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LITERARY MISCELLANY.
For the N atioual Bra.
LEONARD WRAY.
A ROMANCE OF MODKBN HI8TOKY.
tiu the author of " Thr ChromcU* of the BettiU,
"The Enh,,?iyr " Ths YuU l*g," " FMtp <>t
Lutetiu," 4f. _____
CHAPTER I.
An Unexpected Muting.
On one clear moonlight night, in the month
of November, 1848, ft Militarv man might havo
boon eeen standing ou tho P?U de% Arts, rent
ing on hid aroiH, which wer? mechanically
crowed upon tho iroD balustrade of tim brid;"e,
hi* mind beiug apparently absorbed in the
contemplation of the linking mene that mot
bis view. He bud paid bin sow for the privi
lege. and seemed determined to enjoy it to the
utmost, in happy ignoraneo of his having
finned tho subject of a brief conference be
twoen the chief of the night patrol (?*? ho made
his tour of the quay nnder bin particular guard
ianwhip) and the toll-keeper of the bridge.
" How long did you eay, citizen 1" inquired
the former, taking out a Huiall note-book, and
preparing to write in it with a pencil.
" It struck eleven as he paid the toll," re
sponded the bridge-keeper | " it is now halt
past.''
u Keep your eye upon him,citizen sentinel,re
sumed he of tho note book, raising bis voice, n*
he made a minute of the circumstance, and
addressing himself to the sentry on guard.
The soldier otood to his arms a moment, in
indication of ohedienoe, and resumed bis mo
notonoua duty of pacing to and fro at the foot
of the bridge. 'J'ho chief of the patrol ex
changed salctee with the toll-koeper, and
pushed on
" Ho isn't a suicide," muttered the toll keeper
to himself, as tho chimes of the Httel de Vjlie,
ringing distinctly in the deep silence that
reigned, told off another quarter of an hour,
added to the great account current lietwcen
Time and Eternity; " he can't bo one of that,
eoit, or he wouldn't stand looking so long at
the water. He must be a stranger."
The man was right. Leonard Wray had not
been yet many hours in Paris; but, though fa
tigued by a somewhat tedious journey, had
been tempted by the fineness of the night to
take a stroll, hap-hazard, for the purpose of
surveying the aspect of the city by moonlight.
Starting from the hotel at which he had put
up, in the immediate vicinity of the Palais
Royal?then oalled the Palats National, in def
erence to the triumphant popular will?he
struck across the Place du Caruuul, and, pass
ing through one of its small arched gateways,
found himself on the Quai du Louvre?? Hero
he hesitated a moment, but, presently turning
lo the left, proceeded up the quay till be
nubed the bridge already mentioned, through
the turnstile of which he was permitted to pas*
on payment of a small oopper ooin. Perhaps
he had purposed crossing the river, for be wan
pursuing a straight course towards tho other
side, when he stopped suddenly short, and,
after gazing a few seconds at the view before
him, assumed the musing posture he ttill main
tained when the toll-keeper of the bridge came
to the oonelusiou that the last passenger was
oertainly a stranger.
The spot to which chance?if snch a thing,
then be?had led him, is iudeed one whence is
obtained one of the most striking views of the
French metropolis. A painter would select it,
is preference to any other, if his object were
to present, in a small oompass and in a pictur
esque group, the chief edifices of anoient Paris.
In broad day, the oharm of the view disap
pears ; but men an hour before sunrise, stand
ing boldly nut from the sea of golden glory
that there floods the back-ground, or at any
time when it is illuminated by tbe silver ray-1
of a fall moon, as it was now, tbe scene is one
that cannot fail to strike the strwsger, a* pus
sessing features of interest peculiar to itself,
and suggestive of associations of tbe mo?t vari
ed character, extending over a period of mauy
oentaricH.
Immediately to his left stood tbe Louvre,
calling up shadows of dark deeds done in the
time of old Catherine de Medicis, and stretch
ing its long frontage of chaste architecture
along the quay to which it gives its name, then
graoefnlly making way for tbe quaint and
veoerable ohurcb df St. Germatn I Auxerroi*.
from the turret of whiob the gaunt spirit oi
religious fanaticism had erstwhile rung tbe
tocsin that annouuoed tbe commencement of
the bloody tragedy of tbe St. Bartholomew's
Eva. Far away on tbe same side of the river,
standing all proud aod stately in its solitude
the majestic tower of St. Jacquet la Bouckene
?est arrested his wandering eye, seeming to
look down with an sir of protective patronage
upon the sacred edifice dedicated to St. Gtr
sow dti Prtt, and throwing into prominent
forwardness a paction of the recently erected
river frontage of the Hotel de ViUe, distin
guishable by lis greater whiteness from tbe
line of tall, irregularly-built bouses, lighted
hate and there to their very roof tapa, aod
which, extending esf?r as the eye could reach,
indicated ths direction and length of the qnajs
Looking to his right, he traoed the perfect
outline of the Iiuhtut de Frame, one-half ol?
eenred in deep shadow, the other stnnding out
defined *n tbe gray light that stream
ed down npot* it from above; and a little lower
down the fay-til* of the Monnaie, plunged
again in darh?<* shade*-, but bore and there
ilineMneted bj bnsy light* dancing to and fro,
aod which, with tbe dull clanking sounds that
fell regularly and continuously on bis ear, told
of aotive life within, and betrayed tbe occupa
liuO of tbe inmates.
