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For lbs National Kra. A BKOTHKK'S KSC0LLKCT10M8 OK AN ONLY usnuL ? T MART IKVI NO. CHAP. XI?Concluded. Il was the middle of a midsummer day. The great glaring bud looked down, in the fierce nees oi wrath, on the burning blocks and dc- I eertod streets. Here uud there a slight figure ; liurried from one house to another; occasion ally, a servant, with bowildored air, tottered bj; but every face wus terror-smitten. As I drew near the now useless and grata- ! grown market, 1 perceived a thin, pale wouiau, j orouehing by a paving stone, with an appar ently dying ohild stretched across her lap. She sprang wildly into my path. " Ua morceau de pain! un leetle broad, Monaieur, pour mon puiivre on ('ant1" she pite ously eried. Can it be, thought 1, that famine is joining bauds with pestileuoe in this homo of wealth and luxury ? I mournfully tihook my head, in respouse to her ories; for I had no broad to give her, and monoy would not buy broad there. Many suffered with her; for the punic etriokeu planters had out off the wonted sup plies of provision from the few in the city whom the fever had as yet left untouched. A young man, pale and tottering, was slowly oroestng the street before mn, when the rattling of wheels broke the stillness, and tho " dead oart," piled with roughly-boarded coffins, hoarsely grated by, almost brushing hint from the pavomont. Behind it, in tho broiling nun- I shine, oame a half-clothed child, hurrying to keep pace with its irreverent speed. "Ala mere.' Oh, Mon Dieu! Laissez ma mere!" oried the half-frantic little croatorc, whose world was all in that wretched cart. I turuod, to see the young man fall. Ho, too, had been stricken by the unseen arrow! "Take him to the hospital!" exolaioiod a gentleman, who had hastily stepped to an ad joining door. " I have three children, biek and dying, under this roof! " Sir, I am a stranger," I began; but his door was closed. I sprang from my carriage to aid the soffit er. But a negro woman, who was hurrying past with a bundle upon her head, suddenly stopped, and dropped oo her knees at his side "Oh, tho Lord havo mercy! Mars' Ernest is it onmo to you ?'' " Kitty, is that you 1 > fis all right, Kitty!" faintly spuko tho sick man.liltoono in a dreaiu. He smiled, and crossed his arms upon his breast. With tears fast falling, Kitty tried to lilt his bead., "Oh, master! for the love of (Jod, eome lend a hand !" cried the faithful oreature, for the first time noti-ing me. " He's cared for the siok liko an angel! worn himself to diath with the watching ! and now, there'll just be noliody to care for Aim / " It wits a slender frame that lay writhing he fore me?ono that showed little strength for the fierce granplo with Death that awaited it. Kyo and forehead wore the mould of genius, refined and hallowed; there was something heaven-lit in the mournful glanoe, that already told of an intellect wandering. "Oh. mother!" ho breathed; and, making a Tain effort to rise, lie sink heavily back, his long, waving looks sweeping the gray dust of the pavement. ' Could ye get him to the hos'tle, master ? and I'll pray f.?r ye the lnogoat day I'll live ! 1 can't stay here to 'tond him ; for they hired me oat to yon big brick house, where there's a dozen sick! Poor young master ! " " A moment, woman ! " I exclaimed, as a gleam shot across my mind. " Are you a ser vant of the Livingston's 1" " Bless yo, yes, mastor, ever esnce " fell me whore Miss Lincoln is." ' That sweet spoken lady from the Nor'ard, that read to us all so saint-like out of the | good book ? Ood grant she's on He de Lvs i or gone with Mars' Judge's folks to S - ! It wouldn't do for her to come nigh this spot! The angels aro al'lus looking out for such? i tbey only want the wings!" " Direct me to the hospital, and I will see that your young master is sheltered there. I know no r?*t until I find Eulalie " "Eulalie!" repated the fever-Hushed pa- I tient, with a start that shook his nerveless form; u who called ktr 1 God keep her away M No?no! don't call her again!" I lifted him to the earriage with these words upon his lipp, ! ood bore him, unconscious of all about him, to the gate of' the hospital. My summons brought tho superintendent to the uoor, which was almo?t barricaded by carts, some empty, some heaped with the dead, and others, etill! with newly-brought victims "Another subject?" nervously questioned thj officer, taking a hasty f>inoh of camphora ted snuff. " Really?really, sir, I'm sorry to say we're quite overflowing?nurses overtaxed, and half sick ; hut?have you a i?ormit front the Board of Health ? ' m WO'fUr; entering your place, a stranger, and finding this gentleman in immediate need, I waited for no formalities. If I understand aright, yon owe him a debt of care; his name is Livingston ard "? /'Ah! ayo! that alters tho case! Emeet LivioptoD ' I rhnaght he had gone Ion* Hro, ?obis follow ! He shall have a pallet here, if I have to take to th* floor! Tis not long he'd ' ncad it!" he added, significantly shaking bis bead. "Consumption has left little there for > fever to work upon. Boys ! bring him in!" he called, to two gaunt Africans, who bad already approached the carriage, and, with eounte- j nanoM of grief and dismay, recognised one who 1 had been to them indeed a friend. ^U^?