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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, April 17, 1854, Image 2

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LITERARY MISCELLANY.
for ths National Kt?.
A NATIONAL ANTHEM
BY MRS. M. A. WHITAKICK.
God of the nations! hear us !
And tnako the feeble strong j
Oar songs of glad thariAgiving
To thy great name belong.
Loud, loud, we'll swell the anthem,
High, high our voicua raiso,
Columbia's sons and (laughters,
Your guardian rulor praise !
Come, brothers, never falter!
Join, sisters, heart and hsnd '
Hound Free.loip's sacred altar,
Our own dear Fatherland!
Armed with the sword of Justico,
And grasping Truth's bright shield,
The Lord, our Father* trusted,
To bid Oppression yield.
Firm on the Hock of Ages,
When beat the surges high.
They stood in faith, undaunted,
Their watchword, '^Liberty ! "
Couie, brothers, never falter!
Join, sisters, heart and hand!
Hound Freedom's sacred altar,
Our own dear Fatherland!
Thou, by whose inspiration,
Brave thoughts and deeds have birth ,
Whose piercing eye illumines
The darkness of our earth?
Breathe on each kindling spirit,
Pour down thy holy light,
80 shall the flame of Freedom
Still burn divinely bright.
Como, brother?, never falter!
Join, sisters, heart an J hand '
Hound Freedom's sacred altar,
Our own doar Fatherland '
Proudly our country's banner
Waves over land and sea; .
God ! may its stars shine brighter?
Our people all be free!
Haste the day's glorious dawning,
When wrong and strife will cease,
And ransomed millions echo
The angels' song of " Peace ! "
Come, brothers, never (alter!
Join, sisters, heart and band'
Hound Freedom's sacred altar,
Our own dear Father land !
For the National Bra.
A BROTHER'S HKC0LLKCT10N8 OF AN ONLY
UfeTXB.
BY MARY IRVING.
CHAP. XIj
How much of life's experience, and of '
changes, may be crowded into a frw
month*! For mo, the months suocec-ding my
reluctant parting with my sinter, wero filled
with cares and turmoils, suoh as had
harassed my life before, f had thrown down
the politioal gauntlet?it had been taken up?
and I had oonquered in the oontest, not with
out a hard-fought battle
To the self-exiled wanderer, those months
had been full of experiences, novel and amu
sing, sad and strange. A few glimpets only
may be given
" Strange, that so many hundred miles
land and water have so little power to sera
rate! In the honis of day. indeed, I often feel
myself alone, in a strange land. There is little
to remind me of home; even the sunshine is
chanced thing?a fierce glare, from which 1
have learned, by painful experience, to shield
my bead. Tho woods hung with thia funereal
moss, the swarthy ooffles of blaok, unanimated
faced, the very flower* in their bloom and
sweetness, say to me, ? This is far, very far,
from home!' But, in the night, the same moon
oomes to smile on me, that looks down on yur
home; the same stars?oh, bow I love that
' North Star! ?and one, brighter than your
eye* have soen?' Cantyus.' Last night, the
??I of the mocking-bird awoke me from a
dream of home. All melodies, melted into one
trembling, delicions (.train, were floating on the
moonlit, mist-laden bosom of night. It teemed
the music of a better, brighter world; and
when I started to axieoiousneeH, what could I
do but weep ? "
" Graoe, as you know, is teaching in the In
stitute at VV , sixty miks distant. She is
never .at liberty to share my comparative re
tirement ; but I often visit her, as my hoydcnixli
little charge has an especial fancy for holy
days, often indulged by an indolent mother.
Something like thought, however, seems to bo
awaking in the neglected mind of little Kstelle;
?nd if 4 can sow them hot one seed of truth,
my exile snd labors will not have been in vain!
' Ma, did (Jod make Tibby to be my boy?' she
aaked, quite niddenly, at table, the other day
I could feel the mother's glance upon my face,
as the careless answer was givrn Little fear
need Mrs. Livingston cherish on that soore! I
name not to instruct her child in politics!
But her active spirit, in coming to a conscious
nms of ita own independence, is inferring that
of others. Nature will put strange oaerie* to
aohild"' H
u We have a new inmate?the only s<m of
Jud^e Livingsta >oV only brother, lately deceased
I think of the stories mother need to tell me of
poor Khan's declining days, when I look on his
spiritualised face and waited form He is a
victim to ambition and its handmaid, hard
study; and has been ordered South, in the for
lurn hope of eluding the too ears grasp of con
sumption That ambition his been chastened
and hallowed until he seems litter for Heaven
than earth He would have been a preacher ;
and twk a jireacher ! Ob! life seems really
worth very little, when I am listening to hi*
low word* of trust and hope in Heaven. Tliere
is evmpathy in hie heart for everything that
(Jod has made; above all. for every one for
whom a Saviour died ? degraded, despised |
though he ha. How it stir* my pules to hear ,
him, with the frankness and Cearleasn"m of one
who e*and* on the threshold of two worlds. ,
Ck the sentiment* of humanity and juetioe
would he tolerated in no other. Th?e ,
gentle, emphatic words do not eonvinoe; but
they wtW not be /org often ! "
_ 1?*!* true prophecy dear
Ralph ! I am bapew, yat sad, in its fulfilment
You have seen, hv the papain Prof. AtherW.
appal at men t to that sciantiid m w on tn tl.e
O^World Did it en lev ymt fanev that Grsce
might accompany him 1 The nominator was
a sudden one, which left him m> time to coa?
Southward bafiire making neoasaary prepare
turns Sir the voyage But Ilia heart had missed
Uraaa Ism enough. Separated from her, he
had lewaed how muoh his Hfo had awed her?
how maeh mors to Mm she bad besa thaa any
other 00a*d ha. -Ha wrote to her, simply and
beautifully appealing to the msmt.riss of other
data, and entreating her, if her heart ooald
take heme a 'wandering *ar.' to give pro* of
fcw trust, by joining him in Now York
" I was with Graoe on that eventful day: I
Who bad nevrr seaa her yield to grief, aaw her
overwhelmed by tho tide that latter awoke in
*?r own breast ' I have ka?.wn all " said she
to me, at parting 1 If his heart had been
given to another. E italie, it ware aoae uf j
ttiM? Bot my hfoseicsinn was to that *an.
