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If or tli* National Krt. A BROTHER'S MKC0LLBCT10M8 OK AM OMLY BY MART 1KVINO. * CHAP. XII. Steadily, under the midsummer's eje of lire, were we beating up the River of the West. No weloomo awtiited us, at city or cottage of the almost deeertcd "ootint; " tor, hailing from the region of infection, our hoat whs gunned a* plague-frei gh tod. No paseMiger joined our little number; no passer by lingered near the j forsaken heaps of wood and ooal, over against which we from time to time moored. Wo were I world to ourselves, shut out frcm all otheis. Among the lady paasengers was a brawny, bustling little woman, with a kind eye and u voluble tongue, who, on the second day ?>f our voyage, raado some remark whioh indicated that Hhe had Iteen for some weeks a nurse in . the Charity Hospital at M . Worn out-| with labor, she waa journeying to rejoin her friends in Miseouri. u When tin we who had nuracd the sick from the first," said alio, " wero themselves taken off, it beoame too terrible for me to endure ! Poor young Livingston! ho was the last!" F.ulalio had been lying upon a couch at >ny side, with a veil thrown over her 1'aoe to abut out the sunlight, win Me gladness and beauty mocked the anxiety that hung upon her heart. She started up with white hps and dilating eyen; but I hold her firmly. "If ever mortal deserved a crown in heaven, it wm he!" went on (ho tmcousoious bearer of the cruel tiding*. " Was he alive when you left M ? " I hastily asked, trembling for my pcor, sfieucli lees sister. "Alive! No, indeed, Rir; these hands cloted his eyes " With a scarcely-audible moan, tho poor girl fell back upon the cushions. The blow bad hung too long su*|>endi-d to crush at once. 1 took her hand, and tried to speak to her. She caught it from me, and, with a gesture of utter despair, buried hor face from my sight for hoars. When that faco was again lifted, it wan flushed with the fever whose poison must have been lurking in her veins for days. l'erli:i( h it was better so! The fever mounted rapidly to its crisis. Once, only, and that duriug tho night of in tensest doubt, did the mist of delirium clear from her mind. She htoked up into the fa.'e of the nurse, and smiled. "You clotted his cyet*, and you will clo-o. mine, too! Thank Ood ! It is liest to die with the dearest one He ever gave me ! " Many years after, in the bitterest hour life ever brought urt, those words came to mo like a prophecy: " It is best to die with the dear est! " Not then, sweet sister ; not then. Thy mitauon beneath the clouds was not so soon over? # Wan and light as a snow-wreath seemed the form that I carried from the dock of that steamer at the end of our voyage. Fearing to leave her, and unable to take her inland, I sent for Mary and the children to join us. My po litioal "destinies fainted out a ohange of resi denoe; and our home in prairie-land was bro ken up 1 found more than one invalid under my charge, for Maty's cheeks seemod to have -beun daily giowing paler and thinner during the few weeks of my absenoe. 1 lost no time in transporting both to the Saratoga waters. Gradually, as Time and Religion wrought their healing work, a healthful reaction came to the body and spirit of tho younger. The steadily fhRing health of Mary created a de mand on her energies, wbich tbey soon burned to answer. Man, driven out from Kden, was mercifully sentenced to ?' toil in the sweat of his brow." It is well for the sorrowing to lie heavily tatkrd! During all thefs clouded years, to which I look back only to roc all the one sunbeam that lighted their gloom, whA the wife and mother lay on a bed of languishing, too often deserted by one whom public cares had, at her wish, made their slave, F.ulalie was tho life and blesn iog of the chastened household. How soon the little ones learned to share their griefs and joys with ''Aunt Lube,'' and shed on her bosom the tears a mother was too ill to wipe away. How the racked heart of a brother rested on her, as ho reluctantly tore himself from that chamber of cheerful helplessness, and ftooi those twining childish arms that oloag to bis being like tendrik! Oh, sister ! a weak staff, indeed, may lend the strong man a strength! Ths heart which has miff, red its utmost bears a talisman again*t life's leaser ills. In **her yearn, a triflo had clouded my sister's sensitive spirit; now. trials light or weighty I were alike fiowerlem to shadow her quiet cheer fulness. At times, indeed, a shadow of the j psst would come over her clear face; but it was never suffered to rest there. In the lone < I? night-watches, the pitying angels oame to ! lier with dreams that won her from these heart-rending memi ries A little incident re vealed to me this new phase of her " inner life" A terrific Ktoim had swept oar coast, strew ??? ocean with wrecks, and land with mourn ers. A family ?f our acquaintance bad lieen bereaved in a manner most distresaing, and their |rmf had called fort If the sympathy of all who know them. " Take this purer, Ralph I" exclaimed Mary one morning, as I entered ber si?-k room Tears were blinding ber eyes as she apoke. " I want to hear yon rrad that little poem?please ' " I ooameneed as desired? " TIIK LOST AT BRA The night was wild and foarfnl, Ami ftlocplae* eye* were tearful Watching the nhwidImh ?kj ? Pleading with <tor na high " Per nn?