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WASHINGTON, D. C.
LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE ?i) CONGRESS, mum Ths SeuaU consists ut two Senators from eaoh SUM. Tkwt ar* thirty-one State*, represented by sixty two Senator*. Whigs, in ItaJtc; Old Lin* Democrats, in Rouisn. Those marked 1. !>., Independent Democrats; U., thus* *l*et*d as Union men; H. H.. those'elected as Southern or State Rights men President - Uavld it. Atchison Secretary < - Asbury Dickins. 7V# ?? t spire*. Tbrm eJiyirsi ALABAMA. MJSSIMilPtM. Booj Pitspatrick - ? 1 Stephen Adams, (U.) 1867 0. C- Clay 186V Vacancy 186W ARKANSAS. MISDOHII. R. W. Johnson* ? ? 1856 David K. Atchison ? 1856 Wui. K. Sebastian - 1H5H Henry 8. Geyet ? - I8atl CONNECTICUT. NKW HAMPSHIRE. Truman Smith ? - 1855 Moses Norris, jr - - 1866 Isaac Touoey - - - 1867 Jared W. Williams- lti6y CALIFORNIA. NEW YORK. William M- Owin - 1866 Wm. //. Hewnri/ - ? 1866 John B. Waller - ? 1867 Ha mil tun Pi sh - - 1H6? DELAWARE. NKW JERSEY. James A. Bayard - 1857 J. R. Thompson ? - 1867 John. M. Clayton ? 186V William Wright - ? 18jU FLORIDA. NORTH CAROLINA. Jackson Morton - - 1866 George E. Bmlger - 1866 Stephen R. Mallory 1867 V acancy 186V OEORti I A. OHIO. W. C. Dawson - ? 1866 S. P. Ohaso (I. D.) - 1866 Robert Toombs (U.) 186V benjamin F. IVa Jr. 1867 INDIANA. PENNSYLVANIA. John Petit 1866 James Cooper - - - 1866 Jesse D. Bright ? - 1857 Rich'd Brodhead,jr. 1867 ILLINOIS. KHODK ISLAND. James Shields - ? - 1866 Charles T. James ? 1867 Stephen A. Douglas 186V Philip Allen - - ? - 186V IOWA. SOUTH CAROLINA. Augustus C. Dodge - 1866 A. P. Butler (S. R.) - 1866 George W. Jones - 186V Josiah J. Evans - ? 186V KENTUCKY. TENNESSEE. Archibald Dixon - - 1855 James C. Jones - ? 1867 John B. Thompson 185V John Bell 186V LOUISIANA. TEXAS. John Slidell * - - - 1855 Thomas J. Rusk ? ? 1867 J. P. Benjamin - ? 185V gam. Houston - - 18jV MAINE. VERMONT. Hannibal Hamlin - 1857 Vacancy 1856 Vacancy 186V Solomon Foot - - - 1857 MASSACHUSETTS. VIRGINIA. Chs. Sumner (I. D.) 1857 J. M. Mason (S. R.) 1857 Edward Everett - . 186V R. M. T. Hunter " 185V MARYLAND. WISCONSIN. Jams* A Penrce - - 1856 Isaac P. Walker - ? 1866 Thomas G. Pratt - 1857 Henry Dodge - ? - 1867 MICHIGAN. Lewis Can 1867 Ohaa. B. Stuart - - - 186V * By Governor's appointment. The Legislature ?f Alabama will have two Umtad States Senators to ?lest daring th* coming session HOUSE or EEPBHI1TATIVB. The House consists of two hundred and thirty-four Mem ben and fife Territorial Dele gates, one new Territory having lately been formed, vis: Washington. The Delegates, however, have no vote. ALABAMA., Old Line Democrats.?Philip Philips, S. VV. Harris, Wm. R. Smith, George S. Houghton, W. R. W, Cobb, James P. Dowdell. Whig.?James Aberorombie. ARKANSAS. Old Lint Democrats.?A. B. Greenwood, K. A. Warren. CONNECTICUT. Old Line Democrat*.?James T. Pratt Colin M. Ingersoll, Nathan Beloher, Origen S. Sey CALIFORNIA. Old Line Democrat*. ? J. A. MoDougall Milton 8. Latham. DELAWARE. Old Line Democrat.?George R. Riddle. FLORIDA. Old Democrat.?Augustus E. Maxwell. GEORGIA. Old Line Democrats.?J. L. Seward. A. H. Coiquit, David J. Bailey, Wm. B. W. Bent, K. W. Chastaio Junius Hillyer. Whigs.?David A. Reese, Alex. H. Stephens IOWA. Old Line Democrat.?Bernhardt Henn. Whig ?John P. Cook. INDIANA. Old Line Democrats.?8. Millar, W. H. Eng lish, C. L. Dunham, James A. Lane, Thos. A. John G. Davis, Daniel Maoe, Nor man Eddy, E. M. Chamberlain, Andrew J. Harlan. Whig.?Samuel W. Parker. ILLINOIS. Old Line Democrats.?John Wentworth, W. A. Riohardsoo. James Allen, William H. Bis ?ell, Willis Allen. Whigs.?E. B. Washburne, J. C. Norton, James Knox, Richard Yates. KENTUCKY. Old Lime Democrats.?Linn Boyd, Jamos S. Chrismao, J. M. Elliott, J. C. Breokenridge, K. H. Stantoo Whigs?B?ny E. Gray, Presley Ewing, Clement S. Hill, Wm. Preston, Leander Cob. LOUISIANA. Old Line Democrats?Wm. Dunbar, John Perkins, jr. Whtgs.?Theodore G. Hunt, John B. Smith. MASSACHUSETTS. Old Line Democrat?Natbahiel P. Banks Whig*.?Zeno Scudder, Samuel L. Crocker, J. Wiley Edmunds, Samuel H. Walley. Wil liam Apple ton, Chariea W. Upham, Tappun Wentworth. Edward Diekineon, John Z. Good rioh. Independent Democrat.?Alex. De Witt. MICHIGAN. Old Line Democrats?David Stuart, David A. Noble, Samuel (-lark, Hestor L. Stephens ? MAINE. Old Line Democrats.?Moees Mo Don aid, Sam Ml May all, T. J. D. Fuller. Whigs.?E. Wilder Parley, Samuel P. Ben MB, braal Washburn, jr. MISSISSIPPI. Old Ltne Democrats. ? Daniel B. Wright, Wm S. Barry, 0 R. Singleton, Wiley P. Mar ris, Wm. Barksdale. MARYLAND. Old Ltne Democrats.?Jacob Shower, Joshua Vanssnt, Henry May, Wm. T. Hamilton. Whigs ?John R. Franklin, A. R. Soli em MISSOURI Old Line Democrats. ? Thomas H. Ronton, Alfred W Lamb, John S Phelps Whigs? John G. Lindley, John G. Miller, Merdeeai Oliver, Sam. Carutbem MINNESOTA. Old Line Democrat.?Henry M. Rioe. NEW YORK Old Line Democrats ? Jae. Maurioe, The. W. Cnmmieg, HiHm Walbridge, Mike Wakh, William M. Tweed, John Wheeler, William A. Walker, Francis B. Cutting, Jared V. Peck, Wilksm Murray, T R. west brook, Gilbort Dean, Rufas W. Peekhsm, Charles Hughes, ?wkop Perkine, Peter Row*, Daniel T. Jones, Andrew Oliver, John J. Taylor, George Haet lama Reuben E. Ponton. Whsge?Kussel Sage, George A Sim matte, George W. Chase, 0,1 Matteeon, Henry Ben nett, Edwin B. Morgan, David Carpenter, ThoiMsF^FIsgler, Solomon Gi Haven, Beiys heJependtnt Democrats ? Gerrit Smith, Ca ? NEW JERSEY. Old Line Democrats ? Nathan T. Stratfon, CMh SkeHon, Sanuiri LifyGeorfe VraiL NEW HAMPSHIRE Old Line Democrats-Qmmi W. KMredge, lorge W. Morrison, Harry Hlfcbard. Otd Lent Shaw, Thomas Wm. S Ashe, Burton 8. Cteig, Thomas H Rogers, John Kerr, Riek SfiC. NEW MEXIOO. Old Line Democrat.?Manuel Gallegos. OHIO. Old Line Democrats.?David T. Disney, M. H. Nichols, Alfred P. KdieerUwi, Andrew RUww, Frederiok W. Green, Thomas L. Ritchie. hd ?