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EDITED BY WM. M OYtRTON, CH. MAURICE SMITH, AND BKVJrUiili^ TUCK.LR. THURSDAY MOK-K1KG, V?V. Jttf, le*55. tCf* We have sent bills to such of our subscri- j Ixiri as are indebted to the Sentinel newspaper, rendering tlieir accoujils to the 'J-lth September, at which time the second volume of the Tri weekly edition will close. While returning our thanks to those who have, , from the beginning, sustained our enterprise, we desire to say that all who wish to continue their subscriptions will be required to remit paymi.nt in advance for the next volume, commencing on the 525th instant, uh, otherwise, no paper will he sent from this office. The terms, it is known, are five dollars a year. We are compelled to this course owing to the difficulty of collecting our subscriptions, scattered i as they are over a wide surface ol country. Our friends will, therefore, see the necessity of com plying with our terms. No offence is intended to any, since friends and stranger* are embraced in the same category. Subscribers not renewing by the first of Oetol>er, their names will be stricken from the list. BK1T1B11 WEST l&DIA. AUltON. We apprehend, from all that we have road, that the object of the London Times, by its startling articles, was by a vigorous attack on public attention, to engage the general mind in consideration of the objects mentioned by it. mid thus create sj complete a diversion of watchfulness to tlx- wrong point, that England may be able to accomplish her purpose, what e t it be. before that purpose be su?pect?;t1. The conduct of Great Britain in its effort to gather soldiers by illegal recruiting in this country was characterized by all the meanness of smuggling; and the more the details are brought to li^'ht. the more exceptionable does h'-r conduct appear. Her whole transactions in this recruiting business were e.irried on pre cisely in the manner in which a confederacy of bur.'lars would t-arry on their conspiracies against unsuspecting people. I he sinuosities a>id pitiful r,-sorts of her officials coming to light were likely to expose them to the whole world in anything but an enviable position. Not only has the English Government offi ciallv been plotting against our neutrality, but it .has also in our midst a secret police upon our own j>eop!e, and without even seeking to obtain reasonable evidence, a chief officer of the British Government accredited to this countrv, upon oath, assails oue of the most respectable firms of the country, charging upon it dishonorable and illegal conduct. A private individual uttering such a plunder would be held to heavy legal responsibility. All of these matters the press of Europe hat! in full view for commeut. To avoid these comments from all quarters, the Times seeks by a violent con cussion to converge upon the subjects con tained in its editorials the common attention of the wcn-ld, and thus let pass the opportunity or occasion for Btricturea on the course of the con duct of England. The object of the Times mav be this, or it may be someting else. It is certainly a tub thrown to the whale, whatever may be its purpose. If the following extract, from a Washington correspondent of the New York Daily Times, states correctly the facts alleged, it would of itself account for the noise and confusion caused bvthe London Times,that in the uproar it raises the new and aggravated cause of of fence may escape due notice. We will place reliance on our (lovrrnment in vindicating its outraged dignity in this mat ter. and that, too, most promptly. If it should be found that the English dov ernment has proved fwlse to its statements and promises, we shall expect our Government to make the proper exposure. But the offence is one of such turpitude, that it should be made very clear before we give our credence to an act so unworthy of the great English nation. It is due to ourselves and to the world to have the fact made clear as to the extent of the violation of our national sovereignty by '.he orders, dictation, or connivance of the British Government or British officials in this country: ??Great Britain *1111 Itccrultlng. ''But again, although in June last the Bri tish Government promised to desist from their enlistments, and Lord Palmerston declared that they Jia<l desisted, one Wagner hns since been convicted in Xctr York of recruiting for the British army on the 'Jul of August lost? long after the date of the 'satisfaction' which the British apologists hold wa* tender.^} to Mr.. Marcy. And to show that the British Government has proceeded regardless of the rights and sovereignty of neutral nations, in this foreign enlistment scheme, I assert?what can be jiroven if disputed?that she is to this day diKturbing all of Germany by her enlist ments against the will of the Government, and despite its efforts to stop it. And the better to accomplish this object, she keeps man-of-war transports hovering at the mouths of the Weser and the Elbe, smuggling off the recruits thus obtained day by day. Will any one dare to say that she is right in this, in face of the nu merous authorities, English and otherwise, who declare the recruiting of soldiers in neutral ter ritory to be violative of national law, and justly punishable with death ? OUUAMZftTIOS OK COR?RCi?. The chief t?pic i f conversation in |>olilieal circles is the organisation of the House of Hep. resentalives. Conjecture and speculation are as varied and conflicting as the political com plexions of the various parties and factions that compose the incoming Congress. As for ourselves, we ha\y no theory on the subject. We belief* it to be utterly impossible to predi cate with accuracy anything i f the organization. We content ourselves wiih expressing the hoj?e that all things may work together for the good of our country, and that there may In; enough of discreet and patriotic men in that body to hold in check all the dangerous factions that unluckily have found admittance to the Hall of Legislation. ?<??