But bv far tbe mo-t remarkable feature in
thie striking scone was ths I*U de la Cite, tbe
Lmtrre of the Emperor Julian, from tbe very
ceotre of which arose tlx* sombre mass of the
ancient cathedral of Notre Dame, its two lofty
turrets standing up grim and gaunt out of tbo
gloom in which they were immerned, like two
hoary gian's of stone, keeping watch and ward ;
by night over their own antique portion of the 1
city, aod over the flatting memories of tbe pa*r
Divided by this island, came rolling on the
Seine, la two silver stream* until these became
again united at the Pont Ntufy where, at the
point of jonetk*v and tormmg a prominent
?Mttgh somewhat diminutive feature in the im
?M*? foreground, stood boldly out in relief.
Mm a black apeetta, tho tyieMn statue of !
?M King Henri Quartn the Hie mat*. Then
?Mte a long line of singularly-fashioned barges
afMiai on each side of the river, the use . f
which WtJUld have remained unknown to him
who wa* teasing, save for tbe presence, in one
of them, 6f a poor, belated creature, whose
solitary candle, flickering unsteadily, aoareely
aaewered its purpose of enabling it* owner to
MWnt sneoesslully the ablution of the heap
?f domestic apparel she was lustily belaboring
with a email paddle, and alternately scrub
Map
Bat although this novel soene had not failed
?teaacly to impress Leonard's mind with the
eaasawnstosi that he was sojourning in a
etreajrn land, his tbougjhts were fixed upon a
hr of nnaatii, and upoo the difference which
a few ties of oeean make in the manners and
i of men. Hi* Musings, however, were
terseinated, at length, by the sound
Mr, sung in snatches by a pair of
~MMtar of which very soon
in the prion of a thin,
evidently off hie centre of
i appeared to be seeking, al
at each KMC of the bridge Having
i spot where Leonard wa# standing,
iped short, and steadying him
the balnitfttrfr reoommeaood
I and completed, in a tolerably steady key, the
tii t?c vitro.) of "Yankee Doodle/' ending tbo
performance lij an elaborate crow, and a pro
1 found oheiaauoo to Leonard.
" 1 beg your pardon, Mouaeer," said the new
comer, "but voulez voua tellez me where, in
the name of all oroation, I am, and exout>c the
language, for 1 can't parles-vou*, no how."
Leonard Btaitod a little whon he heard the
toned of the Btranger's voice, and, looking in
tently at him, said, ainiling, and imitatiug the
drawling tone in which he apoke?
" 1 guood you're Home five thousand miles
from Washington, in a place they call Paris;
and that's about as much an I can tell you."
" Well, now, if you aien't about the mostest
civilized oritter I've met with?burring our
Ambassador?ever since I've been in thcae
parts! ' rosfsxided the stranger. Then, look*
tug more attentively at Leonard, he exclaim
od, -No!?'tuuit pot?iblu! Leonard Wray!
Well!" and, apparently overcome by excess
of joy at meeting ho unexpectedly with no old
friend, ho renewed hit) song of '? Yankee l)iH>
dlo," ai:d commenced capering around Leon
ard with a vigor that our hero had Home dilli
cully hi restraining
" I'm glad to ace you, Zaoh," said he, shaking
him by the hand; " but y< u are the last per
son I should have expected to meet in this
strange city. How long have you been here,
and where are you lodging?"
" I've been here about eiglit-and-forty hours,"
responded tbo other, ,l and lodge somewhere
near the Palace Royal; but whip mo raw if 1
know the name ot the hotel. I've been out
etrolling, on the gucas, and been trying to find
my way back homo, a'most ever since I left
it.''
" I lodge iu the name neighborhood,'' replied
Leonard?"hotel do Lille and Albion'*
"Cock-a doodle doo!" shouted Zach, ''that's
the very place I went, l'vo roosted there these
last two nights, and I reckon they don't want
to get rid ol me yet When they do, perhaps
they won't find it quite so easy as catching an
old coon asleep! "
*' What, at your old tricks again, then; oh,
4ach ?" observed Leonard, gently releasing
himself from the grasp of his friend. " I should
have thought Judgo Lynch and the California
boys would have taught yuu better manners
and Btraighter principles.
'? Pity you warn't born in times whon phi
losophers made fortunes, Leonard," retorted
his mercurial companion ; u but it aiut o' uo
uki your aeraiouiziug me ; no, sir ! As to my
maimers, well, perhaps 1 had best not crack
them up too high. 1 took to 'em as they ctme
to me, and 1 can't say 1 ever found 'em any
hindrance. Ab to my principles, 1 do own they
depends a smartish deal on circumstances; and
that's about as much as the best of us can say,
oome to figure things up right close. Yea, sir!
But, lend ua your arm, Leonard, and let's be
making short tracks for the hot-el; for my ap
petite is jest about as keen as eating through
one of thuin 'are long-legged chickens I seen
the tellow in the white cap a-akewering when
I lett home."
I HUM AINDKK or CIIAP. I TO-MORROW.]
NEWS FKOM EDKOPE.
The steamer Arabia arrived at Halifax yes
terday, bringing Liverpool dates to the 15th of
April. The Pacific arrived out on the 14tb.
The Glasgow wan in the Clyde, disabled.
Nothing hod becu heard of tbo City of Glas
gow.