< at sea ' The fUtrm had raitaed its riot. The wind* and ware* were <|nist, Through the home *hn<lowing Irse Hwejit a sound mournfully? * l?o?t? liwt at *ea'' Oh God' t<> take the idol Jori ere the boar of bridal' Thy lingering life May. mother ' Bitter ' thine ml; brother. Lost?lost at *ea! Only to weop above him ' Twere bliea to tboao thst love him ' Bnt the eold, pitiless deep Tall* not where any sleep. Lost - lost at soa1 When, in tho foam's white sbronding Life's longest years apre crowding One hour of agony, What prayer went ap to Tbee. God of the soa ? , Ol' beasts in Mimlne** breaking I .?ok np te Heaven'* wakiag ' Jmj for the exMw, whom Tenderest lor* took home No more * at sea " " F.alalio had entered as I commenced, nnd Male) herself in the shad .w of the heavily drtpsd window. Her head was bent over her work basket, and an unwonted glow wan on Hanked over me like a meteor. -V?r tnSMr!" mi in another moment lidden upon my shoulder m?" md she, gently, ber eyee as af " aad I did not drive the mtivI If I have | gift from A strange spoil had sorrow given to tho timid, self-doubling girl. Strong-hearted and confident iu the Power that had endowed hef, Kulalio wont bcfor* the world with no falter ing step. Woman finds in tho lite of tho hoed, says one, a rofege from the desolation of tho heert-temple. So, when health stole again to the cheek of the dear invalid, whom hIio Imd long watched and attended, my sister turned in oarnost to the career marked out )>y tho in atinct of her soul. Criticism did not spare her, hnt its arrows were blunted by sympathy with the simple pathos her sweet words wore. As tho cool rain of heaven on fainting lips, so drop some poet-nttenuicos upon jaded spirits; and with such, it was her's to hless the world?thrice ItlfMSfd herself in giving! It was her constant aim to speak to that inner heart, which "an swereth as face to faoe in water," in every be ing to whom God ever gave His imago. There fore, rich and poor read, lovod, iiud wept over the words of my Knlalie. Fame was of little oonscquonce to her; but it found her out Grace Athorton*who had long ago merged the '' Meta " of school-day journals in a round of domestic and social du ties which led little timo for dreaming, took possession of her early friend, introduced her into the world, of whioh she was still queen, and would have exulted in her triumph, hud not something unfathomable in tho glance of Ik r once open hearted schoolmate, repulsed nil warm congratulations. " Grace/' wrote Rtilalic, "is proud that I till that place in tho 'world's great eye' which she relinquished lor the empire of love and of fashion. A wide-spreading and mighty influ ence is her's, cheering and blessing j?oor as well as rich. Perhaps her oye and lips arc making a deeper impression on the world than any pen could leave. How little this apphww gives to the heart's yearnings! Oh, to he of some rtal use to this great, suffering world!" She came back to us unchanged, by all the adulation that learniug-and wealth had heaped u|ion her?tho same home-loving, child-loving creature. It must not bo Hupposed that, in hor throng of admirers, there had t>ocn pone to speak more than admiration. Vet, so seldom was her life's quiet tenor disturlied by tho in trusion of matrimonial speculators, that I, who knew how warmly many manly hearts had apprcoiatod her, one day observed? " How is it, that no one tries to rob mo of my sister ? " A look from tho depths of her soul rebuked me, but was instantly displaced by a thought ful smile. "I don't know, brother, indeed! Hut it is a blessing that no true affection is wasted for my sake?though my friends love me, I well know ! " " Yes; moro than ono has chorished 'a love unspoken,' as I have had occasion to know. It is an enigma to me!'' '? I think it need not be," she said, in a low tone, with downcast lashes. " 1 do not believe thoso sacred words are often spoken, unless called out by some manifestation of sympathy on the part of her who receives them. I have I long studied to repress all tokens of this sym pathy, even where I deeply felt it, lest it might lie mistaken for the wanner feeling with which I have not! ing to do! " One pro\ed too hard for her philosophy, how ever?one high in tho honors of this world, to whom I e n-Id gladly have intrusted the happi ness of my gentle sister, had it lieen in my keeping. She better knew her own heart, and gratefully refused. 1 could not restrain a word of serious inquiry. " Do you never intend to marry. Rulalie ? " It was repented us soon as spoken. ?? '? Forgive me, sister!" " There is no need!" she faltered; it is a natuial question, and ono whioh I may often have to answer. I cannot change my feelings, brother; and so I cannot feel that the thin veil which divides spirit life from onrs has divorced two h. arts which (iod made to lieat for each I other! " The name of F.rnest Livingston was never on the li|is of either. WESTWARD HO! Never 1 vfore has there lieen a heavier emi gration tn the far Western States than there is this spring. It is tin emigration not only of newly arrived foreigners, who fly from taxa ti? n and tyranny in soaroh of a Utopia on the prairies; but the substantial farmers of the Kastern States are going by thousands to Iowa Minnesota, Nebraska, and wherever else their lives may be safe in tho far West Every steamboat that goes down the Ohio carries hundreds of Pennsylvania and Ohio farmers in search of new, virgin farms in the remote States. F.ven Ohio and Indiana cease to be regarded as tho West, and, with their cities and their railroads, they are entirely too civil ited and too orowded for a considerable por tion of the population. The apparent, abandonment of tho old States is not the result of any exhaustion of their means or supporting life, or any failure in any of their resource*. The contrary of this is shown by the steady and rapid rise in the value of real estate and the immediate filling up by im migration of the vacancies created by emigra tion. The population of Pennsylvania was never growing so rapidly as it is now. Her larin?, her mines, and hor factories, were never so productive and so profitable. Hut the nn satirfied American spirit will never J?e oon