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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, March 01, 1854, Image 4

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The S?uaU consists ol two Senators from each
?tate There are thirty-one Stato*, reprmented l.y
sixty two Senators.
Whigs, in Jtahr; Old Jane Democrats, in Roman.
iho-? uiarkeil l l>., Independent Democrat*, I'.,
those elected as Union men; 8. H , tho?o elected as
Southern or State Rights men
President David K. Atchison
Secretary ? ? Anbury Dickins.
l'rri/l t.tfurn. Term r.tjnifs
Buuj Kiupatrii'k - ? 186fl Stephen Adams. (U.) 1857
C . 0 Clay ..... 1m59 Vacancy I Hill
R W. Johnson* - ? 1855 David R. AU-hinon . 1855
Win. K. Sebastian - 1859 Henry S. Gryee - - 1859
Truman Smith - ? 1855 Moses Norris, jr - - 1865
Isaac Toueey - - ? 1857 Jared W. Williams - 185H
California. new yukk.
William M. (1 win - 1855 Wm. 11. Smtnd - - 1855
John B. Weller . . 1857 Hamilton Fitk - - 1857
Jauiua A. bayard - 1857 J. R. Thompson ? -.1857
Johu. M. Clayton ? 185V William Wright - - 1859
Jack ton Morton - . 1855 George E. Badger - 1855
Stephen R. Mullory 1857 Vacancy I Mail
IK. C. Lktwuon . - 1855 S. P. Chaso (I. D.) - 1855
Robert Toombs (U.) 1859 Benjamin F. Wu<U 1857 I
John Petit ..... 1855 J a met Coopti ... 1855
J oswu D. Bright - - 1857 Rich'dBrodhead.jr. 1857
James Shields ? - - 1855 Charted T. Jam en - 1857
Stephen A. Douglas 1859 Philip Allen .... I85U
Augustus C. Dodgu - 1855 A. P. Butler (S. R.) - 1855
George W. Jones . 185V Jomah J. Erans - - 1859 I
Archibald Ihson - - 1855 Jumei C. Jonet ? - 1857 I
John B. Thompson 1859 John Bell 18511 |
John Slidoll .... 1855 Thomas J. Rusk - - 1857 I
J. P. Benjamin . . 1869 8am. Houston - - 185V
Hannibal Hamlin ? 1857 Vacancy 1855
Vacancy ...... 1859 Solomon Foot ... 1857
Chs. Sumner (I. D.) 1867 J. M. Mason (8. R.) 1857
Edward EvettUl - - 1859 R. M. T. Hunter " 1859
-lain** A. Pearee - - 1855 Isaac P. Walker - - 1855
Thomas G. Pratt - 1857 Henry Dodge ... 1857
Lewis Cass ..... 1857
Chas. E. Stuart - - - 1859
* Bv Governor's appointment. The Legislature
of Alabama will have two Uuitsd States Senators to
sleet during the coming session
The House consists of two hundred and
thirty-lour Members and five Territorial Dele
gates, one new Territory baring lately been
farmed, ris: Washington. The Delegate*,
however, have no vote.
Old Line Democrats.?Philip Philips, S. W.
Harris, Wm. R. Smith, George S. Houghton,
W. R. W. Cobb, James F. Dowdell.
Wkig.?James Abercrotubie.
Old Line Democrats.?A. B. Greenwood, ?.
A. Warren.
Old Litu Democrats?James T. Pratt Colin
M. lngersoll, Nathan Heloher, Origen S. Sev
Old Line Democrats. ? }. A. McDouKaU
Milton 8. Latham.
Old Line Democrat.?George R. Riddle.
Old Line Democrat.?Augustus K. Maxwell.
Old Line Democrata.?J. L.-Seward, A. H.
Colquit, David J. Bailey, Wm. B W. Bent, K.
W. Cbaetain. Juuiua Htllysr.
Wktgs.?David A. Reese, Ale*. H. Stephens.
Old Ltne Denu^crat ?Bernhardt Henn.
?John P. Cook.
Old Line Democrats?S. Miller, W. H. Kug
lieh, C. L. Dunham, James A. Lane, Thus. A.
Henrietta, Johu G. Davis, Daniel Maee, Nor
man Mdy, E. M. Chamberlain, Andrew J. I
Whig.?Samuel W. Parker.
Old Line Democrats.?John Went worth W.
A. Riehardson, James Allen, William H.' Bi*
sell, Willis Allen.
Wkirs.?K. B. Washburne, J. C. Norton,
James Knox, Riehard Yates.
Old Line Democrats.?Lino Boyd, James S
Chrieman, J. M. Rlliott, J. C. Breokeuridce, B.
H. Stanton
Whigs?Beoj. K. Gray, Presley Kwing.
Clt-uwiii S Hill, Wm. Preston, Leander iff!
Old Line Democrats?Wm Dunbar, Johu
Psrku*, jr.
IFAtgt.?Theodore G. Hunt, John B. Smith.
Old Line Democrat ? Nathahiel P. Banks
, r,Zan?JScwddwr' L Cnn^ker,
J. Wilay Kdmundfi, Samuel H. Walley, Wil
liam Appleton t buries Hf. Cpham, Tanpan
Weotworth. Kdward Dickinson, John Z. Good
Independent Democrat ? Alex. De Witt.
Old Ltne Democrats.?David Stuart. David
A. Noble, Sainurl Clark, Hector L. Stephen*.
Old Line Democrats?Moeea Mo Donald, Sam
uel May all, T. J. D. Fuller.
Wktgs ? K. Wilder Parley, Samuel P. B?n- j
ooo, Israel Weehtmrn, jr.
Old Line Democrats. ?- Daniel B. Wright.
Wan H. Barry, O K. Singleton, Wiley P. Har- I
siis, Wm. Barksdale.
