary expeditions in the United States
apd other oonntries
A POLITICO-1,1 LIGIOUS OLA!? AT THE WOULD,
It h?s been affirmed trom time to time, by
observer* ?f events, that the war between Ku?
8ia aud Turkey has had its incipiency simply
in jealousies l>etwoen the <?reek and l.atin
Churches; and, whatever appearances may
now be preseuted, the truth ol this declaration
has not been disproved. Kuwtia nought ior ti
pretext, aud upon grounds ol this character
found it. Whatever wults, therefore, may
proceed from the oonfliot, history will point
with unerring precision to its origin, and show
"how great a matter a little firo kindleth.
In confirmation of this opinion, we quote the
following from among tho items ol intelligence
brought by the last arrival:
I " The Court of Rome is divided on the great
question of the day. The Pope and several ol
the Cardinals apprehend the aggrandisement
of Russia, because it would be the triumph ot
the Greek Church?of a schismatic rel?Ki??i,
which would aim at tho overthrow of Catholi
cism; while Cardinal Antonolli, the Secretary
of State, and all the members ol tho Pontifical
Government who are only interested in the po?
j litical question, hold good for Russia.'
Wt peroeivc. also, that M. Michel Chevalier,
a French journalist, who advooates the cause
of the Romun Catholic Church, recently ex
pressed his views in the following manner, in
the Journal dts Debats. "Facts." it is said,
"have a logic and power which oannot bo re
sisted." \
"I oannot shut my eyes to the facta that mil
it ate agutntit the influence of tho Horoan Lath
olio spirit?facts whi*h have transpired more
especially during the,last third ot a century,
and which are still in progress?facts that arc
fitted to exert in every |mind that sympathizes
with the Roman Cathojc caune,the most lively
apprehensions. On comparing the respective
progress made since 18U by non-Roman Cath
olic Christian nations, with the advancement to
power attained by Roman Catholic nations, one
is struck with astonishment at the dispropor
tion. England and tho United States, which
are Protestant powers, and Russia, a Greek
power, have assumed, to an incalculable de
gree, tho dominion of immense regions, destin
ed to be densely peopled, and already teeming
with a large population. England has newly
conquered all those vast and populous regions
known under the generic name of India. In
America she has diffused civilization to tho
extreme North, in the deserts of Upper Canada.
Through the toil of her ohildreu, she has taken
possession of every point and position ol an
island, New Holland, (Australia,) which is as
I large as a oontiuent, and she has been sending
I forth her fresh shoots over all the arohipelagos
with which the great ocean is studded. The
United States have swollen out to a prodigious
extent in wealth and possessions, over the
surface of their ancient domain. They have,
moreover, enlarged on all Bides the limits ol
that domain, anciently confined to a narrow
slip along the shores of the Atlantic; tlioy now
sit on the two ooeanS; San Franoisco has he
come the pendent of New York, and promises
speedily to rival it in its destinies. They have
Droved their superiority over the Roman Cath
olic nations of the New World, aud havemib
ipcted them to a dictatorship which admits ot
no further dispute. To the authority of these
Mo Powers. ?ogW and th<, United States
after an attempt made by the former on
China, the two most renowned empires of the
East, empires which represent nearly the nu
merical half of the human raoe, China ami
Japan seem to be on the point of yielding.
"Russia, again, appears to bo assumingevery
day a position of growing importance in Ku
rope. During all this time, what way has been
made by the Roman Catholio nations Tho
foremost of them all, the most compact, the
most florioos ? France, which seemed, fifty
years ago, to have mouuted the thrase of oivil
izatioo?has seen, through a course ol strange
disasters, her sceptre shivered and her power
dissolved Oooe and again has she risen to
hor feet, with noble oourage and indomitable
energy; but every time, as all expected to see
her take a rapid flight upward, late has sent
her, as a ourse from God, a revolution to para
lyze her efforts, and make her miserably fall
baok. Unquestionably, sinoe 1789, the balance
of power l>etween Roman Catholic civilization
and non-Roman Catholic civilization has been
reversed." _ .