*1 htM atadied it fmm my ehildho.id, as no
otMV ooor ooald I kntm ho sannst open its
thyil MiSMlir f WeH it waa, darling that
4MNI ho art was tree to itself in the hour of
' Lost night I rtoeivod a card, with their i
united nioH M?y life fc*w lew shn4n?* 14
tbuut"
'? 1 fear I cannot eome (? you 'k<? MWMV. )
Do Mi be alarm,d at the ef tbe Ami t
prevailing on the lumk* ol tbe Mi? I't'if I
urn in nu danger bore ; but it vu<ii4 W4 Im
wiao to venture into danger."
Tbi* la*t. startling |<nragraph wa? tfee p??A
aoript of a hastily.writtcu letter. r?*n i*eJ m?
the tttuuo time with tiding* that pivroed i*r
bI-arts with anxiety. 'I'he paper* wmts Stl* <1
with ref*>rt* of death's doings m that laU??d
corner of our oountry.
" You must no for <?ir *i*tor, Ralph ' r*- j
claimed Mary, giving utterance U> the though' 1
of both.
1 looked into tlio *wo?tt faue that had l*?*n '
daily growing |utlvr lor month*, with a suddn '
|iuitor ()f four to leave it, lest the parting might
lie for lifo. Hor heart waM quick to mt?r|ai< t
and forbid the hesitation.
" Don't think of me /" said she, who ne?.r
yot thought fi r herself when nw-U of itnoih-r
wan in question.
"I go in the strength of your prayer*, my
Aii'o!" was my last word at leaving hor.
Surely those prayera wero a talisman whi^i
power nothing of earth or air could withnUud
"If you caro for your life, air, stop ! I beg of
you!"
I wan nearing the suburbs of M , and
had called at a low, wayside hut, to inquiroiuy
way. Tbe hovol wax crowded with citizen*,
who had lied from the fever-tainted atuim
phoic. Ooo of these, a young woman, plant
ing herself in my horse's way, had seized the
bridle, with the above exclamation.
"Indeed, indcod, wr, it it* God's truth, alin! "
cried unothor. " Kverjlk?dy in siuk or dying
in the city ! The very doctor* arc down, and
none to nuTse or euro for another ! It in throw
ing away life to go on! "
I meditated a moment.
" Hum Judge Livingston's family n inaimd in
M ? ' 1 inquired.
" Mr. Krneut Livingston would Btay, and he
mu?t be dead by thin time," abruptly exolaiiijed
a stout woman. " //? to 'tend the nick, weak
ly as be wan! I reckon you won't find him,
stranger!"
" Hut tho family? " I spoke, breathlessly.#
Slio turned, and addressed a few words in
bad French to a Creolo woman, who leaned
agaiimt the bars.
"They were to liavo summered cm the Id
arids," she Raid, interpreting the half audible
grumble; " but 1 don't know "
" Wuh Mias Lincoln with them?"
' la it the teacher you mean? she that
braved Poro Simon's eurae ? 1 doubt where
die it). Be you any kin to her ? "
" I spurred on, but was deatiuod to another
interruption. A physician, with a faee aallow
and haggard, checked bin horse suddenly in
frout of mine.
" For God's sake, stranger, turn on your
track, before it be too late !"
" I woll know my danger, friend"
" Thin ia tempting tho Almighty! " ho stern
ly interrupted.
" Pardon me?can you direot mo to tbe
abode of Judge Livingston ? "t
" I can direct you to nothing but disease and
death in that quarter!" he bluntly rejoiued.
" Go on to your fate, if you will! Remember,
sir, you havo been warned !''
Nerving my spirit with a voiceless prayer, I
Ereesed forward Spina loomed before me, and
road streets lay open. Hut a huah of more
than Sabbath utilities* hung over the whole,
it Memed an enchanted city, like those pictur
ed in tho weird talea of Araby ; or a city strick
eo tenant lee* in its prime, like those which old
Vesuvius long ago embalmed for our wonder
ing age. It was tho charnel-house of a mighty
Pestilence.
[hkmmnpilk or chap, xi to morrow ]
FACIKQ THtC DAKK AGES
Mr. Olds, of Ohio, (who has been a Whig, a
Reformer, and in favor of the Wilmot Proviso,
but on whom the atmosphere of Washington
exerts so malign an influence that we trust bis
constituents will meroifully refuse to expose
him to it after tho close of b?>s present term.)
yesterday reported to, and urged in the House,
with all the influence given him by bis position
of Chairmau of tho Post Office Committee, a
bill proposing an increase of the rates of post
age to five and ten cents! He blended with
tbi* two good suggestions?ono that postage
on letters b? invariably exacted in advance ;
the other, that ocean postage be materially
reduced; hut the*e cannot bribe the poople to
swallow snob an increase of inlnnd let* r post
age as he prop?*es. Mr. O told Congress that
our present rates will not support the Depar*
merit; that they most l>e increased, or two
millions taken from tho Treasury to pay for
mad service; hut he wilfully supprohsiwl the
fact that this apparent deficit is caused by the
immense amount of matter carried free in tbe i
mails, mainly under the iVank of members of |
Congress
The Poet Office doesn't pay, simply beeause
Congress diverts its rightful sources of revenue i
to tho aggrandisement of its own memliers;
just as our business would not pay if we gave
away one third of our i**ncs to favorites i
Make everything that enters the mails pay it*
own way, and there need be noither increased
rates of postage nor an annual deficit; hut woe
to that Congress which maintain* tbe franking j
privilege, yet nearly doubhs tho charge for 1
carrying letter* to thrwo who pay their way !
Sueh partiality would not he tamely borne.