>n B. Olds, Wm. D. Lindsay, Harvey H, Johu son, Wilson Shannon, George Bliss, Andrew Stuart. . u Whir*.?John Soott Harrison, Aaron Har lan, Moses B. Corwin, John L. Taylor, W. R. S&f>p, Kdward Ball. ^ hulependent Democrats.-?L. D. Campbell, Kdward Wade, J. R. Giddings. OREGON. Old Line Democrat.?Joseph Lane. PENNSYLVANIA. Old Line Democrats?T. B. Florenoo, J. Rob ins, jr., Wm. H. Witte, John MoNair, Samuel A. Bridges, Henry A. Muhlenberg Christian W. Straub, H. B. Wright, Asa Packer, Ga lnsha A. Grow, James Gamble, Wm. H. Kurt*, Augustus Drum, John L. Dawson, Michael C. Trout, Carlton B. Curtis. x Whig*? Joseph R. Chandler, William Kver hart, tssao R. Heister, Ner Middleswarth Samuel L RumL John MoCollooh, David Ritohie, Thomas M. Howe, John Dick. RHODE ISLAND. . Old Line Democrats.?Thomas Dans, Ben jamin B. Thurston. SOUTH CAROLINA. State Rights Democrats.?John MoQueen, William Aiken, L. M. Keitt, P. 8. Brooks, Jas. L. Orr, W. W. Boyoo. TENNESSEE. Old Line Democrats ?Brookins Campbell, (deceased,) Wm. M. Churohwell, Samuel A. Smith. Geo. W. Jones, Frederick P. Stanton. Wkics.?William Cullom. Charles Ready, R. M. Bugg, Felix K. Zollikoffer, Emerson Etheridge. TEXAS. Old Line Democrats.?Geo. Y. Smyth, Peter H. Bell. UTAH. . , Old Line Democrat.?John M. Bernhisel. VIRGINIA. Old Line Democrats.?T. H. Bayly, J. M. Mill son, John S. Caside, William 0. Goode, Thos. S. Boeook, Paulus Powell, William Smith, Charles J. Faulkner, H. A. Edmondson, John Letcher, Z. Kidwell, J. F. Snodgrass, Fayette MoMullen. VERMONT. Whigs.?James Moaoham, Andrew Traoy, Alvah Sabin. WISCONSIN. Old Line Democrats.?Daniel Wells, jr., B. C. Eastman, John B. Maey. INDEPENDENT DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. ADOPTED AT PITTSBURGH, AUGU8T 12,1852. Having assembled ill National Conven tion as the delegates of the Free Democra cy of the United States, united by a com mon resolve to maintain right against wrongs, and freedom against slavery; con fiding in the intelligence, patriotism, and the discriminating justice of the American people ; putting our trust in God for the triumph of our cause, and invoking his guidance in our endeavors to advance it, we now submit to the candid judgment of all men the following declaration of prin ciples and measures: I. That Governments, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, are instituted among men to secure to all, those inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, with which they were endowed by their Creator, and of which none can be deprived by valid legis lation, except for crime. II. That the true mission of American Democracy is to maintain the liberties of the people, the sovereignty of the States, and the perpetuity of the Union, by the impartial application to public affairs, with out sectional discriminations, of the fun damental principles of equal rights, strict justice, and economical administration. III. That the Federal Government is one of limited powers, derived solely from the Constitution; and the grants of power therein ought to be strictly construed by all the departments and agents of the Gov ernment, and it is inexpedient and dan gerous to exercise doubtful constitutional powers IV. That the Constitution of the United States, ordained to form a more perfect union, to establish justice, and secure the blessings of liberty, expressly denies to the General Government all power to de prive any person of life, liberty, or' prop erty, without due process of law ; and, therefore, the Government, having no more power to make a slave than to make a king, and no more power to establish sla very than to establish monarchy, should at once proceed to relieve itselt from ail re sponsibility for the existence of slavery wherever it possesses constitutional power to legislate for its extinction. V. That, to the persevering aud impor tunate demands of the Slave Power for more slave States, new slave Territories, and the nationalization of Slavery, our dis tinct and final answer is?no more slave States, no slave Territory, no nationalized Slavery, and no national legislation for the extradition of slaves. VI. That Slavpry is a sin against God and a crime against man, which no human enactment nor image can make right; and that Christianity, humanity, and patriotism, alike demand it* abolition. VII. That the fugitive Slave Act of 1850 in repugnant to the Constitution, to the principles of the common law, to the spirit of Christianity, ^nd to the senti ments of the civilized world. We there fore deny its binding force upon the American People, and demand its imme diate and total repeal. VIII. That the doctrine that any human law is a finality, and not subject to modi fication or repeal, is not in accordance with the creed of the founders of our Gov ernment, and is dangerous to the liberties of the people. , IX. That the acts of Congress known as the Compromise Measures of 1850, by making the admission of a sovereign State contingent upon the adoption of other measures demanded by the special inter eat of Slavery; by tbeir omission to gnar | attempt to impose unconstitutional imit ations on the power of Congress and the people to admit new States; by their pro Visions for the assumption of five millions of the State debt of Texas, and for the payment of five millions more, and the cession of a large territory to the same State under menace, as an inducement to the relinquishment of a groundless claim, and by their invasion of the sovereignty of the States and the liberties of the peo pie, through the enactment of an unjust, oppressive, and