Mr. Ira Aldridge. the African tragedian,
continues his successful performances on the
Cootinen t? Erckangrs
We suppose Mr. Aldridge is not, as Mrs.
Chiek would say, "a native." In what lan
guage or languages does he perform on that
very ample stage, tho continent'
o^- Some ill-natured critic kajr that "it has
reoently been dieoovered that it in necessary
fur ladiea, who wear wafcr-.soled nhoes, to hare
from ten to fifty dollar* worth of furs around
the nook and wrists, in order to maintain a
uniform beat of the system.
A Villain.?Wm, Forrest, nineteen years
old, ban been committed to the Kings comity
jail, New Vork, on a charge of having three
wives, all of whom were present at the court.
It appears that he married bin first wife rome
two yean ago; and on the Nth of January
last, married the aecond, Mies Margaret Mo
Rlroy; and on the 8th of February inst, mar
ried Miw Mary Stevens.
Ma. Si'MMita's Speech. ? The Worcester
Daily Spy says that this "is a statesman!? i
document, refuting by unanswerable argu- I
mentM, and a long array of historical facts, the
miserable pretences and sophistries by which
the friends of the Nobraska measure are en- j
deavoring to commend their intended villanous
purposes to the people of the North,"
Tub Japan Expedition.?-The death of the
Km per or of Japan, the assumption of mourn
ing by the Court, and the ominous announce
ment that, in oeosequence, " no embassies can
be received for two yean," recall to tie the hero
of Vera fro* the anneier of f.oo Choo, and
the pacificator of N'*?KP? Can any one in
form ue whether thin postponing of embassies,
in oonsequenoe of the death of the JSmperor, is
one of the anoient, flfty-oentury practices, of I
which Japanese historians boast, or a new cus j
torn improvised for the occasion, and played ofT
as a Japanese nineteentb-oenturv check-male
to Commodore Ferry's expedition ?
i apanene diplomacy ha" g"t the letter of I
Amerioan per/in?cjty; and ferry's expedition
baa lieen warned of, oy?y tjae grave of a de
funot monarob. oourse, tluj /Commodore
will now hap* to return home. Jr. would l?e I
going too far, to violate /apanene etiquette on
"O mournful an
It woqM ha worthy of serious reflection, how '
much the looseness of principle which we see
displayed by ^oiprnmont in this Japan expe
dition, has foster** rt>u? filibustering spirit. !
Certainly, if Perry ? f>gM W *brusti#g inter
course on Japan, twoanae it ia '' for its own
flood," as be laya, then Walker is right alto in
forcing "Anglo-Saxon institutions" on the un
willing Lower CaHfornians. There ia no mnnh
"manifest destiny" and as much "obedience
to tbe law of progress " in one as in the other
Oh! we're a conaStent people Oar Executive
fits out- a uatioual squadron to filibuster from
the Japanese the rigtit of doing as they please,
and then thunders a proclamation against his
imitators who wish to filibuster in Cuba and
California. Grave merohants, and even tevCr
end lecturers, applaud the first, but ex.daiui
with holy horror against the last.
Phi la. Evening Bulletin.
Prom ths N. Y. Evening Post.
BACKBONES WANTED ? A NORTH
41 There is no North,'' said Daniel Welister.
Mr. Webster was mistaken, aud in the little
time that intervened before his death, alter he
had given himself up entirely to the South, he
found out hi? iniwtako. There it# a North ; but
the instinctive, strong, conscientious love or
liberty, felt by the North, finds but feeble and
imperfect expression through the politicians or
public men?statesmen, so called. Now anil
then an exceptional voice speaks out in clear
and loud tones ; hut it is mortifying to witness
the general feebleness which has characterised
the opposition in Congress to Senator Douglas's
bill of abomination-. Our publio men want,
stiffor backbones. A weakening of the spine is
epidemic amongst them. Not ono in a hun
dred stands straight.