Ws truat the charge for carrying a single
letter les* than throe thousand miles will not
be ''modified" from three cente up to five, hut
kept where it is, and that the portage on news
papers will not he increased. The remaining
provirions of Mr. Olds'* hill teem judicious
Nrie Ymk Ttibunr.?
Si.Avrs as Steamboat Hands.?The stonm ^
boat (ffieers on the lower Ohio, MisM*?ippi, Mid
Southern rivers generally, are endeavoring to i
introduce slaves as deck hands, firemen, ko, !
on s'eamboats, in order to counteract the
efforts of free laltorers to procure higher rate*
i>f wages The Southern papers oontain ad
vertisements of the captains of the Rclipec and
other steamers for such slave hands; and as the
wages offered (forty dollars per month for fire
men) are liberal, we have little donht that the
free firemen, d< ek hand*. &<?., will be displaced
i*i the Southern waters, by slaves. They will
pay their ' owners" handsomely, at snob wa
ns; and as steam boat officers will he responsi
ble for their safe keeping, little difficulty will
he found in procuring, any number required.
What will then l?ec< me of the host of freo
firemen and deck band*7 They would merit,
sympathy, indeed, but for the fact, well known
to nt that nine-tenths of them ore the most
stupidly bigoted advocates of Slavery to l?e
found anywhere. Perhaps, when made direct- j
ly lo feel and suffer from the competition of I
unpaid slave Uhor. they may )>egin to think
Um favorably of the institution which gives to |
one man tbe power of owning another, and
either using or hiring him to others for the j
owner's sole hen' fit
What a vilianoue crime it ie, that any lazy
white wan h?4 authority of Uw in thi* dt m
oeratie, republican, equality boa*ting coun
try, to own the IsMlies and souls of laboring
wen, to hire them Air bis use at forty dollars
a month, pocket oil their earrings at tbe hard
toil of firemen lief..re the furnaces of a steam
html, and merely eoter their nakedness (they
* fssd " on the boat) out of this profit of S4R0
C no num. on each human chattel! Vet free
iretu are among the readiest defenders of
Slavery ? lh*jnitik
g^TVa Usitj trn mm It lai IM*|
? Mm r??ii>ii NMl if Mr J T l*nt Ka
U* Mr Jtin Biimi i )? MtWtwJ !? rw>m
a*4 rwiyl fcr MktNlfMM* mnI MimmwHi ft*
M* !*?% m4 Mm V?mi j Hmtmrnmi lw ta OwM
mM rtiliWi
W ASHINGTON, I). C.
MlMMIiAY, Alltlt. It. I?M
The Im*
what M " ?k? r4*"* ^ **?
argu* .?! .?? lfc? M
? II th. N?br^kft Hi?? ^ A a. W-#. ??* ?
??. .???*?*?-*? "?>++! '"J;
,\<7i>m-Au, i.i ?' mimf****** T?t*mr% ww<|4
im4 the '? ?!?A fc?wto ?M ' J
lengtli. h<?*<t*fc, M?l it- ?*"?* ??? *,*l?
tM f?ilijr i? Mm s rp?
(HtattiorftutinMNil ? ? ?
?? Who will umftartah*- ?? ?*? wr** ?
? ul.ange ?f r?*Kk?<M of th? ris?e I
'? Tlu? 4?i?M ul feut??w ? kmttmi , M> ri*M
in diut.iii?l>t d. ivi right ?*?<|???rad
TM? chauge mm iImm mM a*MT ,,M?
?Ifete ? of a slave, but it ??????? ?? (wrpatn
ation. Without eueb oh?ugr, **?? b **
Slavery WiwM eiu this have dMn?'|*Med U
it tliu 11 ultwi);' u( rJrttkiMW, ? ?>M??w eurd*,
ezUnuuH >j Sim*rp, th*t b?. ...ore?d Mm
uuuUr of slave Suttm frrnu *? ?<*?*?.
joetcd to it* Mi?!I<t ? large pwtiuo ?d the rieh
(Mt territory of Mm Union, and tt> Us <MiiM
tinu tho UttMtt itself: And m, **? It* f.we
Stales of tbe Wwt fto repwd thoir pr?h?biti.*M
of Slavery, and allow Mm .4av?d?oider to set?Is
with bin human chattels Within their burdrrs,
the result, " in iu whole height, depth. length,
breadth, aud it* entire bead and f.o?t, would
be lully aspNMod in the s.ui|4e MBtaana 4
OIUMUC OK kbmoknck ! ? And what " wrong ?
would there be iu that! 0, uooe at all?only
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisuoosin, aud Iowa,
would bo converted from freo iutoalave SU??w!
The fact that Virginia in the rt*id.*no?> ?f
slaves chocks the gweth of ber tree popula
tion hy repelliug Mm imiu^ratiitu of nou-*l?vr
holders, and oonipelliog Mie emigration ol pour
white people. " A change of reeidonee,'' by
which slave* w?.uld be eottltnl in Nobraeka,
would produce similar cffeote o> fireo l?bor.
Id many instanoea, the foroign ?t*ve trade
resolves itself into "a mere cbangu of rasi
denoe " of the blaves. 'I be negro* Umgbt l?y
the trader arc alieady Mavee iu Afrioa, and
their transportation to Cuba or Braiil un rely
changes their residence. But, *> odious nod
wicked does our Goverumeut dean such "a
ohange of resideuoe," that it regards as pirates
American citizens engaged in bringing it about.
Now, we should like to know why it is pirati
cal to change the resident of a slave from
Africa to Virginia, and vol Democratic and
Christian to change his residence from Virginia
to NobraBka. Slavo exportation is no better |
than slavo importation, in itself or iu its o??nse
quenoes.
The Sentinel makes another poiut, which
may be called point no-point:
? But ttie bill does not, in torma, legislate
Slavery into the Territory, lliey, therelbre,
who a"ege that itdisff, avor that, if Slavery be
uot expresfly prohibited, it is lawfully there
under the Constitution profrw vigort; for if
it be not so, their opposition is baselas."