~an' *ir! SUnd bnok!" command., I the Doctor, as I was about to oross the thresh old. " If, m you say, you are a stranger here C are incurring a frightful risk. But tlrs it you mutt n<?t and shall not pass. WP have the disease in its most terrific forms. All I that is needful shall be done for your friend ; and as for yourself, sir,'' snid he, uarrowly scanning my face, as though to reoognise it .?r*L m iU tor* \l ,R7 Cf>orulsed heft*o him I adjureyou toquittbin city beforetheson goes duwn e ven at noonday, death walks al?rood : at night, his shaft is sure!" A few hours more, and I was on the rock- ' ing ?ulf; washing with pained eyes the 1 >w dark outline of lie de Lys, which, as we .p.' proaohed, stretched into a barn n batch of sand, backed by a few stunted trecn, and dot ted with the fc'nts and huts in which many of i the terror-stricken denixens of M. had sought "fug* from the plague. Myriads of gnnt<, ar?ng in a thick cloud from the long swamp O"4 * Nt?g???g weh-ome. Solemnly the heavily rolling waves heat np the beach, sad broke in a long, wild moan, as though ?aeh were freighted .with heart breaking tidiMs from that distant shore. _.A boat lay moored at the landing, with one half unfurled?a little boat, unfit to j breve tfawe strong waves, under the eye of the thunder cloud whioh glowered-in the' horizon, ???re a water spout already linked the waters above end the waters beneath. " My sister! here?and alone!" for Eulalie rtood on the shore, closely wrapped in an tin OOM* 'l"11 ????ld not disguise her to my eye She was guing en the wooder of the thst darkened the Eastern sky, and knew ?M not, until I laid my hand dims her shoulder " Brother ? " With this shriek of intense nmMkm, rhe fell int<? my arms. It was Ion * befitre she could speak I sat down, and draw iag ter to my aide, gated into her face?thin, whito, and ha^ud, with a shadow which 1 felt wu not that of fear. " Boat putting off, ma'am! " resnectlully ex claimed a man in a continue whicli combined thoae of sudor and gYP^y- winter started to her feet, with a look of alarm. '? 1 in net go, brother ! i)on't t>peak a word to detain me ! 1 have rouulvod ; I told them to leave mo here, when they Hailed for S." "Keeolved?on what?" I exclaimed in sur prise. " Wboro are you going, Eulalic'" "To the spot I nover should have left, if ono stronger than my own will had not bidden I me! "Oh, you don't know! Brother, dou't i keep me here ! I Hhall go wild ! I must not stay while he is dying! " The name of Ernest Livingston had uev.tr Passed between us. hivo in the single paragraph have before quoted. Vet I felt, by a true in stinct, the tie that must have been woven be tween these two self-sacrificing spirits, in the daily life of oven a few short months. "He is cared for," I siuiplv answered; "I, myself, took him to the hospital." "I knew ho was there!" sho exclaimed, | throwing on mo a burning glance. " They cannot take oare of him as I wouid! Thay are passing and repairing him heedlessly, and leaving him to d o! and (iod knows I would give my lite for his! Ob, brother! why did you oome? And von?you, too, have breath ed that poisoned air! Leave me, and let me go!" "Wherever you go. my ulster, I follow, to sharo your danger?to brave out lia worst; the infection 1 shrink not from encountering at noonday?or to return to Mary and to safety!" "No, brother?no! not you! " she cried, in a tone that told the struggle within. "Two boats wait our bidding/' I calmly prooooded. " Take the responsibility of two lives and many hearts, my hister! Decide? whither!" Sho stood for a moment, trembling in every nerve. "(iod's will bo done, then! Tako mo any where, brother! " sho faltered, and utagg'oiing, dropped at my sido. NEBRASKA AMD KANSAS. DV ON K WHO IIAS HKKN Til Ell E. FUchburg, April 8, 1851.?Messrs. Editors: In the Spy, some time since, I noticed a call, anonymously signed, for a nicotine of persons interested in the settlement of the proposed new territories of Kansas and Nebraska, to be held at the City Hall, in Worcester. Having Hpent sevoral weoks on the eaHtern border of thoso territories, as well as having passed through their entire length, in 1849, and be lieving them to bo the very garden of the world, for situation and fertility of soil, as well as for loveliness of climate and scenery, I am deeply interested for their future condition; and, as I am often queatiourd upon the subject, 1 propose to pen a briotj general description of the country, for your columns* The situation of this territory, as all are aware, is in the very heart of tho country, it being about two thouoand miles from its east urn boundary to the Atlantic at Boston; and also the same distance to tho Pac'fio ocean. It is comiooted with tho fine-it commercial empo rium of tho West and South by the Missouri, Mississippi, and Ohio rivers, and thcnco to evory State and important city in the Union, by steamboat or railroad communication. The groat Pacific railroad wil', undoubtedly, pass through this whole territory, thus opening a .more direct route to California and Oregon, as well as making one of the links in the great chain of steam communication, that is soon to girdlo tho whole earth. When this road is built, and a line of steamships established be tween San Francisco and China, it will l>e the great thoroughfare for tho commerco of En rope and tho United States, with Asia, as well as between tho Atlantio and Pacific States SO far, thou, from being out of the world, as s.'nm seem to suppono, Nebraska is, geographi cally. in the centre of the most important oomitry on the glol>e, and will soon be ho, po Htically and commercially, if saved from that ourae of all commerce and politics, slavery Tho roil of Nebraska, for the inc*?t part, is unsurpHMsed for richncw and depth by any in I the World. True, in some parte, as near the j mountains, it is thin and sandy, but for bun- j drods of niles from the Missouri State lino, not an acre of waste or j>oor land was to be seen od our rouU. Tho land is gently rolling, thus : giving an endlet ? variety to the scenery, as well as ridding the oountry of all low marshes, ] swamps, and stagnant pools of water, so pro ductive of malaria and disease. Lest it should j be thought that this is written for effect at the present t<me, and therefore the representation too strong, I will quote upon this subject a line from my journal, written on tho spot, in April. 