Look at that polished ioiole, Kdward Kver
ett?the man who, when in the pulpit, was
said to have offered up the most eloquent
prayer ever addressed to a Boston congrega
tion?look at that finished statue, hear him
express hiB high " admiration' (that is the
word he uses) for the Compromise measures of
1850, the damnable Fugitive Slave Law not
excepted?and if you doubt any longor that
his lips are made of marble, because you see
them move, you will not doubt that his heart
is made of stone. Eduoated, learned, accom
plished. elegant, what a nity that, while God
gave him talent^ the devil?who always puts
in weak ones?should have supplied his back
bone. The freedom of a great Territory?the
highest right, the right to liberty, of millions
yet to be?the cause committed to bis hands
is no loss than this. And yet, with what an
effeminate and soft and flattering voioe he
pleads a cose worthy of a giant's Btruggle!
How oarefully he treads among the toes of the
Southern Senators, by the very gentleness of
his opposition tenderly wooing future Southern
support for the Presidency! How, while he
argues this great case, does he at the same
time ooncede the main point to his opponents,
by falsely admitting that the great question is
of no practical importance! Ah, yes! how
blandly ho smiles away the liberty of the un
born generations of men and women, who shall
toil and bleed under the lash when he shall
be sleoping?if their groans will let him sleep?
in bis grave! And yet thiB is the same man
who, a few years ago, ^rbon a candidate for
Governor of Massachusetts, wrote a letter to
William Lloyd Garrison, avowing himself in
favor of immediate emancipation. No back
bone has lie.
But this humiliating spectacle?the more
humiliating sight of toe Northern men who,
prostrating themselves at the feet of the Ad
ministration, and meekly taking on their dis
honored shoulders the heavy burden of this
wicked measure?all this does not prove that
there is no North. It does, indeed, prove that
there are white slaves?pitiable and despioable,
too?in Congress?whether or not there may
hereafter be blaok slaves in Kansas and Ne
braska ; but it does not prove that the masses,
who want no office and ask no favors, are not
earnestly and strongly in favor of glorious Lib
erty, and opposed, bitterly and forever opposed,
to the further extension of Slavery. Does any
one doubt that our own strong-hearted Charles
Allen would have mofe truly expressed the real
sentiments of Massachusetts, had he been
where he ought to be, in the United States
Senate ? Docs any one doubt that the recent
masterly speech of Mr. Everett's oolleague, Mr.
Sumner?who, though porhaps too formal and
measured, nevertheless has still a irtiff back
bone?does any oue doubt that his great speech
and Chase's are heartily concurred in by al
most the entire population of the free States ?
There is a North, but it wants moro voices.
And we wish, more particularly, to inquire if
there has beou any weakening of the spine
among the Democratic leaden1?not in Con
gress. but out of Congress?or if they are
troubled by bronchitis, or loss of voice, that more
of thom are not heard from ?
Preston King?always true as steel, and
wine?hat written a letter, which will tell for
Freedom wherever it is read. But whero is
tho people's favorite, John Van Buren ? ^ He
has called out a letter, it is true, from ex Sena
tor Jere. Clemens, on the right side; but the
popular oar listens expectant for his voice.
Will he let the mighty occasion pass by in si
lence? It is idle for f?im to say that he is not
in public life. Whotlier holding iftice or not.
such men are. in one sense, always in public
life. In critical times the people look to them
for words of oounsel and encouragement, aud
for a strong and faithful expression of the pub
lio sentiment If Mr. Van Buren does not stir
himself, be will find his rival, Gov. Seward,
who, loaded with political heresies on other
questions, is buoyed up and borne aloft by his
fidelity on this ahead of him in the genoral
estimation.
A correspondent makes the inquiry?Where
is General Dix ? Ves. where is General Dix,
whose physical courage would not quail at the
cannon's mouth? Has he no bold word for
Freedom now?
Stiffer backlwne* are wanted now : not
amongst the people, but amongst the poli
ticians.