A total misrepresentation df the position of
the opponents of the bill. Tbey do nut say that
it legislates Slavery into the Territory, but that
it repeals legislation which rzcludes Slawry
from the Territory; nor do they aver that, if
Slavery be not cxprerdy prohibited, it is law
fully there under the Constitution proprio tug
ore ; nor is it at all necessary to asHiime or ad
mit this, to justify their opposition to the bill.
But they know that Territory, protected by
express enactment against Slavery, has never
become slave soil; that Territory, without suoh
protection, has been appropriated to slave
labor; that while at the North it is denied
that Slavery can go beyitnd the limits of the
?1avo States in \irtue of the ConMitution, in
the South it i? claimed that it may go any
where within the jurisdiction of the Federal
Government, under the Constitution; that in
the alienee of Congressional en actment on th?i
subject, the holders of slaves will praetieally i
decide the qnostion against the North, because :
they have a direct pecuniary interest in the mat
ter, bMMM they are united, liecaase they are in
possesion of what they claim, and because the
Courts of the Territories are constructed by an
Administrative Power under tbe control of the
Slave Interest For these reasons they oppose
the repeal of the express enactment by which
Slavery is ihut out from Nebraska.
In the oonrse of its discursive editorial, the
Sentinel clsims that the Constitution is ' the cor
ner-stone of Slavery," whiob. it adds, "is inoon
testable from there two facts: first, that with
out its acknowledgment the Union ooold never
have beon effected ; nor can it be alxtlishoJ,
without shivering it to atoms.'' Lonee deola
nation of tliis kind is too Common among
slaveholders to create surprise.
If Slavery be " tbe corner stone of the Con
utitution," then all the clamor ngainst the
A nti-Slavery action of the People of the free
States, as* impertinent, intermeddling, &3., is
iteelf impertinent and alisnrd. They have a
right, and are bound, to act against it; their
only fault is in not going far enough. For, if
the assumption be true, they should seek to
cnt themselves loose feon a Constitution with
mtch "a oorner stone.*' or so alter it as to *nb
ntitute Liberty for Slavery. Lot the Sentinel
convinoe the People of the truth of its .odious
assumption, and it furnishes the most powerful
motive for extreme Antl Slavery action.
Bnt the averment is just a* untrue as the
reasons offerod in support or it. No aeknowl
edgment of the rightfulness of Slavery, or of
its nationality, was reqnired as a wmdition to
the formation of the Union ; nor is it guarded
by Federal guarantees from abolition.
The only thing in connection with Slavery
that threatened to prevent the foimation of the
Union was, the proposition to prohibit the
slave trade. 'Vhe Eastern and Middle States
were in favor of immediate prohibition, and
Virginia and Maryland were strenuous for it
(ieorgia and Sonth Carolina were olistinate in
their opposition, contending against any re
atrietion Had the counsels of Virginia and
Maryland prevailed, tbe policy of immediate
prohibition would have l?een adopted Would
to God that it had been! Tbe country would
v be the seat of tk? moat formidable
. . Bftn is the world. South Carolina
?i d Uaurgti Might have continued stubborn,
hwl Mm I'nuo omild have Ixv-n formed without
?h?-m and they would have found their posi
tive! teal of it too uncomfortable and em bar
r*Mh| to be lung continued. They were new
Malta, sparwrly Mttied, without capital, and
? itfc Ml a bite |H>pnlatioo of let*
than Hn hundred thousand. Soon or late,
they wowtd have Iswn compelled to ask admit
mmi into tW Ueaai
Ibat the |*dief of Virginia and Maryland
dkd Ml |i*nil wax owing, nut to a conviction
tkstl a anion wa* iMfSMMa without ounces
Mini to ?be den??vad* ?f South Carolina and
<?MH?iA, t>ut to Um- u li .euo? of commercial
? - 4*ud< rati< im (?i Lk" part of the Kn*tern State*.
1*M?n Stake* w< is m *?-u^ that |<owcr ahou'd
Im e^ierrvsl <* Coagrroi to pas* a navigation
?. a fetch would *Mwa theM the carrying
trad* at the whuir c amtry. The oth?r Stoles
w?rs wilting; to ?n.l? r the power, but dclar-1
m ard to probiUt it* < *?ro**e except by a tua
jurilf if two third* <>f U4h branches ol the
L^wlatot Their pouhar interests in thin
Md Mis psoubar inton-*!* of lln> two
? stream Muwthern States in connection with
the idare trad.- fuito*hed material* fur a Ct m
pc.anise, awd ecourd.i.gly by an arrangement
hitwicn ISmm, it wa* provided that a naviga
t?? IaW might he pnaard by a simple majority
j Mid that the ja?wir ?d Cmigross over the slave
trade sboub' m4 lie exsrUod till the year IKON.
Vim- t'onpromue was adopted sgainst the
mto ol Vtiguiia Mid Maryland, and it wa?
he n-*ult "?* *in accurinpr detain m-.-ium
al tolwndi and not of a conviction of its no
?*smty to th? f>ra?U(? of Ihi* Union.
As lor tin other assumption ol' the Stnhnrf,
that " Slavery mmoi be alwlisbrd without ?hi|
i ring the 1 niou to alum*, ' it ia without shadow
of rraaun.
It vw ater the fiemation of the Union, that
New Yori, New Jereey, and Pennsylvania,
aladtahed Slavery, each within it* limit*, but
hiMtury d??w not rooord that the Union sustained
I a mag* by the epMralian; and ibwa aot every
MM of ordinary mtotlipanoe know that Slavery
might be alarfialied to day in all the State*,
a it limit requiring aa a cmdition precedent, the
change of a aingte ctonae or word in the Con
*titotionf Itoas the Sentittrl pretend to aaj
that the moveemto repeatedly made in l). la
? are and Kentmky, S?r the abolition of Slaveiy
in them, have b*cn' repugnant to the Cnn?titu
tion. and that tketr cunsumuiati m a.mid have
"ahivared y?e Union to atom*?" We adviae
the championa of Slavery to mora caution iu
their assumptions, More precision in their stalv
men!*, and to rely More upon logic, and lea*
upon loose declamation.