unconstitutional Fugitive Slave Law, are proved to be inconsistent with all the principles and maxims of De mocracy, and wholly inadequate to the settlement of the questions of which they are claimed to be an adjustment. X. That no permanent settlement of the Slavery question can be looked for, except in the practical recognition of the truth that Slavery is sectional, and Free dom national ; by the total separation of the General Government from Slavery, and the exercise of its legitimate and consti tutional influence on the side of Freedom; and by leaving to the States the whole subject of Slavery and the extradition of fugitives front service. Al; That all men have a natural right to a portion of the soil; and that, as the use of the soil is indispensable to life, the right o! all men to the soil is as sacred as their right to life itself. XII. That the public lands of the Uni-* ted States belong to the people, and should not be sold to individuals nor granted to corporations, but should be held as a sa cred trust for the benefit of the people, and should be granted in limited quanti ties, free of cost, to landless settlers. ^ XIII. That a due regard for the Federal Constitution, and sound administrative policy, demand that the funds of the Gen eral Government be kept separate from banking institutions; that inland and ocean postage should be reduced to the lowest possible point; that no more reve nue should be raised than is required to defray the strictly necessary expenses of the public service, and to pay off the pub lic debt; and that the power and patron age of the Government should be dimin ished by the abolition of all unnecessary offices, salaries, and privileges, and by the election by the people of alt civil officers in the service of the United States, so far as may be consistent with the prompt and efficient transaction of the public business. XIV. 1 hat river and harbor improve ments, when necessary to the safety and convenience of commerce with foreign nations or among the several States, are objects of national concern, and it is the duty of Congress, in the exercise of its constitutional powers, to provide for the same. XV. That emigrants and exiles from the Old World should find a cordial wel come to homes of comfort and fields of enterprise in the New ; and every attempt to abridge their privilege of becoming citizens and owners of the soil among us ought to be resisted with inflexible deter mination. XVI. That every nation has a clear right to alter or change its own Govern ment, and to administer its own concerns in such manner as may best secure the rights and promote the happiness of the people, and foreign interference with that right is a dangerous violation of the law of nations, against which all independ ent Governments should protest, and en deavor by all proper means to prevent; and especially is it the duty of the Ameri can Government, representing the chief Republic of the world, to protest against, and by all proper means to prevent, the intervention of Kings and Emperors against nations seeking to establish for themselves republican or constitutional Governments. XVII. That the independence of Hayti ought to be recognised by our Govern ment, and our commercial relations with it placed on the footing of the most favor ed nations. XVIII. That as, by the Constitution, " the citizens of each State shall be en titled to all privileges and immunities of citizens of the several Stages," the prac tice of imprisoning colored seamen of other States, while the vessels to which they belong lie in port, and refusing to exercise the right to bring such cases be fore the Supreme Court of the United States, to test the legality of such pro ceedings, is a flagrant violation of the Constitution, and an invasion of the rights of the citizens of otther States, utterly in consistent with the professions made by the slaveholders, that they wish the pro visions of the Constitution faithfully ob served by every State in the Union. XIX. That we recommend the intro duction into ail treaties, hereafter to be negotiated between the United States and foreign nations, of gome provision for the amicable settlement of difficulties by a re sort to decisive arbitration. XX. That the Free Democratic party is not organized to aid either the Whig or Democratic wing of the great Slave Com promise party of the nation, but to defeat them both ; and that repudiating and re nouncing both, as hopelessly corrupt, and utterly unworthy of confidence, the pur pose of the Free Democracy is to take possession of the Federal Government, and administer it for the better protection of the rights and interests of the whole people. XXI. That we inscribe on our banner, Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor, and Free Men, and under if will fight oh and fight ever, until a triumphant victory shall reward our exertions. XXII. That upon this Platform the Con vention presents to the American People, as a candidate for the office of President of the United States, Johk P. Hale, of Ntw Hampshire and as a candidate for the office of Vice President of the United Ststes, Georce W. Jlliar, of Indiana, and earnestly commands th*m to the sup port of all freemen and parties. AITMMVIftT VIKU Ml |IU*f TIIIW rici, bt liiii ciirain Ufa of (mm T. prtss $1.11, yiS?n 11 n*M?r<iian.|ii>?|i ti??; ?w wftw for $ J, pwngi putd UmUTm'i OsUa Is q?fss p?fn ? wS, psrt SfSlftMSto. Kay ts Basis T*rt<IaM?-fri?sM state fsstafsM WMt> Bhwrsry ts tfcs last wy fcatos, by Mm Ofcart? WCsfi'iapiNkM. ossfJsswtlLs SfS tSMMto. (Joodoir, Awiltia Mm. pstw Tt H?S.