* PRKPIDKNT'* MRMAGK. It is announced by the all knowing gossips of the press, from whom nothing can be kept secret, that, according to the present determi nation, no copies ot the President's JMessage will be sent abroad for the newspapers, as here tofore, in advance of its delivery to Congress THB NEW IOHK. '1'HIUI NK. I liis paper gives, almost daily, evidence in Us own columns, that its readers consider it* editorials as an encumbrance to the paper, which they take lor the sake of the informa tion it collect*, its original matter is nauseous to all. We have an evidence of this in its issue of the 20th. The Jribuite quotes the following: I he Buffalo Courier (Dem.) truly says: " It is self-evident that had the ' Fusionists' ' been able to convince the people of the State that tlie isaue tlu-y presented was a true one, one. that the principle of freedom was at stake, and l hat they were the proper champions of that principle, they would have succeeded in carrying a majority of the freemen with them." And adds: '"Hut the people?that is, a great many of them?did not believe this." The Tribune is right?"the people did not be lieve it"?nor the Times, nor the Post?nor the Albany Journal. I? the city of New York, where that whole ilk is known, the discredit of all their asser tion was universal. Probably none but rabid Abolitionists and Freesoilers voted their ticket. An lione.it and intelligent mind cannot but re \oli at the muQMi'ous propositions continually geneiaied by that pre?s, out raging not only truth but the very semblance of probability. Its columns never give utterance to a gene rous sentiment, except as an abstraction, or in the very sequel to recommend action in direct antagonism to every high principle. Its column* abound in low malignity. Its great ambition appears to aim at being a fluent extempore scold. Its columns never lead the public to engage in any matter for the welfare of mankind: and, although it is the very hot bed ol isms, which spring from ils prurient columns like maggots, and alioui ah worthv of liit as such insects. Vet, forgetful of the hid-' ioustiis* and deformity of its own progeny, it- v.hole power is wasted in attacks upon the more comely offspring of its neighbors. i lie public verdict w hich annually condemns the Tribune, instead of reforming this harden ed f! i iniiiij, (Mily makeH it the more furious t e more wicked, A L);TTMIl FROM .JOHN VAX BUREX. We publish, as a part of the history of New \ orlc politics, the following letter from Mr. John Van Rareii. To th. Editor* of f.ft* Albany Atlas : G*:.\ti.eme.v: As 1 anticipated, a systematic effort is now making to establish the fact thr.t the democrats of the State of New York were defeated at the late election through some act of omission or commission of" mine. To this I donor object, but I desire the democrats of the State to understand v. ho are the parties engaged in it, and I shall take my own time and way of meeting il. You have copied with silent ap proval, two assaults of this kind?one from the Rochester Union, and the other from the Ulster Republican. Both are founded on my letter to the Washington Union, which you re-published xW .euc0,mums at the time it appeared. J he ashington Union and the New York Day Book are also engaged in this Effort. , Will you do me the favor to publish this note? Also allow me to add that the Da,, Book (lately shrunk and half its size under the withering approval of the Washington Union) earns a scanty subsistence at the New York Custom House, aud the editor of the Ulster Re publican is closely affiliated with the same in stitution. j. VAN BUREN. New Iouk Nov. 10, 1855. To the allegation in the above letter that the Day Book "earns a scanty subsistence at the New York Custom House.the Day Book re plies at length in its i-sue of the 20th, and in that pungent style which prevails in the politi cal contests ol New \ork. It pronounces the assertion as not only" false in fact, and direct ly, but false in insinuation and in spririt.'' It declares that the whole profit of all the patro nage it has received would not pay the ex penses of our (its) establishment one day." The New York Custom House 1 Iu? influ ence on the politics of the Empire State can hardly be measured. It is the fruitful scource of the unhappy distractions and divisions that have paralyzed the Democracy of that State. Scarce a speech is made, a letter written, or an editorial penned in that State, that does not make mention of the "Custom House." Ml?Mlkiilpjii (election. The Missisnippian of the 13th instant thus announces the glorious result of the recent election in Mississippi: * "We salute our readers to-day with the tid ings of the overthrow of the enemies of ihe Democratic party in Mississippi. Thanks to tfie intelligence, patriotism, and virtue of her citizens, they have decreed that the foul blot of hriownotliingism shall not stain her escutcheon. 4 he great fundamental principles of our repub lican government, State aad national, have been triumphantly vindicated. Mississippi stands erect, side by side with her patriotic sisters of the South, and has said to the advanc ing tide of fanaticism on which the corrupt authors of the Know-nothing conspiracy sought to ride into power, 'thus fisr thou shalt go and no farther.' '? I he victory is the more to be prized because it was not purchased by any humiliating com promise of principle, or of concession to the hungry, fanatic, and revengeful horde who rallied under the black flag of Know-nothing '<r"; democracy boldly met on every field the issues tendered?ay, they carried the war into the enemy's camp and made it a struggle of victory or death. They have come out of the fight with flying colors, while the followers of 'Sam' have been completely rout Tbe same paper claims the election of the entire Democratic State ticket by a majority , which will not vary much from nijr thimnand! The Democratic majority in the legislature on joint ballot will be between thirty and forty. In regard to the congressional delegation, the Mi*si*si])]>wn says: "W right, dem., is elected in the firs? district; Henuelt, dem., in ihe second; Barksdale, dem., in the third; and (Quitman, dem., in the fifth. In the fourth district the vote will be very close. The counties of Clark, .Jasf>er, Issa quena, and Washington are yet to hoar from." It will