Old Line Democrats.?Jacob Shower, Joshua
Vsmisnt, Henry May, Wm. T. Hamilton.
Wktgt ?John R. Franklin, A. R. Sol lent '
Old Lime Democrats. ? Thomas H. Benton,
Alfred W. (<amb, John S. Phelps.
Wkigt.-?John G. Ltndlsy. John Q. Miller, ;
Mordeeai Other, Baa. Cariithm
Old Line Demmrat.?Henry M. Rioe.
Old Lime Democrats.?J as. Maurioe. The W. ,
Camming, Hiram Walbridge, Mike Walsh
William M. Tweed, John Wheeler, William A
Walker, Fraaois B. Catting, Jared V, Peck,
WiUiam Murray, T. R. Westbrook, GUbert
Dean, Koto* W. Peek ham, Charles Hagbes,
Bishop Perkins. Peter Rowe, Daniel T. Jones,
AiiNw Oliver, John J. Taylor, Goorge Haet
iag*. Reaben K Pen too.
IFfcffc?Raeml Sage, George A. Simmons,
fl?rgl W. Chase, 0.1. Matteeon, Henry Bea
?stt, Kdwia B Morgan, David Carpenter,
Thomas P. Placer, Solomon 6. Haven, B*ma
?9MI Pringle
independent Democrats.?Gerrit Smith, Ca
M Lyon
Old Lint Democrats.T Btratton,
Ch arise Skelton, H? >st Lilly, George Vraii.
Wkig ? A C. M Pennington.
nrw jumraitmi.
OmUni W. Kittredge,
George W. Morrison, Harry Hibbard
mg Lim DenmraH.-+4&. H Shaw, Thomas
RoAa Wm. 9. Aabs, Barton 8. Crsig, Thomas
I*. Chagman
Wki*<? Sis* H Rogers, John lerr, Rich
mi C rmjm
Old Line Democrat.?Jose Manuel Gallegos.
Old Line Democrats.?David T. Disney. M. H.
Nichols, Alfred P. Kdgerton, Andrew KUison,
Frederick W. Green, Thomas L. Ritchie. Kd
*son B. Olds, Wm. D. Lindsey, Harvey H.John
Hon, Wilson Shannon, George Bliss. Andrew
Whigs.?John Soott Harrison, Aaron Har
lan, Moses B. Corwin, John L. Taylor, W. K.
Sapp, Kdward Ball.
Independent Democrats.?L. D. Campbell,
Kdward Wade, J. K. Giddings.
Old Line Democrat.?Joseph Lane.
Old Line Democrats?T. B. Florence, J. Rob
ins, jr., Wm. H. Witte, John MoNair, Samuel
A. Bridged, Henry A. Muhlenberg, Christian
W. Straub, H. B. Wright, Asa Packer, Ga
lusha A. Grow, James Gamble, Wm. H. Kurtz.
Augustus Dram, John L. Dawson, Michael C.
Trout, Carlton B. Curtis.
Whigs.?Joseph R. Chandler, William Kver
hart, Issac K. Heister, Ner Middleswarth,
Samuel L. Russel, John MoCollooh, David
Ritchie, Thomas M. Howe, John Dick.
Old Line Democrats.?Thomas Davis, Ben
jamin B. Thurston.
State Rights Democrats.?John McQueen,
William Aiken, L. M. Keitt, P. S. Brooks, Jus.
L. Orr, W. W. Boyce.
Old Line Democrats?Brookins Campbell,
(deceased,) Wm. M. Churchwell, Samuel A.
Smith. Geo. W. Jones, Frederiok P. Stanton.
Whigs.?William Cullom, Charles Ready,
R. M. Bugg, Felix K. Zollikoffer, Emerson
Old Line Democrats.?Geo. Y. Smyth, Peter
H. Bell.
Old Line Democrat.?John M. Bernhisel.
Old Line Democrats.?T. H. Bayly, J. M. Mill
son. John S. Caskie, William 0. Goode, Thos.
S. Boeook, Paulus Powell, William Smith,
Charles J. Faulkner, H. A. Rdmondson, John
Letcher. Z. Kidwell, J. F. Snodgrass, Fayette
Mo Mullen.
Whigs.?J ame^ Meaoham, Andrew Traey,
Alvah Sabin. .
Old Lint Democrats.?Daniel Wells, jr., B.
C. Eastman, John B. Maoy.
Having assembled in National Conven
tion as the delegates of the Free Democra
cy of the United States, united by a com
mon resolve to maintain right against
wrongs, and freedom against slavery; con
fiding in the intelligence, patriotism, and
the discriminating justice of the American
people ; putting our trust in God for the
triumph of our cause, and invoking his
guidance in our endeavors to advance it,
we now submit to the candid judgment of
all meu the following declaration of prin
ciples and measures:
I. That Governments, deriving their just
powers from the consent of the governed,
are instituted among men to secure to all,
those inalieuable rights of life, liberty, and
the pursuit of happiness, with which they
were endowed by their Creator, and of
which none can be deprived by valid legis
lation, except for crime.
II. That the true mission of American
Democracy is to maintain the liberties of
the people, the sovereignty of the States,
and the perpetuity of the Union, by the
impartial application to public affairs, with
out sectional discriminations, of the fun
damental principles of equal rights, strict
justice, and economical administration.
III. That the Federal Government is
one of limited powers, derived solely from
the Constitution; and the grants of power
therein ought to be strictly construed by
all the departments and agents of the Gov
ernment, and it is inexpedient and dan
gerous to exercise doubtful constitutional
IV. .That the Constitution of the United
States, ordained to form a more perfect
union, to establish justice, and secure the
blessings of li!>erty, expressly denies to
the General Government all power to de
prive any person of life, liberty, or prop
erty, without due process of law; and,
therefore, the Government, having no more
power to make a slave, than to make a
king, and no more power to establish sla
very than to establish monarchy, should at j
once proceed to relieve itself from all re
sponsibility for the existence of slavery
wherever it possesses constitutional power
to legislate for its extinction.