tented, so I org as there is a square mflo of va cant territory between tho Mississippi and tho Pacific. Pennsylvaniahs will still be found to leave comfortable homos and cultivated farms, and risk all upon a wild, unbroken prairie, vrhere they must ereot new household gods, and gather around them, with infinite patience arid toil, new home comforts and associations. There is a Providence in this; for by no othor means can we explain a characteristic so ex traordinary. In no other country do people abandon homes and comforts merely to mi grate to another part of the same country, gov erned by the same laws, and with similar onar acteristicsof soil and climate. The result to be accomplished is the filling up of our vast un occupied domain, which must be done before America and American institutions can fulfil thwir destiny. What that destiny is, cannot now lie safely predicted, though all feel that it is a high and noble one. The Western move ment of our thousands of sutistantial citixens is, however, ono of the great elements at work towards its aci-omplislimont. Pkiliuiclpkia Mullet in. I Hum Pricks of "Si.avk Phopmtv."?At the recent sale in this county of the property (?elonging to tho estate of Kdmnnd Townsencl, deceased, the slaves, 2H.'? in number, all field hands, and a large proportion of them ohildren, sold for $207,195, being an average of $727 ! In some instances, a young man and wife, hav ing no children, wild for $3,005, many boys and girls, from eleven to twenty years old, brought from $1,500 to $1,700; two twin brothers, fifteen yeais old, sold for -$3 700 ; a brother, sixteen years old, sold for $1,700, and a sister of the same, sixteen years of age, for $1,600. The negroes were sold on twelve months' credit, and the prices were unusually high. They were, however, principally bought by the legatees The entire amount of the vale was about $330,000. J lunl smile (Ala.) Advocate. J i ? ^ in - in Pse<ana, Sardinia, a superstitions girl, twenty years old, being asked by her fattier < confessor, whether she would go to hell with 1 her toi gne or to paradise without it, as soon as j she returned home, cut out her tongne tLJ~ The Daily Era can be had every morning i at the Periodical Rtund of Mr. J. T. Baths, Kx i change, Philadelphia; also, the Weekly Era. Ct7"~Mr. Jamkn Km.iott in authorised to receive and roooi|>t for subscriptions and advertisement* for the Daily and the Weekly Nu-iiutia/ Era, in Cincin nati and vicinity. WASHINGTON, J). C. FRIDAY, APRIL 21, 1854. " SOUTHERN INGRATITUDE." <iuito recently we puldishod an extract from a hjidocIi delivered by Hiraiu Kctuhmu, jr., one of tho Compromise Whigs of 18.50, in which hu complained bitterly of tho ingratitude of the South to tho Northern champions of itn right*. Southern newspa|icrs trout this a^mpl&iut pretty much an it deserww. They say: " It in a vory groat mistake to imagine that the South oonctsivcs that she incurs an obliga tion of gratitude to the iuou of the North, who omnifont a willingness to concede her rights un der the Constitution. What we olaim of tho North is not graoo, but jiiHtico. The Constitu tion seeriros to tho South certain rights and immunities, and by accosting tho Constitution the North became bound by certain corres ponding duties. The individual owes to socie ty particular obligation* and sorviccH, nnd no man imagines that he desorves applause for keeping the peace or respecting the life of his neighbor. \ et such pretension would bo pre cisely analogous to the claim of the North to the gratitude and applause of tho South, on tho ground of a submission to tho obligations of the Constitution. # *- # # " The complaint of Southern ingratitude ex poses tho worthlessness of Northern patriotism. Did anybody imagino that Mr. Hiram Ketch um and his compatriots of tho Union Safety Committee supported the Compromise of l8.r?o from any but the highest and mt*t disinterest ed motives ? Was it suspected for a moment that they wore only engaged in a commercial speculation, and that they would want a hand some dividend on their investment in patriot ism'.' ' Virtuo is its own reward/ is a maxim of which Mr. Ketchum does pot comprehend the import, and in accordance with which he does not adjust his conduct. With him, a no ble uction, like a good speewh at the bar, is only worth tho reward it brings. If, in 1850, he contributed his cash to the funds of the Union Safety Committee and his eloquence to the cause of the Constitution, it was not from auy abstract Jove of justice or romantic devo tion to the country.* For all his patriotic exer tions he expected the reward of Southern grat itude; and now that his speculation miscarries, ho threatens to aveugo himself ou the South by transferring his cloquenoo and his virtue to the service of Seward." Very good ? tho rebuke is timely and well administered. If the Union Safety Committee men simply sustained tho enforcement of a Constitutional obligation in 1850, they have no special claim upon the gratitudo of any sec tion, for extraordinary services. If they went beyond Constitutional requirement, and per formed works of supererogation in behalf of Slavery, their appropriate reward is shame and contempt. Why should tho South put its trust in those who have proved false to their own sec tion and people? The Northern Compromisers of 1850 did go t>eyond the Constitution. They knew that Congress had power to prohibit Sla very in Territories, that tho power had been repeatedly exercised, that the policy of Slavery restriction was coeval with tho Government; but they abandoned this policy, and, by waiv ing the exercise of an incontestable right, afford ed Slaveholders a pretext for assuming that it was surrendered They know that no Consti tutional obligation restejJ upon them to legis late