be seer, from the above that the defeat of Mr. Singleton is not yet cerlain, although telegraphic despatches of a later date elect his opponent, Mr. Lake. Storm ox Lake Michigan.? A severe gale from ihe eastward visited Lake Michigan, on Friday night last. rhi. schooner Reindeer wait driven ashore about halt a mile north of the piers. She had .i cargo of luick, and will probably prove a .total loss. Her owners are Captain Oilman and Benjamin Phelps, of Milwaokie. The schooner St. Lawrence went ashore at Orosse Point, but will probably be got off. The schooner Wm. A. Small, Hooker, is also ashore just north of the pier. OSIU DAY LATJCK KROfll KIKOPK. The Havre steamer North Star arrived at New York yesterday morning. She left Cowes on the* morning of the fourth instant, bringing t,he second edition of Saturday's London Times, and one hundred and aeveutc-eu passengers, but no political ne.ws of importance later than that receutly received. Among the passengers are Colonel Carr, of the United Stales army, and Mrs. Scott, wife of Lieutenant General Scott. ? _ ? - ????? - ? Tlie Vuft of Jew VuiU We have at length the full vote cast at the late election for Secretary of State. 1 his county and Kings are not yet ollicially de clared! but the result can be but slightly varied. The aggregates are as follows: Joel T. Headley, 'American' I...140,001 l'reston King, 'Republican' 135,962 I. T. Hatch, Soft 99,518 Aaron Ward, Hard 58,394 Total Democratic 148,912 lleadley over King 10,039 Joint Dem. over Headley 2,911 Ajfgre^ule vole for Couiptroller. Cook, Kepub 150,030 Mitchell, Hard 48,642 Stetson, Soft 07,410 Burrows, K. N 145,850 Marrows over Cook 9,188 Mitchell and Stetson over Burrows... 190 Appeal Judge (Full Term.) B. R. Wood, Repub 133,807 Samuel L. Seidell, Hard, Soft 149,702 W. W. Campbell, K. N 141,957 Campbell over Wood 8,150 Seldeu over Campbell 7,745 Partial Term. J. Mullin, Repub 135,097 N. Hill, Soft 105,430 G. F. Comstock, Iv. N 141,094 J. Wiilard, Hard 1 43,730 Comstock over Mullin 5,997 Hill and Wiilard over Comstock 8,000 From the above, it will be. seen that the to ttil Democratic vote exceeds even the Know nothings, who have over 10,000 majority over the Black Republicans.?N. Y. Day Book. &ar"it it: not true, as stated in some of the opposition papers, that Colonel Forney has re moved to Pennsylvania, or that: he has ceased his connection with the Union, us assistant editor. He is absent from Washington at pres ent, but will return in a few days."?Union, of Tuesday. This, if we mistake not, mid we are not apt to be mistaken in regard to anything that con cerns our neighbor, is the first announcement or admission by the Union of the editorial con nection subsisting between it and Col. Forney. While this connection has long been known to ail posted politicians hereabouts, there seemed to be a constant effort on the part of our neigh bor to conceal it. For doing so, the Union no doubt had good and sullicicut reasons. Thomas Carlyle, Charles Dickens, and John Foster have addressed a letter to the public through the London Times, in behalf of the god-daughter of Samuel Johnson, who is living with her sister, in a state of great poverty, at No. 5, Minerva-place, Newcross, Deptford. The letter is evidently written by Carlyle, and it is in his very best manner?manly and un mistakable. The object of the letter is to ob tain ii sum of money?about ?400?just suf ficent to purchase an auuuity for the two living representatives of Johnson. There cannot be a doubt of the success of the appeal. The elder sister, Johnson's god daughter, is men-j tioned bv Johnson in his will. United States Senator from Alabama.? The two brauches of the Legislature of Ala bama went into joint convention, November 19, and proceeded to the election of, a United States Senator, iu the place of Hon. Mr. Fitz patrick, whose term expired on the 4th of March last. On the first ballot, Mr. Fitzpatrick was decUred re elected for a termof six years by a majority of thirty-three votes. The vote stood: Benjamin Fitzpatrick, 79; Luke Pryor, 46. Hnrlnl and her Proflli. The exit of Rachel?with the dollars is noted. The Tribune figures up that on her twenty-nine nights here, averaging $3,000 each, her portion is $1,200 per night, $34,800 in all, and M. Felix, the manager, $23,200: "Of the remaining twenty nine thousand dollars appropriated'to expenses, a consider able portion is doubtless divided among the family. This estimate does not include the profits of the Boston season, where nine per formances were given with about the same average result as in New York. So with those, and making a generous deduction for incidental expenses, Mile Rachel may be safely supposed to have lodged in bank, as the result of the en terprise thus far, a sum exceeding forty-five thousand dollars in less than two months. This we can sav, from a pretty accurate know ledge of M'lle Rachel's receipts at the capitals of Europe, is far away the largest amount she has ever received for h similar number of nights' performance?confirming the fact which the experience of every really great artist who has visited the country attests, that in no other is genius so highly appreciated or magnificent ly rewarded." Rachel opens in Philadelphia to night?then goes to Baltimore, Washington, Charleston, Havana, and New Orleans, where she is to be at the commencement of February, to return to New York in the spring. [?V. }*". Erpress of the 19th in.fi. Cork Tree in the United States.?The coik tree, which flourishes naturally in the south of Europe, is an evergreen about twenty or thirty feet in height. The substance denomi nated cork is the outer bark, which sometimes grows two or three inches in thickness. From the Patent Office the seed has been distributed to a number of States', to test its adaptation to our climate. Corn in the West.?The Madison (Indiana) Banner says everybody iu that region is en gaged in building corn-cribs. The like of the crops in Indiana and Kentucky was never seen ; before. Farmers hare their hands full. A Remarkable M?n. A correspondent of the Kentucky Statesman I gives the following sketch of an old citizen in | Pulaski county, named Elijah Deny, who