V. That, to the persevering and inipor
tunate demands of the Slave Power lor
more slave States, new slave Territories,
and the nationalization of Slavery, our dis
tinct and final answer is?no more slave
States, no slave Territory, no nationalized
Slavery, and no national legislation for the
extradition of slaves.
VI. That Slavery is a sin against God
and a crime against man, which no human
enactment nor usagp can make right; and
that Christianity, humanity,and patriotism,
alike demand its abolition.
VII. That the fugitive Slave Act of 1850
is repugnant to the Constitution, to the
principles of the common law, to the
spirit of Christianity, and to the senti
ments'of the civilized world. We there
fore deny its binding force upon the
American People, and demand its imme
diate and total repeal.
VIII. That the doctrine that any human
law is a finality, and not subject to molli
fication or repeal, is not in accordance
with the creed of the founders of our Gov
ernment, and is dangerous to the liberties
of the people.
IX. That the acts of Congress known
as the Compromise Measures of 1890, by
making the admission of a sovereign State
1 contingent upon the adoption of other
measures demanded by the special inter
est of Slavery; by their omission to guar
anty freedom in free Territories; by their
attempt to impose unconstitutional limit
ations on the power of Congress and the
people to admit new State* ; by their pro
; visions for the assumption of five millions
1 of the State debt of Texas, and for the
payment of fire millions more, and the
oession of a large territory to the same
i State under menace,-as an indncement to
the relinquishment of a groundless claim,
and by their invasion of the sovereignty
of the States and the liberties of the peo
pie, through the enactment of an unjust,
oppressive, and unconstitutional Fugitive
Slave Law, are proved to be inconsistent
with all the principles and maxims ot De
mocracy, and wholly inadequate to the
settlement of the questions ol which tliey
are claimed to be an adjustment.
X. That no permanent settlement ol
the Slavery question can he looked lor,
except in the practical recognition of the
truth that Slavery is sectional, and free
dom national; by the total separation o
the General Government from Slavery, and
the exercise of its legitimate and consti
tutional influence on the side ol b reedonj;
and by leaving to the States the whole
subject of Slavery and the extradition ol
fugitives from service.
XI. That all men have a natural right to
a portion of the soil; and that, as the use
of the soil is indispensable to life, the
right of all men to the soil is as sacred as
their right to life ituell.
XII. That the public lands of the Uni
ted States belong to the people, and should
not be sold to individuals nor granted to
corporations, but should be held as a sa
cred trust for the benefit of the people,
and should be granted in limited quanti
ties, free of cost, to landless settlers. (
XIII. That a due regard for the Federal
Constitution, and sound administrative
policy, demand that the funds of the Gen
eral Government be kept separate Ironi
banking institutions; that inland and
ocean postage should be reduced to the
lowest possible point; that no more reve
nue should be raised than is required to
defray the strictly necessary expenses ot
the public service, and to pay off the pub
lic debt; and that the power and patron
age of the Government should be dimin
ished by the abolition ot all unnecessary
offices, salaries, and privileges, and by the
election by the people of all civil officers
in the service of the United States, stf far
as may be consistent with the prompt and
efficient transaction of the public business.
XIV. That river and harbor improve
ments, when necessary to the safety and
convenience of commerce with foreign
nations or among the several States, are
objects of national concern, and it is the
duty of Congress, in the exercise of its
constitutional powers, to provide for the
XV. That emigrants and exiles trom
the Old World should find a cordial wel
come to homes of comfort and fields of
enterprise in the New ; and every attempt
to abridge their privilege of becoming
citizens and owners of the soil among us
ought to be resisted with inflexible deter
XVI. That every nation has a clear
right to alter or change its own Govern
ment, and to administer its own concerns
in such manner as may best secure the
rights and promote the happiness of the
people, and foreign interference with
that right is a dangerous violation of the
law of nations, against which all independ
ent Governments should protest, and en
deavor by all proper means to prevent;
and especially is it the duty ot the Ameri
can Government, representing the chief
Republic of the world, to protest against,
and by all proper means to prevent,
the intervention of Kings and Emperors
against nations seeking to establish for
themselves republican or constitutional
XVII. That the independence of Hayti
ought to be recognised by our Govern
ment, and our commercial relations with
it placed on the footing of the most favor
ed nations.
XVIII. That as, by the Constitution,
" the citizens of each State shall be en
titled to all privileges and immunities of
citizeus of the several States," the prac
tice of imprisoning colored seamen of
other States, while the vessels to which
they belong lie in port, and refusing to
exercise the right to bring such cases be
fore the Supreme Court of the United
States, to test the legality of such pro
ceedings, is a flagrant violation of the
Constitution, and an invasion of the rights
of the citizens of otther States, utterly in
consistent with the professions made by
the slaveholders, that they wish the pro
visions of the Constitution faithfully ob
served by every Slate in the Union.
XIX. That we recommend the intro
duction into all treaties, hereafter to In
negotiated between the United States and
foreign nations, of some provision for the
amicable settlement of difficulties by a re
sort to decisive arbitration.
XX. That the Free Democratic party is
not organized to aid either the Whig or
Democratic wing of the great Slave Com
promise party of the nation, but to defeat
them both ; and that repudiating and re
nouncing both, as hopelessly corrupt, and
utterly unworthy of confidence, the pur
pose of the Free Democracy is to take j
possession of the Federal Government,
and administer it for the better protection
of the rights and interests of the whole
XXI. That we inscribe on our banner,
Free Soil, Frke Speech, Free Labor,
and Free Men, and under it will fight on
and fight ever, until a triumphant victory
shall reward our exertions.