further in relation to Fugitive Slaves, and yet, to disarm the wrath or win the favor of the Slaveholders, thoy joined with theui in passing an act. bo grossly violative of every prinoiple of justice, and every safeguard thrown around personal rights by the Constitution, that it does not desorvo the name of Jjiw, and has no title to the respect of a law-abiding people. If, in their own judgment, those acts were required by the Constitution, what right havo they to claim reward at the hands of slave holders? The fact that they make suoh a el^im, betrays a consciousness on their part of the performance (f extra constitutional sen ices in behalf of Slavery. Northern politicians are slow to learn. Lot them go as f ar as they may in their ical for slavoholding u rights," as they are called, they will still fall short of Mie mark. tat them render tho most signal servioes, their language must still be, u Wo are but unprofitable ser vants?it saved at all, it will not bft by our own works, bnt by the grace of our puimant masters, the slaveholders." How can they come up to the demand* made upon them ' Do they l>eliovo that Slavery ia the wisest, most productive, and most lieneficontcombination of Capital and l.abOr that the world has evor known' That that state of society is liest in which the Capitalist owns the Laborer7 That the highest form of civilisation is attained where the inferior classes are the property of tho superior ? That Slavery is tho origin and end of the Union of these States, tho corner-stone of tho Federal Constitution, the only surq foundation of Republican Institutions, tho sonroe of our national greatness, and the soul of the world's commerce? That the chief duty of the Fed eral Government is, to provide for its security, enlarge its area, augment its power, and con firm its supremacy ' That no right, no inter est, which conflicts with its claims, is entitled to a moment's consideration1 That the only American statesmanship is that which has been baptised with the spirit of Slavory, the only American treason, resistance to its de mands? This must lie their oreed, and this creed must regulate their conduct, but let them not expect even then tho gratitude of the South; for, after all, they will only " manifest a willingness to concedo her lights undor tho Constitution." "They confer uo spocial favor on the South,n says tho Richmond Rn (purer. "We are not comoious of any .extraordinary obligation of gratitude. If Northern men sup port the rights of the South, they only dis charge their imperative duty." And, it might have added, if they fall vic tims to their fidelity, wo cannot help that. They must blame the fanaticism of their own people, not our determination to enforce our rights. Nor can thsy nxpect us to enenmber oursolves with them, after they have l?een dis abled Wo need whole men, not cripples? men that can do us service, ami at the same time take care of themselves WeUter and Fillmore were very good men in their way, willing to obligs us bnt unfortunately without the faculty of taking care of themaelvew. So with Diokinmm and Cosa?exoellent gentle men were they in their generation, bat equally unfortunate. The new candidate* for our favor, now ho prominent on the political ataga, may, it in to he feared, meet a similar fata; but how can wo help it? Wo are not wpowibll for Northern fanaticism, nor can it be expected that the South ahull build an asylum large enough to aooommodatc till its viotiniH. Bo lides, the frienda of tbe Constitution and our rights hi net learn to take cure of themselves, while discharging their duties to us under the (institution. The mere fact that, in their zeal to serve us, they have been mo blundering ad to forfeit their political portion at home, shows that, however willing, they arc far from being wise ; and as they can give us kind word*, but iiothinjfcelae, tlicy cannot expect from uh any thing more substantial in return. Are not these things written in tho hook of the Chronicle* of Slavery ? THE DISCUSSION -HOW CHARACTERIZED. From the year 1847, the discussion of the Question of Slavery has I teen carried on in < 'ougross with little intermission. For the last peven yearn, there has not been a sosnion from which it haH been excluded. There was a lull after tho legislation of 1850 ; but tho quiet was disturbed by tho Presidential canvass of 1852; and thin Congress ban witnessed the revival of tbe Discussion in all its length and breadth. For three, months, it occupied nearly the whole time of the Senate; and in tho House, since ??he reference of tho Nebraska Bill to the Com uiittec ol the Whole on tho state of tbe Union, although other questions have been all the whilo formally under consideration, tho subject of Slavery has boon the great theme. Our neighbor of the Sentinel, on the 19th, present ed the following statistical statement of tho spoochos made on tho Nebraska Bill in both Houses, up to that time: " There were twenty-eight Bet speeches made in tho Senate on the subject, seventeen for and elt*ven against tho bill; and so far, in the House, there have been delivered thirty-one speeches? lil teen on one side, and sixteen on the other side ol tho question. According to our recollection, the following are the names of tho gontlemcn who have participated in this debate. We have clamed tho speeches in the House as for or against tho bill, not wishing to bo under stood, however, as saying that all of those gen tlernon are unqualifiedly for or against it. We will cheerfully correct any error that we nmv fall into: " Senate.?For Senate Bill?Messrs. Badg or, Brodhead, Brown, Butler, O -s, Dawson, Dixon, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Hunter. Jones of Tennessee, Norris, Pettit, Thomson of New Jersey, I'oomta, Touoey, and Weller?17. "Against