1849, afirr visiting tho Wyandott tribe of In dians in this Territory, as follows: "Tho land they occupy is immensely ritdi and very beau tiful. All this region, both the Indian Territo ry and this side of the Kansas river, (in Mis souri.) is superior to any I over saw for cultiva tion, and if it were occupied by New England society, I would m ver think of visiting Califor- i nia." The soil is not only rich, but well wa tered. Not only are tho clouds more prodigal ! ot their treasures than at S.tlt Lake Valley I and in California, during tho summer sexaon I but streams of pure water are to be found, at short intervals, in every direction. These streams are almost invariably skirted with timber, in the eastern portion of the territory, and can afford water jiower in abundance, fjr every kind of manufactures Of the climate, scenery, &c., &c , I may say something hereafter, as well as give some quo tations from my journal, kept while travelling through tho Territory in question, should you think this worth publishing ? Worcester Spy. Whippino In?The Hem cr&tic Vnion, in reviewing the recent defeat of tho Democrats in New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, thus refers to the Pennsylvania De mocracy : "Whatever timid leaders or time-serving j politicians may say to tho contrary, wo eon tend, as we have from the fir?t contended, that the Democracy of Pennsylvania iavor the prin ciples < f the Nebraska bill, and that he or Ikiy Who desert the parly on that issne can he looked upon in no other light than as allies of IVhigi and Aboliiitmuta" Let the infamons principle of the Nebraska bill bo made an open it-sue in tho nexteleotion, and tho Union will soo where that good old fashioned Dcmociatio majority will lie. It is an insuft to the great body of Domooratu in this State to charge them with favoring such an ugly perfection of legislative iniquity ; and we are much m:siaken if they will submit to such a course of tyrannical whipping-in as is threatened in the above extract, which we have placed in Italics ? Ijancaster F.rpress. The incomes derived from some of the Pennsylvania ooal lands are enormous. Mr. Hecahor, formerly a merchant of New York, has on income of fifty thousand dollars a ynar from this source; that of Henry C. Carey ('he wriUr on Political Economy) is put down at tVe samo figure. Swain, one of tho editors and proprietois of the Philadelphia ledger ('uoky fellow!) holds, in connection with his partners, ooal lands which rent f>ir eighty thousand dollars a yoar ! A Mr. New kirk has one hundred and fifty thousand a year, and a Mr. Wether be two hundred thou sand a year! Pennsylvania nabohry would compare favorably with that of East India. The population of Montgomery, Alabama, is 6 095 Q7" The Daily Era can bo had every morning ut the Periodical Stand of Mr. J. T. Uatks, Ex change, Philadelphia; alio, the Woekly Era. UT* Mr. Jam km Em.iott i* authorized to receive and roeoipt for aubioriprion* and advertisement* for tho Daily and the Weekly Ni*lio?al Era, in Cincin nati and vicinity. WASHINGTON, D. C. TUESDAY, AI'KIL 18, 1854. THE GADSDEN TBEATY. Wo have simply to record tho (lof>-at of thiH isio inure in the Senate. It was not only too corrupt in fact, hut even in appearance it was too had, to roceivo tho sanction of the Senate. The vote in nnderHtood t<> havo beon 28 to 18. CONQJ11S3. In tho Sonata, to-day, tho prominent event was tli? presentation uf a petition froui a num ber of American Jews, who ask tho protection of our Government for ail our couutiymon abroad, in tho exercise of tho religious privi leged tboy enjoy at homo. We approve of the bentimontd expressed by Mr. CafM, on thin oc casion, and we trust bo w ill not lone night of the great purpose lie ha* avowed until he shall witnrt* its aohiovouiont. In the House of Roprodontative.", the bill increasing tho compensation oi the employ con in tho Djpartmonts in Washington, firmed a subject of much oxcilcmcnt. It was op^od by somo members because of particu lar feature*, and in toto by others. It was, however, finally passed. There is littlo doubt that tho Senate will tigreo to the amonduicnts made by tho House; none, wo presume, that Ibu ouautment will reooivo tho Executive sanc tion. Tho House, in Committee, do voted somo timo to tho consideration of tho bill making appropiiations in aid of the National Military Academy. 1HE SOUTHERN COMMERCIAL CONVENTION. An annual Southern Commercial Conven tion has come to bo ono of tho " peculiar insti tutions" of tho South. In tho Northern and Western States, in which production and ex change aro carried on in conformity to natural laws, and men are left free to take oare of their own interests, individual intelligence and enterprise produce etfeots which aro attempted to bo accomplished in the South by extensivo combinations. Slave labor, being mere brute force, without intelligence, versatility, forecast, or tho hope of reward which nerv< s and elevates the labor of a free man, can bo rendered most profitable in simple forms of industry, and naturally tends to tho production of one or two great staples. The owner of slaves finds it easier and cheapor with such labor as ho can com mand to raise tobacco, or indigo, or rice, or cotton, or Bugar, and depend, for tho infinite variety of articles entering into his consump tion, upon exchanges, than to attempt to diver sify Jiis enterprise, by using one portion of his slaves in farming, another, in planting, anoth er, in tho mechanic arts, another, in manufac ture^ and anothor, in trading. Of course there aro exceptions to tho remark, but, as a general rule, tho