XXII. That upon this Platform' the Con
vention presents to the American People,
as a candidate for the office of President
of the United States, John P. Hale, of
New Hampshire, and as a candidate for
the office of Vice President of the United
States, George W. Julian, of Indiana,
and earnestly commends them to the sup
port of all freemen and parties.
Life of Imm T. Hopper?price $1.26, portage SI
Uncle Tom * Cabin?price 371 cento, portage 12eeate|
It* copie* for $2, portage paid.
UneleTom't Cabin in (German?price U cents, port
age 16 canto.
Key to Uncle Totn'i Cabin?price 60 eente, portage II
White Slavery in the Barbery State*, by Hon. Cfcarlea
Hanmer?price M onto, portag* IS oeate.
WdWngs'iSpoaelw, one roleee 1 Sm??prle# $1, port
age U cento.
QlO*eH'? American Blare Code?price 76 cent*, port
age IS eente.
I Manuel Pereira?prioe ia eloth 76 sen to, postage 12
cent*, in paper 6* cent*, portage lft cent*
Addre** lkwi8 CLRPHANK.
National Ira Oflse
I. Resolved, That the American Democ
racy place their trust in tlifc intelligence,
the patriotism, and the discriminating jus
tice of the American people.
II. Resolved, That we regard thin an a
distinctive feature of our political creed,
which we are proud to maintian before
the world as the great moral element in a
form of government springing from and
upheld by the popular will; and we con
trast it with the creed and practice of
Federalism, under whatever name or form,
which seeks to palsy the will of the con
stituent, and which conceives no impos
ture too monstrous for the public cre
III. Resolved, therefore, That, entertain
ing these views, the Democratic party of
this Union, through their delegates assem
bled in a General Convention, coming
together iu a spirit of coucord, of devotion
to the doctrines and faith of a free repre
sentative Government, and appealing to
their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of
their intentions, renew and reassert before
the American people the declarations of
principles avowed by theni when, on
former occasions, in General Convention,
they have presented their candidates for
the popular suffrages:
1. That the Federal Government is one
of limited powers, derived solely from the
Constitution, and the grants of power
therein ought to be strictly construed by
all the departments aid agents of the Gov
ernment ; and that i^ is inexpedient and
dangerous to exerciae doubtful constitu
tional powers.
2. That the Constitution does not con
fer upon the General Government the
power to commence and carry on a gen
eral system of internal improvements.
3. That the Constitution does not con
fer authority upon the Federal Govern
ment, directly or indirectly, to assume the
debts of the several States, contracted for
local and internal improvements, or other
State purposes; nor would such assump
tion he just or expedient.
4. That justice and sound policy forbid
the Federal Government to foster one
branch of industry to the detriment of any
other, or to cherish the interests of one
portion to the injury of another portion of
our common country; that every citizen,
and every section of the country, has a
right to demand and insist upon an equal
ity of 'rights and privileges, and to com
plete and ample protection of persons and
property from domestic violence or foreign
5. That it is the duty of every branch of
the Government to enforce and practice
the most rigid economy in conducting our
public affaire, and that no more revenue
ought to be raised than is required to de
fray the necessary expenses of the Gov
ernment, and for the gradual but certain
extinction of the public debt.
6. That Congress has no power- to
charter a National Bank ; that we believe
such an institution one of deadly hostility
to the bests interests of the country, dan
gerous to our republican institutions and
the liberties of the people, and calculated
to place the business of the country within
the control of a concentrated money
power, and above the laws and the will of
the people; and that the results of Dem
ocratic legislation, in this and all other
financial measures upon which issues have
been made between the two political par
ties of the country, have demonstrated, to
candid and practical men, of all parties,
their soundness, safety, and utility, in all
business pursuits.
7. That the separation of the moneys
of the Government from banking institu
tions is indispensable for the safety of the
funds of the Government and the rights of
the people.
8. That the liberal principles embodied
by Jefferson in the Declaration of Inde
pendence,'and sanctioned in the Consti
tution, which makes oure the land of lib
erty Ind the asylum of the oppressed of
every nation, have ever been cardinal prin
ciples in the Democratic faith ; and every
attempt to abridge the privilege of be
coming citizens and the owners of soil
among us, ought to be resisted with the
same spirit which swept the alien and ?e
dition laws from our statute books.
9. That Congress ha* no power under
the Constitution to interfere with or con
trol the domestic institutions of the sev
eral States, and that such States are the
sole and proper judges of everything ap
pertaining to their own affairs, not prohib
ited by the Constitution; that all efforts
of the Abolitionists or others, made to in-,
duce Congress to interfere with questions
of slavery, or to take incipient steps in re
lation thereto, are calculated to lead to
the mo?t alarming and dangerous conse
quences ; and that all such efforts have an
inevitable tendency to diminish the happi
ness of the people and endanger the sta
bility and permanency of the union, and
ought not to be countenanced by any
friend of our political institutions. .
IV. Renohttd, That the foregoing*prop
osition covers and was intended to em
brace the whole subject of slavery agitation
in Congress; and therefore the Demo
cratic party of the Union, standing on this
national platform, will abide by and adhere
to a faithful execution of the acts known
as the Compromise measures settled by the
last Congress, " the act for reclaiming fu
gitives from service or labor," included ;
which act, being designed to carry out an
express provision of the Constitution, can-.
not with fidelity thereto be repealed or so
changed as to deatroy or impair its effi
V. Resolved, That the Democratic party
will resist all attempts at renewing, in
Congress or out of it, the agitation of the
Slavery question, under whatever shape or
color the attempt may be made.