the Hill?Messrs. Boll, Chase, Cooper, Kverett, Fesscnden, Houston, Seward, Smith, Sninner, Wade, and Clayton, (who, however, is in favor of the repeal of the Mis souri Compromise)?11. " House.?For the Senate Hill?Messrs. J. C. Allen, of Illinois: Barksdale, of Misaisaippi; Kreekinridge, of Kentucky ; Bridgos, of Penn uylvauia; Brooks, of South Carolina; Caruth ors, of Missouri; Clingman,of North Carolina; Kwing, of Kentucky; Faulkner, of Virginia; Keitt, of South Carolina; Macdonald, of Maine; Preston, of Kentucky; Smith, of Tennessee; Stephens, of Georgia; and Wright, of Pennsyl 4|hnia?15. ? "Against the Senate Hill?Messrs. Chand ler, of Pennsylvania; Cullom, of Tennessee; Fenton, Of New York; Franklin, of Maryland; Hunt, of Louisiana; Matte, of Indiana; Cut ting, of New York ; Matteson, of New York ; Moacham. of Vermont; Mi"son, of Virginia; Nichols, of Ohio; Norton, of Illinois; Gerrit Smith, of New York ; Washbume, of Illinois ; Washburn, of Maine: and Yates, of Illinois? 16." % Wo do not vouch for tho accuracy of this ; but it se^ea to give some idea of the business in which Congress has boon principally en gaged. From 1847, we have !>een tin attentive ob server of the Congressional debates on Slavery. They have taken a wido range, and have taxed the highest enorgies of our public men of all sections. Tbe questions discussed have been? First, Slavery, in its relations to Natural Law, the Law of Nations, the Constitution of the United States, the State Governments, tbe Action of tho Fodoral Government, and the in tentiona of ita founders. Secondly, Slavery, in ita relations to Partim and Party Politics. Thirdly, Slavery, nnder its religions, moral, and politioo-eoonomioal aspects, in ita relations to the interest of the slave, of the in:istcr, of the country . in which it exists and the com munitie* associated with it. In tho disouasion of the lirst two classes of questions, the Argument for Freedom has been, in our opinion, fully, oarofully, and triumph antly presented, by Hnprosentative* and Sena tors from tho North ami West; hut Truth obligee us to admit that, on the third claws of Questions, Slaveholders, in our judgment, have had the strength of the argument on their side, wrong and untenable as it is. It has been their habit, after disposing of the constitutional question, to deal with Slavery, on its merits as a social system, boldly oomparing it with free labor institutions, advocating it on the grounds of morality and philanthropy, and for economi cal reasons, putting their arguments in tho most plausible form, and attempting to give them weight by cunningly arranged statistics. That they have made tho subject their tiludy, that they have studied it with tho ono idea of justifying and strengthening thoir position, and that thoy have prosionted the argument for Slavery, as a social syatom, w'.th more force and ingenuity than has ovor been done by Pro-Slavery men in any other country or age of the world, cannot be questioned, wo think, by any intelligent man familia* with thuir ef forts. And on this ground, wo repeat, they htirt not been met by their opponent?. Thiv, of oonras, is a general remark, to the truth oi which thero are a few exceptions. Occasion ally, at long intervals, wo h*ve listened to a speech, in which the argument against Sla very, apart from all constitutional and legal question*, has been urged with ovorWholming lioroe; but, as a general rule, ths members of Congress from tho free Slates huvo Evaded this issue. (Cither their own opinions in relation to it, have not been matured, or they have been oonaciona of a want of knowledge upon the suhjoot. Their opposition to Slavery ia the result, rather of education and oircnmstancea, than invpsligation and rejection. The subject, in the aspect of it to whioh we refer, has been abut out of the organisations with wbioh they huvo acted, and the newspapers they haw but n accustomed to read. While the South been filled with dissertations on the intrm *ii good of Slavery, and of its vital importance to all its interests, while Southern men have been preparing tlmuaelvos with the whole wr frument in favor of maintaining and perfl ating the system, the majority of Northern men have either taken no interest in the twb jeot, or used their effort* to suppress the agtta tion of it in the froo States. The only class of persona in these States .that can furnish writors and speakers lul y qualified to meet on this ground and refute the champions of Slavery, is the class so often stigmatised as fanatical, bigoted Abolitionists. But, their field of labor has been limited?their publications read by comparatively few of the citizens of the-free States, l>y still lower o their politicians. Hence, the imperfect vindi cation of Freedom and Free Institutions, by members and ropreeoutatives of the free States in Congress. . Oh Slavery, as it regards the Law of Natious, the Constitution, Federal re lations, and Party politics, they botray no lack of strength or information?hero they can maintain themselves triumphantly^. but, on Slavery, viewed in tho light of humanity, mo rality, or political eoonomy, in its ellocts on Labor, Capital, and the groat interests ol So ciety generally, they are utterly at lault, un prepared by reflection, and without tho neces sary information, to confront and refute tho slaveholders. Tho timo has oome when members of Con gress from the free States cannot excuse them selves to their constituents, for ignorance on their part of the great argument between Sla very and Freedom. Not a day p:wsea in wInch they aro not challenged to tho diseuscion, and yet they are silent. The sophisms of tho Slaveholder, his deceptive tables of statistics, his bold paradoxes, go out to all parts of the country, to mystify and pervert public opinion; and