It in not * few ranting Abolitionists, it is
not a few noiny brawlers, who constitute the
opposition to Judge Douglas's unholy, treach
erous, and root nitrous proposition. It is the
masses?the laboring masso*?the honest mass
es?the masses, all lovers of liberty, with hack
l)one stiff and straight?it is the masses, almost
without exception, who are opposed to it. If
there nre for these any more orators, with clear
voices and stiff backbones, let them speak soon.
Important, if Tanr.?A Paris oomwpond
?ent of the Tntff* mentions the following re
markable iJiscoyery:
" A very remarkable discovery was announced
to tlw Aoadnwy of Sciences by M. Pumas in
its last sitting. He stated th%t !VJ. Saint ('lair
Doville had succeeded in obtaining from clay
a metal as white and brilliant as silver, a*
malleable as gold, and as light as gluts. It is
fusible at a moderate temperature. Air and
damp do not affect this metal, which is called
aluminium; it retains its brilliancy, and is not
ajfocted by nitrip or sulphuric acid, either
strong or diluted, if the temperature be not
raised. It is only dissolved by vefy hot ohlor
hyilric acid. .Several specimens of this metal
were exhibited to the 4<i?demyi *?d on the
proposition of Haron fbepard, it was voted
unanimously that a sufficient huui should be
placed at the disposal of M. Saint ('lair l>e
ville, to enablo him to make ezpefiaMOts on a
largo tc&Ie."
Nebraska.?The Henton pret-ses in Mis<ouri
are against the bill of Mr. Douglas. A* re
gards the Northern Demooratio party, there
poems to he much dif<<r?!n<to of opinion in its
ranks on the sutyect. In the New Bngland
States the prefionderating man of the party is
against the bill, fhis is undisputed in ^fa?a
chueetts, and the unanimous passage of rjpoln
tions by the Rhode Island /.egislaturo, and the
pasrag/? of resolution* by the Connecticut pem
ocrft&? Sf^tfl ftanyention, l?oth against thp fytll,
rather alann tbfl ^eqj>jofa^o repreeentatyp*
in Congress from that aeottun. In 0hk> MB
Democratic party is divided oa the sulyeot
Ei Senator Allen and all hia wing are agsinat
the bill, while Medary and hit? 1 notion are fvr
it The question enter* into the contest tor the
nomination for United States Senator there.
Alexandria and Washington City Rail
ho a D.?The Riobmond Enquirer nays:
"There has been a very warm contest during
the present sessioii of the Legislature lor u
charter to construct a road l>etween these two
points, and, by a large majority, it has beeu
awarded to James S. French, Kr-q
" Mr. Freuch is the inveutor of a new plan
of railway, in perfecting which he has sj-ent
much money, aud years of labor, and we re
joice that he ha* uow an opportunity of put
ting his plan intpraotioe at suoh a desirable
point.
"We sinoerly trust that Congress will at
onoe afford every necessary facility to Mr.
French, for enabling him to cross the Potomac
with hi* road.
"This road must be of groat benefit to
Alexandria and Washington, for tho purpose
of the inventor is to make it exclusively a
passenger road, and to run light trains every
hour, or oftener, from each end of the line.''
GEORGIA AND THE COMPROMISE.
The Legislature of the State of Georgia ad
journed situ die on tho 17th instant. The fol
lowing resolutions relative to the Nebraska
bill were passed with but live dissenting votes
in the Senate, and by a unanimous vote in the
House of Representatives:
" The State of Georgia, in solemn Convention,
having firmly fixed herself upon the principles
of the Compromise meitsures of 1850, relating
to the subject of Slavery in the Territories of
the United States, as a final settlement of the
agitation of the question, its withdrawal from
the halls of Congress and the political arena,
and its reference to t he peoplo of the Territo
ries interested, therein ; aud distinctly reoog
nising in those Compromise measures the dot -
trine that it is not competent for Congress to
impose any restrictions, as to the existence of
Slavery among them, upon the citizens moving
into and settling upon tho Territories of the
Union acquired or to be hereafter acquired;
but that tho question, whether Slavery shall
or shall not form a part of their domestic insti
tutions, ia alone for them to determine for
themselves; and her present Kxeentive having
reiterated and affirmed the same fixed policy in
his inaugural address?