peculiar nature of slave labor compels the country in which it prevails to the adoption of simplo modes of cul ture, and prevents the diversification of indus try. To oountcraot these workings of tho system of Slave Labor, slaveholders aro constantly driven to extraordinary expedients. Violating, by thoir fundamental institutions, tho laws of nature, they would attempt by artificial con trivances to prevent tho effccls of such violation, and secure results which tan l?e accomplished only by oonformity to those laws. It is curious to turn back to tho colonial his tory of Virginia and Maryland, and find the planters even at that time pursuing the same policy, substantially, which is so }K>pnlar among them now?the principal difference being, that then they sought by legislative enactment what now they aim at by convention resolves. During tho first contury of their existence, all kind* of experiments were tried, to check I tho over production of their staples, to stimulate tho production of article* of general oonsump tion, to encourage the growth of the mechanic arts, to build up towns, to bring into existence a navigation interest, and to ostablish direct trade in their own bottoms with Kngland and Europe?in other words, to d.? just what their Southern Commercial Conventions have been laboring for, during the la?t twenty years. Among tho first statu to* in Virginia, was ono to encournge the growth of corn, by leav ing its price unrestricted, while all other prioes were to remain as fixed by proclamation ; and it wai provided, that in every parish there should be a public granary, to which each planter, over eighteen, was to bring yearly a bushel of oom, to be disposed of for the public use; and three sufficient men were to be sworn, in each parish, to see that every Miller planted and tended corn enough for his family /# In 1832, a law was passod, to limit the pro duction of tobacco, their groat staple, and to raise the price, and also requiring every planter to cultivate two acres of corn per poll. * In 1639, the planters still devoting their at tention chiefly to the culture of tobaeco, the price went down to three pence, and thereupon the Assembly enacted that half of the crop should be burned, and that tho crops of tho two succccding years should bo kept still smaller! In 1843, legislative attempts to diversify the industry of the Colonies were renewed, and premiums off?red to the producers of potashes, soap, salt, flax, hemp, and cotton. All these attempts failed. In 1880, it is ro cordod, the tohacoo culture still attracted the greater portion of cmpital and labor, and the result was, the dependence of the colonists upon others for their supplies of necessaries Cloth was manufactured successfully in New Kngland, but nothing of the kind was at tempted in Virginia; and tho maritime char acter of the former was alroady recognised, while, notwithstanding tho efforts of the As. setnbly of Virginia to encourage ship building and navigation, only one or two small vessels were owned in that colony. In 1882, the Assembly pa"sed various acts, * Me? Hil<tr*th's CnlonUI History for many mrh exarapki. to compel a diversification of industry??n foroiug the planting of mulberry tree*, offer ing premiums for silk, for ships built, for wool len and linen cloth, home-made-. Two aore* of ooro, or one of wheat, wasj to be cultivated for every tithable; and a tan-house, with cur riers and ahoomakers attached, wan to be established at the publ^) exponso in oaoh county, hided being received at a fixed price, to be manufactured into Hhoos, and Hold at ratea prescribed in the statute. 1 he next effort was, to forco the growth of towna. An aot was passed, for converting the hamlet of Jamestown into a town of thirty-two brick houses, each of the counties being re quired to build one house, for which laborers might be impressed, at certain rates. To on oourago the building of the others, each indi vidual who built a house was to receive from the public ton thousand pounds of tobacco, and all porsona settling in the towu wore to be privileged from arrest for two years. This scheme waa extended so as to embrace projects of other towns. In 1666, an arrangement was effected, by which aota were passed by the Atsomblies of both Maryland aud Virginia, ordering "a ces sation," that is, an omission to plant tobacco for one year, so as to raise its price ! The pro prietary of Maryland vetoed the Maryland act, and the project failing, new legislative efforts were made for the production of manufactures. " Every county was to set up a loom, at its own expense, and to pvovido a weavor." lu 1682, tho price of tobacco had fallen to a penny, and the Colonists could scarcely buy common necessaries. New efforts wero made , to counteract tho natural workings of their rude system of labor. Towns, trade, and man ufactures, wero to be built up by legislative cnuotrnent. Rach county was directed to buy fifty acres of land, and lay it ont for a town and store-house; all tobacco and other export able goods wero to l?e carried to these towns for sale and shipment, and all imported goods to be there landed. Another " cessation " was demanded by the planters, but, as tho Assembly proceeded no further than to petition the King to order it, the planters assembled tumultuously, and cut up the tobacco plants. And so they staggered along, devoting them selves to the cultivation of a singlo staple, when their soil was susceptible of every variety of product ; and fostering a system of labor, the legitimate effects of which they constantly labored, although in vain, to counteract by un reasonable legislation. The policy of the Colony is reproduced in the State. Ono might imagine that the spirits of the old legislators, who fancied they could > increase