who steps forth to present facts as they are, and the argument as it really "ib Error makes its way by audacity and importunity ; while the inactive friends of truth fold their hands in silence, aud have no doubt that "1 roth is mighty, and will provail" We must have something in Congress besides elegant plati tudes about the blessings of Liberty and the curses of Slavery, learned dissertations on Law and Constitution, cunning attempts to manufacture " party oapital" out of the ques tion, vehoiuent denunciation and invective. Let the Slaveholder's sophisms about the relations of capital and labor be exposed ; let his deooptive statistics be unmarked; let his appeal to the comparative effects of free labor and slave labor on morals, industry, education, commerco, wealth, and power, be boldly ac cepted, and carefully triod by facts. Let members of Congress from tho freo States liestow as much timo and labor on the study of free aud slave-labor institutions, as th.y aro accustomed to give to party politics, or the questions of currency and protection, and they will bo ablo to do what they never havo yet done?triumphantly vindicate the workiugs of their own institutions, and demonstrate not only tho wrong of suffering Slavery to get foot hold in United State* Territory, but its incom patibility with the true growth and oivilixatn n of the States in wbioh it now exists. LITERARY NOTICES Daiiy Bihlk II.U'STBATIOSS; being Original Rea.i jng,< for a Year Designed for tho Family Circlo. By John Kelt*, D. D., F. 8. A-, k?., Ac. New York: Carter A Brother* For aale by Oray A BaHantync, Washington, I> C. 1 vol., pp 448 This completes the series of a ^ ear, and is devoted to the Apostles and Karly Church. There is great learning and great condensation of learning manifested in this liook. Tho en tire scries is a valuable contribution to the knowledge of the Bible-and those who have any knowledge of the other volumes will need no words of ours to induce them to purchase this volume. The topics treated of are distinct, and this volume has no necessary relation to those gone liefore. It is full of historical facts connected with the most imj>ortant era of the. Church history?the debatoable ground of all Beets, and the point of divergence of opinions which now rule the Christian world. t Thk Ktfunai. Day. By Kev Roratiu* Bonar. P l>, of Kelao New York Carter A Brother* For aale by (Jray A Rallantyne 1 vol, pp 24V t Christian Bistort ; or. The Central 1'owar among Mt-n. By Koheil Turnhult, U. I) Boston Phil lip*; Sampaon. A Co. For *ale by Taylor A Maury, Washington, D. C. 1 vol., pp .'>40. This is a real book?a valuabla contribution to the literature of tho day?a work soitod to tho range of thinking minds in the present age of Progrew There are few readers who will not l*? wiser and better for the purchase and perusal of this last, best work of tho very ex cellent author, to whose talents and industry the reading public aro already indebted for .other valunble publications. In the language of Schelling, " History, as a whole, is a suecw Rive revelation of God; " and it is the aim oj* this work to evolve Christ in History. The topics treated of aro the Central Power?the idea of a Cod of Creation and Providence, "by whom all things, wore created, and in whom all things subsist:" w, as the text may be paraphrased, "in whom, and around whom, all facts eonvorge." This great argument has tasked the gronteit minda in the past ages. No enigma has boon more laboriously sought to be solved, than tho relations which man holds to God, and God to man?to resolve th.^ forces acting into their laws of influence and their ways of working, and the destinies to be dovolopod and the finality of all. Skeptics and rationalists of every sohool, in every age, bava tried to meet tho demands of philosophy, hu manity, and raligion. They have all failed, signally, and every century has had it* own theories and exponents There is no solution which will bear tho test of human sorlitiny, but that which is the subject matter of Or. Tnm hull's book . Christ in History ! The chapters are entitled, Christ in Ancient Philosophy; Chriat among the Hebrews; The Central Race , The Advent of Christ; Christ in the Middle Ages; Christ in Modern Society. Wo commend this work to all our readeis as a work of a superior order of thought and investigation; and whatever may ho the rela tions the reader may hold to the Chnroh of Christ, he will not lail to read with pleasure thin now work, in which fcho philosophy of his tory anil t|i8 revelation ol the Holy Scriptures are found in beautiful harmony to exalt, high above nil praihc and worship of uieu and ang< 1h, Chriitt, Ike Power of (rod and Ike IVisdom of Got I. t CORUKE88. The Senate stands adjourned from yeeterday to Monday next * ? In the House of Representatives, the aiiOM thetic award of (?ne hundred thousand dol lars, wuh tabled; or, in the more emphatic lan guage of Mr. Jarndyne of Bleak House, it was floored. Mr. MoDougal, from the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, reported a bill to establish, by advertisement and contract to the bent bidder, a weokly m iil line between the Atlantic coast and California. This bill was wisely postjioucd until the first Monday in June, and ordered to bo printed. The House then, in Committee ol the Whole, proceeded to the consideration ol the business upon the Private Calendar; having previously, however, agreed that its adjournment to-day shall l?o until Monday next. Political gossip We have reason to believe that thore is truth in the reports now in circulation that an at tempt will ho made next week to spring a new Nebraska-Kansas Kill upon the House of Rep resentatives, and to force it precipitately through its passage. 