VI. Retohtd, That the proceeds of the
public lands ought to be sacredly applied
to the national objects specified in the
Constitution; and that we are opposed to
any law for the distribution or such pro
ceeds among the States, as alike inexpe
dient in policy and repugnant to the Con
VII. Retohed, That we are decidedly
opposed to taking from the President the
qaalified veto power, by which he is ena
bled, under restrictions and responsibilities
amply sufficient to guard the public inter
est, to suspeud the passage of a bill whose
merits cannot secure the approval of two
thirds of the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives until the judgment of the people
can be obtained thereon, and which hus
saved the Ainericau people from the cor
rupt and tyrannical domination of the
Rank of the United States, and from a
corrupting system of general internal im
VIII. Resolved, That the Democratic
party will faithfully abide by aud uphold
the principles laid down in the Kentucky
and Virginia resolutions of 1798, and in
the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia
Legislature iu 1799; that it adopts those
principles as constituting one of the main
foundations of its political creed, and is
resolved to carry them out in their obvious
meaning and import.
IX. Resolved, That the war with Mex
ico, upon all the principles of patriotism
aud the laws of nations, was a just aud
necessary war on our part, in which every
American citizen should have shown him
self on the side of his country, and neither
morally nor physically, by word or deed,
have given " aid and comfort to the
X. Resolved, That we rejoice at the res
toration of friendly relations with our sister
Republic of Mexico, and earnestly desire for
her all the blessings and prosperity which
we enjoy under republican institutions;
and we congratulate the American people
upon the results, of that war, which have
so manifestly justified the policy and con
duct of the Democratic party, and insured
to the United States " indemnity for the
past and security for the future."
XI. Resolved, That, in view of the con
dition of popular institutions in the Old
World, a high and sacred duty is devolved,
with increased responsibility, upon the
Democratic party of this country, as the
party of the people, to uphold and maintain
the rights of every State, and thereby the
Union of the States, and to sustain and
advance among us constitutional liberty,
by continuing to resist all monopolies and
exclusive legislation for the benefit of the
few at the expense of the many, and by a
vigilant and constant adherence to those
principles and compromises of the Con
stitution which are broad enough aud
strong enough to embrace and uphold the
Union as it was, the Union as it is, aud
the Union as it shall be, in the full expan
sion of the energies and capacity of this
great and progressive people.
The Whigs of the United States, in
Convention assembled, firmly adhering to
the great conservative republican princi
ples by whieh they are controlled and gov
erned, and now, as ever, relying upon the
intelligence of the American people, with
an abiding confidence in their capacity for
! self-government and their continued devo
I tion to the Constitution and the Union,
' do proclaim the following as the political
sentiments and determinations, for the
establishment and maintenance of which
their national organization as a party is
effected :
I. The Government of the United States
is of limited character, and it is confined
to the exercise of powers expressly granted
' by the Constitution, and such as may be
! necessary and proper for carrying the
1 granted powers into full execution, and
that all powers not thus granted or neces
sarily implied are expressly reserved to
the States respectively and to the people.
II. The State Governments should be
held secure in their reserved rights, and
(he Geueral Government sustained in its
constitutioual powers, and the Union
should be revered and watched over as
" the palladium of our liberties."
III. That while struggling freedom,
everywhere, enlists the wannest sympathy
j of the Whig party, we still adhere to the
doctrines of the Father of his Country, as
announced in his Farewell Address, of
keeping ourselves free from all entangling
alliances with foreign countries, and of
never quitting our own to stand upon for
eign ground. That our mission as a Re
public is n?f to propagate our opinions,
or impose on other countries our form of
government, by artifice or force, but to
teach by example, and show by our suc
cess, moderation, and justice, the bless
ings of self-government and the advan
tages of free institutions.
IV. That where the people make and
control the Government, they should obey
its constitution, laws, and treaties, as they
would retain their self-respect, and the re
spect which they claim and will enforce
from foreign powers.
V. Government should be conducted
upon principles of the strictest economy,
and revenue sufficient for the expenses
thereof, in time of peace, ought to be
mainly derived from a duty ou imports,
and not from direct taxes; and, in levying
such duties, sound policy requires a just
discrimination and protection from fraud
by specific duties, when practicable,
whereby suitable encouragement may be
assured to American industry, equally to
all classes and to all portions of the coun
VI. The Constitution rests in Congress
the power to open and repair harbors, and
remove obstructions front navigable rivers;
and it is expedient that Congress shall ex
ercise that power whenever such improite
ments are necessary fur the common defence
or for the, protection and facility of com
merce with foreign nations or among thq
States; such improvements being, in every
instance, national and general in their
VII. The Federal and State Govern
ments are parts of one system, alike ne
cessary for the common prosperity, peace,
and security, and ought to be regarded
alike with a cordial, habitual, and immova
ble attachment. Respect for the authority
of each, and acquiescence in the constitu
tional measures of each, are duties re
quired by the plainest considerations of
National, of State, and individual welfare.
VIII. The series of acts of the 31st
Congress, commonly known as the Com
promise or Adjustment, (the act for the
recovery of fugitives from labor included,)
are received and acquiesced in by the
Whigs of the United States as a final set
tlement, in principle and substance, of the
i subjects to which they relate; and so far
as these acts are concerned, we will main
tain them, and insist on their strict en
forcement, until time and experience shall
demonstrate the necessity of further legis
lation to guard against the evasion of tlie
laws on the one haud, and the abuse of
their powers on the other, not impairing
their present efficiency to carry out the
requirements of the Constitution ; ami we
deprecate all further agitation of the ques
tions thus settled, as dangerous to our
peace, and will discoiMiteuance all efforts
to continue or renew such agitation, when
ever, wherever, or however made; and we
will maintain this settlement as essential
to the nationality of the Whig party and
the integrity of the Union.
John G. Chapman, of JMd.,
President of the Whig National Convention
The following is a list of the Free Dem
ocratic and Anti-Slavery papers published in
the United States:
Inouirer, Portland, Me.; A. Willey ; $2 per unnum.