The Arabia passed the Alrioa on the liitb,
and on the evening of the 19th fell in with the
brig Hannab, of White Haven, in a sinking
oondition, having on board tho crew of tho brig
Helen, of Liverpool, foundered at aoa. Took
oft' both crews.
Cotton and breadstuff's had slightly ad
vanced.
Advices from the Baltic, to April 12th, state
that three American shifts were somewhere in
the Baltic, with stores Tor the Kuatiana, and an
English steamer was despatched for them
The whole allied fleet was in the Black Sea,
near Varna. All the marines of the Heet were
to be landed to protect that place
Admiral Dundas had signalized bis cruisers
to take from and destroy everything belonging
to Russia. His fleet was in communication
with the Turkish land force.
On the 30th of March, an important sally
was made on Kalalat. and a sanguinary en
oounter of four hours occurred. The Russians
were routed, with great loss, and pursued a
considerable distance.
The British war steamer Cyclops arrived at
Malta on tho 7th. bringing im|K>rtaut news.
The Turks in the Dorbrndscha, after the Rus
sians crossed the Danube, purposely left a free
paw age for them to Hirsova, and then attacked
them in the rear.
After a hard fight, one half the Russians
were cut to pieces, and the other half recroas
ed the Danulie. The Turks had evacuated
Cberuaviida, which was rsod by the Russians
It was also stated, no date, that 30 000 Rus
sians had crotsed atGalaU, without opposition
All the accounts are very confused.
Two Knglif-h vessel* on the Danube, filled
with grain, had been fired into by the Rus
sians. and one sunk.
St. I'etershurgh was illuminated, and a 7V
l)<um sung, on the receipt of the news of the
parage of the Danube.
The (Jreek insurrection makes no progress
An Austrian note of remonstrance has been
forwarded to Athens.
In Great Britain, everything wax dull, on
aocount of the Easkr holydays. Parliament
Wfis not in s?<?*ion
General Sir Richard Amikurg and Admiral
Lowe are loth dead
The employers at Sttiokport had notified the
operatives that the advanced wages given last
year must lie withdrawn. A strike was an
ticipated.
It is stated that Mr. Soule had received in
structions to demand reparation for the Black
Warrior affair, and that on the 6th inst. the
Spanish Government insde the needful apology,
with |iecuniary recompense, beside:) blaming
tho Captain Genera! for the eourse he had
permitted his officer* to pursue in tho matter.
The Duke of Cambridge, Lord Raglan, and
staff, arrived at Paris on the 11 th inst. Napo
leon had a grand review of 25,000 of his troop
on the occasion The Dtikn carried the auto
graph letter of Victoria to Napoleon.
A farewell dinner was given to Mr. Sanford,
at Paris, on the 10th instant
Fmfu, April 9?English and Frenoh vessels
of war on the c.iast of fhessaly have orders to
search all vessels suspected of having mnnitions
of war on board, and to seis<i tbem when fonnd
guilty.
Anxtria appears to act more in unison with
the Western Powers Prussia leans more to
Russia, though temporizing with both parties.
Th<> protocol, guarantying the integrity of
the Ottoman Empire, was signed at Vionna by
tfce Four Powers, including Prussia, but simul
taneously therewith Prussia introduced into her
treaty of mutual alliance with Austria a con
dition and limitation, which would render the
treaty a dead letter, and which Austria conse
quently refused to aeeept.
Hanover, and all the minor German States
except ng Bavaria, side with the Western Pow
ers, and Will support Austria in forcing Prus
sia to declare herself, should the subject come
before the Federal diet.
The lndfftndmct Htlgt announces positively
that a treaty of permanent alliance, offensive
and defensive, had jnst been signed by France
and England, independent of treaties for the
present war.
Ittdia and Chnui?We have Shanghai dates
to the 17th of February, and Hong Kong to
? k?
A Kusttian war uteumer hud arrived at
Shanghai, from Nungaeaki. on the 10th, and re
turned on the 11th, bringing intelligence that
the Emperor had consented to negotiate, and
bad eent his ministers to treat with the Kiuuutui
Admiral. They had aloo treat?d tho Kusaian
Admiral to a buoquet. The Japanese Ambas
sadors announce that Japan will open her porta,
but will require time.
The Amerioun squwdron had not arrived at
Nttngasuki wheu the Russian h(earner left.
No political news from Canton. Trade was
going on at* usual.
A discovery of gold in Ceylon is retried
near Colombo. Insurrectionary fighting wiw
going on in the Persian territories,
WASHINGTON, 1). C
WEDNESDAY, APKII, 2(i, 1854.
SPEECH OK MK. BKMTOH.
The speech of Mr. Benton yesterday was
listened to with profound attention, by the
members of the House, and by a dense mass of
spectators in the galleries.* Powerful as was
the speech throughout, we were particularly
pleased with the opening portion, in whioh,
with unrivalled tact and pungency, he admin
istered a rebuke to the President for his inter
ference with the deliberations of Congress.
Ho did not charge such interference upon
him?he did not, he would not, know the opin
ion of that functionary, unless disclosed in
writing, in a constitutional way. And then he
proceeded to characterize Executive i n termed
ling with questions before Congress, in a way
whioh, we could wish, might prove salutary to
all Presidents.
The truth is, Presidential interference in the
business of legislation has come to bo so com
mon that it awakens no surprise. A President,
unable by his personal influence or patronage
to cooyuand enough votes in Congress to carry
through a great, but doubtful moasure, is apt
to be despised for his imbecility. It is notori
ous that General Pierce has not scrupled to
use bis influence in favor of the Nebraska Hill.