tho woalth of a country hy destroy ing half its crops, or regulate tho natural laws of production and trade, by legislative declara tion, had taken possesion of the politicians who figure in these Southern Conventions. For the last twenty-five years, theso Conven tions havo been resolving that tho slave States are superior to the free States in natural re sources; that their labors ought to be diversi fied; that they ought to supply their own broadstuffs, do their own manufacturing, have their own shipping, carry on their own trade; but their resolves have been as fruitlem as were tho old colonial enactments of kindrod character. As a pretty fair illustration of (ho influence of Conrention-declaratims of opinion on tho question of direct trad.? with Rurope, take the following facte: imports. In 1840. In 1852. In the Slave States, Si 9,858,701 824,722,573 In the Free States. 87,283,218 183,575,342 Increase in twelve years : Free States, $96,290,124 Slave States, 4 863,872 Difference in favor of tho froe States; In 1840, $67 425,507 j In 1852, ....I.. 158850,769 EXPORTS. In 1840 In 1852. From Slave States, $77,510,283 $97,296,256 From Free StaU<s, 54 565 863 113,362,713 Increase in twelve years: From Free States, . . . $58,786,850 From Slave States, . . . 19 785,973 ... Difference against tlio Froe States : In 1840, $22 934,420 Diffcrettoe in favor of? In 1850, 16,066,457 So muob for the direct trade on which these Slavebolding politicians have resolvod on so tre mendously. In twelve years, the Free States have increased their imports ninety nix millions, and tho Slave States, not qute five millions. In 1840, the import trade of the former was sixty-seven and a half millions greater, in 1852, nearly ono hnndrod and fifty-nine millions greater than the import trade of the latter. In twelve years, the Free States increased their exports noarly fifty-nine millions, the Slave Statea, nearly twenty millions. in 1840, the exports of tho latter exceoded those of tbo former by twonty-throo millions; in 1850, they wore sixteen millions less ! And, let it lie remembered, the export as well as im port trade of the South is oarriod on ohiefly in Northern bottoms, by Northern men. In tho Convention that has just adjourned, tho subject of direct trade ooeupied rather a subordinate plaoo, the attention of the mem bers l?eing engrossed by projects for railroad communication with the Pacific, and oom meroo with the oountry of the A mason. On the day before adjournment, the Committee on Business reported resolutions to the effect, first, that tho " Pnoific railroad project was of vital neces sity to tho prosperity of the Southern States. The second resolution declares that the route should be commenced on the Mississippi, be tween St. l^>uis and New Orleans, and should run through Texas, connecting with all the Northern and Southern roads. The third urges that the Gadsden treaty, so far as it se cures the right of way through Mexioo, ought to lie adopted. Tho fonrth recommends a combination of the Southern States for the construction of the railroad, independent of the National Government. The filth recom mends tho incorporation yf the road by the Legislature of Virginia, and subsequently by the Legislatures of all the Southern States. The sixth provides for the appointment of a committee to prepare a charter, and to procure its passage by Virginia and oilier Southern States ''All the resolutions were adopted except that in relation to the treaty. Mr. Gadsden addressed the Convention, and indirectly inti mated that the treaty watt prepared to aeoure a route for the South through Mexioo He had heard a rumor that the Northern Senators had combined to defeat that part of the reso lution ottered to the Convention. The resolu tion wad subsequently withdrawn by the com mittee. A resolution was adopted, providing for the encouragement of direot trade with trope for some of the Southern porte by legis lative assistance. Treaties to secure the re duction of duties imposed on tobacco and hemp by foreign countries wero reoommended; aftor which, the Convention adjourned until the fol lowing day." Whether these resolutions will be more effi oaoious thau resolved of kindred character heretofore adopted, or than the primitive en actment* of oolonial times, remains to be Been. But, there is one"tendency of such action as is proposed by tho Convention, that must not be overlooked,?it is, the tendency to train the slaveholders of tho different States to act to gether-?to knit tkem in a compact, sectional or ganization, for purely sectional purposes. LITERARY NOTICES Putnam's Monthlt. April, 1854. New York: Q. P. Putnam A Co. For sale by Franck Taylor, Pa. avonue, Wa?hington, D. C. This exceedingly attractive Monthly contains a Poem, entitled tho Two Angels, (from the pen, wo believe, of Longfellow,) worth in itself tho prico of half a dozon volumes of the Maga zine. Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. March, 1854. New York : Leonard Scott A Co. For sale by Taylor A Maury, Pa. aveniio, Washington, D. C. The Russian Question, of course, is discussed in this Magazine, as in nil the British periodi cals ; but wo are not aware that anything new is brought to light. It contains, Itesides, sev eral political articles, spicy enough, but not of tho liberal'port. Its literature is as usual. Graham's American Montiii-y Magazine. April, 1854. Philadelphia Among the contributors fco this number wo notice J. T. Hendlcy, Jus. Russell Lowell, John (}. Saxe, and other popular writers. The Nkukaska Question. New York: Redficld, Nassau street. Wo have received from the publisher, a large pamphlet, with this title, comprising tho speeches in the United StatoB Senate, on the Nebraska Bill, of Messrs. Douglas, Chase, Smith, Kverett, Wade, Badger, Seward, and