" Be it resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the Slate of Georgia, in
General Assembly met, That the Legislature of
Georgia, as the representatives of the people,
speaking their will, and expressing their feel
ings, have had their oonfidence strengthened
in the settled determination of the great body
of the Northern people to oarry out, in good
faith, those principles, in the praotioal applica
tion of them to the bills reported by Mr.
Douglas, from the Committee on Territories, iif
the United States Seuate, at the present ses
sion, proposing the organisation of a Territori
al Government for the Territory of Nebraska.
'?And be it further resolved, That our Sena
tors in Congress he, and they .are hereby, in
structed, and our Representatives requested, to
vote for and support those principles, and to
use all proper means in their power for carry
ing them but, either as applied to the Govern
ment of the Territory id' Nebraska, or in auy
other bill for Territorial Government which
may come before them.
Resolved, further, That hi* Excellency the
Governor bo requested to transmit a copy of
these resolutions to each of our Senators and
Representatives in Congress."
CONNECTICUT AND THE COMPROMISE.
We published the other day the resolution*
pamed by tike Democratic State Convention of
Connecticut ad verso to the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise We now publish the reso
lutions on the same subject, whioh were passed
by the Whig Sta'e Convention of Connecticut,
tut follows:
" Rrstdved, That (he Missouri Compromise
act of 1820, in which it is provided, ' that in
all that territory ceded by France to the United
State*, under the nttmu of Louisiana, which
lies north of 36 deg. 30 min. north latitude, not
included in the State contemplated by this act,
Slavery and involuiitary servitude, otherwise
than as the punishment of crime, shall be and
is hereby prohibited,' at the time of its passage,
and ever sinoc, has been regarded as a Comoro
mine, and, in the nature ol? a compact, binding
on all parts of the country.
u Resolved, 'l'hat this Convention earneatly
remonstrateN against the passage of tlu? bill
now pending in Congress for the establishment
of the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska, by
which the foregoing provision ia ropealed, not j
only as a measure unexpected and uncalled for ,
by any portion of the country, leading to bit i
tor sectional controversies, and to the estab j
lishment in those immnnso Territories of the !
enormous evils of Slavery, but as a violation el
a solemn compact, an inexcusable breach of
faith, and an act as dishonorable as it will be
disastrous to all parts of the country.
'< Resolved, That those members of Congress
from the Northern States who advocate or fa
vor the proposed measure grdssly misrepresent,
the sentiments of the people of tho North, and
that the faithlessness of any of these members
furnishes no apology for the violation of honor
and good faith on tho part of any of tho Itep
resentatives from the South ; and tfiat we oall
upon all patriotic and honorable men, in all
parts of the country, to nnite together to thwart
the plans of demagogues and designing |tersous. ;
and to preserve the integrity, peace, and bar j
mnny ot the country.
u tysolved, That, as the expression of the
unanimous sentiments of this Convention on
the subject of the Kansas and Nebraska Terri
torial hill now pending in Congress, copies of
the foregoing resolutions on that subject be
forwarded to and laid before both H->nses of
Congress.
<l Re solved That we approve of thn course
adopted in relation to the forgeoing measures by
the Hon. Trurnan Smith, and return him the 1
thanks of this Convention for the noble stand f
taken by him in opposition to theu\ "
RAii.ROAnlMPaovKMr.HTs in N?:\v Jrrsky?- ?
It is reported, we believe correctly, that tho
New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Com ;
pany intend to make large expenditure* during
the present season?probably not less than
$650 000?on improvements to accommodate
the business of the various railroads which con
centrate at Jersey City. Included in the plans
of the company, are an extensivo ferry-boose
with bulkhead and Jsath, on and adjoining the
site of the prei-ent ferry houee, and additional
depot buildings, railroad shone, &o., on the dopot
premises. It is alw intended to widen the Her
gen cut thnmgh tl*e rocks, miuta allow four
tracks through the cut, instead of two, as at i
present. Tho work will be so done as to
straighten the tracks as much as possijjlo.