is I perhaps th? oldest man in Kentucky: "He wan 118 years of age on the 10th of ; September, and is as active as many men of forty. He works daily upon h, farm, and throughout his whole life he has been an early riser. He informed the writer that he had never drank but one cup of coffee, and that was in the year 184H. He served seven years ! in the war of the Revolution, and was wounded at the siege of Charleston; he was also at the siege of Savannah and at the battle of Eutaw Springs; he was also present at tbe battles of Camden, King's Mountain, and Monk's Corner. Lie served under Col. llorry and Col. Marion, and was an eye-witness of the sutferiugs und death of Col. Isaac llayne, of South Carolina, an early victim of the revolutiou. He is sprightly aud active, and would be taken at any time to be a man of middle age. He is u strict member of the Baptist Church, aud rides | six miles to every meeting of bis church. He . has four sous and live daughters, all living, the eldest being now in his seventy-eighth uud tbe youngest in his fifty-first yeai Such is a brief sketch ot this aged toldicr uud republican, who is perhaps the only surviving soldier of Francis ! Marion, Sumpter, and Horry." MARYLAND KLUC'l'ION. The following is the full vote of Maryland i on the State ticket: Comptroller. Lottery (Jomin'r. Bowie. Purnell. Gale. McPhail. Baltimore city..12,502 13,074 12,58*2 12.931 Queen Anne's... 09> b.'?0 700 $43 lit)ward 652 b'JO 057 ' (519 Carroll l.tjl'J 2,252 1,811 2,250 Kent 198 800 524 708 Harford 1.130 1,998 1,121 1,983 Cecil 1,017 l,7sfl 1,008 1,783 Baltimore county. 2,07b 3.279 2,003 3,272 Calvert 301 389 302 391 Anne Arundel.... 8b2 983 891 901 1 rederick 2,8>>3 3,039 2,897 3 002 Worcester 1.35-1 1,238 1.405 1.179 Somerset 1,2vi 1,474 1,286 1,400 Prince George's.. 777 772 904 787 Washington 2,557 2/4'?2 2,550 2,637 St. Mary's....... 929 192 907 195 Caroline.. 75-1 570 75-1 Talbot 871 071 872 Alleghany 1.987 1,910 1.970 Dorchester 1,047 1.229 1.050 Moiitgome ry 1,097 1,6*0 1,097 Charles 651 390 017 389 572 39,100 41,901 39,212 41,750 Pumell's niaj. 2,80). McPhail's maj. 2,538. The next House of Delegates of this State will consist of 14 Democrats, 0 Whigs, aud (52 Know-nothings. The Senate will consist of 5 Democrats, 9 Whigs, and 8 Know-nothings. The Know-nothing majority on joint ballot will be 28. A Cabt-Irou Shot Tower. A tall cast-iron shot tower has recently been erected in Centre-street New York, aud is the only one of the kiud in the world. It is under the superintendunce of J. McCullough, who for thirty years, has been celebrated for the manufacture of shot. The editor of the Scientific American furnishes the following description of the novel structure: The designer and builder of the tower ia James Bogardus, the original inventor of cast iron houses?his fact ory on the corner of Duaue and Centre streets being the first entire cast iron house-story upon 6tory?ever erected. The plan of the tower is novel. Its base is 25 feet, in diameter, and 18 feet deep below the surface of the ground?resting upon a hardpan of sand. The walls of the underground foun dation arc of solid masonry, four and a half feet thick. Tbe cast-iron tower above is anchored to huge stones in the wall, each hav ing two holes bored through it near the centre, and eighteeu inches apart. These are twenty in number, and extend eighteen feet down i through the wall. A wrought-iron shaft, two inches in diameter and 18 feet long, is secured in each hole. These shafts terminate above ! the stone foundation in holes at the base of the ! lower tier of cast-iron columns, which are firmly keyed to them. There are ten cast-iron columns on each tier; each-of the lower columns j is anchored to two of the wrought-iron shafts. ; lhe lower tier of cast-iron columns support the I entire superstructure, and they are of sufficient strength to sustain a weight of 28,000 tons. L pon the tops of the first ten of the columns there rests a cornice made in ten sections meeting over the centre of a column. Upon the lines of juncture stand the succeeding tier of columns, in the same line with the lower tier. , All the cornice pieces are bolted together, making them, as it were, one piece, and each upper column is bolted to both the cornice sections on which it stands, aod also to tbe column underneath. Upon the second row of columns rests another cornice, and upon it a third row, and so on to the height required, pach ascending tier of columns standing and bolted on a cornice, and supporting a cornice above. The columns are 13 feet 3 inches long each, making, with a cornice, 18 feet as the height of each story of the tower. There aru eleven stories composing the entire structure, which, with the extra top cornice, makes tbe whole height of it above the ground 174 feet, with the eighteen feet depth of well 192 feet; this allows of a sufficient altitude for casting the largest sized shot. For the first two stories of the tower the spaces are left open ; the remaining nine are filled in with brick, four inches thick, in which are inserted five windows in each story. This brickwork is only a panneling, not intended to add to the strength of the building, but merely to shelter the workmen from the weather. The columus have flanges on them, with cor responding sections of cornice, so that each pannel of brickwork is neatly and fifmly in serted and cemented into the cast iron work. Each pannel has, therefore, great strength in itself, and does not depend for security upon another part of the builing. The outside diameter of the tower is 21 feet at the ground. It tnpers at the rate of six inches to the story. The outside diameter at the top is 15} feet?the inside diameters are two feet less. The total weight of the iron employed in its construction is 208,300 pounds. Its entire weight is less than the 170th part of what the first story columns can sustain. Indeed, such is their strength, that the tower might be con tinued with safety until, with the same taper, it would terminate in a point?over six hun dred feet high. We really would like to see such a tall tower or steeple erected. The columns and cornices?it will be noticed j from the