Members have been personally approached on
the subject, and been importuned to support
it. " It is not bribery alone attempted upon a
member," fays Mr. Benton, " whioh constitutes
a breach of the privileges of tho House. It is
any attempt to operate upon a member's vote
by any consideration of hope or fear, favor or
affeotion, pros[ieot of reward or dread of pun
ishment."
THE UNIOH.
Slavebolding politicians, aware of tho exag
gerated estimate placed on the value of the
Union by the People of the free States, neglect
no opportunity to magnily its importance to
them. From their speeches and writings, oue
might infer that those States are mere depend
encies of the South ; that without the Union
they would sink into barbarism ; and that the
South barely tolerates association with them,
more from regard to the events of the Past,
than tho necessities of the Present. They are
constantly training Southern People to magni
fy their own importanoe; to imagine that they
have more oourage, mere honor, more chivalry,
than any other People; that in Slavery, they
eojoy an institution which gives them rightful
pre-eminenoe and a prosperity unsurpassed ;
that cot tor in the growth of which they fear
no competition, is the ohief material of North
ern oommerce. and an absolute neceaaty in
modern civilisation, so that the eivilixed world
is really tributary to them. The Union is not
the god of their idolatry ; they allude to it as a
burdeu, hs an instrument of oppression, as an
evil to be tolerated, not a good to be cherished.
Hence the prevalent characteristic* of the
Slavebolding caste are, self-sufficiency, a kind
of provincial pride, iuten*e sectionalism, arro
gance, and an undisguised lielief that in Buffer
ing tho Union to Bland they are conferring a
great favor upon the North, for whioh no
equivalent can l>e rendered.
On the other hand, tho politicians of tho free
States have been preaching Union. ever since
the Farewell Address of General Washington. ;
They worship it more than they do Truth or
Justice. With tbem, the Union is an end. not
a means, and the People are warned against
the deadly orime of even oaloulating its value.
No sentiment is so holy, no right so saored, no
interest so vital, that it should he permitted te
weigh against the maintenance of the Union!
It is easy to see what an advantage tho Slave
Power finds in this difference in the training
of the two sections One is forbearing, slow to
take offence, easily appeased, perpetually anx
ious to savo the Union : the other, aggressive,
impatient, implacable, disposed on the slightest
provocation to dissolve the Union.
It is time that we should divost ourselves of
prejudice, and look at this matter in the light
of reason alone The Union we regard not as a
necessity, or an end, hot as subserving certain
interests uf equal importance to both sections* I
not that these interests might not be secured
without it, but thui far thoy have been quite
effectually promoted by it. For example, it has
served to prevent the reproduction on our oon- I
tinent of the unfortunate political system of
Europe, with its alien, antagonistic kingdoms
and empires, its intriguing diplomacy, its great
military armaments, and its exhausting wars
It has served to promote nniformity in lan
guago, customs, and manners ; to prevent har
assing and injurious restrictions on sceial and '
commercial intercourse ; to exclude foreign in
trigue, and to seen re for us a rank asnong the
first nations of tho earth. So far, then, as it
has subserved tho great interests of unity of
language, unity of Government, Free Trade,
I Peace, Power, and Exemption from Foreign
Influenoe, we value the Union, and would re
joioe to see it maintained. Rut in all these re
spects the South is just as much interested
as tbo North, the West, as the East. To mag- 1
I nify its benefits to one sootion, and disparage
them in relation to another, is a triok of poli
ticians, for the advancement of sectiooal ends.
In regard to the pecuniary value of the
Union, as we lately showed, the free States are
not dependent upon it. It is not the Union
whioh has given them a temperate climate, a
soil abounding in agricultural capabilities
I snd mineral wealth, lakes and rivers inviting
to "internal commerce, a sea ooast with ample
harbors necessarily favoring a vast foreign
commerce, water power and steam powsr, and
the intelligftrroo^ ftn(j enterprise, requi
site u turn all these natural advantages to the
best account It is not the Union that has set
(heir loom* at work, built up their oiti'n, lilted
every sea and ooean with their shipping, given
them the control of the commerce of the South,
and made them competitor# with Great Britain
in the market of the world ; and this day the
Union might be dissolved, without seriously or
permanently affeuting their capabilities and
resources. Their march would still be onward,
for they embrace within themselves all the ele
ments of wealth and power ? agricultural,
manufacturing, aud commercial.
We repeat, from the Union they have de
rived no peculiar advantages. The beneiita it
has neon red?Free Trade and Pone? among
thirty-one independent State*, unity ol lan
guage and laws and customs, freedom, inde
pondenoe, and extensive empire have been
shared in oominon by all sections. 1 hero is
nu debt the North owe? the Union, which tho
South does not owe, too ; and there is no rea
son why the North should be called upon to
make greater concessions than the South, for
the sake of maintaining it. On the contrary,
the weight of obligation is on the Southern
States, as a few considerations will readily
show.