Ind. Democrat, Concord, N. 11.; G. G. Fogg; $2.
News, Keen*, N. II,; 8. Woodward; $1.25.
Democrat, Manchester, N. H.; J. II. Goodale; $1.50,
Messenger, Portsmouth, N. II.; T. J. Whittam ; $1.
Freeman, Montpelier, Vt.; D. P. Thompson; $2.
Observer, Morrisville, Vt.; J. A. Somerby; $1.25.
Telegraph, Springfield, Vt.; L. T. Guernsey; $1.75.
Democrat, Brattleborough, Vt.; W.Nichols; $1.50..
Brandon Post, Brandon, Vt.; P. Welch, $1.
Courier, Burlington, Vt.; G. C. Samson, $1.50.
Commonwealth, Boston, Ms.; J. D. Baldwin; daily
$5, weekly $2.
Sentinel, North Adams, Ms.; A. D. Brook; $1.50.
American, Lowell, Ms.; W. S. Robinson; tri-week.; $ii.
News, Fitchburg, Mass.; K. F. Kollins; $1.60.
Essex County Freeman, Salem, Ms.; J. EmmeM;
semi-weekly, $.8.50.
Republican, Greenfield, Ms.
Spy, Worcester, Ms.; J. M. Karle; $2.
Standard, New Bedford, Ms.
Courier, Northampton, Ms.
Gasette, Dedhaiu, Ms.; Henry 0. Hildreth; $2.
Democrat, Dedham, Ms.; E. G. Robinson; $2.
Sentinel, Lawrence, Ms.; John Ryan A Co.; $2.
Rhode Island Freeman, Providence, R. I.; Crawford
A Harris; $1.
Republican, Hartford, Ct.; Bartlett A Hawley; $2.
Herald, Ellington, N. Y.; A. S. Brown.
Evening Chronicle, Syracuse, N. Y.; H. R. Raymond
daily $3, weekly $1.50.
Spirit of the Age, Norwich, N. Y.; J. D. Lawyer; $1.
Wyoming Co. Mirror, Warsaw, N. Y.; A. Holley; $2
Telegraph, Oneida, N. Y.; D. H. Frost; $1.25.
Banner of the Times, De Ruyter, N. Y.
Free Press. Wellsville, N. Y.; A.N.Cole; $1.50.
Frederick Douglass' Paper, Rochester, N. Y.; Fred
erick Douglass; $2.
Free Press, Gouverneur, New York ; Mitchell Jfc llul
bert; $1;
Herald, Jamestown, N. Y.
Canon League, Syracuse, N. Y.; J. Thomas; $1.50.
Amorican Banner, Cherry Valley, Pa.; Jonh B. King
Conner, Coneantville, Pa.; G. W. Brown.
Olive Branch, Norristown, Pa.; Joseph Moyer; $1.
Saturday Visiter. Pittsburgh, Pa.; Jane G. A William
Swissnelm; $1.50.
Freeman, Mercer, Pa.; W. T. Clark; $1.50.
Weekly Crescent, Krie, Pa.; Caughey A McCrearv;
The People's Journal, Coudersport, Potter oounty,
Pa.; Dougall, Mann A Haskell; $1.60.
Dispatch, Pittsburg, Pa.; Foster A Fleeson; daily
$3, weeklv $1.
Clarion of Freedom, Indiana, Pa.; Moorhead A M<<
Claran; $1.
Die Frie Press, Philadelphia, Pa.; F. W. Thomas; dai
ly. $3.
Homestead Journal, Salem, O.; A. Hinksmaa; $1.50.
Christian Press, Cincinnati, 0.; $2.
True Democrat, Cleveland, 0.; Thomas Brown; dai
ly $0, weekly $2.
Ashtabula Sentinel, Jefferson and Ashtabula, O.; W.
C. Howell; $2.
Mahoning Free Democrat, Youngs town, 0.; M. Cullo
tan; $1.50.
Commercial, Cleveland, 0.; H.M.Addison; $1.50.
Journal, Wellington, 0.; George Brewster; $1.50.
Western Reserve Chronicle, Warren, 0.; K. U. How
ard; $2.
Telegraph, Painsville, 0.; Gray A Doolittle; $2.
Ohio Times, Mount Vernon, O.; Chapman A Thrall;
Independent Democrat, Klyria, 0.; Philemon Bliss,
Colombian, Columbus, 0.: L. L. Rice.
Free Democrat, Ohanton, O.; J. S. Wright; $1.
Star, Ravenua, 0.; Lyinan W. Hall; $1.50.
Herald of Freedom, Wilmington, 0.; J. W. Chaffin :
True Republiran, Greenfield, 0.
Williams Democrat., West Unity, 0.; Win. A Hunter.
Free Democrat, Detroit, Mich.; S. H. Baker; daily
$5, weekly $1.
Free Democrat, Indianapolis, Ind.; R. Vaile; $1.50.
Western Citisen, Chioago, IU.j Z.C.Eastman; daily
and weekly.
Journal, Sparta, III.; I. S. Coulter; $1.25.
Western Freeman, Galesburg, III.; W.J.Lane, $2
Standard, Freeport, III.
Free Democrat, Waukesha, Wis.; S. M. Booth; dai
ly $4, weekly $2.
Telegraph, Kenosha, Wis.; Sholts A Frank ; $2.
Free Press, Janesville, Wis.; Joseph Uaker; $1.50.
Free Press, Sheboygan Falls. Wis.; J. A Smith; $2
Advocate, Racine. Wis.; C. Clements; $2.
Kentucky News, Newport, Ky.; W. S. Bailey; $1.
True Demecrat, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; J. W. Howr;
Der Demokrat, Davenport, Iowa; Th. Gulich; $2.