description given of their method of ' fastening and combination?are so united as to render the tower equal in strength to what it would be were it a single easting of metal. This is the principle on which all Mr. Bogar dus's buildings are erected. Every alternate column may be broken, and the stability of the remainder not endangered. A Ktmnlr Volunteer. Her majesty's steam troopship Simoon, Cap tain Sullivin, left Spithead on Tuesday, the 30th ult., for Balaklava, with the 1st light infantry regiment of the British German legion. I A rather romantic circumstance has attended the departure of these troops. On Monday night one of the privates was discovered to be a woman, and a very fine, handsome, young woman, too, French, the wife of a soldier of the regiment, who is a Swiss. This gallant wife regularly enlisted, and passed muster, it would appear, afterwards. On the discovery of her sex the fact was reported to the colonel, who ordered her to be landed, but she begged so hard, and her appeal was so heartily and generally supported by the comrades of her husband, that she ha?-been allowed to accom pany him in her capacity as a soldier, pro (cm., as she expressed her determination to fight and die in the same service as her husband. The enthusiasm of the regiment is universal at this unlooked-for episode in the outset of their martial career. So pleased were a number of visitors to the ship, officers and men, with her spirit and prepossessing appearance, that a sub scription was speedily raised of upwards of ?20 for her. She shoulders her rifle and has performed her military evolutions admirably. The Mound Duo. The Journal of Commerce, ou this sub ject, furiii&bea uu explanation of what Den mark meant) L?; the capitalization of the Sound DueH. It appears that the annual average receipts of Sound dues on merchaudiue (exclu sive of legitimate taxes) amount to 2,103,500 rix dollars, which, capitalized at 5 per cent., or twenty years' purchase, would produce 42,070, 000 rix dollars, or a little less than $30,000,000 United Stales currency. Of this suin Russia is expected to pay 29 per cent, or $8,700,000; Great Britain, the same amount; Prussia, 12 per cent, or $3,000,000; France 3 per cent, or $'J00,000; Norway, 1 percent, or $300,000: Hamburg aud Bremen, about $250,000; the United Slates about $250,000, &c. The amount which would have to be paid by the United States is very nearly the same as wus actually offered by this Government some time ago, as a gross payment to Denmark, if American vessels might thenceforth be permitted to pass into the Baltic free from toll. Hut the Court of Copenhagen replied to the effect stated in the present circular, that" such an arrangement could not be carried ou without the simul taneous concurrence of ull the respective Powers. The formal and positive engagements which exist between Denmark and the other Powers with regard to the Sound Dues do not allow of any special arrangement on that subject between Denmark and any other Power." The proposal now made is probably intended to meet the wishes of the United States, at the same time that it invites the other Powers to join in an arrangement, which it may conceive to be virtually the same as was once proposed by our Government. The Population of According to an official report on the census of 1851, by Air. Peter de Koppen of St. Peters burg, the population of Russia has, in the pe riod of one hundred arid thirty years, quintu pled its original number. In 1720 Peter the ! Great ordered the first census to be taken, and ! since that time seven others have followed. We give here the results of the same: 1722 14,000,000 1742 1(5,000,000 1702 10,000,000 1782 28,000,000 17% 3(1,000,000 1815 45,000,000 1835 (exclusive of Poland and Finland) 55,000,000 In 1851 it was as follows : * -if v ? rr - c ? : ? 5 ?.r IIS ? | -i\ fli s ~ ?? "? Europeau Russia..2,309,877 00,098,821 2(5 Asiatic do ..5,697,939 5,060,708 1.3 American do .. 020,688 51,000 0.08 I otal 8,634,504 65,213,589 7.5 Mr. de Koppen addj to this the Caucasian nations living within the Russian borders, and amounting to about 1,500,000, which would bring the total number to 66,713,689. There are thirty-four cities with more than 20,000 in habitunts. Sr. Petersburg had in 1852, 532.241; Moscow in 1850, 373,800; Wursaw in 1817, 167,000; and Sebastopol jn 1842, 41,155. The Kirfct Telegraphic Mcnungc. Professor Morse now returned to hid native land from Europe, and proceeded immediately to Washington, where he renewed his endeavors to procure the p; ssage of the bill granting the appropriation of thirty*thousaud dollars. To ward* the close of the session of 1844 the House of Representatives took it up and pass ed it by a large majority, and it only remained for the action of the Senate. Its progress through this House, as might be supposed, was ?watched with the most intense anxiety by Pro fessor Morse. There were only two days be fore the close of the session, and it was found, 011 examination of the calendar, no less than ?me hundred and forty-three bills had prece dence of it. Professor Morse had nearly reach ed the bottom of his purse; his hard-earned savings were almost spent; and, although he had struggled on with undying hope for many years, it is hardly to be wondered at if he felt disheartened now. On the last night of the session he remained till nine o'clock, and then left without the slightest hope that the bill would be passed. He returned to his hotel, counted his money, and found that after paying his expenses to New York he would have seventy-five cents left. That night be went to bed sad, but not without hope for the future, for, through all his difficulties and trials, that never forsook him. The next morning, as he | was going to breakfast, one of the waiters in i formed him that a young lady was in the par lor waiting to see him. He went in immedi ately, and found that the young lady was Miss Ellsworth, daughter of the Commissioner of ? Patents, who had been his most steadfast j friend while in Washington. "I come," said she, "to congratulate you." M For what," said Professor Morse. " On the passage of your bill," she replied. " O, no; you must be