Suppoee tho Union dissolved, the North and
West would be in possession of all the elements
of national power?population, diversified in
dustry, and commerce. With sixteen millions
of freemen, receiving annually vast accessions
of hardy foreign races, they could supply
their own wants, and would continue a formi
dable power, expanding and growing stronger
every day. Lying gonerally in the great basin
?of the Lakes and the river St. Lawrenoe, the
natural attraction between them and the Can
adaa would have full play, and identity of com
mercial interests and of race, with sympathetic
ideas and institution?, would in due time lead
to a political confederation, to which, under
such circumstances, Great Britain would feel
little disinclination. But these Provinces, it
must be remembered, comprise a larger area
than that occupied by the slave States.
Meantime, the new empire would bear sway
from the Atlantio to the Pacific, possessing an
extent of Territory far greater than belongs to
the present Union, and pervaded, as the prcs
ent Union is not, by homogeneous social and
political institutions, without any great excep
tional Interest, seeking to oppress and enslave
other interests. Of the greatness, the impreg
nablo strength, the unrivalled prosperity, of
suoh an Empire, no intelligent mind can enter
tain a doubt.
How would it be with the Southern States?
They would begin their independent oareer
with a population of eight millions, embracing
two alien races, one held in base subjeotion by
hrute force, necessarily hfwtile to the supe
rior race, and furnishing the material for a
fearful convulsion in the social fabric. A
Union of six millions of freemen and three
millions of slaves, could not expect to compete
with a Union ot sixteen millions of freemen A
Union, without common schools, without sci
ence, without the mechanic arts, without man
ufactures, without commerce, oould not expeot
to rival in reeouroes a Union in which all these
abounded. A Union, devoting its chief labor and
capital to the growth of a few staples, and de
pendent largely for the supply of its wants upon
the produots of other nations, could not be as
miir il?|nmhwt sufficient to iteslf, as a Union
able ?0 produce within itself all it* necessary
supplies. A Union without Bailors or ship
ping, ooakl not command, on the high seas or
abroad. the respect which would be aooord
od to a Union whose flag was floating on
every eea and in every part of the world.
A Union, with three millions of slaves, rap
idly increasing, and six millions of freemen,
losing by emigration more than what would
be gained by immigration, would bo seriously
endangered by a war in defence of its rights,
and utterly incapacitated for schemes of ag
grandizement and conquest. Such a Union,
notorious as being the corner stone of an in
stitution repugnant to modern civilization, held
by civilized nationh to be barbarous, and
against which the Public Opinion of mankind
in steadily .concentrating, would find iteelf ex
posed to annoyanoes, indignities, and perils,
from which the existing Union is exempted by
its formidable power.
We bat glance at these considerations, not
to woond Southern people, not beoause wo
ftoppoae they ue not in all respects as well ofl
as any other people oonld be under such a
ftooial system as weighs upon their onergies.
hut to show them that the question of tho
value of the Union and the consequences of
dissolution has two sides to it ; that all the
real booefit* derived from it by the North,
equally inure to the South; that it confers
no ptcuiiar benefits upon the North, while
it does confer such benefits upon tho South;
and that its dissolution, while it oould not 1
permanently and seriously afToct the pecu
liar interest* of the free State., would, in all
probability, produce the most disastrous effects
upon the peculiar interests of the slave States
Let slaveholders beware of trying too far
the strength .of the Union, and compelling the
People of the free States to calculate its value.
Many of tbcm ore now calculating it, and
they find nothing in the process so alarming
as they have been taught to believe.
A H**nsome PA*rnt*T.-Mee*rs Jewettfc
Co., of Boston, have issued in exquisite style the
speech delivered in the Senate by Mr. Sumner,
in opposition to the Nebraeka-K ansas bill?
The Landmark of Freedom The paper,
printing, binding, and gilding, are delicate
I and beautiful. We are pleased to see that ad
| mirable production thus appreciated It will
live in the records of which our whole repnb
lie will at a future day be proud
This pamphlet m for sale at the Kra offioe,
at Messrs Gray k Ballantyne's book store, &o.
Price 37,cents.
Shockiko T*a?*i>T.?At Lynohburgh, Ya
on Saturday morning, April 22d, John .
Lambeth, lielonging to a highly respectable
family, while laboring under aberration ol
mind, mnrdered bis wife by cutting her throat,
and then killed himself. The weapon used was
1 a pooketknife. m ?
Q^- Rev Mr Milbnrn, the blind ( haplain
of Congros", will lecture at Carusi's Saloon to
night, on Young America This le,lure has
been pronounced at New V ork, and win then
I commended as a beautiful and able effort
leu, unlet* it can be said that they steal them
selves. Let this point be settled. If folly con
vinced that to run away is to steal one's self,
perhaps the slaves of Norfolk oounty will stay
at home hereafter.
HUMORS ABOUT CUBA.
The newspapers within a few days have con
tained various statements and rumors about
Cuba, wbioh seem to have more than ordinary
significance.
The Philadelphia Intpiirer, a Whig paper,
says:
'? We learn that inuoh anxiety is felt at
Wellington in relation to the reply of the
Spanish authorities to the demand for repara
tion in the ousc of the Black Warrior. Our
Government has determined to pursue a very
itgid course, and to this end the instructionit that
have Item sent to Air. Soule are of the most un
equivocal character."
Whoreupon, "the organ" remarks:
" The Administration is exercising a vigilant
watchfulness over American interests every
where, and is resolute in its purpose not to
yield in any instance to the slightest depreda
tions upon those interests by any foreign State,
however strong or however feeble. A nuisance
of a most disturbing oharaoter to our repose
has long existed at our very gates?a defiance
of all the friendly remonstrances which we
have made upon the subject. It is now in the
course of frightful extension. The time has
gone by for treaty negotiations for its removal.