Sumner; togelhor with a history of the M is souri Compromise, Daniel Webster's memorial in regard to it, a history of tho Annexation of Texas, of tho organization of Oregon Territory, and of tho Compromise of 1850. Tho reader sees at once that it is a valuable compilation. The Lamplighter. Boston: John P. Jewctt A Co. This volume has been warmly commended by tho Press, and has had a great run among the People. It is a story, full of incident, with lino shades of character, many'passages of highly dramatic interest,- pervaded by a health ful spirit, and gratifying the interested reader with a most pleasing denouement. A Month in England. By Henry T. Tuckorman Kttlfirld, Now York. For sale by Taylor A Maury Washington, D C. Of oourse, Mr. Tuckerman could not expect to give in* much new information concerning Old Kngland, but he ha.4 a very agreeable way of looking at the Present in tho light of the Past, and giving his improssions in a style not cumbrous or elaborate. Cotton is Kino ?Charles Diokens, in alato number of his tiouvkold Words, after enumer ating the Rtriking facts of Cotton, says: " Let any social or physical convulsion visit the United States, and Kngland would feel tho slunk from Laud's F.nd to John O'Gront's. Tho lives of nearly two millions of our coun trymen aro dependent upon tho ootton crops of America ; their destiny may be said, without any sort of hyperbole, to hang upon a thread. " Should any dire calamity befall the land of cotton, a thousand of our merohant ships would rot idly in dock; ten thousand mills must stop thflir busy looms, and two million mouths would starve for lack of food to feed them.'' How many non-slaveholders elsewhere aro thus interested in the products of slaves ' Is it not worthy the attention of gonu'me philan thropists to inquire whether cotton cannot te profitably cultivated by free labor ? The ques tion is of easy solution. At all events, "the laborer," no matter what his color, u is worthy of his hire." Mr. Keitt, of South Carolina, in a reoent speech in the House of Representatives, took the proper distinction between popular liberty and popular tyranny, and said : " Of all tyran nies, popular tyranny is the mnet base and devastating, because its appetites are the most gr<ws and inapjieaeable, its life the most con vulsive, and its note the most cursed with crime and wrong. Popular tyranny is popular law lessness and publio pillage." People do not al ways " mark tho difference."?Alex. (Sat. It is pleasant to know that Mr. Koitt and the Alexandria (raz'tte do mark the difference. The only popular tyranny we have known, is that of literal slavery. All other speoios of tyranny aro unpopular. Popnlar tyranny, therefore, is indeed " the most base and devas tating," as onr Southern friends should know by this time. Its appetites are " gross and in appeasable/' and its acts are "cursed with crime and wrong." Mr. Keitt and the (iazette have been undor a Angular delusion, to imagine they wero lookiag apon a j>ortrait while a mir ror stood liefore them ! CoNNCCTttnrr Ei.ection.?The result of the election is officially announoed as follows: for (iovemor, Dutton, (vVhig,) 19,4?5; Ingham, (Democrat,) 28,538; Chapman, (Temperance.) 10,<>72; Hooker, (Froe-Soiler.) 2,500. Majority against Ingham, 4,090. In New Philadelphia, recently, at a ?mull party, it was remarked that a certain young man ouuht to have a wife. His reply was, " I would have if I eould fled anybody to have me." A young lady present, with whom he had never spent an hour, said I will " The preacher was sent for, and the next paper contained tho fallowing announcement: Mar ried, on Sunday evening, 19th Inst., by Rev. Mr. Bartholomew, Mr. Morgan Buthler and Miss Mary Bartholomew, all of this town. Mrs. Nathaniel Long was killed, on the 221 nil, at Fr<?g Creek, Florida, by a. rattlesnake. The most revolutionary artiele is bread , Iwr, on the least rumor of an outbreak, it is in variably the flrtt thing to rise. C0H8PIBACY CAJBE AT PITMBUMH. I A lawyer named Hmwd, and three other* named Davis, MorriB, and Lawfton, were ohar ged with the otfonoe of leading the agents of the Pennsylvania and Ohio Railroad Companies, and one or two other1 corporations, to violate the law against taking and pawing bank notes for lew than $5 of other States; their object was to sue for the penalty. They oonfcinued their operations until the penalty in all the cases amounted to about seventy thousand dol lars, whon they became informers against the companies. For this conspiracy they have been indicted and tried, and on Saturday last Judge Mo Clure charged the jury strongly for the prose cution, and nfter an almence of three hours tlifly returned with a verdict of guilty. -Mr Stokes, in behalf of the prosecution, moved an immediate sentence, when it was found that the defendants had tjed. Their bail was for feited, and warrauts issued for their arrest Hazen and Davis were subsequently arrested and committed to jail, but Morris and Lawson have not yet been found. CUBA IN PARLIAMENT. An interesting debate in the British Parlia ment upon the war message, and a discussion upon the relations of Great Britain and the United States to Cuba, are the chief points of interest in tho news from Groat Britain. In the course of the discussion, a Mr. Baillio made this remark: " Most assuredly, unless she fulfilled her engagements with us, and took care tUat Cuba should no longer be tho grand, and indeed the solo, seat of tho- slavo trade, which she had undertaken to suppress, sho could not fairly complain if England took no measures to pre vent Cuba from failing into the hands of the Americans." To which Sir James Graham officially re sponded : "Sir J. Graham said, that though he could not at all concur in tho