mistaken," said he. ; " I remained in the Senate till a late hour last night, and there was no prospect of its ?being i reached." "Am 1 the first, then," she exclaimcd, joy i fully, "to tell you ?" ] " Yes, if it is really so." m "Well," she continued, "father remained till the adjournment, and heard it passed, and I ' asked him if I might not run over and tell ! you." "Annie," said the Professor, his emotion al ; most choking his utterance, "Annie, the first | message that is sent from Washington to Balti more shall bo gent from you." " Well," she replied," 1 will keep you toyouf | word." While the line wan in process of completion Professor Morse was in New York, and, upon receiving intelligence that it was in working | order, he wrote to those in charge, telling< them not to transmit any messages over it till his arrival. He then set out immediately for ; Washington, and on reaching that city sent a | note to Miss Ellsworth, informing her that he ' was now ready to fulfil his promise, and asking her what message he should send. To this he received the following reply: i "tWhal hath God wrought?"?words that ought to be written in characters of living light. : The message was twice repeated, and each time with the greatest success. As noon as the result of the experiment was made known l Gov. Seymour, of Connecticut, who is at pres ent United States Minister to St. Petersburg, i called upon Professor Morse and claimed the first message for his State, on the ground that Miss Ellsworth was a native of Hartford. We need scarcely add that his claim was ad mitted, nnd now, engraved in letters of gold, it is displayed conspicuously in the archives of the Historical Society of Connecticut. Anthony Ilnrna Again. The famous Anthony Burns has been sent by his friends, the . abolitionists, to Oberlin College Ohio, "to study for the ministry." He has applied to the church of Jesus Christ, at Union, Fauquier county, Va., for a letter of dis mission in fellowship, which was promptly fefused?and the proceedings of the churcn are accompanied in the Port Royal Gazette with a letter from Elder John Clark, in which Anthony is told many wholesome truths, and the "law and the gospel" laid down very correctly and severely upon his backers.? I'iltnburg Post. Susan Denin.?At the session of the court of Marion county, setting at Indianapolis, In diana, on Monday lost a divorce was granted divorcing Susan Woodward from Fletcher Woodward. The plaintiff is the actress known as Miss Susan Denin. ftlck?ujjc of the (iovtruur of Texan. Governor Pease, of Texas, in his annual message, recommends the acceptance of the act of Congress tor ibe adjustment of the State debt. This debt being settled, tbe Governor describes Texas to be in a better financial con dition than any other State of the Union. She had in her treasury $1,592,742 78 on the liryt day of the present mouth, besides the school fund of over twu millions of dollars. She has also public domuiu, the value of which can scarcely be estimated. The value of her tax able prop* 11 during the past year has in creased aboul seventeen per cent., and he, therefore, recommends a reduction of taxation, lie also recommends a geological survey of the State, a State University, and asylums lor the insane and deaf and dumb, an improve ment in the public system, and an increase of the number of State judges, with increased sal aries, and opposes the prohibitory liquor bill, but favors a ''judicious law" on the subject. [Baltimore Sun. Printers can read Anything. The above remark is often mude by correspon dents and advertisers, as an excuse for half spelling words, abbreviating technicalities, and slovenly, unreadable writing generally. There is no doubt that printers are better decipherers of bad manuscript than any other cluss of per sons, but when, for instance, a merchant writes that he bus received five lits, ten pounds Cls, it is somewhat difficult to tell whether the merchant really means boots, biscuits, or butter nuts; chalk cheese or churns; loves, clucks or clams. PruMMia and the United State*. The Prussian and United States Govern ments have entered into an agreement respect ing the registry of letters forwarded by the Prussian closed mail. For a registered letter sent from Uerliu, not exceeding half an ounce in weight, an extra postage of two silver groschens is to be laid on, (fifteen groschens is to be charged, and on letters of the same weight, sent from the United States to Berlin, an additional postage of five cents,) making the total to be paid at New York, if franked, thirty-five cents. Dcntlt of l)r. licck. The Albany (N. Y.) journals announce the death of Dr. Tbeodric Ronieyn Beck, long known as tiie principal of the Albauy Acade my, and as an eminent man of science. 1 he deceased for many years edited the American Journal of Insanity. In the year 1821) he gave to the world his work on Medical Juris prudence. The work was received with great favor in this country and Jiurope. THE GLOBE: The Official Organ of Congress and News paper for (lie People. I address my annual circular to tlie public, up prising it that the Globe will renew itm reports of the Congressional Debates at the next ses-ion of Congress. It in hardly necessary to say that the proceedings of the next Congress will be of vast import to the country. The issues which have been made in relation to slavery, connected with the great interest which is always taken in Cou gre.-s in relati >n to the nomination of presidential candidates, will give intense excitement to the i.oxt ces-ion, which will be communicated to the public. Whatever is debated in Congress will be debated every where. The importance of official r.