|iS af? 18*m*s MuimI Pmkm?prUm la stalk ft antfs, pNfcgs 11 stats; is paper M aseto. ) ma?ii I*MM* AMraat LEWIS CLBMIAVB IstM ?rsOflas THE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. ADOPTED AT BALTIMORE, JUNE 1, 1852 I. Resolved, That the Aruerican Democ racy place their trust in tfee intelligence, the patriotism, and the discriminating jus tice of the American people. II. Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feature of our political creed, which we are proud to maiutiau before the world as the great moral element iu a form of government springing from aud upheld by the popular will; and we con traat it with the creed and practice of Federalism, under whatever name or form, which seeks to palsy the will of the con stituent, and which conceives no impos ture too monstrous for the public cre dulity. III. Resolved, therefore, That, eutertaiu ing these views, the Democratic party of this Union, through their delegates assem bled in a General Convention, coming together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the doctrines and faith of a free repre sentative Government, aud appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of their intentions, renew and reassert before the American people the declarations of principles avowed by them when, ou former occasions, in General Convention, they have presented their candidates for the popnlar suffrages: 1. That the Federal Government is one of limited powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and the grants of power therein ought to be strictly construed by all the departments and agents of the Gov ernment; and that it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful constitu tional powers. 2. That the Constitution does not con fer upon the Genera! Government the power to commence and carry on a gen eral system of internal improvements. 3. That the Constitution does not con fer authority upon the Federal Govern ment, diiectly or indirectly, to assume the debts of the several States, contracted for local and internal improvements, or other State purposes; nor wfeuld such assump tion he just or expedient. 4. That justice and sound policy forbid the Federal Government to foster one branch of industry to the detriment of any other, or to cherish the interests of one portion to the injury of another portion of onr common country; that every citizen, and every section of the country, has a right to demand and insist upon an equal ity of rights and privileges, and to com plete and ample protection of person^ aud I property from domestic violence or foreign aggression. 5. That it is the duty of every branch of the Government to enforce and practice the most rigid economy in conducting our pablic affairs, and that no more revenue oaght to be raised than is required to de fray the necessary expenses of the Gov ernment, and for the gradual but certain extinction of the public debt. 6. .That Congress has po power to charter a National Bank ; that we believe such an institution one of deadly hostility to the bests interests of the country, dan gerous to our republican institutions and the liberties of the people, and calculated to place the business of the country within the control of a concentrated money power, and above the laws and the will of the people; and that the results of Dem ocratic legislation, in this and all other financial measures upon which issues have been made between the two political par ties of the country, have demonstrated, to candid and practical men, of all parties, their soundness, safety, and utility, in all business pursuits. 7. That the separation of the moneys of the Government from banking institu tions is indispensable for the safety of the fund* of the Government and the rights of the people. 8. That the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of Inde pendence, and sanctioned in the Consti tution, which makes ours the land of lib erty a?d the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal prin ciples in the Democratic faith ; and every attempt to abridge the privilege of be coming citizen* and the owners of soil among us, ought to be resisted with the same spirit which swept the alien and se dition laws from our statute books. f 9. That Congresn has no power under the Constitution to interfere with or con trol the domestic institutions of the sev eral States, and that such States are the sole and proper judges of everything ap pertaining to their own affairs, not prohib ited by the Constitution; that all efforts of the Abolitionists or others, made to in* duce Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to take incipient steps in re lation thereto, are calculated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse quences ; and that all such efforts have nn inevitable tendency to diminish the happi ness of the people and endanger the sta bility and permanency of the Union, and ought not to be countenanced by any friend of our political institutions. IV. Ruohxtd, That the foregoing prop osition covers and was intended to em brace the whole subject of slavery agitation in Congress; and therefore the Demo cratic party of the Union, standing on this national platform, will abide by and adhere to a faithful execution of the acts known as the Compromise measures settled by the last Congress, " the act for reclaiming fu gitives from service or labor," included; which act, beitg designed to carry out an express provision of the Constitution, can not with fidelity thereto be repealed or so changed as to destroy or impair its effi ciency. V. Rrtohed, That the Democratic party will resist all attempts at renewing, in Congress or out of it, the agitation of the Slavery question, under whatever shape or color the attempt may be made. VI. Rudbed, That the proceeds of the public lauds ought to be sacredly applied to the national objects specified in the Constitute*; tod