proposition, that, by way of collateral argument, wo were to hand over C'ubu to the United States, the ondeavors of our cruisers, both on the ooast of. Cuba and on the coast of Africa should bo, if possible, augmented, and ovory means used for securing the real co-operation of tho authorities of Cuba." [Hear.] Mr. Cobden took up tho defenoe of his oqI loague, and made tho following emphatic dec laration: " Without saying one word about the expe diency of giving Cuba to the United States, or assisting that country to tako possession of the island, be thought it would be greatly for the interests of hnmanity, if the United States, or auy other Power that would altogether dis countenance tho slave trade, should posses* it" (Cheers J We agroo with Mr. Cobden, if the United States are disposed to discountenance the slave trade in every form! THE BLACK WABJUOB CASE. The Now Orleans Crescent considers the doc uments receutly laid beforo the world by the Cuban authorities as clearly establishing? 1. '1 hat the seizure and confiscation of the Black Warrior were, under the port regulations ot Havana, legal and just. 2. That Captain Bulloch, bis consignees, Tyng & Co., and our consul, admit the fact that it was legal. 3. That they ouly in reality contended that they should be let otf, 1st, because thoy were ignorant of the law and language ; 2d, l>coauee they had done so before; 3d, because they had no intentions of fraud. 4. That to this thu Spaniard replies, '? It was your business to kuow our regulations, that you might comply with them; besides, we fur nished you them in English.' 2 " We never suspended our laws; and if you have beforv been violating them, it was without our knowl edge." 3d. "We have no laws that are gui dod by men's intentions. Wo can only oonsid or th. ir acts." 5. That the British steamers h:vvo always submitted to precisely what wan required of the Black Warrior. 6. That while the language and tho state ment-! of Bullock, Tyng, and our oonsul, have l>ecn violent and denunciatory, they have been holding to the Cuban authorities only the lan ?juage of apology and supplication. Thus they were at onoe encouraging the Spaniard to per sist in his course, and exciting our Government and poople to mnke war upon him lor that coarse. 7. That tho owners, by submitting to tako back their ship and cargo, confessed that they had donn wrong in abandoning them, 8 That they havo siuce still further givon up their wholo case, by a fact now brought to light: that they have addressed a petition to the Queen, supplicating her to remit, as of her graiw, the fine of $6,000 imposed on them. Soberly, alter this, wo cannot s*e that there is loft a single vestige ot the case. This, from a New Orleans paper, is rather significant. Qjp*Tlio London Times circulates more than three-fifths of all the daily papers in Great Britain, and is increasing, while almoet all others are diminishing. Anti Nebraska Mketinu at Trenton ? A very largo and enthusiastic anti-Ncbrafka meeting was held at Trenton, Now Jersey, on the 14th. I). Loder was appointed Chairman R. C. Bidlville, Secretary, aud ten Vice Presi dent*. Resolutions were adopted strong ano emphatic in their tone, agitinst the Nebraska bill, denouncing Senator Douglas, and applaud ing Oharles-Skelton, tho Representative from that district. Judge Randolph, Rev. Isaac V. Brown, and Lewis R. Parker, were tho speak era. The mooting was without distinction ot party, and was made up of about half of eneh of the groat parties. The next morning, an effigy of Senator Doug las was found suspended from tho telegraidi wires, and ordered to bo cut down by tne Mayor. * The Mysterious Moskkts.?Tho barque Graposhot, with George Law's muskets on Ward, was at last advices lying ?t the Balise. mouth of tho Miwsisnippi. Wie New Orleans Delta says that the Spanish Consul in that oity was so alarmed by her arrival that be im mediately chartered a vessel, and despatched intelbgenoo of tho fact to Cuba. Baltimore American. The CtmAN Emancipation Scheme appears to be steadily progressing in its development. Tho Captain General has now under Consider ation a plan of sendirg a Special Commissi<Mrior to the plantations on the island, to report upon the number of nogroes held to servitude, for which there Is no legal bill of sale?that is, il licitly imported Africans?With a view to their ultimate emancipation. The Irish Exti.es in the United States, Mitchel, Meagher, and Doheny, aro violently ridiculed and abused by a Dublin newspapet called the Telegrapk^mk'tuk doubts their pre tence to the ohampmnship of Irish nationality. CONGRESS. THIRTY-THIRD CONOKtSS?HRST SICSNIOK. Senate, Tuemlny, April 18, 1854. Mr. Everett presented the memorial of the Amerioan Statistical Association, praying that 'hey ho furnished with copies of uii documents published by order of Congress. Mr. Sumner presented remonstrances from Windsor county, Vermont, against any pay ment by Congress for the Amistad olaim. Mr. Cooper presented three remonstrances, and the proceedings of two publio meetingH of citizens of the State of Pennsylvania, against the repeal of the Missouri Compromise. V Mr. Jones, of Iowa, submitted a resolution directing an inquiry an to the exfiedieney of establishing a marine hospital at Dubuque, Iowa. Adopted. Mr. Dodge reported a bill for the relief of the Burlington University, Iowa; and thesamo wan considered and panted. Mr. Cass. It affords me mnch pleasure to present a petition from a number of American citizens of the Hebrew faith, who desire to unite with their Christian fellow-citizens in asking the interposition of the Government to Becure to all our oountrvmen abroad the rights of religious worship. This Union, in order to promote the accomplishment of this great ob ject, is a happy illustration- of