-ports cannot, therefore, be too highly estimated. The country will past, upon the. proceedings ol Congress a-, they progress and public opinion, it properly informed, will have a bidutaiy influence upon the result. The Ljailv Globk will be printed on a double tyyal sheet at eleven o'clock every morning, ex cept Sunday, and will contain all the messages ot the President of the United States ; the reports ot the Executive Departments; tbe entire proceed ings of Congress; the law? passed during the session; and the news by telegraph and troni other sources up to the hour of going to press. Tne debates in Congress frequently fill thirty, forty, titty, and sometimes more than a hundied column.', a day. Whenever they make mor- than twenty-eight columns a day, e\tra psheets are printed. Tuesday's Congressional Gloiie will be pub lished every Tuesday morning, and contain the proceedings of Congress in a condensed form; the current news of the day, and such editorial com ment upon the times as may be deemed suitable to the character of the paper. When the debates of a week 'cannot be coudeiised into twenty columns, and leave eight columns of the sheet tor other matter and advertisements, an extra sheet will be printed. The Congressional Globk will be the revised edition of the proceedings continued in the Daily Globe, and the laws passed during the session, printed it; l>ook lorui on a royal quarto page, and will, probably, make four volumes of nine bun tired pages each. *1 he l.iM volume oi the lour will l?* an Appendix. winch will contain such speeches as are written out by the members them selves, with such deferred proceedings as neces sarily accompany them. Complete indexe? will be made out and forwarded to iiibiriilicr* soon alter the end of the session. If a sut>?criber shall lose any numbers, they will !*? supplied at the rate of ihrt e cents lor sixteen pages. It is admitted by every vomi etent judge, whose opinion I have heard expressed on the subject, that the debates of Congress are better reported, and sold lower than those of any other legislative body. A calculation which I made for the Senate of the I'niled Slates in April, 1S54, shows thai Congress pays ine for reporting and publishing its debates in the Daily Glolie. and then in the Congressional Globe and Appendix, only one eleventh the rate charged in England for publish ing the debates of Parliament, and about one seventh the average rate paid by the States of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Kentucky, (which are all the Slates in w hich the prices paid had Itic*ii been ascertained.) for publishing their de bates in book f >rm only- The tlebates of Con gress are ofl'? red to subscribers, in this Prospec tus, for al>out out half the price paid for them by Concress?the expense of reporting, nnd then publishing them in the Daily Glot>e lo enable members to revise their remarks for the t onjrea sionnl Globe and Ap|tendix, are all paid fur l>v Congress, and do not form any part < f the $'"> which an individual pays for them Calculation* showing the prices paid for debates ire printed on the lourih page of the paper. To facilitate the circulation of the < uni' ual Globe nnd cheapen it to subscribers, Congress passed a joint reaolutiou making it free of postage. 1 annex it. as the law may not be accessible to postmasters generally: "Joint Resolution providing for the distribution'of the Ijttw of Congress and the Debates thereon.' "With a view to the cheap circulation of the laws of Congress and the debates contributing to the true interpretation thereof, and to make free the communication between the representative and constituent bodies: '??Jit it resolved by the Senate and Hone* of Repre sentatives of the United States of America in Con gress assembled. That from and after the present session of Congress, the Congressional Globe and Appendix, which contain the laws and the dclnttes thereon, shall pass free throngh the mails so long as the snme shall be published by order of Con gress: Provided, That nothing herein shall be construed lo authorize ihe circulation of the I'atly Globe free of postage."' I commenced publishing the Congressional Globe and Appendix in IS.13 They now make | thirty-seven volumes. The first edition of many of them is exhausted, and I am n<>w reprinting and stereotyping them. They cannot be afforded for le?s than S7 f?0 a volume. Should any sub scriber wi*h the back numbers, they will (*? fur nished, well bound, at that rate. TRHII| Daily Globk. one year SIO 0 I " " during tbe session 6 00 W Kit it Li Globk, one year 2 00 " during the session...... I Of) Congressional Globk and Appendix, dur ing the session*. 0 00 Two copies of the Congressional Globk asp Appkniux will be sent for 10 00 Payments required in advance, invariably. Rank notes, current where a *ubscrit>er resides, received at par. The whole or any part of a re mittance may be made in postage stamp*. The money should be in this city by the first Monday in next December, the day fixed for Ihe meeting i of Congress. Heretofore I have sent the Daily Globe to tho?e papers that published my Prospectus. I cannot afford lo do so any longer, a* the papers sent for \ several years past cos? me more than all I received for subscriptions out of this city during that time JOHN C. RIVES. Washington, October 2, 1835. Blank hooks and stationery. Just received from a sheriff's -ule iu Phila delphia, h very large lot ot' Blank Books, Letter and Cap Paper,Steel Pens, Faber's Pencils, .\lathe matical Instruments, Black Sand, liull Envelope Paper, Inkstands, Slates, Copy Bcok# and Schoo1 Hooks, nil of which we will sell low for cash. GRAY (V BALLANTYNE, No 49h*Seveuth Street HCHONENBEHG A THUN, KECHTS-CONSIJMUIKN, UKNKKAt. AMK1U0AN AND K0KI.1ON AOtNOV, F'Ji the Collection of Claims, the Procurement o/ Patents, Bouuty Lands, and Pensions. * BUREAU OF TRANSLATION From the French, Spanish Italian, and German Language*, and lor Topographical and other Drawings. No. 495J, "7th Street, Washington <Jtiy, 1.' C. Nov 18 tl IJOK TilL SPRING THADE, Cent's llo ' ?iery and Uuder-Garwcuts.?STEVENS, Brown's Hotel, is now opening a llesh and large variety of Gent's Undershirts and Drawers. Also, a large assortment of silk and cotton Half-Hose, plain and fancy. STEVENS'S Feb 24?3ijf Sale# Kooin, Brown's Hotel 1 ICNUIilSIl AIV It t'ltKNCll liO \ltl)l\(< ASD DAY SCHOOL. # MISS HUOOKE, from Philadelphia, will open her BOAKDING AND DAYSCllOOL ] lor young Ladies, on Mutulay, Sep/emb'r lOlli, | 1>55, at No. 1H3, Penn. Avenue, corner oi 1 Seven Buildings and 19th sired. Mis- UllOOKE ' will be assisted by the most competent Profes \ sc-rs in every department. A French lady, recently from Paris, is engaged ; as a resident governess, and every means will be i used to accomplish her pupils in that language. I Drawing will lie taught iu various and elegant styles. RECOMMEN RATIONS: '?My friend, Miss Brooke, is a most estimable | lady, of great intelligence, whose qualifintions as a teacher, and whose accomplishments in English literature, entitle her to high consideration. ALONZO POTTER." ?' Miss Brooke is well known to me as a lady who is entirely capable of conducting successfully the education of young ladies, ami iit every way worthy ot the patronage of parents. A. J)ALLAS IJACIIE." REFERENCES: The Right Rev. ALONZO POTTER, D. D., LL. D.. Right Rev. G. \V. DOANE. D. D., LL. D. Professor A. DALLAS BACHE, Supt. Coast Survey. Protestor JOSEPH HENRY, Secy < fSmith-* soian institution. Gen. JOHN MASON, Washington, D. C. WILLIAM' W. CORCOKAN. Esq. " JOHN S. MEEHAN, Esq., Librarian to Con gress. Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL. P. M General, lion. ELLIS LEWIS. Chief Justice of the S. Court. Pa. lion. G. W. WOODWARD, Associate Judge of the S. Court of Penna. - lion. GEOllGE VAIL, M. C. N.Jersey. Lieut. M. F MAUR Y, LL. D, U S. Oli.-erva t.yy Circular* suiting the terms to be had at the principal Book Stores, or of Miss Brooke. No 138 Pa. Avenue. August 30?3tawlm. BROWN AND SHOOxj GENERAL COMMISSION AND KORWARDINU MER CHANTS, RICHMOND, VA And Agents lor " Kerr's" " Sumvitrdwv" Old Rye and P. Hanger's "Old Rye" Whisky. Premium brands. All letters promptly answered, and orders fillea Feb 20?3m U E W A It I).?Strayed from the C'oui mons,about 2 weeks since, a small speckle iC'tund white Cow. with one horn half broken oil ? llie oth :t i cinijip jio n. She lias a wen or wart on her side, ne r the liauk, about lh- si 'e of a man's fist. Sh.- i* marked, but not recollccted The above reward will be paid by returning her lo the owner, on I street. between fith and 7ili. No. 802. ' ' Sepi 19 IONGWORTH'ft Native WloeauUI Hran dies. -I have just received, and keep con stantly on hand. Sparkling and Dry Catawba, the Sweet Isabella Wir.es. and Catawba Brandy. These Wines are made from (lit pure juice ol the' grape, and pronounced to be the most wholesome beverage in use. B. JjOST, Agent. AI?o, Importer nnd Denier in ail kinds of Wines, Liquors and Cigars, lbl Pennsylvania Avenue. Jan. 30?2aw3m* EXPERIENCED AGENTS WANTED. "A^Ioolt for Kv?ry Naii'< Lllirnry." AGENTS wanted in all parts of the United Stales, hy J. II. f'ullon it Co. No 172 Wil liam street. New \ork. for the "Comprehensive Geography and History, Ancient and Modern, ol the Whole World," by S G. Goodrich, late Ame rican Consul at Paris?\Peter Parley;)?el' Kanily bound nnd beautifully illustrated. Price SI. It cannot be h: d at the b-joksiOre* Each agent will have ?> ? ertnii. sn iioti. Rare i> diiceiueuts offered. '?No family whatever should b<- without it." \llum? Journal. Oct 25?ll. NEW EDITION ??*' DICKENS'S Com plete Works.?Th* complete Works o Charles Dickin*. in five volumes; prit e $7 50. The Missing Bride, or Miriam the Avenger, by Mrs. Emma D. E. N. Southworth; paper SI, iKHind SI 25. The Pickwick Papers, complete. SO cents. Just published, and lor sale at TAYLOR fe MAURY'S May 29 Bookstore, near 9th si. "\T T OIO\, or Plenty to Do Mill Hours to VV l'o Iu by M. M. Brewster, l?i and 2d series 70 cent GRAY Ar HALLANTVNE. GEORGETOWN COLLEGE, D. C. fg'MIE next >e*?ion of this Institution will com 1 mence on Monday, the 3d of September, The Preparatory Department and Collegia!* course are both conducted by able and experi enced Professors, who devote themselves lo the moral and intellectual advancement of those con fided to their care. A large and spacious build ing has just been computed to l>e use.il exclusive ly lor Ihe accommodation ol the younger students. ! Their dormitory, play-grounds, study-hull, class rooms. See., will l?e entirely distinct frotn those of the other students, and officers especially nssigned tX'ill attend them in their pastimes and preside 1 over their studies. A complete separation will I thus be effected between the younger and older students, Ihe advsntages ol which must he appa rent to ad those who have thu least experience in the education of youth. The Observatory of the -College, its extensive Philosophical apparatus, rich and varied Libraries, and Cabinet ol Minerala, Geological Specimens and Shells, nfTord to the students of this Institu tion advantages rarely to be met with. B. A. MAGUIRE, Aug. 7?dim President. rpiiE monumental history of 1 EGYPT, as recorded on the ruins of temples, psla< ?>?, and tombs, by William Osborne, R. S. L., in two volumes, price S10. Cyclopedia of Universal Ili?t<?ry, comprising tabular views of contcm|>oraneon? events in all ages, from tire earliest records to the present time, arranged chronologically and alphabetically, edited bv .VicBarney. B A., and Larreul Neil, price S2 50 Lives of Men of Letters ol the Time of Giorge HI. by Ilenrj, Lord Brougham, price 51 25. ?Modern Mysteries Exposed and Kxplained, by Rev A. Malum, first President of Cleveland Uni versity. Learning and Working, six Icelures delivered in Willis's Rooms, London, in June and July, 1S54, by Frederick Deinion Maurice, M. A., chaplain of Lincoln's Inn. Hand-Book fo* Young Painters, by C. R. I^eslie, B. A | author of the Life of Cerstable, price S3. Star Papers, or Experience of A rt and Nature, by Henry Ward Beer her, price $1 25. Just received and for sale at the Bookstore of . R. FARNHAM, Corner of 11th street and Penn. avenue. Nov. 3. VTKW I AM, AND WINTEK GOOl/S. 1> W. II. STANFORD, Merchant Tailor, No 4^8 Pen lis \ Ivan in avenue, lour doors We|t of Third street, has relumed from New York, and is now receiving his new nnd elegant stock of Goods adapted to lall and winter wear, to which he would respectfully invite the attention of his friends and Ihe public. Returning his thsnks lor the liberal patronage heretofore bestowed on him, he would assure all that all diligence and care will be taken to till all orders in his usual elegant style ol lit and finish, at the shortest notice and nt the lowest possible prices. Also, a beautiful stock of Furnishing Goods. Sep 29?2w3wif