that we are opposed to any law for the distribution of such pro ceed* among the States, as alike inexpe dient in policy and repugnant to the Con stitution. Vfl. JtooAW, That we are decidedly opposed to taking from the President the qualilml veto power, by which he i? ena bled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply sufficient to guard the public tutor* est, lo suspend the passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the approval of two thirds of the Senate and House of Repre sentatives until the judgment of the people can be obtained thereon, and which lias saved the Ainericau people from the cor rupt and tyrannical domination of the Bank of the United States, and from a corrupting system of general internal im provements. VIII. Resolved, That the Democratic party will faithfully abide by and uphold the principles laid down in the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 1798, and in the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature in 1799; that it adopts those principles as constituting One of the maiu foundations of its political creed, and is resolved to carry them out in their obvious meaniug and import. , IX. Resolved, Tliut the war with Mex ico, upon all the principles of patriotism ami the laws of nations, was a juet and necessary war on our part, in which every American citizen should have shown him self on the side of his country, and neither morally nor physically, by word or deed, have given "aid and comfort to the enemy." X. Resolved, That we rejoice at the res toration of friendly relations with oursister Republic of Mexico, and earnestly desire for her all the blessings and prosperity which we enjoy under republican institutions; and we congratulate the American people upon the results of*that war, which have so manifestly justified the policy and con duct of the Democratic party, and insured to the United States " indemnity for the past and security for the future." XI. Resolved, That, in view of the con dition. of popular institutions in the Old World, a high and sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsibility, upon the Democratic party of this country, as the party of the people, to uphold and maintain the rights of every State, and thereby the Uniou of the States, and to sustain and advance among us constitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benefit of the few at the expense of the many, and by a vigilant and constant adherence to those principles and compromises of the Con stitution which are broad enough and strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it was, the Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be, in the full expan sion of the energies and capacity of this great and progressive people. THE WHIG PLATFORM. ADOPTED AT BALTIMORE. JUNE 8, 1851. The Whigs of the United States, in Convention assembled, firmly adhering to the great conservative republican princi ples by which they are controlled and gov erned, and now, as ever, relying upon the intelligence of the American people, with an abiding confidence in their capacity for self-government and their continued devo tion to the Constitution and the Union, do proclaim the following as the political sentiments and determinations, for the establishment and maintenance of which their national organization as a party is effected : I. The Government of the United States is of limited character, and it is confined to the exercise of powers expressly granted by the Constitution, and such as may be necessary and proper for carrying the granted powers into full execution; and that all powers not thus granted or neces sarily implied are expressly reserved to the States respectively and to the people. II. The State Governments should be held secure in their reserved rights, and the General Government sustained in its constitutional ptrwers, and the Union should be revered and watched over as " the palladium of our liberties." III. That while struggling freedom, everywhere, enlists the warmest sympathy of the Whig party, we still adhere to the doctrines of the Father of his Country, as announced in his Farewell Address, of keeping ourselves free from all entangling alliances with foreign countries, and of never quitting our own to stand upon for eign ground. That our mission as a Re public is not to propagate our opinions, or impoae on other countries our form of government, by artifice or force, but to teach by example, and show by our suc cess, moderation, and justice, the bless ings of self-government and the advan tages of free institutions. IV. That where the people make and control the Government, they should obey its constitution, laws, aud treaties, as they would retain their self-respect, and the re spect which they claim and will enforce from foreign powers. V. Government should be conducted upon principles of the strictest economy, and revenue sufficient for the expenses thereof, in time of peace, ought to be mainly derived from a duty on importh, and not from direct taxes; and, in levying such duties, sound policy requires a just discrimination and protection from fraud by specific duties, when practicable, whereby suitable encouragement may be assured to American industry, equally to all classes and to all portions of the coun try. VI. The Constitution vests in Congress the power to open and repair harbors, and remove obstructions from navigable rivers; and it is expedient that Congress shall ex ercise that power whenever such improve ment* are necessary fur the common defence or for the. protection and facility of com merce with foreign nations or among the States ; such improvements being, in every instance, national and general in their character. VII. The Federal and State Govern