'It will l>e identically the Senate bill, minus the detestable amendment of Mr. Clayton, aud the ambiguous and artful amendment of Mr. Badger. The Hoi wo is sparse at present. To-day there were sevonty members absent. Never theless, wc do not believe the plotters will suc ceed in obbaining their "snap judgment.7' 11 they do, however, tho Senate will not be liw tidious on tho subject of its amendments. The repeal of tho Missouri Compromise, and a moans of access to Nebraska and Kansas for Slavery, aro the primary objects in the view of-that body, and it will be but too happy to witness the accomplishment of them at any saerifioc?evon ol honor itself. Wo siitheroly hope that every man who is honestly opposed to the extension of the area of^Slavcry will be Constant on duty, and vigil ant in his attention to the movements of the adversary. It has often boon vaguely assorted, or inti mated, that tho power of tho Administration, exerted by meaiiB of tho disj<ensation of its patronage, would bo folt in the House of Rep resentatives on this measuro. We regret to say that these outgivings have not, in our opin ion, proved baseless Facts in connection with appointments, and corresponding waverings in tho position of gentlemen, are spoken ol in accents louder than whispers. It may yet be our duty to speak more pointedly on this sub ject. A treaty with Mexico will now, in all prob ability, be perf-cted aud ratified. It will stipulate for the payment of ten millions of dollars to Mexico, wo know not precisely for what It wdl aluo, in some fashion, give tho countenance of our Government to tho Sloo claim on Mexico. Tho amount of deferred legislation l>cf?rc Congress givos assurance of a protracted ses sion. It has heeu conjectured that there would l>o a recess of two months at midsummer, and a reassembling early in Septeiul?er; but the autumn elections in several of the States forbid our giving credence to this thought Tho pre* cut sesnion will in nil probability continue un til September. These say;ngs must be received only as based upon the rumors and conjeeturos of the capital. Havana.?The steamer Crescent City arrived at New York yesterday morning, from New Orleans, via Havana the 4th, with 104 passen gers. The Captain General has recently beon making a tour of all the fortifications, and it was ascertained that 900 guns could l>e mount ed in twenty four hours. It was rumored thai provisions were l?eing carried into the Culmna iq the night, and that blasts are being drilled The numl?er of troops now on the island is near 14 000. The naval force conmsUj of 22 vessels, chiefly small steamers. A good scare is soinotimes an expensive thing! The I niuc.ent Insank Rim..?A despatch from this city, yesterday, published in the Northern papers, utiles that "it is understood that the President will refuse to sign the bill granting land for the indigent insane. Latest from Abskiom Beach.?So far, 120 dead bodies have l?een washed ashorn at Abse oom Beach. It is not yet known to what ve* sel they belonged. Sai.c or a Trottino Horse.?Fanny, the great trotting horse, was yesterday sold at Philadelphia, for f.l/jOO. James Hammillwae the purchaser. Vessei. Bi'rnt at Sva.?A despatch from Charleston, on tho I Dili, states that the schoo ner Nebraska, from Port l.ava-'oa, has been burnt, at *ea. The !???? is said to l>e $20,000. She was insnr.-d in New York. Bakk Faimjres.?The temporary injunction on the Coohitu-ile Bank has l?eon made per mancnt, and it wns yesterday currently reporf ed at Boston that the Bsnk of Castleton (Ver mont) had stopped. It-* hi'ls were refused by the Suffolk Bank. Rates of Postaoe.?Many of our exchange papers comment upon the bill recently intro duced to Congress by Mr. Olds, but we have yet to moot with the first that approves it. Saimno or Steamers.?The Hteamcrs Star of the West and George l.aw nailed yesterday afternoon from New York, crowded with pas sengers for California. ? Heavy froets have occurred at Mobile and vicinity. Qjjr^The Nebraska bill, the Raltimore Amer ican says, it to bo brought up in the House of Representative!* at an early day in next week, and an earnest effort made to secure its adop tion without the Clayton amendment. The assassin of Count Hohsi, at Rome, is said to hate been detected for the National Ira. UNIVERSITY OF KOCHBSTKK, HEW YOBK. This Institution, in the brief spaoe of three years, has acquired a reputation surpassed by tew of our older colleges. President M. It. Anderson, late ol' New Vork city, in a man of great energy and sound learning, and tliough ol Htern principle, and a lover of strict disci pline and order, yet affable aud generous, and* welt calculated to win the oonildonoe and esteem of every student. Dr. A. C. Kendriok has Just returned from a year's travel in Kn ro|>e, several months of which he spent in (?recce. Having spent some tiine at the Uni \orsity of Athens, he luvs become acquainted with the |KMinliaritius of modern Greek. Con versation in this, renders the study of Greek more interesting, for it adds the charm of life, aud wo no longer look u|>onait as a dead lau pittgH. The library contains about ten thou sand volumes, including (he celebrated Ncandor library, consisting of four thousand and six hundred volumes. The number of students reported the present year is as follows, viz: seniors 21, juniors 18, sophomores 3ti, freshmen 40; total 121. Stu dents in the Grammar School 68. and in the Theological Seminary 3!?. Although the whole is under the direction of the Baptists, yet it is open to all, and especially tho University is iree from sectarian influence, and some of the fac ulty are of other denominations. The merits of the " Nebraska bill" have lately been dis cussed by tho Literary Societies, and its infamy denounced. The late Junior exhibition, which took place on the 3d ult., was