Pacific Statesman. San Francisco, Cal.; J. H. Purdy
Der National Deiuokrat, Washington, D. C.; Fred.
Sohmidt, editor; BvellJc Blsnchurd, publishers, $2.
Liberator, Boston, Ms.; Win. Lloyd Garrison; $2 60.
Pennsylvania Freeman, Philadelphia, Pa.; C. M. Bur
leigh; $3.
National Anti-Slavery Standard, New York, N. Y.;
S. H. Gay A K. Quincy; $2.
Anti-Slavery Bagle, Salem, O.; M. R. Robinson ; $1,50.
Voice of the Fugitive.
km now ready for Mlrtrjr
Pi*im of SmUhtm hitsn, I Aft, and Hosjntaiitf.
Writtea in Charleston, S. 0., by F. C. Adam*.
TUK above work foraiae beMitifal llmo volume 01
over 300 pages, small pica. Price?in paper, 6(
0?nti; muslin, 76 cents The usual diacortnt to th<
Trade. Order* solicited. Co pi to ?ant by mail, pre
paid, apv distance under 3,000 miles, for ?' oent*
The abort work is ? delineation of Ike aoenes am
incidents connected with tbe imprisonment, In ISM
of Mangel pereira, steward of tlie Uritlab brig Jan
aon, in the jail of Charleston, 8. C.
Tbe following notice of this work la copied from th>
National lira of February If:
"The above ia the title of a work now in preee
founded upon that infemona statute of Booth Carolina
by which ner eiUtena claim a right to impriaon rolorrv
<Minfn, of all nations, and e?*n thoee eaat upon theb
ahorea in distress. We bare permed the book In ad
ranee of ite publication, and And that it glres a life
like picture or Pereira, the vessel in which he Bailed
the storms ahe eneonntered, and her wreeked oonditiot
when brought into the port of Oharleeton, 8.0.) to
gather with the imprisonment of Pereira, several eea
men belonging to the New Rngland State*, and tw<
French aeamen; the priaon regimen, character of th?
Charleston police, and the mendacity of oertain ofll
oiala, who make tbe law a medium of peculation. Thi
work ia replete with incidenta of Southern life anc
character, pointing Southerner* to the thinga that oal)
for correction at their own hand a, with ?force thai
cannot be mistaken The work ia written by one wh<
haa taken a prominent part in tije affair* of the South
and cannot tail U> interest alike the general reader
commercial man, and philanthropist."
The above work can be obtained, at wbolesal*
price*, from
Jon* P. Jkwktt A Co , Boston, Maw.,
Sicnvius J. Baths, 4R Beekman at., Sew York,
Wilms P Hazard, Philadelphia,
And from the publishers,
BTTBLL A BLANCHABT). Waahington, D 0
PAMPHLKT PRINTING neatly eteeuted hy
Sixth street, south ef Pennsylvania aveae*
| People's FATi.ni OyricK. 86 Ne+*tm *<?, N- Y
INVENTORS and i.ther* desiring to apply for Ca
veats are informed that a i tbe ueceseary drawings
1 and paper* are prepared by the undersigned with the
utmost dispatch, and on the moat moderate t?*nna
AU other Patent busmen* promptly intended to.
Persons wishing for information or advice relative
to PatenU or Invention* may at ail timet* commit tho
undersigned without thurut. either personally at his
office, or by lettrr ALFR1SI) K. UKAClJ,
Fob. 3. Solioitor of PatenU, 86 Nassuu at., N. Y.
TII18 Institution has been ia successful operation
three yean, and its proprietor, having devoted
twenty-five years to the management of th? Mick, ia
now enabled to judiciously select, and skillfully ap
ply, such curative agencies as ure best adapted to
each oase. Female diseases, in all their form*, re
ceive particular attention ; and those even who have
been confined to their beds from one to twenty years,
with spinal, uterino, or anomalous disease, are assur
ed that there is still hope for them. We especially
invite such to oorresponu with us, as unrivalled suc
cess has given us oonndouoe of tbeir curability. De
rangement of the uorvous system, liver, and digestive
organs, are generally relieved. Terms, from $0 to
$12 per week, accordfny to helplessness or the amount
of care required. Address
Dee. 2V. Oriuiville, Licking eo., Ohio.
T11U subscriber is prepared to Lecture, the present
season, on the new method of Hiiildiug, with the
gravel wall, in the Octagon and Hexagonal forms.
Address . I. 11. STEARNS,
Jan. 6. Abington, Mass.
T11IS elegant and popular Weekly Agricultural.
Family Newspaper will oommence its third vol
ume on the lit of January, 1864. It will be illustra
ted with numerous engravings of Domestic Animals,
Farm Buildings, Farm Implements, Trees, Shrubs,
and all the important affairs oouneoied with Horti
culture, Agriculture, and Stock.
Each number will contain, besides Foreign and
Domestic News, selections from the most interesting
Publications of the day, Stories, Wit, History, Biog
raphy, Poetry, Essays on various subjects, Market
Reports of Cleveland, New York, Cincinnati, Ac. In
short, nothing will be left undone which may b?
thought neoessary to render " The Ohio Farmer ' the
best Family Paper for the Farmer, Gardener, Me
chanic, and Stock Breeder, that is published in tha
United States. That the circulation may be general,
we have made the terms low.
Terms.?One copy, $2; three copies, $6; five cop
iea, $8; tan copies, $15; twenty copies, $26; and at
the same rate lor six months. Address
THOMAS BROWN, Proprietor,
Cleveland, Ohio.
(?7*~ Editors friendly to our enterprise, who will
oopy the above advertisement, and send a paper
marked to us, shall have the Farmer the coming
year, with or without an exohange. Deo. 22?4t
nut street, above Seventh, Philadelphia. 1
A new manual of the dining-room and kitchen, con
taining original reeipes in every branch of cookery,
domestic beverages, food for invalids, pickling, Ac.