ments are parts of one system, alike ne cessary for the common prosperity, peace, and security, and ought to be regarded alike with a cordial, habitual, and immova ble attachment. Respect for the authority of each, and acquiescence in the constitu tional measures of each, are duties re quired by the plainest considerations of National, of State, and individual welfare. VIII. The aeries of acta of the 31st Congress, commonly known as the Com promise or Adjustment, (the act for the recovery of fugitives from labor included,) are received and acquiesced in by the Wbigs of the United States as a final set tlement, in principle and substance, of the subjects to which they relate; and so far as these acts are concerned, we will main* tain them, and insist on their strict en forcement, until time and experience shall demonstrate the necessity of further legis. lotion to guard against the evasion of the laws on the one hand, and the abuse of their powers on the other, not impairing their present efficiency to carry out the requirements of the Constitution ; and we deprecate all further agitation of the ques tions thus settled, as dangerous to our peace, and will discountenance all efl'orfs to continue or renew such agitation, when ever, wherever, or however made; and we will maintain this settlement as essential to the nationality of the Whig party and the integrity of the Union. John G. Chapman, of Md.t President of the Whig National Conveutum [?]p~ Tho following is a list of the Free Doiu ocratio and Anti-Slavery papers published in the United States : FREE DEMOCRATIC PRESS. Inquirer, Portland, Me.; A. Willey; $2 per annum. Intl. Democrat, Concord, N. H.; J}. G. Fogg; $2. New*, Keene, N. 11,; S. Woodward; $1.25. Democrat, Manchester, N. H.; J. H. Goodale; $ 1.60. Messenger, Portsmouth, N. H.; T. J. WhiUam ; $1. Freeman, Montpelier, Vt.; D. P. Thompson; $2. Observer, Morrisville, Vt.; J. A.Soinerby; $1.25. Telegraph, Springfield, Vt.: L. T. Guernsey; $1.75. Democrat, Brattleborough, Vt.; W. Nichols; $1.50. Brandon Post, Brandon, Vt.; P. Welch; $1. Courier, Burlington, Vt.; G. C. Samson, $1.50 Commonwealth, Boston, Ms.; J. D. Baldwin; daily $5, weekly $2. Sentinel, North Adams, Ms.; A. D. Brook; $1.50. American, Lowell, Ms.; W. S. Robinson; tri-week.; News, Fitchburg, Mass.; R. F. Rollins; $1.50. Kssex County Freeman, Salem, Ms.; J. Eiumelt: semi-weekly, $3.50. ; Republican, Greenfield, Ms. Spy, Worcester, Ms.; J. M. Earle; $2. Standard, New Bedford, Ms. Courier, Northampton, Ms. Gaiette, Dedham, Ms.; Henry 0. Hildreth; $2. Democrat, Dedham, Ms.; E. (J. Robinson; $2. Sentinel, Lawrence, Ms.; John Ryan A Co.; $2. Rhode Island Freeman, Providence, R. I.; Crawford A Harris; $1. Republican, Hartford, Ct.; Bartlett A Hawley; $2. Herald, Ellington, N. Y.; A. S. Brown. Evening Chronicle, Syracuse, N. V.; H. R. Raymond daily $3, weekly $1.50. Spirit of the Age, Norwich, N. T.; J. D. Lawyer; $1. Wyoming Co. Mirror, Warsaw, N. Y.; A. HoUey ; $2 Telegraph, Oneida, N. Y.; D. H. Frost; $1.25. Banner of the Time)i, De Ruyter, N. Y. Free Press. Wellsville, N. Y.; A. N. Cole; $1.50. Frederick Douglass' Paper, Rochester, N. Y.; Fred erick Douglass; $2. Free Press, Gourerneur, New York; Mitchell A Hul bert; $1. Herald, Jamestown, N. Y. Canon League, Syracuse, N. Y.; J. Thomas; $1.60 American Banner, Cherry Valley, Pa.; Jonh B.King Courier, ConeantvUle, Pa.; G. W. Brown. Olive Branch, Norristown, Pa.; Joseph Moyer; $1. Saturday Visiter, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Jane G. A William Swisshelm; $1.50. Freeman, Mercer, Pa.; W. T. Clark; $1.50. Weekly Crescent, Erie, Pa.; Caughey A McCreary; The People's Journal, Coudersport, Potter county, Pa.; Dougall, Mann A Haskell; $1.50. Dispatch, Pittsburg, Pa.; Foster A Fleeson; daily $3, weekly $1. Clarion of Freedom, Indiana, Pa.; Moorhead A Mc Claran; $1. Die Frie Press, Philadelphia, Pa.; F. W. Thomas; dai ly, $?? Homestead Journal, Salem, 0.; A. Hinksmaa; $1.60. Christian Press, Cincinnati, O.; $2. True Democrat, Cleveland, O.; Thomas Brown; dai ly $8, weekly $2. Ashtabula Sentinel, Jefferson and Ashtabula, 0.; W. C. Howell; $2. Mahoning Free Democrat, Youngstown, 0.; M. Cullo tan; $1.60. Commercial, Cleveland, O.; H. M. Addison; $1.50. Journal, Wellington, 0.; George Brewster, $1.50. Western Reserve Chronicle, Warren, 0.; E. O. How ard; $2. Telegraph, Painsville, O.; Gray A Doolittle ; $2. Ohio Times, Mount Vernon, 0., Chapman A Thrall; $1.50. Independent Democrat, Elyria, 0.; Philemon Bliss; $2. Colombian, Columbus, 0.; L. L. Rice. Free Democrat, Chanlon, 0.; J. S. Wright; $1. Star, Ravenna, 0<; Lyman W. Hall; $1.50. Herald of Freedom, Wilmington, 0.; J. W. Chaffln; $1.50. True Republican, QreenAeld, 0. Williams Democrat, West Unity, 0.; Wm. A Hunter. Free Democrat, Detroit, Mich.; 8. H. Baker; daily $5, weekly $1. Free Democrat, Indianapolis, Ind.; R. Vaile; $1.50. Western Citlcen, Chicago, III.; Z. C. K as tin an ; dail) and weekly. Journal, Sparta, 111.; I. S. Coulter; $1.25. Western Freeman, Galesburg, III.; W. J. Lane; $2. Standard, Freeport, III, Free Democrat, Waukesha, Wis.; S- M. Booth; dal ly $4, weekly $2. Telegraph, Kenosha, Wis.; Sholes A Frank ; $2. Free Press, JanesvWe, Wis.; Joseph Baker; $1.50. Free Press, Sheboygan Falls, Wis.; J. A. Smith; $2 Advocate, Racine, Wis.; O.Clements; $2. Kentucky News, Newport, Ky.; W. S. Bailey; $1. True Democrat, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; J. W. llowe; $1.50. Der Demokrat, Davenport, Iowa; Th. Galich; $2. Pacific Statesman, San Francisco, Cal.; J. H. Purdy Der National Demokrat, Washington, D. C.; Fred. Schmidt,editor; Buell ABIanrhard, publishes*, $2. ANTI-SLAVERY I'RKSH. Liberator, Boston, Ms.; Wm. Lloyd Garrison, $2.50. Pennsylvania Freeman, Philadelphia, Pa.; C. M. Bur leigh $2 National Anti-Slavery Standard. New York, N. Y.; 8. II. Hay A E. Quiney; $2 Anti-Slavery Bugle, Salera, 0,, M R Robinson; $1.50 Voice of the Fugitive. 