The some oompany, in oonjunotion with the
Central Railroad Company,' are building a
commodious anc} handntme depot at fttfyibeth
town, for joint use. Tho Central Railroad
Company also intend to lav a double track \
I.rough jglizabethtown, and the New Jerwy
ailroad aqd Transportation Company prows*
extend their ({euhlc truck to Rahwuy, during
the coming season ? N. \ i'om A<lfv.
Cordelia A. (irant Hm commenced a civil
suit against (ieorge R. Shack ford, of New York,
for breach of marriage promiap, levying the im
ages at $25,000. She eloped several yeac* ag
from Portland with Shack ford, has sin^e Jivsu
with him as his wife, and ftc an(J (? bo with the
aid of Reetdl, have ward* red five infante, the
fruits of tbeir cohabitation.
CONGRESS.
THIKTY-THIHD CONUHKS*?KJHST IMCH8ION
% Senate, IVetlnemlay. March I, 1854.
Mr. Seward preaented u remonstrance
against the paasagu of the Nxlira-ka bill sign
ed by William Casscdy, H H. Vau Dyck, pro
prietors of the Albany Atlas, and tive huodt ad
others, of Albany.
' He presented numerous other memorial*, from
variou-t parts of New York and Pennsylvania,
of a similar oharacter.
Mr. Sumner presented two memorials of a
like character from Mastoohusett*.
Mr. Firth introduced a bill to prevent unne
cessary delay in the unlading ot cargoes arri
ving from foreign porta. Referred.
Mr. Fish preaeuted a resolution directing an
inquiry aa to the propriety of purchaaing the
portrait of the tirat five Presidents of the Uni
ted States, painted by Stuart. Adopted.
The 1 evolution to pay R. M. Young for his
services aa eoramiasioner to investigate the
ohargea against the Hon. Alex. Rarnaey, ex
oomniiMaioner of Indian affaire in Minnesota,
waa adopted.
The bill granting land to the anveral States,
f?nr the benefit of the indigent inaane, was taken
up, and being on its passage,
Messrs. Hunter and Mason addressed the
Senato in opposition to it, and Measra. Walker
and Stuart supported it.
' Mr. Badger followed in support of the bill;
and it was then postponed.
The Senate then proceeded to the Oonsidera
tion of the bill to establish a Territorial (jov
ernment for Nebraaka.
Mr. Clayton said, that ever since it had been
stated by the Senator from North Carolina
that the Southern Whigs were united in sup
port of this bill, they, and particularly himself,
had been made the subject** of the most tierce
and bitter assaults from the North;? and, next
to the Senator from Illinois, he was now the
best abused man in the country.
He proposed to set forth no new principles,
but to show that he had always advocated the
principles of this bill. He gave the history of
the Compromise bill reported by him in July,
1848, leaving all questions of Slavery to the
adjudication of the courts. He ahowed that
the North, throughout that aession and tho
next one, voted down the Missouri Compromise,
and would have nothing but the Wiluiot Pro
viso.
The South throughout that whole contro
versy implored the North to adopt the Mis
souri line, or to leave the questions of Slavery
to the Courts, but the North, led on by Mr.
Webster, refused to aocept anything but the
restriction of the Ordinance of '87*. He also
traoed the history of the adoption of the Com
promise Measures of 1850, to show the same
thing. He read votes and proceedings from
the journal touching these points. After the
passage of the Oregou bill, with the Wilmot
Proviso in it, President Polk, in a message to
Congress, notified the North that a refusal to
extend the Missouri -Compromise over all the
territory to the Pacific, that act-would oesae
to be a Compromise, and the question would
become an original one.
The NortH voted consistently throughout
against the Missouri Corn prom i mo.
He then argued at length the unconstitu
tionality of the Mixsouri restriction, it was
adopted by men who declared it te be uncon
stitutional, and who voted for it only to suvo
the Union. He would vote for the re(>eal of
the 8th set^tion of the Missouri act, because it
was unconstitutional.