Together with bill of fare for every day in the year,
rulea for carving, Ac., by a Practical Housekeeper,
and pupil of Mrs. Ooodfellow. With appropriate il
lustrations. 12ino, cloth or half-bound, 76 cents.
Cookery as it should be ? Ah, well, that's a pretty
bold title! And a dubious one, too, exclaims another,
for if the authoress is going to tell us what it should
be, that will be nothing new,for we all know by daily
experience what it should and could be, but what it
is not. W ell, she tells you what it should be, and
how to make it so; and in abort, plain, practical, and
simple ralea. such as the result of a long and constant
ly active experience in providing for the daily wants
of a large household, enables her to do in the very
best manner. Every one who has eaten at oar au
thoress's board will bear ample testimony to the ex
cellent qualities of the rnauy good things she daily
sets before them, prepared under her own superin
tendence, and the rules for making which sho herein
acts forth.
The recipea of the world-renowned Mrs. Goodfel
low, for cakes, pastry, and sweetmeats, are now for
tho first time collected together for the benefit of all
who desire to be good housekeepers.
In short, this naw Cook Book is offered to the pub
lic as the best which has aver been prepared, and the
publisher invitee all houseko?|ieni to purchase it and
give it a trial, confident that they will recommend it
to their friend* as the only practical Cook Book of
which they ean make daily uae in all their household
duties. Jan. 21.
Author of " Dntrnira,'' fir.
THE COLUMBIA (1LEE BOOK; or, Mnsic for
the Million, in three parts.
Part 1?comprising the largest number of choice
(Jleas, Quartettes, Tnos, Songs, Opera Choruses, Ac.,
I ever published.
Part 2?consisting of Sacred Anthems, Choruses,
j Quartettes, Ac , for select societies and concerts
Part It?containing most of the old popular Conti
nental Psalm tunes. Making the moat complete col
lection, in all iti features, ever published.
For sale by
FRANCE TAYLOR, Washington, 1). C.
Cleveland. Ohio.
MOORE, ANDERSON, A CO., Cincinnati,
Jan. 2?ld3w Ohio.
A PARTNER, who is & practical Druggitit, and can
bring a cub capital of from five to ten thousand
dollar*, to invuat in a well established tvholeeale Drug
JiouM, at one of the Iwrt points in the WesWn coun
try for a large jobbing trade.
It i* about four year* aince thi* bouse wa* first
opened and ha* done a large ami profitable buaineaa
from the atart I purchased and have conducted the
buaineaa for over two yean, during which time the
trade ha* steadily increnaod from over fifty per cent,
during the first year's buaine*H to on* hundred and
Dfty per cent, the paat year. And, with my facilities
for business, Western acquaintance, Ac., the trade
can be made, with the additional capital required, to
reach from one hundred to one hundred and fifty
thou**nd dollar* annually.
For further particular*, address the undersigned,
a* above. All letter* of inquiry will meet with prompt
attention. I. M ASHLEY.
Jan. 28? ldlw
IMNE chance for young men thia winter. Addree*
Not. S. M. J. COOK, Crawfordavllle, Ind.
THE subscriber offer* lor aale hi* Farm, situated
about five mile* from W aahington, D.C., in Prince
George's county. Md. It contain* 17SJ acroe, mora
than 30 of whicn i* a fine alluvial meadow, producing
a ton and a half of hay to the acre, but which un
der improved cultivation would produce at leaat two
ton*. Hay aell* in the Washington market at front
$15 to (HO per U>n. About four acre* of the place ia
a marsh covered with several foet iu thiokuein of
black earth, the result of deoayed vegetation, whieb,
properly composted, i* a source froui which the up
land may he enriehed at a reaannable coat. About
AO acre* of the farm ia woodland?growth principally
oak and cheetnut The land, uxcept the meadow, ia
undulating, and afford* many beautiful sites for build
ing. There are many spring* of excellent water on
the plaee, and It it noted for it* hcalthfulnesa. The
*oil of the greater part of the upland is a sand v loam,
underlaid by clay ta souie place*, clay predomina
ting. About 75 acrea could bo divided into small gar
dening farm*, giving nearly an equal quantity of wood
and arable land to each. There i* an orchard of 150
Eh tree* and AO apple tree* on the place, all bear
The farm i*woll fenced. The building* are a log
house of four room*, with a frame addition of throe
room*, a meat house of sun-dried brick, a log kitchen
separate from the dwelling, a corn-house. stable, oar
riage house, Ac. There t* a stream of water running
through the place, with sufficient water and fall for a
email mill. Price. $50 per acre Term* one third
eaah; a long credit for the re*idu0, if desired, or, it
would be nichanged for real eatate iu the city ot
Washington Address MARTIN BUSLL,
Washington, U. C.
Fifty acre*, about half of which I* woodland, and
which could he divided into three gardening farm*,
with woodland and a beautiful building aite tp each,
would be fold separately. Of, if preferred, I will aell
the other part of the farm, on which are the building*,
orchard, and meadow, which cannot be conveniently
divided. M B.
vimtino and wbddinm oarm.
UPON the reoeipt of TWO DOLLARS, bv mail, the
?abacribor will Immediately forward, freo of
poetage, a pnek of fifty Vlalting card*, with the name
of the peraon tmitten uwin ihem In a style which re
quire* tha closest examination to distinguish it trem
mgravinf Wadding Cards, from four to fivailollars
per pack of fifty. Sample* will he sent to persons by
applying, |*.*tage paid, and enclosing a stamp Write
the name plainly. Address
Dee W ~*t Seventh atreet. Washington, D. 0.
Printing ei
Sixth atreet, W aahington.
H^BLaVohIrd Printing executed by HUE LI*

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