MKVTKAL EIGHT*.
A prematura announcement appeared in
nome of our payara, to the effect that the P.rit
i*h (J.ivernment bad at laiA abandoned ite old
doctrine eoncaming the right* of Mligerent*
in relation to neutral veaaela, and much credit
waa cla'tned for Mr. Buchanan, to ahcee time
ly and a^e interposition thia great eonoe~i<.?
waa attributed. We did not credit the atory,
for (treat Britain hai an almuat uttoouqueralde
ropugnanoe to ?nrrendering any elaiM, the
ixeroiae of which may, in aome contingency or
other, inure to her )>en*fit; and we ez|>rfM*ed
the opinion that alie would aimply waive, un
der existing eireumatanoea, the enforcement of
her old elaiM*?an o|anioo cooflrmcd by buIh
?equetit intelligence.
The following ie the Queea'e iWlaration on
the subject of Neutral Right*: j
"Her Majeaty the Queen of the United
Kingdom of (Jreat Britain and Ireland, having
lieen compelled to take nt> arma in support of
an ally, is desirouii of rendering the war as lit
tie onerous as poteihle to the Cowers with
whom she remain* at peace.
" To preserve the oommeroe of neutrals from
all unnecessary ol.?trurt?.>n. Her Majesty i*
willing, for the present, to waive a part of the
Mligerrnt right* appertaining to her by the
law of nations. I
M It is impossible for Her Maje<*y to forego
the exereise of bet right of seining artndesoon l
traband of war, and of preventing ne?itraU
iixrni bearing the enemy's di*patobea, and she
must maintain the right of a bell gerent to |4-e
vnnt neutral*from lireaking any eff<*otive IdtM-k
ade wl :ch May he wlalilUw with aa ade
quate force agMMd tlte encMy 'a for* barbiwa.
or ooaaM
M But Her M^eaty will waive the right of
miring ecsatv's nnif?rty laden on board a
neutral veaael. an lea* it U contraband of war I
14 It is not Her Majstfty'* intiatim to claim
the confiscation of neotral property wot hainn
contraband ol war fiaind tai U*rd enemy'*
?hips;' and Her Mi>j??ty further declare* that
being anxioua t> <n a* much aap-waldethe
evils of war. and to reatriot it* operate sis to
the regularly organised fcireee of the eovntry, it
is not her present intents* to i"???e letter* ol
marquo for the eommiwauning of tirivaieava^
" U'ettminder, iMmik W, IM4. I
The right to seiae artielea com traband of war
to prevent neotral* from carrying Mm sn?my'*
lea patches, and rrom breaking an rffset?ve
blockade, estobli*hed hy an adeqnnto fores,
will be rigidly enforaad; bat "bar Majeaty
a ill woinr the rigk/ of seiawg enemy a proper
ly laden on board a neutral vsssrl,' if ad ean
traband of war, and does not intend to " claim
the oonftseation of neutral pntperty," aot ena
traband of war, ' on board enemy'* abipa "
Pr art until, this policy, if ?mtinned daviag
tbe war, will exempt us from damage, hot, it
will be observed that the (?ovemmMit amait
the exiatenoe of the right to l?re*k up all enm
meroe by nentrala with tbe enemies of Britain :
and the qnention whether it shall lie exsreimd
or not, that (iovimment IM?l>, snbjoctalone
to its own diiicretiun.
After a'l, the only srourity that the United
States have for their nentral rights reMs m
thoir power to make them respoctod, and the
injury that Croat Britain would be sure to
auatiiin from any attempt to violate them.
Mr. Cuttiiio 8usT*m*n?The Stale Coaa
mitt e of the Harda in New York, al a late
meeting in Albany?
" Rcmtvrd, That the National Otmoeraey of
this State approve and sustain the course of
the Hon Pranois B. Culling, and other Osmo
oratic Keprnsentatives in Congrea*. in thwart
ing the effort of the AdMtnistration to ftvaa
ti e Nebraska bill U? a vole with nt dwasMins
r>r amendment; and Uiat se applsod tla aon
duct of Mr. Cutting in promptly mectmg the
attempt of the Administration to ft ?*roe MM
l?ers of Congress into complianiw with l-.xaen
| five will. N *t having iair*elre* |r??ved laith
lees to the Compromise and the Baltimore phtt
form, wo oauoot sympathize with the Presi
dent's Impatience to secure the adoption of so
important a measure by disregarding those
forms of legislation intended to secure free dts
out ?iun, and demanded by a free people."
CON OBI 88.
The Senate to-day devoted a brief hour to
Legislative business, and then wont into Exoou
tive session Its public business varied from
grave to gay. The usual complement of me
morials for Froodoin were received. * A memo
rial pretM utod by Mr. Brodhead wan significant:
When lands are given to all, how cant hey be
Hold to any ? The Hubject of cheap oeean post
age was introduced to the attention ot the
Senate by memorial. Mr. Shields was consti
tuted a " medium " for making known to the
Senate the desires of a largo number of Spirit
ualists, who wish to submit their nianitestations
to scion Liti s tests.
The Hohhu rofused to enbpend its rules for
the purpose of considering a series ot rcsolu
tions submitted by Mr. Walbridge, declarato
ry of the views of the Uuited States ros{>ecting
its maritime rights iu the presont emergoricy,
and of its foreign policy with respect to the
Island of Cuba. An amondment to the Civil
and Diplomatic bill, iu the form of a substi
tute, was the subject of a warm contest. The
Huhstitute was rejected, aud the contest bc
osino intense ujion the original bill, and was
(?ending when our report closed. The rejected
substitute was loss liberal to the clerks than
the Senate hi)I, increasing the compensation ol
the lowest class of clerks only, whilo the latter
increases that of throe oliuweH, tbo first to
$1,200, the second to $ 1,400, and the third to
$1600.
FOREIGN IMMIGRATION.