one of uncommon interest. It was held in Corinthian Hall, capable of seating fourteen hundred, which at an early hour of the evening was tilled to overflowing. Tho orations were characterized by depth of thought, beauty of expression, and purity of diction. The following is the order ol exercises: Salutatory Oration, A. K. Nott, Kcnnehuuk i>ort, Mo.; Genius and Times of Alfieri, A.J. Kimign, Kidgway, N. Y.; Christian Heroism, N. S. Smith, Rodman, "N. V.; Italian Repub lics, M. M Marble, Albany, N. V.; The Des pendent?bis own Tormentor, Win. C. Pratt, Somerset, N. Y.; Majority versus Self, M. A. Brown, Marion, N. Y.; Great Men, I). H. Cooley, Brockport, N. Y.; Pretenders, P. S. Kvans, Brooklyn, L. I.; Influence of the Lovo of Kumo, VV. VV. Fay, Poughkbepsie, N. Y. Rochester, Feb., 1854. A. I). VV. DEYEKBED E0BK10N ITF.M8. " We are given to understand,'' says the Cit izen of tho IOth of February, (Fast India pa per.) " that the famous car ot Juggernaut, of Muhes, near Serani|<ore, was to till ly destroyed by firp on tho night of Monday lost, and tho ' odekuries,' or proprietors of Juggernaut, have been merged in grief, attributing the accident to the fury of the god for causes of whioh they aro not cognizant.'' In the royal message just transmitted to Parliament, the following words occur: <l It is a consolation to her Majesty to reflect, that no endeavors have been wantibg on her part to preserve to her subjects the blessings of peace." in the royal message by which tho commence ment of hostilities with Franoe "was communi cated to Parliament, on the 16th of May, 1803, the following words occur : " It is a cor,nota tion to bis Majeuty to reflect, that no endeav ors havti been wanting on his part to preserve to his subjects the blessings of peace." The double city of Niachta and Manisochen, on the borders of the Chinese and Russian do minions, is separated by a lino of palings. On one side is a prim little Russian town, in which commercial transactions, to an enormous ex tent, tako placo every year. Crowing a little noutral ground, you enter a gateway, in a lofty wall, whioh completely hides the Celostial oity; and this is the only lawful entrance from Rus iiia to China. A magical contrast at once aj? peara?on one aide, tho youth growth, and change, of tho Rush an : on the other, the age, fixity, and decrepitude, of the Chinese system. Tho corres|>ondent of the London Morning Chronicle at Copenhagen writes: " Unfortu nately, every British armed ship that arrives here proves that the old vice of drunkenness among the sailors is by no means extinct, or even rare, or even as much diminished as we had reason to hope, from the undoubted pro gress made by society in general.'' The Spanish General Prim is attached to tho staflf of the young Prince Napoleon, who has a command in tho Turkish expedition. In his second Memoir of Keats, (just issued.} Mr. Monckton Milnos Hitpprcsses tho fsct that the father of the i>oet was a livery stable keep er, and announces that Keat* was '? l?orn in tho iijtper ranks of the middle classes The Dublin Notion has quite turned upon ! its old friend John Mitohel: "His brain ap pears to have been turned, h s heart to have i grown IwipoloHhly malcontent in exile, and he sees the world again only in scoff, ami sneer, and make it echo with his egotism.'' The Newcastle Chronicle says: " Geo Gari baldi. the eminent Italiau patriot and colleague of Mauini, has arrived in the Tyne in charge of a handsome full-rigged clipper shin. She is named the Commonwealth, and belongs to American owners. Tho admirers of the Italian republican intended to pay some public mark of respect to so illustrious a representative of their opinions; but, with the modesty peculiar to his diepoxition. Garibaldi preferred to appear in the Tyne simply as the master of an Amer ican merchant vessel. The Commonwealth will leave the Tyre for Genoa, Garibaldi's birthplace, and tl?c scene of some of his ex ploits during the revolution. He will appear there as an, American citizen, and under tho protection of the American Bag A Swrdish journal, Folkrl Ho**, writes that subsidies to a considerable amount have been offered to Sweden by Fogland, upon condition that that country would fit ont an army of ' 30,000 men, to l?e employed where Kngl-wul | might think proper. The united military force that Germany, in olndmg the non federal territories of Austria and Prussia, can *<t on foot, amounts to little short of ??00.000. A Miij:>r Silwell has invented a new bullet, or rather an elongated plug, which gives the common tnunkct. all the And o? | tho Minie ritle. Tho Gueen of Spain has pardoned the buca neers captured during the ill fated Lopez ex pedition to Cuba. The prisoners, wherever detained, are to 1?c pet free, and allowed to go wherever they please, with the exception ol Cuba or Porto Rico. F.nglish cotton shirts, on which the concise contents of the Koran are roughly printed in blue, are now selling in the furkifh camp. They are eagerly Ismght up at tenfold their value, a* the Turkish soldiers attach to thoni talivmftnic extracts the gift of making tho wearer invulnerable in battlo. Prince DemidoflF promises to contribute four i hundred thousand dollars per annum to" the ' expenses of the Russian war, as long as it hints Jenny Lind (Madame Gohlschmidt) is giving eoncorts at Vienna with great Hint. It ap pears she has ohanged her mind again, and is positively to ho in London for the purpose of giving oonoerts in the course of the season. At tho last sitting of tho Sooicte d Knoour agrment pour I'lndustrie Nationalo, of Paris, a pa|>er was read, setting forth a plan for ma i king paper from wood. At Madrid, they are exhibiting Tableaux, ! PieWrtt', among the subjects of which are th? 1 crucifixion and tho ascension of Christ.