Redress or action is now the alternative de
manded by a nation's voioe. To that voice tbo
nation's Executive will nobly respond. More
than two weeks ago, the Cabinet at Madrid
was informed in categorical terms, if we mis
take not, of our requisitions for the insults to
which we had been submitted, and for the in
juries which we had sustained. A few days
will, perhaps, put us in possession of its reply."
We have yet to learn that the Administra
tion, with all its wonderful courage, has been
" categorical " towards any nation but Spain.
What does " the organ " mean by " a nui
sanco of a most disturbing character to out
repose/' and "its frightful extension," and of
the time for ' treaty negotiations" having gone
by?
Perhaps an explanation may be found in the
following. Commodore Newton, who refused to
Baluto the Spanish flag in Havana, on aooount
of the language used in the Government paper
in relation to the Proeident of the United States,
arrived in Washington last Friday, and was
most cordially received by the President and
the Secretary of the Navy. Telegraphic des
patches in the Northern papers report as fol
lows:
u The Commodore relates that Pezuela, the
Captain General at Havana, has in his posses
sion^ a royal decree emancipating all the slaves
in Cuba, but h? refrains from publishing it in
ocnsequence of the present state of European
affairs. The Cuban Creoles are ripe for a rev
olution."
The despatches in the New York Herald
confirm this report, and add some particulars.
The Commodore, they say, u communicated to
tho Government the important fact which had
oome to his knowledge at Havana, from a
souroc he deemed perfectly reliable, that the
Captain General has in his possession a royal
decree, authorizing him, at any moment he
may deem proper, to emancipate all the slaves
in the island."
The Herald's correspondent says;
" The joyful feeling among the Cabana at the
thought that there may be a difficulty between
the united States and Spain, which will lead
to the annihilation of Spanish power in the
island, is represented as being univenal This
leeling is attempted to be kept down by the
Spaniards, who fill every office in Cuba, but it
is, nevertheless, apparent to the most careless
observer.
" Mr. Dean's resolutions to abrogate our neu
trality laws excited the liveliest hope.
"Commonore Newton has received orders to
hold himself in readiness till the Government
receives the reply from Spain relative to tho
Black Warrior affair."
The "nuisanoe" alluded to by "the organ "
is. probably the project for the emancipation of
the slaves in Cuba. But, if Spain promptly
apologise for the seizure of the Black Warrior,
and make ample reparation, what will the Ad.
ministration do then ? What pretext will it
hunt up for abating this nuisanoe ? If the fol
lowing item of news, just brought by the
Arabia, be correct, the Slavery propagandists
must make up their minds to tolerate tho nui
sance, at least for a time:
u Madrid.?It is stated that Mr. Soule had
received instructions to demand reparation in
the case of the Black Warrior. On tho flth,
the Spanish Government made a proper apolo
gy and pecuniary recompense."
Meantime, some of the New York papers?
among them tbe Tribune and Time*?publish
letters from correspondents in Havana, ooolly
inviting the United States to take possession of
Cuba, without any more ado. A correspondent
of the Tribune, writing from Havana, April 14,
says :
"The fate of Cuba has been sealod in heaven
long ago, and, agreeable or not to some parties,
it must beoome United States property very
soon. A great pother is made about the mat
ter, by no means favorable to the discernment
of our great men, who, with all tho Chnstinn
piety in the world, would have settled the
question ere now, had they bad much wisdom
by placing the island in a position not to be*
the larking-plaee of pirates and stronghold for
Europe on your shores. To hoar the people at
home speak of Cuba makes one's head ache.
From what I see of the English, the bent and
most philanthropic people in the world, by their
own acoount, they would have had the cider
first and the talk afterward*. How did the
English got Gibraltar, Malta, the greater part
of India, &o? This is no hint to yoa to imi
tate English morality, bat rather one to our old
mamma to examine the moto in her own eye
before she speaks of alliances with France and
Spain to regulate tho affairs of the Western
world The loss you say about this little gar
den, Cuba, the better Take it, and after
wards cultivate it well, and do what will be
l?est withv it. If you leave it to its present
task masters, what betwoon fear, stupidity,
and brutality, they will make a horrid place
of it" 1
It is to be regretted that the Press oannot
find something better to publish, than Mich
scoundrolism as this?oool invitations to piracy
and plunder.
As to the polioy of Emancipation whioh is
alleged to be resolvod on by the Spanish Gov
ernment, we earnestly hope that the report
may prove true. At all events, any interfer
enoe on the part of our Government wonld bo
sheer impertinence?odious and inexcusable.
When the People of Kentucky a few years
since agitated the question of Emancipation,
who dreamed of appealing to the Federal Gov
ernment to intermeddle in the matter? Bnt
auoh intermeddling would have been more d?
oent, than itn interfereuoe against emancipa
tion in the colony of a foreign Slate. The
Administration might as well advise the Sla
very Propagandists that there is no hope for
them in Cuba. Spain does not intend to allow
it the shadow of a pretext for quarrelling with
her, and it will never do to attempt a piratioal
seizure of the island, to prevent the establish
ment of free labor there. That act would
array against us not only Spain, but her allies,
to say nothing of the fieroe oontempt of the
whole world besides?and it would doubtless
provoke the instant emancipation of all the
slaves in the island ! Would it not be a bril
liant stroke of policy ft>r a nation with more
thun three millions of slaves in its own borders,
to suffer itwlf to be caught in a war for the
re-subjugation of hull u million of people to
Slavery, almost within sight of its shores?