01'ILL A BLANCUAHD. WASHINGTON. D. C kin bow r*Miy for d*Unry IANIJBL PKRKIRA; ? OR, THE BOVK&KIQif KUL1 OF SOUTH CAROLINA WITH Vmot of Southern Lawn, Life, and Hofnt nitty. Written in Charlaaton, 8. 0., by V. 0. Adam*. TIIR above work formaabaautiful ISmo volant* oi over .100 page*. email plea. Prio*? in paper, Si hiUi mualin, 76 centa. The aeual discount to thi Trad*. Order* eolicitod. C'opie* rnt by ail), pro paid, mt diatanre nndor 3,000 roiloa, for *1 centa. The above work ia a delineation of the aeenee am inciidanta connected with tha impriaonment, in IMS of Mutual Pereira, fteward of the Rrittab brig Ju ?on, in the jail of ObarleetoR. 8. 0. Tba following notice of thia work if eopiad from th> National Bra of February 17: "Tba a bore la the title of a work now In preaa founded upon that infMnona atatnte of South Carolina by wbleb bar citiien* claim a right to impriaoo colorrt, Mam*n, of ail natlona, and arm thoee eaat upon thelt aboraa in diatraaa. We hare penned tba book in ad rue* of ita publication, nod And that It give* a life Ilk* piotnr* of Pereira, tha raaael in which ho aailad tha atorau ah* encountered, and bar wracked condi Hot who* brought Into tha port of Charleetoa, 8. 0.; to gatker with tko Imprieoament of Farolra, amoral a*a mm belonging to tko Now Rngland Statee, and twi French aearoen; tba prlaon regimen, character of th* Okarloaton police, and the mendacity of certain ofll dale, who make tba law a medium of peculation Th? work la reflate with Incident* of Southern life and character, pointing Southerner? to tk* thing* that aall for correction at thalr own haoda, with a for** thai aaaaot bo miatakra. The work ia wrlttra by on* wb< baa taken a prominent part in th* affair* of the South and cannot foil to intereat aiik* the general r*ad*r anmiaarrilal man, aad philanthropic Th* above work eau be obtained, at wholeeali prlo*a, from Jorm P. Jkwktt A 0o., Roaton, Maaa, Saavtim J. Batr?, 48 Beekman at., New York, Wit.i.18 P. Haxard, Philadelphia, And from the paMlaher*, BIJ1LL A BLANCHARt), Waaklngton. P. O PRINTING. PAMPHLET PRINTING ueatlv eteeatad by BtTKLL A BLAN0HARP, Sixth (tract, aoRtb of Peaaeylvaaie hmk CAVEA1K. Pcovlc'h Patk*t UriricK. W5 Nu**?h U.t N. Y. INVENTUlltS and others desiring to apply for Cm X veets Mo in t turned that a ) the oeoeaaAfy drawings and paper* are prepared t>y (be undersigned with the utrnoat dispatch, and on the wont moderate term*. All other Fatunt business promptly aitomleit to. > pHilti'VUiing fur inturuiaiiuu or advieo relative to Potest* or Invention* may at all timet* consult the undersigned wit hunt charge, either personally at hia office,or by letter. ALFRED E. 1IKACH, Feb. 8. Holieltor of Patenta, H# Nassau st., N. Y. OH AM VIIXE | N FI MAI A K *' A fc 1) W ,\ TK?? ?!UK K. fllLS Institution has beoo iu suceepxtUI operation throe years, and its proprietor, having devoted! twenty-five years to the management of the sick, is now enabled to judiciously select, and skillfully ap ply, such curative ogencioo as ore beat adapted to eaoh ease. Ftunalo diseases, in all their forms, re ceive particular attention; and those even who have been confined Iq their beda from one to twenty year a, with apinal, uterine, or anomalous disease, are assur ed that there is still bono for them We especially, invito snob to corresitona with us, an unrivalled suc cess has given us confidence of their curability. De rangement of the nervous system, liver, and digestive organs, are generally relieved. Terms, from $(l to $12 par week, aeoordiny to helplessness or the amount of eare required. Address W. W. BANCROFT, If. D., Deo. 39. Granville, Licking co.t Ohio. CARD. THE subaoriber is prepared to Lectnre, the present season, on the new mothod of Building, with the gravel wall, in the Octagon and Hexagonal forma. Addreas L II. HTEAltNS, J an. 6. Ablngton, Moan. THE OHIO FARN1KK FOR 1NH, rpHIS elegant and popular Weekly Agricultural X Family Newspaper will commence ita third vol ume on the 1st of January, 1854. It will be illustra ted with numerous engravings of Domestic Animals, Farm Buildings, Farm Implements, Trees, Shrubs, and all the important affairs connected with Horti culture, Apiculture, and Stock. Eaoh number will contain, besides Foreign and Domestic News, selection* from the most interesting Publications of the day, Stories, Wit, nistory, Biog raphy, Poetry, Essays on various subjects, Market Keports of Cleveland, Now York, Cincinnati, Ac. la short, nothing will be left undone which may bo thought necessary to render1" The Ohio Farmer " tho best Family Paper for the Farmer, Gardener, Me chanic, ana Btook Breeder, that is published in the United States. That the circulation may be general, wo have made tho terms low. 3Vrww.?One copy, $2; three eopiea, $5; five cop ies, $8; ton eopiea, $16; twenty copies, $25 j and at the same rate for six months. Address THOMAS BROWN, Proprietor, Cleveland, Ohio. QS*" Editors fHendly to our enterprise, who will copy the above advertisement, and send a paper marked to ua, shall have the Farmer the coming year, with or withont an exchange, Deo. 22?41 A HSW VOLUME FOR THK HOUSEHOLD. PUBLISHED BY WILLIS P. HAZARD, 178 Chea X nut street, above Seventh, Philadelphia. COOKERY AS IT SHOULD BE A now manual of the dining-room and kitchen, con taining original recipes in every branch of cookery, domestic beveragea, food for invalids, pickling, Ao. Together with bul of flare for every day in the year, ntlea for carving, Ao., by a Practical Housekeeper, and pupil of Mrs. (Modfellow. With appropriate il lustrations. 