House of Krpresenlatives, March 1, 1854.
The House re*umed the consideration of the
bill of the Senate granting a portion of the
public lands to Ihe State of Wisconsin. to aid
in the construction of a railroad and branch
railroad in said State?the question being on
the motion that it be committed tit the Com
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. Disney, chairman of the Committer on
Public Lands,continued his remarks in support
of the bill. He argut d the competency of Con
gress to make such appropriations, and quoted
from the writings of Mr. Calhoun in support of
this power. He contended, further, that it is
tho duty of Congress, and that its legality has
been sanctioned by tho uniform practice of the
country.
In regard to the expediency of the proposed
bill, ho citcd the authority of the Administra
tion, by whom it W Iweu approved and com
mended.
Mr. Kastman had wished to avoid inter
fering with the subject Iks fore the House. He
lived in a sectiou of the State that could not
he affected by the interest* of the conflicting
roads; hut the policy of the Milwaukie ami
MiHMHoppi Railroad Company, who opposo
this bill, has not been of a kind to benefit other
sections of the State He declared tho state
ments yesterday made by Mr. Cutting to be
crronooue.
In conclusion, Mr. Kastman fulfilled his
pledge, made to Mr. Disney, and called the
previous question.
Mr. Cutting, Mr. L^toher, Mr. Smith of Vir
ginia, Mr. Hunt of Louisiana, and other gen
tlemen, hoped the previous question might be
withdrawn, to enable Mr. Chitting and others
to be heard. Mr. Disney pressed his demand,
but it was not sustained.
Mr. Letcher obtained the floor, and said that
the policy adopted in reference to thiM bill
should warn the House of the necessity of con
forming to its rule of committing such subjects
to the usual routine. Under the previous ques
tion. tho opponents of such a measure could not
be heard. He said unfairness had been indi
cated by the conduct of gentlemen.
Here a controversy arose between Mr. East
man and Mr. Letcher, on the merits of tho
bill; but for a time, more esjiecially on the
conduct of the Wisconsin Representatives in
Congress.
Mr. Taylor also continued at Viogtli in op
position to the bill, and reviewed the minute
history of the bill, ami the measures tuken to
seenre its passage, as well as of the geographi
cal facts bearing on the cnae. He concluded
by g'v'*H notice of bis intention to move as a
substitute a hill drawn *p by Senator Hunter,
defining tho con<fctio?s on which hereafter
public lands may he given to States l?r railroad
ptifpuee*.
Mr. Kastman said the opposition of the gen
tleman scemtd to be to the whole scheme.
Mr. Disney said ho had urged the previa**
question upon the urgency of others. Ho wished
to aco a free debate.
Mr. Dean renewed the talk.
Mr. Jones moved to lay the subject on the
table. Upon this the yeas and nav* were
ordered, and the result was?yeas 7#> nave
The appointed bono having arrived, tlo
Home proceeded to the election of a Printer ;
when tl^n following nominations were nado,
and tbe votes given as bcr* indicated :
'filers: Mewrs. <?>rr, Chandler, Wal?h, a?d
'Mr. Orr?A ? Nicholson, !22?
ttv Mr. Chandltr?Joseph Hales, VH.
By Mr. Walsh?J^ohn M Johmon, 8.
IVy Mr. Rayly?W. W. tSirran, 7.
Hy Mr. Haven?.John T. Towers, 5.
Uy Mr. Skelton?John Justus, senior, 2.
By Mr. (*idding??Gamaliel Bailey,
By Mr. Htr%ub-?CbiuVs M Hall, |,
Not nominated?A Banks, John Coyle,
1, 4Ames M. lMhyne, \ ; Edwin Croswell, 2:
C. Wendell. Rich'd Uewelleu. t; W. C. Rry
aut, \
'J'** hundred and thves voles were enst, of
which fit!) was nocsssary to a choice. lodge
Nicholsoo was accordingly deelurod to be eleot
ed ; when the Houm adjourned.

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