CONQHES8.
In the Senate to-day, the People again made
themselves heard in opposition to Slave Terri
tories and national bad faith. The memorial
to make a Rubs pavement throughout Penn
sylvania avenue, was adversely reported upon.
A bill to purchase Gilbert Stuart's portraits
of the first five Presidents was passed. The
Indian appropriation bill was then taken up
and further considered.
In the House, a post oftiae appropriation bill
was reported; a bill to regulate the pay of the
Judges of the United States District Courts was
ordered to be printed and referred back to the
Judiciary Committee; a bill to indemnify Cal
ifornia for exponBes in the Indian wars was
referred to the Committee of the Whole. Ben
nett's land bill was further considered; and
I Messrs. Harris, of Mississippi, and Hiester, of
Pennsylvania, addressed the Committee of the
W hole, in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska
bill.
THE TREATY WITH MEXICO.
Having rejected the Treaty of the President,
General Gadsden, Mr. Ward, and others, with
Santa Anna, the Senate yesterday agreed upon
the projet of a new treaty, which it is proba
ble the President will send to tho city of Mex
ico, or wherever Santa Anna can be found, by
the hands of some approved agent. This pro
jet, it is reported, was approved in the Senate,
by a vote of 36 to 12. It is stated that it gives
Santa Anna ten millions of dollars; that ho is
to give us thirteen million acres of land; that
he is to absolve us from the obligations of tho
11th article of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidal
go, past, present, and to oome, wo presume;
that it recognizes the Sloo piirty as having a
right of way; that it takes no notice of the
Garay party, who aro represented as having
expended so much money; that it secures to
our Government a port on the Gulf of Califor
nia ; and that it stipulates for the formation ol
a commercial treaty between the two "neigh
boring aud friendly republics!"
SCIENTIFIC ASSOCIATION.
This Association met at the Smithsonian In
? stitution at 11 A. M., to-day, and was duly or
ganized. *
Baltimore and Ohio Kail&oad.?W# ra
gret to learn, fron a publieation of the Trans
portation Manter of this Km of Railroad, that
on and after the first of May next, passenger
fare between Washington and Baltimore will
be $1.50, and the round-trip ticket, good for
the day only on which it is issued, $2. The
price of these tickets has been, for a year past.
Si.25 and S1.50. New Jersey and Maryland
appear to vie with each othor in flooring the
travelling public. This branch has been the
only profitable portion of the Baltimore and
Ohio road, and yet the fare upon it must be
raised from more than 3tf to nearly 4 cents u
mile, thirty-nine miles being the roal distance
Have tho people of Washington no right to be
hoard in this matter ? Is the air-line to New
York never to be made?
From Venezuela?Emancipation. ? The
barque Venezuela arrived at Philadelphia on
Monday, from Porto Cabello, with dates of the
9kh inst. On the 24th ult., the Venezuelan
Congress abolished slavery throughout tho Re
public, and tho bill became a law the same
day by the signature of the President, who had
previously freed all his own slaves. Indemnity
to the planters was specified, hut funds for that
purpose had not been sot apart. The number
of slaves in the Republic is about 10,000, the
greater part of them being old. Their average
value will not exceed 9200, whioh gives a total
of S2,000,000. Elections come off in August,
when Gen. Monagos will probably bo elected
! President.
Tub United States and Spain.?-Ad
vices received from Mr. Soule, dated March
3d, state that he had plainly told the Spanish
i Minister of State, Calderon de la Barca, that
the detention and search of an American ves
scl by a Spanish armed cruiser, in time of
peace, will always be sufiicient to eicite the
very serious attention of the Government of
the United States, and roust, in every case, lead
to a rigid investigation of the oircumstances.
But what if he did? This is but weak talk,
when oompared to that in which Americans
indulge at home.
Beware or Irresponsible Advertisers.?
It is stated that a regular system of swindling
has been oarried on in Philadelphia, for some
time past, by a man who advertised for per
sons to take charge of a flourishing business,
as his agents, in various cities. The applicant
was required to have a capital of f 1*0, wbioh
he was to pay ovor to his employer, as security,
while he went off to take oharge of the agen
cy. The man suoceeded in obtaining several
hundred dollars from his dnpes, and then de
camped lo parte unknown.
The Tabi.es Turned.?The British ahip
Challenge has been seized at San Franoisoo,
for a violation of the revenue laws. Will
England threaten us with war for this, or will
she oondemn the conduct of her own subjeots
in perpetrating fraud and perjury ? On en
tering a port, theoommander of ? vessel swears
to the correctness of his papers. The papeTs
of the Black Wa. rior were not correct. The
i authorities of Cuba may not be right, but th?
co mm an dor of this stoamor was certainly wrong.
SUMMARY OF NEWS.
Patrick MoManus, mi prisoned in Baltimore,
on the testimony of his wife, for having abutted
his ohildren, died on Monday night, froui oaunea
unknown.
A oolored man named George R. Roberto,
over seventy years of age, a well known resi
dent of Baltimore, is on a visit to Washington
in quest of a pension for services rendered
during the last war with England. He was a
privateer, and served with Capt Boyle, who
blookaded the ports of Great Britain with a
little brig! He was taken prisoner, carried to
Jamaica, and, with half a dozen others, barely
esoaped the honors of " yard-arm promotion."