While it is not improbable that one effect of
the war in Europe will he, the decrease of im
migration to thiB oountry from (iormany, and
(ireat Britain and I reland, there are reasons to
hcliovf that emigration from Northern Europe
will be greatly quickened. The Now ^ ork
Evening Post publishes an extract from a lot
tar, written by an Ameiican gontleman now in
Stockholm, in which ho Bays that, during his
travels in Sweden, ho has been astonished at
the panic of the public mind.
" It has been calculated, by ono well nc
quainted with the matter, that thero were, in
the beginning of March, fourteen thousand per
ttonfl in Sweden and Norway, prepared to take
their departure for the New Worid. Most of
thru* *i I arrive at New York, on their way to
the 'Far West,' whore they will settle down
and become a part Hud parcel of the great Ke
|>ublic.''
l*et them come; a better chua of immi
ttrante it would be hard tj find.
TBS COINRCT1CUT ELECTION.
The Hartford (Conn) RrjnMican claims,
as the results of the lato election in that State,
from fifteen to twenty old-fashioned Free Soil
ers in the House, and two or three in the Sen
ate, beside a large number.of Representatives
elected as independent men, committed to the
Maine Law, and against the Nebraska Bill of
Douglas. One-third ol each branch of the
legislature, it presumes, has been chosen by
the aid of Independent Democratic votes.
We presume that, in tho division of the of
fiosa, the Senatur for the long term will be as
signed to the Independent Democrats.
THK UAD6DEH TRFlTY IN CALIFORNIA.
We find in the California correspondence of
the Ternsi Prtsbfltrian, a enrious illustration
of tho roxing tastes and habits of a largo por
tfea of our population. The writer, dating his
letter from Forest City, California, February
4,says:
??This he' l*en a wild and stirring night
in our mountain eity; a night replete with
eioitement, enthusiasm, and 4 war talks,' caused
by the rreeption <if the intelligence that tho
Federal f*..verninont had acquired the State of
Chihuahua, l.owor California, and a portion
of Sonora, by right of purohane, Irura th <
great head aud master spirit ol the Mexican
Kspuhlie'
?A jaihlie meeting was at onoe called, at
which Manifest IVstiny wa< worshipped in the
approved style # The filibuster, Captain
Wi Iker. was toasted, and it was resolved that
Ike United State- should yet beoome th<
World U wan further agroed to organise a
oomfany inste nlrr, to proceed te Sonora, and
take (nymMon of osr new territory. The cor
respondent th<is epeoolate*:
"This imrrhase wll, in a gTeat measure,
turn the tide of emigrates* Iren California,
and ?? aW-? take away n?s*iy of her eitiwms
Hundred* are already en routt to the new Ter
nhxy and tteaisands w?uld make almost any
to got tkrt?
?< The heart nf every Asscrioan will pulsate
with joy and pride at this master stroke of
toltey and Um heaving brsssn kin"ing *ith
springing frnm the memmy of th ?
sw. II- with l?gh and holy sentiments ef
? rtltr r ardor at U.s ttemght nf the present
wind pntss of ?sf etstntry. Nor onn th*
mind grasp at i?me m*d folly comprehend the
ImmIM Mtd new devnl-imante that will?prii.|'
from this grant ethildtea. of the foresight ami
enterprise of the present A Iroioistratmn Now
Dial the banner nf (i*<4asi Waves ssswlKi il
and l.f aether ity aver tl?nsr Males. N.mora will
in th# mme length nf ton* rival snretn fully
California tVee.?ing nnt?dd mineral wealth
a soil Si feviits and pn?dnst??e as the Delta of
the Nile, snaxefttltle of growing in rieh profs
mom every rarieSy ?-f frst and vejjeta
hie, with n climate an?ir; a?ns I m its saluUitv
ate amrsnaais* */n*s te a l'?rad v Ol
Neaera, it may ha said :
? ? Hot teagfct-r- aes ftMr as Mm f**e? IWj taiea.
Aa4 ?M save Mm ^Irtl ef mmrn to 41 rW *
Ah* ft* the M Mitel Destiny " men' They
fargnt that it is esw ttomg te mah?> a Treaty
ltd quite an ether la rnfcty M Ttoa naat nnws
from the State* may adman*!* them that they
are not jet let team from the narrow hmite of
California
Han Mi. N? IWm*t.?'s Itewn?The great
?raat of the aimntey ie wiktisal lto^e^s?d'
enee. ar, te esprms M m o?h. r words, ind^pend
ones asnaagxt psaisiani Men hi pwldm hfs
are tea often tdsym te ah>4?ie^ ne*^M^h?*^da,
Md sestema smms ^
m and t<?
Hdtlil
Tfmir aaa snnvn
tow brands, they hi sums <4arm and teals
the aowsr* that la, ^ the hapa that the
MW? that he will reward thssa, and eahtem
nf otheta
,1
i a wWd, sr
^HHP^PPIH hal a S?H rag
tilated lodn kxM iadereadeasa?is a great
id 4te msa It MasgHMt as it I* r
Weald amj mas bahare tkat H was the \>
po*o of the Sentinel to commend Mr. McDon
ald and bin apeeob, in an article having the
above for ita introductory paragraph 1 It w
singularly unfortunate. A Heprcaentativo from
the free State of Maine, in defiance of the known
wishes of his coBBtituente, and of the moral
sentiment of his State, be haa not only oapoueed
the cauae of Slavery Propagandism, but ban
beoomo the zealous advooate ot the criminal
and treaoherouH scheme now urged upon thofc
who arc " alavea and tools to tho powera that
be!". It ia a dispiriting piece of information
to give to Mr. McDonald, that such men " sel
dom got their reward ! " Independence in
truly "a great virtue in public men ! "
Q^? A aevero snow Btorm waa raging yo?
terday at Philadelphia and Now York.
The British Provinces.?Wo learn that
l>oth branches of the Nova Scotia Legislature
ht%vo adopted addressed to Queen Victoria, ex
pressive of their attachment to the British
Crown, and pledging, in case troops are with
drawn during the (tending utrugglo in Kurope,
to call out tho provincial militia to defend the
Province, and protect her Majesty a fortB and
arsenals iioni foreign aggrosaion.