the spirit of equality and toleration, which marks our in stitutions. Persecuted for oonturies' with bit ter hostility, subjected to a tyranny both civil and religious, more oppressive than that en dured by any other people, driven from the promised land grunted to their-f irefathers, the separate existence, to this day, of tho children of Israel, is a perpetual miracle, establishing the truth of their history as well as of our reli gion, foretold as it was in the earliest period, and seen as it is stillin the latest. In their migrations they have at length reaohed a continent, unknown to the patriarchs, by whose rivers they may sit *down without weeping, to change tho' language of their Psalmist, even when remembering Zion, and whero tho law secures equal rights to all, bo they Jew or Gentile. Exposed as the members of this persuasion yet are in portions of Europe and America, both Catholic and Protestant, to the most illiberal prejudices and to religions disabilities, tho position of our citizens abroad, who belong to it, has peculiar claims to tho consideration and interposition of the Govern ment. Besides their legal right -to equal pro tection, there is no portion of our population whoso peacoahlo and law-abiding oonduct bet ter proves than theirs does that they are well entitled to all the privilegos secured to every American by our system of government. I repeat, sir, I am gratified that they are taking part in this great movement; and I trust that, ero long, they, as well as ail our other citizens sent by the accidents of lifl? to foreign countries, may receive the benefit t.f it. I move the reference of the memorials to tho Committee on Foreign Afl'.iiis. Agreed to. On motion by Mr. Walker, the Senate pro ceeded to tho consideration of the bill from the House of Representatives, called the florae stead act. ' ? Mr. Pettit read a brief statement of the rea sons which would induce him to support tho bill. It was then postponed till to-morrow. Oil uiotiou by Mr. Evans, the Senate took up tho bill to settle the claims of the officers of the Revolutionary army; and after some de bate thereon, it was postponed till Wednesday ilext. The Senate then proceeded to the considera tion of Executivo business. House of Representative,*, April 18, 1854. The Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bill came up for consideration, on the motion made yesterday by Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, to re oonsider the vote ordering it to bo eMgroaoed for a third reading. Mr. Robbins expressed his desire to aceept the amendment Mr. Jones wished to propose, namely, to insert a proviso limiting the in creased oooipensation of olerks to the present year. The Speaker said this eonld only be done by unanimous consent. Mr. Clingman objected, being determined to oppose the whole bill. The House determined to reeont-idor the bill Mr. Jones's amendment was then proposed Mr. Cobb moved to strike out the clause re quiring every appointment to be made from the grado next below that in whioh tho vacan cy occurs. Mr. Rohhiris expressed his aequiesconoc in this amendment. ' Mr. Sage, of New York, stated that the clerks of the navy yard at Brooklyn desired an in crease of compensation, and were equally en titled to it with thns^ of Washington. He wished to propose ao amendment to that effect. Mr. Phillips spoke in fiver of Mr. C..bb's motion. He oontended that a new principle in civil afftirs was proposed to be intrmfocod, that of instituting the military mode of promo tion. He thought, alee, the custom Inn wo at Mobile ought to be included in a law it-creas ing the compensation of clerks ; and occluded by poving that the bill bo referred to the Committee of the Whole. Mr. Smith, of Virginia, called for th(f pre vious question on the motion to refer. Mr. Whooler, of Nsw York, moved to lay the bill on the table; which motion did not prevail. The question was then taken en the motion to refer the bill to the Committee of the Whole; which was decided in the negative?yeas 59, nays 87. The motion of Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, was then adopted. The question on Mr. (Yhh's motion relating to promotions then coming up, Mr. Cobb de manded the previous question, whioh demand was sustained: when Mr. Pratt moved to lay the bill on the table, [ and called for the yeas and nays on his tn<> I tion. Decided in the negative?yeas 58 nays 84. The bill was then read a third time. Mr. Rohbius moved to reconsider tho v.-te last taken, and to lay that motion on the table. Mr. Pratt called for tho ayes and no.*s on the motion to lay on tho table; which were nrdor I ed. and resulted in euMaining it?yeas 83, nays GO. Mr. Pratt moved lhat the House shonld go into Committee of tho Whole on the state of the Union, and demanded the yeas and nays. The yeas and nays were not ordered, and the | motion did not prevail. I Mr. Pratt made similar motion* for an ad journment. which resulted in like manner. Tho main question was then ordered. Mr. Bridges called for the v^as and nays which wrro ordered; and the bill was finally parsed--yeas 7?, nays 68. Tho title was then adopted, as follows: An aot to amend the third section of the set ! making appropriations lor the civil and diplo matie expenses of the Government for the vear 1854. Mr. Lane, of Oregon, by consent, introduced a bill, of which previous notice had been given, | to enable the People of Oregon to adopt a Constitution and toim a State Government, and admitting them into the Union. Referred j to the Committee on Territories. i On motion of Mr. Pratt, the House resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and proceeded to the considerr l tion ol the bill making appropriations for the | support of the Military Aoadcmy at West I Point.