The Ohio river is in fine navigable order.
Jaiuee Matthews, an old aqd influential
merchant, died at New York yesterday, at hia
residence.
The Bhip Underwriter has been gotten off,
and reached her wharf at New Vork.
The Supreme Court of the United States
yesterday reversed the decision of the Circuit
Court of Ohio, which deolared against giving
the Methodist Episcopal Church South part of
the assets qf the Cinoinnati Book Concern, held
exclusively by the Methodist Episcopal Church
sinoo the separation of that denomination in
1844, and has remanded the cause for further
proceedings, in oonformity with the opinion of
the Supreme Court.
At 10 o'olook on Tuesday night, the tailor
ing establishment of W. T. Jennings, opposite
the Park, in New York, and several other val
uable buildings, wero destroyed by fire..
Consolidation Hill? The bill to consolidate
the Baltimore and Susquehanna, York and
Cumberland, Maryland Line, and Susquehanna
railroads, passed the House of Delegates of
Pennsylvania yesterday, with an unimportant
amendment. It must go baok to the Senate
for concurrence.
Freshet.?There was a twelvp-feet freshet in
the Delaware, and the water was yesterday
?till rising. The Morris canal had been some
what damaged by the freshet.
Sale of a Steamer.?The steamor William
Norris, on the stooks, (built to cross tbo Atlan
tic in four days!) was sold yesterday at New
York for #27,000, at auotion, to John Graham,
at ten per oont. cash, and the balance in twen
ty days. -
Suicide.?Mr. Frederick Daggett, aged forty,
a cabinet maker, and highly renpeotable citi
zen, hung himself at his residence, at New Ha
ven, on Sunday afternoon. Ho had been mar
ried but two weeks. ? ;
The Susquehanna river Had risen very high
yesterday, from tbo reoent rt|in and snow. The
ourrent was strong, and operated much against
shad fishing.
The Legislature of Massachusetts yesterday
passed % bill annexing Charlestowu with Boh
ton.
Havaiia ?Thfi steamer Isalral, Capt. Rolliua,
arrived "at Charleston on Tuesday morning,
from Havana and Key West, with dated to 22d
inst. The Bugar market was dull. Money
waa scaroe, and business flat.
Apprenticeship in Cuba.?The New York
Commercial Advertiser says:
" A number of poor Africa**. rtMd from
a iUm vowel, have been distributed among
several Cuban hmHibib, whoa they are to
??rve for one year as apprentice*, and are than
to have that freadeas to whieh, by birth, they
were entitled, and of whioh they were deprivod
by foroe. This is done by order of the Cap
tain General of Cuba, and the Washington
Union finds in it authentic confirmation of its
own ridioulous stories about Africanization of
Cuba by Great Britain!! The Union is more
easily satisfied with the 'confirmation' than
its readers will be. There is not a shadow of
evidenoe that Great Britain had anything to
do with the matter, or that the measure m the
'inauguration in Cuba of the African appren
tice system.' And if there was, what then ?
Is Cuba, or, more proporly, Spain, to ask the
Union's permission, before she may take e*?n
so small a step toward the gradual melioration
of Slavery in her own dominions? Is Slavery
not only to be perpetuated and diffused upon \
our soil, but must wn asnnine to prohibit any
movement* toward its melioration in other
landst "
"
The ship Tonawanda arrived at Phila
delphia, on Friday last, from l,ivorp?ol, with
a Urge number of emigrants on board; and
it was stated that there were forty or fifty
deaths on the passage, from a disease resem
bling the cholera. The ship was not permitted
to haul into dook, although the passengers
were taken ashore as fast as they could be in
small boats. Philadelphia had yellow fever
last fall, from like carelessness
W. M. Burwell has heoome editor and
joint proprietor of the Baltimore Patriot. The
Patriot will henceforth have an individuality
and an influence which but few journals
posstss. Burwell is independent, intelligent,
and able, generally pleasing and instructive,
always original and honest, the defender of
Negro Slavery, and the advooato of a species
of intellectual and material progress in the
South, that cannot fail to annihilate that
abomination!
Have we a Bocsbon amono ws??Peter A.
Brown, of Philadelphia, says that he has ana
lyzed a hair from the head of Kev. Eleazer
Williams, and satisfied himself that it is the
bair of a in&n not nf pure blood, but of mixed
parentage. Was the hair roally from Mr.
Williams's head? (s the difference deter mi
nable? Has Mr. Brown the skill to determine
it? Has he done so? A world "on the tiptoe
of expectation stands! "
[jy- The Choirs of several Churches in
Washington have unitod in a u Choir Associa
tion " for practice and mutual improvement.
This union has been organized about a month,
and oomprises eleven choirs.
y^-The New York Evening Post objeots to
the Norfolk Beacon's saying that the slaves lost
from Norfolk were stolen; and thinks there
is a difference between escaping and being sto
iTTHNTlOfll
CJOLDIKRfl who ?*rvsd la the varioaa ware, aed
nailers, or their widow* er helm, to whom s?
re urn of pKV. ?*tr* paj, boniitj Iwid, pWflWI,
m?T b* tins, may find K to ihsir advasteffs to hava
thetr olaim* inv^athtaled Address
A * ttANURWBlt,
Attorney and Agent, Washington, D 0.
Homely land wanaats honght aad fU

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