Vebskls Ashore.?A despatch from Buffalo
on Saturday says: "The schooner Fortune,
barquo Badger State, schr. Luther Wright, aud
propeller Forest Queen, are all ashore between
Presqiro Island and Thunder Bay Island. They
are all loaded with railroad iron. Tho coast
ia rocky, and it is feared tho propeller will
prove a total loss "
Rumored Failure ?At Boston^rumors af
fecting tho credit of the Coohituate Bank have
been current for many day*. A very large
amount of the billa are in circulation, and it
was reported on Saturday that the bank hud
stopped payment.
The Gadsden Treaty.?Some of the oppo
sition papers arc endeavoring to manufacture
capital against the Administration, on account
ol' tho Gadsden Treaty, and its appropriation
of twenty milliona of dollars to Mexico. Yet,
the Washington Union states that President
Arista demanded of the late Administration
forty mil'ions of dollars, merely for tho release
of the United States from the 11th article of
the treaty of peace, binding uh to protect tho
Moxican frontiers from lndiau incursions,
while by the Gadsden treaty, only twenty m?l
lions ia stipulated to be paid for our release
from that article, in addition to a practicable
route to the Pacific, 38,000,000 acres of land,
clear title to the disputed Mosilla valley, and
the adjustment of claims of our own citizens,
to the amount of $5,000,000 to #6.000 000.
Pennsylvanian.
This is perfectly clear, by the rule of-three;
If Arista demanded forty millions merely for a
release, what ought we to pay for a release,
and something more ? We are here reminded
of the man who obtained a hundred dollars for
a troublesome dog, by taking two worthies*
puppies at fifty dollars each!
The "adjustment of claims of our own citi
zens to the amount of five to six millions" is
the reality of this affair. Any number of mil
lions pud out of our treasury is a matter of
liitlo moment, provided five or six millions en
ter the pockets of tho lobby negotiators of this
treaty. ?
The Nebraska Bill in California.?Tho
Ajla California of San Francisco, a Democratic
paper, says:
u If it shall pase, it will ho the worst thing
that could happen for California, as we should
then be surrounded by territory open to sla
very, and perhaps in a few years California
and Oregon would be bordered by slave States,
and the conflicting interests would lead to in
terminable broil*, that would greatly retard
the prosperity of both. If the public are al
lowed t> oxproas their sentiments upon it, it
will be so unanimously adverse, that tho entire
delegation from tho North will l?o obliged to
vote against it. If it ia delayed in its passage,
the storm of indignation which it wil1 arouse
at tho North and, if we mistake not, in many
portions of the South, will lie sufficient to in
sure its defeat."
Senator Douolas is out with an oight col
umn letter in defence of his abusive s|?oeh
against the New Rngland clergymen. He
is the proper one to defend it. No ono else
will.?()>umdaga (iazetle.
If northern winds, snow-storms, and
other ingredients of wintry weather, are ever
rdishable, it is not on a Sabbath in tho middle
of April, when the troos are in blossom, and
the ladies have their spring dresses Made up!
The Germania S<ieiety give concerts in
Washington, ou the 19th and 20th instant.
EXTRACTS FROM 00E C 1KKK8POHDF.NCF..
Hurltrun, Crawford Co., Pa., March 30.?All
throughout this section, Whigs, Democrats, and
Frea-Soilers, arc doa i on Douglas & Co. Sii
months ago, he would haye been my olioice
for the IVosidency, above all others; now, I
could cot my hand off b< fore 1 would ds^msite
a ballot for him.
Our county is gradually throwing off the
shackles of submit <non to *hue dotation, and,
a* tar as temperance is concerned, we aro huo
ceeding finely.
Ilamploti, N. York, April 1.? I think there
are mil fifty men in this county (Washington)
m fstor of the Nebraska bill. Meetings are
held in all parte of the county, and numerous
ly ai'rmM by men of all parties, denouncing
tt>? Nebraska bill in the strongest terms.
We feel c|tiit? snre that our meml-or (Mr.
Mufthrt) will vote again?t the bill, ia whatever
shape it may sppasr
Tm Soi tiiicsn Convention.?TheConvon
Lot) on Thursday reaolved to appoint a com
mittr* who should memo?islias Congress < n the
following subject*:
1st The remimon of duties on railroad it on.
3d The improvement of the merchant ser
via* by the establishment of an apprenticeship
if stem and the prevention of desertions.
II The exploration of the A mason by naval
4th. The establishment of a lino of steamers
between snw?-> Southern port and tl)e mouth nl
the Amre-m or a port in Hraail
Mh The establishment of a direct mail route,
bf rtiwirti, between a Southern port and Ku
Mt
?lb Upon the improvement of harbor* *nd
navigable rivers
Admthmmeni ?If Nicholas will meet Sir
Char lee Napier in the Baltic, ho will hear ol
swetkini to Ins advantage. ,
The Klwme House, on the White Mountains
ie shortly to he opened. Cunl and vcutileti-d
place. ap there.
The Nkukakka Bill.?Tho Louisville Jour
nal aayu:
I'here are now few members of the House,
oven among the servile echoes of tho Presi
dent^ caprice, who have the capacity or tho
inclination Ho swallow the measure whole. It
ia by no means clear that the Senate bill could
now repass the Senate it'olf; for, to tbe origi
nal enormity ol repeal having been plainly (su
peradded the repudiation of its only pretex*
that opposition whieh tbe thunders of principle
could not awaken, begina at length to murmur
at the breath of interest. The bill?through a
tentative prooosa as disgraceful as it ia novel in
the annala of legislation?has been aueoemively
adjusted to all shades of public opinion, until
at last, upon reflecting tho hue of overy faction'
it ia notoriously destitute of consistency and
principle. As it stands, it is a stupendous and
elaborate cheat, deliberately framed upon the
principle of the to changeable signs that display
iho name of Smith or Jones or Brown, accord
ing to the angle occupied by the observer. Tho
shameful ambiguity of the thing, to use tho
mildest expression, is too patent to admit of se
rious denial. The mass of prudent Southern
people, who have been inadvertently betrayed
into approval of tbe bill, will, as a matter of
pride and good taste, hereafter Buffer their ap
plause to aloep, with its subject, in the * tomb
of tho Capuleis.'"