12mo, cloth or h&lf-bound, 76 cents. Cookery as it ahould be ? Ah, well, that's a pretty bold title! And a dubious ono, too, exclaims another, for if the authoress is going to tell us what it should be, that will be nothing new, for we *H know by daily experience what it ahould and could be, hut what it is not. Well, she tells you what it should be, and how to make it ao; and iu short, plain, practical, and simple rules, such as the result of a long and constant ly active experience ha providing for the daily wants of a largo household, enables her to do in the very best manner. Every one who has eaten at our au thoress's board will bear ample testimony to the ex cellent qualities of the many good things she daily sets before them, prepared under her own superin tendence, and the rales for making which she herein aeta forth. The recipes of the worid-renowned Mrs. Geodfel low, for ealtea, pastry, and aweotmeats, are now for the first time collected together for the benefit oi all who deslro to be good housekeepers. Ia short, this new Cook Book is offered to tho pub lic as the beat which haa ever been prepared, and the publlaher invites all housekeepers to purchase it and give it a trial, confident that they will recommeud it to their friend* as the only practical Cook Book of which they can make daily use in all their bonaehold duties. Jan. SI. A NJRW OLIK BOOK, by J. B. WOODBUKY, Author of " LhUeiutH," fU THE COLUMBIA ULKK BOOK j or, Music for the Million, in three parts. Part 1?comprising the largest number of choioa Gioes, Quartettes, Trios, Songs, Opera Choruses 4c., ?ver published. Part 2?consisting of Sacred Anthems, Choruses, Quartettes, Jut., for select societies and concerts. Part 3?containing most of the old popular Conti nental Psalm tunes. Making the most complete col lection, in all Iti feature*, erer published. Per sale by FRANCE TAYLOR, Washington, D. C. JEWETT, PROCTOK, A WORTlilNGTON, Cleveland. Ohio. MOORE, ANDERSON, A CO., Cincinnati, Jan. 1? ld3w Ohio. WANTIU IN TULKDO, OHIO, A PARTNER, who is a practical Druggist, and cm bring a cash capital of from Ave to ten thousand dollars, to Invest in a well established wholesale Drug House, at oar of the best points in the Western conn try for a large jobbing trade. it is about four years since this house was first opened and has done a large and profitable business from the start. I purchased and have conducted the business for over two years, during which time the trade baa steadily increased from over fifty per cent, during the first year's business to one huudred and fifty per cent the past year. And, with my facilities for business, Western acquaintance, Ac , the trade can be made, with the additional capital inquired, to reach from one hundred to one hundred und fifty thousand dollars annually. For further particulars, address the undersigned, as above. All letters of inquiry will meet with prompt attention. i. M ASIILKY Jan. 28?ldlw ONE TH?l'?A*D A?Kirr? WANTIU. FINE chance for young men this winter. Address Not. 1 M J COOK. Crawfordsvilla, Ind. FARM NEAR WASHINGTON FOR HALF.. THE snhaeriber offers for sale his Karat, situated about five miles from W ashington, D. 0., in Prince George s county, Md. It contains 178J acres, more than 30 of which is a fine alluvial meadow, producing a ton and a half of bay to the acre, but which un der improved cultivation would prodnce at least two tons. Hay sells in the Washington market at from $16 to $30 per ton. About four acres of the place is a marsh, covered with several feet in thickness of black earth, the result of decayed vegetation, which, properly composted, is a source from which the up land may be enriched at a reasonable east. About ?0 acres of the farm is woodland?growth principally oak and chestnut. The land, except the meadow, is undulating, and affords many beautiful sites for build ing. There are many springs of excellent water on the place, and it Is noted tor tts health fnlnoss. The soil of the greater part ef the upland is a sandv loam, underlaid by clay?In some places, clay predomina ting. About 76 acres could be divided into small gar dening farms, giving nearly an equal quantity of wood and arable land to each. There is an orchard of 150 peach trees and fit) apple trees on the place, all hear ing. Theform(swell fenced. Thehnildingsare?alog house of four rooms, with a frame addition of three rooms, a meat-house of sun-dried brick, a log kitehsn separate from the dwelling, a eorn-houso, stable, ear riage-house, Ac. There is a Stream of water running through the place, with sufficient water and fell for a small mill. Price. $50 per acre Terms--one-third each; a long credit tor the residue. If desired; or. it would be exchanged for real estate in the city ot Washington Address MARTIN BUELL, Washington. I>. 0. Fifty acres, about half of which is woodland, and which oould be divided into three gardening ferms, with woodland and a beautiftol building site to each, would be soM separately. Or, if preferred. I will sell the other part of the farm, on which are the buildings, orchard, and meadow, which cannot be conveniently divided. M. B VMITVNA AlfD WKODINO flARlM. ? UPON tha receipt of TWO DOLLARS, by mail, the subscriber will Immediately forward, free of [i lis tags, a pack ef fifty Visiting cards, with tha same of the persoa wrtttm anon them in a style which re quire* the eloeest examination to distinguish it from engraving. W??i<ling Cards, from four to five dollars per pack of fifty. Sample* will be seat to persons by applying, postage paid, and enclosing a stamp Writ* the name plainly A <Mrans WM. A. RICHARDSON, Deo. M?St Seventh street. Washir^ton. D. 0. BOOK and Pamphlet Printing executed by BTTSLL * BLANCHARD, Sixth street, Washington