FIVE DAYS LATEB FBOM EUBOFE.
Tho steamer Arctio arrived at New York
yesterday, bringing Liverpool dateB to tho 6th
instant.
An unprecedented number of emigrants,
ohiefly - Irish, were at Liverpool,"waiting pas
sage to America. The price of a steamer pas
sage has advanced to ?5 10s.
The growing <5rops in the south of Franco
present a very healthy appcaranco. Many
agriculturists were raising wheat, instead of
grapes.
Fifteen packet ships were being fitted up at
Liverpool, to carry troops.
^ The vote on the address of the Queen of
England was unanimous in both Houses of
Parliament
Tho French army is to bo increased to
250,000 trooj?s.
The intelligence from the Danubo ia unfavor
able for the Turks. The Russians captured tko
fortress of Hirshova on the 28 th, and had alao
taken the strong position of Babadogh, thus
obtaining th? command of tho Upper Dolmdsha,
as the country lying noar the month of the
Danube is called. It was also reported that
tbe Kussiana had oaptured (saktchi, another
fortress before Hirshova, on the 27th. Tho de
tails of these actions have not come to hand.
It was reported that a body of 4,000 Russians
had left Sebastopol in five steamers, to assist
the operations of Gortschakoff beyond the Dan
ube. The Turks were throwing reinforcements
into the town of Varna, a strongly fortified post
on the western coast of tho Black Soa. The
British fleet was cruising (?ff Varna. Theso
Russian movements have changed tbe entire
plan of the campaign.
The last accounts state that the 4,000 Rus
sians from Scbastopol had landed and seized
the large island of DamarcK, below Tultsoha.
It was also said that the Russian fleet threat
ened an attack upon Varna. The Russians are
raring all the fortresses in the Dobradscha.
The Russian loss at Turtukai is stated at
from 2,000 to 2,500 men.
It is said that Omer Pasha had anticipated
tho advance of tho Russians into Drobadsohca,
and ordered the Ottoman forces there to fall
back upon the-wall of Trajan, which is strong
ly fortified, where the Russians will find them
selves compelled to encounter 60,000 Turks,
advantageously posted.
? Admiral Sir Charles Napier is anchored,
with twenty-two ships, off the island of Moen,
in the Baltic. A -portion of Iho Russian fleet
ia frozen in Revel.
^ The shipments of troops from France and
England are going on rapidly. France hes
already sent 20 000 and F.ngland 10 000 men.
, There was nothing of importance from Asia.
It is stated by telegraph that the Czar has
sent a letter to the King of Prussia, saying,
contemptuously, that when the allies emanci
pate the Christians in Turkey, and leave tbe
Turkish waters, he will evacuate the Princi
palities.
Both Housea of the English Parliamoht went
in procession to present a cordial address to
the Queen in support of tbo declaration of war.
It is said that Napoleon h?* written a letter to
thff Emperor of Austria, reminding him of bia
promiso to regard the pillage of tho Danulie
l>y the Russians as a auns belli.
Franoe has loaned Turkey 10,000,000 franre-.
1.0 Ray de Chahrol, eminent Parisian bankers,
have foiled.
Austria still wavers. Prussia makes no
sign.
The ship Klavio flrovia, from Antwerp, oa
tenaibly for Montreal, had been cnjtturej and
brought into the Downs, loaded with aims for
tbe Greek insurgents.
A new levy of 80,000 men bad been ordered
in Franoo.
There aro rumors of treachery on the part
of the commanders of tbe different fortresses
which hnre fallen into tho hands of tbe Rus
sians. Omer Pasha has marched lot ward
20,000 men to strengthen tbe position heiween
k the Russians and the palkan*.
Tho Russians, fearing that Oesol Island will
l?e the first point of attack by Napier, havo
placed there a garrison of 30,000 mon.
Persia was tranquil.
Mszzini was reported to bo in Switzerland.
Several Italians had arrived in Paris, with
proclamations exciting an insurrection in
Lom hardy.
A despatch from Vienna, dated March 31,
says, that wh-in Huron Hess returns from Ber
lin, an Imperial manifesto may be expected,
stating that though Austria disapproves of tho
movements of Russia, she is resolved, with tho
rest of Germany, to remain neutral. An at my
of 400 000 Germans will tnake that neutrulity
respected
Lord John Rnssell stated in Parliament that
the British Government had sent a eomn-uni
cation to tho United State* respecting the
Black Warrior affair, but has no report from
Mr. Crampton.
Public feeling at Constantinople was greatly
excited, causing ditymet to the Government.
All foreign Greek* are to be sent from Tur
key.
Athens, March 31.?General- Caubert has
arrived here, with two French steamers. Re
voHsa is blockaded.?
London, April 5?Trustworthy aoconnts
from St. Petersburg state that the war ia very
unpopular amongst the mercantile classes;
and that, in oonsequonco of this fooling, an
order had been issued, forbidding the assem
bling in tho streets of groups of over two per
sona. t
Advices from Montenegro stale that a cou
rior from St. Peteraburgh had arrived, bearing
fstsitive orders, for tho Montenegriana to at
tack the Turkish province of Herwgarina.
Russian couriers are parting in rapid succes
sion between Rnetia and Montenegro.
Liverpool, April 6 ?McHonry and others
report lees dospondency in the tone of tbo oot
ton market, but no improvement in price* or
in the demand had taken place.
Circulars generally agree in quoting flonr
I*, advance. Wheat 3//. nor bushel advance,
Some quote a decline of 2s. per quarter in
coin.
The Colitmbwn (Wis.) Reporter hoists tho
name of Samuel Houston, of Texas, as a can
didate for tbe Presidency in 1856.

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